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Datasheet

Japan

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Japan
  • General data
  • Region: East Asia
  • Area (km2): 378,000
  • Climates: Subtropical, Temperate
  • Capital: Tokyo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 127,770,750
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$37,790
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$4,828,909,010,944
  • GDP: US$4,384,254,853,120
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentNamba et al., 1993; Nakamura et al., 1996; Okuda et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOkumura et al., 2012; OIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1941OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; Ogiso et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, see datasheet for details
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentTsuji et al., 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)WidespreadTakikawa et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentKawano et al., 1983; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)WidespreadNativeBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedKiryu et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentSuzui & Hoshino, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentMatsumoto & Araki, 1978; Matsumoto & Sato, 1985; Hansen et al., 1986
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)WidespreadKitazawa et al., 1978
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentTohyama & Tsuda, 1995; Valkonen & Koponen, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Yoshii, 1941; Tohyama & Tsuda, 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentMorikawa, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionAsuyama, 1938; Shimizu, 1939; Okamoto, 1940; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentHara, 1919; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedYesTsukiboshi &, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)WidespreadUK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008; Shishido et al., 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentNag Raj, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentAnon., 1966; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentTamura, 1975; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2012; Kobayashi, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium kamtschaticum (Japanese white pine rust)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Saho, 1972; Hobayashi, 1976; Yokota & Uozumi, 1976; Hiratsuka et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; Wicker & Yokota, 1976
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium miyabeiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentHiratsuka, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; Kobayashi et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insulareWidespreadDai et al., 2002; Kobayashi et al., 1981
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumRestricted distributionNativeDai et al., 2003
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)WidespreadNativeOno, 2000; Sydow & Sydow, 1915; Hiratsuka, 1935; Ito, 1938; Hiratsuka, 1960; Hiratsuka et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Hiratsuka, 1900
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRyan & Egan, 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentIntroducedKawanishi et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPucciniastrum coryliPresentLiang et al., 2006
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadIntroducedGoka et al., 2009
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentNativeMartel et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedIwasaki et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Absent, unreliable recordCIE, 1981; Mau & Kessing, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)PresentNativeHaack et al., 2002; Schaefer, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentOku & Kobayashi, 1978; Hirai, 1991; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, 1998 [Okinawa]
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadIntroducedYesDoi et al., 2011; Iwasaki, 2006; Iwasaki & Kinoshita, 2004; Kawahara, 1963; Otani, 2004; Utinomi, 1966; Utinomi, 1968; Utinomi, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)WidespreadNativeLingafelter & Hoebeke, 2002; Gressitt, 1951; Duffy, 1968; Lee, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)Absent, intercepted onlyIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips fuscocupreanusPresentNativeTsugawa, 1971; Ohira & Oku, 1992; Oku, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Anonymous, 2013; EPPO, 2013b; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentKawai, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Absent, intercepted onlySatoh et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)EradicatedIntroducedKoyama et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBedford et al., 1994a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedYesInoue et al., 2008; Washitani & Matsumura, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentEhara, 1956; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentCarter, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Hsu Fong-kan 1936, February
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentNativeShibata, 1994; Makihara, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentShinoda & Yoshida, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)PresentIntroducedCarlton & Cohen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarposina sasakii (peach fruit moth)WidespreadNativeKomarova, 1981; Hwang & Woo, 1958; Siezo, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedAhyong & Yeo, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)WidespreadNativeYesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentKawai, 1980; Tao, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Kawai, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)No information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentTokora et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)WidespreadIntroducedYesGoro et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)WidespreadInoue, 1982; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNativeWu et al., 1986; Chu & Zhang, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)WidespreadIntroducedYesKanzawa, 1935; Uchino, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedTanaka & Uesato, 2012; García et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentSasaki & Ishikawa, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedSchedl, 1969; Ohno, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedSchedl, 1969; Browne, 1980; Ohno et al., 1987; Ohno et al., 1988; Ohno, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; Kinjo et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeSmith, 1974; Pschorn-Walcher, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentNativeGoto et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)WidespreadNativeKoch, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentKudô, 1992; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNagarkatti & Sankaran, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia pitysophila (pine needle hemiberlesian scale)Restricted distributionKawai, 1980; Tao, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill, 1953; Kosztarab, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKittaka , 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentMorimoto, 1982; Sasakawa & Wakita, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentYesDoi et al., 2011; Shino, 1944; Shino, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesKameyama, 2001; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone, 1993; Matsumoto, 1962; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesInoue , 1957; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Restricted distributionMiller et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedLing & Costello, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984; Tao, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentSato et al., 1987; Kobayashi et al., 2003; Jikumaru & Togashi, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeYesCherepanov, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentNativeYamaguti, 1936
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentNativeMori, 1935
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentTakahashi, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentAPPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentKielhorn, 2009; Spinnen Forum, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedYoshimatsu et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadMasaki et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedHiruta , 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Presentde Freina, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentShinji, 1935; Kawai, 1972; Kawai, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesTakahashi et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentNativeKumata, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, few occurrencesMatsuda et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentIntroducedNobuchi, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentYukawa, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadKoshihara, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHuner & Barr , 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentOzawa, 1994; Borchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusWidespreadNativeIslam & Tanaka, 2006; Tanaka, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentYoshida, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentPark & Kim, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano, 1978; Knutson & Orth, 1984; Nagatomi & Kushigemachi, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentKanmiya & Sonobe, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)Absent, unreliable recordMAFF, Japan, communication to CABI, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentYoshida, 1984; Takeshita & Imura, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeMatsumura, 1912
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeAPHIS, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeBílý & Mehl, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)WidespreadIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 1998; Nakazawa, 1981; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentLekander et al., 1977; Masuya et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentMasuda & Kikuchi, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeYesNemoto, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)EradicatedBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Absent, unreliable recordClarke, 1962; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyNativeOhno, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedOhno et al., 1987; Ohno et al., 1988; Ohno et al., 1989; Ohno, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedOhno et al., 1987; Ohno et al., 1988; Ohno et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentMurayama, 1954; Nobuchi, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedBrowne, 1980; Browne, 1986; Ohno et al., 1988; Ohno, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)WidespreadNativeCoyle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentClausen, 1931; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentNativeMasuda, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusWidespreadNativeMasuda et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)PresentIntroducedJapan Ministry of Environment, 2005; Froese & Pauly, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Chiba et al., 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiAbsent, formerly presentNativeBanks et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNativeKailola & et al. , 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)WidespreadNativeMcCullough et al., 2009b; Nagata, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)WidespreadNativeEmura et al., 2013; Clements et al., 2014; Hamao, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedYesFroese Pauly, 2009; Courtenay & Williams, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedChiba et al., 1989; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedAlikhuni, 1966; Masuda et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeRandall & Heemstra, 1991; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesSasa & Kurihara, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGarrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)LocalisedIntroducedKawakami & Yamaguchi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemibarbus maculatus (spotted steed)PresentNativeWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)WidespreadIntroducedYesMatsuzaki et al., 2011; Chiba & et al. , 1989; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedYesEguchi & Amano, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)WidespreadIntroducedYesMasuda et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeMasuda et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedChiba et al., 1989; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeMasuda & et al. , 1984; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Greathead & Greathead, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)LocalisedIntroducedYesNIES, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)WidespreadNativeKauhala & Saeki, 2004a; Kauhala & Saeki, 2004b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)LocalisedIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Chiba et al., 1989; Pullin & Capili, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedQu et al., 2009; Switzer, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Masuda et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresentIntroducedYesNishikawa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentNativeYesAzuma & Motomura, 1998; Barus, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedTeixeira et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)WidespreadIntroducedYesKawamura et al., 2001; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Sato et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRusa marianna (Philippine deer)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedMiura & Yoshihara, 2002; Wiles et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus asotus (Amur catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedYesBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedBasiao & Taniguchi, 1984; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedJapan Ministry of Environment, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedJapan Ministry of Environment, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentNativeMaas, 1909; Otsuru et al., 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAsterias amurensis (northern Pacific seastar)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentNativeYesAguirre & Poss, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam)PresentNativeCoan, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentNativeShaw, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFIGIS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)PresentIntroducedYesHabe & Maze, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesCiveyrel & Simberloff, 1996; Cowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTakeuchi et al., 1991; Tomiyama, 2002; Mead, 1961; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedBrannock et al., 2009; DIAS, 2005; Wilkins et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedDFAS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesMochida, 1991; Wada, 2006; Halwart & Bartley, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadIntroducedMatsukura et al., 2008; Matsukura et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadIntroducedShimada & Urabe, 2003; Masuda, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeMagni & Montani, 2000; Qi ZhongYan, 1998; Goshima et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentKobayashi, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)WidespreadKagami et al., 1979; Yamada & Takakura, 1987; Yamada & Takakura, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Restricted distributionKobayashi et al., 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Nakanishi, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)PresentNarabu et al., 2016; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesAihara et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentUehara et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedIchinohe, 1952; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentMitsui et al., 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Restricted distributionGotoh, 1974; Inagaki, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentYamaguti, 1934; Choudhury & Cole, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaWidespreadNativeYoshida, 1998; Chihara, 1990; Noda, 1987; Okamura, 1921; Tokuda et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentNativeHosoi-Tanabe et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadNativePhillips, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeto & Nasu, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeCroft, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)LocalisedIntroducedYesMurakami et al., 2007; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeHolttum, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, few occurrencesNativeShinohara et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Garrison Hanks, 1998; Ohwi, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeGuo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentNIES, 2013; GBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeYoshida et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentNativeMairh et al., 1986; Ask, 2003; Hayashi et al., 2007a; Hayashi et al., 2007b; Msuya et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeYoshida et al., 1990; Yoshida, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresentNativeKawaguchi et al., 2001; Verlaque et al., 2005; Yoshida, 1998; Yoshida et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusLocalisedNativeMairh et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentSegi, 1960; Yoshida et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedWaki, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroducedJi et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)WidespreadNativeGelderen et al., 1994; GBIF, 2015; Ogata, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)Restricted distributionSago et al., 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species of Japan, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesSingh et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedKato, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativePIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentYamamoto & Kusumoto, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Mito & Uesugi, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; eFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Ohtsuka, 1998; Nakayama, 1998; Moriya, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedYamazaki et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIshimine et al., 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedYesKoyama, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedKato, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeYesSpace et al., 2009; Niu et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedWu et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2011; Warashino & Noro, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeZhang et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIshimine et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeOi, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedYesNIES, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper & Moerkerk, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedKon & Blacklow , 1989; Hitchcock , 1944; Gibbs & Russel et al. , 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Koyama , 1987; Arnold & de Wet , 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedKon & Blacklow , 1989; Hitchcock , 1944; Holmgren & Holmgren , 1977; Koyama , 1987; Arnold & de Wet , 1993; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedKon & Blacklow, 1989; Hitchcock, 1944; Gibbs Russel et al., 1955; Holmgren & Holmgren, 1977; Tselev, 1984; Koyama, 1987; Arnold & de Wet, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentNativeGhafoor, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedWu & Raven, 1996; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativePIER, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedKato, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedTakabayashi, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge)PresentNativeIshikawa & Kachi, 1998; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativeYesCronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativePIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadNumata & Yoshikawa, 1975; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedJordan, 1983; Nishida, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedMorita, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedBelcher, 1955; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedKoba & Tanaka, 2000; GBIF, 2015; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedMorita, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentIntroducedFang et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentAlbo et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadNumata et al., 1975; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)WidespreadNumata et al., 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadIntroducedHotta et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedKoyama, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentNumoto & Yoshizawa, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNatureWatch, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)LocalisedIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedKato, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Morita, 1997; Mito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Morita, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedKadono, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesKadono, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionTakabayashi, 1981; Hongo, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentBailey, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedYeseMonocot, 2016; Invasive Species of Japan, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedOhwi et al., 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedQuattrocchi, 2012; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Pelser et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentTsujimura, 1979; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentIntroducedHummer et al., 2011; Darrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004; Usami, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeAnderson & Reznicek, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentIntroducedTakeuchi & Horie, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedYesGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)Present only in captivity/cultivationUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeMcDonald & Chandler, 1994; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentKameoka et al., 1992; Miyazaki et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedEnomoto, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2003; Anon, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedCrawford et al., 1996; Landolt, 1986; Makino, 1926
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedeFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionHafliger & Scholz, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKadono, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Tase et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentNativeHuxley, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentNativeeFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeWangerin & Schr÷ter, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; Holm et al., 1979; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentYasunaga, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativePIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)WidespreadPancho & Soerjani, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentNakamura, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedOrchard, 1981; Shibayama, 1988; Muranaka et al., 2005; Kadono, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Present, few occurrencesNativeEnvironment Agency of Japan, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)Restricted distributionIntroducedShimizu et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresent only in captivity/cultivationGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedNIES (National Institute for Environmental Studies), 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedYesShibayama, 1988; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedYesAuld et al., 2003; Mito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHirata et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)LocalisedIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadNumata & Yoshikawa, 1975; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Iwatsuki et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedYoshida et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentGBIF, 2009; Oshida & Yanagawa, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Morita, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentKobayashi & Hori, 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadNumata & Yoshikawa, 1975; Holm et al., 1991; Mito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Namuta & Yoshikawa, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)WidespreadNumata & Yoshikawa, 1975; Hafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentYesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015; Mito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)LocalisedIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentNativeeFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeNakama et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeeFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentIntroducedYesShimuzu et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)WidespreadIntroducedYesTaki, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)WidespreadIntroducedYesNishida, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentIntroducedShimura et al., 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentNativeSE-EPPC, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentIntroducedKinoshita et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeNumata & Yoshizawa, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedOhnishi & Katsuyama, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentMatsuzoe et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedShimizu et al., 2001; PIER, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Yamaguchi, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)WidespreadIntroducedMorita, 1997; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadNumata et al., 1975; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadNumata & Yoshikawa, 1975; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedToida, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedMasaki et al., 1984; Hoshikawa, 1995; Sugimoto & Takahashi, 1996; Watanabe et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedEnomoto, 2000; Masato, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Nishihiro et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeNew Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentAsai, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedOhwi, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedIshii et al., 2007; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumWidespreadLilly et al., 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumWidespreadMatsuoka & Fukuyo, 1994
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Ejiri et al., 2008
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusLast reported 1963OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Last reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian metapneumovirusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentSato et al., 1962; Horiuchi et al., 1965; Iwata et al., 1986; Tsai et al., 1997; Kawashima, 1962
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Restricted distributionYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentKojima, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusAbsent, invalid recordTsuchizaki et al., 1984; Hino, 1960; Tsuchizaki et al., 1970; Tsuchizaki & Hibino, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEast Asian Passiflora virusPresent, see datasheet for details
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)Present, see datasheet for details
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1972OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionIntroducedKumar & Rawal, 1999; Jones, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentMaoka et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusWidespreadSun et al., 2015
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Takahashi, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1956OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1924OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1975OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Restricted distributionKato et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014; Shahid & Natsuaki, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisPresent, see datasheet for details
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004a
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Sato, 1996
avipoxPresentHoriuchi et al., 1965; Sato et al., 1962; Iwata et al., 1986; Tsai et al., 1997; Kawashima, 1962
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Arai et al., 1998
bacterial kidney diseasePresentSakai & Kobayashi, 1992; Yoshimizu et al., 1987
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentNativeMartel et al., 2014
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Goto et al., 1996; Gard, 1996; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentYamaguti, 1934; Choudhury & Cole, 2012
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisLast reported 1963OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentMochizuki et al., 2000; Iwamoto et al., 2001
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadIntroducedGoka et al., 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentSano et al., 2001; Hoshinae , 1962
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haemorrhagic diseasePresentAnon., 1999b
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Egusa & Masuda , 1971
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentOkumura et al., 2012; OIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentHerbst, 1994
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentUmeda & Yoshinaga, 2012
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009; van den Berg, 2000
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE, 2009; Sano & et al. , 1977
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentSano, 1971
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009; Kono & Kim, 1969
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Sano et al., 2004a; Sano et al., 2004b
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentNativeYamaguti, 1936
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentNativeMori, 1935
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Alexander, 1997; OIE, 2004b
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentHussein et al., 2001; Hussein & Hatai, 2002; Hatai & Hoshiai , 1993; Hatai & Hoshiai , 1992
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Nemoto, 1961
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentKawamoto et al., 1990; Hirose et al., 2003; Arashima et al., 1993
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Ejiri et al., 2008
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaWidespreadSun et al., 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableNativeYoshiie et al., 1991; Htwe et al., 1992; Morita et al., 1994; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2003
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1975OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresent, see datasheet for details
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionPresentOIE, 2009; Kamogawa et al., 1996; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentThoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Ohara et al., 1996; Ohara et al., 1998
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedKiryu et al., 2013
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested3780038100388003950039900
ApplesProduction Quantity655300786500845600910700840100
ApplesYield173360Fc206430Fc217938Fc230557Fc210551Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1660016900171001740017500
ApricotsProduction Quantity10690092400115200121000120600
ApricotsYield64397.6Fc54674.6Fc67368.4Fc69540.2Fc68914.3Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested6401Im6490651065406530
AsparagusProduction Quantity31732Im31400311003080031100
AsparagusYield49573.5Fc48382.1Fc47772.7Fc47094.8Fc47626.3Fc
BananasArea Harvested54Im55Im56Im57Im58Im
BananasProduction Quantity177Im173Im203Im204Im205F
BananasYield32777.8Fc31454.5Fc36250Fc35789.5Fc35344.8Fc
BarleyArea Harvested6010058700580005665054220
BarleyProduction Quantity171500149000179200217200194600
BarleySeed4000F 4000500050004000
BarleyYield28535.8Fc25383.3Fc30896.5Fc38340.7Fc35890.8Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested4080042300429004300043100
Beans, dryProduction Quantity6990076900687009380087500
Beans, drySeed3500F 3500F 3500* 3800* 3700*
Beans, dryYield17132.3Fc18179.7Fc16014Fc21814Fc20301.6Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested6411Im6500F 7000F 70407040
Beans, greenProduction Quantity45375Im44900506005090048900
Beans, greenYield70776.8Fc69076.9Fc72285.7Fc72301.1Fc69460.2Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested100Im104Im105F 80Im81Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity67Im74Im66Im83Im75Im
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed8.9Fc8.9Fc9.26Fc9.35Fc7.12Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield6700Fc7115.38Fc6285.71Fc10375Fc9259.26Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested5640047700454004730046100
BuckwheatProduction Quantity3200029700153002320026300
BuckwheatSeed1692Fc1692Fc1431Fc1362Fc1419Fc
BuckwheatYield5673.76Fc6226.42Fc3370.04Fc4904.86Fc5704.99Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested32844Im33300332003300032700
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity1374390Im1360000138500023104002276500
Cabbages and other brassicasYield418460Fc408408Fc417169Fc700121Fc696177Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested18740Im19000190001930019100
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity602003Im595700650100656800665900
Carrots and turnipsYield321240Fc313526Fc342158Fc340311Fc348639Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested14519Im14720147601406013310
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity153305Im151700165500161400150400
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield105589Fc103057Fc112127Fc114794Fc112998Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1904490A 1940800A 1936190A 1940270A 1983580A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity6554560A 6408800A 6521500A 8478570A 8397480A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed67702.9A 67702.9A 66442.4A 82372.9A 85431.2A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield34416.4Fc33021.4Fc33682.2Fc43697.8Fc42334.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1904490A 1940800A 1936190A 1940270A 1983580A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9352420A 9233640A 9343340A 12151200A 12024900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed67702.9A 67702.9A 66442.4A 82372.9A 85431.2A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield49107.3Fc47576.4Fc48256.4Fc62626Fc60621.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested44404470445044904490
CherriesProduction Quantity2040019700166001700016600
CherriesYield45945.9Fc44071.6Fc37303.4Fc37861.9Fc36971.1Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested2140021700221002250023000
ChestnutsProduction Quantity1910023500217002530022100
ChestnutsYield8925.23Fc10829.5Fc9819Fc11244.4Fc9608.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested33803430340034603500
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity141600137300142700150300149600
Chillies and peppers, greenYield418935Fc400292Fc419706Fc434393Fc427429Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested5726Im5798Im5900F 6000F 6205
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity92431Im90100Im106000F 116000F 117270
Citrus fruit, nesYield161423Fc155398Fc179661Fc193333Fc188993Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested55508A 56437A 57519A 58974A 60335A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1079270A 933263A 1176250A 1090100A 1253520A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield194435Fc165364Fc204498Fc184844Fc207760Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested116987A 106903A 103888A 104473A 100881A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity204124A 179336A 195144A 241158A 221750A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed5702.94A 5702.94A 6442.43A 6372.86A 5431.23A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield17448.4Fc16775.6Fc18784.1Fc23083.3Fc21981.3Fc
Cow peas, dryArea HarvestedF F F F F
Cow peas, dryProduction QuantityF F F F F
Cow peas, drySeed
Cow peas, dryYield
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1170012100124001250012800
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity584600587800620200627400641000
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield499658Fc485785Fc500161Fc501920Fc500781Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested5F 5F 5F 5F 5F
CurrantsProduction Quantity19Im17Im16Im15Im14F
CurrantsYield38000Fc34000Fc32000Fc30000Fc28000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested1000010300104001060010800
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity322400330100349100365900371800
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield322400Fc320485Fc335673Fc345189Fc344259Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
FigsArea Harvested1097Im1111Im1131Im1147Im1165Im
FigsProduction Quantity14240Im13881Im16330Im16398Im16500F
FigsYield129809Fc124941Fc144386Fc142964Fc141631Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested194393A 196840A 200314A 203497A 206590A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2957660A 2883080A 3391840A 3416130A 3438870A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield152148Fc146468Fc169326Fc167871Fc166459Fc
GarlicArea Harvested2209Im2240214020502030
GarlicProduction Quantity19908Im19700198001970019200
GarlicYield90122.2Fc87946.4Fc92523.4Fc96097.6Fc94581.3Fc
GingerArea Harvested1970Im1980198019201870
GingerProduction Quantity57321Im53800532004980042700
GingerYield290970Fc271717Fc268687Fc259375Fc228342Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1780018000183001840018600
GrapesProduction Quantity172600184800202200201000209100
GrapesYield96966.3Fc102667Fc110492Fc109239Fc112419Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested74407720787080708310
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity2030016200203001940018800
Groundnuts, with shellSeed424.08Fc424.08Fc440.04Fc448.59Fc459.99Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield27285Fc20984.5Fc25794.2Fc24039.7Fc22623.3Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea HarvestedF F F F F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction QuantityF F F F F
Hemp Tow WasteYield
HopsArea Harvested335F 335F 335F 335F 335F
HopsProduction Quantity715F 715F 715F 715F 715F
HopsYield21343.3Fc21343.3Fc21343.3Fc21343.3Fc21343.3Fc
JuteArea HarvestedF F F F F
JuteProduction QuantityF F F F F
JuteYield
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested2271Im2300237023802420
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity27185Im26500350003840032800
Kiwi fruitYield119705Fc115217Fc147679Fc161345Fc135537Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested2259Im2290234024502520
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity19807Im19600196002110021500
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield87680.4Fc85589.5Fc83760.7Fc86122.4Fc85317.5Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested358Im363Im369Im374Im380F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity4578Im4463Im5250F 5000P 5250F
Lemons and limesYield127877Fc122948Fc142276Fc133690Fc138158Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested20614Im20900206002060020900
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity543591Im537900549800544300543700
Lettuce and chicoryYield263700Fc257368Fc266893Fc264223Fc260144Fc
LinseedArea Harvested
LinseedProduction Quantity
LinseedSeed
LinseedYield
MaizeArea Harvested64Im68Im65F 58Im59Im
MaizeProduction Quantity165Im163Im165F 160F 155F
MaizeSeed2.56Fc2.56Fc2.72Fc2.6Fc2.32Fc
MaizeYield25781.3Fc23970.6Fc25384.6Fc27586.2Fc26271.2Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested24954Im25300255002580025600
Maize, greenProduction Quantity237183Im234700235900266000256700
Maize, greenYield95048.1Fc92766.8Fc92509.8Fc103101Fc100273Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested330Im334Im340Im345Im350F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity2354Im2295Im2700P 2286Im2300F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield71333.3Fc68712.6Fc79411.8Fc66260.9Fc65714.3Fc
MilletArea Harvested280Im285Im284Im285Im291Im
MilletProduction Quantity229Im226Im229Im298Im295Im
MilletSeed2.66Fc2.66Fc2.71Fc2.7Fc2.71Fc
MilletYield8178.57Fc7929.82Fc8063.38Fc10456.1Fc10137.5Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity60180Im59550Im63084Im67500F 67000F
OatsArea Harvested143150139180211F
OatsProduction Quantity230F 247Im250F 300F 400F
OatsSeed5.72Fc5.72Fc6Fc5.56Fc7.2Fc
OatsYield16083.9Fc16466.7Fc17985.6Fc16666.7Fc18957.3Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested145840A 147110A 154100A 155777A 147435A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity181736A 182873A 189935A 214715A 186837A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed5697.65A 5697.65A 5703.68A 5703.83A 5707.36A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield12461.3Fc12431Fc12325.4Fc13783.5Fc12672.5Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested145840A 147110A 154100A 155777A 147435A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity46215A 45506.6A 47852A 53306A 46826A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1391.42A 1391.42A 1396.19A 1396.79A 1399.7A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield3168.88Fc3093.37Fc3105.26Fc3421.94Fc3176.04Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested2420024000240002410024300
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity106600010420001161000575500558700
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield440496Fc434167Fc483750Fc238797Fc229918Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested22685Im23000F 240002410024300
Onions, dryProduction Quantity1058080Im1047000115400012710001265000
Onions, dryYield466423Fc455217Fc480833Fc527386Fc520576Fc
OrangesArea Harvested4124Im4176Im4250F 4300F 4350F
OrangesProduction Quantity54063Im52700Im62000F 63000F 65000F
OrangesYield131094Fc126197Fc145882Fc146512Fc149425Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested8443Im8560887092109530
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity190090Im188100199400208500221300
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield225145Fc219743Fc224803Fc226384Fc232214Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested998010000101001010010200
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity139800136700150700157300150200
Peaches and nectarinesYield140080Fc136700Fc149208Fc155743Fc147255Fc
PearsArea Harvested1530015500159001600016300
PearsProduction Quantity312800284900351500361700322400
PearsYield204444Fc183806Fc221069Fc226063Fc197791Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested476Im493Im500F 505F 366Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity1170Im1287Im1150* 1200* 1100*
Peas, drySeed32.37Fc32.37Fc33.52Fc34Fc34.34Fc
Peas, dryYield24579.8Fc26105.5Fc23000Fc23762.4Fc30054.6Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested4073Im4130423043104380
Peas, greenProduction Quantity26477Im26200280002860027500
Peas, greenYield65006.1Fc63438.3Fc66193.9Fc66357.3Fc62785.4Fc
PeppermintArea HarvestedF F F F F
PeppermintProduction QuantityF F F F F
PeppermintYield
PersimmonsArea Harvested2210022400227002300023200
PersimmonsProduction Quantity207500189400258000266600244800
PersimmonsYield93891.4Fc84553.6Fc113656Fc115913Fc105517Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested353Im357413418438
PineapplesProduction Quantity9007Im87809620991010400
PineapplesYield255156Fc245938Fc232930Fc237081Fc237443Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested29702990301030203050
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity2250020900209002600021900
Plums and sloesYield75757.6Fc69899.7Fc69435.2Fc86092.7Fc71803.3Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested80838Im82500831008490084500
PotatoesProduction Quantity2349130Im2290000245900027430002873000
PotatoesSeed152981F 152981151951150930162966
PotatoesYield290597Fc277576Fc295909Fc323086Fc340000Fc
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested41376A 42897A 43505A 43585A 43547A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity71137A 78261A 69916A 95083A 88675A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed3541.27A 3541.27A 3542.78A 3843.35A 3741.46A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield17192.8Fc18243.9Fc16070.8Fc21815.5Fc20363.1Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested17754Im18000182001800017200
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity222833Im220500214100242800228000
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield125511Fc122500Fc117637Fc134889Fc132558Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedArea Harvested
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity
Pyrethrum,DriedYield
QuincesArea Harvested39Im38Im37Im41Im39Im
QuincesProduction Quantity278Im271Im319Im320Im322Im
QuincesYield71282.1Fc71315.8Fc86216.2Fc78048.8Fc82564.1Fc
RamieArea Harvested
RamieProduction Quantity
RamieYield
RapeseedArea Harvested17001690830F 607P 825F
RapeseedProduction Quantity195015701000* 1000* 1000*
RapeseedSeed10.2Fc10.2Fc10.14Fc4.98Fc3.64Fc
RapeseedYield11470.6Fc9289.94Fc12048.2Fc16474.5Fc12121.2Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested15760001627000162400016270001673000
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity8402000848300084740001102880010893000
Rice, paddySeed42000F 42000400005600059000
Rice, paddyYield53312.2Fc52138.9Fc52179.8Fc67786.1Fc65110.6Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested3929Im4010397040104060
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity61960Im60400622006330058200
Roots and Tubers, nesYield157699Fc150623Fc156675Fc157855Fc143350Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested144675A 147650A 149570A 151660A 151610A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3646800A 3555000A 3896700A 4178200A 4263200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed193261A 192828A 199718A 195950A 209073A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield252068Fc240772Fc260527Fc275498Fc281195Fc
RyeArea Harvested
RyeProduction Quantity
RyeSeed
RyeYield
Sesame seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Sesame seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Sesame seedSeed0.75F 0.75F 0.75F 0.75F 0.75F
Sesame seedYield
SorghumArea Harvested
SorghumProduction Quantity
SorghumSeed
SorghumYield
SoybeansArea Harvested136700137700145400147100138300
SoybeansProduction Quantity218800222500229900261700226700
SoybeansSeed7000F 7000700070007000
SoybeansYield16005.9Fc16158.3Fc15811.5Fc17790.6Fc16391.9Fc
SpinachArea Harvested21798Im22100224002250022900
SpinachProduction Quantity271846Im269000286300292700298200
SpinachYield124711Fc121719Fc127813Fc130089Fc130218Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested1672Im1693Im1723Im1750F 1740
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity5232Im5100Im6000F 6500F 5710
Stone fruit, nesYield31291.9Fc30124Fc34823Fc37142.9Fc32816.1Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested6074Im6150636064706800F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity182091Im177500184700190700191400
StrawberriesYield299788Fc288618Fc290409Fc294745Fc281471Fc
String beansArea Harvested6737Im6830712070307040
String beansProduction Quantity45375Im44900506005090048900
String beansYield67351.9Fc65739.4Fc71067.4Fc72404Fc69460.2Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested6050062600645006600066600
Sugar beetProduction Quantity35470003090000364900042480004297000
Sugar beetYield586281Fc493610Fc565736Fc643636Fc645195Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested2260023200230002220022100
Sugar caneProduction Quantity10000001469000151500015980001500000
Sugar caneYield442478Fc633190Fc658696Fc719820Fc678733Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested3890039700405004070040700
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity88590086360010260001011000968400
Sweet potatoesSeed12027F 12027182011533916315
Sweet potatoesYield227738Fc217531Fc253333Fc248403Fc237936Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested4530046100470004830049400
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity92820078600010030009061001066000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield204901Fc170499Fc213404Fc187598Fc215789Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested13522Im13800141001400014100
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity171928Im167600182400179700173200
Taro (cocoyam)Seed20767.1Fc20334.3Fc21926.4Fc21780.6Fc21742.2Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Yield127147Fc121449Fc129362Fc128357Fc122837Fc
TeaArea Harvested4620046800473004800048200
TeaProduction Quantity95012Im85000860009650094100
TeaYield20565.4Fc18162.4Fc18181.8Fc20104.2Fc19522.8Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1300015000158001680017700
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity2360029300366003850037800
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield18153.8Fc19533.3Fc23164.6Fc22916.7Fc21355.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1200012300124001250012700
TomatoesProduction Quantity703000690900717600732800750300
TomatoesYield585833Fc561707Fc578710Fc586240Fc590787Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested21400A 21700A 22100A 22500A 23000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity19100A 23500A 21700A 25300A 22100A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield8925.23Fc10829.5Fc9819Fc11244.4Fc9608.7Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested118481Im120124Im121000F 117867Im118000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2766510Im2737540Im2900000F 2827850Im2825000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield233498Fc227893Fc239669Fc239919Fc239407Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested401742A 407314A 411570A 409317A 409780A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity10859400A 10745700A 11383400A 11905200A 11887800A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield270308Fc263818Fc276584Fc290854Fc290102Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested401742A 407314A 411570A 409317A 409780A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity10859400A 10745700A 11383400A 11905200A 11887800A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield270308Fc263818Fc276584Fc290854Fc290102Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested11540Im11700121001230012600
WatermelonsProduction Quantity373106Im369200389900402000421600
WatermelonsYield323315Fc315556Fc322231Fc326829Fc334603Fc
WheatArea Harvested211500206900208300208800209700
WheatProduction Quantity746300571300674200881200910100
WheatSeed20000F 20000200002000021000
WheatYield35286.1Fc27612.4Fc32366.8Fc42203.1Fc43400.1Fc
YamsArea Harvested7486Im7640790080508250
YamsProduction Quantity177878Im173400167100181200190400
YamsSeed7486Fc7486Fc7640Fc7900Fc8050Fc
YamsYield237614Fc226963Fc211519Fc225093Fc230788Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested4030040800413004160042400
ApplesProduction Quantity831800818900754600842100925800
ApplesYield206402Fc200711Fc182712Fc202428Fc218349Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1800017800173001820017900
ApricotsProduction Quantity11970012300011360088300112600
ApricotsYield66500Fc69101.1Fc65664.7Fc48516.5Fc62905Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested63806370648063807500*
AsparagusProduction Quantity2820028300291002810028700*
AsparagusYield44200.6Fc44427Fc44907.4Fc44043.9Fc38266.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested60F 55645390F
BananasProduction Quantity200F 185237301400F
BananasYield33333.3Fc33636.4Fc37031.3Fc56792.4Fc44444.4Fc
BarleyArea Harvested5382054840598606360064490
BarleyProduction Quantity174200183400198600198500217200
BarleySeed40004000400040006000
BarleyYield32367.2Fc33442.7Fc33177.4Fc31210.7Fc33679.6Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested4220049500544005480056700
Beans, dryProduction Quantity830001046001178008180099900
Beans, drySeed3500* 3500* 4000* 4000* 4000*
Beans, dryYield19668.3Fc21131.3Fc21654.4Fc14927Fc17619Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested72207440766079508070
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4890052600529005700058800
Beans, greenYield67728.5Fc70698.9Fc69060.1Fc71698.1Fc72862.4Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested74Im87Im96Im97Im100F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity80Im93Im84Im100* 100*
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed7.21Fc6.59Fc7.74Fc8.54Fc8.63Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield10810.8Fc10689.7Fc8750Fc10309.3Fc10000Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested4480044700435004350041400
BuckwheatProduction Quantity3300031200204002680025400
BuckwheatSeed1383Fc1344Fc1341Fc1305Fc1305Fc
BuckwheatYield7366.07Fc6979.87Fc4689.66Fc6160.92Fc6135.27Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3300053300535005510056300
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity23143002288300216600023405002397000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield701303Fc429325Fc404860Fc424773Fc425755Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested2419024740252102642020500
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity774800768100783500838000643700
Carrots and turnipsYield320298Fc310469Fc310789Fc317184Fc314000Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1279012130114601180010900
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity148500130600117000136900124600
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield116106Fc107667Fc102094Fc116017Fc114312Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2006280A 2020340A 2018280A 1985660A 2002150A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity8180400A 8656870A 8360050A 7580690A 8484490A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed69396.6A 77389.5A 87385.8A 88349.9A 91350.3A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield40773.9Fc42848.5Fc41421.6Fc38177.3Fc42377Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2006280A 2020340A 2018280A 1985660A 2002150A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity11741800A 12433800A 11993700A 10824100A 12184500A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed69396.6A 77389.5A 87385.8A 88349.9A 91350.3A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield58525.4Fc61542.8Fc59425.5Fc54511.5Fc60856.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested44904380418039903970
CherriesProduction Quantity2080019100164001930021200
CherriesYield46325.2Fc43607.3Fc39234.4Fc48370.9Fc53400.5Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested2330023800243002530025600
ChestnutsProduction Quantity2310021800240002510030100
ChestnutsYield9914.16Fc9159.66Fc9876.54Fc9920.95Fc11757.8Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested35403620368037603860
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity146800154000153400151500161000
Chillies and peppers, greenYield414689Fc425414Fc416848Fc402926Fc417098Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested8990952099301053010970
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity135100159400188800181600201600
Citrus fruit, nesYield150278Fc167437Fc190131Fc172460Fc183774Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested63960A 65979A 67333A 69635A 71210A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1047800A 1370940A 1341840A 1421420A 1431100A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield163821Fc207784Fc199284Fc204125Fc200969Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested99981A 100844A 104681A 108455A 107248A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity209635A 217061A 221444A 228207A 245658A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed5396.57A 5389.47A 5385.78A 5349.88A 7350.33A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield20967.5Fc21524.4Fc21154.2Fc21041.6Fc22905.6Fc
Cow peas, dryArea HarvestedF F F F F
Cow peas, dryProduction QuantityF F F F F
Cow peas, drySeed
Cow peas, dryYield
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1310013400137001410014400
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity628500674700672900684100729200
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield479771Fc503507Fc491168Fc485177Fc506389Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested7Im557
CurrantsProduction Quantity11Im131515
CurrantsYield15714.3Fc26000Fc30000Fc21428.6Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested1110011400117001200012400
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity371900395700390200395800432400
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield335045Fc347105Fc333504Fc329833Fc348710Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
FigsArea Harvested1200F 118111851199
FigsProduction Quantity16000F 159421594216052
FigsYield133333Fc134987Fc134532Fc133878Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested212308A 215423A 217401A 222373A 223937A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3209410A 3701600A 3459550A 3681720A 3876100A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield151168Fc171830Fc159132Fc165565Fc173089Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1950194019201740
GarlicProduction Quantity19100183001930016700
GarlicYield97948.7Fc94329.9Fc100521Fc95977Fc
GingerArea Harvested18101840190014501460
GingerProduction Quantity3810039400384003120032100
GingerYield210497Fc214130Fc202105Fc215172Fc219863Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1890019000192001940019700
GrapesProduction Quantity210500219900205600220800231700
GrapesYield111376Fc115737Fc107083Fc113814Fc117614Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested86008990911095309950
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity2000021400213002200024000
Groundnuts, with shellSeed473.67Fc490.2Fc512.43Fc519.27Fc543.21Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield23255.8Fc23804.2Fc23380.9Fc23085Fc24120.6Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea HarvestedF F F F F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction QuantityF F F F F
Hemp Tow WasteYield
HopsArea Harvested234Im230Im248Im341Im372Im
HopsProduction Quantity417Im412Im407Im629Im700F
HopsYield17820.5Fc17913Fc16411.3Fc18445.8Fc18817.2Fc
JuteArea HarvestedF F F F F
JuteProduction QuantityF F F F F
JuteYield
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested24702560262026902760
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity3250036400291003740039700
Kiwi fruitYield131579Fc142188Fc111069Fc139033Fc143841Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested2540271027702480
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity20300230002330020500
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield79921.3Fc84870.9Fc84115.5Fc82661.3Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested370F 369343285
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity5000F 484049424021
Lemons and limesYield135135Fc131165Fc144082Fc141088Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested2090021500218002210022000
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity545400551600509300548600561600
Lettuce and chicoryYield260957Fc256558Fc233624Fc248235Fc255273Fc
LinseedArea Harvested
LinseedProduction Quantity
LinseedSeed
LinseedYield
MaizeArea Harvested67Im62Im60F 64Im65F
MaizeProduction Quantity147Im156Im150F 142Im160F
MaizeSeed2.36Fc2.68Fc2.48Fc2.4Fc2.56Fc
MaizeYield21940.3Fc25161.3Fc25000Fc22187.5Fc24615.4Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested2540025900269002770028300
Maize, greenProduction Quantity231400250900265600267600278100
Maize, greenYield91102.4Fc96872.6Fc98736.1Fc96606.5Fc98268.6Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested320F 318312300
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity2200F 218121982070
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield68750Fc68584.9Fc70448.7Fc69000Fc
MilletArea Harvested294Im242Im261Im291Im293Im
MilletProduction Quantity288Im305Im294Im265Im298Im
MilletSeed2.77Fc2.79Fc2.3Fc2.48Fc2.77Fc
MilletYield9795.92Fc12603.3Fc11264.4Fc9106.53Fc10170.7Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity65000F 66000F 662006540064400
OatsArea Harvested1000* 1000* 1000* 1000* 1000*
OatsProduction Quantity2000* 2000* 2000* 2500* 2600*
OatsSeed8.44Fc40Fc40Fc40Fc40Fc
OatsYield20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc25000Fc26000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested151526A 143885A 146823A 162364A 160734A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity189268A 186514A 137646A 192440A 223275A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed5713.35A 5719.59A 5727.89A 6520.55A 5739.71A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield12490.8Fc12962.7Fc9374.96Fc11852.4Fc13891Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested151526A 143885A 146823A 162364A 160734A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity47636A 47327.1A 36166.2A 48809.7A 56285.5A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1404.3A 1409.23A 1415.8A 1597.9A 1425.13A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield3143.75Fc3289.23Fc2463.25Fc3006.19Fc3501.78Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested2490025270256802561023900
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity554600554000547100576700518700
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield222731Fc219232Fc213045Fc225185Fc217029Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2360023000231002350025400
Onions, dryProduction Quantity11610001087000112800011720001274000
Onions, dryYield491949Fc472609Fc488312Fc498723Fc501575Fc
OrangesArea Harvested43004590476050205240
OrangesProduction Quantity6580074700881008980098500
OrangesYield153023Fc162745Fc185084Fc178884Fc187977Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested983010400111001190012700
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity216600241200248600268400286700
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield220346Fc231923Fc223964Fc225546Fc225748Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1030010300103001050010600
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity146300174000151900157000175100
Peaches and nectarinesYield142039Fc168932Fc147476Fc149524Fc165189Fc
PearsArea Harvested1666016960172301743017830
PearsProduction Quantity319700394700351900365800406700
PearsYield191897Fc232724Fc204237Fc209868Fc228099Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested358Im420Im462Im465Im481Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity1000* 1000* 1000* 1000* 1000*
Peas, drySeed24.89Fc24.34Fc28.56Fc31.42Fc31.62Fc
Peas, dryYield27933Fc23809.5Fc21645Fc21505.4Fc20790Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested44604660473047904950
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2710029200286002890033300
Peas, greenYield60762.3Fc62660.9Fc60465.1Fc60334Fc67272.7Fc
PeppermintArea HarvestedF F F F F
PeppermintProduction QuantityF F F F F
PeppermintYield
PersimmonsArea Harvested2350023700238002440024400
PersimmonsProduction Quantity232700285900232500265000269300
PersimmonsYield99021.3Fc120633Fc97689.1Fc108607Fc110369Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested441443443448457
PineapplesProduction Quantity1070010400115001080012700
PineapplesYield242630Fc234763Fc259594Fc241071Fc277899Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested30903130314031903180
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity2140026800271002260029000
Plums and sloesYield69255.7Fc85623Fc86305.7Fc70846.4Fc91195Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested8660086900872008840092000
PotatoesProduction Quantity26350002749000288400029390003074000
PotatoesSeed165190159000167000168000174000
PotatoesYield304273Fc316341Fc330734Fc332466Fc334130Fc
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested42632A 50007A 54958A 55362A 57281A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity84080A 105693A 118884A 82900A 101000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed3532.1A 3530.93A 4036.3A 4039.96A 4040.25A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield19722.3Fc21135.6Fc21631.8Fc14974.2Fc17632.4Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested1690016900168001680016000
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity220400234100225500233400219500
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield130414Fc138521Fc134226Fc138929Fc137188Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedArea Harvested
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity
Pyrethrum,DriedYield
QuincesArea Harvested40F 424981
QuincesProduction Quantity300F 313441616
QuincesYield75000Fc74523.8Fc90000Fc76049.4Fc
RamieArea Harvested
RamieProduction Quantity
RamieYield
RapeseedArea Harvested826Im784Im800F 809760
RapeseedProduction Quantity1000* 1000* 1000* 10151098
RapeseedSeed4.95Fc4.96Fc4.7Fc4.8Fc4.85Fc
RapeseedYield12106.5Fc12755.1Fc12500Fc12546.4Fc14447.4Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested16880001706000170100016650001688000
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity106950001134200010912000974000011111000
Rice, paddySeed4500051000610006500064000
Rice, paddyYield63359Fc66483Fc64150.5Fc58498.5Fc65823.5Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested41304170421043804490
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity5840064200607006020072800
Roots and Tubers, nesYield141404Fc153957Fc144181Fc137443Fc162138Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested154470A 155620A 156150A 157750A 162900A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4049200A 4254900A 4336400A 4327000A 4567400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed212222A 207628A 224362A 228440A 234670A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield262135Fc273416Fc277707Fc274295Fc280381Fc
RyeArea Harvested
RyeProduction Quantity
RyeSeed
RyeYield
Sesame seedArea HarvestedF 111Im113Im125124Im
Sesame seedProduction QuantityF 63Im47Im6575Im
Sesame seedSeed0.75F 0.67Fc0.67Fc0.68Fc0.75Fc
Sesame seedYield5675.68Fc4159.29Fc5200Fc6048.39Fc
SorghumArea Harvested
SorghumProduction Quantity
SorghumSeed
SorghumYield
SoybeansArea Harvested142100134000136800151900149900
SoybeansProduction Quantity229200225000163200232200270200
SoybeansSeed70007000700080007000
SoybeansYield16129.5Fc16791Fc11929.8Fc15286.4Fc18025.3Fc
SpinachArea Harvested2330023700238002430024400
SpinachProduction Quantity298800297900288600310700311600
SpinachYield128240Fc125696Fc121261Fc127860Fc127705Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested17801890194020202080
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity610067306470924010300
Stone fruit, nesYield34269.7Fc35608.5Fc33350.5Fc45742.6Fc49519.2Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested67906880700072307360
StrawberriesProduction Quantity190700196200198200202900210500
StrawberriesYield280854Fc285174Fc283143Fc280636Fc286005Fc
String beansArea Harvested72207440766079508070
String beansProduction Quantity4890052600529005700058800
String beansYield67728.5Fc70698.9Fc69060.1Fc71698.1Fc72862.4Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested6740067500680006790066600
Sugar beetProduction Quantity39230004201000465600041610004098000
Sugar beetYield582047Fc622370Fc684706Fc612813Fc615315Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested2170021300232002400023800
Sugar caneProduction Quantity13100001214000118700013890001328000
Sugar caneYield603687Fc569953Fc511638Fc578750Fc557983Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested4080040800403003970040500
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity988900105300010090009411001030000
Sweet potatoesSeed1649217000250002600026000
Sweet potatoesYield242377Fc258088Fc250372Fc237053Fc254321Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5030051500523005380055000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity8419001132000106000011460001131000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield167376Fc219806Fc202677Fc213011Fc205636Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested1440015000158001640017100
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity174700184600184800209400208900
Taro (cocoyam)Seed22290Fc23087.6Fc23612Fc25799.9Fc25800.3Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Yield121319Fc123067Fc116962Fc127683Fc122164Fc
TeaArea Harvested4850048700491004950044800
TeaProduction Quantity918001000001007009190084000
TeaYield18927.8Fc20533.9Fc20509.2Fc18565.7Fc18750Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1850019100215382250723000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity3770046800526595066258200
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield20378.4Fc24502.6Fc24449.3Fc22509.4Fc25304.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1290013000131001320013300
TomatoesProduction Quantity728300759200754900759900784900
TomatoesYield564574Fc584000Fc576260Fc575682Fc590150Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested23300A 23800A 24300A 25300A 25600A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity23100A 21800A 24000A 25100A 30100A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield9914.16Fc9159.66Fc9876.54Fc9920.95Fc11757.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested115000F 110000F 100000F 105207Im104726Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2750000F 2700000F 2640000* 2700000* 2800000*
Vegetables fresh nesYield239130Fc245455Fc264000Fc256637Fc267364Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested413220A 432220A 426650A 439787A 433576A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity11767500A 11807500A 11617000A 12145000A 12293900A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield284776Fc273183Fc272284Fc276156Fc283547Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested413220A 432220A 426650A 439787A 433576A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11767500A 11807500A 11617000A 12145000A 12293900A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield284776Fc273183Fc272284Fc276156Fc283547Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested1300013400139001500015900
WatermelonsProduction Quantity418700450200454100487300526900
WatermelonsYield322077Fc335970Fc326691Fc324867Fc331384Fc
WheatArea Harvested218300213500212600212200206900
WheatProduction Quantity837200874700860300855900827800
WheatSeed1900021000210001800020000
WheatYield38350.9Fc40969.6Fc40465.7Fc40334.6Fc40009.7Fc
YamsArea Harvested85408750864088708810
YamsProduction Quantity192200204100197900177300181700
YamsSeed8250Fc8540Fc8750Fc8640Fc8870Fc
YamsYield225059Fc233257Fc229051Fc199887Fc206243Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea4561Q 4593Q 4609Q 4628Q 4650Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1574Q 1625Q 1621Q 1624Q 1669Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea9.07I 9.07I 9.09I 6.63I
Arable landArea4254Q 4282Q 4294Q 4308Q 4326Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea4561Q 4593Q 4609Q 4628Q 4650Q
Arable land organic, totalArea7.87I 7.87I
Country areaArea37795.5Q 37795Q 37794.7W 37794Q 37793W
Forest areaArea24987.8Fm24979Q 24970.2Fm24961.4Fm24952.6Fm
Inland waterArea1345.5Fm1345Fm1344.7Fm1344Fm1343Fm
Land areaArea36450Fm36450Fm36450Fm36450Fm36450Fm
Other landArea6901.2Fm6878Fm6870.8Fm6860.6Fm6847.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea307Q 311Q 315Q 320Q 324Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea1.2I 1.2I
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea
Temporary cropsArea3639Q 3665Q 3675Q 3687Q 3702Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea615Q 617Q 619Q 621Q 624Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea2474Q 2496Q 2506Q 2516Q 2530Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea4671Q 4692Fm4714Fm4736Q 4763Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1684Q 1702Q 1697Q 1660Q 1683Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea
Arable landArea4343Q 4360Q 4379Q 4397Q 4419Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea4671Q 4692Q 4714Q 4736Q 4763Q
Arable land organic, totalArea
Country areaArea37792Q 37791Q 37791Q 37790Q 37789Q
Forest areaArea24943.8Fm24935Q 24923.2Fm24911.4Fm24899.6Fm
Inland waterArea1342Fm1341Fm1341Fm1340Fm1339Fm
Land areaArea36450Fm36450Fm36450Fm36450F 36450Q
Other landArea6835.2Fm6823Fm6812.8Fm6802.6Fm6787.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea328Q 332Q 335Q 339Q 344Q
Permanent crops organic, totalArea
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea
Temporary cropsArea3716Q 3729Q 3744Q 3760Q 3779Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea627Q 631Q 635Q 637Q 640Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea2543Q 2556Q 2575Q 2592Q 2607Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data