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Datasheet

France

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    France
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 552,000
  • Climates: Subtropical, Temperate
  • Capital: Paris
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 61,707,072
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$38,810
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$2,466,573,189,120
  • GDP: US$2,589,839,065,088
  • Agriculture, value added: US$51,085,348,864
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentSchneider et al., 1993; Vibio et al., 1996; Berges et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Restricted distributionBoudon-Padieu et al., 1989; Boudon-Padieu et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO &, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Caudwell et al., 1986; Daire et al., 1989, 1997a, 1997b
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasWidespreadDaire et al., 1993; Daire et al., 1997a; Daire et al., 1997b; Maixner et al., 1997
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1984OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Restricted distributionJarausch et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionMorvan, 1977; Audergon et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Restricted distributionJarausch et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, formerly presentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2012b; EPPO, 2014; Loiseau et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentYesToth et al., 2011; van & der Wolf Bergsma-Vlami,, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLaRue & Vincent, 1990; Samson et al., 1973; Fougeroux, 1981; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Boué, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Restricted distributionYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2012a; Vanneste et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeCleve, 1896; Hustedt, 1938
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedYesRaveret-Wattel, 1885; Vivier, 1951; ISSG (IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group), 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentBlin, 1922; EPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)LocalisedIntroducedYesHansen, 1999; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Restricted distributionLafon et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentChampion et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedLogrieco et al., 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)WidespreadToti et al., 1992; Morelet, 1989; Phillips & Burdekin, 1992
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentSteden et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedYesCrepel & Inghelbrecht, 2003; Saurat et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesVigouroux, 1986; Grosclaude et al., 1991b; EPPO, 2014; Ferrari & Pechenot, 1974; Ferrari & Pechenot, 1976; Ferrari & Pechenot, 1979
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesFerrari & Pichenot, 1974; Vigouroux, 1979; Clérivet et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionPeper, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaPresentSutton, 1980; Morelet et al., 1987
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesAnon., 1953
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesTivoli et al., 1988; UK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Restricted distributionUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Restricted distribution; Chandelier et al., 2009; Jankovský & Holdenrieder, 2009; Ioos et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)WidespreadIntroducedCassini, 1973; Cassini et al., 1972; Cassini, 1975; UK CAB International, 1993; Na´bo & Thierry, 1999
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, few occurrencesChandelier et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionLandmann, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Piou & Ioos, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesGibbs, 1978
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2004; CMI, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPuechmaille et al., 2010; Puechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLanier, 1963; Ponchet, 1990; Barthelet & Vinot, 1944; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Toth, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentIMI, 1992; Birch, 1936; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeBoidin & Lanquetin, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeMaire, 1905; Dufrenoy, 1932; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)WidespreadMonnet, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; Arnaud & Arnaud, 1931; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNative
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumRestricted distributionNative
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiWidespreadNativeDurrieu, 2001; BPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009; Liou, 1929
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentMassenot, 1978; Massenot, 1973
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)WidespreadGrouet & Allaire, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadGarner et al., 2006
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedFauvel, 1923; Rullier, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentPouillaude, 1917; Labeyrie, 1956; Labeyrie, 1966; Rahn, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Coutiere, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)LocalisedIntroducedYesStreito et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Restricted distributionTrottin-Caudal et al., 1989; Blanck et al., 1954; Blanck et al., 1956; Avidov & Harpaz, 1969; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)WidespreadNativeGaumont, 1978; Eichhorn, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentRahn, 1973; Naibo,1984; Poitout,1982; Provost,1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)Present only under cover/indoorsIntroducedBorowiec et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentYesGoulletquer et al., 2002; Müller, 2004; Gruet et al., 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)Restricted distributionIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001; Ferre, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentGermain & Matile-Ferrero, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present only under cover/indoorsGermain & Matile-Ferrero, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusWidespreadIntroducedYesO'Riordan & Ramsay, 1999; Barnes & Barnes, 1965a; Barnes & Barnes, 1966; Barnes & Barnes, 1968a; Barnes & Barnes, 1969; Barnes et al., 1972; Barnes & Powell, 1966; Bishop, 1954; Bishop & Crisp, 1957; Bishop & Crisp, 1958; Bishop et al., 1957; Crisp, 1959; Crisp & Fischer-Piette, 1959; Crisp & Southward, 1958; Hartog, 1953; Hartog, 1956; Fischer-Piette, 1964; Fischer-Piette, 1965; Fischer-Piette & Forest, 1961; Fischer-Piette & Prenant, 1956; Herbert et al., 2007; Fischer-Piette, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)Restricted distributionPanis, 1979; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, few occurrencesCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Villevielle & Lecoq, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedRivault, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)WidespreadAeschlimann & Vitou, 1989; CIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Restricted distributionLeraut, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesGuichard & Augustin, 2002; Augustin et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedCook et al., 2007a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeRoman & Palumbi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)WidespreadLerin, 1984; Northwood & Verrier, 1986; Colonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedYesDevin et al., 2003; Jazdzewski & Konopacka, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Restricted distributionIntroducedCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentFoldi, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)Restricted distributionFoldi, 2001; CIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesWatson et al., 1999; Rabasse & Grasso, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentBourguet et al., 2002; Ferre, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)WidespreadIntroducedYesd'Aguilar et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedMilliere , 1863; Spuler , 1913
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesMercier & Poisson, 1926
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYesFeldtrauer et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; Grégoire et al., 1989; Grégoire, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKiss et al., 2005b; EPPO, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Restricted distributionIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesGrabowski et al., 2007; Josens et al., 2005; Bollache et al., 2004; Devin et al., 2001; Grabowski & Pešic, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeListon, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGruber et al., 1991; Hopper et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedYesNageleisen, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMandrin et al., 2010; Rouzes et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)Restricted distributionIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; Marion, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadNativeLaurent, 1967; Leroy & Malphettes, 1969; Kloft et al., 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedYesZhao & et al. , 1998; CIESM, 2003; ISSG, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Restricted distributionCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentFoldi, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentMalagnoux et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, few occurrencesNativeListon, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2012; Cocquempot et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedRabasse & Perrin, 1979; Cadahia, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)WidespreadNativeAttard, 1979; Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentIntroducedCallot & Brua, 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Restricted distributionIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentBournier, 1983; CIE, 1961; Brun, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Introduced, not establishedDanzig & Pellizari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedBreton et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedYesDumont, 2006; Daufresne et al., 2007; Wittmann & Ariani, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCoutin, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Saintonge, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesBen-Dov et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; Matile-Ferrero et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Restricted distributionNativeBalachowsky, 1949; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadRibault, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Davauchelle, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)WidespreadNativeYesChambon, 1981; Blanc, 1983; Bouron, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)WidespreadNativeGold et al., 2001; Cox, 2001; Haye & Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniLocalisedIntroducedWittmann & Ariani, 2000; Wittmann & Ariani, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)WidespreadYesNoel, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)WidespreadNativeJones et al., 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesBenois, 1973; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, few occurrencesCABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)WidespreadRoehrich et al., 1977; Geoffrion, 1979; Touzeau, 1979; Roehrich et al., 1986; Gabel & Stockel, 1988; Roehrich & Carles, 1987; Stockel et al., 1992; Roehrich & Schmitz, 1992; Stockel et al., 1994; Guennelon & d'Arcier, 1972; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadGiese & Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesGruber & et al. , 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)Restricted distributionDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)Restricted distributionBurban et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadLucht, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Malumphy et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeYesAlthoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2010; Comps, 1972; His, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrienne, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedHolmes & Minchin, 1995; Lauckner, 1983; Deslou-Paoli, 1981; Grizel, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentLeclant, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)WidespreadNativeDelplanque et al., 1987; Joly, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)WidespreadBalachowsky &, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)EradicatedD'Aguilar & Martinez, 1982; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadPommier, 1986; Hoffmann, 1950; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNatived'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedBéguer et al., 2011; Lavesque et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentTemplado, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentFoldi, 2000; CIE, 1979; Balachowsky, 1933
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedYesDrescher & Jaubert, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeYesMaugard & Chauvel, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentMiquel, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)WidespreadHiggins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeYesCarter, 1971; Gaumont, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Restricted distributionNativeAlauzet, 1982; Kenis & Mills, 1994; CAB European, 1998; Carle, 1967; Alauzet, 1969; Lucht, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeYesBalachowsky, 1949; Chararas, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentPanis, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967; Crepin & Trouve, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Balachowski, 1966; Benassy et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Restricted distributionKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedYesBrylinski et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeYesHoward, 1899
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2011a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiPresentIntroducedMarchand, 1972; Marchand, 1979; Noël, 2001; Saudray, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentACTA, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973; De Lotto, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentRegnier, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentAttard, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Restricted distributionNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadNativeAttard, 1973; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, few occurrencesCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentCocquempot & Ramel, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Restricted distributionBattisti et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentSellier et al., 1975; Grison, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)WidespreadRicou & Douyer, 1975; Oosterbroek & Theowald, 1992; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadBalachowsky, 1949; Pfeffer, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentMeesters & Pitsioudis, 1994; EPPO, 2014; Trottin-Caudal, 1992; Malezieux et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)PresentIntroducedYesHaxaire et al., 2006; EPPO, 2007; Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2012; Villemant et al., 2006a; Villemant et al., 2006b; Rome et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeArcher, 1998; Gereys, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)WidespreadNativeVasseur & Schvester, 1948; Schvester, 1954; Balachowsky, 1963; Juillard-Condat & Perrau, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesBlauwe & Faasse, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeKeith et al., 2001; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)LocalisedIntroducedDubois, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass)LocalisedIntroducedKeith & Allardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)LocalisedIntroducedDubois, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2011; Persat, pers. comm.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)LocalisedIntroducedBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)LocalisedIntroducedYesGerriet, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)LocalisedIntroducedMaillard et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedFAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedBlanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004; Lelek, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedFishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Keith & Allardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedKeith & Allardi , 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeKeith & Allardi, 2001; Winfield et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedHolcík , 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004; Cowx & Nunn, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedeBird, 2015; Basly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedYesKeith & Allardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentKeith & Allardi, 2001; Farr-Cox et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeAllardi & Keith, 1991; Keith et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedYesMonniot, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedAllardi & Keith, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)LocalisedIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; Keith & Allardi, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present only in captivity/cultivation
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedArtois & Duchêne, 1982; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedKeith et al., 1999; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)WidespreadIntroducedYesNiethammer & Krapp, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Tabthipwon et al., 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeBillard, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedCugnasse, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaeWidespreadIntroducedYesPagano et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)WidespreadNativeKeith & Allardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)WidespreadNativeAllardi & Keith, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; NatureServe, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedBruekers, 2003; Corti, 2006; Morgue, 1924; Orsini, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)LocalisedIntroducedYesLeger, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesKeith et al., 2001; Allardi & Keith, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedStrubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)WidespreadIntroducedYesTouratier, 1992a; Touratier, 1992b; DIAS, 2004; Ficetola et al., 2007; Kraus, 2009; Lichfield, 2005; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)WidespreadNativeKeith & Allardi, 2001; Allardi & Keith, 1991; Froese Pauly, 2004; Kottelat & Freyhof, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeKeith & Allardi, 2001; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBillard, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedKeith et al., 2001; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Keith & Allardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2012; Copp et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeKeith & Allardi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedRocha-Camerero & Hidalgo, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeCargnelutti et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)LocalisedIntroducedYesChapuis, 2005; Krapp, 1978; Marmet & Chapuis, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)WidespreadIntroducedYesClergeau & Yésou, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKeith & Allardi, 2001; Guidou & Keith, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Devin et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensLocalisedIntroducedMüller, 2004; Leewis, 2002; Leloup, 1948; WoRMS, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentVanco, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)PresentNativeYesGoy et al., 1989; Kramp, 1974; Müller, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)LocalisedIntroducedYesHoenselaar & Hoenselaar, 1989; Bachelet et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)WidespreadNativeYesKerney et al., 1979; Chevallier, 1981; Moquin-Tandon, 1855
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeAnimalBase, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisWidespreadIntroducedYesBachmann et al., 1997; Piscart et al., 2005; Rajagopal et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadNativeBleakney et al., 1989; Coupland et al., 1994; Linhart & Thompson, 1995; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedGoulletquer et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)WidespreadIntroducedYesBlanchard, 1995; Marteil, 1965; Martin et al., 2006; Montaudouin & Sauriau, 1999; Blanchard, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)WidespreadHommay, 1995; Kerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedYesKinzelbach, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusWidespreadIntroducedYesLuczak & Dewarumez, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeMoquin-Tandon, 1855; Falkner et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeReid, 1996; Brawley et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; Kerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)LocalisedIntroducedDewarumez et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedBoudouresque, 1999; Zibrowius, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadIntroducedGerard et al., 2003; Mouthon & Dubois, 2001; Zettler & Richard, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentIntroducedGoulletquer et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedYesSoudant et al., 2004; CIESM, 2003; IFREMER, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Cowie, 1990; Bank, 2007; Cain, 1984; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1983; Deblock, 1962; Germain, 1930; Johnson, 1988; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesDupont & Petter, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, formerly presentAnon., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)WidespreadClerjeau et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionCaubel, 1972; Caubel, 1973a; Caubel, 1973b; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedRiel & Mulder, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesRiel & Mulder, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentShepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCapus, 1917; Cayrol, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Dalmasso, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBerge et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadGautier, 1975; Shepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisAbsent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentDalmasso, 1969; Esmenjaud et al., 1992; Walter & Demangeat, 1995; Dalmasso et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedDenis et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedJustine et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresentIntroducedYesVerlaque et al., 2003; Panayotidis & Montesanto, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedYesGuiry & Guiry, 2008; FAO-DIAS, 2008; Meinesz et al., 2001; UNEP, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesProvan et al., 2005; Guiry & Guiry, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentIntroducedVerlaque, 2001; Coat et al., 1998; Verlaque et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesGruet, 1976; Plouguerné et al., 2006; Verlaque, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedKaas & Perez, 1990; Floc'h et al., 1991; Castric-Fey et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesChevalier, 1926; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesCabioch et al., 1997; Clerck et al., 2005; Gavio & Fredericq, 2002; Riouall et al., 1985; Simon et al., 2001; Verlaque et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeCoppejans, 1972; Verlaque, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeFeldmann, 1943; Feldmann, 1954; Gómez et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesDelabraze & Valette, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedFloc'h E le, 1991; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Restricted distributionIntroducedBallais, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedYesAboucaya, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeBinggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedReed, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedJohnson, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesKowarik, 1983; Lepart et al., 1991; Cronk & Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)WidespreadNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Häfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentEPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Tela Botanica, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesBertrand & Maupas, 1996; Chollet et al., 1998; Déchamp, 1999; Love, 1976; Chauvel et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadBarralis & Chadoeuf, 1988; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedYesGranereau & Verloove, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Fried Mandon-Dalger, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand, 2011; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)Indigenous, localizedNativeAtlas Florae Europaeae, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGreuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)LocalisedIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedPerdue, 1958; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedGlobal Compendium of Weeds, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson & Smythies, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)WidespreadYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Hafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCaño et al., 2013; Dupont, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentN'Dounga et al., 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Tutin & et al. , 1980; Guinochet & Vilmorin , 1984; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Guinochet & Vilmorin , 1984; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Guinochet & Vilmorin, 1984; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Tutin et al., 1980; Guinochet & Vilmorin, 1984; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)WidespreadIntroducedYesJehlik & Slavik, 1968; Tela Botanica, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeBarralis & Chadoeuf, 1987; HYPPA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaAbsent, formerly presentIntroducedTouchy, 1857
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentNativeGuinochet & Vilmorin, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesOchsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadBornette et al., 1994; Kew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedDewey, 1897
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; Barralis et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)WidespreadNativeTremolieres et al., 1999; Tutin et al., 1964; Ferley et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesThebaud & Abbott, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)WidespreadIntroducedYesTela Botanica, 2015; Farille et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Weber, 2003; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeCouderc-LeVaillant, 1984; Guinochet & de Vilmorin, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeJauzein, 1991; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Bernard, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015; Tela Botanica, 2015; Fitter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; GBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972; Mamarot, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentIntroducedJauzein, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeDebaeke et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisUnconfirmed recordGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Restricted distributionNativeGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentJauzein, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionIntroducedGeorges & Pax, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2016; Drénou & Paulus, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedSculthorpe, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDelaigue, 1987; DAISIE, 2012; Sonder, 1856
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentIntroducedTela Botanica, 2013; Marco et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)WidespreadVeegens & Vergracht, 1974; Dessaint et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesJalas & Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesMarigo & Pautou, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentYesBailey & Wisskirchen, 2006; Schnitzler et al., 2007; Schnitzler & Bailey, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Restricted distributionDAISIE, 2014; Kissman & Groth, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; Meyer, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Restricted distributionNativeGibbs, 1968; Gibbs & Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedForoughbakhch et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNativeTsvelev, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)WidespreadIntroducedYesWagenitz, 1980; EPPO, 2014; Guinochet and de Vilmorin, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Guinochet & de Vilmorin, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)WidespreadIntroducedTrepl, 1984; Guinochet & de Vilmorin, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)WidespreadIntroducedYesISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008; Thiébaut, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadYesPichot, 1991; Kafadaroff, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDawson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)LocalisedNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHenry & Dedryver, 1991; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Ourry et al., 1996; Charmet et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)WidespreadIntroducedYesDandelot et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)WidespreadIntroducedYesDandelot et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2015; EPPO, 2015; Flora Europaea, 1968; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Delaigue, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedDebussche & Isenmann , 1990; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Restricted distributionDutartre, 1986; Orchard, 1981; Peltre et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Lebreton, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeDutartre, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013; S. Kaufman, consultant, USA, personal communication, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentIntroducedYesCampbell, 1982; Campbell & Vere, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976; Guinochet & Vilmorin, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acaulon (horse thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedYesJouffret & Lecomte, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972; Gibot-Leclerc et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeMuseum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Restricted distributionIntroducedMesleard et al., 1993; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Absent, invalid record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011; Kerguélen, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedJeanmonod & Schlüssel, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentTutin, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedPiry & Gompel, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Restricted distributionNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)WidespreadNativeSell & West, 1976; HultTn & Fries, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeMorelet, 1972; Acherar et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, few occurrencesNativeHYPPA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadTUTIN & ET, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Weed Science Society of America, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)WidespreadNativePolunin & Smythies, 1989; WCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Vanhellemont, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPopenoe, 1920
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)PresentIntroducedCross, 1975; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Bruun, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentHanelt et al., 2001; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedMercier, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeHoussard & Escarré, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesJovet & Bosserdet, 1962; Chater & Walters, 1976; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeYesRouy, 1903; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeYesRouy, 1903; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentMorin & Gasquez, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)LocalisedIntroducedChuine et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLarché, 2004; Chauvel et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeBoulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedClayton, 1980; Mamarot, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesRanwell, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSauer, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)Restricted distributionIntroducedHansen, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)Restricted distributionNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedWilliams et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentClapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1997; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Ibañez et al., 1999; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentRothmaler, 1940
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentCorillion, 1955; Lowden, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE, 2015; IUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallow-wort)Restricted distributionNativeFournier, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; GBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentLove, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedStørmer, 1958
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresentArzul et al., 2014
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumWidespreadBelin, 1993
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentMialhe et al., 1988
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBonneaud et al., 2006; Beadell et al., 2006; Loiseau et al., 2008; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1958OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1974OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005; Curasson, 1946; Heusinger, 1844; Megnin, 1878
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentHenry et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusSee datasheet for status
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusEradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2004; Desbiez et al., 2003
Virusduck hepatitis A virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentZimmermann et al., 1990; Chevalier et al., 1995
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1948OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHuchette et al., 2006; EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentKerlan et al., 1974; Signoret, 1974; Marie-Jeanne et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentVidela, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996; GebreSelassie et al., 1981
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Svanella-Dumas et al., 2015
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentGrasland et al., 2015
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1870OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, few occurrencesLepoivre, 2001; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease never reportedPoncet, 1990; Levasseur, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesDupont & Petter, 1988
anthraxRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Vaissaire et al., 1996; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Picault et al., 1986; Picault et al., 1987
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Luini et al., 1988
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)No information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Stipkovits & Kempf, 1996
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005; Curasson, 1946; Heusinger, 1844; Megnin, 1878
babesiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Euzéby, 1988; Bussiéras, 1990; Baader, 1988; Levasseur, 1991; L-Hostis, 1998
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentMialhe et al., 1988
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedDenis et al., 1983
bovine anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsNo information availableOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Ganière, 1993
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Garin-Bastuji et al., 1994
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Fensterbank, 1987
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentLombard et al., 1987; Berthelon & Tainturier, 1975
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadGarner et al., 2006
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedYesOIE, 2009; Raveret-Wattel, 1885; Vivier, 1951; ISSG (IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group), 2013
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties1999
enzootic abortion of ewesNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Pozet & et al. , 1992
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterNo information availableOIE, 2009
infection with Marteilia refringensPresentArzul et al., 2014
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentArzul et al., 2012
Infection with salmonid alphavirusPresentRaynard et al., 1992; Boucher & Baudin, 1994; Boucher & Laurencin, 1996
infectious bursal diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Laurencin , 1987
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentBesse & de, 1965
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisPresentBourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2010; Comps, 1972; His, 1979
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrienne, 1964
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedHolmes & Minchin, 1995; Lauckner, 1983; Deslou-Paoli, 1981; Grizel, 1985
myxomatosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentPapatheodorou , 1981
paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Gasse, 1961; Rihal, 1979
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentKobisch & Tillon, 1985; Donnio et al., 1994
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBonneaud et al., 2006; Beadell et al., 2006; Loiseau et al., 2008; Marzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentGrasland et al., 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentNativeBerri et al., 2001; Ansart et al., 2004; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentGall-Reculé et al., 2011
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Chatelain et al., 1983
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009; Baudouy, 1975
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentCriado-Fornelio et al., 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentThoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaPresentMaurin et al., 2011; OIE, 2009; Decors et al., 2011
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Picault et al., 1987; Giraud et al., 1986
varroosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kinkelin & Le Berre , 1977
visna/maediNo information availableOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Murgue et al., 2001
whirling diseasePresentVanco, 1952
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome)PresentPuechmaille et al., 2010; Puechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested12551262129512731293
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity621736122510421591
Almonds, with shellYield4948.21Fc5832.01Fc9459.46Fc8185.39Fc12304.7Fc
ApplesArea Harvested4186641693424934207353775
ApplesProduction Quantity18588801788430180337017017502143670
ApplesYield444007Fc428952Fc424392Fc404476Fc398637Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1390213975143981404914176
ApricotsProduction Quantity15498014475219593294516.2126409
ApricotsYield111480Fc103579Fc136083Fc67276.1Fc89171.1Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested84088501883094869745
ArtichokesProduction Quantity520324799852650.94493946572
ArtichokesYield61883.9Fc56461.6Fc59627.3Fc47374Fc47790.7Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested48084879500553655525
AsparagusProduction Quantity2349718661191101828418157
AsparagusYield48870.6Fc38247.6Fc38181.8Fc34080.2Fc32863.3Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested3.043.042.1744
AvocadosProduction Quantity12.5619.8323.472431
AvocadosYield41315.8Fc65230.3Fc108157Fc60000Fc77500Fc
BarleyArea Harvested15450001582000188390017992201698690
BarleyProduction Quantity87750001010200012875800121716009473570
BarleySeed200000F 200000* 210000253000235000
BarleyYield56796.1Fc63855.9Fc68346.5Fc67649.3Fc55769.9Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested32163324244023872564
Beans, dryProduction Quantity666372615513.461426539
Beans, drySeed1180Fc1180Fc1220Fc780Fc1040Fc
Beans, dryYield20718.3Fc21844.2Fc22595.9Fc25731Fc25503.1Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested47536264652470637731
Beans, greenProduction Quantity80581235111961.64510045112
Beans, greenYield16953.5Fc19717.4Fc18334.8Fc63853.9Fc58352.1Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested328335280280F 280F
BlueberriesProduction Quantity2108206219891950F 1900F
BlueberriesYield64268.3Fc61552.2Fc71035.7Fc69642.9Fc67857.1Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested91409151342883066069753447
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity344786483302437472314683245966
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed9300Fc9300Fc15400Fc9000Fc6100Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield37719Fc31934.4Fc49540.5Fc51844.9Fc46020.5Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested3100036900369003420032945
BuckwheatProduction Quantity9100012590011450098000117148
BuckwheatSeed4650Fc2790Fc3321Fc3321Fc3078Fc
BuckwheatYield29354.8Fc34119.2Fc31029.8Fc28655Fc35558.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested424541874189734210190
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity113079100021104216225528227956
Cabbages and other brassicasYield266382Fc238885Fc248785Fc307175Fc223706Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1361014678149321349813191
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity599378601904636469301495312612
Carrots and turnipsYield440395Fc410072Fc426245Fc223363Fc236989Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested1970020377202792590328581
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity334170257907365778355343381909
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield169629Fc126568Fc180373Fc137182Fc133623Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested9576730A 9769760A 9393370A 9618250A 9055780A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity65644000A 68245300A 69988300A 70071000A 59299200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1105680A 1103780A 1128860A 1181340A 1176630A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield68545.4Fc69853.6Fc74508.2Fc72852.1Fc65482.2Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested9576730A 9769760A 9393370A 9618250A 9055780A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity65688000A 68284800A 70034200A 70108200A 59328400A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1105680A 1103780A 1128860A 1181340A 1176630A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield68591.3Fc69894Fc74557.1Fc72890.8Fc65514.4Fc
CherriesArea Harvested9654956799491066411148
CherriesProduction Quantity480824491152797.54035647557
CherriesYield49805.3Fc46943.7Fc53068.2Fc37843.2Fc42659.7Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested71647042710670036965
ChestnutsProduction Quantity70269351867262908284
ChestnutsYield9807.37Fc13278.9Fc12203.8Fc8981.86Fc11893.8Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested26582677334528852884
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity135635111304169475125475110880
Chicory rootsYield510290Fc415779Fc506652Fc434922Fc384466Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested624636528558583
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1714217628182471854018666
Chillies and peppers, greenYield274712Fc277170Fc345587Fc332258Fc320172Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2383A 2375A 2505A 2605A 1916A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity41777A 32947A 39825.7A 36766A 21993A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield175313Fc138724Fc158985Fc141136Fc114786Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3724730A 3814960A 4221790A 4106450A 3799900A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity27519000A 27379300A 31564000A 30990200A 26477200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed368679A 366779A 379862A 432339A 402633A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield73882Fc71768.2Fc74764.5Fc75467.3Fc69678.6Fc
CranberriesProduction QuantityF F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1744179818811978642
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity129740140165155091138919114326
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield743922Fc779561Fc824514Fc702321Fc1780780Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested24622640221820142491
CurrantsProduction Quantity9367108781107476789485
CurrantsYield38046.3Fc41204.6Fc49927.9Fc38123.1Fc38077.1Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested7117221260617411
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity182482134917708.616331.114402
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield256653Fc295693Fc140544Fc264686Fc350414Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested61468A 55764A 57048A 68504A 76800A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity53400A 67970A 75000A 99000A 96000A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield8687.45Fc12188.9Fc13146.8Fc14451.7Fc12500Fc
FigsArea Harvested394394366441460
FigsProduction Quantity290934053125.13576.92251
FigsYield73832.5Fc86421.3Fc85385.3Fc81108.8Fc48934.8Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested6086855164564486790476200
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity52400* 66970* 74000* 98000* 95000F
Flax fibre and towYield8608.79Fc12140.2Fc13109.4Fc14432.1Fc12467.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested881975A 922027A 916373A 936346A 964423A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9492090A 8715150A 9075240A 8641810A 9314200A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield107623Fc94521.7Fc99034.3Fc92292.9Fc96577.9Fc
GarlicArea Harvested27002560271126082652
GarlicProduction Quantity194031793320148.219672.820447
GarlicYield71863Fc70050.8Fc74320.2Fc75432.5Fc77100.3Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested362354348364236
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity448041534161.449183495
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield123757Fc117316Fc119580Fc135110Fc148093Fc
GrapesArea Harvested764164804149796128814697828885
GrapesProduction Quantity65908105846350610153060191506019060
GrapesYield86248.6Fc72702.3Fc76640.1Fc73882.1Fc72616.4Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested41024166388733512916
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity734110040976451555371
Hazelnuts, with shellYield17896.2Fc24099.9Fc25119.6Fc15383.5Fc18419.1Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested600F 600F 600F 600F 600F
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
Hemp Tow WasteYield16666.7Fc16666.7Fc16666.7Fc16666.7Fc16666.7Fc
HempseedArea Harvested5815636995978700F 9145Im
HempseedProduction Quantity378454442573554.957000F 64000F
HempseedSeed407.05Fc407.05Fc445.83Fc671.79Fc609Fc
HempseedYield65081.7Fc69751.9Fc76643.6Fc65517.2Fc69983.6Fc
HopsArea Harvested749765791802795
HopsProduction Quantity648791819.61468.81493
HopsYield8651.54Fc10339.9Fc10361.6Fc18314.2Fc18779.9Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested40084045407541634149
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity733957071976171.365670.470156
Kiwi fruitYield183121Fc174831Fc186923Fc157748Fc169091Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested53995543548160146090
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity156262161184155676166820176035
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield289428Fc290788Fc284028Fc277386Fc289056Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested1201Im1165Im1200F 1074Im1100F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity10164Im9710Im9000F 8749Im8800F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield84629.5Fc83347.6Fc75000Fc81461.8Fc80000Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested50F 50F 50F 50F 60F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity650F 700F 680F 680F 700F
Lemons and limesYield130000Fc140000Fc136000Fc136000Fc116667Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1396113026913769028072
LentilsProduction Quantity23315195331343079579781
LentilsSeed977.27Fc977.27Fc911.82Fc639.59Fc483.14Fc
LentilsYield16700.1Fc14995.4Fc14698.5Fc11528.5Fc12117.2Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1205312137124851634916098
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity326885326988342747426723457864
Lettuce and chicoryYield271206Fc269414Fc274527Fc261009Fc284423Fc
LinseedArea Harvested7729273285661786790476200
LinseedProduction Quantity16000* 20400* 21500* 1460033801
LinseedSeed5410.44Fc5410.44Fc5129.95Fc4632.46Fc4753.28Fc
LinseedYield2070.07Fc2783.65Fc3248.81Fc2150.09Fc4435.83Fc
LupinsArea Harvested34866273322826914854
LupinsProduction Quantity7492155688265681911340
LupinsSeed348.6Fc348.6Fc627.3Fc322.8Fc269.1Fc
LupinsYield21491.7Fc24817.5Fc25604.1Fc25340Fc23362.2Fc
MaizeArea Harvested15410001571000167987017010201484310
MaizeProduction Quantity1570300013975000152882001581850014357300
MaizeSeed90000* 90000* 9200010200093000
MaizeYield101901Fc88956.1Fc91008.2Fc92994.2Fc96727.1Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested2142716792165172559926663
Maize, greenProduction Quantity415000351184361697479718512501
Maize, greenYield193681Fc209138Fc218985Fc187397Fc192214Fc
MilletArea Harvested11725Im11961Im11500F 10500F 12500F
MilletProduction Quantity38000F 37500Im40000F 43260Im36608Im
MilletSeed1758.75Fc1758.75Fc1794.15Fc1725Fc1575Fc
MilletYield32409.4Fc31351.9Fc34782.6Fc41200Fc29286.4Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested5500050700542215491064069
Mixed grainProduction Quantity200000196100214304210831224840
Mixed grainSeed8250Fc8250Fc7605Fc8133.15Fc8236.5Fc
Mixed grainYield36363.6Fc38678.5Fc39524.2Fc38395.7Fc35093.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity11566911934611385129935.9162450
Mustard seedArea Harvested5000F 4700Im480019001800
Mustard seedProduction Quantity14000F 13968950035003000
Mustard seedSeed25Fc25Fc23.5Fc24Fc9.5Fc
Mustard seedYield28000Fc29719.2Fc19791.7Fc18421Fc16666.7Fc
OatsArea Harvested7800098300116835100303106660
OatsProduction Quantity320000447800572976471798409110
OatsSeed6700F 6700* 8500* 1000012000
OatsYield41025.6Fc45554.4Fc49041.5Fc47037.3Fc38356.5Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested2448120A 2310860A 2341330A 2163060A 2267160A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity4260640A 3828250A 4318720A 3687340A 3565100A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed13829.5A 13815.5A 13550.3A 13577.9A 11883.3A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield17403.7Fc16566.3Fc18445.6Fc17046.8Fc15725Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2465060A 2327740A 2357960A 2181910A 2286010A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2867080A 2561710A 2886060A 2491680A 2371120A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed8469.65A 8446.78A 8070.43A 8108.28A 7383.41A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield11630.9Fc11005.1Fc12239.7Fc11419.7Fc10372.3Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested11000F 1081948122057
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity20000F 2017695343741
Oilseeds, NesYield18181.8Fc18648.7Fc19813Fc18186.7Fc
OlivesArea Harvested1694116875166331885118853
OlivesProduction Quantity211443088827971.23211622668
OlivesYield12481Fc18304Fc16816.7Fc17036.8Fc12023.5Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested26252604246821592177
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity607396022750532.243262.443613
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield231387Fc231286Fc204750Fc200382Fc200335Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested91788632812489917873
Onions, dryProduction Quantity438761327681177192151332186217
Onions, dryYield478057Fc379612Fc218109Fc168315Fc236526Fc
OrangesArea Harvested73* 73* 71* 48F 45
OrangesProduction Quantity596* 607* 573* 695* 580
OrangesYield81643.8Fc83150.7Fc80704.2Fc144792Fc128889Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1533015638154831560314948
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity276012289983301965278938234543
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield180047Fc185435Fc195030Fc178772Fc156906Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1289313265141131511815508
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity301180311002332050299096364947
Peaches and nectarinesYield233600Fc234453Fc235280Fc197841Fc235328Fc
PearsArea Harvested60415992617472888118
PearsProduction Quantity167355148532162697159865202708
PearsYield277032Fc247884Fc263520Fc219354Fc249702Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested250000F 252800115800100245164530
Peas, dryProduction Quantity550000F 552800546800450618594095
Peas, drySeed40500Fc40500Fc40500Fc18600Fc16200Fc
Peas, dryYield22000Fc21867.1Fc47219.3Fc44951.7Fc36108.6Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested3328030275341162935129114
Peas, greenProduction Quantity262935206610300000F 349830337488
Peas, greenYield79006.9Fc68244.4Fc87935.3Fc119188Fc115919Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1830818202182651870418827
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity177254247597231401161048248947
Plums and sloesYield96817.8Fc136027Fc126691Fc86103.5Fc132229Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested10000F 9900Im10000F 9800F 9500F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity6000F 5800Im6500F 6000F 5325Im
Poppy seedYield6000Fc5858.59Fc6500Fc6122.45Fc5605.26Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested165089167589159315164663158080
PotatoesProduction Quantity80162307216210702060068719707183100
PotatoesSeed360000F 359960343600344000348000
PotatoesYield485570Fc430590Fc440674Fc417335Fc454397Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested1834* 2395* 1098* 2200F 2250F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity6630* 10692* 10000F 9200F 9500F
Pulses, nesSeed183.4Fc183.4Fc239.5Fc109.8Fc220Fc
Pulses, nesYield36150.5Fc44643Fc91074.7Fc41818.2Fc42222.2Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested363906A 429160A 220009A 175122A 235717A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity938886A 1089160A 1021480A 795419A 877221A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed52489.3A 52489.3A 58898.6A 29452.2A 24312.2A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield25800.2Fc25378.8Fc46429Fc45420.8Fc37215Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested38213792370751004714
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity124557103885105950195300183045
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield325980Fc273958Fc285811Fc382941Fc388301Fc
QuincesArea HarvestedF F 190
QuincesProduction QuantityF F 2465
QuincesYield129737Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested15559401463790147987014211901618460
RapeseedProduction Quantity53688204811090558550047212904691100
RapeseedSeed7705Fc7779.69Fc7318.96Fc7399.33Fc7105.92Fc
RapeseedYield34505.3Fc32867.3Fc37743.2Fc33220.7Fc28985Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested66267172311951230
RaspberriesProduction Quantity367534974342.462195716
RaspberriesYield55513.6Fc52116.2Fc60060.9Fc52041.8Fc46471.5Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested2500023800241801936217273
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity13200011850013803511152387700
Rice, paddySeed2000F 2000* 2000* 20002000
Rice, paddyYield52800Fc49789.9Fc57086.4Fc57598.9Fc50772.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested165089A 167589A 159315A 164663A 158080A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8016230A 7216210A 7020600A 6871970A 7183100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed360000A 359960A 343600A 344000A 348000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield485570Fc430590Fc440674Fc417335Fc454397Fc
RyeArea Harvested2800030000250532582327461
RyeProduction Quantity125000150797129784123458119823
RyeSeed3500F 3400* 3600* 30003000
RyeYield44642.9Fc50265.7Fc51803.8Fc47809.3Fc43633.9Fc
SorghumArea Harvested4400052100580023715749174
SorghumProduction Quantity281000287000312819230964288431
SorghumSeed820Fc880Fc1042Fc1160.04Fc743.14Fc
SorghumYield63863.6Fc55086.4Fc53932.4Fc62158.9Fc58655.2Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested4157149736428242177132551
SoybeansProduction Quantity1225241367451074926310684603
SoybeansSeed2500F 2500* 300030001600*
SoybeansYield29473.4Fc27494.2Fc25100.9Fc28986.3Fc25990.9Fc
SpinachArea Harvested57824299414364806445
SpinachProduction Quantity1098358010178246.1123500143487
SpinachYield189960Fc186325Fc188863Fc190586Fc222633Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested180515541533
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity971596949769
Stone fruit, nesYield53822.7Fc62380.9Fc63724.7Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested31023167315130513266
StrawberriesProduction Quantity505895035849142.344141.846900
StrawberriesYield163085Fc159009Fc155958Fc144680Fc143601Fc
String beansArea Harvested2902627057295003173132402
String beansProduction Quantity34037633137721186.2343515337488
String beansYield117266Fc122474Fc7181.76Fc108258Fc104157Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested393352383763373353349258393130
Sugar beetProduction Quantity3725910031874800351261003032120033229800
Sugar beetYield947220Fc830586Fc940828Fc868161Fc845262Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested741501692265723244629739519501
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity18824501635590171630015982701311280
Sunflower seedSeed7540Fc7415.01Fc6922.65Fc7232.44Fc6297.39Fc
Sunflower seedYield25387Fc23626.7Fc23730.6Fc25379.9Fc25241.1Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested18981898203621431575
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity360512748734411.33047317218
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield189942Fc144821Fc169014Fc142198Fc109321Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested59937081665262736809
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity14219184281719016320.415805
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield23726Fc26024.6Fc25841.8Fc26016.9Fc23211.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested61116338675351883941
TomatoesProduction Quantity635854650303654390617629575428
TomatoesYield1040510Fc1026040Fc969036Fc1190500Fc1460110Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested31567A 30845A 22049A 28753A 28102A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity53334A 50982A 40078A 49399A 47881A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield16895.5Fc16528.5Fc18176.8Fc17180.5Fc17038.3Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested391000382000355506343316324094
TriticaleProduction Quantity19860002057200201560018218301450380
TriticaleSeed53000F 53000F 52000F 50000F 46000
TriticaleYield50792.8Fc53853.4Fc56696.7Fc53065.7Fc44751.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested4528345255448352770027700
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity122818013019101174070797575537300
Vegetables fresh nesYield271223Fc287683Fc261865Fc287933Fc193971Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested252645A 244971A 252299A 255943A 258698A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5832310A 5571710A 5273030A 5205100A 5103940A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield230850Fc227444Fc208999Fc203370Fc197293Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested252645A 244971A 252299A 255943A 258698A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5832310A 5571710A 5273030A 5205100A 5103940A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield230850Fc227444Fc208999Fc203370Fc197293Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested190461837597611712616928
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity3834630855204173691232635
Walnuts, with shellYield20133.4Fc16791.8Fc20916.9Fc21553.2Fc19278.7Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested8268421348186182
WatermelonsProduction Quantity163301530425150.981227519
WatermelonsYield197700Fc181758Fc186579Fc436667Fc413132Fc
WheatArea Harvested58270005931000514740054924405238600
WheatProduction Quantity3803700040787000383322003900640032763500
WheatSeed735000F 735000* 747000747000772000
WheatYield65277.2Fc68769.2Fc74469.1Fc71018.4Fc62542.5Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested131514881500F 1648Im1600F
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity178021372000F 5072Im6800F
Almonds, with shellYield13536.1Fc14361.6Fc13333.3Fc30776.7Fc42500Fc
ApplesArea Harvested5517457741580955981765600
ApplesProduction Quantity20809202241480220365021368902432230
ApplesYield377156Fc388196Fc379318Fc357238Fc370767Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1402113936152571540214815
ApricotsProduction Quantity179812176950166136123814169418
ApricotsYield128245Fc126973Fc108892Fc80388.3Fc114356Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested999110179102571045311062
ArtichokesProduction Quantity5188350149596125029771735
ArtichokesYield51929.7Fc49267.1Fc58118.4Fc48117.3Fc64848.1Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested55906028608968017320
AsparagusProduction Quantity1805520390194042045322827
AsparagusYield32298.8Fc33825.5Fc31867.3Fc30073.5Fc31184.4Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1111111111
AvocadosProduction Quantity7770706475
AvocadosYield70000Fc63636.4Fc63636.4Fc58181.8Fc68181.8Fc
BarleyArea Harvested16673101602430163058017579501641270
BarleyProduction Quantity104006001031340011031500984429010976000
BarleySeed224000221000218000218000234000
BarleyYield62379.5Fc64361Fc67653.8Fc55998.7Fc66875Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested30453207302431883051
Beans, dryProduction Quantity80558974764892228693
Beans, drySeed1100Fc1100Fc1175.3Fc1167.9Fc1187.9Fc
Beans, dryYield26453.2Fc27982.5Fc25291Fc28927.2Fc28492.3Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested79348546865586918243
Beans, greenProduction Quantity501185541410044097660104180
Beans, greenYield63168.6Fc64842Fc116049Fc112369Fc126386Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested280F 280F 280F 260F 260F
BlueberriesProduction Quantity1850F 1800F 1750F 1700F 1650F
BlueberriesYield66071.4Fc64285.7Fc62500Fc65384.6Fc63461.5Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested77643100392793457824077089
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity290480372179364549276300310437
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed5400Fc7920Fc10159Fc7974.5Fc7864Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield37412.3Fc37072.6Fc45944.8Fc35314.4Fc40269.9Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested3200036593410713686027439
BuckwheatProduction Quantity8700012421714390110172980788
BuckwheatSeed2965.05Fc2880Fc3293.37Fc3696.39Fc3317.4Fc
BuckwheatYield27187.5Fc33945.6Fc35037.1Fc27598.8Fc29442.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested10592966498011055210391
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity220450229104241801213450252396
Cabbages and other brassicasYield208129Fc237070Fc246711Fc202284Fc242899Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1400314673152191587216495
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity364475659313672624688426727645
Carrots and turnipsYield260284Fc449338Fc441963Fc433736Fc441131Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested3003224305263942656926892
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity354593347607418809428442399919
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield118072Fc143019Fc158676Fc161256Fc148713Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested9014220A 9182260A 9354610A 8956720A 9327020A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity61552500A 64069700A 70478200A 54904300A 69621600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1135430A 1132080A 1158770A 1140900A 1171480A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield68283.8Fc69775.6Fc75340.6Fc61299.6Fc74645.1Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested9014220A 9182260A 9354610A 8956720A 9327020A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity61584100A 64103800A 70516600A 54939900A 69656600A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1135430A 1132080A 1158770A 1140900A 1171480A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield68318.8Fc69812.7Fc75381.6Fc61339.3Fc74682.6Fc
CherriesArea Harvested1183012127121661217512160
CherriesProduction Quantity6812269024617485082668779
CherriesYield57584.1Fc56917.6Fc50754.6Fc41746.2Fc56561.7Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested69677289726472647204
ChestnutsProduction Quantity96708144124311011811223
ChestnutsYield13879.7Fc11173Fc17113.2Fc13929Fc15578.9Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested32704700385838284572
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity142200133390181198167123172548
Chicory rootsYield434862Fc283809Fc469668Fc436580Fc377402Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested583601638718758
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity2131623661253142745727770
Chillies and peppers, greenYield365626Fc393694Fc396771Fc382409Fc366359Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1894A 1874A 1868A 2205A 2208A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity32147A 25158A 29197A 25508A 30472A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield169731Fc134248Fc156301Fc115683Fc138007Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3751350A 3886510A 4097040A 4061630A 4078570A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity26125700A 27116000A 30708500A 24358500A 30612200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed394434A 385080A 382773A 382904A 403484A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield69643.5Fc69769.6Fc74953Fc59972.1Fc75056.2Fc
CranberriesProduction QuantityF 150F 20F 30F
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested726725889910928
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity126219134590135869135772137245
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield1738550Fc1856410Fc1528340Fc1492000Fc1478930Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested25282588298424962312
CurrantsProduction Quantity97001140113723103389245
CurrantsYield38370.3Fc44053.3Fc45988.6Fc41418.3Fc39987Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested407429475494501
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity1440218229202921982320234
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield353857Fc424918Fc427200Fc401275Fc403872Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested76000A 82644A 84436A 86434A 68624A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity94900A 103100A 101800A 86700A 63031A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield12486.8Fc12475.2Fc12056.5Fc10030.8Fc9184.98Fc
FigsArea Harvested460470459469459
FigsProduction Quantity26483063356233763381
FigsYield57565.2Fc65170.2Fc77603.5Fc71982.9Fc73660.1Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested7450078644805368603468416
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity9240096000F 95000F 86000F 62671Im
Flax fibre and towYield12402.7Fc12206.9Fc11796Fc9996.05Fc9160.28Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1024500A 999302A 1000170A 1002220A 1018050A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity10143600A 10298300A 11065300A 9584570A 10654000A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield99009.8Fc103055Fc110634Fc95633.1Fc104652Fc
GarlicArea Harvested27933383362339084009
GarlicProduction Quantity2106226137278122674731689
GarlicYield75409.9Fc77259.8Fc76765.1Fc68441.7Fc79044.6Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested236235235255253
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity41554444358631863537
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield176059Fc189106Fc152596Fc124941Fc139802Fc
GrapesArea Harvested885165854824851970851208861575
GrapesProduction Quantity67768806790220756490063071106853480
GrapesYield76560.6Fc79434.1Fc88793Fc74096Fc79545.9Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested29532642257624262393
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity60834459645637105412
Hazelnuts, with shellYield20599.4Fc16877.4Fc25062.1Fc15292.7Fc22616Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested1500F 4000F 3900F 400F 208
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity2500F 7100F 6800F 700F 360F
Hemp Tow WasteYield16666.7Fc17750Fc17435.9Fc17500Fc17307.7Fc
HempseedArea Harvested8836Im8200F 9000F 6300F 7520F
HempseedProduction Quantity60000F 57000F 63000F 40000F 30000F
HempseedSeed640.15Fc618.52Fc574Fc630Fc441Fc
HempseedYield67904Fc69512.2Fc70000Fc63492.1Fc39893.6Fc
HopsArea Harvested794762790793794
HopsProduction Quantity12091374119113951567
HopsYield15226.7Fc18031.5Fc15076Fc17591.4Fc19735.5Fc
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested42704401437944054226
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity7606276635778157413577401
Kiwi fruitYield178131Fc174131Fc177700Fc168297Fc183154Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested62816419670169897020
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity178421182910186520184088188735
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield284065Fc284951Fc278347Fc263397Fc268853Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested1000F 1200F 379Im400F 1200F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity8000F 9000F 3033Im3000F 9000F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield80000Fc75000Fc80026.4Fc75000Fc75000Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested50F 50F 43F 45F 45F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity720F 715F 660F 750F 680F
Lemons and limesYield144000Fc143000Fc153488Fc166667Fc151111Fc
LentilsArea Harvested107989839835874335312
LentilsProduction Quantity1401915542805490268018
LentilsSeed565.04Fc755.86Fc688.73Fc585.06Fc520.31Fc
LentilsYield12983Fc15796.3Fc9636.28Fc12143.2Fc15094.1Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1701417284185171744417488
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity465353468963472243460524487972
Lettuce and chicoryYield273512Fc271328Fc255032Fc264001Fc279032Fc
LinseedArea Harvested7464178644805267650867417
LinseedProduction Quantity4315559236545615350348925
LinseedSeed5334Fc5224.87Fc5505.08Fc5636.82Fc5355.56Fc
LinseedYield5781.67Fc7532.17Fc6775.58Fc6993.12Fc7257.07Fc
LupinsArea Harvested6598715289401110313482
LupinsProduction Quantity1656217597219662397935272
LupinsSeed485.4Fc659.8Fc715.2Fc894Fc1110.3Fc
LupinsYield25101.5Fc24604.3Fc24570.5Fc21596.9Fc26162.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested14650101658330182102016849501831000
MaizeProduction Quantity1277520013687700163720001199090016440000
MaizeSeed9300090000910009000096000
MaizeYield87202.1Fc82539.1Fc89905.7Fc71164.7Fc89787Fc
Maize, greenArea Harvested2512126272285443185931365
Maize, greenProduction Quantity464264496245521460508440525229
Maize, greenYield184811Fc188887Fc182686Fc159591Fc167457Fc
MilletArea Harvested10500F 6500F 5500F 7200F 4500F
MilletProduction Quantity38000F 24000F 20000F 26000F 16000F
MilletSeed1875Fc1575Fc975Fc825Fc1080Fc
MilletYield36190.5Fc36923.1Fc36363.6Fc36111.1Fc35555.6Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested5677456542628195906354133
Mixed grainProduction Quantity239510241341274183215445254150
Mixed grainSeed9610.35Fc8516.1Fc8481.3Fc9422.85Fc8859.45Fc
Mixed grainYield42186.6Fc42683.5Fc43646.5Fc36477.2Fc46949.2Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity115846138541165466165647175288
Mustard seedArea Harvested1600904113013931320
Mustard seedProduction Quantity23001549204217542033
Mustard seedSeed9Fc8Fc4.52Fc5.65Fc6.97Fc
Mustard seedYield14375Fc17135Fc18070.8Fc12591.5Fc15401.5Fc
OatsArea Harvested107024111057126120136358149605
OatsProduction Quantity464100505200605956554862756105
OatsSeed1300013000130001200016000
OatsYield43364.1Fc45490.2Fc48046Fc40691.6Fc50540.1Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested2190770A 2037430A 1904120A 1954890A 1814670A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity3330540A 3620910A 3276730A 2905220A 2912950A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed12974.8A 13631.9A 13893.5A 16238.7A 14912A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield15202.6Fc17771.9Fc17208.6Fc14861.3Fc16052.3Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested2209570A 2055770A 1921930A 1972250A 1831700A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2223940A 2410280A 2183740A 1957870A 1943690A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed7660.81A 7906.47A 7811.36A 8157.39A 7963.66A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield10065Fc11724.4Fc11362.2Fc9927.12Fc10611.4Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity
Oilseeds, NesYield
OlivesArea Harvested1880518339178131735217036
OlivesProduction Quantity1838221861208742423121420
OlivesYield9775.06Fc11920.5Fc11718.4Fc13964.4Fc12573.4Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested22312291240623772517
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity4541146576494545243354125
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield203546Fc203300Fc205544Fc220585Fc215038Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested8719890799691037510371
Onions, dryProduction Quantity203286347666445900373993451238
Onions, dryYield233153Fc390329Fc447287Fc360475Fc435096Fc
OrangesArea Harvested4445454545
OrangesProduction Quantity758644647611693
OrangesYield172273Fc143111Fc143778Fc135778Fc154000Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1487414872150271552715434
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity293815296974291418298772283388
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield197536Fc199687Fc193930Fc192421Fc183613Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1658617956188881955919834
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity394541402646396652347218455461
Peaches and nectarinesYield237876Fc224240Fc210002Fc177523Fc229636Fc
PearsArea Harvested854291459412953210040
PearsProduction Quantity225976224707252301199484245966
PearsYield264547Fc245716Fc268063Fc209278Fc244986Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested241333316242357015366636337876
Peas, dryProduction Quantity10161901331290168078016166601662610
Peas, drySeed26700Fc39300Fc52032Fc58302Fc59805Fc
Peas, dryYield42107.4Fc42097.2Fc47078.7Fc44094.4Fc49207.7Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested2788528161292623205933214
Peas, greenProduction Quantity351791359608364649420660447150
Peas, greenYield126158Fc127697Fc124615Fc131214Fc134627Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1888018996192561935819174
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity234034214342229486250192246376
Plums and sloesYield123959Fc112835Fc119176Fc129245Fc128495Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested10000F 14591Im13632Im14010Im13000F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity5000F 6768Im6127Im5370Im5500F
Poppy seedYield5000Fc4638.48Fc4494.57Fc3832.98Fc4230.77Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested158315156423159753157278162207
PotatoesProduction Quantity63628206604600725538063481306874390
PotatoesSeed309000320000350000319000331000
PotatoesYield401909Fc422227Fc454162Fc403625Fc423804Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested2000F 2000Im2091Im2136Im2000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity8500F 6896Im8229Im7645Im8000F
Pulses, nesSeed225Fc200Fc200Fc209.1Fc213.6Fc
Pulses, nesYield42500Fc34480Fc39354.4Fc35791.2Fc40000Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested341417A 438832A 458773A 468736A 438810A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1353810A 1752480A 2091230A 1942830A 2033030A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed34475.4A 49935.7A 64970.2A 69132.6A 70701.1A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield39652.6Fc39935.1Fc45583Fc41448.3Fc46330.5Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested47504617477850845118
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity180969171824178437203131223946
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield380987Fc372155Fc373455Fc399550Fc437565Fc
QuincesArea Harvested190199199161151
QuincesProduction Quantity33243533381315772390
QuincesYield174947Fc177538Fc191608Fc97950.3Fc158278Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested14056001231540112537010818601036000
RapeseedProduction Quantity41444904532870399348033612003320210
RapeseedSeed8092.31Fc7028.02Fc6157.67Fc5626.85Fc5409.29Fc
RapeseedYield29485.6Fc36806.5Fc35485.9Fc31068.7Fc32048.4Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested12671303133714731442
RaspberriesProduction Quantity62745742687568307971
RaspberriesYield49518.6Fc44067.5Fc51421.1Fc46368Fc55277.4Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested1713017850201601904018490
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity94782102306115110106723105227
Rice, paddySeed30003000400040004000
Rice, paddyYield55331Fc57314.3Fc57098.2Fc56052Fc56910.2Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested158315A 156423A 159753A 157278A 162207A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6362820A 6604600A 7255380A 6348130A 6874390A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed309000A 320000A 350000A 319000A 331000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield401909Fc422227Fc454162Fc403625Fc423804Fc
RyeArea Harvested2655330997337842782528648
RyeProduction Quantity121464147259170809112064139195
RyeSeed40002000200040003000
RyeYield45744Fc47507.5Fc50559.1Fc40274.6Fc48588Fc
SorghumArea Harvested5542151166479766137271231
SorghumProduction Quantity305521263479256594231372458949
SorghumSeed983.48Fc1108.42Fc1023.32Fc959.52Fc1227.44Fc
SorghumYield55127.3Fc51494.9Fc53483.8Fc37699.9Fc64431.1Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested4526357385585948083774817
SoybeansProduction Quantity122995142528147095148978208533
SoybeansSeed2400* 3400* 4200* 7600* 6000
SoybeansYield27173.4Fc24837.2Fc25104.1Fc18429.4Fc27872.4Fc
SpinachArea Harvested64565626554358985778
SpinachProduction Quantity133646117413110695117226114025
SpinachYield207011Fc208697Fc199702Fc198756Fc197343Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity
Stone fruit, nesYield
StrawberriesArea Harvested34033451360936923779
StrawberriesProduction Quantity51192514915345745483* 49693*
StrawberriesYield150432Fc149206Fc148121Fc123193Fc131498Fc
String beansArea Harvested2981230641316653340332930
String beansProduction Quantity351791359608364649351664371578
String beansYield118003Fc117362Fc115158Fc105279Fc112839Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested379343378489384557400425438000
Sugar beetProduction Quantity2987150031149600307883002935830033463800
Sugar beetYield787454Fc822999Fc800617Fc733179Fc764014Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested644828646167615869693985614592
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity14396901510500145716015051101493250
Sunflower seedSeed5195.01Fc6448.28Fc6461.67Fc6158.69Fc6939.85Fc
Sunflower seedYield22326.7Fc23376.3Fc23660.2Fc21687.9Fc24296.6Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested15641544154518601865
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity2651419355243042096125562
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield169527Fc125356Fc157307Fc112694Fc137062Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested73478367835487868901
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1888022947255682546724329
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield25697.6Fc27425.6Fc30605.7Fc28985.9Fc27332.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested42914984590761026355
TomatoesProduction Quantity640582790253848467825417802545
TomatoesYield1492850Fc1585580Fc1436380Fc1352700Fc1262860Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested27866A 27690A 27286A 26929A 26145A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity57866A 47456A 47305A 42252A 56646A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield20765.8Fc17138.3Fc17336.7Fc15690.2Fc21666.1Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested330754332890328168290055270741
TriticaleProduction Quantity16943001809390183360012817901491000
TriticaleSeed4500045000450004400040000
TriticaleYield51225.4Fc54354Fc55873.8Fc44191.3Fc55071.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested2017627400298003320032800
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity509841522400549800531800553800
Vegetables fresh nesYield252697Fc190657Fc184497Fc160181Fc168841Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested251437A 257380A 270700A 285887A 288388A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity5193030A 5879900A 6280660A 6212070A 6490730A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield206534Fc228452Fc232015Fc217291Fc225069Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested251437A 257380A 270700A 285887A 288388A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity5193030A 5879900A 6280660A 6212070A 6490730A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield206534Fc228452Fc232015Fc217291Fc225069Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested1663116271159461559114948
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity4033332716264182335233211
Walnuts, with shellYield24251.7Fc20106.9Fc16567.2Fc14977.9Fc22217.7Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested176173162202199
WatermelonsProduction Quantity74447324648867437072
WatermelonsYield422955Fc423353Fc400494Fc333812Fc355377Fc
WheatArea Harvested52457405277900523741048760505229960
WheatProduction Quantity3536360036885500396929003047470038939200
WheatSeed738000744000772000754000764000
WheatYield67413.9Fc69886.7Fc75787.3Fc62498.7Fc74454.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea29090Fm29147W 29266W 29319W 29418Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea699.3W 571.8W 524.5W 501.7W 497.3W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea275.8W 273.6W 151.9W 81.6W 59.8W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1489W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea975.1W 845.4W 676.4W 583.3W 557.1W
Arable landArea18370Fm18370Fm18345.6Fm18337Fm18433Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea19390Fm19399Fm19396Fm19408Fm19519Q
Country areaArea54919W 54919W 54919W 54919W 54919Q
Fallow landArea645W 687W 739W 1220Q
Forest areaArea16002Fm15954Q 15906Fm15858Fm15810Fm
Inland waterArea153Fm153Fm153Fm153Fm153Fm
Land areaArea54766Fm54766Fm54766Fm54766Fm54766Q
Other landArea9674Fm9665Fm9594Fm9589Fm9538Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea7410Fm7410.5Fm7360Fm7397W 7439Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea2290Fm2337.5Fm2510Fm2514W 2460Q
Permanent cropsArea1020Fm1029W 1050.4W 1071W 1086Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea9700Fm9748W 9870W 9911W 9899Q
Temporary cropsArea14493W 14492.6Fm14425Fm14068Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea3232W 3166W 3173W 3145Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea2600Fm2600Fm2600Fm2620Fm2643W
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea29503Q 29550Q 29611Q 29688Q 29555Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea499.6W 504.5W 468.5W
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea53.2W 46W 65.6W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1675W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea552.8W 550.5W 534.1W
Arable landArea18482Q 18517Q 18461Q 18459Q 18449Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea19597W 19643W 19584W 19584Q 19583Q
Country areaArea54919Q 54919Q 54919Q 54919Q 54919Q
Fallow landArea1268W 1300W 1150W 1320W
Forest areaArea15762Fm15714Q 15641.8Fm15569.6Fm15497.4Fm
Inland waterArea153Fm153Fm152Fm152Fm152Fm
Land areaArea54766Q 54766Q 54767Q 54767Q 54767Q
Other landArea9501Fm9502Fm9514.2Fm9509.4Fm9714.6Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea7400Q 7407Q 7482Q 7506Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea2506Q 2500Q 2545Q 2598Q
Permanent cropsArea1115W 1126W 1123W 1125Q 1134Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea9906Q 9907Q 10027Q 10104Q 9972Q
Temporary cropsArea14100Q 14163Q 14262Q 14113Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea3114W 3054Q 3049Q 3026W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea2660Fm2678W 2687Fm2696Fm2675Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data