Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Madagascar

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Madagascar
  • General data
  • Region: Africa
  • Area (km2): 587,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Antananarivo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 19,669,953
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$320
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$6,361,386,496
  • GDP: US$7,382,268,416
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,788,127,744
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentBové & Garnier, 1994
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentBuddenhagen, 1985; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesJones, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesRosales & Mew, 1982
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadTanner & Van Ginkel, 1987
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Disease not reportedWeldon et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedBorowiec et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedRazafindrakoto et al., 1999; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedGuinot, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Presentde Meyer, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeLenz, 1905; Crosnier, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Pinhey, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Borchsenius, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesPaulian, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesSubra, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002; White & Elson-Harris, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)Absent, unreliable recordSteinmann, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentFrappa, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMamet, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentBianchi et al., 1989; Martin, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoceratitis cyanescens (tomato fruit fly)WidespreadNativeDubois, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Indigenous, localizedUvarov, 1923b; Finot, 1907; Faure, 1935; Frappa, 1935; Dirsh, 1962b; Dirsh, 1962a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentNativeYesSuss, 1974; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014; NHM Collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentYesWheeler, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)Restricted distributionIntroducedYes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; NHM, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al., 2010; Crosnier, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)WidespreadIntroducedYesJones et al., 2009; Kawai et al., 2009; Heimer, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentRutherford, 1914; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesRyall, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Costa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeRandall & Heemstra, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)WidespreadIntroducedPaugy & et al. , 1994; Froese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedFraguglione, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedStiassny et al., 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1984; Leveque, 1997; Pullin, 1988; Reinthal & Stiassny, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedStiassny & Raminosoa, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)No information availableFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiWidespreadIntroducedReinthal & Stiassny, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedReinthal & Stiassny, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedMastrototaro et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesCiveyrel & Simberloff, 1996; Griffiths et al., 1993; Cowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedFahy, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentEPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeFischer-Piette & Vukadinovic, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentBarat et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentShepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentVilardebó & Guérout, 1976; Luc, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentChapuis et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadKeetch & Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadKeetch & Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadWhitehead, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentLuc, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, few occurrencesNativeTardieu-Blot, 1958
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeJohns, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentMerlier & Montagu, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeBloesch et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeJong et al., 1999; Silva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedAsk & et al. undated
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedWeber , 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentEliot et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOyen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)WidespreadPuy et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentPROTA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1977; PROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedYesLorence & Sussman, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts & Tulig, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)WidespreadIntroducedPuy et al., 2002; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPuy et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentBosser, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedChalchat & Valode, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Binggeli, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativePROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionWilson, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeBelcher, 1955; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Restricted distributionNativeMarohasy & Forster, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentNativeMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentNativeWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadElliott et al., 1993; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedMOBOT, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentNativeILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)Introduced, not establishedHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoreau, 1974; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesBinggeli, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativePhillips, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSteinheil, 1838
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentRandriamampianina, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivation
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentYesGovaerts, 2014; Holou et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; Orwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013; Rasoanaivo & Gorce, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedLourteig, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Puy et al., 2002; Madagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Puy et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)WidespreadUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Puy et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Humbert & Leroy, 1946; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)Restricted distributionNativeBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Binggeli, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 1974; Clayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentVan & Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedCJB, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedYesNovy, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesFishpool & Evans, 2001; Binggeli, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2014; Madagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedOrchard, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeMadagascar Catalogue, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)PresentIntroducedAllorge-Boiteau, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMiddleton, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)WidespreadIntroducedYesMiddleton, 1999; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentTropicos, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentNativeClayton, 1970; Ivens, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesAneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedPrain, 1920
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedCIRAD, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPhillipson, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedSoerianegara & Lemmens, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedYesRichardson & Rejmánek, 2004a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014; Humbert, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2017
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Binggeli, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2012; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013; Bouriquet, 1933; Fischer et al., 2012; Hansen, 1975; Staner, 1938; M.Cissoko, personal communication
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Clayton et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)WidespreadIntroducedAmsellem et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedYesBinggeli, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)WidespreadNativeHumbert, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedPuy et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoe, 1972; Jaeger & Hepper, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016; Hutchinson & Dalziel, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt, 1992; CJB, 2016; Moldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Elliot et al., 1993; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)PresentParker & Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBinggeli, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003; Hadidi, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedMadagascar Catalogue, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeAfrica Plants Database, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)WidespreadBrunt et al., 1990; CABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentReckhaus & Randrianangaly, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
VirusRift Valley fever virusLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
African swine feverPresentOIE, 2012
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOffice International des Epizooties1999; OIE, 2012
anthraxAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2012
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Ferreira & Rosinha, 1986
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009; Gratz & Schochaert, 1996
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisDisease not reportedWeldon et al., 2008
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentFourquet & et al. , 1975
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentLeroux et al., 2010
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, never occurredOIE, 2012
fowl typhoidDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterPresentOIE, 2012; Poisson, 1927; Alexander, 1931
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2012
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2012
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2012
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Morvan, 1992
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverPresentOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2012
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverLast reported 2010OIE, 2012; Hayes, 1989
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested11Im14Im17Im20F 20F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity15Im20Im16Im17Im21Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield13636.4Fc14285.7Fc9411.76Fc8500Fc10500Fc
ApplesArea Harvested4485Im4383Im4690Im4540Im4500F
ApplesProduction Quantity6523Im6637Im6556Im6108Im7100F
ApplesYield14544Fc15142.6Fc13978.7Fc13453.7Fc15777.8Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested164Im160F 156Im151Im150F
ApricotsProduction Quantity1337Im1360F 1345F 1290F 1300F
ApricotsYield81524.4Fc85000Fc86217.9Fc85430.5Fc86666.7Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested3202Im2938Im2639Im3026Im3000F
AvocadosProduction Quantity25632Im26080Im25762Im24000P 25000F
AvocadosYield80050Fc88767.9Fc97620.3Fc79312.6Fc83333.3Fc
BananasArea Harvested46462Im61188Im69648Im62425Im60000F
BananasProduction Quantity314979Im361391Im352252Im305675Im325000F
BananasYield67792.8Fc59062.4Fc50576Fc48966.8Fc54166.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested108123Im88000F 85000F 84000F 84000F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity99418Im82153821188061379854
Beans, drySeed6487.38Fc7028Fc5720Fc5525Fc5460Fc
Beans, dryYield9194.9Fc9335.57Fc9660.94Fc9596.79Fc9506.43Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested498Im480Im500F 615Im688Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1150F 1000F 1200F 1387Im1684Im
Beans, greenYield23092.4Fc20833.3Fc24000Fc22552.8Fc24476.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested802Im860Im815Im922Im775Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity17560Im19919Im15102Im12961Im14195Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield218953Fc231616Fc185301Fc140575Fc183161Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested2427Im2544Im2525Im2285Im1967Im
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity8403Im8929Im7658Im6412Im6651Im
Carrots and turnipsYield34623Fc35098.3Fc30328.7Fc28061.3Fc33812.9Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested14877Im14575Im14800F 18500F 16500F
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity6677Im5605Im5913Im7607Im6900F
Cashew nuts, with shellYield4488.14Fc3845.63Fc3995.27Fc4111.89Fc4181.82Fc
CashewappleArea Harvested26909Im26297Im28138Im27238Im27000F
CashewappleProduction Quantity74296Im75594Im74674Im69895Im70000F
CashewappleYield27610.1Fc28746.2Fc26538.5Fc25660.8Fc25925.9Fc
CassavaArea Harvested369670Im360000F 447306Im396000F 393000F
CassavaProduction Quantity3308270Im3008890301997030210802993580
CassavaYield89492.5Fc83580.3Fc67514.6Fc76289.9Fc76172.5Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested7427Im6877Im7284Im7642Im7500F
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity2589Im2505Im2301Im2752Im2700F
Castor oil seedYield3485.93Fc3642.58Fc3158.98Fc3601.15Fc3600Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested37Im38Im45Im38Im50Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity325Im345Im296Im247Im256Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield87837.8Fc90789.5Fc65777.8Fc65000Fc51200Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2216900A 2108880A 2020320A 1784830A 1654040A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity3857820A 3585180A 3466250A 3052090A 2827340A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed162205A 162205A 153991A 147554A 128513A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield17401.9Fc17000.4Fc17157Fc17100.2Fc17093.5Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2216900A 2108880A 2020320A 1784830A 1654040A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5548940A 5162920A 4978220A 4355500A 4024730A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed162205A 162205A 153991A 147554A 128513A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield25030.2Fc24481.8Fc24640.8Fc24403Fc24332.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested1891Im2511Im3049Im3225Im3500F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity1801Im2581Im3079Im4351Im3400F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield9524.06Fc10278.8Fc10098.4Fc13491.5Fc9714.29Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity348Im288Im323Im165Im171Im
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested432Im574Im697Im800F 800F
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity894Im1096Im1094Im1353Im1650F
Cinnamon (canella)Yield20694.4Fc19094.1Fc15695.8Fc16912.5Fc20625Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested15727A 15456A 14398A 18131A 17973A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity102511A 86389A 82406A 104917A 106878A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield65181.5Fc55893.5Fc57234.3Fc57866.1Fc59465.9Fc
ClovesArea Harvested19984Im26541Im32232Im34098Im37000F
ClovesProduction Quantity6817Im8359Im8346Im8199Im10000F
ClovesYield3411.23Fc3149.47Fc2589.35Fc2404.54Fc2702.7Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested304232A 295878A 282722A 286627A 277539A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity460096A 413099A 426347A 431334A 417967A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed9100.53A 9100.53A 8850.69A 8454.44A 8572.54A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield15123.2Fc13961.8Fc15080.1Fc15048.6Fc15059.8Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested8100F 12500F 10000F 5000F 5650F
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity6500* 10000* 8000* 4000* 4500*
Cocoa beansYield8024.69Fc8000Fc8000Fc8000Fc7964.6Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested32515Im33000* 33000* 33000* 33000*
CoconutsProduction Quantity80703Im78100* 73300* 84488* 84500*
CoconutsYield24820.2Fc23666.7Fc22212.1Fc25602.4Fc25606.1Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested155966Im131985Im130000F 126940Im125000F
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity52813Im81250Im65000F 59556Im67000F
Coffee, greenYield3386.19Fc6156Fc5000Fc4691.67Fc5360Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity4800F 4800Im4200F 5100F 4800F
CottonseedProduction Quantity12000* 9000* 8000* 9000* 9000*
CottonseedSeed420Fc420Fc480Fc540Fc540Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested6637Im5819Im4433Im4892Im4452Im
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity5860Im5094Im5092Im3921Im4888Im
Cow peas, drySeed199.11Fc199.11Fc174.57Fc132.99Fc146.76Fc
Cow peas, dryYield8829.29Fc8754.08Fc11486.6Fc8015.13Fc10979.3Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested493Im517Im513Im548Im472Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity623Im695Im708Im499Im508Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield12636.9Fc13442.9Fc13801.2Fc9105.84Fc10762.7Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested375Im323Im321Im365Im314Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity1604Im1704Im1461Im1225Im1517Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield42773.3Fc52755.4Fc45514Fc33561.6Fc48312.1Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested11964F 11964F 11964Im9300F 9300F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity3803Im3301Im2813Im6055Im4514Im
Fibre Crops NesYield3178.7Fc2759.11Fc2351.22Fc6510.75Fc4853.76Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested39357A 41357A 43357A 39724A 40113A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity27823A 24786A 21230A 29883A 27857A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7069.39Fc5993.18Fc4896.56Fc7522.66Fc6944.63Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested220960A 221319A 223498A 210084A 205373A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1175150A 1181550A 1135700A 1035320A 1062030A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield53183.8Fc53386.6Fc50814.8Fc49281Fc51712.2Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1295Im1266Im1355Im1311Im1300F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity9551Im9718Im9600Im8986Im9000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield73752.9Fc76761.4Fc70848.7Fc68543.1Fc69230.8Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested54815Im53568Im57319Im55485Im55000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity233504Im237583Im234690Im219669Im220000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield42598.6Fc44351.7Fc40944.5Fc39590.7Fc40000Fc
GarlicArea Harvested384Im402Im399Im354Im305Im
GarlicProduction Quantity2422Im2573Im2207Im2067Im2144Im
GarlicYield63072.9Fc64005Fc55313.3Fc58389.8Fc70295.1Fc
GingerArea Harvested3Im4Im5Im8Im12Im
GingerProduction Quantity33Im40Im29Im31Im38Im
GingerYield110000Fc100000Fc58000Fc38750Fc31666.7Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested1478Im1444Im1545Im1486Im1473Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity11632Im11835Im11691Im10862Im10878Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield78700.9Fc81959.8Fc75669.9Fc73095.6Fc73849.3Fc
GrapesArea Harvested2492Im2435Im2605Im2522Im2500F
GrapesProduction Quantity12737Im12959Im12801Im11982Im12000F
GrapesYield51111.6Fc53219.7Fc49140.1Fc47509.9Fc48000Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested53000* 52000* 50000* 54000* 52000*
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity31000* 30000* 26000* 34000* 32000*
Groundnuts, with shellSeed5300Fc4240Fc4160Fc4000Fc4320Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield5849.06Fc5769.23Fc5200Fc6296.3Fc6153.85Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested978A 978A 978A 760A 760A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity283A 246A 210A 453A 338A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield2893.66Fc2515.34Fc2147.24Fc5960.53Fc4447.37Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1273Im1512Im1649Im1513Im1500F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity4476Im4554Im4499Im4191Im6000F
Lemons and limesYield35161Fc30119Fc27283.2Fc27699.9Fc40000Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1124Im1540Im1380Im1540Im1402Im
LentilsProduction Quantity796Im1217Im932Im931Im946Im
LentilsYield7081.85Fc7902.6Fc6753.62Fc6045.45Fc6747.5Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested212Im239Im232Im215Im227Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity218Im241Im306Im294Im305Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield10283Fc10083.7Fc13189.7Fc13674.4Fc13436.1Fc
MaizeArea Harvested301589Im293313Im280000F 284000F 275000F
MaizeProduction Quantity458587Im411914425204430334416767
MaizeSeed9047.67Fc9047.67Fc8799.39Fc8400Fc8520Fc
MaizeYield15205.7Fc14043.5Fc15185.9Fc15152.6Fc15155.2Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested46299Im36760Im27962Im20177Im20000F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity300574Im280230Im249901Im210000P 220000F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield64920.2Fc76232.3Fc89371.6Fc104079Fc110000Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity2087Im2217Im1901Im1592Im1651Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested16Im21Im26Im30F 30F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity15Im20Im16Im17Im21Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield9375Fc9523.81Fc6153.85Fc5666.67Fc7000Fc
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity18Im15Im16Im20F 10F
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested1800F 1800F 1800F 1800F 1800F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity21000F 21000F 21000F 21000F 21000F
Oil palm fruitYield116667Fc116667Fc116667Fc116667Fc116667Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested101389A 102876A 102882A 106900A 105899A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity25101.4A 22981.2A 20461.5A 25051.8A 24277.8A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed2228.2A 1825.4A 1826.62A 1795.4A 1917.51A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield2475.75Fc2233.87Fc1988.83Fc2343.48Fc2292.54Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested112776A 113420A 114050A 118617A 117399A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity27884.8A 26718.6A 24450.5A 28951.1A 28021.1A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1657.2A 1339.2A 1325.66A 1286.4A 1382.83A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2472.58Fc2355.72Fc2143.84Fc2440.72Fc2386.82Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity60Im58Im53Im61Im60Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested169Im177Im176Im160Im138Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity362Im385Im330Im277Im287Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield21420.1Fc21751.4Fc18750Fc17312.5Fc20797.1Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1636Im1316Im1211Im1236Im1465Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity9802Im7514Im6736Im8250Im8234Im
Onions, dryYield59914.4Fc57097.3Fc55623.4Fc66747.6Fc56204.8Fc
OrangesArea Harvested12976Im12500F 11204Im15132Im15000F
OrangesProduction Quantity86403Im70000F 66216Im89864Im90000F
OrangesYield66586.8Fc56000Fc59100.3Fc59386.7Fc60000Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested978F 978F 978Im760F 760F
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity283Im246Im210Im453Im338Im
Other BastfibresYield2893.66Fc2515.34Fc2147.24Fc5960.53Fc4447.37Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity1300F 1300Im1107Im1368Im1342Im
Palm oilProduction Quantity4100F 4100Im4021Im4131Im3841Im
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested3536Im3456Im3698Im3556Im3500F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity10038Im10213Im10089Im9399Im8500F
Peaches and nectarinesYield28388Fc29551.5Fc27282.3Fc26431.4Fc24285.7Fc
PearsArea Harvested997Im974Im1042Im1009Im1000F
PearsProduction Quantity1416Im1232Im1490Im1397Im1750F
PearsYield14202.6Fc12648.9Fc14299.4Fc13845.4Fc17500Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested13967Im15408Im15461Im14004Im14500F
Peas, dryProduction Quantity19511Im18518Im18510Im19386Im18000F
Peas, drySeed838.02Fc924.48Fc927.66Fc840.24Fc
Peas, dryYield13969.4Fc12018.4Fc11972.1Fc13843.2Fc12413.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1170Im1226Im1217Im1101Im948Im
Peas, greenProduction Quantity1218Im1294Im1110Im929Im964Im
Peas, greenYield10410.3Fc10554.7Fc9120.79Fc8437.78Fc10168.8Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested4861Im6456Im7840Im8294Im9000F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity4092Im5018Im5010Im4264Im5200F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield8418.02Fc7772.61Fc6390.31Fc5141.07Fc5777.78Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested14129Im12000F 9379Im10059Im9000F
PineapplesProduction Quantity79929Im70000F 72000F 60000F 53500F
PineapplesYield56570.9Fc58333.3Fc76767.3Fc59648.1Fc59444.4Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested520F 520F 520F 520F 520F
PistachiosProduction Quantity223Im187Im197Im254Im230F
PistachiosYield4288.46Fc3596.15Fc3788.46Fc4884.62Fc4423.08Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested448Im438Im469Im454Im450F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity2123Im2160Im2134Im1997Im2000F
Plums and sloesYield47388.4Fc49315.1Fc45501.1Fc43986.8Fc44444.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested38876Im41000F 39300F 38600F 38000F
PotatoesProduction Quantity208085Im224787224683220655218627
PotatoesSeed38876Fc58314Fc61500Fc58950Fc57900Fc
PotatoesYield53525.3Fc54826.1Fc57171.3Fc57164.5Fc57533.4Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested9813Im9149Im8820Im8107Im8112Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity11084Im9919Im9915Im9859Im10013Im
Pulses, nesSeed588.78Fc588.78Fc548.94Fc529.2Fc486.42Fc
Pulses, nesYield11295.2Fc10841.6Fc11241.5Fc12161.1Fc12343.4Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested139664A 119916A 115094A 112543A 112466A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity136669A 116901A 116567A 114710A 113701A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed7275.27A 8653.91A 7367.99A 7114.85A 6933.42A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9785.56Fc9748.57Fc10128Fc10192.5Fc10109.8Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested1908110Im1808000F 1733000F 1494000F 1372000F
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity5078420Im4737970454044039141703595760
Rice, paddySeed152649Fc152649Fc144640Fc138640Fc119520Fc
Rice, paddyYield26614.9Fc26205.6Fc26199.9Fc26199.3Fc26208.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested555577A 567469A 651530A 601633A 593000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4601280A 4395500A 4398360A 4394020A 4346760A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed38876A 58314A 61500A 58950A 57900A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield82819.9Fc77457.9Fc67508.2Fc73034.9Fc73301.2Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested14000* 16000* 18000* 18000* 19000*
Seed cottonProduction Quantity15029Im14544Im13360Im17000F 17000F
Seed cottonYield10735Fc9090Fc7422.22Fc9444.44Fc8947.37Fc
Sesame seedSeedB B 2B B 1B
SisalArea Harvested12415F 12415F 12415Im11664Im11053Im
SisalProduction Quantity18937Im16439Im14007Im18275Im18205Im
SisalYield15253.3Fc13241.2Fc11282.3Fc15667.9Fc16470.6Fc
SorghumArea Harvested2643Im2565Im2722Im2627Im2539Im
SorghumProduction Quantity1509Im1185Im1143Im1000P 1200F
SorghumSeed52.86Fc52.86Fc51.3Fc54.44Fc52.54Fc
SorghumYield5709.42Fc4619.88Fc4199.12Fc3806.62Fc4726.27Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested74Im76Im82Im100Im99Im
SoybeansProduction Quantity42Im41Im38Im44Im43Im
SoybeansYield5675.68Fc5394.74Fc4634.15Fc4400Fc4343.43Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested16Im21Im26Im30F 30F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity42Im50Im48Im52Im64Im
Spices, nesYield26250Fc23809.5Fc18461.5Fc17333.3Fc21333.3Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested95000F 95000F 95000F 79000F 82000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity3000000F 3000000F 3000000F 2500000F 2600000F
Sugar caneSeed60000Fc60000Fc60000Fc50000Fc52000Fc
Sugar caneYield315789Fc315789Fc315789Fc316456Fc317073Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested110647Im129000F 127000F 126000F 125000F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity860041Im919127910857902665894553
Sweet potatoesYield77728.4Fc71250.2Fc71721Fc71640.1Fc71564.2Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested36384Im37469Im37924Im41033Im37000F
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity224888Im242691Im242849Im249621Im240000F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield61809.6Fc64771.1Fc64035.7Fc60834.2Fc64864.9Fc
TeaArea Harvested593Im542Im499Im495Im470F
TeaProduction Quantity547Im586Im496Im516Im580F
TeaYield9224.28Fc10811.8Fc9939.88Fc10424.2Fc12340.4Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested2720F 2720F 2720Im2402Im1763Im
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1583Im1557Im1724Im1660Im1600F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield5819.85Fc5724.26Fc6338.24Fc6910.91Fc9075.44Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested4600Im4459Im4537Im5288Im4552Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity38562Im40974Im35140Im37424Im38820Im
TomatoesYield83830.4Fc91890.6Fc77452.1Fc70771.6Fc85281.2Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested15397A 15095A 15320A 19020A 17020A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6918A 5807A 6126A 7881A 7140A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield4493.08Fc3846.97Fc3998.69Fc4143.53Fc4195.06Fc
Tung NutsArea Harvested3960Im3667Im3884Im4075Im4000F
Tung NutsProduction Quantity2589Im2505Im2301Im2752Im2700F
Tung NutsYield6537.88Fc6831.2Fc5924.3Fc6753.37Fc6750Fc
VanillaArea Harvested37268Im49496Im60109Im63588Im69000F
VanillaProduction Quantity1587Im1946Im1943Im3055Im2800F
VanillaYield425.83Fc393.16Fc323.25Fc480.44Fc405.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested36255Im38000F 41698Im34063Im37000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity354397Im305256Im271480Im203929Im310000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield97751.2Fc80330.5Fc65106.2Fc59868.2Fc83783.8Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested49058A 50581A 54189A 47190A 48901A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity439081A 393334A 345958A 277658A 387387A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield89502.4Fc77763.2Fc63842.8Fc58838.3Fc79218.6Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested49058A 50581A 54189A 47190A 48901A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity439081A 393334A 345958A 277658A 387387A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield89502.4Fc77763.2Fc63842.8Fc58838.3Fc79218.6Fc
WheatArea Harvested4553Im5006Im4595Im4200P 4500F
WheatProduction Quantity10421Im11854Im11430Im10000P 11000F
WheatSeed455.3Fc455.3Fc500.6Fc459.5Fc420Fc
WheatYield22888.2Fc23679.6Fc24874.9Fc23809.5Fc24444.4Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested30Im29Im20F 20F 20F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity16Im15Im20Im18Im10F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield5333.33Fc5172.41Fc10000Fc9000Fc5000Fc
ApplesArea Harvested4400F 5740Im5428Im5284Im4828Im
ApplesProduction Quantity7000F 8668Im9193Im9613Im7853Im
ApplesYield15909.1Fc15101Fc16936.3Fc18192.7Fc16265.5Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested140F 154Im153Im155Im152Im
ApricotsProduction Quantity1250F 1314Im1394Im1311Im1399Im
ApricotsYield89285.7Fc85324.7Fc91111.1Fc84580.6Fc92039.5Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested2900F 2990Im2980Im3079Im3003Im
AvocadosProduction Quantity24000F 26994Im28629Im26920Im23419Im
AvocadosYield82758.6Fc90280.9Fc96070.5Fc87431Fc77985.4Fc
BananasArea Harvested55000F 54000F 52000F 54507Im51500F
BananasProduction Quantity315000F 310000F 305000F 300000F 300000F
BananasYield57272.7Fc57407.4Fc58653.8Fc55038.8Fc58252.4Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested8330074446830408302082990
Beans, dryProduction Quantity7910478175700007500070380
Beans, drySeed5460Fc5414.5Fc4838.99Fc5397.6Fc5396.3Fc
Beans, dryYield9496.28Fc10500.9Fc8429.67Fc9033.97Fc8480.54Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested764Im854Im914Im921Im893Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1736Im1888Im2514Im2371Im2613Im
Beans, greenYield22722.5Fc22107.7Fc27505.5Fc25743.8Fc29260.9Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested695Im660Im845Im786Im740Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity12573Im13237Im15646Im16255Im13340Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield180906Fc200561Fc185160Fc206807Fc180270Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested2145Im2010Im1570Im1425Im1408Im
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity6016Im4803Im5255Im5044Im6380Im
Carrots and turnipsYield28046.6Fc23895.5Fc33471.3Fc35396.5Fc45312.5Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested16200F 20366Im19246Im18257Im17866Im
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity6700F 8533Im7289Im6613Im6349Im
Cashew nuts, with shellYield4135.8Fc4189.83Fc3787.28Fc3622.17Fc3553.68Fc
CashewappleArea Harvested26500F 30013Im29914Im30912Im30290Im
CashewappleProduction Quantity69000F 74493Im79006Im74289Im79261Im
CashewappleYield26037.7Fc24820.2Fc26411Fc24032.4Fc26167.4Fc
CassavaArea Harvested391000F 388779353290352815352345
CassavaProduction Quantity29824802964000194940019922002366250
CassavaYield76278.3Fc76238.7Fc55178.5Fc56465.8Fc67157.2Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested7200F 5924Im5986Im5806Im5529Im
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity2500F 2115Im1788Im1729Im1606Im
Castor oil seedYield3472.22Fc3570.22Fc2986.97Fc2977.95Fc2904.68Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested46Im56Im78Im64Im49Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity427Im489Im560Im532Im385Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield92826.1Fc87321.4Fc71794.9Fc83125Fc78571.4Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1628340A 1509650A 1441160A 1421350A 1416820A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2741210A 2668780A 2383740A 2197530A 1919540A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed118511A 113714A 108080A 105413A 103884A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield16834.3Fc17678.2Fc16540.4Fc15460.8Fc13548.3Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1628340A 1509650A 1441160A 1421350A 1416820A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3901690A 3798650A 3392730A 3129930A 2786660A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed118511A 113714A 108080A 105413A 103884A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield23961.1Fc25162.5Fc23541.7Fc22020.8Fc19668.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested3400F 2773Im3174Im3154Im3158Im
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity3300F 3671Im4290Im4220Im3204Im
Chillies and peppers, dryYield9705.88Fc13238.4Fc13516.1Fc13379.8Fc10145.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity155Im124Im114Im105Im117Im
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested1018Im981Im789Im784Im785Im
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity1550F 1687Im2269Im2045Im1502Im
Cinnamon (canella)Yield15225.9Fc17196.7Fc28757.9Fc26084.2Fc19133.8Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16941A 16612A 19245A 16405A 16790A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity104831A 104644A 102244A 103095A 100216A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield61880.1Fc62993Fc53127.6Fc62843.7Fc59687.9Fc
ClovesArea Harvested366703723179422Im7891079225
ClovesProduction Quantity99009873180551895011770
ClovesYield2699.75Fc2651.82Fc2273.3Fc2401.47Fc1485.64Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested332501A 255157A 198874A 197724A 196582A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity406744A 392331A 350835A 318957A 172927A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed8300.78A 9950.02A 7631.52A 5944.08A 5909.88A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield12232.9Fc15376.1Fc17641.1Fc16131.4Fc8796.69Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested75117504468046704670
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity58595861440944104410
Cocoa beansYield7800.56Fc7810.5Fc9420.94Fc9443.25Fc9443.25Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested33000* 33000* 33000* 49823Im47249Im
CoconutsProduction Quantity84500* 84500* 84500* 64260Im59679Im
CoconutsYield25606.1Fc25606.1Fc25606.1Fc12897.7Fc12630.7Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested115100115020193770193670193510
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity6163555500677757031561520
Coffee, greenYield5354.91Fc4825.25Fc3497.7Fc3630.66Fc3179.16Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity5400F 3000F 4000F 3200F 3000*
CottonseedProduction Quantity11000* 6000* 9000* 8000* 5000F
CottonseedSeed570Fc630Fc278.01Fc489.27Fc446.7Fc
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested5131Im4639Im4610Im4606Im4603Im
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity4905Im4442Im3609Im3829Im3612Im
Cow peas, drySeed133.56Fc153.93Fc139.17Fc138.3Fc138.18Fc
Cow peas, dryYield9559.54Fc9575.34Fc7828.63Fc8313.07Fc7847.06Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested515Im483Im377Im342Im327Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity623Im503Im732Im685Im1091Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield12097.1Fc10414.1Fc19416.5Fc20029.2Fc33363.9Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested343Im321Im251Im228Im218Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity1559Im1145Im1547Im1158Im965Im
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield45451.9Fc35669.8Fc61633.5Fc50789.5Fc44266.1Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested9300F 9300F 7827Im9399Im9366Im
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity3557Im5441Im5649Im5732Im5712Im
Fibre Crops NesYield3824.73Fc5850.54Fc7217.32Fc6098.52Fc6098.65Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested40710A 33827A 36809A 39508A 36634A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity26933A 26048A 27072A 26611A 26330A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield6615.82Fc7700.36Fc7354.72Fc6735.6Fc7187.31Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested189811A 192094A 185406A 185287A 179747A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1008630A 974192A 963110A 948247A 986242A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield53138.7Fc50714.3Fc51946Fc51177.2Fc54868.3Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1200F 1449Im1444Im1492Im1257Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity8000F 9968Im10572Im9941Im9403Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield66666.7Fc68792.3Fc73213.3Fc66628.7Fc74805.1Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested48000F 45000F 38000F 36500F 35000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity190000F 185000F 155000F 135000F 125000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield39583.3Fc41111.1Fc40789.5Fc36986.3Fc35714.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested333Im312Im244Im221Im203Im
GarlicProduction Quantity1939Im1548Im1694Im1626Im1369Im
GarlicYield58228.2Fc49615.4Fc69426.2Fc73574.7Fc67438.4Fc
GingerArea Harvested8F 16F 12F 9Im10Im
GingerProduction Quantity30F 60F 45F 30Im37Im
GingerYield37500Fc37500Fc37500Fc33333.3Fc37000Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested1541Im1429Im1424Im1472Im1442Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity10981Im10078Im10689Im10051Im10724Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield71258.9Fc70524.8Fc75063.2Fc68281.3Fc74368.9Fc
GrapesArea Harvested2300F 2670Im2661Im2750Im2695Im
GrapesProduction Quantity11000F 10700F 11273Im10600F 12071Im
GrapesYield47826.1Fc40074.9Fc42363.8Fc38545.4Fc44790.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested5480054506484804795047735
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity4185838053346003561035455
Groundnuts, with shellSeed4160Fc4384Fc4360.48Fc3878.4Fc3836Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield7638.32Fc6981.43Fc7136.96Fc7426.49Fc7427.46Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested760A 760A 640A 769A 766A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity266A 407A 423A 429A 428A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield3500Fc5355.26Fc6609.38Fc5578.67Fc5587.47Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1400F 1683Im1677Im1733Im1698Im
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity5850F 8066Im8555Im8044Im6492Im
Lemons and limesYield41785.7Fc47926.3Fc51013.7Fc46416.6Fc38233.2Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1227Im1109Im1102Im1101Im1119Im
LentilsProduction Quantity902Im817Im664Im705Im665Im
LentilsYield7351.26Fc7367Fc6025.41Fc6403.27Fc5942.81Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested186Im181Im173Im129Im131Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity276Im220Im241Im231Im248Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield14838.7Fc12154.7Fc13930.6Fc17907Fc18931.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested330000252838196660195540194405
MaizeProduction Quantity405344391000349646317860171950
MaizeSeed8250Fc9900Fc7585.14Fc5899.8Fc5866.2Fc
MaizeYield12283.2Fc15464.5Fc17779.2Fc16255.5Fc8844.94Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested19000F 19064Im19001Im20507Im19865Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity215000F 196864Im212493Im232057Im264013Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield113158Fc103265Fc111833Fc113160Fc132904Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity1493Im1192Im1304Im1252Im1054Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested42Im40Im32Im31Im30Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity16Im15Im20Im18Im10F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield3809.52Fc3750Fc6250Fc5806.45Fc3333.33Fc
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity30F 70F 80F 60F 50F
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested1800F 1800F 1800F 1800F 1800F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity21000F 21000F 21000F 21000F 21000F
Oil palm fruitYield116667Fc116667Fc116667Fc116667Fc116667Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested110688A 98658A 99676A 114553A 108968A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity29136.2A 25110.5A 25200.4A 23431.7A 21427.3A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1871.5A 1987.73A 1798.77A 1723.32A 1685.5A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield2632.29Fc2545.21Fc2528.23Fc2045.49Fc1966.39Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested121688A 107714A 108827A 123429A 117420A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity30921A 28864.4A 28026.6A 25453A 24143.5A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1339.2A 1416.43A 1352.63A 1241.8A 1222.27A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2541Fc2679.73Fc2575.34Fc2062.15Fc2056.16Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity67Im65Im55Im53Im49Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested150Im141Im110Im100Im96Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity260Im254Im250Im244Im240Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield17333.3Fc18014.2Fc22727.3Fc24400Fc25000Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1421Im1109Im1197Im1136Im825Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity7858Im6777Im8207Im7792Im5715Im
Onions, dryYield55299.1Fc61109.1Fc68563.1Fc68591.6Fc69272.7Fc
OrangesArea Harvested14000F 13500F 16144Im13200F 13650Im
OrangesProduction Quantity88000F 86500F 83000P 85000F 83000P
OrangesYield62857.1Fc64074.1Fc51412.3Fc64393.9Fc60805.9Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested760F 760F 640Im769Im766Im
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity266Im407Im423Im429Im428Im
Other BastfibresYield3500Fc5355.26Fc6609.38Fc5578.67Fc5587.47Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity1504Im1452Im1228Im1187Im1102Im
Palm oilProduction Quantity3482Im3594Im3607Im3575Im3499Im
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested3200F 4004Im3991Im4124Im4041Im
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity8000F 8216Im8714Im8194Im8742Im
Peaches and nectarinesYield25000Fc20519.5Fc21834.1Fc19869.1Fc21633.3Fc
PearsArea Harvested950F 1074Im1070Im1106Im1084Im
PearsProduction Quantity1650F 1398Im1483Im1394Im1082Im
PearsYield17368.4Fc13016.8Fc13859.8Fc12604Fc9981.55Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested1435013842470046404615
Peas, dryProduction Quantity1780017180748072107170
Peas, drySeed870Fc861Fc830.52Fc282Fc278.4Fc
Peas, dryYield12404.2Fc12411.5Fc15914.9Fc15538.8Fc15536.3Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1034Im969Im757Im687Im658Im
Peas, greenProduction Quantity872Im696Im762Im731Im615Im
Peas, greenYield8433.27Fc7182.66Fc10066Fc10640.5Fc9346.5Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested1069010386401539903985
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity54434948449816001605
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield5091.67Fc4764.11Fc11203Fc4010.03Fc4027.6Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested8850F 8817Im9014Im7944Im8776Im
PineapplesProduction Quantity52000F 33961Im36018Im33867Im51685Im
PineapplesYield58757.1Fc38517.6Fc39957.8Fc42632.2Fc58893.6Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested515F 510F 500F 500F 505F
PistachiosProduction Quantity220F 210F 200F 195F 200F
PistachiosYield4271.84Fc4117.65Fc4000Fc3900Fc3960.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested430F 507Im505Im522Im466Im
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1900F 1972Im2091Im1966Im2098Im
Plums and sloesYield44186.1Fc38895.5Fc41405.9Fc37662.8Fc45021.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested3784036830499654996549655
PotatoesProduction Quantity216631214650280500255000296050
PotatoesSeed57000Fc56760Fc55245Fc74947.5Fc74947.5Fc
PotatoesYield57249.2Fc58281.3Fc56139.3Fc51035.7Fc59621.4Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested8253Im7462Im7416Im7409Im7404Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity9550Im8648Im7027Im7456Im7033Im
Pulses, nesSeed486.72Fc495.18Fc447.72Fc444.96Fc444.54Fc
Pulses, nesYield11571.5Fc11589.4Fc9475.46Fc10063.4Fc9498.92Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested112261A 101498A 100868A 100776A 100731A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity112261A 109262A 88780A 94200A 88860A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed6950.28A 6924.61A 6256.4A 6262.86A 6257.42A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield10000Fc10764.9Fc8801.6Fc9347.46Fc8821.51Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested12910001250000123800012194001216020
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity34849503393000303000028000002603970
Rice, paddySeed109760Fc103280Fc100000Fc99040Fc97552Fc
Rice, paddyYield26994.2Fc27144Fc24475Fc22962.1Fc21413.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested587240A 584522A 542990A 541515A 528490A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4320630A 4287150A 2997130A 2960140A 3365330A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed57000A 56760A 55245A 74947.5A 74947.5A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield73575.2Fc73344.5Fc55196.8Fc54664Fc63678.2Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested21000* 9267163091489012102
Seed cottonProduction Quantity17000F 9100F 13245113558162
Seed cottonYield8095.24Fc9819.79Fc8121.28Fc7625.92Fc6744.34Fc
Sesame seedSeedB 1B B B B
SisalArea Harvested9650Im14500F 12033Im1445014400
SisalProduction Quantity17710Im17200F 170001725017190
SisalYield18352.3Fc11862.1Fc14127.8Fc11937.7Fc11937.5Fc
SorghumArea Harvested2501Im2319Im2214Im2184Im2177Im
SorghumProduction Quantity1400Im1331Im1189Im1097Im977Im
SorghumSeed50.78Fc50.02Fc46.38Fc44.28Fc43.68Fc
SorghumYield5597.76Fc5739.54Fc5370.37Fc5022.89Fc4487.83Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested88Im85Im87Im90Im82Im
SoybeansProduction Quantity48Im46Im39Im38Im35Im
SoybeansYield5454.55Fc5411.76Fc4482.76Fc4222.22Fc4268.29Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested42Im40Im32Im31Im30F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity48Im45Im60Im54Im40F
Spices, nesYield11428.6Fc11250Fc18750Fc17419.3Fc13333.3Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested82000F 75000F 691906862068235
Sugar caneProduction Quantity26908902446260222400022360002223400
Sugar caneSeed53817.7Fc48925.2Fc44480Fc44720Fc44468Fc
Sugar caneYield328157Fc326168Fc321434Fc325853Fc325845Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested12240012391310573510573594490
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity886518878500542234492940493030
Sweet potatoesYield72427.9Fc70896.5Fc51282.4Fc46620.3Fc52178Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested36000F 35000F 34000F 33000F 32000F
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity235000F 230000F 225000F 220000F 210000F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield65277.8Fc65714.3Fc66176.5Fc66666.7Fc65625Fc
TeaArea Harvested450F 470F 335335335
TeaProduction Quantity560F 550F 365570516
TeaYield12444.4Fc11702.1Fc10895.5Fc17014.9Fc15403Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1800F 2055207612081902
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1500F 1699170712051285
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield8333.33Fc8267.64Fc8222.54Fc9975.17Fc6756.05Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested4965Im4653Im3634Im3298Im3157Im
TomatoesProduction Quantity35111Im28032Im28198Im28435Im25314Im
TomatoesYield70717Fc60245Fc77594.9Fc86218.9Fc80183.7Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16715A 20876A 19746A 18757A 18371A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6950A 8813A 7569A 6868A 6599A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield4157.94Fc4221.59Fc3833.18Fc3661.57Fc3592.07Fc
Tung NutsArea Harvested3800F 3132Im3165Im3070Im2923Im
Tung NutsProduction Quantity2600F 2299Im1944Im1880Im1746Im
Tung NutsYield6842.11Fc7340.36Fc6142.18Fc6123.78Fc5973.32Fc
VanillaArea Harvested6400063764262202605025880
VanillaProduction Quantity25342613839525880
VanillaYield395.94Fc409.79Fc319.98Fc201.54Fc340.03Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested36500F 92161Im71984Im65321Im62527Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity300000F 326209Im356926Im342615Im288400Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield82191.8Fc35395.6Fc49584.1Fc52451Fc46124.1Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested49097A 103910A 82134A 74658A 71232A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity370898A 387117A 423950A 409076A 347846A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield75543.9Fc37255Fc51616.9Fc54793.3Fc48832.8Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested49097A 103910A 82134A 74658A 71232A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity370898A 387117A 423950A 409076A 347846A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield75543.9Fc37255Fc51616.9Fc54793.3Fc48832.8Fc
WheatArea Harvested4842Im4489Im4285Im4226Im4213Im
WheatProduction Quantity10000P 13314Im11891Im10970Im9767Im
WheatSeed450Fc484.2Fc448.9Fc428.5Fc422.6Fc
WheatYield20652.6Fc29659.2Fc27750.3Fc25958.3Fc23183Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea41395Fm41395Fm41395Fm41095Fm40893Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea890Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea20.3I 14.1I 19.9I 9.5I
Arable landArea3500Fm3500Fm3500Fm3200Fm3000Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea4100Fm4100Fm4100Fm3800Fm3600Fm
Country areaArea58704W 58704W 58704W 58704W 58704Q
Forest areaArea12496Fm12553Q 12610Fm12667Fm12724Fm
Inland waterArea550Fm550Fm550Fm550Fm550Fm
Land areaArea58154Fm58154Fm58154Fm58154Fm58154Fm
Other landArea4263Fm4206Fm4149Fm4392Fm4537Fm
Permanent cropsArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea37295Fm37295Fm37295Fm37295Fm37293Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1086Fm1086Fm1086Fm1086Fm1086Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea40893Fm40893Fm40843Fm40843Fm40843Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea890Q 890Q 890Q 890Q 890Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea9.5I 2.2I
Arable landArea3000Fm3000Fm2950Fm2950F 2950F
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3600Fm3600Fm3550Fm3550F 3550F
Country areaArea58704Q 58704Q 58704Q 58704Q 58704Q
Forest areaArea12781Fm12838Q 12894.8Fm12951.6Fm13008.4Fm
Inland waterArea550Fm550Fm550Fm550Fm550Fm
Land areaArea58154Fm58154Fm58154Fm58154E 58154E
Other landArea4480Fm4423Fm4416.2Fm4359.4Fm4302.6Fm
Permanent cropsArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600F 600F
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea37293Q 37293Q 37293Q 37293Q 37293Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1086Fm1086Fm1086Fm1086F 1086F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data