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Datasheet

Netherlands

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Netherlands
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 370,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Amsterdam
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 16,381,137
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$45,650
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$747,822,841,856
  • GDP: US$765,817,651,200
  • Agriculture, value added: US$14,433,921,024
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Transient: actionable, under eradicationCABI/EPPO, 2009; IPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1887OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)WidespreadGremmen & DeKam, 1970; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisLast reported 1973OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, confirmed by surveyBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Absent, confirmed by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentYesSlawiak et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)WidespreadIntroducedYesKleijburg, 1979; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisLast reported 1953OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Restricted distributionYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Transient: actionable, under eradicationCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1974OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2015; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentEPPO, 2009
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionIntroducedIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaeAbsent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesIPPC, 2006; EPPO, 2011; Meffert, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2012; IPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Neergaard, 1945
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentPhillips & Burdekin, 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentTimmer, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedYesHenricot et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)WidespreadIPPC, 2006; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaWidespreadNativeVloten & Gremmen, 1953
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesvan Poetern, 1931
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentIPPC, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesGibbs, 1978
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPuechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)Presentvan Dijk et al., 1992
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeOudemans, 1905; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium kamtschaticum (Japanese white pine rust)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNativeSchuring, 1999
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrencesZadoks, 1959
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionBoerema & Vermeulen, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present only in captivity/cultivationSpitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2011
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentIntroducedYesMartel et al., 2013
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesWolff, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)WidespreadIntroducedYesEssink & Kleef, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentMaan, 1945; Oudejans, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Van Der Helm, 1942
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)EradicatedIPPC, 2016; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentBravenboer, 1975; Van Rossem, 1974; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesSteffan, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadIntroducedYesGittenberger et al., 2010; Wolff, 2005; Bishop, 1947; Hoek, 1876; Waardenburg, 1827
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2010; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)EradicatedEPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016a; IPPC, 2016b; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesFurk, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusWidespreadIntroducedBassindale, 1947; Bishop, 1947; Boschma, 1948; Hartog, 1953; Kühl, 1963; Leenhouts, 1948a; Leenhouts, 1948b; Wolf, 1973; Meulen, 1946
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Widespreadde Barro, 1995; EPPO, 2014; Beitia, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedJonge de, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Transient: actionable, under eradicationCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesStigter et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaWidespreadIntroducedCook et al., 2007a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeRoman & Palumbi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentNijveldt, 1973; Colonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedBrink et al., 1993; Josens et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Restricted distributionLempke, 1982; Vos & Rutten, 1995; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentDanzig & Pellizzari, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentBlom et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentHuisman et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYes; Straten & Muus, 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)EradicatedIntroducedYesKiss et al., 2005b; IPPC, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesJosens et al., 2005; Vaate & Klink, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeRohwer, 1916; Coppel et al., 1974; Liston, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Restricted distributionIntroducedNPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Helsen et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Restricted distribution===, 2010; NPPO The Netherlands, 2013; NPPO The Netherlands, 2010; IPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)WidespreadIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; Romeijn, 1994; Huisman & Koster, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2008; Messlink & van Wensveen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadIntroducedKloft et al., 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedYesGollasch , 1997; NHM, 2004; ISSG, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1955
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentAalbers, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon, 1995; EPPO, 2014; Hellen, 1955; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentMantel et al., 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)WidespreadNativeBooij & Voerman, 1984; Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)EradicatedIPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedBreton et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedYesWolff, 2005; DAISIE, 2013; Breton et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedYesKetelaars et al., 1999; Kelleher et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentDoom & Frenken, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeMoraal, 1996; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesMabelis et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; Anon., 1978; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeEllis, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)WidespreadCox, 2001; Haye & Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniWidespreadIntroducedYesVaate et al., 2002; Kelleher et al., 1999; Usseglio-Polatera & Beisel, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentNMNH, 2012; Holthuis, 1949
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1949
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedBoer & Vierbergen, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present only under cover/indoorsIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedShrimp News, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentHuisman et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesGrijpma & et al. , 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentLucht, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; NHM, 1947
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeYesAlthoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedStock, 1993; Gollasch et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentStock, 1993; Bol, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedStock, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBokx & Piron, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeHein, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedBielak-Bielecki & Rozwalka, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedVeenenbos, 1981; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish)WidespreadIntroducedYesSoes, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadWesterman & van Zeeland, 1989; van Tol, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedFaasse, 2005; Tulp, 2006; Udekem et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadMoraal &, 1993; Moraal, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedJansen, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeDoom & Hille Ris Lambers, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Huisman et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)WidespreadNativeRavensberg, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Restricted distributionNativeCAB European, 1998; Lucht, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentVos et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Kozár et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentIntroducedSoes & Eekelen, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSoes & Eekelen, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentJansen, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)Absent, confirmed by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, few occurrencesIPPC, 2016; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)LocalisedNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiWidespreadIntroducedMaitland, 1874
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentNHM, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentDoom, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO/CABI &, 1996; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; Rossem et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentJansen & Stigter, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)EradicatedIPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentStigter & Romeijn, 1992; Moraal, 1992; Moraal et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)EradicatedIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)Restricted distributionOosterbroek & Theowald, 1992; CIE, 1977; Vlug, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadLuitjes, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014; Huisman et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeHensen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)WidespreadNativevan Frankenhuyzen, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBrachiopodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)WidespreadIntroducedYesKetelaars & Gille, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesBlauwe & Faasse, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeNijssen & Groot, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)WidespreadIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)LocalisedIntroducedVoslamber et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentGittenberger, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadIntroducedVoslamber et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiLocalisedIntroducedVoslamber et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)LocalisedIntroducedYesDijkstra et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Lusk, pers. comm.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006; Groot SJ de, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesOttens & Ryall, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)Introduced, not establishedDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillumPresentYesGittenberger, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentIntroducedGittenberger, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeNijssen & Groot, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedCowx & Nunn, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedYesKleef et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeNijssen & Groot, 1974; Blanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)LocalisedIntroduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)LocalisedIntroducedYesKessel et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesBeek GCWvan, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)WidespreadIntroducedYesDoude van Troostwijk, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeNijssen & Groot, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWeller, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, few occurrencesNativeNijssen & Groot, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)WidespreadNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedYesCirovic & Milenkovic, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)LocalisedIntroducedYesPollux & Korosi, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedZavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Blanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004; Nijssen & Groot, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Blanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2012; Copp et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, few occurrencesNativeBlanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)LocalisedIntroducedDijkstra & Dekker, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedOttens, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)LocalisedIntroducedVerreycken et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Vervoort, 1964; Wolff, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensLocalisedIntroducedBakker, 1980; Leentvaar, 1961; Leewis, 2002; Leloup, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentHalliday, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedFaasse & Bayha, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)WidespreadIntroducedYesDe Winter, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeGodan, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentIntroducedBij & Greijdanus-Klaas, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesBij & de Vaate Greijdanus-Klaas, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedTaylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Kerney, 1999; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedYesSmaal & Lucas, 2000; Nehring, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)WidespreadIntroducedYesWolff, 2005; Adam & Leloup, 1934; Nienhuis, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentEster & Nijënstein, 1996; Kerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesKearney & Morton, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedYesMolloy et al., 2007; Schonenberg & Gittenberger, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentIntroducedYesBoer & Bruyne, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeBank et al., 2002i; Taylor 1902-1907
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBrawley et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBij et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; Kerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedYesDenker, 1907
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)LocalisedIntroducedBerg et al., 1997; Dorgelo, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKerckhof et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Bank, 2007; Gittenberger & Ripken, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesBorgsteede et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Transient: actionable, under surveillanceCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentHeungens, 1985; Oostenbrink, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionHeijbroek, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentBrinkman, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Brinkman & van Riel, 1990; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionKarssen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBrinkman, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Netherlands Plantenziektenkundige Dienst, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisAbsent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesProvan et al., 2005; Trowbridge, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentIntroducedStegenga et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentLiebert & Deerns, 1920; Otterstrøm & Steemann-Nielsen, 1940
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentIntroducedRiisberg, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPrud'homme Reine WFvan, 1977; Nienhuis, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesSculthorpe, 1967; EPPO, 2014; Pratt et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz & Uffelen, 2001; Denters, 2003; Verloove & Lambinon, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentGBIF, 2010; GBIF, 2010; Hussner, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesMaggs & Stegenga, 1999; Marston & Villalard-Bohnsack, 2002; Stegenga & Otten, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeStegenga & Mol, 1983; Stegenga et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedNetherlands Plantenziektenkundige Dienst, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Sijtsma, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)LocalisedIntroducedMeijden et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; Euro+Med, 2016; Chauvel & Martinez, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedWageningen University, 2009; Kurtto, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaWidespreadIntroducedYesWiegers, 1983; Wiegers, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedMeisner et al., 2011; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; Hegi, 1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGroeneveld et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentJones &, 1976; Naber, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; Caño et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedVerhoeven et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedClapham et al., 1962; Fitter & Peat, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentKarus et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesOchsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadHeukels & Van Oostroom,1973; Best,1982; Van Donk,1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Klinkhamer & de Jong, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesReutelingsperger, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedDickoré & Kasperek, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesOEPP/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeFreijsen et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015; Fitter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz & Uffelen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz & Uffelen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedBest, 1979; van Oostsroom, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Bouma et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2015; van Oorschot et al., 1989; van der Woolf, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesMennema & Quene-Boterenbrood, 1985; Q-bank, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)LocalisedIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentEPPO, 2014; Adolphi, 1999; Bailey & Wisskirchen, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE, 2014; Tutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesKabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1976; Wagenitz, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)LocalisedIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBaas & Duistermaat, 1999; Meijden et al., 2001; Baas & Holverda, 1996; Pot, 2000; EPPO, 2013; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)WidespreadIntroducedYesWeeda et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)WidespreadIntroducedTrepl, 1984; Weeda et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedAdema & Mennema, 1976; Stolwijk & Zijlstra, 1995; Meijden & Holverda, 1987; Werkgroep Florakartering Drenthe, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedThompson et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, few occurrencesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentGBIF, 2016; NDFF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedLoos, 1993; Loos & Jarvis, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Restricted distributionIntroducedCEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016; ILDIS, 2015; EPPO, 2015; Flora Europaea, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPeeters-Van & Rotteveel, 2006; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)WidespreadEPPO, 2011; Velde et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Q-bank, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Restricted distributionter Borg, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)LocalisedIntroducedChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentDAISIE, 2008; Valentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedHaperen & Kogel, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentVermeer, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)WidespreadNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Introduced, not establishedHolm et al., 1977; Govaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentMolgaard, 1992; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeNaumova et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998; Chatert, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)WidespreadIntroducedYesBruun, 2005; UK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedHaveman et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentVisser et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedLuijten & Odé, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeJans & Drost, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)WidespreadIntroducedYesErnst &, 1998; Adema & Mennema, 1978; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeReichenbach & Reichenbach, 1854; Chater & Walters, 1976; Heukels & van der Meijden, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeReichenbach & Reichenbach, 1854; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentDirkse et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Kabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeBoulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedRanwell, 1967; Groenendijk, 1986; Buth & deWolf, 1985; Christiansen & Møller, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter & Akeroyd, 1993; Theunissen et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentBouma et al., 1996; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSterk et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Clapham, 1972; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008; Coops et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentNativeOostroom & Reichgelt, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedOostroom & Reichgelt, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedSipman, 1977; Meulen et al., 1987
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentEngelsma et al., 2010
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian metapneumovirusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005; De Jong, 1912; Jansen, 1942
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)WidespreadOswald & Thung, 1955; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusEradicatedVerhoeven et al., 1996; Verhoeven & Roenhorst, 1998; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusAbsent, invalid recordBos, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2010; NPPO, Netherlands, personal communication, 2012
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)WidespreadIntroducedNederland Ministerie van Landbouw Natuurbeheer en Visserij's-Gravenhag; Derks & Lemmers, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; van der Vlugt et al., 2000; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentRast, 1979; Boukema, 1980; Tobias et al., 1982; Rast, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentPijpers et al., 1993
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Transient: actionable, under eradicationVerhoeven et al., 2008a; IPPC, 2014b; IPPC, 2014a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1869OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease never reportedUilenberg et al., 1980; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesBorgsteede et al., 1999
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Wit et al., 1992; Wit et al., 1998; Davelaar et al., 1983
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Hoffrogge et al., 2003; OIE, 2004b
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005; De Jong, 1912; Jansen, 1942
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Alani & Herbert, 1988
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentIntroducedYesMartel et al., 2013
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentEngelsma et al., 2010
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentAkkermans & Kreeft, 1992; Vanrompay et al., 1993
ChytridiomycosisPresent only in captivity/cultivationSpitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2011
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedStock, 1993; Gollasch et al., 2009
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentStock, 1993; Bol, 2002
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedStock, 1993
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Kalis et al., 2000
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentYadin & Moraal, 1978; Bisgaard et al., 1991; Kouwenhoven et al., 1976
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentPijpers et al., 1993
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentIjzer et al., 2016
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009; Schreuder, 1995
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentMohammed, 1978
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; Litjens et al., 1989; Cook et al., 1993a
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009; Pépin et al., 1998; Houwers, 1980
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
whirling diseasePresentHalliday, 1976
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome)PresentPuechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested168Im164Im137Im166Im160F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity436Im424Im372Im298Im280F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield25952.4Fc25853.7Fc27153.3Fc17951.8Fc17500Fc
ApplesArea Harvested82668681912993009400
ApplesProduction Quantity418000334000407000375000391000
ApplesYield505686Fc384748Fc445832Fc403226Fc415957Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested24152253213821002100
AsparagusProduction Quantity1700014300145001400014500
AsparagusYield70393.4Fc63470.9Fc67820.4Fc66666.7Fc69047.6Fc
BarleyArea Harvested3386233352444555020045000
BarleyProduction Quantity204702204444309619310200260000
BarleySeed6000F 6000F 500070008000
BarleyYield60451.8Fc61298.9Fc69647.7Fc61792.8Fc57777.8Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested1335200613839001100
Beans, dryProduction Quantity43386400* 4400* 22003500
Beans, drySeed410Fc410Fc410Fc410Fc410Fc
Beans, dryYield32494.4Fc31904.3Fc31814.9Fc24444.4Fc31818.2Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested49005276559874007300
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4400047000490006400070000
Beans, greenYield89795.9Fc89082.6Fc87531.3Fc86486.5Fc95890.4Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested242Im245Im249Im249Im247Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity1368Im1111Im1272Im1004Im1185Im
Berries NesYield56528.9Fc45346.9Fc51084.3Fc40321.3Fc47975.7Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested941Im952Im968Im962Im953Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity5722Im4648Im5322Im4199Im4956Im
BlueberriesYield60807.7Fc48823.5Fc54979.3Fc43648.7Fc52004.2Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested491564592314300
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity1478Im2180Im2000F 18001500
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed220Fc220Fc220Fc220Fc220Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield30101.8Fc38652.5Fc33783.8Fc57324.8Fc50000Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested4675Im4700* 4900* 5100* 5200*
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity249000277000281500308000289000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield532620Fc589362Fc574490Fc603922Fc555769Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested
Canary seedProduction Quantity
Canary seedSeed
Canary seedYield
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested90008518910085008800
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity482000481000561000496000543000
Carrots and turnipsYield535556Fc564687Fc616484Fc583529Fc617045Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested46754675467546004400
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity5700060700590006600062000
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield121925Fc129840Fc126203Fc143478Fc140909Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested206349A 210419A 220796A 235591A 212300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1609680A 1803150A 1994420A 1963010A 1519600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed129560A 129560A 125738A 119724A 155778A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield78007.8Fc85693.3Fc90328.7Fc83322.7Fc71578Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested206349A 210419A 220796A 235591A 212300A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1609680A 1803150A 1994420A 1963010A 1519600A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed129560A 129560A 125738A 119724A 155778A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield78007.8Fc85693.3Fc90328.7Fc83322.7Fc71578Fc
CherriesArea Harvested708710707700700
CherriesProduction Quantity554Im450F 468Im370F 360F
CherriesYield7824.86Fc6338.03Fc6619.52Fc5285.71Fc5142.86Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested4667Im4700440034002600
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity194701Im159774Im204000144900105900
Chicory rootsYield417187Fc339945Fc463636Fc426176Fc407308Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested13571403133113001200
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity365000365000370000335000320000
Chillies and peppers, greenYield2689760Fc2601570Fc2779860Fc2576920Fc2666670Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested55308A 56696A 69908A 79091A 72300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity434404A 433600A 592382A 596848A 529600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed14560A 14560A 15738A 20723.9A 34778.2A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield78542.7Fc76478.1Fc84737.4Fc75463.4Fc73250.4Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested656664626600600
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity430000435000435000425000430000
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield6554880Fc6551200Fc6948880Fc7083330Fc7166670Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested746785860900800
CurrantsProduction Quantity3693Im3000Im3435Im2711Im3200F
CurrantsYield49504Fc38216.6Fc39941.9Fc30122.2Fc40000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested10110497100100
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity4600046000460004300041000
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield4554460Fc4423080Fc4742270Fc4300000Fc4100000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3056A 2896A 3059A 2918A 3600A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity14054A 16519A 21097A 15331A 15200A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield45988.2Fc57040.8Fc68967Fc52539.4Fc42222.2Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested21561896215926183500
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity795410519145971333114200
Flax fibre and towYield36892.4Fc55480Fc67610Fc50920.6Fc40571.4Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested21255A 21510A 21854A 21727A 21602A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity820510A 666549A 762949A 603545A 710682A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield386032Fc309879Fc349112Fc277786Fc328989Fc
GarlicArea HarvestedF
GarlicProduction QuantityF
GrapesArea Harvested198Im200* 190* 180* 160*
GrapesProduction Quantity1108Im900F 880F 875* 860*
GrapesYield55959.6Fc45000Fc46315.8Fc48611.1Fc53750Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested9001000900300100
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity61006000650020001000
Hemp Tow WasteYield67777.8Fc60000Fc72222.2Fc66666.7Fc100000Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested28502950300032003300
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity900001000009600095000114000
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield315789Fc338983Fc320000Fc296875Fc345455Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested140010009001100600
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity90007000600075004000
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield64285.7Fc70000Fc66666.7Fc68181.8Fc66666.7Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested32853400347536003000
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity8350083300860009050085500
Lettuce and chicoryYield254186Fc245000Fc247482Fc251389Fc285000Fc
LinseedArea Harvested21561422216326183500
LinseedProduction Quantity11951422249921622400
LinseedSeed150.92Fc150.92Fc99.54Fc151.41Fc183.26Fc
LinseedYield5542.67Fc10000Fc11553.4Fc8258.21Fc6857.14Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1657016733188462210019300
MaizeProduction Quantity204400196903244911252300230600
MaizeSeed8000F 8000F 100001300026000
MaizeYield123355Fc117673Fc129954Fc114163Fc119482Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested
Mixed grainProduction Quantity
Mixed grainYield
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested687376100100
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity304000266000230000255000240000
Mushrooms and trufflesYield44705900Fc36438400Fc30263200Fc25500000Fc24000000Fc
OatsArea Harvested14581683156914912000
OatsProduction Quantity84097847963272488000
OatsSeed291.6Fc291.6Fc336.6Fc313.8Fc298.2Fc
OatsYield57674.9Fc46625.1Fc61389.4Fc48611.7Fc40000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested4631A 4764A 5478A 5860A 7600A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity5053.05A 8208.46A 9102.77A 7567.06A 8932A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed113.63A 113.63A 87.66A 120.24A 138.98A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield10911.4Fc17230.2Fc16617Fc12913.1Fc11752.6Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested4631A 4764A 5478A 5860A 7600A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3207.31A 5235.68A 5735.97A 4821.2A 5630A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed65.11A 65.11A 51.4A 69.46A 79.94A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6925.74Fc10990.1Fc10470.9Fc8227.3Fc7407.89Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested1460Im1468Im1410Im1410Im1400F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity36977Im35060Im34755Im33362Im32000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield253267Fc238828Fc246489Fc236610Fc228571Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2984228866260262610026200
Onions, dryProduction Quantity15409001302000126900012360001085000
Onions, dryYield516353Fc451050Fc487589Fc473563Fc414122Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested70Im71Im70Im73Im70F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity2658Im2520Im2498Im2398Im2300F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield379714Fc354930Fc356857Fc328493Fc328571Fc
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity
PearsArea Harvested82037995780075007300
PearsProduction Quantity336000274000295000172000260000
PearsYield409606Fc342714Fc378205Fc229333Fc356164Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested4379501213900900
Peas, dryProduction Quantity2050F 4500560042003400
Peas, drySeed600Fc600Fc600Fc600Fc525Fc
Peas, dryYield46910.8Fc47368.4Fc46166.5Fc46666.7Fc37777.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested39434023552269006400
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2050020900305003750038000
Peas, greenYield51990.9Fc51951.3Fc55233.6Fc54347.8Fc59375Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested257267281300300
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity6349Im5158Im5906Im4660Im5500F
Plums and sloesYield247043Fc193184Fc210178Fc155333Fc183333Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested510710680842700F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity492Im800F 700* 1010680F
Poppy seedSeed4.08Fc4.08Fc5.68Fc5.44Fc6.74Fc
Poppy seedYield9647.06Fc11267.6Fc10294.1Fc11995.3Fc9714.29Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested159233156969154971151900156900
PotatoesProduction Quantity73334706843530718098069227006870400
PotatoesSeed310000F 310000F 298000263000309000
PotatoesYield460550Fc435980Fc463376Fc455741Fc437884Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested304846
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2293A 3568A 3234A 2114A 2300A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7866A 13080A 12000A 8200A 8400A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1230A 1230A 1230A 1230A 1155A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield34304.4Fc36659.2Fc37105.8Fc38789Fc36521.7Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested265264245200200
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1800018000185001650014000
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield679245Fc681818Fc755102Fc825000Fc700000Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested19652632263524003400
RapeseedProduction Quantity67571152111964950011800
RapeseedSeed27.51Fc27.51Fc36.85Fc36.89Fc33.6Fc
RapeseedYield34386.8Fc43772.8Fc45404.2Fc39583.3Fc34705.9Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested42Im43Im35Im36Im42Im
RaspberriesProduction Quantity716Im582Im666Im526Im621Im
RaspberriesYield170476Fc135349Fc190286Fc146111Fc147857Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested159233A 156969A 154971A 151900A 156900A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7333470A 6843530A 7180980A 6922700A 6870400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed310000A 310000A 298000A 263000A 309000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield460550Fc435980Fc463376Fc455741Fc437884Fc
RyeArea Harvested16292252230421002000
RyeProduction Quantity64111024211243800011000
RyeSeedF F F F
RyeYield39355.4Fc45479.6Fc48797.7Fc38095.2Fc55000Fc
SorghumArea Harvested
SpinachArea Harvested18001821169018002300
SpinachProduction Quantity3400029500320003850044000
SpinachYield188889Fc161999Fc189349Fc213889Fc191304Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested16521632163516001700
StrawberriesProduction Quantity4700042700430004220043000
StrawberriesYield284504Fc261642Fc262997Fc263750Fc252941Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested7332970560727027220082100
Sugar beetProduction Quantity58579805280430573497052185005511500
Sugar beetYield798863Fc748360Fc788832Fc722784Fc671315Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested17021676162816001500
TomatoesProduction Quantity815000815000800000730000685000
TomatoesYield4788480Fc4862770Fc4914000Fc4562500Fc4566670Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested17892676273432004000
TriticaleProduction Quantity1048214164169771910020000
TriticaleSeed268.35Fc268.35Fc401.4Fc410.1Fc480Fc
TriticaleYield58591.4Fc52929.8Fc62095.8Fc59687.5Fc50000Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested128431457311797117978937
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity404993382518324859327250256653
Vegetables fresh nesYield315341Fc262484Fc275374Fc277401Fc287180Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested87307A 87778A 84304A 87580A 83707A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5049530A 4787800A 4746110A 4620510A 4369950A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield578365Fc545444Fc562976Fc527576Fc522053Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested87307A 87778A 84304A 87580A 83707A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5049530A 4787800A 4746110A 4620510A 4369950A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield578365Fc545444Fc562976Fc527576Fc522053Fc
WheatArea Harvested151041153723150888156500140000
WheatProduction Quantity1175280136955014020401366160990000
WheatSeed115000F 115000F 11000099000121000
WheatYield77812Fc89092.1Fc92919.3Fc87294.6Fc70714.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested158Im161Im150F 115Im153
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity250F 104Im169Im189Im200
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield15822.8Fc6459.63Fc11266.7Fc16434.8Fc13071.9Fc
ApplesArea Harvested95629737102171029611177
ApplesProduction Quantity365000359000436000359000354000
ApplesYield381719Fc368697Fc426740Fc348679Fc316722Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested29592301210024232200
AsparagusProduction Quantity1400015000150001500014000
AsparagusYield47313.3Fc65189.1Fc71428.6Fc61906.7Fc63636.4Fc
BarleyArea Harvested4462350600480005492556940
BarleyProduction Quantity268700307100287600349067315300
BarleySeed60006000100001600010000
BarleyYield60215.6Fc60691.7Fc59916.7Fc63553.4Fc55374.1Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested11391099228420751138
Beans, dryProduction Quantity19004000810072005043
Beans, drySeed410Fc420Fc470Fc958.1Fc580Fc
Beans, dryYield16681.3Fc36396.7Fc35464.1Fc34698.8Fc44314.6Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested74007100729768006200
Beans, greenProduction Quantity7000070500730006500062000
Beans, greenYield94594.6Fc99295.8Fc100041Fc95588.2Fc100000Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested242Im241Im242Im244Im259Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity1069Im1012Im1166Im946Im956Im
Berries NesYield44173.6Fc41991.7Fc48181.8Fc38770.5Fc36911.2Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested935Im931Im933Im941Im1000F
BlueberriesProduction Quantity4472Im4235Im4878Im3957Im4000F
BlueberriesYield47828.9Fc45488.7Fc52283Fc42051Fc40000Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested513441517600500
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity26942829340027642929
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed220Fc220Fc220Fc230Fc290Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield52514.6Fc64149.7Fc65764Fc46066.7Fc58580Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested7500F 7841Im8377Im8000F 8100
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity269000268000282500281500255000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield358667Fc341793Fc337233Fc351875Fc314815Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested
Canary seedProduction Quantity
Canary seedSeed
Canary seedYield
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested90007980855084008000
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity541000487000471000432000422000
Carrots and turnipsYield601111Fc610276Fc550877Fc514286Fc527500Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested42004000390037003700
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity5250056000550005300053000
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield125000Fc140000Fc141026Fc143243Fc143243Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested213220A 216483A 216753A 218598A 226310A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1674670A 1775180A 1823090A 1819710A 1740490A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed100000A 100875A 95955A 85952.2A 73076.9A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield78541.8Fc82000.9Fc84108.9Fc83244.7Fc76907.1Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested213220A 216483A 216753A 218598A 226310A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1674670A 1775180A 1823090A 1819710A 1740490A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed100000A 100875A 95955A 85952.2A 73076.9A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield78541.8Fc82000.9Fc84108.9Fc83244.7Fc76907.1Fc
CherriesArea Harvested610606555470Im500*
CherriesProduction Quantity350F 300F 250F 220F 200
CherriesYield5737.7Fc4950.5Fc4504.5Fc4680.85Fc4000Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested24004300490048004300
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity99100181000212300208100179500
Chicory rootsYield412917Fc420930Fc433265Fc433542Fc417442Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested12001236120512131235
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity318000345000318000315000310000
Chillies and peppers, greenYield2650000Fc2791260Fc2639000Fc2596870Fc2510120Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested72120A 79783A 79466A 89353A 91095A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity490269A 600489A 599185A 689613A 683845A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed22000A 18875A 58955A 37952.2A 27076.9A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield67979.6Fc75265.3Fc75401.4Fc77178.5Fc75069.4Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested600631623639658
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity440000440000435000430000433000
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield7333330Fc6973060Fc6982340Fc6729260Fc6580550Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested800800800800800
CurrantsProduction Quantity3355Im3177Im3659Im2968Im3000
CurrantsYield41937.5Fc39712.5Fc45737.5Fc37100Fc37500Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested10090898577
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity4000042000410003900033000
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield4000000Fc4666670Fc4606740Fc4588240Fc4285710Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3900A 4700A 4485A 6053A 6196A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity22400A 26800A 27600A 37600A 39000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield57435.9Fc57021.3Fc61538.5Fc62118Fc62943.8Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested39004600448545534096
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity2240026800274002670024700
Flax fibre and towYield57435.9Fc58260.9Fc61092.5Fc58642.7Fc60302.7Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested21132A 21036A 21246A 21106A 22422A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity641036A 608434A 701351A 568722A 574756A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield303348Fc289235Fc330110Fc269460Fc256336Fc
GarlicArea Harvested
GarlicProduction Quantity
GrapesArea Harvested100* 90* 55* 22F 11F
GrapesProduction Quantity730* 680* 470* 200F 100
GrapesYield73000Fc75555.6Fc85454.6Fc90909.1Fc90909.1Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested10015002100
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity2001090014300
Hemp Tow WasteYield72666.7Fc68095.2Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested3047272530503500F 3300
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity1020008200010400010400095000
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield334756Fc300917Fc340984Fc297143Fc287879Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested700600900900900
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity40004000550060006000
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield57142.9Fc66666.7Fc61111.1Fc66666.7Fc66666.7Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested2700260027502366Im1800
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity7150074000730006800066000
Lettuce and chicoryYield264815Fc284615Fc265455Fc287405Fc366667Fc
LinseedArea Harvested44004600448545534096
LinseedProduction Quantity34003641530053474100
LinseedSeed245Fc308Fc322Fc313.95Fc318.71Fc
LinseedYield7727.27Fc7915.22Fc11817.2Fc11743.9Fc10009.8Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1979720748224002454723700
MaizeProduction Quantity181200253132264685286382315278
MaizeSeed1500012000480002000015000
MaizeYield91529Fc122003Fc118163Fc116667Fc133029Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested
Mixed grainProduction Quantity
Mixed grainYield
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested1007785100100
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity235000245000260000263000270000
Mushrooms and trufflesYield23500000Fc31818200Fc30588200Fc26300000Fc27000000Fc
OatsArea Harvested16001700204625002462
OatsProduction Quantity89699472110001516412700
OatsSeed400Fc320Fc340Fc409.2Fc500*
OatsYield56056.3Fc55717.7Fc53763.4Fc60656Fc51584.1Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested8300A 6996A 6490A 5996A 5148A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity9352A 7085.43A 8089A 5736.41A 3956A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed185.71A 224.16A 221.66A 212.91A 210.8A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield11267.5Fc10127.8Fc12463.8Fc9567.06Fc7684.54Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested8300A 6996A 6490A 5996A 5148A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5823A 4349.03A 4930A 3464.39A 2437.9A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed106.36A 127.52A 124.93A 119.88A 118.4A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield7015.66Fc6216.45Fc7596.3Fc5777.84Fc4735.63Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested1500F 1800F 1200F 2200F 310Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity33000F 36000F 24000F 45000F 6175Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield220000Fc200000Fc200000Fc204545Fc199194Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2460022500260002300014789
Onions, dryProduction Quantity94200010820001224700808800816700
Onions, dryYield382927Fc480889Fc471038Fc351652Fc552235Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested65F 78Im83Im79Im60F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity2200F 2247Im2364Im20002000
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield338462Fc288077Fc284819Fc253165Fc333333Fc
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity
PearsArea Harvested69146692649363866329
PearsProduction Quantity222000195000210000159000171000
PearsYield321088Fc291393Fc323425Fc248982Fc270185Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested10562321270029001700
Peas, dryProduction Quantity4600980010700F 10000F 7000
Peas, drySeed435Fc975F 1111.8Fc1140Fc1335Fc
Peas, dryYield43560.6Fc42223.2Fc39629.6Fc34482.8Fc41176.5Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested58005400510060006300
Peas, greenProduction Quantity3400034000350003800040000
Peas, greenYield58620.7Fc62963Fc68627.4Fc63333.3Fc63492.1Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested226297308400400
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity4300F 5500F 7318Im5936Im6000
Plums and sloesYield190265Fc185185Fc237597Fc148400Fc150000Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested600300390F 480F 571
Poppy seedProduction Quantity500300500* 700* 1000
Poppy seedSeed5.6Fc4.8Fc2.4Fc3.12Fc3.84Fc
Poppy seedYield8333.33Fc10000Fc12820.5Fc14583.3Fc17513.1Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested155800156000163905158644165200
PotatoesProduction Quantity62396006777000748770064687607362740
PotatoesSeed204000267000279000271000410000
PotatoesYield400488Fc434423Fc456832Fc407753Fc445686Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2708A 3861A 5501A 5575A 3338A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9194A 16629A 22200A 19964A 14972A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1065A 1615A 1801.8A 2328.1A 2205A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield33951.3Fc43069.2Fc40356.3Fc35809.9Fc44853.2Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested200165160200200
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1150012000110001200011000
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield575000Fc727273Fc687500Fc600000Fc550000Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested330020961615963481
RapeseedProduction Quantity116007736750033631455
RapeseedSeed47.6Fc46.2Fc29.34Fc22.61Fc13.48Fc
RapeseedYield35151.5Fc36908.4Fc46439.6Fc34922.1Fc30249.5Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested43Im42Im43Im47Im46Im
RaspberriesProduction Quantity560Im530Im610Im495Im500
RaspberriesYield130233Fc126190Fc141860Fc105319Fc108696Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested155800A 156000A 163905A 158644A 165200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6239600A 6777000A 7487700A 6468760A 7362740A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed204000A 267000A 279000A 271000A 410000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield400488Fc434423Fc456832Fc407753Fc445686Fc
RyeArea Harvested24002535340035353567
RyeProduction Quantity1090010885166001790016800
RyeSeed10001000
RyeYield45416.7Fc42938.9Fc48823.5Fc50636.5Fc47098.4Fc
SorghumArea Harvested100
SpinachArea Harvested24002131206721001968
SpinachProduction Quantity3900043000400004300043000
SpinachYield162500Fc201783Fc193517Fc204762Fc218496Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested17001600160015001900
StrawberriesProduction Quantity3920039000370003600035000
StrawberriesYield230588Fc243750Fc231250Fc240000Fc184211Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested827819130097700102787108900
Sugar beetProduction Quantity54141005931000629220062098006250200
Sugar beetYield654027Fc649617Fc644033Fc604143Fc573939Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested15001396135212571200
TomatoesProduction Quantity680000660000655000595000555000
TomatoesYield4533330Fc4727790Fc4844670Fc4733490Fc4625000Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested37004100362038464426
TriticaleProduction Quantity2050019900193002110023767
TriticaleSeed600Fc555Fc615Fc543Fc576.9Fc
TriticaleYield55405.4Fc48536.6Fc53314.9Fc54862.2Fc53698.6Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested82227570801491078743
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity233449235558255160249505251626
Vegetables fresh nesYield283932Fc311173Fc318393Fc273971Fc287803Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested83793A 78221A 82902A 82069A 69840A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity4132150A 4233310A 4380220A 3864810A 3744500A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield493138Fc541198Fc528362Fc470921Fc536154Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested83793A 78221A 82902A 82069A 69840A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity4132150A 4233310A 4380220A 3864810A 3744500A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield493138Fc541198Fc528362Fc470921Fc536154Fc
WheatArea Harvested141100136700137287129245135215
WheatProduction Quantity11844001174690122390011301001056640
WheatSeed7800082000370004800046000
WheatYield83940.5Fc85932Fc89149Fc87438.6Fc78145.2Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea1894.8Q 1908.7Q 1917.4Q 1929.3Q 1914.4Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea43.3Q 41.7Q 47.5W 46.9W 45.5W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea4.2Q 4.1Q 1.8Fm3.5Fm1.5Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea202I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea47.5Q 45.8Q 49.3W 50.4W 47W
Arable landArea1042.4Q 1059Q 1054.7Q 1066.6Q 1059.8Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1078.8Q 1095.4Q 1090.2Q 1101.5Q 1093.7Q
Arable land area certified organicArea17.1Q
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea1.9Q
Arable land organic, totalArea19Q
Country areaArea4154Fm4154Fm4154Q 4154Q 4154Q
Fallow landArea7.2Q 7.3Q 7.4Q 7.6Q 17.1Q
Forest areaArea365Fm365Q 365Fm365Fm365Fm
Inland waterArea781Fm781Fm781Fm778Fm778Fm
Land areaArea3373Fm3373Fm3373Q 3376Q 3376Q
Other landArea1113.2Fm1099.3Fm1090.6Fm1081.7Fm1096.6Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea766.4Q 768.7Q 784.8Q 791.6Q 794.3Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea49.6Q 44.6Q 42.4Q 36.3Q 26.4Q
Permanent cropsArea36.4Q 36.4Q 35.5Q 34.9Q 33.9Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea0.4Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea0.1Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea0.5Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea816Q 813.3Q 827.2Q 827.8Q 820.7Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea25.7Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea2.2Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea27.9Q
Temporary cropsArea862.9Q 869.7Q 857.4Q 868.4Q 847Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea172.3Q 182Q 189.9Q 190.6Q 195.7Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea486Q 479Fm472Fm464Fm457I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea1919.6Q 1937.7Q 1949.4Q 1923W 1949Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea47W 46.9W 46.1W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea1.4Fm1.9Fm2.1Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea48.4W 48.8W 48.2W
Arable landArea1069.8Q 1111Q 1127.5Q 906W 916Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1102.5Q 1142.8Q 1158.6Q 938W 949Q
Arable land area certified organicArea
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea
Arable land organic, totalArea
Country areaArea4154Q 4154Q 4153W 4153Q 4153Q
Fallow landArea20.5Q 34.9Q 25.3Q 4W 6W
Forest areaArea365Fm365Q 364Fm363Fm362Fm
Inland waterArea778Fm778Fm777Fm777Fm777Fm
Land areaArea3376Q 3376Q 3376Q 3376Q 3376Q
Other landArea1091.4Fm1073.3Fm1062.6Fm1090Fm1065Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea794.7Q 770.6Q 756.7Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea22.5Q 24.3Q 34.1Q
Permanent cropsArea32.7Q 31.8Q 31.1Q 32Q 33Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea
Permanent crops organic, totalArea
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea817.1Q 794.9Q 790.8Q 985W 1000Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea
Temporary cropsArea847.2Q 871Q 880.9Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea202.1Q 205.1Q 221.3Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea432Fm408I 380Fm351I 390Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data