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Datasheet

Israel

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Israel
  • General data
  • Region: Middle East
  • Area (km2): 210,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 7,180,100
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$22,170
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$159,177,179,136
  • GDP: US$163,957,063,680
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)WidespreadBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Absent, no pest recordSchneider et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentDaire et al., 1997a; Daire et al., 1997b; Davis et al., 1997a; Maixner et al., 1997
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; Burdman et al., 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; Burdman et al., 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTsror et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)WidespreadIntroducedYesZutra et al., 1986; Beer et al., 1986; Manulis et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)EradicatedIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Absent, formerly presentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedCrosson et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentPunithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2004; CMI, 1989; Ezra et al., 2007
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedYesSolel et al., 1983; Mendel et al., 1983; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentMadar et al., 1996
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentBinyamini, 1982
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadManisterski, 1987; Wahl et al., 1966; Manisterski, 1979
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedGalil, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)WidespreadBerlinger et al., 1988; Harpaz, 1955; Avidov & Harpaz, 1969; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentArgov, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling, 1959; Rose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentWysoki, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSwirski et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Friedberg & Kugler, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBedford et al., 1994a; Brown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentHoroxitz et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeVelthuis, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentWysoki, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentIntroducedSteinitz, 1929
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKarplus et al., 1998; FAO-DIAS, 2011; Karplus et al., 1995; Snovsky & Galil, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeBroza & Sneh, 1994; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)WidespreadCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesMendel & Golan, 1983; Halperin et al., 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Norrbom et al., 1999; EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziAbsent, formerly presentNativeGophen, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedGerstmeier et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentCABI, 1991; Hopper et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedYesHalperin, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentGerson, 2016; Ben-Dov, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentCommonwealth Institute of Entomology, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesArgaman et al., 1989; Nakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentSpodek et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentHalperin, 1990; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentWysoki, 1977; CIE, 1976; Avidov & Harpaz, 1969; Argyriou, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)WidespreadIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedAntWiki, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedWeintraub & Horowitz, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)WidespreadDeeming, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentFriedman, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedParnes et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentIshaaya et al., 1983; Anshelevich et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentSpodek et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew, 2000a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedRaccah et al., 1985; NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale)PresentIntroducedYesMendel et al., 1994b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentBar-Zakay et al., 1987; Ben-Dov, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)WidespreadNativeYesMendel & Halperin, 1982; Wood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999; Holthuis & Gottlies, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentMendel et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Ben-Dov et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeHalperin, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentFriedman et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentBenyamini, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesMendel et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentBlumberg et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisWidespreadIntroducedYesLai et al., 2010; Galil, 2007; Fox, 1924
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentGentry, 1965; EPPO, 2014; Sterlicht et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedBen-Dov, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2007; Kane et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentNativeKlein & Seitz, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, few occurrencesKehat, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentCarmi & Pater, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentBink-Moenen & Gerling, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNHM London UK, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)WidespreadCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentNovoselsky & Freidberg, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)Restricted distributionWysoki, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentHalperin & Sauter, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadHalperin, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesMound & Halsey, 1978; Martin, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentKajita, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedCalderon & Donahaye, 1964; Banks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentSeplyarsky et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeDubatolov, 2002; Ishay et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, formerly presentCockrill, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)LocalisedIntroducedYesRyall, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedGolani & Mires, 2000; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedShacham & Nemtzov, 2008; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)LocalisedNativeHoffman & Smith, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedDIAS, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentNativeTrewavas, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; FAO, 1997; Golani & Mires, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)WidespreadIntroducedYesBirdLife International, 2009; Hatzofe & Yom-Tov, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativePaperna, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedYesKraus, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAquaculture Magazine, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativePullin, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiWidespreadIntroducedYesRoll et al., 2007; Goren & Galil, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)WidespreadIntroducedYesGalil et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedBarash & Danin, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisWidespreadIntroducedRilov et al., 2002; Galil, 2007; Galil, 2006; Haas, 1937; Rilov et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeDautzenberg, 1894; Germain, 1913; Martens Evon, 1871; Tchernov, 1975; Tristram, 1884
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoll et al., 2008; Taylor, 1914
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedShpigel et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedMienis et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedDautzenberg, 1894
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRoll et al., 2009; Milstein et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeLivshits & Fishelson, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)LocalisedIntroducedGalil & Bogi, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedYesEdelman-Furstenberg, 2008; Barash & Danin, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentIntroducedRoll et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentIntroducedMienis, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedYesShpigel & Spencer, 1996; Shpigel & Fridman, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Baker, 1986; Cowie, 1990; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1983; Cowie, 1984b; Heller & Tchernov, 1978; Johnson, 1988; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)WidespreadNevo, 1972; Siti, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentStrich-Harari et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)Present, few occurrencesCohn et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentMinz, 1956; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadOrion et al., 1982; Tarjan, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadTarjan, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCohn, 1965b; Cohn, 1965a; Aaronsohn, 1914; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCohn, 1975; Luc & Cohn, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedPaperna, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)WidespreadNativeLipkin & Silva, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesGordon & Colorni, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)Present, few occurrencesYesEPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeEinav, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Absent, formerly presentWood, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedDanin & Scholz, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2008; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Danin, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedDanin, 2015; Iamonico, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentZohary, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Hiepko, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentGazit et al., 1982; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGreuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGalil & Zeroni, 1965; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPhilosoph-Hadas et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeDanin, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper & Moerkerk, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativePost , 1933; Zohary & Feinbrun-Dothan , 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativePost , 1933; Cooper & Moerkerk , 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativePost, 1933
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeWeinstein & Karschon, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky & Young, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWeinstein, 1983; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWeinstein, 1993; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentFeinbrun-Dothan, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresentNativeTadmor et al., 1974; Rubin & Benjamin, 1984; Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesTurner et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadWaisel, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentWilson, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedZohary, 1962; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedICRAF, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedMito & Uesugi, 2004; Fufour-Dror, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Unconfirmed recordArgaman, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeFeinburn, 1986; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadNativeGreuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, few occurrencesYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedHagiladi et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentYinon et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Restricted distributionNativeZohary, 1966; Holm et al., 1979; Greuter et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroducedWeinstein, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedGalil & Eisikowitch, 1968; Orwa et al., 2009; Starr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNerd et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentJoel & Liston, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedIasur-Kruh et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionNativeYesEPPO, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDawson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Horowitz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedDafni & Heller , 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)PresentNativeFlora of Israel, 2009; University of Reading, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Unconfirmed recordNerd Mizrahi, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentLati et al., 2013; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)LocalisedNativeParker & Riches, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedYesEizenberg et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedYesDanin, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeFlora of Israel online, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedPost & Dinsmore, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesJoel & Liston, 1986; Navie et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeValdes & Scholz, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedFriedman, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeSchiller, 1972; Golan et al., 1983; Madar et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadGRIN, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeDanin, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentNovoplansky, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesPasiecznik et al., 2001; A Witt, CABI, personal communication, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentNativeZaidenberg & Dan, 1981; Hakham & Ritte, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeValdes & Scholz, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativePost, 1933; Yaacoby et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedYesJoel & Liston, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedYesJoel & Liston, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentCastri et al., 1990; Dufour-Dror, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeYesBuxbaum et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesBoyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeKirpichnikov, 1964; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Restricted distributionIntroducedBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedIngber, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAPHIS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentGerling & Kugler, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeShy et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGreuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadIntroducedDafni & Heller, 1982; Euro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)EradicatedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBensch et al., 2000; Martinsen et al., 2006; Beadell et al., 2006; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentPerelman et al., 1988
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Presentvon & Wechmar Gera, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Wisler et al., 1998
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; Martelli, 1990; EPPO, 2014
Virusequine arteritis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentNativeOIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentRubinson et al., 1997; Galiakparov et al., 2003; Alkowni et al., 1998; Tanne & Givorny, 1985
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedKritzman et al., 2001; Gera et al., 1998a; Kritzman et al., 2000; Gera et al., 2000; Gera et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentAntignus, 1987; Salomon et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCohen & Ben-Josef, 1989
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentNativeCzosnek et al., 1988; Anfoka et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentShkap et al., 1990; Pipano, 1991; Shkap et al., 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Weisman et al., 1987; Meir et al., 1997
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentPerelman et al., 1988
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Yeruham et al., 1989; Pipano, 1991; Nierlich, 1990; Yeruham et al., 1992; Yeruham et al., 1995
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; Braverman & Galun, 1973; Shimshony et al., 1988; Hassan, 1992a; Dafni, 1966; OIE, 2003
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedPaperna, 1996
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Yinnon et al., 1993
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009; Dafni & Hoyda, 1989
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties1999
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentSechter & et al. , 1983
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentNativeOIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004b
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Hedrick et al., 2000; Perelberg et al., 2003
leishmaniosisLocalisedBaneth et al., 1998; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Yeruham et al., 1994; Yeruham et al., 1995
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentMushin, 1979
peste des petits ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2003
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBensch et al., 2000; Martinsen et al., 2006; Beadell et al., 2006; Marzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentNativeBishara et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraPresentOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentPipano, 1976; Pipano, 1989b; Pipano, 1989a; OIE, 1998
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisLast reported 1999Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; Perelman et al., 1988; Bendheim & Samberg, 1990
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009
West Nile feverPresentOIE, 2009; Marberg et al., 1956
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedCrosson et al., 2014
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested2500F 2000F 3400F 1800F 2000F
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity666755001176262766478
Almonds, with shellYield26668Fc27500Fc34594.1Fc34866.7Fc32390Fc
ApplesArea Harvested29202910298030503200F
ApplesProduction Quantity11923113147411465097425101226
ApplesYield408325Fc451801Fc384732Fc319426Fc316331Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested780F 772770F 1100F 1500F
ApricotsProduction Quantity7959833877211000212037
ApricotsYield102038Fc108005Fc100273Fc90927.3Fc80246.7Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested300F 330F 380F 400F 650F
ArtichokesProduction Quantity24192637.69317032295253
ArtichokesYield80633.3Fc79930Fc83421.1Fc80725Fc80815.4Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested23F 22F 20F 22F 30Im
AsparagusProduction Quantity88918388116
AsparagusYield38260.9Fc41363.6Fc41500Fc40000Fc38666.7Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested67806565648062705100F
AvocadosProduction Quantity752876954584968.15313085913
AvocadosYield111043Fc105933Fc131124Fc84736.8Fc168457Fc
BananasArea Harvested2000F 22602000F 2000F 2659Im
BananasProduction Quantity1012861126989351085186130814
BananasYield506430Fc498664Fc467550Fc425930Fc491967Fc
BarleyArea Harvested52605300636063607600F
BarleyProduction Quantity49794387513555008550
BarleySeed850F 850F 850F 833* 2000F
BarleyYield9465.78Fc8277.36Fc8073.9Fc8647.8Fc11250Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested800F 700Im650F 700F 790F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity115047507.03896988669629
Beans, greenYield143800Fc107243Fc137985Fc126657Fc121886Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested538Im499Im516Im517Im548Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity1629Im1776Im1824Im1683Im1919Im
Berries NesYield30278.8Fc35591.2Fc35348.8Fc32553.2Fc35018.3Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested3692Im3609Im3700F 3600F 5800F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity15687Im16835.1184291796229355
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed590.72Fc590.72Fc577.44Fc592Fc576Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield42489.2Fc46647.6Fc49808.1Fc49894.4Fc50612.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1818Im2049Im2000F 20602000F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity5773152371567705114958586
Cabbages and other brassicasYield317552Fc255593Fc283850Fc248296Fc292930Fc
CarobsArea Harvested1347F 1347Im1358Im1500F 1500F
CarobsProduction Quantity210F 210F 210Im200F 180F
CarobsYield1559.02Fc1559.02Fc1546.39Fc1333.33Fc1200Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested4500F 3800F 3400F 31702500F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity289335234261233101211356153713
Carrots and turnipsYield642967Fc616476Fc685591Fc666738Fc614852Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1700F 1592Im1600F 15901400F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity2499221374.320493.92030023751
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield147012Fc134261Fc128087Fc127673Fc169650Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested75650A 79711A 80788A 81370A 103105A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity257715A 241063A 257031A 198781A 283518A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed12985.3A 12985.3A 12991.9A 12971.3A 18130.5A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield34066.8Fc30242.1Fc31815.5Fc24429.3Fc27498Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested75650A 79711A 80788A 81370A 103105A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity257715A 241063A 257031A 198781A 283518A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed12985.3A 12985.3A 12991.9A 12971.3A 18130.5A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield34066.8Fc30242.1Fc31815.5Fc24429.3Fc27498Fc
CherriesArea Harvested400F 407350F 350F 300F
CherriesProduction Quantity25871294248425002218
CherriesYield64675Fc31793.6Fc70971.4Fc71428.6Fc73933.3Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested44704370448052505600F
Chick peasProduction Quantity1564016785183791080012220
Chick peasSeed737.55Fc737.55Fc721.05Fc739.2Fc866.25Fc
Chick peasYield34988.8Fc38409.6Fc41024.6Fc20571.4Fc21821.4Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested5500F 5000F 4800F 42804000F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity226075203982202300177900178600
Chillies and peppers, greenYield411045Fc407964Fc421458Fc415654Fc446500Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested837750749726650*
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity91487009.88139741276312865
Citrus fruit, nesYield109295Fc93465.1Fc186569Fc175799Fc197923Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16197A 16890A 17039A 17256A 18585A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity474665A 563532A 592118A 537262A 647974A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield293057Fc333649Fc347507Fc311348Fc348654Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested15030A 15551A 16388A 15270A 17205A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity135691A 128739A 124068A 123047A 124597A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed985.29A 985.29A 991.9A 971.3A 2130.5A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield90280.1Fc82785Fc75706.6Fc80580.9Fc72419.1Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity16500F 7100* 7100890018500
CottonseedProduction Quantity27000* 11000* 11700* 14000* 29000*
CottonseedSeed792F 792* 343* 346* 455*
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1091Im1200F 1300F 12601200F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity105433115824117309107690132865
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield966389Fc965200Fc902377Fc854683Fc1107210Fc
DatesArea Harvested550050003800F 3700F 3695Im
DatesProduction Quantity3700830618232311807817377
DatesYield67287.3Fc61236Fc61134.2Fc48859.5Fc47028.4Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested650F 640F 660F 530F 650F
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity4610545340.4464483720544954
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield709308Fc708444Fc703758Fc701981Fc691600Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested8630A 3900A 3930A 5170A 11000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity16500A 7100A 7100A 8900A 18500A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield19119.3Fc18205.1Fc18066.2Fc17214.7Fc16818.2Fc
FigsArea Harvested750F 700F 730F 360F 300F
FigsProduction Quantity51654307444121721794
FigsYield68866.7Fc61528.6Fc60835.6Fc60333.3Fc59800Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested61749A 59116A 60018A 59738A 61054A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1178240A 1284550A 1319250A 1217200A 1387700A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield190811Fc217292Fc219810Fc203756Fc227290Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested3200F 2805Im2900F 2000F 2000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity7284364215712924290041000
Fruit Fresh NesYield227634Fc228930Fc245834Fc214500Fc205000Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested2063Im1912Im1976Im1979Im2097Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity182Im198Im203Im187Im213Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield882.21Fc1035.56Fc1027.33Fc944.92Fc1015.74Fc
GarlicArea Harvested900F 800F 1000F 900F 1150F
GarlicProduction Quantity721558207414810110066
GarlicYield80166.7Fc72750Fc74140Fc90011.1Fc87530.4Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested35803800418043105340*
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity183682204408249414241082261037
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield513078Fc537916Fc596684Fc559355Fc488833Fc
GrapesArea Harvested78905720582058205700F
GrapesProduction Quantity8947695075.49118196937112851
GrapesYield113404Fc166216Fc156668Fc166558Fc197984Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested17902810288030003000F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1293015860.8161231673725646
Groundnuts, with shellSeed400F 400F 400F 375F 400F
Groundnuts, with shellYield72234.6Fc56444.1Fc55982.6Fc55790Fc85486.7Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested416Im386Im399Im400F 360F
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity40793996409942413703
Kiwi fruitYield98052.9Fc103523Fc102732Fc106025Fc102861Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested27Im30F 33Im37Im30F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity311Im296Im303Im284Im297Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield115185Fc98666.7Fc91818.2Fc76756.8Fc99000Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested17401640167017601735*
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity6072165078.5626173628540937
Lemons and limesYield348971Fc396820Fc374952Fc206165Fc235948Fc
LentilsArea Harvested112Im105Im82Im103Im108Im
LentilsProduction Quantity33Im35Im38Im3030
LentilsSeed13.44Fc13.44Fc12.6Fc9.84Fc12.36Fc
LentilsYield2946.43Fc3333.33Fc4634.15Fc2912.62Fc2777.78Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1182Im1300F 1600F 1200F 1272Im
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity3218428664.7362802688536604
Lettuce and chicoryYield272284Fc220498Fc226750Fc224042Fc287767Fc
MaizeArea Harvested28502960322053605000F
MaizeProduction Quantity9637586537810979928792981
MaizeSeed42.75Fc42.75Fc44.4Fc48.3Fc90F
MaizeYield338158Fc292355Fc251854Fc185237Fc185962Fc
Maize, greenProduction Quantity13631Im12981Im13277Im12065Im13000F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested14601437141014201200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity3439629500336244040437827
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield235589Fc205289Fc238468Fc284535Fc315225Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity100019500950095009500
Nuts, nesArea Harvested1065Im1300F 1400F 1300F 352Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2642259226002600680
Nuts, nesYield24807.5Fc19938.5Fc18571.4Fc20000Fc19318.2Fc
OatsArea Harvested751Im791Im808Im850Im1105Im
OatsProduction Quantity337Im315Im336Im260Im371Im
OatsYield4487.35Fc3982.3Fc4158.42Fc3058.82Fc3357.47Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested15571A 13077A 13519A 14797A 21813A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity26870A 20480.5A 22121.5A 22991.9A 33527.6A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed570.42A 570.42A 341.43A 333.46A 398.55A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield17256.5Fc15661.5Fc16363.3Fc15538.2Fc15370.5Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested46008A 37077A 32519A 34797A 37813A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity29196.5A 29828.6A 21622.2A 25626.9A 25880.5A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed259.22A 259.22A 187.38A 180.36A 205.3A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6345.97Fc8045.04Fc6649.08Fc7364.68Fc6844.33Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested3346Im3437Im3204Im3135Im2796Im
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity2969Im2567Im2435Im2859Im3523Im
Oilseeds, NesYield8873.28Fc7468.72Fc7599.88Fc9119.62Fc12600.1Fc
OlivesArea Harvested30437Im24000F 19000F 20000F 16000F
OlivesProduction Quantity6600073500305004875029500
OlivesYield21684.1Fc30625Fc16052.6Fc24375Fc18437.5Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested210Im201Im221Im290Im251Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity10704Im10193Im10425Im9760Im10207Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield509714Fc507114Fc471719Fc336552Fc406653Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3200F 3100F 3000F 26803000F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity9177083348.1753348087290687
Onions, dryYield286781Fc268865Fc251113Fc301761Fc302290Fc
OrangesArea Harvested45404700514051205540*
OrangesProduction Quantity90525134829136124118104190408
OrangesYield199394Fc286870Fc264833Fc230672Fc343697Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1600F 1388Im1500F 17501500F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity415384146939284.94106742853
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield259613Fc298768Fc261899Fc234669Fc285687Fc
PapayasArea Harvested150F 660F 650F 560F 544Im
PapayasProduction Quantity55255253223200
PapayasYield3666.67Fc3863.64Fc3892.31Fc3982.14Fc3676.47Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested20702070216021602300F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity5421665763800929650265318
Peaches and nectarinesYield261913Fc317696Fc370796Fc446769Fc283991Fc
PearsArea Harvested1500F 14991700F 1750F 1900F
PearsProduction Quantity2633130935291333004632637
PearsYield175540Fc206371Fc171371Fc171691Fc171774Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested374Im495Im450Im433Im421Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity321Im345Im378Im295Im426Im
Peas, drySeed67.32Fc67.32Fc89.1Fc81Fc77.94Fc
Peas, dryYield8582.89Fc6969.7Fc8400Fc6812.93Fc10118.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested28103090208024903000F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity1108610347.287001080012200
Peas, greenYield39452Fc33486.1Fc41826.9Fc43373.5Fc40666.7Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested3236Im3000F 3800F 4500F 3800F
PersimmonsProduction Quantity2927128201322914535037347
PersimmonsYield90454.3Fc94003.3Fc84976.3Fc100778Fc98281.6Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested15F 10F 70F 60F 50F
PineapplesProduction Quantity162117763698552
PineapplesYield108000Fc117000Fc109000Fc116333Fc110400Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1900F 16752500F 2450F 3100F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity2132119784269932502834073
Plums and sloesYield112216Fc118113Fc107972Fc102155Fc109913Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested22940Im18500F 19000F 1728017000F
PotatoesProduction Quantity621106548650608832557917618803
PotatoesSeed10600F 10600F 10600F 10560F 9600F
PotatoesYield270752Fc296568Fc320438Fc322869Fc364002Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested162Im164Im154Im193Im171Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity182Im195Im214Im167Im242Im
Pulses, nesYield11234.6Fc11890.2Fc13896.1Fc8652.85Fc14152Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8810A 8743A 8866A 9579A 12100A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity31863A 34195.1A 37438A 29254A 42273A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1409.03A 1409.03A 1400.19A 1422.04A 1532.55A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield36166.9Fc39111.4Fc42226.5Fc30539.7Fc34936.4Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested350F 300F 280F 272Im282Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1307811441113691040910386
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield373657Fc381367Fc406036Fc382684Fc368298Fc
QuincesArea Harvested11Im12Im10F 16F 16F
QuincesProduction Quantity5845845821160995
QuincesYield530909Fc486667Fc582000Fc725000Fc621875Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested23560A 19100A 19920A 18550A 17910A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity641316A 568739A 641069A 602486A 650669A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed10600A 10600A 10600A 10560A 9600A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield272205Fc297769Fc321822Fc324790Fc363299Fc
Safflower seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Safflower seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Safflower seedYield
Seed cottonArea Harvested863039003930517011000*
Seed cottonProduction Quantity4230018120182002260047400
Seed cottonYield49015.1Fc46461.5Fc46310.4Fc43713.7Fc43090.9Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested25Im20F 35Im22Im17Im
Sesame seedProduction Quantity49Im45F 25Im42Im32Im
Sesame seedSeed10F 10F 10F 10F 10F
Sesame seedYield19600Fc22500Fc7142.86Fc19090.9Fc18823.5Fc
SorghumArea Harvested6169Im6500F 6000F 2700F 3500F
SorghumProduction Quantity3400037500375001800022695
SorghumSeed92.54Fc92.54Fc97.5Fc90Fc40.5Fc
SorghumYield55114.3Fc57692.3Fc62500Fc66666.7Fc64842.9Fc
SpinachArea Harvested5Im6F 15F 18F 86Im
SpinachProduction Quantity1441354184721971
SpinachYield288000Fc225000Fc278667Fc262222Fc229186Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea HarvestedF F F F F
Stone fruit, nesProduction QuantityF F F F F
Stone fruit, nesYield
StrawberriesArea Harvested626Im580Im600F 520600F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity20298Im22130.1235912588519528
StrawberriesYield324249Fc381553Fc393183Fc497788Fc325467Fc
Sugar beetArea HarvestedF F F F F
Sugar beetProduction QuantityF F F F F
Sugar beetYield
Sunflower seedArea Harvested17802910347034705000F
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1357515490182001650014600
Sunflower seedSeed20F 20F 20F 20F 20F
Sunflower seedYield76264Fc53230.2Fc52449.6Fc47550.4Fc29200Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested620F 600F 920F 1270F 910F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity2021020088.8322374456931866
Sweet potatoesYield325968Fc334813Fc350402Fc350937Fc350176Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5500F 6000F 5300F 5340* 5320*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity130589152207129989129028142727
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield237435Fc253678Fc245262Fc241625Fc268284Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield
TomatoesArea Harvested5002Im5500F 5600F 55305300F
TomatoesProduction Quantity410965446592454761418990434297
TomatoesYield821601Fc811985Fc812073Fc757667Fc819428Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3565A 3300A 4800A 3100A 2352A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9309A 8092A 14362A 8876A 7158A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield26112.2Fc24521.2Fc29920.8Fc28632.3Fc30433.7Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested20000F 18000F 20000F 2314020000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity156607132673153324163700178600
Vegetables fresh nesYield78303.5Fc73707.2Fc76662Fc70743.3Fc89300Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested60168A 58048A 60139A 61219A 60091A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1663540A 1584180A 1620280A 1516580A 1586500A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield276482Fc272908Fc269422Fc247730Fc264016Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested60168A 58048A 60139A 61219A 60091A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1663540A 1584180A 1620280A 1516580A 1586500A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield276482Fc272908Fc269422Fc247730Fc264016Fc
VetchesArea Harvested
VetchesProduction Quantity
VetchesSeed
VetchesYield
WatermelonsArea Harvested8500F 9000F 10000F 890011000F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity100621107327111243105892128365
WatermelonsYield118378Fc119252Fc111243Fc118980Fc116695Fc
WheatArea Harvested6062064160644006610085900
WheatProduction Quantity12202411232413296375734158921
WheatSeed12000F 12000F 12000F 12000F 16000F
WheatYield20129.3Fc17506.9Fc20646.4Fc11457.5Fc18500.7Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested2700* 2612Im2500F 17431961
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity94269233421049009142
Almonds, with shellYield34911.1Fc35348.4Fc16840Fc28112.5Fc46619.1Fc
ApplesArea Harvested39704430448049705520
ApplesProduction Quantity121644140337150070118600126530
ApplesYield306408Fc316788Fc334978Fc238632Fc229221Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1600F 2162Im2300F 23341392
ApricotsProduction Quantity129541668013390854014450
ApricotsYield80962.5Fc77150.8Fc58217.4Fc36589.6Fc103807Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested722Im661Im670F 649594
ArtichokesProduction Quantity56735050564048804700
ArtichokesYield78573.4Fc76399.4Fc84179.1Fc75192.6Fc79124.6Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested31Im34Im31Im33Im27Im
AsparagusProduction Quantity11512012510590F
AsparagusYield37096.8Fc35294.1Fc40322.6Fc31818.2Fc33333.3Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested49704810510057505710
AvocadosProduction Quantity8490985640731605947094230
AvocadosYield170843Fc178046Fc143451Fc103426Fc165026Fc
BananasArea Harvested2303Im2444Im2600F 25862360
BananasProduction Quantity1220281177911292009400096400
BananasYield529865Fc481960Fc496923Fc363496Fc408475Fc
BarleyArea Harvested76107380738077908360
BarleyProduction Quantity862512100107001380012900
BarleySeed2000F 2000F 52000F 27000F 22000F
BarleyYield11333.8Fc16395.7Fc14498.6Fc17715Fc15430.6Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested700F 839Im850F 782678
Beans, greenProduction Quantity88809030845081409400
Beans, greenYield126857Fc107628Fc99411.8Fc104092Fc138643Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested475Im504Im536Im600F 600F
Berries NesProduction Quantity1829Im2020Im1802Im1800F 1800F
Berries NesYield38505.3Fc40079.4Fc33619.4Fc30000Fc30000Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested5600F 3400F 2600F 2760F 3500F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity2800017000130001380017600
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed928Fc896Fc544Fc416Fc441.6Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc50285.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested20801550195021502150
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity6040558560597705853064720
Cabbages and other brassicasYield290409Fc377806Fc306513Fc272233Fc301023Fc
CarobsArea Harvested1500F 1500F 1500F 1500F 1500F
CarobsProduction Quantity180F 200F 139Im129Im162Im
CarobsYield1200Fc1333.33Fc926.67Fc860Fc1080Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested22701610157017001260
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity128623102795968009637087600
Carrots and turnipsYield566621Fc638478Fc616561Fc566882Fc695238Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested15801350135017801580
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity2609531991309603189125220
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield165158Fc236970Fc229333Fc179163Fc159620Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested102212A 104210A 89130A 92430A 101647A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity245069A 307664A 273378A 305620A 271105A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed18127.5A 18129.2A 68051.9A 42753.6A 38260.9A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield23976.5Fc29523.5Fc30671.8Fc33065Fc26671.2Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested102212A 104210A 89130A 92430A 101647A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity245069A 307664A 273378A 305620A 271105A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed18127.5A 18129.2A 68051.9A 42753.6A 38260.9A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield23976.5Fc29523.5Fc30671.8Fc33065Fc26671.2Fc
CherriesArea Harvested330F 282Im300F 241314
CherriesProduction Quantity24312975296035303075
CherriesYield73666.7Fc105496Fc98666.7Fc146473Fc97929.9Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested75606210516064507560
Chick peasProduction Quantity12330123101045088309750
Chick peasSeed924Fc1247.4Fc1024.65Fc851.4Fc1064.25Fc
Chick peasYield16309.5Fc19822.9Fc20251.9Fc13689.9Fc12896.8Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested42802800263020902530
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity158777134700129100113390110910
Chillies and peppers, greenYield370974Fc481071Fc490875Fc542536Fc438379Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested6198689641096924
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity13511133109280816018700
Citrus fruit, nesYield218271Fc153341Fc96265.6Fc74452.6Fc202381Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested16034A 15868A 18095A 17413A 17226A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity585968A 666030A 510490A 538630A 595630A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield365453Fc419732Fc282117Fc309326Fc345774Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested17312A 18610A 18620A 19620A 17877A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity113869A 106864A 119078A 121320A 93830A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed2127.5A 2129.15A 52151.9A 27153.6A 22161A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield65774.6Fc57422.9Fc63951.7Fc61834.9Fc52486.4Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity2150018400250001810018800
CottonseedProduction Quantity3420028500392002740029600
CottonseedSeed968* 1188* 1102* 1267* 1134*
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested12201170175019401840
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity129852126960144980148220143950
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield1064360Fc1085130Fc828457Fc764021Fc782337Fc
DatesArea Harvested3200F 2900F 2600F 25102362
DatesProduction Quantity1766815975144751343016830
DatesYield55212.5Fc55086.2Fc55673.1Fc53506Fc71253.2Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested660F 640F 650F 676797
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity4599444860494904794047475
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield696879Fc700938Fc761385Fc709172Fc595671Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested13500A 12520A 14400A 12890A 11710A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity21500A 18400A 25000A 18100A 18800A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield15925.9Fc14696.5Fc17361.1Fc14041.9Fc16054.7Fc
FigsArea Harvested217Im230F 170F 150142
FigsProduction Quantity138014011040920730
FigsYield63594.5Fc60913Fc61176.5Fc61333.3Fc51408.4Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested56253A 60063A 61302A 64924A 66509A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1322560A 1460690A 1302720A 1204680A 1299840A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield235108Fc243193Fc212509Fc185552Fc195438Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested1900F 1500F 1161Im1264Im1300F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity3940031400275002780025500
Fruit Fresh NesYield207368Fc209333Fc236865Fc219937Fc196154Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested1816Im1928Im2051Im2233Im2297Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity203Im224Im200Im185Im200F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield1117.84Fc1161.83Fc975.13Fc828.48Fc870.7Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1200F 869Im880F 12551026
GarlicProduction Quantity106997160616062706996
GarlicYield89158.3Fc82393.6Fc70000Fc49960.2Fc68187.1Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested35703190490041804110
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity266003263540235500255900251900
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield745106Fc826144Fc480612Fc612201Fc612895Fc
GrapesArea Harvested56405940586073507710
GrapesProduction Quantity125439125650139850126590125500
GrapesYield222410Fc211532Fc238652Fc172231Fc162776Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested29203060285030204000*
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity2560025100241002510023225
Groundnuts, with shellSeed400F 1400F 1400F 1400F 1400F
Groundnuts, with shellYield87671.2Fc82026.1Fc84561.4Fc83112.6Fc58062.5Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested470F 420F 470F 360F 270F
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity55244665516040102900F
Kiwi fruitYield117532Fc111071Fc109787Fc111389Fc107407Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested37Im30F 30F 39Im32Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity291Im282Im333Im380Im325Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield78648.6Fc94000Fc111000Fc97435.9Fc101563Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested15201420180020101730
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity3725768470502704751045030
Lemons and limesYield245112Fc482183Fc279278Fc236368Fc260289Fc
LentilsArea Harvested121Im99Im82Im102Im119Im
LentilsProduction Quantity3030303030
LentilsSeed12.96Fc14.52Fc11.88Fc9.84Fc12.24Fc
LentilsYield2479.34Fc3030.3Fc3658.54Fc2941.18Fc2521.01Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1400F 1300F 1400F 14141256
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity3588237070391903960040885
Lettuce and chicoryYield256300Fc285154Fc279929Fc280057Fc325518Fc
MaizeArea Harvested44104630464061305260
MaizeProduction Quantity7763359671713207712065380*
MaizeSeed75Fc66.15Fc69.45Fc69.6Fc91.95Fc
MaizeYield176039Fc128879Fc153707Fc125808Fc124297Fc
Maize, greenProduction Quantity14000F 12000F 13200F 11994Im12000F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested11001170120016801650
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity2707543100298002850023940
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield246136Fc368376Fc248333Fc169643Fc145091Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity95009500900086007800
Nuts, nesArea Harvested404Im393Im378Im400F 560F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity6807007007001000
Nuts, nesYield16831.7Fc17811.7Fc18518.5Fc17500Fc17857.1Fc
OatsArea Harvested1092Im1100F 1000P 1100F 1000F
OatsProduction Quantity321Im403Im358Im400400
OatsYield2939.56Fc3663.64Fc3580Fc3636.36Fc4000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested25131A 25623A 28224A 27362A 28335A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity37725.8A 33569.8A 37616A 31962.8A 31222.2A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed664.88A 1157.08A 1115.57A 1202.07A 1190.64A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield15011.7Fc13101.5Fc13327.7Fc11681.5Fc11019Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested45131A 47623A 49524A 48062A 48395A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity34525.6A 25972A 33588.2A 23233.5A 29810.6A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed291.48A 626.68A 614.97A 643.42A 671.34A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield7650.09Fc5453.68Fc6782.21Fc4834.06Fc6159.85Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested3432Im3500F 4200F 3500F 2600F
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity4628Im3500F 4200F 3500F 2600F
Oilseeds, NesYield13484.9Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
OlivesArea Harvested20000F 22000F 21300F 20700F 20060
OlivesProduction Quantity6000029000620002150056000
OlivesYield30000Fc13181.8Fc29108Fc10386.5Fc27916.3Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested240F 253Im256Im298Im246Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity10000F 8800105008400* 8100*
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield416667Fc347826Fc410156Fc281879Fc329268Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested30103040284039203210
Onions, dryProduction Quantity87979100400972558709091690
Onions, dryYield292289Fc330263Fc342447Fc222168Fc285639Fc
OrangesArea Harvested503052405531* 55275662
OrangesProduction Quantity146519187600122600145500165500
OrangesYield291290Fc358015Fc221660Fc263253Fc292300Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested19801660166019082897
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity4794350050491304904052800
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield242136Fc301506Fc295964Fc257023Fc182258Fc
PapayasArea Harvested471Im500F 550F 470F 370F
PapayasProduction Quantity194190210180143
PapayasYield4118.9Fc3800Fc3818.18Fc3829.79Fc3864.86Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested22803870374048805720
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity6355268960890307165066920
Peaches and nectarinesYield278737Fc178191Fc238048Fc146824Fc116993Fc
PearsArea Harvested1800F 2100F 1800F 14631675
PearsProduction Quantity3181335590307702475525480
PearsYield176739Fc169476Fc170944Fc169207Fc152119Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested439Im361Im300Im375Im439Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity413Im300300300331
Peas, drySeed75.78Fc79.02Fc64.98Fc54Fc67.5Fc
Peas, dryYield9407.74Fc8310.25Fc10000Fc8000Fc7539.86Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested21603100356020802160
Peas, greenProduction Quantity1274712180910076008800
Peas, greenYield59013.9Fc39290.3Fc25561.8Fc36538.5Fc40740.7Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested2500F 3694Im3929Im4277Im4400F
PersimmonsProduction Quantity2460648000387004010035700
PersimmonsYield98424Fc129940Fc98498.4Fc93757.3Fc81136.4Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested71Im75Im80F 83Im85F
PineapplesProduction Quantity90894992511501150F
PineapplesYield127887Fc126533Fc115625Fc138554Fc135294Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested3000F 3100F 2200F 23343450
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity3392234640253902373025270
Plums and sloesYield113073Fc111742Fc115409Fc101671Fc73246.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1801016780169001711012740
PotatoesProduction Quantity548182593890599780440140417100
PotatoesSeed6000F 6000F 6000F 6000F 6000
PotatoesYield304376Fc353927Fc354899Fc257241Fc327394Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested167Im137Im114Im142Im167Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity235Im171Im137Im132Im159Im
Pulses, nesYield14071.9Fc12481.8Fc12017.5Fc9295.77Fc9520.96Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13887A 10207A 8256A 9829A 11785A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity41008A 29811A 23917A 23092A 27870A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1940.74A 2236.94A 1645.51A 1331.24A 1585.59A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield29529.8Fc29206.4Fc28969.2Fc23493.7Fc23648.7Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested273Im250F 760F 750F 720F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity1073710973332003390029800
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield393297Fc438920Fc436842Fc452000Fc413889Fc
QuincesArea Harvested16F 16F 10F 16F 16F
QuincesProduction Quantity1145995700980888Im
QuincesYield715625Fc621875Fc700000Fc612500Fc555000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested18780A 17420A 17550A 17640A 13170A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity575025A 616260A 622480A 458694A 432210A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed6000A 6000A 6000A 6000A 6000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield306190Fc353766Fc354689Fc260031Fc328178Fc
Safflower seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Safflower seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Safflower seedYield
Seed cottonArea Harvested1350012520144001289011710
Seed cottonProduction Quantity5570046900642004550048400
Seed cottonYield41259.3Fc37460.1Fc44583.3Fc35298.7Fc41332.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested39Im33Im34Im32Im25Im
Sesame seedProduction Quantity47Im35Im47Im39Im50F
Sesame seedSeed10F 10F 10F 10F 10F
Sesame seedYield12051.3Fc10606.1Fc13823.5Fc12187.5Fc20000Fc
SorghumArea Harvested4200F 5500F 5600F 4600F 3257Im
SorghumProduction Quantity2729034690367003000015150
SorghumSeed52.5Fc63Fc82.5Fc84Fc69Fc
SorghumYield64976.2Fc63072.7Fc65535.7Fc65217.4Fc46515.2Fc
SpinachArea Harvested74Im68Im69Im80F 70F
SpinachProduction Quantity19641870183018501915
SpinachYield265405Fc275000Fc265217Fc231250Fc273571Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea HarvestedF F F F F
Stone fruit, nesProduction QuantityF F F F F
Stone fruit, nesYield
StrawberriesArea Harvested590620570460440
StrawberriesProduction Quantity1778317280177601600016410
StrawberriesYield301407Fc278710Fc311579Fc347826Fc372955Fc
Sugar beetArea HarvestedF F F F F
Sugar beetProduction QuantityF F F F F
Sugar beetYield
Sunflower seedArea Harvested524065106740792010000*
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1650015700126001347012160
Sunflower seedSeed30F 30F 35F 40F 160F
Sunflower seedYield31488.5Fc24116.7Fc18694.4Fc17007.6Fc12160Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested770F 640F 650F 530F 430F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity2684322370227001855415110
Sweet potatoesYield348610Fc349531Fc349231Fc350075Fc351395Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5295* 5150* 4900* 4600* 4800*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity1226781331109284081560114500
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield231687Fc258466Fc189469Fc177304Fc238542Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield
TomatoesArea Harvested52705750582061304360
TomatoesProduction Quantity438752433225513770405570388280
TomatoesYield832546Fc753435Fc882766Fc661615Fc890550Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3104A 3005A 2878A 2143A 2521A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity10106A 9933A 4910A 5600A 10142A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield32558Fc33054.9Fc17060.5Fc26131.6Fc40230.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested2021016190175702133011550
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity176900166600* 156600* 149800* 151600*
Vegetables fresh nesYield87530.9Fc102903Fc89129.2Fc70229.7Fc131255Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested60847A 55734A 57056A 65854A 54513A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1555650A 1507510A 1781780A 1660360A 1661060A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield255665Fc270484Fc312287Fc252127Fc304708Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested60847A 55734A 57056A 65854A 54513A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1555650A 1507510A 1781780A 1660360A 1661060A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield255665Fc270484Fc312287Fc252127Fc304708Fc
VetchesArea Harvested
VetchesProduction Quantity
VetchesSeed
VetchesYield
WatermelonsArea Harvested1145012570107601485015530
WatermelonsProduction Quantity133838143338317200340800366000
WatermelonsYield116889Fc114032Fc294796Fc229495Fc235673Fc
WheatArea Harvested8490085600705107281083770
WheatProduction Quantity131200200800154300184300177275
WheatSeed16000F 16000F 15900F 15600F 16100
WheatYield15453.5Fc23457.9Fc21883.4Fc25312.5Fc21162.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea520.5Fm517.4Fm522.6Fm515.6Fm518.1Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea164.4Q 148.3Q 155.5Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea7.8Q 5.8Q 5.5Q 4.8Q
Arable landArea302Fm302.5Fm304.3Fm299.7Fm305.8Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea383.5Fm383.8Fm382.6Fm377Fm381.1Fm
Country areaArea2207Fm2207Q 2207Q 2207Q 2207Q
Fallow landArea90Fm90Fm90Fm90Fm90Fm
Forest areaArea153.8Fm154Q 154.2Fm154.4Fm154.6Fm
Inland waterArea43Fm43Fm43Fm43Fm43Fm
Land areaArea2164Fm2164Q 2164Q 2164Q 2164Q
Other landArea1489.7Fm1492.6Fm1487.2Fm1494Fm1491.3Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea
Permanent cropsArea81.5Fm81.3Q 78.3Q 77.3Q 75.3Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea137Fm133.6Q 140Q 138.6Fm137Fm
Temporary cropsArea212Fm212.5Q 214.3Q 209.7Q 215.8Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea225Fm225Fm225Fm225Fm225Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea508.8Fm514.5Fm513.5Fm551Fm563Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea174Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea4.1I
Arable landArea303Fm311Fm311Fm334Fm349Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea372.8Fm380.5Fm380.5Fm420Fm433Q
Country areaArea2207Q 2207Q 2207Q 2207Q 2207Q
Fallow landArea90Fm90Fm90Fm90Fm90Q
Forest areaArea154.8Fm155Q 154.6Fm154.2Fm153.8Fm
Inland waterArea43Fm43Fm43Fm43Fm43Fm
Land areaArea2164Q 2164Q 2164Q 2164Q 2164Q
Other landArea1500.4Fm1494.5Fm1495.9Fm1458.8Fm1447.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea130Q
Permanent cropsArea69.8Q 69.5Q 69.5Q 86Q 84Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea136Fm134Fm133Fm131Fm130Q
Temporary cropsArea213Q 221Q 221Q 244Q 259Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea225Fm225Fm225I 220Fm215Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data