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Datasheet

Papua New Guinea

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Papua New Guinea
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Area (km2): 463,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Port Moresby
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 6,324,097
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$850
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$5,401,123,840
  • GDP: US$6,258,738,176
  • Agriculture, value added: US$2,139,979,776
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionWeinert et al., 2004; Davis et al., 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentShaw, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionMann, 1953; Walker et al., 1988; Baker et al., 2003; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentNativeYesStover, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesCMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariaeWidespreadBuchanan, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insularePresentKobayashi et al., 1981
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCummins, 1941; Cummins, 1943; Shaw, 1963; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRyan & Egan, 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Disease not reportedOuellet et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentAPPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Martin, 1985; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; Martin, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda; Asia & Pacific Plant Protection Commission, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentAPPPC, 1987; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968; APPPC, 1987; Carver, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966; NAPPO 15:2
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedYesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesSar et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly)PresentDrew, 1989; Sar et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera neohumeralisPresentTenakanai, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosaPresentDrew, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedBeccaloni, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentNativeRethinam & Singh, 2007; Hassan, 1972; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Restricted distributionIntroducedCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988; CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeHall et al., 2001; Spradbery & Tozer, 2013; Norris & Murray, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)PresentCIE, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentRokova & Konabe, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedLee et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentSutherland, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; Campbell, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNHM, 1934
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentSands et al., 1991; Sands et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; Gavrilov-Zimin, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentChu & Wood, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)Introduced, establishedFAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1990; CIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentBlacket et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)WidespreadWilliams & Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentLi, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentWaterhouse & Norris, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentBedford &, 1980; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Restricted distributionCommon & Waterhouse, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014; NHM Collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesRoom, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadNativeWang, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentAPPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988; APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeBeaver & Hsien-Tzung, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRadumeris tasmaniensis (yellow flower wasp)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentMercer, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer)PresentLloyd & Kuniata, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer)PresentKuniata & Korowi, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; NHM, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Restricted distributionHaggis, 1984; UK CAB International, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesIIE, 1993; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentIntroducedYesLee, 1995; Anderson & Roberts, 2013; Owen, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentWilliams & Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedYesBigger, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusWidespreadNativeMonniot & Monniot, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedLong, 2003; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedAllen , 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeHunnam et al., 2001; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesGlucksman & West, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentIntroducedIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedAllen, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Allen, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentNational Animal Pest Alert, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedAllen, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Kailola, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesSPREP, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedWerry, 1998; Allen, 1991; Polhemus et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesWiktor, 2000; AnimalBase, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesCiveyrel & Simberloff, 1996; Cowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesTillier et al., 1993; Mead, 1961; Cowie, 2000; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeStarmühlner, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedHalwart & Bartley, 2006; Laup, 1991; Orapa, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentTroccoli & Geraert, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentBridge & Page, 1984; Troccoli & Geraert, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHirschmanniella miticausaRestricted distributionBridge & Page, 1984; CABI & EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentBridge & Page, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)WidespreadBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadPowell, 1974; Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentBridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentBridge & Page, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadBridge & Page, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)PresentNativeYesWinsor , 1990; Winsor , 1999; Beauchamp, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)WidespreadNativeCoppejans et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedSchäfer, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeCroft, 1985; Croft, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeGarrison Hanks, 1998; Maideen et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentAston, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesMitchell, 1979; Mitchell, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeDoty, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativePIER, 2002; ILDIS, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeNielsen, 1985; Valkenburg, 1997; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeKrisnawati et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; PIER, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentTownsend, 1988; Conn et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedPalmer, 2009; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedYesPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedForeman, 1971; Henty & Pritchard, 1975; USDA-ARS, 2011; Peekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentNativePIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentGhouri, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts & Tulig, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeHara, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedWashington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedBrook, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; Lock & Ford, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentILDIS, 2014; Lock & Ford, 2004; Toruan-Purba, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present, few occurrencesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadOsborne & Polunin, 1986; Kew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHenty, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b; Orapa et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentRoom, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentNativeGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; PIER, 2015; DeFilipps, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentWilson, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentPritchard, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)WidespreadAufenanger, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Peekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentNativeRandall, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentNativeAdema, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentWossa et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)LocalisedIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHenty, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2009; ILDIS, 2009; PIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedYesHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Anon, 1997c
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedYesHenty, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentWaterhouse, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedPROTA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesSchmedding, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionKern, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Waterhouse, 1997; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentNativeAtlas of Living Australia, 2016; ZipcodeZoo, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedYesBelcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013; Biosecurity Queensland, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionBaltisberger et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentNativeILDIS, 2009; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativePIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedBrown, 1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedHyland et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)WidespreadCook & Lüönd, 1982; Preston & Croft, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHenty & Pritchard, 1975; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativePIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionGunn & Ritchie, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedHeller, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 2001; Henty, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)Absent, unreliable recordMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; AVH, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesHughes, 1998a; ILDIS, 2007; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativePIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; Swarbrick, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007; Mabberley, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativePIER, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentThothathri et al., 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentVan & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadIntroducedYesHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentNativeHenty, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRogers & Hartemink, 2000; EPPO, 2014; ACP Forenet, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedYesPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHenty & Pritchard, 1988; Holm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; Kuniata, 1994; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Kuniata & Nagajara, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKuniata, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Hiaso, 1996; Holm et al., 1997; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentTakeoka, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentPeekel, 1984; Henty & Pritchard, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)WidespreadIntroducedYesPuff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentHenty, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)WidespreadHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedCoppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentPIER, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedYesHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Waterhouse, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; Hartemink, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentPIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt, 1979; PIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present only in captivity/cultivationHanelt et al., 2001; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Restricted distributionIntroducedPerry, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInstitute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentNativeGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedvan der Maesen, 1985; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013; Hansen, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeVance, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentKew Herbarium Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHenty, 1969; Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeAustralian National Herbarium, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt, 1979; Brook et al., 1992; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedYesHenty & Pritchard, 1988; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedYesSymon, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesChadhokar, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Restricted distributionHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSymon, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedYesBito, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedYesHEAR, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015; Munir, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentMcGrath et al., 1957; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentILDIS, 2013; PIER, 2015; AVH, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativePIER, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedYesPeekel, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentBourke et al., 1973; Smith, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionHenty & Pritchard, 1975; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeBriggs & Johnson, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedGlobal Invasive Species Database, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2004; Henty, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMEL, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHenty & Pritchard, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedInstitute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 2002; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996; Davis et al., 2000
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentThottappilly et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentDavis et al., 2002
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosisPresentOwen, 1990
anthraxPresentHugh-Jones, 1999
avian infectious bronchitisPresentKammen A van, 1982; Nunn, 1985
babesiosisPresentOwen, 1990
bluetongueSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentTomori et al., 1992; Puana, 1996; Della-Porta et al., 1983
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentWesselingh et al., 1988
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesHall et al., 2001; Spradbery & Tozer, 2013; Norris & Murray, 1964
ChytridiomycosisDisease not reportedOuellet et al., 2005
epizootic ulcerative syndromePresent
Japanese encephalitisCAB Abstracts data miningDaniels et al., 2002
oomycete infections in fishPresentCallinan , 1985
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentWelte, 1994
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentIntroducedYesLee, 1995; Anderson & Roberts, 2013; Owen, 2011

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
BananasArea Harvested70000F 70000F 70000F 68000F 65000F
BananasProduction Quantity1000000F 1050000F 980000F 970000F 940000F
BananasYield142857Fc150000Fc140000Fc142647Fc144615Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested48Im47Im44Im50Im58Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity100Im115Im114Im110F 125F
Beans, greenYield20833.3Fc24468.1Fc25909.1Fc22000Fc21551.7Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested24131Im23580Im24500F 23800F 23500F
Berries NesProduction Quantity121652Im126169Im130000F 126200P 125000F
Berries NesYield50413.2Fc53506.8Fc53061.2Fc53025.2Fc53191.5Fc
CassavaArea Harvested9287Im10508Im9410Im14600F 14500F
CassavaProduction Quantity119540Im135312Im110815Im146000F 145000F
CassavaYield128718Fc128770Fc117763Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3323A 3054A 3676A 3588A 3369A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity14472.7A 12786A 14985.6A 14033.6A 13533.6A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed118.75A 118.75A 112.08A 129.26A 128.04A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield43553Fc41866.2Fc40766.1Fc39112.6Fc40171Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3323A 3054A 3676A 3588A 3369A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity14809A 13069A 15278A 14300A 13800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed118.75A 118.75A 112.08A 129.26A 128.04A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield44565.2Fc42793.1Fc41561.5Fc39855.1Fc40961.7Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested2966A 2692A 3296A 3200A 3000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity13799A 12219A 14400A 13500A 13000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed90.19A 90.19A 83.12A 98.86A 97A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield46523.9Fc45390Fc43689.3Fc42187.5Fc43333.3Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested130000F 130000F 145000F 132000F 120000*
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity39400F 39400* 59400* 51500* 49300*
Cocoa beansYield3030.77Fc3030.77Fc4096.55Fc3901.52Fc4108.33Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested220000F 220000* 216000* 210000* 199000*
CoconutsProduction Quantity1238260Im1196000* 1196000* 880000* 783000*
CoconutsYield56284.6Fc54363.6Fc55370.4Fc41904.8Fc39346.7Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested56000F 56000F 55000F 55000F 55000F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity39957F 39957Im602406168058080
Coffee, greenYield7135.18Fc7135.18Fc10952.7Fc11214.5Fc10560Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested208721A 205554A 211255A 207195A 201840A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2022920A 2110900A 2076000A 2045650A 2009400A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield96919.6Fc102693Fc98269.9Fc98730.7Fc99554.1Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested113268Im110683Im115000F 114000F 112000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity879641Im912300Im940000F 924000F 920000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield77660.1Fc82424.6Fc81739.1Fc81052.6Fc82142.9Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested247Im241Im250F 245F 240F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity2339Im2426Im2500F 2450F 2400F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield94696.4Fc100664Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested1362F 1362Im1337Im1300F 1250F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1700F 1700F 1767Im1300F 1250F
Groundnuts, with shellSeed81.72Fc81.72Fc81.72Fc80.22Fc78Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield12481.6Fc12481.6Fc13216.2Fc10000Fc10000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested2058Im1952Im2196Im2200F 1700F
MaizeProduction Quantity9441Im8619Im10200F 10000F 8000F
MaizeSeed72.03Fc72.03Fc68.32Fc76.86Fc77Fc
MaizeYield45874.6Fc44154.7Fc46448.1Fc45454.6Fc47058.8Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested25630Im24985Im23500F 23000F 22500F
Maize, greenProduction Quantity206715Im237200Im235000F 230000F 225000F
Maize, greenYield80653.5Fc94937Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested15000F 15000F 15000F 15800F 14400F
Natural rubberProduction Quantity7500F 7500F 7500* 79007200*
Natural rubberYield5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested10000F 10000F 10000F 10000F 10000*
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity5600F 5600F 5600F 5600F 5600*
Nuts, nesYield5600Fc5600Fc5600Fc5600Fc5600Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested119000F 119000F 119000* 117000* 96000*
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity1730000F 1730000F 1730000F 1700000F 1400000F
Oil palm fruitYield145378Fc145378Fc145378Fc145299Fc145833Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested340362A 340362A 336337A 328300A 296250A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity163147A 159766A 153031A 125910A 115115A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed31.05A 31.05A 31.05A 30.48A 29.64A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4793.33Fc4694Fc4549.94Fc3835.21Fc3885.74Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested340362A 340362A 336337A 328300A 296250A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity737604A 712110A 684150A 628458A 530165A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed24.52A 24.52A 24.52A 24.07A 23.4A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield21671.2Fc20922.1Fc20341.2Fc19142.8Fc17895.9Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity122000F 122000* 109000* 105800* 100000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity520000* 500000* 478000* 465000* 382000*
PineapplesArea Harvested1075Im1050F 1505Im1150F 1100F
PineapplesProduction Quantity19284Im20000F 23500F 23000F 22000F
PineapplesYield179386Fc190476Fc156146Fc200000Fc200000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested186Im210Im188Im220F 200*
PotatoesProduction Quantity958Im1084Im1000F 980F 900*
PotatoesSeed148.8Fc148.8Fc168Fc150.4Fc176Fc
PotatoesYield51505.4Fc51619.1Fc53191.5Fc44545.4Fc45000Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested7855Im6047Im5000F 4800F 5300F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity3370Im2800F 2630Im2750F 2750F
Pulses, nesSeed628.4Fc628.4Fc483.76Fc400Fc384Fc
Pulses, nesYield4290.26Fc4630.4Fc5260Fc5729.17Fc5188.68Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested7855A 6047A 5000A 4800A 5300A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3370A 2800A 2630A 2750A 2750A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed628.4A 628.4A 483.76A 400A 384A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield4290.26Fc4630.4Fc5260Fc5729.17Fc5188.68Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested79Im77Im72Im80F 85F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity127Im146Im145Im160F 170F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield16076Fc18961Fc20138.9Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedArea Harvested1900F 1900F 1900F 1900F 1800F
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity1150F 1150F 1150F 1150F 1100F
Pyrethrum,DriedYield6052.63Fc6052.63Fc6052.63Fc6052.63Fc6111.11Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested357Im362Im380Im388Im369Im
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity1010Im850F 878Im800F 800F
Rice, paddySeed28.56Fc28.56Fc28.96Fc30.4Fc31.04Fc
Rice, paddyYield28291.3Fc23480.7Fc23105.3Fc20618.6Fc21680.2Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested22700Im25683Im23000F 22000F 21000*
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity318218Im360205Im334000F 320000F 306000*
Roots and Tubers, nesYield140184Fc140250Fc145217Fc145455Fc145714Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested201375A 227842A 204042A 220820A 213200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1624260A 1838570A 1654570A 1670980A 1626900A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed148.8A 148.8A 168A 150.4A 176A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield80658.3Fc80694.7Fc81089.4Fc75671.6Fc76308.6Fc
SorghumArea Harvested908Im740Im1100F 1000F 1300F
SorghumProduction Quantity4358Im3600F 4200F 3500F 5000Im
SorghumSeed18.16Fc18.16Fc14.8Fc22Fc20Fc
SorghumYield47995.6Fc48648.7Fc38181.8Fc35000Fc38461.5Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested390F 390F 390F 380F 370F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity269F 269Im350F 340F 330F
Spices, nesYield6897.44Fc6897.44Fc8974.36Fc8947.37Fc8918.92Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested8600F 8600* 8500F 8500F 8500*
Sugar caneProduction Quantity335000F 335000F 330000F 330000F 320000F
Sugar caneYield389535Fc389535Fc388235Fc388235Fc376471Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested118431Im133997Im120000F 118000F 115000F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity566885Im641682Im595000F 590000F 580000F
Sweet potatoesYield47866.3Fc47887.8Fc49583.3Fc50000Fc50434.8Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested31526Im35670Im31944Im47000F 44000F
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity222916Im252328Im291750Im300000F 285000F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield70708.6Fc70739.6Fc91331.7Fc63829.8Fc64772.7Fc
TeaArea Harvested4500F 4500F 4500F 4500F 4400F
TeaProduction Quantity5041F 5041Im7600F 7500F 7400F
TeaYield11202.2Fc11202.2Fc16888.9Fc16666.7Fc16818.2Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested146Im137Im125Im120F 115F
TomatoesProduction Quantity426Im666Im621Im540F 510F
TomatoesYield29178.1Fc48613.1Fc49680Fc45000Fc44347.8Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested10000A 10000A 10000A 10000A 10000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5600A 5600A 5600A 5600A 5600A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield5600Fc5600Fc5600Fc5600Fc5600Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested20177Im19669Im18500F 18000F 17000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity260373Im298771Im296000F 288000F 272000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield129044Fc151899Fc160000Fc160000Fc160000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested46080A 44915A 42241A 41250A 39758A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity467741A 536898A 531880A 518810A 497805A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield101506Fc119536Fc125916Fc125772Fc125209Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested46080A 44915A 42241A 41250A 39758A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity467741A 536898A 531880A 518810A 497805A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield101506Fc119536Fc125916Fc125772Fc125209Fc
YamsArea Harvested19245Im21774Im19500F 19000F 18500F
YamsProduction Quantity395739Im447954Im322000F 314000F 310000F
YamsYield205632Fc205729Fc165128Fc165263Fc167568Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
BananasArea Harvested63000F 64000F 62500F 62000F 61000F
BananasProduction Quantity920000F 900000F 880000F 870000F 860000F
BananasYield146032Fc140625Fc140800Fc140323Fc140984Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested61Im51Im60F 58Im47Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity146Im130Im120F 105Im102Im
Beans, greenYield23934.4Fc25490.2Fc20000Fc18103.5Fc21702.1Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested20500F 20403Im20000F 20463Im20869Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity110000F 108973Im104000F 97143Im102000F
Berries NesYield53658.5Fc53410.3Fc52000Fc47472.5Fc48876.3Fc
CassavaArea Harvested13500F 12500F 12000F 11500F 12000*
CassavaProduction Quantity135000F 125000F 120000F 115000F 125000*
CassavaYield100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc104167Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3156A 3050A 2839A 2727A 3231A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity12349.6A 12337.6A 11333.6A 10033.6A 12388.2A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed115.02A 108A 104.8A 98.9A 96.3A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield39130.5Fc40451.2Fc39921.1Fc36793.6Fc38341.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3156A 3050A 2839A 2727A 3231A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity12616A 12604A 11600A 10300A 12582A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed115.02A 108A 104.8A 98.9A 96.3A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield39974.7Fc41324.6Fc40859.5Fc37770.4Fc38941.5Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested2814A 2695A 2462A 2356A 2905A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11816A 11804A 10800A 9500A 12000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed85.5A 76A 76.4A 68.74A 66.62A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield41990.1Fc43799.6Fc43866.8Fc40322.6Fc41308.1Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested120000* 110000* 97000* 98000F 90650Im
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity51100* 47800* 38900* 42500* 42400*
Cocoa beansYield4258.33Fc4345.45Fc4010.31Fc4336.73Fc4677.33Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested198000* 195000* 180000* 198000* 197000*
CoconutsProduction Quantity651000* 651000* 651000* 631000* 680000*
CoconutsYield32878.8Fc33384.6Fc36166.7Fc31868.7Fc34517.8Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested55000F 50417Im44613Im70000F 70000F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity4842076080598206930065100
Coffee, greenYield8803.64Fc15090.2Fc13408.7Fc9900Fc9300Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested194775A 190638A 185540A 181478A 179484A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1942350A 1871320A 1823330A 1785260A 1762150A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield99722.8Fc98161.1Fc98271.8Fc98373.3Fc98178.7Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested110000F 105000F 102000F 98000F 96500F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity890000F 840000F 820000F 800000F 780000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield80909.1Fc80000Fc80392.2Fc81632.6Fc80829Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested225F 235F 230F 220F 215F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity2250F 2350F 2300F 2200F 2150F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested1200Im1200F 960F 1200F 488Im
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1200F 1200F 960P 1200F 1000*
Groundnuts, with shellSeed75Fc72F 72Fc57.6Fc72Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc20491.8Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1600F 1500F 13001300F 1602Im
MaizeProduction Quantity7200F 7000F 60006000* 8500F
MaizeSeed59.5Fc52F 52.5Fc45.5Fc45.5Fc
MaizeYield45000Fc46666.7Fc46153.8Fc46153.8Fc53058.7Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested22000F 23000F 22000F 21000F 20000F
Maize, greenProduction Quantity220000F 230000F 220000F 210000F 200000F
Maize, greenYield100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested11000F 10800F 9200F 8200F 8400F
Natural rubberProduction Quantity5500* 5400* 4600* 4100* 4200*
Natural rubberYield5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested10000F 12000F 11500F 10000F 10805Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity5600F 6700F 6500F 5600F 5292Im
Nuts, nesYield5600Fc5583.33Fc5652.17Fc5600Fc4897.73Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested92000* 88000* 85000* 83000* 79000*
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity1350000F 1300000F 1250000F 1200000F 1178000F
Oil palm fruitYield146739Fc147727Fc147059Fc144578Fc149114Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested291200A 284200A 265960A 282200A 276488A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity102456A 97256A 98724.8A 94096A 96900A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed28.5A 27.36A 27.36A 21.89A 27.36A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield3518.41Fc3422.1Fc3712.02Fc3334.37Fc3504.67Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested291200A 284200A 265960A 282200A 276488A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity494150A 434550A 470858A 446570A 441960A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed22.5A 21.6A 21.6A 17.28A 21.6A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield16969.4Fc15290.3Fc17704.1Fc15824.6Fc15984.8Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity96000* 86000* 89000* 83000* 81000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity365000* 310000* 345000* 326000* 316000*
PineapplesArea Harvested1050F 1000F 810Im795Im900F
PineapplesProduction Quantity20100F 20000F 17034Im15916Im18000F
PineapplesYield191429Fc200000Fc210296Fc200201Fc200000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested194Im200F 181Im180F 152Im
PotatoesProduction Quantity881Im900F 829Im800F 730Im
PotatoesSeed160Fc155.2Fc160Fc144.8Fc144Fc
PotatoesYield45412.4Fc45000Fc45801.1Fc44444.4Fc48026.3Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested5600F 5000F 5500F 4387Im5235Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity2750F 2750F 2750F 2700F 1865Im
Pulses, nesSeed424Fc440F 400Fc440Fc350.96Fc
Pulses, nesYield4910.71Fc5500Fc5000Fc6154.55Fc3562.56Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5600A 5000A 5500A 4387A 5235A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2750A 2750A 2750A 2700A 1865A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed424A 440A 400A 440A 350.96A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield4910.71Fc5500Fc5000Fc6154.55Fc3562.56Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested78Im80F 77Im81Im75
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity186Im150F 125Im135Im140
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield23846.2Fc18750Fc16233.8Fc16666.7Fc18666.7Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedArea Harvested1800F 1800F 1700F 1700F 1600F
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity1100F 1100F 1000F 1000F 900F
Pyrethrum,DriedYield6111.11Fc6111.11Fc5882.35Fc5882.35Fc5625Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested342Im355Im377Im371Im326Im
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity800F 800F 800F 800F 582Im
Rice, paddySeed29.52Fc32F 28.4Fc30.16Fc29.68Fc
Rice, paddyYield23391.8Fc22535.2Fc21220.2Fc21563.3Fc17852.8Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested21000F 21564Im21000F 19786Im20500F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity300000F 290000F 306000F 286995Im300000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield142857Fc134483Fc145714Fc145050Fc146341Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested203471A 198556A 193625A 186879A 189652A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1529190A 1463840A 1482830A 1447800A 1445730A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed160A 155.2A 160A 144.8A 144A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield75155.1Fc73724.4Fc76582.5Fc77472.3Fc76230.7Fc
SorghumArea Harvested1214Im1195Im1162Im1056Im1303Im
SorghumProduction Quantity4616Im4804Im4800Im3500* 3500*
SorghumSeed26Fc24F 23.9Fc23.24Fc21.12Fc
SorghumYield38023.1Fc40200.8Fc41308.1Fc33143.9Fc26861.1Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested350F 345F 340F 340F 340F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity300F 310F 300F 290F 290F
Spices, nesYield8571.43Fc8985.51Fc8823.53Fc8529.41Fc8529.41Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested8500F 7000F 8500F 8500F 8000*
Sugar caneProduction Quantity320000F 368000F 442000F 445000F 425000*
Sugar caneYield376471Fc525714Fc520000Fc523529Fc531250Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested112000F 106792Im104000F 99413Im103000*
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity560000F 497942Im520000F 500000F 490000*
Sweet potatoesYield50000Fc46627.3Fc50000Fc50295.2Fc47572.8Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested38777Im40000F 39309Im39000F 38000F
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity236308Im260000F 256000F 255000F 250000F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield60940.3Fc65000Fc65125Fc65384.6Fc65789.5Fc
TeaArea Harvested4000F 3800* 3700* 3700* 3700*
TeaProduction Quantity6600F 6600* 6500* 6400* 6200*
TeaYield16500Fc17368.4Fc17567.6Fc17297.3Fc16756.8Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested110F 100F 95F 85Im90F
TomatoesProduction Quantity500F 450F 440F 400F 400F
TomatoesYield45454.6Fc45000Fc46315.8Fc47058.8Fc44444.4Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested10000A 12000A 11500A 10000A 10805A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5600A 6700A 6500A 5600A 5292A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield5600Fc5583.33Fc5652.17Fc5600Fc4897.73Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested17500F 17000F 17700F 18000F 16500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity280000F 265000F 283200F 288000F 264000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield160000Fc155882Fc160000Fc160000Fc160000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested39749A 40231A 39932A 39224A 36712A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity500832A 495730A 503885A 498640A 464642A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield125999Fc123221Fc126186Fc127126Fc126564Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested39749A 40231A 39932A 39224A 36712A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity500832A 495730A 503885A 498640A 464642A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield125999Fc123221Fc126186Fc127126Fc126564Fc
YamsArea Harvested18000F 17500F 17135Im17000F 16000F
YamsProduction Quantity297000F 290000F 280000F 290000F 280000F
YamsYield165000Fc165714Fc163408Fc170588Fc175000Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea1190Fm1190Fm1190Fm1190Fm1040Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea3.2I 3.3I 2.5I 2.5I
Arable landArea300Fm300Fm300Fm300Fm250Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm850Fm
Country areaArea46284W 46284W 46284W 46284W 46284W
Forest areaArea28583.8Fm28726Q 28868.2Fm29010.4Fm29152.6Fm
Inland waterArea998Fm998Fm998Fm998Fm998Fm
Land areaArea45286Fm45286Fm45286Fm45286Fm45286Fm
Other landArea15512.2Fm15370Fm15227.8Fm15085.6Fm15093.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea700Fm700Fm700Fm700Fm600Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea190Fm190Fm190Fm190Fm190Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea1040Fm1030Fm1020Fm1005Fm1000Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea2.5I
Arable landArea250Fm240Fm230Fm225F 220F
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea850Fm840Fm830Fm825Fm820Fm
Country areaArea46284W 46284W 46284W 46284Q 46284Q
Forest areaArea29294.8Fm29437Q 29576.2Fm29715.4Fm29854.6Fm
Inland waterArea998Fm998Fm998Fm998Fm998Fm
Land areaArea45286Fm45286Fm45286Fm45286Q 45286Q
Other landArea14951.2Fm14819Fm14689.8Fm14565.6Fm14431.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea190Fm190Fm190Fm180Fm180Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data