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Datasheet

New Zealand

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Brachyglottis monroi Present
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Widespread Introduced YesLiefting et al., 2008a; Liefting et al., 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Vereijssen et al., 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced Yesvan and der Zwet Keil, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocida Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; New Zealand MAF Biosecurity, 2010; Everett et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present, few occurrences Watson, 1970; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Eradicated Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Localised Introduced YesKilroy, 2004; Biggs et al., 2005; Kilroy, 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Kilroy et al., 2005; Jellyman et al., 2006; Kilroy et al., 2006; Larned et al., 2006; Cary et al., 2007; Kilroy et al., 2007; Sutherland et al., 2007.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present Introduced YesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviae Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Absent, invalid record Hall, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Dingley, 1969; Pennycook, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Sutton, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Present Crowe et al., 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present Introduced YesCrous et al., 2002; Henricot and Culham, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Slade, 1960; Baker et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Widespread Introduced Gilmour, 1959; Bulman, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesGaunt and Liew, 1981; Punithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab) Present Introduced Pennycook, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Widespread Introduced Dingley, 1973; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Introduced YesWingfield and Marasas, 1983; Mackenzie and Dick, 1984; Farrell et al., 1997.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGadgil et al., 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Boesewinkel, 1979.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Widespread Introduced YesBirch, 1933; Cunningham, 1950; Beresford and Mulholland, 1982; Chou, 1989; Chou, 1990; Self and Chou, 1994; Hood et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present YesCurtis, 1930; Birch, 1936; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; IMI, 1992.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Absent, intercepted only Introduced YesLau and Sheridan, 1975; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Widespread Introduced YesGaut, 1969; Gadgil, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Introduced YesDingley, 1969; McKenzie, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariae Widespread Buchanan, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Close, 1968; Luig, 1985.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Bell et al., 2004.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Widespread Introduced YesRead and Gordon, 1991; Probert, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced YesLee, 1959.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabella spallanzanii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Cottier and Taylor, 1937; Massee, 1937; Ferro and, 1976; Manson, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Allan, 1975; Allan, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesFoster and Willan, 1979; Cranfield et al., 1998; Ahyong and Wilkens, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Absent, intercepted only Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Ebeling, 1959; APPPC, 1987; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced YesMcMillan, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Introduced Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Absent, intercepted only Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Present Native NoDarwin, 1854; Hutton, 1879; Gruvel, 1905; Jennings, 1918; Oliver, 1923; Young, 1929; Kolosváry, 1942; Moore, 1944; Cassie, 1959a; Cassie, 1959b; Cassie, 1960; Cassie, 1962; Leslie, 1968; Foster, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Widespread Introduced YesGill, 2006; Teulon et al., 2009; Thomas et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014; Baker and Cowley, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly) Eradicated IPPC, 2017; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014; IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present de Barro et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Landcare Research, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus hortorum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Introduced YesHopkins, 1914; Gurr, 1957; MacFarlane and Gurr, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; Manson, 1959.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaliothrips fasciatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoMaier and Lemmon, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella mutica Localised Introduced Ashton et al., 2007b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Eradicated Introduced YesHolder et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Absent, never occurred CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab) Localised Introduced YesWebber, 2001; Gust and Inglis, 2006; Willis and Morrisey, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Eradicated Introduced Gill, 2005; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Hudson , 1928.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced YesBennett, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulata Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Localised Introduced YesWeinstein et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Borchsenius, 1966; New Zealand MAF Biosecurity, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Widespread Introduced NoDumbleton, 1932; Cottier, 1953; Zondag, 1983; Nicol et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth) Present Introduced YesCarter, 1984; Armstrong and Suckling, 1990; Suckling et al., 1990; UK CAB International, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus brevipilosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesTillyard, 1925; Tillyard, 1926; Hincks, 1949.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesMound and Walker, 1982; Martin and Workman, 1994; Nakahara, 1997; Rugman-Jones et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Widespread Miller, 1927; Clark, 1938; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Restricted distribution Baker and, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; APPPC, 1987; Mound and Walker, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Hill et al., 1993; Charles et al., 1995a; New Zealand MAF Biosecurity, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Confined (quarantine) Tomkins et al., 1992; Hill et al., 1993; Blank et al., 1993a; Blank et al., 1993b; Blank et al., 1995; Charles et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Introduced Clark, 1932.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesHosking, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present El-Sayed et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Present Introduced McQuire, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Harris, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present Muggeridge, 1933; Ferguson Hartley, 1978; Morrone, 1993; May, 1994; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Eradicated Kean et al., 2015; Ross, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced Peacock, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Cottier, 1953; Blackman and Eastop, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus eucalypti Present CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; Peacock, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParopsis charybdis (eucalyptus tortoise beetle) Widespread Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Kirkaldy, 1902; Green, 1929; CIE, 1979; Hodgson and Henderson, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleae Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesBerry et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra) Present Introduced Broun, 1893; Kuschel, 1972; Spiller and Wise, 1982; Butcher, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Widespread Introduced Wang, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter messaniella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Widespread Introduced YesZondag, 1977; McClure, 1984b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Absent, intercepted only Bain , 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Beck and Cameron, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPorotermes adamsoni (damp wood termite) Present Introduced YesPhilip et al., 2008; Ross, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug) Present Introduced YesWard, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Farm Forestry New Zealand, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRadumeris tasmaniensis (yellow flower wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced NoJessep, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Henderson et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (flower fly) Present Introduced Hutton, 1901; Miller, 1921; Thompson, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; Charles and Froud, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Widespread Introduced Rawlings and Wilson, 1949; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present Introduced YesLowe, 1969; Close and Tomlinson, 1975; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Eradicated Introduced YesDrees and Gold, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Restricted distribution YesMalone and Wigley, 1980; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Peacock, 2012; Harris et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTeia anartoides (painted apple moth) Eradicated Hoare, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Sopow and George, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips) Present Mound and Walker, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Restricted distribution Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Beck et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer) Localised Introduced YesCrabtree, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009; Zhang, 2000; Goodwin et al., 2005; Stevenson et al., 2005; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesClapperton et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Absent, intercepted only Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Bain, 1974; Bain, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Absent, intercepted only Introduced Brockerhoff et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Absent, unreliable record Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; Brockerhoff et al., 2003; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Brockerhoff et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumii Present Introduced Francis et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Eradicated Introduced NoLong, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced FAO, Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Localised Introduced BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Absent, formerly present Introduced NoLever, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Localised Introduced NoBanwell, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Myers, 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesAllen, 1956.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesGill et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced McDowall, 1990; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Introduced YesFlux, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Localised Native NoFrancis, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret) Present Introduced YesLong, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoWodzicki and Wright, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoWaugh , 1980; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPagrus aurata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Introduced Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoMcDowall, 1999; McDowall, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Introduced Lever, 2005; Qu et al., 2009; Clements et al., 2014; eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Localised Introduced McDowall, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Localised Introduced NoMcDowall, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul) Unconfirmed record Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present Ruscoe, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout) Introduced McDowall, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Greathead and Greathead, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesTorr, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichosurus vulpecula (brushtail possum) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences Hyde et al., 2013; Hyde et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced McDowall, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoch, 1924; Cranfield et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Present Introduced Hewitt and Little, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Localised Introduced YesWillan, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Widespread Introduced Barker, 1999; Mahlfeld, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced YesTaylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Bleakney et al., 1989; Barker et al., 1991; Barker, 1999; Brook, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced YesDinamani, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesReise et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesBarker, 2004; White-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Barker, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoQuick, 1949; Barker, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced Duggan, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagates Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present McDonald et al., 1991; Daguin and Borsa, 2000; Gérard et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Barker, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Widespread Native NoWinterbourn, 1969; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Unconfirmed record Introduced ICES, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Widespread Soteros, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Boesewinkel, 1980; Boesewinkel, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution Foot and Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Widespread Marshall, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Widespread Introduced YesDale, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Present Nobbs et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Rohan et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Dale, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Restricted distribution Brown, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm) Widespread Native Dendy, 1894; Johns et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoEdwards and Hine, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced Trowbridge, 1999; Begin and Scheibling, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Widespread Native Heesch et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Unconfirmed record Naylor, 1954; Batham, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosa Present Introduced Bowers et al., 2006; Riisberg and Edvardsen, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp) Present Introduced Hay and Luckens, 1987; Stapleton, 1988; Hay, 1990; Hay and Villouta, 1993; Brown and Lamare, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoWilson, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced Bailey, 1902; Large and Braggins, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Introduced YesOwen, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present, few occurrences Native NoBrownsey and Smith-Dodsworth, 1989; Lange et al., 1999; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoHeenan et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Unconfirmed record To-anun et al., 2010; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Esler, 1988; Heiss-Dunlop and Fillery, 2006; Howell and Sawyer, 2006; Mountier, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Localised Introduced YesWright and Cameron, 1985; New Zealand National Herbarium Network, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Native New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread YesFarrell, 1978; Considine, 1984/1985; Yamoah et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Localised Introduced YesD'Archino et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Present Introduced YesAdams, 1991; Nelson, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Introduced New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesWeber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced YesCSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Weber , 2003; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2002; Weber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Binggeli , 1999; Weber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Bourdot et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Present Native Victorian Resources Online, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present YesNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Weber , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Edgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present YesMinistry for Primary Industries, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Oyen, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present YesSykes, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008; Häfliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Localised Edgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Introduced YesAston, 1973; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Reported present or known to be present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Taylor, 1980; Holm et al., 1991; Dastgheib and Popay, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present YesGardner et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes inexspectata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Introduced YesHeenan et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present YesEdgar and Connor, 2000; eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2000; PIER, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Localised YesRoy et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Hafliger and Scholz, 1981; Bourdot and Saville, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Edgar, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Restricted distribution Introduced USDA-ARS, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (thorny bamboo) Present Ohrnberger, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoGrey-Wilson, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Widespread Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Introduced Cooper and Moerkerk, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced Forde and Edgar, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced Cooper and Moerkerk , 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced Forde and Edgar, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced YesTalbot, 1982; Forde and Edgar, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced Forde and Edgar, 1995; Owen, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Widespread YesWilliams, 1979; Smale, 1990; Bellingham et al., 2005; Tallent-Halsell, 2008; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced YesWeber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Rowarth et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex buchananii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present YesWeber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassinia leptophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced Bulloch, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced Bulloch, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Present Introduced YesOwen, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus clandestinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus macrourus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Introduced Healey, 1944.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Chapman et al., 1974; Wells and Clayton, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Randall, 2012; ISSG, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed) Present Introduced NoParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; Mallinson, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Jessep, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Kelly and Popay, 1985; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Widespread Introduced YesAtkinson, 1984; Timmins, 1984; West, 1991; Ogle et al., 2000; Hill et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Widespread YesThompson, 1922; Webb et al., 1988; PIER, 2015; Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesMichael, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Localised Simpson, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present YesGosling et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka) Widespread Native YesCostall et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present Introduced Webb et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Present EPPO, 2014; NZPCN, 2005; OEPP/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present YesOwen, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Restricted distribution Introduced NoWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present YesPIER, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Localised Introduced Champion and Hofstra, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (broom) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988; Fowler and Syrett, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Introduced Edgar et al., 1991; Edgar and Connor, 2000; NZPCN, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced NoWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Parham and Healy, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus glochidiatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988; Owen, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Wardle et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Howell and Sawyer, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Holm et al., 1991; Rahman et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Restricted distribution Introduced NoWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesHEAR, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present Introduced Edgar and Connor, 2000; Blood, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced NoChampion and Clayton, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Introduced Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present Clawson et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Forsyth and Howard-Williams, 1983; Coffey and Clayton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Panetta and Mitchell, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed) Present Native Wilken and Hannah, 1998; Hoban and Hoshovsky, 2000; Atlas of Living Australia, 2016; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988; Cameron, 2000; Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Webb et al., 1988; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Localised New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2013; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Webb et al., 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Mitchell and Abernethy, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced YesBailey, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread YesGibson and Newman, 2001; eMonocot, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Weber, 2003; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present YesRandall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria muralis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Localised Introduced YesWilcox, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Widespread Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Widespread Introduced YesAllan, 1940.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera manicata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present Introduced YesWilliams et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant) Localised Introduced YesPIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present YesGBIF, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea gibbosa (rock hakea) Present Introduced YesOwen, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea) Present Introduced YesOwen, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Restricted distribution YesWilliams et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Widespread Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; PIER, 2000; ISSG, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced NoHolzapfel, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Present Introduced Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present, few occurrences YesDevine, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced Webb et al., 1988; Meusel and JSger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesGarry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, 2003; PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Cook and Lüönd, 1982; Winton et al., 1996; Hofstra et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Widespread YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2003a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Widespread YesPIER, 2016; Edgar, 1964; Esler and Astridge, 1987; Kirschner, 2002; Heiss-Dunlop and Fillery, 2006; Howell, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Localised Introduced YesNZPCN, New Zealand Plant Conservation Network.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush) Present Native NoNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, NZPCN.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced YesHealy and Edgar, 1980; ISSG, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Allan Herbarium, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka) Widespread Native YesAllan, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Waipara et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Edwards, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon taraxacoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present, few occurrences Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka) Widespread Native YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present New Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Environment Bay of Plenty's Pest Plant Section, ENVBOP.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Widespread YesMcGregor, 2000; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Widespread YeseMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Thomas, 1979; Latch et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesWilliams et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Widespread ILDIS, 2015; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced Mal et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Widespread YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Widespread Native NoEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present, few occurrences GBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree) Present Introduced NoOwen, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1981; Sykes, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present NoNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHealy, 1945; Campbell, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Localised Introduced YesNZPCN, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe pimpinelloides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlearia avicenniifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlearia macrodonta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Holm et al., 1991; Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis exilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallis grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2009; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Localised Introduced YesHeenan and Sykes, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced YesHeenan and Sykes, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present NZPCN, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Little, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present YesEdgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012; Edgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Eradicated Introduced Galloway and Lepper, 2010; USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Absent, formerly present Introduced NZBI, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced Edgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Parham and Healy, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Localised Introduced Edgar and Connor, 2010; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Widespread YesMoore and Edgar, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Oteng-Amoako and Brink, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced YesLedgard, 2001; Brockerhoff and Kay, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced YesKnowles and Miller, 1989; Richardson et al., 1994; Cronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Widespread Introduced YesBurdon and Miller, 1992; Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Eradicated YesMack and Lonsdale, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Haysom and Murphy, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Ferguson and Fraser, 1993; Suckling et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Popay et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present New Zealand Plants, 2015; Edgar, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present YesCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Widespread Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Introduced NZPCN, New Zealand Plant Conservation Network.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Hafliger and Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Weed Science Society of America, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced Haysom and Murphy, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present YesISSG, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016; Webb et al., 1988; Beckmann et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present, few occurrences Introduced Vanhellemont, 2009; Allan Herbarium, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Restricted distribution Introduced YesDevine, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia stricta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardous Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; Owen , 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Landcare, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988; USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced Francis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present YesMoore, 1954; Webb et al., 1988; NZPCN, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced YesAllen Herbarium, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria platyphylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present YesOwen, 1996; Roy et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced YesHolm and et al. , 1979; Cronk and Fuller , 1995; Owen , 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present YesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Introduced Williams, 1983; Williams and Karl, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesOwen, 1996; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Introduced YesAllan, 1940.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced Webb, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979; Edgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Unconfirmed record Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present, few occurrences Garnock-Jones, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Eradicated Upritchard, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Widespread Introduced YesMcGregor, 1999; Withers et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Roy et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced Weber, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Introduced YesHarrington, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesRahman and James, 1993; ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Widespread Introduced YesBascand, 1968; Bascand, 1970; Shaw and Gosling, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced YesHonore, 1970; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Randall, 2012; Govaerts, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Widespread YesEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Askarian et al., 1993; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Williams and Randall, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988; PIER, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Widespread Introduced YesTimmins and MacKenzie, 1995; Roy et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Global Invasive Species Database, 2006; Champion et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present YesSykes, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present, few occurrences YesEsler, 1988; Webb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoZhenyu and Cheek, 2011; FBIS, 2005; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2008; Wells and Champion, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria nana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Localised Winton et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present YesPIER, 2014; ISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced YesWebb et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present New Zealand Virtual Herbarium, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Widespread Introduced YesEdgar and Connor, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014; Mahon, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present GBIF, 2013; ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present YesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Webb, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Sykes and West, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Streimann, 2002; Vitt, 1974; Vitt, 1979.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Widespread Hansen et al., 2003.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosa Present Dinamani et al., 1987.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Widespread Introduced YesBeadell et al., 2006; Tompkins and Gleeson, 2006; Marzal et al., 2011.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Westerskov, 1953; Quinn, 1971; Austin et al., 1973.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Johnstone et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Ward et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; Ward et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Rännäli et al., 2009.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Widespread Introduced NoLebas et al., 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Actinobacillus suis infections Present Fairley, 1997.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
astrovirus infections Present Rice et al., 1993; Thompson, 1999.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present Manktelow, 1984.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Green et al., 1976; Bains and Watson, 1977; Saifuddin and Wilks, 1992.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Lohr, 1976; Lohr et al., 1991.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Westerskov, 1953; Quinn, 1971; Austin et al., 1973.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Bibersteinia trehalosi infections Present Black, 1997.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present Bruere, 1982; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa) Present Dinamani et al., 1987.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoEdwards and Hine, 1974.
botulism OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Thompson, 1977; Horner et al., 1980.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Horner, 1977.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Horner, 1991.
bovine papillomatosis Present Johnstone et al., 1994.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Jolly and Daniel, 1976.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Motha et al., 1997; Motha and Hansen, 1998.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present OIE, 2009; West and Bruce, 1991.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Stanislawek, 1992; Stanislawek and Howell, 1994.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Childs et al., 1980; Johnston and Philips, 2004.
Chytridiomycosis Present Bell et al., 2004.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Clostridium septicum bacteraemia Present Black, 1997.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Learmonth et al., 2002; Grinberg et al., 2003; Learmonth et al., 2003; Learmonth et al., 2004.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Liardet et al., 1989.
Digenean infections of fish Present McArthur, 1978.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
encephalomyocarditis Present Sutherland et al., 1977.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Present OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Austin et al., 1973; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Sutherland and Clarkson, 1984; Hunt et al., 2000.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Fairley, 1996.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Garkavenko et al., 2004.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
inclusion body rhinitis Present Hartley and Done, 1963.
infection with Perkinsus olseni Present Hine and Diggles, 2002.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Tisdall and Phipps, 1987; Reno, 1999.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present Brett et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present Harris et al., 1978; Beatson, 1985; Tham, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Alley, 2002.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infection Present Motha et al., 2003.
myxomatosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Meglitsch, 1960.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Widespread Schares et al., 1999; Reichel, 2000.
Newcastle disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Davidson, 1970.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Widespread Introduced YesBeadell et al., 2006; Tompkins and Gleeson, 2006; Marzal et al., 2011.
porcine circovirus infections Present Horner, 1991.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine intestinal spirochaetosis Present Fairley, 1997.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Fairley, 1997.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Present OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Present Hemsley, 1996.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Fu and Hampson, 1987; Fu et al., 1989; Jones et al., 1989.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Pankey and Pankey, 1994; Black, 1997; Carman and Gardner, 1997; Salmon et al., 1998.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Holland and Hodges, 1981.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Robertson, 1986; Robertson and Blackmore, 1989.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Black, 1997.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Gardner, 1990.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present James et al., 1984.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
torovirus infections Present Horner, 1994; Smith et al., 1997.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present Thornton and Wake, 1997.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; Zhang, 2000; Goodwin et al., 2005; Stevenson et al., 2005; Biosecurity New Zealand, 2006.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
whirling disease Present Introduced Hewitt and Little, 1972.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
wobbly possum disease Present
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yersiniosis Present McSporran et al., 1984; Orr et al., 1987; Gill, 1996.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 8995 8900 Im 9284 8832 8945
Apples Production Quantity 437782 Im 386119 Im 431000 446000 421000
Apples Yield 486695 Fc 433842 Fc 464240 Fc 504982 Fc 470654 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 423 410 Im 426 450 F 457
Apricots Production Quantity 2995 Im 3106 Im 3200 F 3400 F 3500 F
Apricots Yield 70803.8 Fc 75756.1 Fc 75117.4 Fc 75555.6 Fc 76586.4 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 596 680 Im 639 700 F 871
Asparagus Production Quantity 1936 Im 2221 Im 2200 F 2400 F 3200 F
Asparagus Yield 32483.2 Fc 32661.8 Fc 34428.8 Fc 34285.7 Fc 36739.4 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 3976 4000 Im 4117 4000 F 4004
Avocados Production Quantity 19184 Im 19896 Im 20500 F 17000 F 20000 F
Avocados Yield 48249.5 Fc 49740 Fc 49793.5 Fc 42500 Fc 49950.1 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 64900 52340 77669 67435 51481
Barley Production Quantity 368000 308298 435270 408730 355627
Barley Seed 6700 F 6700 F 6700 F 6600 F 6500 F
Barley Yield 56702.6 Fc 58902.9 Fc 56041.7 Fc 60611 Fc 69079.3 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1060 780 Im 736 730 F 724
Beans, green Production Quantity 4310 Im 4946 Im 4900 F 4666 Im 5000 F
Beans, green Yield 40660.4 Fc 63410.3 Fc 66576.1 Fc 63917.8 Fc 69060.8 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 325 260 Im 268 280 F 383 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2948 Im 3057 Im 3150 F 3250 F 2451 Im
Berries Nes Yield 90707.7 Fc 117577 Fc 117537 Fc 116071 Fc 63994.8 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 549 520 Im 539 450 F 512 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 2526 Im 2620 Im 2700 F 2250 F 1400 Im
Blueberries Yield 46010.9 Fc 50384.6 Fc 50092.8 Fc 50000 Fc 27343.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 651 810 Im 765 718 Im 768
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 37048 Im 42512 Im 42118 Im 38593 Im 44000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 569094 Fc 524840 Fc 550562 Fc 537507 Fc 572917 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1396 1600 Im 1481 1295 Im 1500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 55091 Im 65608 Im 64648 Im 66874 Im 66595 Im
Carrots and turnips Yield 394635 Fc 410050 Fc 436516 Fc 516402 Fc 443967 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 826 900 Im 836 695 Im 860
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 36945 Im 42393 Im 42000 F 41454 Im 45000 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 447276 Fc 471033 Fc 502392 Fc 596460 Fc 523256 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 143797 A 135547 A 162737 A 135409 A 117089 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 999494 A 1001300 A 1124280 A 999287 A 926928 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 17973.2 A 17973.2 A 17980.2 A 17885 A 16784.7 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 69507.3 Fc 73870.8 Fc 69085.8 Fc 73797.7 Fc 79164.4 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1727 2008 2200 F 2189 2267
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 9528 11688 14000 F 16187 13709
Cereals, nes Seed 43.18 Fc 43.18 Fc 50.2 Fc 55 Fc 54.73 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 55170.8 Fc 58207.2 Fc 63636.4 Fc 73947 Fc 60472 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143797 A 135547 A 162737 A 135409 A 117089 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 999494 A 1001300 A 1124280 A 999287 A 926928 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 17973.2 A 17973.2 A 17980.2 A 17885 A 16784.7 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 69507.3 Fc 73870.8 Fc 69085.8 Fc 73797.7 Fc 79164.4 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 584 580 Im 597 550 F 520
Cherries Production Quantity 1731 Im 1795 Im 1850 F 2133 Im 1900 F
Cherries Yield 29640.4 Fc 30948.3 Fc 30988.3 Fc 38781.8 Fc 36538.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 164 Im 160 F 156 Im 160 F 159
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 4967 Im 5700 F 5500 F 5650 F 5600 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 302866 Fc 356250 Fc 352564 Fc 353125 Fc 352201 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 867 Im 847 Im 880 F 850 F 1061 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 8142 Im 8444 Im 8700 F 8600 F 8500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 93910 Fc 99693 Fc 98863.6 Fc 101176 Fc 80113.1 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2794 A 2721 A 2822 A 2740 A 2895 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30259 A 32830 A 31868 A 31614 A 31300 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 108300 Fc 120654 Fc 112927 Fc 115380 Fc 108117 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 91197 A 80785 A 108852 A 93083 A 76551 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 616194 A 556406 A 720817 A 655937 A 582494 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7973.18 A 7973.18 A 7980.2 A 7885 A 7784.73 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 67567.4 Fc 68874.9 Fc 66219.9 Fc 70468 Fc 76092.3 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Currants Area Harvested 1256 1200 Im 1268 1270 F 1275
Currants Production Quantity 7486 Im 7764 Im 8000 F 8250 F 8500 F
Currants Yield 59601.9 Fc 64700 Fc 63091.5 Fc 64960.6 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 4600 F 4600 Im 6200 F 6200 F 6200 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 2800 F 2800 Im 2753 Im 2128 Im 2959 Im
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 6086.96 Fc 6086.96 Fc 4440.32 Fc 3432.26 Fc 4772.58 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4600 A 4600 A 6200 A 6200 A 6200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2800 A 2800 A 2753 A 2128 A 2959 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 6086.96 Fc 6086.96 Fc 4440.32 Fc 3432.26 Fc 4772.58 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 70637 A 67084 A 70875 A 74703 A 67046 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1180510 A 1135670 A 1219870 A 1262030 A 1147290 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 167123 Fc 169291 Fc 172115 Fc 168939 Fc 171120 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1278 Im 1249 Im 1298 Im 1281 Im 1261 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 19244 Im 19958 Im 20564 Im 21113 Im 18805 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 150579 Fc 159792 Fc 158428 Fc 164817 Fc 149128 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 804 Im 786 Im 817 Im 806 Im 793 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2788 Im 2892 Im 2980 Im 2436 Im 2170 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 34676.6 Fc 36793.9 Fc 36474.9 Fc 30223.3 Fc 27364.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 343 Im 334 Im 314 Im 300 F 290 F
Garlic Production Quantity 1407 Im 1615 Im 1600 F 1539 Im 1550 F
Garlic Yield 41020.4 Fc 48353.3 Fc 50955.4 Fc 51300 Fc 53448.3 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Gooseberries Production Quantity 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 9 Im
Gooseberries Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 45000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 38 45 F 40 40 F 41
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 1012 Im 1050 F 918 Im 950 F 1000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 266316 Fc 233333 Fc 229500 Fc 237500 Fc 243902 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 34060 31000 F 33442 38000 F 29616
Grapes Production Quantity 234284 Im 230000 F 250000 F 285000 F 215000 F
Grapes Yield 68785.7 Fc 74193.6 Fc 74756.3 Fc 75000 Fc 72595.9 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 350 F 350 F 350 F 350 F 350 F
Hops Production Quantity 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F
Hops Yield 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 13066 12800 Im 13287 13200 F 13250
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 364958 Im 378508 Im 390000 F 385000 F 365000 F
Kiwi fruit Yield 279319 Fc 295709 Fc 293520 Fc 291667 Fc 275472 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 66 Im 64 Im 60 Im 57 Im 66 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 2861 Im 3283 Im 3253 Im 3178 Im 3202 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 433485 Fc 512969 Fc 542167 Fc 557544 Fc 485152 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 114 Im 111 Im 104 Im 99 Im 114 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 927 Im 1064 Im 1054 Im 1029 Im 1037 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 81315.8 Fc 95855.9 Fc 101346 Fc 103939 Fc 90964.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 359 330 Im 346 340 F 332
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 4538 Im 4707 Im 4850 F 5726 Im 5100 F
Lemons and limes Yield 126407 Fc 142636 Fc 140173 Fc 168412 Fc 153614 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 3874 Im 2982 Im 2184 Im 1877 Im 1800 F
Lentils Production Quantity 4046 Im 3195 Im 3263 Im 3157 Im 3300 F
Lentils Yield 10444 Fc 10714.3 Fc 14940.5 Fc 16819.4 Fc 18333.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1048 1300 Im 1241 1300 F 1331
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 28149 Im 32300 Im 32000 F 33000 F 34000 F
Lettuce and chicory Yield 268597 Fc 248462 Fc 257857 Fc 253846 Fc 255447 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1276 F 1276 Im 1261 Im 1198 Im 1000 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 2351 F 2351 Im 2291 Im 1901 Im 1663 Im
Linseed Seed 89.32 Fc 89.32 Fc 89.32 Fc 88.27 Fc 83.86 Fc
Linseed Yield 18424.8 Fc 18424.8 Fc 18168.1 Fc 15868.1 Fc 16630 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 18500 17548 21558 18300 17030
Maize Production Quantity 210200 188812 237844 205557 185627
Maize Seed 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 F
Maize Yield 113622 Fc 107597 Fc 110327 Fc 112326 Fc 109000 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 3558 5400 Im 5059 6200 F 6210
Maize, green Production Quantity 79168 Im 90843 Im 90000 F 85000 F 90000 F
Maize, green Yield 222507 Fc 168228 Fc 177901 Fc 137097 Fc 144928 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 36 Im 31 Im 36 Im 35 Im 40 F
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 9884 Im 8213 Im 8635 Im 9368 Im 8500 F
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 2745560 Fc 2649350 Fc 2398610 Fc 2676570 Fc 2125000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 6070 8889 7425 5159 5773
Oats Production Quantity 28466 47608 33703 25463 27531
Oats Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Oats Yield 46896.2 Fc 53558.3 Fc 45391.3 Fc 49356.5 Fc 47689.2 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3792 A 3792 A 3748 A 3657 A 2855 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3091.53 A 3091.53 A 3012.93 A 2460.63 A 2247.69 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 56.27 A 56.27 A 56.27 A 55.61 A 52.83 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8152.77 Fc 8152.77 Fc 8038.77 Fc 6728.55 Fc 7872.82 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3792 A 3792 A 3748 A 3657 A 2855 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1842.77 A 1842.77 A 1795.93 A 1465.25 A 1342.05 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 31.26 A 31.26 A 31.26 A 30.89 A 29.35 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4859.63 Fc 4859.63 Fc 4791.7 Fc 4006.7 Fc 4700.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 5142 4800 Im 4511 4500 F 4594
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 178566 Im 204900 Im 203000 F 200000 F 205620 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 347270 Fc 426875 Fc 450011 Fc 444444 Fc 447584 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 746 Im 729 Im 757 Im 720 F 681
Oranges Production Quantity 7789 Im 10467 Im 9300 F 9200 F 8800 F
Oranges Yield 104410 Fc 143580 Fc 122853 Fc 127778 Fc 129222 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 280 260 Im 247 250 F 259
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 3079 Im 3533 Im 3500 F 3300 F 3400 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 109964 Fc 135885 Fc 141700 Fc 132000 Fc 131274 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 837 830 Im 867 890 F 904
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 7486 Im 7764 Im 8000 F 8100 F 8200 F
Peaches and nectarines Yield 89438.5 Fc 93542.2 Fc 92272.2 Fc 91011.2 Fc 90708 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 619 700 Im 723 750 F 791
Pears Production Quantity 32564 Im 25126 Im 31800 F 32500 F 35000 F
Pears Yield 526074 Fc 358943 Fc 439834 Fc 433333 Fc 442478 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 11186 12018 7491 6185 6273
Peas, dry Production Quantity 32401 37094 21201 20047 22053
Peas, dry Seed 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3500 F
Peas, dry Yield 28965.7 Fc 30865.4 Fc 28302 Fc 32412.3 Fc 35155.4 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 6232 6400 Im 5988 6500 F 6791
Peas, green Production Quantity 37825 Im 43403 Im 43000 F 47000 F 50000 F
Peas, green Yield 60694.8 Fc 67817.2 Fc 71810.3 Fc 72307.7 Fc 73626.9 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 151 170 Im 180 183 Im 180
Persimmons Production Quantity 2526 Im 2620 Im 2700 F 2900 F 2153 Im
Persimmons Yield 167285 Fc 154118 Fc 150000 Fc 158470 Fc 119611 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 361 330 Im 343 390 F 413
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1778 Im 1844 Im 1900 F 2100 F 2350 F
Plums and sloes Yield 49252.1 Fc 55878.8 Fc 55393.6 Fc 53846.2 Fc 56900.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 10724 12700 Im 11398 11000 F 10050
Potatoes Production Quantity 521852 Im 590707 Im 545000 F 505000 F 480000 F
Potatoes Seed 52185.2 Fc 59070.7 Fc 54500 Fc 50501.8 Fc 48000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 486621 Fc 465124 Fc 478154 Fc 459091 Fc 477612 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1756 1402 632 796 420
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 4573 3800 1445 1863 847
Pulses, nes Yield 26042.1 Fc 27104.1 Fc 22863.9 Fc 23404.5 Fc 20166.7 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16816 A 16402 A 10307 A 8858 A 8493 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 41020 A 44089 A 25909 A 25067 A 26200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3000 A 3000 A 3000 A 3000 A 3500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 24393.4 Fc 26880.3 Fc 25137.3 Fc 28298.7 Fc 30848.9 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7510 8300 Im 7843 8800 F 8840
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 140742 Im 161498 Im 160000 F 175000 F 185000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 187406 Fc 194576 Fc 204004 Fc 198864 Fc 209276 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 99 Im 97 Im 101 Im 99 Im 97 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 1113 Im 1154 Im 1189 Im 971 Im 865 Im
Quinces Yield 112424 Fc 118969 Fc 117723 Fc 98080.8 Fc 89175.3 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 2516 F 2516 Im 2487 Im 2459 Im 1855 Im
Rapeseed Production Quantity 2684 F 2684 Im 2616 Im 2105 Im 2000 F
Rapeseed Yield 10667.7 Fc 10667.7 Fc 10518.7 Fc 8560.39 Fc 10781.7 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 114 Im 111 Im 115 200 F 412 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 141 Im 146 Im 150 F 350 F 339 Im
Raspberries Yield 12368.4 Fc 13153.2 Fc 13043.5 Fc 17500 Fc 8228.16 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12108 A 13900 A 12434 A 12100 A 11314 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 533666 A 604080 A 557400 A 518200 A 495200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 53374.8 A 60416.2 A 55745 A 51831 A 49531.5 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 440755 Fc 434590 Fc 448287 Fc 428264 Fc 437688 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Yield
Spinach Area Harvested 600 Im 585 Im 550 F 500 F 450 F
Spinach Production Quantity 2331 Im 2675 Im 2650 F 2400 F 2150 F
Spinach Yield 38850 Fc 45726.5 Fc 48181.8 Fc 48000 Fc 47777.8 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 121 Im 118 Im 123 Im 100 F 120 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 2251 Im 2335 Im 2406 Im 2350 F 2350 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 186033 Fc 197881 Fc 195610 Fc 235000 Fc 195833 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 223 300 Im 256 230 F 216
Strawberries Production Quantity 6453 Im 6127 Im 5900 F 5300 F 5000 F
Strawberries Yield 289372 Fc 204233 Fc 230469 Fc 230435 Fc 231481 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1384 1200 Im 1036 1100 F 1264
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 11814 Im 13373 Im 12400 F 13200 F 15200 F
Sweet potatoes Seed 1189.6 Fc 1345.5 Fc 1245 Fc 1329.2 Fc 1531.5 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 85361.3 Fc 111442 Fc 119691 Fc 120000 Fc 120253 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 784 770 Im 799 790 F 780
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 8778 Im 8162 Im 8100 F 7138 Im 7900 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 111964 Fc 106000 Fc 101377 Fc 90354.4 Fc 101282 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 691 850 Im 745 690 F 847
Tomatoes Production Quantity 63074 Im 98646 Im 92000 F 90000 F 110000 F
Tomatoes Yield 912793 Fc 1160540 Fc 1234900 Fc 1304350 Fc 1298700 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3967 Im 3867 Im 3637 Im 3478 Im 4010 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 134605 Im 154456 Im 153023 Im 142526 Im 143580 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 339312 Fc 399421 Fc 420740 Fc 409793 Fc 358055 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 34534 A 37480 A 35181 A 37255 A 38974 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 824871 A 972053 A 957655 A 955960 A 1010130 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 238858 Fc 259352 Fc 272208 Fc 256599 Fc 259182 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34534 A 37480 A 35181 A 37255 A 38974 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 824871 A 972053 A 957655 A 955960 A 1010130 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 238858 Fc 259352 Fc 272208 Fc 256599 Fc 259182 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Watermelons Area Harvested 254 Im 248 Im 233 Im 248 Im 250 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 1956 Im 2244 Im 2574 Im 2983 Im 2700 F
Watermelons Yield 77007.9 Fc 90483.9 Fc 110472 Fc 120282 Fc 108000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 52600 54762 53885 42326 40538
Wheat Production Quantity 383300 444891 403464 343350 344434
Wheat Seed 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 9000 F
Wheat Yield 72870.7 Fc 81240.8 Fc 74875 Fc 81120.4 Fc 84965.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 9720 10980 10934 10580 11717
Apples Production Quantity 354000 524000 546000 501192 530633
Apples Yield 364198 Fc 477231 Fc 499360 Fc 473716 Fc 452874 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 500 F 487 590 590 636
Apricots Production Quantity 3700 F 3678 3914 4500 7000
Apricots Yield 74000 Fc 75523.6 Fc 66339 Fc 76271.2 Fc 110063 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 810 1372 1500 2015 2015
Asparagus Production Quantity 2920 4680 6000 5300 4000
Asparagus Yield 36049.4 Fc 34110.8 Fc 40000 Fc 26302.7 Fc 19851.1 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 3000 F 2902 2563 2249 3106
Avocados Production Quantity 15000 F 22970 11752 10642 13398
Avocados Yield 50000 Fc 79152.3 Fc 45852.5 Fc 47318.8 Fc 43135.9 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 47078 49825 50000 64700 78097
Barley Production Quantity 277020 302023 303000 378340 440883
Barley Seed 6500 F 6500 F 6500 F 6400 7600
Barley Yield 58842.8 Fc 60616.8 Fc 60600 Fc 58476 Fc 56453.3 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 850 F 800 F 790 F 780 776
Beans, green Production Quantity 5700 F 5400 F 5300 F 5200 5173
Beans, green Yield 67058.8 Fc 67500 Fc 67088.6 Fc 66666.7 Fc 66662.4 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 319 Im 316 Im 300 F 270 Im 280 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2764 Im 3415 Im 3500 F 2994 Im 3300 F
Berries Nes Yield 86645.8 Fc 108070 Fc 116667 Fc 110889 Fc 117857 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 426 Im 421 Im 400 F 372 Im 385 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 1579 Im 1951 Im 2000 F 1282 Im 1413 Im
Blueberries Yield 37065.7 Fc 46342 Fc 50000 Fc 34462.4 Fc 36701.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 750 F 700 790 F 780 780
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 43000 F 40000 35000 F 29746 29746
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 573333 Fc 571429 Fc 443038 Fc 381359 Fc 381359 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1450 1900 F 1713 Im 1800 1831
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 65000 65000 65000 65000 57312
Carrots and turnips Yield 448276 Fc 342105 Fc 379451 Fc 361111 Fc 313009 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1067 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1200 1181
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 65391 Im 56000 F 54500 F 54300 53422
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 612849 Fc 430769 Fc 436000 Fc 452500 Fc 452345 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 112204 A 115175 A 114762 A 134218 A 145015 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 800050 A 867722 A 835000 A 938056 A 936715 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 16786.7 A 16260 A 16272.5 A 16397.5 A 17470 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 71303.2 Fc 75339.4 Fc 72759.3 Fc 69890.5 Fc 64594.3 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1200 1700 2700 F 2400 3200 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 5700 11500 16000 12100 10500 F
Cereals, nes Seed 56.68 Fc 30 Fc 42.5 Fc 67.5 Fc 60 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 47500 Fc 67647.1 Fc 59259.3 Fc 50416.7 Fc 32812.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 112204 A 115175 A 114762 A 134218 A 145015 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 800050 A 867722 A 835000 A 938056 A 936715 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 16786.7 A 16260 A 16272.5 A 16397.5 A 17470 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 71303.2 Fc 75339.4 Fc 72759.3 Fc 69890.5 Fc 64594.3 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 550 F 524 550 550 550
Cherries Production Quantity 1650 F 1598 2017 1220 634
Cherries Yield 30000 Fc 30496.2 Fc 36672.7 Fc 22181.8 Fc 11527.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 128 Im 165 F 152 Im 160 160
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 5295 Im 5600 F 5200 Im 5000 5000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 413672 Fc 339394 Fc 342105 Fc 312500 Fc 312500 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 883 Im 873 Im 829 Im 773 Im 800 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 8400 F 9336 Im 9569 Im 7713 Im 8500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 95130.2 Fc 106942 Fc 115428 Fc 99780.1 Fc 106250 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2521 A 2476 A 2774 A 2720 A 2898 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25177 A 29336 A 30169 A 27213 A 31211 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 99869.1 Fc 118481 Fc 108756 Fc 100048 Fc 107698 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74242 A 75760 A 75700 A 91318 A 102828 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 538252 A 548776 A 516000 A 617556 A 635217 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7786.68 A 7760 A 7772.5 A 7797.5 A 8770 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 72499.7 Fc 72436.1 Fc 68163.8 Fc 67627 Fc 61774.7 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Currants Area Harvested 1400 F 1311 1400 1400 1308
Currants Production Quantity 6717 Im 8300 7800 6042 2300
Currants Yield 47978.6 Fc 63310.4 Fc 55714.3 Fc 43157.1 Fc 17584.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 6200 F 6256 Im 6153 Im 6196 Im 6200 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 3051 Im 2926 Im 2956 Im 3118 Im 3100 F
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 4920.97 Fc 4677.11 Fc 4804.16 Fc 5032.28 Fc 5000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 6200 A 6256 A 6153 A 6196 A 6200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3051 A 2926 A 2956 A 3118 A 3100 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4920.97 Fc 4677.11 Fc 4804.16 Fc 5032.28 Fc 5000 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 57247 A 56494 A 53717 A 50216 A 51985 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 997921 A 1133370 A 1169340 A 951163 A 1047600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 174318 Fc 200617 Fc 217685 Fc 189414 Fc 201519 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1049 Im 1038 Im 985 Im 918 Im 950 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16890 Im 20870 Im 21390 Im 17241 Im 19000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 161010 Fc 201060 Fc 217157 Fc 187810 Fc 200000 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 660 Im 653 Im 620 F 638 Im 660 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2448 Im 3025 Im 3100 F 2989 Im 3294 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 37090.9 Fc 46324.7 Fc 50000 Fc 46849.5 Fc 49909.1 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 224 Im 273 Im 266 Im 280 268
Garlic Production Quantity 1500 F 1480 1430 1480 1415
Garlic Yield 66964.3 Fc 54212.4 Fc 53759.4 Fc 52857.1 Fc 52798.5 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 2
Gooseberries Production Quantity 10 Im 12 Im 11 Im 10 10
Gooseberries Yield 50000 Fc 60000 Fc 55000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 50 F 48 60 60 82
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 1400 P 1000 F 1600 F 1500 1600
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 280000 Fc 208333 Fc 266667 Fc 250000 Fc 195122 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 22616 21002 18112 15800 13787
Grapes Production Quantity 185000 142000 165500 76400 118700
Grapes Yield 81800.5 Fc 67612.6 Fc 91375.9 Fc 48354.4 Fc 86095.6 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 333 Im 452 Im 330 F 350 350
Hops Production Quantity 648 Im 790 780 885 724
Hops Yield 19459.5 Fc 17477.9 Fc 23636.4 Fc 25285.7 Fc 20685.7 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 11500 F 11464 10934 10580 11960
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 329384 P 318000 309000 238000 248495
Kiwi fruit Yield 286421 Fc 277390 Fc 282605 Fc 224953 Fc 207772 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 60 Im 73 Im 71 Im 75 Im 68 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 3270 Im 3145 Im 3353 Im 3068 Im 3192 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 545000 Fc 430822 Fc 472254 Fc 409067 Fc 469412 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 104 Im 127 Im 124 Im 130 130
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 1059 Im 907 Im 1040 Im 1000 1000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 101827 Fc 71417.3 Fc 83871 Fc 76923.1 Fc 76923.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 350 F 334 360 F 362 364
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 4047 Im 5000 5000 5000 3731
Lemons and limes Yield 115629 Fc 149701 Fc 138889 Fc 138122 Fc 102500 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1700 F 1500 F 1804 1804 500
Lentils Production Quantity 3100 F 2800 F 3302 3302 1000
Lentils Yield 18235.3 Fc 18666.7 Fc 18303.8 Fc 18303.8 Fc 20000 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1200 F 1207 1237 Im 1300 1287
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 31569 Im 27035 Im 31000 F 30792 30484
Lettuce and chicory Yield 263075 Fc 223985 Fc 250606 Fc 236862 Fc 236861 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1250 F 1500 Im 1200 1200 500
Linseed Production Quantity 1900 F 2250 Im 1800 1800 1000
Linseed Seed 70 Fc 87.5 Fc 105 Fc 84 Fc 84 Fc
Linseed Yield 15200 Fc 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 20000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 19686 19235 15000 18291 14178
Maize Production Quantity 227054 210253 168000 197182 148847
Maize Seed 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 210
Maize Yield 115338 Fc 109308 Fc 112000 Fc 107803 Fc 104984 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 7200 F 7115 5987 Im 6292 Im 5688 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 100000 F 96500 104073 Im 100067 Im 90254 Im
Maize, green Yield 138889 Fc 135629 Fc 173832 Fc 159038 Fc 158674 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 34 Im 42 F 39 Im 41 41
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 10042 Im 8600 F 8840 Im 8500 8500
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 2953530 Fc 2047620 Fc 2266670 Fc 2073170 Fc 2073170 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 6278 5000 8000 5927 7353
Oats Production Quantity 28478 25000 29000 29934 34987
Oats Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1100 900
Oats Yield 45361.6 Fc 50000 Fc 36250 Fc 50504.5 Fc 47581.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2778 A 2922 A 3200 A 3200 A 2500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3064.8 A 3651.9 A 3534 A 3534 A 3030 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 44.1 A 55.13 A 66.15 A 52.92 A 52.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11032.4 Fc 12498 Fc 11043.8 Fc 11043.8 Fc 12120 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2778 A 2922 A 3200 A 3200 A 2500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1847.94 A 2202.62 A 2150 A 2150 A 1870 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 24.5 A 30.63 A 36.75 A 29.4 A 29.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6652.05 Fc 7538.06 Fc 6718.75 Fc 6718.75 Fc 7480 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 4855 5230 4993 5680 5490
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 210000 165000 250000 210000 210000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 432544 Fc 315488 Fc 500701 Fc 369718 Fc 382514 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 550 F 541 575 575 575
Oranges Production Quantity 5665 Im 7000 7000 6000 7500
Oranges Yield 103000 Fc 129390 Fc 121739 Fc 104348 Fc 130435 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 150 F 82 Im 80 F 61 Im 55 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2000 F 916 Im 1050 F 871 Im 786 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 133333 Fc 111707 Fc 131250 Fc 142787 Fc 142909 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1000 F 981 1270 1270 1336
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 8700 F 8602 9261 7326 11015
Peaches and nectarines Yield 87000 Fc 87686 Fc 72921.3 Fc 57685 Fc 82447.6 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 750 F 720 950 905 952
Pears Production Quantity 33000 F 32000 F 40000 F 39896 42307
Pears Yield 440000 Fc 444444 Fc 421053 Fc 440840 Fc 444401 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 10500 F 12500 F 10000 9107 10925
Peas, dry Production Quantity 32000 F 38000 F 30000 31200 29457
Peas, dry Seed 4000 F 5000 F 5500 F 6000 6000
Peas, dry Yield 30476.2 Fc 30400 Fc 30000 Fc 34259.4 Fc 26962.9 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 8900 F 8747 10070 10070 8273
Peas, green Production Quantity 73565 Im 63000 63000 58000 45125
Peas, green Yield 82657.3 Fc 72024.7 Fc 62562.1 Fc 57596.8 Fc 54544.9 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 200 F 195 230 F 270 F 282
Persimmons Production Quantity 2428 Im 3000 3000 3000 2900 F
Persimmons Yield 121400 Fc 153846 Fc 130435 Fc 111111 Fc 102837 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 330 F 333 390 390 394
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1850 F 1830 2143 2030 1700
Plums and sloes Yield 56060.6 Fc 54954.9 Fc 54948.7 Fc 52051.3 Fc 43147.2 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 11717 11030 11080 10930 10611
Potatoes Production Quantity 501000 500000 500000 500000 500000
Potatoes Seed 50100 Fc 50001.8 Fc 50001.4 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 427584 Fc 453309 Fc 451264 Fc 457457 Fc 471209 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested
Pulses, nes Production Quantity
Pulses, nes Yield
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12200 A 14000 A 11804 A 10911 A 11425 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35100 A 40800 A 33302 A 34502 A 30457 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4000 A 5000 A 5500 A 6000 A 6000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 28770.5 Fc 29142.9 Fc 28212.5 Fc 31621.3 Fc 26658.2 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7418 9500 7600 7600 6600
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 154000 124000 108000 126000 156000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 207603 Fc 130526 Fc 142105 Fc 165789 Fc 236364 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 81 Im 80 Im 76 Im 71 Im 74 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 976 Im 1206 Im 1236 Im 996 Im 1098 Im
Quinces Yield 120494 Fc 150750 Fc 162632 Fc 140282 Fc 148378 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1528 Im 1422 Im 2000 2000 2000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 3113 Im 3724 Im 4000 4000 4000
Rapeseed Yield 20373 Fc 26188.5 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 343 Im 339 Im 322 Im 300 302
Raspberries Production Quantity 382 Im 472 Im 484 Im 390 400
Raspberries Yield 11137 Fc 13923.3 Fc 15031.1 Fc 13000 Fc 13245 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13117 A 12492 A 12280 A 11915 A 11596 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 517800 A 517500 A 520000 A 517500 A 516000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 51791.5 A 51797.1 A 52052.6 A 51778.9 A 51610 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 394755 Fc 414265 Fc 423453 Fc 434326 Fc 444981 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Yield
Spinach Area Harvested 322 Im 392 Im 381 Im 400 396
Spinach Production Quantity 1965 Im 1683 Im 1930 F 1905 1886
Spinach Yield 61024.8 Fc 42933.7 Fc 50656.2 Fc 47625 Fc 47626.3 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 100 F 95 F 95 F 95 F 95 F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 2300 F 2200 F 2200 F 2200 F 2200 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 230000 Fc 231579 Fc 231579 Fc 231579 Fc 231579 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 180 F 175 220 246 311
Strawberries Production Quantity 3966 Im 4900 4862 5600 6590
Strawberries Yield 220333 Fc 280000 Fc 221000 Fc 227642 Fc 211897 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1400 F 1462 1200 F 985 985
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 16800 F 17500 20000 17500 16000
Sweet potatoes Seed 1691.5 Fc 1795.3 Fc 2051.2 Fc 1778.9 Fc 1610 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 120000 Fc 119699 Fc 166667 Fc 177665 Fc 162437 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 688 Im 680 950 950 1077
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 5665 Im 7000 7000 7000 9880
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 82340.1 Fc 102941 Fc 73684.2 Fc 73684.2 Fc 91736.3 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 745 745 730 796 609
Tomatoes Production Quantity 92000 90000 95000 100000 87000
Tomatoes Yield 1234900 Fc 1208050 Fc 1301370 Fc 1256280 Fc 1428570 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3660 Im 4459 Im 4337 Im 4558 Im 4120 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 146639 Im 150000 F 144000 F 120081 Im 108305 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 400653 Fc 336398 Fc 332027 Fc 263451 Fc 262876 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 40172 A 44476 A 42350 A 44253 A 40003 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1017570 A 911213 A 986316 A 928810 A 901100 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 253302 Fc 204877 Fc 232896 Fc 209886 Fc 225258 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 40172 A 44476 A 42350 A 44253 A 40003 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1017570 A 911213 A 986316 A 928810 A 901100 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 253302 Fc 204877 Fc 232896 Fc 209886 Fc 225258 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Watermelons Area Harvested 245 F 247 Im 240 F 235 235
Watermelons Production Quantity 2650 F 2267 Im 2600 F 2500 2500
Watermelons Yield 108163 Fc 91781.4 Fc 108333 Fc 106383 Fc 106383 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 37962 39415 39062 42900 42187
Wheat Production Quantity 261798 318946 319000 320500 301498
Wheat Seed 9000 F 8500 F 8500 F 8600 8700
Wheat Yield 68963.2 Fc 80919.9 Fc 81665.1 Fc 74708.6 Fc 71467 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 11371 Fm 11408 Fm 11490 Q 11374 Q 11487 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 124.5 I 124.5 I 100 I 63.9 I
Arable land Area 471 Q 499 Q 471 Q 453 Q 431 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 542 Q 570 Q 542 Q 522 Q 500 Q
Country area Area 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q
Forest area Area 8260.6 Fm 8269 Q 8277.4 Fm 8285.8 Fm 8294.2 Fm
Inland water Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm
Land area Area 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q
Other land Area 6699.4 Fm 6654 Fm 6563.6 Fm 6671.2 Fm 6549.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 71 Q 71 Q 71 Q 69 Q 69 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10829 Q 10838 Q 10948 Q 10852 Q 10987 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 619 Q 619 Q 619 Q 619 Q 619 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 11375 Q 11712 Q 11890 Q 11858 W 12099 W
Agricultural area irrigated Area 384 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 63.9 I 46.9 I
Arable land Area 399 Q 425 Q 420 Q 415 W 476 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 462 Q 488 Q 483 Q 470 W 534 W
Country area Area 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q
Forest area Area 8302.6 Fm 8311 Q 8302 Fm 8293 Fm 8284 Fm
Inland water Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm
Land area Area 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q
Other land Area 6653.4 Fm 6308 Fm 6139 Fm 6180 Fm 5948 Fm
Permanent crops Area 63 Q 63 Q 63 Q 55 W 58 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10913 Q 11224 Q 11407 Q 11388 W 11565 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 433 Q 533 Q 553 Q 490 Q 468 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files