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Datasheet

Nicaragua

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Nicaragua
  • General data
  • Region: Central America
  • Area (km2): 130,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Managua
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 5,604,596
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$990
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$5,533,842,432
  • GDP: US$5,725,935,104
  • Agriculture, value added: US$969,550,144
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)EradicatedMunoz & Monterroso, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)WidespreadYesBextine et al., 2012a; EPPO, 2014; Bextine et al., 2013a; Munyaneza et al., 2013b
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Langford, 1953; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentEvans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesStover, 1980a; Mourichon & Fullerton, 1990; Stover, 1980b; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentYesLópez & Enríquez, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentMuller, 1953; Litzenberger & Stevenson, 1957
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015; Chavarría et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadNativeNorrbom, 2004b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)PresentNativeJiron et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeBorge & Basedow, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentWarner, 1966; EPPO, 2014; Dxl, 1985; Swesey & Daxl, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesMaes & Tellez, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)WidespreadNativeYesMunyaneza, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Bextine et al., 2013; Munyaneza et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadHaines, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)EradicatedWyss, 2000; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann & Belkin, 1977b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentCPPC; IIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentMonterrey, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentRosset et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativePerez Farfante , 1975; Perez & Kensley , 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)EradicatedIPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedMaes, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeYesHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEsser & Meredith, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentGiles, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentO'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff & Berg, 1966; Davis, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativePerfecto, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentVan, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)PresentPRECODEPA, 1988; PRECODEPA, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentYokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedYesAtkinson & Equihua-Martinez, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)WidespreadNativeSchmitter-Soto, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)WidespreadNativeMiller et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeGese et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid)PresentNativeConkel, , 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)PresentNativeKöhler, 2003; The Reptile Database, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1996; Lever, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)WidespreadIntroducedVilla, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; McCrary et al., 2007; Welcomme, 1988; McKaye et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentNativeGoldman, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedSchofield, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedMcKenzie & Lopez, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentWehunt & Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadSosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadSosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadEdwards & Wehunt, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentWehunt & Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)WidespreadDean, 1979; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedMaas & Kamer, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativePancho et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Davidse et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2015; Flora of Nicaragua, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; Alemán, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2015; Flora of Nicaragua, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentFlora of Nicaragua, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentYesHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2015; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentOtabbong et al., 1991; Salomon, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Absent, intercepted onlyStevens et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto)PresentGonzález-Rivas et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedYesFAO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentISSG, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle)PresentNativePruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedCochrane & Iltis, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester & Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2015; Flora of Nicaragua, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedYesPruski, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 1994; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeMOBOT, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedVega & Rúgolo, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMorales, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedZuloaga & Morrone, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997; Solis & de le Cruz, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)WidespreadNativeBelcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedNash, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentOttabong et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedStein, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)PresentSmithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedStevens et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; CSIRO, 1998; Ocampo & Balick, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDaniel, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer, 1994b; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativePIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeTaylor, 1963; Holm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedOrchard, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentLewis et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Killip, 1938; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeCardenas & Coulston, 1967; Stevens, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentNativePIER, 2012a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeymour, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Govaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentNativeIrwin & Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativePIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentFlora of Nicaragua, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015; Pool & Rueda, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadNativeGentry, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentAlmeda, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadNativeStevens, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentSolis & de la Cruz, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeHaynes & Holm-Nielsen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesLockhart & Jones, 1999
Virusbluetongue virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentRobles-Sikisaka et al., 2002
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009
bluetongueNo information availableOIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentLagueux et al., 1998
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidNo information availableOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentRobles-Sikisaka et al., 2002
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisNo information availableKantor INde, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE, 2009; Nichol, 1988
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested5415Im5004Im5147Im4992Im5379Im
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity4838Im4197Im4740Im5393Im5572Im
Agave Fibres NesYield8934.44Fc8387.29Fc9209.25Fc10803.3Fc10358.8Fc
BananasArea Harvested775746.06711732725
BananasProduction Quantity3964535213.8465953628544391
BananasYield511548Fc471997Fc655345Fc495697Fc612290Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested199329Im216490248592239165231558
Beans, dryProduction Quantity130324Im138448213464176655170448
Beans, drySeed7175.84Fc7175.84Fc7793.64Fc8949.31Fc8609.94Fc
Beans, dryYield6538.14Fc6395.12Fc8586.92Fc7386.32Fc7360.92Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested10268Im10138Im9467Im9781Im9544Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity15357Im14526Im13301Im14207Im14213Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield14956.2Fc14328.3Fc14049.9Fc14525.1Fc14892.1Fc
CassavaArea Harvested8149Im8338.4511697.115876.412000F
CassavaProduction Quantity75085Im73788.6101908128124115000F
CassavaYield92140.1Fc88492Fc87122.4Fc80700.9Fc95833.3Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity
Castor oil seedYield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested476263A 464852A 440252A 432673A 474174A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity848560A 818561A 802879A 688644A 774300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed15502.2A 15502.2A 26530.2A 25879.5A 24196A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield17817Fc17609.1Fc18236.8Fc15916Fc16329.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested476263A 464852A 440252A 432673A 474174A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1020620A 969740A 914273A 783571A 864166A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed15502.2A 15502.2A 26530.2A 25879.5A 24196A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield21429.7Fc20861.3Fc20767Fc18110Fc18224.7Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested21474A 20670A 19700A 19688A 19500A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity95056A 84432A 111720A 87000A 85000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield44265.6Fc40847.6Fc56710.7Fc44189.3Fc43589.7Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested388095A 376538A 366497A 361504A 405822A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity503928A 515750A 579757A 498505A 594297A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed7567.1A 7567.1A 24530.2A 23879.5A 22296A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield12984.7Fc13697.2Fc15818.9Fc13789.8Fc14644.3Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested6348Im5939Im6200F 5000F 3900F
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity1742Im1323Im1550F 1250F 970F
Cocoa beansYield2744.17Fc2227.65Fc2500Fc2500Fc2487.18Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested1431Im1165Im1130Im1350F 1300F
CoconutsProduction Quantity6202Im6079Im5654Im6700F 6500F
CoconutsYield43340.3Fc52180.3Fc50035.4Fc49629.6Fc50000Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested121509113680118679115883126879
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity10366478712.392204.575957100000
Coffee, greenYield8531.38Fc6924.02Fc7769.23Fc6554.63Fc7881.52Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1160F 1160F 1120F 1120F 1120F
CottonseedProduction Quantity2000* 2000* 1900* 1900* 1900*
CottonseedSeed45.5Fc45.5Fc45.5Fc45.5Fc45.5Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested7764A 6916A 7002A 6742A 7129A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5998A 5357A 5860A 6513A 6692A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7725.4Fc7745.81Fc8369.04Fc9660.34Fc9387.01Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested35787A 34447.1A 32831A 32620A 32125A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity271276A 240956A 318832A 248285A 251137A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield75802.9Fc69949.6Fc97113.1Fc76114.4Fc78174.9Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested2965Im2854Im2720Im2800F 2700F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity15297Im13587Im17978Im14000F 13500F
Fruit Fresh NesYield51591.9Fc47606.9Fc66095.6Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested40000* 32561.732289.83857928127
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity183000* 180250* 167371* 198951* 156750*
Groundnuts, with shellSeed2600Fc2600Fc2116.51Fc2098.84Fc2507.64Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield45750Fc55356.4Fc51834Fc51569.8Fc55729.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested349134Im341194334528318435353263
MaizeProduction Quantity441550Im456974522024423881486672
MaizeSeed6982.68Fc6982.68Fc24000F 23400F 21650F
MaizeYield12647Fc13393.4Fc15604.8Fc13311.4Fc13776.5Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested4000* 4000* 3000* 3000* 3000*
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity86700F 86700F 73300F 63300F 60000F
Oil palm fruitYield216750Fc216750Fc244333Fc211000Fc200000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested59173A 48867.5A 46529.8A 54545A 44308A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity78454.7A 76600.4A 70481.9A 83209.9A 66119.2A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1120.98A 1120.98A 915.41A 882.08A 1060.31A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield13258.5Fc15675.1Fc15147.7Fc15255.3Fc14922.6Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested59173A 48867.5A 46529.8A 54545A 44308A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity72898.6A 71852.4A 65778.7A 73992.6A 60480.7A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed835.12A 835.12A 680.85A 669.11A 799.51A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield12319.6Fc14703.5Fc14136.9Fc13565.4Fc13650Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3172Im3244Im3034Im2963Im3077Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity7750Im7804Im7017Im6838Im7060Im
Onions, dryYield24432.5Fc24056.7Fc23127.9Fc23078Fc22944.4Fc
OrangesArea Harvested21474Im20670Im19700F 19688Im19500F
OrangesProduction Quantity95056Im84432Im111720Im87000F 85000F
OrangesYield44265.6Fc40847.6Fc56710.7Fc44189.3Fc43589.7Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity3000* 3000* 2000* 2000* 2000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity13000* 13000* 11000* 9500* 9000*
PineapplesArea Harvested3924Im3777Im3600F 3500F 3400F
PineapplesProduction Quantity56815Im50465Im66775Im52000F 51000F
PineapplesYield144788Fc133611Fc185486Fc148571Fc150000Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested6649Im6400Im6100F 5900F 5800F
PlantainsProduction Quantity64463Im57258Im75764Im59000F 57246Im
PlantainsYield96951.4Fc89465.6Fc124203Fc100000Fc98700Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1772Im1782Im2500F 2400F 2400F
PotatoesProduction Quantity26232Im24619Im34000F 33000F 33000F
PotatoesSeed886Fc886Fc891Fc1250Fc1200Fc
PotatoesYield148036Fc138154Fc136000Fc137500Fc137500Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested199329A 216490A 248592A 239165A 231558A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity130324A 138448A 213464A 176655A 170448A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed7175.84A 7175.84A 7793.64A 8949.31A 8609.94A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield6538.14Fc6395.12Fc8586.92Fc7386.32Fc7360.92Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested88168Im88314737557116968352
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity516690Im453990334516285066269869
Rice, paddySeed7935.12Fc7935.12Fc2000F 2000F 1900F
Rice, paddyYield58602.9Fc51406.3Fc45355Fc40054.8Fc39482.2Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested3163Im3243Im4550F 3950F 3750F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity12085Im12744Im17600F 15200F 14500F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield38207.4Fc39296.9Fc38681.3Fc38481Fc38666.7Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13084A 13363.5A 18747.1A 22226.4A 18150A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity113402A 111152A 153508A 176324A 162500A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed886A 886A 891A 1250A 1200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield86672.3Fc83175.8Fc81883.6Fc79330.9Fc89531.7Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested2349Im1912Im1855Im1750F 1750F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity3986Im3907Im3634Im3400F 3400F
Seed cottonYield16968.9Fc20434.1Fc19590.3Fc19428.6Fc19428.6Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested9093Im7402.04725182699162
Sesame seedProduction Quantity3703Im3629.595103.1849674683
Sesame seedSeed72.74Fc72.74Fc59.22Fc58.01Fc66.15Fc
Sesame seedYield4072.36Fc4903.5Fc7037.9Fc6006.77Fc5111.33Fc
SorghumArea Harvested38961Im35343.7319694306952559
SorghumProduction Quantity62378Im58775.95773374624107625
SorghumSeed584.42Fc584.42Fc530.16Fc479.54Fc646.04Fc
SorghumYield16010.4Fc16629.8Fc18059.1Fc17326.6Fc20477Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested2300F 1826.810041597969
SoybeansProduction Quantity5000* 4035.45230032032072
SoybeansSeed92Fc92Fc73.07Fc40.16Fc63.88Fc
SoybeansYield21739.1Fc22090.3Fc22908.4Fc20056.4Fc21382.9Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested5987454427.654629.85412853772
Sugar caneProduction Quantity59375004893930511554043048604480870
Sugar caneYield991666Fc899163Fc936401Fc795311Fc833309Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1870Im1847.72184117711813
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity3615Im2998.64295228382836
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19331.5Fc16228.9Fc16034.8Fc16024.8Fc15642.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested376Im400F 465Im470Im492Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity5724Im5903.648194Im8043Im7799Im
TomatoesYield152234Fc147591Fc176215Fc171128Fc158516Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested863Im877Im978Im1200F 1200F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity10027Im8608Im8500F 8400F 8500F
Vegetables fresh nesYield116188Fc98152.8Fc86912.1Fc70000Fc70833.3Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested14679A 14659A 13944A 14414A 14313A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity38858A 36841.6A 37012A 37488A 37572A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield26471.8Fc25132.4Fc26543.3Fc26008Fc26250.3Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested14679A 14659A 13944A 14414A 14313A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity38858A 36841.6A 37012A 37488A 37572A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield26471.8Fc25132.4Fc26543.3Fc26008Fc26250.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested5400F 5464Im5300F 5200F 5150F
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity4400F 3037Im4350F 4250F 4200F
Agave Fibres NesYield8148.15Fc5558.2Fc8207.55Fc8173.08Fc8155.34Fc
BananasArea Harvested781108893410041102
BananasProduction Quantity4264949915522845898356366
BananasYield546082Fc458778Fc559786Fc587480Fc511488Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested228518270255231648289067249498
Beans, dryProduction Quantity179735211907173240230338196943
Beans, drySeed8336.09Fc8226.65Fc9729.18Fc8339.33Fc10406.4Fc
Beans, dryYield7865.24Fc7841Fc7478.59Fc7968.33Fc7893.57Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested9500F 9500F 9000F 8500F 8250F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity14000F 14000F 13000F 12500F 11500F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield14736.8Fc14736.8Fc14444.4Fc14705.9Fc13939.4Fc
CassavaArea Harvested11000F 13500F 11000F 9980F 10000F
CassavaProduction Quantity105000F 11936287433105830107928
CassavaYield95454.6Fc88416.3Fc79484.6Fc106042Fc107928Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity
Castor oil seedYield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested470290A 541777A 444255A 538652A 525819A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity788197A 858188A 712739A 902929A 812960A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed26677.4A 25852.8A 12735.8A 14455.3A 15471.1A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield16759.8Fc15840.2Fc16043.5Fc16762.7Fc15460.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested470290A 541777A 444255A 538652A 525819A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity894613A 963653A 798823A 1002010A 910681A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed26677.4A 25852.8A 12735.8A 14455.3A 15471.1A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield19022.6Fc17786.9Fc17981.2Fc18602.1Fc17319.3Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16500A 16500A 16000A 16500A 16000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity72000A 72000A 69000A 70000A 66000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield43636.4Fc43636.4Fc43125Fc42424.2Fc41250Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested382478A 446110A 370611A 445680A 433691A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity575044A 646940A 540313A 704476A 617225A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed24805.4A 23980.8A 10775.8A 12114.3A 13576.1A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield15034.7Fc14501.8Fc14579Fc15806.8Fc14231.9Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested5600F 2100F 2900F 2000F 1900F
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity1400F 580F 800F 550F 515F
Cocoa beansYield2500Fc2761.9Fc2758.62Fc2750Fc2710.53Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested1200F 1200F 1150F 1000F 1100F
CoconutsProduction Quantity6000F 6000F 5800F 5600F 5500F
CoconutsYield50000Fc50000Fc50434.8Fc56000Fc50000Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested114189126879115200115200115200
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity7045595455575338272760235
Coffee, greenYield6170.03Fc7523.31Fc4994.18Fc7181.16Fc5228.73Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1090F 1050F 1025F 1000* 900*
CottonseedProduction Quantity1900* 1900* 1800* 1800* 1710*
CottonseedSeed45.5Fc44.2Fc42.9Fc41.6Fc40.3Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested7100A 7114A 6900A 6750A 6650A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5490A 4087A 5375A 5250A 5100A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7732.39Fc5745.01Fc7789.86Fc7777.78Fc7669.17Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested28831A 28288A 26834A 27554A 26902A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity233149A 231915A 223284A 229983A 220366A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield80867.5Fc81983.5Fc83209.4Fc83466.3Fc81914.4Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested2700F 2600F 2600F 2550F 2500F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity13500F 13000F 13000F 12500F 12000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc49019.6Fc48000Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested2602830735267612300916009
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity145654* 173523* 149097* 134091* 86234*
Groundnuts, with shellSeed1828.26Fc1691.82Fc1997.78Fc1739.46Fc1495.58Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield55960.5Fc56457.8Fc55714.3Fc58277.6Fc53865.9Fc
MaizeArea Harvested343160396256323191393474373595
MaizeProduction Quantity501890555595443730588599499455
MaizeSeed2401723391100281140312793
MaizeYield14625.5Fc14021.1Fc13729.7Fc14959Fc13368.9Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested2500F 2500F 2500F 2200F 2000F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity58700F 57300F 56000F 53500F 53000F
Oil palm fruitYield234800Fc229200Fc224000Fc243182Fc265000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested41713A 50226A 51987A 39822A 25239A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity62986.3A 75865.1A 69895.7A 61849.7A 39202.8A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed785.95A 737.92A 911.46A 865.4A 743.63A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield15099.9Fc15104.7Fc13444.9Fc15531.5Fc15532.6Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested41713A 50226A 51987A 39822A 25239A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity57735A 66199.4A 60393.1A 53785.9A 37023.3A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed594.25A 554.17A 664.78A 611.11A 511.04A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield13841Fc13180.3Fc11617Fc13506.6Fc14669.1Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3046Im3000F 2900F 2800F 2700F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity6660Im6500F 6300F 6000F 5500F
Onions, dryYield21864.7Fc21666.7Fc21724.1Fc21428.6Fc20370.4Fc
OrangesArea Harvested16500F 16500F 16000F 16500F 16000F
OrangesProduction Quantity72000F 72000F 69000F 70000F 66000F
OrangesYield43636.4Fc43636.4Fc43125Fc42424.2Fc41250Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity2000* 2000* 2000* 2015* 2000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity8800* 8600* 8400* 8000* 8000*
PineapplesArea Harvested3350F 3300F 3000F 3400F 3300F
PineapplesProduction Quantity50000F 49000F 47000F 48000F 46000F
PineapplesYield149254Fc148485Fc156667Fc141176Fc139394Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested5500F 4800F 4300F 4100F 4000F
PlantainsProduction Quantity55000F 48000F 42000F 40500F 40000F
PlantainsYield100000Fc100000Fc97674.4Fc98780.5Fc100000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested2350F 2300F 2250F 2200F 2150F
PotatoesProduction Quantity32500F 31000F 30000F 29000F 28500F
PotatoesSeed1200Fc1175Fc1150Fc1125Fc1100Fc
PotatoesYield138298Fc134783Fc133333Fc131818Fc132558Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested228518A 270255A 231648A 289067A 249498A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity179735A 211907A 173240A 230338A 196943A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed8336.09A 8226.65A 9729.18A 8339.33A 10406.4A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield7865.24Fc7841Fc7478.59Fc7968.33Fc7893.57Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested8781295667736449297292128
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity319569316713258510297530293456
Rice, paddySeed18721872196023411895
Rice, paddyYield36392.4Fc33105.8Fc35102.7Fc32002.1Fc31853.1Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested3000F 1700F 1700F 1700F 1650F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity11600F 6500F 6000F 6550F 6350F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield38666.7Fc38235.3Fc35294.1Fc38529.4Fc38484.8Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16350A 17500A 14950A 13880A 13800A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity149100A 156862A 123433A 141380A 142778A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed1200A 1175A 1150A 1125A 1100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield91192.7Fc89635.4Fc82563.9Fc101859Fc103462Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested1700F 1650* 1600* 1550* 1500*
Seed cottonProduction Quantity3300F 3200F 3100F 3000F 2850F
Seed cottonYield19411.8Fc19393.9Fc19375Fc19354.8Fc19000Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested9176114981628182282350
Sesame seedProduction Quantity65705876904253641002
Sesame seedSeed73.3Fc73.41Fc91.98Fc130.25Fc65.82Fc
Sesame seedYield7159.98Fc5110.45Fc5553.71Fc6519.2Fc4263.83Fc
SorghumArea Harvested3931849854474205220660096
SorghumProduction Quantity731549134596583115877117770
SorghumSeed788.39Fc589.77Fc747.81Fc711.3Fc783.09Fc
SorghumYield18605.7Fc18322.5Fc20367.6Fc22196.1Fc19597Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested11092643369538352280
SoybeansProduction Quantity22765621785572734520
SoybeansSeed38.76Fc44.36Fc105.72Fc147.8Fc153.4Fc
SoybeansYield20523Fc21267.5Fc21258.5Fc18964.8Fc19824.6Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested5062846353452944377441096
Sugar caneProduction Quantity45050403816570402700041005003119360
Sugar caneYield889832Fc823371Fc889080Fc936743Fc759042Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested18901855174315551325
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity30803029254422681995
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield16296.3Fc16328.8Fc14595.5Fc14585.2Fc15056.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested513Im500F 480F 460F 460F
TomatoesProduction Quantity7411Im7300F 7000F 6800F 6700F
TomatoesYield144464Fc146000Fc145833Fc147826Fc145652Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested1100F 1050F 1000F 950F 900F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity7800F 7400F 7000F 6700F 6500F
Vegetables fresh nesYield70909.1Fc70476.2Fc70000Fc70526.3Fc72222.2Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested14159A 14050A 13380A 12710A 12310A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity35871A 35200A 33300A 32000A 30200A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield25334.4Fc25053.4Fc24887.9Fc25177Fc24532.9Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested14159A 14050A 13380A 12710A 12310A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity35871A 35200A 33300A 32000A 30200A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield25334.4Fc25053.4Fc24887.9Fc25177Fc24532.9Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea5146Fm5146Fm5146Fm5146Fm5200Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea27.1I 27.1I 56.6I 56.6I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea6.5I 6.5I 14.3I 14.3I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea33.6I 33.6I 71I 71I
Arable landArea1900Fm1900Fm1900Fm1900Fm1950Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2130Fm2130Fm2130Fm2130Fm2184Fm
Country areaArea13037W 13037W 13037W 13037W 13037Q
Fallow landArea1196Q
Forest areaArea3044Fm3114Q 3184Fm3254Fm3324Fm
Inland waterArea1003Fm1003Fm1003Fm1003Fm1003Fm
Land areaArea12034W 12034W 12034W 12034W 12034W
Other landArea3844Fm3774Fm3704Fm3634Fm3510Fm
Permanent cropsArea230Fm230Fm230Fm230Fm234Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea3016Fm3016Fm3016Fm3016Fm3016Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea61Fm61Fm61Fm61Fm61Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea5220Fm5300Fm5205Fm5300Fm5234Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea60I 51.1I
Arable landArea1970Fm2050Fm1955Fm2050F 2000Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2204Fm2284Fm2189Fm2284Fm2234Fm
Country areaArea13037Q 13037Q 13037Q 13037Q 13037Q
Fallow landArea1196Q 1196Q 1196Q 1196Q
Forest areaArea3394Fm3464Q 3534Fm3604Fm3674Fm
Inland waterArea1003Fm1003Fm1003Fm1003Fm1003Fm
Land areaArea12034W 12034W 12034W 12034W 12034W
Other landArea3420Fm3270Fm3295Fm3130Fm3126Fm
Permanent cropsArea234Fm234Fm234Fm234Fm234Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea3016Q 3016Q 3016Q 3016Q 3000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea61Fm61Fm61Fm61F 61F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data