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Datasheet

Honduras

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Restricted distribution Ashburner et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO and, 1998a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Widespread Native YesAbad et al., 2009; Rehman et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2011; Aguilar et al., 2013a; Aguilar et al., 2013b; Munyaneza et al., 2013b; EPPO, 2014; Munyaneza et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present, few occurrences
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1988; Wall et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Absent, unreliable record
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesWaite and Dunlap, 1952; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present Evans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesMourichon and Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Rees and Webber, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution Native No
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present YesPorras and Sánchez, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences Muller, 1953.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Puschendorf et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Henry and McLaughlin, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Native NoNorrbom, 2004b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; Norrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Widespread Stone, 1942a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Present Warner, 1966; Howell, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Merrill, 1953; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCastro, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Widespread Native YesEspinoza, 2010; Aguilar et al., 2013; Aguilar et al., 2013; Munyaneza et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; Munyaneza et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present de Barro, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Introduced YesNakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Eradicated Wyss, 2000; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Heinemann and Belkin, 1977b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Hawksworth and Wicker, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Gonzalez, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Native NoPerez Farfante , 1975; Perez and Kensley , 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Introduced YesDavis and Pena, 1990; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Andrews et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Native Hodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present Gimpel and Miller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Wattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Hoppe, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressi Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Hoppe, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native Canas and O'Neil, 1998; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Present PRECODEPA, 1988; PRECODEPA, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Widespread Native Conkel, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish) Widespread Native NoMiller et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa constrictor imperator Widespread Native NoHynková et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NoGese et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid) Present Native NoConkel, , 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana) Present Native The Reptile Database, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoIUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Present, few occurrences Introduced McCranie et al., 2008; McCranie and Valdés, 2014; Solís et al., 2014; Solís et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Introduced YesFranklin, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Matamoros et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Native Leenders, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Present Native NoGoldman, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesSchofield, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Widespread Native NoPage and Burr, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Widespread Introduced NoKeith et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Unconfirmed record Introduced Schwartz et al., 1978; Schoonhoven et al., 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesClarke, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; Pinochet and Ventura, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Pinochet, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Pinochet, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Pinochet et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Loos, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread Brathwaite and Siddiqi, 1975; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Pinochet et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Salgado-Maldonado et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Thomson and Alonso-Amelot, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Boyer et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present García-Mendoza and Lott, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Johnson, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Portillo et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1977; Davidse et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Standley and Williams, 1969; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (thorny bamboo) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced Torres-Colín et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Alvarez, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1991; Zelaya et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm) Present Govaerts et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Native Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Standley, 1931; Philcox, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Cochrane and Iltis, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Wester and Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present YesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesPruski, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus aggregatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoMOBOT, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Vega and Rúgolo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Gwannon, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Native NoHind, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced Zamora, 2010; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced Nelson, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Introduced Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Present Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Zuloaga et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread CSIRO, 1998; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Ocampo and Balick, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Morales, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present PIER, 2007; Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (devil's claw) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced NoHitchcock and Chase, 1910.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Native Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Localised Native Meyer, 1994b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Barneby, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea odorata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Dodson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Native NoDale, 1981; Aneja et al., 1991; Kohli and Rani, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present YesClayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Cardenas and Coulston, 1967; Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present NoHolm et al., 1997; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Seidemann, 2005; Parthasarathy et al., 2008; PIER, 2012a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Native Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Millhollon and Burner, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced Daniel, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Native Palmer and Pullen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; Irwin and Barneby, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native GBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Lim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present YesBryson and Byrd, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Nelson and Proctor, 1994; Davidse et al., 2012; PIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Croat, 1981; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced YesMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Native NoGentry, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Molina, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Nelson, 1976; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViguiera dentata (sunflower goldeneye) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
Virusbluetongue virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Wall et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Espinoza and McLeod, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash) Present CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Present Valderrama and Engle, 2004.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Salgado-Maldonado et al., 2015.
botulism Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
channel catfish virus disease Present YesPlumb, 1994.
Chytridiomycosis Present Puschendorf et al., 2006.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Eradicated Wyss, 2000.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Lindo et al., 1998.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present Valderrama and Engle, 2004.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Kantor INde, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Nichol, 1988.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 61 Im 62 Im 61 Im 62 Im 61 Im
Apples Production Quantity 224 Im 211 Im 203 Im 170 Im 169 Im
Apples Yield 36721.3 Fc 34032.3 Fc 33278.7 Fc 27419.3 Fc 27704.9 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 414 Im 413 Im 390 F 380 F 375
Avocados Production Quantity 2008 Im 1798 Im 1700 F 1650 F 1638
Avocados Yield 48502.4 Fc 43535.1 Fc 43589.7 Fc 43421.1 Fc 43680 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 25129 Im 25446 23928 23228 23228
Bananas Production Quantity 755365 Im 750788 718597 690479 690479
Bananas Yield 300595 Fc 295051 Fc 300316 Fc 297261 Fc 297261 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 127235 Im 138189 104059 88050 79503
Beans, dry Production Quantity 91149 68543 70633 66996 68315
Beans, dry Seed 5031 Fc 5031 Fc 3976 4775 3251
Beans, dry Yield 7163.83 Fc 4960.09 Fc 6787.78 Fc 7608.86 Fc 8592.76 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2133 Im 2106 Im 2021 Im 2220 Im 2100 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 68391 Im 64689 Im 65513 Im 70567 Im 67000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 320633 Fc 307165 Fc 324161 Fc 317869 Fc 319048 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 353 Im 351 Im 337 Im 370 Im 350 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 4143 Im 3862 Im 3911 Im 4213 Im 4000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 117365 Fc 110028 Fc 116053 Fc 113865 Fc 114286 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 1399 Im 1389 Im 1387 Im 1368 Im 1339 Im
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 1851 F 1851 F 1851 Im 2019 Im 1479 Im
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 13230.9 Fc 13326.1 Fc 13345.4 Fc 14758.8 Fc 11045.6 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 3569 Im 3652 3247 2135 4905
Cassava Production Quantity 23591 Im 23184 21390 25140 25140
Cassava Yield 66099.8 Fc 63483 Fc 65876.2 Fc 117752 Fc 51253.8 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 119 Im 110 Im 106 Im 116 Im 110 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 810 Im 744 Im 753 Im 811 Im 770 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 68067.2 Fc 67636.4 Fc 71037.7 Fc 69913.8 Fc 70000 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 555762 A 539073 A 406531 A 392570 A 447288 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 668724 A 577684 A 687243 A 643511 A 737028 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 10388.6 A 10388.6 A 9528.1 A 7000 A 6806.11 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 12032.5 Fc 10716.3 Fc 16905.1 Fc 16392.3 Fc 16477.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 555762 A 539073 A 406531 A 392570 A 447288 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 685008 A 589207 A 702189 A 660009 A 752566 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 10388.6 A 10388.6 A 9528.1 A 7000 A 6806.11 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 12325.6 Fc 10930 Fc 17272.7 Fc 16812.5 Fc 16825.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 968 Im 969 722 984 984
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 11912 Im 13034 10622 14350 14350
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 123058 Fc 134510 Fc 147119 Fc 145833 Fc 145833 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 133 Im 132 Im 130 Im 131 Im 130 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 240 Im 311 Im 298 Im 402 Im 400 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 18045.1 Fc 23560.6 Fc 22923.1 Fc 30687 Fc 30769.2 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19863 A 19552 A 18461 A 19443 A 19442 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 301623 A 286803 A 265544 A 269734 A 268732 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 151852 Fc 146687 Fc 143841 Fc 138731 Fc 138222 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 542613 A 525938 A 395514 A 381202 A 435880 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 635017 A 553666 A 656189 A 609417 A 704663 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 9643.32 A 9643.32 A 8784.81 A 6390.25 A 6183.84 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 11702.9 Fc 10527.2 Fc 16590.8 Fc 15986.7 Fc 16166.4 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 2849 Im 2700 F 3304 1400 F 606
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1957 Im 1590 1350 800 F 361
Cocoa beans Yield 6869.08 Fc 5888.89 Fc 4085.96 Fc 5714.29 Fc 5957.1 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1626 Im 1651 Im 1700 F 1600 F 1900 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 15271 Im 14760 * 14500 * 13900 * 16500 *
Coconuts Yield 93917.6 Fc 89400.4 Fc 85294.1 Fc 86875 Fc 86842.1 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 264898 Im 270294 242683 242000 F 239000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 282361 229368 231288 240948 236302
Coffee, green Yield 10659.2 Fc 8485.87 Fc 9530.46 Fc 9956.53 Fc 9887.11 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 760 F 760 Im 700 F 650 F 610 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1800 F 1800 F 1757 Im 1652 Im 1200 F
Cottonseed Seed 38.75 Fc 38.75 Fc 38.75 Fc 37.5 Fc 35 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2016 Im 2252 1889 1525 1525
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 60917 Im 68716 65742 62897 62897
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 302168 Fc 305133 Fc 348025 Fc 412439 Fc 412439 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 508 Im 505 486 446 446
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 19645 Im 19796 18881 17150 17150
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 386713 Fc 392000 Fc 388498 Fc 384529 Fc 384529 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1627 A 1550 A 1500 A 1400 A 1100 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 760 A 760 A 700 A 650 A 610 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4671.17 Fc 4903.23 Fc 4666.67 Fc 4642.86 Fc 5545.45 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67585 A 67054 A 63918 A 64126 A 66056 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1400090 A 1361330 A 1289230 A 1269490 A 1314510 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 207160 Fc 203020 Fc 201700 Fc 197968 Fc 199000 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 6499 Im 6442 Im 6348 Im 6437 Im 6374 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 88084 Im 85073 Im 82309 Im 79972 Im 79542 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 135535 Fc 132060 Fc 129661 Fc 124238 Fc 124791 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 43 Im 34 Im 35 Im 34 Im 37 Im
Garlic Production Quantity 171 Im 127 Im 119 Im 122 Im 137 Im
Garlic Yield 39767.4 Fc 37352.9 Fc 34000 Fc 35882.3 Fc 37027 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 547 Im 549 537 1450 F 1450 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 10438 Im 10418 10992 23000 F 22000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 190823 Fc 189763 Fc 204693 Fc 158621 Fc 151724 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 40 F 40 Im 34 Im 37 Im 35 F
Grapes Production Quantity 177 Im 163 Im 146 Im 181 Im 180 F
Grapes Yield 44250 Fc 40750 Fc 42941.2 Fc 48918.9 Fc 51428.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 151 Im 133 Im 144 Im 145 Im 140 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 79 Im 71 Im 70 Im 85 Im 80 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 9.82 Fc 9.82 Fc 8.65 Fc 9.36 Fc 9.43 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5231.79 Fc 5338.35 Fc 4861.11 Fc 5862.07 Fc 5714.29 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1265 Im 1214 1017 1182 1182
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 10873 Im 9853 9413 9623 9623
Lemons and limes Yield 85952.6 Fc 81161.4 Fc 92556.5 Fc 81412.9 Fc 81412.9 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 129 Im 120 Im 115 Im 127 Im 120 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 1768 Im 1642 Im 1663 Im 1791 Im 1700 F
Lettuce and chicory Yield 137054 Fc 136833 Fc 144609 Fc 141024 Fc 141667 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 480756 Im 469823 335514 317602 375180
Maize Production Quantity 583020 508941 587235 536277 634881
Maize Seed 8653.61 Fc 8653.61 Fc 8456.81 Fc 6039.25 Fc 5716.84 Fc
Maize Yield 12127.2 Fc 10832.6 Fc 17502.5 Fc 16885.2 Fc 16922 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 2877 Im 2649 Im 2500 F 2400 F 2361
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 24250 Im 23264 Im 22000 F 21000 F 20824
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 84289.2 Fc 87821.8 Fc 88000 Fc 87500 Fc 88199.9 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 520 F 520 Im 637 Im 679 Im 745 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 277 Im 243 Im 282 Im 302 Im 336 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 5326.92 Fc 4673.08 Fc 4427 Fc 4447.72 Fc 4510.07 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 110000 * 105000 * 100000 * 93000 * 86000 *
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 1556350 F 1556350 1578950 1432290 1427550
Oil palm fruit Yield 141486 Fc 148224 Fc 157895 Fc 154010 Fc 165994 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 115393 A 110227 A 105239 A 97976 A 90908 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 46532.5 A 43279.3 A 41734.5 A 42918 A 42251.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 28.03 A 28.03 A 27.31 A 27.21 A 25.79 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4032.52 Fc 3926.38 Fc 3965.69 Fc 4380.46 Fc 4647.74 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 115393 A 110227 A 105239 A 97976 A 90908 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 360380 A 312502 A 316446 A 315371 A 302126 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 12.97 A 12.97 A 12.39 A 12.62 A 12.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 31230.7 Fc 28350.8 Fc 30069.3 Fc 32188.6 Fc 33234.3 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 900 Im 920 813 810 802
Onions, dry Production Quantity 16067 Im 16180 13464 21773 21557
Onions, dry Yield 178522 Fc 175870 Fc 165609 Fc 268802 Fc 268791 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 17918 Im 17657 16777 16680 16680
Oranges Production Quantity 280072 Im 266221 244841 236709 236709
Oranges Yield 156308 Fc 150774 Fc 145938 Fc 141912 Fc 141912 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 6417 Im 6662 7685 6779 6779
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 180014 Im 180316 229912 204622 204622
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 280527 Fc 270663 Fc 299170 Fc 301847 Fc 301847 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 81000 * 75000 * 73000 * 75000 * 74000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 320000 * 275000 * 280000 * 278000 * 265000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 236 Im 259 Im 244 Im 240 F 236
Papayas Production Quantity 5920 Im 6285 Im 5944 Im 5800 F 5818
Papayas Yield 250847 Fc 242664 Fc 243607 Fc 241667 Fc 246525 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 789 Im 860 Im 1036 Im 1094 Im 1200 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 347 Im 401 Im 513 Im 539 Im 600 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 4397.97 Fc 4662.79 Fc 4951.74 Fc 4926.87 Fc 5000 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 4293 Im 4252 4095 3944 3944
Pineapples Production Quantity 138280 Im 124719 115059 132131 132131
Pineapples Yield 322106 Fc 293318 Fc 280974 Fc 335018 Fc 335018 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 8173 Im 7939 7857 F 7955 F 10000 F
Plantains Production Quantity 84159 Im 82226 77723 68374 115000 F
Plantains Yield 102972 Fc 103572 Fc 98922 Fc 85951 Fc 115000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1579 Im 1588 1357 1391 1300
Potatoes Production Quantity 25361 Im 23802 22615 29326 23650
Potatoes Seed 2886 Fc 2886 Fc 2886 Fc 2886 Fc 2964 Fc
Potatoes Yield 160614 Fc 149887 Fc 166654 Fc 210827 Fc 181923 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 127235 A 138189 A 104059 A 88050 A 79503 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 91149 A 68543 A 70633 A 66996 A 68315 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 5031 A 5031 A 3976 A 4775 A 3251 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7163.83 Fc 4960.09 Fc 6787.78 Fc 7608.86 Fc 8592.76 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 245 Im 250 Im 240 Im 264 Im 250 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 3588 Im 3476 Im 3520 Im 3792 Im 3600 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 146449 Fc 139040 Fc 146667 Fc 143636 Fc 144000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 10432 Im 10449 9090 9544 9243
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 48902 34604 44883 49544 46661
Rice, paddy Seed 500.74 Fc 500.74 Fc 501.55 Fc 436.32 Fc 458.11 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 46876.9 Fc 33117 Fc 49376.2 Fc 51911.2 Fc 50482.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 780 Im 800 F 719 Im 710 Im 700 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 5216 Im 5500 F 4600 Im 6009 Im 5100 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 66871.8 Fc 68750 Fc 63977.8 Fc 84633.8 Fc 72857.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7080 A 7136 A 6432 A 5322 A 7975 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 61511 A 59132 A 54829 A 68604 A 60790 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2886 A 2886 A 2886 A 2886 A 2964 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 86879.9 Fc 82864.4 Fc 85244.1 Fc 128906 Fc 76225.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 1627 Im 1550 F 1500 F 1400 F 1100 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2999 Im 2850 F 1668 Im 2614 Im 1900 F
Seed cotton Yield 18432.7 Fc 18387.1 Fc 11120 Fc 18671.4 Fc 17272.7 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 1112 Im 1044 Im 1109 Im 1067 Im 1024 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 996 Im 903 Im 935 Im 1065 Im 998 Im
Sesame seed Seed 8.9 Fc 8.9 Fc 8.35 Fc 8.87 Fc 8.54 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 8956.83 Fc 8649.43 Fc 8431.02 Fc 9981.26 Fc 9746.09 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 61857 Im 56115 60000 F 63600 F 60700 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 51997 Im 44725 68954 73140 69782
Sorghum Seed 989.71 Fc 989.71 Fc 328 351 467
Sorghum Yield 8406 Fc 7970.24 Fc 11492.3 Fc 11500 Fc 11496.2 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 877 Im 849 Im 786 Im 764 Im 744 Im
Soybeans Production Quantity 2196 Im 2143 Im 1538 Im 1757 Im 1646 Im
Soybeans Yield 25039.9 Fc 25241.5 Fc 19567.4 Fc 22997.4 Fc 22123.7 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 75947 F 75947 69260 75583 75583
Sugar cane Production Quantity 7818920 F 7818920 6895340 6080910 6080910
Sugar cane Seed 234568 Fc 234568 Fc 206860 Fc 182427 Fc 182427 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 1029520 Fc 1029520 Fc 995573 Fc 804534 Fc 804534 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1152 Im 1096 Im 1109 Im 1086 Im 1070 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 7343 Im 6646 Im 6224 Im 8129 Im 6900 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 63741.3 Fc 60638.7 Fc 56122.6 Fc 74852.7 Fc 64486 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 4350 Im 4299 Im 4229 Im 4119 Im 4400 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 6871 Im 5700 Im 6212 Im 6033 Im 6500 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 15795.4 Fc 13258.9 Fc 14689 Fc 14646.8 Fc 14772.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4942 Im 5263 4498 5931 5931
Tomatoes Production Quantity 153098 Im 157926 141731 160647 160647
Tomatoes Yield 309790 Fc 300068 Fc 315098 Fc 270860 Fc 270860 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1399 A 1389 A 1387 A 1368 A 1339 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1851 A 1851 A 1851 A 2019 A 1479 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 13230.9 Fc 13326.1 Fc 13345.4 Fc 14758.8 Fc 11045.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 4418 Im 4488 Im 5005 Im 6767 Im 6137 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 61176 Im 52517 Im 51860 Im 73537 Im 68014 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 138470 Fc 117016 Fc 103616 Fc 108670 Fc 110826 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 26447 A 27397 A 26989 A 29788 A 28986 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 686508 A 686097 A 693500 A 734059 A 724231 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 259579 Fc 250428 Fc 256957 Fc 246428 Fc 249855 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 26447 A 27397 A 26989 A 29788 A 28986 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 686508 A 686097 A 693500 A 734059 A 724231 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 259579 Fc 250428 Fc 256957 Fc 246428 Fc 249855 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3256 Im 3367 3037 3415 3415
Watermelons Production Quantity 104808 Im 103072 85809 97787 97787
Watermelons Yield 321892 Fc 306124 Fc 282545 Fc 286346 Fc 286346 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2717 Im 2686 Im 1927 Im 1824 Im 2165 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 1089 Im 937 Im 1117 Im 1048 Im 1242 Im
Wheat Seed 244.53 Fc 244.53 Fc 241.74 Fc 173.43 Fc 164.16 Fc
Wheat Yield 4008.1 Fc 3488.46 Fc 5796.57 Fc 5745.61 Fc 5736.72 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 60 F 57 55 53 51
Apples Production Quantity 175 F 162 161 160 159
Apples Yield 29166.7 Fc 28421 Fc 29272.7 Fc 30188.7 Fc 31176.5 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 365 F 355 330 305 280
Avocados Production Quantity 1400 F 1241 1124 1007 896
Avocados Yield 38356.2 Fc 34957.8 Fc 34060.6 Fc 33016.4 Fc 32000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 20600 F 20533 19206 17473 16548
Bananas Production Quantity 890000 F 887072 811232 735174 659324
Bananas Yield 432039 Fc 432023 Fc 422385 Fc 420749 Fc 398431 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 77274 117806 103523 104216 139643
Beans, dry Production Quantity 60731 86406 78750 69950 87919
Beans, dry Seed 3144 3870 Fc 5633 Fc 5052.5 Fc 5044.76 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 7859.18 Fc 7334.6 Fc 7607.01 Fc 6712.02 Fc 6295.98 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2050 F 2031 1961 1842 1420
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 65500 F 65051 61303 57544 45865
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 319512 Fc 320291 Fc 312611 Fc 312400 Fc 322993 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 320 F 316 314 313 311
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 3700 F 3658 3639 3620 3601
Carrots and turnips Yield 115625 Fc 115759 Fc 115892 Fc 115655 Fc 115788 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 1300 F 1291 1295 1300 1304
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 1900 F 1800 1925 2050 2175
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 14615.4 Fc 13942.7 Fc 14864.9 Fc 15769.2 Fc 16679.5 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 5100 F 5075 4563 3063 2847
Cassava Production Quantity 20500 F 20300 17641 10000 9890
Cassava Yield 40196.1 Fc 40000 Fc 38661 Fc 32647.7 Fc 34738.3 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 96 Im 105 100 95 90
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 659 Im 735 713 692 670
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 68645.8 Fc 70000 Fc 71300 Fc 72842.1 Fc 74444.4 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 390757 A 368588 A 380208 A 390415 A 431637 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 586323 A 548426 A 520287 A 589750 A 575942 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 7758.75 A 7209.58 A 6816.97 A 7039.38 A 7296.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 15004.8 Fc 14879.1 Fc 13684.3 Fc 15105.7 Fc 13343.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 390757 A 368588 A 380208 A 390415 A 431637 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 594972 A 555445 A 527749 A 598653 A 578866 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 7758.75 A 7209.58 A 6816.97 A 7039.38 A 7296.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 15226.1 Fc 15069.5 Fc 13880.5 Fc 15333.8 Fc 13410.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 984 F 984 954 733 648
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 10200 F 6121 6010 4545 3758
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 103659 Fc 62205.3 Fc 62997.9 Fc 62005.5 Fc 57993.8 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 112 Im 110 Im 104 Im 97 Im 92 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 765 Im 612 Im 562 Im 519 Im 472 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 68303.6 Fc 55636.4 Fc 54038.5 Fc 53505.2 Fc 51304.3 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24262 A 23916 A 22481 A 21038 A 19553 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 320565 A 314926 A 298895 A 281787 A 262261 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 132126 Fc 131680 Fc 132954 Fc 133942 Fc 134128 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 383630 A 361180 A 372873 A 380858 A 425912 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 568053 A 533475 A 504496 A 570917 A 569320 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7120.24 A 6789.74 A 6386.84 A 6608.51 A 6754.06 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 14807.3 Fc 14770.3 Fc 13530 Fc 14990.3 Fc 13367.1 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 2500 F 2456 2485 2498 2520
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 *
Cocoa beans Yield 8000 Fc 8143.32 Fc 8048.29 Fc 8006.41 Fc 7936.51 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1900 F 1772 1839 1906 1975
Coconuts Production Quantity 16500 * 15986 16006 16027 16047
Coconuts Yield 86842.1 Fc 90214.4 Fc 87036.4 Fc 84087.1 Fc 81250.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 250012 238455 236376 228438 204490
Coffee, green Production Quantity 213636 190640 185090 175284 172727
Coffee, green Yield 8545.03 Fc 7994.8 Fc 7830.32 Fc 7673.15 Fc 8446.72 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 610 F 610 F 610 F 610 F 610 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1200 F 1200 F 1200 1200 F 1200 F
Cottonseed Seed 27.5 Fc 27.5 Fc 27.5 Fc 27.5 Fc 27.5 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2350 F 2321 2252 2117 2015
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 68000 F 73345 68587 65357 61369
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 289362 Fc 316006 Fc 304560 Fc 308725 Fc 304561 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 450 F 550 F 650 F 714 648
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 13100 F 9000 F 8500 F 6355 5769
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 291111 Fc 163636 Fc 130769 Fc 89005.6 Fc 89027.8 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1100 A 1100 A 1100 A 1100 A 1050 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 610 A 610 A 610 A 610 A 610 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5545.45 Fc 5545.45 Fc 5545.45 Fc 5545.45 Fc 5809.52 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 72549 A 79125 A 74473 A 69079 A 64528 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1642820 A 1727610 A 1589630 A 1468330 A 1335890 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 226442 Fc 218339 Fc 213451 Fc 212559 Fc 207025 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 6281 Im 6162 Im 5848 Im 5463 Im 5158 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 82582 Im 66101 Im 60658 Im 56007 Im 50966 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 131479 Fc 107272 Fc 103724 Fc 102521 Fc 98809.6 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 35 F 32 30 28 26
Garlic Production Quantity 120 F 110 97 89 78
Garlic Yield 34285.7 Fc 34375 Fc 32333.3 Fc 31785.7 Fc 30000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1400 F 1400 1430 1457 1436
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 20000 F 20000 F 20000 F 19000 F 15542
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 142857 Fc 142857 Fc 139860 Fc 130405 Fc 108231 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 31 Im 30 28 26 25
Grapes Production Quantity 194 Im 155 152 150 148
Grapes Yield 62580.7 Fc 51666.7 Fc 54285.7 Fc 57692.3 Fc 59200 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 116 Im 139 137 135 134
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 64 Im 78 77 76 76
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 9.1 Fc 7.54 Fc 9.04 Fc 8.91 Fc 8.78 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5517.24 Fc 5611.51 Fc 5620.44 Fc 5629.63 Fc 5671.64 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1250 F 1207 1029 851 673
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 9800 F 9320 8215 7067 5922
Lemons and limes Yield 78400 Fc 77216.2 Fc 79834.8 Fc 83043.5 Fc 87994.1 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 115 F 112 108 104 98
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 1600 F 1541 1495 1488 1460
Lettuce and chicory Yield 139130 Fc 137589 Fc 138426 Fc 143077 Fc 148980 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 325830 303980 321273 330169 368770
Maize Production Quantity 501583 467741 445110 514153 503561
Maize Seed 6753.24 Fc 5864.94 Fc 5471.64 Fc 5782.91 Fc 5943.04 Fc
Maize Yield 15394 Fc 15387.2 Fc 13854.6 Fc 15572.4 Fc 13655.2 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 3100 F 4051 3643 3234 2826
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 23300 F 25683 22871 20051 17239
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 75161.3 Fc 63399.2 Fc 62780.7 Fc 62000.6 Fc 61001.4 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 750 F 1650 F 1300 F 1158 Im 1050 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 350 F 825 Im 640 Im 580 Im 490 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 4666.67 Fc 5000 Fc 4923.08 Fc 5008.64 Fc 4666.67 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 80000 * 75000 * 69000 * 61000 * 56000 *
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 1420410 972394 951142 929752 797410
Oil palm fruit Yield 177551 Fc 129653 Fc 137847 Fc 152418 Fc 142395 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 84921 A 79942 A 73850 A 65771 A 60274 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 41155 A 40024.8 A 30602.5 A 27392.7 A 25603.3 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 21.66 A 21.19 A 22.36 A 21.69 A 20.5 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4846.27 Fc 5006.73 Fc 4143.88 Fc 4164.86 Fc 4247.82 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 84921 A 79942 A 73850 A 65771 A 60274 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 293781 A 272680 A 196868 A 182015 A 148967 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 10.65 A 10.29 A 11.24 A 10.69 A 9.68 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 34594.7 Fc 34109.7 Fc 26657.8 Fc 27674.1 Fc 24715 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1325 Im 1305 1245 1185 1125
Onions, dry Production Quantity 19045 Im 18587 17679 16720 15861
Onions, dry Yield 143736 Fc 142429 Fc 142000 Fc 141097 Fc 140987 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 21500 F 21199 19918 18633 17352
Oranges Production Quantity 290000 F 284994 270118 255201 240325
Oranges Yield 134884 Fc 134437 Fc 135615 Fc 136962 Fc 138500 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 7400 F 7100 F 7600 F 7100 F 7100 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 223000 F 213000 F 228000 F 214000 F 178000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 301351 Fc 300000 Fc 300000 Fc 301408 Fc 250704 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 72000 * 70000 * 52000 * 46000 * 43000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 257600 * 237500 * 170000 * 158000 * 126500 *
Papayas Area Harvested 150 F 131 119 107 95
Papayas Production Quantity 2600 F 2324 2088 1851 1615
Papayas Yield 173333 Fc 177405 Fc 175462 Fc 172991 Fc 170000 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1400 F 1078 Im 961 Im 920 F 795 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 700 F 499 Im 454 Im 460 F 405 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 5000 Fc 4628.94 Fc 4724.25 Fc 5000 Fc 5094.34 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 2700 F 2691 2845 2747 2640
Pineapples Production Quantity 147000 F 144953 122335 116945 102960
Pineapples Yield 544444 Fc 538658 Fc 430000 Fc 425719 Fc 390000 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 15000 F 21199 19918 18633 17352
Plantains Production Quantity 175000 F 284994 270118 255201 240325
Plantains Yield 116667 Fc 134437 Fc 135615 Fc 136962 Fc 138500 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1350 F 1326 1235 1143 1151
Potatoes Production Quantity 22000 F 21469 21334 20700 19054
Potatoes Seed 2769 Fc 2866.5 Fc 2827.5 Fc 2652 Fc 2476.5 Fc
Potatoes Yield 162963 Fc 161908 Fc 172745 Fc 181102 Fc 165543 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 77274 A 117806 A 103523 A 104216 A 139643 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 60731 A 86406 A 78750 A 69950 A 87919 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3144 A 3870 A 5633 A 5052.5 A 5044.76 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7859.18 Fc 7334.6 Fc 7607.01 Fc 6712.02 Fc 6295.98 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 230 F 223 224 226 228
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 3350 F 3306 3257 3208 3159
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 145652 Fc 148251 Fc 145402 Fc 141947 Fc 138553 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 5276 5633 5459 7557 3725
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 25973 21077 22409 26736 8781
Rice, paddy Seed 443.66 Fc 253.25 Fc 270.38 Fc 262.03 Fc 362.74 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 49228.6 Fc 37417 Fc 41049.6 Fc 35379.1 Fc 23573.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 620 F 989 Im 896 Im 650 F 570 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 4500 F 6395 Im 5967 Im 4700 F 4100 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 72580.6 Fc 64661.3 Fc 66596 Fc 72307.7 Fc 71929.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7750 A 7760 A 6954 A 5001 A 4698 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 51400 A 50564 A 46592 A 36342 A 33850 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2769 A 2866.5 A 2827.5 A 2652 A 2476.5 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 66322.6 Fc 65159.8 Fc 67000.3 Fc 72669.5 Fc 72051.9 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 1100 F 1100 F 1100 F 1100 F 1050 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1900 F 1900 F 1900 F 1900 F 1900 F
Seed cotton Yield 17272.7 Fc 17272.7 Fc 17272.7 Fc 17272.7 Fc 18095.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 1055 Im 1200 1050 770 350
Sesame seed Production Quantity 970 Im 950 886 650 273
Sesame seed Seed 8.19 Fc 8.44 Fc 9.6 Fc 8.4 Fc 6.16 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 9194.31 Fc 7916.67 Fc 8438.1 Fc 8441.56 Fc 7800 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 57800 F 57200 F 51600 F 50689 57142
Sorghum Production Quantity 66470 65734 59386 56764 65759
Sorghum Seed 367 924.8 Fc 915.2 Fc 825.6 Fc 811.02 Fc
Sorghum Yield 11500 Fc 11492 Fc 11508.9 Fc 11198.5 Fc 11508 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 750 F 731 724 860 765
Soybeans Production Quantity 1600 F 1544 1505 1542 1493
Soybeans Yield 21333.3 Fc 21121.8 Fc 20787.3 Fc 17930.2 Fc 19516.3 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 76000 F 75853 75532 74854 62489
Sugar cane Production Quantity 5570000 5625450 5465850 5362750 3660000 F
Sugar cane Seed 167100 Fc 168764 Fc 163976 Fc 160883 Fc 109801 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 732895 Fc 741625 Fc 723647 Fc 716428 Fc 585703 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 680 F 370 F 260 F 145 130
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 4400 F 2400 F 1650 F 942 806
Sweet potatoes Yield 64705.9 Fc 64864.9 Fc 63461.5 Fc 64965.5 Fc 62000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 4350 F 4159 4147 4135 4123
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 6441 6154 6054 5954 5854
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 14806.9 Fc 14796.8 Fc 14598.5 Fc 14399 Fc 14198.4 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 3800 F 3743 3844 3945 1958
Tomatoes Production Quantity 155000 F 153252 120500 F 87658 36772
Tomatoes Yield 407895 Fc 409436 Fc 313476 Fc 222200 Fc 187804 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1300 A 1291 A 1295 A 1300 A 1304 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1900 A 1800 A 1925 A 2050 A 2175 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 14615.4 Fc 13942.7 Fc 14864.9 Fc 15769.2 Fc 16679.5 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 5873 Im 6118 Im 6151 Im 5867 Im 6036 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 67935 Im 72317 Im 69253 Im 65355 Im 55000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 115673 Fc 118204 Fc 112588 Fc 111394 Fc 91119.9 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 28728 A 28490 A 28683 A 27393 A 24753 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 690209 A 675923 A 644933 A 579739 A 461687 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 240257 Fc 237249 Fc 224849 Fc 211638 Fc 186518 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28728 A 28490 A 28683 A 27393 A 24753 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 690209 A 675923 A 644933 A 579739 A 461687 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 240257 Fc 237249 Fc 224849 Fc 211638 Fc 186518 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3700 F 3550 3250 3124 3050
Watermelons Production Quantity 59000 F 55900 55900 53108 50325
Watermelons Yield 159459 Fc 157465 Fc 172000 Fc 170000 Fc 165000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1851 Im 1775 Im 1876 Im 2000 * 2000 *
Wheat Production Quantity 946 Im 893 Im 844 Im 1000 * 765 Im
Wheat Seed 194.85 Fc 166.59 Fc 159.75 Fc 168.84 Fc 180 Fc
Wheat Yield 5110.75 Fc 5030.99 Fc 4498.93 Fc 5000 Fc 3825 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 3220 Fm 3220 Fm 3195 Fm 3184 Q 3160 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 17.8 I 11.8 I 8.5 I 8.2 I
Arable land Area 1020 Fm 1020 Fm 1020 Fm 1018 Fm 1050 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1460 Fm 1460 Fm 1435 Fm 1428 Fm 1460 Fm
Country area Area 11249 W 11249 W 11249 W 11249 Q 11249 Q
Forest area Area 5072 Fm 5192 Q 5312 Fm 5432 Fm 5552 Fm
Inland water Area 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm
Land area Area 11189 Fm 11189 Fm 11189 Fm 11189 Fm 11189 Fm
Other land Area 2897 Fm 2777 Fm 2682 Fm 2573 Fm 2477 Fm
Permanent crops Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 415 Fm 410 Fm 410 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1760 Fm 1760 Fm 1760 Fm 1756 Q 1700 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 88 Fm 88 Fm 88 Fm 88 Fm 88 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 3160 Fm 3150 Fm 3140 Fm 3153 Fm 3028 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.5 I 1.8 I
Arable land Area 1050 Fm 1050 Fm 1050 Fm 1068 F 1068 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1460 Fm 1450 Fm 1440 Fm 1438 Fm 1428 F
Country area Area 11249 Q 11249 Q 11249 Q 11249 Q 11249 Q
Forest area Area 5672 Fm 5792 Q 5912 Fm 6032 Fm 6152 Fm
Inland water Area 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm
Land area Area 11189 Fm 11189 Fm 11189 Fm 11189 Q 11189 Q
Other land Area 2357 Fm 2247 Fm 2137 Fm 2004 Fm 2009 Fm
Permanent crops Area 410 Fm 400 Fm 390 Fm 370 Fm 360 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1700 Fm 1700 Fm 1700 Fm 1715 F 1600 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 85 Fm 85 Fm 85 Fm 82 Fm 80 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files