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Datasheet

Laos

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Laos
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 236,800
  • Climates: Subtropical, Subtropical, Tropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Vientiane
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 5,859,891
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$630
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$3,707,383,808
  • GDP: US$4,108,056,320
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,690,927,488
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentGarnier & Bové, 1998
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentSinclair, 1977; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; UK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2001; NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentYesWaterhouse, 1993a; Drew & Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentHardy, 1973; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresentHardy, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeHardy, 1973; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentRethinam & Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)WidespreadNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadVythilingam et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004; CIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1981; Motono & Negishi, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)PresentNativeMotono & Negishi, 1989; Osada et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; FAO, 1994; Showler, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentCAB European, 1998; Gressitt et al., 1970; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Restricted distributionDean, 1978; Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadDean, 1978; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentAVRDC, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentAPPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeEPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentIntroducedWelcomme & Vidthayanon, 2003; Kottelat, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)PresentNativeCorbet & Hill, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)PresentNativeThorington et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeKottelat , 1998; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedKottelat et al. 198
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedBaird, 1998; Kottelat, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresentRobson, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)LocalisedNativeClements et al., 2014; BirdLife International, 2015; Listing Proposal, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)WidespreadIntroducedMekong River Commission, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeKottelat, 2001a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Kottelat, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedKottelat, 2001; Froese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesKottelat, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)WidespreadNativeDeuve, 1970; Manthey & Grossmann, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentOliveira et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedDouangboupha & Khamphoukeo, 2006; Halwart & Bartley, 2006; Hayes et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentManser, 1971; Manser, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeNewman et al., 2007; Lindsay & Middleton, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentIntroducedPinyopusarerk et al., 1996; Mounda, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993; Roder et al., 1997; IRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeKrisnawati et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentPancho & Soerjani, 1978; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresenteFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedJansen et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedTHOMAS & HUMPHREYS, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b; Momose, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedRoder et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentWaterhouse, 1993a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)WidespreadPieterse, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeMoody, 1989; Garrity et al., 1996; McDonald & Chandler, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedPadua et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2012; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)WidespreadIntroducedKassulke et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Engstrand et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)LocalisedNativePuff, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedLock & Heald, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentMoody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedHäfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGurnah, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedNewman et al., 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentThuan et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentNativePIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeRao & Bhat, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Wiart, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; Kittiphone, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004b
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsPresentDance, 1991
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947
classical swine feverAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009;
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidNo information availableOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentWattanavijarn et al., 1988
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Theungphachanh, 2004
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file