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Datasheet

Italy

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Italy
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 301,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Rome
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 59,374,701
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$33,490
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$1,988,232,609,792
  • GDP: US$2,101,636,890,624
  • Agriculture, value added: US$38,220,873,728
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)WidespreadVibio et al., 1996; Marcone et al., 1997; Seemüller et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Restricted distributionCarraro et al., 1994; Daire et al., 1993b; Bertaccini et al., 1995; Marcone et al., 1996; Bianco et al., 1996; Refatti, 1993; CABI/EPPO &, 1998; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Osler et al., 1993
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasWidespreadBianco et al., 1993; Alma et al., 1996; Marcone et al., 1996; Bianco et al., 1996; Martini et al., 1999; Refatti et al., 1998; Seemüller et al., 1998
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentGreatti, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)WidespreadFirrao et al., 1993; Osler et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionGiunchedi et al., 1978; Ragozzino et al., 1983; Marcone et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Poggi-Pollini et al., 1993
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)WidespreadGiunchedi et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)PresentGrosso et al., 2011
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCariddi, 1990; Finelli et al., 1996; Cariddi & Piglionica, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Pucci et al., 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Restricted distributionYesBradbury, 1986; Cinelli et al., 2013; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Scortichini, 1994; EPPO, 2011a; Balestra et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Cainelli et al., 2016
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2015; Carlucci et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015; European Food Safety Authority, 2016
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentBattegazzore et al., 2007
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedCammà et al., 2010; Cornalia, 1860
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; Petri, 1917
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesIMI, 1991; Garibaldi et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Bertetti et al., 2012; Bertetti et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Ginetti et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentZazzerini, 1983; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentMannerucci et al., 1982; Vannacci & Pecchia, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedFrisullo, 1982; Logrieco et al., 1990; Casulli, 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)WidespreadMesturino & Mugnai, 1986; Ragazzi et al., 1995; Anselmi, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentPasquini et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSaracchi et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPanconesi, 1981; Panconesi, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSammarco & Torta, 1997; Panconesi, 1972; Cristinzio et al., 1973; Mutto Accordi, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionPeper, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; Mari et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Vitale & Infantino, 2014; Vitale et al., 2015; Frisullo et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesVegni & Ferro, 1964
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1993; Chérif et al., 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Restricted distributionUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentOgris et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Luchi et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentJacobs & Wingfield, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; La Porta & Capretti, 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesGibbs, 1978
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentEPPO, 2014; Balmas et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2004; CMI, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedYesGrasso, 1951; Grasso & Raddi, 1979; Graniti, 1998a; Panconesi, 1991; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentPetri, 1942; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesPorta-Puglia et al., 1996
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeUK CAB International, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeSpaulding, 1961; Traverso, 1903; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNativeCapretti et al., 1994
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumRestricted distributionNativeCapretti et al., 1994
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadVallega & Zitelli, 1966; Siniscalco & Casulli,1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Malta & Gullino, 1974
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesCiferri, 1938
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadSimoncelli et al., 2005
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMaggiore et al., 2000; Castaldelli et al., 2003; Magni et al., 2004; Mistri et al., 2002; Munari & Mistri, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesBianchi, 1981a
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentDella Beffa, 1949; Frediani, 1954; Zambelli, 1960; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Restricted distributionVacante, 1985; Manzaroli & Benuzzi, 1995; Vacante, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)WidespreadNativeCABI/EPPO, 2012; Binazzi & Covassi, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaLocalisedIntroducedMutinelli et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadZangheri et al., 1984; Sannino & Balbiani, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentGenduso & Liotta, 1980; Patti & Rapisarda, 1981; EPPO, 2014; Onillon & Abassi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesGalil, 2011; Relini et al., 1976; Relini et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Restricted distributionColombo & Limonta, 2001; EPPO, 2002a; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; Garonna et al., 2013; Bariselli & Bugiani, 2013; EPPO, 2012b; EPPO, 2013c; Garonna, 2012; Nugnes et al., 2014a; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentLongo et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusLocalisedIntroducedCasellato et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)WidespreadFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Parrella et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Restricted distributionBeitia et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCavalieri et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Restricted distributionTrematerra et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCampadelli & Sama, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesHellrigl, 1998a; Hellrigl, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesBogs Braasch, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentAlbertini et al., 1988; Colonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)LocalisedIntroducedScalici et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedD'Agaro et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Present, few occurrencesLongo et al., 1995; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998; Pellizzari & Vacante, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)WidespreadLongo et al., 1995; CIE, 1969; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesBinazzi, 1978; Watson et al., 1999; Binazzi et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentTumminelli et al., 2004; Barbagallo et al., 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)WidespreadIntroducedYesMaceljski, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedZeller , 1847; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLiotta & Matranga, 1999; Raineri et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesCavalcaselle, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Bella, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionBattisti, 1984; Wood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKiss et al., 2005b; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesCasellato et al., 2006; Casellato et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeCasale & Currado, 1981; Liston, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentHopper et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2011b; Pansa et al., 2011; Grassi et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Grassi & Pallaoro, 2012; Mori & Marchesini, 2014; Baser et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Bosio et al., 2010; Quacchia et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativedalla Guda et al., 1988; Arzone & Demichelis, 1989; Trematerra, 1990; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)Restricted distributionTranfaglia, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentTranfaglia, 1983; García et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Restricted distributionNativeKloft et al., 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentTrematerra & Fiorilli, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Restricted distributionBaraldi & Baraldi, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedYesTremblay & DeBiase, 1970; NHM, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentMaccolini, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Restricted distributionLaudonia & Garonna, 2010; Germinara et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; Frasconi et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedArzone & Meotto, 1978; Cadahia, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Mazza et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentLaudonia & Viggiani, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)WidespreadNativeRazowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Pansa et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Maistrello et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2007; Brown et al., 2008a; EPPO, 2014; Parrella et al., 2015; Menchetti et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Restricted distributionIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentRagusa & Russo, 1989; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentBianchi et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Roversi, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeRusso, 1946; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedYesSuss & Trematerra, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeLozzia, 1993; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadPucci & Dominici, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)WidespreadNativeCox, 2001; Anderson & Bell, 2002; Haye & Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)LocalisedMenzies & Becker, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentCollingwood et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedSuss, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)WidespreadSüss, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)WidespreadViggiani & Tranfaglia, 1975; Tranfaglia & Malatesta, 1977; Deseo et al., 1981; Nuzzaci & Triggiani, 1982; Russo et al., 1985; Moleas, 1988; Baumgartner & Baronio, 1989; Varner & Ioriatti, 1992; Silvestri, 1992; Bagnoli et al., 1993; Pavan et al., 1993; Pavan & Sbrissa, 1994; Marchesini & Dalla-Monta, 1994; Laccone, 1978; Dalla-Monta & Giannone, 1991; Delrio et al., 1993; Mattedi et al., 1995; Nucifora et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadGiese & Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Restricted distributionNativeYesGrijpma , 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)Restricted distributionDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)Restricted distributionBurban et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusRestricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2006; Allegro & Griffo, 2008; Tremblay et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadAudisio, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)WidespreadZangheri & Donadini, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)Restricted distributionBense, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Restricted distributionNativeYesAlthoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentNativeTrotti et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentFontanari et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativePollini, 1979; Baronio et al., 1989; Baronio et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadColazza & Bin, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRotundo & Tremblay, 1982; Porcelli & Parenzan, 1993; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992; Bright & Skidmore, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Widespreaddel & Bene Parrini, 1986; Baraldi & Baraldi, 1996; Abbazzi et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadBertucci, 1986; Arru & Lapietra, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentFortusini et al., 1996; Longo et al., 1995; Montá et al., 2001; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedEspinosa et al., 2003; Riolo et al., 2004; ARPAT, 2004; Bariselli & Vai, 2009; EPPO, 2009a; Porcelli et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Introduced, establishment uncertainIntroducedDIAS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)WidespreadIntroducedYesRelini et al., 2000; Cannicci et al., 2004; Mori & Vacchi, 2002; Pipitone et al., 2001; Russo & Villani, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesBolton, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)WidespreadNativeYesDella Beffa, 1936
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentPalmeri & Campolo, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)WidespreadFabbris, 1990; Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)WidespreadNativeYesToccafondi et al., 1991; Covassi & Binnazzi, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)WidespreadNativeCAB European, 1998; Cecconi, 1924; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeYesTargioni-Tozzetti, 1879; Targioni-Tozzetti, 1884; Cecconi, 1897; Masutti, 1964; Masutti, 1965; Pennacchio et al., 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentBarbagallo et al., 1993; Mineo, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisLocalisedIntroducedCrocetta, 2006; Ariani & Serra, 1969; Ghisotti, 1966; Torchio, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)Restricted distributionDella Beffa, 1961; EPPO, 2014; Viggiani, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedNonnis Marzano et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentSuma & Russo, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedTranfaglia, 1973; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentIntroducedYesOlazabal & Tirelli, 2011; Sabia et al., 2012; Pansera et al., 2014; Lucic et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeBeenen, 2006; Krafsur & Nariboli, 1995; Howard, 1899; Smith, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Restricted distributionCiampolini & Trematerra, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedIntroducedGalil et al., 2002; Mizzan & Zanella, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTrematerra & Daolio, 1990; Suss et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973; De Lotto, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentDe Bellis, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentContarini & Garagnani, 1980; Goidanich, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)WidespreadNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; Patti & Rapisarda, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadNativeSmith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentGelosi & Arcozzi, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentTrematerra & Gentile, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Restricted distributionCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeCFIA, 2002; Danilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedYesLaudonia & Sasso, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)Absent, intercepted onlyMazza et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentMarziali et al., 2011; Bay, 1961; Goidanich, 1983; Niccoli & Tiberi, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentCIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadFaccoli, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentGiorgini & Viggiani, 1994; Colombo, 1993; EPPO, 2014; Vacante, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)WidespreadNativeYesSmith, 1984; Castagnoli et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Parrella et al., 2004; Mazzone et al., 2004; Greatti, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesFederazione Apicoltori Italiani, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeGiordani-Soika & Borsato, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionNativeViggiani, 1979; Zöggeler, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCola &, 1971; Cola &, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCola &, 1971; Cola &, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentPennacchio et al., 2012; EPPO, 2013; Garonna et al., 2012; Francardi et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedPennacchio et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Stergulc et al., 1999; Faccoli, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesd'Hondt & Occhipinti-Ambrogi, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentIntroducedYesKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)LocalisedIntroducedPiazzini et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedGandolfi & et al. , 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedAmori et al., 1993; FAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)LocalisedIntroducedBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationLong, 2003; Borghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)PresentIntroducedYesThorington et al., 2012; Bertolino & Lurz, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1996; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Gandolfi et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesKrumholz, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentIntroducedYesGandolfi et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)LocalisedIntroducedAmori & et al. , 1993; Copp et al., 2005; Cowx & Nunn, 2008; Ligas, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)Reported present or known to be presentIntroducedArena et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedeBird, 2015; Farina et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedOrrù et al., 2008; Tandon, 1977b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeAngelici & Luiselli, 2001; Lo et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerWidespreadIntroducedYesTuron et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)WidespreadIntroducedYesBianco & Ketmaier, 2001; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela putorius furo (ferret)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesBonesi & Palazon, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedGandolfi et al., 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Bartley, 2006; Andaloro et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedTomiczek, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; Santilli & Bagliacca, 2011; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedBiaggini et al., 2009; Bruekers, 2003; Capula, 1994; Corti & Lo, 2002; Lever, 2003; Lo & Nicolini, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHolcík, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisWidespreadIntroducedBrunetti, 1978; Brunetti & Mastrototaro, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesBianco & Ketmaier, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedYesTouratier, 1992b; Zavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedYesKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Bianco & Ketmaier, 2001; Gandolfi et al., 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeGandolfi et al., 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeGandolfi et al., 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedGandolfi et al., 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentIntroducedYesKottelat & Freyhof, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeBoitani et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)LocalisedIntroducedArmori & Gippoliti, 1995; Bertolino & Genovesi, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)WidespreadIntroducedClergeau & Yésou, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesMorri, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedNappi, 1918
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentScolari, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)LocalisedIntroducedYesLazzari & Rinaldi, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)LocalisedIntroducedYesCesari, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisWidespreadIntroducedGalil, 2006; Sarà et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentHitchcox, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisLocalisedIntroducedYesCiutti & Cappelletti, 2009; Lori et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadNativeReichling, 1950; Elmslie, 1982; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedYesSarà & Mazzola, 1997; Matta, 1969; Ghisotti, 1971; Occhipinti Ambrogi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)LocalisedIntroducedNatale ADi, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentNativeReise et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedYesGiusti & Oppi, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeAlzona, 1971; Betta Ede, 1853
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedYesStasolla et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadIntroducedCianfanelli et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)WidespreadIntroducedGhisotti, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedYesBartoli et al., 2001; Solidoro et al., 2003; CIESM, 2003; Breber, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Baker, 1986; Cowie, 1990; Bank, 2007; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1983; Cowie, 1984b; Sacchi, 1971; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesKoops & Hartmann, 1989; Canestri-Trotti, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Restricted distributionOrsenigo, 1954; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentTacconi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentLamberti et al., 1987; Vovlas & Lamberti, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentInserra & Lamberti, 1972; Tacconi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2011; Greco et al., 1994; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentAmbrogioni & D'Errico, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Volvas, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentGarofalo, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentAmbrogioni, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; d'Errico et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadBiraghi, 1940; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCoiro et al., 1989; Roca et al., 1991; Catalano et al., 1992; Roca et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedYesMinervini et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaWidespreadIntroducedYesAlongi et al., 1993; Piazzi et al., 2005; Verlaque et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedYesGuiry & Guiry, 2008; FAO-DIAS, 2008; Meinesz et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesGuiry & Guiry, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentIntroducedFlagella et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesMattioli & Simoni, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)LocalisedIntroducedYesCuriel et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedCecere et al., 2000; Curiel et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedBonafede et al., 1993; Marchetti, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesGiardini, 2003; Garbari et al., 2000; Giardini et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesSfriso & Curiel, 2007; Tolomio, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeFurnari et al., 2003; Serio et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeFurnari et al., 1999; Giaccone, 1969; Gómez et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)WidespreadIntroducedYesCampagna & Rapparini, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedAntonaroli, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeBinggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedGuacchio Edel, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGreuter, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesBadalamenti et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGaribaldi et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Häfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentGarbari & Pedullà, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Iamonico, in press (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedYesIamonico, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAlbasser, 1992; Siniscalo & Barni, 1994; Allard, 1943; Love, 1976; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016; Gentili et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976; Lawalrée, 1947
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Borin et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; Hand, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentContinella et al., 1996; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGreuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesCelesti-Grapow et al., 2009; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGaribaldi et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedRusso et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Richardson & Smythies, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)WidespreadYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHafliger & Scholz, 1981; Speranza et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeSperanza et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionIntroducedCaño et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)EradicatedIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedYesMazzola & Domina, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrossi et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Pignatti , 1982; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980; Jahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeZanin et al., 1993; Jahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)WidespreadIntroducedAttarado & Trigilia, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009; Pignatti, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedFlora Italiana, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeGreco, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, few occurrencesNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresentIntroducedPignatti, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentNativePignatti, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesOchsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadPiccoli & Gerdol, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Rapparini, 1999; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)WidespreadNativeArzone, 1979; Pieroni, 1999; Tutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGaribaldi et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)LocalisedIntroducedCelesti-Grapow et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)LocalisedIntroducedAfferni & Tavormina, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativePignatti, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentBertea et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; DAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Restricted distributionCostalonga & Pavan, 2001; DAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Restricted distributionNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedArcangeli, 1894
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCiferri & Pignatti, 1960; Moore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCatalano et al., 1996; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeCantele & Zanin, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentDAISIE, 2014; Clayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Zanin et al., 1992; Balsari et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadNativeGibbs, 1972; Pignatti, 1982; Greuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentTutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedRicciardi & Anzalone, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedCWRIS, 2005; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedDevecchi & Remotti, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2016; CABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1964; Jalas & Suominen, 1979; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2012; Hruska, 1987; Meusel & Jäger, 1992; Swierkosz, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedSciandrello et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Nati, 1994; Campagna & Rapparini, 1997; USDA-NRCS, 2015; Sgattoni, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedBailey, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)LocalisedIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentYesBailey & Wisskirchen, 2006; Padula et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativePiano et al., 2005; eMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentCantele et al., 1984; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Restricted distributionNativePignatti, 1982; Gibbs, 1968; Gibbs & Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)WidespreadNativeFlora Italiana, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentArdenghi et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)WidespreadIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976; Wagenitz, 1980; Pignatti, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)LocalisedIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Webb, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2017
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008; Merluzzi et al., 2003; Desfayes, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)EradicatedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)LocalisedIntroducedYesColonna, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)LocalisedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015; Vujnovic & Wein, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Sarno et al., 1986; Magnifico et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedCEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeThompson et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-ARS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentVivarelli & Alvisi, 1934
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeRuggiero et al., 2004; Prigioni et al., 2005; Picoli & Gerdol, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentIntroducedYesCampbell, 1982; Wells & de Beer, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz, 1981; Valdes et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedKreutz, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesHYPPA, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeFlora Italiana, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedYesOrlando & Grisafi, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedLe, 1991; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedGridelli et al., 2002; Mezzalira & Colonna, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGherbin et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeValdes & Scholz, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedCelesti-Grapow et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Baldini, 1993; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Pignati &, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedPane et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeLuisi, 1983; Schiller & Brunori, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentEPPO, 2011; DAISIE, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCacciola & Polizzi, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadTUTIN & ET, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)Restricted distributionWebb et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesVanhellemont, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA et al.,
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedHammer et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2002; Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Restricted distributionIntroducedPolizzi et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)WidespreadIntroducedYesTammaro & Giglio, 1994; Pignatti, 1982; Martini & Zappa, 1993; Brandes &, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976; Pignatti, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeChater & Walters, 1976; Pignatti, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedPignatti, 1982; Wang et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedYesFabbi et al., 2006; Rapparini, 1999; Pignatti, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-ARS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentViggiani, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesBoyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentAnon, 1998a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentLorenzoni, 1963; Lorenzoni, 1978; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentBianco, 1977; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Restricted distributionNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedTerlizzi et al., 1994; Barro & Pavan, 1999; Marcone et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Clapham, 1972; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)WidespreadIntroducedOrlando & Grisafi, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)Unconfirmed recordISSG, 2007; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentViggiani, 2001; Tutin, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentNativeLowden, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeBicknell, 1896; IUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallow-wort)Restricted distributionNativeTewksbury et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; GBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentSartorato et al., 1996; Love, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedAleffi et al., 2008
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresentSerracca et al., 2014
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumWidespreadMontresor et al., 1990
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentNarcisi et al., 2010
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Hellgren et al., 2007; Corradetti, 1970; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentRinaldi et al., 1972; Cerrone et al., 1999; Chiocco, 1992; Maggiora & Valenti, 1903; Mani et al., 1990
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)WidespreadLoi et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Last reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusTransient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentLovisolo & Conti, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; Martelli, 1969; EPPO, 2014; Zhai et al., 2014
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentConti et al., 1980; Credi & Giunchedi, 1996; Rosciglione et al., 1983; Castrovilli & Gallitelli, 1988
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionIntroducedCosmi et al., 2003; Gent et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Manglli et al., 2012
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentGoidanich, 1938; Grancini, 1957; Lovisolo, 1957; Conti, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentVidela, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentWetter et al., 1984; Betti et al., 1988; Betti et al., 1982; Conti & Marte, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1949OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Restricted distributionPisi, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentParrella et al., 2006
Virusswine vesicular disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Restricted distributionPolizzi & Areddia, 1992; EPPO, 2014; Parrella et al., 2016
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentCredi et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisNo information availableCeci et al., 1997; Ceci et al., 1997; Ceci & Carelli, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesKoops & Hartmann, 1989; Canestri-Trotti, 1987
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Battisti et al., 1994; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Capua et al., 1994; Capua et al., 1999
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Zanella, 2000; Capua & Mutinelli, 2001
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Bertuzzi, 1997
avipoxPresentCerrone et al., 1999; Rinaldi et al., 1972; Chiocco, 1992; Maggiora & Valenti, 1903; Mani et al., 1990
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Prosperi et al., 1990; Ceci et al., 1997; Rosignoli et al., 2000
bluetongueRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)PresentNarcisi et al., 2010
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentNarcisi et al., 2010
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedYesMinervini et al., 1985
bovine anaplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Martini et al., 1998
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Capuano et al., 1996
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009; Farina et al., 1995
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentGiovannini et al., 1988; Cavirani et al., 2001
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadSimoncelli et al., 2005
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2003
contagious agalactiaLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedCammà et al., 2010; OIE, 2009; Cornalia, 1860
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentMaserati & et al. , 1985
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Bovo & et al. , 1993
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentGreatti, 2005; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidNo information availableOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Marteilia refringensPresentSerracca et al., 2014
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentPretto et al., 2014
infectious bursal diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE, 2009; Bovo & et al. , 1987
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentGhittino, 1972
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisWidespreadBourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentNativeTrotti et al., 1998
myxomatosisPresentOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Nebbia et al., 2000
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentCasolari & Fabio, 1988; Guasticchi, 1989
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Hellgren et al., 2007; Corradetti, 1970; Marzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableNativeSantoro et al., 2004; Masala et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009; Caramelli M et al., 2001
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1994
small hive beetle infestationLocalisedIntroducedMutinelli et al., 2014
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Ghittino et al., 1980a
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseReported present or known to be presentOIE, 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentMaxia et al., 1999; Loria et al.1999
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentCeci et al., 1997; Onuma et al., 1998; Ceci & Carelli, 1999; Maxia et al., 1999; Loria et al., 1999; Savini et al., 1999; Ceci et al., 1999
theileriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentSala & Antonini, 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009; Ercolini et al., 1991
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Capua et al., 1994; Fabris et al., 1998
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Parrella et al., 2004; Mazzone et al., 2004; Greatti, 2005
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
visna/maediNo information availableOIE, 2009; Pépin et al., 1998; Caporale et al., 1983
West Nile feverRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Cantile et al., 2000
whirling diseasePresentScolari, 1954
white spot diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested7545386184794647951879955
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity104790108160106660118723112644
Almonds, with shellYield13888.1Fc12549.9Fc13422.4Fc14930.3Fc14088.4Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity
ApplesArea Harvested5686057907584455900056020
ApplesProduction Quantity24112002204970232565022101002230190
ApplesYield424059Fc380778Fc397921Fc374593Fc398106Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1959519543180331737016308
ApricotsProduction Quantity263132252892215121205493214573
ApricotsYield134285Fc129403Fc119293Fc118303Fc131575Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested4957750321506944995250120
ArtichokesProduction Quantity474550480112486595483561474283
ArtichokesYield95719.8Fc95409.9Fc95986.7Fc96805.1Fc94629.5Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested52266307660756156588
AsparagusProduction Quantity3302243973445773736345202
AsparagusYield63187.9Fc69720.9Fc67469.4Fc66541.4Fc68612.6Fc
BananasArea Harvested14Im15F 15F 15F 21Im
BananasProduction Quantity351Im342Im372Im350F 400F
BananasYield250714Fc228000Fc248000Fc233333Fc190476Fc
BarleyArea Harvested269675273500306800330067344681
BarleyProduction Quantity949480990700104920012367001225280
BarleySeed70000F 70000F 70000F 68000F 70000F
BarleyYield35208.3Fc36223Fc34198.2Fc37468.2Fc35548.2Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested63207001629059886006
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1197013181118441211412057
Beans, drySeed4000F 4000F 4000F 4000F 4000F
Beans, dryYield18939.9Fc18827.3Fc18829.9Fc20230.5Fc20074.9Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1940720550201082075522130
Beans, greenProduction Quantity163725182955192214197400205729
Beans, greenYield84363.9Fc89029.2Fc95590.8Fc95109.6Fc92963.9Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested9334Im9797Im10000F 92007400
Berries NesProduction Quantity85000F 84700Im92000F 87200F 71000
Berries NesYield91064.9Fc86455Fc92000Fc94782.6Fc95945.9Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested192Im202Im206Im202Im199Im
BlueberriesProduction Quantity1441Im1405Im1526Im1435Im1440Im
BlueberriesYield75052.1Fc69554.5Fc74077.7Fc71039.6Fc72361.8Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested4380052108497845431049972
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity838971042419740810647992972
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed12000F 12000F 12000F 13000F 13000F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield19154.6Fc20004.8Fc19566.1Fc19605.8Fc18604.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1673217824173751710417636
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity333597348762338087344999331204
Cabbages and other brassicasYield199377Fc195670Fc194582Fc201707Fc187800Fc
CarobsArea Harvested91831082310819110008675
CarobsProduction Quantity4474925337300203122432784
CarobsYield48730.3Fc23410.3Fc27747.5Fc28385.5Fc37791.3Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1195112395127321266412708
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity542691489171523330594800565300
Carrots and turnipsYield454097Fc394652Fc411035Fc469678Fc444838Fc
Castor oil seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Castor oil seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Castor oil seedYield
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1763717867173202064718352
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity420989427407395637416300410571
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield238696Fc239216Fc228428Fc201627Fc223720Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3432590A 3459760A 3480660A 4037600A 3933250A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity19007200A 18320100A 17166200A 21150900A 19837800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed779300A 779300A 779300A 777300A 779700A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield55372.8Fc52952Fc49318.7Fc52384.7Fc50436.1Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested2160022700191001231110646
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity7615075800535004834842459
Cereals, nesSeed4500F 4500F 4500F 4500F 2900F
Cereals, nesYield35254.6Fc33392.1Fc28010.5Fc39272.2Fc39882.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3432590A 3459760A 3480660A 4037600A 3933250A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity19503400A 18825100A 17705800A 21613400A 20350600A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed779300A 779300A 779300A 777300A 779700A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield56818.4Fc54411.6Fc50868.9Fc53530.2Fc51739.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested3020730020297262890028868
CherriesProduction Quantity112775115476116179134407106189
CherriesYield37334.1Fc38466.4Fc39083.3Fc46507.6Fc36784.3Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested24264Im23623Im24904Im25000F 24224Im
ChestnutsProduction Quantity57493Im48810Im50872Im55000F 50000F
ChestnutsYield23694.8Fc20662.1Fc20427.2Fc22000Fc20640.7Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested56436813592952655299
Chick peasProduction Quantity8053.89143770862506294
Chick peasSeed500F 500F 500F 450F 450F
Chick peasYield14272.2Fc13419.9Fc13000.5Fc11870.9Fc11877.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1032711764116881172115220
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity229093293647323869325727252194
Chillies and peppers, greenYield221839Fc249615Fc277095Fc277900Fc165699Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested1429Im1500F 153315001535
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity27699Im27000F 261822690015450
Citrus fruit, nesYield193835Fc180000Fc170789Fc179333Fc100651Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested169906A 172618A 172589A 172201A 170914A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3840390A 3190790A 3825940A 3484600A 3892750A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield226030Fc184847Fc221679Fc202357Fc227761Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1460060A 1381580A 1419800A 1524550A 1600310A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11391300A 10458800A 9550600A 11369000A 11640400A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed136300A 136300A 136300A 134300A 136700A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield78019.2Fc75702Fc67267.2Fc74572.9Fc72738.1Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity
CottonseedProduction Quantity
CottonseedSeed
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested17362226228420652145
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity3375563844698177152569208
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield194441Fc286810Fc305679Fc346368Fc322648Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested100F 104102100100
CurrantsProduction Quantity700F 716760800700
CurrantsYield70000Fc68846.1Fc74509.8Fc80000Fc70000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested942310741106461086212991
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity243319302551316809321795334966
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield258218Fc281679Fc297585Fc296258Fc257845Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2659A 2479A 2868A 3588A 3350A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1643A 1664A 1744A 1749A 1700A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield6179.01Fc6712.38Fc6080.89Fc4874.58Fc5074.63Fc
FigsArea Harvested24092553253927003863
FigsProduction Quantity1217112022121061590017013
FigsYield50523Fc47089.7Fc47680.2Fc58888.9Fc44040.9Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested2399Im2219Im2608Im3328Im3100F
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity393Im414Im494Im499Im500F
Flax fibre and towYield1638.18Fc1865.71Fc1894.17Fc1499.4Fc1612.9Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1216180A 1277280A 1303580A 1277710A 1259230A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity17352700A 16907800A 18363500A 17266500A 17312700A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield142682Fc132373Fc140870Fc135136Fc137486Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested14934Im15674Im16000F 15200Im15000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity61000F 60800Im66000F 61787Im62000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield40846.4Fc38790.3Fc41250Fc40649.3Fc41333.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested31553185295431413141
GarlicProduction Quantity3058529655264032695828800
GarlicYield96941.4Fc93108.3Fc89380.5Fc85826.2Fc91690.5Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested300F 303303300255
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity7100F 7125712572007185
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield236667Fc235149Fc235149Fc240000Fc281765Fc
GrapesArea Harvested725353777500801900788100782000
GrapesProduction Quantity71155007787800824250077933007392540
GrapesYield98097.1Fc100165Fc102787Fc98887.2Fc94533.8Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity
Groundnuts, with shellSeed
Groundnuts, with shellYield
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested7049255904705267105072314
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity12894090270106600111841128231
Hazelnuts, with shellYield18291.4Fc16147.3Fc15115Fc15741.2Fc17732.5Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested260F 260F 260F 260F 250F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity1250F 1250F 1250F 1250F 1200F
Hemp Tow WasteYield48076.9Fc48076.9Fc48076.9Fc48076.9Fc48000Fc
HempseedArea Harvested
HempseedProduction Quantity
HempseedSeed
HempseedYield
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested2493024675246302241721732
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity431558415877447608473955416997
Kiwi fruitYield173108Fc168542Fc181733Fc211427Fc191882Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested372473481600600
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity949512084123651500016400
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield255242Fc255476Fc257069Fc250000Fc273333Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested74748950856397929547
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity4797155532511285770059100
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield64183.8Fc62046.9Fc59708.1Fc58925.7Fc61904.3Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested2770628854300803010029000
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity483088522377544532518500556417
Lemons and limesYield174362Fc181041Fc181028Fc172259Fc191868Fc
LentilsArea Harvested19482458186818161806
LentilsProduction Quantity15701697145713221325
LentilsSeed135F 135F 135F 135F 135F
LentilsYield8059.55Fc6903.99Fc7799.79Fc7279.74Fc7336.66Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1690342854436294800048000
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity364843843344844976916200949400
Lettuce and chicoryYield215845Fc196795Fc193673Fc190875Fc197792Fc
LinseedArea Harvested3000* 3000* 3000* 3000* 3000*
LinseedProduction Quantity2000* 2000* 2000* 2000* 2000*
LinseedSeed240Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc
LinseedYield6666.67Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc
LupinsArea Harvested3000F 3100Im2900F 2800F 3094Im
LupinsProduction Quantity5500F 5400Im5000F 4500F 5000F
LupinsSeed300F 300F 300F 300F 300F
LupinsYield18333.3Fc17419.3Fc17241.4Fc16071.4Fc16160.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested9948319259679155009915001053400
MaizeProduction Quantity97525908827810787770094912009809270
MaizeSeed25000F 25000F 25000F 26000F 28000F
MaizeYield98032.6Fc95336.1Fc86048.1Fc95725.7Fc93120.1Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity761858800000F 72010034200085911
Mustard seedArea Harvested
Mustard seedProduction Quantity
Mustard seedSeed
Mustard seedYield
Nuts, nesArea Harvested767Im747Im788Im791Im800F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2000Im1698Im1770Im1914Im2000F
Nuts, nesYield26075.6Fc22730.9Fc22461.9Fc24197.2Fc25000Fc
OatsArea Harvested126901114200133900147022154500
OatsProduction Quantity299155279200315100356404361147
OatsSeed35000F 35000F 35000F 34000F 34000F
OatsYield23573.9Fc24448.3Fc23532.5Fc24241.5Fc23375.2Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested306023A 283593A 286470A 237990A 266903A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity640080A 605025A 575717A 455191A 500455A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed16957A 16957A 16957.2A 15227.1A 16717A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield20916.1Fc21334.3Fc20096.9Fc19126.5Fc18750.4Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1450440A 1474390A 1476470A 1418490A 1428210A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity950603A 922887A 963631A 965928A 927586A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed4489.72A 4489.72A 4489.83A 4034.73A 4337.69A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6553.88Fc6259.43Fc6526.59Fc6809.55Fc6494.73Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity61000F 60500Im70000F 62455Im60000F
OlivesArea Harvested11444201190800119000011805001161310
OlivesProduction Quantity31822003170700328660034736003249800
OlivesYield27806.2Fc26626.6Fc27618.5Fc29424.8Fc27983.9Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction QuantityF F F F F
Onions, dryArea Harvested1300412603126711358912959
Onions, dryProduction Quantity413793380855384418403521371452
Onions, dryYield318204Fc302194Fc303384Fc296947Fc286636Fc
OrangesArea Harvested101903103313102033102301104000
OrangesProduction Quantity24699402393660242128021669002527500
OrangesYield242381Fc231690Fc237304Fc211816Fc243029Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2317327684259412819925947
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity536229666383621267653309616664
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield231402Fc240711Fc239492Fc231678Fc237663Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested8858090259930618606286017
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity16367501590660169179015891201630440
Peaches and nectarinesYield184776Fc176233Fc181794Fc184648Fc189549Fc
PearsArea Harvested3942840233401904070037945
PearsProduction Quantity926542736646872368770100835700
PearsYield234996Fc183095Fc217061Fc189214Fc220240Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested727011692107511068512558
Peas, dryProduction Quantity1912330872286552811040615
Peas, drySeed1200F 1200F 1200F 1300F 1300F
Peas, dryYield26304Fc26404.4Fc26653.3Fc26307.9Fc32341.9Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested2401715930152961278412080
Peas, greenProduction Quantity9903993361897808162679024
Peas, greenYield41237Fc58607Fc58695.1Fc63850.1Fc65417.2Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested2570Im2697Im2753Im2700F 3000
PersimmonsProduction Quantity50236Im48969Im53187Im50000F 52500
PersimmonsYield195471Fc181568Fc193197Fc185185Fc175000Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested3618Im352235153500F 3671
PistachiosProduction Quantity10801Im917031102000F 2782
PistachiosYield29853.5Fc26036.3Fc8847.8Fc5714.29Fc7578.32Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1420014219140641308112639
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity191989207497189303183955178293
Plums and sloesYield135204Fc145929Fc134601Fc140628Fc141066Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested
PotatoesArea Harvested6209162400705947057869513
PotatoesProduction Quantity15470501558030177392016038301781650
PotatoesSeed150000F 150000F 150000F 150000F 150000F
PotatoesYield249158Fc249684Fc251285Fc227242Fc256305Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity
Pulses, nesSeed
Pulses, nesYield
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested73994A 90581A 84427A 88088A 85735A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity139114A 173734A 160572A 166828A 166263A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed18435.7A 18435.7A 18505.5A 19530.3A 19546.2A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield18800.7Fc19180Fc19019Fc18938.8Fc19392.7Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested18000F 17275164861658217023
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity538534508075509491518964531904
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield299186Fc294110Fc309045Fc312968Fc312462Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity300F 300F 300F 300F 300F
QuincesArea Harvested87102655571
QuincesProduction Quantity1146.31250645725611
QuincesYield131759Fc122549Fc99230.8Fc131818Fc86056.3Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested188342040024800125537121
RapeseedProduction Quantity4403350300502003265914884
RapeseedSeed500F 500F 500F 250F 100F
RapeseedYield23379.5Fc24656.9Fc20241.9Fc26016.9Fc20901.6Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested300F 287283300239
RaspberriesProduction Quantity2000F 1990195617001647
RaspberriesYield66666.7Fc69338Fc69116.6Fc56666.7Fc68912.1Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested246500247700238500224200232500
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity14901501516400162040013889001540090
Rice, paddySeed43000F 43000F 43000F 43000F 43000F
Rice, paddyYield60452.3Fc61219.2Fc67941.3Fc61949.2Fc66240.4Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested62583A 62857A 71033A 70984A 69943A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1557240A 1566710A 1781690A 1611990A 1789630A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed150000A 150000A 150000A 150000A 150000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield248828Fc249250Fc250826Fc227092Fc255870Fc
RyeArea Harvested48514513460047333038
RyeProduction Quantity14381.81392611700108008953
RyeSeed600F 600F 600F 600F 600F
RyeYield29647.1Fc30857.5Fc25434.8Fc22818.5Fc29470Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested
Seed cottonProduction Quantity
Seed cottonYield
Sesame seedArea Harvested167Im193Im170F 160190
Sesame seedProduction Quantity1493Im1464Im1500F 13601087
Sesame seedSeed1.67Fc1.67Fc1.93Fc1.7Fc1.6Fc
Sesame seedYield89401.2Fc75854.9Fc88235.3Fc85000Fc57210.5Fc
SorghumArea Harvested4220040700399003892034046
SorghumProduction Quantity299500271400243400225582193243
SorghumSeed1200F 1200F 1200F 1200F 1200F
SorghumYield70971.6Fc66683.1Fc61002.5Fc57960.4Fc56759.4Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested1493Im1567Im1600F 1500F 1689Im
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity7557Im7366Im8000F 7500F 7000F
Sour cherriesYield50616.2Fc47007Fc50000Fc50000Fc41444.6Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested165955159500134700107795130335
SoybeansProduction Quantity564638552500468200346245408491
SoybeansSeed20000F 20000F 20000F 18000F 20000F
SoybeansYield34023.6Fc34639.5Fc34758.7Fc32120.7Fc31341.6Fc
Spices, nesProduction Quantity
SpinachArea Harvested61526406630572007049
SpinachProduction Quantity8241090608894439980096418
SpinachYield133956Fc141442Fc141860Fc138611Fc136783Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested500F 499541500500
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity6500F 6457745073007400
Stone fruit, nesYield130000Fc129399Fc137708Fc146000Fc148000Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested6000F 5990602164096033
StrawberriesProduction Quantity150000F 153875163044155583160558
StrawberriesYield250000Fc256886Fc270792Fc242757Fc266133Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested6223562700606146117386275
Sugar beetProduction Quantity35479503550100330768035208604670300
Sugar beetYield570089Fc566204Fc545696Fc575558Fc541327Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested118067100500123800114482126257
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity274414212900280200260927278728
Sunflower seedSeed1500F 1500F 1500F 1500F 1500F
Sunflower seedYield23242.2Fc21184.1Fc22633.3Fc22792Fc22076.2Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested492457439406430
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity101908681777181587981
Sweet potatoesYield207114Fc189956Fc177016Fc200936Fc185605Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested3856838648386403800036124
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity852562240628826825765100786200
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield221054Fc62261.4Fc213982Fc201342Fc217639Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested28761Im278292823032038Im32000F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity82175Im8911297860121281Im110000F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield28571.7Fc32021.3Fc34665.3Fc37855.4Fc34375Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested103858118822123624115477125299
TomatoesProduction Quantity59502206024800687816059769106530160
TomatoesYield572919Fc507044Fc556377Fc517584Fc521166Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested178913A 174185A 183630A 184309A 185464A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity321795A 273195A 284736A 306478A 311657A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield17986.1Fc15684.2Fc15506Fc16628.5Fc16804.2Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested
TriticaleProduction Quantity
TriticaleSeed
TriticaleYield
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested105413Im120039Im120000F 110000F 139722Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity1600000F 1586300Im1700000F 1650000F 2192910Im
Vegetables fresh nesSeed14000F 14000F 14000F 12000F 12000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield151784Fc132149Fc141667Fc150000Fc156948Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested474256A 536838A 536665A 527840A 570398A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity13287900A 14201300A 15081800A 13970100A 14684300A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed14000A 14000A 14000A 12000A 12000A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield280185Fc264536Fc281028Fc264665Fc257440Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested474256A 536838A 536665A 527840A 570398A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity13287900A 14201300A 15081800A 13970100A 14684300A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed14000A 14000A 14000A 12000A 12000A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield280185Fc264536Fc281028Fc264665Fc257440Fc
VetchesArea Harvested6013Im7409Im6905Im7224Im7000F
VetchesProduction Quantity9000F 9200Im8500F 8053Im8000F
VetchesSeed300.65Fc300.65Fc370.45Fc345.25Fc361.2Fc
VetchesYield14967.6Fc12417.3Fc12309.9Fc11147.6Fc11428.6Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested4319Im4205Im4433Im4450Im4500F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity17771Im15087Im15724Im17000F 16000F
Walnuts, with shellYield41146.1Fc35878.7Fc35470.3Fc38202.3Fc35555.6Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested1071912622112611109111141
WatermelonsProduction Quantity378220477858463306434602437512
WatermelonsYield352850Fc378591Fc411425Fc391851Fc392704Fc
WheatArea Harvested17260301830480182236022888502100440
WheatProduction Quantity66220006849860653475088554407170180
WheatSeed600000F 600000F 600000F 600000F 600000F
WheatYield38365.5Fc37421.1Fc35858.7Fc38689.5Fc34136.6Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested8173783124840738514586040
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity11279611834410524591382104891
Almonds, with shellYield13799.9Fc14237Fc12518.3Fc10732.5Fc12191Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity
ApplesArea Harvested5714357136575545692860529
ApplesProduction Quantity21309802192000213623019537502199220
ApplesYield372921Fc383646Fc371170Fc343197Fc363333Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1770817318155511563315314
ApricotsProduction Quantity221994232882213425108320200110
ApricotsYield125364Fc134474Fc137242Fc69289.3Fc130671Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested5038350127500714989850524
ArtichokesProduction Quantity468964469975489207391680455653
ArtichokesYield93079.8Fc93756.9Fc97702.7Fc78496.1Fc90185.5Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested63716442640363156359
AsparagusProduction Quantity4279043496411283741339235
AsparagusYield67163.7Fc67519.4Fc64232.4Fc59244.7Fc61699.9Fc
BananasArea Harvested20F 21Im20Im19Im18Im
BananasProduction Quantity450F 464Im461Im389Im412Im
BananasYield225000Fc220952Fc230500Fc204737Fc228889Fc
BarleyArea Harvested330675319944304876309726342825
BarleyProduction Quantity12820401214050115662010208001190330
BarleySeed70000F 70000F 70000F 65000F 69000*
BarleyYield38770.4Fc37945.7Fc37937.4Fc32958.2Fc34721.2Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested81798755924691659972
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1306318908143711299818778
Beans, drySeed4000F 4000F 4000F 4000F 4000F
Beans, dryYield15971.4Fc21596.8Fc15542.9Fc14182.2Fc18830.7Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested2183422281228102372023244
Beans, greenProduction Quantity190663202478193019190452205189
Beans, greenYield87323.9Fc90874.7Fc84620.3Fc80291.7Fc88276.1Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested8300880087008800
Berries NesProduction Quantity67500822007150072800
Berries NesYield81325.3Fc93409.1Fc82183.9Fc82727.3Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested200F 173108200183
BlueberriesProduction Quantity1500F 1489150714001811
BlueberriesYield75000Fc86069.4Fc139537Fc70000Fc98961.8Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested4461748507441174410341387
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity8260086920819536480063839
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed13000F 13000F 13000F 13000F 13000F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield18513.1Fc17919.1Fc18576.3Fc14692.9Fc15424.9Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1771718530172482400024622
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity329287340425320787427800422458
Cabbages and other brassicasYield185859Fc183716Fc185985Fc178250Fc171577Fc
CarobsArea Harvested87548704877987898789
CarobsProduction Quantity2611031665190601863724015
CarobsYield29826.4Fc36379.8Fc21710.9Fc21204.9Fc27323.9Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1400013307136941369013977
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity619700602400607188571200561442
Carrots and turnipsYield442643Fc452694Fc443397Fc417239Fc401690Fc
Castor oil seedArea HarvestedF F
Castor oil seedProduction QuantityF F
Castor oil seedYield
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1809318150179462403524229
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity403129430669413682484854452200
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield222809Fc237283Fc230515Fc201728Fc186636Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3801050A 3995830A 4276500A 4147560A 4284650A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity19734000A 20952600A 22775900A 17397400A 20791800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed781300A 781300A 779300A 781200A 776200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield51917.2Fc52436.3Fc53258.2Fc41946Fc48526.3Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested81156766721775277289
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity2701329157354843790031356
Cereals, nesSeed2500F 4500F 4500F 4500F 4500F
Cereals, nesYield33287.7Fc43093.4Fc49167.2Fc50352.1Fc43018.3Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3801050A 3995830A 4276500A 4147560A 4284650A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity20206600A 21423100A 23283200A 17864400A 21248400A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed781300A 781300A 779300A 781200A 776200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield53160.5Fc53613.8Fc54444.5Fc43071.9Fc49591.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested2887627888283312855828804
CherriesProduction Quantity11091010129595169102000126000*
CherriesYield38409.1Fc36322.1Fc33591.8Fc35716.8Fc43743.9Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested24032Im24000F 18888Im19092Im19278Im
ChestnutsProduction Quantity5261552000F 39976Im42416Im54315Im
ChestnutsYield21893.7Fc21666.7Fc21164.8Fc22216.6Fc28174.6Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested51885256544356945092
Chick peasProduction Quantity61736113644760345550
Chick peasSeed450F 450F 450F 450F 450F
Chick peasYield11898.6Fc11630.5Fc11844.6Fc10597.1Fc10899.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1333213787135471425313757
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity345152362994362430360621326850
Chillies and peppers, greenYield258890Fc263287Fc267535Fc253014Fc237588Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested15671462146315331534
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity3674929207291882391226385
Citrus fruit, nesYield234518Fc199774Fc199508Fc155982Fc172001Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested171828A 167520A 168071A 169577A 175305A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3653770A 3518090A 3335580A 2781170A 2789220A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield212641Fc210010Fc198463Fc164006Fc159106Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1649320A 1648910A 1692810A 1662130A 1650440A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11605700A 12293100A 13121000A 10232600A 12329500A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed138300A 138300A 136300A 138200A 135200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield70366.6Fc74552.5Fc77510.4Fc61563Fc74704.8Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity
CottonseedProduction Quantity
CottonseedSeed
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested23122338242221252086
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity7136277497797726739766621
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield308659Fc331467Fc329364Fc317162Fc319372Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested10074695458
CurrantsProduction Quantity800723694615586
CurrantsYield80000Fc97702.7Fc100580Fc113889Fc101034Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested1173412169123791288112175
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity338361338803366461368992332449
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield288359Fc278415Fc296034Fc286462Fc273059Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2977A 3096A 3151A 3689A 3161A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1478A 1481A 1572A 3323A 1700A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield4964.73Fc4783.59Fc4988.89Fc9007.86Fc5378.04Fc
FigsArea Harvested38483478359345094660
FigsProduction Quantity2326920091212261934913354
FigsYield60470.4Fc57766Fc59076Fc42911.9Fc28656.7Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested2727Im2846Im2855Im2831Im2865Im
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity278Im281Im291Im337Im419Im
Flax fibre and towYield1019.44Fc987.35Fc1019.26Fc1190.39Fc1462.48Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1264040A 1267180A 1263640A 1313330A 1320830A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity18014700A 18216300A 18073000A 15254600A 16080600A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield142517Fc143754Fc143024Fc116153Fc121746Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested11470Im11500F 10734Im11159Im11299Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity47483Im48000F 50064Im42250Im44739Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield41397.6Fc41739.1Fc46640.6Fc37861.8Fc39595.5Fc
GarlicArea Harvested30713163300430643228
GarlicProduction Quantity2834429598268072533428070
GarlicYield92295.7Fc93575.7Fc89237.7Fc82682.8Fc86957.9Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested261245252245235
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity75007056676865624441
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield287356Fc288000Fc268571Fc267837Fc188979Fc
GrapesArea Harvested786000793000787000835546836330
GrapesProduction Quantity83266908553580869197074829407393880
GrapesYield105938Fc107864Fc110444Fc89557.5Fc88408.6Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity
Groundnuts, with shellSeed
Groundnuts, with shellYield
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested6968567743675066811368742
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1421098787914335683292119458
Hazelnuts, with shellYield20393Fc12972.4Fc21236Fc12228.5Fc17377.7Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested250F 250F 296F 858296
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity1200F 1200F 1281F 29861281
Hemp Tow WasteYield48000Fc48000Fc43277Fc34801.9Fc43277Fc
HempseedArea Harvested
HempseedProduction Quantity
HempseedSeed
HempseedYield
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested2135421479208471950519622
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity434650415052429186322800379383
Kiwi fruitYield203545Fc193236Fc205874Fc165496Fc193346Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested628597616649650
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity1545115477165241598015846
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield246035Fc259246Fc268247Fc246225Fc243785Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested969494849683973610767
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity5899153796578135510459642
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield60853.1Fc56722.9Fc59705.7Fc56598.2Fc55393.3Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested3000030000293363066833207
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity573171603392583443520128486410
Lemons and limesYield191057Fc201131Fc198883Fc169600Fc146478Fc
LentilsArea Harvested17381786171922061083
LentilsProduction Quantity1190123411401200823
LentilsSeed135F 135F 130F 130F 150F
LentilsYield6846.95Fc6909.29Fc6631.76Fc5439.71Fc7599.26Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested5000050010495914936949383
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity9779001010470995920921770916208
Lettuce and chicoryYield195580Fc202054Fc200827Fc186710Fc185531Fc
LinseedArea Harvested3000* 3000* 3000* 3000* 3000*
LinseedProduction Quantity2000* 2000* 2000* 2000* 2000*
LinseedSeed240Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc
LinseedYield6666.67Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc6666.67Fc
LupinsArea Harvested3000F 2500F 30303599Im3332Im
LupinsProduction Quantity5500F 3500F 457050004600
LupinsSeed300F 300F 300F 300F 300F
LupinsYield18333.3Fc14000Fc15082.5Fc13892.8Fc13805.5Fc
MaizeArea Harvested11080001113170119695011632301111950
MaizeProduction Quantity96712101042790011368000870229010554400
MaizeSeed30000F 28000F 28000F 35000F 28000*
MaizeYield87285.3Fc93677.5Fc94974.7Fc74811.4Fc94917.9Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity10010088361941529609072700
Mustard seedArea Harvested
Mustard seedProduction Quantity
Mustard seedSeed
Mustard seedYield
Nuts, nesArea Harvested1000F 250F 977Im988Im998Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2500F 500F 1348Im1633Im2091Im
Nuts, nesYield25000Fc20000Fc13797.3Fc16528.3Fc20951.9Fc
OatsArea Harvested160950174799146638148393150933
OatsProduction Quantity394923429153337694306424328759
OatsSeed34000F 34000F 32000F 32000F 32000*
OatsYield24537Fc24551.2Fc23029.1Fc20649.5Fc21781.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested329170A 288843A 280407A 310829A 331961A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity669747A 642030A 616683A 488903A 705358A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed12626.2A 16717A 15692A 15692.1A 16529.1A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield20346.5Fc22227.7Fc21992.4Fc15729Fc21248.2Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1497030A 1457440A 1446410A 1473540A 1502320A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1022460A 1084000A 1243210A 981683A 1000180A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed3314.82A 4337.69A 3952.69A 3952.73A 4173.73A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6829.92Fc7437.68Fc8595.14Fc6662.08Fc6657.58Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity140000F 105981Im122216Im96000F 111000F
OlivesArea Harvested11678601168600116600011627101170360
OlivesProduction Quantity34156803774810453423035461303231300
OlivesYield29247.3Fc32302Fc38887.1Fc30498.8Fc27609.5Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction QuantityF F
Onions, dryArea Harvested1288712281128521337113890
Onions, dryProduction Quantity378212358926403079357069412510
Onions, dryYield293483Fc292261Fc313631Fc267047Fc296983Fc
OrangesArea Harvested104000103605104606105289106577
OrangesProduction Quantity23460702261400210505017336801723630
OrangesYield225584Fc218271Fc201236Fc164659Fc161726Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2777827815266272678324748
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity624959611501580268569698506159
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield224983Fc219846Fc217925Fc212709Fc204525Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested8581287132898678930292717
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity16648101693150171001011758601586590
Peaches and nectarinesYield194007Fc194320Fc190282Fc131672Fc171122Fc
PearsArea Harvested3851239089406074051241923
PearsProduction Quantity910428925905877253826024922661
PearsYield236401Fc236871Fc216035Fc203896Fc220085Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested13625111441031597708133
Peas, dryProduction Quantity4267034464324782962425264
Peas, drySeed1300F 1300F 1300F 1300F 1300F
Peas, dryYield31317.4Fc30926.1Fc31486.2Fc30321.4Fc31063.6Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1258911618115571147811045
Peas, greenProduction Quantity8810271103704216126068235
Peas, greenYield69983.3Fc61200.7Fc60933.6Fc53371.7Fc61779.1Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested28372720282028402891
PersimmonsProduction Quantity5310051332571104700054170
PersimmonsYield187170Fc188721Fc202518Fc165493Fc187375Fc
PistachiosArea Harvested32853635360736003602
PistachiosProduction Quantity10242719240019931877
PistachiosYield3117.2Fc7480.06Fc6653.73Fc5536.11Fc5210.99Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1304812902123941273812622
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity180488185404179334128000177000
Plums and sloesYield138326Fc143702Fc144694Fc100487Fc140231Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested
PotatoesArea Harvested7245169912724307397576985
PotatoesProduction Quantity17828101753530182151016104401855320
PotatoesSeed150000F 150000F 150000F 150000F 150000*
PotatoesYield246071Fc250820Fc251486Fc217701Fc240998Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity
Pulses, nesSeed
Pulses, nesYield
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested83547A 85604A 81058A 81735A 75662A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity159696A 159139A 149205A 126656A 125354A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed19535A 19545A 19562.8A 19539.4A 19559.9A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield19114.5Fc18590.1Fc18407.2Fc15495.9Fc16567.6Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested1712316736166531662816194
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity512199488054490545469466418401
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield299129Fc291619Fc294569Fc282335Fc258368Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity300F 300F 300F 300F 300F
QuincesArea Harvested7973696969
QuincesProduction Quantity818634608515604
QuincesYield103544Fc86849.3Fc88115.9Fc74637.7Fc87536.2Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested35353478287248269652
RapeseedProduction Quantity596160795180663613440
RapeseedSeed100F 100F 100F 100F 100F
RapeseedYield16862.8Fc17478.4Fc18036.2Fc13750.5Fc13924.6Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested200178181172167
RaspberriesProduction Quantity17001421165713911380
RaspberriesYield85000Fc79831.5Fc91547Fc80872.1Fc82634.7Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested226077224015229722218675218676
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity14191301412960152344014023501371100
Rice, paddySeed43000F 43000F 43000F 43000F 41000F
Rice, paddyYield62772Fc63074.3Fc66316.7Fc64129.4Fc62700.1Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested73868A 71343A 73837A 75340A 78359A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1803280A 1773780A 1844010A 1631080A 1870940A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed150000A 150000A 150000A 150000A 150000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield244122Fc248627Fc249740Fc216496Fc238765Fc
RyeArea Harvested28472654285627093360
RyeProduction Quantity85907876785169409631
RyeSeed600F 600F 600F 600F 600F
RyeYield30172.1Fc29676Fc27489.5Fc25618.3Fc28663.7Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested
Seed cottonProduction Quantity
Seed cottonYield
Sesame seedArea Harvested160160170170180
Sesame seedProduction Quantity12001296170016961440
Sesame seedSeed1.9Fc1.6Fc1.6Fc1.7Fc1.7Fc
Sesame seedYield75000Fc81000Fc100000Fc99764.7Fc80000Fc
SorghumArea Harvested3873531578342733054334079
SorghumProduction Quantity221935184915215394158206215072
SorghumSeed1200F 1200F 1200F 1100F 1100F
SorghumYield57295.7Fc58558.2Fc62846.6Fc51797.8Fc63109.8Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested1700F 1670165016701680
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity6800F 70006200* 70908789*
Sour cherriesYield40000Fc41916.2Fc37575.8Fc42455.1Fc52315.5Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested177909152331150368152052152021
SoybeansProduction Quantity551292553002518139397000587000
SoybeansSeed15000F 20000F 19000F 19000F 20000F
SoybeansYield30987.3Fc36302.7Fc34458.1Fc26109.5Fc38613.1Fc
Spices, nesProduction Quantity
SpinachArea Harvested70217367713368106732
SpinachProduction Quantity9665399367953938566086450
SpinachYield137663Fc134881Fc133735Fc125786Fc128417Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested500499499503513
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity71007102706074885748
Stone fruit, nesYield142000Fc142325Fc141483Fc148867Fc112047Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested57465826619562437339
StrawberriesProduction Quantity143315146769167727154861150901
StrawberriesYield249417Fc251921Fc270746Fc248055Fc205615Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested91230253043185805214172242000
Sugar beetProduction Quantity4769610141557008473020713650012726000
Sugar beetYield522812Fc559419Fc456017Fc333213Fc525868Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested144566129874123997150781167108
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity308038289365274019237375351000
Sunflower seedSeed1200F 1500F 1000F 1000F 1100F
Sunflower seedYield21307.8Fc22280.4Fc22098.8Fc15743Fc21004.4Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested14171431140713651374
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity2046920251224982064315617
Sweet potatoesYield144453Fc141516Fc159901Fc151231Fc113661Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested3600032208324143184233752
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity690278617037611134496884548350
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield191744Fc191579Fc188540Fc156047Fc162464Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested2800034372337603669037901
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity96600115983117882124985122231
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield34500Fc33743.4Fc34917.7Fc34065.1Fc32250.1Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested122192138759144973130507122045
TomatoesProduction Quantity63512007187010768307066515105750040
TomatoesYield519772Fc517949Fc529966Fc509667Fc471141Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested183744A 182752A 178872A 180800A 182560A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity326044A 277442A 303683A 232430A 297632A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield17744.5Fc15181.3Fc16977.7Fc12855.6Fc16303.2Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested
TriticaleProduction Quantity
TriticaleSeed
TriticaleYield
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested140000F 144000F 142442Im142568Im139742Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2200000F 2423600Im2522830Im2303610Im2123340Im
Vegetables fresh nesSeed12000F 12000F 12000F 12000F 12000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield157143Fc168306Fc177113Fc161580Fc151947Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested571532A 593154A 596167A 596695A 584866A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity14731800A 15825500A 16473400A 15042000A 13864800A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed12000A 12000A 12000A 12000A 12000A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield257759Fc266802Fc276322Fc252088Fc237060Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested571532A 593154A 596167A 596695A 584866A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity14731800A 15825500A 16473400A 15042000A 13864800A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed12000A 12000A 12000A 12000A 12000A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield257759Fc266802Fc276322Fc252088Fc237060Fc
VetchesArea Harvested7200F 7656Im7188Im7198Im6663Im
VetchesProduction Quantity8500F 8000F 8246Im7000F 6500
VetchesSeed350Fc360Fc382.8Fc359.4Fc359.9Fc
VetchesYield11805.6Fc10449.3Fc11471.9Fc9724.92Fc9755.37Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested4005Im4000F 3821Im3862Im3900*
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity15000F 16000F 11358Im11714Im15000*
Walnuts, with shellYield37453.2Fc40000Fc29725.2Fc30331.4Fc38461.5Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested1277314193145161481515469
WatermelonsProduction Quantity490247519463562909529001545148
WatermelonsYield383815Fc365999Fc387785Fc357071Fc352413Fc
WheatArea Harvested19256502122900235397022667602415540
WheatProduction Quantity71817207717130863872062294507547760
WheatSeed600000F 600000F 600000F 600000F 600000F
WheatYield37295Fc36351.8Fc36698.5Fc27481.7Fc31246.7Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea13932.6Fm14322.8W 13928.3Fm14430.9Fm14162Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea837W 736Q 735W 812W 903W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea260W 378Q 371W 190W 247W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea2419W 2666I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea1097W 1114Q 1106W 1002W 1150W
Arable landArea6800Fm7037W 6927Fm7472Fm7171Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea9320.6Fm9624.8W 9505.73Fm10014.9Fm9702Q
Country areaArea30134W 30134W 30134W 30134W 30134Q
Fallow landArea560Fm548W 532Fm517Fm501Q
Forest areaArea9227Fm9149Q 9071Fm8993Fm8915Fm
Inland waterArea720Fm720Fm720Fm720Fm720Fm
Land areaArea29414Fm29414Fm29414Fm29414Fm29414Q
Other landArea6254.4Fm5942.2Fm6414.67Fm5990.13Fm6337Fm
Permanent cropsArea2520.6W 2587.8W 2578.4W 2543.2W 2531Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4612W 4698W 4423W 4416W 4460W
Temporary cropsArea4256Fm4543W 4380W 4986W
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea1984W 1946W 2015W 1969W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3950Fm3950Fm3950Fm3950Fm3950.5I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea14203Fm14736Fm14883Fm14907Fm15273Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea801W 729W 708W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea347W 338W 246W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea2613I 2733I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea1148W 1067W 954W
Arable landArea7376Q 7780Q 7979Q 7959I 8287I
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea9921Q 10334Q 10529Q 10539F 10894F
Country areaArea30134Q 30134W 30134W 30134Q 30134Q
Fallow landArea475Q 475Q 475Q 453Q 484Q
Forest areaArea8837Fm8759Q 8681Fm8603Fm8525Fm
Inland waterArea720Fm720Fm720Fm720Fm723Fm
Land areaArea29414Q 29414Q 29414Q 29414Q 29411Q
Other landArea6374Fm5919Fm5850Fm5904Fm5613Fm
Permanent cropsArea2545Q 2554Q 2550Q 2580W 2607W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4282W 4402W 4354W 4368W 4379W
Temporary cropsArea
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3960Fm3973I 3975Fm3977W 3936Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data