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Datasheet

Greece

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Introduced YesBen-Dov et al., 2002.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Widespread Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present EPPO, 2014; Gkavaleka et al., 2012.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Present Davis et al., 1997a.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Restricted distribution Németh, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution Rumbos and Bosabalidis, 1985; Syrgianidis, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Restricted distribution Németh, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread Introduced YesPanagopoulos and Panoutsos, 1987; Psallidas, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Present Holeva et al., 2015; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced Theocharis, 1986.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; Kailides, 1967.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Tziros and Diamandis, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Kouyeas and Chitzanidis, 1978.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; Tsopelas et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Thanassoulopoulos and Mappas, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Critopoulos, 1953; Pantidou, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Introduced Logrieco et al., 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Restricted distribution Introduced Tsopelas and Angelopoulos, 2004; Ocasio-Morales et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Tziros et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Minter, 1994.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesHolevas et al., 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; Ligoxigakis et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; Tsopelas et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferae Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Protopapadakis and Zambettakis, 1981; CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2004; Karapapa et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Braun, 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Widespread Introduced YesAnastassiadis, 1963; Xenopoulos and Diamandis, 1985; Xenopoulos, 1990; Xenopoulos, 1991a; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native NoTsopelas and Korhonen, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Eradicated Native NoTsopelas and Korhonen, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporum Restricted distribution Native NoTsopelas and Korhonen, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickii Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Native Pantidou, 1973.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Skorda, 1966; Skorda, 1968.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present ERMS, European Register of Marine Species.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced Simboura and Zenetos, 2002; Antoniadou and Chintiroglou, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegans Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMonticellina dorsobranchialis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present Pelekassis, 1962; Petersen and Gaedike, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Hatzinikolis, 1969a; Hatzinikolis, 1969b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Native NoEichhorn, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present Anagnou-Veroniki et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present YesKoukouras and Matsa, 1998; Koukouras, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesKatsoyannos et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Widespread Fimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Papayiannis et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Estoup et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus rufipes Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present Parker, 2010; Martinou et al., 2011; Bella, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Widespread Introduced YesSkuhravý, 1998; Avtzis and Avtzis, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Present Introduced Kirmitzoglou et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced Koutrakis et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Zarpas et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria pubescens Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Widespread Introduced YesTzanakakis, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Bella, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus cellaris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus dentatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus pilosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Present Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Present Introduced YesStrachinis et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Restricted distribution Michaelakis et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Widespread Hopper et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present Michaelakis et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Native NoKarsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Athanassiou et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupulvinaria horii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoRamel and Haas, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Bella and Rapisarda, 2013; Reguia and Peris-Felipo, 2013; Bella, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Antonatos et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Widespread Native Kailidis, 1970; Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present Milonas and Partsinevelos, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Restricted distribution Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2007; Brown et al., 2008a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; Demirumlaut~er, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissima Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; Papadopoulou and Chryssohoides, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIxa monodi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Restricted distribution Soultanopoulou-Mantaka, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; Bella, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoCox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present Roditakis, 1986; Savopoulou-Soultani and Tzanakakis, 1988; Tsitsipis et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014; Georgieva et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesGrijpma , 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyphia tetraphylla Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus josephi (Israeli pine bast scale) Present Native YesMendel and Schiller, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelillaia desbrochersi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetaphycus anneckei Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languida Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm) Present Native Rayyan et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoAvtzis, 1989; Johansson et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNosopsyllus londinensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOdontofroggatia galili Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parva Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Eradicated Davis and Pena, 1990; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Introduced Lewis , 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread Georgopulos, 1956.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Kozár, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon Present Introduced Vassarmidaki et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab) Widespread Introduced YesCannicci et al., 2006; Thessalou-Legaki et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Present Stathas et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Present Native NoGaruphalos and Tsitsones, 1965.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Native Karaman, 1968; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Present Native YesKailidis, 1964; Kailidis, 1966; Schedl, 1967; Kailidis and Georgevits, 1972; Chararas, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Cabitza et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Localised Introduced Corsini et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present Pelekassis, 1962; Buchelos et al., 1963; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Milonas et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Localised Native NoAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Guerra, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer) Present Kailidis, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Native Smith, 1978; Markalas, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Buchelos, 1980; Levinson and Buchelos, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Restricted distribution CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Present Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Markalas, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Boukadida, 1991; Abdalla, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite) Present Native YesRoques et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution Roditakis et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronense Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Santas, 1979; Kokkinis and Liakos, 2004; Bacandritsos and Papanastasiou, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoArcher, 1998; Cetkovic, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervata Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoMarkalas and Kalapanida, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Bobori et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAtherinomorus lacunosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977; Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo chameleon Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present NoFAO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesMotabar, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus far Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoEconomou et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus suezensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLaudakia stellio (stellion) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Introduced YesNeophytou and Giapis, 1994; Economidis et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMasseti, 2003; Masseti and Marinis, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Bobori et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Localised Introduced Weller, 2001; Papaioannou, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagae Localised Native Plötner et al., 2010; Akin et al., 2010b.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Vladykov, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Introduced BirdLife International, 2015a; Sfougaris et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Present Introduced Adamopoulou, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced Rosecchi et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced Strubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Localised Introduced Zavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Economidis, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Economidis, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Economidis, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Bobori et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Bobori et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoBlanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004; DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesSiokou-Frangou et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis savignyi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara demiri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonis Widespread Introduced YesPancucci-Papadopoulou et al., 2005; Zenetos et al., 2005; Galil, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCellana rota Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium litteratum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida fischeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Native NoReichling, 1950; Lazaridou-Dimitriadou et al., 1998; Vokou et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Dimitrakis, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Present Introduced NoGalil and Zenetos, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesHutchinson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Strayer, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea cyanomarginata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelix nucula Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoTaylor, 1902-1907; Wiktor and Jurkowska, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Native Hickman, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaNerita sanguinolenta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing) Present, few occurrences Introduced Zenetos et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Widespread Introduced YesSerbetis, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Localised Introduced Radea et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Present Introduced Koutsoubas and Voultsiadou-Koukoura, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Taylor, 1906-1914; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1983; Cowie, 1984b; Cowie, 1990; Welter-Schultes, 1998; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Localised Introduced YesMoravec, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Vlachopoulos, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDracunculus vulgaris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Vlachopoulos, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Present Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; Tzortzakakis et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; Conceição et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Pyrowolakis, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Kyrou, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Tzortzakakis et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Pyrowolakis, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Tzortzakakis et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode) Present Vovlas et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Ayoutantis et al., 1952; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Vovlas and Avgelis, 1988; Avgelis et al., 1993; Lamberti et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesProvan et al., 2005; Tsiamis and Panayotidis, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesMoustaka-Gouni et al., 2004; Michaloudi et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrina Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicana Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria collinsiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria polyrhiza Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Tsekos and Haritonidis, 1977; Athanasiadis, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia sphaerocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Widespread Native NoGerloff and Geissler, 1974; Gómez et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced Boliotes, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present only in captivity/cultivation EFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea pannonica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes sicula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present, few occurrences Native NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochlora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Damanakes, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendlei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native Med-Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum libycum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993; Strid and Tan, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Baliousis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Kurtto, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntirrhinum siculum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Indigenous, localized Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Christou et al., 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; Arianoutsou et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Richardson and Smythies, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoidea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Widespread YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena clauda Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena eriantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa rotundifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota acetabulosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota pseudodictamnus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced Euro+Med, 2016; Greuter and Raus, 2001; D'Agata et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia trifoliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didyma Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Widespread Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Strid , 1991; Strid and Tan , 1997; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Cooper and Moerkerk , 2000; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Malandraki et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuchloe dactyloides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fruticosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepeta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula garganica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula medium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Native Kontsiotou, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Native NoDostal, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Kashefi and Sobhian, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus macrosiphon Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transsylvanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Papastergiadou and Babelonas, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe major Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis recta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Stace, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus sabatius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976; Baliousis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present EPPO, 2014; Baliousis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis dioscoridis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacintha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976; Polunin, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (broom) Present Native NoGreuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoHalàcsy, 1904.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Localised Bergmeier, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoArianoutsou et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferruginea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fusca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis viminea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesArianoutsou et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Giannopolitis et al., 1989; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis parvula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesArianoutsou et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Boliotes, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1964; Jalas and Suominen, 1979; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEnarthrocarpus lyratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis leptocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pectinacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium amethystinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Panetsos, 1974; WAC, 2005; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (japanese spindle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Chachalis, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinites Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia stricta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum esculentum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Skorda et al., 1995; Katis et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus ikariae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus reginae-olgae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahit Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Restricted distribution DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Restricted distribution Native NoGibbs, 1968; Gibbs and Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana lutea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia aristigera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGoniolimon tataricum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHablizia thamnoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindrica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (Mediterranean seagrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedysarum coronarium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Greuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteranthera rotundifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoSell and West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoSell and West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIonopsidium albiflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpheion uniflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoBall and Akeroyd, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca saligna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus angulatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus grandiflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus niger Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifolius Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Introduced Landolt, 1986; Preston and Croft, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagon Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimoniastrum monopetalum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perenne Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Scholz, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus parviflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alcea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetala Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecox Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum purpureocroceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNajas gracillima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNajas orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort) Present, few occurrences Native NoUniversity of Reading, 2006; Flora of Israel, 2009; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNothoscordum gracile Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera indecora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galli Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrix Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum bracteatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOriganum onites Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Vagelas and Gravanis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Holm et al., 1979; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced YesParker, 1994; ITIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Valentine, 1968; Q-bank, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Valentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Greece Gallery, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced YesLe, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced YesHäfliger and Scholz, 1980; Le, 1991; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present Elena, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Localised YesGreuter and Raus, 2001; Travlos et al., 2010; Travlos, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread TUTIN and ET, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardous Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Chater and, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Hayek, 1931; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Hayek, 1931; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present YesAnagnou-Veroniki et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesBoyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Hayek, 1931; Borkowsky, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Chater and Heywood, 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Gail, 1994; Tsialtas et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1977; Tutin, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Cook, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Tutin et al., 1964; Polunin, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present BioCASE, 2015; IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present Thanassoulopoulos et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced NoCABI, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringens Present Rayyan et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia motasi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Present Giannakourou et al., 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoPAPADAKIS, 1935.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Papa et al., 2010.
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; Plavsic et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
Virusequine arteritis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Avgelis and Tzortzakakis, 2001.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Chatzivassiliou et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE Handistatus, 2005; OIE, 2005c.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Restricted distribution Efthimiou et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Avgelis, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Widespread Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present Panagiotou and Panayotou, 1981.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Avgelis et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Last reported Papadopoulos et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Localised Introduced YesMoravec, 2006.
anthrax Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Veimos et al., 1975.
avian chlamydiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Present Koutoulis et al., 2015.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Papanikolaou et al., 1985.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian trichomoniasis Present Githkopoulos and Liakos, 1987.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Papadopoulos, 1990; Papadopoulos et al., 1996a; Papadopoulos et al., 1996b; Papadopoulos et al., 1996c.
blackleg OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; Papadopoulos, 1992; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported McNeil et al., 1949; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Kakamoukas et al., 1989.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Bougiouklis et al., 2000; Felmingham, 2004.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Kritas et al., 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Present Introduced Theocharis, 1986; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Papa et al., 2010.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Karanis et al., 2002.
Denman island disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
encephalomyocarditis Present Paschaleri-Papadopoulou et al., 1992.
enzootic abortion of ewes Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Himonas et al., 1998.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infection with Marteilia refringens Present Rayyan et al., 2006.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Bourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Chryssanthopoulos C et al., 1982; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Fthenakis, 1994.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Tsaknakes et al., 1992; Petsaga-Tsimperi and Sarris, 1997.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Present Filiousis et al., 2000.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present Filiousis and Papanikolaou, 1999.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Zdragas et al., 1996.
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm) Present Native Rayyan et al., 2004.
myxomatosis Present Kritas et al., 2008.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2005c.
Nipah virus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoPAPADAKIS, 1935.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Xilouri et al., 1987.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pseudotuberculosis in fish Present Bakopoulos et al., 1995.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Last reported Christodoulous and Tarlatis, 1952; Stefanou et al., 1975; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009; Leontides S et al., 2000.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1994; OIE, 1997.
small hive beetle infestation Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Boscos et al., 1996; Papadopoulou et al., 1997.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Parisis and Lekkas, 1970.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Mavromatis et al., 1986.
swine vesicular disease Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Cardassis, 1964; Cardassis and Margaritis, 1964; Papadopoulos et al., 1996; Papadopoulos, 1999.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Papadopoulos et al., 1996.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present Filiousis and Papanikolaou, 1999.
varroosis of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Santas, 1979; Kokkinis and Liakos, 2004; Bacandritsos and Papanastasiou, 2006.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 14100 15400 14800 F 14500 16675
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 29800 32900 39996 34500 45652
Almonds, with shell Yield 21134.8 Fc 21363.6 Fc 27024.3 Fc 23793.1 Fc 27377.5 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 650 Im 557 Im 499 Im 497 Im 486 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 723 Im 680 Im 615 Im 558 Im 472 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 11123.1 Fc 12208.3 Fc 12324.7 Fc 11227.4 Fc 9711.93 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 13500 13500 13500 F 12000 13207
Apples Production Quantity 255800 239100 259637 234700 251650
Apples Yield 189481 Fc 177111 Fc 192324 Fc 195583 Fc 190543 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 6000 7500 5100 5300 5732
Apricots Production Quantity 82800 76800 62285 77400 83287
Apricots Yield 138000 Fc 102400 Fc 122127 Fc 146038 Fc 145302 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 2200 660 1800 F 1800 2617
Artichokes Production Quantity 38000 7100 19000 F 21300 27990
Artichokes Yield 172727 Fc 107576 Fc 105556 Fc 118333 Fc 106955 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 1600 3900 4185 Im 4200 4676
Asparagus Production Quantity 5600 16200 17000 F 17100 21526
Asparagus Yield 35000 Fc 41538.5 Fc 40621.3 Fc 40714.3 Fc 46035.1 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 412 410 440 Im 400 334
Avocados Production Quantity 1400 1100 1935 Im 1600 1538
Avocados Yield 33980.6 Fc 26829.3 Fc 43977.3 Fc 40000 Fc 46047.9 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 155 F 160 F 172 Im 170 F 174
Bananas Production Quantity 3300 3300 Im 3700 F 3600 F 3586
Bananas Yield 212903 Fc 206250 Fc 215116 Fc 211765 Fc 206092 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 101630 112000 120000 150000 119103
Barley Production Quantity 328180 317900 280000 380000 274373
Barley Seed 14228.2 Fc 14228.2 Fc 15680 Fc 16800 Fc 21000 Fc
Barley Yield 32291.7 Fc 28383.9 Fc 23333.3 Fc 25333.3 Fc 23036.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 9062 Im 9425 Im 9239 8000 9555
Beans, dry Production Quantity 22744 Im 23949 Im 21950 12800 18183
Beans, dry Seed 1650 Fc 1650 Fc 1650 Fc 1650 Fc 1650 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 25098.2 Fc 25410.1 Fc 23758 Fc 16000 Fc 19029.8 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 5000 5800 7484 6300 7638
Beans, green Production Quantity 55100 57500 68701 64700 67810
Beans, green Yield 110200 Fc 99137.9 Fc 91797.2 Fc 102698 Fc 88779.8 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 326 Im 328 Im 309 Im 298 Im 343 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 904 Im 967 Im 1065 Im 1036 Im 1111 Im
Berries Nes Yield 27730.1 Fc 29481.7 Fc 34466 Fc 34765.1 Fc 32390.7 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 820 2500 1500 1500 1803
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 1760 4100 2500 2500 3007
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 360 Fc 360 Fc 360 Fc 360 Fc 360 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 21463.4 Fc 16400 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16677.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 6200 6800 8800 F 7400 8221
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 180100 188200 182000 * 188200 168720
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 290484 Fc 276765 Fc 206818 Fc 254324 Fc 205231 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 5284 Im 5769 Im 6195 Im 6098 Im 5000 F
Carobs Production Quantity 20901 Im 15105 Im 14465 Im 15822 Im 15000 F
Carobs Yield 39555.3 Fc 26183 Fc 23349.5 Fc 25946.2 Fc 30000 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1800 1200 1400 F 1400 1422
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 54800 43600 45000 F 47600 43619
Carrots and turnips Yield 304444 Fc 363333 Fc 321429 Fc 340000 Fc 306744 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 4400 4800 3500 F 3300 5507
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 85800 73300 61000 F 62000 96578
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 195000 Fc 152708 Fc 174286 Fc 187879 Fc 175373 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 961399 A 882393 A 1173670 A 1188240 A 1172980 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 4579190 A 4018000 A 4751420 A 5168060 A 4540550 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 223012 A 223012 A 219411 A 236630 A 254186 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 47630.5 Fc 45535.2 Fc 40483.5 Fc 43493.5 Fc 38709.7 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 931 983 1143 1105 1018
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 4415 3869 4609 4820 3762
Cereals, nes Yield 47422.1 Fc 39359.1 Fc 40323.7 Fc 43619.9 Fc 36954.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 961399 A 882393 A 1173670 A 1188240 A 1172980 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4664110 A 4094420 A 4819690 A 5237590 A 4605600 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 223012 A 223012 A 219411 A 236630 A 254186 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 48513.7 Fc 46401.3 Fc 41065.1 Fc 44078.7 Fc 39264.2 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 9800 9800 10500 8200 9654
Cherries Production Quantity 44200 38200 61128 57200 60700
Cherries Yield 45102 Fc 38979.6 Fc 58217.1 Fc 69756.1 Fc 62875.5 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 8600 7400 10618 Im 10600 8921
Chestnuts Production Quantity 21500 20900 14000 F 9800 14999
Chestnuts Yield 25000 Fc 28243.2 Fc 13185.2 Fc 9245.28 Fc 16813.1 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1300 2900 1300 1800 1900
Chick peas Production Quantity 2200 4400 2700 3300 3300
Chick peas Seed 156 Fc 156 Fc 348 Fc 156 Fc 216 Fc
Chick peas Yield 16923.1 Fc 15172.4 Fc 20769.2 Fc 18333.3 Fc 17368.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 118 Im 101 Im 91 Im 87 Im 85 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 508 Im 478 Im 432 Im 346 Im 350 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 43050.8 Fc 47326.7 Fc 47472.5 Fc 39770.1 Fc 41176.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 3600 3900 3902 Im 3900 4534
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 130800 141000 120000 F 119900 106556
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 363333 Fc 361538 Fc 307535 Fc 307436 Fc 235015 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 107 Im 108 Im 102 Im 100 F 105
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 921 Im 985 Im 1085 Im 1100 F 1113
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 86074.8 Fc 91203.7 Fc 106373 Fc 110000 Fc 106000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 50336 A 51908 A 55764 A 53800 A 57577 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 938866 A 982685 A 1042430 A 988600 A 1028850 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 186520 Fc 189313 Fc 186936 Fc 183755 Fc 178691 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 385009 A 338393 A 446669 A 500137 A 418593 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2707100 A 2201850 A 2784690 A 3089490 A 2781190 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 38153.2 A 38153.2 A 34310.9 A 42280.2 A 49535.5 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 70312.5 Fc 65067.8 Fc 62343.4 Fc 61772.8 Fc 66441.4 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 280000 * 180000 * 215000 * 240000 * 285000 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 490000 * 310000 * 449000 * 420000 * 500000 *
Cottonseed Seed 36000 Fc 36000 Fc 30000 Fc 27600 Fc 30000 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 3600 1600 2069 Im 1800 2765
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 174700 103600 124000 F 124300 158448
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 485278 Fc 647500 Fc 599323 Fc 690556 Fc 573049 Fc
Currants Production Quantity 16 Im 17 Im 22 Im 19 Im 20 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 2500 2600 3098 2900 3121
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 78000 70900 67190 85300 67928
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 312000 Fc 272692 Fc 216882 Fc 294138 Fc 217648 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 300000 A 250000 A 230000 A 250000 A 362981 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 280000 A 180000 A 215000 A 240000 A 285000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 9333.33 Fc 7200 Fc 9347.83 Fc 9600 Fc 7851.65 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 3800 4328 4500 F 4800 6319
Figs Production Quantity 9400 11014 15000 F 18000 20413
Figs Yield 24736.8 Fc 25448.2 Fc 33333.3 Fc 37500 Fc 32304.2 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested F F F F F
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity F F F F F
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 253332 A 255102 A 252862 A 235668 A 265674 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3151630 A 3341740 A 3465480 A 3310480 A 3412750 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 124407 Fc 130996 Fc 137050 Fc 140472 Fc 128456 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3494 Im 3512 Im 3310 Im 3191 Im 3675 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 12656 Im 13535 Im 14909 Im 14503 Im 15547 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 36222.1 Fc 38539.3 Fc 45042.3 Fc 45449.7 Fc 42304.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 950 1100 1400 F 1500 1541
Garlic Production Quantity 10500 9500 10000 F 10700 10459
Garlic Yield 110526 Fc 86363.6 Fc 71428.6 Fc 71333.3 Fc 67871.5 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 199 Im 200 102 Im 100 289
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 6078 Im 6500 F 6300 P 6500 6725
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 305427 Fc 325000 Fc 617647 Fc 650000 Fc 232699 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 103200 99300 98000 F 86800 108000
Grapes Production Quantity 856600 1002900 955000 F 852900 940600
Grapes Yield 83003.9 Fc 100997 Fc 97449 Fc 98260.4 Fc 87092.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 776 Im 660 F 590 F 300 F 457
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1953 Im 2200 F 2000 1000 1516
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 77.6 Fc 77.6 Fc 66 Fc 59 Fc 30 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 25167.5 Fc 33333.3 Fc 33898.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 33172.9 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 400 400 600 F 800 652
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1200 1300 1500 F 2300 1497
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 30000 Fc 32500 Fc 25000 Fc 28750 Fc 22960.1 Fc
Hops Area Harvested
Hops Production Quantity
Hops Yield
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 6700 6451 5800 F 4800 4800
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 140400 116310 104000 F 84300 70100
Kiwi fruit Yield 209552 Fc 180298 Fc 179310 Fc 175625 Fc 146042 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1600 1800 1787 Im 1800 2144
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 35300 41100 39000 F 39300 40998
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 220625 Fc 228333 Fc 218243 Fc 218333 Fc 191222 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 900 Im 932 Im 1175 Im 1200 F 1200 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 8369 Im 8180 Im 9167 Im 9000 F 9000 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 92988.9 Fc 87768.2 Fc 78017 Fc 75000 Fc 75000 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 7163 Im 7200 8500 F 7200 10306
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 70314 Im 75200 F 75047 75000 86265
Lemons and limes Yield 98162.8 Fc 104444 Fc 88290.6 Fc 104167 Fc 83703.7 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 2239 Im 2445 Im 2100 * 2100 * 2788
Lentils Production Quantity 2858 Im 3092 Im 2800 * 2800 * 2545
Lentils Seed 179.12 Fc 179.12 Fc 195.6 Fc 168 Fc 168 Fc
Lentils Yield 12764.6 Fc 12646.2 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13333.3 Fc 9128.41 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 4500 5600 5113 Im 4700 5387
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 106500 115300 90000 F 90400 * 79516
Lettuce and chicory Yield 236667 Fc 205893 Fc 176022 Fc 192340 Fc 147607 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested
Linseed Production Quantity
Linseed Seed F F F F F
Linseed Yield
Lupins Area Harvested 50 200 300 300 378
Lupins Production Quantity 140 400 700 700 485
Lupins Seed 4 Fc 4 Fc 16 Fc 24 Fc 24 Fc
Lupins Yield 28000 Fc 20000 Fc 23333.3 Fc 23333.3 Fc 12830.7 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 181800 151550 240000 240000 237900
Maize Production Quantity 2165790 1718460 2352000 2472000 2379110
Maize Seed 10908 Fc 10908 Fc 9093 Fc 14400 Fc 14400 Fc
Maize Yield 119130 Fc 113392 Fc 98000 Fc 103000 Fc 100005 Fc
Melonseed Area Harvested 2228 Im 1894 Im 1571 Im 1800 F 1800 F
Melonseed Production Quantity 4053 Im 4566 Im 5601 Im 6000 F 6000 F
Melonseed Yield 18191.2 Fc 24107.7 Fc 35652.4 Fc 33333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc
Millet Area Harvested F F F F F
Millet Production Quantity F F F F F
Millet Seed
Millet Yield
Mixed grain Area Harvested 926 Im 850 F 491 Im 497 Im 491 Im
Mixed grain Production Quantity 1937 Im 1700 1029 Im 1118 Im 983 Im
Mixed grain Seed 55.56 Fc 55.56 Fc 51 Fc 29.46 Fc 29.82 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 20917.9 Fc 20000 Fc 20957.2 Fc 22495 Fc 20020.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 3255 Im 3181 Im 3565 Im 3334 Im 3500 F
Oats Area Harvested 82220 56200 65000 84400 42695
Oats Production Quantity 170050 117610 110000 170000 83104
Oats Seed 10688.6 Fc 10688.6 Fc 7306 Fc 8450 Fc 10972 Fc
Oats Yield 20682.3 Fc 20927 Fc 16923.1 Fc 20142.2 Fc 19464.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 370075 A 314614 A 261033 A 273870 A 383353 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 296301 A 210204 A 260590 A 232898 A 274934 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 19221.9 A 19221.9 A 16072.8 A 14420.5 A 15519.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8006.51 Fc 6681.35 Fc 9983.05 Fc 8503.94 Fc 7171.82 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1220080 A 1148810 A 1076030 A 1080470 A 1179080 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 554726 A 488792 A 598145 A 645598 A 601976 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 6509.44 A 6509.44 A 5472.09 A 4714.64 A 4990.26 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4546.65 Fc 4254.75 Fc 5558.8 Fc 5975.15 Fc 5105.49 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 850000 F 834200 815000 F 806600 795724
Olives Production Quantity 2000000 F 1809800 2286140 2575000 2313060
Olives Yield 23529.4 Fc 21695 Fc 28050.8 Fc 31924.1 Fc 29068.6 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 2415 Im 2500 F 2400 Im 2000 F 2017
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 24649 Im 24092 Im 27000 F 24000 F 24037
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 102066 Fc 96368 Fc 112500 Fc 120000 Fc 119172 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 7300 6900 6862 7300 6754
Onions, dry Production Quantity 243000 188200 191607 200400 164593
Onions, dry Yield 332877 Fc 272754 Fc 279229 Fc 274521 Fc 243697 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 36400 37900 40000 F 39500 39891
Oranges Production Quantity 740000 F 770000 F 845000 F 802000 815668
Oranges Yield 203297 Fc 203166 Fc 211250 Fc 203038 Fc 204474 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 7825 Im 8100 F 8000 F 8100 F 8359
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 170863 Im 167000 F 166000 * 167000 * 174033
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 218355 Fc 206173 Fc 207500 Fc 206173 Fc 208198 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 42200 43600 41800 42600 43318
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 690200 738400 821900 855200 816009
Peaches and nectarines Yield 163555 Fc 169358 Fc 196627 Fc 200751 Fc 188376 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 4800 5200 4100 F 4000 4377
Pears Production Quantity 61900 68400 73784 73000 71132
Pears Yield 128958 Fc 131538 Fc 179961 Fc 182500 Fc 162513 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 384 Im 450 F 480 F 450 F 453
Peas, dry Production Quantity 678 Im 739 Im 750 F 680 F 639
Peas, dry Seed 200 Fc 200 Fc 200 Fc 200 Fc 195 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 17656.3 Fc 16422.2 Fc 15625 Fc 15111.1 Fc 14106 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 2700 1800 964 Im 900 1449
Peas, green Production Quantity 20100 11400 6000 F 5500 9554
Peas, green Yield 74444.4 Fc 63333.3 Fc 62240.7 Fc 61111.1 Fc 65935.1 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 5207 Im 5063 Im 5146 Im 4900 F 4884
Pistachios Production Quantity 9580 Im 8998 Im 10124 Im 8100 F 8148
Pistachios Yield 18398.3 Fc 17772.1 Fc 19673.5 Fc 16530.6 Fc 16683 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1400 1400 1547 Im 1500 F 1574
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 14700 15100 13500 F 14000 * 13170
Plums and sloes Yield 105000 Fc 107857 Fc 87265.7 Fc 93333.3 Fc 83672.2 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 28450 31350 33500 33500 46049
Potatoes Production Quantity 757820 791500 848000 848000 943196
Potatoes Seed 93000 F 93000 F 93000 F 93000 * 93000 *
Potatoes Yield 266369 Fc 252472 Fc 253134 Fc 253134 Fc 204824 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1500 Im 1474 Im 1513 Im 1700 F 1700 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 2895 Im 3133 Im 2837 Im 2800 F 2800 F
Pulses, nes Seed 120 Fc 120 Fc 117.92 Fc 121.04 Fc 136 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 19300 Fc 21255.1 Fc 18750.8 Fc 16470.6 Fc 16470.6 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21701 A 26641 A 24232 A 23650 A 27131 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 41208 A 48727 A 43937 A 35280 A 43254 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3240.26 A 3240.26 A 3539.75 A 3381.04 A 3451 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 18989 Fc 18290.2 Fc 18131.8 Fc 14917.5 Fc 15942.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3671 Im 3800 F 4679 Im 3900 4804
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 74177 Im 72500 76000 F 75900 88268
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 202062 Fc 190789 Fc 162428 Fc 194615 Fc 183739 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 324 Im 326 Im 307 Im 300 162
Quinces Production Quantity 3432 Im 3671 Im 4044 Im 4100 5035
Quinces Yield 105926 Fc 112607 Fc 131726 Fc 136667 Fc 310802 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 6000 * 7000 * 4000 * 5000 * 4000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 8000 * 9000 * 6000 * 7000 * 6000 *
Rapeseed Yield 13333.3 Fc 12857.1 Fc 15000 Fc 14000 Fc 15000 Fc
Raspberries Production Quantity 63 Im 67 Im 74 Im 72 Im 77 Im
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 32390 34000 29000 31000 25589
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 254990 229500 205000 208800 195340
Rice, paddy Seed 4858.5 Fc 4858.5 Fc 5100 Fc 4350 Fc 4650 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 78724.9 Fc 67500 Fc 70689.7 Fc 67354.8 Fc 76337.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28657 A 31542 A 33684 A 33670 A 46218 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 762191 A 795224 A 851334 A 851500 A 946817 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 93000 A 93000 A 93000 A 93000 A 93000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 265970 Fc 252116 Fc 252741 Fc 252896 Fc 204859 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 17480 16770 20000 24100 17353
Rye Production Quantity 36640 42190 37000 61500 39810
Rye Seed 2272.4 Fc 2272.4 Fc 2180.1 Fc 2600 Fc 3133 Fc
Rye Yield 20961.1 Fc 25158 Fc 18500 Fc 25518.7 Fc 22941.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 300000 * 250000 * 230000 * 250000 * 362981
Seed cotton Production Quantity 890000 F 700000 F 816383 912000 1040210
Seed cotton Yield 29666.7 Fc 28000 Fc 35494.9 Fc 36480 Fc 28657.4 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 71 Im 60 F 67 Im 70 F 100
Sesame seed Production Quantity 33 Im 37 Im 45 Im 50 F 53
Sesame seed Seed 1.07 Fc 1.07 Fc 0.9 Fc 1.01 Fc 1.05 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 4647.89 Fc 6166.67 Fc 6716.42 Fc 7142.86 Fc 5300 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 22 40 35 F 35 F 33
Sorghum Production Quantity 84 120 50 F 50 F 49
Sorghum Seed 0.44000000000000005 Fc 0.44000000000000005 Fc 0.8 Fc 0.7 Fc 0.7 Fc
Sorghum Yield 38181.8 Fc 30000 Fc 14285.7 Fc 14285.7 Fc 14848.5 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 295 Im 297 Im 280 F 300 * 216
Sour cherries Production Quantity 2123 Im 2270 Im 2500 F 2400 * 2258
Sour cherries Yield 71966.1 Fc 76431 Fc 89285.7 Fc 80000 Fc 104537 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 4000 * 4000 * 4000 * 4000 * 4000 *
Soybeans Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity F F F F F
Spinach Area Harvested 4000 3800 4800 F 4100 4125
Spinach Production Quantity 55600 56100 50000 F 44200 44064
Spinach Yield 139000 Fc 147632 Fc 104167 Fc 107805 Fc 106822 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 779 Im 783 Im 738 Im 711 Im 819 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 2631 Im 2814 Im 3100 F 3032 Im 3250 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 33774.1 Fc 35938.7 Fc 42005.4 Fc 42644.2 Fc 39682.5 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 527 Im 530 Im 500 F 400 F 393
Strawberries Production Quantity 9337 Im 9986 Im 11000 F 9000 F 9419
Strawberries Yield 177173 Fc 188415 Fc 220000 Fc 225000 Fc 239669 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 5510 13200 24200 13800 15604
Sugar beet Production Quantity 324400 761500 1600000 903000 866741
Sugar beet Yield 588748 Fc 576894 Fc 661157 Fc 654348 Fc 555461 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 59000 * 53000 * 22805 14700 12015
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 75000 * 85000 * 44036 15600 19087
Sunflower seed Seed 1770 Fc 1770 Fc 1590 Fc 684.15 Fc 441 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 12711.9 Fc 16037.7 Fc 19309.8 Fc 10612.2 Fc 15886 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 207 Im 192 Im 184 Im 170 F 169
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 4371 Im 3724 Im 3334 Im 3500 F 3621
Sweet potatoes Yield 211159 Fc 193958 Fc 181196 Fc 205882 Fc 214260 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 6467 Im 6500 7060 Im 6900 * 6986
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 121553 Im 130000 115000 F 104000 119077
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 187959 Fc 200000 Fc 162890 Fc 150725 Fc 170451 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 16122 Im 15600 16116 15700 18038
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 20287 Im 22000 27098 20500 29370
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 12583.4 Fc 14102.6 Fc 16814.3 Fc 13057.3 Fc 16282.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 19800 24200 32350 25000 33002
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1169900 1406200 1561310 1338600 1464840
Tomatoes Yield 590859 Fc 581074 Fc 482631 Fc 535440 Fc 443864 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 39307 A 38763 A 41664 A 44500 A 40364 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 91880 A 86298 A 87620 A 69800 A 91252 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 23375 Fc 22263 Fc 21030.2 Fc 15685.4 Fc 22607.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2626 Im 2718 Im 3426 Im 3500 F 3500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 74393 Im 72711 Im 81487 Im 76210 Im 80000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 283294 Fc 267517 Fc 237849 Fc 217743 Fc 228571 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 103187 A 106810 A 122194 A 110100 A 131891 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3447510 A 3369560 A 3638030 A 3443940 A 3615430 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 334103 Fc 315473 Fc 297726 Fc 312801 Fc 274122 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 103187 A 106810 A 122194 A 110100 A 131891 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3447510 A 3369560 A 3638030 A 3443940 A 3615430 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 334103 Fc 315473 Fc 297726 Fc 312801 Fc 274122 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 6346 Im 7247 Im 7800 * 7800 * 8554
Vetches Production Quantity 7933 Im 8914 Im 9700 * 9700 * 12295
Vetches Seed 571.14 Fc 571.14 Fc 652.23 Fc 702 Fc 702 Fc
Vetches Yield 12500.8 Fc 12300.3 Fc 12435.9 Fc 12435.9 Fc 14373.4 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 11000 10500 10500 F 13700 9232
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 29800 22200 22000 15100 20956
Walnuts, with shell Yield 27090.9 Fc 21142.9 Fc 20952.4 Fc 11021.9 Fc 22699.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 14000 12300 13000 F 13100 17108
Watermelons Production Quantity 648000 492700 623000 * 629000 * 663389
Watermelons Yield 462857 Fc 400569 Fc 479231 Fc 480153 Fc 387765 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 544000 510000 698000 657100 728795
Wheat Production Quantity 1702020 1663070 1830000 1939300 1629070
Wheat Seed 180000 F 180000 F 180000 F 190000 F 200000 F
Wheat Yield 31287.1 Fc 32609.2 Fc 26217.8 Fc 29513 Fc 22352.9 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 17291 17613 18133 19600 20300
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 50708 48194 48177 36480 38130
Almonds, with shell Yield 29326.2 Fc 27362.7 Fc 26568.7 Fc 18612.2 Fc 18783.3 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 500 F 264 Im 401 Im 492 Im 503 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 500 F 377 Im 611 Im 683 Im 722 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 10000 Fc 14280.3 Fc 15236.9 Fc 13882.1 Fc 14353.9 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 13291 13354 13381 13600 13700
Apples Production Quantity 288703 250019 274702 208000 281000
Apples Yield 217217 Fc 187224 Fc 205293 Fc 152941 Fc 205109 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 5715 5697 5731 5600 5700
Apricots Production Quantity 71586 73613 89538 59854 70272
Apricots Yield 125260 Fc 129214 Fc 156235 Fc 106882 Fc 123284 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 2626 2595 2594 2700 3100
Artichokes Production Quantity 28869 27362 29300 29000 33000
Artichokes Yield 109935 Fc 105441 Fc 112953 Fc 107407 Fc 106452 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 4616 4675 5273 5300 5800
Asparagus Production Quantity 20810 21706 23594 23000 24000
Asparagus Yield 45082.3 Fc 46429.9 Fc 44744.9 Fc 43396.2 Fc 41379.3 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 308 316 315 314 Im 315 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 1534 1539 1635 1600 1600
Avocados Yield 49805.2 Fc 48702.5 Fc 51904.8 Fc 50955.4 Fc 50793.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 167 167 224 230 230
Bananas Production Quantity 3601 3910 3956 3873 3876
Bananas Yield 215629 Fc 234132 Fc 176607 Fc 168391 Fc 168522 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 101724 94300 93982 103900 113000
Barley Production Quantity 245471 233551 233882 226000 282000
Barley Seed 16674.4 Fc 14241.4 Fc 13202 Fc 13157.5 Fc 14546 Fc
Barley Yield 24131.1 Fc 24766.8 Fc 24885.8 Fc 21751.7 Fc 24955.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 9226 8800 8743 9860 10500
Beans, dry Production Quantity 19689 19617 19514 21834 22025
Beans, dry Seed 1780 Fc 1730 Fc 1642 Fc 1652 Fc 1819 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 21340.8 Fc 22292 Fc 22319.6 Fc 22144 Fc 20976.2 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7516 7538 7778 8327 8289
Beans, green Production Quantity 65949 67587 71525 74000 73000
Beans, green Yield 87744.8 Fc 89661.7 Fc 91958.1 Fc 88867.5 Fc 88068.5 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 350 F 450 Im 448 Im 455 Im 457 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1200 F 1345 Im 1220 Im 996 Im 1444 Im
Berries Nes Yield 34285.7 Fc 29888.9 Fc 27232.1 Fc 21890.1 Fc 31597.4 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 1780 1821 1905 2100 2400
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 3060 3059 3132 3000 4000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 435 Fc 427.5 Fc 453 Fc 465 Fc 495 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 17191 Fc 16798.5 Fc 16440.9 Fc 14285.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8584 8617 8741 8900 8800
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 177459 179526 175270 190000 189000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 206732 Fc 208339 Fc 200515 Fc 213483 Fc 214773 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 4613 4861 4689 5000 F 12000 *
Carobs Production Quantity 14506 14815 14594 14789 15015
Carobs Yield 31445.9 Fc 30477.3 Fc 31123.9 Fc 29578 Fc 12512.5 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1477 1385 1659 1400 1100
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 43364 39614 61772 43000 33600
Carrots and turnips Yield 293595 Fc 286022 Fc 372345 Fc 307143 Fc 305455 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 4775 4247 4740 4800 4600
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 83288 86273 88521 88000 79000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 174425 Fc 203139 Fc 186753 Fc 183333 Fc 171739 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1195600 A 1263400 A 1261210 A 1275080 A 1288590 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 4625700 A 5041330 A 5024940 A 4655580 A 4771710 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 197623 A 239231 A 238614 A 248463 A 250053 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 38689.5 Fc 39902.8 Fc 39842.2 Fc 36512.1 Fc 37030.6 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1722
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 3977
Cereals, nes Yield 23095.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1195600 A 1263400 A 1261210 A 1275080 A 1288590 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4685370 A 5097030 A 5087690 A 4709860 A 4826980 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 197623 A 239231 A 238614 A 248463 A 250053 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 39188.5 Fc 40343.6 Fc 40339.7 Fc 36937.8 Fc 37459.6 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 9591 9391 9847 9400 9400
Cherries Production Quantity 43700 44201 46714 44618 47090
Cherries Yield 45563.6 Fc 47067.4 Fc 47439.8 Fc 47466 Fc 50095.7 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 9026 8939 8904 8760 8790
Chestnuts Production Quantity 17442 19086 18712 16800 15200
Chestnuts Yield 19324.2 Fc 21351.4 Fc 21015.3 Fc 19178.1 Fc 17292.4 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 2390 2200 2046 1500 1700
Chick peas Production Quantity 2740 2618 2993 2000 3000
Chick peas Seed 228 Fc 286.8 Fc 264 Fc 245.52 Fc 180 Fc
Chick peas Yield 11464.4 Fc 11900 Fc 14628.5 Fc 13333.3 Fc 17647.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 57 Im 72 Im 73 Im 70 Im 68 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 163 Im 241 Im 260 Im 196 Im 257 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 28596.5 Fc 33472.2 Fc 35616.4 Fc 28000 Fc 37794.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4681 4337 4446 3900 * 3800
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 113180 104650 108062 95000 F 95500
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 241786 Fc 241296 Fc 243054 Fc 243590 Fc 251316 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 109 109 111 120 F 148 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 1193 1095 2194 3054 3009
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 109450 Fc 100459 Fc 197658 Fc 254500 Fc 203311 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 58444 A 57771 A 57912 A 57718 A 58447 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1103520 A 1154250 A 866427 A 1211500 A 1500070 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 188817 Fc 199798 Fc 149611 Fc 209900 Fc 256654 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 394469 A 396403 A 392455 A 403879 A 396085 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2728030 A 2885630 A 2807170 A 2843860 A 2621980 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 38784.8 A 35747.3 A 35149 A 34908.8 A 36557.7 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 69157 Fc 72795.3 Fc 71528.4 Fc 70413.5 Fc 66197.5 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 346800 * 410600 * 391000 * 364600 * 435000 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 520000 * 677000 * 645000 * 611000 * 718000 *
Cottonseed Seed 43557.7 Fc 44864.6 Fc 43740 Fc 44899.3 Fc 44940 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2764 2757 2681 2600 2700
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 156048 158520 156108 161000 166000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 564573 Fc 574973 Fc 582275 Fc 619231 Fc 614815 Fc
Currants Production Quantity 22 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 3188 3186 3309 3300 3200
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 69341 68134 72547 74000 77000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 217506 Fc 213854 Fc 219241 Fc 224242 Fc 240625 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 373872 A 364500 A 374161 A 374500 A 382500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 346800 A 410600 A 391000 A 364600 A 435000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 9275.9 Fc 11264.8 Fc 10450 Fc 9735.65 Fc 11372.5 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 6452 6478 6500 5000 F 15524 Im
Figs Production Quantity 22255 23493 21545 25000 F 88987 Im
Figs Yield 34493.2 Fc 36265.8 Fc 33146.2 Fc 50000 Fc 57322.2 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested F
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity F
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 270403 A 283840 A 283996 A 288185 A 306674 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3675920 A 3756180 A 3628220 A 3142970 A 3962380 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 135942 Fc 132334 Fc 127756 Fc 109061 Fc 129205 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3747 Im 3932 Im 3934 Im 4014 Im 4029 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16793 Im 17159 Im 15568 Im 12713 Im 18426 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 44817.2 Fc 43639.4 Fc 39572.9 Fc 31671.7 Fc 45733.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 1710 1720 1785 1400 1300
Garlic Production Quantity 12611 12717 13442 10000 9000
Garlic Yield 73748.5 Fc 73936.1 Fc 75305.3 Fc 71428.6 Fc 69230.8 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 292 287 287 398 Im 399 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 6700 6442 6514 7356 8058
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 229452 Fc 224460 Fc 226969 Fc 184824 Fc 201955 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 112800 126400 125800 131300 131800
Grapes Production Quantity 1142500 1130000 1250000 F 1200000 F 1100000 F
Grapes Yield 101285 Fc 89398.7 Fc 99364.1 Fc 91393.8 Fc 83459.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 494 500 490 500 500
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1662 1733 1736 1000 1000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 45.7 Fc 49.4 Fc 50 Fc 49 Fc 50 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 33643.7 Fc 34660 Fc 35428.6 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 717 749 800 1000 1000
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1683 1799 2532 2160 2430
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 23472.8 Fc 24018.7 Fc 31650 Fc 21600 Fc 24300 Fc
Hops Area Harvested
Hops Production Quantity
Hops Yield
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 4500 4500 4700 F 4500 F 4405 *
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 87200 70100 58000 F 37948 Im 55000 F
Kiwi fruit Yield 193778 Fc 155778 Fc 123404 Fc 84328.9 Fc 124858 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 2112 2127 2057 2000 1900
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 41773 44052 42256 40000 41000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 197789 Fc 207109 Fc 205425 Fc 200000 Fc 215789 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1250 F 1141 Im 1201 Im 1200 * 1100 *
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 9500 F 8208 Im 8829 Im 8536 Im 8278 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 76000 Fc 71936.9 Fc 73513.7 Fc 71133.3 Fc 75254.6 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 10409 10451 10528 10500 11200
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 87518 84053 68058 144197 166000
Lemons and limes Yield 84079.2 Fc 80425.8 Fc 64644.8 Fc 137330 Fc 148214 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1790 1400 1182 712 771
Lentils Production Quantity 1967 1565 1622 1000 1000
Lentils Seed 223.04 Fc 143.2 Fc 112 Fc 94.56 Fc 56.96 Fc
Lentils Yield 10988.8 Fc 11178.6 Fc 13722.5 Fc 14044.9 Fc 12970.2 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 5496 5477 4825 4700 4700
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 91673 105032 92413 80000 88000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 166799 Fc 191769 Fc 191530 Fc 170213 Fc 187234 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested
Linseed Production Quantity
Linseed Seed F
Linseed Yield
Lupins Area Harvested 358 299 285 300 400
Lupins Production Quantity 460 295 289 417 Im 450 F
Lupins Seed 30.24 Fc 28.64 Fc 23.92 Fc 22.8 Fc 24 Fc
Lupins Yield 12849.2 Fc 9866.22 Fc 10140.4 Fc 13900 Fc 11250 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 232683 246900 242903 240500 223000
Maize Production Quantity 2359000 2534080 2455460 2503000 2219000
Maize Seed 14274 Fc 13961 Fc 14814 Fc 14574.2 Fc 14430 Fc
Maize Yield 101383 Fc 102636 Fc 101088 Fc 104075 Fc 99506.7 Fc
Melonseed Area Harvested 1700 F 1700 F 1700 F 1700 F 1700 F
Melonseed Production Quantity 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F
Melonseed Yield 29411.8 Fc 29411.8 Fc 29411.8 Fc 29411.8 Fc 29411.8 Fc
Millet Area Harvested F
Millet Production Quantity F
Millet Seed
Millet Yield
Mixed grain Area Harvested 500 F 574 Im 573 Im 579 Im 585 Im
Mixed grain Production Quantity 1000 F 1250 Im 1248 Im 1155 Im 1184 Im
Mixed grain Seed 29.46 Fc 30 Fc 34.44 Fc 34.38 Fc 34.74 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 20000 Fc 21777 Fc 21780.1 Fc 19948.2 Fc 20239.3 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 2474 2262 2516 2500 500
Oats Area Harvested 41762 40400 40744 42600 43600
Oats Production Quantity 84126 84105 82786 83000 86000
Oats Seed 5550.35 Fc 5429.06 Fc 5252 Fc 5296.72 Fc 5538 Fc
Oats Yield 20144.2 Fc 20818.1 Fc 20318.6 Fc 19483.6 Fc 19724.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 389230 A 373992 A 383225 A 388700 A 403893 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 281886 A 356289 A 339417 A 325246 A 384051 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 22402 A 23028.2 A 22400.4 A 22985.2 A 23078.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 7242.15 Fc 9526.64 Fc 8856.85 Fc 8367.53 Fc 9508.73 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1186200 A 1158490 A 1177390 A 1153700 A 1168890 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 627509 A 683025 A 594005 A 557526 A 694364 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7131.37 A 7305.25 A 7077.95 A 7257.79 A 7327.82 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5290.06 Fc 5895.81 Fc 5045.12 Fc 4832.5 Fc 5940.35 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 796972 784500 794160 765000 765000
Olives Production Quantity 2425150 2583190 2204020 2050260 2577640
Olives Yield 30429.5 Fc 32927.8 Fc 27752.8 Fc 26800.8 Fc 33694.6 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 2099 2116 2134 2200 2200
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 25482 25959 28033 29000 26000
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 121401 Fc 122680 Fc 131364 Fc 131818 Fc 118182 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 6836 7200 7580 7600 7826
Onions, dry Production Quantity 171929 186175 202524 206000 217000
Onions, dry Yield 251505 Fc 258576 Fc 267182 Fc 271053 Fc 277281 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 40719 40015 40141 40100 40200
Oranges Production Quantity 899122 936094 698294 951892 1193000
Oranges Yield 220811 Fc 233936 Fc 173960 Fc 237380 Fc 296766 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 7969 8083 8390 8500 8500
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 159902 168766 175043 192000 170000
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 200655 Fc 208791 Fc 208633 Fc 225882 Fc 200000 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 43141 43266 43626 43800 43600
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 767938 864406 875544 228000 687000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 178007 Fc 199789 Fc 200693 Fc 52054.8 Fc 157569 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 4350 4348 4339 4400 4300
Pears Production Quantity 81732 78687 76240 67000 59000
Pears Yield 187890 Fc 180973 Fc 175709 Fc 152273 Fc 137209 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 398 400 376 400 304
Peas, dry Production Quantity 624 649 1257 466 505
Peas, dry Seed 180 Fc 180 Fc 185 Fc 198 Fc 180 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 15678.4 Fc 16225 Fc 33430.8 Fc 11650 Fc 16611.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 1150 1416 1606 1400 1500
Peas, green Production Quantity 7573 9212 10250 8000 7000
Peas, green Yield 65852.2 Fc 65056.5 Fc 63823.2 Fc 57142.9 Fc 46666.7 Fc
Pistachios Area Harvested 4956 4945 4670 5600 5400
Pistachios Production Quantity 8233 8847 7917 7930 8860
Pistachios Yield 16612.2 Fc 17890.8 Fc 16952.9 Fc 14160.7 Fc 16407.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1405 1334 957 1200 1100
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 11090 10319 13900 9000 13100
Plums and sloes Yield 78932.4 Fc 77353.8 Fc 145246 Fc 75000 Fc 119091 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 45446 44440 45646 46200 46500
Potatoes Production Quantity 901705 818727 948361 955000 901000
Potatoes Seed 102000 * 102000 * 102500 * 105000 * 106000 *
Potatoes Yield 198412 Fc 184232 Fc 207764 Fc 206710 Fc 193763 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 2500 F 1646 Im 1604 Im 1641 Im 1774 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3200 F 2862 Im 2641 Im 2547 Im 2748 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 136 Fc 200 Fc 131.68 Fc 128.32 Fc 131.28 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 12800 Fc 17387.6 Fc 16465.1 Fc 15521 Fc 15490.4 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 26857 A 23038 A 22391 A 22713 A 23849 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 47289 A 46214 A 42651 A 41264 A 44228 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3782.14 A 3753.49 A 3394.08 A 3368.7 A 3444.24 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 17607.7 Fc 20059.9 Fc 19048.3 Fc 18167.6 Fc 18545 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 5036 5085 5065 5000 5000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 96033 100438 84613 87000 82000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 190693 Fc 197518 Fc 167054 Fc 174000 Fc 164000 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 155 146 141 160 F 170 F
Quinces Production Quantity 5097 5330 5333 4988 5446
Quinces Yield 328839 Fc 365068 Fc 378227 Fc 311750 Fc 320353 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 2000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 4000 *
Rapeseed Yield 20000 Fc
Raspberries Production Quantity 83 Im 85 Im 77 Im 63 Im 91 Im
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 23227 23100 23693 23300 22500
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 179166 167247 188417 163000 166000
Rice, paddy Seed 3838.35 Fc 3484.05 Fc 3465 Fc 3553.95 Fc 3495 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 77136.9 Fc 72401.3 Fc 79524.3 Fc 69957.1 Fc 73777.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 45579 A 44835 A 46146 A 46500 A 46700 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 904181 A 826075 A 959361 A 962000 A 906000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 102000 A 102000 A 102500 A 105000 A 106000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 198377 Fc 184248 Fc 207897 Fc 206882 Fc 194004 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 16039 14200 14190 15300 14900
Rye Production Quantity 34403 32600 33689 29000 32000
Rye Seed 2255.89 Fc 2085.07 Fc 1846 Fc 1844.7 Fc 1989 Fc
Rye Yield 21449.6 Fc 22957.8 Fc 23741.4 Fc 18954.3 Fc 21476.5 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 373872 364500 374161 374500 382500
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1040460 1231600 1173000 1094000 1306000
Seed cotton Yield 27829.3 Fc 33788.8 Fc 31350.1 Fc 29212.3 Fc 34143.8 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 107 92 129 100 117
Sesame seed Production Quantity 75 57 110 90 100
Sesame seed Seed 1.5 Fc 1.61 Fc 1.38 Fc 1.94 Fc 1.5 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 7009.35 Fc 6195.65 Fc 8527.13 Fc 9000 Fc 8547.01 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 39 29 63 1000 1000
Sorghum Production Quantity 53 42 104 1700 1800
Sorghum Seed 0.6599999999999999 Fc 0.78 Fc 0.58 Fc 1.26 Fc 20 Fc
Sorghum Yield 13589.7 Fc 14482.8 Fc 16507.9 Fc 17000 Fc 18000 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 217 219 214 200 200
Sour cherries Production Quantity 2346 1985 2170 2368 2114
Sour cherries Yield 108111 Fc 90639.3 Fc 101402 Fc 118400 Fc 105700 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 * 2000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 4000 * 4000 * 4000 * 4000 * 4000 *
Soybeans Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity F
Spinach Area Harvested 4145 4121 3547 3600 3400
Spinach Production Quantity 46860 47418 42008 42000 40000
Spinach Yield 113052 Fc 115064 Fc 118432 Fc 116667 Fc 117647 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 835 Im 876 Im 880 Im 894 Im 897 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 3511 Im 3588 Im 3255 Im 2658 Im 3852 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 42047.9 Fc 40958.9 Fc 36988.6 Fc 29731.5 Fc 42943.1 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 322 334 358 400 400
Strawberries Production Quantity 6998 7332 7797 8000 9000
Strawberries Yield 217329 Fc 219521 Fc 217793 Fc 200000 Fc 225000 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 32678 40500 36302 40900 44000
Sugar beet Production Quantity 1904790 2573390 2290950 2207000 2833000
Sugar beet Yield 582897 Fc 635405 Fc 631081 Fc 539609 Fc 643864 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 9057 5200 4745 9900 17076
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 15865 8875 7640 15000 24000
Sunflower seed Seed 360.45 Fc 271.71 Fc 156 Fc 142.35 Fc 297 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 17516.8 Fc 17067.3 Fc 16101.2 Fc 15151.5 Fc 14054.8 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 133 395 500 300 200
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2476 7348 11000 7000 5000
Sweet potatoes Yield 186165 Fc 186025 Fc 220000 Fc 233333 Fc 250000 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 6915 6909 6845 6600 6500
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 108991 126570 91367 105000 130000
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 157615 Fc 183196 Fc 133480 Fc 159091 Fc 200000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 23381 54369 55930 57300 59534
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 37405 124351 133937 136000 133000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 15998 Fc 22871.7 Fc 23947.3 Fc 23734.7 Fc 22340.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 33881 34700 39514 39800 38900
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1568730 1713580 1962580 1830000 1752000
Tomatoes Yield 463012 Fc 493827 Fc 496680 Fc 459799 Fc 450386 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 41185 A 41226 A 41159 A 42870 A 43420 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 101822 A 99710 A 97168 A 83490 A 84312 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 24723.1 Fc 24186.2 Fc 23608 Fc 19475.2 Fc 19417.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 4000 F 3900 F 3504 Im 3500 * 3500 *
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 79449 Im 85000 F 80000 F 78727 Im 76351 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 198623 Fc 217949 Fc 228311 Fc 224934 Fc 218146 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 132564 A 133875 A 140295 A 140127 A 139015 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3708570 A 3965750 A 4254250 A 4104760 A 3984230 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 279757 Fc 296228 Fc 303236 Fc 292932 Fc 286604 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 132564 A 133875 A 140295 A 140127 A 139015 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3708570 A 3965750 A 4254250 A 4104760 A 3984230 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 279757 Fc 296228 Fc 303236 Fc 292932 Fc 286604 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 8415 6472 6250 F 6200 F 6000 F
Vetches Production Quantity 15549 15549 11203 10000 10500 F
Vetches Seed 769.86 Fc 757.35 Fc 582.48 Fc 562.5 Fc 558 Fc
Vetches Yield 18477.7 Fc 24025 Fc 17924.8 Fc 16129 Fc 17500 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 9195 8980 8652 7910 7930
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 23756 21784 19830 20120 19692
Walnuts, with shell Yield 25835.8 Fc 24258.3 Fc 22919.6 Fc 25436.2 Fc 24832.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 16653 17452 17866 18000 17800
Watermelons Production Quantity 636271 703558 723040 714000 697000
Watermelons Yield 382076 Fc 403139 Fc 404702 Fc 396667 Fc 391573 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 777901 843900 845062 847900 870000
Wheat Production Quantity 1778170 2044150 2092100 1703000 2039000
Wheat Seed 155000 F 200000 F 200000 F 210000 F 210000 F
Wheat Yield 22858.6 Fc 24222.7 Fc 24756.8 Fc 20084.9 Fc 23436.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 8152 Fm 8152 Fm 8199.2 Fm 8229.1 Fm 4689.5 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 292.6 I 293.6 W 266.7 W 192.9 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 17.2 I 32.7 W 51.1 W 29.2 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1386 W 1421 W 1283.7 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 309.8 I 326.3 W 317.8 W 222.1 Q
Arable land Area 2500 Fm 2500 Fm 2550.8 W 2571.4 W 2118.6 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3652 Fm 3652 Fm 3699.2 W 3709.1 W 3244.5 Q
Country area Area 13196 W 13196 W 13196 W 13196 Q 13196 Q
Fallow land Area 210.2 Q
Forest area Area 3933.2 Fm 3903 E 3872.8 Fm 3842.6 Fm 3812.4 Fm
Inland water Area 306 Fm 306 Fm 306 Fm 306 Fm 306 Fm
Land area Area 12890 Fm 12890 Fm 12890 Fm 12890 Fm 12890 Fm
Other land Area 804.8 Fm 835 Fm 818 Fm 818.3 Fm 4388.1 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1152 Fm 1152 I 1148.4 W 1137.7 W 1125.9 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4500 Fm 4500 Fm 4500 Fm 4520 Fm 1445 Q
Temporary crops Area 1648.5 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 259.9 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1555 Fm 1555 Fm 1555 Fm 1555 Fm 1555 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 8272 Fm 3971 Q 8341 Fm 4580.1 Q 8446 F
Agricultural area certified organic Area 182.8 W 206.2 I 202.8 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 119.5 Fm 82.5 Fm 46.7 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1466 W 1330 Q 1311 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 302.3 W 288.7 I 249.5 I
Arable land Area 2584 W 2058 Q 2629 W 2035.1 Q 2717 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3722 W 3147 Q 3761 W 3135 Q 3846 Q
Country area Area 13196 Q 13196 W 13196 W 13196 Q 13196 Q
Fallow land Area 122 Q 121.9 Q
Forest area Area 3782.2 Fm 3752 E 3721.8 Fm 3691.6 Fm 3661.4 Fm
Inland water Area 306 Fm 306 Fm 306 Fm 306 Fm 306 Fm
Land area Area 12890 Fm 12890 Fm 12890 Fm 12890 Q 12890 Q
Other land Area 835.8 Fm 5167 Fm 827.2 Fm 4618.3 Fm 782.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1138 W 1089 Q 1132 W 1099.9 Q 1129 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4550 Fm 824 Q 4580 Fm 1445.1 Q 4600 F
Temporary crops Area 1738 Q 1740 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 198 Q 173.2 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1575 Fm 1593.78 W 1560 Fm 1521.6 I 1455 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files