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Datasheet

India

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    India
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Area (km2): 328,800
  • Climates: Boreal, Dry, Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 1,124,786,997
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$950
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$1,071,025,291,264
  • GDP: US$1,176,890,245,120
  • Agriculture, value added: US$194,993,176,576
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentSchneider et al., 1993; Baiswar et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSingh & Garg, 2000; Rana et al., 2012
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Absent, unreliable recordSeemüller, 1990; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma ovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distribution
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella tardaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Restricted distributionCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, unreliable recordJindal & Sharma, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; Ramakrishnan & Sumini, 1948
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)Restricted distributionNirwan & Upadhyaya, 1972
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; RAO, 1966
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentNativePrasada & Prabhu, 1962
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentBasandrai et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionKaushik & Toky, 1992; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014; Ramakrishnan & Radhakrishna, 1963
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBogo & Mantle, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2006; Greathead pers. comm
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHarpophora maydis (late wilt of maize)PresentPayak et al., 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentMathur, 1979; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSutton, 1980; Reddy et al., 1976
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentCMI, 1984; Anon, 1963; Mathur & Neergaard, 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentUK CAB International, 1984; Anon, 1963; Mathur & Neergaard, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Restricted distributionArthur & Cummins, 1933; CABI/EPPO, 2000; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1961
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insulareRestricted distributionIvory, 1987
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Restricted distributionSarbhoy et al., 1972; Kumar & Verma, 1985; Satish et al., 1987; Ramakrishnan & Sundaram, 1954; Maiti et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionDheepa et al., 2015; Sriram et al., 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRyan & Egan, 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Absent, unreliable recordUpadhyay & Bordoloi 1975, publ., 1976; EPPO, 2014; Walker, 1983
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentMundkur & Thirumalachar, 1952
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)WidespreadIMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentCIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)Restricted distributionIntroducedWilliams & Williams, 1988; Sankaran et al., 1984; APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentGreathead & Greathead, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentLokeshwari et al., 2015; CIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeYesVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeaeRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)WidespreadWhite & Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)WidespreadNativeYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; Dhillon et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)Restricted distributionKapoor, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Cherian, 1938
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)WidespreadHaines, 1981; Khandwe et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadVir & Jindal, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, unreliable recordAlcock, 1899
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)WidespreadNativeYesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentEPPO, 2014; Kore & Thite, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)WidespreadCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesJames, 1947; Norris & Murray, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedFletcher , 1932
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadYesBarraud, 1934
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Absent, unreliable recordHampson, 1896; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresentNativeKanaujia, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNativeSandhu, 1975; Kumar et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentMahla, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan & Gullan, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Kaomud & Tyagi Vikas Kumar2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentBhatti, 1990; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; Nagarkatti & Sankaran, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentDevnath, 1985; Devnath, 1987; Merrill, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentVeeresh, 1990; FAO, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentRamaiah & Krishnamurthy Bhat, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentNaresh & Malik, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedRosenberry , 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)WidespreadNativeYesDey & Tiwari, 1997; Browne, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedAPPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadGhosh, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)WidespreadTalbot, 1939; APPPC, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentYesSuresh et al., 2010; Muniappan, 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Presentde Freina, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)PresentNativeISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011; Lokeshwari et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentVarshney, 1985; Ramakrishna Ayyar, 1921; Shafee et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)LocalisedIntroducedYesPrishanthini & Vinobaba, 2009; Tanwar et al., 2007; Ghulam et al., 2009; Nagrare et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentMuthukumar et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)WidespreadKrishnamoorthy & Mani, 1994; Mani, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeBeaver & Hsien-Tzung, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Restricted distributionNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentWilliams, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)WidespreadSinha & Sinha, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Restricted distributionNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM London UK, 1905
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentRajendran et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentKumar et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentKumawat, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)WidespreadChamp & Dyte, 1977; Ramashrit & Mishra, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedLakshmikantha et al., 2001; George & Narendran, 1987; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Lokeshwari et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeAhmed and Mahmood, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)WidespreadYesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)WidespreadRutherford, 1914; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentWetterer, 2009; Lokeshwari et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentRajulu & Gowri, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMisra, 1924; Srivastava et al., 1972; Mound & Halsey, 1978; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentNativeBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentPadhi & Rath, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2016; Sridhar et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)No information availableOIE, 2009; Phadke et al., 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentNativeEPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK CAB International, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedYesBrowne, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeBeeson, 1930; Beeson, 1961; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)WidespreadNativeCoyle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeBorghese, 2005; Cockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)PresentNativeClements et al., 2014; Clement & Juana, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedYesShaji et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)WidespreadNativeAli & Ripley, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman & Smith, 1983; Shetty et al., 1989; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusWidespreadNativeGrimmett et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008; Das & Rampal, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedCsavas , 1995; Singh & Lakra, 2011; Molar & Walker, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeKapoor et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeKapoor & et al. , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Shetty et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)WidespreadIntroducedFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeKumaraguru & Rajkumar, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)LocalisedNativeDas, 1996; Wall, 1912; Whitaker, 1993; Whitaker & Captain, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Introduced, not establishedDIAS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeFujisaki et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeKonig & Weick, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesGriffiths et al., 1993; Cowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesRaut & Ghose, 1984; Srivastava et al., 1985; Mead, 1961; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeBrot, 1860; Pilsbry-Bequaert, 1927
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentNativeDFAS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedRanamukhaarachchi & Wickramasinghe, 2006; Wu & Xie, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi ZhongYan, 1998; Zhuang, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)WidespreadPrasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentAhmad, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Restricted distributionGill & Sharma, 1979; Gill, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, unreliable recordMaqbool, 1991; Hooper, 1972; Sturhan & Brzeski, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPrasad, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPrasad, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Sher,1966; Siddiqi,1973; Mukherjee & Dasgupta,1983
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Wadjid-Khan et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Rao et al 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentGoyal et al., 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentNadakal & Thomas, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiSee datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale grandis (orange keyhole sponge)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008; UNEP, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentParimal & Kushari, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)WidespreadNativeYesShridhar & Varadaraju, 2009; Holttum, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)Absent, invalid recordBlatter & D'Almeida, 1922
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Beddome, 1892; Garrison Hanks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadYesJayanth & Singh, 1993; Thomas, 1976; Cook, 1976; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSahoo et al., 2001; Silva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentMairh et al., 1995; Muñoz & Sahoo, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Sahoo et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Sahoo et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusLocalisedIntroducedMairh et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedSilva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Absent, formerly presentNativeWood, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)PresentSharma & Florence, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedYesMathew, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)WidespreadIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Holm & et al. , 1979; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedBinggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)Restricted distributionSharma & Das, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Trounce & Dyason, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedNoltie, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedSingh et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNativeTroup & Joshi, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeGupta, 1993; ICFRE, 1995; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeOyen, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentHäfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionDatta & Biswas, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeDuke, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Madhusoodanan & Nazeer, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedTownsend, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedKumar et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHooker, 1885
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Hanelt et al., 2001; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedRaju et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeNiu et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeShukla, 1996; eMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentSood et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedYesKahre (ed), 2007; Sekar, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; Singh et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeISSG, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentSabale, 1985; Mustafee, 1989; Saraswat & Rabha, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeSingh, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentMorton, 1987; Bircher & Bircher, 2000; Orwa et al., 2009; Flora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentParesh & Misra, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedBor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)WidespreadNativeParker, 1956; Champion et al., 1965; Stoney , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentNativeIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentMoody, 1989; Singh et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionVerdcourt, 1976; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)WidespreadNativeShouliang & Phillips, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHammer et al., 2013; Biodiversity India, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)Restricted distributionNativeBor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentIntroducedGhafoor, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedWashington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesSastry & Kavathekar, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedReshi et al., 1985; Rashmi Singh et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedKondas, 1983; Pinyopusarerk, 1996; Binggeli, 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedFlann, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentKew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present only in captivity/cultivationDeb, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadBhattacharyya & Pandya, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentNativeFAO, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Balyan et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesChandra-Sekar, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentNativeFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentWearn & Mabberley, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedYesWester & Wood, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, see datasheet for detailsSmithsonian, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedMcFadyen & Harvey, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)PresentNawa Bahar, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedYesNaithani & Bennet, 1990; Kosaka et al., 2010; Deka & Sarma, 2014; Randhawa et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeGrierson & Long, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clarke, 1894
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooWidespreadNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedKhuroo et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Reddy, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentMehrotra et al., 1988; ILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)WidespreadNativeSingh & Deshpande, 1978; Holm et al., 1979; Shukla, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMoorthy & Das, 1992; Saikia & Sarma, 1993; Saikia & Sarma, 1996; Nedunzhiyan et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentKapoor & Ramakrishnan, 1975; Arora et al., 1976; Tadulingam & Venkatanarayana, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)WidespreadMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Shukla, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisLocalisedIntroducedBor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionKern, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Q-bank, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionSapru & Raina, 1985; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentIntroducedSteinheil, 1838
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIRRI, 1989; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedBOR, 1960; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis tenella (Japanese lovegrass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedSharma, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedHussain, 2002; Rejmanek & Richardson, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedGogate & Dhaundiyal, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionKalia & Singh, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentNativeQuattrocchi, 2012; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; Pelser et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeWiersema & León, 1999; Quattrocchi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; Rojo et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadNeogi & Rao, 1980; Nankar et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesSekar, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedMayne , 1947; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentNativeWCSP, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedKalbag, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentRao & Ramayya, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativePIER, 2007; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionNativeCook & Lüönd, 1982; Pieterse, 1981; EPPO, 2014; Buckingham & Bennet, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Restricted distributionNativeBeerling & Perrins, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)WidespreadNativeRaju & Reddy, 1993; Subramanyam, 1962; PIER, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentDeva & Naithani, 1990; Gunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionNativeGilliland et al., 1971; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)WidespreadIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadIntroducedChadhokar, 1978; Chatterjee et al., 1980; Parrotta, 2001; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 2001; Chopra et al., 1956; Prasad et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeWu et al., 2000; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLablab purpureus (hyacinth bean)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesBurkill, 1935
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGopal, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedYesReddy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionOhwi, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesGhate, 1991; Binggeli, 1997; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentMoody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Chowdhry & Wadhwa, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)Restricted distributionRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeWangerin & Schr÷ter, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresenteFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforetry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativeTroup & Joshi, 1981; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedShukla, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Van & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedPietschmann et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Absent, unreliable recordClayton et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; ISSG, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMuniappan & Viraktamath, 1993; EPPO, 2014; Choudhury, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedYesSingh et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Thomas & Shantaram, 1984; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedLonsdale et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeScholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)WidespreadKaul, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Lim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresenteFloras, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeRabinarayan et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeHooker, 1897
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)WidespreadIntroducedCandolle Ade, 1885; Jin et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)Present, few occurrencesParsons & Cuthbertson, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentNativeYesScholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesMiddleton, 1999; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesDangwal et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)WidespreadIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedHäfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)LocalisedNativeBor, 1960; IRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1991; Padhye & Deshpande, 1960; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedVerma et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedBor, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Restricted distributionNativeYesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesReed, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentIntroducedAlegre & Clavo, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Botanical Survey of India, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015; Bor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentReddy et al., 1999; Raju et al., 2007; Rydberg, 1896
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedSingh and Khan, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedTroup & Joshi, 1983; Parrotta, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentSen & Kasera, 1988; Sharma et al., 1994; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentLukhoba et al., 2006; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentCANBR, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedBiodiversity India, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Tadulingam et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentSefaur & Mukherjee, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)LocalisedIntroducedRamesh & Khurana, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)WidespreadIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Diong, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeHanelt et al., 2001; Flora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionNativeChristopher et al., 1989; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedIPK, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus racemosus (black raspberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentPangtey et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedKlimes & Kapahi, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedTroup & Joshi, 1983; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedBanerjee, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedFlora of India, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedBruce & et al. , 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedFlowers of India, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadKakrani & Kalyani, 1984; Komarov et al., 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedKumar & Sane, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeIpor & Oyen, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)WidespreadNativeKhare, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)WidespreadIntroducedYesChaudhary, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentZutshi & Kaul, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Boyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedMADHAVADIAN, 1968; Deb, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRoe, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSom Deva, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentGISIN, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012; Singh et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNasir et al., 1972; Grieson, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedRangaiah & et al. 2004, publ., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentJaiswal, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedBiodiversity India, 2016; Flowers of India, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Tadulingam et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedDevi & Singh, 2005; Sekar, 2012; Moldenke, 1980; Rajendran & Daniel, 1992; Reddy, 2008; Reddy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Unconfirmed record; Biodiversity India, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)WidespreadParker & Riches, 1993; Cooke, 1905; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)WidespreadNativeMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)WidespreadNativeGamble, 1921; Brandis et al., 1924
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentKumar & Lall, 1998; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadIntroducedYesSeeman, 1863
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; ILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedBlake, 1921
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentHua & Edmonds, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedYesReddy, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)WidespreadNativeChakraborty, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Das, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeMaiti, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeJSTOR, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedBaburaj et al., 1994; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)WidespreadNativeCABI, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, few occurrencesGodhe et al., 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia motasiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumLocalisedGodhe et al., 1996
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Ishtiaq et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresent, see datasheet for details
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1965OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentMathur et al., 1972; Pandey & Mallick, 1974
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Restricted distributionYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Restricted distributionTandon et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, see datasheet for details
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Present, see datasheet for details
Virusbovine leukemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1998
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentMali & Kulthe, 1980a; Mali et al., 1988; Mali et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Nariani & Kandaswany, 1961
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentPatel et al., 2011; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1988OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusextra small virusPresentHameed et al., 2004
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Last reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGoatpox virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusIndian citrus ringspot virusWidespreadAhlawat, 1997a; Ahlawat, 1997b; Pant & Ahlawat, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2015
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresent, see datasheet for details
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; Kumar & Rawal, 1999; Pawan & Poonam, 2013; EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusPresentHameed et al., 2004
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentPaliwal et al., 1968; Rishi & Ram, 1976; Singh, 1983; Rao et al., 1998a; Paliwal & Raychaudhuri, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentEPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCapoor & Varma, 1948; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesHe et al., 1987; Owens et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSheeppox virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentJain et al., 1993; Jeeva et al., 2004a; Kumar et al., 1991
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisPresent, see datasheet for detailsMiranpuri, 1988; Chitravel et al., 1998; Mohan & Pathak, 1967; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997; Nair, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentPandey & Mallick, 1974; Mathur et al., 1972
babesiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bluetongueRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionSee datasheet for status
bovine anaplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresent, see datasheet for details
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; Katoch et al., 1996
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
camel poxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentGupta et al., 1976
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesJames, 1947; Norris & Murray, 1964
ChytridiomycosisPresent, see datasheet for details
classical swine feverRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Laak, 1992; Lefèvre, 1991
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentPatel et al., 2011
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Rao & Gupta, 1967
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentKoshi & Lalitha , 1976
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009; Alstad & Pearson, 1995
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentSingh & Garg, 2000; OIE, 2009; Rana et al., 2012
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentSilas et al., 1984
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
glandersRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentSanil et al., 2010
infectious bursal diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; van den Berg, 2000
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties, 2004
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1997
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Daniels et al., 2002
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
leptospirosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Alexander, 1997
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentSrivastava , 1980; Toor & et al. , 1983; Jha & et al. , 1984; Krishna & et al. , 1990; Singhal et al., 1990; Sati , 1991; Srivastava & et al. , 1994; Khulbe, 1992; Mohanta & Patra , 1992; Das & Das , 1993
paratuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Juneja et al., 1991; Datta, 1934
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, see datasheet for details
peste des petits ruminantsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Ishtiaq et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverWidespreadNativeMalik & Yadav, 2002; OIE Handistatus, 2005; Malik & Vaidya, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Kandavel et al., 1989; Singh et al., 1999
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentOIE, 1998
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentShastri et al., 1985
theileriosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentPadhi & Rath, 2012; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009; Phadke et al., 1966
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hayes, 1989
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
white tail diseasePresentHameed et al., 2004
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested600000F 569600427680604281565415
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity435000F 419600212880397286396517
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield7250Fc7366.57Fc4977.55Fc6574.52Fc7012.85Fc
ApplesArea Harvested289100282900274000264000252000
ApplesProduction Quantity28910001777200198500020010001624000
ApplesYield100000Fc62820.8Fc72445.3Fc75795.4Fc64444.4Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested4886Im4965Im4800Im4587Im4411Im
ApricotsProduction Quantity16739Im16803Im15425Im15304Im14102Im
ApricotsYield34259.1Fc33842.9Fc32135.4Fc33363.8Fc31970.1Fc
ArecanutsArea Harvested400100400100387100386600382700
ArecanutsProduction Quantity478000478000481300476000483300
ArecanutsYield11947Fc11947Fc12433.5Fc12312.5Fc12628.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested816744Im830000770300709000658000
BananasProduction Quantity29667000Im29780000264695002621700023823000
BananasYield363235Fc358795Fc343626Fc369774Fc362052Fc
BarleyArea Harvested705400623800705700602600646200
BarleyProduction Quantity16629001354700168910012000001330000
BarleySeed92400Fc84648Fc74856Fc84684Fc72312Fc
BarleyYield23573.9Fc21716.9Fc23935.1Fc19913.7Fc20581.9Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested10100000F 11000000F 6000000F 8000000F 10000000F
Beans, dryProduction Quantity44700004890000243000030100003930000
Beans, drySeed303000Fc303000Fc330000Fc180000Fc240000Fc
Beans, dryYield4425.74Fc4445.45Fc4050Fc3762.5Fc3930Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested218352Im209286Im194718Im196112Im189176Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity617869Im586388Im529328Im535722Im513822Im
Beans, greenYield28296.9Fc28018.5Fc27184.3Fc27317.2Fc27161.1Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested298Im303Im293Im280F 693Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity2344Im2353Im2160Im2143Im1975Im
Berries NesYield78657.7Fc77656.8Fc73720.1Fc76535.7Fc28499.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested369000300500310200266000249000
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity79490007281400686960059100005584000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield215420Fc242309Fc221457Fc222180Fc224257Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested33473Im32083Im29850Im30063Im29000Im
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity514889Im488655Im441105Im446433Im428183Im
Carrots and turnipsYield153822Fc152310Fc147774Fc148499Fc147649Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested953200923000893000868000854000
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity674600613000695000665000620000
Cashew nuts, with shellYield7077.21Fc6641.39Fc7782.75Fc7661.29Fc7259.95Fc
CassavaArea Harvested221400231900280200270000255500
CassavaProduction Quantity80760008059800962300090560008232300
CassavaYield364770Fc347555Fc343433Fc335407Fc322204Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested1250000* 884680734900866200787000
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity23390001350000100900011711001053000
Castor oil seedSeed12500Fc12500Fc8846.8Fc7349Fc8662Fc
Castor oil seedYield18712Fc15259.8Fc13729.8Fc13520Fc13379.9Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested369000347900348900312000302000
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity67450006569000653190057770005538000
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield182791Fc188819Fc187214Fc185160Fc183377Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested99025700A 100076000A 97171600A 101156000A 100834000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity233672000A 219899000A 205604000A 217539000A 212344000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed7734400A 7635160A 7663500A 7468580A 7754690A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield23597.1Fc21973.2Fc21158.9Fc21505.4Fc21058.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested99025700A 100076000A 97171600A 101156000A 100834000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity285520000A 267838000A 250783000A 266835000A 260486000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed7734400A 7635160A 7663500A 7468580A 7754690A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield28832.9Fc26763.5Fc25808.3Fc26378.7Fc25833.3Fc
CherriesArea Harvested3248Im3301Im3191Im3049Im2932Im
CherriesProduction Quantity13392Im13443Im12340Im12243Im11282Im
CherriesYield41231.5Fc40724Fc38671.3Fc40154.2Fc38478.8Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested92100008210000789000075437007493900
Chick peasProduction Quantity82200007480000706000057486006333700
Chick peasSeed336000Fc368400Fc328400Fc315600Fc301748Fc
Chick peasYield8925.08Fc9110.84Fc8948.04Fc7620.4Fc8451.81Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested869467Im792100767230779050808170
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity1445950Im1223400120294012698501294150
Chillies and peppers, dryYield16630.3Fc15445Fc15679Fc16300Fc16013.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested7670Im7352Im6840Im6889Im6645Im
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity65894Im62537Im56452Im57134Im54798Im
Chillies and peppers, greenYield85911.3Fc85061.2Fc82532.2Fc82935.1Fc82465Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested47000F 63000F 50700F 36200F 31000F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity589000* 781800* 634200* 453000* 389900*
Citrus fruit, nesYield125319Fc124095Fc125089Fc125138Fc125774Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested755500A 1000700A 939080A 865800A 801200A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7464000A 9638000A 8623080A 8015000A 7145000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield98795.5Fc96312.6Fc91824.8Fc92573.3Fc89178.7Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested25857100A 28756000A 27500900A 27579500A 28929000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity42946000A 43071700A 34431000A 40229100A 40109200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1540400A 1420800A 1603080A 1549470A 1535520A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield16609Fc14978.3Fc12520Fc14586.6Fc13864.7Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested5650046300340493188530341
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity1440012900118201056010180
Cocoa beansYield2548.67Fc2786.18Fc3471.47Fc3311.9Fc3355.2Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested1960000* 1895900189520019032001940000
CoconutsProduction Quantity11200000F 10840000108243001014830010894000
CoconutsYield57142.9Fc57176Fc57114.3Fc53322.3Fc56154.6Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested360485355502350500344508343040
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity302000289600262300262000288000
Coffee, greenYield8377.6Fc8146.23Fc7483.59Fc7605.05Fc8395.52Fc
CoirProduction Quantity542000F 542000* 541000* 507000* 545000*
Cotton lintProduction Quantity59840005683000408340037870004400000
CottonseedProduction Quantity1246580011543800829440076920008938000
CottonseedSeed222320Fc243560Fc222840Fc206200Fc188200Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested25104Im24062Im22387Im22547Im21750Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity160990Im152787Im137920Im139586Im133880Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield64129.2Fc63497.2Fc61607.2Fc61908.9Fc61554Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested680000612400600300561000568000
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity11896000105630001037760096780009453000
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield174941Fc172485Fc172874Fc172513Fc166426Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested12869100A 11999600A 11241200A 10330600A 10370000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity7294440A 7588500A 6236480A 5699200A 6412080A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield5668.18Fc6323.94Fc5547.88Fc5516.81Fc6183.3Fc
FigsArea Harvested5409Im5497Im5314Im5077Im4883Im
FigsProduction Quantity18113Im18182Im16691Im16560Im15260Im
FigsYield33486.8Fc33076.2Fc31409.5Fc32617.7Fc31251.3Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6284040A 6403420A 6177440A 5885860A 5607840A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity74836100A 75121200A 68975200A 68591000A 62691300A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield119089Fc117314Fc111657Fc116535Fc111792Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested12650001105000108300011120001016200
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity75830007201000723400073210006244400
Fruit Fresh NesYield59944.7Fc65167.4Fc66795.9Fc65836.3Fc61448.5Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested443000453000432000382600389600
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity43830004401600400100036570003451400
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield98939.1Fc97165.6Fc92615.7Fc95582.9Fc88588.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested200600164860166210206120159200
GarlicProduction Quantity10578008339708311001068500776300
GarlicYield52731.8Fc50586.6Fc50003Fc51838.7Fc48762.6Fc
GingerArea Harvested149100107540108640104360106100
GingerProduction Quantity702000385330380100390080393400
GingerYield47082.5Fc35831.3Fc34987.1Fc37378.3Fc37078.2Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested8500F 10800F 9000F 8500F 8100F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity196000* 260600* 216000* 200000* 178000*
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield230588Fc241296Fc240000Fc235294Fc219753Fc
GrapesArea Harvested111000106400800006800065000
GrapesProduction Quantity1235000880700187800017350001685300
GrapesYield111261Fc82772.6Fc234750Fc255147Fc259277Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested41900005946680547750061649006292000
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity69330008265000542850071681009182500
Groundnuts, with shellSeed293300Fc293300Fc416268Fc383425Fc431543Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield16546.5Fc13898.5Fc9910.54Fc11627.3Fc14593.9Fc
JuteArea Harvested618592Im767630811200785600816000
JuteProduction Quantity1237270Im1799100202150017340001840000
JuteYield20001.4Fc23437.1Fc24919.9Fc22072.3Fc22549Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested691118A 857630A 931200A 920600A 960000A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity1310440A 1905500A 2153080A 1912200A 2012080A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield18961.2Fc22218.2Fc23121.6Fc20771.2Fc20959.2Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested219000295600316050302800294900
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity21080002629200257153025017002310200
Lemons and limesYield96255.7Fc88944.5Fc81364.7Fc82618.9Fc78338.4Fc
LentilsArea Harvested15974001479400137590013100001470000
LentilsProduction Quantity9438001031600953300810000910000
LentilsSeed47922Fc47922Fc44382Fc41277Fc39300Fc
LentilsYield5908.35Fc6973.1Fc6928.56Fc6183.21Fc6190.48Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested167362Im160413Im149247Im150315Im144999Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity1059850Im1005850Im907973Im918940Im881375Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield63326.8Fc62703.8Fc60836.9Fc61134.3Fc60784.9Fc
LinseedArea Harvested338810342000407900468000426000
LinseedProduction Quantity147000153700169200163000167900
LinseedSeed440.45Fc4404.53Fc4446Fc5302.7Fc6084Fc
LinseedYield4338.71Fc4494.15Fc4148.08Fc3482.91Fc3941.31Fc
MaizeArea Harvested72700008553200826160081738008117300
MaizeProduction Quantity2157000021725800167195001973140018955400
MaizeSeed935000Fc799700Fc940852Fc908776Fc899118Fc
MaizeYield29669.9Fc25400.8Fc20237.6Fc24139.8Fc23351.8Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested22970002312300230900022010002154000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity1518800015026700127500001399700013734000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield66121Fc64985.9Fc55218.7Fc63593.8Fc63760.4Fc
MilletArea Harvested10500000* 11791800110027001103910011695500
MilletProduction Quantity127100001329300087768001137180012673000
MilletSeed315000Fc315000Fc353754Fc330081Fc331173Fc
MilletYield12104.8Fc11273.1Fc7976.95Fc10301.4Fc10835.8Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity4100041000370003700037000
Natural rubberArea Harvested485665Im477000468000463000459000
Natural rubberProduction Quantity891344Im862000831400864500825345
Natural rubberYield18353.1Fc18071.3Fc17765Fc18671.7Fc17981.4Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested95168Im86700902009199081930
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity16501Im15700157201545013650
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield1733.88Fc1810.84Fc1742.79Fc1679.53Fc1666.06Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested38292300A 38113800A 38212200A 37598700A 38157000A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity25367300A 24957200A 20337000A 19969800A 23443400A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed766621A 747270A 762051A 756227A 755222A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield6624.66Fc6548.08Fc5322.12Fc5311.3Fc6143.93Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested39542300A 38998500A 38947100A 38464900A 38944000A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity12451600A 11878900A 10053500A 10089800A 11924000A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed289082A 266314A 292656A 286339A 296651A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield3148.94Fc3046Fc2581.33Fc2623.11Fc3061.83Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested310000F 388730375500339400360000F
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity92000108000100000117000110000
Oilseeds, NesYield2967.74Fc2778.28Fc2663.12Fc3447.26Fc3055.56Fc
OkraArea Harvested498000452000432000407000396000
OkraProduction Quantity57840004803000452800041790004070000
OkraYield116145Fc106261Fc104815Fc102678Fc102778Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1110090Im1064000756200834000821000
Onions, dryProduction Quantity15929600Im15118000121588001356500013900000
Onions, dryYield143498Fc142086Fc160788Fc162650Fc169306Fc
OrangesArea Harvested481000631300563330518300467200
OrangesProduction Quantity45710005966400520135048603004266900
OrangesYield95031.2Fc94509.7Fc92332.2Fc93773.9Fc91329.2Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested72526Im90000F 120000135000144000
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity73173Im106400131580178200172080
Other BastfibresYield10089.2Fc11822.2Fc10965Fc13200Fc11950Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested43932Im42108Im39177Im39458Im38062Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity948869Im900523Im812895Im822715Im789083Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield215986Fc213860Fc207493Fc208504Fc207315Fc
PapayasArea Harvested104307Im106000957009800083000
PapayasProduction Quantity4180080Im4196000391350036290002909000
PapayasYield400748Fc395849Fc408934Fc370306Fc350482Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested36409Im37000F 34731Im33187Im31916Im
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity243074Im244000F 231365Im229557Im211530Im
Peaches and nectarinesYield66762.1Fc65945.9Fc66616.3Fc69170.8Fc66277.1Fc
PearsArea Harvested37970Im38586Im37301Im35643Im34278Im
PearsProduction Quantity334774Im336049Im308487Im306078Im282042Im
PearsYield88168Fc87090.9Fc82702.1Fc85873.2Fc82280.8Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested727200764400718300680000* 810000*
Peas, dryProduction Quantity593200674700658200750000* 850000*
Peas, drySeed36360Fc36360Fc38220Fc35915Fc34000Fc
Peas, dryYield8157.32Fc8826.53Fc9163.3Fc11029.4Fc10493.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested370000364900348000313000297000
Peas, greenProduction Quantity35710003029400291600024910002402000
Peas, greenYield96513.5Fc83020Fc83793.1Fc79584.7Fc80875.4Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested184000195920238710197330246000
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity5200051020474004701069000
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield2826.09Fc2604.12Fc1985.67Fc2382.3Fc2804.88Fc
Pigeon peasArea Harvested44200003470000338000037285003561600
Pigeon peasProduction Quantity28600002460000227000030759002314100
Pigeon peasSeed77200Fc88400Fc69400Fc67600Fc74570Fc
Pigeon peasYield6470.59Fc7089.34Fc6715.98Fc8249.7Fc6497.36Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested8900091900840008000087000
PineapplesProduction Quantity14150001386800134100012450001362000
PineapplesYield158989Fc150903Fc159643Fc155625Fc156552Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested24601Im25000F 24180Im23105Im22220Im
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity199241Im200000F 191464Im189970Im175052Im
Plums and sloesYield80989Fc80000Fc79182.8Fc82220.3Fc78781.3Fc
Poppy seedProduction Quantity
PotatoesArea Harvested18632001835300182830017960001742800
PotatoesProduction Quantity4233940036577300343909003465800028599600
PotatoesSeed2981120Fc2981120Fc2936480Fc2925280Fc2873600Fc
PotatoesYield227240Fc199299Fc188103Fc192973Fc164101Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested1890650Im1650000F 1612310Im1600000F 1500000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity700000* 700000* 700000* 670000* 700000*
Pulses, nesSeed75626.2Fc75626.2Fc66000Fc64492.2Fc64000Fc
Pulses, nesYield3702.43Fc4242.42Fc4341.6Fc4187.5Fc4666.67Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested27945300A 26573800A 20976500A 22862200A 24835500A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity17787000A 17236300A 14071500A 14064500A 15037800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed876108A 919708A 876402A 704884A 753618A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield6364.95Fc6486.2Fc6708.22Fc6151.86Fc6054.96Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested502081Im481235Im447737Im450943Im434994Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity4695540Im4456300Im4022660Im4071260Im3904830Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield93521.6Fc92601.3Fc89844.3Fc90283.3Fc89767.4Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested65064005580000629810058300006790000
RapeseedProduction Quantity81790006608100720070058340007438000
RapeseedSeed45544.8Fc45544.8Fc39060Fc44086.7Fc40810Fc
RapeseedYield12570.7Fc11842.5Fc11433.1Fc10006.9Fc10954.3Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested44100000* 42862400419183004553740043910000
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity155700000143963000135673000148036000144570000
Rice, paddySeed3225000Fc3307500Fc3214680Fc3143870Fc3415310Fc
Rice, paddyYield35306.1Fc33587.3Fc32366Fc32508.7Fc32924.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2197800A 2186100A 2232800A 2189000A 2121000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity51462000A 45731800A 45133600A 44808000A 37899100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed2981120A 2981120A 2936480A 2925280A 2873600A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield234152Fc209194Fc202139Fc204696Fc178685Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested229060287800294600350500* 350000
Safflower seedProduction Quantity150000178800189200225000240000
Safflower seedSeed2290.6Fc2290.6Fc2878Fc2946Fc3505Fc
Safflower seedYield6548.5Fc6212.65Fc6422.27Fc6419.4Fc6857.14Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested12178000111420001031000094100009410000
Seed cottonProduction Quantity1917800017760000127610001183400013751000
Seed cottonYield15748.1Fc15939.7Fc12377.3Fc12576Fc14613.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested1780000* 2079280194210018091001799000
Sesame seedProduction Quantity769000893000588400640300756900
Sesame seedSeed71200Fc7120Fc8317.12Fc7768.4Fc7236.4Fc
Sesame seedYield4320.22Fc4294.76Fc3029.71Fc3539.33Fc4207.34Fc
SorghumArea Harvested73817007787200753090077640008470000
SorghumProduction Quantity70031006698200724560079259007150800
SorghumSeed198000Fc221451Fc233616Fc225927Fc232920Fc
SorghumYield9487.11Fc8601.55Fc9621.16Fc10208.5Fc8442.5Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested99500009554190973470095108008880000
SoybeansProduction Quantity12282000127360009964500990540010968000
SoybeansSeed597000Fc597000Fc573251Fc584082Fc570648Fc
SoybeansYield12343.7Fc13330.3Fc10236.1Fc10414.9Fc12351.4Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested765000F 725600541000578000559500
Spices, nesProduction Quantity1525000F 1474900102970010630001104000
Spices, nesYield19934.6Fc20326.6Fc19033.3Fc18391Fc19731.9Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested563Im572Im553Im528Im508Im
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity2344Im2353Im2160Im2143Im1975Im
Stone fruit, nesYield41634.1Fc41136.4Fc39059.7Fc40587.1Fc38877.9Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested49443904174600441540050552005150000
Sugar caneProduction Quantity342382000292302000285029000348188000355520000
Sugar caneSeed17119100Fc14615100Fc14251500Fc17409400Fc17776000Fc
Sugar caneYield692466Fc700192Fc645534Fc688772Fc690330Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested850000F 897220147660018128001910000
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity49900065100085070011580001463000
Sunflower seedSeed10200Fc10200Fc10766.6Fc17719.2Fc21753.6Fc
Sunflower seedYield5870.59Fc7255.75Fc5761.21Fc6387.91Fc7659.69Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested113200118900124300123000122700
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity10466001094700111970010940001067200
Sweet potatoesYield92455.8Fc92069Fc90080.4Fc88943.1Fc86976.4Fc
TeaArea Harvested580000F 579000579000578458567020
TeaProduction Quantity966733991182972700987000973000
TeaYield16667.8Fc17118.9Fc16799.7Fc17062.6Fc17159.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested533384Im444280390690350000370000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1009910Im745670622830490000520000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield18934Fc16783.8Fc15941.8Fc14000Fc14054Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested865000634400599100566000596000
TomatoesProduction Quantity1682600012433200111488001030300010055000
TomatoesYield194520Fc195984Fc186092Fc182032Fc168708Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested984000A 953800A 923800A 898800A 884800A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity710600A 651000A 731000A 702000A 653000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield7221.54Fc6825.33Fc7912.97Fc7810.41Fc7380.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested20830002332000227540024140002282000
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2755700031724000280063003140200029146000
Vegetables fresh nesYield132295Fc136038Fc123083Fc130083Fc127721Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested7570560A 7256230A 6751140A 6800500A 6558990A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity105795000A 100405000A 90634800A 91727500A 87979200A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield139746Fc138371Fc134251Fc134884Fc134135Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested7570560A 7256230A 6751140A 6800500A 6558990A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity105795000A 100405000A 90634800A 91727500A 87979200A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield139746Fc138371Fc134251Fc134884Fc134135Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested30800* 30800* 30800* 30800* 30800*
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity36000* 38000* 36000* 37000* 33000*
Walnuts, with shellYield11688.3Fc12337.7Fc11688.3Fc12013Fc10714.3Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested27893Im26735Im24874Im25052Im24166Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity375135Im356021Im321377Im325259Im311963Im
WatermelonsYield134491Fc133167Fc129202Fc129834Fc129092Fc
WheatArea Harvested2906860028457400277524002803860027994500
WheatProduction Quantity8687400080803600806794007857020075806700
WheatSeed2969000Fc2906860Fc2845740Fc2775240Fc2803860Fc
WheatYield29885.9Fc28394.6Fc29071.1Fc28022.2Fc27079.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested473089446931410573476618547028
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity268776261170227099254737162362
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield5681.3Fc5843.63Fc5531.27Fc5344.68Fc2968.07Fc
ApplesArea Harvested226600230700201200250000240000
ApplesProduction Quantity18140001739000152160014700001160000
ApplesYield80053Fc75379.3Fc75626.2Fc58800Fc48333.3Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested4169Im3806Im3670Im3089Im3118Im
ApricotsProduction Quantity12889Im11599Im10923Im10367Im9745Im
ApricotsYield30916.3Fc30475.6Fc29762.9Fc33561Fc31254Fc
ArecanutsArea Harvested381100364300365000353400290000
ArecanutsProduction Quantity483100452700439200415900400000
ArecanutsYield12676.5Fc12426.6Fc12032.9Fc11768.5Fc13793.1Fc
BananasArea Harvested604200569500589600498600475300
BananasProduction Quantity2099780018887800167445001385660013304400
BananasYield347531Fc331656Fc283998Fc277910Fc279916Fc
BarleyArea Harvested629900616500657000701600659500
BarleyProduction Quantity12206001207100129760014074001424500
BarleySeed77544Fc75588Fc73980Fc78840Fc84192Fc
BarleyYield19377.7Fc19579.9Fc19750.4Fc20059.9Fc21599.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested85493008047000878280092746007851300
Beans, dryProduction Quantity32700002630800288390042308002618800
Beans, drySeed300000Fc256479Fc241410Fc263484Fc278238Fc
Beans, dryYield3824.87Fc3269.29Fc3283.58Fc4561.71Fc3335.5Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested182700Im168474Im155806Im206955Im165483Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity478211Im417249Im382836Im461571Im403374Im
Beans, greenYield26174.7Fc24766.4Fc24571.3Fc22303Fc24375.6Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested655Im598Im577Im486Im491Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity1805Im1624Im1529Im1451Im1364Im
Berries NesYield27557.3Fc27157.2Fc26499.1Fc29856Fc27780Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested253500287800255100233800258100
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity56373006113500559460053920005678200
Cabbages and other brassicasYield222379Fc212422Fc219310Fc230624Fc220000Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested28007Im25826Im23884Im31725Im25368Im
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity398507Im347706Im319029Im384642Im336145Im
Carrots and turnipsYield142288Fc134634Fc133574Fc121243Fc132507Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested837000820000780000770000750000
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity573000544000535000500000470000
Cashew nuts, with shellYield6845.88Fc6634.15Fc6858.97Fc6493.51Fc6266.67Fc
CassavaArea Harvested244600244700220000207000238900
CassavaProduction Quantity78549007462800594960054262006515900
CassavaYield321132Fc304978Fc270436Fc262135Fc272746Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested639000864200743000717200583000
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity762000990700793400796700428000
Castor oil seedSeed7870Fc6390Fc8642Fc7430Fc7172Fc
Castor oil seedYield11924.9Fc11463.8Fc10678.3Fc11108.5Fc7341.34Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested288600238500267900280000270000
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity53231004514800494020048000004890000
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield184446Fc189300Fc184405Fc171429Fc181111Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested99236800A 99519200A 97805700A 98603100A 94470900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity196453000A 194147000A 188321000A 192374000A 170762000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed7668110A 7490620A 7459620A 7335160A 7289070A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield19796.4Fc19508.5Fc19254.6Fc19509.9Fc18075.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested99236800A 99519200A 97805700A 98603100A 94470900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity242786000A 239997000A 229845000A 236593000A 206636000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed7668110A 7490620A 7459620A 7335160A 7289070A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield24465.3Fc24115.7Fc23500.2Fc23994.5Fc21873Fc
CherriesArea Harvested2771Im2530Im2440Im2054Im2073Im
CherriesProduction Quantity10312Im9280Im8739Im8294Im7796Im
CherriesYield37214Fc36679.8Fc35815.6Fc40379.8Fc37607.3Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested68962006714600704810059064006416200
Chick peasProduction Quantity55754005469400571750042368005473000
Chick peasSeed299756Fc275848Fc268584Fc281924Fc236256Fc
Chick peasYield8084.74Fc8145.53Fc8112.12Fc7173.24Fc8529.97Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested758000654900737500774300828600
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity1234100101460011855001235700896900
Chillies and peppers, dryYield16281Fc15492.4Fc16074.6Fc15958.9Fc10824.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested6418Im5918Im5473Im7270Im5813Im
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity51000F 45751Im41978Im50611Im44230Im
Chillies and peppers, greenYield79464Fc77308.2Fc76700.2Fc69616.2Fc76088.1Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested31000F 10000F 9600* 9600F 8307Im
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity384600* 125000* 120000* 120000* 100000*
Citrus fruit, nesYield124065Fc125000Fc125000Fc125000Fc120380Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested748000A 473600A 561900A 451140A 501407A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6139000A 4620100A 5021500A 3623500A 4524200A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield82072.2Fc97552.8Fc89366.4Fc80318.8Fc90230.1Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested28943200A 29476500A 29304300A 30814900A 26950100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity34294100A 33670500A 32992200A 38042900A 26140100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1575410A 1556510A 1546840A 1532690A 1575060A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield11848.8Fc11422.8Fc11258.5Fc12345.6Fc9699.44Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested2947127811251572189316130
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity101759250923083976780
Cocoa beansYield3452.55Fc3326.02Fc3668.96Fc3835.47Fc4203.35Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested19468001935000193370019218001930000
CoconutsProduction Quantity101900008829000838000086300008920000
CoconutsYield52342.3Fc45627.9Fc43336.6Fc44905.8Fc46217.6Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested341351333338325124320615320737
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity274000275500270500275275301000
Coffee, greenYield8026.93Fc8264.88Fc8319.9Fc8585.84Fc9384.64Fc
CoirProduction Quantity509500* 441500* 419000* 531500* 447000*
Cotton lintProduction Quantity38470003145000279280023340001466080
CottonseedProduction Quantity78150006388000567300047411002978000
CottonseedSeed188200Fc182840Fc173542Fc175732Fc151958Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested21005Im19369Im17913Im23794Im19026Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity124601Im108717Im99751Im120266Im105102Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield59319.7Fc56129.4Fc55686.4Fc50544.7Fc55241.3Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested559700526500516400500000500000
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity93643008600800847730078300008350000
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield167309Fc163358Fc164162Fc156600Fc167000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested10070900A 9578700A 9713000A 8617700A 8708300A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5860620A 5097140A 4650630A 4359310A 3516910A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield5819.36Fc5321.33Fc4788.05Fc5058.55Fc4038.57Fc
FigsArea Harvested4615Im4213Im4063Im3420Im3452Im
FigsProduction Quantity13948Im12552Im11821Im11219Im10546Im
FigsYield30223.2Fc29793.5Fc29094.3Fc32804.1Fc30550.4Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5351850A 4821530A 4649950A 3914200A 3952480A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity57639900A 51494600A 48502100A 46008800A 43232100A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield107701Fc106801Fc104307Fc117543Fc109380Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1005800921700751100480000630000
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity67371005729400469300066500006530000
Fruit Fresh NesYield66982.5Fc62161.2Fc62481.7Fc138542Fc103651Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested369400355100340700340000260000
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity32427003114400323050029300002720000
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield87782.9Fc87704.9Fc94819.5Fc86176.5Fc104615Fc
GarlicArea Harvested134900144100138900111500114808Im
GarlicProduction Quantity598200646600691100457000500000F
GarlicYield44344Fc44871.6Fc49755.2Fc40986.6Fc43551Fc
GingerArea Harvested11060095300851008820064275Im
GingerProduction Quantity391200359000301900280200194057Im
GingerYield35370.7Fc37670.5Fc35475.9Fc31768.7Fc30191.7Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested7200F 6700F 6600F 6440Im6500F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity158000* 148000* 145000* 142000* 140000*
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield219444Fc220896Fc219697Fc220497Fc215385Fc
GrapesArea Harvested6600060500578005210047500
GrapesProduction Quantity16496001564700147480012478001184200
GrapesYield249939Fc258628Fc255156Fc239501Fc249305Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested56151006736000664040059870005935500
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity48635007993300677440081265004121100
Groundnuts, with shellSeed440440Fc393057Fc471520Fc464828Fc419090Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield8661.47Fc11866.5Fc10201.8Fc13573.6Fc6943.14Fc
JuteArea Harvested791000759800773900849000864500
JuteProduction Quantity18570001795000169200018450001853840
JuteYield23476.6Fc23624.6Fc21863.3Fc21731.5Fc21444.1Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested928900A 901600A 926400A 1019800A 1038600A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity2013620A 1952140A 1857830A 2025310A 2050830A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield21677.5Fc21652Fc20054.3Fc19859.8Fc19746.1Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested26870078900167800146200161300
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity21590001033100149330014396001413700
Lemons and limesYield80349.8Fc130938Fc88992.9Fc98467.9Fc87644.1Fc
LentilsArea Harvested15100001470000140000013800001470000
LentilsProduction Quantity9462009942001037800873200974400
LentilsSeed44100Fc45300Fc44100Fc42000Fc41400Fc
LentilsYield6266.23Fc6763.27Fc7412.86Fc6327.54Fc6628.57Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested140035Im129131Im119421Im158625Im126838Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity820290Im715720Im656691Im791748Im691921Im
Lettuce and chicoryYield58577.5Fc55425.9Fc54989.6Fc49913.2Fc54551.6Fc
LinseedArea Harvested436800448700476500450100535800
LinseedProduction Quantity172500169700196500176700209100
LinseedSeed5538Fc5678.4Fc5833.1Fc6194.5Fc5851.3Fc
LinseedYield3949.18Fc3782.04Fc4123.82Fc3925.79Fc3902.58Fc
MaizeArea Harvested78940007588300743040073434006635200
MaizeProduction Quantity1509700014709900141720001498430011151700
MaizeSeed892903Fc868340Fc834713Fc817344Fc807774Fc
MaizeYield19124.7Fc19385Fc19073Fc20405.1Fc16806.9Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested20807001970400190670016234001575800
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity1266310011829700114900001273320010020200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield60859.8Fc60037.1Fc60261.2Fc78435.4Fc63588Fc
MilletArea Harvested1175200012179400118862001347010010355400
MilletProduction Quantity103469001050920010841300146388006493900
MilletSeed350865Fc352560Fc365382Fc356586Fc404103Fc
MilletYield8804.37Fc8628.67Fc9120.91Fc10867.6Fc6271.03Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity3500040000400004000040000
Natural rubberArea Harvested454000447000440000428000408000
Natural rubberProduction Quantity852895802625749665711650649435
Natural rubberYield18786.2Fc17955.8Fc17037.8Fc16627.3Fc15917.5Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested10400095800952009560088500
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity1700017800169001670015400
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield1634.62Fc1858.04Fc1775.21Fc1746.86Fc1740.11Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested37325800A 37612600A 35578000A 31491800A 31023400A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity19742400A 19377900A 16522500A 15826600A 11488600A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed732916A 689620A 686459A 670074A 587313A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5289.2Fc5151.98Fc4644.03Fc5025.62Fc3703.2Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested37964800A 38476800A 36321000A 32209000A 31606400A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity9968970A 10356900A 8901230A 8393620A 6539850A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed295012A 275814A 293190A 283989A 251910A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2625.85Fc2691.74Fc2450.71Fc2605.99Fc2069.15Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested403000F 360000F 373000F 363000F 283000F
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity12100010800011200010900086000
Oilseeds, NesYield3002.48Fc3000Fc3002.68Fc3002.75Fc3038.87Fc
OkraArea Harvested391800357300353100370000350000
OkraProduction Quantity39746003512400363140035300003320000
OkraYield101445Fc98303.9Fc102843Fc95405.4Fc94857.1Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested768000703600613800553800424700
Onions, dryProduction Quantity108470009432500776060062676004209500
Onions, dryYield141237Fc134061Fc126435Fc113174Fc99117Fc
OrangesArea Harvested441100378000377900288900325300
OrangesProduction Quantity34374003314000326320019219002870500
OrangesYield77927.9Fc87672Fc86350.9Fc66524.8Fc88241.6Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested137900141800152500170800174100
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity156618157140165834180306196992
Other BastfibresYield11357.4Fc11081.8Fc10874.4Fc10556.6Fc11314.9Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested36759Im33897Im31348Im41639Im33295Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity734394Im640774Im587926Im708841Im619467Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield199786Fc189036Fc187548Fc170235Fc186054Fc
PapayasArea Harvested7250067800738005820068000
PapayasProduction Quantity24821002139300253510016921002147200
PapayasYield342359Fc315531Fc343509Fc290739Fc315765Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested30164Im27536Im26556Im22351Im22560Im
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity193342Im173989Im163851Im155504Im146176Im
Peaches and nectarinesYield64096.9Fc63186Fc61700.2Fc69573.6Fc64794.3Fc
PearsArea Harvested32396Im29574Im28521Im24005Im24230Im
PearsProduction Quantity257791Im231987Im218470Im207340Im194902Im
PearsYield79574.9Fc78442.9Fc76599.7Fc86373.7Fc80438.3Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested777800791200709500663600670300
Peas, dryProduction Quantity709900785600725200591500607600
Peas, drySeed40500Fc38890Fc39560Fc35475Fc33180Fc
Peas, dryYield9127.02Fc9929.22Fc10221.3Fc8913.5Fc9064.6Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested286100276300285200305200300000
Peas, greenProduction Quantity22700001944800190120020618002040000
Peas, greenYield79342.9Fc70387.3Fc66662Fc67555.7Fc68000Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested260200228330233360216000219000
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity9290073020731906400062000
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield3570.33Fc3198Fc3136.36Fc2962.96Fc2831.05Fc
Pigeon peasArea Harvested35807003518500351560033589003327700
Pigeon peasProduction Quantity27380002346900234640021858002259800
Pigeon peasSeed71232Fc71614Fc70370Fc70312Fc67178Fc
Pigeon peasYield7646.55Fc6670.17Fc6674.25Fc6507.49Fc6790.88Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested8240082800809009000080000
PineapplesProduction Quantity12626001278900123420013100001180000
PineapplesYield153228Fc154457Fc152559Fc145556Fc147500Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested21000F 20738Im20000F 15000F 18191Im
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity160000F 148662Im140000F 100000F 90000F
Plums and sloesYield76190.5Fc71685.8Fc70000Fc66666.7Fc49475Fc
Poppy seedProduction Quantity
PotatoesArea Harvested15692001523900148470013372001259500
PotatoesProduction Quantity2917460028787700279258002316140024456100
PotatoesSeed2788480Fc2510720Fc2438240Fc2375520Fc2139520Fc
PotatoesYield185920Fc188908Fc188091Fc173208Fc194173Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested15483001482400151390013390001700000*
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity7593006492008345006189001000000*
Pulses, nesSeed60000Fc61932Fc59296Fc60556Fc53560Fc
Pulses, nesYield4904.09Fc4379.38Fc5512.25Fc4622.11Fc5882.35Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested22862300A 22023700A 22969900A 21922500A 21435500A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity13998800A 12876100A 13545300A 12737000A 12933600A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed815588A 750063A 723320A 753751A 709812A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield6123.09Fc5846.47Fc5896.98Fc5810.01Fc6033.73Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested420103Im387391Im358262Im475875Im380514Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity3634200Im3170910Im2909390Im3507750Im3065470Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield86507.4Fc81853Fc81208.4Fc73711.6Fc80561.3Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested72765007316400542810045440005073000
RapeseedProduction Quantity81312007593100629140038798005082600
RapeseedSeed47530Fc50935.5Fc51214.8Fc37996.7Fc31808Fc
RapeseedYield11174.6Fc10378.2Fc11590.4Fc8538.29Fc10018.9Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested4381000043659800419067004259250041176100
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity139137000137690000124697000132789000107730000
Rice, paddySeed3293250Fc3285750Fc3274490Fc3143000Fc3194440Fc
Rice, paddyYield31759.2Fc31537Fc29755.9Fc31176.6Fc26163.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1936600A 1901900A 1837800A 1676100A 1630300A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity38096000A 37429900A 35054500A 29717900A 32102300A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed2788480A 2510720A 2438240A 2375520A 2139520A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield196716Fc196803Fc190742Fc177304Fc196910Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested364600369100363900369500404300
Safflower seedProduction Quantity228600173600134900178500230000
Safflower seedSeed3500Fc3646Fc3691Fc3639Fc3695Fc
Safflower seedYield6269.88Fc4703.33Fc3707.06Fc4830.85Fc5688.84Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested91420008677100878660075979007669700
Seed cottonProduction Quantity120230009828000872800072940004582000
Seed cottonYield13151.4Fc11326.4Fc9933.31Fc9600.02Fc5974.16Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested16470001723200184400017003001444400
Sesame seedProduction Quantity618000641100674100782100441300
Sesame seedSeed7196Fc6588Fc6892.8Fc7376Fc6801.2Fc
Sesame seedYield3752.28Fc3720.4Fc3655.64Fc4599.78Fc3055.25Fc
SorghumArea Harvested86673009092300933070092998009300000
SorghumProduction Quantity76296007244300668130070124007070000
SorghumSeed254100Fc260019Fc272769Fc279921Fc278994Fc
SorghumYield8802.74Fc7967.51Fc7160.56Fc7540.38Fc7602.15Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested83340007707500757120065547006105500
SoybeansProduction Quantity88570008273500687630078189004654700
SoybeansSeed532800Fc500040Fc462450Fc454272Fc393282Fc
SoybeansYield10627.5Fc10734.4Fc9082.18Fc11928.7Fc7623.78Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested499300512400507600633600397500
Spices, nesProduction Quantity10200001075100966100954700738800
Spices, nesYield20428.6Fc20981.7Fc19032.7Fc15067.9Fc18586.2Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested480Im438Im422Im355Im358Im
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity1805Im1624Im1529Im1451Im1364Im
Stone fruit, nesYield37604.2Fc37077.6Fc36232.2Fc40873.2Fc38100.6Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested42011003661500393840045203004411600
Sugar caneProduction Quantity281172000237088000233862000287383000297208000
Sugar caneSeed14058600Fc11854400Fc11693100Fc14369200Fc14860400Fc
Sugar caneYield669282Fc647516Fc593800Fc635761Fc673697Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested21600002339600216060020035001642200
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity122800014390001186700930400872600
Sunflower seedSeed22920Fc25920Fc28075.2Fc25927.2Fc24042Fc
Sunflower seedYield5685.19Fc6150.62Fc5492.46Fc4643.87Fc5313.6Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested122800133300133100131900131900
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity10665001179400117910011303001130300
Sweet potatoesYield86848.5Fc88477.1Fc88587.5Fc85693.7Fc85693.7Fc
TeaArea Harvested555611521000520000516000510000
TeaProduction Quantity949000907000879000846000854000
TeaYield17080.3Fc17408.8Fc16903.8Fc16395.3Fc16745.1Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested372800366500369700330000350000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity552200549100549900490000550000
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield14812.2Fc14982.3Fc14874.2Fc14848.5Fc15714.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested546100505400502800478800458100
TomatoesProduction Quantity98204008825400812560076167007462300
TomatoesYield179828Fc174622Fc161607Fc159079Fc162897Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested867800A 850800A 810500A 800500A 780200A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity609000A 576000A 569000A 531000A 500000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield7017.75Fc6770.1Fc7020.36Fc6633.35Fc6408.61Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested22474002010200173680033700002310000
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2748080022123700191727003474000027180000
Vegetables fresh nesYield122278Fc110057Fc110391Fc103086Fc117662Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested6334470A 5841230A 5402010A 7175420A 5763190A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity81882200A 71454700A 65564700A 79040800A 69180600A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield129265Fc122328Fc121371Fc110155Fc120039Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested6334470A 5841230A 5402010A 7175420A 5763190A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity81882200A 71454700A 65564700A 79040800A 69180600A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield129265Fc122328Fc121371Fc110155Fc120039Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested30800* 30800* 30500* 30500* 30200*
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity36000* 32000* 34000* 31000* 30000*
Walnuts, with shellYield11688.3Fc10389.6Fc11147.5Fc10163.9Fc9933.77Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested23339Im21522Im19904Im26438Im21140Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity290342Im253329Im232436Im280240Im244906Im
WatermelonsYield124402Fc117707Fc116779Fc105999Fc115850Fc
WheatArea Harvested2648360026382900265947002519570026344700
WheatProduction Quantity6935450068636900721562006576080072766300
WheatSeed2799450Fc2648360Fc2638290Fc2659470Fc2519570Fc
WheatYield26187.7Fc26015.7Fc27131.8Fc26100Fc27620.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea179799Fm179759Q 179963Q 179708W 179709W
Agricultural area certified organicArea800I 858I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea380I 160I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea63256Q 63196W 62286W 61707W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea780I 1180I 1018I 1030.3I
Arable landArea157350Fm157510Fm157823Fm157920Fm158104Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea169650Fm169610Q 169623Q 169320W 169284W
Country areaArea328726Q 328726Q 328726Q 328726W 328726W
Fallow landArea26237Q 24857Q 25148W 25973W
Forest areaArea68579Fm68434Q 68289Fm68144Fm67999Fm
Inland waterArea31407Fm31407Fm31407Fm31407Fm31407Fm
Land areaArea297319Fm297319Fm297319Fm297319Fm297319Fm
Other landArea48941Fm49126Fm49067Fm49467Fm49611Fm
Permanent cropsArea12300Fm12100Fm11800Fm11400Fm11180Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea10149Fm10149Q 10340Q 10388W 10425W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea66750Fm66735.1Fm66700Fm66334I 65771Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea179973W 179858W 180083W 180309W 180037W
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea60411W 59206W 56959W 53871W 56922W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea432.3I 185.9I
Arable landArea158720Fm159213Fm159450Fm159865Fm159934Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea169520W 169443W 169660W 169865W 169534W
Country areaArea328726W 328726W 328726W 328726Q 328726Q
Fallow landArea24638W 24176W 25143W 25491W 33471W
Forest areaArea67854Fm67709Q 67245.2Fm66781.4Fm66317.6Fm
Inland waterArea31407Fm31407Fm31407Fm31407Fm31407Fm
Land areaArea297319Fm297319W 297319W 297319Q 297319Q
Other landArea49492Fm49752Fm49990.8Fm50228.6Fm50964.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea10800Fm10230Fm10210Fm10000Fm9600Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea10453W 10415W 10423W 10444W 10503W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea65209Fm64646I 63962I 63277Fm62593Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data