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Datasheet

Sri Lanka

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Sri Lanka
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Area (km2): 660,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Colombo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 20,010,000
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$1,540
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$30,790,387,712
  • GDP: US$32,345,733,120
  • Agriculture, value added: US$3,782,576,896
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO, 2011
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, unreliable recordCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)PresentFernando & Linderman, 1993
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentJeyanandarajah & Seneviratne, 1991
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)WidespreadPunithalingam, 1968; Anon., 1936; Petch & Bisby, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRicaud et al., 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentMoore, 2000; CRI/UNDP, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentAvidov & Harpaz, 1969; EPPO, 2014; Lamb, 1953a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesWijesekera & Kudagamage, 1990; EPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedWilliams & Williams, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeaePresentDrew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)WidespreadWhite & Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Natural History Museum London
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadDrew & Hancock, 1994; Drew et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM London UK
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeTsuruta et al., 1997; Narayanan & Batra, 1960; Hardy, 1977; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; King, 1937
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadHaines, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedWood-Mason, 1873
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeAlcock, 1899
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)PresentMumford & Ho, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedDiakonoff , 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesAzevedo & Figo, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesReuben et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002; White & Elson-Harris, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNativeWu et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedSirisena et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentIntroducedGunawardana et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; Williams, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlyptotermes dilatatus (live-wood tea termite (Sri Lanka))WidespreadJepson, 1926; Pinto, 1941; Sivapalan & Seneratne, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)WidespreadCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNagarkatti & Sankaran, 1990; Chu & Wood, 1990; Rosen, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentGunasena et al., 1990; FAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2010; Brown, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentRajendram & Devarajah, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentWettasinghe & Mahindapala, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadTalbot, 1939
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentGalanihe et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)PresentNativeISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentBen-Dov et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesBolton, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)LocalisedIntroducedYesPrishanthini & Vinobaba, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadJesudasan & Yogaratnam, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentWilliams, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Coconut Research Institute,1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentGanesalingam, 1977; Taylor & Halliday, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeBlackman & Eastop, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003; NHM, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM London UK, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentGanesalingam, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentGanesalingam & Krishnarajah, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK CAB International, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentYesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentRutherford, 1914; Leefmans, 1927; Hutson, 1939; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentWahundeniya et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentSchotman, 1989; Delfinado-Baker & Baker, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeSpeyer, 1923; Blandford, 1898; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)WidespreadNativeCoyle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentLong, 2003; Borghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativePethiyagoda , 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)WidespreadNativeAli & Ripley, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Pethiyagoda, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusWidespreadNativeGrimmett et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeHeemstra & Randall, 1993; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014; Marambe et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedPethiyagoda, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedAmarasinghe & Silva, 1996; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)WidespreadNativeYesBirdLife International, 2009; Juniper & Parr, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeISSG, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedYesKraus, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeFujisaki et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedPethiyagoda, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Pethiyagoda, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedPethiyagoda, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesGriffiths et al., 1993; Cowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMead, 1961; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeStarmühlner, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedNaggs et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998b
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, invalid recordEpa, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi ZhongYan, 1998; Zhuang, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Hashioka, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEkanayake, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Sivapalan, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentNugaliyadde et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadSivapalan, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadSivapalan, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI Bioscience, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentGnanapragasam et al., 1991; Sivapalan, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadMacaron, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedFernando & Furtado, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentNativeDurairatnam, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeMageswaran et al., 1985; Coppejans et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)WidespreadNativeFraser-Jenkins et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedShaffer-Fehre, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeWeerakoon & Gunewardena, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeAbeywickrama, 1978; Manton & Sledge, 1954
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Garrison Hanks, 1998; Holttum, 1959
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadYesFowler & Holden, 1994; Dias, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativePerrone et al., 2006; Silva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedYesMidgley & Vivekanandan, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000; Midgley & Vivekandandan, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedMidgley & Vivekanandan, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; ILDIS, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Trounce & Dyason, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989; Scheldeman et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesBambaradeniya, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentMoody et al., 1984; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeDuke, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedKumar et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentTownsend, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedYesBambaradeniya et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedRanamukhaarachchi et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedBurke & DiTommaso, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)WidespreadStoney , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)Present only in captivity/cultivationSankar & Ravikumar, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts & Tulig, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedChadburn, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHooker, 1885
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentSoreng et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedLiyanage, 1993; PROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesPIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentILDIS, 2014; Lock & Ford, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedWright, 1912
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedVivekanandan, 1983; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentKew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadSen, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentClayton et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentIntroducedPurseglove, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentNativeFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentKers, 1986; Philcox, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)WidespreadIntroducedYesWester & Wood, 1977; Bremer, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012; Luxmei de Silva & Ranamukaarachchi, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedYesJayasinghe et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)PresentParker & Riches, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)WidespreadNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentCook, 1908
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentWeerakoon & Gunewardena, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedRooney, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedICRAF, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentKuganathan et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeEvans, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentClayton & Renvoize, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; van Mele et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Chandrasena, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesMeusel & Jäger, 1992; Bushana, 2010; Dassanayake & Fosberg, 1980; Kumudini Senaratna, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present only in captivity/cultivationHanelt et al., 2001; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeWhistler, 2000; Quattrocchi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedMabberly, 2008; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; Rojo et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentOrwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedHughes, 1987; ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Dassanayake, 1983; Govaerts, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedBaby et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativePIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionNativePieterse, 1981; Wijeyaratne & Perera, 2000; Cook, 1996; EPPO, 2014; Solangaarachchi & Perera, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGunasena et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentPerera et al., 1999; Gunn & Ritchie, 1982; Cook, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentDassanayake, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionChandrasena, 1989; Gilliland et al., 1971; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadIntroducedYesMorton, 1994; Evans, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionReed, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedGunasena & Wickremasinghe, 1995; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesBambaradeniya et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)Restricted distributionNativeDassanayake & Fossberg, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentIntroducedKotalawala, 1976; Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentMoody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Bor, 1960; Chowdhry & Wadhwa, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2012; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentVan & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)LocalisedIntroducedMeyer, 1998a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)PresentGrassworld, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Evans, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedYesPiyasena & Dharmaratne, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Jayasinghe, 1991; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; Yogaratnam et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMarambe et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedYesSalgado, 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989; Fairchild, 1902
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeScholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentChang, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; Puff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentJayasurya, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Premaratne & Premalal, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)WidespreadIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDept. & of Agriculture, Sri Lanka, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Dassanayake & Hicks, 1994; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Adikaram et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedReed, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Haigh, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentGunawardena, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFosberg, 1971; Diong, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; Holm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeYesTropicos, 2012; Tropicos, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedStreets, 1962; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present only in captivity/cultivationHanelt et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; Poorten & Poorten, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Palm et al., 1988; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedGrieson, 1980; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedYesDissanayake et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeTropical Forages, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentNativeMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesAshton, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979; van Damme et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionPemadasa, 1976; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeAustin, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeJSTOR, 2015; Schultze-Kraft, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Bryce, 1920
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Restricted distributionCABI & EPPO, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCoconut cadang-cadang viroid (cadang cadang disease)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentMcKern et al., 1994; Dahal & Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentGamage et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusRestricted distributionPerera et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentJorgensen et al., 1988; Jorgensen et al., 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Jorgensen et al., 1988; Jorgensen et al., 1992
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedFernando & Furtado, 1963
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009; Silva et al., 2000
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedDance, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSixl et al., 1988
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009;
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentHerbst, 1994
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1996
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Vesenjak et al., 1969; Daniels et al., 2002
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1996
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO, 1997
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentThillaiampalam Sivakumar et al., 2014
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentSchotman, 1989; Delfinado-Baker & Baker, 1982; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ArecanutsArea Harvested1564015080142201384012430
ArecanutsProduction Quantity3160029880278602684025870
ArecanutsYield20204.6Fc19814.3Fc19592.1Fc19393.1Fc20812.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested8767Im10280857093638765
Beans, dryProduction Quantity10531Im11700926088788513
Beans, drySeed175.34Fc175.34Fc205.6Fc171.4Fc187.26Fc
Beans, dryYield12012.1Fc11381.3Fc10805.1Fc9482Fc9712.49Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested78207710791080707720
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4043042690405104256041330
Beans, greenYield51700.8Fc55369.7Fc51213.7Fc52738.5Fc53536.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested34903680402044604390
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity7061062840627707693068830
Cabbages and other brassicasYield202321Fc170761Fc156144Fc172489Fc156788Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested31402790290030303250
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity3782034170358304002038110
Carrots and turnipsYield120446Fc122473Fc123552Fc132079Fc117262Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested2309022710218402247021890
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity68906970677071207050
Cashew nuts, with shellYield2983.98Fc3069.13Fc3099.82Fc3168.67Fc3220.65Fc
CassavaArea Harvested2420023440238702394022560
CassavaProduction Quantity292740282760277850240730219930
CassavaYield120967Fc120631Fc116401Fc100556Fc97486.7Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1146950A 1124660A 999340A 1110840A 856543A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2727810A 3037630A 2572060A 2727240A 2150480A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed110180A 110180A 101860A 109630A 84950A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield23783.3Fc27009.3Fc25737.6Fc24551.2Fc25106.5Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1146950A 1124660A 999340A 1110840A 856543A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4018120A 4469740A 3788070A 4017620A 3193100A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed110180A 110180A 101860A 109630A 84950A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield35033.2Fc39743Fc37905.7Fc36167.4Fc37278.9Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1331013260135601480014090
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity4440049000464205101048700
Chillies and peppers, greenYield33358.4Fc36953.2Fc34233Fc34466.2Fc34563.5Fc
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested2916028860280902677025760
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity1594015790146001343013360
Cinnamon (canella)Yield5466.39Fc5471.24Fc5197.58Fc5016.81Fc5186.34Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested17990A 16860A 15650A 15050A 13900A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity12770A 12330A 11120A 10770A 11430A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield7098.39Fc7313.17Fc7105.43Fc7156.15Fc8223.02Fc
ClovesArea Harvested74707300734074207250
ClovesProduction Quantity38703770379039903070
ClovesYield5180.72Fc5164.38Fc5163.49Fc5377.36Fc4234.48Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested55895A 64300A 56930A 57850A 39830A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity143317A 169120A 136400A 142620A 62100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1180A 1180A 1060A 1080A 730A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield25640.4Fc26301.7Fc23959.3Fc24653.4Fc15591.3Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested25502730274026902350
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity16301730175017201440
Cocoa beansYield6392.16Fc6337Fc6386.86Fc6394.05Fc6127.66Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested394840394840394840394840394840
CoconutsProduction Quantity1522560* 1761680216828022108402180440
CoconutsYield38561.4Fc44617.6Fc54915.4Fc55993.3Fc55223.4Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested869085408720879010170
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity53205240541054506050
Coffee, greenYield6121.98Fc6135.83Fc6204.13Fc6200.23Fc5948.87Fc
CoirProduction Quantity147000F 147000F 147000F 154800F 152600F
Cotton lintProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedSeed
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested927010870114401216010630
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity1045011610134801195010850
Cow peas, drySeed203.94Fc240260251.68Fc267.52Fc
Cow peas, dryYield11272.9Fc10680.8Fc11783.2Fc9827.3Fc10207Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested32403310309032502920
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity3238033620317603106028300
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield99938.3Fc101571Fc102783Fc95569.2Fc96917.8Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested1132011010107601144010160
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity11667010730010638010416092900
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield103065Fc97456.9Fc98866.2Fc91048.9Fc91437Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested116396A 111755A 104270A 103002A 102925A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity823805A 785838A 710207A 728746A 725058A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield70776.1Fc70317.9Fc68112.3Fc70750.7Fc70445.3Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested10806Im10375Im9680Im9562Im9555Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity64385Im61418Im55507Im56956Im56668Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield59582.6Fc59198.1Fc57341.9Fc59564.9Fc59307.2Fc
GingerArea Harvested24002070189019101530
GingerProduction Quantity136601205010780100508270
GingerYield56916.7Fc58212.6Fc57037Fc52617.8Fc54052.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested9290948090101027010420
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity169001435013070102509840
Groundnuts, with shellSeed464.5Fc1254.15Fc121013801400
Groundnuts, with shellYield18191.6Fc15137.1Fc14506.1Fc9980.53Fc9443.38Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested19601640168016801910
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity3157026070268002712029110
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield161071Fc158963Fc159524Fc161429Fc152408Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested11930110901030099009320
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity55405180449050005050
Lemons and limesYield4643.76Fc4670.87Fc4359.22Fc5050.51Fc5418.45Fc
MaizeArea Harvested5054557620508605160034190
MaizeProduction Quantity13779716169012977013590056440
MaizeSeed1110F 111010001020670
MaizeYield27262.2Fc28061.4Fc25515.1Fc26337.2Fc16507.8Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested2768027180261202575025270
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity8773086580823507892084940
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield31694.4Fc31854.3Fc31527.6Fc30648.5Fc33613Fc
MilletArea Harvested52806600593060805480
MilletProduction Quantity54307330645065105500
MilletSeed70F 70606060
MilletYield10284.1Fc11106.1Fc10876.9Fc10707.2Fc10036.5Fc
Mustard seedArea Harvested250380360420340
Mustard seedProduction Quantity180420300310260
Mustard seedSeed5Fc5Fc7.6Fc7.2Fc8.4Fc
Mustard seedYield7200Fc11052.6Fc8333.33Fc7380.95Fc7647.06Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested127000124734124000116480116480
Natural rubberProduction Quantity158198152990136000129240117550
Natural rubberYield12456.5Fc12265.3Fc10967.7Fc11095.5Fc10091.9Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested15501530145013201850
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity580570480400500
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield3741.94Fc3725.49Fc3310.34Fc3030.3Fc2702.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested421190A 427590A 416750A 416300A 417720A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity137128A 161216A 185947A 186569A 185330A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed442.01A 768.15A 912.49A 734.35A 799.77A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield3255.72Fc3770.35Fc4461.85Fc4481.6Fc4436.71Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested421190A 427590A 416750A 416300A 417720A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity208618A 242117A 290256A 293867A 290076A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed291.11A 533.94A 583.29A 531.76A 542.61A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4953.06Fc5662.36Fc6964.74Fc7059.03Fc6944.26Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested959093909580897012600
Onions, dryProduction Quantity118030120740127940106660149200
Onions, drySeed9190F 9190F 9190940010560
Onions, dryYield123076Fc128584Fc133549Fc118907Fc118413Fc
OrangesArea Harvested60605770535051504580
OrangesProduction Quantity72307150663057706380
OrangesYield11930.7Fc12391.7Fc12392.5Fc11203.9Fc13930.1Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested3643037340361803407030520
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity2577026620253002287019390
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield7073.84Fc7129.08Fc6992.81Fc6712.65Fc6353.21Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested62904960478049604780
PineapplesProduction Quantity5348053030495505218053300
PineapplesYield85023.9Fc106915Fc103661Fc105202Fc111506Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested5363052380480404768049420
PlantainsProduction Quantity605440572480511680529920518720
PlantainsYield112892Fc109294Fc106511Fc111141Fc104962Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested44803840414051505330
PotatoesProduction Quantity5936051930617007482077390
PotatoesSeed7700F 7700F 83201103010710
PotatoesYield132500Fc135234Fc149034Fc145282Fc145197Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested18037A 21150A 20010A 21523A 19395A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity20981A 23310A 22740A 20828A 19363A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed379.28A 415.34A 465.6A 423.08A 454.78A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield11632.2Fc11021.3Fc11364.3Fc9677.09Fc9983.5Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested1041097901018088808980
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1278901194401169109709096950
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield122853Fc122002Fc114843Fc109336Fc107962Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested109105010603609424101052990816713
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity38748004300620365167038750003131000
Rice, paddySeed109000F 10900010080010855084220
Rice, paddyYield35514.4Fc40558.1Fc38748.2Fc36800Fc38336.6Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested34470A 33160A 34010A 35560A 34420A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity399370A 381150A 386820A 368120A 346480A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed7700A 7700A 8320A 11030A 10710A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield115860Fc114943Fc113737Fc103521Fc100662Fc
Seed cottonArea HarvestedF F F F F
Seed cottonProduction QuantityF F F F F
Seed cottonYield
Sesame seedArea Harvested14360183901088095109260
Sesame seedProduction Quantity1130016950853063406300
Sesame seedSeed287.2Fc287.2Fc367.8Fc217.6Fc190.2Fc
Sesame seedYield7869.08Fc9216.97Fc7840.07Fc6666.67Fc6803.46Fc
SorghumArea Harvested7080140170160
SorghumProduction Quantity90100180210160
SorghumSeedF F F
SorghumYield12857.1Fc12500Fc12857.1Fc12352.9Fc10000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested24504500166012602860
SoybeansProduction Quantity38407520379030304800
SoybeansSeed147Fc180F 330120210
SoybeansYield15673.5Fc16711.1Fc22831.3Fc24047.6Fc16783.2Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1028Im1029Im10001000680
Spices, nesProduction Quantity8437Im8293Im775071404400
Spices, nesYield82072Fc80592.8Fc77500Fc71400Fc64705.9Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested1219014850137301291014150
Sugar caneProduction Quantity729010914850919530799450782510
Sugar caneYield598039Fc616061Fc669723Fc619249Fc553011Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested57905880600064706530
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity4727046460472705257049160
Sweet potatoesYield81640.8Fc79013.6Fc78783.3Fc81251.9Fc75283.3Fc
TeaArea Harvested221969221969221969221969212720
TeaProduction Quantity327500331400290000318700305220
TeaYield14754.3Fc14930Fc13064.9Fc14357.9Fc14348.4Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested20602560221021402680
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity34704200381037704150
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield16844.7Fc16406.3Fc17239.8Fc17616.8Fc15485.1Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested76207260714077406670
TomatoesProduction Quantity7589075330739208470065150
TomatoesYield99593.2Fc103760Fc103529Fc109432Fc97676.2Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested23090A 22710A 21840A 22470A 21890A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6890A 6970A 6770A 7120A 7050A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield2983.98Fc3069.13Fc3099.82Fc3168.67Fc3220.65Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested6250F 6114Im6200F 6100F 6100F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity63000F 62200Im63000F 62000F 62000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield100800Fc101734Fc101613Fc101639Fc101639Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested78150A 75954A 77020A 78420A 78790A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity758690A 733400A 732240A 723310A 720580A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed9190A 9190A 9190A 9400A 10560A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield97081.3Fc96558.4Fc95071.4Fc92235.4Fc91455.8Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested78150A 75954A 77020A 78420A 78790A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity758690A 733400A 732240A 723310A 720580A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed9190A 9190A 9190A 9400A 10560A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield97081.3Fc96558.4Fc95071.4Fc92235.4Fc91455.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ArecanutsArea Harvested1197011720108808000F 7000F
ArecanutsProduction Quantity24610249902383015000F 12000F
ArecanutsYield20559.7Fc21322.5Fc21902.6Fc18750Fc17142.9Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested8700964086101201011250
Beans, dryProduction Quantity7980900078101061010320
Beans, drySeed175.3Fc174F 192.8Fc172.2Fc240.2Fc
Beans, dryYield9172.41Fc9336.1Fc9070.85Fc8834.3Fc9173.33Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested78107720747062906550
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4055040790396003169032650
Beans, greenYield51920.6Fc52836.8Fc53012.1Fc50381.6Fc49847.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested40804100387037203630
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity5939063910605105222049340
Cabbages and other brassicasYield145564Fc155878Fc156357Fc140376Fc135923Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested29603100288024902540
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity3625036930343402721028160
Carrots and turnipsYield122466Fc119129Fc119236Fc109277Fc110866Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested1995022790226402239023750
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity68106200613054905340
Cashew nuts, with shellYield3413.53Fc2720.49Fc2707.6Fc2451.99Fc2248.42Fc
CassavaArea Harvested2356023450231402628026380
CassavaProduction Quantity226080223210220780228840224980
CassavaYield95959.3Fc95185.5Fc95410.5Fc87077.6Fc85284.3Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested948663A 950200A 748720A 946340A 848790A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2283140A 2213610A 1793120A 2083740A 1937970A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed94580A 97247A 80791A 101935A 88434A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield24067Fc23296.3Fc23949.1Fc22018.9Fc22832.2Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested948663A 950200A 748720A 946340A 848790A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3396030A 3294530A 2668240A 3106450A 2890180A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed94580A 97247A 80791A 101935A 88434A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield35798.1Fc34672Fc35637.3Fc32825.9Fc34050.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1790020430166401874016290
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity6655066990532305869046350
Chillies and peppers, greenYield37178.8Fc32790Fc31989.2Fc31318Fc28453Fc
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested2562026100250902611024600F
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity1299013380128101302012920
Cinnamon (canella)Yield5070.26Fc5126.44Fc5105.62Fc4986.6Fc5252.03Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13260A 14110A 13220A 13640A 11540A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity11010A 11120A 10310A 10140A 26920A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield8303.17Fc7880.94Fc7798.79Fc7434.02Fc23327.6Fc
ClovesArea Harvested774079708060818011000F
ClovesProduction Quantity31403260327033504100F
ClovesYield4056.85Fc4090.34Fc4057.07Fc4095.35Fc3727.27Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested38170A 34940A 29030A 34900A 29200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity54030A 48530A 40240A 35250A 30700A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed690A 607A 511A 615A 524A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield14155.1Fc13889.5Fc13861.5Fc10100.3Fc10513.7Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested24202870291029804850
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity15601880197020302920
Cocoa beansYield6446.28Fc6550.52Fc6769.76Fc6812.08Fc6020.62Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested394840394840394840446952443952
CoconutsProduction Quantity21158401683400196916019471201817920
CoconutsYield53587.3Fc42635Fc49872.3Fc43564.4Fc40948.6Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested1060011300118601180014820
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity64607240767091109780
Coffee, greenYield6094.34Fc6407.08Fc6467.12Fc7720.34Fc6599.19Fc
CoirProduction Quantity148100F 191200F 177200F 136300F 127250F
Cotton lintProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedProduction QuantityF F F F F
CottonseedSeed
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested106501136096601384011780
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity101201118091601290010440
Cow peas, drySeed233.86Fc234.3Fc249.92Fc212.52Fc304.48Fc
Cow peas, dryYield9502.35Fc9841.55Fc9482.4Fc9320.81Fc8862.48Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested28503160267031602836Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity2468026830229102339026000F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield86596.5Fc84905.1Fc85805.2Fc74019Fc91678.4Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested1017097909330106309700F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity8837083640803807447070000F
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield86892.8Fc85434.1Fc86152.2Fc70056.4Fc72164.9Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested101856A 107720A 104620A 106980A 106414A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity713809A 767690A 756900A 811273A 830290A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield70080.2Fc71267.2Fc72347.5Fc75834.1Fc78024.5Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested9456Im10000F 9500F 10200F 13004Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity55789Im60000F 57000F 62000F 65000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield58998.5Fc60000Fc60000Fc60784.3Fc49984.6Fc
GingerArea Harvested136013501253Im12501290
GingerProduction Quantity67606700569048405080
GingerYield49705.9Fc49629.6Fc45411Fc38720Fc39379.8Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested11660109209980113809110
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity98209040793065805730
Groundnuts, with shellSeed157014701474.2Fc1347.3Fc1536.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield8421.96Fc8278.39Fc7945.89Fc5782.07Fc6289.79Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested17101028Im883Im929Im876Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity2480011880Im10278Im9369Im8773Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield145029Fc115564Fc116399Fc100850Fc100148Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested89709680918097007630
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity497052104860509021300F
Lemons and limesYield5540.69Fc5382.23Fc5294.12Fc5247.42Fc27916.1Fc
MaizeArea Harvested3200028410234302706023410
MaizeProduction Quantity4753041800352002965026410
MaizeSeed630560460530460
MaizeYield14853.1Fc14713.1Fc15023.5Fc10957.1Fc11281.5Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested2532027200263302863027070
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity85360928309191010012097450
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield33712.5Fc34128.7Fc34906.9Fc34970.3Fc35999.3Fc
MilletArea Harvested59706290525075605570
MilletProduction Quantity63306500477054004140
MilletSeed6047* 508060
MilletYield10603Fc10333.9Fc9085.71Fc7142.86Fc7432.68Fc
Mustard seedArea Harvested370430220360260
Mustard seedProduction Quantity250310190280200
Mustard seedSeed6.8Fc7F 8.6Fc4.4Fc7.2Fc
Mustard seedYield6756.76Fc7209.3Fc8636.36Fc7777.78Fc7692.31Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested116480116470116470114680114680
Natural rubberProduction Quantity109140104350947009201090520
Natural rubberYield9369.85Fc8959.39Fc8130.85Fc8023.19Fc7893.27Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested25104640* 4830* 4800* 5300F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity6901710* 1750* 2050* 2010*
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield2749Fc3685.34Fc3623.19Fc4270.83Fc3792.45Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested419280A 418920A 413330A 470052A 461162A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity180281A 145371A 164368A 163571A 150719A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed868.8A 804.18A 809.61A 647.44A 828.92A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4299.77Fc3470.13Fc3976.68Fc3479.84Fc3268.25Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested419280A 418920A 413330A 470052A 461162A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity281595A 225213A 260649A 258094A 240080A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed592.68A 557.23A 561.61A 479.93A 573.67A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6716.15Fc5376.03Fc6306.07Fc5490.75Fc5205.97Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1304010350747076707870
Onions, dryProduction Quantity134370109280769706782066890
Onions, drySeed1173010900140701444014820
Onions, dryYield103044Fc105585Fc103039Fc88422.4Fc84993.6Fc
OrangesArea Harvested42904430404039403910
OrangesProduction Quantity60405910545050505620
OrangesYield14079.3Fc13340.9Fc13490.1Fc12817.3Fc14373.4Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested3049031150313303003028500F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity1860018290185601786017700
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield6100.36Fc5871.59Fc5924.03Fc5947.39Fc6210.53Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested49605260519048304800
PineapplesProduction Quantity5717058460576804886050920
PineapplesYield115262Fc111141Fc111137Fc101159Fc106083Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested4886051150503804968050000F
PlantainsProduction Quantity504480545280540000590153Im590000F
PlantainsYield103250Fc106604Fc107185Fc118791Fc118000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested53005610549063106610
PotatoesProduction Quantity7849079450812707175088710
PotatoesSeed1065011270110301267013280
PotatoesYield148094Fc141622Fc148033Fc113708Fc134206Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested19350A 21000A 18270A 25850A 23030A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity18100A 20180A 16970A 23510A 20760A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed409.16A 408.3A 442.72A 384.72A 544.68A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9354.01Fc9609.52Fc9288.45Fc9094.78Fc9014.33Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested81609080723081909200F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity78170874007373071150100000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield95796.6Fc96255.5Fc101978Fc86874.2Fc108696Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested910493915260719690911440819590
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity33420003246000262800030712002859480
Rice, paddySeed93890966408028010132087910
Rice, paddyYield36705.4Fc35465.3Fc36515.7Fc33696.1Fc34889.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested35510A 35680A 35050A 40160A 40690A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity346190A 343840A 341770A 344640A 361150A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed10650A 11270A 11030A 12670A 13280A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield97490.9Fc96367.7Fc97509.3Fc85816.7Fc88756.4Fc
Seed cottonArea HarvestedF F F F F
Seed cottonProduction QuantityF F F F F
Seed cottonYield
Sesame seedArea Harvested93409650699088106580
Sesame seedProduction Quantity59706160435054904070
Sesame seedSeed185.2Fc187F 193Fc139.8Fc176.2Fc
Sesame seedYield6391.86Fc6383.42Fc6223.18Fc6231.56Fc6185.41Fc
SorghumArea Harvested200240350280220
SorghumProduction Quantity170230270200150
SorghumSeed154
SorghumYield8500Fc9583.33Fc7714.29Fc7142.86Fc6818.18Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested30703080130025501260
SoybeansProduction Quantity51804990189029601160
SoybeansSeed220185F 184.8Fc78Fc191.25Fc
SoybeansYield16873Fc16201.3Fc14538.5Fc11607.8Fc9206.35Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested670710710990990
Spices, nesProduction Quantity36903860385037303940
Spices, nesYield55074.6Fc54366.2Fc54225.3Fc37676.8Fc39798Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested1878016910167601680017510
Sugar caneProduction Quantity11366009915509904301015480963050
Sugar caneYield605218Fc586369Fc590949Fc604452Fc550000Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested66506620642075707700
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity4162041180397204405047460
Sweet potatoesYield62586.5Fc62205.4Fc61869.2Fc58190.2Fc61636.4Fc
TeaArea Harvested212720212720212720210620210620
TeaProduction Quantity310800317200308090303230310000
TeaYield14610.8Fc14911.6Fc14483.4Fc14397Fc14718.5Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested25103040348031103150
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity37104210439038103820
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield14780.9Fc13848.7Fc12614.9Fc12250.8Fc12127Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested66406220598059305420
TomatoesProduction Quantity6104056900537704498041240
TomatoesYield91927.7Fc91479.1Fc89916.4Fc75851.6Fc76088.6Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested19950A 22790A 22640A 22390A 23750A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6810A 6200A 6130A 5490A 5340A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield3413.53Fc2720.49Fc2707.6Fc2451.99Fc2248.42Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested5900F 5800F 5500F 7466Im7043Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity60000F 58000F 56000F 65145Im61000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield101695Fc100000Fc101818Fc87255.6Fc86610.8Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested81220A 80778A 69923A 75215A 71955A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity674170A 642550A 561718A 526134A 530403A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed11730A 10900A 14070A 14440A 14820A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield83005.4Fc79545.2Fc80333.8Fc69950.7Fc73713.1Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested81220A 80778A 69923A 75215A 71955A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity674170A 642550A 561718A 526134A 530403A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed11730A 10900A 14070A 14440A 14820A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield83005.4Fc79545.2Fc80333.8Fc69950.7Fc73713.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea2620Fm2620Fm2510Fm2595Fm2390Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea2.7I 3.5I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea0.4I 0.2I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea43.7I 21.2I 22.3I 17I
Arable landArea1200Fm1200Fm1100Fm1200Fm1000Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2180Fm2180Fm2070Fm2155Fm1950Fm
Country areaArea6561W 6561W 6561Q 6561W 6561W
Forest areaArea1845.4Fm1860Q 1874.6Fm1889.2Fm1903.8Fm
Inland waterArea290Fm290Fm290Fm290Fm290Fm
Land areaArea6271W 6271W 6271Q 6271W 6271W
Other landArea1805.6Fm1791Fm1886.4Fm1786.8Fm1977.2Fm
Permanent cropsArea980Fm980Fm970Fm955Fm950Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea440Fm440Fm440Fm440Fm440Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea570Fm570Fm570Fm570Fm570Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea2440Fm2510Fm2310Fm2370Fm2356Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea17I 10I
Arable landArea1050Fm1100Fm900Fm950Fm936Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2000Fm2070Fm1870Fm1930Fm1916Q
Country areaArea6561W 6561W 6561W 6561Q 6561Q
Forest areaArea1918.4Fm1933Q 1962.8Fm1992.6Fm2022.4Fm
Inland waterArea290Fm290Fm290Fm290Fm290Fm
Land areaArea6271W 6271W 6271W 6271W 6271W
Other landArea1912.6Fm1828Fm1998.2Fm1908.4Fm1892.6Fm
Permanent cropsArea950Fm970Fm970Fm980Fm980Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea440Fm440Fm440Fm440F 440F
Total area equipped for irrigationArea570I 570Fm570Fm570Fm570Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data