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Datasheet

Nepal

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Nepal
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Area (km2): 141,000
  • Climates: Boreal, Subtropical
  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 28,107,592
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$350
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$9,845,327,872
  • GDP: US$10,315,164,672
  • Agriculture, value added: US$3,217,908,992
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)WidespreadRegmi et al., 1996
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBalestra et al., 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIPPC, 2005
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentGhimire & Pradhanang, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIPPC, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)WidespreadIPPC, 2005; Shrestha et al., 1977; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentDurrieu, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Ono et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentNativeAdhikari, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insularePresentThapa, 1990
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentJoshi, 1985; Ono et al., 1992; Ono et al., 1990; Ono, 1991; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadAbdel-Hak & Kamel, 1972
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)PresentIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentNHM, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)PresentWhite & Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentYesDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentKapoor & Malla, 1979; Kapoor, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)No information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadHarbach, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresentNativeSwar & Fernando, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Lama & Amtya, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentNativeSmith, 1994; Smith, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentKudô, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO, 1994; Showler, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentChaudhary et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadSmith, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentThapa, 1987; Smith, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTaylor & Halliday, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano, 1978; Knutson & Orth, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeTao, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003; NHM, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesChaudhary et al., 1982; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentRana & Sharma, 1967; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentKnorr & Shah, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentDelfinado-Baker et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIPPC, 2016a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeArcher, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeSchedl, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeShrestha , 1994; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)WidespreadNativeAli & Ripley, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusWidespreadNativeGrimmett et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)WidespreadNativeeBird, 2015; Collar et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedShrestha, 1994; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006; FAO, 1997; Manandhar, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)WidespreadNativeBirdLife International, 2009; Juniper & Parr, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)LocalisedNativeKabisch, 2002; Malla, 1968; Schleich & Kästle, 2002; Swan & Leviton, 1962; Zug & Mitchell, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedShrestha, 1994; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentBhardwaj & Hogger, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentPokharel, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadBhardwaj & Hogger, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadBhardwaj & Hogger, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Garrison Hanks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentIntroducedFarm, 1988; Karki & Karki, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedYesSankaran, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Ranjit & Bhattarai, 1988; IRRI, 1989; Poudyal & Adhikari, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeParotta & Roshetko, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentRanjit & Suwanketnikom, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresenteFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedSukhorukov, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Kumar et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentDangol, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedNepal Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedRanjit & Bhattarai, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedSiwakoti & Varma, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentVerdcourt, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeShouliang & Phillips, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentFAO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentLehmkuhl, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedSohi et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentWearn & Mabberley, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentDeori et al., 2013; Nepal Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativePolunin & Stainton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentSingh et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Dangol, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentDangol, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeRanjit & Bhattarai, 1988; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentRanjit & Bhattarai, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedDangol, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentMoody, 1989; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentBhurer et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisLocalisedIntroducedeFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentRai & Pradhan, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentMoody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedeFloras, 2012a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWhite, 1986; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentQuattrocchi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentQuattrocchi, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativeNepal Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNativeRojo et al., 1999; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentSiwakoti & Varma, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Armstrong et al., 2004; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; Natural History Museum Herbarium (UK) & Kew Herbarium (UK)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentNativeHooker, 1897
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionPieterse, 1981; Verkleij et al., 1983; Rai & Pradhan, 2000; Cook, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionGunn & Ritchie, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedDobremez et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedPress et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentMoody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedDangol, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; Wallich, 1821a; Wallich, 1821b; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMurphy et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentRanjit & Bhattarai, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentDangol, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora Himalaya Database, 2014; Flora of Nepal Database, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; IUCN Nepal, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentAcharya et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedThomas, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)LocalisedNativePuff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesMishra, 1991; Aneja et al., 1991; Evans, 1997a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedRanjit & Bhattarai, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)PresentIntroducedYesSiwakoti & Varma, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentReed, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHara et al., 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeSiwakoti, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedDangol, 2005; Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentCock & Evans, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nepal Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentFlora of Nepal Editorial Committee, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedYesSapkota, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Nepal Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedYesMill, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentGRIN, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentKhatri et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentMoody, 1989; eFlorasorg, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeRao & Bhat, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeBranney, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentFlora of Nepal Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2013; IPPC, 2005
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentIPPC, 2005
Virusbluetongue virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentDahal & Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentShrestha & Albrechtsen, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisNo information availableMiranpuri, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1997; Pradhan & Bohara, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bluetongueNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Joshi et al., 1997
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009; Jha et al., 1993
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineNo information availableOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009; Roberts et al., 1994
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersNo information availableOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1997
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Wakai, 1998; Daniels et al., 2002
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; Joshi et al., 1974
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009; Thakuri et al., 1992
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1994
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentOIE, 1998
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentDelfinado-Baker et al., 1985; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
tuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested1811111111
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity9891111
Almonds, with shellYield5000Fc7272.73Fc8181.82Fc10000Fc10000Fc
ApplesArea Harvested50484510424040033856
ApplesProduction Quantity4270441754391343639634546
ApplesYield84595.9Fc92580.9Fc92297.2Fc90921.8Fc89590.3Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1631331158484
ApricotsProduction Quantity971797725567567
ApricotsYield59570.6Fc59924.8Fc63043.5Fc67500Fc67500Fc
ArecanutsArea Harvested26982264209820842054
ArecanutsProduction Quantity76204266397739723922
ArecanutsYield28243.1Fc18842.8Fc18956.2Fc19059.5Fc19094.5Fc
BananasArea Harvested79925813571449923742
BananasProduction Quantity12174291042888497679253257
BananasYield152330Fc156618Fc155494Fc153830Fc142322Fc
BarleyArea Harvested2846126600258172610626580
BarleyProduction Quantity3024027587232242808228293
BarleySeed1300F 1300F 1200F 1300F 1300F
BarleyYield10625.1Fc10371Fc8995.62Fc10756.9Fc10644.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested42745Im40742Im39951Im41051Im41000F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity33611Im27163Im26442Im28331Im29000F
Beans, dryYield7863.14Fc6667.08Fc6618.61Fc6901.42Fc7073.17Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested79018000784578327970
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity58085532538553775895
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield7350.97Fc6915Fc6864.24Fc6865.42Fc7396.49Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested307Im294Im281Im273F 227F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity7639Im7080Im6486Im6000F 5000F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield248827Fc240816Fc230819Fc219780Fc220264Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3468510A 3383150A 3418020A 3417510A 3304340A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity7121270A 6422720A 6607740A 6637510A 6103300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed189400A 189400A 186500A 187400A 200900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield20531.2Fc18984.4Fc19332Fc19422.1Fc18470.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3468510A 3383150A 3418020A 3417510A 3304340A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8606540A 7762650A 8114130A 8069160A 7329020A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed189400A 189400A 186500A 187400A 200900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield24813.3Fc22945Fc23739.2Fc23611.2Fc22180Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested91248646847992389972
Chick peasProduction Quantity81307064687773198085
Chick peasSeed900F 900F 900F 800F 800F
Chick peasYield8910.57Fc8170.25Fc8110.63Fc7922.71Fc8107.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested25554Im24055Im22344Im21000F 20000F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity19078Im18580Im16000F 1636215569
Chillies and peppers, dryYield7465.76Fc7723.97Fc7160.76Fc7791.43Fc7784.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested81016394615247214780
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity6764026712238131636215569
Chillies and peppers, greenYield83495.9Fc41776.7Fc38707.7Fc34657.9Fc32571.1Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested757Im685685565129
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity4700Im4285428635221027
Citrus fruit, nesYield62087.2Fc62554.7Fc62569.3Fc62336.3Fc79612.4Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested23577A 22901A 22483A 19915A 15832A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity263876A 259189A 248766A 226406A 171875A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield111921Fc113178Fc110646Fc113686Fc108562Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1204530A 1170730A 1167130A 1161770A 1162140A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2400450A 2182290A 2246580A 2197830A 2133040A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed27300A 27300A 27400A 27300A 27300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield19928.5Fc18640.4Fc19248.7Fc18918Fc18354.4Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested247176177174174
CoconutsProduction Quantity412* 354357354354
CoconutsYield16680.2Fc20113.6Fc20169.5Fc20344.8Fc20344.8Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested17521650153114951395
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity402307268500460
Coffee, greenYield2294.52Fc1860.61Fc1750.49Fc3344.48Fc3297.49Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity47.25Fc38.15Fc20.65Fc24.15Fc15.75Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity85.05Fc68.67Fc37.17Fc43.47Fc28.35Fc
CottonseedSeed4.5Fc4.5Fc3.63Fc3Fc2.25Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested10709A 13224A 11778A 11665A 11776A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity14465.3A 21003.2A 17678.7A 17012.2A 16830.8A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield13507.6Fc15882.6Fc15009.9Fc14583.9Fc14292.4Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested143930A 130169A 126772A 116310A 104725A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1456120A 1327460A 1283560A 1178880A 1068880A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield101169Fc101980Fc101249Fc101357Fc102066Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested7918470722687856343257595
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity794164706972686213630563575095
Fruit Fresh NesYield100293Fc99964.9Fc99762Fc99407.7Fc99851.6Fc
GarlicArea Harvested57735381502646164806
GarlicProduction Quantity4118339482342383231730308
GarlicYield71337.3Fc73373Fc68121.8Fc70010.8Fc63062.8Fc
GingerArea Harvested1908118041158381400713025
GingerProduction Quantity216289210790178987161171158905
GingerYield113353Fc116839Fc113011Fc115065Fc122000Fc
JuteArea Harvested1055913103116781159011726
JuteProduction Quantity1441820965176581698816815
JuteYield13654.7Fc16000.2Fc15120.7Fc14657.5Fc14339.9Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested10559A 13103A 11678A 11590A 11726A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity14418A 20965A 17658A 16988A 16815A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield13654.7Fc16000.2Fc15120.7Fc14657.5Fc14339.9Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested38183645347929782990
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity2900329519230912373824835
Lemons and limesYield75963.9Fc80984.9Fc66372.5Fc79711.2Fc83060.2Fc
LentilsArea Harvested207591187437183798189497189181
LentilsProduction Quantity206869151757147725161147164694
LentilsSeed8000F 8000F 8000F 8000F 8000F
LentilsYield9965.22Fc8096.43Fc8037.36Fc8503.93Fc8705.63Fc
LinseedArea Harvested15593Im14272Im13062Im12982Im13244Im
LinseedProduction Quantity8070Im6988Im6255Im6194Im6251Im
LinseedSeed467.79Fc467.79Fc428.16Fc391.86Fc389.46Fc
LinseedYield5175.4Fc4896.3Fc4788.7Fc4771.22Fc4719.87Fc
MaizeArea Harvested906253875660875428870166870401
MaizeProduction Quantity20675201855180193067018786501819930
MaizeSeed21000F 21000F 21000F 21000F 21000F
MaizeYield22813.9Fc21186.1Fc22054Fc21589.6Fc20909.1Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested18429Im16667162781478114540
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity139654Im127315121842110736136270
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield75779.5Fc76387.5Fc74850.7Fc74917.8Fc93720.8Fc
MilletArea Harvested269820268473265889265496265160
MilletProduction Quantity302691299523292683291098284813
MilletSeed5000F 5000F 5200F 5000F 5000F
MilletYield11218.3Fc11156.5Fc11007.7Fc10964.3Fc10741.2Fc
Mustard seedArea Harvested213706198540181361180328184218
Mustard seedProduction Quantity176186155050135494134286135660
Mustard seedSeed1910Fc1910Fc1910Fc1910Fc1900Fc
Mustard seedYield8244.32Fc7809.51Fc7470.96Fc7446.76Fc7364.1Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested1258411766118491201511712
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity55175231703770866792
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield4384.14Fc4445.86Fc5938.9Fc5897.63Fc5799.18Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested476981A 436551A 399539A 397101A 405118A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity233398A 201582A 180821A 179003A 180619A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1404.8A 1404.8A 1379.39A 1356.2A 1348.51A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4893.23Fc4617.61Fc4525.75Fc4507.73Fc4458.43Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested476981A 436551A 399539A 397101A 405118A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity123255A 107176A 95529.7A 94630.2A 95547A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed852.05A 852.05A 838.04A 825.23A 820.67A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2584.06Fc2455.06Fc2391Fc2383.03Fc2358.5Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested217968Im199500181361180328184218
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity172797Im149625135494134286135660
Oilseeds, NesYield7927.63Fc7500Fc7470.96Fc7446.76Fc7364.1Fc
OrangesArea Harvested40893971387437993072
OrangesProduction Quantity5067950518493314840836736
OrangesYield123940Fc127217Fc127339Fc127423Fc119583Fc
PapayasArea Harvested18262211212821112106
PapayasProduction Quantity2470231060302272974229672
PapayasYield135279Fc140479Fc142044Fc140891Fc140893Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested20892082200619981993
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity1439014326138031377613743
Peaches and nectarinesYield68884.6Fc68808.8Fc68808.6Fc68948.9Fc68956.4Fc
PearsArea Harvested31772900285828552845
PearsProduction Quantity3256534420338713385233852
PearsYield102502Fc118690Fc118513Fc118571Fc118988Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested136Im123917673
PersimmonsProduction Quantity757Im690527509489
PersimmonsYield55661.8Fc56097.6Fc57912.1Fc66973.7Fc66986.3Fc
Pigeon peasArea Harvested1746921296208832136320988
Pigeon peasProduction Quantity1410718647181521884119245
Pigeon peasSeed1200F 1200F 1200F 1100F 1100F
Pigeon peasYield8075.45Fc8756.1Fc8692.24Fc8819.45Fc9169.53Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested828708705701701
PineapplesProduction Quantity1007310073999599809980
PineapplesYield121655Fc142274Fc141773Fc142368Fc142368Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested14811399136913621358
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity105219825960495649536
Plums and sloesYield71039.8Fc70228.7Fc70153.4Fc70220.3Fc70220.9Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested182600185342181900156737153534
PotatoesProduction Quantity25080402517700242405020548201943250
PotatoesSeed220000F 220000F 220000F 200000F 154000F
PotatoesYield137352Fc135841Fc133263Fc131100Fc126568Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested2624830382297932977329270
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity2392426185254902549025410
Pulses, nesSeed787.44Fc787.44Fc911.46Fc893.79Fc893.19Fc
Pulses, nesYield9114.6Fc8618.59Fc8555.7Fc8561.45Fc8681.24Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested311078A 296503A 290749A 298754A 298381A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity292449A 236348A 230071A 246505A 252329A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed10887.4A 10887.4A 11011.5A 10793.8A 10793.2A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9401.15Fc7971.18Fc7913.05Fc8251.1Fc8456.6Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested14964801481290155594015492601439530
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity44602804023820452369042992603680840
Rice, paddySeed89100Fc89100Fc89100Fc89100Fc88000Fc
Rice, paddyYield29805.1Fc27164.3Fc29073.7Fc27750.4Fc25569.7Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested31120Im31587Im31000F 27000F 26800F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity160371Im160988Im155000F 135000F 134000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield51533.1Fc50966.5Fc50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested213720A 216929A 212900A 183737A 180334A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2668410A 2678690A 2579050A 2189820A 2077250A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed220000A 220000A 220000A 200000A 154000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield124855Fc123482Fc121139Fc119182Fc115189Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested150F 1211007550
Seed cottonProduction Quantity135109596945
Seed cottonYield9000Fc9008.26Fc5900Fc9200Fc9000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested2931723942234782321423214
SoybeansProduction Quantity2831822041214562100320961
SoybeansYield9659.24Fc9206Fc9138.77Fc9047.56Fc9029.46Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested2816Im2651Im2462Im2393Im2200F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity20905Im20360Im17533Im17274Im15570Im
Spices, nesYield74236.5Fc76801.2Fc71214.5Fc72185.5Fc70772.7Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested6299861000581016296264019
Sugar caneProduction Quantity27182302592500235441024854402599790
Sugar caneSeed116202Fc116202Fc116202Fc116202Fc125924Fc
Sugar caneYield431479Fc425000Fc405227Fc394752Fc406097Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested149131460014445125739641
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity179494174867172058150738109277
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield120361Fc119772Fc119113Fc119890Fc113346Fc
TeaArea Harvested1745117127167181750016420
TeaProduction Quantity1743816607162081616015168
TeaYield9992.55Fc9696.39Fc9694.94Fc9234.29Fc9237.52Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested11352534254226872729
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity12382491249726142648
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield10907.5Fc9830.31Fc9822.97Fc9728.32Fc9703.19Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3714A 1302A 1242A 1183A 1158A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6029A 5248A 4993A 4660A 4532A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield16233.2Fc40307.2Fc40201.3Fc39391.4Fc39136.4Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested244102235097225154220086198322
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity32035603003820275441025530002328950
Vegetables fresh nesYield131239Fc127769Fc122334Fc116000Fc117433Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested258283A 247166A 236613A 229696A 208135A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3320020A 3077090A 2818950A 2607680A 2379830A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield128542Fc124495Fc119137Fc113527Fc114341Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested258283A 247166A 236613A 229696A 208135A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3320020A 3077090A 2818950A 2607680A 2379830A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield128542Fc124495Fc119137Fc113527Fc114341Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested36961291123111721147
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity60205240498446494521
Walnuts, with shellYield16287.9Fc40588.7Fc40487.4Fc39667.2Fc39415.9Fc
WheatArea Harvested767499731131694950706481702664
WheatProduction Quantity17458101556540134386015720701515140
WheatSeed73000F 73000* 70000* 71000* 85600*
WheatYield22746.7Fc21289.5Fc19337.5Fc22252.1Fc21562.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested1111111111
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity1111111111
Almonds, with shellYield10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
ApplesArea Harvested37573660355834583389
ApplesProduction Quantity3333635130340363305032307
ApplesYield88730.4Fc95983.6Fc95660.5Fc95575.5Fc95329Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested84848478F 73F
ApricotsProduction Quantity567567567518F 473F
ApricotsYield67500Fc67500Fc67500Fc66410.3Fc64794.5Fc
ArecanutsArea Harvested2024199919741900F 1850F
ArecanutsProduction Quantity3864381637683600F 3500F
ArecanutsYield19090.9Fc19089.5Fc19088.2Fc18947.4Fc18918.9Fc
BananasArea Harvested3702362735773100F 2950F
BananasProduction Quantity52634515905088852000F 47400F
BananasYield142177Fc142239Fc142264Fc167742Fc160678Fc
BarleyArea Harvested2622726428274672755527722
BarleyProduction Quantity2778629341306703171130790
BarleySeed1300F 1300F 1300F 1300F 1300F
BarleyYield10594.4Fc11102.2Fc11166.1Fc11508.3Fc11106.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested41500F 43962Im43807Im43000F 41500F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity29200F 29411Im28940Im30000F 29000F
Beans, dryYield7036.14Fc6690.1Fc6606.25Fc6976.74Fc6987.95Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested80037836772078607500F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity58275680551455895300F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield7281.02Fc7248.6Fc7142.49Fc7110.69Fc7066.67Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested182F 136F 136F 100F 50F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity4000F 3000F 3000F 2200F 1100F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield219780Fc220588Fc220588Fc220000Fc220000Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3360340A 3352700A 3344380A 3336550A 3323560A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity6254860A 6338980A 6263300A 5984280A 5838620A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed181300A 181681A 177700A 179800A 178000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield18613.8Fc18907.1Fc18727.9Fc17935.5Fc17567.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3360340A 3352700A 3344380A 3336550A 3323560A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7656550A 7767490A 7747060A 7360400A 7214780A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed181300A 181681A 177700A 179800A 178000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield22785.1Fc23167.9Fc23164.4Fc22059.9Fc21708Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested10163117709560973813183
Chick peasProduction Quantity8405104398114765411029
Chick peasSeed900F 900F 900F 900F 900F
Chick peasYield8270.2Fc8869.16Fc8487.45Fc7859.93Fc8366.08Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested18000F 17800F 17600F 17500F 17467Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity1378414250F 14100F 14000F 14428Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield7657.78Fc8005.62Fc8011.36Fc8000Fc8260.15Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested42933945346733443325
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity137841262411966108687082
Chillies and peppers, greenYield32108.1Fc32000Fc34514Fc32500Fc21299.3Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested132131131127F 124F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity1051104810361100F 1450F
Citrus fruit, nesYield79621.2Fc80000Fc79084Fc86614.2Fc116935Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested15207A 14606A 13931A 15277A 17474A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity164075A 156956A 148010A 139100A 130950A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield107894Fc107460Fc106245Fc91051.9Fc74939.9Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1138850A 1135160A 1120350A 1122880A 1111820A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2053140A 2035220A 1904150A 1883710A 1824130A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed26300A 26100A 25800A 23800A 23300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield18028.3Fc17928.9Fc16996Fc16775.8Fc16406.7Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested174173173172171
CoconutsProduction Quantity354354352350347
CoconutsYield20344.8Fc20462.4Fc20346.8Fc20348.8Fc20292.4Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested12851078925764596
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity300250218188139
Coffee, greenYield2334.63Fc2319.11Fc2356.76Fc2460.73Fc2332.21Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity19.95Fc4.2Fc4.55Fc21.35Fc52.5Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity35.91Fc7.56Fc8.19Fc38.43Fc94.5Fc
CottonseedSeed1.5Fc1.77Fc0.6Fc0.48Fc3.54Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested12034A 12200A 11806A 11969A 11799A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity17120A 17665.2A 16894.5A 17057.3A 17006.5A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield14226.3Fc14479.7Fc14310.1Fc14251.3Fc14413.5Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested105874A 103889A 101257A 97410A 96349A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1026480A 1028020A 980120A 972483A 897598A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield96953.3Fc98953.3Fc96795.3Fc99834Fc93161.1Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested5654855348541125101649764
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity535449552879511397510000472758
Fruit Fresh NesYield94689.3Fc99891.4Fc94507.1Fc99968.6Fc95000Fc
GarlicArea Harvested41754135408538423071
GarlicProduction Quantity2871728614282832266716031
GarlicYield68783.2Fc69199.5Fc69236.2Fc58997.9Fc52201.2Fc
GingerArea Harvested129941200011930118309189
GingerProduction Quantity15419715420015270415059387909
GingerYield118668Fc128500Fc128000Fc127298Fc95667.6Fc
JuteArea Harvested1197512180117901185111697
JuteProduction Quantity1710017661168901703616954
JuteYield14279.8Fc14500Fc14325.7Fc14375.2Fc14494.3Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested11975A 12180A 11790A 11851A 11697A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity17100A 17661A 16890A 17036A 16954A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield14279.8Fc14500Fc14325.7Fc14375.2Fc14494.3Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested2883287827972550F 2500F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity23063229542206719500F 18000F
Lemons and limesYield79996.5Fc79756.8Fc78895.2Fc76470.6Fc72000Fc
LentilsArea Harvested183170188895187380183294180210
LentilsProduction Quantity157963160716158671149963148384
LentilsSeed8000F 8000F 8000F 8000F 8000F
LentilsYield8623.85Fc8508.22Fc8467.87Fc8181.56Fc8233.95Fc
LinseedArea Harvested13500F 13087Im13000F 16500F 12700F
LinseedProduction Quantity6400F 6500Im6100F 8000F 6000F
LinseedSeed397.32Fc405Fc392.61Fc390Fc495Fc
LinseedYield4740.74Fc4966.76Fc4692.31Fc4848.48Fc4724.41Fc
MaizeArea Harvested850947849892834285836190825980
MaizeProduction Quantity17344201716040159010015691401510770
MaizeSeed20000F 20000F 20000F 18000F 18000F
MaizeYield20382.2Fc20191.3Fc19059.4Fc18765.3Fc18290.6Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested17525175801706716100F 15700F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity143406134586140183138500F 126500F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield81829.4Fc76556.3Fc82136.9Fc86024.8Fc80573.3Fc
MilletArea Harvested261673258839258597259130258120
MilletProduction Quantity290936289838283378282860282570
MilletSeed5000F 4800F 4500F 4500F 4000F
MilletYield11118.3Fc11197.6Fc10958.3Fc10915.8Fc10947.2Fc
Mustard seedArea Harvested188062187823186741186720187820
Mustard seedProduction Quantity139322141989132865124931134950
Mustard seedSeed1940Fc1970F 1970Fc1970Fc1970Fc
Mustard seedYield7408.3Fc7559.72Fc7114.93Fc6690.82Fc7185.07Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested1149811500F 11093Im11000F 10840
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity66466800F 6500F 6300F 6179
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield5780.14Fc5913.04Fc5859.55Fc5727.27Fc5700.18Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested412958A 411485A 408744A 411680A 409581A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity184737A 187332A 175953A 167264A 177334A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1376.28A 1398.65A 1390.25A 1388.54A 1456.26A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4473.5Fc4552.58Fc4304.72Fc4062.97Fc4329.65Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested412958A 411485A 408744A 411680A 409581A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity97948.7A 99602.6A 93358.3A 88668.7A 94471.2A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed837.7A 851.23A 846.71A 845.78A 883.02A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2371.88Fc2420.56Fc2284.03Fc2153.83Fc2306.53Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested188063187823186741186720187820
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity139322141989132865124931134950
Oilseeds, NesYield7408.26Fc7559.72Fc7114.93Fc6690.82Fc7185.07Fc
OrangesArea Harvested3015297028572300F 2250F
OrangesProduction Quantity36024354743381333500F 32500F
OrangesYield119483Fc119441Fc118351Fc145652Fc144444Fc
PapayasArea Harvested2100209020841700F 1650F
PapayasProduction Quantity29586294452935929500F 27000F
PapayasYield140886Fc140885Fc140878Fc173529Fc163636Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1990198019722550F 1500F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity13721136531359717500F 12300F
Peaches and nectarinesYield68949.8Fc68954.6Fc68950.3Fc68627.4Fc82000Fc
PearsArea Harvested2838280527752500F 2250F
PearsProduction Quantity33764333623231732500F 30000F
PearsYield118971Fc118938Fc116458Fc130000Fc133333Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested71666351F 49F
PersimmonsProduction Quantity476443423415F 410F
PersimmonsYield67042.3Fc67121.2Fc67142.9Fc81372.6Fc83673.5Fc
Pigeon peasArea Harvested20703193372245926000F 28000F
Pigeon peasProduction Quantity19085178411946823500F 25000F
Pigeon peasSeed1100F 1100F 1000F 1000F 1000F
Pigeon peasYield9218.47Fc9226.35Fc8668.24Fc9038.46Fc8928.57Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested701701701560F 550F
PineapplesProduction Quantity99809980998010000F 9000F
PineapplesYield142368Fc142368Fc142368Fc178571Fc163636Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1351134213331020F 1000F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity9489942593639400F 8500F
Plums and sloesYield70236.9Fc70231Fc70240.1Fc92156.9Fc85000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested150864146789143027140171135093
PotatoesProduction Quantity19747601738840164336015313201472760
PotatoesSeed151000F 147000F 143000F 140000F 135000F
PotatoesYield130897Fc118458Fc114899Fc109247Fc109018Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested29240281132793251000F 47000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity25339243242372840000* 37000*
Pulses, nesSeed878.1Fc880F 843.39Fc837.96Fc1530Fc
Pulses, nesYield8665.87Fc8652.22Fc8494.92Fc7843.14Fc7872.34Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested292779A 299913A 298858A 320892A 317393A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity245819A 248411A 244435A 256706A 255713A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed10878.1A 10880A 10743.4A 10738A 11430A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield8396.06Fc8282.77Fc8178.97Fc7999.76Fc8056.67Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested15494501541730155944015446601544660
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity42092804289830445572041325004132600
Rice, paddySeed88000Fc88000Fc86900Fc88000Fc88000Fc
Rice, paddyYield27166.3Fc27824.8Fc28572.6Fc26753.5Fc26754.1Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested26000F 25500F 25000F 25000F 24000F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity130000F 127500F 125000F 125000F 120000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested176864A 172289A 168027A 165171A 159093A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2104760A 1866340A 1768360A 1656320A 1592760A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed151000A 147000A 143000A 140000A 135000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield119004Fc108326Fc105243Fc100279Fc100115Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested592016118102
Seed cottonProduction Quantity57121361150
Seed cottonYield9661.02Fc6000Fc8125Fc5169.49Fc14705.9Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested2310022559220732145020968
SoybeansProduction Quantity2058019820193631868118022
SoybeansYield8909.09Fc8785.85Fc8772.26Fc8709.09Fc8595Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested2150F 2300F 2219Im2200F 2093
Spices, nesProduction Quantity15000F 16000F 15717Im15500F 15174
Spices, nesYield69767.4Fc69565.2Fc70829.2Fc70454.6Fc72498.8Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested6205859082594256042559477
Sugar caneProduction Quantity24625702376100230533023430502247990
Sugar caneSeed128038Fc124116Fc118164Fc118850Fc120850Fc
Sugar caneYield396817Fc402170Fc387939Fc387762Fc377960Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested91778627814610300F 12600F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity103937974809109485000F 79000F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield113258Fc112994Fc111827Fc82524.3Fc62698.4Fc
TeaArea Harvested1601216000150121264312365
TeaProduction Quantity13043125001165181987518
TeaYield8145.77Fc7812.5Fc7761.12Fc6484.22Fc6080.06Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested27333003339835973813
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity27183016331034603763
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield9945.12Fc10043.3Fc9741.02Fc9619.13Fc9868.87Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1147A 1123A 1102A 942A 1061A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4437A 4335A 4244A 4111A 4011A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield38683.5Fc38602Fc38511.8Fc43641.2Fc37804Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested189832180823172586165988161048
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity21901002065190189010017999701738090
Vegetables fresh nesYield115370Fc114211Fc109516Fc108440Fc107924Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested198482A 189039A 180274A 173274A 167494A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2236600A 2109430A 1933350A 1835710A 1762300A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield112685Fc111587Fc107245Fc105942Fc105216Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested198482A 189039A 180274A 173274A 167494A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2236600A 2109430A 1933350A 1835710A 1762300A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield112685Fc111587Fc107245Fc105942Fc105216Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested113611121091931Im1050F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity4426432442334100F 4000F
Walnuts, with shellYield38961.3Fc38884.9Fc38799.3Fc44038.7Fc38095.2Fc
WheatArea Harvested672040675807664589669014667077
WheatProduction Quantity13941301442440138719013441901258050
WheatSeed67000* 6758165000* 68000* 66700*
WheatYield20744.8Fc21344Fc20872.9Fc20092.1Fc18859.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea4259Fm4259Fm4259Fm4259Fm4259Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea8I 8I 7.7I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea0.2I 0.5I 0.6I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1168Q 1168Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea9.8I 8.2Fm8.5I 8.3Fm
Arable landArea2355Q 2355Q 2355Q 2355Q 2355Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2473Q 2473Q 2473Q 2473Q 2473Q
Country areaArea14718Q 14718Q 14718Q 14718Q 14718Q
Fallow landArea18Q 18Q 18Q 18Q 18Q
Forest areaArea3636Fm3636Q 3636Fm3636Fm3636Fm
Inland waterArea383Fm383Fm383Fm383Fm383Fm
Land areaArea14335Q 14335Q 14335Q 14335Q 14335Q
Other landArea6440Fm6440Fm6440Fm6440Fm6440Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea20Q 20Q 20Q 20Q 20Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea1766Q 1766Q 1766Q 1766Q 1766Q
Permanent cropsArea118Q 118Q 118Q 118Q 118Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea1786Q 1786Q 1786Q 1786Q 1786Q
Temporary cropsArea2326Q 2326Q 2326Q 2326Q 2326Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea11Q 11Q 11Q 11Q 11Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1168Fm1168Fm1168Fm1168Q 1168Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea4259Fm4259Fm4259Fm4259Fm4259Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1168Q 1168Q 1168Q 1168Q 1168Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea7.8I 1I
Arable landArea2355Q 2355Q 2355Q 2355Q 2355Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2473Q 2473Q 2473Q 2473Q 2473Q
Country areaArea14718Q 14718Q 14718Q 14718Q 14718Q
Fallow landArea18Q 18Q 18Q 18Q 18Q
Forest areaArea3636Fm3636Q 3688.8Fm3741.6Fm3794.4Fm
Inland waterArea383Fm383Fm383Fm383Fm383Fm
Land areaArea14335Q 14335Q 14335Q 14335Q 14335Fm
Other landArea6440Fm6440Fm6387.2Fm6334.4Fm6281.6Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea20Q 20Fm20Fm20Fm20Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea1766Q 1766Fm1766Fm1766Fm1766Fm
Permanent cropsArea118Q 118Q 118Q 118Q 118Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea1786Q 1786Fm1786Fm1786Fm1786Q
Temporary cropsArea2326Q 2326Q 2326Q 2326Q 2326Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea11Q 11Q 11Q 11Q 11Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1168Q 1168Q 1168Q 1168Q 1168Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data