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Datasheet

Spain

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Bufo blombergi Present
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Introduced YesBeltrà and Soto, 2011.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Restricted distribution Seemüller et al., 1998.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine) Present, few occurrences Batlle et al., 1997; Daire et al., 1997a; CABI/EPPO and, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Present Lavina et al., 1995; Maixner et al., 1997; Daire et al., 1997a; Daire et al., 1997b.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Flores et al., 2000.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiae Present
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Restricted distribution Avinet and Llácer, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution Llacer and Medina, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present, few occurrences Avinet and Llácer, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensis Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Widespread Native YesAlfaro-Fernández et al., 2012a; Alfaro-Fernández et al., 2012b; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Present Palacio-Bielsa et al., 2006; Toth et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced Yesde la Cruz Blanco, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; Abelleira et al., 2011; Balestra et al., 2011a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Abelleira et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014; Caruso et al., 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present, few occurrences Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensis Present, few occurrences Introduced Balseiro et al., 2006; Crosson et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Native NoCleve, 1896; Margalef, 1952; Margalef, 1953; Margalef, 1956.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced YesCuellar and Coll, 1984.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni (phytophthora disease of alders) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; Anon., 1927.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Restricted distribution Introduced YesIMI, 1991; Acedo et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Present, few occurrences Moralejo and Werres, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Bassimba et al., 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Marin et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present Introduced YesPintos et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Eradicated Introduced Ruperez and Munoz, 1980; Cadahia, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Restricted distribution Mansilla et al., 1999b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Restricted distribution Bascón et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Minter, 1994.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1993; Kaiser et al., 1997; Rubiales and Trapero-Casas, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Present, few occurrences Dwinell, 1999b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesMunoz and Ruperez, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Braun, 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Torres, 1969; Gimenez Verdu, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Torres, 1964; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoLlorens i Villagrassa I, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Present Prieto-Recio et al., 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Native Llorens i Villagrassa I, 1984; Gonzalez Fragoso, 1918.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Restricted distribution Santiago, 1955.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Garner et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Localised Introduced YesRioja, 1924; Borja et al., 2006; Martínez and Adarraga, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcalyptris platani Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcantharctus posteli Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present Garrido-Bailón et al., 2012; OIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present Gaedike, 1971; Gomez-Bustillo, 1979; Isart et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActias isabellae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Planes, 1941; Arno et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAglyptinus agathidioides Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Garrido et al., 1979; Caballero et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma latum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Widespread Introduced YesNoel, 2011; Reise et al., 1999; Southward, 2008; Macho et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis salicariae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Widespread Introduced YesMelia, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Marroquin et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephaga Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphodius scrofa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApopestes spectrum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta amicula Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta atramentaria Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta dilutipennis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta luridipennis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta mucronata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta nigra Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta sordida Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta trinotata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Localised Introduced Fischer-Piette and Prenant, 1956; Fischer-Piette and Forest, 1961; Barnes and Barnes, 1965a; Barnes and Barnes, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present, few occurrences Cahill et al., 1996; Beitia et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlastobasis maroccanella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Estoup et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBostrychoplites cornutus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuchananiella continua Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuprestis decora Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present Introduced Vázquez, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Bahillo and Iturrondobeitia, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesVillalva and Del Estal, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Native Roman and Palumbi, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesFimiani, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby) Localised Introduced Souty-Grosset et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Souty-Grosset et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Restricted distribution Introduced CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Pina et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesWatson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Núñez et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present Introduced Maceljski, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Soria et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present, few occurrences Introduced Nunes et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulata Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesPérez-Otero et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Restricted distribution IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; Arnó et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Native NoKarsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced Cuesta et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoRomeu-Dalmau et al., 2012; Pavón-Gozalo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Borrajo et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced Sánchez et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Present Native Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present, few occurrences Introduced Brown et al., 2008a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Melia, 1976; Mansilla and Puerto, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab) Present Introduced YesNoël et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present Espanol, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; Getu, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Widespread Anon., 1968; Del Rivero et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoCox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesEspadaler and Gómez, 2003; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoTormos and Garrido, 1991; Martinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Restricted distribution Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Widespread Sampayo-Fernández and Hernández-Esteruelas, 1973; Coscollá, 1981; Coscollá and Dávila-Zurita, 1983; Arias-Giralda et al., 1985; Coscollá, 1992; Torres-Vila, 1995; Coscollá, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread Giese and Schneider, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale) Widespread Burban et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreae Present Introduced Villalba et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm) Widespread Andreu, 1963; Pascual et al., 1987; Robledo et al., 1994a; Robledo et al., 1994b; Villalba et al., 1997; Carballal et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Widespread CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoGarcia-Viedma and Robredo-Junco, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Introduced Lewis , 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present d'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Localised Introduced Cuesta et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread Dafauce and Astiaso, 1964; Templado, 1964; Dafauce, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Gómez-Menor Ortega, 1946; Gomez-Menor Ortega, 1958; CIE, 1979; Martin Mateo, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Present Introduced YesSarto and Aguilar, 2005; Tapia et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present Alvarado et al., 1990; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab) Widespread Introduced YesDeudero et al., 2005; Müller, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Present Native NoAparisi, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Restricted distribution Introduced Perez Moreno, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Widespread Introduced Martinez Egea, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Native Romanyk, 1960; Viedma, 1963; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesRiba , 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Restricted distribution Native YesBezares, 1929; Plaza and Gil, 1982; Martin and Cobos, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Ripolles and Garcia, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Madero and Montero Tinaut Ranera, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Widespread Dominguez, 1943; Gomez, 1990; Garrido and Ventura, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced YesHoldich and et al. , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Restricted distribution Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Gomez-Menor Ortega, 1937; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Localised Native NoAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Present, few occurrences Introduced Mariscal et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Pascual-Villalobos et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present De Lotto, 1965; CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Restricted distribution Native NoCIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present Riudavets et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Restricted distribution CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Collingwood, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Widespread Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth) Present Gomez Bustillo, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly) Present Oosterbroek and Theowald, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Fernandez and Costas, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Albajes et al., 1994; Arno and Gabarra, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet) Localised Introduced López et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoMadero Montero, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoLombardero et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinata Widespread Introduced YesFernández-Pulpeiro et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Introduced YesElvira, 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBanks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad) Localised Introduced Cassinello et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced Banks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria montana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBanks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoLong, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBufo mauritanicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCaiman crocodylus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Localised Introduced YesMateo, 1997; Barbadillo et al., 1999; Pleguezuelos, 2004; Kraus, 2009; Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Introduced Ryall, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Cowx and Nunn, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix) Localised Introduced Heinzel et al., 1998; Global Invasive Species Database, 2008; Herrando et al., 2010; eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Widespread Introduced YesElvira and Almodóvar, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamiger Widespread Introduced YesTuron et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Widespread Introduced San Feliu, 1973; Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Present Franch et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Widespread Introduced NoWeller, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoPleguezuelos, 2004; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Introduced Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Introduced eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Localised Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Present Introduced Rivera et al., 2011; Mertens and Wermuth, 1960; Meijide, 1981; Valverde, 2005; Valdeon et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensis Widespread Introduced YesTuron and Perera, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced YesCaoila and Sostoa, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced BirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced NoKraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Introduced NoKottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Elvira, 1995; FAO, 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Introduced Elvira, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Doadrio et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoElvira, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced Fujisaki et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Introduced Lever, 2005; Clergeau and Yésou, 2006; Juana, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoPleguezuelos, 2004; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoca, 1987; Escot et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Present Cordero-del-Campillo et al., 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger) Widespread Native YesKramp, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Present Introduced Bachelet et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Localised Native Chevallier, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Widespread Native Manga Gonzalez, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Native NoReichling, 1950; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Iglesias et al., 1996; Iglesias and Castillejo, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Cigarría, 1999; Sanchez-Mata and Mora, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Present Introduced FIGIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Widespread Introduced YesRolan, 1983; Rolan et al., 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoCastillejo, 1997; Fauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Widespread Castillejo, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Introduced YesBinimelis et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoGraells, 1846; Wiktor and Jurkowska, 2007; Bank, 2011c.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Widespread Native NoBlakeslee et al., 2008; Brawley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Localised Introduced Arias and Torralba-Burrial, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoGasull, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Native Hickman, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native Welter-Schultes, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing) Present Introduced Zorita et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesBaker, 1998; Lopez et al., 2010; Anonymous, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Widespread Introduced NoMúrria et al., 2008; Hinz et al., 1994; Alonso, 2006; Soler, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Present Introduced Rolán and Bañón, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Native Goulletquer, 1997; Cigarría and Fernández, 2000; Fernandez et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Taylor, 1906-1914; Cowie, 1982; Cain, 1984; Cowie, 1984b; Gittenberger and Ripken, 1987; Cowie, 1990; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Localised Introduced YesAguilar et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Transient: actionable, under eradication Abelleira et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Zamora et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Talavera et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMartinez-Beringola et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Marull et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Pinochet et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; López-Robles et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Arias et al., 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Restricted distribution Brown and Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Restricted distribution Alfaro, 1971; Arias and Navacerrada, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesObama nungara Present Introduced Lago-Barcia et al., 2015; Carbayo et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea Present Introduced YesPena Martín et al., 2002; Gamundí-Boyeras et al., 2006; Zaleski and Murray, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Introduced YesFAO-DIAS, 2008; Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesProvan et al., 2005; Guiry and Guiry, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Widespread Introduced Baamonde et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesComin and Ferrer, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed) Widespread Introduced YesFernández et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp) Present Introduced DIAS, 2005; Salinas et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Casasayas and Farras, 1986; Segarra-Moragues, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Cirujeda et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present Cueto and Fuentes, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Introduced Madeira et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Localised Introduced YesBárbara and Cremades, 2004; Bárbara et al., 2005; Clerck et al., 2005; Barreiro et al., 2006; Barreiro et al., 2006; Figueroa et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Bárbara et al., 2005; Diaz-Tapia and Bárbara, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Widespread Native NoGómez et al., 2001; Gorostiaga et al., 2004; Bárbara et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Widespread Introduced Fraga et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced Dana and et al. , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Widespread YesEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced YesSanz-Elorza et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia verticillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ageratum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes sicula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present YesBadano and Pugnaire, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced GISD, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis nebulosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Widespread Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014; Sanz-Elorza et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAizoon canariense Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochlora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlkanna lycopsoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium pyrenaicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native Boratynski, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe brevifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe ferox Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe latifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe maculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe succotrina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Martinez-Lopez and Sugranes-Alsina, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendlei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesSanz-Elorza et al., 2008; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Carretero, 1990; Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993; Cavero et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus polygonioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Localised Introduced Sanchez and Verloove, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Carretero, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Allard, 1943; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Present Introduced YesLawalrée, 1947; Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Garcia-Torres and Vazquez-Cobo, 1979; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon distachyos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAptenia lancifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgaris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Present Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Lorenzo Cáceres JMSde, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria arenaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia arborescens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia canariensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Sanz-Elorza et al., 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present NoValdés, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Restricted distribution Richardson and Smythies, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus alopecuroides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus cymbicarpos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAthamanta sicula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex portulacoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced Dana et al., 1998; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia cylindrica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (long-spine cactus) Present Introduced Sanz-Elorza et al., 2004; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Widespread YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Restricted distribution Aibar et al., 1988; Recasens et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena matritensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Native Recasens et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Localised Introduced Bartoli et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCaño et al., 2013; Campos and Herrera, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermedia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea verna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia romana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radians Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella auriculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoreava aptera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa insculpta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Widespread Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBowlesia incana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica barrelieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Native NoAcedo and Llamas, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Tutin and et al. , 1980; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Lozano and Rivas Ponse , 1993; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Tutin et al., 1980; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Jahandiez and Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; Tutin et al., 1980; Valdes et al., 1987; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia cretica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present EPPO, 2014; Font, 2007; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoDana et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium alpinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fruticosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepeta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula stellata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra tweedii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvatica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lusitanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Native Pozuelo et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Widespread Native NoDostal, 1976; Flora de Aragón, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Rivas, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native Cirujeda et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Lete et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Tutin et al., 1964; Seijo et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Stace, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced YesCarretero, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present YesSanz-Elorza et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Present EPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native Bolòs et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced YesRacasens and Conesa, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear) Widespread Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesPamplona and Evangelista, 1981; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Restricted distribution Native Heywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Onaindia and Amezaga, 2000; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced YesDorado et al., 2009; Dorado et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Restricted distribution Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Carretero, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Carretero, 1989; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Puiggros and Marques, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGibbs, 1972; Greuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Pulgar and Izco, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present Introduced Valdés et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesSanz-Elorza, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Palet et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1964; Jalas and Suominen, 1979; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Introduced YesFernández Alonso, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Dalmau et al., 1993; Caballero et al., 1995; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced YesIzco, 1974; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced YesDAISIE, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread García, 1985; Bosque and Izquierdo, 1997; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal) Present NoDiscover Life, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Restricted distribution Native NoGibbs, 1968; Gibbs and Dingwall, 1971; Greuter et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced Estal et al., 1998; ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present Introduced NoSanz-Elorza et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea) Restricted distribution Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoSell and West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Dana et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Present Introduced NoDana et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Luarca LRLMde, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Kirschner, 2002; Âlvarez, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Dana et al., 2005; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Introduced, not established Introduced DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Introduced Scher, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Restricted distribution Introduced NoSobrino et al., 2002; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Introduced DAISIE, 2008; Galán and Castroviejo, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution Native YesGuil et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Introduced YesOsca, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced Dana et al., 2005; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1998; Cirujeda et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Native Lopez, 1973; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present Introduced Carretero, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Localised Introduced YesFerrer and Laguna, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Introduced CEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present Cirujeda et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present, few occurrences Introduced Verloove and Sánchez, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoluccella laevis Present Saavedra et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present Introduced Cirujano et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Martinez-Taberner and Moya, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present NoGBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; DAISIE, 2013; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976; Caballero, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present Valdes et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple) Present Introduced YesSanz-Elorza et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Introduced YesLe Houérou, 2002; Dana et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced YesPineda-Martos et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Peralta and Royuela, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Valentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Juan et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced Pasiecznik, 1989; Hyde et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980; Le, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Litzler, 1979; Sánchez, 1981; Viera and Vesa, 1990; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Introduced YesDana et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Localised Introduced NoValdés et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012; Dana et al., 2005; Antonio and Arnelas, 2006; EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present NoFerry and Gómez, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Parthasarathy et al., 2008; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Native Diaz et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Widespread Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Iraola Calvo et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Tizado and Morales Nieto Nafría, 1991; Paton et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native YesHYPPA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Carretero, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPasiecznik, 1989; Pasiecznik and Peñalvo, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite) Present, few occurrences Introduced Pasiecznik and Peñalvo, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016; Polunin and Smythies, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPopenoe, 1920.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Chater and, 1981; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron) Restricted distribution Native NoCross, 1975; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesInstitute Hórus de Desenvolvimento and Ambient Con, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Localised NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort) Restricted distribution Native Serrano et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present Introduced NoGuillerm et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Restricted distribution Native NoWillkomm and Lange, 1870; Merino, 1906; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Restricted distribution Native NoChater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Recasens and Conesa, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Present Recasens and Conesa, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Introduced YesSanz-Elorza et al., 2001; Belmonte, 1983; Campos and Herrera, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Anon., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesCarretero, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present YesMAGRAMA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Alcaraz, 1984; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Introduced YesISSG, 2016; DAISIE, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Sanchez, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991; Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced Verloove and Sanchez, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Restricted distribution Introduced Abdala and Seeligmann, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk) Widespread NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Restricted distribution Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Soria et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Villarías and Moradillo García Tascon, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native Dies-Jambrino and Fernandez-Anero, 1997; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Cook, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present, few occurrences Native NoGreuter et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Becerra et al., 2002; IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present NoISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Widespread Euro+Med, 2012; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) NoCampos and Herrera, 2009; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present GBIF, 2013; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced NoCABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Frahm, 1981; Casas et al., 1988.
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringens Present López-Sanmartín et al., 2015.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Widespread Vila et al., 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergens Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosa Present Carrasco et al., 2012.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreae Present Conchas et al., 2003; Montes et al., 2003.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Widespread Estrada et al., 1984.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoOrbaneja Aguero S de, 1934; Beadell et al., 2006; Hellgren et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2008; Marzal et al., 2011.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulata Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Widespread Vogelsang, 1938; Groth, 1963; Orós et al., 1997; Hernández et al., 2001; Buenestado et al., 2004.
VirusBanana streak disease Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Fereres et al., 1989; Comas et al., 1993.
Virusbluetongue virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2004; Célix et al., 1996.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present EPPO, 2014; Parrella et al., 2013.
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virus Present Ortiz et al., 2006.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Zabalgogeazcoa et al., 1997.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virus Present
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virus Present Achon et al., 2017.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Widespread Felip and Aguilar, 1987; Achon et al., 1996; Achon, 1999; Achon and Sobrepere, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Wetter et al., 1984; Marte and Wetter, 1986; Alonso et al., 1989; Garcia-Luque et al., 1990; Garcia-Luque et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Restricted distribution Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Present Carvajal et al., 1995.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Valverde et al., 2004.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Restricted distribution Moriones et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Present

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Acanthocephalan infections of fish Present Sanmartín et al., 2000.
acarapisosis of honey bees Present Garrido-Bailón et al., 2012; EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Mellor and Boorman, 1995.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
amoebic gill disease Present Dyková et al., 1995; Rodger and McArdle, 1996; Dyková et al., 1998a.
anaplasmosis , 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Localised Introduced YesAguilar et al., 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971; Serrano, 1994; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present Livingston and Gauer, 1979.
Aujeszky's disease Present OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009; Torrubia and González, 1985; Pagès Manté, 1988.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009; Poveda et al., 1990.
avian trichomoniasis Present Martínez-Moreno et al., 1989; Ponce et al., 2002.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Widespread Vogelsang, 1938; Groth, 1963; Orós et al., 1997; Hernández et al., 2001; Buenestado et al., 2004.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Alani and Herbert, 1988; Habela et al., 1990; Garcia-Cuadrado and Lopez, 1993; Marín et al., 1995; Ferrer et al., 1998.
Bibersteinia trehalosi infections Present Gonzalez et al., 2013.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009.
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa) Present Carrasco et al., 2012; Abollo et al., 2008.
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae) Present Conchas et al., 2003; Montes et al., 2003.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Alvarez et al., 1987; De et al., 1998.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Barrandeguy et al., 1988.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Catalán et al., 1994.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009; Reviriego et al., 2000.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Blasco et al., 1982.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported Redondo et al., 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Astorga et al., 1994; Cubero-Pablo et al., 2000.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Garner et al., 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cold-water disease Present Toranzo and Barja, 1993.
contagious agalactia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Present Introduced YesCuellar and Coll, 1984; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present García-Rodríguez et al., 1989; García-Rodríguez et al., 1990; Leon et al., 1993; Causape et al., 1996; Moles et al., 1998; Ares-Mazás et al., 1999; Torres et al., 2000; Causape et al., 2002; Clavel et al., 2002.
Denman island disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Hurtado et al., 1998.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Echinococcus multilocularis Present
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Marinez , 1987; Nougayrede et al., 1994.
enteric redmouth disease Present Romalde and et al. , 1993; Rodríguez et al., 1999; Romalde et al., 2003.
enzootic abortion of ewes Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Blanco et al., 1993a; Blanco et al., 1993b; Blanco et al., 1996a; Blanco et al., 1996b; Blanco et al., 1996c; Blanco et al., 1997a; Blanco et al., 1997b; Blanco et al., 1997c; Blanco et al., 1997d; Blanco et al., 1998.
European foulbrood Present Flores et al., 2000; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Vogelsang, 1938; Groth, 1963; Orós et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Díaz et al., 1996; Quílez et al., 1996.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Glässer's disease Widespread Rúbies et al., 1999.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Casas et al., 2011.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
inclusion body rhinitis Present Bernabé et al., 1990.
infection with Marteilia refringens Present López-Sanmartín et al., 2015; OIE, 2009.
infection with Perkinsus olseni Present Elandaloussi et al., 2009.
Infection with salmonid alphavirus Present Raynard et al., 1992.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Reno, 1999.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fish Present Palacios et al., 1993.
leishmaniosis Widespread Bourdeau et al., 2014; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present Vazquez-Boland et al., 1991; Nolas-Salas J et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Localised Estrada-Pena et al., 1995.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Redondo et al., 1994.
Marek's disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters OIE Handistatus, 2005.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoGómez et al., 1996; Gómez, 2001.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Goncer and Rodríguez, 1990; Real et al., 1994; Pérez et al., 1996; Rodríguez et al., 1996.
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infections Present Copes et al., 1995.
Mycoplasma meleagridis infections Present Poveda et al., 1990.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Garrido et al., 1987.
Myicola ostreae infestation Present Introduced Villalba et al., 1993.
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm) Widespread Andreu, 1963; Pascual et al., 1987; Robledo et al., 1994a; Robledo et al., 1994b; Villalba et al., 1997; Carballal et al., 2001.
myxomatosis Present Dalton et al., 2015.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Alvarez-Pellitero et al., 1982; Gonzalez-Lanza and Alvarez-Pellitero, 1984; Gonzalez-Lanza and Alvarez-Pellitero, 1985; Alvarez-Pellitero, 1989; Palenzuela et al., 1997; Székely et al., 2000.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Widespread Fondevila et al., 1998; Quintanilla-Gozalo et al., 1999.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Pagès et al., 1995.
paratuberculosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Mainar and Vázquez, 1998.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Ferrer et al., 1999; Felix et al., 2003.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoOrbaneja Aguero S de, 1934; Beadell et al., 2006; Hellgren et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2008; Marzal et al., 2011.
porcine circovirus infections Widespread Segalés et al., 1997; Allan et al., 1998a; Allan et al., 1998b; Plana-Durán et al., 1999.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Present Carvajal et al., 1995a.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Perea et al., 1988.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992.
proliferative enteropathy Present Rubio et al., 2005.
pseudotuberculosis in fish Present Toranzo et al., 1991.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available Dualde, 1963; Santiago Luque, 1963; Heras et al., 1992; González et al., 1993; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Native Fernandez and Perez, 2003; Villa-Espinosa et al., 2003; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
rabies Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Present Leon et al., 1980.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Alvarez et al., 1985; García et al., 1992.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009.
Serratia infections in fish Present Nieto and et al. , 1990.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009; Marcotegui et al., 1992.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Contreras et al., 1995.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
streptococcosis in fish caused by Streptococcus iniae Present YesPalacios and et al. , 1988.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Widespread Prieto et al., 1993.
surra Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Widespread Castro et al., 1988; Yus et al., 1989; Yus et al., 1992.
swine vesicular disease Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Tenacibaculum maritimum infection Present Alsina and Blanch, 1993; Pazos et al., 1993.
Theileria annulata infections Present Viseras et al., 1997; OIE, 1998; , 1999; Viseras and Garcia-Fernandez, 1999.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Gimenez et al., 2009.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tick-borne fever Present Juste et al., 1989.
torovirus infections Present Pignatelli et al., 2010.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009; Cubero et al., 1993; Anon, 1997.
Trichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Anda et al., 2001; García et al., 2004.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009; Pagès and San, 1990; Majó et al., 1998.
varroosis of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vibriosis in fish Present Toranzo and Barja , 1990.
viral erythrocytic necrosis Present Pinto et al., 1989.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Filipe and de, 1990.
whirling disease Present Cordero-del-Campillo et al., 1975.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
winter disease Present
Xenohaliotis californiensis infection Present, few occurrences Introduced Balseiro et al., 2006; Crosson et al., 2014.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 535353 547822 650000 F 566869 563770
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 211727 221000 282100 180103 187656
Almonds, with shell Yield 3954.9 Fc 4034.16 Fc 4340 Fc 3177.15 Fc 3328.59 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 2500 F 2700 Im 2400 F 2272 1544
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 2941 Im 2766 Im 2500 F 2000 960
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 11764 Fc 10244.4 Fc 10416.7 Fc 8802.82 Fc 6217.62 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 31475 31822 30000 F 33362 36902
Apples Production Quantity 670566 646200 594800 661724 721178
Apples Yield 213047 Fc 203067 Fc 198267 Fc 198347 Fc 195431 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 18727 18169 18000 F 18834 18338
Apricots Production Quantity 86889 79101 97100 109108 89023
Apricots Yield 46397.7 Fc 43536.2 Fc 53944.4 Fc 57931.4 Fc 48545.6 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 15136 14726 16500 16042 17277
Artichokes Production Quantity 182111 166662 198900 203301 226281
Artichokes Yield 120316 Fc 113175 Fc 120545 Fc 126730 Fc 130972 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 11047 10178 10300 10243 11012
Asparagus Production Quantity 58421 50362 48800 44169 35396
Asparagus Yield 52884 Fc 49481.2 Fc 47378.6 Fc 43121.2 Fc 32143.1 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 10541 10470 10500 F 10023 9980
Avocados Production Quantity 83426 75655 75000 F 73585 82116
Avocados Yield 79144.3 Fc 72258.8 Fc 71428.6 Fc 73416.1 Fc 82280.6 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 9144 9117 10000 F 9191 9568
Bananas Production Quantity 346500 396600 359000 371228 358177
Bananas Yield 378937 Fc 435012 Fc 359000 Fc 403904 Fc 374349 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2697900 2877300 3045300 3462400 3228360
Barley Production Quantity 8328200 8156500 7348500 11261100 11945300
Barley Seed 750000 F 750000 F 750000 F 800000 F 850000 F
Barley Yield 30869.2 Fc 28347.8 Fc 24130.6 Fc 32524 Fc 37001.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 9875 Im 7500 F 7600 6900 8507
Beans, dry Production Quantity 12952 Im 13639 Im 12500 10400 11085
Beans, dry Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 4800 F
Beans, dry Yield 13116 Fc 18185.3 Fc 16447.4 Fc 15072.5 Fc 13030.5 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 11979 Im 12422 Im 12500 13153 14921
Beans, green Production Quantity 175000 F 174600 Im 187500 187672 220384
Beans, green Yield 146089 Fc 140557 Fc 150000 Fc 142684 Fc 147701 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 400 F 420 Im 421 Im 482 Im 489 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2500 F 2800 Im 2675 Im 3003 Im 2800 F
Berries Nes Yield 62500 Fc 66666.7 Fc 63539.2 Fc 62302.9 Fc 57259.7 Fc
Blueberries Production Quantity 995 Im 992 Im 930 F 1038 Im 968 Im
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 33443 Im 25400 18700 21228 25672
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 29430 Im 35800 27900 27475 38184
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 4800 F 5500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 8800.05 Fc 14094.5 Fc 14919.8 Fc 12942.8 Fc 14873.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4693 4995 5900 8968 7857
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 169600 193600 200000 251900 254530
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 361389 Fc 387588 Fc 338983 Fc 280888 Fc 323953 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 51 Im 52 Im 53 Im 59 Im 55 F
Canary seed Production Quantity 60 Im 54 Im 50 Im 68 Im 70 F
Canary seed Seed 7.65 Fc 2.3 Fc 2.34 Fc 2.39 Fc 2.66 Fc
Canary seed Yield 11764.7 Fc 10384.6 Fc 9433.96 Fc 11525.4 Fc 12727.3 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 47000 F 46900 Im 46700 46404 38100
Carobs Production Quantity 55754 Im 54690 Im 53200 60795 56100
Carobs Yield 11862.5 Fc 11661 Fc 11391.9 Fc 13101.2 Fc 14724.4 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 5108 8157 7700 F 7492 7936
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 268100 424300 420000 F 414517 426074
Carrots and turnips Yield 524863 Fc 520167 Fc 545455 Fc 553280 Fc 536888 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 31169 29850 23000 23857 24768
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 527500 511100 424800 432786 440254
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 169239 Fc 171223 Fc 184696 Fc 181408 Fc 177751 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 5905440 A 5984210 A 6041710 A 6684760 A 6206620 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 21291300 A 19026100 A 17455000 A 23715700 A 24243500 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1485440 A 1478750 A 1479610 A 1516230 A 1577470 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 36053.8 Fc 31793.9 Fc 28890.9 Fc 35477.2 Fc 39060.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5905440 A 5984210 A 6041710 A 6684760 A 6206620 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21601000 A 19334600 A 17754600 A 23937200 A 24484400 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1485440 A 1478750 A 1479610 A 1516230 A 1577470 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 36578.1 Fc 32309.4 Fc 29386.6 Fc 35808.6 Fc 39448.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 24933 24261 26000 F 24671 24144
Cherries Production Quantity 101729 84786 96400 72466 75738
Cherries Yield 40800.9 Fc 34947.4 Fc 37076.9 Fc 29373 Fc 31369.3 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 8060 Im 7931 Im 8000 F 9800 F 9523
Chestnuts Production Quantity 4973 Im 5086 Im 6090 10000 F 15000 F
Chestnuts Yield 6169.98 Fc 6412.81 Fc 7612.5 Fc 10204.1 Fc 15751.3 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 47000 F 25200 20800 20832 30633
Chick peas Production Quantity 42300 21600 20500 20515 30029
Chick peas Seed 2500 F 2500 F 2500 F 2400 F 2000 F
Chick peas Yield 9000 Fc 8571.43 Fc 9855.77 Fc 9847.83 Fc 9802.83 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 49 Im 46 Im 49 Im 48 Im 40
Chicory roots Production Quantity 1593 Im 1563 Im 1520 Im 1728 Im 1600
Chicory roots Yield 325102 Fc 339783 Fc 310204 Fc 360000 Fc 400000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2341 Im 2007 Im 1800 F 1722 1687
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 7166 Im 6739 Im 6091 Im 4877 Im 4939
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 30610.8 Fc 33577.5 Fc 33838.9 Fc 28321.7 Fc 29276.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 16887 17975 19200 18861 21798
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 898260 873100 1011700 918140 1057530
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 531924 Fc 485730 Fc 526927 Fc 486793 Fc 485150 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 3103 Im 3107 Im 3000 F 2242 3794
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 6959 Im 6935 Im 6500 F 4816 12921
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 22426.7 Fc 22320.6 Fc 21666.7 Fc 21480.8 Fc 34056.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 291332 A 295163 A 315000 A 323995 A 314605 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5159640 A 5602210 A 5309400 A 6374600 A 5288450 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 177105 Fc 189801 Fc 168552 Fc 196750 Fc 168098 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3790740 A 3954410 A 4154610 A 4521660 A 4301740 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13771100 A 12797500 A 12131300 A 16557700 A 17324600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 964442 A 957747 A 958614 A 1016230 A 1059970 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 36328.3 Fc 32362.7 Fc 29199.5 Fc 36618.6 Fc 40273.6 Fc
Coffee, green Production Quantity
Cotton lint Production Quantity 60000 * 38862 26400 18600 41772
Cottonseed Production Quantity 72500 * 48200 * 33400 * 23500 * 50364
Cottonseed Seed 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2230 * 2000 *
Cranberries Production Quantity 91 Im 89 Im 91 Im 102 Im 95 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 8190 8235 8500 F 8286 7466
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 705600 666300 700000 F 670172 561446
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 861538 Fc 809107 Fc 823529 Fc 808800 Fc 752004 Fc
Currants Production Quantity 239 Im 238 Im 223 Im 250 F 173 Im
Dates Area Harvested 850 F 840 Im 850 F 837 950 F
Dates Production Quantity 5354 Im 5335 Im 5000 F 4481 5000 F
Dates Yield 62988.2 Fc 63511.9 Fc 58823.5 Fc 53536.4 Fc 52631.6 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 3268 3438 3500 F 3596 3617
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 202245 190200 205000 F 198768 179826
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 618865 Fc 553229 Fc 585714 Fc 552748 Fc 497169 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 68010 A 63227 A 58659 A 52649 A 65248 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 60020 A 38884 A 26422 A 18622 A 41794 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 8825.17 Fc 6149.9 Fc 4504.34 Fc 3537.01 Fc 6405.41 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 11339 11629 11500 F 12509 12344
Figs Production Quantity 28993 30260 24400 30828 25906
Figs Yield 25569.3 Fc 26021.2 Fc 21217.4 Fc 24644.7 Fc 20986.7 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1597700 A 1600570 A 1712850 A 1743310 A 1759190 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15452100 A 15455900 A 14497100 A 16207500 A 15112500 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 96714.4 Fc 96564.9 Fc 84637.3 Fc 92969.8 Fc 85905.7 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 12500 F 12700 Im 12883 Im 14759 Im 14973 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 138000 F 140300 Im 133710 Im 150127 Im 140000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 110400 Fc 110472 Fc 103788 Fc 101719 Fc 93501.6 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 3310 Im 3314 Im 3200 F 3000 F 2740 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 40000 F 39900 Im 38000 F 36000 F 32915 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 120846 Fc 120398 Fc 118750 Fc 120000 Fc 120128 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 15661 14850 16000 15473 16686
Garlic Production Quantity 139882 136561 154000 133610 151674
Garlic Yield 89318.7 Fc 91960.3 Fc 96250 Fc 86350.4 Fc 90899 Fc
Gooseberries Production Quantity F F F F F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1891 1500 1500 F 1640 1232
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 43000 F 43200 38700 43639 41120
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 227393 Fc 288000 Fc 258000 Fc 266091 Fc 333766 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1000000 F 1002100 1100000 F 1109050 1131320
Grapes Production Quantity 6100000 F 6107200 5573400 5951580 5962640
Grapes Yield 61000 Fc 60944 Fc 50667.3 Fc 53663.8 Fc 52705.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 31 Im 29 Im 35 F 30 33 *
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 123 Im 115 Im 100 F 99 75 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 5.58 Fc 5.58 Fc 5.22 Fc 6.3 Fc 5.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 39677.4 Fc 39655.2 Fc 28571.4 Fc 33000 Fc 22727.3 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 14062 13800 13500 F 15411 16802
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 17579 15100 10500 24330 16134
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 12501.1 Fc 10942 Fc 7777.78 Fc 15787.4 Fc 9602.43 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 10
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 20 F 22 F 22 F 22 F 22
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 20000 Fc 22000 Fc 22000 Fc 22000 Fc 22000 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested F Im 4 Im 2 Im 4 Im
Hempseed Production Quantity F 20 Im 10 Im 7 Im 8 Im
Hempseed Seed 0.27999999999999997 F 0.27999999999999997 F 0.27999999999999997 Fc 0.27999999999999997 Fc 0.13999999999999998 Fc
Hempseed Yield 25000 Fc 35000 Fc 20000 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 514 502 500 498 600
Hops Production Quantity 1048 1028 1000 819 948
Hops Yield 20389.1 Fc 20478.1 Fc 20000 Fc 16445.8 Fc 15800 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 1210 1196 1200 1187 1158
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 23327 25676 18800 17709 14036
Kiwi fruit Yield 192785 Fc 214682 Fc 156667 Fc 149191 Fc 121209 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 2863 2529 3000 F 2820 2663
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 90330 79274 82000 F 79029 70500
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 315508 Fc 313460 Fc 273333 Fc 280245 Fc 264739 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 8528 Im 8844 Im 8900 8436 9254
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 68000 F 67600 Im 72600 76032 67944
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 79737.3 Fc 76436 Fc 81573 Fc 90128 Fc 73421.2 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 39887 42907 42500 F 46809 41996
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 700000 F 723875 620300 687936 506699
Lemons and limes Yield 175496 Fc 168708 Fc 145953 Fc 146967 Fc 120654 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 37000 F 37280 23200 16932 16913
Lentils Production Quantity 38000 F 37940 12600 12800 14496
Lentils Seed 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 1500 F
Lentils Yield 10270.3 Fc 10177 Fc 5431.03 Fc 7559.65 Fc 8570.92 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 32547 31256 32400 32860 34912
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 868203 809200 875000 1002800 947612
Lettuce and chicory Yield 266754 Fc 258894 Fc 270062 Fc 305173 Fc 271429 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 6724 Im 6320 Im 7547 Im 6426 Im 6250 F
Linseed Production Quantity 8649 Im 8083 Im 7000 Im 6746 Im 6800 F
Linseed Seed 201.72 Fc 201.72 Fc 189.6 Fc 226.41 Fc 192.78 Fc
Linseed Yield 12862.9 Fc 12789.6 Fc 9275.21 Fc 10498 Fc 10880 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 7900 6000 6800 5146 7452
Lupins Production Quantity 5400 3700 4700 3938 5629
Lupins Yield 6835.44 Fc 6166.67 Fc 6911.76 Fc 7652.55 Fc 7553.68 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 368300 320300 345000 366300 360998
Maize Production Quantity 3855800 3178800 3492100 3628600 3610940
Maize Seed 16000 F 16000 F 16000 F 15000 F 17000 F
Maize Yield 104692 Fc 99244.5 Fc 101220 Fc 99060.9 Fc 100027 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 250 Im 253 Im 255 F 250 F 247
Millet Production Quantity 732 Im 654 Im 600 F 550 F 517
Millet Seed 6.25 Fc 6.25 Fc 6.33 Fc 6.38 Fc 6.25 Fc
Millet Yield 29280 Fc 25849.8 Fc 23529.4 Fc 22000 Fc 20931.2 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 10036 12800 12800 14400 14393
Mixed grain Production Quantity 12895 21900 32000 F 37200 37248
Mixed grain Seed 1505.4 Fc 1505.4 Fc 1920 Fc 1920 Fc 2160 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 12848.7 Fc 17109.4 Fc 25000 Fc 25833.3 Fc 25879.3 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 239 Im 248 Im 250 F 261 292
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 127000 F 126700 Im 136000 F 133548 131974
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 5313810 Fc 5108870 Fc 5440000 Fc 5116780 Fc 4519660 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1999 Im 2005 Im 2000 F 1900 F 1751 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 4900 Im 5011 Im 6000 F 5000 F 3365 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 24512.3 Fc 24992.5 Fc 30000 Fc 26315.8 Fc 19217.6 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 491300 539500 552800 505511 531432
Oats Production Quantity 1078700 1017800 906200 1188300 1309450
Oats Seed 145000 F 145000 F 145000 F 150000 F 145000 F
Oats Yield 21956 Fc 18865.6 Fc 16392.9 Fc 23506.9 Fc 24640 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 971742 A 794333 A 948560 A 808322 A 698674 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 594102 A 472839 A 456550 A 442786 A 398898 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 3414.43 A 3414.43 A 3326.52 A 3513.41 A 2907.35 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6113.78 Fc 5952.66 Fc 4813.08 Fc 5477.84 Fc 5709.35 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3302140 A 3103830 A 3448560 A 3258790 A 3168830 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2013070 A 1861300 A 1635360 A 1600490 A 1677750 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 2227.88 A 2227.88 A 2172.78 A 2263.18 A 1889.19 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6096.26 Fc 5996.77 Fc 4742.15 Fc 4911.31 Fc 5294.52 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 2330400 2309500 2500000 F 2450470 2470160
Olives Production Quantity 6940230 6682010 5701000 5570730 6140250
Olives Yield 29781.3 Fc 28932.7 Fc 22804 Fc 22733.3 Fc 24857.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1435 Im 1488 Im 1497 Im 1500 F 1154
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 43964 Im 45000 F 40720 Im 38000 F 34278
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 306369 Fc 302419 Fc 272011 Fc 253333 Fc 297036 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 24468 22478 23600 28868 22324
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1350840 1106900 1263400 1062540 1184250
Onions, dry Yield 552084 Fc 492437 Fc 535339 Fc 368068 Fc 530483 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 153051 154149 146000 F 153429 145856
Oranges Production Quantity 2825390 3120000 2617700 3410290 2740280
Oranges Yield 184604 Fc 202402 Fc 179295 Fc 222272 Fc 187876 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity
Other Bastfibres Yield
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 28161 30601 31400 33388 38688
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 869475 926700 1007000 1042440 1183150
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 308751 Fc 302833 Fc 320701 Fc 312220 Fc 305818 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 81500 78700 75600 75425 80587
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 1335600 1186900 1191300 1244290 1221070
Peaches and nectarines Yield 163877 Fc 150813 Fc 157579 Fc 164971 Fc 151522 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 26987 27331 24000 F 29216 31891
Pears Production Quantity 502209 476586 434200 538677 551848
Pears Yield 186093 Fc 174376 Fc 180917 Fc 184377 Fc 173042 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 200000 F 201700 Im 163800 101745 142199
Peas, dry Production Quantity 194000 F 194200 Im 160300 137567 160207
Peas, dry Seed 17000 F 17000 F 17000 F 18375 F 11340 F
Peas, dry Yield 9700 Fc 9628.16 Fc 9786.32 Fc 13520.8 Fc 11266.4 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 12290 13288 12500 11280 12451
Peas, green Production Quantity 84104 83500 83100 75438 73937
Peas, green Yield 68432.9 Fc 62838.7 Fc 66480 Fc 66877.7 Fc 59382.4 Fc
Peppermint Area Harvested 30 F 30 F 30 F 30 F 30 F
Peppermint Production Quantity 600 F 600 F 600 F 600 F 600 F
Peppermint Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 17108 16972 17000 F 18695 19791
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 230656 199668 200100 198904 191100
Plums and sloes Yield 134823 Fc 117646 Fc 117706 Fc 106394 Fc 96559 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 6923 Im 6507 Im 7770 F 7220 F 6110 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 7000 F 7100 Im 7000 F 6500 F 5500 F
Poppy seed Yield 10111.2 Fc 10911.3 Fc 9009.01 Fc 9002.77 Fc 9001.64 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 78100 77100 84600 81825 85728
Potatoes Production Quantity 2360700 2277900 2459800 2145170 2479580
Potatoes Seed 120000 F 120000 F 120000 F 121400 F 117400 F
Potatoes Yield 302266 Fc 295447 Fc 290757 Fc 262166 Fc 289238 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 22000 F 22195 21700 11885 14144
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 32000 F 32250 17300 11122 14213
Pulses, nes Seed 1540 Fc 1540 Fc 1553.65 Fc 1519 Fc 831.95 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 14545.5 Fc 14530.3 Fc 7972.35 Fc 9358.01 Fc 10048.8 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 413218 A 381825 A 304500 A 207168 A 280112 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 406082 A 391029 A 293400 A 247380 A 305791 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 41440 A 41440 A 41536.2 A 40379 A 29347 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9827.31 Fc 10241 Fc 9635.47 Fc 11941 Fc 10916.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7929 7618 7500 F 8000 F 8500 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 393100 366500 310000 F 290000 F 373600
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 495775 Fc 481097 Fc 413333 Fc 362500 Fc 439529 Fc
Pyrethrum,Dried Production Quantity
Quinces Area Harvested 1448 Im 1450 Im 1400 F 1333 1236
Quinces Production Quantity 14000 F 14200 Im 13500 F 11705 12098
Quinces Yield 96685.1 Fc 97931 Fc 96428.6 Fc 87809.4 Fc 97880.3 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 31300 19600 21700 10885 19783
Rapeseed Production Quantity 61900 35500 34700 20810 34700
Rapeseed Seed 438.2 Fc 438.2 Fc 305 F 303.8 Fc 152.39 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 19776.4 Fc 18112.2 Fc 15990.8 Fc 19118 Fc 17540.3 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1039 1025 1500 F 2200 F 2000 F
Raspberries Production Quantity 9559 9226 10000 F 12000 F 10000 F
Raspberries Yield 92001.9 Fc 90009.8 Fc 66666.7 Fc 54545.4 Fc 50000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 121700 122500 119300 96100 101565
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 929900 926400 899400 665200 723426
Rice, paddy Seed 21000 F 21000 F 21000 F 20000 F 17500 F
Rice, paddy Yield 76409.2 Fc 75624.5 Fc 75389.8 Fc 69219.6 Fc 71227.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 456 Im 450 Im 494 Im 478 Im 500 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 9545 Im 9210 Im 9945 Im 8673 Im 10000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 209320 Fc 204667 Fc 201316 Fc 181444 Fc 200000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 79941 A 78917 A 86594 A 83748 A 87547 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2394720 A 2310720 A 2495250 A 2178560 A 2511850 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 120000 A 120000 A 120000 A 121400 A 117400 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 299561 Fc 292804 Fc 288154 Fc 260133 Fc 286914 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 132300 133300 130100 111513 111744
Rye Production Quantity 250000 F 251800 180800 283212 261369
Rye Seed 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F 35000 F 32000 F
Rye Yield 18896.5 Fc 18889.7 Fc 13897 Fc 25397.2 Fc 23390 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 64 Im 60 F 55 F 50 F 46
Safflower seed Production Quantity 43 Im 40 Im 35 F 30 F 24
Safflower seed Seed 5.76 Fc 5.76 Fc 5.4 Fc 4.95 Fc 4.5 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 6718.75 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6363.64 Fc 6000 Fc 5217.39 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 68000 63217 58649 52639 65238
Seed cotton Production Quantity 173900 115088 79220 55731 127165
Seed cotton Yield 25573.5 Fc 18205.2 Fc 13507.5 Fc 10587.4 Fc 19492.5 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 8600 6900 7200 6829 7100
Sorghum Production Quantity 39100 31300 30400 22397 26000
Sorghum Seed 215 Fc 215 Fc 300 F 300 F 300 F
Sorghum Yield 45465.1 Fc 45362.3 Fc 42222.2 Fc 32796.9 Fc 36619.7 Fc
Sour cherries Production Quantity 2000 F 1900 Im 2200 F 2042 Im 1904 Im
Soybeans Area Harvested 700 700 1200 251 344
Soybeans Production Quantity 1700 1700 2600 748 920
Soybeans Seed 150 F 150 F 150 F 150 * 31 *
Soybeans Yield 24285.7 Fc 24285.7 Fc 21666.7 Fc 29800.8 Fc 26744.2 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 3922 Im 3362 Im 3411 Im 3214 Im 2600 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 3987 Im 3749 Im 3500 F 2899 Im 3000 F
Spices, nes Yield 10165.7 Fc 11151.1 Fc 10260.9 Fc 9019.91 Fc 11538.5 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 3677 3049 2300 2919 3225
Spinach Production Quantity 70631 59403 48400 59476 67167
Spinach Yield 192089 Fc 194828 Fc 210435 Fc 203755 Fc 208270 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 6857 6988 7100 8134 8078
Strawberries Production Quantity 514027 275355 263700 281240 269139
Strawberries Yield 749638 Fc 394040 Fc 371408 Fc 345759 Fc 333175 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 45000 44300 49700 52300 68171
Sugar beet Production Quantity 3966100 3399400 4153900 3987500 4909960
Sugar beet Yield 881356 Fc 767359 Fc 835795 Fc 762428 Fc 720242 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested F F 10
Sugar cane Production Quantity F F 522
Sugar cane Yield 522000 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 858000 697900 851600 730819 600866
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1084300 887000 869500 872687 733154
Sunflower seed Seed 4000 F 4000 F 4000 F 4100 F 3500 F
Sunflower seed Yield 12637.5 Fc 12709.6 Fc 10210.2 Fc 11941.2 Fc 12201.6 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1385 Im 1367 Im 1500 F 1445 1319
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 24472 Im 23614 Im 25500 F 24717 22265
Sweet potatoes Yield 176693 Fc 172743 Fc 170000 Fc 171052 Fc 168802 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 93400 93500 122000 F 119875 121727
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 1584290 1708200 2026200 2227920 1987430
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 169624 Fc 182695 Fc 166082 Fc 185854 Fc 163269 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 10200 10600 10000 9792 9986
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 32800 32300 30400 31127 29248
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 32156.9 Fc 30471.7 Fc 30400 Fc 31788.2 Fc 29289 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 49913 59300 62200 54868 53297
Tomatoes Production Quantity 3821490 4312700 4603600 4049750 4081480
Tomatoes Yield 765630 Fc 727268 Fc 740129 Fc 738090 Fc 765799 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 567437 A 579520 A 677500 A 601398 A 598993 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 253806 A 259575 A 310790 A 231115 A 231667 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 4472.85 Fc 4479.14 Fc 4587.31 Fc 3842.96 Fc 3867.61 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 82000 64000 61100 54394 47411
Triticale Production Quantity 205600 138700 140600 136246 133750
Triticale Seed 21707.8 Fc 15017.8 Fc 15385.5 Fc 14002.2 Fc 13505.7 Fc
Triticale Yield 25073.2 Fc 21671.9 Fc 23011.5 Fc 25048 Fc 28210.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 24000 F 23900 Im 28000 F 26000 F 23609 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 526000 F 526300 Im 565000 F 525000 F 505112 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 219167 Fc 220209 Fc 201786 Fc 201923 Fc 213949 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 336606 A 348073 A 354247 A 352845 A 360568 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 12408600 A 12679000 A 13456600 A 12612300 A 13065300 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 368637 Fc 364262 Fc 379865 Fc 357445 Fc 362355 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 336606 A 348073 A 354247 A 352845 A 360568 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12408600 A 12679000 A 13456600 A 12612300 A 13065300 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 368637 Fc 364262 Fc 379865 Fc 357445 Fc 362355 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 56000 F 56550 41900 22500 34592
Vetches Production Quantity 52000 F 51900 37600 23563 31948
Vetches Seed 8400 Fc 8400 Fc 8482.5 Fc 6285 Fc 3375 Fc
Vetches Yield 9285.71 Fc 9177.72 Fc 8973.75 Fc 10472.4 Fc 9235.66 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 7963 7962 4000 F 7418 7147
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 14627 13378 6100 11682 9512
Walnuts, with shell Yield 18368.7 Fc 16802.3 Fc 15250 Fc 15748.2 Fc 13309.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 17418 18648 17600 15674 16861
Watermelons Production Quantity 768703 782400 819100 723164 790947
Watermelons Yield 441327 Fc 419562 Fc 465398 Fc 461378 Fc 469099 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1993000 1907300 1767800 2067000 1803310
Wheat Production Quantity 6900000 5610700 4723900 6714300 6436360
Wheat Seed 500000 F 500000 F 500000 F 480000 F 500000 F
Wheat Yield 34621.2 Fc 29417 Fc 26721.9 Fc 32483.3 Fc 35691.9 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 578717 625483 622577 641688 648997
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 312702 217869 86622 214448 279396
Almonds, with shell Yield 5403.37 Fc 3483.21 Fc 1391.35 Fc 3341.94 Fc 4305.04 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 787 Im 932 Im 1415 Im 1736 Im 1776 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 404 Im 500 F 260 Im 228 Im 232 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 5133.42 Fc 5364.81 Fc 1837.46 Fc 1313.36 Fc 1306.31 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 37844 38974 42189 46020 43205
Apples Production Quantity 650384 774210 690886 881101 694822
Apples Yield 171859 Fc 198648 Fc 163760 Fc 191460 Fc 160820 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 18150 19249 19858 20686 21061
Apricots Production Quantity 156872 137167 121486 143840 127549
Apricots Yield 86430.9 Fc 71259.3 Fc 61177.4 Fc 69534.9 Fc 60561.7 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 18097 18792 18142 19094 19289
Artichokes Production Quantity 228219 200135 300216 306484 289417
Artichokes Yield 126109 Fc 106500 Fc 165481 Fc 160513 Fc 150043 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 11999 13419 13522 14464 14931
Asparagus Production Quantity 56210 47963 54577 60273 64989
Asparagus Yield 46845.6 Fc 35742.6 Fc 40361.6 Fc 41671.1 Fc 43526.2 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 9801 9907 9722 9646 9033
Avocados Production Quantity 79824 74994 76297 76609 74204
Avocados Yield 81444.8 Fc 75698 Fc 78478.7 Fc 79420.5 Fc 82147.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 9585 9553 9715 9646 9179
Bananas Production Quantity 348368 345156 418121 402090 408733
Bananas Yield 363451 Fc 361306 Fc 430387 Fc 416846 Fc 445291 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 3197370 3156120 3178760 3170400 3101520
Barley Production Quantity 8136390 4626060 10639800 8698400 8362330
Barley Seed 820000 F 820000 F 820000 F 793403 590000
Barley Yield 25447.1 Fc 14657.4 Fc 33471.5 Fc 27436.3 Fc 26962 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 9206 10614 11798 11661 10914
Beans, dry Production Quantity 13983 14815 15888 14823 13106
Beans, dry Seed 4600 F 4800 F 4800 F 4868 5498
Beans, dry Yield 15189 Fc 13958 Fc 13466.7 Fc 12711.6 Fc 12008.4 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 16366 15989 17884 17329 19478
Beans, green Production Quantity 247896 233541 229405 258632 269763
Beans, green Yield 151470 Fc 146064 Fc 128274 Fc 149248 Fc 138496 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 490 Im 500 F 360 Im 363 Im 360 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2500 F 3500 F 2797 Im 2967 Im 2655 Im
Berries Nes Yield 51020.4 Fc 70000 Fc 77694.4 Fc 81735.5 Fc 73750 Fc
Blueberries Production Quantity 1119 Im 1000 F 707 Im 750 F 600 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 36641 59515 47661 42100 37100
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 47786 40629 64352 51600 41600
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 5000 F 5500 F 5000 F 4500 F 4300 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 13041.7 Fc 6826.68 Fc 13502 Fc 12256.5 Fc 11212.9 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 8261 8648 7921 7809 9300
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 259159 282003 242374 268579 269885
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 313714 Fc 326090 Fc 305989 Fc 343935 Fc 290199 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 46 Im 48 Im 49 Im 48 Im 49 Im
Canary seed Production Quantity 65 F 53 Im 60 Im 52 Im 53 Im
Canary seed Seed 2.48 Fc 2.07 Fc 2.16 Fc 2.21 Fc 2.16 Fc
Canary seed Yield 14130.4 Fc 11041.7 Fc 12244.9 Fc 10833.3 Fc 10816.3 Fc
Carobs Area Harvested 38100 61600 61600 62700 61200
Carobs Production Quantity 56100 59900 91400 70100 95000
Carobs Yield 14724.4 Fc 9724.03 Fc 14837.7 Fc 11180.2 Fc 15522.9 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 16578 17535 17085 8216 7558
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 587465 573067 508822 448349 436099
Carrots and turnips Yield 354364 Fc 326813 Fc 297818 Fc 545702 Fc 577003 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 25320 25323 25593 26620 25317
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 428089 441800 468344 509911 492778
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 169071 Fc 174466 Fc 182997 Fc 191552 Fc 194643 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 6268890 A 6567640 A 6597290 A 6570670 A 6724040 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 18794400 A 13951300 A 24514800 A 21127700 A 21437600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1618850 A 1483180 A 1441170 A 1528280 A 1162260 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 29980.4 Fc 21242.4 Fc 37158.8 Fc 32154.5 Fc 31882 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6268890 A 6567640 A 6597290 A 6570670 A 6724040 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19035600 A 14225700 A 24808800 A 21412400 A 21710300 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1618850 A 1483180 A 1441170 A 1528280 A 1162260 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 30365.2 Fc 21660.3 Fc 37604.6 Fc 32587.9 Fc 32287.5 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 24326 24115 25859 28727 28661
Cherries Production Quantity 91672 95726 83467 107975 115182
Cherries Yield 37684.8 Fc 39695.6 Fc 32277.7 Fc 37586.6 Fc 40187.7 Fc
Chestnuts Area Harvested 6134 5846 6254 11237 6254
Chestnuts Production Quantity 10140 8629 9510 16821 9362
Chestnuts Yield 16530.8 Fc 14760.5 Fc 15206.3 Fc 14969.3 Fc 14969.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 25205 61015 80944 81528 89309
Chick peas Production Quantity 19764 18783 59390 51132 70467
Chick peas Seed 2600 F 2500 F 6000 F 7815 7500
Chick peas Yield 7841.3 Fc 3078.42 Fc 7337.17 Fc 6271.71 Fc 7890.25 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 120 Im 193 Im 194 Im 196 Im 191 Im
Chicory roots Production Quantity 7000 F 4922 Im 7459 Im 5743 Im 7738 Im
Chicory roots Yield 583333 Fc 255026 Fc 384485 Fc 293010 Fc 405131 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2074 2633 2685 2583 2863
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 5727 7084 7896 6916 7025
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 27613.3 Fc 26904.7 Fc 29407.8 Fc 26775.1 Fc 24537.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 23699 23672 22895 22388 21964
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1147770 1060360 1077030 1056180 1056180
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 484312 Fc 447938 Fc 470421 Fc 471762 Fc 480869 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 4663 3726 2500 F 650 F 1100 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 20917 13248 10000 F 10900 18200
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 44857.4 Fc 35555.6 Fc 40000 Fc 167692 Fc 165455 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 310476 A 309878 A 304954 A 304365 A 289465 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6845580 A 5323960 A 6077000 A 6277790 A 6013950 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 220487 Fc 171808 Fc 199276 Fc 206259 Fc 207761 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4242130 A 4174380 A 4299630 A 4301670 A 4203940 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12789700 A 9374890 A 16829000 A 14267300 A 14069200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1091350 A 1025680 A 1016420 A 1003670 A 740796 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 30149.2 Fc 22458.2 Fc 39140.6 Fc 33166.9 Fc 33466.7 Fc
Coffee, green Production Quantity
Cotton lint Production Quantity 47782 113360 115104 96454 101745
Cottonseed Production Quantity 59200 145900 145851 120624 113440
Cottonseed Seed 2480 * 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 2000 F
Cranberries Production Quantity 110 Im 98 Im 106 Im 112 Im 100 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 8138 7874 7424 7183 7756
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 638871 485170 550378 577124 516832
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 785047 Fc 616167 Fc 741350 Fc 803458 Fc 666364 Fc
Currants Production Quantity 200 F 100 Im 109 Im 116 Im 104 Im
Dates Area Harvested 865 893 866 764 764
Dates Production Quantity 4622 4360 4273 3580 3451
Dates Yield 53433.5 Fc 48824.2 Fc 49341.8 Fc 46858.6 Fc 45170.2 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 3435 3710 3892 3876 3691
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 167991 163783 175534 175629 154412
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 489057 Fc 441464 Fc 451012 Fc 453119 Fc 418347 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 62538 A 86827 A 89832 A 95432 A 87018 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 47821 A 115184 A 118098 A 98654 A 106094 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 7646.71 Fc 13265.9 Fc 13146.5 Fc 10337.6 Fc 12192.2 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 12332 19314 19446 19829 19250
Figs Production Quantity 26442 35295 41297 43533 41130
Figs Yield 21441.8 Fc 18274.3 Fc 21236.8 Fc 21954.2 Fc 21366.2 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 4 23 24 54 84
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 8 18 34 48 78
Flax fibre and tow Yield 20000 Fc 7826.09 Fc 14166.7 Fc 8888.89 Fc 9285.71 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1761590 A 1818500 A 1828610 A 1842930 A 1827100 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 17431800 A 15583700 A 16945400 A 17946800 A 16091300 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 98954.9 Fc 85695.4 Fc 92668.2 Fc 97382.2 Fc 88070.1 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 15000 F 14000 F 15168 Im 15300 F 13890 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 145000 F 120000 F 122556 Im 130000 F 122108 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 96666.7 Fc 85714.3 Fc 80799.1 Fc 84967.3 Fc 87910.7 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 2745 Im 2800 F 3104 Im 3131 Im 3107 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 38035 Im 34000 F 38247 Im 40570 Im 36299 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 138561 Fc 121429 Fc 123218 Fc 129575 Fc 116830 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 15860 17331 21428 21683 23959
Garlic Production Quantity 145372 136400 165425 170161 195178
Garlic Yield 91659.5 Fc 78702.9 Fc 77200.4 Fc 78476.7 Fc 81463.3 Fc
Gooseberries Production Quantity F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1235 1168 1117 951 1037
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 42467 32727 29771 24738 30855
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 343862 Fc 280197 Fc 266526 Fc 260126 Fc 297541 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1135230 1161410 1170630 1172800 1186110
Grapes Production Quantity 6595060 6062500 7064200 7240500 5934560
Grapes Yield 58094.5 Fc 52199.5 Fc 60345.3 Fc 61736.9 Fc 50033.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 202 * 49 42 26 45
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 249 * 140 122 90 115
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 5.94 Fc 36.36 Fc 8.82 Fc 7.56 Fc 4.68 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 12326.7 Fc 28571.4 Fc 29047.6 Fc 34615.4 Fc 25555.6 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 19937 20343 20590 21583 22397
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 24810 23027 26919 12559 26552
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 12444.2 Fc 11319.4 Fc 13073.8 Fc 5818.93 Fc 11855.2 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 5 732 684 721 634
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 31 1806 2960 2152 4271
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 62000 Fc 24672.1 Fc 43274.8 Fc 29847.4 Fc 67365.9 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F 3 F
Hempseed Production Quantity 7 Im 5 Im 7 Im 9 Im 6 Im
Hempseed Seed 0.27999999999999997 Fc 0.21000000000000002 Fc 0.21000000000000002 Fc 0.21000000000000002 Fc 0.21000000000000002 Fc
Hempseed Yield 23333.3 Fc 16666.7 Fc 23333.3 Fc 30000 Fc 20000 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 600 626 642 642 666
Hops Production Quantity 1135 1303 1346 1312 1219
Hops Yield 18916.7 Fc 20814.7 Fc 20965.7 Fc 20436.1 Fc 18303.3 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 1186 1198 900 F 700 F 920 *
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 18463 10931 9427 Im 10000 F 13400 *
Kiwi fruit Yield 155675 Fc 91243.7 Fc 104744 Fc 142857 Fc 145652 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 2849 2635 2537 Im 2418 Im 2425 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 78108 73755 63483 Im 60513 Im 60286 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 274159 Fc 279905 Fc 250229 Fc 250261 Fc 248602 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 9358 7989 7906 6800 7400
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 64402 53619 63395 60500 73100
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 68820.3 Fc 67116 Fc 80185.9 Fc 88970.6 Fc 98783.8 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 43247 45171 47313 47368 47141
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 877134 944836 810263 1129590 933731
Lemons and limes Yield 202820 Fc 209169 Fc 171256 Fc 238471 Fc 198072 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 18125 36151 33103 28726 29729
Lentils Production Quantity 12005 6921 27378 20696 22467
Lentils Seed 1500 F 1600 F 3000 F 2803 3182
Lentils Yield 6623.45 Fc 1914.47 Fc 8270.55 Fc 7204.62 Fc 7557.27 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 37343 37718 36865 37705 37133
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 987331 993387 1048330 1044760 1037060
Lettuce and chicory Yield 264395 Fc 263372 Fc 284370 Fc 277088 Fc 279283 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 6201 Im 6000 * 6000 * 11145 11145
Linseed Production Quantity 6800 F 7000 * 7000 * 3800 3800
Linseed Seed 187.5 Fc 186.03 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc 334.35 Fc
Linseed Yield 10966 Fc 11666.7 Fc 11666.7 Fc 3409.6 Fc 3409.6 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 9705 13690 15563 13832 17479
Lupins Production Quantity 7100 5627 10163 9473 11827
Lupins Yield 7315.82 Fc 4110.3 Fc 6530.23 Fc 6848.61 Fc 6766.41 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 344400 414298 479801 479900 465134
Maize Production Quantity 3355720 3981370 4831150 4338700 4425370
Maize Seed 17000 F 17000 F 17500 * 16834 19500
Maize Yield 97436.7 Fc 96099.2 Fc 100691 Fc 90408.4 Fc 95141.8 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 367 369 393 1206 1206
Millet Production Quantity 604 696 762 3011 3011
Millet Seed 6.18 Fc 9.18 Fc 9.23 Fc 9.83 Fc 30.15 Fc
Millet Yield 16457.8 Fc 18861.8 Fc 19389.3 Fc 24966.8 Fc 24966.8 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 19020 12753 39523 35391 35391
Mixed grain Production Quantity 48862 21260 100890 60415 60415
Mixed grain Seed 2158.95 Fc 2853 Fc 1912.95 Fc 5928.45 Fc 5308.65 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 25689.8 Fc 16670.6 Fc 25526.9 Fc 17070.7 Fc 17070.7 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 318 291 309 308 334
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 135419 137764 138782 129205 134669
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 4258460 Fc 4734160 Fc 4491330 Fc 4194970 Fc 4032010 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1795 Im 1934 Im 1928 Im 2000 F 3200 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 5573 Im 4000 F 4128 Im 5000 F 8000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 31047.3 Fc 20682.5 Fc 21410.8 Fc 25000 Fc 25000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 524389 457847 479801 477000 455185
Oats Production Quantity 948185 542108 1042980 873400 916000
Oats Seed 195000 F 145000 F 142000 F 141803 100500
Oats Yield 18081.7 Fc 11840.4 Fc 21737.8 Fc 18310.3 Fc 20123.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 697728 A 617126 A 853226 A 897494 A 858709 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 351802 A 264688 A 470332 A 426402 A 430530 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 2998.12 A 2098.06 A 2111.63 A 2386.41 A 2963.15 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5042.11 Fc 4289.05 Fc 5512.39 Fc 4751.03 Fc 5013.68 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3181430 A 3082390 A 3318000 A 3337070 A 3289290 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1536120 A 1070740 A 1509870 A 1997460 A 1311400 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 1808.71 A 1466.58 A 1485.2 A 1744.01 A 1929.74 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4828.4 Fc 3473.75 Fc 4550.54 Fc 5985.67 Fc 3986.87 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 2483700 2465260 2464770 2439580 2430580
Olives Production Quantity 5679020 4021720 5200030 7553570 4414910
Olives Yield 22865.2 Fc 16313.6 Fc 21097.4 Fc 30962.6 Fc 18164 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1081 1029 1981 Im 1888 Im 1894 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 29258 21704 37287 Im 35543 Im 35410 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 270657 Fc 210923 Fc 188223 Fc 188257 Fc 186959 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 21108 21503 22162 21324 21498
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1099550 1006050 1030450 936827 1022100
Onions, dry Yield 520916 Fc 467865 Fc 464963 Fc 439330 Fc 475440 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 140039 138769 135668 136757 121445
Oranges Production Quantity 3397010 2376230 2767150 3052180 2963060
Oranges Yield 242576 Fc 171236 Fc 203965 Fc 223183 Fc 243984 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity
Other Bastfibres Yield
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 40294 40423 37594 38873 39156
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1087920 1086720 1071150 1071190 1101780
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 269996 Fc 268837 Fc 284926 Fc 275561 Fc 281382 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 80258 79077 78452 78453 77707
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 1245530 1260880 987574 1270820 1275830
Peaches and nectarines Yield 155191 Fc 159450 Fc 125883 Fc 161985 Fc 164185 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 33630 33535 35973 38136 33202
Pears Production Quantity 593858 639809 609461 728266 630673
Pears Yield 176586 Fc 190788 Fc 169422 Fc 190965 Fc 189950 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 149251 151540 137098 105248 79653
Peas, dry Production Quantity 189819 132549 201206 148231 100231
Peas, dry Seed 15750 * 20000 * 20000 * 18136 11219
Peas, dry Yield 12718.1 Fc 8746.8 Fc 14676.1 Fc 14084 Fc 12583.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 11470 8415 9640 7780 7691
Peas, green Production Quantity 77793 54759 69387 55225 56198
Peas, green Yield 67823 Fc 65073.1 Fc 71978.2 Fc 70983.3 Fc 73069.8 Fc
Peppermint Area Harvested 25 F 25 F 25 F 26 F 26 F
Peppermint Production Quantity 550 F 550 F 600 F 600 F 600 F
Peppermint Yield 220000 Fc 220000 Fc 240000 Fc 230769 Fc 230769 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 20520 20971 19570 20369 19231
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 178705 251812 145631 230314 210900
Plums and sloes Yield 87088.2 Fc 120076 Fc 74415.4 Fc 113071 Fc 109667 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 110 F 4270 F 111 Im 112 Im 110 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 100 F 3850 F 106 Im 104 Im 100 F
Poppy seed Yield 9090.91 Fc 9016.39 Fc 9549.55 Fc 9285.71 Fc 9090.91 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 87199 94998 102120 101101 110146
Potatoes Production Quantity 2515000 2563460 2773570 2664960 3078140
Potatoes Seed 123000 F 125000 F 136300 F 145930 157300
Potatoes Yield 288421 Fc 269844 Fc 271599 Fc 263594 Fc 279460 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 21618 90277 106900 123100 119000
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 16310 21751 89000 79600 98300
Pulses, nes Seed 990.08 Fc 1513.26 Fc 6319.39 Fc 7483 Fc 8617 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 7544.64 Fc 2409.36 Fc 8325.54 Fc 6466.29 Fc 8260.5 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 317546 A 564902 A 577596 A 572795 A 551384 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 346389 A 285510 A 596385 A 521655 A 489098 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 35628.9 A 43082.5 A 66434.4 A 67284.3 A 65306 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10908.3 Fc 5054.15 Fc 10325.3 Fc 9107.18 Fc 8870.37 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7400 F 7000 F 7700 F 7768 7696
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 312000 F 297000 F 337000 F 344497 334500
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 421622 Fc 424286 Fc 437662 Fc 443482 Fc 434641 Fc
Pyrethrum,Dried Production Quantity
Quinces Area Harvested 1380 1373 1334 1012 724 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 13136 18812 17285 14189 4000 Im
Quinces Yield 95188.4 Fc 137014 Fc 129573 Fc 140208 Fc 55248.6 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 5481 3401 5512 4300 6814
Rapeseed Production Quantity 7926 4113 8760 5752 10787
Rapeseed Seed 276.96 Fc 76.73 Fc 47.61 Fc 77.17 Fc 60.2 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 14460.9 Fc 12093.5 Fc 15892.6 Fc 13376.7 Fc 15830.6 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1372 Im 1400 F 1200 F 1134 Im 1125 F
Raspberries Production Quantity 7500 F 7000 F 6000 F 5029 Im 4500 F
Raspberries Yield 54664.7 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 44347.4 Fc 40000 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 106535 119150 122632 117500 113468
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 724351 824114 883131 855000 818920
Rice, paddy Seed 17500 F 17500 F 19750 F 17650 10068
Rice, paddy Yield 67991.8 Fc 69166.1 Fc 72014.7 Fc 72766 Fc 72171.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 400 F 331 Im 355 Im 350 F 400 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 9500 F 8000 F 7318 Im 7000 F 8000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 237500 Fc 241692 Fc 206141 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 89071 A 96788 A 103939 A 102334 A 111888 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2549280 A 2595010 A 2805180 A 2683140 A 3109140 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 123000 A 125000 A 136300 A 145930 A 157300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 286208 Fc 268113 Fc 269887 Fc 262195 Fc 277879 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 106073 88746 90669 91300 102103
Rye Production Quantity 164997 129096 162718 184400 176556
Rye Seed 45000 F 32000 F 32000 F 36352 15400
Rye Yield 15555 Fc 14546.7 Fc 17946.4 Fc 20197.2 Fc 17292 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 78 48 111 147 64
Safflower seed Production Quantity 67 18 90 108 43
Safflower seed Seed 4.14 Fc 7.02 Fc 4.32 Fc 9.99 Fc 13.23 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 8589.74 Fc 3750 Fc 8108.11 Fc 7346.94 Fc 6718.75 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 62529 86072 89124 94657 86300
Seed cotton Production Quantity 145079 343823 351587 295056 304505
Seed cotton Yield 23201.9 Fc 39946 Fc 39449.2 Fc 31171.1 Fc 35284.5 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 5420 6511 7155 6420 7597
Sorghum Production Quantity 20519 22119 24581 21315 28846
Sorghum Seed 300 F 270 F 265 F 265 303
Sorghum Yield 37857.9 Fc 33971.7 Fc 34355 Fc 33200.9 Fc 37970.3 Fc
Sour cherries Production Quantity 2200 F 1600 F 2205 Im 2339 Im 2093 Im
Soybeans Area Harvested 630 1123 148 272 600
Soybeans Production Quantity 1519 2797 394 623 1600
Soybeans Seed 43 * 55 F 55 F 7 F 14
Soybeans Yield 24111.1 Fc 24906.5 Fc 26621.6 Fc 22904.4 Fc 26666.7 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2500 F 1395 Im 1650 Im 1673 Im 2227 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 2800 F 1542 Im 1719 Im 1506 Im 2600 F
Spices, nes Yield 11200 Fc 11053.8 Fc 10418.2 Fc 9001.79 Fc 11674.9 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 3367 3016 2798 2870 3060
Spinach Production Quantity 65030 62262 53723 55054 55931
Spinach Yield 193139 Fc 206439 Fc 192005 Fc 191826 Fc 182781 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 8296 8748 7713 9145 8904
Strawberries Production Quantity 330485 320853 334892 264237 279441
Strawberries Yield 398367 Fc 366773 Fc 434192 Fc 288942 Fc 313838 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 85516 102104 103109 99834 113764
Sugar beet Production Quantity 5827030 7291090 7174940 6365140 8197290
Sugar beet Yield 681396 Fc 714085 Fc 695860 Fc 637572 Fc 720552 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 292 614 1095 1100 882
Sugar cane Production Quantity 16425 43405 66810 83349 78604
Sugar cane Yield 562500 Fc 706922 Fc 610137 Fc 757718 Fc 891202 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 622494 516160 752175 786832 753628
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 662083 381275 820872 762524 771107
Sunflower seed Seed 3000 F 2900 F 3000 F 3621 3564
Sunflower seed Yield 10636 Fc 7386.76 Fc 10913.3 Fc 9691.06 Fc 10231.9 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1472 1459 1464 883 1342
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 24781 23554 24290 11182 22995
Sweet potatoes Yield 168349 Fc 161439 Fc 165915 Fc 126636 Fc 171349 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 121292 121044 118356 118639 118742
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 2508050 1956920 2459820 2060380 2068100
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 206778 Fc 161670 Fc 207832 Fc 173668 Fc 174168 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 10123 12944 13150 13747 13627
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 32563 40251 40596 40192 41525
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 32167.3 Fc 31096.3 Fc 30871.5 Fc 29236.9 Fc 30472.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 56690 72285 69902 62973 59266
Tomatoes Production Quantity 3800550 4810300 4383200 3947330 3979720
Tomatoes Yield 670409 Fc 665463 Fc 627049 Fc 626829 Fc 671501 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 613083 A 659452 A 657328 A 682023 A 686181 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 362725 A 262154 A 135693 A 258246 A 336967 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 5916.41 Fc 3975.33 Fc 2064.31 Fc 3786.47 Fc 4910.76 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 45044 37685 23476 40000 35750
Triticale Production Quantity 114317 52130 26054 87600 96597
Triticale Seed 11878.8 Fc 8545.8 Fc 2728.6 Fc 9076.8 Fc 9751.6 Fc
Triticale Yield 25379 Fc 13833.1 Fc 11098.1 Fc 21900 Fc 27020.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 25000 F 22000 F 26148 Im 24924 Im 25000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 500000 F 450000 F 526514 Im 501883 Im 500000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 200000 Fc 204545 Fc 201359 Fc 201365 Fc 200000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 380205 A 392832 A 398537 A 380315 A 381473 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 12875300 A 13391200 A 13411000 A 12806900 A 12758800 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 338641 Fc 340888 Fc 336506 Fc 336744 Fc 334462 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 380205 A 392832 A 398537 A 380315 A 381473 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12875300 A 13391200 A 13411000 A 12806900 A 12758800 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 338641 Fc 340888 Fc 336506 Fc 336744 Fc 334462 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 47795 142100 144529 166600 168200
Vetches Production Quantity 39622 44435 129008 146100 131100
Vetches Seed 5188.8 Fc 7169.25 Fc 21315 Fc 21679.3 Fc 24990 Fc
Vetches Yield 8289.99 Fc 3127.02 Fc 8926.1 Fc 8769.51 Fc 7794.29 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 6500 F 5846 5979 5515 5333
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 9500 F 8629 8514 9418 13657
Walnuts, with shell Yield 14615.4 Fc 14760.5 Fc 14239.8 Fc 17077.1 Fc 25608.5 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 16174 16235 17209 16022 15677
Watermelons Production Quantity 730902 719621 816208 733047 622546
Watermelons Yield 451899 Fc 443253 Fc 474291 Fc 457525 Fc 397108 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1920230 2274110 2175030 2151500 2406640
Wheat Production Quantity 5521580 4026690 7096720 6290100 6822160
Wheat Seed 510000 F 440000 F 405000 * 506956 411400
Wheat Yield 28754.8 Fc 17706.7 Fc 32628.2 Fc 29235.9 Fc 28347.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 27534.3 Fm 27545 Q 27970 Q 28142 Q 28004 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 691.2 W 640.5 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 626.6 W 347.8 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 3306 Q 3207 Q 3359.8 Q 3318 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 1625 W 1434 W 1330.8 W 1129.8 W 804.9 W
Arable land Area 12512.3 Fm 12528 Q 12497 Q 12488 Q 12586 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 17210.3 Fm 17221 Q 17216 Q 17272 Q 17396 W
Country area Area 50560 Q 50560 Q 50537 W 50537 Q 50537 Q
Fallow land Area 3810 Q 3733 W 3363 Q 3895 Q
Forest area Area 18349.3 Fm 18173.3 Q 17997.3 Fm 17821.2 Fm 17645.2 Fm
Inland water Area 680 Fm 680 Fm 657 Fm 657 Fm 626 Fm
Land area Area 49880 Fm 49880 Fm 49880 Fm 49880 Q 49911 Q
Other land Area 3996.45 Fm 4161.72 Fm 3912.7 Fm 3916.8 Fm 4261.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 4698 Fm 4693 Q 4719 W 4784 Q 4810 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10324 Fm 10324 Q 10754 Q 10870 Q 10608 W
Temporary crops Area 7677 Q 7765 Q 8163 Q 7659 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 1041 Q 999 Q 962 Q 1032 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3650 Fm 3650 Fm 3645 I 3818 Q 3815 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 28613 Q 29164 Q 29071 Q 29153 Q 29419 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area 605.3 I 470.8 I 430.9 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 321.1 Fm 336.8 Fm 302.3 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 3320 Q 3415 Q 3414 Q 3577 Q 3780 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 736.9 W 622.8 W 561.5 W
Arable land Area 12720 Q 12913 Q 13025 Q 13017 Q 12909 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 17578 Q 17844 Q 17957 Q 17981 Q 17886 W
Country area Area 50537 Q 50537 W 50537 W 50537 W 50532 Q
Fallow land Area 3800 Q 3500 Q 3400 Q 3353 Q 3137 W
Forest area Area 17469.2 Fm 17293.2 Q 17232.1 Fm 17171.1 Fm 17110 Fm
Inland water Area 639 Fm 628 Fm 619 Fm 616 Fm 628 Fm
Land area Area 49898 Q 49909 Q 49918 Q 49921 W 49904 Q
Other land Area 3815.8 Fm 3451.8 Fm 3614.9 Fm 3596.9 Fm 3375 Fm
Permanent crops Area 4858 Q 4931 W 4932 W 4964 W 4977 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 11035 Q 11320 Q 11114 Q 11172 Q 11533 W
Temporary crops Area 7827 Q 8345 Q 8576 Q 8575 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 1093 Q 1068 Q 1049 Q 1089 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3840 Q 3858 Q 3803 Q 3772 W 3780 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files