Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Iran

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Iran
  • General data
  • Region: Middle East
  • Area (km2): 164,800
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical
  • Capital: Tehran
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 71,021,039
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,540
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$251,467,481,088
  • GDP: US$286,057,922,560
  • Agriculture, value added: US$28,875,933,696
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentSalehi et al., 2016; Vali-Sichani et al., 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentSalehi et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Absent, unreliable recordHarighi, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2011; Salehi et al., 2012; Mohkami et al., 2011
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiLast reported 1984OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMazarei et al., 1994; Maroofi & Mostafavi, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Seidghasemi et al., 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Salehi et al., 2012; Mohkami et al., 2011; Salehi & Rasoulpour, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; Osdaghi, 2014; Osdaghi & Zademohamad, 2016
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Restricted distributionAlizadeh & Rahimian, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Mirzaee, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; Amanifar et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Rahmaini & Madjidieh-Ghassemi, 1975
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentNativeSimmons, 2007
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Abkhoo, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentMirzaei et al., 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentMirabolfathy et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentZafari & Hamadani, 2009; Mousakhah & Khodaparast, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentSharifnabi & Fatehi, 1996; Kaiser, 1997; Chérif et al., 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedYesBrasier & Afsharpour, 1979
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier & Afsharpour, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentViennot-Bourgin et al., 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentKaiser et al., 1968; Naeimi et al., 2003; Zakeri & Zad, 1987
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Khabiri, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentDennis, 1986; BPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadBamdadian & Torabi, 1978; Bamdadian, 1967
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentVánky, 1985; Mundkur, 1942
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Disease not reportedOuellet et al., 2005
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentBaradaran-Anaraki & Daneshvar, 1992; Gardenhire, 1959; Farahbakhsh, 1961; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadNikkhoo & Moiini, 1991; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedYesNasrolahi, 2007; Nasrolahi et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentFerrer-Suay et al., 2014; UK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesHodjat & Eastop, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Natural History Museum London
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentNouri, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedShahraki et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentArbabi et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentArbabi et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentKhanjani & Kalafchi, 2003; Arbab, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentTaheri, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesJafari & Sabzewari, 1982; Fischer-Colbrie & Busch-Petersen, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeApel & Spiridonov, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentGhahari et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSeghatoleslami, 1977; CIE, 1969; Abivardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesHall et al., 2001; Wardhana et al., 2012b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentGhahhari & Hatami, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadHarbach, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Salehi et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Restricted distributionKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentCABI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentIntroducedParchami-Araghi et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentMoghadam, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentMoghadam, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeSteinmann, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentDanzig & Pellizari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentRezaei et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentPaknia & Kami, 2007; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentGanbalani, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeYesCERIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniLocalisedNativeBacescu, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentAdldoost, 1995; Martinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedShrimp News, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentRezwani, 1981; Nassirzadeh & Bassiri, 1994; Eghtedar, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentFarashiani et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014; Abdul-Rassoul, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992; Bright & Skidmore, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentMutuura & Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedDore & Frimodt, 1987; d'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentEckweiler & Hofmann, 1980; Farid, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentChodjai et al., 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Bodenheimer, 1944; Kozar et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Introduced, not establishedIntroducedDIAS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)WidespreadNativeYesChodjai, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentAjamhasani & Salehi, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentHasanshahi et al., 2013; CIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967; Fathi et al., 2011; Hasanshahi et al., 2013; AfiunizadehIsfahani & KarimzadehIsfahani, 2010; Golizadeh et al., 2008; Khanjani, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentAbbasi et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentMasoud et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeHosseini, 2009; Naderloo & Turkay, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentDanzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedBodenheimer, 1944; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedBehdad, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentArbabi et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiWidespreadIntroducedZaitsev & Öztürk, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentMohammadi, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentFaghih, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentKhormaly et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentMinaei et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentKhormaly et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentForghani & Marouf, 2015; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)WidespreadCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMound & Halsey, 1978; Martin et al., 2000; Farahbakhsh, 1961; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014; Forghani & Marouf, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentBaniameri & Cheraghian, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Cheraghian & Emamzadeh, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Crane, 1979; Rahmani et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeArcher, 1998; Blüthgen & Gusenleitner, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionNativeBright & Skidmore, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeCoad, 1995; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationBorghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)WidespreadNativeWhitehead, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedNativeRyall, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedFAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresentNativeSibley & Monroe, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesMotabar, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeCoad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)WidespreadIntroducedYesCoad, 1995; Abbasi, 2005; Esmaeili et al., 2011; Holcík & Razavi, 1992; Patimar et al., 2008; Patimar & Kiabi, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)LocalisedIntroducedCoad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)LocalisedNativeHoffman & Smith, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeCoad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedCoad, 1996; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)LocalisedNativePinchuk et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1996; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedClements et al., 2014; Zarringhabaie et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Sommer, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Butler, 2003; Lever, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeCoad, 1995; Froese Pauly, 2004; Kottelat & Freyhof, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1996; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeCoad, 1996; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBogutskaya, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedCoad, 1995; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentShiganova et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeAnnandale, 1921; Annandale et al., 1919; Kasymov, 1972; Müller OFvon, 1774; Pourang, 1996; Zhadin, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)LocalisedNativeMousson, 1863; Starmühlner, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeDoroudi, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentDeimi et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentKheiri, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentAbivardi & Sharafeh, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Karani & Karegar, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; Gitty & Maafi, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentMaafi et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentMaafi et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentMaafi & Mahdavian, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Gharabadiyan et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Bahmani et al., 2013; Abivardi & Sharafeh, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadAbivardi & Sharafeh, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentPourjam et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadAbivardi et al., 1970; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Rashidifard et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentMojtahedi et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedYesMokhayer, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentSohrabipour & Rabiei, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesKhoshravesh et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSohrabipour & Rabii, 1999; Silva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Sohrabipour & Rabii, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Sohrabipour & Rabii, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Absent, formerly presentFaseli, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedDommergues et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeRhoads & Block , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, few occurrencesNativeSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeRechinger, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedLuna, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeYaltirik, 1967; Boratynski, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008; Mirkamali, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Aellen, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadBischof, 1978; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentMousavi, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeRechinger, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentNematollahi et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesBabaie et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedSanadgol, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeBeer et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeAkhani & Khoshravesh, 2013; Komarov et al., 1970; Scott, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeBor, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedNaderi & Rahiminejad, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeMaire, 1955; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky & Young, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentNativeHultén & Fries, 1986; Rechinger, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeYesPitcher & Russo, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedLock & Simpson, 1991; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesRechinger, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresentNativeKhaniki, 1995; Parsa, 1978; Rechinger, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephalaPresentNativeShoeb et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesRechinger, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeWHO, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; Bahraini-Nejad & Khajehpour, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Moore & Frankton, 1974; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeRechinger, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Gharabadiyan et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedFatehi et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeKupicha, 1975; Rechinger, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeDastgheib & Beigi, 1988; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Peterson & Prasad, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedFatemi, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Jafari & Moussavi, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedSiddiqi, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHübl & Holzner, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)PresentNativeJahodová et al., 2007; GBIF, 2015; Ahmad, 2013; Fröberg, 2010; Rechinger, 1987; Rijal et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentMirkamali, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionCook & Lüönd, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentIntroducedNaqinezhad & Mehrvarz, 2007; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentPahlevani & Sajedi, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedMoazzeni & Zarre, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionNativeYesBoluri, 1977; Ghadiri, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHaidari, 1975; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)Restricted distributionSharifi, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014; Lim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Filizadeh, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)WidespreadNativeYesKoocheki & Mohalati, 1994; Mirghaffari, 2005; Meybodi & Arzani, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedInternational Olive Council, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeRechinger, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986; Teimoury et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Presentter Borg, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeParker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeMuseum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedLock & Simpson, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeMirkamaly Maddah, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Mosaferi et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentZehzad & Azimzadeh, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001; Pasiecznik et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentZarandi et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentLock & Simpson, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentTselev, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentGharabadiyan et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedHosseini et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentBischof, 1971; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeKarami et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentRad & Scholz, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentMohammad et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentHamzeh'ee et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeRoskov et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Mirshekari & Siyami, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1963OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; Bananej et al., 2007
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMahlooji & Makoui, 1990
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCamelpox virusPresentBaxby, 1972
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusPresentEPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentKaiser et al., 1968; Kaiser & Mossahebi, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al., 2013
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentKeshavarz & Izadpanah, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentMakkouk et al., 2002
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Last reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentHabili et al., 2003; Roomi et al., 2006
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedGhotbi et al., 2005; Shahraeen & Ghotbi, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentIzadpanah, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentPourrahim et al., 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2014; Arezou et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Restricted distributionNativeLefeuvre et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentNativeFoulad & Izadpanah, 1986; Stenger et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentHashemi-Fesharki, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Hashemi, 1991; Tavasou & Rahbari, 1998
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedYesMokhayer, 1976
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009; Hadad & Jamalludeen, 1992
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableDance, 1991; Ellis & Titball, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxPresentBaxby, 1972
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesHall et al., 2001; Hall et al., 2009; Wardhana et al., 2012b
ChytridiomycosisDisease not reportedOuellet et al., 2005
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al., 2013
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Fallahi et al., 2003
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisWidespreadMohebali, 2013; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Talatchian, 1965; Muhammed & Ivoghli, 1983
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE, 2009; Fernandez, 1991; OIE, 1999
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
surraRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentArshadi, 1976; Hashemi-Fesharki, 1998; Rafyi & Maghami, 1962; Hooshmand-Rad, 1977; OIE, 1998
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentUilenberg & Hashemi-Fesharki, 1984; Uilenberg et al., 1985
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Seifi, 1995
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaPresentEsmaeili et al., 2014; OIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Crane, 1979; Rahmani et al., 2006
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file