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Datasheet

Mozambique

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Mozambique
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 802,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Maputo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 21,372,202
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$330
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$7,139,836,416
  • GDP: US$7,789,983,232
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,955,161,984
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Absent, invalid record
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)PresentCABI/EPPO &, 1998a; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, formerly presentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedPlumb-Dhindsa & Mondjane, 1984; De Milliano et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesIPPC, 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea)Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Restricted distributionCarvalho, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO, 2014; Seif & Hillocks, 1993; UK CAB International, 1996; De & Carvalho Mendes, 1952
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentDe Carvalho, 1948; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentSantiago et al., 1971; Fonseca, 1974; Mukoyi et al., 2011
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentRodrigues, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesBorowiec et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978; NHM, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentAlcobia, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesIPPC, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Presentde Meyer, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)WidespreadNativeDe Meyer, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeBarnard, 1950; Apel & Spiridonov, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativePinhey, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentAlmeida, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesHarbach, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentCadahia, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentDel Valle y March, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)WidespreadByrne et al., 1983; Yaninek, 1988; Fletchmann, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentMillar, 1994; CIE, 1979; Remaudiere & Autrique, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)WidespreadYesSchulthess, 1899; Kirby, 1902; Finot, 1907; Du Plessis, 1949; Okhoba et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeYesWheeler, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesNeuenschwander & Herren, 1988; Herren & Neuenschwander, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentLe Pelley, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentJavaid et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)WidespreadIntroducedYesAnon, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)WidespreadChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentHaggis, 1984; UK CAB International, 1972; Rose et al., 1996; International Red Locust Control Organisation; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentAlmeida, 1972; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, unreliable recordBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIPPC, 2017
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeRandall & Heemstra, 1991; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedMonniot, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)Introduced, establishedIntroducedFirmat et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeISSG, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)WidespreadNativeYesCraig, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeSpawls et al., 2002; Bayless, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentAppeltans et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, invalid recordNativeDaget, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentMartens Evon, 1860
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Joubert & Walters, 1951; Bruggen ACvan, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus africanus (peanut pod nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)WidespreadMartin & Armstrong, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentOever & Mangane, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentOever & Mangane, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentOever & Mangane, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentEvaristo, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Dever vd & Mangane, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)LocalisedNativeSchelpe, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesLanga, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeJohns, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeSilva et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)Presentde Wet, 1993; Greathead & deGroot, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedYesBalsinhas, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; ILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeYesHolm & et al. , 1979; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedJohnson, 1971; Grabandt, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Restricted distributionNativePhilcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; PROTA, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Townsend, 1988; PROTA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentTownsend, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentThiselton-Dyer & ed., 1913; Hauman, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedExell, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora Zambesiaca, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)No information availableBell, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesHyde et al., 2013b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedStruwig et al., 2011; Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedGrace et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentBrenan, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesZachariades & Goodall, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentNativeScott, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentWild & Gonþalves, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativePROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionSouth, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2015; Flora Zambesiaca, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedGoncalves, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentYesLaunert & Pope, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedWild, 1961; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedSilva et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeLaunert, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentMartins, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentExcell, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionPieterse, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedBrundu & Camarda, 2004; Schmidt et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedFernandes, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentNativeHyde et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedYesCsurhes & Edwards, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHyde et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Silva et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedAnon., 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativePickering & Roe, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)Restricted distributionNativeStapf, 1906
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al., 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesBingham et al., 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedYesPalgrave, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesAneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Clayton, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentFernandez & Fernandes, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; Kativu & Mithen, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentLaunert, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentBlundell, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013; Hansen, 1975; Philcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedFlora Zambesiaca, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Clayton et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentKew Herbarium Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedSANBI (South African National Biodiversity Institute), 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentNativeWerner et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)Restricted distributionNativeHilliard, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Zambesiaca, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)WidespreadNativeOudtshoorn F van, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSauer, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGrubben & Denton, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentExell et al., 1963; Hadidi, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentLaunert, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, unreliable recordGondwe et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentLister & Ranieri, 1995
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease)PresentMonger et al., 2001b; Hillocks et al., 2002; Thresh & Hillocks, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadHampton et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)WidespreadDe Carvalho, 1948; CABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusLast reported 1963OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1896OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessLast reported 2006OIE, 2012
African swine feverPresentOIE, 2012
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOffice International des Epizooties1999; OIE, 2012
anthraxPresentOIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2012
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kanhai & Silva, 1981
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2012; AU-IBAR, 2011
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterPresentOIE, 2012; Valadao, 1969
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1998
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2012; Huston, 1945
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2012
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Dias, 1992
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverLast reported 1963OIE, 2012
rinderpestLast reported 1896OIE, 2012
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1997
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria parva infectionsPresentMazibe & Lopes, 1989; Norval et al., 1992; Travassos Santos Dias, 1977
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2012
tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2012
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
BananasArea Harvested12529Im16500F 15760Im15337Im15203Im
BananasProduction Quantity100231Im115000F 113371Im109351Im109516Im
BananasYield79999.2Fc69697Fc71935.9Fc71298.8Fc72035.8Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested77402Im75831Im77000F 102000F 90000F
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity72263Im60664Im640008500074395
Cashew nuts, with shellYield9336.06Fc7999.89Fc8311.69Fc8333.33Fc8266.11Fc
CassavaArea Harvested975519Im950000F 12540001199000650000F
CassavaProduction Quantity6267160Im5700000F 5670000F 40545905038620
CassavaYield64244.4Fc60000Fc45215.3Fc33816.4Fc77517.2Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested146441Im150000Im181526Im157143Im150000F
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity57429Im60000F 57000F 5207154515
Castor oil seedSeed1464.41Fc1464.41Fc1500Fc1815.26Fc1571.43Fc
Castor oil seedYield3921.65Fc4000Fc3140.05Fc3313.61Fc3634.33Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2563440A 2490700A 2522680A 2416650A 1906600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2781930A 2445660A 2486970A 2277970A 1849060A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed59887.2A 59887.2A 57922A 58395.5A 58469A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield10852.3Fc9819.17Fc9858.46Fc9426.15Fc9698.21Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2563440A 2490700A 2522680A 2416650A 1906600A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2846180A 2505600A 2546580A 2364550A 1883910A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed59887.2A 59887.2A 57922A 58395.5A 58469A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield11103Fc10059.8Fc10094.7Fc9784.41Fc9881Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8192A 8090A 7854A 7695A 7536A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity40457A 35810A 35848A 34070A 31750A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield49386Fc44264.5Fc45643Fc44275.5Fc42131.1Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested2365740A 2303000A 2338000A 2196000A 1799000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2650960A 2323000A 2365000A 2102000A 1776760A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed44120.5A 44120.5A 42960A 43675A 40870A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield11205.6Fc10086.8Fc10115.5Fc9571.95Fc9876.35Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested83826Im82966Im79793Im73604Im70662Im
CoconutsProduction Quantity266029Im277941Im270000F 265000F 306494Im
CoconutsYield31735.9Fc33500.6Fc33837.6Fc36003.5Fc43374.7Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested1147Im971Im956Im806Im794Im
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity1275Im957Im1141Im1088Im1190Im
Coffee, greenYield11116Fc9855.82Fc11935.2Fc13498.8Fc14987.4Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity58000F 58000F 62000F 62000F 55000F
CottonseedProduction Quantity115500F 115500F 125000F 125000113000
CottonseedSeed7400Fc7400Fc7400Fc8000Fc8000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested371258A 380059A 430347A 409000A 369000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity61618A 61141A 64637A 65048A 57726A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield1659.71Fc1608.72Fc1501.97Fc1590.42Fc1564.39Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested65594A 66990A 66503A 62423A 61527A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity358117A 368810A 375096A 356624A 354791A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield54596Fc55054.5Fc56402.9Fc57130.2Fc57664.3Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested28652Im28000F 27299Im26253Im26023Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity122854Im125000F 133783Im124285Im124473Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield42878Fc44642.9Fc49006.6Fc47341.3Fc47831.9Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested2763Im2700F 2624Im2524Im2502Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity20639Im21000F 22102Im20534Im20565Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield74697.8Fc77777.8Fc84230.2Fc81355Fc82194.2Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested2375Im2300F 2250F 2200F 2165Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity11429Im11000F 10700F 10500F 10300F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield48122.1Fc47826.1Fc47555.6Fc47727.3Fc47575.1Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested288000* 295000* 357000* 341000* 295000*
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity67000* 70000* 68000* 94454102932
Groundnuts, with shellSeed23040Fc23040Fc23600Fc28560Fc27280Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield2326.39Fc2372.88Fc1904.76Fc2769.91Fc3489.22Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested6179A 6200A 7720A 6000A 6000A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity2995A 2600A 2176A 2446A 2126A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield4847.06Fc4193.55Fc2818.65Fc4076.67Fc3543.33Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested825Im980F 825Im900F 881Im
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity2704Im3400F 3300F 3200F 3100F
Lemons and limesYield32775.8Fc34693.9Fc40000Fc35555.6Fc35187.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1617380Im1573000* 1612000* 1480000* 1441000*
MaizeProduction Quantity2090790Im1878000* 1932000* 16760001582000
MaizeSeed32347.6Fc32347.6Fc31460Fc32240Fc29600Fc
MaizeYield12927Fc11939Fc11985.1Fc11324.3Fc10978.5Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested5290Im4200F 6361Im3986Im3951Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity19843Im18500F 19913Im18499Im18527Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield37510.4Fc44047.6Fc31304.8Fc46409.9Fc46891.9Fc
MilletArea Harvested109490Im110000F 109000* 10600058000F
MilletProduction Quantity57292Im50000F 49000* 4800025213
MilletSeed2189.8Fc2189.8Fc2200Fc2180Fc2120Fc
MilletYield5232.62Fc4545.45Fc4495.41Fc4528.3Fc4347.07Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested916932A 924341A 1062340A 990992A 896919A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity141882A 146023A 156438A 165971A 163355A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed12800.6A 12800.6A 13025A 15335.2A 14743.6A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield1547.35Fc1579.76Fc1472.58Fc1674.8Fc1821.29Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1063370A 1074340A 1243860A 1148140A 1046920A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity119923A 124825A 129586A 132326A 136775A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed8912.23A 8912.23A 9104.27A 10915.4A 10345.1A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield1127.76Fc1161.87Fc1041.8Fc1152.53Fc1306.45Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested131751Im121994Im129214Im119388Im122257Im
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity33274Im34764Im33771Im45697Im45705Im
Oilseeds, NesYield2525.52Fc2849.65Fc2613.57Fc3827.6Fc3738.44Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1678Im1350F 1330F 1300F 1292Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity4827Im3700F 3600F 3547Im3540Im
Onions, dryYield28766.4Fc27407.4Fc27067.7Fc27284.6Fc27399.4Fc
OrangesArea Harvested4879Im4700F 4680Im4500F 4400F
OrangesProduction Quantity25921Im21000F 21468Im20000F 18000F
OrangesYield53127.7Fc44680.8Fc45871.8Fc44444.4Fc40909.1Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested6179Im6200F 7720Im6000F 6000F
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity2995Im2600F 2176Im2446Im2126Im
Other BastfibresYield4847.06Fc4193.55Fc2818.65Fc4076.67Fc3543.33Fc
PapayasArea Harvested4400Im4300F 4112Im3955Im3920Im
PapayasProduction Quantity43245Im44000F 42000F 40555Im40616Im
PapayasYield98284.1Fc102326Fc102140Fc102541Fc103612Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested3768Im3200F 2493Im2673Im2392Im
PineapplesProduction Quantity10848Im9500F 8079Im9330Im9344Im
PineapplesYield28789.8Fc29687.5Fc32406.7Fc34904.6Fc39063.6Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested7586Im8000F 7627Im7512Im7500F
PotatoesProduction Quantity102290Im110500F 110000F 104530Im100000F
PotatoesSeed7586Fc7586Fc8000Fc7627Fc7512Fc
PotatoesYield134841Fc138125Fc144224Fc139151Fc133333Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested337876Im315000F 300000F 290000F 320000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity229084Im205000F 195000F 190000F 210000F
Pulses, nesSeed13515Fc13515Fc12600Fc12000Fc11600Fc
Pulses, nesYield6780.12Fc6507.94Fc6500Fc6551.72Fc6562.5Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested337876A 315000A 300000A 290000A 320000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity229084A 205000A 195000A 190000A 210000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed13515A 13515A 12600A 12000A 11600A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield6780.12Fc6507.94Fc6500Fc6551.72Fc6562.5Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested549Im550F 458Im461Im445F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1034Im1000F 729Im798Im828Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield18834.2Fc18181.8Fc15917Fc17310.2Fc18606.7Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested195243Im185000F 182000* 218000105000F
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity192934Im180000F 179000* 260000104655
Rice, paddySeed15619.4Fc15619.4Fc14800Fc14560Fc17440Fc
Rice, paddyYield9881.74Fc9729.73Fc9835.16Fc11926.6Fc9967.14Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested1245Im1300F 1250F 1200F 1150F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity8459Im8600F 8500F 8400F 8300F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield67943.8Fc66153.9Fc68000Fc70000Fc72173.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1095850A 1089300A 1388880A 1287710A 778650A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7238770A 6739100A 6688500A 4733570A 6022140A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed7586A 7586A 8000A 7627A 7512A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield66055.9Fc61866.3Fc48157.6Fc36759.5Fc77340.7Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested361220Im370000F 418768Im400000F 360000F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity167500Im175000F 136786Im190000F 171000F
Seed cottonYield4637.06Fc4729.73Fc3266.39Fc4750Fc4750Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested42000F 44000F 65000F 45000F 35000F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity26000F 28000F 43000F 30000F 23000F
Sesame seedSeed420Fc420Fc440Fc650Fc450Fc
Sesame seedYield6190.48Fc6363.64Fc6615.38Fc6666.67Fc6571.43Fc
SisalArea Harvested3859F 3859F 3859Im3000F 3000F
SisalProduction Quantity623Im541Im461Im602Im600F
SisalYield1614.41Fc1401.92Fc1194.61Fc2006.67Fc2000Fc
SorghumArea Harvested638872Im620000F 617000* 610000300000F
SorghumProduction Quantity502875Im395000F 384000* 378000169543
SorghumSeed9583.08Fc9583.08Fc9300Fc9255Fc9150Fc
SorghumYield7871.3Fc6370.97Fc6223.66Fc6196.72Fc5651.43Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested215000F 215000F 165000F 180000F 160000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity2800000F 2800000F 220700024511702060670
Sugar caneYield130233Fc130233Fc133758Fc136176Fc128792Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested10135Im10381Im12563Im12000F 14000F
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity6404Im6691Im6500F 51286252
Sunflower seedSeed121.62Fc121.62Fc124.57Fc150.76Fc144Fc
Sunflower seedYield6318.7Fc6445.43Fc5173.92Fc4273.33Fc4465.71Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested111504Im130000F 126000F 80000F 120000F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity860858Im920000F 900000F 566050875216
Sweet potatoesYield77204.2Fc70769.2Fc71428.6Fc70756.3Fc72934.7Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested113Im110F 99Im95F 90F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity403Im410F 380F 370F 350F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield35663.7Fc37272.7Fc38383.8Fc38947.4Fc38888.9Fc
TeaArea Harvested7715Im7055Im6500F 8500F 8856Im
TeaProduction Quantity13767Im14756Im12500* 1686616256
TeaYield17844.5Fc20915.7Fc19230.8Fc19842.3Fc18355.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested54554Im55510Im60000F 62000F 70000F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity57846Im56896Im630006434273000*
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield10603.4Fc10249.7Fc10500Fc10377.7Fc10428.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested2321Im2250F 2100F 1946Im1775F
TomatoesProduction Quantity12148Im16000F 15000F 13624Im13000F
TomatoesYield52339.5Fc71111.1Fc71428.6Fc70010.3Fc73239.4Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested77402A 75831A 77000A 102000A 90000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity72263A 60664A 64000A 85000A 74395A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield9336.06Fc7999.89Fc8311.69Fc8333.33Fc8266.11Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested43888Im46000F 42548Im38507Im33145Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity226392Im195000F 235631Im177000F 163557Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield51584Fc42391.3Fc55380Fc45965.7Fc49345.9Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested48436A 50150A 46436A 42214A 36657A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity244401A 215700A 254960A 194969A 180925A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield50458.5Fc43011Fc54905.7Fc46185.9Fc49356.2Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested48436A 50150A 46436A 42214A 36657A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity244401A 215700A 254960A 194969A 180925A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield50458.5Fc43011Fc54905.7Fc46185.9Fc49356.2Fc
WheatArea Harvested2456Im2700F 2675F 2650F 2600F
WheatProduction Quantity2286Im2600F 2575F 2550F 2500F
WheatSeed147.36Fc147.36Fc162Fc160.5Fc159Fc
WheatYield9307.82Fc9629.63Fc9626.17Fc9622.64Fc9615.38Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
BananasArea Harvested15902Im14748Im14523Im17798Im16816Im
BananasProduction Quantity110551Im101459Im107605Im101180Im107952Im
BananasYield69520.2Fc68795.1Fc74092.8Fc56849.1Fc64196Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested75000F 120000F 60000F 75000F 65000F
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity62821104337429886381850177
Cashew nuts, with shellYield8376.13Fc8694.75Fc7164.67Fc8509.07Fc7719.54Fc
CassavaArea Harvested8570001105000* 10685001045630* 1019670
CassavaProduction Quantity665871047824206412770* 61499005924550
CassavaYield77697.9Fc43279.8Fc60016.6Fc58815.3Fc58102.6Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested135922Im135000F 130000F 125000F 115000F
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity4962749000449274085435683
Castor oil seedSeed1500Fc1359.22Fc1350Fc1300Fc1250Fc
Castor oil seedYield3651.14Fc3629.63Fc3455.92Fc3268.32Fc3102.87Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2234500A 1537830A 1713260A 1848150A 1645610A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1714060A 1117660A 1294570A 1471800A 1329540A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed43036A 49060A 33839.6A 38721.5A 42598.9A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield7670.87Fc7267.76Fc7556.21Fc7963.65Fc8079.34Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2234500A 1537830A 1713260A 1848150A 1645610A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1747080A 1139300A 1324960A 1510920A 1360630A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed43036A 49060A 33839.6A 38721.5A 42598.9A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield7818.66Fc7408.51Fc7733.55Fc8175.34Fc8268.27Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested7570A 7184A 7124A 7122A 5854A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity32000A 30000A 30000A 30000A 24025A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield42272.1Fc41759.5Fc42111.2Fc42123Fc41040.3Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested2127000A 1468000A 1615600A 1726000A 1543710A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1645510A 1072000A 1231620A 1391220A 1265270A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed34480A 40510A 28310A 30962A 32870A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield7736.28Fc7302.45Fc7623.27Fc8060.37Fc8196.31Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested70000F 100000F 68000F 70000F 65000F
CoconutsProduction Quantity290000F 440000F 285000F 290000F 275000F
CoconutsYield41428.6Fc44000Fc41911.8Fc41428.6Fc42307.7Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested818Im771Im881Im874Im875Im
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity933Im918Im868Im728Im722Im
Coffee, greenYield11405.9Fc11906.6Fc9852.44Fc8329.52Fc8251.43Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity59000F 38000F 45500F 26500F 40500F
CottonseedProduction Quantity12200078500920005414482980
CottonseedSeed7200Fc7800Fc5000Fc5900Fc3500Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested399000A 259000A 303502A 185209A 274576A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity62357A 42377A 49524A 30371A 44378A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield1562.83Fc1636.18Fc1631.75Fc1639.82Fc1616.24Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested64069A 59437A 59078A 63477A 58980A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity358094A 340100A 359308A 343333A 337324A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield55891.9Fc57220.3Fc60819.3Fc54087.8Fc57192.9Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested27219Im25243Im25160Im26000F 24000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity125650Im115316Im122302Im115000F 105000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield46162.6Fc45682.4Fc48609.7Fc44230.8Fc43750Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested2617Im2427Im2419Im2500F 2300F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity20759Im19052Im20206Im19000F 17000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield79323.6Fc78500.2Fc83530.4Fc76000Fc73913Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested2264Im2100Im2093Im2163Im2119Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity10750* 10000* 10000* 10000* 8000*
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield47482.3Fc47619.1Fc47778.3Fc46232.1Fc37753.7Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested295000* 293000* 293921* 292537* 279787*
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity85977930009023287463101074
Groundnuts, with shellSeed23600Fc23600Fc23440Fc23513.7Fc23403Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield2914.47Fc3174.06Fc3069.94Fc2989.81Fc3612.53Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested6000A 6000A 5668A 6806A 6384A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity2750A 3222A 3006A 2852A 2878A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield4583.33Fc5370Fc5303.46Fc4190.42Fc4508.15Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested921Im854Im851Im879Im861Im
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity3030* 2850* 2850* 2850* 2300*
Lemons and limesYield32899Fc33372.4Fc33490Fc32423.2Fc26713.1Fc
MaizeArea Harvested16640001230000* 1311600* 1356000F 1270710*
MaizeProduction Quantity1417800942000106040011787901114770
MaizeSeed28820Fc33280Fc24600Fc26232Fc27120Fc
MaizeYield8520.43Fc7658.54Fc8084.78Fc8693.14Fc8772.81Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested4133Im3833Im3820Im4123Im3994Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity18702Im22499Im24285Im26521Im30173Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield45250.4Fc58698.2Fc63573.3Fc64324.5Fc75545.8Fc
MilletArea Harvested5700028000F 34000F 40000F 23000F
MilletProduction Quantity2272115000183052160912184
MilletSeed1160Fc1140Fc560Fc680Fc800Fc
MilletYield3986.14Fc5357.14Fc5383.82Fc5402.25Fc5297.39Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested895397A 791138A 804474A 677499A 736413A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity152134A 144062A 137480A 110875A 130947A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed12897.5A 13095.9A 11654A 12135.7A 10833.6A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield1699.07Fc1820.94Fc1708.94Fc1636.53Fc1778.17Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1031320A 926138A 934474A 802499A 851413A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity122721A 137853A 117182A 105226A 109858A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed9051.38A 8999.51A 8540.4A 8681.91A 8214.28A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield1189.94Fc1488.48Fc1253.99Fc1311.23Fc1290.3Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested111897Im111138Im111487Im110962Im106126Im
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity43245Im37578Im38534Im31196Im36981Im
Oilseeds, NesYield3864.71Fc3381.2Fc3456.37Fc2811.41Fc3484.63Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1253Im978Im1055Im1001Im727Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity3378Im2913Im3528Im3350Im2457Im
Onions, dryYield26959.3Fc29785.3Fc33440.8Fc33466.5Fc33796.4Fc
OrangesArea Harvested4300F 4150F 4100F 4000F 2819Im
OrangesProduction Quantity17900* 16850* 16850* 16850* 13500*
OrangesYield41627.9Fc40602.4Fc41097.6Fc42125Fc47889.3Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested6000F 6000F 5668Im6806Im6384Im
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity2750Im3222Im3006Im2852Im2878Im
Other BastfibresYield4583.33Fc5370Fc5303.46Fc4190.42Fc4508.15Fc
PapayasArea Harvested4100F 4077Im4064Im4200F 4100F
PapayasProduction Quantity41000F 43118Im45730Im43000F 40000F
PapayasYield100000Fc105759Fc112525Fc102381Fc97561Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested2528Im1925Im1968Im1734Im1916Im
PineapplesProduction Quantity9432Im8656Im9180Im8632Im13174Im
PineapplesYield37310.1Fc44966.2Fc46646.3Fc49780.8Fc68757.8Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested6800F 8213Im7942Im7772Im7579Im
PotatoesProduction Quantity90000F 89748Im101511Im97350Im88393Im
PotatoesSeed7500Fc6800Fc8213Fc7942Fc7772Fc
PotatoesYield132353Fc109276Fc127815Fc125257Fc116629Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested300000F 240000F 200000F 215000F 214000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity195000F 145000F 108000F 113000F 112000F
Pulses, nesSeed12800Fc12000Fc9600Fc8000Fc8600Fc
Pulses, nesYield6500Fc6041.67Fc5400Fc5255.81Fc5233.64Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested300000A 240000A 200000A 215000A 214000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity195000A 145000A 108000A 113000A 112000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed12800A 12000A 9600A 8000A 8600A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield6500Fc6041.67Fc5400Fc5255.81Fc5233.64Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested433Im406Im317Im288Im276Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity749Im598Im654Im628Im529Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield17297.9Fc14729.1Fc20630.9Fc21805.6Fc19166.7Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested105000F 67000F 95000F 120000F 100000F
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity99173650009124211748393362
Rice, paddySeed8400Fc8400Fc5360Fc7600Fc9600Fc
Rice, paddyYield9445.05Fc9701.49Fc9604.42Fc9790.25Fc9336.2Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested1111Im1432Im1385Im1355Im1321Im
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity8128Im5808Im7614Im7302Im6630Im
Roots and Tubers, nesYield73159.3Fc40558.7Fc54974.7Fc53889.3Fc50189.3Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested992911A 1243920A 1202830A 1174760A 1108030A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7686730A 5792980A 7421900A 7131720A 6475520A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed7500A 6800A 8213A 7942A 7772A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield77416.1Fc46570.5Fc61703.8Fc60708Fc58441.9Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested390000F 250000F 295000F 175000F 265000F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity184000F 118000F 139000F 82000F 125000F
Seed cottonYield4717.95Fc4720Fc4711.86Fc4685.71Fc4716.98Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested20000F 22000F 22000F 15000F 12000F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity12000F 15000F 14650F 10000F 8000F
Sesame seedSeed350Fc200Fc220Fc220Fc150Fc
Sesame seedYield6000Fc6818.18Fc6659.09Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc
SisalArea Harvested3000F 3000F 2834Im3403Im3192Im
SisalProduction Quantity6071155Im1018Im1019Im1000F
SisalYield2023.33Fc3850Fc3592.1Fc2994.42Fc3132.83Fc
SorghumArea Harvested406000210000F 270000F 330000F 250000F
SorghumProduction Quantity204986115000152910190820138318
SorghumSeed4500Fc6090Fc3150Fc4050Fc4950Fc
SorghumYield5048.92Fc5476.19Fc5663.33Fc5782.42Fc5532.72Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested160000F 185000F 150000F 160000F 120000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity20603202246990187326019408001586260
Sugar caneYield128770Fc121459Fc124884Fc121300Fc132188Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested8500F 15000F 14066Im14000F 8500F
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity42047000612764004149
Sunflower seedSeed168Fc102Fc180Fc168.79Fc168Fc
Sunflower seedYield4945.88Fc4666.67Fc4355.89Fc4571.43Fc4881.18Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested128000F 129270Im125000F 120000F 79458Im
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity929896915000F 900000F 877165455950
Sweet potatoesYield72648.1Fc70782.1Fc72000Fc73097.1Fc57382.5Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested85F 80F 80F 80F 55F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity320* 300* 300* 300* 225*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield37647.1Fc37500Fc37500Fc37500Fc40909.1Fc
TeaArea Harvested8743Im8400F 8300F 7195Im7200F
TeaProduction Quantity1625616000151271269012579
TeaYield18593.2Fc19047.6Fc18225.3Fc17637.3Fc17470.8Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested58000F 62500F 48000F 35000F 24000F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity5904165042495283705125611
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield10179.5Fc10406.7Fc10318.3Fc10586Fc10671.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1827Im1712Im1337Im1213Im1161Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity12782Im10205Im10265Im10351Im9215Im
TomatoesYield69961.7Fc59608.6Fc76776.4Fc85333.9Fc79371.2Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested75000A 120000A 60000A 75000A 65000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity62821A 104337A 42988A 63818A 50177A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield8376.13Fc8694.75Fc7164.67Fc8509.07Fc7719.54Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested36149Im33879Im26462Im24013Im22986Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity147932Im118108Im129230Im124049Im104420Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield40922.8Fc34861.7Fc48836.1Fc51659.1Fc45427.7Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested39662A 36975A 29171A 26515A 25150A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity164841A 131824A 143677A 138378A 116621A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield41561.4Fc35652.2Fc49253.4Fc52188.6Fc46370.2Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested39662A 36975A 29171A 26515A 25150A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity164841A 131824A 143677A 138378A 116621A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield41561.4Fc35652.2Fc49253.4Fc52188.6Fc46370.2Fc
WheatArea Harvested2500F 2826Im2658Im2148Im1900F
WheatProduction Quantity2400F 2300F 2100F 2221Im2000F
WheatSeed156Fc150Fc169.56Fc159.48Fc128.88Fc
WheatYield9600Fc8138.71Fc7900.68Fc10339.9Fc10526.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea49400Fm49400Fm49400Fm49000Fm49050Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea5.5I 1.6I 2.8I 0.7I
Arable landArea5200Fm5200Fm5200Fm4800Fm4800Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea5400Fm5400Fm5400Fm5000Fm5050Fm
Country areaArea79938W 79938W 79938W 79938W 79938W
Fallow landArea
Forest areaArea38810.6Fm39022Q 39233.4Fm39444.8Fm39656.2Fm
Inland waterArea1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm
Land areaArea78638W 78638W 78638W 78638W 78638W
Permanent cropsArea200Fm200Fm200Fm200Fm250Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea44000Fm44000Fm44000Fm44000Fm44000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea118Fm118Fm118Fm118Fm118Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea49050Fm48750Fm48850Fm48750Fm48700Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea0.7I 0.7I
Arable landArea4800Fm4500Fm4600Fm4500Fm4450Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea5050Fm4750Fm4850Fm4750Fm4700Fm
Country areaArea79938W 79938Q 79938Q 79938Q 79938Q
Fallow landArea355W 360W 336W
Forest areaArea39867.6Fm40079Q 40300.8Fm40522.6Fm40744.4Fm
Inland waterArea1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm
Land areaArea78638W 78638Q 78638Q 78638Q 78638Q
Permanent cropsArea250Fm250Fm250Fm250Fm250Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea44000Fm44000Fm44000Fm44000F 44000F
Total area equipped for irrigationArea118Fm118Fm118Fm118F 118F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data