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Datasheet

Mexico

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Mexico
  • General data
  • Region: North America
  • Area (km2): 195,800
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Mexico City
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 105,280,515
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$9,400
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$989,449,093,120
  • GDP: US$1,022,815,305,728
  • Agriculture, value added: US$36,728,807,424
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentRueda et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentDjordjevic et al., 1994
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)WidespreadGundersen et al., 1996; Lee et al., 1998a; Seemüller et al., 1998; Zak et al., 2011; Poghosyan et al., 2015
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)Restricted distributionMcCoy et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO &, 1998a; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentBajet & Renfro, 1989; Davis et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiPresentIbarra-Gámez et al., 2007
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)PresentNativeYesMunyaneza et al., 2009a; Munyaneza et al., 2009b; Munyaneza et al., 2009c; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionNAPPO, 2010
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLopez & Fucikovsky, 1990; Ramirez-Legarreta, 1990; Mendoza & Teliz Ortiz, 1984; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2009; NAPPO, 2010; NAPPO, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Restricted distributionCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentIMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)WidespreadBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentFernández-Pavía et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisWidespreadCaceres-Martinez & Tinoco-Orta, 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentRaju et al., 1980; Guevara, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedYesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014; Fernández-Pavía et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982; López et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)Restricted distributionAguirre et al., 1983; Romero, 1978
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentGreathead & Greathead, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedWaller, 1981; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentAlvarado et al., 2007; Alvarado et al., 2007
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionNativeMartin, 1947; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al., 1998; Valasquez-Valle et al., 1998; Torres & Montez, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentNativeGarza et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentBritz et al., 2001; Guerra-Santos, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)Restricted distributionNativeYesMartin, 1948; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentEvans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesStover & Simmonds, 1987; Mourichon & Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentRomo Lozano et al., 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentMcGuire & Crandall, 1967; BPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentStanosz et al., 1999; de Wet et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresentNativeGarbelotto & Chapela, 2000
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentIntroducedYesPhillips-Mora et al., 2006b; CABI/EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; IPPC, 2006; NAPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadBorlaug, 1958; Roelfs, 1985a
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Restricted distributionNAPPO, 2010; Flores et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; Leόn-Gallegos & Cummins, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)PresentNativeO'Brien & Thirumalachar, 1972; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; Duran, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Restricted distributionIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)LocalisedFrías-Alvarez et al., 2008
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentUndurraga & Dybas, 1988; EPPO, 2014; Estebanes-Gonzales & Rodriguez-Navarro, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentIntroducedFERA, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadRodriguez del Bosque & Loera-Gallardo, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)WidespreadMound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedEvans, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentNativeYesEspinosa Garduno, 1980; Henry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)LocalisedNativeStone, 1942a; Hernandez Ortiz, 1992; Wulp, 1899; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Loew, 1873; Stone, 1942; Hernandez-Ortiz, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942; Hernandez-Ortiz, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)LocalisedNativeStone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Hernández-Ortiz, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)WidespreadNativeSteck et al., 1990; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Hernandez-Ortiz, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)WidespreadIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)WidespreadNativeJones et al., 1989; Pacheco-Covarrubias, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978; Arriola et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeCockerell, 1899; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978; Urias Lopez & Corillo Sanches, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedYesCairns et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentMiller, 1996; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentGonzález-Gómez et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)PresentNativeYesRubio-Covarrubias et al., 2011; Trumble, 2008; Tuthill, 1945; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentIntroducedNardi et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentMartinez-Carrillo & Brown, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedEspinosa-Islas et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedWinter et al., 2006; Flanders et al., 2003; Stout & Goulson, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentRodríguez-Navarro et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentRosas-Acevedo & Sampedro-Rosas, 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)EradicatedIntroducedYesSAGARPA, 2014; Enkerlin et al., 1989; IPPC, 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)LocalisedIntroducedCortes-Jacinto et al., 2004; Bortolini et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentNativeMiller, 1996; Zahradník, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentMiller, 1996; CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSchotman, 1989; Miller, 1996; Myartseva & Ruíz-Cancino, 2000; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)EradicatedWyss, 2000; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedWalsingham, 1914
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesHagen, 1858
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesGarcia-Rejon et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle)Restricted distributionNativeYesWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Cibrián Tovar et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus pseudotsugae (Douglas-fir beetle)Restricted distributionNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Cibrián Tovar et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle)WidespreadNativeCibrian-Tovar et al., 1995; Tovar et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)PresentNativeKrysan & Smith, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Restricted distributionMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Rodríguez-Palomera et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentBorchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGilchrist et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesNAPPO, 2011; Lee et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Naranjo-Lázaro et al., 2014; Lasa & Tadeo, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentBeardsley, 1965; García et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentRosen, 1981; Ben-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; Kaydan & Gullan, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesPavón-Gozalo et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNativeNakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)WidespreadIntroducedYesGobierno del Distrito Federal Mexico, 2004; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Transient: actionable, under eradicationNAPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)LocalisedNativeYesKramer, 1979; Howard et al., 1984a; Pérez-Hernández et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKoch et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentJohansen, 1976; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; Quayle, 1938
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989; Miller, 1996; Merrill, 1953; Salaza-Torres & Solis-Aguilar, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentCPPC; IIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Restricted distributionNativeTriapitsyn & Phillips, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentBaker, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al., 1998; Arriola et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; Jacques, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO, 2014; Medina et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentMartinez & Etienne, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentNativeKuschel, 1951; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativePerez Farfante , 1975; Perez & Kensley , 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesMatile-Ferrero et al., 2000; Anon., 2000a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Restricted distributionConnell, 1970; Audisio, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentVan Duzee, 1917; Metcalf & Bruner, 1948; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedSánchez Soto, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentDoreste, 1984; Urias-Lopez & Carrillo-Sanchez, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1998; Rodriguez-Valez, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; Arriola et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish)PresentIntroducedCampos-Gonzales, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentNativeWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; Pollard, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentSalazar Torres & Solis Aguilar, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentZhang, 1994; Beasley & Adams, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Introduced, establishment uncertainIntroducedDIAS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesKempf, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams & Willink, 1992; Granara et al., 2007; Hodges et al., 2008; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentRico-Grey & Thien, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Arriola et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHuner & Barr , 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeYesHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentTokihiro, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentIntroducedYesJimenez-Perez & Castro-Longoria, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)LocalisedIntroducedYesEstrada-Venegas et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; Foote, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Restricted distributionFoote, 1981; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)PresentNativeRull et al., 2006; Muñiz-Reyes et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedNativeWilliams, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Restricted distributionWattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014; Landero-Torres et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentRojas, 1988; Corral et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentIntroducedCano-Santana, 2006; Song, 2004; Salas-Araiza et al., 2003; Garcia-Gutierrez et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips perseae (avocado thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Hoddle et al., 2002b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentCampos-Bolaños et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCustodio, 1944; Ramirez, 1978; Ramirez, 1979; Ramirez, 1984; Vaurie, 1971; O'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014; Aquino et al., 2014; Halffter, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff & Berg, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMyartseva & Lázaro-Castellanos, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; NHM, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM London UK, ?19th century
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentTigar et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeCastillo-Guevara & Rico-Gray, 2002; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentSánchez-Peña et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Salas-Araiza et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)WidespreadSifuentes, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)PresentCruz et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentJiménez-Quiroz et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLopez & Botto, 1995; EPPO, 2014; Arteaga-Garibay et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Medina et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula pensylvanica (western yellowjacket)PresentAkre et al., 1980; Bohart & Bechtel, 1957; Miller, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentIntroducedLever, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014; Schmitter-Soto, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentNativePage & Burr , 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisLocalisedIntroducedMiller et al., 2005; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)PresentIntroducedÁlvarez-Romero & Medellín, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)WidespreadNativeMiller et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)LocalisedNativeList et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)LocalisedNativeMowbray et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiLocalisedNativeAbraham, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeGese et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentNativeVan Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid)PresentNativeConkel, , 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)PresentNativeKöhler, 2003; The Reptile Database, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner)PresentNativeContreras-Balderas & Escalante-C, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)LocalisedNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedCedeño-Vázquez et al., 2014; García-Balderas et al., 2016; Schwartz, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)PresentIntroducedYesE. Beever, U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana, USA, personal observation, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentNativePage & Burr , 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesGerberich & Laird, 1968; Froese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)WidespreadNativePage & Burr, 1991; Froese & Pauly, 2015; Kullander, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Contreras-Balderas & Escalante-C, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentContreras & Escalante , 1984; Froese Pauly, 2004; Lyons et al., 1998; Zambrano & Macias-Garcia, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentNativeNatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentNativeContreras-Balderas & Escalante-C, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedYesPérez-Ponce et al., 2000; Froese Pauly, 2004; FAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentNativeInstituto Nacional de la Pesca, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNotropis stramineusPresentNativeITIS, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)LocalisedNativeFeldhamer et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentNativeDe La Cruz-Agüero J, 1999; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedDe La Cruz-Agüero J, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)LocalisedNativeLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedLyons et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPérez-Ponce et al., 2000; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPeromyscus fraterculus (Northern Baja deermouse)PresentNativeAlvarez-Castaneda et al., 2010; Alvarez-Castaneda et al., 2009; Musser & Carleton, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativePage & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedLever, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; USGS, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)WidespreadNativePage & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedUSGS, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)LocalisedNativeGehrt, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedSchofield, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPylodictis olivaris (flathead catfish)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Page & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)WidespreadNativeCONABIO, 2008; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009; Kellog, 1932; Smith & Taylor, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentNativeInstituto Nacional de la Pesca, 1994; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)PresentNativeAllred, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel)LocalisedNativeKoprowski, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentNatureserve, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesZavaleta, 2002; Long, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiWidespreadNativeFroese & Pauly, 2007; Page & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)WidespreadNativePage & Burr, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedCohen, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesCounts, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedReichling, 1950; Godan, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedHaro et al., 1981; Baquiero, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996; Marcet et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)LocalisedIntroducedWalne, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, few occurrencesNativeWhite-McLean & Redford, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesMinchin et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedBaker, 1930
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentIntroducedMarelli & Berrend, 1978; Salgado-Barragan & Toledano-Granados, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedDIAS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentNativeHill et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedCampos et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentPreciado, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Szczyygiel & Prado-Vera, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Cid del Prado & Sosa-Moss, 1978; Sandoval-Hernandez & Teliz Ortiz, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentSmart & Nguyen, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)WidespreadPacheco-Covarrubias, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Rodriguez-Chapa, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionDesgarennes et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentBecerra & Sosa-Moss, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentWehunt & Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentWalters & Barker1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadSosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Martínez et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentSosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Restricted distributionKnobloch & Laughlin, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentTaboada & Caballero, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)WidespreadAlcocer, 1955; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadGonzales, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiWidespreadIntroducedYesLópez-Jiménez, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale grandis (orange keyhole sponge)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentAguilar-Rosas et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesEspinoza, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedAguilar-Rosas et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeSvenson, 1944
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeCrane, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesGBIF, 2010; Mora-Olivo & Yatskievych, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTaylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesAguilar-Rosas et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedMuñoz et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Fryxell, 1988; Achigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedDommergues et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentNativeRosario, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedYesSAGAR, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Johnson, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedWeber , 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedPérez et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedHäfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedGarcía-Mendoza & Meave, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeSánchez-del Pino et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Davidse et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016; Strother, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeYesGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentAgustín, 1999; Morton, 1987; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Hanelt et al., 2001; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium abietinum (fir dwarf mistletoe)Present, few occurrencesNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe)Restricted distributionNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium douglasii (Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe)Restricted distributionNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium vaginatum (southwestern dwarf mistletoe)WidespreadNativeYesHawksworth & Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedWeed Futures, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2007; Villaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesStandley & Williams, 1969; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Hafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)WidespreadManidool, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionUSDA-NRCS, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedSoreng, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Ocampo-Ruiz et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeStruwig & Siebert, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentMejía-Saulés et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedTropicos, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock , 1944; Gibbs & Russel et al. , 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Arnold & de Wet , 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock , 1944; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Arnold & de Wet , 1993; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock, 1944; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren, 1977; Tselev, 1984; Arnold & de Wet, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2016; eMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedYesWiggins, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Janick & Paull, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedYesArriaga et al., 2004; Clayton et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentMoreno-Casasola, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Hall & Vandiver, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedYesCONABIO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentKew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedMartínez et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm)PresentNativeGovaerts et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadAnaya et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle)PresentNativePruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitharexylum ellipticum (anacahuita)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedTucker & Vanderpool, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester & Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeRiffle, 1998; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionTamayo-Esquer & Gaillardon, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesMorgado-Arroya & Urzua-Soria, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)LocalisedNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedCONABIO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Melchert, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)PresentCruz & Dirzo, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; Randall, 2012; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003; Davidse et al., 2012; van Devender et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMatuda, 1950; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedBreedlove, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedVibrans, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)WidespreadNativeWalters et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentBerlin et al., 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)LocalisedIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2016; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentSchwirkowski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015; Bonilla-Barbosa, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesVibrans, 2009; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentAcevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentEggler, 1948; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeNYBG, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Valdes & Franco, 1998; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeVibrans, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedYesVibrans, 2009; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedYesZuloaga & Morrone, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedYesBeetle, 1977; Espejo et al., 2000; Herrera & Cortés, 2010; Peterson & Valdés-Reyna, 2005; Herrera-Arrieta, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentZipcodeZoo, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Belcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentNativeCandolle, 1836; Labat, 1995; Rzedowski & McVaugh, 1966; Standley, 1926
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedFierros & Musalem, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeZouhar, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentQuattrocchi, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Weber, 2003; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadNativeMartinez et al., 1983; Amador Ramirez, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentNativeBriones, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedGarcía-Mendoza & Meave, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentNativePIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed)Restricted distributionNativeYesSalinas, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedPérez et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)LocalisedNativeLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentBirecka et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionIntroducedNovelo & Martinez, 1989; Rendon-Pimentil et al., 1996; Camarena & Aquilar, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMcChesney, 1994; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedKasselmann, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentNativeOrtiz-Hernandez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeKew Herbarium Catalogue, 2014; Pohl, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedYesClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2017
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; PIER, 2013; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeVibrans, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentAustin, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2009; CSIRO, 1998; Francis, 2005; Howard, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)LocalisedNativeBrooks & Clemants, 2000; Consortium of Midwest Herbaria, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDaniel, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeCONABIO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)WidespreadIntroducedConabio, 2015; Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadIntroducedYesGeronimo, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentNativeYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentNativeYesHughes, 1998b; Hughes, 1998a; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009; Nesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedLewis, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)LocalisedNativeGrisebach, 1875; Hemsley, 1888
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedMalezas de Mexico, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock & Chase, 1910
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedYesWeeds of Mexico, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedYesGBIF, 2012; Stevens & Fehmi, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentNativeAustin, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentVan & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesBaker & Zettler, 1988; Holm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedOrchard, 1981; Bonilla-Barbosa, 1994; Lot & Novelo, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013; S. Kaufman, consultant, USA, personal communication, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentDaniel, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentIntroducedPeterson et al., 2001; Beetle, 1977; Espejo & López-Ferrari, 1993; Sarukhán & Soberón, 2008; Sánchez-Ken et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeBenson, 1982; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentPérez-Calix, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeYesILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadNativeHaseler, 1976; Dale, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Aneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Gomez, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeHäfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMartin & Nakasone, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)WidespreadNativeDavidse et al., 1994; Prota4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentCoppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2008; Weber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Tellman, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeVibrans, 2009; Villaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Rydberg, 1896; Waterfall, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentNativeRodriguez, 1969; FAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008; PIER, 2012a; Seidemann, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentNativeLibby et al., 1968; Moran, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentGBIF, 2009; Villaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNativeMcVaugh, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2008; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedLopez & Tellez Reyes, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentLopez-Tellez & Reyes, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesVibrans, 2009; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentRíos et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentYesVibrans & Hanan, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; New York Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedRzendowski & Rzendowski, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)PresentNativeYesBurkart, 1976; Johnston, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Restricted distributionNativeYesBurkart, 1976; Johnston, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008; Vibrans, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedDe Gennaro, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedCarnevali et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedHultén & Fries, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; Palmer & Pullen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentNativeIrwin & Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007; Conabio, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedHafliger & Scholtz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedVibrans, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedWeeds of Mexico, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentNativeYesGoeden, 1971; Holm et al., 1979; Boyd et al., 1984; Wapshere, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; Lim, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodriguez & Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014; Whalen, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Breedlove, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentNativeWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesVibrans, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeDavidse et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015; Carnevali et al., 2010; Cowan, 1983; Pool & Rueda, 2001; Sousa & Sanchez Cabrera, 1983; Troncoso, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentAnon, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedYesSoto-Pinto et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Restricted distributionIntroducedScudday, 1989; de León González & Vásquez Aldape, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentIntroducedYesWestbrooks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Restricted distributionIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997; Gómez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadNativeGentry, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadNativeYesJex-Blake, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Servín-Villegas et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedBreedlove, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)WidespreadNativeYesBreedlove, 1986; Lot & Novelo, 1988; McVaugh & Koch, 1993; Rejmankova et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeFryxell, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentIntroducedVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesVillaseñor & Espinosa-Garcia, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2015; Carey, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Olvera, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedHoward, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumLocalisedBand-Schmidt et al., 2006
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeltran & Pardinas, 1953; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1973OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentGALLAGHER, 1916; Graham, 1978; Olmos et al., 1986
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentRanieri et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentQuackenbush et al., 2001
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Restricted distributionIzquierdo et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; Kao et al., 2000
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1954OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Gordon et al., 1984
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentLin, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentCarrera-Martinez et al., 1989
Virusmyxoma virusLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentBecerra, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2015; Ling & Zhang, 2011; EPPO, 2014
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentJung & Saif, 2015
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)Restricted distributionRamirez-Arredondo et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Montes Garcia et al., 1998
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentZarain-Herzberg & Ascencio-Valle, 2001
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentAscencio-Ibanez et al., 1999; Bañuelos-Hernández et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedSánchez-Sánchez et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseasePresentSoto-Rodriguez et al., 2015; Nunan et al., 2014
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentDjordjevic et al., 1994; OIE, 2009
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Swayne et al., 1997; Perdue & Suarez, 2000
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009; Etcharren Márquez, 1992
avipoxPresentOlmos et al., 1986; GALLAGHER, 1916; Graham, 1978
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Figueroa et al., 1998; Solorio-Rivera et al., 1999; Solis et al., 1998; Nevils et al., 2000
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; Homan et al., 1992; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionWidespreadIntroducedYesLópez-Jiménez, 1981
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009; Díaz et al., 1998
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009; Quezada et al., 1997
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Perez & Flores-Castro, 1979
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentEscalante-Ochoa et al., 1996; Escalante-Ochoa et al., 1997
ChytridiomycosisLocalisedFrías-Alvarez et al., 2008
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Aguirre et al., 1992
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentQuackenbush et al., 1998
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1954OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus marinusPresentCáceres-Martínez et al., 2008
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisPresentIbarra-Gámez et al., 2007
Newcastle diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Salman et al., 1990; Ramirez et al., 1979
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentBlanco-Viera et al., 1995
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011; Beltran & Pardinas, 1953
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentJung & Saif, 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedNativeSalinas-Melendez et al., 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Vargas-Garcia & Cardenas-Lara, 1996; Jaramillo & Martínez, 1998
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationPresentIntroducedFERA, 2010; OIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentZarain-Herzberg & Ascencio-Valle, 2001
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionPresentOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Medina et al., 2002
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Mason, 1984; Zepeda & Mateos, 1994
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionWidespreadCaceres-Martinez & Tinoco-Orta, 2001
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested12026Im11113Im11430Im11084Im11944Im
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity5553Im4818Im5442Im6191Im6397Im
Agave Fibres NesYield4617.5Fc4335.46Fc4761.15Fc5585.53Fc5355.83Fc
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested53Im35F 53Im47Im46Im
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity39F 39Im64Im52Im59Im
Almonds, with shellYield7358.49Fc11142.9Fc12075.5Fc11063.8Fc12826.1Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested59865811495754146412
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity5259146395396724232749688
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield87856.7Fc79840Fc80032.3Fc78180.6Fc77492.2Fc
ApplesArea Harvested5684557742569925528656072
ApplesProduction Quantity630533584655561493511988505078
ApplesYield110921Fc101253Fc98521.4Fc92607.2Fc90076.7Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested247331311307310
ApricotsProduction Quantity8631291133313871326
ApricotsYield34939.3Fc39003Fc42861.7Fc45179.2Fc42774.2Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested242133134201295
ArtichokesProduction Quantity31931626144625372784
ArtichokesYield131942Fc122256Fc107910Fc126219Fc94372.9Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested147361285817000F 15800F 13900F
AsparagusProduction Quantity854177466073000F 68000F 60000F
AsparagusYield57964.8Fc58065Fc42941.2Fc43038Fc43165.5Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested126598123403121491112479110377
AvocadosProduction Quantity12641401107140123097011624301142890
AvocadosYield99854.7Fc89717.4Fc101322Fc103346Fc103544Fc
BananasArea Harvested7428476927758107770575651
BananasProduction Quantity21386902103360223236021508001964550
BananasYield287907Fc273423Fc294468Fc276790Fc259686Fc
BarleyArea Harvested218344267668239056310770286354
BarleyProduction Quantity487448672367518850781179653074
BarleySeed16703.3Fc16703.3Fc15449.9Fc16492.7Fc16460.1Fc
BarleyYield22324.8Fc25119.4Fc21704.1Fc25136.9Fc22806.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested8949721630220120531015056901489220
Beans, dryProduction Quantity567779115625010413501122720993943
Beans, drySeed45181Fc45181Fc56615.3Fc50300.5Fc48930.1Fc
Beans, dryYield6344.1Fc7092.6Fc8639.69Fc7456.51Fc6674.25Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested743589289022100689704
Beans, greenProduction Quantity69289843937625410111097066
Beans, greenYield93193Fc94526.2Fc84520.1Fc100427Fc100027Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested7691Im7568Im7500F 5000F 4950F
Berries NesProduction Quantity56800Im54160Im56000F 37754Im37000F
Berries NesYield73852.6Fc71564.5Fc74666.7Fc75508Fc74747.5Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested6361061906214
BlueberriesProduction Quantity670410591595150123
BlueberriesYield105409Fc99905.7Fc83947.4Fc24193.5Fc87857.1Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1485020330181552081821290
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity978520485184762736325439
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed595.89Fc595.89Fc627.75Fc743.55Fc638.22Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield6589.23Fc10076.2Fc10176.8Fc13143.9Fc11948.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested72106885590264566368
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity238999221802190788215009219277
Cabbages and other brassicasYield331483Fc322153Fc323260Fc333037Fc344342Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested169184179173187
Canary seedProduction Quantity176197112227183
Canary seedSeed7.61Fc7.61Fc8.28Fc8.06Fc7.79Fc
Canary seedYield10414.2Fc10706.5Fc6256.98Fc13121.4Fc9786.1Fc
CarobsArea Harvested76765656
CarobsProduction Quantity76767328
CarobsYield10000Fc10000Fc13035.7Fc5000Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1501114030141401499515236
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity404726346466368600386040404419
Carrots and turnipsYield269620Fc246947Fc260679Fc257446Fc265436Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested12071559128115011328
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity42604406410841712998
Cashew nuts, with shellYield35294.1Fc28261.7Fc32068.7Fc27788.1Fc22575.3Fc
CassavaArea Harvested1484142512859501235
CassavaProduction Quantity1889918750184321364015159
CassavaYield127352Fc131579Fc143440Fc143579Fc122745Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested57565
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity44491
Castor oil seedYield8000Fc5714.29Fc8000Fc15000Fc2000Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2901026410286232549122884
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity427884385977415486371403326108
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield147495Fc146148Fc145158Fc145700Fc142505Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested8765670A 9974010A 9109610A 10457900A 10232500A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity28348100A 34850300A 31194600A 36031900A 34213000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed514161A 514161A 516811A 530535A 541645A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield32339.9Fc34941.2Fc34243.6Fc34454.3Fc33435.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8765670A 9974010A 9109610A 10457900A 10232500A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity28405900A 34922500A 31282200A 36106600A 34311200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed514161A 514161A 516811A 530535A 541645A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield32405.8Fc35013.5Fc34339.8Fc34525.8Fc33531.7Fc
CherriesArea Harvested86Im85Im108Im84Im85F
CherriesProduction Quantity566Im540Im558Im571Im560F
CherriesYield65813.9Fc63529.4Fc51666.7Fc67976.2Fc65882.4Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested4806789196783859097089665
Chick peasProduction Quantity72143131895132496164605148495
Chick peasSeed3081.5Fc3081.5Fc3440.32Fc2756.35Fc3241.95Fc
Chick peasYield15008.8Fc14787.1Fc16903.2Fc18094.4Fc16561.1Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested31471Im30561Im31912Im33699Im37000F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity59189Im52918Im48757Im53953Im60000F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield18807.5Fc17315.5Fc15278.6Fc16010.3Fc16216.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested14439114397914044013233787863
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity21317402335560194156020549701890430
Chillies and peppers, greenYield147637Fc162215Fc138248Fc155283Fc215157Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested21636Im21289Im21098Im21093Im21400F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity109139Im104067Im107603Im110200Im108000F
Citrus fruit, nesYield50443.2Fc48883Fc51001.5Fc52244.8Fc50467.3Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested551443A 552179A 549063A 560735A 546189A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7140220A 6857470A 7162290A 7469840A 7075160A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield129483Fc124189Fc130446Fc133215Fc129537Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested8069410A 9253710A 8226970A 9605850A 9469840A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity24604900A 31029100A 26903000A 31862800A 30501100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed436892A 436892A 440237A 435957A 452660A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield30491.5Fc33531.5Fc32701Fc33170.2Fc32208.7Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested607086118795000F 79000F 60934
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity213882717460000F 50000F 40000F
Cocoa beansYield3523.09Fc4441.14Fc6315.79Fc6329.11Fc6564.48Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested165116Im167656Im172600F 178500F 171000F
CoconutsProduction Quantity1017010Im1156800F 1191000F 1246400F 1167000F
CoconutsYield61593.7Fc68998.4Fc69003.5Fc69826.3Fc68245.6Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested688208741410765697766984772036
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity237056245271264472260442268565
Coffee, greenYield3444.54Fc3308.17Fc3454Fc3395.66Fc3478.66Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity274000* 157000* 90000* 125000* 137000*
CottonseedProduction Quantity435000* 239000* 151000* 201711209614
CottonseedSeed6945.4Fc6945.4Fc3952.79Fc2521.72Fc3489.22Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested146401565318000F 26000F 17189
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity425433477366540000F 760000F 490215
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield290596Fc304968Fc300000Fc292308Fc285191Fc
DatesArea Harvested988662653634596
DatesProduction Quantity68114150333630672788
DatesYield68937.3Fc62688.8Fc51087.3Fc48375.4Fc46778.5Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested2931090116512781200F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity91596244754000F 5632955000F
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield312594Fc572908Fc463519Fc440759Fc458333Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested232793A 149259A 109572A 137745A 147211A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity299666A 179290A 115286A 146646A 160305A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield12872.6Fc12012Fc10521.5Fc10646.2Fc10889.5Fc
FigsArea Harvested8148268158031084
FigsProduction Quantity36423640318634306123
FigsYield44742Fc44067.8Fc39092Fc42714.8Fc56485.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1247030A 1227020A 1215970A 1207980A 1218980A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity16117100A 15368100A 15890200A 16051400A 15837400A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield129245Fc125248Fc130679Fc132878Fc129924Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested67375Im66294Im65700F 58692Im59548Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity466567Im444884Im460000F 420269Im411879Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield69249.3Fc67107.7Fc70015.2Fc71605.8Fc69167.6Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested40097Im39454Im39100F 38400F 35000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity396583Im378152Im391000F 384000F 350000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield98905.9Fc95846.3Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
GarlicArea Harvested56754909567450355491
GarlicProduction Quantity5806547429560885001556999
GarlicYield102317Fc96616.4Fc98850.9Fc99334.7Fc103804Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested1738217577179901638216247
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity397267400934431670394865313497
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield228551Fc228102Fc239950Fc241036Fc192957Fc
GrapesArea Harvested2721027104257552595629268
GrapesProduction Quantity281145307147274828307478356258
GrapesYield103324Fc113322Fc106709Fc118461Fc121723Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested6134452564513435202652236
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity7982781485855028073582809
Groundnuts, with shellSeed2558.84Fc2558.84Fc2218.64Fc2218.04Fc2125.04Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield13013Fc15502Fc16653.1Fc15518.2Fc15852.9Fc
Gums NaturalProduction Quantity3824332097317942911227709
Jojoba SeedsArea Harvested290Im276Im259Im289Im310
Jojoba SeedsProduction Quantity111Im105Im78Im95Im93
Jojoba SeedsYield3827.59Fc3804.35Fc3011.58Fc3287.2Fc3000Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested236Im239510F 430F 480F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity3131Im32907900F 6700F 7500F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield132669Fc137657Fc154902Fc155814Fc156250Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested10383981310318964810466
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity5749557782632845517561881
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield55374.2Fc58883.1Fc61333.6Fc57188Fc59125.7Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested151021143869141752149653145632
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity21477401891400198745022425401935910
Lemons and limesYield142215Fc131467Fc140206Fc149849Fc132932Fc
LentilsArea Harvested68213889661182917810
LentilsProduction Quantity82242712649581629037
LentilsSeed205.8Fc205.8Fc242.79Fc201.78Fc248.91Fc
LentilsYield12056.9Fc6973.52Fc9824.53Fc9844.41Fc11571.1Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1839516645157951330913350
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity370066340976317781284709286294
Lettuce and chicoryYield201177Fc204852Fc201191Fc213922Fc214452Fc
LinseedArea Harvested2600F 3600F 2600F 7300F 10300F
LinseedProduction Quantity18002500180051007200
LinseedSeed130Fc130Fc180Fc130Fc365Fc
LinseedYield6923.08Fc6944.44Fc6923.08Fc6986.3Fc6990.29Fc
MaizeArea Harvested60690907148050622305073539407333280
MaizeProduction Quantity1763540023301900201428002432010023512800
MaizeSeed387515Fc387515Fc393035Fc386306Fc401873Fc
MaizeYield29057.7Fc32599Fc32368Fc33070.8Fc32063.1Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested5518554394610585636353053
Maize, greenProduction Quantity672311627092600057610593585596
Maize, greenYield121829Fc115287Fc98276.6Fc108332Fc110379Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested196930174970170027172285193390
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity18273101632650150927017165401911270
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield92789.8Fc93310.3Fc88766.5Fc99633.8Fc98829.8Fc
MelonseedArea Harvested30916F 1626
MelonseedProduction Quantity1732Im35
MelonseedYield5666.67Fc3333.33Fc1250Fc1875Fc1923.08Fc
MilletArea Harvested1676Im1907Im1742Im2000F 1570F
MilletProduction Quantity1490Im1832Im1641Im1894Im1800
MilletYield8890.21Fc9606.71Fc9420.21Fc9470Fc11465Fc
Mustard seedArea Harvested55108123
Mustard seedProduction Quantity155191615385
Mustard seedYield28181.8Fc19000Fc20000Fc150000Fc167391Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested1731515866150781422113977
Natural rubberProduction Quantity3824332097317942911227709
Natural rubberYield22086.6Fc20230Fc21086.3Fc20471.1Fc19824.7Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested67133Im68983Im64753Im57253Im57000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity59957Im59393Im97785Im84428Im96000F
Nuts, nesYield8931.08Fc8609.8Fc15101.2Fc14746.5Fc16842.1Fc
OatsArea Harvested51655667567199510044172282
OatsProduction Quantity50582111126130463147529124644
OatsSeed3085.1Fc3085.1Fc3412.9Fc3821.8Fc5215.95Fc
OatsYield9792.28Fc16646.6Fc18121.1Fc14688.1Fc17244.1Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested3270131804282392591823804
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity507011438172367084307757292499
Oil palm fruitYield155044Fc137773Fc129992Fc118743Fc122878Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested746987A 678383A 511212A 554622A 573002A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity613392A 472843A 376340A 444999A 403765A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed12951A 12951A 11150.3A 7541.12A 8231.77A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8211.55Fc6970.14Fc7361.72Fc8023.47Fc7046.49Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested750820A 685484A 514768A 560028A 577429A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity412984A 379845A 343599A 370179A 350698A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed4984.02A 4984.02A 4317.02A 3213.19A 3508.94A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5500.44Fc5541.26Fc6674.84Fc6610.01Fc6073.44Fc
OkraArea Harvested30202394354642773106
OkraProduction Quantity2666618447286713571135946
OkraYield88298Fc77055.1Fc80854.5Fc83495.4Fc115731Fc
OlivesArea Harvested35386818329251114112
OlivesProduction Quantity696927209103691810915936
OlivesYield19697.6Fc39907.6Fc31497.6Fc35431.4Fc38754.9Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested7328Im7419Im7400Im7401Im7000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity77755Im81716Im75911Im79912Im80000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield106107Fc110144Fc102582Fc107975Fc114286Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested4712644843417264299848138
Onions, dryProduction Quantity13988501266170119582012524401387190
Onions, dryYield296832Fc282356Fc286589Fc291279Fc288169Fc
OrangesArea Harvested330175334573333555338337330290
OrangesProduction Quantity40796804051630419348042972404248720
OrangesYield123561Fc121099Fc125721Fc127011Fc128636Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2116921418210242401121499
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity564366561681552371582288543336
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield266600Fc262247Fc262734Fc242509Fc252726Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity23000* 22000* 19000* 18000* 17000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity73000* 68000* 65000* 62000* 57000*
PapayasArea Harvested1422314180155741615720946
PapayasProduction Quantity634369616215707347652934919425
PapayasYield446016Fc434566Fc454185Fc404118Fc438950Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested3621341648434224025341733
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity167285227421198085190961192261
Peaches and nectarinesYield46194.7Fc54605.5Fc45618.6Fc47440.2Fc46069.3Fc
PearsArea Harvested39443986373337494480
PearsProduction Quantity2516024986248712110424739
PearsYield63793.1Fc62684.4Fc66624.7Fc56292.3Fc55221Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested13192052248218183602
Peas, dryProduction Quantity14241969203318004010
Peas, drySeed54.2Fc54.2Fc83.08Fc103.6Fc95.52Fc
Peas, dryYield10796.1Fc9595.52Fc8190.98Fc9900.99Fc11132.7Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested99121052999721055110496
Peas, greenProduction Quantity4707752043480325238352214
Peas, greenYield47495Fc49428.3Fc48166.9Fc49647.4Fc49746.6Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested24942490366437753742
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity34533640626966536854
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield13845.2Fc14618.5Fc17109.7Fc17623.8Fc18316.4Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested1838383845
PersimmonsProduction Quantity223363412362442
PersimmonsYield123889Fc95526.3Fc108421Fc95263.2Fc98222.2Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested1729616604170091708015918
PineapplesProduction Quantity742926701746749396718292671131
PineapplesYield429536Fc422637Fc440588Fc420546Fc421618Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested1231431223336
PistachiosProduction Quantity6971662110
PistachiosYield5609.76Fc4965.03Fc5409.84Fc6363.64Fc2777.78Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1497214940143891443615517
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity7067770202684926840870024
Plums and sloesYield47206.1Fc46989.3Fc47600.3Fc47387.1Fc45127.3Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested5455155358541236025064709
PotatoesProduction Quantity14332401536620150123016704801750800
PotatoesSeed55243.2Fc55243.2Fc44516.8Fc43334.4Fc49117.6Fc
PotatoesYield262734Fc277579Fc277374Fc277258Fc270565Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested246Im450F 202Im250F 300F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity184Im450F 234Im250F 300F
Pulses, nesYield7479.67Fc10000Fc11584.2Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested974547A 1754770A 1319230A 1636100A 1620010A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity778508A 1429240A 1325460A 1413080A 1291750A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed49118.4A 49118.4A 61009.2A 54105.8A 53154.7A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield7988.41Fc8144.89Fc10047.2Fc8636.86Fc7973.68Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested3120632100313833062937343
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity525445522388577067485625516721
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield168379Fc162738Fc183879Fc158551Fc138372Fc
QuincesArea Harvested737718758729735
QuincesProduction Quantity54665796675973856473
QuincesYield74165.5Fc80724.2Fc89168.9Fc101303Fc88068Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested18521812000* 3000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity3032814000* 4000*
RapeseedSeed6.7Fc6.7Fc0.82Fc22Fc20Fc
RapeseedYield1621.62Fc15043.6Fc20000Fc13333.3Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested1325894851882775
RaspberriesProduction Quantity2146814343135591472611477
RaspberriesYield162023Fc160436Fc159330Fc166961Fc148090Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested3403741748542305028670949
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity173461216676263028224371294697
Rice, paddySeed2208.66Fc2208.66Fc3012.24Fc3646.32Fc3099.24Fc
Rice, paddyYield50962.5Fc51900.9Fc48502.3Fc44619Fc41536.5Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested65476722558366395193
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity174702184271157785180034154823
Roots and Tubers, nesYield266843Fc274131Fc282617Fc271176Fc298138Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested65312A 66092A 63415A 70606A 74174A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1679940A 1791150A 1721930A 1921460A 1980750A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed55243.2A 55243.2A 44516.8A 43334.4A 49117.6A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield257218Fc271008Fc271533Fc272138Fc267041Fc
RyeArea Harvested242171717
RyeProduction Quantity3552019153
RyeYield15000Fc13095.2Fc11764.7Fc11176.5Fc90000Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested6280083948653446500093141
Safflower seedProduction Quantity130922970787675096413113334
Safflower seedSeed4095.72Fc4095.72Fc4032.84Fc3268.4Fc3668.76Fc
Safflower seedYield20847.5Fc11564.1Fc11745.5Fc14832.8Fc12168Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested1934851129377204999692108721
Seed cottonProduction Quantity746246440490278526365227378870
Seed cottonYield38568.7Fc39003.2Fc38657.9Fc36635.5Fc34847.9Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested7130870504518764839848168
Sesame seedProduction Quantity4057137289285232965129050
Sesame seedSeed984.13Fc984.13Fc828.13Fc650.65Fc603.42Fc
Sesame seedYield5689.54Fc5288.92Fc5498.3Fc6126.49Fc6030.97Fc
SisalArea Harvested27282Im25209Im26093Im26969Im26546Im
SisalProduction Quantity20113Im17472Im19844Im15455Im16908Im
SisalYield7372.26Fc6930.86Fc7605.1Fc5730.65Fc6369.32Fc
SorghumArea Harvested17282301768380169052018381301774980
SorghumProduction Quantity64293106940230610809066109006202920
SorghumSeed29580.9Fc29580.9Fc28331Fc29328.1Fc29103.6Fc
SorghumYield37201.7Fc39246.3Fc36131.4Fc35965.4Fc34946.4Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested155513153473647407576762580
SoybeansProduction Quantity20523416766512090015302288371
SoybeansSeed6668.76Fc6668.76Fc6600.44Fc3704Fc3523.72Fc
SoybeansYield13197.2Fc10924.7Fc18674.7Fc20196.4Fc14121.3Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested268Im260Im272Im319Im315F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity2071Im1852Im1706Im2142Im2100F
Spices, nesYield77276.1Fc71230.8Fc62720.6Fc67147.3Fc66666.7Fc
SpinachArea Harvested17461178103912551061
SpinachProduction Quantity1995414308111101725013937
SpinachYield114284Fc121460Fc106930Fc137450Fc131357Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested69786282667861766238
StrawberriesProduction Quantity228900226657233041207485176396
StrawberriesYield328031Fc360804Fc348968Fc335954Fc282777Fc
String beansArea Harvested11190Im11329Im11300F 10400F 10100F
String beansProduction Quantity110623Im116259Im108000F 100000F 97000F
String beansYield98858.8Fc102621Fc95575.2Fc96153.9Fc96039.6Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested
Sugar beetProduction Quantity
Sugar beetYield
Sugar caneArea Harvested713824703943710585691441690441
Sugar caneProduction Quantity4973530050421600494927005109070052089400
Sugar caneYield696745Fc716274Fc696506Fc738902Fc754437Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested1850187821643
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity2826379733257
Sunflower seedYield15275.7Fc20218.3Fc15370.4Fc12500Fc23333.3Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested26152471231326432907
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity5268351064440525683259477
Sweet potatoesYield201465Fc206653Fc190454Fc215028Fc204599Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested3122934871346683527032620
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity406397409442442083424999469037
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield130134Fc117416Fc127519Fc120499Fc143788Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested45254004431259196894
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity9648698378221144213008
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield21321.5Fc17440.1Fc18140.1Fc19331Fc18868.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested853699818999088101505116726
TomatoesProduction Quantity24357902997640269140028726703150350
TomatoesYield285325Fc305293Fc271617Fc283008Fc269893Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested136525A 140268A 131687A 123737A 115919A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity160801A 140536A 217373A 168442A 178229A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield11778.1Fc10019.1Fc16506.8Fc13612.9Fc15375.3Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested2457234083741170
TriticaleProduction Quantity47213989929585520
TriticaleYield19265.3Fc19336.1Fc24313.7Fc25615Fc47179.5Fc
VanillaArea Harvested1095997108811431103
VanillaProduction Quantity362395524523637
VanillaYield3305.94Fc3961.89Fc4816.18Fc4575.68Fc5775.16Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested89987Im91108Im90872Im91000F 81000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity742604Im780439Im725000F 724000F 645000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield82523.5Fc85660.9Fc79782.6Fc79560.4Fc79629.6Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested672140A 680513A 685587A 692297A 640986A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity11908100A 12514800A 11726800A 12424600A 12124100A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield177166Fc183902Fc171047Fc179469Fc189148Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested672140A 680513A 685587A 692297A 640986A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11908100A 12514800A 11726800A 12424600A 12124100A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield177166Fc183902Fc171047Fc179469Fc189148Fc
VetchesArea Harvested82728637808982668125
VetchesProduction Quantity11896911548312437488179110522
VetchesYield143821Fc133707Fc153757Fc106677Fc136027Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested6800969548654786490357509
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity96476766271153507977079162
Walnuts, with shellYield14185.8Fc11017.9Fc17616.6Fc12290.7Fc13765.2Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested4124544040404565085947038
WatermelonsProduction Quantity10020201036800100716011997101058850
WatermelonsYield242943Fc235422Fc248952Fc235889Fc225105Fc
WheatArea Harvested662221678550828408801735691679
WheatProduction Quantity36275103676710411616040194003515390
WheatSeed75060.7Fc75060.7Fc73561.4Fc90932.4Fc85885Fc
WheatYield54777.9Fc54184.8Fc49687.6Fc50133.8Fc50824Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested115Im116Im111Im124Im130F
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity415Im443Im426Im475Im490F
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield36087Fc38189.7Fc38378.4Fc38306.4Fc37692.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested11991Im12545Im11654Im11221Im10558Im
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity5052Im5788Im8291Im7909Im7668Im
Agave Fibres NesYield4213.16Fc4613.79Fc7114.3Fc7048.39Fc7262.74Fc
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested44Im43Im40F 3838
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity51Im65Im60F 8276
Almonds, with shellYield11590.9Fc15116.3Fc15000Fc21579Fc20000Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested66706335499847463500F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity5175851678410803884132500F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield77598.2Fc81575.4Fc82192.9Fc81839.4Fc92857.1Fc
ApplesArea Harvested5777759543590955457260887
ApplesProduction Quantity601915583994572906495217479613
ApplesYield104179Fc98079.4Fc96946.6Fc90745.6Fc78771Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested348284327390440
ApricotsProduction Quantity16961298153217202079
ApricotsYield48735.6Fc45704.2Fc46850.2Fc44102.6Fc47250Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested243395376541457
ArtichokesProduction Quantity23733859476040115732
ArtichokesYield97654.3Fc97696.2Fc126596Fc74140.5Fc125427Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1426013895135201424014523
AsparagusProduction Quantity5962160000593846106458135
AsparagusYield41810Fc43181Fc43923.1Fc42882Fc40029.6Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1054771031191000009539993847
AvocadosProduction Quantity11342501021520987000905000901075
AvocadosYield107535Fc99062.3Fc98700Fc94864.7Fc96015.3Fc
BananasArea Harvested7433876973787347311468023
BananasProduction Quantity21961602250040236114020659501996780
BananasYield295429Fc292315Fc299888Fc282566Fc293545Fc
BarleyArea Harvested315432306095325800364500282336
BarleyProduction Quantity8692977606919315001084600736629
BarleySeed15013.5Fc16136.2Fc16635Fc16610Fc18675Fc
BarleyYield27558.9Fc24851.5Fc28591.2Fc29755.8Fc26090.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested17232201261220167840019041002054360
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1385780826892116340014149001549090
Beans, drySeed50654.3Fc54290.4Fc52380.6Fc54678Fc61212Fc
Beans, dryYield8041.81Fc6556.29Fc6931.6Fc7430.81Fc7540.5Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested99881025810471968110888
Beans, greenProduction Quantity992719754311023696546105033
Beans, greenYield99390.3Fc95089.7Fc105277Fc99727.3Fc96466.8Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested3550F 2250F 1382Im1390F 1200F
Berries NesProduction Quantity26800F 16900F 10951Im10400F 9000F
Berries NesYield75493Fc75111.1Fc79240.2Fc74820.1Fc75000Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested5660606060
BlueberriesProduction Quantity264260280295320
BlueberriesYield47142.9Fc43333.3Fc46666.7Fc49166.7Fc53333.3Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested2001319266189592408226583
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity2266921224202622673027779
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed718.77Fc625.23Fc622.14Fc631.74Fc749.46Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield11327.1Fc11016.3Fc10687.3Fc11099.6Fc10449.9Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested65066698627263906873
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity211428229062203007202068210054
Cabbages and other brassicasYield324974Fc341986Fc323672Fc316225Fc305622Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested300393545643446
Canary seedProduction Quantity294388532980313
Canary seedSeed8.42Fc14.18Fc17.69Fc26.55Fc36.54Fc
Canary seedYield9800Fc9872.77Fc9761.47Fc15241.1Fc7017.94Fc
CarobsArea Harvested701010
CarobsProduction Quantity50512
CarobsYield7142.86Fc5000Fc12000Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1550414051151161281114978
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity381804370768385502338865370652
Carrots and turnipsYield246262Fc263873Fc255029Fc264511Fc247464Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested1348135210768041427
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity3165412322829964375
Cashew nuts, with shellYield23479.2Fc30495.6Fc21208.2Fc12388.1Fc30658.7Fc
CassavaArea Harvested1501101013369911691
CassavaProduction Quantity2066112736189281300825532
CassavaYield137648Fc126099Fc141677Fc131261Fc150988Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested500F 1000F 1868Im1655Im1500
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity100F 200F 300F 400F 525
Castor oil seedYield2000Fc2000Fc1606Fc2416.92Fc3500Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2197225241260302491218911
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity304567358587355508331746267965
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield138616Fc142065Fc136576Fc133167Fc141698Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested10005600A 9280900A 10494700A 10570900A 9874610A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity32042400A 28963000A 32219000A 31242900A 28694600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed531165A 511875A 520847A 532467A 529381A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield32024.4Fc31207Fc30700.2Fc29555.7Fc29058.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested10005600A 9280900A 10494700A 10570900A 9874610A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity32154700A 29059900A 32311700A 31333900A 28770200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed531165A 511875A 520847A 532467A 529381A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield32136.7Fc31311.5Fc30788.6Fc29641.7Fc29135.5Fc
CherriesArea Harvested82F 80F 78F 75F 73F
CherriesProduction Quantity540F 520F 500F 480F 460F
CherriesYield65853.7Fc65000Fc64102.6Fc64000Fc63013.7Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested1132629775173929114401147337
Chick peasProduction Quantity163348133976104527142800235053
Chick peasSeed3222.17Fc4147.19Fc3853.71Fc2627.1Fc4091.47Fc
Chick peasYield14422.1Fc13705.8Fc14138.8Fc12482.4Fc15953.4Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested36200F 36000F 35500F 35000F 41730Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity58200F 58000F 57000F 56500F 68527Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield16077.4Fc16111.1Fc16056.3Fc16142.9Fc16421.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested922929219382048140693140174
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity16812801617260143126018536101784540
Chillies and peppers, greenYield182170Fc175421Fc174442Fc131749Fc127309Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested12500F 17400F 16600F 15800F 15100F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity63000F 88000F 84000F 80000F 76100F
Citrus fruit, nesYield50400Fc50574.7Fc50602.4Fc50632.9Fc50397.3Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested518173A 516230A 538829A 524563A 507437A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6824420A 6760230A 6818310A 6436220A 6444680A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield131702Fc130954Fc126539Fc122697Fc127005Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested9288930A 8588880A 9915020A 9906170A 9189600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity28439400A 25753600A 29712000A 28344800A 25306800A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed452656A 437426A 448280A 472255A 460100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield30616.4Fc29984.8Fc29966.7Fc28613.3Fc27538.6Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested6086661477808798090383130
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity3815136366439754996546194
Cocoa beansYield6268.03Fc5915.38Fc5437.13Fc6175.91Fc5556.84Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested164100F 169000F 184000F 151000F 166000F
CoconutsProduction Quantity1132300F 1166800F 1250200F 1026800F 1128500F
CoconutsYield69000.6Fc69041.4Fc67945.6Fc68000Fc67981.9Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested763418762261760581742837724558
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity279635294364312413310861313027
Coffee, greenYield3662.93Fc3861.72Fc4107.56Fc4184.78Fc4320.25Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity142000* 138000* 138000* 6515243146
CottonseedProduction Quantity249000* 22050021190011530067800
CottonseedSeed3805.24Fc4079F 4488.54Fc3818.5Fc2122.19Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested17731179951957818600F 17095
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity496029475443518385475000F 434794
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield279752Fc264208Fc264779Fc255376Fc254340Fc
DatesArea Harvested625600.1565550759
DatesProduction Quantity29882756201420763172
DatesYield47808Fc45925.7Fc35646Fc37745.4Fc41791.8Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested119914151700F 1970Im1957Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity54000F 5585254000F 58938Im56000F
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield450375Fc394714Fc317647Fc299178Fc286152Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested155262A 168737A 146718A 96855A 74645A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity164533A 160782A 163291A 91390A 67450A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield10597.1Fc9528.56Fc11129.6Fc9435.75Fc9036.1Fc
FigsArea Harvested1034977919895899
FigsProduction Quantity63414645389330952770
FigsYield61324.9Fc47543.5Fc42361.3Fc34581Fc30812Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1180120A 1168830A 1165730A 1150330A 1098790A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15789300A 15237600A 15294700A 14456700A 14295400A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield133795Fc130367Fc131203Fc125674Fc130101Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested58207Im56801Im57500F 48659Im46519Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity412741Im394171Im400000F 346302Im344420Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield70909.2Fc69395.1Fc69565.2Fc71169.2Fc74038.6Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested32500F 45000F 30000F 25000F 22694Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity325000F 450000F 300000F 250000F 230058Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc101374Fc
GarlicArea Harvested51014884560854254784
GarlicProduction Quantity4372446303480254492041300
GarlicYield85716.5Fc94805.5Fc85636.6Fc82801.8Fc86329.4Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested1568615500167771514714368
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity387339350199408953361494297638
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield246933Fc225935Fc243758Fc238657Fc207153Fc
GrapesArea Harvested2932426349330003932732904
GrapesProduction Quantity244073323203305000456638363000
GrapesYield83233.2Fc122662Fc92424.2Fc116113Fc110321Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested4486348014655385022262010
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity6824272853989409161674643
Groundnuts, with shellSeed2166.16Fc1826.84Fc2621.4Fc2689.04Fc2029.72Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield15211.2Fc15173.3Fc15096.6Fc18242.2Fc12037.3Fc
Gums NaturalProduction Quantity2414524750272542698619372
Jojoba SeedsArea Harvested250310310310310
Jojoba SeedsProduction Quantity639327927962
Jojoba SeedsYield2520Fc3000Fc9000Fc9000Fc2000Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested450F 430F 430F 450F 430F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity7000F 6000F 6000F 7000F 8500F
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield155556Fc139535Fc139535Fc155556Fc197674Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested93139518955586049588
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity5061250587567375379358226
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield54345.5Fc53148.8Fc59379.4Fc62520.9Fc60728Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested139761136966140824131668127063
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity18670801806780192752017615501725090
Lemons and limesYield133591Fc131914Fc136874Fc133787Fc135767Fc
LentilsArea Harvested67918650826958656971
LentilsProduction Quantity70087711663240088518
LentilsSeed237.6Fc216.87Fc260.13Fc259.35Fc285.12Fc
LentilsYield10319.5Fc8914.45Fc8020.32Fc6833.76Fc12219.2Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1293712893123501129010583
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity274036274546247385243406228280
Lettuce and chicoryYield211823Fc212942Fc200312Fc215594Fc215704Fc
LinseedArea Harvested8500F 1400F 2900F 1350F 1000F
LinseedProduction Quantity60009602000960F 700F
LinseedSeed515FcF 70Fc145Fc67.5Fc
LinseedYield7058.82Fc6857.14Fc6896.55Fc7111.11Fc7000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested72948406605600768766075209007119720
MaizeProduction Quantity2189320019338700216702002070140019297800
MaizeSeed405869Fc390367Fc398930Fc421813Fc406340Fc
MaizeYield30011.9Fc29276.2Fc28188.3Fc27525.2Fc27104.7Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested6837870114603264322844692
Maize, greenProduction Quantity648238627279589615503407522850
Maize, greenYield94802.1Fc89465.6Fc97738.1Fc116454Fc116990Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested195359183061166000173837161899
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity20456901679470157300013620001523160
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield104714Fc91743.7Fc94759Fc78349.3Fc94080.9Fc
MelonseedArea Harvested5028602834
MelonseedProduction Quantity1051845
MelonseedYield2000Fc1785.71Fc3000Fc1428.57Fc1470.59Fc
MilletArea Harvested600F 600F 1200F 850F 550F
MilletProduction Quantity6006001080800F 490
MilletYield10000Fc10000Fc9000Fc9411.76Fc8909.09Fc
Mustard seedArea Harvested201250338F
Mustard seedProduction Quantity6008162900110019F
Mustard seedYield300000Fc680000Fc580000Fc333333Fc23750Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested1203912669133201458314421Im
Natural rubberProduction Quantity2414524756272542698624189Im
Natural rubberYield20055.7Fc19540.6Fc20461Fc18505.1Fc16773.5Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested56128F 57000F 56800F 5612850011
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity95150F 88400F 88100F 9515067628
Nuts, nesYield16952.3Fc15508.8Fc15510.6Fc16952.3Fc13522.6Fc
OatsArea Harvested7622076509669244648242365
OatsProduction Quantity1524961270861028969413163687
OatsSeed3730.95Fc3945.2Fc4179.55Fc4500.25Fc3526.4Fc
OatsYield20007.3Fc16610.6Fc15375Fc20251.1Fc15032.9Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested2203318376178361355814000*
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity309582219270247905217063200000F
Oil palm fruitYield140508Fc119324Fc138991Fc160100Fc142857Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested523921A 590060A 737014A 548029A 430317A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity382095A 462482A 523855A 425124A 272005A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed8423.37A 7931.75A 10061.3A 12060.8A 8443.06A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield7292.98Fc7837.88Fc7107.8Fc7757.32Fc6321.05Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested527889A 594997A 743052A 554061A 436987A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity321968A 338748A 396699A 333298A 267778A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed3719.33A 3324.97A 4260.72A 5557.44A 3957.28A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6099.16Fc5693.27Fc5338.78Fc6015.55Fc6127.83Fc
OkraArea Harvested45612614369530045303
OkraProduction Quantity3762818940267612446833452
OkraYield82499.4Fc72456Fc72424.9Fc81451.4Fc63081.3Fc
OlivesArea Harvested32183627386040674860
OlivesProduction Quantity96421301410030759214147
OlivesYield29962.7Fc35880.9Fc25984.5Fc18667.3Fc29109Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested684811775Im11500F 11000F 10500F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity78773137826Im140000F 135000F 130000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield115031Fc117050Fc121739Fc122727Fc123810Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested4567346446436974088644424
Onions, dryProduction Quantity12382401230890124076011418501130660
Onions, dryYield271110Fc265015Fc283946Fc279277Fc254516Fc
OrangesArea Harvested321495317280335000332000321871
OrangesProduction Quantity41569104112710397700038460004020000
OrangesYield129299Fc129624Fc118716Fc115843Fc124895Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2210622087223332064422905
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity570188579974534438463894542351
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield257934Fc262586Fc239304Fc224711Fc236783Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity16000* 14000* 12000* 11000* 11000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity50000* 42600* 41000* 39500* 36000*
PapayasArea Harvested1939118921206102632720445
PapayasProduction Quantity798589709477787663955694876150
PapayasYield411835Fc374968Fc382175Fc363009Fc428540Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested4163736921351264341638600
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity222063208185201957223883197946
Peaches and nectarinesYield53333.1Fc56386.6Fc57495Fc51566.9Fc51281.3Fc
PearsArea Harvested48054536487145314683
PearsProduction Quantity2995830308328722899331951
PearsYield62347.6Fc66816.6Fc67485.1Fc63988.1Fc68227.6Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested33801774260238883125
Peas, dryProduction Quantity37871811421082123626
Peas, drySeed148.16Fc139.8Fc82.88Fc104.28Fc156.8Fc
Peas, dryYield11204.1Fc10208.6Fc16179.9Fc21121.4Fc11603.2Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested135171130411221989010000F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity6483953535540534464449000F
Peas, greenYield47968.5Fc47359.3Fc48171.3Fc45140.6Fc49000Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested37563646363934543519
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity49153883612855965117
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield13085.7Fc10650Fc16839.8Fc16201.5Fc14541.1Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested3543354729
PersimmonsProduction Quantity287369275347192
PersimmonsYield82000Fc85813.9Fc78571.4Fc73829.8Fc66206.9Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested1478115252157491643215243
PineapplesProduction Quantity633747551672669225678603659817
PineapplesYield428758Fc361705Fc424932Fc412977Fc432866Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested2539391616
PistachiosProduction Quantity4261177
PistachiosYield1600Fc6666.67Fc2820.51Fc4375Fc4375Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1486414954154411533915099
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity7339676053797627467173292
Plums and sloesYield49378.4Fc50858Fc51656Fc48680.5Fc48541Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested6124562955621506534462448
PotatoesProduction Quantity15226101634700150651016617801483500
PotatoesSeed52494.4Fc49520Fc52812.8Fc54278.4Fc53562.4Fc
PotatoesYield248610Fc259662Fc242399Fc254313Fc237558Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested600F 300F 267Im307Im334Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity600F 300F 276Im336Im380Im
Pulses, nesYield10000Fc10000Fc10337.1Fc10944.6Fc11377.3Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1875940A 1396760A 1790280A 2061520A 2246100A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1691120A 1097540A 1394390A 1699040A 1919120A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed54981A 59419.5A 57199.5A 58300.5A 66494.9A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9014.8Fc7857.75Fc7788.69Fc8241.68Fc8544.23Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested3869734853340473699137303
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity546569511305532218543221479460
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield141243Fc146703Fc156319Fc146852Fc128531Fc
QuincesArea Harvested693777802705987
QuincesProduction Quantity714148686185661711149
QuincesYield103045Fc62651.2Fc77119.7Fc93858.2Fc112958Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested5000* 4000* 1000* 1000* 1000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity8000* 5000* 2000* 1000* 1000*
RapeseedSeed30Fc50Fc40Fc10Fc10Fc
RapeseedYield16000Fc12500Fc20000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested586428282290206
RaspberriesProduction Quantity93515044304522492046
RaspberriesYield159573Fc117850Fc107979Fc77551.7Fc99320.4Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested7047057479624006000050457
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity337250291149278500273300227194
Rice, paddySeed4412.16Fc4429.5Fc3876Fc4026Fc3834Fc
Rice, paddyYield47857.2Fc50653.1Fc44631.4Fc45550Fc45027.3Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested63136690643461754115
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity190914185209168971166880112698
Roots and Tubers, nesYield302414Fc276845Fc262622Fc270251Fc273871Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested72063A 73981A 72841A 75242A 71075A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1796060A 1901980A 1756060A 1904000A 1671960A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed52494.4A 49520A 52812.8A 54278.4A 53562.4A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield249234Fc257090Fc241081Fc253051Fc235239Fc
RyeArea Harvested25254220
RyeProduction Quantity42287253
RyeYield16800Fc11200Fc17500Fc10000Fc26500Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested698838695721200014660052758
Safflower seedProduction Quantity735369442223086620058752855
Safflower seedSeed4348.04Fc3862.12Fc4830.48Fc8960Fc6336Fc
Safflower seedYield10522.7Fc10858.5Fc10889.9Fc13682.6Fc10018.4Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested1165571282441091006063439597
Seed cottonProduction Quantity447853400965385360209631123273
Seed cottonYield38423.5Fc31265.8Fc35321.7Fc34573.2Fc31131.9Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested3852937741556005560037353
Sesame seedProduction Quantity2126320042331003100020210
Sesame seedSeed509.33Fc445.14Fc607.91Fc593Fc583Fc
Sesame seedYield5518.7Fc5310.41Fc5953.24Fc5575.54Fc5410.54Fc
SisalArea Harvested26714Im27948Im25964Im25000F 24490
SisalProduction Quantity17481Im16994Im17000P 18329Im16636
SisalYield6543.76Fc6080.58Fc6547.53Fc7331.6Fc6792.98Fc
SorghumArea Harvested16004301599240183250019726001743620
SorghumProduction Quantity55185205524380700440064622005206320
SorghumSeed28034.6Fc26963.4Fc28518Fc29305.5Fc31522.5Fc
SorghumYield34481.5Fc34543.8Fc38223.2Fc32759.8Fc29859.3Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested5421196266888406788056501
SoybeansProduction Quantity8111318723513334712600686546
SoybeansSeed2934.28Fc3122.92Fc4246.48Fc3856.84Fc2850.52Fc
SoybeansYield14962.5Fc19449.8Fc15009.8Fc18563Fc15317.6Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested731Im703Im595Im527Im478Im
Spices, nesProduction Quantity2991Im2869Im3179Im2397Im2956Im
Spices, nesYield40916.6Fc40810.8Fc53428.6Fc45483.9Fc61841Fc
SpinachArea Harvested12701468145514501829
SpinachProduction Quantity1696521938170721825519579
SpinachYield133583Fc149441Fc117333Fc125897Fc107048Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested64035657632654145850
StrawberriesProduction Quantity191843162627177230150261142245
StrawberriesYield299614Fc287479Fc280161Fc277542Fc243154Fc
String beansArea Harvested9800F 9800F 9800F 9800F 9700F
String beansProduction Quantity94000F 93000F 94000F 94000F 93000F
String beansYield95918.4Fc94898Fc95918.4Fc95918.4Fc95876.3Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested
Sugar beetProduction Quantity
Sugar beetYield
Sugar caneArea Harvested679936669781651911644398632215
Sugar caneProduction Quantity5067580051645500486622004748400045635300
Sugar caneYield745303Fc771080Fc746455Fc736874Fc721832Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested175229012456
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1783123215566
Sunflower seedYield10171.4Fc14090.9Fc25777.8Fc12500Fc11785.7Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested28793198279526022698
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity6130668734610986173949707
Sweet potatoesYield212942Fc214928Fc218598Fc237275Fc184236Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested2873129084296282994829035
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity350089402537420841387178325851
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield121851Fc138405Fc142042Fc129283Fc112227Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested97808580115101221812447
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1938116122217632243721936
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19817Fc18790.2Fc18907.9Fc18363.9Fc17623.5Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested126557118680124909121688114782
TomatoesProduction Quantity28991502800120303727028973802573370
TomatoesYield229079Fc235939Fc243159Fc238099Fc224196Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested113198A 112973A 109283A 107007A 100492A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity166729A 172485A 171952A 168186A 142086A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield14729Fc15267.8Fc15734.6Fc15717.3Fc14139Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested1078414391196539
TriticaleProduction Quantity4913171114256951545
TriticaleYield45575.1Fc41328.5Fc36445Fc35459.2Fc28664.2Fc
VanillaArea Harvested710701888839657
VanillaProduction Quantity291280252257189
VanillaYield4098.59Fc3994.29Fc2837.84Fc3063.17Fc2876.71Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested76900F 75000F 73750F 70000F 62500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity615000F 600000F 590000F 560000F 500000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield79974Fc80000Fc80000Fc80000Fc80000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested665101A 655973A 641696A 666747A 653554A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity11452100A 11185400A 11339900A 11149300A 10560700A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield172186Fc170516Fc176717Fc167219Fc161589Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested665101A 655973A 641696A 666747A 653554A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11452100A 11185400A 11339900A 11149300A 10560700A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield172186Fc170516Fc176717Fc167219Fc161589Fc
VetchesArea Harvested86707802785188767394
VetchesProduction Quantity1079271056279508410205394677
VetchesYield124483Fc135385Fc121111Fc114976Fc128046Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested5565354539513285002149000F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity6835979871814997195170000F
Walnuts, with shellYield12283.1Fc14644.8Fc15878.1Fc14384.2Fc14285.7Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested4329841966419094255938375
WatermelonsProduction Quantity9767738647661003490952212857806
WatermelonsYield225593Fc206063Fc239445Fc223739Fc223533Fc
WheatArea Harvested646231634548517300604700634559
WheatProduction Quantity33781203015180232120027158003236180
WheatSeed74096.3Fc70019.7Fc68691Fc56185.5Fc65446.5Fc
WheatYield52274.2Fc47517Fc44871.4Fc44911.5Fc50998.9Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested125Im128Im126Im130Im123Im
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity564Im597Im551Im597Im524Im
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield45120Fc46640.6Fc43730.2Fc45923.1Fc42601.6Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea103166Fm102982Fm102833Fm102902Fm102381Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea332.4Fm332.4Fm332.4Fm357Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea6469Q 5914Q 5626Q 5613Q 5311Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea332.4Fm332.4Fm332.4Fm357Fm
Arable landArea25491Fm25307Fm25073Fm25152Fm24453Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea28166Fm27982Fm27833Fm27902Fm27193Fm
Arable land area certified organicArea63I 63I 63I 60.4I
Arable land organic, totalArea63I 63I 63I 60.4I
Country areaArea196438Q 196438Q 196438Q 196438W 196438W
Fallow landArea7378Q
Forest areaArea64646.8Fm64802Q 64957.2Fm65112.4Fm65267.6Fm
Inland waterArea2043Fm2043Fm2043Fm2043Fm2043Fm
Land areaArea194395Q 194395Q 194395Q 194395Q 194395Fm
Other landArea26582.2Fm26611Fm26604.8Fm26380.6Fm26746.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea2675Fm2675.36Fm2760Fm2750Fm2740W
Permanent crops area certified organicArea263.4I 263.4I 263.4I 290.6I
Permanent crops organic, totalArea263.4I 263.4I 263.4I 290.6I
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea75000Fm75000Fm75000Fm75000Fm75188W
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea6I 6I 6I
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea6I 6I 6I
Total area equipped for irrigationArea6500Q 6480Fm6460I 6400Fm6350Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea102500Fm103500Fm104100Fm104500Fm104900Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea5400Q 5387Q 2081Q 2032Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea
Arable landArea24500Fm25000Fm25100Fm25100Fm25100Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea27100Fm27600Fm27700Fm27600Fm27500Fm
Arable land area certified organicArea
Arable land organic, totalArea
Country areaArea196438W 196438Q 196438Q 196438Q 196438Q
Fallow landArea
Forest areaArea65422.8Fm65578Q 65812.6Fm66047.2Fm66281.8Fm
Inland waterArea2043Fm2043Fm2043Fm2043Fm2043Fm
Land areaArea194395Q 194395Q 194395Q 194395Q 194395Q
Other landArea26472.2Fm25317Fm24482.4Fm23847.8Fm23213.2Fm
Permanent cropsArea2600Fm2600Fm2600Fm2500Fm2400Fm
Permanent crops area certified organicArea
Permanent crops organic, totalArea
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea75400Fm75900Fm76400Fm76900Fm77400Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea
Total area equipped for irrigationArea6300Q 6300Fm6300Q 6300Fm6300Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data