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Datasheet

Peru

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Peru
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 128,500
  • Climates: Boreal, Dry, Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Lima
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 27,898,182
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,410
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$94,995,849,216
  • GDP: US$107,297,480,704
  • Agriculture, value added: US$6,520,775,168
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, invalid recordBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentSchneider et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman, 1989
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentNault et al., 1979; Davis et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiPresentGuevara & Alfaro, 2012
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionSoberanis et al., 1999; Rada, 1939; Krug & Quartey-Papafio, 1964; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Hennings, 1904; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesJones, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesVallejos & Mattos, 1990
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentIntroducedYesPhillips-Mora, 2003; Hernández et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionMont et al., 1977; CIMMYT, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Restricted distributionNativeYesIMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentSeimon et al., 2007
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin, 1854; Henry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadNativeTownsend, 1913; Stone, 1942a; Korytkowski, 2001; Wulp, 1899; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)LocalisedNativeNorrbom, 1991; Korytkowski & Ojeda, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Korytkowski, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeKorytkowski, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Norrbom et al., 1999; Korytkowski, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)WidespreadNativeCouturier et al., 1993; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Korytkowski, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeNakahara, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968; Mallqui & Cobián, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesOrtiz, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Mallqui & Cobián, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadHaines, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Beingolea, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentMeyrick , 1917
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesSnyder, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedRichards et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentBurckhardt et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentCPPC; IIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentIngunza de, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesDale, 1974; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 2014; Spencer, 1973a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativePerez Farfante , 1975; Perez & Kensley , 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2006; Wood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedYesDavis & Pena, 1990; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedShrimp News, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Meca et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentLe Pelley, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentSalinas, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentHodges, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Salazar, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEsser & Meredith, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentFernandez, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentBoyes et al., 1969; Neff & Berg, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeEscalante, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentNativePitts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadRazuri & Vargas, 1975; Schotman, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentEPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)PresentIntroducedOrtega et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)WidespreadNativeKullander, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusPresentSanamyan & Schories, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)LocalisedIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)WidespreadNativeKullander & Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Winemiller, 2001; Espínola et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)LocalisedIntroducedBonino et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentNativeTuron & Perera, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)LocalisedIntroducedKraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedYesGodan, 1983; Escargot Peru, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedCisneros et al., 1995; Cisneros, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedYesVogler et al., 2013; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)LocalisedNativeRamírez et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)LocalisedIntroducedYesVivar et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, invalid recordJatala et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014; SENASA, 2012, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)WidespreadNativePicard et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentNativePicard et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentKrusberg & Hirschman, 1958; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentMurga-Gutierrez et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentVargas & Pajuelo, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentVargas & Pajuelo, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Murga-Gutierrez et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSasser et al., 1962; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)WidespreadLiceras, 1967; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadGomez & Martin, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentLamberti et al., 1987; Alkemade & Loof, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeLuteyn et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)LocalisedNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativePeru Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; PROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedCoates, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Alva, 1973; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentHäfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentFranciosi Tijero, 1992; Morton, 1987; Peru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present only in captivity/cultivationPeru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentPeru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke & DiTommaso, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativePeru Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativePeru Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentAlegria et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentCerna & Valdez, 1987; Bazan & Ochea, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; Peru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeESHBAUGH, 1970; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Cerna-Bazan & Rojas-Vargas, 1979; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedDillon, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeKirkman, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentAragon & Gutierrez, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadAragon & Gutierrez, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentIntroducedNew York Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedForcella & Randall, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPeru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedBrako & Zarucchi, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present only in captivity/cultivationPeru Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014; Brako & Zarucchi, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)WidespreadNativePeru Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)WidespreadIntroducedPeru Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentGade, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesDiaz, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedSánchez-Zapata et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeBrako & Zarucchi, 1993; Schwirkowski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeTovar, 1993; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Alva, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMt-Pleasant et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeNYBG, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedCerna & Diaz, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)WidespreadNativeBelcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentUgaz & Espinoza, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedPeru Checklist, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Restricted distributionUSDA-ARS, 2014; Kissman & Groth, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Restricted distributionNativeYesBurkart, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentOchoa & Andrade, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Lay, 1949; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston, 1928
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeTovar, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013; Peru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedPeru Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; CSIRO, 1998; Padua et al., 1999; Ocampo & Balick, 2009; Pinedo et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDaniel, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; New York Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeMorton, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentFernandez et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedLewis, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Gray, 1854
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedWeiss et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)LocalisedNativeMeyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentCock, 1981; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeAnon., 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1977; Ordonez & Reyes, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentOrchard, 1981; Leon et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentNativePeru Checklist, 2014; Candolle Ade, 1885
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentDale, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Leon et al., 1998; Cano et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Killip, 1938; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)WidespreadNativeDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeCoppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Versteeg et al., 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1997; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentFernández et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeidenschwarz, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)WidespreadNativeBurkart, 1976; Díaz Celis, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedPeru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPleasant et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedVásquez et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin & Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativePIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014; Peru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentGentry & Standley, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; Peru Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeMacBride, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesGutte, 1978; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeGiraldo-Cañas & Peterson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Peru Checklist, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeDavidse et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015; Munir, 1992; Vargas, 1943
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedDillon, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentPelton, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentMacbride, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)WidespreadFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeBrako & Zarucchi, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentKirmse, 1967
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentDubin et al., 1984; Fox et al., 1990
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1988OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Nischwitz et al., 2007a; Mullis et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Castillo & Hebert, 1974
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentNault et al., 1979; Chura-Chuquija et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Castilo & Nault, 1982; Castilo, 1983
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentCastillo & Hebert, 1974
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusWidespreadJones et al., 1980; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentSingh, 1983; Querci et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentLightner et al., 1995
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusLast reported 1973OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentKirmse, 1967
babesiosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Rosadio et al., 1984
bovine anaplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisPresentSeimon et al., 2007
classical swine feverRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentSchotman, 1989; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004e
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1996
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisPresentGuevara & Alfaro, 2012
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Ramos Saco, 1953
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedNativeBlair et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentLightner et al., 1995
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Strozzi & Ramos-Saco, 1953; Federer et al., 1967
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; Madewell et al., 1987; Pépin et al., 1998
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested8787437581400F 1500F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity8280643049607500F 8000F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield94305.2Fc86541.1Fc65435.4Fc53571.4Fc53333.3Fc
ApplesArea Harvested971195359610973610063
ApplesProduction Quantity149532143861137208135209136744
ApplesYield153982Fc150877Fc142776Fc138875Fc135888Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested75Im76Im75F 72Im70F
ApricotsProduction Quantity265Im267Im230F 220F 210F
ApricotsYield35333.3Fc35131.6Fc30666.7Fc30555.6Fc30000Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested78906848640973047779
ArtichokesProduction Quantity150417127323115710126201134244
ArtichokesYield190643Fc185927Fc180543Fc172783Fc172572Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested3314430896294672975823547
AsparagusProduction Quantity392306335209313880328374284103
AsparagusYield118364Fc108496Fc106519Fc110348Fc120654Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1931417750162921437013603
AvocadosProduction Quantity212857184370157415136303121720
AvocadosYield110209Fc103870Fc96621Fc94852.5Fc89480.3Fc
BarleyArea Harvested148078154005156753146928143062
BarleyProduction Quantity201237216193213279185981177479
BarleySeed11846.2Fc11846.2Fc22000F 21300* 16919
BarleyYield13589.9Fc14038Fc13606.1Fc12658Fc12405.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested7893881219838007716675110
Beans, dryProduction Quantity8784092758986088614581788
Beans, drySeed4736.28Fc4736.28Fc4873.14Fc5028Fc4629.96Fc
Beans, dryYield11127.7Fc11420.7Fc11767.1Fc11163.6Fc10889.1Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested38653882393934974500F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1147812381124951047810200
Beans, greenYield29697.3Fc31893.3Fc31721.3Fc29962.8Fc22666.7Fc
Brazil nuts, with shellArea Harvested809Im643Im700F 670F 550F
Brazil nuts, with shellProduction Quantity315Im258Im300F 287237
Brazil nuts, with shellYield3893.7Fc4012.44Fc4285.71Fc4283.58Fc4309.09Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested5202353534546725249849336
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity6467067110696346430861325
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed2861.26Fc2861.26Fc2944.37Fc3006.96Fc2887.39Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield12431Fc12536Fc12736.7Fc12249.6Fc12430.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested27562656282825242243
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity3711437019398383614332151
Cabbages and other brassicasYield134666Fc139379Fc140870Fc143197Fc143339Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested81518489794984898334
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity183925182458162375170750161823
Carrots and turnipsYield225647Fc214935Fc204271Fc201143Fc194172Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested512403440409350F
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity25882124253523502350F
Cashew nuts, with shellYield50546.9Fc52704.7Fc57613.6Fc57457.2Fc67142.9Fc
CassavaArea Harvested94380105408100104103369103537
CassavaProduction Quantity11166601240120116602011718201158040
CassavaYield118315Fc117650Fc116481Fc113363Fc111848Fc
Castor oil seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Castor oil seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Castor oil seedSeed
Castor oil seedYield
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested14081448147214021467
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity2026421857232382235025465
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield143920Fc150946Fc157867Fc159415Fc173586Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1183570A 1248730A 1288560A 1226330A 1156980A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity3740590A 3925250A 4053800A 3774870A 3281480A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed108925A 108925A 118936A 110581A 103333A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield31604.3Fc31434Fc31459.8Fc30781.9Fc28362.4Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested8359Im8819Im9100F 9543Im9000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity6944Im7326Im7600F 8368Im7500F
Cereals, nesYield8307.21Fc8307.06Fc8351.65Fc8768.73Fc8333.33Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1183570A 1248730A 1288560A 1226330A 1156980A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4614530A 4868100A 5049860A 4699210A 4032730A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed108925A 108925A 118936A 110581A 103333A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield38988.3Fc38984.4Fc39189.8Fc38319.3Fc34855.6Fc
CherriesArea Harvested395384260
CherriesProduction Quantity23417265252356
CherriesYield60000Fc34000Fc69736.8Fc60000Fc59333.3Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested257Im204Im222Im210F 200F
ChestnutsProduction Quantity903Im739Im860F 850F 800F
ChestnutsYield35136.2Fc36225.5Fc38738.7Fc40476.2Fc40000Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested15772199249520322114
Chick peasProduction Quantity18002532291424492666
Chick peasSeed63.08Fc63.08Fc87.96Fc99.8Fc81.28Fc
Chick peasYield11414.1Fc11514.3Fc11679.4Fc12052.2Fc12611.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested15683145911874920000F 21500F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity171929135791168387150000F 165000F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield109628Fc93064.9Fc89811.2Fc75000Fc76744.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1338Im1370Im1324Im1300F 1226
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity11519Im11370Im10700F 10800F 9951
Chillies and peppers, greenYield86091.2Fc82992.7Fc80815.7Fc83076.9Fc81166.4Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested2982Im3041Im3000F 2800F 2750F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity61116Im61506Im53000F 51000F 50000F
Citrus fruit, nesYield204950Fc202256Fc176667Fc182143Fc181818Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested61930A 60411A 60026A 62194A 59303A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity945926A 914653A 809148A 856554A 869499A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield152741Fc151405Fc134800Fc137723Fc146620Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested678474A 705786A 725888A 697019A 674818A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1775980A 1817280A 1832430A 1716480A 1595180A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed50924.9A 50924.9A 60935.6A 58581A 53644.2A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield26176.1Fc25748.2Fc25244Fc24626Fc23638.6Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested8411477192663356362659835
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity5650046613368033400331387
Cocoa beansYield6717.07Fc6038.58Fc5548.05Fc5344.2Fc5245.59Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested23522077199520101895
CoconutsProduction Quantity3116126654239672506424724
CoconutsYield132487Fc128329Fc120135Fc124697Fc130470Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested367096349633342621333388324062
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity313647264605243479273780225992
Coffee, greenYield8544Fc7568.08Fc7106.37Fc8212.05Fc6973.73Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity36600F 21250F 31985F 55793F 71805F
CottonseedProduction Quantity81370F 42510F 63982* 100000* 103000*
CottonseedSeed2107.31Fc2107.31Fc1286.3Fc1869.39Fc3243.32Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested1605622736202732106717063
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity2281734402272272752022755
Cow peas, dryYield14210.9Fc15131.1Fc13430.2Fc13063.1Fc13335.9Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested19482938336515311458
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity3944149089497842771526144
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield202469Fc167083Fc147947Fc181025Fc179314Fc
DatesArea Harvested104104748090
DatesProduction Quantity379337335426207
DatesYield36442.3Fc32403.8Fc45270.3Fc53250Fc23000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested6557798037
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity422350492475293
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield64923.1Fc61403.5Fc62278.5Fc59375Fc79189.2Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested45999A 28122A 40771A 70667A 89578A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity36877A 21490A 32256A 56043A 72055A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield8016.91Fc7641.7Fc7911.51Fc7930.58Fc8043.83Fc
FigsArea Harvested598592588541575
FigsProduction Quantity30343082307329522993
FigsYield50735.8Fc52060.8Fc52261.9Fc54565.6Fc52052.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested348030A 353533A 349486A 340904A 332274A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4811600A 4821220A 4199210A 4229280A 4152790A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield138252Fc136372Fc120154Fc124061Fc124981Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested12924Im13179Im13000F 13200F 12800F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity95249Im95857Im82600F 83500F 82000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield73699.3Fc72734.6Fc63538.5Fc63257.6Fc64062.5Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested19000F 18000F 18500F 19000F 19600F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity170000F 150000F 174000F 175000F 172600F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield89473.7Fc83333.3Fc94054.1Fc92105.3Fc88061.2Fc
GarlicArea Harvested85906360591667117974
GarlicProduction Quantity8846862962579896759780896
GarlicSeed6533F 6533F 6533F 6533F 6533
GarlicYield102990Fc98996.9Fc98020.6Fc100726Fc101450Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested742668606518492
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity51784218451546194050
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield69784.4Fc63143.7Fc74504.9Fc89169.9Fc82317.1Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1657315000139471325012207
GrapesProduction Quantity296431280468264367223371196604
GrapesYield178864Fc186979Fc189551Fc168582Fc161058Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested38434213504142234294
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity60356860846165416715
Groundnuts, with shellSeed249.8Fc249.8Fc273.85Fc327.67Fc274.5Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield15703.9Fc16282.9Fc16784.4Fc15489Fc15638.1Fc
JuteArea Harvested188Im159Im132Im160F 150F
JuteProduction Quantity277Im240Im271Im250F 250F
JuteYield14734Fc15094.3Fc20530.3Fc15625Fc16666.7Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested188A 159A 132A 160A 150A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity277A 240A 271A 250A 250A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield14734Fc15094.3Fc20530.3Fc15625Fc16666.7Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested1505168915351400F 1300F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity25515300312686617000F 15941
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield169535Fc177803Fc175023Fc121429Fc122623Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested1333913336134831394112486
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity6405065806650016437159228
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield48017.1Fc49344.6Fc48209.6Fc46173.9Fc47435.5Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1996519749200102261920461
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity224719233032207963233793280772
Lemons and limesYield112556Fc117997Fc103930Fc103361Fc137223Fc
LentilsArea Harvested28274205397636763900
LentilsProduction Quantity23553812363833413346
LentilsSeed141.35Fc141.35Fc210.25Fc198.8Fc183.8Fc
LentilsYield8330.39Fc9065.4Fc9149.9Fc9088.68Fc8579.49Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested39964101398337473025
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity4899750443489204483834164
Lettuce and chicoryYield122615Fc123002Fc122822Fc119664Fc112939Fc
LinseedArea Harvested10521174134211331600F
LinseedProduction Quantity7849701173867.1900F
LinseedSeed10.52Fc10.52Fc11.74Fc13.42Fc11.33Fc
LinseedYield7452.47Fc8262.35Fc8740.69Fc7653.13Fc5625Fc
LupinsArea Harvested97739303930280487500F
LupinsProduction Quantity11337105211025186098461
LupinsSeed390.92Fc390.92Fc372.12Fc372.08Fc321.92Fc
LupinsYield11600.3Fc11309.3Fc11020.2Fc10697.1Fc11281.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested475671497176514945499073482263
MaizeProduction Quantity15144201541200155975014809001368240
MaizeSeed37500F 37500F 37500F 36000F 35573
MaizeYield31837.5Fc30999.1Fc30289.6Fc29673Fc28371.2Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested4321246572448224401041321
Maize, greenProduction Quantity368619408181394183374145332255
Maize, greenYield85304.8Fc87645.1Fc87944.1Fc85013.6Fc80408.3Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested2525026055255102436622936
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity355431457774170609322721294440
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield140765Fc175695Fc66879.3Fc132447Fc128375Fc
Natural rubberProduction Quantity
Nuts, nesArea Harvested809Im643Im700F 690F 689
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity1596Im1306Im1520F 1510F 1506
Nuts, nesYield19728.1Fc20311Fc21714.3Fc21884.1Fc21857.8Fc
OatsArea Harvested10755.81033110854.510132.510000F
OatsProduction Quantity1198711303121041110510000F
OatsSeed860.46Fc860.46Fc826.48Fc868.36Fc810.6Fc
OatsYield11144.7Fc10940.9Fc11151.1Fc10959.8Fc10000Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested30594190551821514000* 12594
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity361724291802268268265250F 238448
Oil palm fruitYield118234Fc153137Fc147279Fc189464Fc189335Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested85558A 56041A 69346A 93894A 111564A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity57572.7A 36890.3A 49075.8A 66524.9A 64981.9A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1241.65A 1241.65A 823.84A 1165.32A 1844.46A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield6729.08Fc6582.74Fc7076.95Fc7085.11Fc5824.63Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested98520A 67479A 76955A 104309A 121020A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity105542A 76577A 62444.9A 76742.4A 72674.3A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed430.69A 430.69A 304.91A 420.09A 623.23A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield10712.8Fc11348.3Fc8114.47Fc7357.22Fc6005.15Fc
OlivesArea Harvested12962114387609104159456
OlivesProduction Quantity1609147503571705770052444
OlivesYield124143Fc65601.5Fc9423.05Fc55400.9Fc55461.1Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1978021568179321811618879
Onions, dryProduction Quantity726913724042606087641511634393
Onions, dryYield367499Fc335702Fc337992Fc354113Fc336031Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2702726420261692635825971
OrangesProduction Quantity418634394573377598379977344267
OrangesYield154895Fc149346Fc144292Fc144160Fc132558Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested9778439861047880
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity1842215773176131930214827
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield188557Fc187106Fc178631Fc184355Fc168489Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity16000* 15000* 15000* 15000* 10000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity43000* 40000* 37000* 35000* 34000*
PapayasArea Harvested919012972123301147311043
PapayasProduction Quantity125813186806173941167387157771
PapayasYield136902Fc144007Fc141071Fc145896Fc142870Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested50794934485345134214
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity4552644052454974333936879
Peaches and nectarinesYield89635.8Fc89282.5Fc93750.3Fc96031.5Fc87515.4Fc
PearsArea Harvested553601648659672
PearsProduction Quantity43474821543157457072
PearsYield78607.6Fc80216.3Fc83811.7Fc87177.5Fc105238Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested4894750582506674677444375
Peas, dryProduction Quantity4860151254504204671043326
Peas, drySeed4405.23Fc4405.23Fc4552.38Fc4560.03Fc4209.66Fc
Peas, dryYield9929.31Fc10132.9Fc9951.25Fc9986.32Fc9763.61Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested2728530255304032955228730
Peas, greenProduction Quantity10083410227910521710178798450
Peas, greenYield36955.8Fc33805.7Fc34607.4Fc34443.3Fc34267.3Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested138.1125.5136.8129.670F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity346314345308.5210
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield25054.3Fc25019.9Fc25219.3Fc23804Fc30000Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested1526314262137351344214289
PineapplesProduction Quantity400429310566274393243492212059
PineapplesYield262353Fc217758Fc199776Fc181143Fc148407Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested148539156114156483149975147817
PlantainsProduction Quantity19679202007280186659017929301834510
PlantainsYield132485Fc128578Fc119284Fc119549Fc124107Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested18241772175917101320
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity80158022817088688700
Plums and sloesYield43941.9Fc45270.9Fc46446.8Fc51859.7Fc65909.1Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested296484289873282356278546268160
PotatoesProduction Quantity40736003814370376529035970903388000
PotatoesSeed296484Fc296484Fc620000F 599602F 581167
PotatoesYield137397Fc131588Fc133353Fc129138Fc126342Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested1680Im1789Im1800F 1700F 1600F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity2370Im2597Im2600F 2400F 2250F
Pulses, nesSeed50.4Fc50.4Fc53.67Fc54Fc51Fc
Pulses, nesYield14107.1Fc14516.5Fc14444.4Fc14117.7Fc14062.5Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested211821A 225567A 226985A 212961A 200998A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity241790A 264986A 265292A 241482A 225917A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed12648.5A 12648.5A 13093.9A 13319.7A 12365A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield11414.8Fc11747.5Fc11687.6Fc11339.3Fc11239.8Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested80727911824070515832
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity198998179439190500160315121575
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield246529Fc226822Fc231189Fc227365Fc208462Fc
QuincesArea Harvested630625640640641
QuincesProduction Quantity48734849490445834948
QuincesYield77349.2Fc77584Fc76625Fc71609.4Fc77191.9Fc
QuinoaArea Harvested3546135313340263116330381
QuinoaProduction Quantity4116841079393972986731824
QuinoaSeed709.22Fc709.22Fc600* 400* 331
QuinoaYield11609.4Fc11632.8Fc11578.5Fc9584.12Fc10475Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested359612388659404614379783337639
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity26244502831370299116027758002256000
Rice, paddySeed35000F 35000F 35000F 30000F 27870
Rice, paddyYield72980.1Fc72849.7Fc73926.3Fc73089.1Fc66816.9Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested46826Im47237Im45800F 44700F 43523
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity278164Im269479Im263200250400253282
Roots and Tubers, nesSeed32778.2Fc32778.2Fc33065.9Fc32060Fc31290Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesYield59403.8Fc57048.3Fc57467.3Fc56017.9Fc58195Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested460356A 464395A 450266A 444142A 431745A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5802280A 5621110A 5490130A 5238180A 5014530A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed339056A 339056A 662898A 640462A 622264A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield126039Fc121042Fc121931Fc117939Fc116146Fc
RyeArea Harvested12112516914190F
RyeProduction Quantity12912414813181
RyeSeed8.47Fc8.47Fc8.75Fc11.83Fc9.87Fc
RyeYield10661.2Fc9920Fc8757.4Fc9290.78Fc9000Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested4581127963406397050789428
Seed cottonProduction Quantity1220476375895968167397215439
Seed cottonYield26641.4Fc22800.8Fc23614.8Fc23741.9Fc24090.8Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested2511321152330F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity19911410837.970F
Sesame seedYield7928.29Fc8636.36Fc9391.3Fc16478.3Fc23333.3Fc
SorghumArea Harvested2817403822
SorghumProduction Quantity945015312553
SorghumSeed0.5600000000000002Fc0.5600000000000002Fc0.33999999999999997Fc0.8Fc0.76Fc
SorghumYield33571.4Fc29411.8Fc38250Fc32894.7Fc24090.9Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested209205198198158
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity1171113910561098868
Sour cherriesYield56028.7Fc55561Fc53333.3Fc55454.6Fc54936.7Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested16551427199919981723
SoybeansProduction Quantity30032534344133782683
SoybeansSeed82.75Fc82.75Fc71.35Fc99.95Fc99.9Fc
SoybeansYield18145Fc17757.5Fc17213.6Fc16906.9Fc15571.7Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested697Im645Im820F 810F 800F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity2494Im1969Im2400F 2300F 2200F
Spices, nesYield35781.9Fc30527.1Fc29268.3Fc28395.1Fc27500Fc
SpinachArea Harvested1527112212021056806
SpinachProduction Quantity2667918561196181418811952
SpinachYield174715Fc165428Fc163211Fc134356Fc148288Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1225134111801443813
StrawberriesProduction Quantity2416922996199772533412607
StrawberriesYield197298Fc171484Fc169297Fc175565Fc155068Fc
String beansArea Harvested8789Im9000Im8700F 8600F 8000F
String beansProduction Quantity27238Im26885Im25300F 25500F 23400F
String beansYield30991Fc29872.2Fc29080.5Fc29651.2Fc29250Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested8006976983753486912767952
Sugar caneProduction Quantity98849409660900993695093959608228620
Sugar caneYield1234550Fc1254940Fc1318810Fc1359230Fc1210950Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1653215689160061212711218
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity299080263456262724189869184765
Sweet potatoesSeed5500F 5500F 5500F 4600F 4495
Sweet potatoesYield180910Fc167924Fc164141Fc156567Fc164704Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested11214105331024198999629
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity236279221324166072187165190410
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield210700Fc210124Fc162164Fc189075Fc197746Fc
TeaArea Harvested22282216221522092108
TeaProduction Quantity31583214316940093597
TeaYield14174.2Fc14503.6Fc14307Fc18148.5Fc17063.6Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested582503521303690F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity82706964740839012350F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield142096Fc138449Fc142188Fc128746Fc34058Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested51456040597959715098
TomatoesProduction Quantity185985224897221594210685173257
TomatoesYield361487Fc372346Fc370621Fc352847Fc339853Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2461A 1956A 2129A 2050A 1863A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5705A 4668A 5433A 5284A 5130A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield23181.6Fc23865Fc25519Fc25775.6Fc27536.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3395Im3476Im3360Im3300F 3100F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity69440Im68540Im64500F 65000F 60000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield204536Fc197181Fc191964Fc196970Fc193548Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested209431A 214450A 207311A 203572A 190742A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2884000A 2846620A 2678820A 2636650A 2422430A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed6533A 6533A 6533A 6533A 6533A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield137706Fc132740Fc129217Fc129519Fc127001Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested209431A 214450A 207311A 203572A 190742A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2884000A 2846620A 2678820A 2636650A 2422430A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed6533A 6533A 6533A 6533A 6533A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield137706Fc132740Fc129217Fc129519Fc127001Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested7463677174
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity303241218287237
Walnuts, with shellYield40945.9Fc38254Fc32537.3Fc40422.5Fc32027Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested32543593393831852720
WatermelonsProduction Quantity86952917211069169712777721
WatermelonsYield267216Fc255277Fc271498Fc304951Fc285739Fc
WheatArea Harvested145481154285158062149528144524
WheatProduction Quantity214099219454226265206936181552
WheatSeed23000F 23000F 23000F 22000F 21819
WheatYield14716.6Fc14223.9Fc14315Fc13839.3Fc12562.1Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested6134Im6188Im6000F 5400F 5307
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity34771Im33685Im329002900030444
Yautia (cocoyam)Seed4293.8Fc4293.8Fc4331.6Fc4200Fc5312
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield56685.7Fc54436Fc54833.3Fc53703.7Fc57365.7Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested1300F 126717341483
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity7200F 71551110910351
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield55384.6Fc56472Fc64065.7Fc69797.7Fc
ApplesArea Harvested10066104601040698239512
ApplesProduction Quantity136399139332146893134357123266
ApplesYield135505Fc133205Fc141162Fc136778Fc129590Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested62Im60F 55F 50F 45F
ApricotsProduction Quantity194Im180F 175F 170F 165F
ApricotsYield31290.3Fc30000Fc31818.2Fc34000Fc36666.7Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested6762424228161280498
ArtichokesProduction Quantity1132006794242031197528406
ArtichokesYield167406Fc160165Fc149258Fc154313Fc168795Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested2004118192189121847018981
AsparagusProduction Quantity259954206026192533189601181165
AsparagusYield129711Fc113251Fc101805Fc102653Fc95445.4Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1252811762116991116310308
AvocadosProduction Quantity1132591034171084609997594236
AvocadosYield90404.7Fc87924.7Fc92708.8Fc89559.3Fc91420.3Fc
BarleyArea Harvested149913150716143118151076154179
BarleyProduction Quantity191627193085177169193717198032
BarleySeed1778916943179681612118286
BarleyYield12782.5Fc12811.2Fc12379.2Fc12822.5Fc12844.3Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested7376867413575575813366526
Beans, dryProduction Quantity8300871667585245919662424
Beans, drySeed46063115390138984475
Beans, dryYield11252.6Fc10631Fc10168Fc10182.9Fc9383.4Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested4000F 3952441764407542
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1242012556140431764324398
Beans, greenYield31050Fc31771.3Fc31793.1Fc27396Fc32349.5Fc
Brazil nuts, with shellArea Harvested750F 650F 500F 420F 526Im
Brazil nuts, with shellProduction Quantity302274203179234
Brazil nuts, with shellYield4026.67Fc4215.38Fc4060Fc4261.9Fc4448.67Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested4686144923409604249238914
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity5755152881472255155648421
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed2713.48Fc1510F 1350F 1475F 1385F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield12281.2Fc11771.5Fc11529.5Fc12133.1Fc12443.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2100F 2142216423352623
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity2982430211298893189634575
Cabbages and other brassicasYield142019Fc141041Fc138119Fc136600Fc131815Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested88208439849287297867
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity176190148695149677157218157929
Carrots and turnipsYield199762Fc176200Fc176256Fc180110Fc200749Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested335F 331357348369
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity2250F 2213240821732142
Cashew nuts, with shellYield67164.2Fc66858Fc67451Fc62442.5Fc58048.8Fc
CassavaArea Harvested10243192669877048365182929
CassavaProduction Quantity11399301004450971035909341890135
CassavaYield111288Fc108391Fc110717Fc108707Fc107337Fc
Castor oil seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Castor oil seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Castor oil seedSeed
Castor oil seedYield
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested10031166F 108512181218
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity1284413939127921604115679
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield128056Fc119545Fc117899Fc131700Fc128727Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1154280A 1161340A 1048890A 1138720A 1139800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity3276970A 3309940A 2823910A 3209990A 3138920A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed102979A 101192A 94986.4A 94967.7A 100389A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield28389.8Fc28501Fc26922.9Fc28189.4Fc27539.2Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested8700F 8600F 8500F 8250F 8196
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity7300F 7100F 7000F 6900F 6750
Cereals, nesYield8390.8Fc8255.81Fc8235.29Fc8363.64Fc8235.72Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1154280A 1161340A 1048890A 1138720A 1139800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4063610A 4131910A 3438260A 3920080A 3844440A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed102979A 101192A 94986.4A 94967.7A 100389A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield35204.7Fc35578.7Fc32780.1Fc34425.3Fc33729.1Fc
CherriesArea Harvested86Im83837978
CherriesProduction Quantity496501490465414
CherriesYield57674.4Fc60361.4Fc59036.1Fc58860.8Fc53076.9Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested190F 160F 185F 182180
ChestnutsProduction Quantity800F 600F 775F 759670
ChestnutsYield42105.3Fc37500Fc41891.9Fc41703.3Fc37222.2Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested34431178191718532285
Chick peasProduction Quantity52201421214124483268
Chick peasSeed84.56Fc137.72Fc47.12Fc76.68Fc74.12Fc
Chick peasYield15161.2Fc12062.8Fc11168.5Fc13211Fc14302Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested21200F 2120214896108149500F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity161800F 1617081032398678475000F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield76320.8Fc76270.2Fc69306.5Fc80251.5Fc78947.4Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested368565498635765
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity457481095886723211983
Chillies and peppers, greenYield124293Fc143522Fc118193Fc113890Fc156641Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested2800F 2700F 2600F 2500F 2466
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity52000F 49000F 47000F 45000F 43739
Citrus fruit, nesYield185714Fc181481Fc180769Fc180000Fc177368Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested58699A 57244A 54419A 54475A 51616A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity823421A 784212A 767399A 766204A 727157A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield140279Fc136995Fc141017Fc140652Fc140878Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested667558A 670680A 639578A 686646A 684131A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1510260A 1485090A 1422950A 1597220A 1538910A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed53980.7A 50707.7A 52528.4A 50356.7A 54404.7A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield22623.7Fc22143Fc22248.2Fc23261.2Fc22494.4Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested5673250313508794978746820
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity3167625257259212421424219
Cocoa beansYield5583.44Fc5019.97Fc5094.64Fc4863.52Fc5172.79Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested15631477141414281423
CoconutsProduction Quantity2287823154229182262322747
CoconutsYield146372Fc156764Fc162079Fc158424Fc159852Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested321449301534295139291844287379
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity273178188611231447203148212770
Coffee, greenYield8498.33Fc6255.05Fc7841.97Fc6960.84Fc7403.81Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity71100* 69100* 62560* 45533* 42000*
CottonseedProduction Quantity105000* 105000* 88000* 76000* 76000*
CottonseedSeed4113.69Fc4222.2Fc4289.5Fc4089.77Fc3118.89Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested2152214899173031607014526
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity2982016907196591913817075
Cow peas, dryYield13855.6Fc11347.7Fc11361.6Fc11909.2Fc11754.8Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested6181536179518391044
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity96778582235432731516357
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield156586Fc55872.4Fc131159Fc148532Fc156676Fc
DatesArea Harvested135F 86868686
DatesProduction Quantity422276257242248
DatesYield31259.3Fc32093Fc29883.7Fc28139.5Fc28837.2Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested19Im1817.5F 17F 15Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity136Im117115F 112F 110F
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield71578.9Fc65000Fc65714.3Fc65882.4Fc73333.3Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested91927A 93380A 89033A 67922A 72128A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity71330A 69315A 62770A 45733A 42180A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7759.42Fc7422.9Fc7050.19Fc6733.16Fc5847.94Fc
FigsArea Harvested600F 566537495507
FigsProduction Quantity29602751302027912894
FigsYield49333.3Fc48604.2Fc56238.4Fc56383.8Fc57080.9Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested327028A 315849A 309298A 298672A 283597A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4105940A 3821950A 3804330A 3633120A 3450470A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield125553Fc121006Fc122999Fc121643Fc121668Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested13000F 12500F 12200F 12000F 11790
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity86500F 80000F 77000F 75000F 70291
Fruit Fresh NesYield66538.5Fc64000Fc63114.8Fc62500Fc59619.2Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested19200F 18500F 18200F 18000F 17456
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity173000F 160000F 155000F 150000F 148796
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield90104.2Fc86486.5Fc85164.8Fc83333.3Fc85240.6Fc
GarlicArea Harvested78496451627873628297
GarlicProduction Quantity7350354896491845789862875
GarlicSeed64755339489351426745
GarlicYield93646.3Fc85096.9Fc78343.4Fc78644.4Fc75780.4Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested410F 308378378362
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity42833602391640093516
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield104463Fc116948Fc103598Fc106058Fc97127.1Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1150811477114251099910937
GrapesProduction Quantity191642169540155445145966135530
GrapesYield166529Fc147722Fc136057Fc132708Fc123919Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested3900F 3700377728052802
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity68176154617151054977
Groundnuts, with shellSeed279.11Fc253.5Fc240.5Fc245.51Fc182.33Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield17479.5Fc16632.4Fc16338.4Fc18199.6Fc17762.3Fc
JuteArea Harvested140F 130F 125F 120F 100F
JuteProduction Quantity230F 215F 210F 200F 180F
JuteYield16428.6Fc16538.5Fc16800Fc16666.7Fc18000Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested140A 130A 125A 120A 100A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity230A 215A 210A 200A 180A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield16428.6Fc16538.5Fc16800Fc16666.7Fc18000Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested900F 990F 1100F 1000F 900F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity1081812095125731221510930
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield120200Fc122172Fc114300Fc122150Fc121444Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested1178110860111521163412982
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity5717452637561876182166121
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield48530.7Fc48468.7Fc50382.9Fc53138.2Fc50932.8Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested21000F 20869184822115819889
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity226000F 225796210696250229254343
Lemons and limesYield107619Fc108197Fc114001Fc118267Fc127881Fc
LentilsArea Harvested37033561449158485740
LentilsProduction Quantity32813011353845904933
LentilsSeed195Fc185.15Fc178.05Fc200F 220F
LentilsYield8860.38Fc8455.49Fc7877.98Fc7848.84Fc8594.08Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested29612596283033343034
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity3350330954331003891238374
Lettuce and chicoryYield113148Fc119237Fc116961Fc116713Fc126480Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1500F 1010115915831404
LinseedProduction Quantity84455275111041050
LinseedSeed16Fc15Fc10.1Fc11.59Fc15.83Fc
LinseedYield5626.67Fc5465.35Fc6479.72Fc6974.1Fc7478.63Fc
LupinsArea Harvested74688712837487329264
LupinsProduction Quantity82399480859992459295
LupinsSeed300Fc298.72Fc348.48Fc334.96Fc349.28Fc
LupinsYield11032.4Fc10881.5Fc10268.7Fc10587.5Fc10033.5Fc
MaizeArea Harvested467762471968448877487296483322
MaizeProduction Quantity12689801240780120005013538101290860
MaizeSeed3493632441332713289234766
MaizeYield27128.8Fc26289.5Fc26734.5Fc27782.1Fc26708.1Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested4208041758456174741946079
Maize, greenProduction Quantity360600351341377904407123399621
Maize, greenYield85693.9Fc84137.4Fc82842.8Fc85856.5Fc86725.2Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested2264716126158971176812409
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity320267235406277899198490179627
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield141417Fc145979Fc174812Fc168669Fc144755Fc
Natural rubberProduction Quantity
Nuts, nesArea Harvested707686699* 698694
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity14341175115912121143
Nuts, nesYield20282.9Fc17128.3Fc16580.8Fc17363.9Fc16469.7Fc
OatsArea Harvested11000F 10643112971154010490
OatsProduction Quantity1136611370115631244512801
OatsSeed800Fc880Fc851.44Fc903.76Fc923.2Fc
OatsYield10332.7Fc10683.1Fc10235.5Fc10784.2Fc12203Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested1090610361950288649562
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity236374199941208538180446148965
Oil palm fruitYield216738Fc192975Fc219467Fc203572Fc155789Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested112060A 111166A 106448A 83589A 88506A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity66162.1A 64425.8A 56360A 48966.2A 48124.5A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed2282.18A 2352.99A 2338.37A 2251.67A 1788.39A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5904.17Fc5795.46Fc5294.61Fc5857.97Fc5437.43Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested121712A 119815A 114478A 91339A 95737A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity70457.9A 67402.7A 61157.6A 56492.8A 51346A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed763.03A 778.25A 774.07A 746.95A 586.26A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5788.91Fc5625.56Fc5342.3Fc6184.95Fc5363.24Fc
OlivesArea Harvested96528649803077507231
OlivesProduction Quantity5229854622424713808932488
OlivesYield54183.6Fc63154.1Fc52890.4Fc49147.1Fc44928.8Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1817615968175751804218579
Onions, dryProduction Quantity576666493258515459472876463075
Onions, dryYield317268Fc308904Fc293291Fc262097Fc249246Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2536324864243462270922272
OrangesProduction Quantity353839334495330352305757292361
OrangesYield139510Fc134530Fc135690Fc134641Fc131268Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested900F 898986773751
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity1302412847129171079211259
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield144711Fc143062Fc131004Fc139612Fc149920Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity9000* 9000* 9000* 8100* 6600*
Palm oilProduction Quantity32000* 29000* 28000* 27000* 23800F
PapayasArea Harvested1173613651134491358412221
PapayasProduction Quantity175428171055193923189793172669
PapayasYield149479Fc125306Fc144191Fc139718Fc141289Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested4442Im4281439545044505
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity3279735802358873748940383
Peaches and nectarinesYield73833.9Fc83630Fc81654.1Fc83234.9Fc89640.4Fc
PearsArea Harvested702Im677691691725
PearsProduction Quantity73667590747975877384
PearsYield104929Fc112112Fc108234Fc109797Fc101848Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested4473839164374563802436627
Peas, dryProduction Quantity4496038902374764085139660
Peas, drySeed3993.75Fc3000F 3100F 3000F 3000F
Peas, dryYield10049.6Fc9933.1Fc10005.3Fc10743.5Fc10828.1Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested2465624296207152479024833
Peas, greenProduction Quantity8645980431664628208280870
Peas, greenYield35066.1Fc33104.6Fc32084Fc33110.9Fc32565.5Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested130F 41119102
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity402122368314
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield30923.1Fc29756.1Fc30924.4Fc30784.3Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested1405213272125231193311444
PineapplesProduction Quantity234281203930177055164731156318
PineapplesYield166724Fc153654Fc141384Fc138047Fc136594Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested144415141866139827135351127206
PlantainsProduction Quantity17781601697120166409016209601560400
PlantainsYield123128Fc119628Fc119011Fc119760Fc122667Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1350F 144113721249908
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity69007418716272087134
Plums and sloesYield51111.1Fc51478.1Fc52201.2Fc57710.2Fc78568.3Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested260847264055246771258003270893
PotatoesProduction Quantity32484203289700300816031438703298160
PotatoesSeed563154518963543481517048529129
PotatoesYield124534Fc124584Fc121901Fc121854Fc121751Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested1550F 1500F 1400F 1350F 1300F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity2150F 2000F 1950F 1900F 1850F
Pulses, nesSeed48Fc46.5Fc45Fc42Fc40.5Fc
Pulses, nesYield13871Fc13333.3Fc13928.6Fc14074.1Fc14230.8Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested203053A 181350A 169458A 172502A 175182A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity234229A 196269A 179112A 188924A 186926A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed11940.8A 8293.09A 8969.65A 9026.64A 9543.9A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield11535.4Fc10822.7Fc10569.7Fc10952Fc10670.4Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested58544200464951504488
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity132344831669440410144586902
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield226074Fc198014Fc203063Fc196981Fc193632Fc
QuincesArea Harvested640F 665F 653667599
QuincesProduction Quantity49455158524359545362
QuincesYield77265.6Fc77563.9Fc80291Fc89265.4Fc89515.9Fc
QuinoaArea Harvested2994728632276762832627851
QuinoaProduction Quantity3042932590269973008530373
QuinoaSeed449431431434422
QuinoaYield10161Fc11382.4Fc9754.66Fc10621Fc10905.5Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested343691357883286468313856316807
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity23622602468360184490021324102118680
Rice, paddySeed2683430426227942539224519
Rice, paddyYield68732.1Fc68971.1Fc64401.6Fc67942.3Fc66876.1Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested4287543589404004232754830
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity247927248130225583251968259332
Roots and Tubers, nesSeed30466.1Fc30012.5Fc30512.3Fc28280Fc29628.9Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesYield57825.5Fc56924.9Fc55837.4Fc59528.9Fc47297.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested423001A 417906A 393248A 403112A 428957A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4867060A 4760290A 4424640A 4535140A 4707950A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed604936A 559356A 585289A 557717A 571631A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield115060Fc113908Fc112515Fc112503Fc109753Fc
RyeArea Harvested160F 90758780
RyeProduction Quantity15786698867
RyeSeed6.3Fc11.2Fc6.3Fc5.25Fc6.09Fc
RyeYield9812.5Fc9555.56Fc9200Fc10114.9Fc8375Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested9178793250889086780272028
Seed cottonProduction Quantity213409207316187697136612126622
Seed cottonYield23250.5Fc22232.3Fc21111.4Fc20148.7Fc17579.5Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested27F 273538105F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity60F 60354994
Sesame seedYield22222.2Fc22222.2Fc10000Fc12894.7Fc8952.38Fc
SorghumArea Harvested7631357113
SorghumProduction Quantity405779917526
SorghumSeed0.44000000000000005Fc1.52Fc0.62Fc0.7Fc1.42Fc
SorghumYield53289.5Fc24838.7Fc28285.7Fc24647.9Fc20000Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested160F 151153154
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity900F 836801813
Sour cherriesYield56250Fc55364.2Fc52352.9Fc52792.2Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested23771341165310691182
SoybeansProduction Quantity37332059269719291914
SoybeansSeed86.15Fc118.85Fc67.05Fc82.65Fc150F
SoybeansYield15704.7Fc15354.2Fc16315.8Fc18044.9Fc16192.9Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested750F 700F 650F 600F 848
Spices, nesProduction Quantity1950F 1850F 1800F 1750F 1456
Spices, nesYield26000Fc26428.6Fc27692.3Fc29166.7Fc17169.8Fc
SpinachArea Harvested8519951143F 1140642
SpinachProduction Quantity1205612864139081493211373
SpinachYield141669Fc129286Fc121680Fc130982Fc177150Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1000F 981122816011245
StrawberriesProduction Quantity1660117430206492492718199
StrawberriesYield166010Fc177676Fc168151Fc155696Fc146177Fc
String beansArea Harvested7500F 7000F 6500F 64927542
String beansProduction Quantity22000F 19000F 18000F 1763020914
String beansYield29333.3Fc27142.9Fc27692.3Fc27156.5Fc27730Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested6584761549708517772068050
Sugar caneProduction Quantity72512606804130* 7496870* 9363960* 8869810*
Sugar caneYield1101230Fc1105480Fc1058120Fc1204830Fc1303430Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1124811280117201247713880
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity198635184422184375192876223927
Sweet potatoesSeed56614690485757086176
Sweet potatoesYield176596Fc163495Fc157317Fc154585Fc161331Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested91268503861377306627
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity187299171319175435161209133198
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield205237Fc201481Fc203686Fc208550Fc200993Fc
TeaArea Harvested21952214226422882289
TeaProduction Quantity48204236154856346349
TeaYield21959Fc19132.8Fc6837.46Fc24624.1Fc27737Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested680F 6575866723500F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity2300F 2230177024669832
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield33823.5Fc33942.2Fc30204.8Fc36696.4Fc28091.4Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested54034916537950505201
TomatoesProduction Quantity169715159206183516149387130631
TomatoesYield314113Fc323853Fc341171Fc295816Fc251165Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2057A 1899A 1815A 1709A 1832A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5087A 4536A 4748A 4502A 4446A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield24730.2Fc23886.3Fc26159.8Fc26342.9Fc24268.6Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3050F 3000F 2800F 3100F 2836
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity58500F 58000F 55500* 60600* 56869
Vegetables fresh nesYield191803Fc193333Fc198214Fc195484Fc200525Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested178242A 166339A 169632A 178382A 179309A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2290290A 1971520A 2013750A 2000170A 1943070A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed6475A 5339A 4893A 5142A 6745A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield128494Fc118524Fc118713Fc112128Fc108364Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested178242A 166339A 169632A 178382A 179309A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2290290A 1971520A 2013750A 2000170A 1943070A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed6475A 5339A 4893A 5142A 6745A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield128494Fc118524Fc118713Fc112128Fc108364Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested75F 72746163
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity301274203179257
Walnuts, with shellYield40133.3Fc38055.6Fc27432.4Fc29344.3Fc40793.7Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested2550F 2159271121332592
WatermelonsProduction Quantity6511354648541264564252654
WatermelonsYield255345Fc253117Fc199653Fc213980Fc203140Fc
WheatArea Harvested143030132779122841138219138863
WheatProduction Quantity191082178460170411190453186853
WheatSeed2216420058196641921921465
WheatYield13359.6Fc13440.4Fc13872.5Fc13779.1Fc13455.9Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested56006313665366546425
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity3215133585354843708836394
Yautia (cocoyam)Seed56555690643966816697
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield57412.5Fc53199.8Fc53335.3Fc55737.9Fc56644.4Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea21500Fm21470Fm21440Fm21430Fm21420Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea302.6Q 342.7Q 390.95Q 257.44Q 280.24Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea43.09Q 50.62Q 54.91Q 56.75Q 36.01Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea345.69Q 393.32Q 445.85Q 314.19Q 316.25Q
Arable landArea3650Fm3650Fm3650Fm3650Fm3650Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea4500Fm4470Fm4440Fm4430Fm4420Fm
Country areaArea128522Q 128522Q 128522W 128522W 128522W
Forest areaArea67842Fm67992Q 68142Fm68292Fm68442Fm
Inland waterArea522Fm522Fm522Fm522Fm522Fm
Land areaArea128000Fm128000Fm128000Fm128000Fm128000Fm
Other landArea38658Fm38538Fm38418Fm38278Fm38138Fm
Permanent cropsArea850Fm820Fm790Fm780Fm770Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea17000Fm17000Fm17000Fm17000Fm17000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1196Fm1196Fm1196Fm1196Fm1196Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea21400Fm21350Fm21280Fm21220Fm21160Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea240.17Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea30.44Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea270.62Q
Arable landArea3650Fm3650Fm3600Fm3650Fm3650Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea4400Fm4350Fm4280Fm4320Fm4260Fm
Country areaArea128522W 128522W 128522W 128522Q 128522Q
Forest areaArea68592Fm68742Q 68836.2Fm68930.4Fm69024.6Fm
Inland waterArea522Fm522Fm522Fm522Fm522Fm
Land areaArea128000Fm128000Fm128000Fm128000Q 128000Q
Other landArea38008Fm37908Fm37883.8Fm37849.6Fm37815.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea750Fm700Fm680Fm670Fm610F
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea17000Fm17000Fm17000Fm16900F 16900F
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1196Fm1196Fm1196Fm1196Fm1196Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data