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Datasheet

UK

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    UK
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 244,880
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: London
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 61,001,341
  • GDP: US$2,772,023,902,208
  • Agriculture, value added: US$23,167,924,224
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, formerly presentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentNisbet et al., 2014; Vibio et al., 1996; Keane et al., 1996; Reeder & Arocha, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentBudge et al., 2010; OIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1898OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)Restricted distributionDay, 1924; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)PresentMonger & Jeffries, 2016
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)Restricted distributionIntroducedToth et al., 2011; Elphinstone, 2012; Cahill et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesStead, 1987; Crosse et al., 1958; Lelliott, 1968; Glasscock, 1969; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)WidespreadYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)WidespreadNativeBrun, 1965; Cleve, 1896; Dawson, 1973a; Dawson, 1973b; McCall, 1932; Meister, 1913; Whitton & Crisp, 1984; Ellwood & Whitton, 2007
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciWidespreadIntroducedYesAlderman et al., 1984
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)Restricted distributionDay, 1938; EPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaeRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)LocalisedIntroducedYesIPPC, 2011a; IPPC, 2011b; EPPO, 2011; Forestry Comission, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Green et al., 2013; Schlenzig et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionBrasier & Webber, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; King et al., 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentMoore, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ware, 1936
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentMoore, 1959; Sutton, 1980; Toti et al., 1992; Phillips & Burdekin, 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentO'Hara & Brown, 1996; Higginbotham et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)WidespreadCook, 1976; Cronshey, 1947; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesHenricot et al., 2000; Henricot & Culham, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Absent, reported but not confirmedIMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionCook, 1999; Scott, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Baroncelli et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaPresentHayes, 1973; Ennos & McConnell, 2003
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIPPC, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Hunter et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBoyce, 1927; Alcock, 1928; Laing, 1929; Loder, 1919; Miles, 1922
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesBeaumont, 1950; Bond & Pope, 1980; Jellis & Punithalingam, 1991
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Restricted distributionUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; Forestry Commission, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentAnon, 2009
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Spaulding, 1961; Dennis, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentWingfield & Gibbs, 1991
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesGibbs, 1978
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentBarlow et al., 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedStrouts, 1970; Strouts, 1973; Strouts, 1982; Strouts, 1988; Sánchez & Gibbs, 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Herb. IMI, 1969; Herb. IMI, 1971; Herb. IMI, 1983; Herb. IMI, 1984
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSutton, 1980; Strouts et al., 1985; IMI Herbarium unda; Moor, 1959
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeUK CAB International, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)LocalisedIntroducedYesGrove, 1913; Bennell, 1985; Dennis & Foister, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; Spaulding, 1961; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNative
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiWidespreadDennis, 1995; Foister, 1961; Grove, 1913; Dennis, 1986
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrencesOgilvie & Thorpe, 1966; Priestley, 1980
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesSansford et al., 1998; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentGarner et al., 2006; Cunningham & Minting, 2008
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCunningham et al., 2015
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentERMS (European Register of Marine Species), 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesZibrowius & Thorp, 1989; Joyce et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)Present, few occurrencesDannreuther, 1944; Simmonds, 1974; Jary & Rolfe, 1945; Becker, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Ostojá-Starzewski et al., 2007; IPPC, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2009; IPPC, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedYesBusby, 1962; Chrystal, 1925; Carter, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadBretherton, 1982; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentMalumphy, 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)Present only under cover/indoorsIntroducedMalumphy & Treseder, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)LocalisedYesDarwin, 1854; Bassindale, 1964; Minchin & Eno, 2002; Muxagata & Williams, 2011; Rainbow, 1984; Southward, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Transient: actionable, under eradicationADAS, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedForestry Commission, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)Restricted distributionCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)Restricted distributionUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesFurk, 1979; Martin, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; Ostojá-Starzewski & Baker, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present only under cover/indoorsIntroducedMalumphy & Marquart, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusWidespreadIntroducedYesAitken & Hillis, 1959; Barnes & Barnes, 1960a; Barnes & Barnes, 1961; Barnes & Stone, 1972; Bassindale, 1947; Bassindale, 1958; Bassindale & Barrett, 1957; Bennell, 1981; Bishop, 1947; Boyd, 1973; Briggs, 1982; Connell, 1955; Crisp, 1948; Crisp, 1958; Crisp, 1960; Crisp & Chipperfield, 1948; Crisp & Molesworth, 1951; Crisp & Southward, 1959; Harding, 1948; Herbert et al., 2007; Hiscock, 1986; Hiscock et al., 1978; Hiscock & Moore, 1986; Howson et al., 1994; Jones, 1961; Knight-Jones, 1948; Moyse & Nelson-Smith, 1963; O'Riordan et al., 2009; Powell, 1960; Purchon, 1947; Salman, 1982; Seed & Harris, 1980; Southward, 1953; Southward, 1991; Southward & Crisp, 1956; Stubbings, 1950; Wilkinson et al., 1988; Gomes-Filho et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, few occurrencesCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Cuthbertson & Vänninen, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)EradicatedBartlett, 1992; Bedford et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; Cuthbertson, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)EradicatedYesPowell et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedAlexander et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Absent, formerly presentHolloway, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRHS, 2002; Tilbury et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaWidespreadIntroducedCook et al., 2007a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeCarlton & Cohen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)WidespreadFree & Williams, 1978a; Northwood & Verrier, 1986; Colonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedCrawford, 1935; Pygott & Douglas, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only under cover/indoorsIntroducedSouty-Grosset et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, few occurrencesKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesEastop, 1972; Ciesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)WidespreadMajerus & Kearns, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMalumphy Reid, 2006; Malumphy et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedYesBradley & et al. , 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesLaing, 1922; Hodkinson, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYesMitchell, 2009; Korycinska & Eyre, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziAbsent, invalid recordISSG, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesKiss et al., 2005b; IPPC, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2012; IPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Absent, intercepted onlyBowman & Bartlett, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, intercepted onlyKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBBC, 2010; BBC, 2011a; BBC, 2011b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeCrooke, 1957; Bevan, 1987; Benson, 1951; Liston, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Anon., 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedCarter & Barson, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedIPPC, 2012; EPPO, 2013b; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015; Malumphy, 2015; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentIntroducedClark, 2000; Bradley, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadIntroducedHeie, 1992; Carter & Halldórsson, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentSmall, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCarter, 1984; UK CAB International, 1992; Aldford, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedYesHerborg & et al. , 2002; Gollasch , 1997; Zhao & et al. , 1998; Clark & et al, 1998; NHM, 2004; ISSG, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1919
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)WidespreadNativeNBN Gateway, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesKirk & Terry, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBillany & Brown, 1977; Billany, 1978; Bevan, 1987; Benson, 1933; Benson, 1951; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski, 1996; Anon, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)Absent, intercepted onlySeymour &, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentMound et al., 1976; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Introduced, not establishedNHM, undated glasshouse specimen
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedYesHoldich et al., 2005; Stubbington et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedStebbing et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Restricted distributionHeritage et al., 1989; Wilson & Day, 1994; Leather et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentWatson & Malumphy, 2004; Malumphy, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesFox, 2010; Boase, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)EradicatedSeymour et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHalstead, 1989; Cox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)WidespreadYesJones, 1963; Menzies, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)WidespreadNativeOevering et al., 2001; Borges et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesCornwell, 1978; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2002; IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, intercepted onlyLedieu & Bartlett, 1983; EPPO, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1997; IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, few occurrencesCannon et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014; Nettleton, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentYesCarter , 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadKirk-Spriggs, 1996; Fowler, 1889; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentAguirre-Macedo & Kennedy, 1999b; Aguirre-Macedo & Kennedy, 1999a; Baird et al., 1951; Campbell, 1970; Dare, 1982; Davey & Gee, 1976; Hepper, 1956; Lauckner, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentPennell, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeCrooke, 1957; Britton, 1985; Rivers & Crooke, 1962; Liston, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)LocalisedIntroducedSpinnen Forum, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentSalisbury et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, few occurrencesBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)WidespreadHeath & Emmet, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)EradicatedMoreton, 1974; Seymour et al., 1985; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish)LocalisedIntroducedYesAhern et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentIntroducedWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadCross et al., 1995; Crook, 1996; Cross & Burgess, 1997; Graham et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedAshelby et al., 2004; Worsfold & Ashelby, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadSouth, 1939; Lastuvka & Lastuvka, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentGreen, 1925b; CIE, 1979; Newstead, 1900
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; Reid, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeTheobald, 1929
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)WidespreadMaitland-Emmet et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)WidespreadNativeCarter, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Restricted distributionNativeBevan, 1987; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMalumphy & Badmin, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedPeay et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, formerly presentSeymour, 1989; Danzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedHoward, 1899
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentDenton, 2011; Alonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiLocalisedIntroducedEno et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentDyte et al., 1975; Jacobson & Thomas, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentRitchie, 1920
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentNativeAllen, 1979; Chandler, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; Mound & Halsey, 1978; Malumphy, 2010; Springate & Arnold, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; Smith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedVipin Shah et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadIntroducedDanilevsky, 2003; Bílý & Mehl, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBílý & Mehl, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentIntroducedWilliams et al., 2013; Townsend, 2007; IPPC, 2007; Townsend, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 1998; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)WidespreadRennie, 1916; Oosterbroek & Theowald, 1992; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadHanson, 1937
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedYesEPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentGorman et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; IPPC, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Fera, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeEdwards, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)WidespreadNativeAlford, 1984; Duffy, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)Restricted distributionCIE, 1973; Gatwick, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaBrachiopodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)WidespreadNativeKetelaars & Gille, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesArenas et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeMaitland & Campbell, 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)LocalisedIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWheeler , 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadIntroducedYesBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Arnold & Ovenden, 2002; Beebee & Griffiths, 2000; Fitter, 1959; Frazer, 1964; Swanton, 1928; Taylor, 1948; Taylor, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Etheridge et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Maitland & Lyle, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentWheeler, 1992; Winfield et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedBartley, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Maitland, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedYesCucherousset et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadIntroducedYesYalden, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPinder & Gozlan, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeWheeler, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)EradicatedIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)WidespreadIntroducedChapman, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentSearle & Jones, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela putorius furo (ferret)PresentIntroducedYesLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)EradicatedIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)EradicatedIntroducedDanell, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Romana, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusLocalisedNativeMaitland, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadIntroducedStoate, 2002; BirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentMaitland, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2008; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGodard et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)EradicatedIntroducedHodgkins et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesFAO, 1997; Pinder et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)WidespreadIntroducedYesStrubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)LocalisedIntroducedZavod Symbiosis, 2005; Banks et al., 2000; CABI Bioscience et al., 2005; Kraus, 2009; Marland, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Wheeler, 1992; Maitland & Campbell, 1992; Froese Pauly, 2004; Treasurer, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Smith et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Maitland & Campbell, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeMaitland & Campbell, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedHengeveld, 1988; Coombs et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentWorld Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)LocalisedGoulding, 2012; Wilson, 2005; Frantz et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedJ. Marchant, British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK, personal comunication, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)WidespreadNativeParkin & Knox, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Barnes, 1987; Chain, 1980; Moore, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensWidespreadIntroducedEno et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentElson, 1969; Hoffman, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)PresentNativeYesHunt, 1952; Russell, 1938; Russell, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)WidespreadIntroducedYesDavies, 1987; Kerney, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)WidespreadIntroducedAnderson, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesAldridge & Muller, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedMulvey et al., 1996; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Kerney, 1999; Kerney & Cameron, 1979; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedYesUtting & Spencer, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedFIGIS, 2005; FAO, 2007; FAO, 2007; FAO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)WidespreadIntroducedYesSpencer, 1974; Utting & Spencer, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)WidespreadNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)WidespreadGlen et al., 1991; Kerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedYesNNSS, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusWidespreadIntroducedYesSeverijns, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeAnderson, 2005; Meiklejohn, 1973; Taylor 1902-1907
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBrawley et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentGosling, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; Kerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedNaylor, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedHolmes et al., 2015; Turk, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentIntroducedGrant & Briggs, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Boycott, 1936; Heywood & Edwards, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentIntroducedKerckhof et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedYesUtting et al., 1996; Burton et al., 2001; Morgan, 2002; Qi ZhongYan, 1998; Jensen et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Cowie, 1990; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1983; Cowie, 1984b; Cowie, 1986; Cowie, 1987; Deblock, 1962; Fowles & Cowie, 1989; Humphreys et al., 1982; Pennant, 1777; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesLyndon & Pieters, 2005; Kennedy & Fitch, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Restricted distributionGoodey, 1933; Franklin, 1950; Anon, 1973; Duggan, 1969; Roberts, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentRoberts, 1981; MAFF, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedMinnis et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMinnis et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentBrown, 1958; Jones, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSouthey, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaLast reported 1977OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm)WidespreadIntroducedYesBoag et al., 1994b; Jones & Boag, 1996; Moore et al., 1998; Murchie et al., 2003; Willis & Edwards, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedAndrews et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesProvan et al., 2005; Guiry & Guiry, 2007; Trowbridge, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesWatson, 2001; Holdway et al., 1978
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesFarnham et al., 1973; Harries et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedFletcher & Manfredi, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedBonafede et al., 1993; Corkhill, 1977; Hibernicarum, 2008; Hutchinson & Thomas, 1992; Jermy & British, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesFarnham, 1997; Farnham & Irvine, 1973; Gavio & Fredericq, 2002; Maggs & Stegenga, 1999; Marston & Villalard-Bohnsack, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeHardy & Guiry, 2003; Maggs & Hommersand, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedWeber , 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Restricted distributionIntroducedClement & Foster, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroducedYesWeber , 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)WidespreadIntroducedMitchell, 1974; Cronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPROTA, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPFAF, 2016; Miller, 1768
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedWeber , 2003; Hu, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2012; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeMcVean, 1953; Savill, 1991; Duke, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNaylor, 1972; Flora Europaea, 2008; Elliot et al., 1979; Foster et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentBrenan, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedIamonico, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; Salisbury, 1961; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016; Chauvel & Martinez, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; Natural England, 2009; Stace et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentRHS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedJarvis, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Stevens et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand, 2011; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresent only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)LocalisedIntroducedStace, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2007; Thomas, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedIntroducedYesBiological Records Centre, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadRoebuck, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionIntroducedWeber, 2003; Stace, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedRHS, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)LocalisedIntroducedYesOnline Atlas of British and Irish Flora, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)WidespreadNativeStace, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBritish and Irish Flora (BIF), 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeTropicos, 2013; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedStace , 1997; Tutin & et al. , 1980; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeYesMortimer et al., 1993; Gibson & Kerchove, 1999; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedYesClapham et al., 1962; GBIF, 2009; Jehlik & Slavik, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentKarus et al., 2000; FAO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeRees & Brown, 1992; HYPPA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)WidespreadNativePerring, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBiological Records Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPatterson, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeStace, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedClement & Foster, 1994; Dunn, 1905; Fraser, 1905
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephalaPresentIntroducedClement & Foster, 1994; Preston et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedDunn, 1905
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadMoss et al., 1986; Thomas & Daldorph, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; Edwards et al., 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)WidespreadNativeYesClay & Dixon, 2000; Tutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)WidespreadStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesWurzell, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009; Stace et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRoyal Horticultural Society, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)WidespreadIntroducedYesBSBI, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentHumphrey, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeCockayne, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Thompson, 1986; National Museums Northern Ireland, 2010; Fitter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972; Stace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHilliard, 1977; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)Present, few occurrencesStace, 1991; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHafliger & Scholtz, 1980; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Restricted distributionNativeGibbs, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedStace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedSculthorpe, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedLousley & Kent, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)WidespreadIntroducedYesStace, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSalisbury, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeBlamey & Grey-Wilson, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentPhillipson et al., 1972; Scragg, 1974; Holm et al., 1977; Roberts & Chancellor, 1986; Fisher, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesConolly, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)LocalisedIntroducedYesPashley et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaWidespreadPreston et al., 2002; Bailey et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)WidespreadNativeGibson & Newman, 2001; eMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE, 2014; Tutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; Encyclopedia of Life, 2015; Pojar & Mackinnon, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)LocalisedIntroducedYesGlobal Biodiversity Information Facility, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeStace, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSchilling, 1982; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)WidespreadIntroducedWagenitz, 1980; Stace, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentLorenzi & Jeffery, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)LocalisedIntroducedJahodová et al., 2007; Rijal et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)WidespreadNativePhillips, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, few occurrencesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesNewman & Dawson, 1999; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)Unconfirmed recordUSDA-NRCS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)WidespreadIntroducedYesBeerling & Perrins, 1993; Prowse, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)WidespreadIntroducedClement & Foster, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKent, 1958; Clement & Foster, 1994; Poland, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)Last reported 2009IntroducedBSBI, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedCAPM-CEH, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaWidespreadIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2008; Landolt, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHossel & Baker, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadNativeYesMorris, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDawson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentIntroducedStace, 1991; Leo's Dictionaries, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)WidespreadIntroducedRoderick & Thomas, 1997; Thomas et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedClapham et al., 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLuken & Thieret, 1997; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)LocalisedIntroducedYesCEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; EPPO, 2015; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Preston CD Pearman DA Dines TD, 2002; Clement & Foster, 1994; Flora of Derbyshire, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedClapham et al., 1962
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)Unconfirmed record; DAISIE, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBiological Records Centre, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)LocalisedIntroducedYesOrchard, 1981; Maskell et al., 2006; Chicken, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)EradicatedIntroducedStace, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeMurphy et al., 1993; Wade, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentIntroducedYesCampbell, 1982; Campbell & Vere, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Restricted distributionter Borg, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)LocalisedIntroducedChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadIntroducedYesBiological Records Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)Indigenous, localizedValentine, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeBiological Records Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)LocalisedIntroducedStace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011; Tutin, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesRich & Woodruff, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeDaniels, 1978; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentBhan & Froud-Williams, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedYesBiological Records Centre, 2015; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)WidespreadNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)LocalisedIntroducedYesStace, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)LocalisedIntroducedStace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedSell & West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)Present only under cover/indoorsIntroducedParthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentShaw & Usher, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedMitchell, 1974; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeRoberts & Boddrell, 1984; Holm et al., 1979; Mohd Norowi, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentBastin & Thomas, 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Preston et al., 2002; Edmondson, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRyves et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016; Farmer, 2004; Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)WidespreadNativePhillips, 1980; ISSG, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, few occurrencesNativeStace, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadTUTIN & ET, 1964; Holm et al., 1979; GRIN, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)Restricted distributionStace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesSimmonds, 1946; INRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeHubbard, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)WidespreadNativeYesWCSP, 2016; Fitter et al., 1980; Rose, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedDiong, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)WidespreadIntroducedYesElton, 1958; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Bruun, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedAllen, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentRechinger & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedPreston & Croft, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedHayward & Druce, 1919; Lousley, 1961; MacPherson, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeYesChater & Walters, 1976; Stace, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeYesChater & Walters, 1976; Stace, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)LocalisedIntroducedRyves et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentSell & Murrell, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedVallejo-Marin, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeBoulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedStace, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesMullins & Marks, 1987; Maskell & Raybould, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentYesHubbard, 1970; Hannaford et al., 2006; Davidson et al., 1991; Doody, 1990; Frid et al., 1999; Garnett et al., 1992; Gray et al., 1991; Gray et al., 1997; Hammond & Cooper, 2001; Thompson, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedOnline Atlas of the British & Irish Flora, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; DAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedChampness & Morris, 1948; Bostock & Benton, 1979; Westerman & Roddick, 1981; Wilman & Derrick, 1994; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)LocalisedIntroducedHanson & Mason, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Clapham, 1972; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008; Linton & Goulder, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentNativeLousley & Tutin, 1947
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedPreston & Croft, 1997; Harris & Lording, 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentIntroducedYesCopping, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedClement & Foster, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMacpherson, 1993; Don, 1833
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)WidespreadNativeHubbard, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013; Woolverton, 1903
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger)PresentIntroducedPereira & Carson, 1852; Sims, 1812
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedRichards, 1963
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresentMurray et al., 2012
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedNascimento et al., 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentLaing et al., 2014
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Wood et al., 2007; Cosgrove et al., 2008
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentJENNINGS, 1954; Nuttall et al., 1985; Edwards, 1955; Green, 1969; Kear & Brown, 1976; Keymer & Blackmore, 1964; Miles & Stocker, 1948; Pomeroy, 1962; Poulding, 1960
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)WidespreadHenry et al., 1993; Plumb, 1995; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusEradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2005; IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusElm mottle virusWidespreadNativeYesThomas et al., 1983; Jones, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1976OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentSaldarelli et al., 2005; Immanuel et al., 2015
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Mumford et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentFletcher, 1984; Brunt, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentPritchard et al., 1999
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2011; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1877OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusSee datasheet for status
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1982OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusSee datasheet for status
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesRestricted distributionEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesLyndon & Pieters, 2005; Kennedy & Fitch, 1990
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Cook, 1983; Cook & Huggins, 1986; Parsons et al., 1992; Adzhar et al., 1997
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; Wood et al., 1994; Perdue & Suarez, 2000
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Blaxland et al., 1982
avipoxPresentJENNINGS, 1954; Nuttall et al., 1985; Edwards, 1955; Green, 1969; Kear & Brown, 1976; Keymer & Blackmore, 1964; Miles & Stocker, 1948; Pomeroy, 1962; Poulding, 1960
babesiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Alani & Herbert, 1988; Gray et al., 1990; Rutter, 1990
bacterial kidney diseasePresentBruno, 2004
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCunningham et al., 2015
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentLaing et al., 2014
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedAndrews et al., 1981
bovine anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
channel catfish virus diseasePresent
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSykes et al., 1997; McDonald et al., 1998
ChytridiomycosisPresentGarner et al., 2006; Cunningham & Minting, 2008
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueWidespreadIntroducedYesAlderman et al., 1984; OIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Asplin, 1965
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentBudge et al., 2010; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2001DEFRA2002; OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Marteilia refringensPresentMurray et al., 2012
Infection with salmonid alphavirusPresent, see datasheet for details
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; Hughes et al., 1991a; Graham et al., 2000
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentBall et al., 1971
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Rodger & et al. , 1998
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Walster, 1999; Denham, 2003; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisPresentOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentSelman et al., 1974; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentAguirre-Macedo & Kennedy, 1999b; Aguirre-Macedo & Kennedy, 1999a; Baird et al., 1951; Campbell, 1970; Dare, 1982; Davey & Gee, 1976; Hepper, 1956; Lauckner, 1983
myxomatosisPresentOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentWilloughby , 1970; Pickering & Willoughby , 1977; Bucke & et al. , 1979
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Cetinkaya et al., 1998
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentCurtis, 1979; Bisgaard et al., 1991; Davies, 2004
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
piscirickettsiosisPresent, see datasheet for details
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Wood et al., 2007; Cosgrove et al., 2008
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentPritchard et al., 1999
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentWestcott & Choudhury, 2015
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009; Ghani et al., 2000; Matthews L et al., 2001
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Bucke & Finlay, 1979
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1982OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentMorzaria et al., 1977; Uilenberg et al., 1977b; Uilenberg et al., 1985; Brocklesby & Barnett, 1972; Morzaria et al., 1974; Joyner et al., 1979
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Pritchard, 1982; Brown & Paton, 1991; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaLast reported 1977OIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentThoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Jones et al., 1986; Wyeth et al., 1987; Cook et al., 1988; Cook et al., 1993a; Cavanagh et al., 1999
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Fera, 2010
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE, 2009; Ross & et al. , 1995
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009; Dawson & Wilesmith, 1985; Pritchard et al., 1995; Pépin et al., 1998; Buchanan, 2001; Barber, 1981
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
whirling diseasePresentElson, 1969; Hoffman, 1970
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome)PresentBarlow et al., 2015
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested1562915698155501551614960
ApplesProduction Quantity233750235450229000242900243100
ApplesYield149562Fc149987Fc147267Fc156548Fc162500Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested19701710158014351415
AsparagusProduction Quantity51003900350032183000
AsparagusYield25888.3Fc22807Fc22151.9Fc22425.1Fc21201.4Fc
BarleyArea Harvested97000092100011430001032000898000
BarleyProduction Quantity54940005252000666800061440005079000
BarleySeed135000F 135000F 171000160000F 155000
BarleyYield56639.2Fc57025Fc58337.7Fc59534.9Fc56559Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested16851705175517651930
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1527915600152001580716900
Beans, greenYield90676.6Fc91495.6Fc86609.7Fc89558.1Fc87564.8Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested644Im645* 670* 620* 600*
Berries NesProduction Quantity5866Im5950* 6100* 5300* 5400*
Berries NesYield91087Fc92248.1Fc91044.8Fc85483.9Fc90000Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested22857Im32000* 37000* 22000* 30000F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity133878Im160000* 180000* 100000F 110000F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield58572Fc50000Fc48648.7Fc45454.6Fc36666.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested9973Im9818100191004610226
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity279353Im291300277500279100258600
Cabbages and other brassicasYield280109Fc296700Fc276974Fc277822Fc252885Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1113511548112621102811238
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity694104763100718700719270752277
Carrots and turnipsYield623353Fc660807Fc638164Fc652222Fc669405Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested16757Im16496165281666616816
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity180577Im188300186200188900190400
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield107762Fc114149Fc112657Fc113345Fc113226Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3076000A 3012500A 3075000A 3272480A 2883000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity21484500A 20946000A 21619000A 24282400A 19124200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed446080A 446000A 482000A 504000A 487000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield69845.6Fc69530.3Fc70305.7Fc74201.9Fc66334.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3076000A 3012500A 3075000A 3272480A 2883000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity21484500A 20946000A 21619000A 24282400A 19124200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed446080A 446000A 482000A 504000A 487000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield69845.6Fc69530.3Fc70305.7Fc74201.9Fc66334.4Fc
CherriesArea Harvested499Im500456F 447447
CherriesProduction Quantity1183Im12001250F 12001220
CherriesYield23707.4Fc24000Fc27412.3Fc26845.6Fc27293.1Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested72727462F 100
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1910019200194001630014900
Chillies and peppers, greenYield2652780Fc2666670Fc2621620Fc2629030Fc1490000Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1107000A 1073500A 1300000A 1192270A 1053000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity6227500A 6068000A 7543000A 7055420A 5903200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed155080A 155000A 192000A 182000A 176000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield56255.7Fc56525.4Fc58023.1Fc59176.3Fc56060.8Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested117114116103103
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity6650064600577004892549400
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield5683760Fc5666670Fc4974140Fc4750000Fc4796120Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested25582511247224352553
CurrantsProduction Quantity1206017300158001370012500
CurrantsYield47146.2Fc68896.9Fc63915.9Fc56262.8Fc48962Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested9320A 8620A 10132A 11946A 12063A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity13776A 14499A 17294A 14712A 17500A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield14781.1Fc16820.2Fc17068.7Fc12315.4Fc14507.2Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested9320Im8620Im10132Im11946Im12063Im
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity13776Im14499Im17294Im14712Im17500F
Flax fibre and towYield14781.1Fc16820.2Fc17068.7Fc12315.4Fc14507.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested29512A 29559A 29213A 28932A 28179A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity423310A 429350A 414368A 431564A 406863A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield143437Fc145252Fc141844Fc149165Fc144385Fc
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity
GooseberriesArea Harvested279Im277* 290* 265* 268*
GooseberriesProduction Quantity2514Im2550* 2600* 2200* 2300*
GooseberriesYield90107.5Fc92057.8Fc89655.2Fc83018.9Fc85820.9Fc
GrapesArea Harvested639Im640F 726Im717Im700F
GrapesProduction Quantity986Im1000F 1018Im1064Im1000F
GrapesYield15430.4Fc15625Fc14022Fc14839.6Fc14285.7Fc
HopsArea Harvested1132Im1159Im1212Im1240Im1200F
HopsProduction Quantity1622Im1551Im1520Im1770Im1500F
HopsYield14328.6Fc13382.2Fc12541.3Fc14274.2Fc12500Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested17181704168316471824
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity4070042400372004259049100
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield236903Fc248826Fc221034Fc258591Fc269189Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested26012616250620291982
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity2616827140266802139022310
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield100607Fc103746Fc106464Fc105421Fc112563Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested62806280657158186308
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity132500133900134300124170116100
Lettuce and chicoryYield210987Fc213217Fc204383Fc213424Fc184052Fc
LinseedArea Harvested3600044000280001607812500
LinseedProduction Quantity7100072000540002929823000
LinseedSeed2880Fc2880Fc3520Fc2240Fc1286.24Fc
LinseedYield19722.2Fc16363.6Fc19285.7Fc18222.4Fc18400Fc
MaizeArea Harvested
MaizeProduction Quantity
MaizeYield
Mixed grainArea Harvested60005500700030003000
Mixed grainProduction Quantity2350023000300001500013000
Mixed grainSeed1080Fc1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
Mixed grainYield39166.7Fc41818.2Fc42857.1Fc50000Fc43333.3Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity6930069300694007020071500
Mustard seedProduction Quantity
OatsArea Harvested109000124000129000135022129000
OatsProduction Quantity613000685000744000783574712000
OatsSeed17000F 17000180001900018000
OatsYield56238.5Fc55241.9Fc57674.4Fc58033.1Fc55193.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested741000A 686000A 598000A 614232A 693500A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1699530A 1383360A 1181220A 1202280A 1279290A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed7313.4A 7313.4A 7225.2A 5857.2A 5475.93A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield22935.6Fc20165.6Fc19752.8Fc19573.6Fc18446.9Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested741000A 686000A 598000A 614232A 693500A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1072890A 872600A 745460A 760006A 809090A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed4490.7A 4490.7A 4403.48A 3599.8A 3405.06A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield14479Fc12720.1Fc12465.9Fc12373.3Fc11666.8Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested17061680169417022073
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity1480014400139001535019900
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield86752.6Fc85714.3Fc82054.3Fc90188Fc95996.1Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested84488589885085758373
Onions, dryProduction Quantity300900364500354900349200304050
Onions, dryYield356179Fc424380Fc401017Fc407230Fc363131Fc
PearsArea Harvested16751680150714721536
PearsProduction Quantity3037032800205001980020643
PearsYield181313Fc195238Fc136032Fc134511Fc134395Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested3000042000420002987637000
Peas, dryProduction Quantity12300014700015120091000130000F
Peas, drySeed7000F 7000F 7000F 7000F 7000F
Peas, dryYield41000Fc35000Fc36000Fc30459.2Fc35135.1Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested3727635849374963492833318
Peas, greenProduction Quantity424723372830400890364320238510
Peas, greenYield113940Fc104000Fc106915Fc104306Fc71585.9Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested850870864880888
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1293013200129002500013800
Plums and sloesYield152118Fc151724Fc149306Fc284091Fc155405Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested146000138000144000144000140200
PotatoesProduction Quantity61150006056000639600059990005635000
PotatoesSeed320000F 320000F 339000338000335000
PotatoesYield418836Fc438841Fc444167Fc416597Fc401926Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested97143Im136000* 149000* 96300* 93800*
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity351429Im420000* 508200* 450000F 455000*
Pulses, nesSeed55000F 55000F 55000F 55000F 55000F
Pulses, nesYield36176.5Fc30882.3Fc34107.4Fc46729Fc48507.5Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested150000A 210000A 228000A 148176A 160800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity608307A 727000A 839400A 641000A 695000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed62000A 62000A 62000A 62000A 62000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield40553.8Fc34619.1Fc36815.8Fc43259.4Fc43221.4Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested705000642000570000598154681000
RapeseedProduction Quantity27580002230000191200019730302108000
RapeseedSeed9165Fc9165Fc8346Fc7410Fc7776Fc
RapeseedYield39120.6Fc34735.2Fc33543.9Fc32985.3Fc30954.5Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested1767Im1770175717011571
RaspberriesProduction Quantity16761Im17000153001550014800
RaspberriesYield94855.7Fc96045.2Fc87080.3Fc91122.9Fc94207.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested146000A 138000A 144000A 144000A 140200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6115000A 6056000A 6396000A 5999000A 5635000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed320000A 320000A 339000A 338000A 335000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield418836Fc438841Fc444167Fc416597Fc401926Fc
RyeArea Harvested70006000500049536000
RyeProduction Quantity3700038000360003154234200
RyeSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
RyeYield52857.1Fc63333.3Fc72000Fc63682.6Fc57000Fc
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity
StrawberriesArea Harvested49724968492148794656
StrawberriesProduction Quantity10689010290010990010490092100
StrawberriesYield214984Fc207126Fc223329Fc215003Fc197809Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested113000118000114000119654125000
Sugar beetProduction Quantity85040006527000845700075000006733000
Sugar beetYield752566Fc553136Fc741842Fc626807Fc538640Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested216217213216213
TomatoesProduction Quantity8980089320868008869085600
TomatoesYield4157410Fc4116130Fc4075120Fc4106020Fc4018780Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested1500017000160001729617000
TriticaleProduction Quantity6000070000650008130365000
TriticaleSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
TriticaleYield40000Fc41176.5Fc40625Fc47006.8Fc38235.3Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested16012Im15763165851495515250
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity210113Im219099206610207356190170
Vegetables fresh nesYield131222Fc138996Fc124576Fc138653Fc124702Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested115966A 114161A 116932A 110975A 111169A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2569020A 2678890A 2608880A 2554790A 2382720A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield221532Fc234659Fc223111Fc230213Fc214333Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested115966A 114161A 116932A 110975A 111169A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2569020A 2678890A 2608880A 2554790A 2382720A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield221532Fc234659Fc223111Fc230213Fc214333Fc
WheatArea Harvested19690001939000177500020802101830000
WheatProduction Quantity1525700014878000140760001722700013221000
WheatSeed291000F 291000290000322000311000
WheatYield77486Fc76730.3Fc79301.4Fc82813.8Fc72245.9Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested155608450917091409850
ApplesProduction Quantity269239218100170400143900179400
ApplesYield173033Fc258107Fc185823Fc157440Fc182132Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested14541150788790810
AsparagusProduction Quantity24002300170017001700
AsparagusYield16506.2Fc20000Fc21573.6Fc21519Fc20987.7Fc
BarleyArea Harvested882000938000101000010780001101000
BarleyProduction Quantity52390005495000581600063700006128000
BarleySeed135000143000132000151000162000
BarleyYield59399.1Fc58582.1Fc57584.2Fc59090.9Fc55658.5Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested19302020247018701840
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1810020700231002040019300
Beans, greenYield93782.4Fc102475Fc93522.3Fc109091Fc104891Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested500* 551* 550* 550* 800*
Berries NesProduction Quantity4140* 3490* 3700* 3700* 3900*
Berries NesYield82800Fc63339.4Fc67272.7Fc67272.7Fc48750Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested42000* 32500* 31800* 45000* 24000*
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity120000* 100000* 113500* 170000* 110000*
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield28571.4Fc30769.2Fc35691.8Fc37777.8Fc45833.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested105561283094001304012900
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity305800309400267000285000286700
Cabbages and other brassicasYield289693Fc241154Fc284043Fc218558Fc222248Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1062112570124001271012100
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity701259813200768100698900822300
Carrots and turnipsYield660257Fc646937Fc619435Fc549882Fc679587Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1765618650171801925015600
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity195500220400233800188000169500
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield110727Fc118177Fc136088Fc97662.3Fc108654Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2862600A 2917900A 3133200A 3060100A 3245800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity20832400A 20997500A 22028000A 21510800A 22966000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed409000A 417000A 427000A 450000A 463000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield72774.4Fc71961Fc70305.1Fc70294.3Fc70756.1Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2862600A 2917900A 3133200A 3060100A 3245800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity20832400A 20997500A 22028000A 21510800A 22966000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed409000A 417000A 427000A 450000A 463000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield72774.4Fc71961Fc70305.1Fc70294.3Fc70756.1Fc
CherriesArea Harvested400400390380430
CherriesProduction Quantity11001100110010001300
CherriesYield27500Fc27500Fc28205.1Fc26315.8Fc30232.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested10055555555
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1600013600136001300012900
Chillies and peppers, greenYield1600000Fc2472730Fc2472730Fc2363640Fc2345450Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1027600A 1050900A 1143200A 1223100A 1249800A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity6085400A 6134500A 6555000A 7222770A 6993000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed155000A 163000A 152000A 169000A 182000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield59219.5Fc58373.8Fc57339.1Fc59053Fc55952.9Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested113120130138169
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity5650059900614007700073600
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield5000000Fc4991670Fc4723080Fc5579710Fc4355030Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested25962700295026002330
CurrantsProduction Quantity1555519700182001910013000
CurrantsYield59919.1Fc72963Fc61694.9Fc73461.5Fc55794Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested12000A 11509A 14958A 18954A 20178A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity18000A 16364A 25596A 36649A 26251A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield15000Fc14218.4Fc17111.9Fc19335.8Fc13009.7Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested12000F 11509Im14958Im18954Im20178Im
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity18000F 16364Im25596Im36649Im26251Im
Flax fibre and towYield15000Fc14218.4Fc17111.9Fc19335.8Fc13009.7Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested28930A 21105A 21420A 20961A 21906A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity422386A 364114A 295118A 270810A 296180A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield146003Fc172525Fc137777Fc129197Fc135205Fc
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity
GooseberriesArea Harvested295* 215215215212
GooseberriesProduction Quantity1860* 1610161016101580
GooseberriesYield63050.8Fc74883.7Fc74883.7Fc74883.7Fc74528.3Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1013Im739Im750F 756734
GrapesProduction Quantity1872Im1614Im1308Im12001500
GrapesYield18479.8Fc21840.3Fc17440Fc15873Fc20436Fc
HopsArea Harvested11771340134014601820
HopsProduction Quantity13812110211019502550
HopsYield11733.2Fc15746.3Fc15746.3Fc13356.2Fc14011Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested17761700201020101900
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity4630049700402003590038000
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield260698Fc292353Fc200000Fc178607Fc200000Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested19021890215024202100
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity2208022550220802730010300
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield116088Fc119312Fc102698Fc112810Fc49047.6Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested63195860630059675200
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity132600141100152700142200125900
Lettuce and chicoryYield209843Fc240785Fc242381Fc238311Fc242115Fc
LinseedArea Harvested3600048000310003400013000
LinseedProduction Quantity4900089000520005900018000
LinseedSeed1000Fc2880Fc3840Fc2480Fc2720Fc
LinseedYield13611.1Fc18541.7Fc16774.2Fc17352.9Fc13846.2Fc
MaizeArea Harvested
MaizeProduction Quantity
MaizeYield
Mixed grainArea Harvested3500F 3400400042003800
Mixed grainProduction Quantity15000F 15100173001780018000
Mixed grainSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000
Mixed grainYield42857.1Fc44411.8Fc43250Fc42380.9Fc47368.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity6800074000740008100084700
Mustard seedProduction Quantity
OatsArea Harvested12100091000108000122000126000
OatsProduction Quantity728000532000627000749000753000
OatsSeed1700017000170001500017000
OatsYield60165.3Fc58461.5Fc58055.6Fc61393.4Fc59761.9Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested611000A 640700A 588600A 576000A 445000A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity1164870A 1197330A 998040A 1099650A 892140A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed5941.8A 6299.4A 7042.26A 5911.68A 5941.2A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield19065Fc18687.8Fc16956.2Fc19091.2Fc20048.1Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested611000A 640700A 588600A 576000A 445000A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity735350A 753948A 629544A 693554A 564140A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed3714.14A 3848.5A 4271.94A 3622.54A 3629.48A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield12035.2Fc11767.6Fc10695.6Fc12040.9Fc12677.3Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested21532070181019901800F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity2450024100144001640011300
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield113795Fc116425Fc79558Fc82412.1Fc62777.8Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested82368560859084808390
Onions, dryProduction Quantity358800413600340900373600283400
Onions, dryYield435648Fc483178Fc396857Fc440566Fc337783Fc
PearsArea Harvested16001670167017402040
PearsProduction Quantity2840023400227002960034200
PearsYield177500Fc140120Fc135928Fc170115Fc167647Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested4400043000622807350085000
Peas, dryProduction Quantity145000161000214866288000292000
Peas, drySeed7000F 7000F 7000F 10500F 13000
Peas, dryYield32954.6Fc37441.9Fc34500Fc39183.7Fc34352.9Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested3284531930323603831036020
Peas, greenProduction Quantity299690312800315100399050406000
Peas, greenYield91243.7Fc97964.3Fc97373.3Fc104163Fc112715Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested100010509801000950
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1410014300136001510012600
Plums and sloesYield141000Fc136190Fc138776Fc151000Fc132632Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested141000137400148700145000158000
PotatoesProduction Quantity58640005979000631650059180006966000
PotatoesSeed386000389000369000369000416000
PotatoesYield415887Fc435153Fc424781Fc408138Fc440886Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested142200* 151600* 148000* 116500* 140000*
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity493000* 616200* 547500* 464800* 520800*
Pulses, nesSeed55000F 55000F 54000F 50000F 43000F
Pulses, nesYield34669.5Fc40646.4Fc36993.2Fc39897Fc37200Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested228200A 227100A 242080A 235000A 249000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity758000A 877200A 875866A 922800A 922800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed62000A 62000A 61000A 60500A 56000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield33216.5Fc38626.2Fc36180.8Fc39268.1Fc37060.2Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested575000592700557600542000432000
RapeseedProduction Quantity18900001902100160880017708001468000
RapeseedSeed8853Fc7475Fc7705.1Fc7248.8Fc7046Fc
RapeseedYield32869.6Fc32092.1Fc28852.2Fc32671.6Fc33981.5Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested14661430129512601260
RaspberriesProduction Quantity12220122001000085007300
RaspberriesYield83356.1Fc85314.7Fc77220.1Fc67460.3Fc57936.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested141000A 137400A 148700A 145000A 158000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5864000A 5979000A 6316500A 5918000A 6966000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed386000A 389000A 369000A 369000A 416000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield415887Fc435153Fc424781Fc408138Fc440886Fc
RyeArea Harvested70005900600043005000
RyeProduction Quantity4270039500325002520029000
RyeSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000
RyeYield61000Fc66949.1Fc54166.7Fc58604.7Fc58000Fc
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity
StrawberriesArea Harvested45003900345033203300
StrawberriesProduction Quantity7390068600525004710041400
StrawberriesYield164222Fc175897Fc152174Fc141867Fc125455Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested131000148000154000162000169000
Sugar beetProduction Quantity74000008687000904200091680009557000
Sugar beetYield564886Fc586959Fc587143Fc565926Fc565503Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested200190190180480
TomatoesProduction Quantity84100795407829076840100900
TomatoesYield4205000Fc4186320Fc4120530Fc4268890Fc2102080Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested1410012600152001460014000
TriticaleProduction Quantity6070052900622006077065000
TriticaleSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000
TriticaleYield43049.7Fc41984.1Fc40921.1Fc41623.3Fc46428.6Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested1473814892130221415114852
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity181054157695141237151674132497
Vegetables fresh nesYield122848Fc105892Fc108460Fc107183Fc89211.6Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested110599A 114487A 108855A 121361A 114216A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2512680A 2714590A 2547610A 2587960A 2579000A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield227189Fc237109Fc234037Fc213245Fc225800Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested110599A 114487A 108855A 121361A 114216A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2512680A 2714590A 2547610A 2587960A 2579000A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield227189Fc237109Fc234037Fc213245Fc225800Fc
WheatArea Harvested18350001867000199000018370001996000
WheatProduction Quantity1474700014863000154730001428800015973000
WheatSeed254000254000275000281000281000
WheatYield80365.1Fc79609Fc77753.8Fc77779Fc80025.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea17164Q 17224Q 17325Q 17684Q 17647Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea604.1Q 650.3Q 606.3Q 577.2W 511.9W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea32.7Q 47.6Q 113.7Q 142.4W 147.6W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea636.8Q 697.9Q 720Q 719.6W 659.5W
Arable landArea6062Q 5970Q 6049Q 6005Q 6085Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea6107Q 6016Q 6092Q 6051Q 6131Q
Arable land area certified organicArea191.5Q 205Q 191.3Q 177.4W 151.9W
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea8.2Q 11.6Q 30.6Q 46W 53.6W
Arable land organic, totalArea199.7Q 216.6Q 221.9Q 223.4W 205.5W
Country areaArea24361Q 24361Q 24361Q 24361Q 24361Q
Fallow landArea156Q 174Q 244Q 175Q 165Q
Forest areaArea2888.2Fm2881Q 2873.8Fm2866.6Fm2859.4Fm
Inland waterArea168Fm168Fm168Fm168Fm168Fm
Land areaArea24193Q 24193Q 24193Q 24193Q 24193Q
Other landArea4140.8Fm4088Fm3994.2Fm3642.4Fm3686.6Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea5877Q 5925Q 5865Q 6036Q 5965Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea5180Q 5283Q 5368Q 5597Q 5551W
Permanent cropsArea45Q 46Q 43Q 46Q 46Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea2Q 2Q 1.9Q 1.5W 1.6W
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea0.2Q 0.2Q 0.3Q 0.4W 0.4W
Permanent crops organic, totalArea2.2Q 2.2Q 2.2Q 1.9W 2W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea11057Q 11208Q 11233Q 11633Q 11516W
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea411Q 443Q 413Q 398.3W 358.4W
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea24.4Q 35.7Q 82.7Q 96W 93.6W
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea435.4Q 478.7Q 495.7Q 494.3W 452W
Temporary cropsArea4628Q 4564Q 4564Q 4689Q 4744Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea1278Q 1232Q 1241Q 1141Q 1176Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea95Fm95.1Q 213Q 195Q 152Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea17838Q 16956Q 17051Q 16956Q 16976Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea489.6W 524.4W 612.4W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea113.8W 80.3W 47.2W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea603.4W 604.7W 659.6W
Arable landArea6094Q 5729Q 5819Q 5659Q 5786Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea6139Q 5776Q 5868Q 5708Q 5836Q
Arable land area certified organicArea137.5W 142W 143.1W
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea41.5W 32.6W 19.8W
Arable land organic, totalArea179W 174.6W 162.9W
Country areaArea24361Q 24361Q 24361Q 24361Q 24361Q
Fallow landArea197Q 140Q 29Q 29Q 33W
Forest areaArea2852.2Fm2845Q 2834.6Fm2824.2Fm2813.8Fm
Inland waterArea168Fm168Fm168Fm168Fm168Fm
Land areaArea24193Q 24193Q 24193Q 24193Q 24193Q
Other landArea3502.8Fm4392Fm4307.4Fm4412.8Fm4403.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea5967Q 5590Q 5620Q 5683Q 5422W
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea5732W 5590Q 5563Q 5565Q 5718W
Permanent cropsArea45Q 47Q 49Q 49Q 50Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea1.6W 1.5W 1.5W
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea0.2W 0.2W 0.2W
Permanent crops organic, totalArea1.8W 1.7W 1.7W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea11699W 11180Q 11183Q 11248Q 11140Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea350.5W 380.9W 467.8W
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea72.1W 47.5W 27.2W
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea422.6W 428.4W 495W
Temporary cropsArea4760Q 4396Q 4544Q 4429Q 4523W
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea1137Q 1193Q 1246Q 1201Q 1230W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea182Q 228Q 225Fm223Q 227Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data