Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Ireland

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Ireland
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 700,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 4,366,193
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$47,610
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$207,880,044,544
  • GDP: US$259,018,113,024
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)EradicatedBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 1970OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1892OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; van der Zwet, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisLast reported 1982OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedCrosson et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeCleve, 1896; Metzeltin & Lange-Bertalot, 1995
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedYesReynolds, 1988; Matthews & Reynolds, 1992; Demers & Reynolds, 2002
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentShafizadeh & Kavanagh, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionIntroducedIMI, 1991; Shafizadeh & Kavanagh, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentShafizadeh & Kavanagh, 2005
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionEPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSutton, 1980
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedYesHenricot et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesPethybridge, 1919; Forbes, 1920; Forbes, 1921
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; Muskett & Malone, 1983; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier & Kirk, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedClancy, 1986; McKee, 1972; Faddoul, 1973; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSutton, 1980
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentSpaulding, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)WidespreadMcKay et al., 1951; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentPrendergast, 1966
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)LocalisedIntroducedKilty & Guiry, 1973; Minchin, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)LocalisedIntroducedYesMinchin, 2007; O'Riordan, 1967; Guiry & Guiry, 2011; Minchin & Eno, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusWidespreadIntroducedYesAllen et al., 2006; Baker et al., 1981; Beard, 1957; Crapp, 1973; Crisp & Southward, 1959; Cross & Southgate, 1983; Healy, 1986; Holmes, 1980; Kelleher, 2006; King et al., 1997; Lawson et al., 2004; Little et al., 1988; Little et al., 1992; McGrath & King, 1992; Myers et al., 1978; Myers et al., 1979; Myers et al., 1980; O'Riordan, 1967; O'Riordan, 1992; O'Riordan, 1996; O'Sullivan, 1983; Picton & Costello, 1998; Simkanin et al., 2005; Watson et al., 2005; Wilkinson et al., 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)EradicatedCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedCook et al., 2007a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeCarlton & Cohen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedLucy et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedHuggins , 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesHodkinson & White, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentCarter et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadIntroducedTheobald, 1914; Carter et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPorter, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentMinchin, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeGood, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentMurchie et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaLocalisedIntroducedYesMinchin & Holmes, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentWard, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentO'Sullivan, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentGrave & Holmes, 1998; Holmes & Jeal, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)LocalisedGrave & Holmes, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)EradicatedIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadKirk-Spriggs, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedYesHolmes & Minchin, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)LocalisedMinchin et al., 1993; Grainger, 1951
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedHolmes & Minchin, 1995; Grave et al., 1995; Steele & Mulcahy, 2001; Minchin et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)PresentNativePschorn-Walcher, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)WidespreadHeath & Emmet, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentHaynes, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadSchirocki & Hague, 1994b; Lola-Luz et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedJohnsen & Taugbøl, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentLastuvka & Lastuvka, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)WidespreadMaitland-Emmet et al., 1989; Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)WidespreadNativeNHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentCawley, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentLola-Luz et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentGreenan, 1966; Oosterbroek & Theowald, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadBrowne, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Fera, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeArcher, 1998; Ings & Roberts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaBrachiopodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)WidespreadNativeKetelaars & Gille, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentMinchin, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)LocalisedIntroducedBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedCramp & Simmons, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)LocalisedIntroducedYesPutman, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMullarney et al., 1999; Ryall, 2010a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)LocalisedIntroducedYesReid, 2011; Fraguglione, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCaffrey et al., 2007; Welcomme, 1988; Went, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCarden et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)EradicatedIntroducedDanell, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeQuigley & Flannery, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)WidespreadNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)WidespreadNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)WidespreadIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; Kottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Went, 1957; Fitzmaurice, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Last reported 2010IntroducedCaffrey et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)Present, few occurrencesYesMcDevitt et al., 2013; IUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeParkin & Knox, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesAllman, 1844; Roch, 1924
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentHalliday, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)PresentNativeYesDelap, 1924; Delap & Delap, 1905; Delap & Delap, 1907; Doyle et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)PresentIntroducedYesAnderson, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentIntroducedAnderson, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedTaylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Kerney, 1999; Kerney & Cameron, 1979; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSteele & Mulcahy, 1999; McMahon, 2000; Nehring, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Last reported 1982IntroducedArnold, 1960; Minchin & McGrath, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesMakings, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesMcCarthy et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusWidespreadSeverijns, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeBank et al., 2002g; Scharff, 1891
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBrawley et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedHolmes et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedLe Borgne, 1996; Crowe, 2004; Drummond et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Bank, 2007; Deblock, 1962; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesEvans & Matthews, 1999; Evans et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, few occurrencesAnon, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedRiel & Mulder, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRiel & Mulder, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Restricted distributionBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesAnderson, 1986; Hogan & Dunne, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesProvan et al., 2005; Guiry & Guiry, 2007; Trowbridge, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedKraan, 2008; Simkanin, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesBrunker, 1949; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedCullinane & Crowley, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeMaggs & Hommersand, 1993; Morton, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentReynolds, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedClapham et al., 1962; Reynolds, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2009; Kelly, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedReynolds, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)WidespreadIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)LocalisedIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2005; OEPP/EPPO, 2007; Devlin, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015; Byrne, 1997; Fitter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedSculthorpe, 1971; NOBANIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2010; DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedYesDoogue et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2012; O'Mahony, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedYesReynolds, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentYesPreston et al., 2002; Bailey et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedKabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)LocalisedIntroducedYesAlien Plants in Ireland, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeStace, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentDAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)WidespreadNativePhillips, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionTutin et al., 1972; Holm et al., 1979; Cook & Lüönd, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMaguire et al., 2008; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Beerling & Perrins, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedReynolds, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)LocalisedIntroducedYesNational Biodiversity Data Centre, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedBioChange, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008; Cotton, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCurtis et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Preston CD Pearman DA Dines TD, 2002; Clement & Foster, 1994; Doyle & Duckett, 1985; O'Malley, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeWangerin & Schr÷ter, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeMilbau & Stout, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedCaffrey, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeCaffrey, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesBioChange, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedMilbau & Stout, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentValentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeBiological Records Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentPreston & Croft, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedYesLines, 1957
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentAkeroyd & Doogue, 1988; Reynolds, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadMitchell, 1986; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadTUTIN & ET, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesSimmonds, 1946; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentChater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)WidespreadIntroducedYesKelly, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Bruun, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedAllen, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeYesChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeYesChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Kabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeBoulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesMcCorry & Otte, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHook et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentClapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1997; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadNativeYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedRichards, 1963
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedHansen et al., 2003
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentLynch et al., 2014
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMercer et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1958OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1903OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1866OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesEvans & Matthews, 1999; Evans et al., 2001
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Banks et al., 1998
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentLynch et al., 2014
bovine anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedYesReynolds, 1988; Matthews & Reynolds, 1992; OIE, 2009; Demers & Reynolds, 2002
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties1999
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Infection with salmonid alphavirusPresentMurphy et al., 1992
infectious bursal diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Graham et al., 2000
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties, 2003
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentHamilton, 1990; Collery & Foley, 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedYesHolmes & Minchin, 1995
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)LocalisedMinchin et al., 1993; Grainger, 1951
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedHolmes & Minchin, 1995; Grave et al., 1995; Steele & Mulcahy, 2001; Minchin et al., 1993
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentSmith , 1994
paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Grant et al., 2001; O'Brien et al., 1972
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
piscirickettsiosisPresentRodger & Drinan, 1993
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Doherty et al., 1993
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentO'Keeffe & Crowley, 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Fera, 2010
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
whirling diseasePresentHalliday, 1976
white spot diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedCrosson et al., 2014
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested1838Im1827Im1850Im1930Im2100F
ApplesProduction Quantity43064Im40927Im43172Im47147Im45000F
ApplesYield234298Fc224012Fc233362Fc244285Fc214286Fc
BarleyArea Harvested180600174800193600187200167500
BarleyProduction Quantity14120001223000122700012940001124500
BarleySeed27000F 27000260002800025000
BarleyYield78183.8Fc69965.7Fc63378.1Fc69123.9Fc67134.3Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested2000* 3200* 2900* 1600* 2200*
Beans, dryProduction Quantity11200* 17500* 15400* 7700* 9400*
Beans, drySeed200Fc200Fc320Fc290Fc160Fc
Beans, dryYield56000Fc54687.5Fc53103.4Fc48125Fc42727.3Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested177Im178Im185Im190Im200F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1405Im1422Im1405Im1485Im1500F
Beans, greenYield79378.5Fc79887.6Fc75945.9Fc78157.9Fc75000Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested75Im73Im60Im51Im52Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity216Im225Im218Im182Im171Im
Berries NesYield28800Fc30821.9Fc36333.3Fc35686.3Fc32884.6Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested854Im839Im920Im762Im900F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity59469Im44602Im51587Im45580Im45000F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield696358Fc531609Fc560728Fc598163Fc500000Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested673Im671Im693Im681Im700F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity25503Im25588Im26021Im24595Im25582Im
Carrots and turnipsYield378945Fc381341Fc375483Fc361160Fc365457Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested810Im871Im879Im915Im900F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity6360Im6830Im6918Im6874Im7000F
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield78518.5Fc78415.6Fc78703.1Fc75125.7Fc77777.8Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested297594A 274079A 299996A 325306A 279083A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2511810A 2043220A 2065920A 2468890A 2006310A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed50025.2A 50025.2A 46023.3A 49025.5A 51026.8A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield84404Fc74548.4Fc68864.9Fc75894.2Fc71889.3Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested12001600130043005800
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity2300F 2800F 2500F 74008900
Cereals, nesYield19166.7Fc17500Fc19230.8Fc17209.3Fc15344.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested297594A 274079A 299996A 325306A 279083A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2511810A 2043220A 2065920A 2468890A 2006310A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed50025.2A 50025.2A 46023.3A 49025.5A 51026.8A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield84404Fc74548.4Fc68864.9Fc75894.2Fc71889.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity510Im514Im522Im374Im400F
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested203394A 196279A 215496A 214606A 194783A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1582810A 1374220A 1375920A 1475890A 1292910A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed31025.2A 31025.2A 30023.3A 32025.5A 30026.8A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield77820Fc70013.4Fc63849Fc68771.8Fc66376.8Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested13Im15F 14F 12Im15F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity1593Im1500F 1607Im1329Im1550F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield1225380Fc1000000Fc1147860Fc1107500Fc1033330Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested13Im12F 13Im11Im14Im
CurrantsProduction Quantity158Im148Im157Im136Im140F
CurrantsYield121538Fc123333Fc120769Fc123636Fc100000Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2524A 2491A 2511A 2595A 2810A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity51601A 48927A 51695A 55951A 53260A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield204441Fc196415Fc205874Fc215611Fc189537Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested443Im431Im436Im468Im499Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity6381Im5979Im6357Im6805Im6393Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield144041Fc138724Fc145803Fc145406Fc128116Fc
HopsArea Harvested41Im43Im46Im45Im44Im
HopsProduction Quantity43Im41Im40Im47Im40F
HopsYield10487.8Fc9534.88Fc8695.65Fc10444.4Fc9090.91Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity1549Im1576Im1474Im1523Im1700F
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea HarvestedF F F F F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction QuantityF F F F F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested157Im153Im157Im145Im150F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity6081Im6033Im6322Im5775Im5500F
Lettuce and chicoryYield387325Fc394314Fc402675Fc398276Fc366667Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity67063Im65000F 60000F 90000F 81000F
OatsArea Harvested2140019700204002290021300
OatsProduction Quantity168000148000146000174000159100
OatsSeed4000F 4000400040005000
OatsYield78504.7Fc75126.9Fc71568.6Fc75982.5Fc74694.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested12400A 8000A 6300A 6700A 8200A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity33600A 16800A 14400A 14040A 19140A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed60A 60A 60A 60A 60A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield27096.8Fc21000Fc22857.1Fc20955.2Fc23341.5Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested12400A 8000A 6300A 6700A 8200A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity21280A 10640A 9120A 8892A 12122A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed38A 38A 38A 38A 38A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield17161.3Fc13300Fc14476.2Fc13271.6Fc14782.9Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested155Im151Im159Im154Im150F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity9244Im10094Im10295Im10056Im8700F
Onions, dryYield596387Fc668477Fc647484Fc652987Fc580000Fc
PearsProduction Quantity
Peas, dryArea Harvested900* 1400* 1300* 800* 700*
Peas, dryProduction Quantity4800* 7500* 6600* 2800* 3400*
Peas, drySeed90Fc90Fc140Fc130Fc80Fc
Peas, dryYield53333.3Fc53571.4Fc50769.2Fc35000Fc48571.4Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested768Im735Im776Im698Im700F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2845Im2719Im2862Im3295Im2600F
Peas, greenYield37044.3Fc36993.2Fc36881.4Fc47206.3Fc37142.9Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1040012200129001200011700
PotatoesProduction Quantity357760419680361300371900398960
PotatoesSeed40000F 40000400003600037000
PotatoesYield344000Fc344000Fc280078Fc309917Fc340991Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2900A 4600A 4200A 2400A 2900A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity16000A 25000A 22000A 10500A 12800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed290A 290A 460A 420A 240A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield55172.4Fc54347.8Fc52380.9Fc43750Fc44137.9Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested124008000630067008200
RapeseedProduction Quantity5600028000240002340031900
RapeseedSeed100F 100F 100F 100F 100F
RapeseedYield45161.3Fc35000Fc38095.2Fc34925.4Fc38902.4Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested54Im48Im49Im38Im41Im
RaspberriesProduction Quantity210Im187Im188Im167Im156Im
RaspberriesYield38888.9Fc38958.3Fc38367.3Fc43947.4Fc38048.8Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested10400A 12200A 12900A 12000A 11700A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity357760A 419680A 361300A 371900A 398960A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed40000A 40000A 40000A 36000A 37000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield344000Fc344000Fc280078Fc309917Fc340991Fc
RyeArea Harvested194Im179Im196Im206Im183Im
RyeProduction Quantity512Im416Im421Im485Im408Im
RyeSeed25.22Fc25.22Fc23.27Fc25.48Fc26.78Fc
RyeYield26391.8Fc23240.2Fc21479.6Fc23543.7Fc22295.1Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested101Im100Im103Im97Im104Im
StrawberriesProduction Quantity1572Im1461Im1603Im1514Im1400F
StrawberriesYield155644Fc146100Fc155631Fc156082Fc134615Fc
Sugar beetArea HarvestedF F
Sugar beetProduction QuantityF F F
Sugar beetYield
TomatoesArea Harvested32Im35F 31Im32F 30F
TomatoesProduction Quantity13221Im13000F 12500F 12005Im12000F
TomatoesYield4131560Fc3714290Fc4032260Fc3751560Fc4000000Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested1835Im1623Im1700F 1771Im2000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity31495Im30102Im37000F 36900Im40000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield171635Fc185471Fc217647Fc208357Fc200000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested5474A 5271A 5514A 5360A 5745A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity226338A 208980A 218513A 239791A 232532A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield413478Fc396471Fc396288Fc447371Fc404755Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested5474A 5271A 5514A 5360A 5745A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity226338A 208980A 218513A 239791A 232532A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield413478Fc396471Fc396288Fc447371Fc404755Fc
WheatArea Harvested94200778008450011070084300
WheatProduction Quantity929000669000690000993000713400
WheatSeed19000F 19000160001700021000
WheatYield98620Fc85989.7Fc81656.8Fc89701.9Fc84626.3Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested2000F 1800F 1000F 496Im600F
ApplesProduction Quantity42000F 45000F 25000F 15000F 15800
ApplesYield210000Fc250000Fc250000Fc302419Fc263333Fc
BarleyArea Harvested167000164400183700183100176000
BarleyProduction Quantity1136900102440013266001197700962800
BarleySeed2500025000250002800028000
BarleyYield68077.8Fc62311.4Fc72215.6Fc65412.3Fc54704.6Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested3200* 2700* 1600* 1800* 1200*
Beans, dryProduction Quantity14700* 13900* 9900* 9000* 6000*
Beans, drySeed220Fc320Fc270Fc160Fc180Fc
Beans, dryYield45937.5Fc51481.5Fc61875Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested220F 71Im82Im66Im65Im
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1700F 1508Im1581Im1678Im1766Im
Beans, greenYield77272.7Fc212394Fc192805Fc254242Fc271692Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested38Im36Im32Im30Im34Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity143Im129Im137Im127Im133Im
Berries NesYield37631.6Fc35833.3Fc42812.5Fc42333.3Fc39117.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested918918918918900
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity41693Im47692Im50000F 4468450000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield454172Fc519521Fc544662Fc486754Fc555556Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested694694694694694
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity24000F 25000F 28000F 23000F 22800
Carrots and turnipsYield345821Fc360231Fc403458Fc331412Fc328530Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested925925925925925
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity7200F 7631Im8000F 70568100
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield77837.8Fc82497.3Fc86486.5Fc76281.1Fc87567.6Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested279984A 276585A 306605A 300001A 297699A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2090230A 1940300A 2501510A 2147340A 1964000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed48023.8A 48023.9A 47524.1A 54026.7A 52026.1A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield74655.2Fc70151.9Fc81587.4Fc71577.7Fc65972.7Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested4900
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity6700
Cereals, nesYield13673.5Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested279984A 276585A 306605A 300001A 297699A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2090230A 1940300A 2501510A 2147340A 1964000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed48023.8A 48023.9A 47524.1A 54026.7A 52026.1A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield74655.2Fc70151.9Fc81587.4Fc71577.7Fc65972.7Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity380F 343Im360F 350F 300
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested192484A 181385A 203905A 204301A 194999A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1289230A 1137600A 1482310A 1353240A 1096800A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed30023.8A 30023.9A 28524A 33026.7A 33026.1A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield66978.3Fc62717.2Fc72696.1Fc66237.5Fc56246.5Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1414141414
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity1500F 1508Im1581Im1678Im1766Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield1071430Fc1077140Fc1129290Fc1198570Fc1261430Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested15F 1414108Im109Im
CurrantsProduction Quantity150F 171Im140F 1110Im925Im
CurrantsYield100000Fc122143Fc100000Fc102778Fc84862.4Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2752A 2540A 1782A 1392A 1502A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity51969A 54521A 32178A 23437A 24341A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield188841Fc214650Fc180572Fc168369Fc162057Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested544Im535Im581Im603Im604Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity7374Im6872Im5020Im5546Im5879Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield135551Fc128449Fc86402.8Fc91973.5Fc97334.4Fc
HopsArea Harvested40F 46Im13Im14Im17Im
HopsProduction Quantity45F 34Im32Im26Im25Im
HopsYield11250Fc7391.3Fc24615.4Fc18571.4Fc14705.9Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity1800F 1480Im1552Im1648Im1735Im
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea HarvestedF
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction QuantityF
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested153153153153153
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity5600F 5246Im5500F 54575600F
Lettuce and chicoryYield366013Fc342876Fc359477Fc356667Fc366013Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity75000F 62000650006900069000
OatsArea Harvested2040016800200002100018800
OatsProduction Quantity145200112800155200155100133600
OatsSeed5000F 5000F 3500F 5000F 5000F
OatsYield71176.5Fc67142.9Fc77600Fc73857.1Fc71063.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested5100A 3700A 2200A 2300A 2200A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity10740A 8520A 4020A 4320A 4020A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed30A 30A 30A 30A 30A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield21058.8Fc23027Fc18272.7Fc18782.6Fc18272.7Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested5100A 3700A 2200A 2300A 2200A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity6802A 5396A 2546A 2736A 2546A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed19A 19A 19A 19A 19A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield13337.3Fc14583.8Fc11572.7Fc11895.7Fc11572.7Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested152152152152152
Onions, dryProduction Quantity8600F 8108Im8500F 75298500
Onions, dryYield565789Fc533421Fc559211Fc495329Fc559211Fc
PearsProduction Quantity
Peas, dryArea Harvested900* 1000* 1000* 1000* 500*
Peas, dryProduction Quantity5300* 5000* 4500* 4700* 2000*
Peas, drySeed70Fc90Fc100Fc100Fc100Fc
Peas, dryYield58888.9Fc50000Fc45000Fc47000Fc40000Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested720F 604Im616Im700Im660Im
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2500F 2049Im2148Im2280Im2400*
Peas, greenYield34722.2Fc33923.8Fc34870.1Fc32571.4Fc36363.6Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested1150011800133001420015400
PotatoesProduction Quantity382860409200552200488200518609
PotatoesSeed20000F 20000F 19000F 20000F 21000F
PotatoesYield332922Fc346780Fc415188Fc343803Fc336759Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested4100A 3700A 2600A 2800A 1700A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity20000A 18900A 14400A 13700A 8000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed290A 410A 370A 260A 280A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield48780.5Fc51081.1Fc55384.6Fc48928.6Fc47058.8Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested51003700220023002200
RapeseedProduction Quantity1790014200670072006700
RapeseedSeed50F 50F 50F 50F 50F
RapeseedYield35098Fc38378.4Fc30454.5Fc31304.3Fc30454.5Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested45F 44444444
RaspberriesProduction Quantity139Im136Im113Im100F 104
RaspberriesYield30888.9Fc30909.1Fc25681.8Fc22727.3Fc23636.4Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested11500A 11800A 13300A 14200A 15400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity382860A 409200A 552200A 488200A 518609A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed20000A 20000A 19000A 20000A 21000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield332922Fc346780Fc415188Fc343803Fc336759Fc
RyeArea Harvested184Im185Im205Im201Im199Im
RyeProduction Quantity425Im396Im510Im438Im401Im
RyeSeed23.79Fc23.92Fc24.05Fc26.65Fc26.13Fc
RyeYield23097.8Fc21405.4Fc24878Fc21791Fc20150.8Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested110F 111111111111
StrawberriesProduction Quantity2163Im2213Im1768Im1554Im1500
StrawberriesYield196636Fc199369Fc159279Fc140000Fc135135Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested170031000311003150031300
Sugar beetProduction Quantity1395000186140015052001300670
Sugar beetYield450000Fc598521Fc477841Fc415550Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested2727272727
TomatoesProduction Quantity10000F 10000F 9000F 1004010000
TomatoesYield3703700Fc3703700Fc3333330Fc3718520Fc3703700Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested2200F 3020Im3000F 2400Im2377Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity42000F 57231Im60000F 30958Im32590Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield190909Fc189507Fc200000Fc128992Fc137106Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested6023A 6578A 6581A 6049A 5967A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity221973A 229796A 241222A 205358A 214557A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield368542Fc349340Fc366543Fc339491Fc359573Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested6023A 6578A 6581A 6049A 5967A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity221973A 229796A 241222A 205358A 214557A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield368542Fc349340Fc366543Fc339491Fc359573Fc
WheatArea Harvested875009520010270095700102700
WheatProduction Quantity8010008027001019200794100867200
WheatSeed1800018000190002100019000
WheatYield91542.9Fc84317.2Fc99240.5Fc82978.1Fc84440.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea4555Q 4568Q 4189Q 4200.1Q 4276Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea37.7I 37.7I 30.8I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea10.2I 10.2I 10.3I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea47.9I 47.9I 42.8W 41.1I
Arable landArea1062Q 1011Q 1089Q 1101Q 1060Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1063Q 1013Q 1092Q 1103.7Q 1063Q
Country areaArea7028Q 7028Q 7028Q 7028Q 7028Q
Forest areaArea747.8Fm739Q 730.2Fm721.4Fm712.6Fm
Inland waterArea139Fm139Fm139Fm139Fm139Fm
Land areaArea6889Q 6889Q 6889Q 6889Q 6889Q
Other landArea1586.2Fm1582Fm1969.8Fm1967.5Fm1900.4Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea3045Q 3118Q 2656Q 2650.6Q 2758Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea447Q 437Q 441Q 445.8Q 455Q
Permanent cropsArea1Q 2Q 3Q 2.7Q 3Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea3492Q 3555Q 3097Q 3096.4Q 3213Q
Temporary cropsArea364Q 352Q 399Q 416Q 377Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea698Q 659Q 690Q 685Q 683Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea4260Q 4302Q 4305Q 4370Q 4373Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea23.5W 24.6W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea11.4Fm6.1Fm
Agricultural area organic, totalArea37.3W 34.9W 30.7W
Arable landArea1153Q 1184Q 1205Q 1182Q 1177Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea1156Q 1187Q 1207Q 1184Q 1179Q
Country areaArea7028Q 7028Q 7028Q 7028Q 7028Q
Forest areaArea703.8Fm695Q 683Fm671Fm659Fm
Inland waterArea139Fm139Fm139Fm139Fm139Fm
Land areaArea6889Q 6889Q 6889Q 6889Q 6889Q
Other landArea1925.2Fm1892Fm1901Fm1848Fm1857Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea2633Q 2644Q 2644Q 2718Q 2722Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea471Q 471Q 454Q 468Q 472Q
Permanent cropsArea3Q 3Q 2Q 2Q 2Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea3104Q 3115Q 3098Q 3186Q 3194Q
Temporary cropsArea378Q 398Q 422Q 434Q 422Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea775Q 786Q 783Q 748Q 755Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data