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Datasheet

New Zealand

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    New Zealand
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Area (km2): 271,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Wellington
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 4,228,300
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$27,080
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$114,521,374,720
  • GDP: US$135,667,449,856
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 1954OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1864OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)WidespreadIntroducedYesLiefting et al., 2008a; Liefting et al., 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Vereijssen et al., 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesvan & der Zwet Keil, 1979; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; New Zealand MAF Biosecurity, 2010; Everett et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesWatson, 1970; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)EradicatedBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)LocalisedIntroducedYesBiggs et al., 2005; Cary et al., 2007; Jellyman et al., 2006; Kilroy, 2004; Kilroy, 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2006; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2007; Larned et al., 2006; Sutherland et al., 2007
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedYesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaeRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, invalid recordHall, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDingley, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Pennycook, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSutton, 1980
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Cromey & Hansen, 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentCrowe et al., 1995; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedYesCrous et al., 2002; Henricot & Culham, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionSlade, 1960; Baker et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; Stewart & Nelson, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesGaunt & Liew, 1981; UK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentIntroducedPennycook, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)WidespreadIntroducedUK CAB International, 1993; Dingley, 1973
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentIntroducedYesWingfield & Marasas, 1983; Farrell et al., 1997; Mackenzie & Dick, 1984; Shaw & Dick, 1979
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesGadgil et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBoesewinkel, 1979
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)WidespreadIntroducedYesBeresford & Mulholland, 1982; Chou, 1989; Chou, 1990; Self & Chou, 1994; Hood et al., 2001; Birch, 1933; Cunningham, 1950; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; van der Werf, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentYesIMI, 1992; Curtis, 1930; Birch, 1936; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesLau & Sheridan, 1975; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumWidespreadIntroducedYesGaut, 1969; Gadgil, 2005
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentIntroducedYesDingley, 1969; McKenzie, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariaeWidespreadBuchanan, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadClose, 1968; Luig, 1985
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBell et al., 2004
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesRead & Gordon, 1991; Probert, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedYesLee, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentCottier & Taylor, 1937; Massee, 1937; Ferro &, 1976; Manson, 1984; EPPO, 2014; Lamb, 1953a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentAllan, 1975; Allan, 1987; Fox,1976; Pearson & Goldson,1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedYesCranfield et al., 1998; Ahyong & Wilkens, 2011; Foster & Willan, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling, 1959; APPPC, 1987; Rose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedYesMcMillan, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresentNativeCassie, 1959a; Cassie, 1959b; Cassie, 1960; Cassie, 1962; Darwin, 1854; Foster, 1982; Gruvel, 1905; Hutton, 1879; Jennings, 1918; Kolosváry, 1942; Leslie, 1968; Moore, 1944; Oliver, 1923; Young, 1929
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)WidespreadIntroducedYesGill, 2006; Teulon et al., 2009; Thomas et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; Baker & Cowley, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)EradicatedIPPC, 2017; CABI/EPPO, 1999; IPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Presentde Barro et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedLandcare Research, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedYesGurr, 1957; Hopkins, 1914; MacFarlane & Gurr, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Manson, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedMaier & Lemmon, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaLocalisedIntroducedAshton et al., 2007b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)EradicatedIntroducedYesHolder et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014; Mathews, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Absent, never occurredCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)LocalisedIntroducedYesWebber, 2001; Willis & Morrisey, 2008; Gust & Inglis, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)EradicatedIntroducedGill, 2005; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedHudson , 1928
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedYesBennett, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesFroggatt, 1903; Tuthill, 1952; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)LocalisedIntroducedYesWeinstein et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadBorchsenius, 1966; New Zealand MAF Biosecurity, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadIntroducedDumbleton, 1932; Zondag, 1983; Nicol et al., 1998; Cottier, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedYesCarter, 1984; Armstrong & Suckling, 1990; Suckling et al., 1990; UK CAB International, 1992; EPPO, 2014; NHM, 1950 [Wellington]
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedYesTillyard, 1926; Hincks, 1949; Tillyard, 1925
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesMound & Walker, 1982; Martin & Workman, 1994; Nakahara, 1997; Rugman-Jones et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)WidespreadMiller, 1927; Clark, 1938; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Restricted distributionBaker &, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentMound & Walker, 1987; CIE, 1961; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentHill et al., 1993; Charles et al., 1995a; New Zealand MAF Biosecurity, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))Confined (quarantine)Tomkins et al., 1992; Blank et al., 1993b; Blank et al., 1993a; Hill et al., 1993; Charles et al., 1995; Blank et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedClark, 1932
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesHosking, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEl-Sayed et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentIntroducedMcQuire, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Harris, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMuggeridge, 1933; Ferguson Hartley, 1978; Morrone, 1993; May, 1994; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)EradicatedKean et al., 2015; Ross, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedPeacock, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBlackman & Eastop, 1994; Cottier, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadBarratt et al., 1989a; Garnham & McNab, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; Peacock, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParopsis charybdis (eucalyptus tortoise beetle)WidespreadIntroducedYesSelman, 1963; Bain, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentGreen, 1929; CIE, 1979; Kirkaldy, 1902; Hodgson & Henderson, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesBerry et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra)PresentIntroducedKuschel, 1972; Broun, 1893; Spiller & Wise, 1982; Butcher, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadIntroducedWang, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadAPPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhylacteophaga froggatti (leafblister sawfly)PresentIntroducedYesNuttall, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesMcClure, 1984b; Zondag, 1977; Blackman et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; NHM, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadBeck & Cameron, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPorotermes adamsoni (damp wood termite)PresentPhilip et al., 2008; Ross, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPorotermes adamsoni (damp wood termite)PresentIntroducedYesPhilip et al., 2008; Ross, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesWard, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRadumeris tasmaniensis (yellow flower wasp)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadIntroducedJessep, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973; Henderson et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (flower fly)PresentIntroducedMiller, 1921; Hutton, 1901; Thompson, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; Charles & Froud, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadIntroducedRawlings & Wilson, 1949; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentIntroducedYesLowe, 1969; Close & Tomlinson, 1975; APPPC, 1987; NHM, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)EradicatedIntroducedYesDrees & Gold, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Restricted distributionYesMalone & Wigley, 1980; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentPeacock, 2012; Harris et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTeia anartoides (painted apple moth)EradicatedHoare, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Sopow & George, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips)PresentMound & Walker, 1982; EPPO, 2014; NHM, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Restricted distributionEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentBeck et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer)LocalisedIntroducedYesCrabtree, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Goodwin et al., 2005; Zhang, 2000; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2006; Stevenson et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadIntroducedYesClapperton et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedBain, 1977; Bain, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedBrockerhoff et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)Absent, unreliable recordWood & Bright, 1992; Brockerhoff et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedBrockerhoff et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Brockerhoff et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentIntroducedFrancis et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)EradicatedIntroducedLong, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedFAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedLever, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)LocalisedIntroducedBanwell, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeMyers, 1999; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesAllen, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedMcDowall, 1990; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadIntroducedYesFlux, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)LocalisedNativeFrancis, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela putorius furo (ferret)PresentIntroducedYesLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedWodzicki & Wright, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedWaugh , 1980; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedMcDowall, 2004; McDowall, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedLever, 2005; Clements et al., 2014; Qu et al., 2009; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)LocalisedIntroducedMcDowall, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)LocalisedIntroducedMcDowall, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentRuscoe, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Greathead & Greathead, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesTorr, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichosurus vulpecula (brushtail possum)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, few occurrencesHyde et al., 2013; Hyde et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedMcDowall, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Cranfield et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentIntroducedHewitt & Little, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)LocalisedIntroducedYesWillan, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)WidespreadIntroducedBarker, 1999; Mahlfeld, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesBleakney et al., 1989; Barker et al., 1991; Barker, 1999; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Brook, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedYesDinamani, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesReise et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesBarker, 2004; White-McLean & Redford, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentBarker, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadIntroducedBarker, 1999; Quick, 1949
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadIntroducedDuggan, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentMcDonald et al., 1991; Daguin & Borsa, 2000; Gérard et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedBarker, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadNativeWinterbourn, 1969; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedICES, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)WidespreadSoteros, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentBoesewinkel, 1980; Boesewinkel, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionFoot & Wood, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Williams & Barclay, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)WidespreadMarshall, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)WidespreadIntroducedYesDale, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)PresentNobbs et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentDale, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Restricted distributionBrown, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm)WidespreadNativeDendy, 1894; Johns et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedEdwards & Hine, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedBegin & Scheibling, 2003; Trowbridge, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaWidespreadNativeHeesch et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)Unconfirmed recordNaylor, 1954; Batham, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentIntroducedBowers et al., 2006; Riisberg & Edvardsen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedHay & Luckens, 1987; Stapleton, 1988; Hay, 1990; Brown & Lamare, 1994; Hay & Villouta, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWilson, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedBailey, 1902; Large & Braggins, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesOwen, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, few occurrencesNativeBrownsey & Smith-Dodsworth, 1989; Lange et al., 1999; GBIF, 2012; P Brownsey, Museum of New Zealand, personal communication
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHeenan et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)Unconfirmed recordGBIF, 2012; To-anun et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedHowell & Sawyer, 2006; Esler, 1988; Heiss-Dunlop & Fillery, 2006; Mountier, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)LocalisedIntroducedYesWright & Cameron, 1985; New Zealand National Herbarium Network, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadYesFarrell, 1978; Considine 1984/1985; EPPO, 2014; Yamoah et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesD'Archino et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedYesAdams, 1991; Nelson, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedYesWeber , 2003; Pollock et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Weber , 2003; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedYesWeber , 2003; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Weber , 2003; Binggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentNativeVictorian Resources Online, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedYesNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedWeber , 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; Edgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedYesMinistry for Primary Industries, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeOyen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedYesSykes, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008; Häfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)LocalisedIntroducedEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesAston, 1973; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Reported present or known to be presentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedWebb, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadTaylor, 1980; Holm et al., 1991; Dastgheib & Popay, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedYesGardner et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentAnderson Richardson, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2002; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedYesHeenan et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000; eMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2007; PIER, 2007; Edgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)LocalisedIntroducedYesRoy et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHafliger & Scholz, 1981; Bourdot & Saville, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentEdgar, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrey-Wilson, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)WidespreadIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Encyclopedia of Life, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper & Moerkerk, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedForde & Edgar, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCooper & Moerkerk , 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedForde & Edgar, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedYesTalbot, 1982; Forde & Edgar, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedForde & Edgar, 1995; Owen, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)WidespreadIntroducedYesSmale, 1990; GBIF, 2009; Bellingham et al., 2005; Tallent-Halsell, 2008; Williams, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedYesWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedRowarth et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedYesWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedBulloch, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedBulloch, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephalaPresent
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedHealey, 1944
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadChapman et al., 1974; Wells & Clayton, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; PIER, 2014; ISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; Mallinson, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Jessep, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedYesKelly & Popay, 1985; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)WidespreadIntroducedYesOgle et al., 2000; Hill et al., 2001; Timmins, 1984; Atkinson, 1984; West, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)WidespreadIntroducedYesThompson, 1922; Webb et al., 1988; PIER, 2015; Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesMichael, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)LocalisedSimpson, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesGosling et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)WidespreadNativeYesCostall et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; Webb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentEPPO, 2014; NZPCN, 2005; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Webb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)Restricted distributionIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)LocalisedIntroducedChampion & Hofstra, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; Fowler & Syrett, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedEdgar et al., 1991; Edgar & Connor, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2015; NZPCN, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentParham & Healy, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNatureWatch, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; Owen, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedWardle et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedHowell & Sawyer, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Rahman et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Restricted distributionIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesHEAR, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedEdgar & Connor, 2000; Blood, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresent only under cover/indoorsIntroducedChampion & Clayton, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedClawson et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedForsyth & Howard-Williams, 1983; Coffey & Clayton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Restricted distributionIntroducedPanetta & Mitchell, 1991; Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentNativeWilken & Hannah, 1998; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016; Atlas of Living Australia, 2016; Hoban & Hoshovsky, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; Cameron, 2000; Pruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedFairweather & McNeil, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)LocalisedIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2013; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Mitchell & Abernethy, 1993; Webb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedYesBailey, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesGibson & Newman, 2001; eMonocot, 2016; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber, 2003; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedYesRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; Esler, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesAllan, 1940
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)LocalisedIntroducedYesPIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014; GBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea gibbosa (rock hakea)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWilliams et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)WidespreadIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; PIER, 2000; ISSG, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedHolzapfel, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesDevine, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesGarry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionCook & Lüönd, 1982; Winton et al., 1996; Hofstra et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014; Hofstra et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2003a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifoliaPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; Esler & Astridge, 1987; Edgar, 1964; Heiss-Dunlop & Fillery, 2006; Howell, 2008; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)LocalisedIntroducedYesNZPCN (New Zealand Plant Conservation Network), 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentNativeNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN), 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedYesHealy & Edgar, 1980; USDA-ARS, 2016; ISSG, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedAllan Herbarium, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)WidespreadNativeYesAllan, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waipara et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentEdwards, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, few occurrencesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)WidespreadNativeYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedYesBaker undated
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)WidespreadIntroducedYesWeeds of Australia, 2015; McGregor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; GBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)WidespreadIntroducedYeseMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Thomas, 1979; Latch et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)WidespreadIntroducedILDIS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; Webb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedMal et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentWebb et al., 1988; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)WidespreadNativeEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)PresentIntroducedOwen, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedYesOrchard, 1981; Sykes, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCampbell, 1982; Healy, 1945; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)LocalisedIntroducedYesNZPCN, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Webb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Webb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)LocalisedIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2009; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)LocalisedIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2014; Howell & Sawyer, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)LocalisedIntroducedYesHeenan & Sykes, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedYesHeenan & Sykes, 2003; Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; NZPCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Little, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Edgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)EradicatedIntroducedGalloway & Lepper, 2010; USDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedNZBI, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentParham & Healy, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)LocalisedIntroducedEdgar & Connor, 2010; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)WidespreadNativeYesMoore & Edgar, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)WidespreadIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedOteng-Amoako & Brink, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedYesLedgard, 2001; Brockerhoff & Kay, 1998; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedYesKnowles & Miller, 1989; Cronk & Fuller, 1995; Richardson et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)WidespreadIntroducedYesBurdon & Miller, 1992; Weber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)EradicatedIntroducedYesMack & Lonsdale, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008; Haysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedFerguson & Fraser, 1993; Suckling et al., 1998; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentPopay et al., 1995; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plants, 2015; Edgar, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)WidespreadIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (New Zealand Plant Conservation Network), 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Weed Science Society of America, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008; Haysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP, 2016; Webb et al., 1988; Beckmann et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedAllan Herbarium, 2014; Vanhellemont, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesDevine, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996; Cronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Owen , 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedLandcare, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; USDA-NRCS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedFrancis, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPennycook, 1998; Roy et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014; Webb et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesMoore, 1954; Webb et al., 1988; NZPCN, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedYesAllen Herbarium, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2008; Roy et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedYesHolm & et al. , 1979; Cronk & Fuller , 1995; Owen , 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWilliams, 1983; Williams & Karl, 1996; Owen, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedYesOwen, 1996; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadIntroducedYesAllan, 1940
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadIntroducedWebb, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Edgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)Unconfirmed recordWebb et al., 1988; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedGarnock-Jones, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)EradicatedUpritchard, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesWithers et al., 2002; McGregor, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentRoy et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedNZPCN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedYesHarrington, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesRahman & James, 1993; ISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesBascand, 1968; Bascand, 1970; Shaw & Gosling, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesRanwell, 1967; Partridge & Wilson, 1987; Hubbard & Partridge, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedYesHonore, 1970; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; Govaerts, 2014; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAskarian et al., 1993; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentILDIS, 2013; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)WidespreadNativeAllan, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedWilliams & Randall, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2016; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)WidespreadIntroducedYesTimmins & MacKenzie, 1995; Roy et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedGlobal Invasive Species Database, 2006; Champion et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesSykes, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988; Esler, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2008; FBIS, 2005; Wells & Champion, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)LocalisedIntroducedWinton et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; ISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedYesWebb et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Virtual Herbarium, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)WidespreadIntroducedYesEdgar & Connor, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; Mahon, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013; ILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentWebb, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedSykes & West, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeStreimann, 2002; Vitt, 1974; Vitt, 1979
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumWidespreadHansen et al., 2003
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumWidespreadIntroducedYesTompkins & Gleeson, 2006; Beadell et al., 2006; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentAustin et al., 1973; Quinn, 1971; Westerskov, 1953
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentJohnstone et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1953OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Ward et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusLast reported 1953OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2014; Ward et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentRännäli et al., 2009
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)WidespreadIntroducedLebas et al., 2009

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Lohr et al., 1991; Lohr, 1976
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentAustin et al., 1973; Quinn, 1971; Westerskov, 1953
babesiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)PresentDinamani et al., 1987
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedEdwards & Hine, 1974
bovine anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE, 2009; West & Bruce, 1991
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentChilds et al., 1980; Johnston & Philips, 2004
ChytridiomycosisPresentBell et al., 2004
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentHine & Diggles, 2002
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentTisdall & Phipps, 1987; Reno, 1999
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentHarris et al., 1978; Beatson, 1985; Tham, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Davidson, 1970
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionWidespreadIntroducedYesTompkins & Gleeson, 2006; Beadell et al., 2006; Marzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentJames et al., 1984
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Goodwin et al., 2005; Zhang, 2000; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2006; Stevenson et al., 2005
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
whirling diseasePresentIntroducedHewitt & Little, 1972
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested89958900Im928488328945
ApplesProduction Quantity437782Im386119Im431000446000421000
ApplesYield486695Fc433842Fc464240Fc504982Fc470654Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested423410Im426450F 457
ApricotsProduction Quantity2995Im3106Im3200F 3400F 3500F
ApricotsYield70803.8Fc75756.1Fc75117.4Fc75555.6Fc76586.4Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested596680Im639700F 871
AsparagusProduction Quantity1936Im2221Im2200F 2400F 3200F
AsparagusYield32483.2Fc32661.8Fc34428.8Fc34285.7Fc36739.4Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested39764000Im41174000F 4004
AvocadosProduction Quantity19184Im19896Im20500F 17000F 20000F
AvocadosYield48249.5Fc49740Fc49793.5Fc42500Fc49950.1Fc
BarleyArea Harvested6490052340776696743551481
BarleyProduction Quantity368000308298435270408730355627
BarleySeed6700F 6700F 6700F 6600F 6500F
BarleyYield56702.6Fc58902.9Fc56041.7Fc60611Fc69079.3Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1060780Im736730F 724
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4310Im4946Im4900F 4666Im5000F
Beans, greenYield40660.4Fc63410.3Fc66576.1Fc63917.8Fc69060.8Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested325260Im268280F 383Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity2948Im3057Im3150F 3250F 2451Im
Berries NesYield90707.7Fc117577Fc117537Fc116071Fc63994.8Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested549520Im539450F 512Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity2526Im2620Im2700F 2250F 1400Im
BlueberriesYield46010.9Fc50384.6Fc50092.8Fc50000Fc27343.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested651810Im765718Im768
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity37048Im42512Im42118Im38593Im44000F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield569094Fc524840Fc550562Fc537507Fc572917Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested13961600Im14811295Im1500F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity55091Im65608Im64648Im66874Im66595Im
Carrots and turnipsYield394635Fc410050Fc436516Fc516402Fc443967Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested826900Im836695Im860
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity36945Im42393Im42000F 41454Im45000F
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield447276Fc471033Fc502392Fc596460Fc523256Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested143797A 135547A 162737A 135409A 117089A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity999494A 1001300A 1124280A 999287A 926928A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed17973.2A 17973.2A 17980.2A 17885A 16784.7A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield69507.3Fc73870.8Fc69085.8Fc73797.7Fc79164.4Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested172720082200F 21892267
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity95281168814000F 1618713709
Cereals, nesSeed43.18Fc43.18Fc50.2Fc55Fc54.73Fc
Cereals, nesYield55170.8Fc58207.2Fc63636.4Fc73947Fc60472Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested143797A 135547A 162737A 135409A 117089A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity999494A 1001300A 1124280A 999287A 926928A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed17973.2A 17973.2A 17980.2A 17885A 16784.7A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield69507.3Fc73870.8Fc69085.8Fc73797.7Fc79164.4Fc
CherriesArea Harvested584580Im597550F 520
CherriesProduction Quantity1731Im1795Im1850F 2133Im1900F
CherriesYield29640.4Fc30948.3Fc30988.3Fc38781.8Fc36538.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested164Im160F 156Im160F 159
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity4967Im5700F 5500F 5650F 5600F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield302866Fc356250Fc352564Fc353125Fc352201Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested867Im847Im880F 850F 1061Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity8142Im8444Im8700F 8600F 8500F
Citrus fruit, nesYield93910Fc99693Fc98863.6Fc101176Fc80113.1Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2794A 2721A 2822A 2740A 2895A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity30259A 32830A 31868A 31614A 31300A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield108300Fc120654Fc112927Fc115380Fc108117Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested91197A 80785A 108852A 93083A 76551A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity616194A 556406A 720817A 655937A 582494A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed7973.18A 7973.18A 7980.2A 7885A 7784.73A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield67567.4Fc68874.9Fc66219.9Fc70468Fc76092.3Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea HarvestedF F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction QuantityF F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield
CurrantsArea Harvested12561200Im12681270F 1275
CurrantsProduction Quantity7486Im7764Im8000F 8250F 8500F
CurrantsYield59601.9Fc64700Fc63091.5Fc64960.6Fc66666.7Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested4600F 4600Im6200F 6200F 6200F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity2800F 2800Im2753Im2128Im2959Im
Fibre Crops NesYield6086.96Fc6086.96Fc4440.32Fc3432.26Fc4772.58Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested4600A 4600A 6200A 6200A 6200A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2800A 2800A 2753A 2128A 2959A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield6086.96Fc6086.96Fc4440.32Fc3432.26Fc4772.58Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested70637A 67084A 70875A 74703A 67046A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1180510A 1135670A 1219870A 1262030A 1147290A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield167123Fc169291Fc172115Fc168939Fc171120Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1278Im1249Im1298Im1281Im1261Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity19244Im19958Im20564Im21113Im18805Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield150579Fc159792Fc158428Fc164817Fc149128Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested804Im786Im817Im806Im793Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity2788Im2892Im2980Im2436Im2170Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield34676.6Fc36793.9Fc36474.9Fc30223.3Fc27364.4Fc
GarlicArea Harvested343Im334Im314Im300F 290F
GarlicProduction Quantity1407Im1615Im1600F 1539Im1550F
GarlicYield41020.4Fc48353.3Fc50955.4Fc51300Fc53448.3Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested2F 2F 2F 2F 2F
GooseberriesProduction Quantity10F 10F 10F 10F 9Im
GooseberriesYield50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc45000Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested3845F 4040F 41
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity1012Im1050F 918Im950F 1000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield266316Fc233333Fc229500Fc237500Fc243902Fc
GrapesArea Harvested3406031000F 3344238000F 29616
GrapesProduction Quantity234284Im230000F 250000F 285000F 215000F
GrapesYield68785.7Fc74193.6Fc74756.3Fc75000Fc72595.9Fc
HopsArea Harvested350F 350F 350F 350F 350F
HopsProduction Quantity800F 800F 800F 800F 800F
HopsYield22857.1Fc22857.1Fc22857.1Fc22857.1Fc22857.1Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested1306612800Im1328713200F 13250
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity364958Im378508Im390000F 385000F 365000F
Kiwi fruitYield279319Fc295709Fc293520Fc291667Fc275472Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested66Im64Im60Im57Im66Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity2861Im3283Im3253Im3178Im3202Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield433485Fc512969Fc542167Fc557544Fc485152Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested114Im111Im104Im99Im114Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity927Im1064Im1054Im1029Im1037Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield81315.8Fc95855.9Fc101346Fc103939Fc90964.9Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested359330Im346340F 332
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity4538Im4707Im4850F 5726Im5100F
Lemons and limesYield126407Fc142636Fc140173Fc168412Fc153614Fc
LentilsArea Harvested3874Im2982Im2184Im1877Im1800F
LentilsProduction Quantity4046Im3195Im3263Im3157Im3300F
LentilsYield10444Fc10714.3Fc14940.5Fc16819.4Fc18333.3Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested10481300Im12411300F 1331
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity28149Im32300Im32000F 33000F 34000F
Lettuce and chicoryYield268597Fc248462Fc257857Fc253846Fc255447Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1276F 1276Im1261Im1198Im1000Im
LinseedProduction Quantity2351F 2351Im2291Im1901Im1663Im
LinseedSeed89.32Fc89.32Fc89.32Fc88.27Fc83.86Fc
LinseedYield18424.8Fc18424.8Fc18168.1Fc15868.1Fc16630Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1850017548215581830017030
MaizeProduction Quantity210200188812237844205557185627
MaizeSeed230F 230F 230F 230F 230F
MaizeYield113622Fc107597Fc110327Fc112326Fc109000Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested35585400Im50596200F 6210
Maize, greenProduction Quantity79168Im90843Im90000F 85000F 90000F
Maize, greenYield222507Fc168228Fc177901Fc137097Fc144928Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested36Im31Im36Im35Im40F
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity9884Im8213Im8635Im9368Im8500F
Mushrooms and trufflesYield2745560Fc2649350Fc2398610Fc2676570Fc2125000Fc
OatsArea Harvested60708889742551595773
OatsProduction Quantity2846647608337032546327531
OatsSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
OatsYield46896.2Fc53558.3Fc45391.3Fc49356.5Fc47689.2Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested3792A 3792A 3748A 3657A 2855A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity3091.53A 3091.53A 3012.93A 2460.63A 2247.69A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed56.27A 56.27A 56.27A 55.61A 52.83A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8152.77Fc8152.77Fc8038.77Fc6728.55Fc7872.82Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3792A 3792A 3748A 3657A 2855A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1842.77A 1842.77A 1795.93A 1465.25A 1342.05A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed31.26A 31.26A 31.26A 30.89A 29.35A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4859.63Fc4859.63Fc4791.7Fc4006.7Fc4700.7Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested51424800Im45114500F 4594
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity178566Im204900Im203000F 200000F 205620Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield347270Fc426875Fc450011Fc444444Fc447584Fc
OrangesArea Harvested746Im729Im757Im720F 681
OrangesProduction Quantity7789Im10467Im9300F 9200F 8800F
OrangesYield104410Fc143580Fc122853Fc127778Fc129222Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested280260Im247250F 259
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity3079Im3533Im3500F 3300F 3400F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield109964Fc135885Fc141700Fc132000Fc131274Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested837830Im867890F 904
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity7486Im7764Im8000F 8100F 8200F
Peaches and nectarinesYield89438.5Fc93542.2Fc92272.2Fc91011.2Fc90708Fc
PearsArea Harvested619700Im723750F 791
PearsProduction Quantity32564Im25126Im31800F 32500F 35000F
PearsYield526074Fc358943Fc439834Fc433333Fc442478Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1118612018749161856273
Peas, dryProduction Quantity3240137094212012004722053
Peas, drySeed3000F 3000F 3000F 3000F 3500F
Peas, dryYield28965.7Fc30865.4Fc28302Fc32412.3Fc35155.4Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested62326400Im59886500F 6791
Peas, greenProduction Quantity37825Im43403Im43000F 47000F 50000F
Peas, greenYield60694.8Fc67817.2Fc71810.3Fc72307.7Fc73626.9Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested151170Im180183Im180
PersimmonsProduction Quantity2526Im2620Im2700F 2900F 2153Im
PersimmonsYield167285Fc154118Fc150000Fc158470Fc119611Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested361330Im343390F 413
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1778Im1844Im1900F 2100F 2350F
Plums and sloesYield49252.1Fc55878.8Fc55393.6Fc53846.2Fc56900.7Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1072412700Im1139811000F 10050
PotatoesProduction Quantity521852Im590707Im545000F 505000F 480000F
PotatoesSeed52185.2Fc59070.7Fc54500Fc50501.8Fc48000Fc
PotatoesYield486621Fc465124Fc478154Fc459091Fc477612Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested17561402632796420
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity4573380014451863847
Pulses, nesYield26042.1Fc27104.1Fc22863.9Fc23404.5Fc20166.7Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16816A 16402A 10307A 8858A 8493A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity41020A 44089A 25909A 25067A 26200A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed3000A 3000A 3000A 3000A 3500A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield24393.4Fc26880.3Fc25137.3Fc28298.7Fc30848.9Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested75108300Im78438800F 8840
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity140742Im161498Im160000F 175000F 185000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield187406Fc194576Fc204004Fc198864Fc209276Fc
QuincesArea Harvested99Im97Im101Im99Im97Im
QuincesProduction Quantity1113Im1154Im1189Im971Im865Im
QuincesYield112424Fc118969Fc117723Fc98080.8Fc89175.3Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested2516F 2516Im2487Im2459Im1855Im
RapeseedProduction Quantity2684F 2684Im2616Im2105Im2000F
RapeseedYield10667.7Fc10667.7Fc10518.7Fc8560.39Fc10781.7Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested114Im111Im115200F 412Im
RaspberriesProduction Quantity141Im146Im150F 350F 339Im
RaspberriesYield12368.4Fc13153.2Fc13043.5Fc17500Fc8228.16Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested12108A 13900A 12434A 12100A 11314A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity533666A 604080A 557400A 518200A 495200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed53374.8A 60416.2A 55745A 51831A 49531.5A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield440755Fc434590Fc448287Fc428264Fc437688Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested
SoybeansProduction Quantity
SoybeansYield
SpinachArea Harvested600Im585Im550F 500F 450F
SpinachProduction Quantity2331Im2675Im2650F 2400F 2150F
SpinachYield38850Fc45726.5Fc48181.8Fc48000Fc47777.8Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested121Im118Im123Im100F 120Im
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity2251Im2335Im2406Im2350F 2350F
Stone fruit, nesYield186033Fc197881Fc195610Fc235000Fc195833Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested223300Im256230F 216
StrawberriesProduction Quantity6453Im6127Im5900F 5300F 5000F
StrawberriesYield289372Fc204233Fc230469Fc230435Fc231481Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested13841200Im10361100F 1264
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity11814Im13373Im12400F 13200F 15200F
Sweet potatoesSeed1189.6Fc1345.5Fc1245Fc1329.2Fc1531.5Fc
Sweet potatoesYield85361.3Fc111442Fc119691Fc120000Fc120253Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested784770Im799790F 780
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity8778Im8162Im8100F 7138Im7900F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield111964Fc106000Fc101377Fc90354.4Fc101282Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield
TomatoesArea Harvested691850Im745690F 847
TomatoesProduction Quantity63074Im98646Im92000F 90000F 110000F
TomatoesYield912793Fc1160540Fc1234900Fc1304350Fc1298700Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3967Im3867Im3637Im3478Im4010Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity134605Im154456Im153023Im142526Im143580Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield339312Fc399421Fc420740Fc409793Fc358055Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested34534A 37480A 35181A 37255A 38974A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity824871A 972053A 957655A 955960A 1010130A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield238858Fc259352Fc272208Fc256599Fc259182Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested34534A 37480A 35181A 37255A 38974A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity824871A 972053A 957655A 955960A 1010130A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield238858Fc259352Fc272208Fc256599Fc259182Fc
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity
WatermelonsArea Harvested254Im248Im233Im248Im250F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity1956Im2244Im2574Im2983Im2700F
WatermelonsYield77007.9Fc90483.9Fc110472Fc120282Fc108000Fc
WheatArea Harvested5260054762538854232640538
WheatProduction Quantity383300444891403464343350344434
WheatSeed10000F 10000F 10000F 10000F 9000F
WheatYield72870.7Fc81240.8Fc74875Fc81120.4Fc84965.7Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested972010980109341058011717
ApplesProduction Quantity354000524000546000501192530633
ApplesYield364198Fc477231Fc499360Fc473716Fc452874Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested500F 487590590636
ApricotsProduction Quantity3700F 3678391445007000
ApricotsYield74000Fc75523.6Fc66339Fc76271.2Fc110063Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested8101372150020152015
AsparagusProduction Quantity29204680600053004000
AsparagusYield36049.4Fc34110.8Fc40000Fc26302.7Fc19851.1Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested3000F 2902256322493106
AvocadosProduction Quantity15000F 22970117521064213398
AvocadosYield50000Fc79152.3Fc45852.5Fc47318.8Fc43135.9Fc
BarleyArea Harvested4707849825500006470078097
BarleyProduction Quantity277020302023303000378340440883
BarleySeed6500F 6500F 6500F 64007600
BarleyYield58842.8Fc60616.8Fc60600Fc58476Fc56453.3Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested850F 800F 790F 780776
Beans, greenProduction Quantity5700F 5400F 5300F 52005173
Beans, greenYield67058.8Fc67500Fc67088.6Fc66666.7Fc66662.4Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested319Im316Im300F 270Im280F
Berries NesProduction Quantity2764Im3415Im3500F 2994Im3300F
Berries NesYield86645.8Fc108070Fc116667Fc110889Fc117857Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested426Im421Im400F 372Im385Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity1579Im1951Im2000F 1282Im1413Im
BlueberriesYield37065.7Fc46342Fc50000Fc34462.4Fc36701.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested750F 700790F 780780
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity43000F 4000035000F 2974629746
Cabbages and other brassicasYield573333Fc571429Fc443038Fc381359Fc381359Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested14501900F 1713Im18001831
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity6500065000650006500057312
Carrots and turnipsYield448276Fc342105Fc379451Fc361111Fc313009Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1067Im1300F 1250F 12001181
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity65391Im56000F 54500F 5430053422
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield612849Fc430769Fc436000Fc452500Fc452345Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested112204A 115175A 114762A 134218A 145015A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity800050A 867722A 835000A 938056A 936715A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed16786.7A 16260A 16272.5A 16397.5A 17470A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield71303.2Fc75339.4Fc72759.3Fc69890.5Fc64594.3Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested120017002700F 24003200F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity570011500160001210010500F
Cereals, nesSeed56.68Fc30Fc42.5Fc67.5Fc60Fc
Cereals, nesYield47500Fc67647.1Fc59259.3Fc50416.7Fc32812.5Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested112204A 115175A 114762A 134218A 145015A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity800050A 867722A 835000A 938056A 936715A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed16786.7A 16260A 16272.5A 16397.5A 17470A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield71303.2Fc75339.4Fc72759.3Fc69890.5Fc64594.3Fc
CherriesArea Harvested550F 524550550550
CherriesProduction Quantity1650F 159820171220634
CherriesYield30000Fc30496.2Fc36672.7Fc22181.8Fc11527.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested128Im165F 152Im160160
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity5295Im5600F 5200Im50005000
Chillies and peppers, greenYield413672Fc339394Fc342105Fc312500Fc312500Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested883Im873Im829Im773Im800F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity8400F 9336Im9569Im7713Im8500F
Citrus fruit, nesYield95130.2Fc106942Fc115428Fc99780.1Fc106250Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2521A 2476A 2774A 2720A 2898A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity25177A 29336A 30169A 27213A 31211A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield99869.1Fc118481Fc108756Fc100048Fc107698Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested74242A 75760A 75700A 91318A 102828A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity538252A 548776A 516000A 617556A 635217A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed7786.68A 7760A 7772.5A 7797.5A 8770A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield72499.7Fc72436.1Fc68163.8Fc67627Fc61774.7Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea HarvestedF F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction QuantityF F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield
CurrantsArea Harvested1400F 1311140014001308
CurrantsProduction Quantity6717Im8300780060422300
CurrantsYield47978.6Fc63310.4Fc55714.3Fc43157.1Fc17584.1Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested6200F 6256Im6153Im6196Im6200F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity3051Im2926Im2956Im3118Im3100F
Fibre Crops NesYield4920.97Fc4677.11Fc4804.16Fc5032.28Fc5000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested6200A 6256A 6153A 6196A 6200A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3051A 2926A 2956A 3118A 3100A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield4920.97Fc4677.11Fc4804.16Fc5032.28Fc5000Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested57247A 56494A 53717A 50216A 51985A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity997921A 1133370A 1169340A 951163A 1047600A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield174318Fc200617Fc217685Fc189414Fc201519Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1049Im1038Im985Im918Im950F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity16890Im20870Im21390Im17241Im19000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield161010Fc201060Fc217157Fc187810Fc200000Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested660Im653Im620F 638Im660Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity2448Im3025Im3100F 2989Im3294Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield37090.9Fc46324.7Fc50000Fc46849.5Fc49909.1Fc
GarlicArea Harvested224Im273Im266Im280268
GarlicProduction Quantity1500F 1480143014801415
GarlicYield66964.3Fc54212.4Fc53759.4Fc52857.1Fc52798.5Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested2F 2F 2F 22
GooseberriesProduction Quantity10Im12Im11Im1010
GooseberriesYield50000Fc60000Fc55000Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested50F 48606082
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity1400P 1000F 1600F 15001600
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield280000Fc208333Fc266667Fc250000Fc195122Fc
GrapesArea Harvested2261621002181121580013787
GrapesProduction Quantity18500014200016550076400118700
GrapesYield81800.5Fc67612.6Fc91375.9Fc48354.4Fc86095.6Fc
HopsArea Harvested333Im452Im330F 350350
HopsProduction Quantity648Im790780885724
HopsYield19459.5Fc17477.9Fc23636.4Fc25285.7Fc20685.7Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested11500F 11464109341058011960
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity329384P 318000309000238000248495
Kiwi fruitYield286421Fc277390Fc282605Fc224953Fc207772Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested60Im73Im71Im75Im68Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity3270Im3145Im3353Im3068Im3192Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield545000Fc430822Fc472254Fc409067Fc469412Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested104Im127Im124Im130130
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity1059Im907Im1040Im10001000
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield101827Fc71417.3Fc83871Fc76923.1Fc76923.1Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested350F 334360F 362364
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity4047Im5000500050003731
Lemons and limesYield115629Fc149701Fc138889Fc138122Fc102500Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1700F 1500F 18041804500
LentilsProduction Quantity3100F 2800F 330233021000
LentilsYield18235.3Fc18666.7Fc18303.8Fc18303.8Fc20000Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1200F 12071237Im13001287
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity31569Im27035Im31000F 3079230484
Lettuce and chicoryYield263075Fc223985Fc250606Fc236862Fc236861Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1250F 1500Im12001200500
LinseedProduction Quantity1900F 2250Im180018001000
LinseedSeed70Fc87.5Fc105Fc84Fc84Fc
LinseedYield15200Fc15000Fc15000Fc15000Fc20000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1968619235150001829114178
MaizeProduction Quantity227054210253168000197182148847
MaizeSeed230F 230F 230F 230210
MaizeYield115338Fc109308Fc112000Fc107803Fc104984Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested7200F 71155987Im6292Im5688Im
Maize, greenProduction Quantity100000F 96500104073Im100067Im90254Im
Maize, greenYield138889Fc135629Fc173832Fc159038Fc158674Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested34Im42F 39Im4141
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity10042Im8600F 8840Im85008500
Mushrooms and trufflesYield2953530Fc2047620Fc2266670Fc2073170Fc2073170Fc
OatsArea Harvested62785000800059277353
OatsProduction Quantity2847825000290002993434987
OatsSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1100900
OatsYield45361.6Fc50000Fc36250Fc50504.5Fc47581.9Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested2778A 2922A 3200A 3200A 2500A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity3064.8A 3651.9A 3534A 3534A 3030A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed44.1A 55.13A 66.15A 52.92A 52.92A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield11032.4Fc12498Fc11043.8Fc11043.8Fc12120Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2778A 2922A 3200A 3200A 2500A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1847.94A 2202.62A 2150A 2150A 1870A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed24.5A 30.63A 36.75A 29.4A 29.4A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6652.05Fc7538.06Fc6718.75Fc6718.75Fc7480Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested48555230499356805490
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity210000165000250000210000210000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield432544Fc315488Fc500701Fc369718Fc382514Fc
OrangesArea Harvested550F 541575575575
OrangesProduction Quantity5665Im7000700060007500
OrangesYield103000Fc129390Fc121739Fc104348Fc130435Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested150F 82Im80F 61Im55Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity2000F 916Im1050F 871Im786Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield133333Fc111707Fc131250Fc142787Fc142909Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1000F 981127012701336
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity8700F 86029261732611015
Peaches and nectarinesYield87000Fc87686Fc72921.3Fc57685Fc82447.6Fc
PearsArea Harvested750F 720950905952
PearsProduction Quantity33000F 32000F 40000F 3989642307
PearsYield440000Fc444444Fc421053Fc440840Fc444401Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested10500F 12500F 10000910710925
Peas, dryProduction Quantity32000F 38000F 300003120029457
Peas, drySeed4000F 5000F 5500F 60006000
Peas, dryYield30476.2Fc30400Fc30000Fc34259.4Fc26962.9Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested8900F 874710070100708273
Peas, greenProduction Quantity73565Im63000630005800045125
Peas, greenYield82657.3Fc72024.7Fc62562.1Fc57596.8Fc54544.9Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested200F 195230F 270F 282
PersimmonsProduction Quantity2428Im3000300030002900F
PersimmonsYield121400Fc153846Fc130435Fc111111Fc102837Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested330F 333390390394
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1850F 1830214320301700
Plums and sloesYield56060.6Fc54954.9Fc54948.7Fc52051.3Fc43147.2Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1171711030110801093010611
PotatoesProduction Quantity501000500000500000500000500000
PotatoesSeed50100Fc50001.8Fc50001.4Fc50000Fc50000Fc
PotatoesYield427584Fc453309Fc451264Fc457457Fc471209Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity
Pulses, nesYield
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested12200A 14000A 11804A 10911A 11425A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity35100A 40800A 33302A 34502A 30457A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed4000A 5000A 5500A 6000A 6000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield28770.5Fc29142.9Fc28212.5Fc31621.3Fc26658.2Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested74189500760076006600
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity154000124000108000126000156000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield207603Fc130526Fc142105Fc165789Fc236364Fc
QuincesArea Harvested81Im80Im76Im71Im74Im
QuincesProduction Quantity976Im1206Im1236Im996Im1098Im
QuincesYield120494Fc150750Fc162632Fc140282Fc148378Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested1528Im1422Im200020002000
RapeseedProduction Quantity3113Im3724Im400040004000
RapeseedYield20373Fc26188.5Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested343Im339Im322Im300302
RaspberriesProduction Quantity382Im472Im484Im390400
RaspberriesYield11137Fc13923.3Fc15031.1Fc13000Fc13245Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13117A 12492A 12280A 11915A 11596A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity517800A 517500A 520000A 517500A 516000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed51791.5A 51797.1A 52052.6A 51778.9A 51610A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield394755Fc414265Fc423453Fc434326Fc444981Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested
SoybeansProduction Quantity
SoybeansYield
SpinachArea Harvested322Im392Im381Im400396
SpinachProduction Quantity1965Im1683Im1930F 19051886
SpinachYield61024.8Fc42933.7Fc50656.2Fc47625Fc47626.3Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested100F 95F 95F 95F 95F
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity2300F 2200F 2200F 2200F 2200F
Stone fruit, nesYield230000Fc231579Fc231579Fc231579Fc231579Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested180F 175220246311
StrawberriesProduction Quantity3966Im4900486256006590
StrawberriesYield220333Fc280000Fc221000Fc227642Fc211897Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1400F 14621200F 985985
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity16800F 17500200001750016000
Sweet potatoesSeed1691.5Fc1795.3Fc2051.2Fc1778.9Fc1610Fc
Sweet potatoesYield120000Fc119699Fc166667Fc177665Fc162437Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested688Im6809509501077
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity5665Im7000700070009880
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield82340.1Fc102941Fc73684.2Fc73684.2Fc91736.3Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield
TomatoesArea Harvested745745730796609
TomatoesProduction Quantity92000900009500010000087000
TomatoesYield1234900Fc1208050Fc1301370Fc1256280Fc1428570Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3660Im4459Im4337Im4558Im4120Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity146639Im150000F 144000F 120081Im108305Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield400653Fc336398Fc332027Fc263451Fc262876Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested40172A 44476A 42350A 44253A 40003A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1017570A 911213A 986316A 928810A 901100A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield253302Fc204877Fc232896Fc209886Fc225258Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested40172A 44476A 42350A 44253A 40003A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1017570A 911213A 986316A 928810A 901100A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield253302Fc204877Fc232896Fc209886Fc225258Fc
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity
WatermelonsArea Harvested245F 247Im240F 235235
WatermelonsProduction Quantity2650F 2267Im2600F 25002500
WatermelonsYield108163Fc91781.4Fc108333Fc106383Fc106383Fc
WheatArea Harvested3796239415390624290042187
WheatProduction Quantity261798318946319000320500301498
WheatSeed9000F 8500F 8500F 86008700
WheatYield68963.2Fc80919.9Fc81665.1Fc74708.6Fc71467Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea11371Fm11408Fm11490Q 11374Q 11487Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea124.5I 124.5I 100I 63.9I
Arable landArea471Q 499Q 471Q 453Q 431Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea542Q 570Q 542Q 522Q 500Q
Country areaArea26771Q 26771Q 26771Q 26771Q 26771Q
Forest areaArea8260.6Fm8269Q 8277.4Fm8285.8Fm8294.2Fm
Inland waterArea440Fm440Fm440Fm440Fm440Fm
Land areaArea26331Q 26331Q 26331Q 26331Q 26331Q
Other landArea6699.4Fm6654Fm6563.6Fm6671.2Fm6549.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea71Q 71Q 71Q 69Q 69Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea10829Q 10838Q 10948Q 10852Q 10987Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea619Q 619Q 619Q 619Q 619Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea11375Q 11712Q 11890Q 11858W 12099W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea384W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea63.9I 46.9I
Arable landArea399Q 425Q 420Q 415W 476W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea462Q 488Q 483Q 470W 534W
Country areaArea26771Q 26771Q 26771Q 26771Q 26771Q
Forest areaArea8302.6Fm8311Q 8302Fm8293Fm8284Fm
Inland waterArea440Fm440Fm440Fm440Fm440Fm
Land areaArea26331Q 26331Q 26331Q 26331Q 26331Q
Other landArea6653.4Fm6308Fm6139Fm6180Fm5948Fm
Permanent cropsArea63Q 63Q 63Q 55W 58W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea10913Q 11224Q 11407Q 11388W 11565W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea433Q 533Q 553Q 490Q 468W
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data