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Datasheet

Israel

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Widespread Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Absent, no pest record Schneider et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Present Maixner et al., 1997; Daire et al., 1997a; Davis et al., 1997a; Daire et al., 1997b.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; Burdman et al., 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Restricted distribution Introduced YesTsror et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread Introduced YesBeer et al., 1986; Zutra et al., 1986; Manulis et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Eradicated Introduced
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Absent, formerly present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensis Present, few occurrences Introduced Crosson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Kenneth, 1975; Sherman et al., 1975; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Restricted distribution IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAsterina burtoni Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Punithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Absent, unreliable record NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004; Ezra et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced YesMendel et al., 1983; Solel et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Madar et al., 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present NoBinyamini, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Wahl et al., 1966; Manisterski, 1979; Manisterski, 1987.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma boholense Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaCeratonereis mirabilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced Galil, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegans Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides heterocerus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides homocerus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides minax Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides operculatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLeonnates decipiens Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLeonnates indicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLeonnates persicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudonereis anomala Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirobranchus kraussii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcar plicata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia centrura Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Widespread Harpaz, 1955; Avidov and Harpaz, 1969; Berlinger et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present Argov, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnagyrus sawadai Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Ebeling, 1959; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present Wysoki, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesSwirski et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatis roseus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtys cylindricus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Present, few occurrences Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus reticulatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBambusaspis bambusae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Bedford et al., 1994a; Brown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Horoxitz et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Velthuis, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuchananiella continua Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present Wysoki, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Present Introduced Steinitz, 1929.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced Karplus et al., 1995; Karplus et al., 1998; FAO-DIAS, 2011; Snovsky and Galil, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Broza and Sneh, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina americana (rosemary beetle) Present Friedman, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Widespread CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesMendel and Golan, 1983; Halperin et al., 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClorida albolitura Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidoxenoides perminutus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Norrbom et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Absent, formerly present Native NoGophen, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Introduced NoGerstmeier et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present CABI, 1991; Hopper et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElasmopus pectenicrus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularis Present Rittner and Nir, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced YesHalperin, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Gerson, 2016; Ben-Dov, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Widespread Introduced YesArgaman et al., 1989; Nakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Spodek et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Halperin, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Avidov and Harpaz, 1969; CIE, 1976; Wysoki, 1977; Argyriou, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterosaccus dollfusi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Widespread Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIxa monodi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLamyctes coeculus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Introduced AntWiki, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmani Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Widespread Introduced Weintraub and Horowitz, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Widespread Deeming, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present Friedman, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced Parnes et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present Ishaaya et al., 1983; Anshelevich et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyctus parallelocollis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Spodek et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced NoNew, 2000a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoRaccah et al., 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetaphycus anneckei Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonelliopsis caryae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonoksa dorsiplana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present Bar-Zakay et al., 1987; Ben-Dov, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOdontofroggatia galili Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Widespread Native YesMendel and Halperin, 1982; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native NoHolthuis and Gottlies, 1958; d'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalmiothrips palmae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Mendel et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Ben-Dov et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus hathor Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Present Native NoHalperin, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Friedman et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhotis lamellifera Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Benyamini, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesMendel et al., 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Blumberg et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Widespread Introduced YesLai et al., 2010; Fox, 1924; Galil, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present Gentry, 1965; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Absent, intercepted only IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudectroma signatum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Ben-Dov, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Absent, formerly present Kane et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Present Native NoKlein and Seitz, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present, few occurrences Kehat, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Carmi and Pater, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Bink-Moenen and Gerling, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolieria dura Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Widespread CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita poissonii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Novoselsky and Freidberg, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Restricted distribution Wysoki, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Restricted distribution Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth) Present Halperin and Sauter, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThripobius javae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Halperin, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Introduced YesMound and Halsey, 1978; Martin, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Kajita, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced Calderon and Donahaye, 1964; Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present Seplyarsky et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoIshay et al., 1986; Dubatolov, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylotrechus stebbingi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbudefduf vaigiensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Localised Introduced Banks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Jennings, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAtherinomorus lacunosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Absent, formerly present NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Localised Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Absent, formerly present IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesRyall, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCrenidens crenidens Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Golani and Mires, 2000; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoglossus sinusarabici Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyrtopodion scabrum (rough-tailed gecko) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDussumieria elopsoides (slender rainbow sardine) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus far Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys punctatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHippocampus fuscus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Introduced Shacham and Nemtzov, 2008; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus suezensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised Native NoHoffman and Smith, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMurex forskoehlii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Introduced DIAS, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOmobranchus punctatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Native NoTrewavas, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Native FAO, 1997; Pullin et al., 1997; Golani and Mires, 2000; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPagrus aurata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPapilloculiceps longiceps (tentacled flathead) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParexocoetus mento (African sailfin flyingfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPempheris vanicolensis (Vanikoro sweeper) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPlotosus lineatus (striped eel catfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia velifera Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Introduced YesHatzofe and Yom-Tov, 2002; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPteragogus pelycus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois miles (lionfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoPaperna, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesKraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhabdosargus haffara Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhynchoconger trewavasae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSargocentron rubrum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia) Present Native Johnson, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSaurida undosquamis (brushtooth lizardfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAquaculture Magazine, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilhouettea aegyptia Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSorsogona prionota Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSphyraena flavicauda Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSpratelloides delicatulus (blue sprat) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTetrosomus gibbosus (Humpback turretfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid) Present Introduced Bartley, 2006; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Native NoPullin, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTorquigener flavimaculosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrionyx triunguis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus pori Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Widespread Introduced YesGoren and Galil, 2005; Roll et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish) Widespread Introduced YesGalil et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis macrolepidota Present
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis savignyi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAmphioctopus aegina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara natalensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAngiola punctostriata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAngulus flacca Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula perfragilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Barash and Danin, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBarbatia trapezina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonis Widespread Introduced Haas, 1937; Rilov et al., 2002; Rilov et al., 2004; Galil, 2006; Galil, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCaloria indica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCellana rota Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis pulvis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis tenthrenois Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium columna Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium egenum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium nesioticum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama asperella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama brassica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacifica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChelidonura fulvipunctata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida fischeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida maiae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida pirintella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaClypeomorus bifasciatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced YesRoll et al., 2008; Taylor, 1914.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Shpigel et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced Mienis et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora funiculata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiodora ruppellii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiscodoris lilacina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEngina mendicaria (striped engin) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErgalatax contracta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErosaria turdus (thrush cowrie) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFinella pupoides Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFlabellina rubrolineata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFusinus verrucosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGafrarium pectinatum (ribbed venus) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGibborissoa virgata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaliotis pustulata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHyotissa hyotis (giant coxcomb oyster) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHypselodoris infucata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais lacera Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIsognomon ephippium Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLaternula anatina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLeiosolenus hanleyanus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Absent, formerly present Introduced Dautzenberg, 1894.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMactra lilacea Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMactra olorina Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Roll et al., 2009; Milstein et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Livshits and Fishelson, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMetaxia bacillum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaModiolus auriculatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMonotygma lauta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Localised Introduced Galil and Bogi, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOctopus cyanea Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOscilla jocosa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPalmadusta lentiginosa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Introduced YesEdelman-Furstenberg, 2008; Barash and Danin, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanostrea pestigris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPleurobranchus forskalii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlicatula plicata (kitten's paws) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlocamopherus ocellatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPseudominolia nedyma Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Present Introduced Mienis, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRhinoclavis kochi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina bertholleti Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina spirata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Introduced YesShpigel and Spencer, 1996; Shpigel and Fridman, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSepia pharaonis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSepioteuthis lessoniana (bigfin reef squid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSeptifer bilocularis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSphenia rueppelli Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSpondylus groschi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSpondylus nicobaricus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSpondylus spinosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStrombus persicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Taylor, 1906-1914; Heller and Tchernov, 1978; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1983; Cowie, 1984b; Baker, 1986; Johnson, 1988; Cowie, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheora lubrica (Asian semele) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTimoclea marica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVexillum depexum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVoorwindia tiberiana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra savignyi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra selasphora Present
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Widespread Nevo, 1972; Siti, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Strich-Harari et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present, few occurrences Cohn et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Minz, 1956; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Tarjan, 1953; Orion et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Tarjan, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Aaronsohn, 1914; Cohn, 1965a; Cohn, 1965b; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Cohn, 1975; Luc and Cohn, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Paperna, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa mexicana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa scalpelliformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium taylorii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Widespread Native NoLipkin and Silva, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesGordon and Colorni, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present, few occurrences YesEPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Einav, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaSarconema filiforme Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Absent, formerly present Wood, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Localised Introduced Danin and Scholz, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Present Native NoILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native GBIF, 2008; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Danin, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Danin, 2015; Iamonico, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Zohary, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Hiepko, 1988; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntirrhinum siculum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoGreuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Galil and Zeroni, 1965; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Philosoph-Hadas et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex holocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex muelleri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena clauda Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena eriantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didyma Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachiaria texana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoDanin, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Cooper and Moerkerk, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Post , 1933; Zohary and Feinbrun-Dothan , 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Post , 1933; Cooper and Moerkerk , 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Native Post, 1933.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Weinstein and Karschon, 1981; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoKostivkovsky and Young, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanarium mutabile Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced Weinstein, 1983; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced Weinstein, 1993; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Feinbrun-Dothan, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea eriophora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present Native NoTadmor et al., 1974; Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978; Rubin and Benjamin, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesTurner et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Waisel, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium missouriense Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris pycnothrix Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Wilson, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula anthemoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacintha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphitica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced Zohary, 1962; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present ICRAF, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced NoMito and Uesugi, 2004; Fufour-Dror, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Unconfirmed record Argaman, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native NoFeinburn, 1986; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fusca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis viminea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGreuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present, few occurrences YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEinadia nutans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present NoHagiladi et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present Yinon et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Restricted distribution Native Zohary, 1966; Holm et al., 1979; Greuter et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEnarthrocarpus lyratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEnchylaena tomentosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis barrelieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis echinochloidea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis palmeri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis prolifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis sarmentosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced Weinstein, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesyce Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lasiocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Galil and Eisikowitch, 1968; Starr et al., 2003; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalenia secunda Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila viscosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindrica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle verticillata Present EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Joel and Liston, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Iasur-Kruh et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKochia indica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia iberica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present, few occurrences Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution Native YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dawson, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Horowitz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus hispanicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMantisalca salmantica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetala Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago italica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced Dafni and Heller , 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Barazani et al., 2004; Ollerton et al., 2012; DAISIE, 2013; ISSG, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort) Present Native University of Reading, 2006; Flora of Israel, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera drummondii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rosea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galli Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis alopecuroides (foxtail restharrow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrix Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Unconfirmed record Nerd Mizrahi, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Lati et al., 2013; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Localised Native Parker and Riches, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced YesEizenberg et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesDanin, 2013; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Flora of Israel online, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced Post and Dinsmore, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Introduced YesJoel and Liston, 1986; Navie et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallis grass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora morifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Native Valdes and Scholz, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present Friedman, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus rotundifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Native Schiller, 1972; Golan et al., 1983; Madar et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Cooper, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread GRIN, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native Danin, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Novoplansky, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesPasiecznik et al., 2001; Dufour-Dror and Shmida, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicarius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola soda (oppositeleaf Russian thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort) Present Native NoZaidenberg and Dan, 1981; Hakham and Ritte, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Native NoValdes and Scholz, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenefeldia gracilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Post, 1933; Yaacoby et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Introduced YesJoel and Liston, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Castri et al., 1990; Dufour-Dror, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesuvium portulacastrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotoma Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present YesBuxbaum et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesBoyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Kirpichnikov, 1964; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Govaerts, 2014; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys cretica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSternbergia lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa papposa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Restricted distribution Introduced NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Ingber, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium polium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Gerling and Kugler, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium argutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella arabica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella hierosolymitana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella maritima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella stellata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Shy et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Euro+Med, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoGreuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Widespread Dafni and Heller, 1982; Euro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybrida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parviflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Euro+Med, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Eradicated Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean) Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBensch et al., 2000; Beadell et al., 2006; Martinsen et al., 2006; Marzal et al., 2011.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Perelman et al., 1988.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present von and Wechmar Gera, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; Wisler et al., 1998.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; Martelli, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
Virusequid herpesvirus 1 Present
Virusequine arteritis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Rubinson et al., 1997; Alkowni et al., 1998; Galiakparov et al., 2003.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Introduced Kritzman et al., 2001; Gera et al., 1998a; Gera et al., 2000; Kritzman et al., 2000; Gera et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Antignus, 1987; Salomon et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Cohen and Ben-Josef, 1989.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Native Czosnek et al., 1988; Anfoka et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Actinobacillus suis infections Present Elad et al., 1991.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Akabane virus infection Present Anon., 1999a; Brenner et al., 2004a; Stram et al., 2004a; Brenner et al., 2004b; Zentis et al., 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Shkap et al., 1990; Pipano, 1991; Shkap et al., 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Meroz et al., 1977; Abdul-Aziz and Al-Attar, 1991.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Weisman et al., 1987; Meir et al., 1997.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Perelman et al., 1988.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Yeruham et al., 1989; Nierlich, 1990; Pipano, 1991; Yeruham et al., 1992; Yeruham et al., 1995.
blackleg CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; Dafni, 1966; Braverman and Galun, 1973; Shimshony et al., 1988; Hassan, 1992a; OIE, 2003.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported Singer, 1977; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Paperna, 1996.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Yeruham et al., 2010.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine papillomatosis Present Nobel and Neumann, 1960.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Abraham et al., 1985.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Avraham et al., 1994.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Yinnon et al., 1993.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009; Dafni and Hoyda, 1989.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Reported present or known to be present Steinman et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Malkinson et al., 1990.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cowpox Present Yeruham et al., 1996.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Dagan et al., 1991; Fraser et al., 1997; Zuckerman et al., 1997; Paperna, 2001.
cyprinid herpesvirus 1 infection Present Fijan, 1999.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Derzsy's disease Present Samberg et al., 1972.
Digenean infections of fish Present Paperna, 1964a; Paperna, 1964b; Taraschewski and Paperna, 1981; Finkelman, 1988; Paperna, 1996.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1999.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Sechter and et al. , 1983.
enzootic abortion of ewes Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epitheliocystis Present Paperna et al., 1978; Paperna and Sabnai, 1980; Paperna et al., 1981; Paperna and Alves, 1984.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Present OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Kornitzer and Tamarin, 1979; Sechter et al., 1983; Wolk et al., 1992; Brenner et al., 1993.
European foulbrood Present OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004b; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004b.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Grinberg et al., 1993a; Grinberg et al., 1993b; Grinberg et al., 1994.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Present OIE, 2009; Hedrick et al., 2000; Perelberg et al., 2003.
leishmaniosis Localised Baneth et al., 1998; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Yeruham et al., 1994; Yeruham et al., 1995.
lyme borreliosis Present Berger et al., 1993.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Yeruham et al., 1999.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoDiamant et al., 2000; Ucko et al., 2002.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000.
Mycoplasma iowae infections Present Levisohn et al., 1992.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Bar-Moshe and Rappoport, 1981.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Harmelin et al., 1995.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Mushin, 1979.
peste des petits ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2003.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBensch et al., 2000; Beadell et al., 2006; Martinsen et al., 2006; Marzal et al., 2011.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Brenner et al., 1996.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Providencia rettgeri infection Present Bejarano and et al. , 1979.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Reported present or known to be present Nobel, 1958; Nobel et al., 1969; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Reported present or known to be present Native Bishara et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
reticuloendotheliosis Present Alphandary et al., 1997.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Bendheim and Even-Shoshan, 1975; Bendheim et al., 1978.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Brenner et al., 1995.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Rapoport et al., 1994; Nakaya et al., 1995; Asai et al., 1996; Shyam et al., 1996; Takeuchi et al., 1998; Chaffer et al., 1999.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
streptococcosis in fish caused by Streptococcus iniae Present YesZlotkin et al., 1998.
surra Present OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Shimanter et al., 1987.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Pipano, 1976; Pipano, 1989a; Pipano, 1989b; OIE, 1998.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
tick-borne fever Present Waner et al., 1999.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; Perelman et al., 1988; Bendheim and Samberg, 1990.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vibriosis in fish Present Toranzo and Barja , 1990.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Present OIE, 2009; Marberg et al., 1956.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Xenohaliotis californiensis infection Present, few occurrences Introduced Crosson et al., 2014.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 2500 F 2000 F 3400 F 1800 F 2000 F
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 6667 5500 11762 6276 6478
Almonds, with shell Yield 26668 Fc 27500 Fc 34594.1 Fc 34866.7 Fc 32390 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 2920 2910 2980 3050 3200 F
Apples Production Quantity 119231 131474 114650 97425 101226
Apples Yield 408325 Fc 451801 Fc 384732 Fc 319426 Fc 316331 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 780 F 772 770 F 1100 F 1500 F
Apricots Production Quantity 7959 8338 7721 10002 12037
Apricots Yield 102038 Fc 108005 Fc 100273 Fc 90927.3 Fc 80246.7 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 300 F 330 F 380 F 400 F 650 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 2419 2637.69 3170 3229 5253
Artichokes Yield 80633.3 Fc 79930 Fc 83421.1 Fc 80725 Fc 80815.4 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 23 F 22 F 20 F 22 F 30 Im
Asparagus Production Quantity 88 91 83 88 116
Asparagus Yield 38260.9 Fc 41363.6 Fc 41500 Fc 40000 Fc 38666.7 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 6780 6565 6480 6270 5100 F
Avocados Production Quantity 75287 69545 84968.1 53130 85913
Avocados Yield 111043 Fc 105933 Fc 131124 Fc 84736.8 Fc 168457 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 2000 F 2260 2000 F 2000 F 2659 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 101286 112698 93510 85186 130814
Bananas Yield 506430 Fc 498664 Fc 467550 Fc 425930 Fc 491967 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 5260 5300 6360 6360 7600 F
Barley Production Quantity 4979 4387 5135 5500 8550
Barley Seed 850 F 850 F 850 F 833 * 2000 F
Barley Yield 9465.78 Fc 8277.36 Fc 8073.9 Fc 8647.8 Fc 11250 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 800 F 700 Im 650 F 700 F 790 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 11504 7507.03 8969 8866 9629
Beans, green Yield 143800 Fc 107243 Fc 137985 Fc 126657 Fc 121886 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 538 Im 499 Im 516 Im 517 Im 548 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1629 Im 1776 Im 1824 Im 1683 Im 1919 Im
Berries Nes Yield 30278.8 Fc 35591.2 Fc 35348.8 Fc 32553.2 Fc 35018.3 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 3692 Im 3609 Im 3700 F 3600 F 5800 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 15687 Im 16835.1 18429 17962 29355
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 590.72 Fc 590.72 Fc 577.44 Fc 592 Fc 576 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 42489.2 Fc 46647.6 Fc 49808.1 Fc 49894.4 Fc 50612.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1818 Im 2049 Im 2000 F 2060 2000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 57731 52371 56770 51149 58586
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 317552 Fc 255593 Fc 283850 Fc 248296 Fc 292930 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 1347 F 1347 Im 1358 Im 1500 F 1500 F
Carobs Production Quantity 210 F 210 F 210 Im 200 F 180 F
Carobs Yield 1559.02 Fc 1559.02 Fc 1546.39 Fc 1333.33 Fc 1200 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 4500 F 3800 F 3400 F 3170 2500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 289335 234261 233101 211356 153713
Carrots and turnips Yield 642967 Fc 616476 Fc 685591 Fc 666738 Fc 614852 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1700 F 1592 Im 1600 F 1590 1400 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 24992 21374.3 20493.9 20300 23751
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 147012 Fc 134261 Fc 128087 Fc 127673 Fc 169650 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 75650 A 79711 A 80788 A 81370 A 103105 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 257715 A 241063 A 257031 A 198781 A 283518 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 12985.3 A 12985.3 A 12991.9 A 12971.3 A 18130.5 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 34066.8 Fc 30242.1 Fc 31815.5 Fc 24429.3 Fc 27498 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 75650 A 79711 A 80788 A 81370 A 103105 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 257715 A 241063 A 257031 A 198781 A 283518 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 12985.3 A 12985.3 A 12991.9 A 12971.3 A 18130.5 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 34066.8 Fc 30242.1 Fc 31815.5 Fc 24429.3 Fc 27498 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 400 F 407 350 F 350 F 300 F
Cherries Production Quantity 2587 1294 2484 2500 2218
Cherries Yield 64675 Fc 31793.6 Fc 70971.4 Fc 71428.6 Fc 73933.3 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 4470 4370 4480 5250 5600 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 15640 16785 18379 10800 12220
Chick peas Seed 737.55 Fc 737.55 Fc 721.05 Fc 739.2 Fc 866.25 Fc
Chick peas Yield 34988.8 Fc 38409.6 Fc 41024.6 Fc 20571.4 Fc 21821.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 5500 F 5000 F 4800 F 4280 4000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 226075 203982 202300 177900 178600
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 411045 Fc 407964 Fc 421458 Fc 415654 Fc 446500 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 837 750 749 726 650 *
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 9148 7009.88 13974 12763 12865
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 109295 Fc 93465.1 Fc 186569 Fc 175799 Fc 197923 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16197 A 16890 A 17039 A 17256 A 18585 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 474665 A 563532 A 592118 A 537262 A 647974 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 293057 Fc 333649 Fc 347507 Fc 311348 Fc 348654 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15030 A 15551 A 16388 A 15270 A 17205 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 135691 A 128739 A 124068 A 123047 A 124597 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 985.29 A 985.29 A 991.9 A 971.3 A 2130.5 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 90280.1 Fc 82785 Fc 75706.6 Fc 80580.9 Fc 72419.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 16500 F 7100 * 7100 8900 18500
Cottonseed Production Quantity 27000 * 11000 * 11700 * 14000 * 29000 *
Cottonseed Seed 792 F 792 * 343 * 346 * 455 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1091 Im 1200 F 1300 F 1260 1200 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 105433 115824 117309 107690 132865
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 966389 Fc 965200 Fc 902377 Fc 854683 Fc 1107210 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 5500 5000 3800 F 3700 F 3695 Im
Dates Production Quantity 37008 30618 23231 18078 17377
Dates Yield 67287.3 Fc 61236 Fc 61134.2 Fc 48859.5 Fc 47028.4 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 650 F 640 F 660 F 530 F 650 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 46105 45340.4 46448 37205 44954
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 709308 Fc 708444 Fc 703758 Fc 701981 Fc 691600 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 8630 A 3900 A 3930 A 5170 A 11000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 16500 A 7100 A 7100 A 8900 A 18500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 19119.3 Fc 18205.1 Fc 18066.2 Fc 17214.7 Fc 16818.2 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 750 F 700 F 730 F 360 F 300 F
Figs Production Quantity 5165 4307 4441 2172 1794
Figs Yield 68866.7 Fc 61528.6 Fc 60835.6 Fc 60333.3 Fc 59800 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 61749 A 59116 A 60018 A 59738 A 61054 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1178240 A 1284550 A 1319250 A 1217200 A 1387700 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 190811 Fc 217292 Fc 219810 Fc 203756 Fc 227290 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3200 F 2805 Im 2900 F 2000 F 2000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 72843 64215 71292 42900 41000
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 227634 Fc 228930 Fc 245834 Fc 214500 Fc 205000 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 2063 Im 1912 Im 1976 Im 1979 Im 2097 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 182 Im 198 Im 203 Im 187 Im 213 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 882.21 Fc 1035.56 Fc 1027.33 Fc 944.92 Fc 1015.74 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 900 F 800 F 1000 F 900 F 1150 F
Garlic Production Quantity 7215 5820 7414 8101 10066
Garlic Yield 80166.7 Fc 72750 Fc 74140 Fc 90011.1 Fc 87530.4 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 3580 3800 4180 4310 5340 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 183682 204408 249414 241082 261037
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 513078 Fc 537916 Fc 596684 Fc 559355 Fc 488833 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 7890 5720 5820 5820 5700 F
Grapes Production Quantity 89476 95075.4 91181 96937 112851
Grapes Yield 113404 Fc 166216 Fc 156668 Fc 166558 Fc 197984 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1790 2810 2880 3000 3000 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 12930 15860.8 16123 16737 25646
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 400 F 400 F 400 F 375 F 400 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 72234.6 Fc 56444.1 Fc 55982.6 Fc 55790 Fc 85486.7 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 416 Im 386 Im 399 Im 400 F 360 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 4079 3996 4099 4241 3703
Kiwi fruit Yield 98052.9 Fc 103523 Fc 102732 Fc 106025 Fc 102861 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 27 Im 30 F 33 Im 37 Im 30 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 311 Im 296 Im 303 Im 284 Im 297 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 115185 Fc 98666.7 Fc 91818.2 Fc 76756.8 Fc 99000 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1740 1640 1670 1760 1735 *
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 60721 65078.5 62617 36285 40937
Lemons and limes Yield 348971 Fc 396820 Fc 374952 Fc 206165 Fc 235948 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 112 Im 105 Im 82 Im 103 Im 108 Im
Lentils Production Quantity 33 Im 35 Im 38 Im 30 30
Lentils Seed 13.44 Fc 13.44 Fc 12.6 Fc 9.84 Fc 12.36 Fc
Lentils Yield 2946.43 Fc 3333.33 Fc 4634.15 Fc 2912.62 Fc 2777.78 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1182 Im 1300 F 1600 F 1200 F 1272 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 32184 28664.7 36280 26885 36604
Lettuce and chicory Yield 272284 Fc 220498 Fc 226750 Fc 224042 Fc 287767 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2850 2960 3220 5360 5000 F
Maize Production Quantity 96375 86537 81097 99287 92981
Maize Seed 42.75 Fc 42.75 Fc 44.4 Fc 48.3 Fc 90 F
Maize Yield 338158 Fc 292355 Fc 251854 Fc 185237 Fc 185962 Fc
Maize, green Production Quantity 13631 Im 12981 Im 13277 Im 12065 Im 13000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1460 1437 1410 1420 1200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 34396 29500 33624 40404 37827
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 235589 Fc 205289 Fc 238468 Fc 284535 Fc 315225 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 10001 9500 9500 9500 9500
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1065 Im 1300 F 1400 F 1300 F 352 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2642 2592 2600 2600 680
Nuts, nes Yield 24807.5 Fc 19938.5 Fc 18571.4 Fc 20000 Fc 19318.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 751 Im 791 Im 808 Im 850 Im 1105 Im
Oats Production Quantity 337 Im 315 Im 336 Im 260 Im 371 Im
Oats Yield 4487.35 Fc 3982.3 Fc 4158.42 Fc 3058.82 Fc 3357.47 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 15571 A 13077 A 13519 A 14797 A 21813 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 26870 A 20480.5 A 22121.5 A 22991.9 A 33527.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 570.42 A 570.42 A 341.43 A 333.46 A 398.55 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 17256.5 Fc 15661.5 Fc 16363.3 Fc 15538.2 Fc 15370.5 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 46008 A 37077 A 32519 A 34797 A 37813 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 29196.5 A 29828.6 A 21622.2 A 25626.9 A 25880.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 259.22 A 259.22 A 187.38 A 180.36 A 205.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6345.97 Fc 8045.04 Fc 6649.08 Fc 7364.68 Fc 6844.33 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 3346 Im 3437 Im 3204 Im 3135 Im 2796 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 2969 Im 2567 Im 2435 Im 2859 Im 3523 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 8873.28 Fc 7468.72 Fc 7599.88 Fc 9119.62 Fc 12600.1 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 30437 Im 24000 F 19000 F 20000 F 16000 F
Olives Production Quantity 66000 73500 30500 48750 29500
Olives Yield 21684.1 Fc 30625 Fc 16052.6 Fc 24375 Fc 18437.5 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 210 Im 201 Im 221 Im 290 Im 251 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 10704 Im 10193 Im 10425 Im 9760 Im 10207 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 509714 Fc 507114 Fc 471719 Fc 336552 Fc 406653 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3200 F 3100 F 3000 F 2680 3000 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 91770 83348.1 75334 80872 90687
Onions, dry Yield 286781 Fc 268865 Fc 251113 Fc 301761 Fc 302290 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 4540 4700 5140 5120 5540 *
Oranges Production Quantity 90525 134829 136124 118104 190408
Oranges Yield 199394 Fc 286870 Fc 264833 Fc 230672 Fc 343697 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1600 F 1388 Im 1500 F 1750 1500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 41538 41469 39284.9 41067 42853
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 259613 Fc 298768 Fc 261899 Fc 234669 Fc 285687 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 150 F 660 F 650 F 560 F 544 Im
Papayas Production Quantity 55 255 253 223 200
Papayas Yield 3666.67 Fc 3863.64 Fc 3892.31 Fc 3982.14 Fc 3676.47 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2070 2070 2160 2160 2300 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 54216 65763 80092 96502 65318
Peaches and nectarines Yield 261913 Fc 317696 Fc 370796 Fc 446769 Fc 283991 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1500 F 1499 1700 F 1750 F 1900 F
Pears Production Quantity 26331 30935 29133 30046 32637
Pears Yield 175540 Fc 206371 Fc 171371 Fc 171691 Fc 171774 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 374 Im 495 Im 450 Im 433 Im 421 Im
Peas, dry Production Quantity 321 Im 345 Im 378 Im 295 Im 426 Im
Peas, dry Seed 67.32 Fc 67.32 Fc 89.1 Fc 81 Fc 77.94 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 8582.89 Fc 6969.7 Fc 8400 Fc 6812.93 Fc 10118.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 2810 3090 2080 2490 3000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 11086 10347.2 8700 10800 12200
Peas, green Yield 39452 Fc 33486.1 Fc 41826.9 Fc 43373.5 Fc 40666.7 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 3236 Im 3000 F 3800 F 4500 F 3800 F
Persimmons Production Quantity 29271 28201 32291 45350 37347
Persimmons Yield 90454.3 Fc 94003.3 Fc 84976.3 Fc 100778 Fc 98281.6 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 15 F 10 F 70 F 60 F 50 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 162 117 763 698 552
Pineapples Yield 108000 Fc 117000 Fc 109000 Fc 116333 Fc 110400 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1900 F 1675 2500 F 2450 F 3100 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 21321 19784 26993 25028 34073
Plums and sloes Yield 112216 Fc 118113 Fc 107972 Fc 102155 Fc 109913 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 22940 Im 18500 F 19000 F 17280 17000 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 621106 548650 608832 557917 618803
Potatoes Seed 10600 F 10600 F 10600 F 10560 F 9600 F
Potatoes Yield 270752 Fc 296568 Fc 320438 Fc 322869 Fc 364002 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 162 Im 164 Im 154 Im 193 Im 171 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 182 Im 195 Im 214 Im 167 Im 242 Im
Pulses, nes Yield 11234.6 Fc 11890.2 Fc 13896.1 Fc 8652.85 Fc 14152 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8810 A 8743 A 8866 A 9579 A 12100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 31863 A 34195.1 A 37438 A 29254 A 42273 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1409.03 A 1409.03 A 1400.19 A 1422.04 A 1532.55 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 36166.9 Fc 39111.4 Fc 42226.5 Fc 30539.7 Fc 34936.4 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 350 F 300 F 280 F 272 Im 282 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 13078 11441 11369 10409 10386
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 373657 Fc 381367 Fc 406036 Fc 382684 Fc 368298 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 11 Im 12 Im 10 F 16 F 16 F
Quinces Production Quantity 584 584 582 1160 995
Quinces Yield 530909 Fc 486667 Fc 582000 Fc 725000 Fc 621875 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23560 A 19100 A 19920 A 18550 A 17910 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 641316 A 568739 A 641069 A 602486 A 650669 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 10600 A 10600 A 10600 A 10560 A 9600 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 272205 Fc 297769 Fc 321822 Fc 324790 Fc 363299 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Safflower seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Safflower seed Yield
Seed cotton Area Harvested 8630 3900 3930 5170 11000 *
Seed cotton Production Quantity 42300 18120 18200 22600 47400
Seed cotton Yield 49015.1 Fc 46461.5 Fc 46310.4 Fc 43713.7 Fc 43090.9 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 25 Im 20 F 35 Im 22 Im 17 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 49 Im 45 F 25 Im 42 Im 32 Im
Sesame seed Seed 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F
Sesame seed Yield 19600 Fc 22500 Fc 7142.86 Fc 19090.9 Fc 18823.5 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 6169 Im 6500 F 6000 F 2700 F 3500 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 34000 37500 37500 18000 22695
Sorghum Seed 92.54 Fc 92.54 Fc 97.5 Fc 90 Fc 40.5 Fc
Sorghum Yield 55114.3 Fc 57692.3 Fc 62500 Fc 66666.7 Fc 64842.9 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 5 Im 6 F 15 F 18 F 86 Im
Spinach Production Quantity 144 135 418 472 1971
Spinach Yield 288000 Fc 225000 Fc 278667 Fc 262222 Fc 229186 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested F F F F F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity F F F F F
Stone fruit, nes Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 626 Im 580 Im 600 F 520 600 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 20298 Im 22130.1 23591 25885 19528
Strawberries Yield 324249 Fc 381553 Fc 393183 Fc 497788 Fc 325467 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested F F F F F
Sugar beet Production Quantity F F F F F
Sugar beet Yield
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 1780 2910 3470 3470 5000 F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 13575 15490 18200 16500 14600
Sunflower seed Seed 20 F 20 F 20 F 20 F 20 F
Sunflower seed Yield 76264 Fc 53230.2 Fc 52449.6 Fc 47550.4 Fc 29200 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 620 F 600 F 920 F 1270 F 910 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 20210 20088.8 32237 44569 31866
Sweet potatoes Yield 325968 Fc 334813 Fc 350402 Fc 350937 Fc 350176 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5500 F 6000 F 5300 F 5340 * 5320 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 130589 152207 129989 129028 142727
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 237435 Fc 253678 Fc 245262 Fc 241625 Fc 268284 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 5002 Im 5500 F 5600 F 5530 5300 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 410965 446592 454761 418990 434297
Tomatoes Yield 821601 Fc 811985 Fc 812073 Fc 757667 Fc 819428 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3565 A 3300 A 4800 A 3100 A 2352 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9309 A 8092 A 14362 A 8876 A 7158 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 26112.2 Fc 24521.2 Fc 29920.8 Fc 28632.3 Fc 30433.7 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 20000 F 18000 F 20000 F 23140 20000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 156607 132673 153324 163700 178600
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 78303.5 Fc 73707.2 Fc 76662 Fc 70743.3 Fc 89300 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60168 A 58048 A 60139 A 61219 A 60091 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1663540 A 1584180 A 1620280 A 1516580 A 1586500 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 276482 Fc 272908 Fc 269422 Fc 247730 Fc 264016 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 60168 A 58048 A 60139 A 61219 A 60091 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1663540 A 1584180 A 1620280 A 1516580 A 1586500 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 276482 Fc 272908 Fc 269422 Fc 247730 Fc 264016 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested
Vetches Production Quantity
Vetches Seed
Vetches Yield
Watermelons Area Harvested 8500 F 9000 F 10000 F 8900 11000 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 100621 107327 111243 105892 128365
Watermelons Yield 118378 Fc 119252 Fc 111243 Fc 118980 Fc 116695 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 60620 64160 64400 66100 85900
Wheat Production Quantity 122024 112324 132963 75734 158921
Wheat Seed 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F 16000 F
Wheat Yield 20129.3 Fc 17506.9 Fc 20646.4 Fc 11457.5 Fc 18500.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 2700 * 2612 Im 2500 F 1743 1961
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 9426 9233 4210 4900 9142
Almonds, with shell Yield 34911.1 Fc 35348.4 Fc 16840 Fc 28112.5 Fc 46619.1 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 3970 4430 4480 4970 5520
Apples Production Quantity 121644 140337 150070 118600 126530
Apples Yield 306408 Fc 316788 Fc 334978 Fc 238632 Fc 229221 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 1600 F 2162 Im 2300 F 2334 1392
Apricots Production Quantity 12954 16680 13390 8540 14450
Apricots Yield 80962.5 Fc 77150.8 Fc 58217.4 Fc 36589.6 Fc 103807 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 722 Im 661 Im 670 F 649 594
Artichokes Production Quantity 5673 5050 5640 4880 4700
Artichokes Yield 78573.4 Fc 76399.4 Fc 84179.1 Fc 75192.6 Fc 79124.6 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 31 Im 34 Im 31 Im 33 Im 27 Im
Asparagus Production Quantity 115 120 125 105 90 F
Asparagus Yield 37096.8 Fc 35294.1 Fc 40322.6 Fc 31818.2 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 4970 4810 5100 5750 5710
Avocados Production Quantity 84909 85640 73160 59470 94230
Avocados Yield 170843 Fc 178046 Fc 143451 Fc 103426 Fc 165026 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 2303 Im 2444 Im 2600 F 2586 2360
Bananas Production Quantity 122028 117791 129200 94000 96400
Bananas Yield 529865 Fc 481960 Fc 496923 Fc 363496 Fc 408475 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 7610 7380 7380 7790 8360
Barley Production Quantity 8625 12100 10700 13800 12900
Barley Seed 2000 F 2000 F 52000 F 27000 F 22000 F
Barley Yield 11333.8 Fc 16395.7 Fc 14498.6 Fc 17715 Fc 15430.6 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 700 F 839 Im 850 F 782 678
Beans, green Production Quantity 8880 9030 8450 8140 9400
Beans, green Yield 126857 Fc 107628 Fc 99411.8 Fc 104092 Fc 138643 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 475 Im 504 Im 536 Im 600 F 600 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1829 Im 2020 Im 1802 Im 1800 F 1800 F
Berries Nes Yield 38505.3 Fc 40079.4 Fc 33619.4 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 5600 F 3400 F 2600 F 2760 F 3500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 28000 17000 13000 13800 17600
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 928 Fc 896 Fc 544 Fc 416 Fc 441.6 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50285.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2080 1550 1950 2150 2150
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 60405 58560 59770 58530 64720
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 290409 Fc 377806 Fc 306513 Fc 272233 Fc 301023 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 1500 F 1500 F 1500 F 1500 F 1500 F
Carobs Production Quantity 180 F 200 F 139 Im 129 Im 162 Im
Carobs Yield 1200 Fc 1333.33 Fc 926.67 Fc 860 Fc 1080 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 2270 1610 1570 1700 1260
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 128623 102795 96800 96370 87600
Carrots and turnips Yield 566621 Fc 638478 Fc 616561 Fc 566882 Fc 695238 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1580 1350 1350 1780 1580
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 26095 31991 30960 31891 25220
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 165158 Fc 236970 Fc 229333 Fc 179163 Fc 159620 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 102212 A 104210 A 89130 A 92430 A 101647 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 245069 A 307664 A 273378 A 305620 A 271105 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 18127.5 A 18129.2 A 68051.9 A 42753.6 A 38260.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23976.5 Fc 29523.5 Fc 30671.8 Fc 33065 Fc 26671.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 102212 A 104210 A 89130 A 92430 A 101647 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 245069 A 307664 A 273378 A 305620 A 271105 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 18127.5 A 18129.2 A 68051.9 A 42753.6 A 38260.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 23976.5 Fc 29523.5 Fc 30671.8 Fc 33065 Fc 26671.2 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 330 F 282 Im 300 F 241 314
Cherries Production Quantity 2431 2975 2960 3530 3075
Cherries Yield 73666.7 Fc 105496 Fc 98666.7 Fc 146473 Fc 97929.9 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 7560 6210 5160 6450 7560
Chick peas Production Quantity 12330 12310 10450 8830 9750
Chick peas Seed 924 Fc 1247.4 Fc 1024.65 Fc 851.4 Fc 1064.25 Fc
Chick peas Yield 16309.5 Fc 19822.9 Fc 20251.9 Fc 13689.9 Fc 12896.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4280 2800 2630 2090 2530
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 158777 134700 129100 113390 110910
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 370974 Fc 481071 Fc 490875 Fc 542536 Fc 438379 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 619 868 964 1096 924
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 13511 13310 9280 8160 18700
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 218271 Fc 153341 Fc 96265.6 Fc 74452.6 Fc 202381 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16034 A 15868 A 18095 A 17413 A 17226 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 585968 A 666030 A 510490 A 538630 A 595630 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 365453 Fc 419732 Fc 282117 Fc 309326 Fc 345774 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 17312 A 18610 A 18620 A 19620 A 17877 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 113869 A 106864 A 119078 A 121320 A 93830 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 2127.5 A 2129.15 A 52151.9 A 27153.6 A 22161 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 65774.6 Fc 57422.9 Fc 63951.7 Fc 61834.9 Fc 52486.4 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 21500 18400 25000 18100 18800
Cottonseed Production Quantity 34200 28500 39200 27400 29600
Cottonseed Seed 968 * 1188 * 1102 * 1267 * 1134 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1220 1170 1750 1940 1840
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 129852 126960 144980 148220 143950
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 1064360 Fc 1085130 Fc 828457 Fc 764021 Fc 782337 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 3200 F 2900 F 2600 F 2510 2362
Dates Production Quantity 17668 15975 14475 13430 16830
Dates Yield 55212.5 Fc 55086.2 Fc 55673.1 Fc 53506 Fc 71253.2 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 660 F 640 F 650 F 676 797
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 45994 44860 49490 47940 47475
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 696879 Fc 700938 Fc 761385 Fc 709172 Fc 595671 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 13500 A 12520 A 14400 A 12890 A 11710 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 21500 A 18400 A 25000 A 18100 A 18800 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 15925.9 Fc 14696.5 Fc 17361.1 Fc 14041.9 Fc 16054.7 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 217 Im 230 F 170 F 150 142
Figs Production Quantity 1380 1401 1040 920 730
Figs Yield 63594.5 Fc 60913 Fc 61176.5 Fc 61333.3 Fc 51408.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 56253 A 60063 A 61302 A 64924 A 66509 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1322560 A 1460690 A 1302720 A 1204680 A 1299840 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 235108 Fc 243193 Fc 212509 Fc 185552 Fc 195438 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1900 F 1500 F 1161 Im 1264 Im 1300 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 39400 31400 27500 27800 25500
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 207368 Fc 209333 Fc 236865 Fc 219937 Fc 196154 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 1816 Im 1928 Im 2051 Im 2233 Im 2297 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 203 Im 224 Im 200 Im 185 Im 200 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 1117.84 Fc 1161.83 Fc 975.13 Fc 828.48 Fc 870.7 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 1200 F 869 Im 880 F 1255 1026
Garlic Production Quantity 10699 7160 6160 6270 6996
Garlic Yield 89158.3 Fc 82393.6 Fc 70000 Fc 49960.2 Fc 68187.1 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 3570 3190 4900 4180 4110
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 266003 263540 235500 255900 251900
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 745106 Fc 826144 Fc 480612 Fc 612201 Fc 612895 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 5640 5940 5860 7350 7710
Grapes Production Quantity 125439 125650 139850 126590 125500
Grapes Yield 222410 Fc 211532 Fc 238652 Fc 172231 Fc 162776 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2920 3060 2850 3020 4000 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 25600 25100 24100 25100 23225
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 400 F 1400 F 1400 F 1400 F 1400 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 87671.2 Fc 82026.1 Fc 84561.4 Fc 83112.6 Fc 58062.5 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 470 F 420 F 470 F 360 F 270 F
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 5524 4665 5160 4010 2900 F
Kiwi fruit Yield 117532 Fc 111071 Fc 109787 Fc 111389 Fc 107407 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 37 Im 30 F 30 F 39 Im 32 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 291 Im 282 Im 333 Im 380 Im 325 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 78648.6 Fc 94000 Fc 111000 Fc 97435.9 Fc 101563 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1520 1420 1800 2010 1730
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 37257 68470 50270 47510 45030
Lemons and limes Yield 245112 Fc 482183 Fc 279278 Fc 236368 Fc 260289 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 121 Im 99 Im 82 Im 102 Im 119 Im
Lentils Production Quantity 30 30 30 30 30
Lentils Seed 12.96 Fc 14.52 Fc 11.88 Fc 9.84 Fc 12.24 Fc
Lentils Yield 2479.34 Fc 3030.3 Fc 3658.54 Fc 2941.18 Fc 2521.01 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1400 F 1300 F 1400 F 1414 1256
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 35882 37070 39190 39600 40885
Lettuce and chicory Yield 256300 Fc 285154 Fc 279929 Fc 280057 Fc 325518 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 4410 4630 4640 6130 5260
Maize Production Quantity 77633 59671 71320 77120 65380 *
Maize Seed 75 Fc 66.15 Fc 69.45 Fc 69.6 Fc 91.95 Fc
Maize Yield 176039 Fc 128879 Fc 153707 Fc 125808 Fc 124297 Fc
Maize, green Production Quantity 14000 F 12000 F 13200 F 11994 Im 12000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1100 1170 1200 1680 1650
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 27075 43100 29800 28500 23940
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 246136 Fc 368376 Fc 248333 Fc 169643 Fc 145091 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 9500 9500 9000 8600 7800
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 404 Im 393 Im 378 Im 400 F 560 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 680 700 700 700 1000
Nuts, nes Yield 16831.7 Fc 17811.7 Fc 18518.5 Fc 17500 Fc 17857.1 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1092 Im 1100 F 1000 P 1100 F 1000 F
Oats Production Quantity 321 Im 403 Im 358 Im 400 400
Oats Yield 2939.56 Fc 3663.64 Fc 3580 Fc 3636.36 Fc 4000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 25131 A 25623 A 28224 A 27362 A 28335 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 37725.8 A 33569.8 A 37616 A 31962.8 A 31222.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 664.88 A 1157.08 A 1115.57 A 1202.07 A 1190.64 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 15011.7 Fc 13101.5 Fc 13327.7 Fc 11681.5 Fc 11019 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 45131 A 47623 A 49524 A 48062 A 48395 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 34525.6 A 25972 A 33588.2 A 23233.5 A 29810.6 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 291.48 A 626.68 A 614.97 A 643.42 A 671.34 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7650.09 Fc 5453.68 Fc 6782.21 Fc 4834.06 Fc 6159.85 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 3432 Im 3500 F 4200 F 3500 F 2600 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 4628 Im 3500 F 4200 F 3500 F 2600 F
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 13484.9 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 20000 F 22000 F 21300 F 20700 F 20060
Olives Production Quantity 60000 29000 62000 21500 56000
Olives Yield 30000 Fc 13181.8 Fc 29108 Fc 10386.5 Fc 27916.3 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 240 F 253 Im 256 Im 298 Im 246 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 10000 F 8800 10500 8400 * 8100 *
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 416667 Fc 347826 Fc 410156 Fc 281879 Fc 329268 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3010 3040 2840 3920 3210
Onions, dry Production Quantity 87979 100400 97255 87090 91690
Onions, dry Yield 292289 Fc 330263 Fc 342447 Fc 222168 Fc 285639 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 5030 5240 5531 * 5527 5662
Oranges Production Quantity 146519 187600 122600 145500 165500
Oranges Yield 291290 Fc 358015 Fc 221660 Fc 263253 Fc 292300 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 1980 1660 1660 1908 2897
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 47943 50050 49130 49040 52800
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 242136 Fc 301506 Fc 295964 Fc 257023 Fc 182258 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 471 Im 500 F 550 F 470 F 370 F
Papayas Production Quantity 194 190 210 180 143
Papayas Yield 4118.9 Fc 3800 Fc 3818.18 Fc 3829.79 Fc 3864.86 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2280 3870 3740 4880 5720
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 63552 68960 89030 71650 66920
Peaches and nectarines Yield 278737 Fc 178191 Fc 238048 Fc 146824 Fc 116993 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1800 F 2100 F 1800 F 1463 1675
Pears Production Quantity 31813 35590 30770 24755 25480
Pears Yield 176739 Fc 169476 Fc 170944 Fc 169207 Fc 152119 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 439 Im 361 Im 300 Im 375 Im 439 Im
Peas, dry Production Quantity 413 Im 300 300 300 331
Peas, dry Seed 75.78 Fc 79.02 Fc 64.98 Fc 54 Fc 67.5 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 9407.74 Fc 8310.25 Fc 10000 Fc 8000 Fc 7539.86 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 2160 3100 3560 2080 2160
Peas, green Production Quantity 12747 12180 9100 7600 8800
Peas, green Yield 59013.9 Fc 39290.3 Fc 25561.8 Fc 36538.5 Fc 40740.7 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 2500 F 3694 Im 3929 Im 4277 Im 4400 F
Persimmons Production Quantity 24606 48000 38700 40100 35700
Persimmons Yield 98424 Fc 129940 Fc 98498.4 Fc 93757.3 Fc 81136.4 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 71 Im 75 Im 80 F 83 Im 85 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 908 949 925 1150 1150 F
Pineapples Yield 127887 Fc 126533 Fc 115625 Fc 138554 Fc 135294 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 3000 F 3100 F 2200 F 2334 3450
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 33922 34640 25390 23730 25270
Plums and sloes Yield 113073 Fc 111742 Fc 115409 Fc 101671 Fc 73246.4 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 18010 16780 16900 17110 12740
Potatoes Production Quantity 548182 593890 599780 440140 417100
Potatoes Seed 6000 F 6000 F 6000 F 6000 F 6000
Potatoes Yield 304376 Fc 353927 Fc 354899 Fc 257241 Fc 327394 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 167 Im 137 Im 114 Im 142 Im 167 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 235 Im 171 Im 137 Im 132 Im 159 Im
Pulses, nes Yield 14071.9 Fc 12481.8 Fc 12017.5 Fc 9295.77 Fc 9520.96 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13887 A 10207 A 8256 A 9829 A 11785 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 41008 A 29811 A 23917 A 23092 A 27870 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1940.74 A 2236.94 A 1645.51 A 1331.24 A 1585.59 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 29529.8 Fc 29206.4 Fc 28969.2 Fc 23493.7 Fc 23648.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 273 Im 250 F 760 F 750 F 720 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 10737 10973 33200 33900 29800
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 393297 Fc 438920 Fc 436842 Fc 452000 Fc 413889 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 16 F 16 F 10 F 16 F 16 F
Quinces Production Quantity 1145 995 700 980 888 Im
Quinces Yield 715625 Fc 621875 Fc 700000 Fc 612500 Fc 555000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 18780 A 17420 A 17550 A 17640 A 13170 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 575025 A 616260 A 622480 A 458694 A 432210 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 6000 A 6000 A 6000 A 6000 A 6000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 306190 Fc 353766 Fc 354689 Fc 260031 Fc 328178 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Safflower seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Safflower seed Yield
Seed cotton Area Harvested 13500 12520 14400 12890 11710
Seed cotton Production Quantity 55700 46900 64200 45500 48400
Seed cotton Yield 41259.3 Fc 37460.1 Fc 44583.3 Fc 35298.7 Fc 41332.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 39 Im 33 Im 34 Im 32 Im 25 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 47 Im 35 Im 47 Im 39 Im 50 F
Sesame seed Seed 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F
Sesame seed Yield 12051.3 Fc 10606.1 Fc 13823.5 Fc 12187.5 Fc 20000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 4200 F 5500 F 5600 F 4600 F 3257 Im
Sorghum Production Quantity 27290 34690 36700 30000 15150
Sorghum Seed 52.5 Fc 63 Fc 82.5 Fc 84 Fc 69 Fc
Sorghum Yield 64976.2 Fc 63072.7 Fc 65535.7 Fc 65217.4 Fc 46515.2 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 74 Im 68 Im 69 Im 80 F 70 F
Spinach Production Quantity 1964 1870 1830 1850 1915
Spinach Yield 265405 Fc 275000 Fc 265217 Fc 231250 Fc 273571 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested F F F F F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity F F F F F
Stone fruit, nes Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 590 620 570 460 440
Strawberries Production Quantity 17783 17280 17760 16000 16410
Strawberries Yield 301407 Fc 278710 Fc 311579 Fc 347826 Fc 372955 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested F F F F F
Sugar beet Production Quantity F F F F F
Sugar beet Yield
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 5240 6510 6740 7920 10000 *
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 16500 15700 12600 13470 12160
Sunflower seed Seed 30 F 30 F 35 F 40 F 160 F
Sunflower seed Yield 31488.5 Fc 24116.7 Fc 18694.4 Fc 17007.6 Fc 12160 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 770 F 640 F 650 F 530 F 430 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 26843 22370 22700 18554 15110
Sweet potatoes Yield 348610 Fc 349531 Fc 349231 Fc 350075 Fc 351395 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 5295 * 5150 * 4900 * 4600 * 4800 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 122678 133110 92840 81560 114500
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 231687 Fc 258466 Fc 189469 Fc 177304 Fc 238542 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 5270 5750 5820 6130 4360
Tomatoes Production Quantity 438752 433225 513770 405570 388280
Tomatoes Yield 832546 Fc 753435 Fc 882766 Fc 661615 Fc 890550 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3104 A 3005 A 2878 A 2143 A 2521 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10106 A 9933 A 4910 A 5600 A 10142 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 32558 Fc 33054.9 Fc 17060.5 Fc 26131.6 Fc 40230.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 20210 16190 17570 21330 11550
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 176900 166600 * 156600 * 149800 * 151600 *
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 87530.9 Fc 102903 Fc 89129.2 Fc 70229.7 Fc 131255 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60847 A 55734 A 57056 A 65854 A 54513 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1555650 A 1507510 A 1781780 A 1660360 A 1661060 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 255665 Fc 270484 Fc 312287 Fc 252127 Fc 304708 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 60847 A 55734 A 57056 A 65854 A 54513 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1555650 A 1507510 A 1781780 A 1660360 A 1661060 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 255665 Fc 270484 Fc 312287 Fc 252127 Fc 304708 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested
Vetches Production Quantity
Vetches Seed
Vetches Yield
Watermelons Area Harvested 11450 12570 10760 14850 15530
Watermelons Production Quantity 133838 143338 317200 340800 366000
Watermelons Yield 116889 Fc 114032 Fc 294796 Fc 229495 Fc 235673 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 84900 85600 70510 72810 83770
Wheat Production Quantity 131200 200800 154300 184300 177275
Wheat Seed 16000 F 16000 F 15900 F 15600 F 16100
Wheat Yield 15453.5 Fc 23457.9 Fc 21883.4 Fc 25312.5 Fc 21162.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 520.5 Fm 517.4 Fm 522.6 Fm 515.6 Fm 518.1 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 164.4 Q 148.3 Q 155.5 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.8 Q 5.8 Q 5.5 Q 4.8 Q
Arable land Area 302 Fm 302.5 Fm 304.3 Fm 299.7 Fm 305.8 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 383.5 Fm 383.8 Fm 382.6 Fm 377 Fm 381.1 Fm
Country area Area 2207 Fm 2207 Q 2207 Q 2207 Q 2207 Q
Fallow land Area 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm
Forest area Area 153.8 Fm 154 Q 154.2 Fm 154.4 Fm 154.6 Fm
Inland water Area 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm
Land area Area 2164 Fm 2164 Q 2164 Q 2164 Q 2164 Q
Other land Area 1489.7 Fm 1492.6 Fm 1487.2 Fm 1494 Fm 1491.3 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent crops Area 81.5 Fm 81.3 Q 78.3 Q 77.3 Q 75.3 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 137 Fm 133.6 Q 140 Q 138.6 Fm 137 Fm
Temporary crops Area 212 Fm 212.5 Q 214.3 Q 209.7 Q 215.8 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 508.8 Fm 514.5 Fm 513.5 Fm 551 Fm 563 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 174 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 4.1 I
Arable land Area 303 Fm 311 Fm 311 Fm 334 Fm 349 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 372.8 Fm 380.5 Fm 380.5 Fm 420 Fm 433 Q
Country area Area 2207 Q 2207 Q 2207 Q 2207 Q 2207 Q
Fallow land Area 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Q
Forest area Area 154.8 Fm 155 Q 154.6 Fm 154.2 Fm 153.8 Fm
Inland water Area 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm
Land area Area 2164 Q 2164 Q 2164 Q 2164 Q 2164 Q
Other land Area 1500.4 Fm 1494.5 Fm 1495.9 Fm 1458.8 Fm 1447.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 130 Q
Permanent crops Area 69.8 Q 69.5 Q 69.5 Q 86 Q 84 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 136 Fm 134 Fm 133 Fm 131 Fm 130 Q
Temporary crops Area 213 Q 221 Q 221 Q 244 Q 259 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 I 220 Fm 215 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files