Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Spain

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Spain
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 505,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Madrid
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 44,878,945
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$29,290
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$1,314,499,592,192
  • GDP: US$1,436,890,955,776
  • Agriculture, value added: US$37,421,985,792
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Restricted distributionSeemüller et al., 1998
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, few occurrencesDaire et al., 1997a; Batlle et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO &, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentLavina et al., 1995; Daire et al., 1997a; Daire et al., 1997b; Maixner et al., 1997; Battle et al., 1997
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentFlores et al., 2000
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiaePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Restricted distributionAvinet & Llácer, 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionLlacer & Medina, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, few occurrencesAvinet & Llácer, 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)WidespreadNativeYesAlfaro-Fernández et al., 2012a; Alfaro-Fernández et al., 2012b; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentPalacio-Bielsa et al., 2006; Toth et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesde la Cruz Blanco, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; Abelleira et al., 2011; Balestra et al., 2011a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Abelleira et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; Caruso et al., 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisNo information availableOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, few occurrencesBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedBalseiro et al., 2006; Crosson et al., 2014
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeCleve, 1896; Margalef, 1952; Margalef, 1953; Margalef, 1956
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedYesCuellar & Coll, 1984
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; Anon., 1927
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014; Acedo et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Present, few occurrencesMoralejo & Werres, 2002; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Melero-Uara et al., 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentBassimba et al., 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentMarin et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedYesPintos et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)EradicatedIntroducedCadahia, 1983; Ruperez & Munoz, 1980; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionMansilla et al., 1999b; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Bascón et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedYesFernandez-Magan, 1974
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesKaiser et al., 1997; Rubiales & Trapero-Casas, 2002; UK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, few occurrencesDwinell, 1999b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesMunoz & Ruperez, 1980
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedGimenez Verdu, 1991; Torres, 1969; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentTorres, 1964; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeUK CAB International, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeLlorens i Villagrassa I, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Torres, 1959
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentPrieto-Recio et al., 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentNativeLlorens i Villagrassa I, 1984; Gonzalez Fragoso, 1918
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionSantiago, 1955
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadGarner et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)LocalisedIntroducedYesRioja, 1924; Borja et al., 2006; Martínez & Adarraga, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentGarrido-Bailón et al., 2012; OIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentGaedike, 1971; Gomez-Bustillo, 1979; Isart et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Del Rivero et al., 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentArno et al., 1994; Planes, 1941; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentGarrido et al., 1979; Caballero et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadIntroducedYesNoel, 2011; Reise et al., 1999; Macho et al., 2010; Southward, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesMarroquin et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Melia, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusLocalisedIntroducedBarnes & Barnes, 1965a; Barnes & Barnes, 1966; Fischer-Piette & Forest, 1961; Fischer-Piette & Prenant, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; NHM, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, few occurrencesCahill et al., 1996; Beitia et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Sarto i Monteys & Gabarra, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentIntroducedVázquez, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedBahillo & Iturrondobeitia, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesVillalva & Del Estal, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeRoman & Palumbi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2007; Perez Hidalgo et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)LocalisedIntroducedSouty-Grosset et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSouty-Grosset et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Restricted distributionIntroducedCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeCIE, 1977; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentPina et al., 2001; CIE, 1969; Amparo Blay Golcoechea, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNúñez et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedMaceljski, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedSpuler , 1913
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedNunes et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesCadahia, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPérez-Otero et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Restricted distributionIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Restricted distributionKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO, 2014; Nafria, 1976; Melia et al., 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Arnó et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativeKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Costa-Seglar & Vives de Quadras, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedCuesta et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeRomeu-Dalmau et al., 2012; Pavón-Gozalo et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Borrajo et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedSánchez et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Cordero Rivera & Santolamazza Carbone, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBrown et al., 2008a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentMelia, 1976; Mansilla & Puerto, 1984; CIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedYesNoël et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentEspanol, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2010; Garcia de Viedma, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesBeltrà & Soto, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesGetu, 1996; CIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; Anon., 1968; Del Rivero et al., 1969; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesEspadaler & Gómez, 2003; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentTormos & Garrido, 1991; Martinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Restricted distributionMorrone, 1993; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)WidespreadSampayo-Fernández & Hernández-Esteruelas, 1973; Coscollá & Dávila-Zurita, 1983; Arias-Giralda et al., 1985; Coscollá, 1981; Coscollá, 1992; Torres-Vila, 1995; Coscollá, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadGiese & Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesEPPO, 2014; Gomez de Aizpurua, 1992; Romanyk & Cadahia, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)WidespreadBurban et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2001; de la Fuente, 1927; NHM, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Restricted distributionNativeYesAlthoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedVillalba et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)WidespreadPascual et al., 1987; Robledo et al., 1994a; Robledo et al., 1994b; Villalba et al., 1997; Carballal et al., 2001; Andreu, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentMier Durante & Nieto Nafria, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeGarcia-Viedma & Robredo-Junco, 1962; Schönwiese, 1935
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentMutuura & Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)Presentd'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedCuesta et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)WidespreadDafauce, 1975; Templado, 1964; Dafauce & Astiaso, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentMartin Mateo, 1984; CIE, 1979; Gómez-Menor Ortega, 1946; Gomez-Menor Ortega, 1958; Gomez-Menor Ortega, 1960
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedYesSarto & Aguilar, 2005; Tapia et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentAlvarado et al., 1990; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)WidespreadIntroducedYesDeudero et al., 2005; Müller, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeAparisi, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Restricted distributionIntroducedPerez Moreno, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Bercedo & Bahillo, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)WidespreadIntroducedMartinez Egea, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4); IIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeNHM, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCAB European, 1998; Romanyk, 1960; Viedma, 1963; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Restricted distributionNativeYesMartin & Cobos, 1986; Bezares, 1929; Plaza & Gil, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentRipolles & Garcia, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentMadero & Montero Tinaut Ranera, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)WidespreadDominguez, 1943; Gomez, 1990; Garrido & Ventura, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Restricted distributionKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGomez-Menor Ortega, 1937; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)LocalisedNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedMariscal et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentPascual-Villalobos et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973; De Lotto, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentZarco & Ceballos, 1956
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Restricted distributionNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentRiudavets et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Restricted distributionCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedCollingwood, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)WidespreadNativeEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentGomez Bustillo, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek & Theowald, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadFernandez & Costas, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentAlbajes et al., 1994; Arno & Gabarra, 1994; EPPO, 2014; Cabello Garcia et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)LocalisedIntroducedLópez et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeMadero Montero, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionNativeLombardero et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesFernández-Pulpeiro et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentIntroducedYesElvira, 1998; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)LocalisedIntroducedCassinello et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)LocalisedIntroducedYesKraus, 2009; Barbadillo et al., 1999; Mateo, 1997; Pleguezuelos, 2004; Van Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedRyall, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Cowx & Nunn, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedeBird, 2015; Global Invasive Species Database, 2008; Heinzel et al., 1998; Herrando et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedYesElvira & Almodóvar, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Localised
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerWidespreadIntroducedYesTuron et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)WidespreadIntroducedSan Feliu, 1973; Froese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentFranch et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela putorius furo (ferret)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)WidespreadIntroducedWeller, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Pleguezuelos, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)LocalisedNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedRivera et al., 2011; Meijide, 1981; Mertens & Wermuth, 1960; Valdeon et al., 2010; Valverde, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisWidespreadIntroducedYesTuron & Perera, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesCaoila & Sostoa, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; FAO, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Doadrio et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeElvira, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedFujisaki et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentIntroducedLever, 2005; Clergeau & Yésou, 2006; Juana, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Pleguezuelos, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoca, 1987; Escot et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentCordero-del-Campillo et al., 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)WidespreadNativeYesKramp, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedBachelet et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)LocalisedNativeChevallier, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)WidespreadNativeManga Gonzalez, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesAraujo et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadNativeReichling, 1950; Iglesias et al., 1996; Iglesias & Castillejo, 1999; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedCigarría, 1999; Sanchez-Mata & Mora, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedFIGIS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)WidespreadIntroducedYesRolan, 1983; Rolan et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeCastillejo, 1997; Fauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)WidespreadCastillejo, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedYesBinimelis et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeBank, 2011c; Graells, 1846; Wiktor & Jurkowska, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBlakeslee et al., 2008; Brawley et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)LocalisedIntroducedArias & Torralba-Burrial, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGasull, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedZorita et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesAnonymous, 2011; Baker, 1998; Lopez et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataLocalisedIntroducedYesAndre & Lopez, 2013; Horgan et al., 2012; MMAMRM (Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino), 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)WidespreadIntroducedMúrria et al., 2008; Alonso, 2006; Hinz et al., 1994; Soler, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentIntroducedRolán & Bañón, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeCigarría & Fernández, 2000; Fernandez et al., 2000; Goulletquer, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Cowie, 1990; Bank, 2007; Cain, 1984; Cowie, 1982; Cowie, 1984b; Gittenberger & Ripken, 1987; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusLocalisedIntroducedYesAguilar et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Transient: actionable, under eradicationAbelleira et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; Zamora et al., 2015; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972; Alfaro & Martinez-Beringola, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedTalavera et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesMartinez-Beringola et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Tobar Jimenez, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentMarull et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentPinochet et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadShepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; López-Robles et al., 2013; Tobar-Jiminez, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadArias et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Restricted distributionBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)Restricted distributionAlfaro, 1971; Arias & Navacerrada, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; Jiménéz Millán et al., 1965; Garcia Benavides et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresentIntroducedYesZaleski & Murray, 2006; Gamundí-Boyeras et al., 2006; Pena Martín et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedYesGuiry & Guiry, 2008; FAO-DIAS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesWidespreadIntroducedYesProvan et al., 2005; Guiry & Guiry, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaWidespreadIntroducedBaamonde et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesComin & Ferrer, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedDIAS, 2005; Salinas et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedCasasayas & Farras, 1986; Segarra-Moragues, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Cirujeda et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentCueto & Fuentes, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentIntroducedMadeira et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuLocalisedIntroducedYesBárbara & Cremades, 2004; Bárbara et al., 2005; Barreiro et al., 2006; Clerck et al., 2005; Figueroa et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeBárbara et al., 2005; Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiWidespreadNativeBárbara et al., 2005; Gómez et al., 2001; Gorostiaga et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)WidespreadIntroducedFraga et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedDana & et al. , 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)WidespreadIntroducedYesEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedYesSanz-Elorza et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedYesBadano & Pugnaire, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedGISD, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)WidespreadIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014; Sanz-Elorza et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeBoratynski, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Martinez-Lopez & Sugranes-Alsina, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014; Sanz-Elorza et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Carretero, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentCavero et al., 1996; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)LocalisedIntroducedSanchez & Verloove, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentCarretero, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976; Lawalrée, 1947
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentGarcia-Torres & Vazquez-Cobo, 1979; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentHand, 2011; Randall, 2012; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentGuirardo et al., 2001; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeAtlas Florae Europaeae, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedde Lorenzo Caceres, unda
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedLorenzo Cáceres JMSde, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedSanz-Elorza et al., 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedValdés, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)Restricted distributionRichardson & Smythies, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedDana et al., 1998; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)WidespreadNativeYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Restricted distributionRecasens et al., 1990; Aibar et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeRecasens et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusLocalisedIntroducedBartoli et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCaño et al., 2013; Campos & Herrera, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)WidespreadNativeCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeAcedo & Llamas, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Tutin & et al. , 1980; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; Valdes et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Lozano & Rivas Ponse , 1993; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980; Jahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Tutin et al., 1980; Valdes et al., 1987; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009; Font, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedDana et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativePozuelo et al., 1989; HYPPA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisWidespreadNativeDostal, 1976; Flora de Aragón, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)WidespreadNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadRivas, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentCirujeda et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; Lete et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeSeijo et al., 1997; Tutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCarretero, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedYesSanz-Elorza et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentEPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeBolòs et al., 1993; Gamarra & Roché, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedYesRacasens & Conesa, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesPamplona & Evangelista, 1981; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Pascual Espana et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Restricted distributionNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Onaindia & Amezaga, 2000; Roskov et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedYesDorado et al., 2009; Dorado et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Torre-Fernandez and Alvarez-Arbesu, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeCarretero, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentCarretero, 1989; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentPuiggros & Marques, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadNativeGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984; Greuter et al., Valdés et al.; Greuter et al., 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Pulgar & Izco, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedValdés et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedYesSanz-Elorza, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedPalet et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1964; Jalas & Suominen, 1979; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedYesFernández Alonso, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Dalmau et al., 1993; Caballero et al., 1995; USDA-ARS, 2015; Skylakis et al., 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedYesIzco, 1974; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)WidespreadGarcía, 1985; Bosque & Izquierdo, 1997; DAISIE, 2014; del Monte & Sobrino, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedDiscover Life, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Restricted distributionNativeGibbs, 1968; Gibbs & Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedEstal et al., 1998; ILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentIntroducedSanz-Elorza et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedYesDana et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Absent, reported but not confirmedIntroducedEPPO, 2010; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedDana et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Dana et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedDana et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLuarca LRLMde, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002; Âlvarez, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013; Dana et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)Introduced, not establishedIntroducedDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedScher, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Restricted distributionIntroducedSobrino et al., 2002; DAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008; Galán & Castroviejo, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionNativeYesGuil et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014; Monserrat, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedDana et al., 2005; DAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1998; Cirujeda et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeLopez, 1973; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentIntroducedCarretero, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)LocalisedIntroducedYesFerrer & Laguna, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedCEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedVerloove & Sánchez, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedCirujano et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeMartinez-Taberner & Moya, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976; Caballero, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acaulon (horse thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012; Valdes et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentIntroducedYesSanz-Elorza et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedYesLe Houérou, 2002; Dana et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedYesPineda-Martos et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentPeralta & Royuela, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeJuan et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedHyde et al., 1990; Pasiecznik, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Le, 1991; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedLitzler, 1979; GBIF, 2012; Sánchez, 1981; Viera & Vesa, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedYesDana et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)LocalisedIntroducedValdés et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Antonio & Arnelas, 2006; Dana et al., 2005; EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedFerry & Gómez, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Restricted distributionNativeSell & West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2009; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeDiaz et al., 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)WidespreadIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeIraola Calvo et al., 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentTizado & Morales Nieto Nafría, 1991; Paton et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeYesHYPPA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedCarretero, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPasiecznik, 1989; Pasiecznik & Peñalvo, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPasiecznik & Peñalvo, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016; Polunin & Smythies, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPopenoe, 1920; Salinero Corral & Aguin Casal, 1993; Salinero Corral & Aguin Casal, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Restricted distributionNativeCross, 1975; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesInstitute Hórus de Desenvolvimento and Ambient Con, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Restricted distributionNativeSerrano et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedGuillerm et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Restricted distributionNativeWillkomm & Lange, 1870; Merino, 1906; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisRestricted distributionNativeChater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentRecasens & Conesa, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentRecasens & Conesa, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedYesSanz-Elorza et al., 2001; Belmonte, 1983; Campos & Herrera, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentAnon., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesCarretero, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedYesMAGRAMA, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentAlcaraz, 1984; USDA-ARS, 2014; Smythies, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedSanchez, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedVerloove & Sanchez, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)Restricted distributionIntroducedAbdala & Seeligmann, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Restricted distributionNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSoria et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2013; Campos & Herrera, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentVillarías & Moradillo García Tascon, 2000; Tutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeDies-Jambrino & Fernandez-Anero, 1997; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresent, few occurrencesNativeGreuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBecerra et al., 2002; IUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Euro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallow-wort)Restricted distributionNativeTewksbury et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; GBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFrahm, 1981; Casas et al., 1988
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresentLópez-Sanmartín et al., 2015
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumWidespreadVila et al., 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentMontes et al., 2003; Conchas et al., 2003
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumWidespreadEstrada et al., 1984
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Hellgren et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2008; Orbaneja Aguero S de, 1934; Marzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 1955OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusWidespreadOrós et al., 1997; Hernández et al., 2001; Buenestado et al., 2004; Groth, 1963; Vogelsang, 1938
VirusBanana streak diseaseAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentFereres et al., 1989; Comas et al., 1993
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2004; Célix et al., 1996
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentEPPO, 2014; Parrella et al., 2013
Virusequine arteritis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentOrtiz et al., 2006
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentZabalgogeazcoa et al., 1997
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentAchon et al., 2017
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)WidespreadFelip & Aguilar, 1987; Achon et al., 1996; Achon, 1999; Achon & Sobrepere, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Sanches et al., 1993
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusWidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentWetter et al., 1984; Marte & Wetter, 1986; Alonso et al., 1989; Garcia-Luque et al., 1990; Garcia-Luque et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Restricted distributionIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentCarvajal et al., 1995
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentValverde et al., 2004
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Restricted distributionMoriones et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentGarrido-Bailón et al., 2012; OIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Mellor & Boorman, 1995
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
anguillicolosisLocalisedIntroducedYesAguilar et al., 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Serrano, 1994; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Torrubia & González, 1985; Pagès Manté, 1988
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Poveda et al., 1990
avipoxWidespreadOrós et al., 1997; Hernández et al., 2001; Buenestado et al., 2004; Groth, 1963; Vogelsang, 1938
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Alani & Herbert, 1988; Habela et al., 1990; Marín et al., 1995; Ferrer et al., 1998; Garcia-Cuadrado & Lopez, 1993
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)PresentCarrasco et al., 2012; Abollo et al., 2008
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentMontes et al., 2003; Conchas et al., 2003
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009; Reviriego et al., 2000
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Blasco et al., 1982
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentAstorga et al., 1994; Cubero-Pablo et al., 2000
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadGarner et al., 2005
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedYesCuellar & Coll, 1984; OIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentNougayrede et al., 1994; Marinez , 1987
enzootic abortion of ewesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentFlores et al., 2000; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infection with Marteilia refringensPresentLópez-Sanmartín et al., 2015; OIE, 2009
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentElandaloussi et al., 2009
Infection with salmonid alphavirusPresentRaynard et al., 1992
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisWidespreadBourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedVillalba et al., 1993
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)WidespreadPascual et al., 1987; Robledo et al., 1994a; Robledo et al., 1994b; Villalba et al., 1997; Carballal et al., 2001; Andreu, 1963
myxomatosisPresentDalton et al., 2015
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Mainar & Vázquez, 1998
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentFerrer et al., 1999; Felix et al., 2003
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006; Hellgren et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2008; Orbaneja Aguero S de, 1934; Marzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentCarvajal et al., 1995a
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
rabiesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009; Marcotegui et al., 1992
surraRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentViseras et al., 1997; OIE, 1998; Habela et al.1999; Viseras & Garcia-Fernandez, 1999
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentGimenez et al., 2009
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009; Cubero et al., 1993; Anon, 1997
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Anda et al., 2001; García et al., 2004
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Pagès & San, 1990; Majó et al., 1998
varroosis of honey beesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Filipe & de, 1990
whirling diseasePresentCordero-del-Campillo et al., 1975
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedBalseiro et al., 2006; Crosson et al., 2014
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested535353547822650000F 566869563770
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity211727221000282100180103187656
Almonds, with shellYield3954.9Fc4034.16Fc4340Fc3177.15Fc3328.59Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested2500F 2700Im2400F 22721544
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity2941Im2766Im2500F 2000960
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield11764Fc10244.4Fc10416.7Fc8802.82Fc6217.62Fc
ApplesArea Harvested314753182230000F 3336236902
ApplesProduction Quantity670566646200594800661724721178
ApplesYield213047Fc203067Fc198267Fc198347Fc195431Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested187271816918000F 1883418338
ApricotsProduction Quantity86889791019710010910889023
ApricotsYield46397.7Fc43536.2Fc53944.4Fc57931.4Fc48545.6Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested1513614726165001604217277
ArtichokesProduction Quantity182111166662198900203301226281
ArtichokesYield120316Fc113175Fc120545Fc126730Fc130972Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1104710178103001024311012
AsparagusProduction Quantity5842150362488004416935396
AsparagusYield52884Fc49481.2Fc47378.6Fc43121.2Fc32143.1Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested105411047010500F 100239980
AvocadosProduction Quantity834267565575000F 7358582116
AvocadosYield79144.3Fc72258.8Fc71428.6Fc73416.1Fc82280.6Fc
BananasArea Harvested9144911710000F 91919568
BananasProduction Quantity346500396600359000371228358177
BananasYield378937Fc435012Fc359000Fc403904Fc374349Fc
BarleyArea Harvested26979002877300304530034624003228360
BarleyProduction Quantity8328200815650073485001126110011945300
BarleySeed750000F 750000F 750000F 800000F 850000F
BarleyYield30869.2Fc28347.8Fc24130.6Fc32524Fc37001.1Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested9875Im7500F 760069008507
Beans, dryProduction Quantity12952Im13639Im125001040011085
Beans, drySeed5000F 5000F 5000F 5000F 4800F
Beans, dryYield13116Fc18185.3Fc16447.4Fc15072.5Fc13030.5Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested11979Im12422Im125001315314921
Beans, greenProduction Quantity175000F 174600Im187500187672220384
Beans, greenYield146089Fc140557Fc150000Fc142684Fc147701Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested400F 420Im421Im482Im489Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity2500F 2800Im2675Im3003Im2800F
Berries NesYield62500Fc66666.7Fc63539.2Fc62302.9Fc57259.7Fc
BlueberriesProduction Quantity995Im992Im930F 1038Im968Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested33443Im25400187002122825672
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity29430Im35800279002747538184
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed5000F 5000F 5000F 4800F 5500F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield8800.05Fc14094.5Fc14919.8Fc12942.8Fc14873.8Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested46934995590089687857
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity169600193600200000251900254530
Cabbages and other brassicasYield361389Fc387588Fc338983Fc280888Fc323953Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested51Im52Im53Im59Im55F
Canary seedProduction Quantity60Im54Im50Im68Im70F
Canary seedSeed7.65Fc2.3Fc2.34Fc2.39Fc2.66Fc
Canary seedYield11764.7Fc10384.6Fc9433.96Fc11525.4Fc12727.3Fc
CarobsArea Harvested47000F 46900Im467004640438100
CarobsProduction Quantity55754Im54690Im532006079556100
CarobsYield11862.5Fc11661Fc11391.9Fc13101.2Fc14724.4Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested510881577700F 74927936
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity268100424300420000F 414517426074
Carrots and turnipsYield524863Fc520167Fc545455Fc553280Fc536888Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested3116929850230002385724768
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity527500511100424800432786440254
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield169239Fc171223Fc184696Fc181408Fc177751Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested5905440A 5984210A 6041710A 6684760A 6206620A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity21291300A 19026100A 17455000A 23715700A 24243500A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1485440A 1478750A 1479610A 1516230A 1577470A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield36053.8Fc31793.9Fc28890.9Fc35477.2Fc39060.8Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5905440A 5984210A 6041710A 6684760A 6206620A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity21601000A 19334600A 17754600A 23937200A 24484400A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1485440A 1478750A 1479610A 1516230A 1577470A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield36578.1Fc32309.4Fc29386.6Fc35808.6Fc39448.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested249332426126000F 2467124144
CherriesProduction Quantity10172984786964007246675738
CherriesYield40800.9Fc34947.4Fc37076.9Fc29373Fc31369.3Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested8060Im7931Im8000F 9800F 9523
ChestnutsProduction Quantity4973Im5086Im609010000F 15000F
ChestnutsYield6169.98Fc6412.81Fc7612.5Fc10204.1Fc15751.3Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested47000F 25200208002083230633
Chick peasProduction Quantity4230021600205002051530029
Chick peasSeed2500F 2500F 2500F 2400F 2000F
Chick peasYield9000Fc8571.43Fc9855.77Fc9847.83Fc9802.83Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested49Im46Im49Im48Im40
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity1593Im1563Im1520Im1728Im1600
Chicory rootsYield325102Fc339783Fc310204Fc360000Fc400000Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested2341Im2007Im1800F 17221687
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity7166Im6739Im6091Im4877Im4939
Chillies and peppers, dryYield30610.8Fc33577.5Fc33838.9Fc28321.7Fc29276.8Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1688717975192001886121798
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity89826087310010117009181401057530
Chillies and peppers, greenYield531924Fc485730Fc526927Fc486793Fc485150Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested3103Im3107Im3000F 22423794
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity6959Im6935Im6500F 481612921
Citrus fruit, nesYield22426.7Fc22320.6Fc21666.7Fc21480.8Fc34056.4Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested291332A 295163A 315000A 323995A 314605A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5159640A 5602210A 5309400A 6374600A 5288450A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield177105Fc189801Fc168552Fc196750Fc168098Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3790740A 3954410A 4154610A 4521660A 4301740A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity13771100A 12797500A 12131300A 16557700A 17324600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed964442A 957747A 958614A 1016230A 1059970A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield36328.3Fc32362.7Fc29199.5Fc36618.6Fc40273.6Fc
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity
Cotton lintProduction Quantity60000* 38862264001860041772
CottonseedProduction Quantity72500* 48200* 33400* 23500* 50364
CottonseedSeed2000F 2000F 2000F 2230* 2000*
CranberriesProduction Quantity91Im89Im91Im102Im95Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested819082358500F 82867466
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity705600666300700000F 670172561446
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield861538Fc809107Fc823529Fc808800Fc752004Fc
CurrantsProduction Quantity239Im238Im223Im250F 173Im
DatesArea Harvested850F 840Im850F 837950F
DatesProduction Quantity5354Im5335Im5000F 44815000F
DatesYield62988.2Fc63511.9Fc58823.5Fc53536.4Fc52631.6Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested326834383500F 35963617
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity202245190200205000F 198768179826
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield618865Fc553229Fc585714Fc552748Fc497169Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested68010A 63227A 58659A 52649A 65248A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity60020A 38884A 26422A 18622A 41794A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield8825.17Fc6149.9Fc4504.34Fc3537.01Fc6405.41Fc
FigsArea Harvested113391162911500F 1250912344
FigsProduction Quantity2899330260244003082825906
FigsYield25569.3Fc26021.2Fc21217.4Fc24644.7Fc20986.7Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1597700A 1600570A 1712850A 1743310A 1759190A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15452100A 15455900A 14497100A 16207500A 15112500A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield96714.4Fc96564.9Fc84637.3Fc92969.8Fc85905.7Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested12500F 12700Im12883Im14759Im14973Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity138000F 140300Im133710Im150127Im140000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield110400Fc110472Fc103788Fc101719Fc93501.6Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested3310Im3314Im3200F 3000F 2740Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity40000F 39900Im38000F 36000F 32915Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield120846Fc120398Fc118750Fc120000Fc120128Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1566114850160001547316686
GarlicProduction Quantity139882136561154000133610151674
GarlicYield89318.7Fc91960.3Fc96250Fc86350.4Fc90899Fc
GooseberriesProduction QuantityF F F F F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested189115001500F 16401232
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity43000F 43200387004363941120
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield227393Fc288000Fc258000Fc266091Fc333766Fc
GrapesArea Harvested1000000F 10021001100000F 11090501131320
GrapesProduction Quantity6100000F 6107200557340059515805962640
GrapesYield61000Fc60944Fc50667.3Fc53663.8Fc52705.2Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested31Im29Im35F 3033*
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity123Im115Im100F 9975F
Groundnuts, with shellSeed5.58Fc5.58Fc5.22Fc6.3Fc5.4Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield39677.4Fc39655.2Fc28571.4Fc33000Fc22727.3Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested140621380013500F 1541116802
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity1757915100105002433016134
Hazelnuts, with shellYield12501.1Fc10942Fc7777.78Fc15787.4Fc9602.43Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested10F 10F 10F 10F 10
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity20F 22F 22F 22F 22
Hemp Tow WasteYield20000Fc22000Fc22000Fc22000Fc22000Fc
HempseedArea HarvestedF Im4Im2Im4Im
HempseedProduction QuantityF 20Im10Im7Im8Im
HempseedSeed0.27999999999999997F 0.27999999999999997F 0.27999999999999997Fc0.27999999999999997Fc0.13999999999999998Fc
HempseedYield25000Fc35000Fc20000Fc
HopsArea Harvested514502500498600
HopsProduction Quantity104810281000819948
HopsYield20389.1Fc20478.1Fc20000Fc16445.8Fc15800Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested12101196120011871158
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity2332725676188001770914036
Kiwi fruitYield192785Fc214682Fc156667Fc149191Fc121209Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested286325293000F 28202663
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity903307927482000F 7902970500
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield315508Fc313460Fc273333Fc280245Fc264739Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested8528Im8844Im890084369254
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity68000F 67600Im726007603267944
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield79737.3Fc76436Fc81573Fc90128Fc73421.2Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested398874290742500F 4680941996
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity700000F 723875620300687936506699
Lemons and limesYield175496Fc168708Fc145953Fc146967Fc120654Fc
LentilsArea Harvested37000F 37280232001693216913
LentilsProduction Quantity38000F 37940126001280014496
LentilsSeed2000F 2000F 2000F 2000F 1500F
LentilsYield10270.3Fc10177Fc5431.03Fc7559.65Fc8570.92Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested3254731256324003286034912
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity8682038092008750001002800947612
Lettuce and chicoryYield266754Fc258894Fc270062Fc305173Fc271429Fc
LinseedArea Harvested6724Im6320Im7547Im6426Im6250F
LinseedProduction Quantity8649Im8083Im7000Im6746Im6800F
LinseedSeed201.72Fc201.72Fc189.6Fc226.41Fc192.78Fc
LinseedYield12862.9Fc12789.6Fc9275.21Fc10498Fc10880Fc
LupinsArea Harvested79006000680051467452
LupinsProduction Quantity54003700470039385629
LupinsYield6835.44Fc6166.67Fc6911.76Fc7652.55Fc7553.68Fc
MaizeArea Harvested368300320300345000366300360998
MaizeProduction Quantity38558003178800349210036286003610940
MaizeSeed16000F 16000F 16000F 15000F 17000F
MaizeYield104692Fc99244.5Fc101220Fc99060.9Fc100027Fc
MilletArea Harvested250Im253Im255F 250F 247
MilletProduction Quantity732Im654Im600F 550F 517
MilletSeed6.25Fc6.25Fc6.33Fc6.38Fc6.25Fc
MilletYield29280Fc25849.8Fc23529.4Fc22000Fc20931.2Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested1003612800128001440014393
Mixed grainProduction Quantity128952190032000F 3720037248
Mixed grainSeed1505.4Fc1505.4Fc1920Fc1920Fc2160Fc
Mixed grainYield12848.7Fc17109.4Fc25000Fc25833.3Fc25879.3Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested239Im248Im250F 261292
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity127000F 126700Im136000F 133548131974
Mushrooms and trufflesYield5313810Fc5108870Fc5440000Fc5116780Fc4519660Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested1999Im2005Im2000F 1900F 1751Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity4900Im5011Im6000F 5000F 3365Im
Nuts, nesYield24512.3Fc24992.5Fc30000Fc26315.8Fc19217.6Fc
OatsArea Harvested491300539500552800505511531432
OatsProduction Quantity1078700101780090620011883001309450
OatsSeed145000F 145000F 145000F 150000F 145000F
OatsYield21956Fc18865.6Fc16392.9Fc23506.9Fc24640Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested971742A 794333A 948560A 808322A 698674A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity594102A 472839A 456550A 442786A 398898A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed3414.43A 3414.43A 3326.52A 3513.41A 2907.35A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield6113.78Fc5952.66Fc4813.08Fc5477.84Fc5709.35Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3302140A 3103830A 3448560A 3258790A 3168830A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2013070A 1861300A 1635360A 1600490A 1677750A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed2227.88A 2227.88A 2172.78A 2263.18A 1889.19A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6096.26Fc5996.77Fc4742.15Fc4911.31Fc5294.52Fc
OlivesArea Harvested233040023095002500000F 24504702470160
OlivesProduction Quantity69402306682010570100055707306140250
OlivesYield29781.3Fc28932.7Fc22804Fc22733.3Fc24857.7Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested1435Im1488Im1497Im1500F 1154
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity43964Im45000F 40720Im38000F 34278
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield306369Fc302419Fc272011Fc253333Fc297036Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2446822478236002886822324
Onions, dryProduction Quantity13508401106900126340010625401184250
Onions, dryYield552084Fc492437Fc535339Fc368068Fc530483Fc
OrangesArea Harvested153051154149146000F 153429145856
OrangesProduction Quantity28253903120000261770034102902740280
OrangesYield184604Fc202402Fc179295Fc222272Fc187876Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity
Other BastfibresYield
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2816130601314003338838688
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity869475926700100700010424401183150
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield308751Fc302833Fc320701Fc312220Fc305818Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested8150078700756007542580587
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity13356001186900119130012442901221070
Peaches and nectarinesYield163877Fc150813Fc157579Fc164971Fc151522Fc
PearsArea Harvested269872733124000F 2921631891
PearsProduction Quantity502209476586434200538677551848
PearsYield186093Fc174376Fc180917Fc184377Fc173042Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested200000F 201700Im163800101745142199
Peas, dryProduction Quantity194000F 194200Im160300137567160207
Peas, drySeed17000F 17000F 17000F 18375F 11340F
Peas, dryYield9700Fc9628.16Fc9786.32Fc13520.8Fc11266.4Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested1229013288125001128012451
Peas, greenProduction Quantity8410483500831007543873937
Peas, greenYield68432.9Fc62838.7Fc66480Fc66877.7Fc59382.4Fc
PeppermintArea Harvested30F 30F 30F 30F 30F
PeppermintProduction Quantity600F 600F 600F 600F 600F
PeppermintYield200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested171081697217000F 1869519791
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity230656199668200100198904191100
Plums and sloesYield134823Fc117646Fc117706Fc106394Fc96559Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested6923Im6507Im7770F 7220F 6110F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity7000F 7100Im7000F 6500F 5500F
Poppy seedYield10111.2Fc10911.3Fc9009.01Fc9002.77Fc9001.64Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested7810077100846008182585728
PotatoesProduction Quantity23607002277900245980021451702479580
PotatoesSeed120000F 120000F 120000F 121400F 117400F
PotatoesYield302266Fc295447Fc290757Fc262166Fc289238Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested22000F 22195217001188514144
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity32000F 32250173001112214213
Pulses, nesSeed1540Fc1540Fc1553.65Fc1519Fc831.95Fc
Pulses, nesYield14545.5Fc14530.3Fc7972.35Fc9358.01Fc10048.8Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested413218A 381825A 304500A 207168A 280112A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity406082A 391029A 293400A 247380A 305791A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed41440A 41440A 41536.2A 40379A 29347A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9827.31Fc10241Fc9635.47Fc11941Fc10916.7Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested792976187500F 8000F 8500F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity393100366500310000F 290000F 373600
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield495775Fc481097Fc413333Fc362500Fc439529Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity
QuincesArea Harvested1448Im1450Im1400F 13331236
QuincesProduction Quantity14000F 14200Im13500F 1170512098
QuincesYield96685.1Fc97931Fc96428.6Fc87809.4Fc97880.3Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested3130019600217001088519783
RapeseedProduction Quantity6190035500347002081034700
RapeseedSeed438.2Fc438.2Fc305F 303.8Fc152.39Fc
RapeseedYield19776.4Fc18112.2Fc15990.8Fc19118Fc17540.3Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested103910251500F 2200F 2000F
RaspberriesProduction Quantity9559922610000F 12000F 10000F
RaspberriesYield92001.9Fc90009.8Fc66666.7Fc54545.4Fc50000Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested12170012250011930096100101565
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity929900926400899400665200723426
Rice, paddySeed21000F 21000F 21000F 20000F 17500F
Rice, paddyYield76409.2Fc75624.5Fc75389.8Fc69219.6Fc71227.9Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested456Im450Im494Im478Im500F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity9545Im9210Im9945Im8673Im10000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield209320Fc204667Fc201316Fc181444Fc200000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested79941A 78917A 86594A 83748A 87547A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2394720A 2310720A 2495250A 2178560A 2511850A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed120000A 120000A 120000A 121400A 117400A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield299561Fc292804Fc288154Fc260133Fc286914Fc
RyeArea Harvested132300133300130100111513111744
RyeProduction Quantity250000F 251800180800283212261369
RyeSeed30000F 30000F 30000F 35000F 32000F
RyeYield18896.5Fc18889.7Fc13897Fc25397.2Fc23390Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested64Im60F 55F 50F 46
Safflower seedProduction Quantity43Im40Im35F 30F 24
Safflower seedSeed5.76Fc5.76Fc5.4Fc4.95Fc4.5Fc
Safflower seedYield6718.75Fc6666.67Fc6363.64Fc6000Fc5217.39Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested6800063217586495263965238
Seed cottonProduction Quantity1739001150887922055731127165
Seed cottonYield25573.5Fc18205.2Fc13507.5Fc10587.4Fc19492.5Fc
SorghumArea Harvested86006900720068297100
SorghumProduction Quantity3910031300304002239726000
SorghumSeed215Fc215Fc300F 300F 300F
SorghumYield45465.1Fc45362.3Fc42222.2Fc32796.9Fc36619.7Fc
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity2000F 1900Im2200F 2042Im1904Im
SoybeansArea Harvested7007001200251344
SoybeansProduction Quantity170017002600748920
SoybeansSeed150F 150F 150F 150* 31*
SoybeansYield24285.7Fc24285.7Fc21666.7Fc29800.8Fc26744.2Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested3922Im3362Im3411Im3214Im2600F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity3987Im3749Im3500F 2899Im3000F
Spices, nesYield10165.7Fc11151.1Fc10260.9Fc9019.91Fc11538.5Fc
SpinachArea Harvested36773049230029193225
SpinachProduction Quantity7063159403484005947667167
SpinachYield192089Fc194828Fc210435Fc203755Fc208270Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested68576988710081348078
StrawberriesProduction Quantity514027275355263700281240269139
StrawberriesYield749638Fc394040Fc371408Fc345759Fc333175Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested4500044300497005230068171
Sugar beetProduction Quantity39661003399400415390039875004909960
Sugar beetYield881356Fc767359Fc835795Fc762428Fc720242Fc
Sugar caneArea HarvestedF F 10
Sugar caneProduction QuantityF F 522
Sugar caneYield522000Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested858000697900851600730819600866
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1084300887000869500872687733154
Sunflower seedSeed4000F 4000F 4000F 4100F 3500F
Sunflower seedYield12637.5Fc12709.6Fc10210.2Fc11941.2Fc12201.6Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1385Im1367Im1500F 14451319
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity24472Im23614Im25500F 2471722265
Sweet potatoesYield176693Fc172743Fc170000Fc171052Fc168802Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested9340093500122000F 119875121727
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity15842901708200202620022279201987430
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield169624Fc182695Fc166082Fc185854Fc163269Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested10200106001000097929986
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity3280032300304003112729248
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield32156.9Fc30471.7Fc30400Fc31788.2Fc29289Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested4991359300622005486853297
TomatoesProduction Quantity38214904312700460360040497504081480
TomatoesYield765630Fc727268Fc740129Fc738090Fc765799Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested567437A 579520A 677500A 601398A 598993A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity253806A 259575A 310790A 231115A 231667A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield4472.85Fc4479.14Fc4587.31Fc3842.96Fc3867.61Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested8200064000611005439447411
TriticaleProduction Quantity205600138700140600136246133750
TriticaleSeed21707.8Fc15017.8Fc15385.5Fc14002.2Fc13505.7Fc
TriticaleYield25073.2Fc21671.9Fc23011.5Fc25048Fc28210.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested24000F 23900Im28000F 26000F 23609Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity526000F 526300Im565000F 525000F 505112Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield219167Fc220209Fc201786Fc201923Fc213949Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested336606A 348073A 354247A 352845A 360568A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity12408600A 12679000A 13456600A 12612300A 13065300A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield368637Fc364262Fc379865Fc357445Fc362355Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested336606A 348073A 354247A 352845A 360568A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity12408600A 12679000A 13456600A 12612300A 13065300A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield368637Fc364262Fc379865Fc357445Fc362355Fc
VetchesArea Harvested56000F 56550419002250034592
VetchesProduction Quantity52000F 51900376002356331948
VetchesSeed8400Fc8400Fc8482.5Fc6285Fc3375Fc
VetchesYield9285.71Fc9177.72Fc8973.75Fc10472.4Fc9235.66Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested796379624000F 74187147
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity14627133786100116829512
Walnuts, with shellYield18368.7Fc16802.3Fc15250Fc15748.2Fc13309.1Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested1741818648176001567416861
WatermelonsProduction Quantity768703782400819100723164790947
WatermelonsYield441327Fc419562Fc465398Fc461378Fc469099Fc
WheatArea Harvested19930001907300176780020670001803310
WheatProduction Quantity69000005610700472390067143006436360
WheatSeed500000F 500000F 500000F 480000F 500000F
WheatYield34621.2Fc29417Fc26721.9Fc32483.3Fc35691.9Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested578717625483622577641688648997
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity31270221786986622214448279396
Almonds, with shellYield5403.37Fc3483.21Fc1391.35Fc3341.94Fc4305.04Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested787Im932Im1415Im1736Im1776Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity404Im500F 260Im228Im232Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield5133.42Fc5364.81Fc1837.46Fc1313.36Fc1306.31Fc
ApplesArea Harvested3784438974421894602043205
ApplesProduction Quantity650384774210690886881101694822
ApplesYield171859Fc198648Fc163760Fc191460Fc160820Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested1815019249198582068621061
ApricotsProduction Quantity156872137167121486143840127549
ApricotsYield86430.9Fc71259.3Fc61177.4Fc69534.9Fc60561.7Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested1809718792181421909419289
ArtichokesProduction Quantity228219200135300216306484289417
ArtichokesYield126109Fc106500Fc165481Fc160513Fc150043Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1199913419135221446414931
AsparagusProduction Quantity5621047963545776027364989
AsparagusYield46845.6Fc35742.6Fc40361.6Fc41671.1Fc43526.2Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested98019907972296469033
AvocadosProduction Quantity7982474994762977660974204
AvocadosYield81444.8Fc75698Fc78478.7Fc79420.5Fc82147.7Fc
BananasArea Harvested95859553971596469179
BananasProduction Quantity348368345156418121402090408733
BananasYield363451Fc361306Fc430387Fc416846Fc445291Fc
BarleyArea Harvested31973703156120317876031704003101520
BarleyProduction Quantity813639046260601063980086984008362330
BarleySeed820000F 820000F 820000F 793403590000
BarleyYield25447.1Fc14657.4Fc33471.5Fc27436.3Fc26962Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested920610614117981166110914
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1398314815158881482313106
Beans, drySeed4600F 4800F 4800F 48685498
Beans, dryYield15189Fc13958Fc13466.7Fc12711.6Fc12008.4Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1636615989178841732919478
Beans, greenProduction Quantity247896233541229405258632269763
Beans, greenYield151470Fc146064Fc128274Fc149248Fc138496Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested490Im500F 360Im363Im360Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity2500F 3500F 2797Im2967Im2655Im
Berries NesYield51020.4Fc70000Fc77694.4Fc81735.5Fc73750Fc
BlueberriesProduction Quantity1119Im1000F 707Im750F 600F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested3664159515476614210037100
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity4778640629643525160041600
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed5000F 5500F 5000F 4500F 4300F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield13041.7Fc6826.68Fc13502Fc12256.5Fc11212.9Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested82618648792178099300
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity259159282003242374268579269885
Cabbages and other brassicasYield313714Fc326090Fc305989Fc343935Fc290199Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested46Im48Im49Im48Im49Im
Canary seedProduction Quantity65F 53Im60Im52Im53Im
Canary seedSeed2.48Fc2.07Fc2.16Fc2.21Fc2.16Fc
Canary seedYield14130.4Fc11041.7Fc12244.9Fc10833.3Fc10816.3Fc
CarobsArea Harvested3810061600616006270061200
CarobsProduction Quantity5610059900914007010095000
CarobsYield14724.4Fc9724.03Fc14837.7Fc11180.2Fc15522.9Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested16578175351708582167558
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity587465573067508822448349436099
Carrots and turnipsYield354364Fc326813Fc297818Fc545702Fc577003Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested2532025323255932662025317
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity428089441800468344509911492778
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield169071Fc174466Fc182997Fc191552Fc194643Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested6268890A 6567640A 6597290A 6570670A 6724040A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity18794400A 13951300A 24514800A 21127700A 21437600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1618850A 1483180A 1441170A 1528280A 1162260A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield29980.4Fc21242.4Fc37158.8Fc32154.5Fc31882Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6268890A 6567640A 6597290A 6570670A 6724040A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity19035600A 14225700A 24808800A 21412400A 21710300A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1618850A 1483180A 1441170A 1528280A 1162260A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield30365.2Fc21660.3Fc37604.6Fc32587.9Fc32287.5Fc
CherriesArea Harvested2432624115258592872728661
CherriesProduction Quantity916729572683467107975115182
CherriesYield37684.8Fc39695.6Fc32277.7Fc37586.6Fc40187.7Fc
ChestnutsArea Harvested613458466254112376254
ChestnutsProduction Quantity1014086299510168219362
ChestnutsYield16530.8Fc14760.5Fc15206.3Fc14969.3Fc14969.6Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested2520561015809448152889309
Chick peasProduction Quantity1976418783593905113270467
Chick peasSeed2600F 2500F 6000F 78157500
Chick peasYield7841.3Fc3078.42Fc7337.17Fc6271.71Fc7890.25Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested120Im193Im194Im196Im191Im
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity7000F 4922Im7459Im5743Im7738Im
Chicory rootsYield583333Fc255026Fc384485Fc293010Fc405131Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested20742633268525832863
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity57277084789669167025
Chillies and peppers, dryYield27613.3Fc26904.7Fc29407.8Fc26775.1Fc24537.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested2369923672228952238821964
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity11477701060360107703010561801056180
Chillies and peppers, greenYield484312Fc447938Fc470421Fc471762Fc480869Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested466337262500F 650F 1100F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity209171324810000F 1090018200
Citrus fruit, nesYield44857.4Fc35555.6Fc40000Fc167692Fc165455Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested310476A 309878A 304954A 304365A 289465A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6845580A 5323960A 6077000A 6277790A 6013950A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield220487Fc171808Fc199276Fc206259Fc207761Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested4242130A 4174380A 4299630A 4301670A 4203940A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity12789700A 9374890A 16829000A 14267300A 14069200A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1091350A 1025680A 1016420A 1003670A 740796A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield30149.2Fc22458.2Fc39140.6Fc33166.9Fc33466.7Fc
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity
Cotton lintProduction Quantity4778211336011510496454101745
CottonseedProduction Quantity59200145900145851120624113440
CottonseedSeed2480* 1000F 1000F 1000F 2000F
CranberriesProduction Quantity110Im98Im106Im112Im100Im
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested81387874742471837756
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity638871485170550378577124516832
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield785047Fc616167Fc741350Fc803458Fc666364Fc
CurrantsProduction Quantity200F 100Im109Im116Im104Im
DatesArea Harvested865893866764764
DatesProduction Quantity46224360427335803451
DatesYield53433.5Fc48824.2Fc49341.8Fc46858.6Fc45170.2Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested34353710389238763691
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity167991163783175534175629154412
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield489057Fc441464Fc451012Fc453119Fc418347Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested62538A 86827A 89832A 95432A 87018A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity47821A 115184A 118098A 98654A 106094A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7646.71Fc13265.9Fc13146.5Fc10337.6Fc12192.2Fc
FigsArea Harvested1233219314194461982919250
FigsProduction Quantity2644235295412974353341130
FigsYield21441.8Fc18274.3Fc21236.8Fc21954.2Fc21366.2Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested423245484
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity818344878
Flax fibre and towYield20000Fc7826.09Fc14166.7Fc8888.89Fc9285.71Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1761590A 1818500A 1828610A 1842930A 1827100A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity17431800A 15583700A 16945400A 17946800A 16091300A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield98954.9Fc85695.4Fc92668.2Fc97382.2Fc88070.1Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested15000F 14000F 15168Im15300F 13890Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity145000F 120000F 122556Im130000F 122108Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield96666.7Fc85714.3Fc80799.1Fc84967.3Fc87910.7Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested2745Im2800F 3104Im3131Im3107Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity38035Im34000F 38247Im40570Im36299Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield138561Fc121429Fc123218Fc129575Fc116830Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1586017331214282168323959
GarlicProduction Quantity145372136400165425170161195178
GarlicYield91659.5Fc78702.9Fc77200.4Fc78476.7Fc81463.3Fc
GooseberriesProduction QuantityF
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested1235116811179511037
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity4246732727297712473830855
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield343862Fc280197Fc266526Fc260126Fc297541Fc
GrapesArea Harvested11352301161410117063011728001186110
GrapesProduction Quantity65950606062500706420072405005934560
GrapesYield58094.5Fc52199.5Fc60345.3Fc61736.9Fc50033.8Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested202* 49422645
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity249* 14012290115
Groundnuts, with shellSeed5.94Fc36.36Fc8.82Fc7.56Fc4.68Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield12326.7Fc28571.4Fc29047.6Fc34615.4Fc25555.6Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea Harvested1993720343205902158322397
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity2481023027269191255926552
Hazelnuts, with shellYield12444.2Fc11319.4Fc13073.8Fc5818.93Fc11855.2Fc
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested5732684721634
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity311806296021524271
Hemp Tow WasteYield62000Fc24672.1Fc43274.8Fc29847.4Fc67365.9Fc
HempseedArea Harvested3F 3F 3F 3F 3F
HempseedProduction Quantity7Im5Im7Im9Im6Im
HempseedSeed0.27999999999999997Fc0.21000000000000002Fc0.21000000000000002Fc0.21000000000000002Fc0.21000000000000002Fc
HempseedYield23333.3Fc16666.7Fc23333.3Fc30000Fc20000Fc
HopsArea Harvested600626642642666
HopsProduction Quantity11351303134613121219
HopsYield18916.7Fc20814.7Fc20965.7Fc20436.1Fc18303.3Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield
Kiwi fruitArea Harvested11861198900F 700F 920*
Kiwi fruitProduction Quantity18463109319427Im10000F 13400*
Kiwi fruitYield155675Fc91243.7Fc104744Fc142857Fc145652Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested284926352537Im2418Im2425Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity781087375563483Im60513Im60286Im
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield274159Fc279905Fc250229Fc250261Fc248602Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested93587989790668007400
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity6440253619633956050073100
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield68820.3Fc67116Fc80185.9Fc88970.6Fc98783.8Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested4324745171473134736847141
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity8771349448368102631129590933731
Lemons and limesYield202820Fc209169Fc171256Fc238471Fc198072Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1812536151331032872629729
LentilsProduction Quantity120056921273782069622467
LentilsSeed1500F 1600F 3000F 28033182
LentilsYield6623.45Fc1914.47Fc8270.55Fc7204.62Fc7557.27Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested3734337718368653770537133
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity987331993387104833010447601037060
Lettuce and chicoryYield264395Fc263372Fc284370Fc277088Fc279283Fc
LinseedArea Harvested6201Im6000* 6000* 1114511145
LinseedProduction Quantity6800F 7000* 7000* 38003800
LinseedSeed187.5Fc186.03Fc180Fc180Fc334.35Fc
LinseedYield10966Fc11666.7Fc11666.7Fc3409.6Fc3409.6Fc
LupinsArea Harvested970513690155631383217479
LupinsProduction Quantity7100562710163947311827
LupinsYield7315.82Fc4110.3Fc6530.23Fc6848.61Fc6766.41Fc
MaizeArea Harvested344400414298479801479900465134
MaizeProduction Quantity33557203981370483115043387004425370
MaizeSeed17000F 17000F 17500* 1683419500
MaizeYield97436.7Fc96099.2Fc100691Fc90408.4Fc95141.8Fc
MilletArea Harvested36736939312061206
MilletProduction Quantity60469676230113011
MilletSeed6.18Fc9.18Fc9.23Fc9.83Fc30.15Fc
MilletYield16457.8Fc18861.8Fc19389.3Fc24966.8Fc24966.8Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested1902012753395233539135391
Mixed grainProduction Quantity48862212601008906041560415
Mixed grainSeed2158.95Fc2853Fc1912.95Fc5928.45Fc5308.65Fc
Mixed grainYield25689.8Fc16670.6Fc25526.9Fc17070.7Fc17070.7Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea Harvested318291309308334
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity135419137764138782129205134669
Mushrooms and trufflesYield4258460Fc4734160Fc4491330Fc4194970Fc4032010Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested1795Im1934Im1928Im2000F 3200F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity5573Im4000F 4128Im5000F 8000F
Nuts, nesYield31047.3Fc20682.5Fc21410.8Fc25000Fc25000Fc
OatsArea Harvested524389457847479801477000455185
OatsProduction Quantity9481855421081042980873400916000
OatsSeed195000F 145000F 142000F 141803100500
OatsYield18081.7Fc11840.4Fc21737.8Fc18310.3Fc20123.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested697728A 617126A 853226A 897494A 858709A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity351802A 264688A 470332A 426402A 430530A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed2998.12A 2098.06A 2111.63A 2386.41A 2963.15A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5042.11Fc4289.05Fc5512.39Fc4751.03Fc5013.68Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3181430A 3082390A 3318000A 3337070A 3289290A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1536120A 1070740A 1509870A 1997460A 1311400A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1808.71A 1466.58A 1485.2A 1744.01A 1929.74A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4828.4Fc3473.75Fc4550.54Fc5985.67Fc3986.87Fc
OlivesArea Harvested24837002465260246477024395802430580
OlivesProduction Quantity56790204021720520003075535704414910
OlivesYield22865.2Fc16313.6Fc21097.4Fc30962.6Fc18164Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested108110291981Im1888Im1894Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity292582170437287Im35543Im35410Im
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield270657Fc210923Fc188223Fc188257Fc186959Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested2110821503221622132421498
Onions, dryProduction Quantity1099550100605010304509368271022100
Onions, dryYield520916Fc467865Fc464963Fc439330Fc475440Fc
OrangesArea Harvested140039138769135668136757121445
OrangesProduction Quantity33970102376230276715030521802963060
OrangesYield242576Fc171236Fc203965Fc223183Fc243984Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity
Other BastfibresYield
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested4029440423375943887339156
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity10879201086720107115010711901101780
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield269996Fc268837Fc284926Fc275561Fc281382Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested8025879077784527845377707
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity1245530126088098757412708201275830
Peaches and nectarinesYield155191Fc159450Fc125883Fc161985Fc164185Fc
PearsArea Harvested3363033535359733813633202
PearsProduction Quantity593858639809609461728266630673
PearsYield176586Fc190788Fc169422Fc190965Fc189950Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested14925115154013709810524879653
Peas, dryProduction Quantity189819132549201206148231100231
Peas, drySeed15750* 20000* 20000* 1813611219
Peas, dryYield12718.1Fc8746.8Fc14676.1Fc14084Fc12583.5Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested114708415964077807691
Peas, greenProduction Quantity7779354759693875522556198
Peas, greenYield67823Fc65073.1Fc71978.2Fc70983.3Fc73069.8Fc
PeppermintArea Harvested25F 25F 25F 26F 26F
PeppermintProduction Quantity550F 550F 600F 600F 600F
PeppermintYield220000Fc220000Fc240000Fc230769Fc230769Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested2052020971195702036919231
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity178705251812145631230314210900
Plums and sloesYield87088.2Fc120076Fc74415.4Fc113071Fc109667Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested110F 4270F 111Im112Im110F
Poppy seedProduction Quantity100F 3850F 106Im104Im100F
Poppy seedYield9090.91Fc9016.39Fc9549.55Fc9285.71Fc9090.91Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested8719994998102120101101110146
PotatoesProduction Quantity25150002563460277357026649603078140
PotatoesSeed123000F 125000F 136300F 145930157300
PotatoesYield288421Fc269844Fc271599Fc263594Fc279460Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested2161890277106900123100119000
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity1631021751890007960098300
Pulses, nesSeed990.08Fc1513.26Fc6319.39Fc7483Fc8617Fc
Pulses, nesYield7544.64Fc2409.36Fc8325.54Fc6466.29Fc8260.5Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested317546A 564902A 577596A 572795A 551384A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity346389A 285510A 596385A 521655A 489098A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed35628.9A 43082.5A 66434.4A 67284.3A 65306A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield10908.3Fc5054.15Fc10325.3Fc9107.18Fc8870.37Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested7400F 7000F 7700F 77687696
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity312000F 297000F 337000F 344497334500
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield421622Fc424286Fc437662Fc443482Fc434641Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity
QuincesArea Harvested1380137313341012724Im
QuincesProduction Quantity131361881217285141894000Im
QuincesYield95188.4Fc137014Fc129573Fc140208Fc55248.6Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested54813401551243006814
RapeseedProduction Quantity792641138760575210787
RapeseedSeed276.96Fc76.73Fc47.61Fc77.17Fc60.2Fc
RapeseedYield14460.9Fc12093.5Fc15892.6Fc13376.7Fc15830.6Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested1372Im1400F 1200F 1134Im1125F
RaspberriesProduction Quantity7500F 7000F 6000F 5029Im4500F
RaspberriesYield54664.7Fc50000Fc50000Fc44347.4Fc40000Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested106535119150122632117500113468
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity724351824114883131855000818920
Rice, paddySeed17500F 17500F 19750F 1765010068
Rice, paddyYield67991.8Fc69166.1Fc72014.7Fc72766Fc72171.9Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested400F 331Im355Im350F 400F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity9500F 8000F 7318Im7000F 8000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield237500Fc241692Fc206141Fc200000Fc200000Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested89071A 96788A 103939A 102334A 111888A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2549280A 2595010A 2805180A 2683140A 3109140A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed123000A 125000A 136300A 145930A 157300A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield286208Fc268113Fc269887Fc262195Fc277879Fc
RyeArea Harvested106073887469066991300102103
RyeProduction Quantity164997129096162718184400176556
RyeSeed45000F 32000F 32000F 3635215400
RyeYield15555Fc14546.7Fc17946.4Fc20197.2Fc17292Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested784811114764
Safflower seedProduction Quantity67189010843
Safflower seedSeed4.14Fc7.02Fc4.32Fc9.99Fc13.23Fc
Safflower seedYield8589.74Fc3750Fc8108.11Fc7346.94Fc6718.75Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested6252986072891249465786300
Seed cottonProduction Quantity145079343823351587295056304505
Seed cottonYield23201.9Fc39946Fc39449.2Fc31171.1Fc35284.5Fc
SorghumArea Harvested54206511715564207597
SorghumProduction Quantity2051922119245812131528846
SorghumSeed300F 270F 265F 265303
SorghumYield37857.9Fc33971.7Fc34355Fc33200.9Fc37970.3Fc
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity2200F 1600F 2205Im2339Im2093Im
SoybeansArea Harvested6301123148272600
SoybeansProduction Quantity151927973946231600
SoybeansSeed43* 55F 55F 7F 14
SoybeansYield24111.1Fc24906.5Fc26621.6Fc22904.4Fc26666.7Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested2500F 1395Im1650Im1673Im2227Im
Spices, nesProduction Quantity2800F 1542Im1719Im1506Im2600F
Spices, nesYield11200Fc11053.8Fc10418.2Fc9001.79Fc11674.9Fc
SpinachArea Harvested33673016279828703060
SpinachProduction Quantity6503062262537235505455931
SpinachYield193139Fc206439Fc192005Fc191826Fc182781Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested82968748771391458904
StrawberriesProduction Quantity330485320853334892264237279441
StrawberriesYield398367Fc366773Fc434192Fc288942Fc313838Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested8551610210410310999834113764
Sugar beetProduction Quantity58270307291090717494063651408197290
Sugar beetYield681396Fc714085Fc695860Fc637572Fc720552Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested29261410951100882
Sugar caneProduction Quantity1642543405668108334978604
Sugar caneYield562500Fc706922Fc610137Fc757718Fc891202Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested622494516160752175786832753628
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity662083381275820872762524771107
Sunflower seedSeed3000F 2900F 3000F 36213564
Sunflower seedYield10636Fc7386.76Fc10913.3Fc9691.06Fc10231.9Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1472145914648831342
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity2478123554242901118222995
Sweet potatoesYield168349Fc161439Fc165915Fc126636Fc171349Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested121292121044118356118639118742
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity25080501956920245982020603802068100
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield206778Fc161670Fc207832Fc173668Fc174168Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1012312944131501374713627
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity3256340251405964019241525
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield32167.3Fc31096.3Fc30871.5Fc29236.9Fc30472.6Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested5669072285699026297359266
TomatoesProduction Quantity38005504810300438320039473303979720
TomatoesYield670409Fc665463Fc627049Fc626829Fc671501Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested613083A 659452A 657328A 682023A 686181A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity362725A 262154A 135693A 258246A 336967A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield5916.41Fc3975.33Fc2064.31Fc3786.47Fc4910.76Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested4504437685234764000035750
TriticaleProduction Quantity11431752130260548760096597
TriticaleSeed11878.8Fc8545.8Fc2728.6Fc9076.8Fc9751.6Fc
TriticaleYield25379Fc13833.1Fc11098.1Fc21900Fc27020.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested25000F 22000F 26148Im24924Im25000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity500000F 450000F 526514Im501883Im500000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield200000Fc204545Fc201359Fc201365Fc200000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested380205A 392832A 398537A 380315A 381473A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity12875300A 13391200A 13411000A 12806900A 12758800A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield338641Fc340888Fc336506Fc336744Fc334462Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested380205A 392832A 398537A 380315A 381473A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity12875300A 13391200A 13411000A 12806900A 12758800A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield338641Fc340888Fc336506Fc336744Fc334462Fc
VetchesArea Harvested47795142100144529166600168200
VetchesProduction Quantity3962244435129008146100131100
VetchesSeed5188.8Fc7169.25Fc21315Fc21679.3Fc24990Fc
VetchesYield8289.99Fc3127.02Fc8926.1Fc8769.51Fc7794.29Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested6500F 5846597955155333
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity9500F 86298514941813657
Walnuts, with shellYield14615.4Fc14760.5Fc14239.8Fc17077.1Fc25608.5Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested1617416235172091602215677
WatermelonsProduction Quantity730902719621816208733047622546
WatermelonsYield451899Fc443253Fc474291Fc457525Fc397108Fc
WheatArea Harvested19202302274110217503021515002406640
WheatProduction Quantity55215804026690709672062901006822160
WheatSeed510000F 440000F 405000* 506956411400
WheatYield28754.8Fc17706.7Fc32628.2Fc29235.9Fc28347.2Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea27534.3Fm27545Q 27970Q 28142Q 28004Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea691.2W 640.5I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea626.6W 347.8Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea3306Q 3207Q 3359.8Q 3318Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea1625W 1434W 1330.8W 1129.8W 804.9W
Arable landArea12512.3Fm12528Q 12497Q 12488Q 12586Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea17210.3Fm17221Q 17216Q 17272Q 17396W
Country areaArea50560Q 50560Q 50537W 50537Q 50537Q
Fallow landArea3810Q 3733W 3363Q 3895Q
Forest areaArea18349.3Fm18173.3Q 17997.3Fm17821.2Fm17645.2Fm
Inland waterArea680Fm680Fm657Fm657Fm626Fm
Land areaArea49880Fm49880Fm49880Fm49880Q 49911Q
Other landArea3996.45Fm4161.72Fm3912.7Fm3916.8Fm4261.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea4698Fm4693Q 4719W 4784Q 4810Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea10324Fm10324Q 10754Q 10870Q 10608W
Temporary cropsArea7677Q 7765Q 8163Q 7659Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea1041Q 999Q 962Q 1032Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3650Fm3650Fm3645I 3818Q 3815Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea28613Q 29164Q 29071Q 29153Q 29419W
Agricultural area certified organicArea605.3I 470.8I 430.9I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea321.1Fm336.8Fm302.3Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea3320Q 3415Q 3414Q 3577Q 3780W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea736.9W 622.8W 561.5W
Arable landArea12720Q 12913Q 13025Q 13017Q 12909W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea17578Q 17844Q 17957Q 17981Q 17886W
Country areaArea50537Q 50537W 50537W 50537W 50532Q
Fallow landArea3800Q 3500Q 3400Q 3353Q 3137W
Forest areaArea17469.2Fm17293.2Q 17232.1Fm17171.1Fm17110Fm
Inland waterArea639Fm628Fm619Fm616Fm628Fm
Land areaArea49898Q 49909Q 49918Q 49921W 49904Q
Other landArea3815.8Fm3451.8Fm3614.9Fm3596.9Fm3375Fm
Permanent cropsArea4858Q 4931W 4932W 4964W 4977W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea11035Q 11320Q 11114Q 11172Q 11533W
Temporary cropsArea7827Q 8345Q 8576Q 8575Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea1093Q 1068Q 1049Q 1089Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3840Q 3858Q 3803Q 3772W 3780W
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data