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Datasheet

Indonesia

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Indonesia
  • General data
  • Region: South East Asia
  • Area (km2): 190,500
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Jakarta
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 225,630,065
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$1,650
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$372,631,339,008
  • GDP: US$432,817,307,648
  • Agriculture, value added: US$59,850,612,736
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentBoa et al., 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, see datasheet for details
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionWright, 1925; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)Presentde Wet et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentSupriaman & Palmer, 1979; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984; Dumbleton, 1954
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentOno, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)WidespreadBoedijn, 1960; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Gõumann, 1922
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)WidespreadRyan & Egan, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentMcTaggart et al., 2016; Hardiyanto & Tridasa, 2000
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentCIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1969; APPPC, 1987; Uhan, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2008; Lingafelter & Hoebeke, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedNakahara, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedLavens & Sorgeloos, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentYesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tauPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosaPresentHardy, 1982; Hardy, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)Restricted distributionNativeRethinam & Singh, 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; Lindquist et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Wijeratne, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)WidespreadNativeYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeYesWardhana et al., 2012b; Norris & Murray, 1964; Wardhana et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites)PresentNatawiria, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNativeWu et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Ben-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CIE, 1961; zur Strassen, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)WidespreadWaterhouse, 1993; Oka, 1990; Showler & Melcher,1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedMujica & Cisneros, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentBaliadi & Tengkano, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedAkiyma , 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentNativeNugroho & Emmawati, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2009; Muniappan, 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentNativeHolthuis, 1980; Dore & Frimodt, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesBolton, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesMuniappan, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlatypus quercivorus (oak ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeBeaver & Hsien-Tzung, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedWilliams, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentSoegiarto et al., 1981; Sidik et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia grisescens (Pink sugarcane borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentSuryoadikusumo, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Sastrosiswojo, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentIPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentAnderson & Morgan, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009; Oudemans, 1904
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeKalshoven & LGE, Laan PA van der (Reviser translator; UK CAB International, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus aterPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)WidespreadNativeCoyle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuusPresentNativeMonniot & Monniot, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationBorghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay & Williams, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)PresentIntroducedUetz & Hosek, 2015; Van Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeAllen , 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedYesCosta-Pierce & Soemarwoto, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Kottelat et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper)PresentNativeHeemstra & Randall, 1993; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEidman , 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)No information availableFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Eidman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python)LocalisedAuliya, 2003; Inger & Tan, 1996; Manthey & Grossmann, 1997; Reed & Rodda, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedDIAS, 2004; FAO, 2005; Kusrini & Alford, 2006; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)WidespreadSoekarna et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedGreen et al., 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedYesCowie, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentOliveira et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMead, 1979; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentJickeli, 1874; Pilsbry-Bequaert, 1927; Reeve, 1859
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers, 1998a
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesMochida, 1991; Halwart, 1994a; Hendarsih-Suharto, et al., 2006; Halwart & Bartley, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi ZhongYan, 1998; Scarlato, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentAnon., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIndarti et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Restricted distributionNishizawa, 1984; Noel, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentNetscher & Erlan, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadMadamba, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus citriPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale grandis (orange keyhole sponge)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativePuspawati et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionWaterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Garrison Hanks, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)WidespreadSoerjani et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadYesAnonymous, 1987; Baki et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeJong et al., 1999; Silva et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentNativeSoerjodinoto, 1969; Ask & Azanza, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Tseng & Xia, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al., 1996; Verheij & Prud'homme, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentNativeSoerjodinoto, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; PROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, few occurrencesNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedPIER, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedWiersum, 1991; Wiersum, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; Anon, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKostermans et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; IRRI, 1989; PIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeKrisnawati et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionSoerjani et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Reported present or known to be presentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedJansen et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativePIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)Present only in captivity/cultivationMorton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)WidespreadIntroducedStoney , 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedAguilar, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts & Tulig, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentTjitrosemito, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; Moody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)WidespreadSoerjani, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)WidespreadNativeShouliang & Phillips, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi & Leeuwenberg, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativePIER, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentHanelt et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2014; Lock & Ford, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativePattiselanno, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativePIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; Baker & van den Brink, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Ciba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)WidespreadIntroducedKostermans et al., 1987; Michael, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)WidespreadHinkle, 2007; Smithsonian, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedTjitrosoedirdjo, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015; Solfiyeni et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Yuncker, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentSuyamto, & Howeler, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)WidespreadMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeMangoensoekardjo & Pancho, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentKostermans et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedRooney, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedPIER, 1999; World Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedBangun & Wiroatmodjo, 1986; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)WidespreadKostermans et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)WidespreadIntroducedYesSoerjani et al., 1987; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedYesMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Restricted distributionSoerjani et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; IRRI, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionKuntohartono & Tarmani, 1980; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentNativeRojo et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentQuattrocchi, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativePIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Restricted distributionNativeYesHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentOrwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWiersum & Nitis, 1997; ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedvan & Valkenburg Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Govaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)WidespreadKostermans et al., 1987; Waterhouse, 1993; Homl et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage)PresentNativePIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionCook & Lüönd, 1982; Pieterse, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; Garrity et al., 1996; McDonald & Chandler, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentSusiawaningrini & Thohari, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionGilliland et al., 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedYesOudhia & Tripathi, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadIntroducedYesWilson, 1997; Holm et al., 1979; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 2001; Padua et al., 1999; Guterres et al., 2008; IPCS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativePIER, 2016; Wu et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)Restricted distributionHafliger & Scholz, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedDjogo, 1994; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Panjaitan, 1988; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentIntroducedYesMoody, 1989; Soerjani et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; Galinato et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Restricted distributionPratiwi & Nazif, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentNativePIER, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedPattiselanno, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentVan & Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentVan & Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWirjahardja, 1976; Waterhouse, 1993; Holmes, 1975; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Moody, 1989; Soerjani et al., 1987; Siregar et al., 1990; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentNativeISSG, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Scholz, 1988; Tjitrosoedirdjo, 1990; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)WidespreadSoerjani et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)WidespreadIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Restricted distributionNativeYesWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1997; Kostermans et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)PresentIntroducedYesSutasurya, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedBakar et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedYesHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentTjitrosoedirdjo & Sastroutomo, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)WidespreadIntroducedPadmanaba & Sheil, 2014; PIER, 2016; Hartemink, 2006; Yoneda, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)WidespreadYesWaterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentHanelt et al., 2001; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentPIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Restricted distributionIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentEPPO, 2014; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2012; Holm et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedDjogo, 1997; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentILDIS, 2014; Hanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentHanelt et al., 2001; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentBacker &, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeWaterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)PresentParker & Riches, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadKostermans et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)WidespreadIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)WidespreadNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeThe Bayscience Foundation, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionSoerjani et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentNativePIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedYesSteenis CGJJvan 1948-1954
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentMoody, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedGlobal Invasive Species Database, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentWaterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1979; Jafarsidik & Soetarto, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu & Cheek, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass)PresentNativeRao & Bhat, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, few occurrencesHolmes et al., 2002
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeMcClure et al., 1978
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentDiekmann & Putter, 1996; Davis et al., 2000; Furuya et al., 2012
Virusbluetongue virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentIwaki et al., 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Iwaki et al., 1979
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusPresentSenapin et al., 2007
Virusinfluenza A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentEPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentSomowiyarjo, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1907OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentPayne et al., 1991; Travassos Santos Dias JA, 1988; Siswansyah, 1990; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; Hardjoutomo, 1990; Hardjoutomo, 1996; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; Koh-Yeo et al., 1996; OIE, 2004b; Larkin, 2005; ProMED-mail, 2005d
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedIndriana & Hirst, 1992; Dance, 1991; Ellis & Titball, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeYesWardhana et al., 2012b; Norris & Murray, 1964; Wardhana et al., 2014
ChytridiomycosisPresent, see datasheet for details
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Roberts et al., 1994
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisNo information availableOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresent, see datasheet for details
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009; van den Berg, 2000
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious myonecrosisPresentSenapin et al., 2007
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Daniels et al., 2002
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Alexander, 1997
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentSirikan , 1981
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Pasteurella multocida infectionsWidespreadMariana & Hirst, 2000; Jonas et al., 2001
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeMcClure et al., 1978
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
surraPresentOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresent, see datasheet for details
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentAnderson & Morgan, 2007; OIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisDisease not reportedHardjoutomo, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Oudemans, 1904
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
white spot diseasePresentOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ArecanutsArea Harvested148500146000144200137300125600
ArecanutsProduction Quantity183100184300177000F 168494161274
ArecanutsYield12330Fc12623.3Fc12274.6Fc12272Fc12840.3Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested2165320507199791980217224
AvocadosProduction Quantity275953224278257642244215201635
AvocadosYield127443Fc109367Fc128956Fc123328Fc117066Fc
BananasArea Harvested10415610127611901810779198143
BananasProduction Quantity61327005755070637353060046205454230
BananasYield588799Fc568256Fc535510Fc557061Fc555743Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested297126258157288206278137306207
Beans, dryProduction Quantity341097291705314486298059322487
Beans, drySeed14856.3Fc14856.3Fc12907.8Fc14410.3Fc13906.8Fc
Beans, dryYield11479.9Fc11299.5Fc10911.9Fc10716.3Fc10531.7Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested129565144444137150138994141714
Beans, greenProduction Quantity883802942434884837837892867560
Beans, greenYield68213Fc65245.6Fc64516Fc60282.6Fc61219.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested6532367531677936082160711
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity13637401385040135811013237001288740
Cabbages and other brassicasYield208769Fc205097Fc200332Fc217639Fc212275Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested3322827149240952388323695
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity526917403827358014367111351171
Carrots and turnipsYield158576Fc148745Fc148584Fc153712Fc148205Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested570600574358572870573721570409
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity122100145082147403156652146148
Cashew nuts, with shellYield2139.85Fc2525.99Fc2573.06Fc2730.46Fc2562.16Fc
CassavaArea Harvested11826401183050117567011933201201480
CassavaProduction Quantity2400960023918100220391002159310019988100
CassavaYield203017Fc202173Fc187460Fc180950Fc166362Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested41003800567352746043
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity17001700227022651047
Castor oil seedSeed72Fc72Fc72Fc72Fc72Fc
Castor oil seedYield4146.34Fc4473.68Fc4001.41Fc4294.65Fc1732.58Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested94418728808884448295
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity11349110120596038109497124252
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield120211Fc115954Fc118741Fc129674Fc149791Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested17062700A 17385200A 17044300A 16312500A 15777900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity61478200A 62662700A 60583800A 56511400A 51411500A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed770000A 770000A 860000A 855000A 700000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield36030.7Fc36043.7Fc35545Fc34643Fc32584.5Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested17062700A 17385200A 17044300A 16312500A 15777900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity83369900A 84797000A 82028600A 76575000A 70444900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed770000A 770000A 860000A 855000A 700000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield48860.8Fc48775.4Fc48126.8Fc46942.5Fc44647.8Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested239770237520233904202712204048
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity14830801332360137873010921201128790
Chillies and peppers, greenYield61854.3Fc56094.6Fc58944.3Fc53875.4Fc55319.8Fc
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested10480099300102633101961104651
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity9290088100106270102039101880
Cinnamon (canella)Yield8864.5Fc8872.1Fc10354.4Fc10007.7Fc9735.22Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested51688A 57083A 60190A 68673A 67592A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1818950A 2028900A 2131770A 2467630A 2625880A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield351910Fc355430Fc354173Fc359330Fc388490Fc
ClovesArea Harvested471500470045312000F 311760303470
ClovesProduction Quantity7570098400820337053580404
ClovesYield1605.51Fc2093.42Fc2629.26Fc2262.48Fc2649.49Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3861430A 4131680A 4160660A 4003310A 3630320A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity17629000A 18327600A 17629700A 16323900A 13287500A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed170000A 170000A 160000A 155000A 150000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield45654.1Fc44358.7Fc42372.4Fc40776Fc36601.5Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested1677300165154015871401425220923968
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity712200844626809583803593740006
Cocoa beansYield4246.11Fc5114.17Fc5100.89Fc5638.38Fc8009Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested2980000* 2980000* 2900000* 2880000* 2900000*
CoconutsProduction Quantity17500000* 18000000* 19000000* 17937000* 19625000*
CoconutsYield58724.8Fc60402.7Fc65517.2Fc62281.3Fc67672.4Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested12930001268480126624012951101295910
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity634000684076682591698016676475
Coffee, greenYield4903.33Fc5392.88Fc5390.69Fc5389.63Fc5220.08Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1094.57Fc1132.2Fc1047.29Fc1284.71Fc1332Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity2189.14Fc2264.4Fc2094.57Fc2569.43Fc2664Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested5375856921560995579556436
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity521535547141583139540122581206
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield97015.3Fc96122.9Fc103948Fc96804.7Fc102985Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested5223352157481264575047589
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity519481482305451564427166390846
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield99454.6Fc92471.8Fc93829.5Fc93369.6Fc82129.5Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested148331A 152434A 151133A 147404A 145809A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity59347.9A 61084.2A 64638.4A 64592.1A 65591.1A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield4001.05Fc4007.26Fc4276.92Fc4381.98Fc4498.43Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested752347A 607015A 767880A 729291A 1619900A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity17196100A 14598200A 17577400A 17054300A 15807100A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield228566Fc240491Fc228908Fc233847Fc97581Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested90465Im72990Im92333871051000000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity1059360Im899317Im108285010670601330410
Fruit Fresh NesYield117102Fc123211Fc117277Fc122503Fc13304.1Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested252715202119238791231468206002
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity32790902321050315710030146102359270
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield129754Fc114836Fc132212Fc130239Fc114527Fc
GarlicArea Harvested18281816229319222690
GarlicProduction Quantity1474912295154191233917313
GarlicYield80683.8Fc67703.7Fc67243.8Fc64198.8Fc64360.6Fc
GingerArea Harvested21000F 24000F 27000F 36000F 51000F
GingerProduction Quantity94743107735122181154963178502
GingerYield45115.7Fc44889.6Fc45252.2Fc43045.3Fc35000.4Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested539230620563622616636229660480
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity6909497792287778887737971384400
Groundnuts, with shellSeed18500F 18500F 18500F 18000F 20000F
Groundnuts, with shellYield12813.6Fc12556.8Fc12493.9Fc12162.2Fc20960.5Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested2144A 2065A 2600A 2700A 3000A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity3378A 3256A 3900A 4100A 4700A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield15755.6Fc15767.5Fc15000Fc15185.2Fc15666.7Fc
Kapok FibreProduction Quantity54000F 54000F 535405203453241
Kapok FruitArea Harvested131608Im135448Im135000F 132000F 128000F
Kapok FruitProduction Quantity163692Im169294Im178467* 176780* 177467*
Kapok FruitYield12437.9Fc12498.8Fc13219.8Fc13392.4Fc13864.6Fc
Kapokseed in ShellProduction Quantity132181Fc136705Fc144112Fc142750Fc143305Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested5561157593536375210147491
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity526774541374549365547743479927
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield94724.8Fc94000Fc102423Fc105131Fc101056Fc
MaizeArea Harvested38614304131680416066040033103630320
MaizeProduction Quantity1762900018327600176297001632390013287500
MaizeSeed170000F 170000F 160000F 155000F 150000F
MaizeYield45654.1Fc44358.7Fc42372.4Fc40776Fc36601.5Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested96500* 103300* 104000* 100100* 91000*
Maize, greenProduction Quantity440700* 458200* 440740* 408000* 332000*
Maize, greenYield45668.4Fc44356.2Fc42378.8Fc40759.2Fc36483.5Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested208280131674215387190793203997
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity21311401287290224344021050901818620
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield102321Fc97763.4Fc104159Fc110334Fc89149.4Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Area Harvested674Im630Im623Im643Im707Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Production Quantity515Im499Im494Im503Im575Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Yield7640.95Fc7920.63Fc7929.37Fc7822.71Fc8132.96Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested497684700637377
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity4585161376384654304748247
Mushrooms and trufflesYield922555Fc897310Fc549500Fc675777Fc1279760Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested34561003445120343527034242202775550
Natural rubberProduction Quantity30884002734900244035027512902755170
Natural rubberYield8936.08Fc7938.48Fc7103.81Fc8034.79Fc9926.57Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested67000F 48000F 35300F 8616274530
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity2210015700116473272423845
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield3298.51Fc3270.83Fc3299.43Fc3797.96Fc3199.38Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested217681Im218062Im217067216906209375
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity106557Im115000F 114915110166102609
Nuts, nesYield4895.1Fc5273.73Fc5293.99Fc5078.97Fc4900.73Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested6090000* 5740000* 5370000* 4980000* 4560000*
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity101700000F 97800000F 90000000F 85000000F 78000000F
Oil palm fruitYield166995Fc170383Fc167598Fc170683Fc171053Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested10375400A 10150800A 9763030A 9231860A 8721330A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity5427680A 5314050A 5320160A 4853150A 4820470A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed47320A 47320A 47320A 43180A 43940A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5231.31Fc5235.09Fc5449.3Fc5256.96Fc5527.22Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested10379500A 10154600A 9768700A 9237130A 8727380A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity26819700A 25023700A 24617700A 22459900A 22728600A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed14758.8A 14758.8A 14758.8A 13708.8A 14308.8A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield25839.2Fc24642.6Fc25200.5Fc24314.8Fc26042.9Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested936671096341040099178093694
Onions, dryProduction Quantity8931241048930965164853615802810
Onions, dryYield95351Fc95675.6Fc92796.2Fc93006.6Fc85684.3Fc
OrangesArea Harvested5168857083601906867367592
OrangesProduction Quantity18189502028900213177024676302625880
OrangesYield351910Fc355430Fc354173Fc359330Fc388490Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested2144Im2065Im2600F 2700F 3000F
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity3378Im3256Im3900F 4100F 4700F
Other BastfibresYield15755.6Fc15767.5Fc15000Fc15185.2Fc15666.7Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested5600F 4600F 462731093637
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity10384085161858615688359814
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield185429Fc185133Fc185565Fc182962Fc164460Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity5840000* 5380000* 5130000* 4700000* 4210000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity21449000* 19760000193243001753980017664700
PapayasArea Harvested110559225957193887984
PapayasProduction Quantity958251675801772844717899621524
PapayasYield866803Fc732576Fc807485Fc764699Fc778462Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested179000186296185941183082189054
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity7780084218828348042080420
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield4346.37Fc4520.66Fc4454.85Fc4392.57Fc4253.81Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested1233512141126111427118957
PineapplesProduction Quantity15406301406450155820014331301395570
PineapplesYield1248990Fc1158430Fc1235590Fc1004230Fc736177Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested5481966531712386265062375
PotatoesProduction Quantity8636801060810117630010444901003730
PotatoesSeed62000F 62000F 60000F 55000F 55000F
PotatoesYield157551Fc159446Fc165123Fc166718Fc160919Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested2019Im1754Im1958Im2353Im2223Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity1332Im1139Im1228Im1550Im1378Im
Pulses, nesYield6597.33Fc6493.73Fc6271.71Fc6587.34Fc6198.83Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested299145A 259911A 290164A 280490A 308430A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity342429A 292844A 315714A 299609A 323865A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed14856.3A 14856.3A 12907.8A 14410.3A 13906.8A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield11446.9Fc11267.1Fc10880.5Fc10681.6Fc10500.4Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested946210693115231130311019
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity428197369846321023394386254056
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield452544Fc345877Fc278593Fc348922Fc230562Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested1320130013253500128836001230920012147600
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity6574090066469400643989006025110057157400
Rice, paddySeed600000F 600000F 700000F 700000F 550000F
Rice, paddyYield49798.8Fc50152.3Fc49985.2Fc48948Fc47052.4Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested80527Im81400F 80000F 77500F 76000F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity480632Im480000F 478000F 460000F 450000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield59685.8Fc58968.1Fc59750Fc59354.8Fc59210.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1495840A 1512050A 1510780A 1507680A 1516790A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity27546200A 27510000A 25751300A 24974500A 23328700A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed259305A 246597A 245217A 223925A 224825A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield184151Fc181938Fc170450Fc165649Fc153803Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested13603Im14000F 126221172913737
Seed cottonProduction Quantity3287Im3400F 314538584000F
Seed cottonYield2416.38Fc2428.57Fc2491.68Fc3289.28Fc2911.84Fc
SisalArea Harvested302Im291Im288Im332Im365Im
SisalProduction Quantity342Im330Im303Im367Im420Im
SisalYield11324.5Fc11340.2Fc10520.8Fc11054.2Fc11506.9Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested620928660823722791591899459116
SoybeansProduction Quantity843838907031974512776491592634
SoybeansSeed51000F 51000F 51000F 46000F 46000F
SoybeansYield13590Fc13725.8Fc13482.6Fc13118.6Fc12908.2Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested5441Im5443Im5500F 4500F 4000F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity3143Im3400F 5500F 4500F 4000F
Spices, nesYield5776.51Fc6246.56Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
SpinachArea Harvested4688248844449754471143774
SpinachProduction Quantity160513152334173750163817155862
SpinachYield34237.7Fc31187.9Fc38632.6Fc36639.1Fc35606.1Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested360000* 340000* 441440436505427799
Sugar caneProduction Quantity24000000* 26600000* 26400000* 25600000* 25200000*
Sugar caneYield666667Fc782353Fc598043Fc586477Fc589062Fc
Sugar crops, nesArea Harvested74000F 75000F 70000F 75000F 75000F
Sugar crops, nesProduction Quantity200000F 207000F 190000F 205000F 205000F
Sugar crops, nesYield27027Fc27600Fc27142.9Fc27333.3Fc27333.3Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested177857181073183874174206176932
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity21922402051050205791018769401886850
Sweet potatoesSeed197305Fc184597Fc185217Fc168925Fc169825Fc
Sweet potatoesYield123259Fc113272Fc111920Fc107743Fc106643Fc
TeaArea Harvested122700124573123506127712133734
TeaProduction Quantity142400150342156901153971150623
TeaYield11605.5Fc12068.6Fc12703.9Fc12056.1Fc11262.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested224500216300204450196627198054
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity130300135700176510168037164851
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield5804.01Fc6273.69Fc8633.41Fc8545.98Fc8323.54Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested5730261154558815312851523
TomatoesProduction Quantity954046891616853061725973635474
TomatoesYield166494Fc145798Fc152657Fc136646Fc123338Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested788281A 792420A 789937A 790627A 779784A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity228657A 260082A 262318A 266818A 248757A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield2900.7Fc3282.12Fc3320.75Fc3374.76Fc3190.08Fc
VanillaArea Harvested12500F 9300F 12800F 12500F 11000F
VanillaProduction Quantity35002600334133193177
VanillaYield2800Fc2795.7Fc2610.16Fc2655.2Fc2888.18Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested6483061533583115688658133
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity618717616151592597614012606988
Vegetables fresh nesYield95436.8Fc100133Fc101627Fc107937Fc104414Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1048940A 1081790A 1048300A 979715A 978152A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity10096200A 9780230A 9620200A 8888920A 8475840A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield96251.3Fc90407.5Fc91769.3Fc90729.7Fc86651.5Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1048940A 1081790A 1048300A 979715A 978152A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity10096200A 9780230A 9620200A 8888920A 8475840A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield96251.3Fc90407.5Fc91769.3Fc90729.7Fc86651.5Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested3344527493330922763932326
WatermelonsProduction Quantity497650348631474327371498350780
WatermelonsYield148797Fc126807Fc143336Fc134411Fc108513Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ArecanutsArea Harvested124958122705115832118780107200
ArecanutsProduction Quantity153005143362125725133714120880
ArecanutsYield12244.5Fc11683.5Fc10854.1Fc11257.3Fc11276.1Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1562917133155361733815769
AvocadosProduction Quantity239463227577221774255957238182
AvocadosYield153217Fc132830Fc142748Fc147628Fc151044Fc
BananasArea Harvested94144101465954348569074751
BananasProduction Quantity50374705177610487444041771604384380
BananasYield535081Fc510285Fc510766Fc487473Fc586531Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested309103318377318337311863344120
Beans, dryProduction Quantity316134320963310412335224288089
Beans, drySeed15310.3Fc15455.2Fc15918.8Fc15916.8Fc15593.2Fc
Beans, dryYield10227.5Fc10081.2Fc9751.05Fc10749.1Fc8371.76Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested152332151638151671148163139641
Beans, greenProduction Quantity856021882254829899770428634967
Beans, greenYield56194.4Fc58181.6Fc54717.1Fc51998.7Fc45471.4Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested5773257765680296452060235
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity12677501292690143281013484301232840
Cabbages and other brassicasYield219592Fc223784Fc210618Fc208994Fc204672Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested2306924653241682150120103
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity391371440001423722355802282248
Carrots and turnipsYield169652Fc178478Fc175324Fc165482Fc140401Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested569931579650566309573281578924
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity149226135070131020106931110232
Cashew nuts, with shellYield2618.32Fc2330.2Fc2313.58Fc1865.25Fc1904.08Fc
CassavaArea Harvested12274601213460125581012445401276530
CassavaProduction Quantity1998660019321200194247001852380016912900
CassavaYield162829Fc159224Fc154679Fc148841Fc132491Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested604369368154129787000F
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity917995171322252229
Castor oil seedSeed73.6Fc73.6Fc73.22Fc72.5Fc71.78Fc
Castor oil seedYield1517.46Fc1434.54Fc2100.81Fc1714.44Fc3184.29Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested9941876369265592Im5194Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity135518127320999948622271528Im
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield136322Fc145293Fc144375Fc154188Fc137713Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested15132200A 15465100A 15279900A 14835900A 14648000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity47930900A 48642700A 47302200A 45662200A 43928900A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed562000A 560000A 569000A 560000A 560000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield31674.8Fc31453.2Fc30957.1Fc30778.2Fc29989.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested15132200A 15465100A 15279900A 14835900A 14648000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity66064400A 66675000A 65313700A 63024000A 61075000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed562000A 560000A 569000A 560000A 560000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield43658.1Fc43113.2Fc42744.8Fc42480.7Fc41695Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested204747187236194588176264150598
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1185060105802011005101066720635089
Chillies and peppers, greenYield57879.2Fc56507.3Fc56555.9Fc60518.3Fc42171.1Fc
Cinnamon (canella)Area Harvested80000F 80000F 80000F 73000F 72000F
Cinnamon (canella)Production Quantity100471100775994656483045373
Cinnamon (canella)Yield12558.9Fc12596.9Fc12433.1Fc8880.82Fc6301.81Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested72390A 67883A 72306A 56290A 47824A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2565540A 2214020A 2071080A 1441680A 968132A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield354405Fc326152Fc286433Fc256117Fc202436Fc
ClovesArea Harvested299224400000F 390000F 420000F 417051Im
ClovesProduction Quantity61408783507383711641579010
ClovesYield2052.24Fc1958.75Fc1893.26Fc2771.79Fc1894.49Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3345810A 3625990A 3356910A 3358510A 3126830A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11609500A 12523900A 11225200A 10886400A 9585280A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed102000A 100000A 109000A 100000A 100000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield34698.6Fc34539.3Fc33439.1Fc32414.4Fc30654.9Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested90573011670501090960961107776901
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity769386748827691704695361619192
Cocoa beansYield8494.65Fc6416.41Fc6340.32Fc7235Fc7970.02Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested2650000* 2710000* 2690000* 26750602634730
CoconutsProduction Quantity17125000* 18250000* 16285000* 16145000* 15495000*
CoconutsYield64622.6Fc67343.2Fc60539Fc60353.8Fc58810.6Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested13087301255270130394013817301372180
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity682158640365647385663571682019
Coffee, greenYield5212.37Fc5101.41Fc4964.84Fc4802.47Fc4970.33Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity541.79Fc746.25Fc1051.28Fc1145.52Fc2150.18Fc
CottonseedProduction Quantity1083.58Fc1492.51Fc2102.56Fc2291.04Fc4300.36Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested5864753109503525211947720
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity598890552891477716514210406141
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield102118Fc104105Fc94875.3Fc98660.8Fc85109.2Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested4932745340452854441439336
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity358095333328312354301030272700
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield72596.1Fc73517.4Fc68975.2Fc67778.2Fc69325.8Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested135056A 130141A 141818A 195295A 183258A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity74558.4A 69390.8A 74767.3A 105556A 99003.9A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield5520.55Fc5331.97Fc5272.06Fc5404.95Fc5402.43Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested710775A 692979A 697914A 677509A 629689A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15855100A 14529100A 14254500A 12752300A 11446900A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield223068Fc209662Fc204244Fc188223Fc181786Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested110000F 110000F 112000F 110000F 100000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity14475101417920145823010199101082530
Fruit Fresh NesYield131592Fc128902Fc130199Fc92719.1Fc108253Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested193720202657196299232861187372
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity28718802605400274873030272802209970
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield148249Fc128562Fc140028Fc130004Fc117946Fc
GarlicArea Harvested31073280493063457923
GarlicProduction Quantity2105020733288513895746393
GarlicYield67750.2Fc63210.4Fc58521.3Fc61397.9Fc58554.8Fc
GingerArea Harvested3880016000F 15000F 16000F 18000F
GingerProduction Quantity177138125827104789125386112290
GingerYield45654.1Fc78641.9Fc69859.3Fc78366.3Fc62383.3Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested706753720526723434683537646953
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity14700001467000146900013780001259000
Groundnuts, with shellSeed28000F 28000F 28000F 28000F 27000
Groundnuts, with shellYield20799.3Fc20360.1Fc20305.9Fc20159.8Fc19460.5Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested2800A 3068A 3038A 2913A 2884A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity4300A 4053A 4013A 3973A 7480A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield15357.1Fc13210.6Fc13209.4Fc13638.9Fc25936.2Fc
Kapok FibreProduction Quantity6255657890624959028780306
Kapok FruitArea Harvested125000F 120000F 130000F 185000F 170000F
Kapok FruitProduction Quantity208520* 192950* 208300* 300950* 267687*
Kapok FruitYield16681.6Fc16079.2Fc16023.1Fc16267.6Fc15746.3Fc
Kapokseed in ShellProduction Quantity168380Fc155807Fc168202Fc243017Fc216157Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested5134345402457183845341602
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity571268501437475571345720315232
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield111265Fc110444Fc104023Fc89907.2Fc75773.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested33458103625990335691033585103126830
MaizeProduction Quantity116095001252390011225200108864009585280
MaizeSeed102000F 100000F 109000F 100000F 100000F
MaizeYield34698.6Fc34539.3Fc33439.1Fc32414.4Fc30654.9Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested84000* 91000* 84000* 84000* 78000*
Maize, greenProduction Quantity290000* 313000* 280000* 273000* 241000*
Maize, greenYield34523.8Fc34395.6Fc33333.3Fc32500Fc30897.4Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested195503176000185773158894184659
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity16220001412880143767015264701402910
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield82965.5Fc80277.3Fc77388.5Fc96068.4Fc75973Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Area Harvested655Im721Im699Im676Im661Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Production Quantity523Im498Im557Im558Im504Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Yield7984.73Fc6907.07Fc7968.53Fc8254.44Fc7624.81Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested298254263278180F
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity2355930854105443123318300
Mushrooms and trufflesYield790570Fc1214720Fc400913Fc1123490Fc1016670Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested27258603279390267506026750602634720
Natural rubberProduction Quantity26372302270890206582017923501630360
Natural rubberYield9674.85Fc6924.73Fc7722.52Fc6700.22Fc6187.98Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea Harvested7280435000F 33000F 53830Im49185Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsProduction Quantity2177015376144972223626786
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsYield2990.22Fc4393.14Fc4393.03Fc4130.78Fc5445.97Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested205454209268206321212677212487
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity10230895372940059587088481
Nuts, nesYield4979.61Fc4557.41Fc4556.25Fc4507.77Fc4164.07Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested4110000* 3690000* 3320000* 3040000* 2790000*
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity80250000F 74000000F 60425500F 52600000F 46800000F
Oil palm fruitYield195255Fc200542Fc182005Fc173026Fc167742Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested8178550A 7868050A 7436310A 7116750A 6795580A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity4598920A 4485810A 4029110A 3747920A 3494970A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed46980A 46980A 46980A 46190A 45810A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5623.15Fc5701.3Fc5418.16Fc5266.34Fc5143.01Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested8184590A 7874990A 7444460A 7129730A 6802580A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity21986700A 16433000A 14925100A 14306300A 13229400A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed16709.4A 16709.4A 16709.3A 16529A 16228.7A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield26863.5Fc20867.4Fc20048.6Fc20065.7Fc19447.7Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested8918883614887078802979867
Onions, dryProduction Quantity794931732610757399762795766572
Onions, dryYield89129.8Fc87618.1Fc85382.1Fc86652.7Fc95981.1Fc
OrangesArea Harvested7239067883723065629047824
OrangesProduction Quantity2565540221402020710801441680968132
OrangesYield354405Fc326152Fc286433Fc256117Fc202436Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested2800F 3068303829132884
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity4300F 4053401339737480*
Other BastfibresYield15357.1Fc13210.6Fc13209.4Fc13638.9Fc25936.2Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested318932452600F 3900F 3300F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity5537058440476647056059106
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield173628Fc180092Fc183323Fc180923Fc179109Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity3850000* 3380000* 2920000* 2480000* 2200000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity173508001186160010830400104408009622340
PapayasArea Harvested802178799134930610280
PapayasProduction Quantity643451548657732611626745605194
PapayasYield802208Fc696354Fc802070Fc673485Fc588710Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested192604115000F 135000F 134570Im130000F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity7753478328770089074090181
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield4025.57Fc6811.13Fc5704.3Fc6742.96Fc6937Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested2136899621143271309034
PineapplesProduction Quantity1427780925082709918677089555588
PineapplesYield668186Fc928611Fc620992Fc949634Fc614997Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested5974861557654206592357332
PotatoesProduction Quantity1011910100962010720401009980893824
PotatoesSeed55000F 55000F 550005500055000
PotatoesYield169363Fc164014Fc163870Fc153206Fc155903Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested2101Im2075Im2136Im2093Im2310Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity1234Im1210Im1170Im1264Im1086Im
Pulses, nesYield5873.39Fc5831.33Fc5477.53Fc6039.18Fc4701.3Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested311204A 320452A 320473A 313956A 346430A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity317368A 322173A 311582A 336488A 289175A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed15310.3A 15455.2A 15918.8A 15916.8A 15593.2A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield10198.1Fc10053.7Fc9722.57Fc10717.7Fc8347.29Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested1245895691019788877835
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity212697180029179845103451172125
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield170731Fc188138Fc176371Fc116407Fc219687Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested1178640011839100119230001147740011521200
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity5445490054151100540885005213760051489700
Rice, paddySeed460000F 460000F 460000460000460000
Rice, paddyYield46201.5Fc45739.2Fc45364.8Fc45426.3Fc44691.3Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested75000F 73000F 72000F 67000F 64000F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity440000F 430000F 420000F 400000F 388000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield58666.7Fc58904.1Fc58333.3Fc59701.5Fc60625Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1538350A 1526350A 1577780A 1574920A 1575140A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity23292800A 22617800A 22818500A 21925300A 19966400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed221888A 222128A 226162A 234233A 214453A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield151413Fc148182Fc144625Fc139215Fc126760Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested62635982772063579372
Seed cottonProduction Quantity16272241315734406457
Seed cottonYield2597.8Fc3746.24Fc4089.38Fc5411.36Fc6889.67Fc
SisalArea Harvested338Im370F 361Im349Im341Im
SisalProduction Quantity382Im420F 407Im566Im533Im
SisalYield11301.8Fc11351.4Fc11274.2Fc16217.8Fc15630.5Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested580534621541565155526796544522
SoybeansProduction Quantity747611808353723483671600673056
SoybeansSeed46000F 46000F 46000F 45000F 45000
SoybeansYield12878Fc13005.6Fc12801.5Fc12748.8Fc12360.5Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested7000F 10000F 7000F 5000F 4000F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity7000F 10000F 7000F 5000F 4000F
Spices, nesYield10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
SpinachArea Harvested4284736952343713300832365
SpinachProduction Quantity14943512378510773710942371011
SpinachYield34876.4Fc33498.9Fc31345.3Fc33150.4Fc21940.7Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested396441382083344793335725350723
Sugar caneProduction Quantity29200000* 29300000* 26750000* 24500000* 25530000*
Sugar caneYield736553Fc766849Fc775828Fc729764Fc727925Fc
Sugar crops, nesArea Harvested75000F 75000F 75000F 75000F 75000F
Sugar crops, nesProduction Quantity205000F 205000F 205000F 205000F 205000F
Sugar crops, nesYield27333.3Fc27333.3Fc27333.3Fc27333.3Fc27333.3Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested176146178336184546197455177276
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity18542401856970190180019914801771690
Sweet potatoesSeed166888Fc167128Fc171162Fc179233Fc159453Fc
Sweet potatoesYield105267Fc104128Fc103053Fc100857Fc99939.6Fc
TeaArea Harvested111055142847116200116200115803
TeaProduction Quantity146858167276167136169818165194
TeaYield13223.9Fc11710.2Fc14383.5Fc14614.3Fc14265.1Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested172234198212200973256926256081
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity146265153470165108200875192083
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield8492.23Fc7742.72Fc8215.43Fc7818.4Fc7500.87Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested5349251205527194788449457
TomatoesProduction Quantity629744647020626872657459573517
TomatoesYield117727Fc126359Fc118908Fc137302Fc115963Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested775385A 788918A 772630A 785958A 791411A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity251534A 230442A 225025A 202801A 198713A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield3243.99Fc2920.99Fc2912.45Fc2580.3Fc2510.87Fc
VanillaArea Harvested13000F 9000F 921692168903
VanillaProduction Quantity37682366225216562731
VanillaYield2898.46Fc2628.89Fc2443.58Fc1796.88Fc3067.51Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested6097055080591824535147454
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity639744602679565589485593468848
Vegetables fresh nesYield104928Fc109419Fc95567.7Fc107074Fc98800.5Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested988530A 939604A 952431A 900931A 836377A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity8573090A 8263790A 8167270A 7776500A 6534520A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield86725.6Fc87949.7Fc85751.9Fc86316.3Fc78128.9Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested988530A 939604A 952431A 900931A 836377A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity8573090A 8263790A 8167270A 7776500A 6534520A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield86725.6Fc87949.7Fc85751.9Fc86316.3Fc78128.9Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested3184331499287253222325567
WatermelonsProduction Quantity392586366702410195455466266904
WatermelonsYield123288Fc116417Fc142801Fc141348Fc104394Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea54500Fm54600Fm53600Fm52000Fm51000Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea70I 54.1I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea1I 3.1I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea71I 46.7I 42.1I 57.2I
Arable landArea23500Fm23600Fm23600Fm22700Fm22000Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea43500Fm43600Fm42600Fm41000Fm40000Fm
Country areaArea190457Fm190457Fm190457Fm190457Q 190457Q
Fallow landArea
Forest areaArea93747Fm94432Q 95117Fm95802Fm96487Fm
Inland waterArea9300Fm9300Fm9300Fm9300Fm9300Fm
Land areaArea181157Fm181157Fm181157Fm181157Q 181157Q
Other landArea32910Fm32125Fm32440Fm33355Fm33670Fm
Permanent cropsArea20000Fm20000Fm19000Fm18300Fm18000Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea11000Fm11000Fm11000Fm11000Fm11000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea6722Fm6722Fm6722Fm6722Fm6722Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea50200Fm49246Fm51766Fm49406Fm46881Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea40.4I 17.8I
Arable landArea21500Fm21946Fm24666Fm22406Fm20081Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea39200Fm38246Fm40766Fm38406Fm35781Fm
Country areaArea190457Q 190457W 190457W 190457Q 190457Q
Fallow landArea11342Q 12418Q 10194W 8535W
Forest areaArea97172Fm97857Q 98167.4Fm98477.8Fm98788.2Fm
Inland waterArea9300Fm9300Fm9300Fm9300Fm9300Fm
Land areaArea181157Q 181157W 181157W 181157Q 181157Q
Other landArea33785Fm34054Fm31223.6Fm33273.2Fm35487.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea17700Fm16300Fm16100Fm16000Fm15700Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea11000Fm11000Fm11000Fm11000Fm11100Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea6722Fm6722.3I 6500Fm6250Fm6000Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data