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Datasheet

Pakistan

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Pakistan
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Area (km2): 796,000
  • Climates: Dry
  • Capital: Islamabad
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 162,481,399
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$860
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$140,243,468,288
  • GDP: US$142,893,432,832
  • Agriculture, value added: US$27,814,635,520
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentBhutta, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentGul et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Hussnain et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentGarnier & Bové, 1996
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentKush, 1977; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeMetzeltin & Lange-Bertalot, 1995
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentAmna Ali et al., 2006
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentSaleem et al., 1993
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)PresentAkhtar et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentAhmad et al., 1997
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentFateh et al., 2006; Alam et al., 2017
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur & King, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesKhan et al., 1983; Iqbal et al., 1988; UK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Syed et al., 2015; Ordoñez et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentShakir et al., 1997; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984; Khan & Kamal, 1974
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentZakaullaii, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Ahmad, 1956; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadCMI, 1980; Hussain, 1952; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentHassan et al., 1977
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentMagarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentAhmad et al., 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Restricted distributionIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadBaloch, 1976; CIE, 1969; Hashmi et al., 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)WidespreadWhite & Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Natural History Museum London
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadYesDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentSyed, 1970; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentKapoor, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeQureshi et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentQazi, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadSulehrie et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedTirmizi & Kazmi, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeApel & Spiridonov, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947; Hall et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentTalpur & Khuhro, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadHarbach, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO, 2014; McKinnon et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentAmin ud Din et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams, 2004; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Introduced, not establishedNHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedHassan et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBlackman & Eastop, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentAnwar-Cheema et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Absent, unreliable recordBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadTalbot, 1939
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Ali, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentZhang, 1994; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)LocalisedIntroducedYesGhulam et al., 2005; Ghulam et al., 2008; Arif et al., 2007; Hodgson et al., 2008; Saeed et al., 2007; Ghulam et al., 2009; Arif et al., 2009; Dhawan et al., 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeHabib & Ghani, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO, 2014; Shah & Rafi, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentShah & Rafi, 2016; CIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedNHM, 1970; Anon., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al., 2010; Tirmizi & Kazmi, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentMansoor-ul-Hassan, & Shamshad, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentWilliams, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTilton et al., 1983; Taylor & Halliday, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentAbbas et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano, 1978; Knutson & Orth, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; Khan et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeBlackman & Eastop, 1994; NHM, 1970; Naumann-Etienne & Ramaudière, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentAhmed et al., 1992; Baloch,1976; Champ & Dyte,1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesAhmed et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeAhmed and Mahmood, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyHashmi & Tashfeen, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentSakimura et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMartin, 1987; Martin et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentRaffique et al., 2012; Schotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeArcher, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeDas & Gupta, 1989; Dvorak, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeBrowne, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentKhuhro et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeBrowne, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFreyhof & Kottelat, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeKottelat , 1985; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)WidespreadNativeYesAli & Ripley, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusWidespreadNativeGrimmett et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeHeemstra & Randall, 1993; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRab et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedNativeCollar et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)PresentNativeKapoor et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedMirza, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)WidespreadNativeYesBirdLife International, 2009; Juniper & Parr, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012; Ahmad et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeAnnandale et al., 1919; Kasymov, 1972; Schlesch, 1908; Zhadin, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, few occurrencesNativeHlavac, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi ZhongYan, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentPathan et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentKhan et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesZaheer, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedYesMunir et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentBrown, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode)Restricted distributionMaqbool, 1980; Shahina & Maqbool, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Ahmad & Saeed, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Jabbar et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentGul & Saeed, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentQureshi et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Hussain et al., 2015; Maqbool, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadGul & Saeed, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Maqbool, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadKhan et al., 1989; Maqbool, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentShahina & Maqbool, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadAkhtar & Hussain, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentQasim et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeSabina et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionUSDA-ARS, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeKhan et al., 2010; Stewart, 1945
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentIntroducedYesImran et al., 2013; Pallewatta et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKahn et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Holm & et al. , 1979; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, few occurrencesNativeSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesHussain , 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentRashid et al., 1988; Cope, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Khan & Shah, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Stewart, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2015; Holm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentSteward, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Fazali & Khan, 1991; Ghafoor & Shad, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeHawksworth & Wiens, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Mahmood, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentAhmad et al., 1968; Saeed et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresenteFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHussain & Rashid, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)WidespreadChampion et al., 1965; Abdulla, 1972; Sheikh, 1993; Stoney , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Hooker, 1885
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeBor, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky & Young, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)WidespreadIntroducedGhafoor, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesShinwari et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedQasim & Hashmi, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeYesPitcher & Russo, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentIrum et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadAheer et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentCope, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeRueda, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present only in captivity/cultivationFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Flora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Kamran et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedKhalid, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedYesHussain et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedIrum et al., 2011; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentAnjum & Mohammad, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentMirza et al., 2005; Khattak et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)WidespreadAhmad, 1954
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeFarrukh-Hussain et al., 1984; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedHussain & Rashid, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedShah & Khan, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHussain & Rashid, 1989; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedGopal, 1987; Imran et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentMoody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentCope, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSiddiqi, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSiddiqi, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedHussain, 2002; WAC, 2005; Khan et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; GrassWorld, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentStewart, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionPieterse, 1981; Cook, 1996; EPPO, 2014; Buckingham & Bennet, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentNativeDrescher & Prots, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentShad, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesKhan et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentMushtaque & Mohyuddin, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHussain & Rashid, 1989; Bor, 1960; Chowdhry & Wadhwa, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedCope, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentIntroducedYesHolmes, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedAli, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHabib-ur-Rahman et al., 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHabib-ur-Rahman, et al., 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeRechinger, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresenteFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentParker, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadeFloras, 2006; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentAnjum & Mohammad, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesShabbir et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeAli, 1977; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedSiddiqui & Khan, 1989; Bajwa & Gul, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedeflorasorg, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentStewart, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesBurkart, 1976; Imran et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeAli, 1977; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedHussain , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedYesFlora of Pakistan, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentCope, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentAllah et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentIntroducedMirza, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedAthar & Mahmood, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedBruce & et al. , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeZhengyi et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentMahmood, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeAli, 1977; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentCope, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeNasir et al., 1972; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; Cope, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)WidespreadParker & Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentGRIN, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978; Sheikh, 1993; Quaiser, 1981; Quaiser, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAhmad, 1993; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedAyaz & Arshad, 1999; Zeb et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMoinuddin, 1986; Rahmatullah et al., 2001; Mahmood, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentKhalid, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeOmer & Rizwan, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeNew Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeeFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentNativeCABI, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeLari, 1959
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKhalid et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentAslam & Ahmad, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBashir & Hampton, 1993; Bashir, 1992; Bashir & Hampton, 1996c; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al., 2013; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentMakkouk et al., 1998a
VirusIndian citrus ringspot virusAbsent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Iftikhar et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentAftab et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentAli et al., 2004; Noshad et al., 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentAhmad et al., 2015
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedKollerová et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentBuriro et al., 1994
anthraxRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Muneer et al., 1987a
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Perdue & Suarez, 2000; OIE, 2004b
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009
babesiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Buriro et al., 1994; Shabbir & Ali, 1995
bluetongueRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Hawkes, 1996
bovine anaplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Mirza & Razzak, 2000
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009; Afzal et al., 1987
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedDance, 1991
camel poxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947; Hall et al., 2001
classical swine feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al., 2013; Burney et al., 1980; WHO, 2001; OIE, 2009
dourinePresentOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009; Kanchanakhan, 1996
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
heartwaterDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Daniels et al., 2002
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisPresentRab et al., 1995
leptospirosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Khan & Huq, 1962
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadSheikh et al., 1996
peste des petits ruminantsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeLari, 1959
porcine enterovirus infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverPresentAyaz et al., 1993
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Rehman et al., 1988
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1994; OIE, 1999
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraPresentOIE, 2009
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentMuhammad et al., 1999; Khan & Huq, 1962; Zaki, 1965; Siddiqui, 1977; OIE, 1998
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentRaffique et al., 2012; Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2009
tuberculosisLast reported 2002OIE1997
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Hayes, 1989
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested1079010939110001106010817
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity2146521935264002661423382
Almonds, with shellYield19893.4Fc20052.1Fc24000Fc24063.3Fc21616Fc
ApplesArea Harvested11041111056211159751700* 51700*
ApplesProduction Quantity598804525855366360441062441575
ApplesYield54234.1Fc47562Fc32828.8Fc85311.8Fc85411Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested2963429648302063101831256
ApricotsProduction Quantity189420190174193936237937240192
ApricotsYield63919.8Fc64144Fc64204.5Fc76709.3Fc76846.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested25000F 29591348303605635558
BananasProduction Quantity130000F 141145154825157319157962
BananasYield52000Fc47698.6Fc44451.6Fc43631.8Fc44423.8Fc
BarleyArea Harvested7710084100860009110094000
BarleyProduction Quantity7120071400815008740093000
BarleySeed5250Fc5397Fc5887Fc6020Fc6377Fc
BarleyYield9234.76Fc8489.89Fc9476.74Fc9593.85Fc9893.62Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested165278161914207400247300278400
Beans, dryProduction Quantity10391587492129400171100195000
Beans, drySeed6611.12Fc6611.12Fc6476.56Fc8296Fc9892Fc
Beans, dryYield6287.29Fc5403.61Fc6239.15Fc6918.72Fc7004.31Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested12631184840789821
Beans, greenProduction Quantity78256509632761536320
Beans, greenYield61955.7Fc54974.7Fc75321.4Fc77984.8Fc76979.3Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested629Im639724624818
Berries NesProduction Quantity2855Im2949329329503717
Berries NesYield45389.5Fc46150.2Fc45483.4Fc47275.6Fc45440.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested49834722482443454797
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity7428269080719887173175695
Cabbages and other brassicasYield149071Fc146294Fc149229Fc165089Fc157797Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1372512861138171340013248
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity241580219339245531236590236869
Carrots and turnipsYield176015Fc170546Fc177702Fc176560Fc178796Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested36513394135582163567
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity3986338080340232219
Castor oil seedSeed54.77Fc54.77Fc50.91Fc20.33Fc123.24Fc
Castor oil seedYield10917.6Fc9958.75Fc5926.2Fc4896.54Fc6220.91Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1310312637128961196111472
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity227591213414234664215629212228
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield173694Fc168880Fc181967Fc180277Fc184997Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested13303800A 13332400A 13674300A 13387900A 13051400A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity34105500A 32402200A 34716000A 32055300A 33033900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1760860A 1636790A 1653310A 1547200A 1672680A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield25635.9Fc24303.4Fc25387.8Fc23943.5Fc25310.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13303800A 13332400A 13674300A 13387900A 13051400A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity36156900A 34811500A 38157400A 35527800A 35812800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1760860A 1636790A 1653310A 1547200A 1672680A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield27177.9Fc26110.5Fc27904.5Fc26537.3Fc27439.8Fc
CherriesArea Harvested10039939939951003
CherriesProduction Quantity19991973197623142321
CherriesYield19930.2Fc19869.1Fc19899.3Fc23256.3Fc23140.6Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested10538001066900108060011068001052000
Chick peasProduction Quantity496000561500740500474600838000
Chick peasSeed52750Fc52690Fc53345Fc54030Fc55340Fc
Chick peasYield4706.78Fc5262.91Fc6852.67Fc4288.04Fc7965.78Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested68370Im63600748007380064200
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity202934Im171700186700187700116100
Chillies and peppers, dryYield29681.7Fc26996.9Fc24959.9Fc25433.6Fc18084.1Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested194500A 198400A 199940A 199400A 193211A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1982200A 2150000A 2132000A 2293600A 1472470A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield101913Fc108367Fc106632Fc115025Fc76210.5Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1831890A 1835480A 1745200A 1875500A 1958000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity4782720A 4265510A 3790000A 4141000A 4173000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed122099A 107865A 104244A 117696A 107267A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield26108.1Fc23239.3Fc21716.7Fc22079.5Fc21312.6Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested14851479149515281585
CoconutsProduction Quantity10027992099871162311795
CoconutsYield67521.9Fc67072.4Fc66802.7Fc76066.8Fc74416.4Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity23120001869000211140019232601892280
CottonseedProduction Quantity42933003664600413820037600003694900
CottonseedSeed127733Fc127733Fc121010Fc139757Fc126896Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested33973159298312571275
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity48535437134055175015539
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield142876Fc138376Fc135940Fc59673.8Fc43443.1Fc
DatesArea Harvested9308890124905849070090135
DatesProduction Quantity557279524041531191566400557524
DatesYield59865.8Fc58146.7Fc58640.7Fc62447.6Fc61854.3Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested84909044867390198480
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity8470789972881488743486528
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield99772.7Fc99482.5Fc101635Fc96944.2Fc102038Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2839700A 2690590A 3107250A 2821630A 3056150A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2312440A 1869640A 2112190A 1924290A 1893300A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield8143.25Fc6948.8Fc6797.62Fc6819.79Fc6195.05Fc
FigsArea Harvested145160162162164
FigsProduction Quantity621712741773720
FigsYield42827.6Fc44500Fc45740.7Fc47716.1Fc43902.4Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested773926A 780860A 785939A 724229A 716494A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6339510A 6369690A 6090820A 6490720A 5644040A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield81913.7Fc81572.8Fc77497.4Fc89622.4Fc78773.1Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested42000F 42000F 418914258141895
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity270000F 270000F 261319258840243557
Fruit Fresh NesYield64285.7Fc64285.7Fc62380.7Fc60787.7Fc58135.1Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested65000F 64450625506267963803
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity520000F 516900512100515203541871
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield80000Fc80201.7Fc81870.5Fc82197.1Fc84928.8Fc
GarlicArea Harvested65216856835781257779
GarlicProduction Quantity5530857229672046379962333
GarlicYield84815.2Fc83472.9Fc80416.4Fc78521.9Fc80129.8Fc
GingerArea Harvested22247269195121
GingerProduction Quantity81151119557
GingerYield3636.36Fc4655.87Fc4126.39Fc4871.79Fc4710.74Fc
GrapesArea Harvested15066Im15274153121535815323
GrapesProduction Quantity62347Im64413647277609575369
GrapesYield41382.6Fc42171.7Fc42272.1Fc49547.5Fc49186.8Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested9548682905874009280094900
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity8789467803532008550083400
Groundnuts, with shellSeed14322.9Fc14322.9Fc12435.8Fc13110Fc13920Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield9204.91Fc8178.4Fc6086.96Fc9213.36Fc8788.2Fc
JuteArea Harvested16Im20Im22Im21Im22Im
JuteProduction Quantity14Im20Im22Im20Im21Im
JuteYield8750Fc10000Fc10000Fc9523.81Fc9545.45Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested1202A 1492A 1545A 1734A 1849A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity440A 639A 787A 1034A 1021A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield3660.57Fc4282.84Fc5093.85Fc5963.09Fc5521.9Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested7780* 7936* 7998* 7976* 7728*
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity7928886000* 85280* 91780* 58899*
Lemons and limesYield101913Fc108367Fc106627Fc115070Fc76215.1Fc
LentilsArea Harvested2610024000309003040039000
LentilsProduction Quantity1320010900144001460021000
LentilsSeed783Fc783Fc720Fc927Fc912Fc
LentilsYield5057.47Fc4541.67Fc4660.19Fc4802.63Fc5384.62Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested2189980104125
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity278135118134148
Lettuce and chicoryYield12752.3Fc13636.4Fc14750Fc12884.6Fc11840Fc
LinseedArea Harvested39464207543246475241
LinseedProduction Quantity27762714305631053631
LinseedSeed118.38Fc118.38Fc126.21Fc162.96Fc139.41Fc
LinseedYield7034.97Fc6451.15Fc5625.92Fc6681.73Fc6928.07Fc
MaizeArea Harvested108306097418093510010520001052000
MaizeProduction Quantity42709003706910326150035930003605000
MaizeSeed107081Fc92700* 87200* 101000* 90000*
MaizeYield39433.6Fc38051.6Fc34878.6Fc34154Fc34268.1Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested172008173731170166166223164558
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity18884501845530172793017536901719180
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield109789Fc106229Fc101544Fc105502Fc104473Fc
MilletArea Harvested458300548400475700469700531000
MilletProduction Quantity303600346000292900296100305000
MilletSeed5499.6Fc5499.6Fc6580.8Fc5708.4Fc5636.4Fc
MilletYield6624.48Fc6309.26Fc6157.24Fc6304.02Fc5743.88Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested4391Im4281Im4333Im4352Im4337Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity4084Im4065Im4858Im4881Im4760Im
Nuts, nesYield9300.84Fc9495.44Fc11211.6Fc11215.5Fc10975.3Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested3535840A 3302060A 3844660A 3641520A 3954630A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity2882930A 2439440A 2751790A 2638800A 2588300A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed83535.4A 81767.1A 77492.4A 87500.8A 80755A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8153.43Fc7387.61Fc7157.42Fc7246.42Fc6544.98Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3539490A 3305460A 3846020A 3649740A 3958190A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1137480A 956740A 1085290A 1102020A 1060820A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed32055.4A 31171.2A 29355.4A 32807.9A 30952.8A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield3213.69Fc2894.42Fc2821.86Fc3019.46Fc2680.06Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity558239Im460000F 473718Im450000F 400000F
Oilseeds, NesSeed16770.1Fc13822.9Fc14216.3Fc13507.8Fc12005.7Fc
OkraArea Harvested1391914148151791508114996
OkraProduction Quantity102577107453116096114657103659
OkraYield73695.7Fc75949.3Fc76484.6Fc76027.4Fc69124.4Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested147600124700129600153100131400
Onions, dryProduction Quantity19396001701100170410020152001816400
Onions, dryYield131409Fc136415Fc131489Fc131626Fc138234Fc
OrangesArea Harvested136150* 138880* 139958* 139580* 135248*
OrangesProduction Quantity1387540* 1505000* 1492400* 1606150* 1030730*
OrangesYield101913Fc108367Fc106632Fc115070Fc76210.4Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested1186Im1472Im1523Im1713Im1827Im
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity426Im619Im765Im1014Im1000F
Other BastfibresYield3591.91Fc4205.16Fc5022.98Fc5919.44Fc5473.45Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested22718Im20000F 18930* 1862618382
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity333489Im290000F 278091* 274664241234
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield146795Fc145000Fc146905Fc147463Fc131234Fc
PapayasArea Harvested15001537154516711739
PapayasProduction Quantity77087932873293257986
PapayasYield51386.7Fc51607Fc56517.8Fc55804.9Fc45922.9Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1540915096153491577415624
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity5437852579539948367082392
Peaches and nectarinesYield35289.8Fc34829.8Fc35177.5Fc53043Fc52734.3Fc
PearsArea Harvested19361955313021282105
PearsProduction Quantity1904519291202252465724152
PearsYield98372.9Fc98675.2Fc64616.6Fc115869Fc114736Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested825008280096900105700120700
Peas, dryProduction Quantity5710054000604006380071200
Peas, dryYield6921.21Fc6521.74Fc6233.23Fc6035.95Fc5898.92Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1470212191119871252611931
Peas, greenProduction Quantity9868080535842808324092134
Peas, greenYield67120.1Fc66061Fc70309.5Fc66453.8Fc77222.4Fc
Pigeon peasArea HarvestedF F F F F
Pigeon peasProduction QuantityF F F F F
Pigeon peasSeed
Pigeon peasYield
PistachiosArea Harvested195197190189185
PistachiosProduction Quantity659663773773536
PistachiosYield33794.9Fc33654.8Fc40684.2Fc40899.5Fc28973Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested6597Im6700696071607602
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity54408Im56200574706688173053
Plums and sloesYield82473.9Fc83880.6Fc82571.8Fc93409.2Fc96097.1Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested159300138500145000154300133400
PotatoesProduction Quantity34918003141500294130025390002581500
PotatoesSeed185100Fc159300Fc138500Fc145000Fc154300Fc
PotatoesYield219196Fc226823Fc202848Fc164550Fc193516Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested230331Im231700179400154800163200
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity135668Im146000110800102300120600
Pulses, nesSeed9213.24Fc9213.24Fc9268Fc7176Fc6192Fc
Pulses, nesYield5890.13Fc6301.25Fc6176.14Fc6608.53Fc7389.71Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1558010A 1567310A 1595200A 1645000A 1653300A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity805883A 859892A 1055500A 826400A 1245800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed69357.4A 69297.4A 69809.6A 70429A 72336A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield5172.52Fc5486.41Fc6616.73Fc5023.71Fc7535.23Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested2539425879270072600426328
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity252028251798264789259966252446
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield99247.1Fc97298.2Fc98044.6Fc99971.5Fc95885Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested219951190440244893234584399000
RapeseedProduction Quantity194823162244198984185035368000
RapeseedSeed1539.66Fc1539.66Fc1333.08Fc1714.25Fc1642.09Fc
RapeseedYield8857.56Fc8519.43Fc8125.34Fc7887.79Fc9223.06Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested25712002365300288310029626002515400
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity6160400723519010334400104280008345100
Rice, paddySeed246835Fc246835Fc227069Fc276778Fc284410Fc
Rice, paddyYield23959.2Fc30588.9Fc35844.8Fc35198.8Fc33176Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested2700225482252042565228672
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity481157416370429501432305467825
Roots and Tubers, nesYield178193Fc163398Fc170410Fc168527Fc163164Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested187653A 165063A 171250A 180832A 162997A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3986420A 3569700A 3382750A 2981120A 3059910A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed185100A 159300A 138500A 145000A 154300A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield212436Fc216263Fc197533Fc164856Fc187728Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested3952736658
Safflower seedProduction Quantity3445656049
Safflower seedYield8717.95Fc8653.85Fc8904.11Fc9090.91Fc8448.28Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested28385002689100310570028199003054300
Seed cottonProduction Quantity66057705613930633470057703805677400
Seed cottonYield23272Fc20876.6Fc20397Fc20463.1Fc18588.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested7569477670798749063976420
Sesame seedProduction Quantity3019531041334274099732788
Sesame seedSeed378.47Fc378.47Fc388.35Fc399.37Fc453.2Fc
Sesame seedYield3989.09Fc3996.52Fc4184.97Fc4523.11Fc4290.5Fc
SorghumArea Harvested213433228796248400262700281000
SorghumProduction Quantity137024141198154100164500170000
SorghumSeed4268.66Fc4268.66Fc4575.92Fc4968Fc5254Fc
SorghumYield6420Fc6171.35Fc6203.7Fc6261.9Fc6049.82Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested12889514955
SoybeansProduction Quantity8951312932
SoybeansYield6953.13Fc5730.34Fc6078.43Fc5918.37Fc5818.18Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1986519672221112251726137
Spices, nesProduction Quantity5362053647522294506247113
Spices, nesYield26992.2Fc27270.7Fc23621.3Fc20012.4Fc18025.4Fc
SpinachArea Harvested81677847788467706863
SpinachProduction Quantity103446954331001258223982693
SpinachYield126663Fc121617Fc126998Fc121476Fc120491Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested8001300F 2300F 19262046
Sugar beetProduction Quantity209005333693010* 6409583600
Sugar beetYield261250Fc410277Fc404391Fc332788Fc408602Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested987700942800102940012413001029000
Sugar caneProduction Quantity5530850049372900500454006392000054741600
Sugar caneSeed5530850Fc4937290Fc5004540Fc6392000Fc5474160Fc
Sugar caneYield559973Fc523684Fc486161Fc514944Fc531988Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested300614256121319743397306323067
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity404391325478420487603894407224
Sunflower seedSeed3607.37Fc3607.37Fc3073.45Fc3836.92Fc4767.67Fc
Sunflower seedYield13452.2Fc12708Fc13150.8Fc15199.7Fc12604.9Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested135110811046880925
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity134591182811951981010587
Sweet potatoesYield99622.5Fc109417Fc114254Fc111477Fc114454Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested50570* 51584* 51984* 51844* 50235*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity515372* 559000* 554320* 595670* 382842*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield101913Fc108367Fc106633Fc114897Fc76210.2Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested5130755800496765139850861
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity102834119323104996107765103240
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield20042.9Fc21384Fc21136.2Fc20966.8Fc20298.5Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested5224749992533935315047047
TomatoesProduction Quantity529620476826561891536217502292
TomatoesYield101369Fc95380.5Fc105237Fc100887Fc106764Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16559A 16657A 16820A 16893A 16836A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity36514A 37501A 44779A 44990A 43873A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield22050.8Fc22513.7Fc26622.5Fc26632.3Fc26059Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested6344667223700097256472762
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity89443994104298847810138801026560
Vegetables fresh nesYield140976Fc139988Fc141193Fc139722Fc141085Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested432142A 400542A 414850A 434760A 405279A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5456860A 5063580A 5268770A 5481030A 5164930A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield126275Fc126418Fc127004Fc126070Fc127441Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested432142A 400542A 414850A 434760A 405279A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5456860A 5063580A 5268770A 5481030A 5164930A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield126275Fc126418Fc127004Fc126070Fc127441Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested11831240129712921497
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1030610838127481272215195
Walnuts, with shellYield87117.5Fc87403.2Fc98288.4Fc98467.5Fc101503Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested32249Im28000F 28391* 2793927573
WatermelonsProduction Quantity462874Im420000F 416391* 411996361850
WatermelonsYield143531Fc150000Fc146663Fc147463Fc131233Fc
WheatArea Harvested89007009131600904600085498008578000
WheatProduction Quantity2521380023310800240330002095880023294700
WheatSeed1391930Fc1282090* 1322000* 1152730* 1281000*
WheatYield28327.9Fc25527.6Fc26567.5Fc24513.8Fc27156.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested10362102771012092319560
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity2334423129239242368826414
Almonds, with shellYield22528.5Fc22505.6Fc23640.3Fc25661.4Fc27629.7Fc
ApplesArea Harvested5150051200510005040047544
ApplesProduction Quantity348440351232351916333741315400
ApplesYield67658.3Fc68600Fc69003.1Fc66218.4Fc66338.6Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested2921428884289722838913758
ApricotsProduction Quantity177266197239214800210882129700
ApricotsYield60678.4Fc68286.6Fc74140.6Fc74283Fc94272.4Fc
BananasArea Harvested3488932512328223159929747
BananasProduction Quantity150450163477148321154073142900
BananasYield43122.5Fc50282.1Fc45189.5Fc48758.8Fc48038.5Fc
BarleyArea Harvested8990093300101600107700110600
BarleyProduction Quantity8750091700976009960099800
BarleySeed6580Fc6293Fc6531Fc7112Fc7539Fc
BarleyYield9733.04Fc9828.51Fc9606.3Fc9247.91Fc9023.51Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested250900243100262800304600313100
Beans, dryProduction Quantity154300130400148300165300167500
Beans, drySeed11136Fc10036Fc9724Fc10512Fc12184Fc
Beans, dryYield6149.86Fc5364.05Fc5643.07Fc5426.79Fc5349.73Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested87291287210231475
Beans, greenProduction Quantity622063916323752511043
Beans, greenYield71330.3Fc70076.8Fc72511.5Fc73558.2Fc74867.8Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested822844858820774
Berries NesProduction Quantity42214249471040523944
Berries NesYield51350.4Fc50343.6Fc54895.1Fc49414.6Fc50956.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested48054413442442473929
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity7464969074695076687361208
Cabbages and other brassicasYield155357Fc156524Fc157113Fc157459Fc155785Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1388513846132001226111104
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity244279242292231907215308195034
Carrots and turnipsYield175930Fc174991Fc175687Fc175604Fc175643Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested50662089340039001900
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity28662089210025001100
Castor oil seedSeed53.51Fc75.99Fc31.34Fc51Fc58.5Fc
Castor oil seedYield5657.32Fc10000Fc6176.47Fc6410.26Fc5789.47Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1130411350113431106111038
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity208548206385204971199570200792
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield184490Fc181837Fc180703Fc180427Fc181910Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested12932000A 12809800A 12470000A 12481100A 12016000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity30311400A 30737000A 27801400A 26542100A 24935800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1507050A 1532980A 1410560A 1361660A 1301480A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield23439.1Fc23994.9Fc22294.6Fc21265.8Fc20752.2Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested12932000A 12809800A 12470000A 12481100A 12016000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity33027900A 33507800A 30311300A 28963500A 27172900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1507050A 1532980A 1410560A 1361660A 1301480A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield25539.7Fc26157.9Fc24307.4Fc23205.9Fc22613.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested978118111731168897
CherriesProduction Quantity16292080201719651500
CherriesYield16656.4Fc17612.2Fc17195.2Fc16823.6Fc16722.4Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested10289001093800982300963000933900
Chick peasProduction Quantity479500868200611100675200362100
Chick peasSeed52600Fc51445Fc54690Fc49115Fc48150Fc
Chick peasYield4660.32Fc7937.47Fc6221.11Fc7011.42Fc3877.29Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested4370064531487245579156423
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity69900122890904749639498872
Chillies and peppers, dryYield15995.4Fc19043.6Fc18568.7Fc17277.7Fc17523.3Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested192274A 192700A 184200A 176900A 181500A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2458380A 2458400A 1943300A 1760400A 1701000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield127858Fc127577Fc105499Fc99513.9Fc93719Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1902900A 1830400A 1734200A 1986600A 1733500A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3593500A 3574700A 3274300A 2508800A 2228600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed95572A 96181A 86907.4A 64781.6A 65260.6A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield18884.3Fc19529.6Fc18880.8Fc12628.6Fc12856.1Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested15421536158015061523
CoconutsProduction Quantity84318367856783448477
CoconutsYield54675.8Fc54472.7Fc54221.5Fc55405.1Fc55659.9Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity20837902214480242650017091001736800
CottonseedProduction Quantity40652004430000485290034182003473600
CottonseedSeed137444Fc138371Fc139635Fc143667Fc134519Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1178969839598762
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity68045488446130794234
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield57758.9Fc56635.7Fc53170.4Fc51488.3Fc55564.3Fc
DatesArea Harvested8469581991817277479177866
DatesProduction Quantity426281496576622404426822625000
DatesYield50331.3Fc60564.7Fc76156.5Fc57068.6Fc80266.1Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested88648647882385809273
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity8843488112896069027399443
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield99767.6Fc101899Fc101560Fc105213Fc107239Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3076670A 3104820A 3194420A 2991610A 2796020A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2084900A 2215600A 2427620A 1710730A 1738520A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield6776.47Fc7136.01Fc7599.57Fc5718.4Fc6217.86Fc
FigsArea Harvested249198225195229
FigsProduction Quantity7307291207749738
FigsYield29317.3Fc36818.2Fc53644.4Fc38410.3Fc32227.1Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested696236A 685013A 630952A 617074A 598278A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6340920A 6368500A 5403560A 5044800A 5018690A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield91074.3Fc92969.1Fc85641.4Fc81753.6Fc83885.6Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested4134741848433494889849793
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity246130248430264729334806292609
Fruit Fresh NesYield59527.9Fc59364.8Fc61069.2Fc68470.3Fc58765.1Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested6294062256639156202463199
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity558133555139574626552226534236
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield88677Fc89170.4Fc89904.7Fc89034.2Fc84532.4Fc
GarlicArea Harvested70006600684970326952
GarlicProduction Quantity5729255900564835764956546
GarlicYield81845.7Fc84697Fc82469Fc81980.9Fc81337.7Fc
GingerArea Harvested801099711994
GingerProduction Quantity3150414736
GingerYield3875Fc4587.16Fc4226.8Fc3949.58Fc3829.79Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1386713133129941279312745
GrapesProduction Quantity4657048802490765083352000
GrapesYield33583.3Fc37159.8Fc37768.2Fc39735Fc40800.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested935009371410581610240086500
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity73900691297644811470090300
Groundnuts, with shellSeed14235Fc14025Fc14057.1Fc15872.4Fc15360Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield7903.74Fc7376.59Fc7224.62Fc11201.2Fc10439.3Fc
JuteArea Harvested21Im20F 18P 14Im15Im
JuteProduction Quantity20F 22Im20Im25Im22F
JuteYield9523.81Fc11000Fc11111.1Fc17857.1Fc14666.7Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested1771A 1820A 1818A 2314A 2415A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity1107A 1122A 1120A 1625A 1722A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield6250.71Fc6164.84Fc6160.62Fc7022.47Fc7130.43Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested7691* 7700* 7400* 7000* 7300*
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity98335* 98400* 77700* 70400* 68000*
Lemons and limesYield127857Fc127792Fc105000Fc100571Fc93150.7Fc
LentilsArea Harvested3390043400516004900044800
LentilsProduction Quantity1790025900311002920026200
LentilsSeed1170Fc1017Fc1302Fc1548Fc1470Fc
LentilsYield5280.24Fc5967.74Fc6027.13Fc5959.18Fc5848.21Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested9994988492
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity1009510889100
Lettuce and chicoryYield10101Fc10106.4Fc11020.4Fc10595.2Fc10869.6Fc
LinseedArea Harvested58165448617259466200
LinseedProduction Quantity27812558309129663021
LinseedSeed157.23Fc174.48Fc163.44Fc185.16Fc178.38Fc
LinseedYield4781.64Fc4695.3Fc5008.1Fc4988.23Fc4872.58Fc
MaizeArea Harvested10170001042000981800947100935500
MaizeProduction Quantity30880003109600279700018974001737100
MaizeSeed77000* 78000* 70000* 47400* 43400*
MaizeYield30363.8Fc29842.6Fc28488.5Fc20033.8Fc18568.7Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested15657015153510311010279398967
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity17539101673950105599010345801037140
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield112021Fc110466Fc102414Fc100647Fc104797Fc
MilletArea Harvested504000440700343300539300349300
MilletProduction Quantity238000220800193300273700189200
MilletSeed6372Fc6048Fc5288.4Fc4119.6Fc6471.6Fc
MilletYield4722.22Fc5010.21Fc5630.64Fc5075.1Fc5416.55Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested4170Im4130Im4229Im3717Im3826Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity4727Im4697Im4950Im4605Im4919Im
Nuts, nesYield11335.7Fc11372.9Fc11704.9Fc12389Fc12856.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested3937680A 3910010A 4014650A 3619960A 3346010A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity2703310A 2848160A 3111280A 2224510A 2167860A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed85597.6A 84961.1A 85296A 87176.6A 80283.5A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield6865.22Fc7284.28Fc7749.81Fc6145.12Fc6478.93Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3942750A 3912100A 4018050A 3623860A 3347910A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1069770A 1103690A 1204700A 856972A 820007A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed32303.1A 31864.1A 31775A 32524A 29557.8A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2713.26Fc2821.23Fc2998.22Fc2364.81Fc2449.31Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity350000F 300000F 300000F 250000Im192794Im
Oilseeds, NesSeed10500.1Fc9006.42Fc9045.42Fc7542.66Fc5812.05Fc
OkraArea Harvested1478014384138331292113443
OkraProduction Quantity11156510923910672299588103093
OkraYield75483.8Fc75944.8Fc77150.3Fc77074.5Fc76689Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested148700127800108931108020103759
Onions, dryProduction Quantity20557001764800144903014274801385020
Onions, dryYield138245Fc138091Fc133023Fc132150Fc133484Fc
OrangesArea Harvested134592* 135000* 129000* 124000* 127000*
OrangesProduction Quantity1720870* 1721000* 1360600* 1232000* 1190000*
OrangesYield127858Fc127481Fc105473Fc99354.8Fc93700.8Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested1750Im1800180023002400
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity1087Im1100110016001700
Other BastfibresYield6211.43Fc6111.11Fc6111.11Fc6956.52Fc7083.33Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested18080151801716715708* 16176*
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity255703235403257625251813* 265227*
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield141429Fc155074Fc150070Fc160309Fc163963Fc
PapayasArea Harvested17041837189619202078
PapayasProduction Quantity88249604970785008225Im
PapayasYield51784Fc52280.9Fc51197.3Fc44270.8Fc39581.3Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested153961523115061147469186
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity7126670305695867622376300
Peaches and nectarinesYield46288.7Fc46159.2Fc46202.8Fc51690.6Fc83061.2Fc
PearsArea Harvested22982256231324102517
PearsProduction Quantity2823428343304743067932200
PearsYield122863Fc125634Fc131751Fc127299Fc127930Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested9030083700974009100096700
Peas, dryProduction Quantity5230047100575005400056900
Peas, dryYield5791.81Fc5627.24Fc5903.49Fc5934.07Fc5884.18Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1108310571104811012510087
Peas, greenProduction Quantity8295578438764447319672128
Peas, greenYield74848.9Fc74201.1Fc72935.8Fc72292.4Fc71505.9Fc
Pigeon peasArea HarvestedF F F F F
Pigeon peasProduction QuantityF F F F F
Pigeon peasSeed
Pigeon peasYield
PistachiosArea Harvested201171733135135
PistachiosProduction Quantity6325973425195195
PistachiosYield31442.8Fc34912.3Fc46725.8Fc14444.4Fc14444.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested74937407733772287478
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity6044959946606996427365800
Plums and sloesYield80674Fc80931.6Fc82730Fc88922.3Fc87991.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested117500112000109700115832105220
PotatoesProduction Quantity15680002024900193810019463001721700
PotatoesSeed133400Fc117500Fc112000Fc109700Fc115832Fc
PotatoesYield133447Fc180795Fc176673Fc168028Fc163629Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested163800130800131100174600122200
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity12090099000108300142300104400
Pulses, nesSeed6528Fc6552Fc5232Fc5244Fc6984Fc
Pulses, nesYield7380.95Fc7568.81Fc8260.87Fc8150.06Fc8543.37Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1567800A 1594800A 1525200A 1582200A 1510700A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity824900A 1170600A 956300A 1066000A 717100A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed71434A 69050A 70948A 66419A 68788A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield5261.51Fc7340.11Fc6270Fc6737.45Fc4746.81Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested2620125398253572472124680
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity255941247409244173241560244932
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield97683.7Fc97412.8Fc96294.1Fc97714.5Fc99243.1Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested365000360000386000353000263000
RapeseedProduction Quantity350000347000401000353000244000
RapeseedSeed2793Fc2555Fc2520Fc2702Fc2471Fc
RapeseedYield9589.04Fc9638.89Fc10388.6Fc10000Fc9277.57Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested25812002621400251960024606002225000
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity81576008320800753720072714006717750
Rice, paddySeed241478Fc247795Fc251654Fc241882Fc236218Fc
Rice, paddyYield31603.9Fc31741.8Fc29914.3Fc29551.3Fc30192.1Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested2908228450278812531426548
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity470280458307454198411543429550
Roots and Tubers, nesYield161708Fc161092Fc162906Fc162575Fc161801Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested147423A 141344A 138537A 141985A 132676A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2048250A 2493270A 2403150A 2366870A 2160370A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed133400A 117500A 112000A 109700A 115832A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield138937Fc176397Fc173466Fc166698Fc162830Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested4747487061
Safflower seedProduction Quantity3838354947
Safflower seedYield8085.11Fc8085.11Fc7291.67Fc7000Fc7704.92Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested30749003103000319260029893002793600
Seed cottonProduction Quantity62520006644000727940051272005210400
Seed cottonYield20332.4Fc21411.5Fc22800.8Fc17151.8Fc18651.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested7142282045664575971988000
Sesame seedProduction Quantity3039335067297882467319300
Sesame seedSeed382.1Fc357.11Fc410.23Fc332.29Fc298.6Fc
Sesame seedYield4255.41Fc4274.12Fc4482.3Fc4131.52Fc2193.18Fc
SorghumArea Harvested292000254400307500392500338100
SorghumProduction Quantity180000152600186400238100202500
SorghumSeed5620Fc5840Fc5088Fc6150Fc7850Fc
SorghumYield6164.38Fc5998.43Fc6061.79Fc6066.24Fc5989.35Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested3732202982971101
SoybeansProduction Quantity4212643713511266
SoybeansYield11286.9Fc12000Fc12449.7Fc11818.2Fc11498.6Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested23887292661993691929013
Spices, nesProduction Quantity4512149357461094361942104
Spices, nesYield18889.3Fc16865Fc23128.5Fc47453.2Fc46714.8Fc
SpinachArea Harvested71367720770673637145
SpinachProduction Quantity8477186557865987969877542
SpinachYield118793Fc112120Fc112377Fc108241Fc108526Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested31012813726370378600
Sugar beetProduction Quantity93345120902250169215411316500
Sugar beetYield301016Fc429797Fc344443Fc306112Fc368023Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested90730096640010745001099600999700
Sugar caneProduction Quantity4466550047244100538200005205580048041600
Sugar caneSeed4466550Fc4724410Fc5582000Fc5205580Fc4804160Fc
Sugar caneYield492290Fc488867Fc500884Fc473407Fc480560Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested325082264004255679107717106029
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity348275327650358532128531184000
Sunflower seedSeed3876.8Fc3900.98Fc3168.05Fc3068.15Fc1292.6Fc
Sunflower seedYield10713.5Fc12410.8Fc14022.7Fc11932.3Fc17353.7Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested841894956839908
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity9967100651084890239115
Sweet potatoesYield118514Fc112584Fc113473Fc107545Fc100385Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested49991* 50000* 47800* 45900* 47200*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity639179* 639000* 505000* 458000* 443000*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield127859Fc127800Fc105649Fc99782.1Fc93855.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested5636050500456004660049400
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity112592100500862008820094500
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19977.3Fc19901Fc18903.5Fc18927Fc19129.5Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested4623941412389593095729381
TomatoesProduction Quantity468146432309412786306290294112
TomatoesYield101245Fc104392Fc105954Fc98940.5Fc100103Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16188A 16033A 16417A 14429A 14852A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity43570A 43290A 45618A 42442A 45339A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield26915Fc27000.6Fc27787Fc29414.4Fc30527.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested7397673225722817394673854
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity10496601050830106122010758801075730
Vegetables fresh nesYield141892Fc143507Fc146819Fc145495Fc145656Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested421130A 385291A 366914A 351694A 346802A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5433740A 5031830A 4744400A 4572260A 4542550A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield129028Fc130598Fc129306Fc130007Fc130984Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested421130A 385291A 366914A 351694A 346802A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5433740A 5031830A 4744400A 4572260A 4542550A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield129028Fc130598Fc129306Fc130007Fc130984Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested14551455133513461331
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1486714867133191395413811
Walnuts, with shellYield102179Fc102179Fc99767.8Fc103670Fc103764Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested26928227702575123047* 23652*
WatermelonsProduction Quantity382968353105386438376393* 396367*
WatermelonsYield142219Fc155075Fc150067Fc163315Fc167583Fc
WheatArea Harvested84479008358000821620080339008057500
WheatProduction Quantity2127680021612300194998001918330018226500
WheatSeed1170000* 1189000* 1072000* 1055000* 1000000*
WheatYield25185.9Fc25858.2Fc23733.4Fc23877.9Fc22620.5Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea26550Fm26400Fm26380Fm26270Fm26880Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea18630W 20060W 19390W 19130Q 19100Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea22I 20.3I 24.5I 25I
Arable landArea20714Fm20548Fm20523Fm20417Fm21047Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea21550W 21400W 21380W 21270W 21880W
Country areaArea79610W 79610W 79610W 79610W 79610W
Fallow landArea5040W 4930W 5720W
Forest areaArea1644Fm1687E 1730Fm1773Fm1816.4Fm
Inland waterArea2522Fm2522Fm2522Fm2522Fm2522Fm
Land areaArea77088Fm77088Fm77088Fm77088W 77088W
Other landArea48894Fm49001Fm48978Fm49045Fm48391.6Fm
Permanent cropsArea836Fm852Fm857W 853Q 833Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea5000Fm5000Fm5000Fm5000Fm5000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea20200Fm20200Fm20200Fm19990I 19500Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea27290Fm27060Fm27030Fm27230Fm27270Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea19130Q 18980Q 18760W 18230W 17990W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea25I 20.3I
Arable landArea21475Fm21265Fm21295Fm21578Fm21606Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea22290Q 22060W 22030W 22230W 22270W
Country areaArea79610W 79610Q 79610Q 79610Q 79610Q
Fallow landArea6710Q 6680W 6060W 6620W 6600Q
Forest areaArea1859.2Fm1902Q 1944.8Fm1987.6Fm2030.4Fm
Inland waterArea2522Fm2522Fm2522Fm2522Fm2522Fm
Land areaArea77088W 77088Q 77088Q 77088Q 77088Q
Other landArea47938.8Fm48126Fm48113.2Fm47870.4Fm47787.6Fm
Permanent cropsArea815Q 795Q 735Q 652Q 664Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea5000Fm5000Fm5000Fm5000F 5000F
Total area equipped for irrigationArea19300Fm18980Q 18760W 18230W 17990W
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data