Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Egypt

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Egypt
  • General data
  • Region: North Africa
  • Area (km2): 100,100
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical
  • Capital: Cairo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 75,466,539
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$1,580
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$119,454,449,664
  • GDP: US$130,475,663,360
  • Agriculture, value added: US$17,510,287,360
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2015; Seleim et al., 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentAl-Fattah et al., 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 1974OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1971OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEl Goorani, 1973; El Nasr et al., 1990; Abo & El Dahab El Goorani, 1984; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; El-Helaly et al., 1964
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentAhmad et al., 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentEllis, 1971; Michail et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentBeshir, 1994; Mehiar et al., 1976
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentEl-Sayed et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesOmar, 1986; UK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHarpophora maydis (late wilt of maize)PresentSamra et al., 1963; Mouchacca, 1994
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Punithalingam & Holliday, 1973; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentCMI, 1989; Punithalingam & Holliday, 1973; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentHaggag, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesCMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984; Anon, 1964
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadBassiouni et al., 1987; Abdel-Hak et al., 1966; Abdel-Hak et al., 1982; Patpour et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)LocalisedIntroducedSamaan & Aleem, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentRashad et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentWahab et al., 1974; Abou-Awad, 1979; Abou-Awad, 1980; Osman, 1975; Osman & Zaki, 1986; Hassan et al., 1987; Attiah, 1971; EPPO, 2014; Atalla & Atrouzy, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedFERA, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadAwadallah et al., 1976; Nasr et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentVulic & Beltran, 1977; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)LocalisedHenry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001; Attia & El-Kady, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Absent, unreliable recordMeyer et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentMunro, 1984; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesHendel, 1927; El-Samea & Fetoh, 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)WidespreadCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBrown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentEncyclopedia of Life, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentBaker & Tuttle, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)WidespreadHammad, 1978; Mourad & Zaghloul, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadHammad, 1978; Zaghoul & Mourad, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedSavigny, 1817
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadNativeRüppell, 1830; Balss, 1936
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)PresentIntroducedNewstead, 1907; Hall, 1923
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeHarakly, 1974; Harakly et al., 1982; CIE, 1977; Nazmi et al., 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSalama, 1970; Nada, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentAli et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedWillcocks , 1916; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesNour et al., 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; El Nahal et al., 1971; Norrbom et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentNada, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentCABI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentA-Ibrahim et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentAbd-Rabou, 2001; CIE, 1966; Adly et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesEl-Wahab et al., 2011; Wahab et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK CAB International, 1983; Jacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)WidespreadIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; Williams & Greathead, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentEl-Shanshoury et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentEl-Serwy, 2003; Martinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentAli et al., 1978; Abdel-Lateef et al., 1978; Nasr et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedElnagar et al., 1996; NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentRizk et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadSeymour et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeHolthuis & Gottlies, 1958
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Presentde Freina, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentGreen, 1925b; El-Minshawy & Moursi, 1976; CIE, 1979; Hall, 1926; Ezzat & Hussein, 1969; Nada et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentKhidr et al., 1990; IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentYesBolton, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Ibrahim et al., 2015; El-Zahi et al., 2016; Beshr et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeHall, 1928
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, few occurrencesLarsen & Nakamura, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentGaaboub et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentLai et al., 2010; Fox, 1924
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO, 2014; CIE, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentIntroducedIbrahim et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedYesHentonnen & Huner , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentTaher Sayed, 1942; Zaher et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentEl Nahal et al., 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993; CIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; CIE, 1968; Cayrol, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Abd-Rabou & Simmons, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentAlfazairy et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)WidespreadCIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentIntroducedYesMartin, 1987; Idriss et al., 1997; Abd-Rabou, 1999; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentIntroducedBanks &, 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014; El-Arnaouty & Kortam, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Hassan & Mohamed, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedYesNHM, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)Present, few occurrencesNativeManlius et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present only in captivity/cultivationCockrill, 1977; Long, 2003; Borghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)WidespreadIntroducedYesRyall, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Costa et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesMotabar, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)WidespreadNativeDaget et al., 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)PresentNativePaugy , 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)WidespreadNativeAllen, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedMichaelsen, 1919
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedDIAS, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentNativeFalk et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeVladykov, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)LocalisedZipCodeZoo, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Lever, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeHassanine, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentNativeIta, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)EradicatedNativeOliver et al., 1993; IUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativePhilippart & Ruwet, 1982; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeSpawls et al., 2002; Bayless, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Dumont, 2009; Green & El-Moghraby, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)LocalisedIntroducedBarash & Danin, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisWidespreadIntroducedPallary, 1912; Galil, 2006; Fuchs Th, 1878; Oliver, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeDaget, 1998; Gruvel, 1933; Korniushin, 2004; Smith, 1908
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedZidan et al., 1997; Taylor, 1914
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesObuid-Allah et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentNativeAbdel-Haleem, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentIntroducedDemian & Kamel, 1973; Brown, 1994; Cowie & Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014; Damme et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)WidespreadNativeOlivier, 1804
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentIntroducedHoffman et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedYesMonterosato, 1878
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedWu & Xie, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014; Cowie, 1990; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedYesMohamed & Nouh, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides arachidis (groundnut testa nematode)PresentMontasser et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentBarat et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2011; Kleynhans, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode)PresentAboul-Eid & Ghorab, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2011; Diab, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadIbrahim et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ibrahim & Handoo, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; Ibrahim et al., 1972; Ibrahim & Rezek, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentOteifa, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadOteifa, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiAbsent, unreliable recordRysavy & Moravec, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentPapenfuss, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentMagda et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeGalal & El-Ghandour, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativePapenfuss, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeAleem, 1993; Papenfuss, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedEl-Lakany, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Boulos & El Hadidi, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeDogan, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; PROTA, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentCJBG SANBI; Tackholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentTackholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHauman, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedCJB, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Shams El Din & Salwau, 1994; El Bially & El Samie, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)WidespreadIntroducedYesBoulos & El-Hadidi, 1984; Greuter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedBoulos & El-Hadidi, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; USDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedAzzam & Tawfik, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentNativeYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentAbd El Ghani, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Encyclopedia of Life, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeCooper & Moerkerk, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeYesJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Post , 1933; Maire , 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedYesJahandiez & Maire , 1931; Maire , 1955; Cooper & Moerkerk , 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeYesJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedYesJahandiez & Maire, 1931; Maire, 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeMeusel et al., 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedEl-Abyad et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedICRAF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedEl-Lakany & Yuness, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005; El-Lakhany, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadKhattab & El-Gharably, 1990; Imam et al., 1972; Kew Herbarium, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentTackholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadFarag & Koriem, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedEraky, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKhalifa & Loutify, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeRandall, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015; Flora Zambesiaca, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedParsons & Cuthbertson, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentMoawad, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)WidespreadIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedBoulos & el-Hadidi, 1984; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentNativeTackholm, 1974; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeYesUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedBoulos & El-Hadidi, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Boulos & Nabil El-Hadidi, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentTäckholm, 1974; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedAttalla, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentYesClayton & Renvoize, 1982; Tõckholm, 1974; Launert & Pope, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedMashaly & Awad, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedHassan & Mahrous, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadNativeGreuter et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadIntroducedYesFayad et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentAhmed, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Restricted distributionNativeYesKosinova, 1974; Greuter et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentGab-Alla et al., 1985; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; Atalla, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedCaius, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadNativeYesEl-Naggar, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeeFloras, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; El-Bially & El-Samie, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Abd & El-Gawad Shehata, 2014; El Shayeb et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)WidespreadIntroducedSheded & Hassan, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeSpringuel & Murphy, 1991; Ali & Soltan, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; ISSG, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)PresentNativeYesUniversity of Reading, 2006; Mossallam et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentAmmar et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Chater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; Parker & Wilson, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentArasi Lawrence Company, 2013; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentEl-Khanagry, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeTäckholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeFlora of Egypt, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedPost & Dinsmore, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedYesZahran & Willis, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Shaltout et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedTownsend et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedFerry & Gómez, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedBoulos, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedYousif et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentGRIN, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentTõckholm, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeUNEP, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesEl Fadl, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentSaleh et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentNativeMuschler, 1912
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeValdes & Scholz, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHassan et al., 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeYesMashaly & Awad, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesBoyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentSchwartz, 1939; USDA-ARS, 2014; Tõckholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, few occurrencesNativeTackholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedNazif, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentTackholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSauer, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Owino & Mousa, 1996; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)WidespreadNativeBaum, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedYesChukwuka, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTackholm, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeKhedr & El-Demerdash, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTawfik et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresent, few occurrencesNativeGreuter et al., 1984; Africa Plants Database, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentNativeAli et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedYesEl-Metwally & Ahmed, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIbrahim et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumLocalisedHalim, 1960
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011; MOHAMMED, 1958
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusLast reported 1959OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian metapneumovirusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentYesMagee, 1927; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
VirusBanana streak diseaseRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMakkouk et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 1974OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadMazyad et al., 1981; Phatak, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2004; Wisler et al., 1998
Virusduck hepatitis A virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusLast reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusWidespreadKatul et al., 1993; Makkouk et al., 1994
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Last reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentAhmed et al., 2004
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 1965OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Aboul-Ata & Ammar, 1989
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)WidespreadAmmar, 1975; CABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentOmar et al., 2011
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentOthman, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusLast reported 1989OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)WidespreadIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; Mazyad et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1987OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentRagab et al., 2009
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)Present
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)WidespreadMazyad et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentRashad et al., 1985; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentAl-Fattah et al., 2010; OIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentEl-Seify & Eissa, 1990; OIE, 2012
anguillicolosisPresentIntroducedYesMohamed & Nouh, 2004
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Amin & Mostageer, 1977; Amal, 1998
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2012
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009; Soliman, 1990
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2012; El-Seify & Eissa, 1990; Nierlich, 1990; Ashmawy et al., 1998; Salem, 1999
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Soliman et al., 1972; Hafez & Ozawa, 1973; Barsoum, 1992; Hilmy Zaki, 1965; Ayoub & Singh, 1970
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionAbsent, unreliable recordRysavy & Moravec, 1973
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2012; Seddek, 1999; AU-IBAR, 2011
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentEl-Gohary & Hattab, 1992; OIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxNo information availableOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSchmatz et al., 1978; Kay, 1997
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2012
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverNo information availableOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Shalaby et al., 1978
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodNo information availableOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaLast reported 1970OIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1996
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisPresentRosypal et al., 2013; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
lumpy skin diseaseLast reported 2006OIE, 2012; Ali et al., 1990; House et al., 1990; Michael et al., 1997; Ayre-Smith, 1960
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011; MOHAMMED, 1958
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedSixl et al., 1989; OIE, 2012
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Salem et al., 1995
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverLast reported 2004OIE, 2012
rinderpestLast reported 1986OIE, 2012
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxLast reported 1999OIE, 2012; Soad et al., 1996
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, unreliable recordIntroducedFERA, 2010; OIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraNo information availableOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentAbd-El-Salam et al., 1994; Zaki, 1965; El-Refaii, 1977; OIE, 1998
theileriosisPresentOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2012
tuberculosisPresentAU-IBAR, 2011
tularaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Youssef & Ahmed, 1996; Mona et al., 1997
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Hassan & Mohamed, 2003
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hayes, 1989
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested31055Im29083Im25972Im26000F 26000F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity27658Im23888Im17918Im22000F 22000F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield8906.13Fc8213.73Fc6898.97Fc8461.54Fc8461.54Fc
ApplesArea Harvested2095621088215692388324140
ApplesProduction Quantity455817493119508833550743557944
ApplesYield217511Fc233839Fc235909Fc230600Fc231128Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested62476241660265466416*
ApricotsProduction Quantity9664392704112977106165101139
ApricotsYield154703Fc148540Fc171125Fc162183Fc157636Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested94768909840176618001
ArtichokesProduction Quantity202458215534209614176372172701
ArtichokesYield213653Fc241928Fc249511Fc230221Fc215849Fc
BananasArea Harvested2349522665239432373321570
BananasProduction Quantity1054240102895011205201062450945429
BananasYield448708Fc453982Fc467995Fc447668Fc438307Fc
BarleyArea Harvested67520877529498076432102940
BarleyProduction Quantity122294117113148415149238178344
BarleySeed5000F 5000F 500090004000F
BarleyYield18112.3Fc13345.9Fc15625.9Fc19525.6Fc17325Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested3487119664233423150420850
Beans, dryProduction Quantity10062252904658669641360790
Beans, drySeed8000F 8000F 8000F 8000F 8000F
Beans, dryYield28855.5Fc26904Fc28217.8Fc30603.4Fc29155.9Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested2936726316283902332730669F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity305561270740282297247336330257
Beans, greenYield104049Fc102880Fc99435.4Fc106030Fc107684Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested131Im127Im123Im136Im134Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity958Im925Im994Im928Im903Im
Berries NesYield73129.8Fc72834.6Fc80813Fc68235.3Fc67388.1Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested5520077149865197144589030
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity174631233523297620246801301770
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed25000F 25000F 25000F 25000F 25000F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield31636Fc30269.1Fc34399.4Fc34544.2Fc33895.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2093922977229462112020420
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity626011690597740413638690616670
Cabbages and other brassicasYield298969Fc300560Fc322676Fc302410Fc301993Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested51594666573362175990
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity150339138996175923185830169550
Carrots and turnipsYield291411Fc297891Fc306860Fc298906Fc283055Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested72344351363647124420
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity20120111786499494124680115620
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield278132Fc270889Fc273636Fc264601Fc261584Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested3037790A 2989660A 3179080A 3173030A 2894540A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity20125100A 18008800A 20918600A 21301600A 19275200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed350336A 350336A 332107A 361918A 368410A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield66249.2Fc60236.8Fc65800.8Fc67133.4Fc66591.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3037790A 2989660A 3179080A 3173030A 2894540A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity22014900A 19450500A 22756900A 23717000A 21565200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed350336A 350336A 332107A 361918A 368410A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield72470.1Fc65059.2Fc71583.4Fc74745.6Fc74503Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested31663896266037044563
Chick peasProduction Quantity63167581562478669527
Chick peasSeed650F 650F 650F 650F 650F
Chick peasYield19949.5Fc19458.4Fc21142.9Fc21236.5Fc20878.8Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested17327Im16227Im14489Im14500F 14500F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity62345Im53846Im40349Im45600F 45600F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield35981.4Fc33183Fc27848Fc31448.3Fc31448.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested3966638390453714240539953
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity670434655841792836703408651822
Chillies and peppers, greenYield169020Fc170836Fc174745Fc165879Fc163147Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested346335322308250F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity57854723533349723800F
Citrus fruit, nesYield167197Fc140985Fc165621Fc161429Fc152000Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested166207A 157090A 154682A 149666A 165619A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3730690A 3522960A 3999380A 3233460A 3143390A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield224460Fc224264Fc258555Fc216045Fc189797Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1159660A 1242510A 1268310A 1201290A 1049510A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity7932760A 7943600A 8713450A 8486600A 7309400A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed36000A 36000A 36000A 41000A 43300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield68406.1Fc63932Fc68701.1Fc70645.8Fc69645.9Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity137000F 137000* 95000* 105000* 222000*
CottonseedProduction Quantity218450187437144717193270320800
CottonseedSeed2000F 2000F 2000F 2000F 2000F
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested1805Im1946Im2157Im2040Im2195Im
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity6150Im6410Im8000F 7500F 5378Im
Cow peas, drySeed130F 130F 130F 130F 130F
Cow peas, dryYield34072Fc32939.4Fc37088.6Fc36764.7Fc24501.1Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested2912028238271693209030000F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity665070631408600027595732671468
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield228389Fc223602Fc220850Fc185644Fc223823Fc
DatesArea Harvested4165241945369243682836450
DatesProduction Quantity13735701352950127048013261301313700
DatesYield329773Fc322553Fc344080Fc360087Fc360412Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested4502044900F 468834836047346
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity11664301229790129019012426701160620
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield259092Fc273895Fc275194Fc256962Fc245136Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested230051A 166639A 130186A 141843A 252285A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity147500A 147500A 104939A 114884A 233429A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield6411.62Fc8851.47Fc8060.7Fc8099.38Fc9252.59Fc
FigsArea Harvested2847931773319603281876258
FigsProduction Quantity165483184972286682304110262307
FigsYield58107Fc58216.7Fc89700.3Fc92665.6Fc34397.3Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested10100F 10100Im10014Im9796Im9465Im
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity8300F 8300Im8274Im8228Im9514Im
Flax fibre and towYield8217.82Fc8217.82Fc8262.43Fc8399.35Fc10051.8Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested490874A 477153A 462031A 455807A 514496A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9922290A 9581200A 10299000A 9617020A 9393120A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield202135Fc200799Fc222906Fc210989Fc182569Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested25057Im24357180031768319000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity481715Im465155409811361504374400F
Fruit Fresh NesYield192248Fc190974Fc227635Fc204436Fc197053Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested1015Im987Im956Im1055Im1041Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity9042Im8731Im9385Im8765Im8532Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield89083.7Fc88460Fc98169.5Fc83080.6Fc81959.6Fc
GarlicArea Harvested12145967473291179410442
GarlicProduction Quantity295845244626195743339624234570
GarlicYield243594Fc252870Fc267080Fc287963Fc224641Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested163132124298319
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity23382237219222152350
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield143436Fc169470Fc176774Fc74328.9Fc73667.7Fc
GrapesArea Harvested6483564034639586466062730
GrapesProduction Quantity13208001360250137024015314201485010
GrapesYield203717Fc212426Fc214241Fc236842Fc236730Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested6505066764637806140165250
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity206574202906198012208835217580
Groundnuts, with shellSeed3500F 3500F 3500F 3300F 3200F
Groundnuts, with shellYield31756.2Fc30391.5Fc31046.1Fc34011.7Fc33345.6Fc
JuteArea Harvested1500F 1500Im710F 710F 820F
JuteProduction Quantity2200F 2200Im1665Im1656Im1915Im
JuteYield14666.7Fc14666.7Fc23450.7Fc23323.9Fc23353.7Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested1500A 1500A 710A 710A 820A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity2200A 2200A 1665A 1656A 1915A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield14666.7Fc14666.7Fc23450.7Fc23323.9Fc23353.7Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested628176401891485509840
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity79940106088255853105590123230
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield127273Fc138859Fc135272Fc123497Fc125234Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1401815534154791599737440
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity296773318111809795329741324509
Lemons and limesYield211709Fc204784Fc523157Fc206127Fc86674.4Fc
LentilsArea Harvested10601380801612790
LentilsProduction Quantity17952178148412411540
LentilsSeed280F 280F 280F 280F 280F
LentilsYield16934Fc15782.6Fc18526.8Fc20277.8Fc19493.7Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested41984214395349484876
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity943449773980116111666115413
Lettuce and chicoryYield224736Fc231939Fc202671Fc225679Fc236696Fc
LinseedArea Harvested33893339536984438748
LinseedProduction Quantity4536455278881187912226
LinseedSeed2700F 2700F 1700F 2000F 1600F
LinseedYield13384.5Fc13632.8Fc14691.8Fc14069.6Fc13975.8Fc
LupinsArea Harvested15311503148213021574
LupinsProduction Quantity31673077288123842885
LupinsSeed260F 260F 260F 260F 260F
LupinsYield20685.8Fc20472.4Fc19440Fc18310.3Fc18329.1Fc
MaizeArea Harvested888329968519983081936254775910
MaizeProduction Quantity68764707041100768609074014106243220
MaizeSeed28000F 28000F 280002800035000F
MaizeYield77409.1Fc72699.7Fc78183.7Fc79053.4Fc80463.2Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested7100963793608905547348520
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity598084505741534434466436532422
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield84226.5Fc79278.4Fc87770.4Fc84083.4Fc109732Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested2508391646113400F 2600F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity18389208652244517000F 12000F
Nuts, nesYield73321.4Fc53281.4Fc48677.1Fc50000Fc46153.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested337758A 292893A 255231A 246515A 367668A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity247856A 251798A 217169A 237359A 309415A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed4388.57A 4388.57A 3981.03A 4156.93A 3588.02A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield7338.27Fc8596.94Fc8508.74Fc9628.59Fc8415.61Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested390426A 343054A 301505A 292715A 414208A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity231866A 222207A 227006A 233265A 267115A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed2605.01A 2605.01A 2448.33A 2547.45A 2136.08A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5938.79Fc6477.31Fc7529.09Fc7969Fc6448.82Fc
OkraArea Harvested67256885932572007540
OkraProduction Quantity8404186232134665104690117940
OkraYield124968Fc125246Fc144413Fc145403Fc156419Fc
OlivesArea Harvested5266850161462744620046540
OlivesProduction Quantity459650390932449009480071507053
OlivesYield87273.1Fc77935.4Fc97032.7Fc103911Fc108950Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested6372361535597815283346467
Onions, dryProduction Quantity23042102208080212858019489401485930
Onions, dryYield361598Fc358833Fc356063Fc368887Fc319782Fc
OrangesArea Harvested110421101263985199333989340
OrangesProduction Quantity25777202401020237226021384302054630
OrangesYield233445Fc237107Fc240792Fc229104Fc229979Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested4231341484384923866132375
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity10384101076770918360923718829779
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield245412Fc259563Fc238585Fc238928Fc256302Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested3125533017339173360433360*
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity332487273256363209399416425273
Peaches and nectarinesYield106379Fc82762.2Fc107088Fc118860Fc127480Fc
PearsArea Harvested37413631159733413057*
PearsProduction Quantity4881744713542294890850414
PearsYield130492Fc123142Fc339568Fc146387Fc164913Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested2801150F 44Im47Im
Peas, dryProduction Quantity608990F 80F 76Im
Peas, drySeed5F 5F 5F 5F 5F
Peas, dryYield21714.3Fc8181.82Fc18000Fc18181.8Fc16170.2Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested2265126316283902689625889
Peas, greenProduction Quantity225689270740282897285074262987
Peas, greenYield99637.5Fc102880Fc99646.7Fc105991Fc101583Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested10371034102210291012*
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity126667376139811539216706
Plums and sloesYield122141Fc71334.6Fc136800Fc149582Fc165079Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested164141140550138483137517107950
PotatoesProduction Quantity43384303643220365928035670502760460
PotatoesSeed408000F 408000F 408000407000200000F
PotatoesYield264311Fc259212Fc264240Fc259390Fc255717Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested3340Im3600F 3800F 3500F 3961Im
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity7484Im7800F 8000F 7500F 8098Im
Pulses, nesSeed250F 250F 250F 250F 250F
Pulses, nesYield22407.2Fc21666.7Fc21052.6Fc21428.6Fc20444.3Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested101949A 109899A 121611A 114901A 123620A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity302644A 315432A 391565A 371585A 391626A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed34616.8A 34616.8A 34620A 34623A 34620A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield29685.8Fc28702Fc32198.2Fc32339.6Fc31679.8Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested3552034889346623731640098
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity633557658234624893651859724579
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield178366Fc188665Fc180282Fc174686Fc180702Fc
QuincesProduction Quantity38Im37Im40F 38F 48Im
Rice, paddyArea Harvested593185459525575467745092704054
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity56750304329500552048072533706876830
Rice, paddySeed83045.9Fc83045.9Fc64333.5Fc80565.4Fc104313Fc
Rice, paddyYield95670.5Fc94216.9Fc95930.4Fc97348.6Fc97674.8Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested1016Im904Im891Im873Im716Im
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity4743Im4157Im4154Im4000F 5614Im
Roots and Tubers, nesYield46683.1Fc45984.5Fc46621.8Fc45819Fc78407.8Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested177266A 157670A 155367A 152240A 124804A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4721230A 4137660A 4134980A 3982000A 3267730A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed427000A 427000A 427000A 426000A 219000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield266336Fc262425Fc266143Fc261561Fc261829Fc
RyeArea Harvested46822Im46080Im49000F 34500F 22000F
RyeProduction Quantity94804Im83761Im98000F 69000F 44000F
RyeYield20247.8Fc18177.3Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested218451155039119462131337242000*
Seed cottonProduction Quantity634657377527281186318188620000F
Seed cottonYield29052.6Fc24350.5Fc23537.7Fc24226.8Fc25619.8Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested3376836907423002821132044
Sesame seedProduction Quantity4442746146510373688242212
Sesame seedSeed300F 300F 350F 400F 270F
Sesame seedYield13156.5Fc12503.3Fc12065.5Fc13073.6Fc13173.1Fc
SorghumArea Harvested156986140157141253154103148660
SorghumProduction Quantity839195701629780946866948843840
SorghumSeed3000F 3000F 300040004300F
SorghumYield53456.7Fc50060.2Fc55287Fc56257.7Fc56763.1Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested954815233717986817788
SoybeansProduction Quantity2978543342224362916925607
SoybeansYield31195Fc28452.7Fc31252.3Fc33601Fc32880.1Fc
SpinachArea Harvested18171808331379697376
SpinachProduction Quantity2876730831644816666561378
SpinachYield158321Fc170525Fc194630Fc83655.4Fc83213.1Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested130Im126Im122Im120F 130F
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity963Im930Im1000F 900F 1088Im
Stone fruit, nesYield74076.9Fc73809.5Fc81967.2Fc75000Fc83692.3Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested562852455763523215059
StrawberriesProduction Quantity240284238432242776200254174414
StrawberriesYield426944Fc454589Fc421267Fc382748Fc115820Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested151996134538111130108220104331
Sugar beetProduction Quantity74861007840300533351051325905458210
Sugar beetYield492520Fc582757Fc479934Fc474274Fc523163Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested136709134538133019135908140783
Sugar caneProduction Quantity1576520015708900154822001647020017014300
Sugar caneSeed1367.09Fc164051Fc161446Fc159623Fc163090Fc
Sugar caneYield1153190Fc1167620Fc1163910Fc1211860Fc1208550Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested75521561117141844211838
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity1894239274412692148329078
Sunflower seedSeed392.7Fc392.7Fc811.77Fc891.33Fc438.98Fc
Sunflower seedYield25082.1Fc25157.9Fc24076.2Fc25447.8Fc24563.3Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested86391211812517936912193
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity274935370905357266258983363560
Sweet potatoesYield318249Fc306078Fc285425Fc276425Fc298171Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested4125939826402383972438270*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity848069796867809795758105758105
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield205548Fc200087Fc201251Fc190843Fc198094Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested34704098347644813945
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity103117119379114281151971138099
Taro (cocoyam)Seed19000F 19000F 19000F 19000F 19000F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield297167Fc291310Fc328772Fc339145Fc350061Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested212446216385251838240174225627
TomatoesProduction Quantity810526085449901027850092041008639020
TomatoesYield381521Fc394898Fc408139Fc383226Fc382889Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5016A 7832A 9222A 8119A 7736A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity36778A 41730A 44890A 42855A 39000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield73321.4Fc53281.4Fc48677.1Fc52783.6Fc50413.7Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested131648Im131454978177322670000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity558971Im574952542389564665550000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield42459.5Fc43737.9Fc55449.4Fc77112.6Fc78571.4Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested776279A 775082A 799648A 745249A 731329A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity18945500A 19487100A 21350500A 19707200A 18946500A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield244055Fc251420Fc266998Fc264438Fc259070Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested776279A 775082A 799648A 745249A 731329A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity18945500A 19487100A 21350500A 19707200A 18946500A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield244055Fc251420Fc266998Fc264438Fc259070Fc
VetchesArea Harvested696Im750F 800F 750F 610Im
VetchesProduction Quantity1871Im1950F 2000F 1800F 1562Im
VetchesSeed41.76Fc41.76Fc45Fc48Fc45Fc
VetchesYield26882.2Fc26000Fc25000Fc24000Fc25606.6Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested2508Im3916461147195136Im
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity18389Im20865224452585527000F
Walnuts, with shellYield73321.4Fc53281.4Fc48677.1Fc54789.2Fc52570.1Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested5083154051573054979064000
WatermelonsProduction Quantity15089401637090165320014859401912990
WatermelonsYield296854Fc302879Fc288491Fc298441Fc298905Fc
WheatArea Harvested12849501287630133530012266501140980
WheatProduction Quantity84071307177400852300079770507379000
WheatSeed231290Fc231290Fc231773Fc240353Fc220797Fc
WheatYield65427.7Fc55741.2Fc63828.3Fc65031.2Fc64672.5Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested26000F 26000F 26000F 26000F 26000F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity22000F 22000F 22000F 22000F 22000F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield8461.54Fc8461.54Fc8461.54Fc8461.54Fc8461.54Fc
ApplesArea Harvested2510025450256852558426070
ApplesProduction Quantity570330578250546183533360524948
ApplesYield227223Fc227210Fc212647Fc208474Fc201361Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested7300* 7500F 748467476218
ApricotsProduction Quantity10079973000F 7252370424103070
ApricotsYield138081Fc97333.3Fc96904.1Fc104378Fc165761Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested6500F 3500F 280657613131
ArtichokesProduction Quantity140000F 70000F 5450511034861022
ArtichokesYield215385Fc200000Fc194244Fc191543Fc194896Fc
BananasArea Harvested1988021550212702130721129
BananasProduction Quantity855090922600875123870886877588
BananasYield430126Fc428121Fc411435Fc408732Fc415348Fc
BarleyArea Harvested9011561830594544900933007
BarleyProduction Quantity152900167020163080141447100797
BarleySeed4000F 4000F 4700F 4700F 4214F
BarleyYield16967.2Fc27012.8Fc27429.6Fc28861.4Fc30538.1Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested1824017260172692008419300
Beans, dryProduction Quantity5414050360503555473052908
Beans, drySeed8000F 7000F 7000F 7000F 8000F
Beans, dryYield29682Fc29177.3Fc29159.2Fc27250.5Fc27413.5Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested2201021850215802728021300F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity259610245910250070281050215000F
Beans, greenYield117951Fc112545Fc115880Fc103024Fc100939Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested133Im115Im109Im106Im104Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity899Im805Im791Im746Im741Im
Berries NesYield67594Fc70000Fc72568.8Fc70377.4Fc71250Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested7365083230101160106070127190
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity247490281650330490336840400910
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed25000F 20000F 22000F 26000F 26000F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield33603.5Fc33840Fc32670Fc31756.4Fc31520.6Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1985018040187902254118749
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity585850515480541915624346556606
Cabbages and other brassicasYield295139Fc285743Fc288406Fc276982Fc296872Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested46005550555042934074
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity133640163950151927121333114955
Carrots and turnipsYield290522Fc295405Fc273742Fc282630Fc282167Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested50504780543943504478
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity125720113600131209109618110409
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield248951Fc237657Fc241237Fc251995Fc246559Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested2994860A 2969160A 2755790A 2751930A 2712230A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity20254000A 20371700A 18707800A 18625200A 18161200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed347244A 368781A 358450A 328347A 318657A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield67629.3Fc68611.1Fc67885.6Fc67680.5Fc66960.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2994860A 2969160A 2755790A 2751930A 2712230A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity22503400A 22411500A 20823200A 20681900A 20194300A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed347244A 368781A 358450A 328347A 318657A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield75140.2Fc75480.8Fc75561.6Fc75154.2Fc74456.5Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested63906300539064807343
Chick peasProduction Quantity1317012670108731241913596
Chick peasSeed650F 900F 900F 800F 910F
Chick peasYield20610.3Fc20111.1Fc20172.5Fc19165.1Fc18515.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested14500F 14500F 14500F 14500F 14500F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity45600F 45600F 45600F 45600F 45600F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield31448.3Fc31448.3Fc31448.3Fc31448.3Fc31448.3Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested30000F 29000F 296903175430084
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity550000F 460000F 467433496523476670
Chillies and peppers, greenYield183333Fc158621Fc157438Fc156366Fc158446Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested220F 190F 168F 163F 163F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity3200F 2800F 2500F 2400F 2400F
Citrus fruit, nesYield145455Fc147368Fc148810Fc147239Fc147239Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested162574A 138220A 136593A 135720A 135049A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3173970A 2995830A 2855010A 2717170A 2742380A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield195232Fc216744Fc209015Fc200204Fc203066Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested1037640A 1102040A 1015380A 1065340A 1032360A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity7474200A 8145210A 7292940A 7660970A 7464000A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed43300A 43300A 46900A 40900A 40414A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield72030.8Fc73910.3Fc71825Fc71910.8Fc72300.7Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity210000* 202000* 292000* 198000* 290000*
CottonseedProduction Quantity336000335000* 446289324910379210
CottonseedSeed2000F 22000F 30000F 25000F 35000F
Cow peas, dryArea Harvested1884Im2054Im2398Im2570Im3000F
Cow peas, dryProduction Quantity4549Im4988Im5677Im5864Im6800F
Cow peas, drySeed130F 130F 130F 130F 130F
Cow peas, dryYield24145.4Fc24284.3Fc23673.9Fc22817.1Fc22666.7Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested3978028000F 269293314626492
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity802644600000F 583114674117538443
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield201771Fc214286Fc216538Fc203378Fc203247Fc
DatesArea Harvested3578036150345283286429632
DatesProduction Quantity13287201159690116618011218901090000
DatesYield371358Fc320799Fc337749Fc341374Fc367846Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested4644046130431514341036122
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity1180280115592010467401026350826870
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield254152Fc250579Fc242576Fc236432Fc228910Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested234750A 287190A 312087A 235288A 305731A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity220978A 214809A 304516A 208992A 299294A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield9413.33Fc7479.68Fc9757.41Fc8882.39Fc9789.46Fc
FigsArea Harvested7332028580275212555026444
FigsProduction Quantity295510192250160124135834194631
FigsYield40304.2Fc67267.3Fc58182.5Fc53164Fc73601.2Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested8900F 11200F 10700F 9600F 8000F
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity9000F 10500F 10000F 9000F 7160F
Flax fibre and towYield10112.4Fc9375Fc9345.79Fc9375Fc8950Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested498467A 418121A 416473A 404627A 397628A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity9273480A 8579250A 8272120A 7799290A 7745420A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield186040Fc205186Fc198623Fc192753Fc194790Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested18000F 17000F 30116Im29259Im28753Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity302000F 323000F 415721Im391957Im389248Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield167778Fc190000Fc138040Fc133961Fc135376Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested1035Im992Im943Im916Im900F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity8497Im7609Im7476Im7049Im7000F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield82096.6Fc76703.6Fc79278.9Fc76954.1Fc77777.8Fc
GarlicArea Harvested72707147834995098665
GarlicProduction Quantity164260162077187833207757190000F
GarlicYield225942Fc226776Fc224977Fc218485Fc219273Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested430190F 192193197
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity38103150307730593112
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield88604.6Fc165789Fc160260Fc158497Fc157970Fc
GrapesArea Harvested6185060740581935721456259
GrapesProduction Quantity14319701391750127529011968501073820
GrapesYield231523Fc229132Fc219148Fc209188Fc190871Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested5555062260607256186859288
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity183970199560191846195869191037
Groundnuts, with shellSeed3200F 3200F 3600F 3600F 3600F
Groundnuts, with shellYield33117.9Fc32052.7Fc31592.6Fc31659.2Fc32221.9Fc
JuteArea Harvested850F 990F 1080F 860F 920F
JuteProduction Quantity1978Im2309Im2516Im1992Im2134Im
JuteYield23270.6Fc23323.2Fc23296.3Fc23162.8Fc23195.7Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested850A 990A 1080A 860A 920A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity1978A 2309A 2516A 1992A 2134A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield23270.6Fc23323.2Fc23296.3Fc23162.8Fc23195.7Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested9670970012200122503600F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity12709013029015885016574050000F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield131427Fc134320Fc130205Fc135298Fc138889Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested3634415000F 151211483114752
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity316011338000F 338127331440326592
Lemons and limesYield86950Fc225333Fc223614Fc223478Fc221388Fc
LentilsArea Harvested6401064148717442078
LentilsProduction Quantity12501884261828343539
LentilsSeed280F 280F 300F 400F 450F
LentilsYield19531.3Fc17706.8Fc17605.9Fc16250Fc17030.8Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested5500F 6000F 570459375568
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity125000F 140000F 136008142415144485
Lettuce and chicoryYield227273Fc233333Fc238443Fc239877Fc259492Fc
LinseedArea Harvested656015000* 17138130108936
LinseedProduction Quantity960228000* 304862243915127
LinseedSeed4300F 3000F 2800F 3200F 2400F
LinseedYield14637.2Fc18666.7Fc17788.5Fc17247.5Fc16928.2Fc
LupinsArea Harvested1500F 1478231124133752
LupinsProduction Quantity2800F 2786330939445383
LupinsSeed260F 260F 260F 410F 430F
LupinsYield18666.7Fc18849.8Fc14318.5Fc16344.8Fc14347Fc
MaizeArea Harvested761524868210788520834103828132
MaizeProduction Quantity63743007085190623614065304306430960
MaizeSeed35000F 35000F 38000F 32000F 32000F
MaizeYield83704.5Fc81606.9Fc79086.6Fc78292.9Fc77656.2Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested4634041760341913068428803
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity596760416950375461318791287317
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield128779Fc99844.4Fc109813Fc103895Fc99752.5Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested1378Im1376Im1458Im1542Im1539Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity7125Im6700F 6651Im7209Im6883Im
Nuts, nesYield51705.4Fc48691.9Fc45617.3Fc46751Fc44723.8Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested341946A 410470A 442228A 352482A 416997A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity304473A 339788A 395322A 311434A 324944A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed5387.32A 14845.2A 18920.2A 16758.3A 21210.9A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield8904.14Fc8278.02Fc8939.32Fc8835.46Fc7792.48Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested390946A 459470A 491314A 402355A 466529A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity259832A 230780A 252261A 198351A 230853A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed3166.39A 5978.91A 7282.18A 6740.74A 7935.61A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6646.23Fc5022.73Fc5134.41Fc4929.76Fc4948.3Fc
OkraArea Harvested69707070706066906360
OkraProduction Quantity10949011349011238010464094270
OkraYield157088Fc160523Fc159178Fc156413Fc148223Fc
OlivesArea Harvested4900049000F 490864987349532
OlivesProduction Quantity500000310000F 315193204722336442
OlivesYield102041Fc63265.3Fc64212.4Fc41048.7Fc67924.2Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested3639042599290592325326969
Onions, dryProduction Quantity11198901302130895491686345754856
Onions, dryYield307747Fc305671Fc308163Fc295164Fc279898Fc
OrangesArea Harvested8783084520832148305283576
OrangesProduction Quantity21200501940420185003017677101808580
OrangesYield241381Fc229581Fc222322Fc212844Fc216399Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested3945024000F 238722371122142
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity745953565000F 563016473809489076
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield189088Fc235417Fc235848Fc199827Fc220882Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested32930* 32000F 317613135931368
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity427639360000F 360937302667339266
Peaches and nectarinesYield129863Fc112500Fc113642Fc96516.8Fc108157Fc
PearsArea Harvested2787* 2900F 288928992905
PearsProduction Quantity3638838500F 381923544134692
PearsYield130563Fc132759Fc132198Fc122253Fc119422Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested40F 38F 31Im33F 28F
Peas, dryProduction Quantity64Im70F 58Im60F 52
Peas, drySeed5F 5F 5F 4F 4F
Peas, dryYield16000Fc18421Fc18709.7Fc18181.8Fc18571.4Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested2263024490281082627723528
Peas, greenProduction Quantity222703245180293358257454234331
Peas, greenYield98410.5Fc100114Fc104368Fc97976.9Fc99596.6Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1107* 1250F 124412411472
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1542318000F 171481552319763
Plums and sloesYield139322Fc144000Fc137846Fc125085Fc134260Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested924801262801041808285082590
PotatoesProduction Quantity23127903167430254661020393501985320
PotatoesSeed200000F 250000F 240000F 250000F 235000F
PotatoesYield250085Fc250826Fc244443Fc246150Fc240383Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested3400F 2294Im2678Im2870Im3350F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity6850F 4988Im5677Im5864Im6800F
Pulses, nesSeed250F 250F 250F 250F 250F
Pulses, nesYield20147.1Fc21743.7Fc21198.7Fc20432.1Fc20298.5Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested106268A 114289A 133390A 142978A 166874A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity331634A 360845A 410706A 424258A 491963A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed34611.6A 28856.4A 30879.3A 35034A 36216.8A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield31207.3Fc31573Fc30789.9Fc29673Fc29481.1Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested39500F 39200F 384824448937448
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity698606690000F 678254802235672940
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield176862Fc176020Fc176252Fc180322Fc179700Fc
QuincesProduction Quantity46Im43Im42Im41Im39Im
Rice, paddyArea Harvested670470613300645670633570650286
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity67550006125300635237061762706105460
Rice, paddySeed98567.6Fc93865.8Fc85862Fc90393.8Fc88699.8Fc
Rice, paddyYield100750Fc99874.4Fc98384.2Fc97483.6Fc93888.8Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested726Im992Im818Im679Im655Im
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity4801Im6575Im5286Im4421Im4115Im
Roots and Tubers, nesYield66129.5Fc66280.2Fc64621Fc65110.5Fc62824.4Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested126777A 150672A 118087A 98068A 94639A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2794540A 3624010A 2939180A 2458240A 2288190A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed219000A 268000A 247000A 257000A 242000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield220430Fc240523Fc248900Fc250667Fc241781Fc
RyeArea Harvested30000F 20000F 15000F 15000F 15000F
RyeProduction Quantity60000F 40000F 30000F 30000F 30000F
RyeYield20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested225000* 275000* 300307224828296811
Seed cottonProduction Quantity590000F 560000F 785162545759765612
Seed cottonYield26222.2Fc20363.6Fc26145.3Fc24274.5Fc25794.6Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested3175628450295913023430392
Sesame seedProduction Quantity4153037140373823696136930
Sesame seedSeed300F 270F 250F 260F 260F
Sesame seedYield13077.8Fc13054.5Fc12632.9Fc12225Fc12151.2Fc
SorghumArea Harvested156000152000152402167232156217
SorghumProduction Quantity887000853000863716959096902246
SorghumSeed4300F 4300F 4200F 4200F 4200F
SorghumYield56859Fc56118.4Fc56673.5Fc57351.2Fc57755.9Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested747015000* 1434882925916
SoybeansProduction Quantity2302051000* 434252868117691
SoybeansYield30816.6Fc34000Fc30265.5Fc34588.8Fc29903.7Fc
SpinachArea Harvested59112500F 290721012355
SpinachProduction Quantity4984848700F 571134146045126
SpinachYield84330.9Fc194800Fc196467Fc197335Fc191618Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested130F 114Im108Im105Im103Im
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity1084Im971Im954Im899Im893Im
Stone fruit, nesYield83384.6Fc85175.4Fc88333.3Fc85619.1Fc86699Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested102013800F 383830722419
StrawberriesProduction Quantity128349100000F 1049717977160017
StrawberriesYield125820Fc263158Fc273504Fc259671Fc248107Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested7831770305592365517864622
Sugar beetProduction Quantity39049703429540286055026915203168310
Sugar beetYield498611Fc487809Fc482907Fc487789Fc490283Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested137260134980135309137485135890
Sugar caneProduction Quantity1665630016317300162304001624550016016800
Sugar caneSeed168940Fc164712Fc161976Fc162371Fc164982Fc
Sugar caneYield1213490Fc1208870Fc1199510Fc1181620Fc1178660Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested1561014760201191425015654
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity3785034540473113330935346
Sunflower seedSeed615.58Fc811.72Fc767.52Fc1046.19Fc741Fc
Sunflower seedYield24247.3Fc23401.1Fc23515.6Fc23374.7Fc22579.5Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested2937120000F 9622109678392
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity351577350000F 270611307595232433
Sweet potatoesYield119702Fc175000Fc281242Fc280473Fc276970Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested37750* 38320378983748136361
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity730900711460661271612556601698
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield193616Fc185663Fc174487Fc163431Fc165479Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area Harvested4200F 3400F 346735723002
Taro (cocoyam)Production Quantity125376100000F 11667310687266324
Taro (cocoyam)Seed19000F 18000F 7000F 7000F 7000F
Taro (cocoyam)Yield298514Fc294118Fc336524Fc299194Fc220933Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested220110195000F 195164192976191171
TomatoesProduction Quantity85760707600000F 764082071402006777880
TomatoesYield389627Fc389744Fc391508Fc370005Fc354545Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6929A 6430A 6124A 6073A 6539A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity34125A 33700A 30896A 34204A 33883A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield49249.5Fc52410.6Fc50450.7Fc56321.4Fc51816.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested70000F 60000F 55000F 50000F 50000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity500000F 450000F 400000F 350000F 350000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield71428.6Fc75000Fc72727.3Fc70000Fc70000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested706731A 645536A 623348A 639927A 594273A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity18241800A 16645800A 15938600A 15520800A 14423600A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield258116Fc257861Fc255693Fc242540Fc242710Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested706731A 645536A 623348A 639927A 594273A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity18241800A 16645800A 15938600A 15520800A 14423600A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield258116Fc257861Fc255693Fc242540Fc242710Fc
VetchesArea Harvested524Im571Im666Im714Im833Im
VetchesProduction Quantity1321Im1449Im1649Im1703Im1975Im
VetchesSeed36.6Fc31.44Fc34.26Fc39.96Fc42.84Fc
VetchesYield25209.9Fc25376.5Fc24759.8Fc23851.5Fc23709.5Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested5551Im5054Im4666Im4531Im5000F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity27000F 27000F 24245Im26995Im27000F
Walnuts, with shellYield48639.9Fc53423Fc51961Fc59578.5Fc54000Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested6910070980635087019972037
WatermelonsProduction Quantity20251901874110158853017050401720660
WatermelonsYield293081Fc264034Fc250131Fc242887Fc238858Fc
WheatArea Harvested12867501253820109474010530201029590
WheatProduction Quantity82742308140960717786068446906624870
WheatSeed205376Fc231615Fc225688Fc197053Fc189543Fc
WheatYield64303.3Fc64929.3Fc65566.8Fc65000.6Fc64344.7Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea3665Fm3671Q 3689Q 3542Q 3538Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea82I 56I 40I 19.2I
Arable landArea2870Fm2873Fm2884Fm2642Fm2564Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3665Fm3671Q 3689Q 3542Q 3538Q
Country areaArea100145Q 100145Q 100145Fm100145Fm100145Fm
Forest areaArea70.6Fm70Q 69.4Fm68.8Fm68.2Fm
Inland waterArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm
Land areaArea99545Fm99545Fm99545Fm99545Fm99545Fm
Other landArea95809.4Fm95804Fm95786.6Fm95934.2Fm95938.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea795Fm798Q 805Q 900Q 974Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3670Fm3670Fm3650Fm3600Fm3550Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea3533Q 3523Q 3478Q 3409Q 3424Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea14.2I 24.6I
Arable landArea2605Fm2563Fm2965Fm2906Fm2936Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3533Q 3523Q 3478Q 3409Q 3424Q
Country areaArea100145Fm100145Q 100145Q 100145Q 100145Q
Forest areaArea67.6Fm67Q 65.4Fm63.8Fm62.2Fm
Inland waterArea600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm600Fm
Land areaArea99545Fm99545Q 99545Q 99545Q 99545Q
Other landArea95944.4Fm95955Fm96001.6Fm96072.2Fm96058.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea928Q 960Q 513Q 503Q 488Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea3550Fm3500Fm3450Fm3422F 3422I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data