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Datasheet

Ecuador

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Ecuador
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 284,000
  • Climates: Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Quito
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 13,339,580
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,110
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$41,532,063,744
  • GDP: US$44,489,916,416
  • Agriculture, value added: US$2,972,296,448
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Delgado et al., 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionNativeRorer, 1918; Desrosiers & Diaz, 1956; Desrosiers, 1957; Chalmers, 1969; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Present, few occurrencesRenard & de Franqueville, 1989; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesHolliday, 1970; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesMourichon & Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentIntroducedYesPhillips-Mora, 2003; Suárez, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrencesTola, 1984; CIMMYT, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014; Garcés et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentStevenson, 1926; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)Restricted distributionNativeO'Brien & Thirumalachar, 1972; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentSantiago & Merino, 2000
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedBorowiec et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin, 1854; Henry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadStone, 1942a; Harper et al., 1989; Foote, 1982; Molineros et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)LocalisedNativeNorrbom, 1991; Tigrero, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942; Molineros et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Molineros et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Molineros et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001; NHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966; Kondo, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedBonsall, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)PresentIntroducedRomero, 1997; Romero, 2002; FAO-DIAS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentNHM, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentMeyrick , 1917
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedYesCoaton, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann & Belkin, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; Hauser, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesUK CAB International, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentSponagel, 1994; Klein-Koch & Miranda, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesNatural History Museum of Los Angeles County
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativePerez Farfante , 1975; Perez & Kensley , 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentPavlovcic et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedShrimp News, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesWilliams & Willink, 1992; Prishanthini & Vinobaba, 2009; Granara et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsiPresentBulgarella et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCañarte et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentGimpel & Miller, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEsser & Meredith, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff & Berg, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)WidespreadGallegos & Suquillo, 1997; INIAP/PNRT, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Restricted distributionAnon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Stoetzel, 1994a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentSchotman, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Absent, formerly presentLever, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedTeixeira et al., 2001; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedTaylor, 1914
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentOsorio, 1990; Terranova, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedYesVogler et al., 2013; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; AGROCALIDAD, 2012, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Restricted distributionBridge, 1975; Bridge, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedFranco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionNativeFranco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadVelastegui & Fiallos, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadBridge, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionBridge, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)PresentBrathwaite & Siddiqi, 1975; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeMoran et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008; GBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeEliasson, 1987; Guézou et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentOtero Canelos, 1991; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014; Clark et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedYesJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Indigenous, localizedIntroducedTye, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesJorgensen & Leon-Yanez, 1999; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2011; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2011; Guezou et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentMissouri Botanial Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Absent, intercepted onlyJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativePIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCharles Darwin Foundation, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER, 2014; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)WidespreadNativePIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentJenett-Siems et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedJorgensen & Ulloa, 1994; Jørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativePruski, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Restricted distributionNativeTye, 2001; Harmann, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedForcella & Randall, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester & Wood, 1977; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedYesJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014; Jorgensen & Leon-Yanez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Barroso, 1954; van Leeuwen et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesGómez-Laurito, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLopez et al., 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentBohorquez & Salazar, 1975; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedBrandbyge, 1989; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Belcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER, 2013; Darrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedFilgueira et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)LocalisedNativeLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston, 1928
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; PIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMathias, 1936; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativePlants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; CSIRO, 1998; Padua et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedYesSoria et al., 2002; New York Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeBarreto et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedJorgensen & Leon-Yanez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)LocalisedNativeSeixas et al., 2007; Meyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeHolmes, 1975; Cock, 1981; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeAnon., 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeWiggins & Porter, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentPIER, 2014; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson & Bennett, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeBenson, 1982; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentTakeoka, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)LocalisedIntroducedJorgensen & Leon-Yanez, 1999; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip, 1938
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)WidespreadNativeHolm-Nielsen et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeCoppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)WidespreadNativeKillip, 1938; Holm-Nielsen et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1997; Jørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; CDRS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeYesPIER, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentFernández et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedNew York Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWiggins & Porter, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; PIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart, 1976; Díaz Celis, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart, 1976; Díaz Celis, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedMillhollon & Burner, 1993; Carcelen, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHerbarium of Aarhus University, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedYesJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativePorter, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Giraldo-Cañas & Peterson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeDodson & Gentry, 1978; Wiggins & Porter, 1971; Davidse et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; Lawesson et al., 1987; Renner et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGuézou et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedJørgensen & León-Yànez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedYesCharles Darwin Foundation, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)WidespreadFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeJørgensen & León-Yánez, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012; IABIN, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresent, see datasheet for details
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)WidespreadDubin et al., 1984; Ayala et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentSivaprasad et al., 2016
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentYeh et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentLightner et al., 1995
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusLast reported 1972OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresent, see datasheet for details
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisPresentSantiago & Merino, 2000
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Philornis downsi infestationPresentBulgarella et al., 2015
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentLightner et al., 1995
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisLast reported 1960OIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE, 2009; Nichol, 1988
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested2951Im2727Im2805Im2900F 2850F
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity3980Im3453Im3900F 3800F 3850F
Agave Fibres NesYield13487Fc12662.3Fc13903.7Fc13103.5Fc13508.8Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested26Im25Im22Im30F 30Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity13Im11Im9Im13Im13F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield5000Fc4400Fc4090.91Fc4333.33Fc4333.33Fc
ApplesArea Harvested1596Im1700F 1500F 1200F 3100F
ApplesProduction Quantity8977Im9500F 8000F 668717500F
ApplesYield56246.9Fc55882.3Fc53333.3Fc55725Fc56451.6Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested80Im74Im85F 91Im90F
ApricotsProduction Quantity391Im414Im400F 380F 350F
ApricotsYield48875Fc55945.9Fc47058.8Fc41758.2Fc38888.9Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested444Im410F 430F 420F 415F
AsparagusProduction Quantity1040Im1150F 1225F 1180F 1175F
AsparagusYield23423.4Fc28048.8Fc28488.4Fc28095.2Fc28313.3Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested2776Im2957Im2950F 2900F 3000F
AvocadosProduction Quantity27390Im28986Im28000F 2768728500F
AvocadosYield98667.1Fc98025Fc94915.3Fc95472.4Fc95000Fc
BananasArea Harvested191973215647216115215521197410
BananasProduction Quantity74277807931060763732067011506002300
BananasYield386918Fc367780Fc353391Fc310928Fc304052Fc
BarleyArea Harvested2880626374352543279038825
BarleyProduction Quantity2470418733214231795424762
BarleySeed4084.5Fc4084.5Fc3700F 34943700F
BarleyYield8575.99Fc7102.83Fc6076.76Fc5475.45Fc6377.85Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested5417247359451934534949070
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1296614644112241462212306
Beans, drySeed1872.53Fc1872.53Fc1872.53Fc1872.53Fc2131.53Fc
Beans, dryYield2393.49Fc3092.13Fc2483.57Fc3224.33Fc2507.85Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested4286427191264921730822745
Beans, greenProduction Quantity1945618012108001369619254
Beans, greenYield4539.01Fc6624.25Fc4076.7Fc7913.1Fc8465.16Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested3424Im3648Im3639Im3631Im3359Im
Berries NesProduction Quantity7500Im7937Im7667Im6758Im6203Im
Berries NesYield21904.2Fc21757.1Fc21069Fc18612Fc18466.8Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested161758250129071196113606
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity64012490277233594752
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed671.35Fc671.35Fc671.35Fc671.35Fc753.3Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield3957.34Fc3018.18Fc2147.67Fc2808.29Fc3492.58Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1752Im1730Im1934Im1394Im1598Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity8007Im8857Im7603Im8806Im10731Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield45702.1Fc51196.5Fc39312.3Fc63170.7Fc67152.7Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested5399Im5366Im6000F 5800F 4800F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity25314Im28000F 38000F 3605530000F
Carrots and turnipsYield46886.5Fc52180.4Fc63333.3Fc62163.8Fc62500Fc
CassavaArea Harvested1823216813212561996416459
CassavaProduction Quantity51681538576629910227774241
CassavaYield28346.3Fc32033Fc31190.7Fc51230.7Fc45106.6Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested2000* 2000* 2000* 2000* 2000*
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity3000* 3000* 3000* 3000* 3000*
Castor oil seedSeed32Fc32Fc32Fc32Fc32Fc
Castor oil seedYield15000Fc15000Fc15000Fc15000Fc15000Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested97547Im90000F 87500F 85365F 95000F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity65094Im72000F 70000F 6829276000F
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield6673.09Fc8000Fc8000Fc8000Fc8000Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested954722A 879216A 822089A 767134A 867353A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1994360A 2164580A 1911970A 1806090A 2149510A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed56022.3A 56022.3A 60738.6A 44118.5A 47239.1A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield20889.4Fc24619.5Fc23257.4Fc23543.4Fc24782.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested954722A 879216A 822089A 767134A 867353A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2486510A 2732740A 2437910A 2286300A 2726980A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed56022.3A 56022.3A 60738.6A 44118.5A 47239.1A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield26044.3Fc31081.6Fc29655.1Fc29803.1Fc31440.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1649Im1650F 2000F 1950F 1900F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity5334Im5900F 7800F 7500F 7000F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield32346.9Fc35757.6Fc39000Fc38461.5Fc36842.1Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested7246Im7719Im7700F 6900F 6800F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity24944Im26398Im25500F 22500F 22250F
Citrus fruit, nesYield34424.5Fc34198.7Fc33116.9Fc32608.7Fc32720.6Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested39257A 40418A 41499A 39367A 36651A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity100600A 115216A 114265A 109763A 119954A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield25626Fc28506.1Fc27534.4Fc27882Fc32728.7Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested618345A 477546A 414146A 401385A 457911A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1002630A 1018950A 847188A 836103A 983594A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed12307.5A 12307.5A 17023.7A 10139.5A 17039.1A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield16214.8Fc21337.2Fc20456.3Fc20830.5Fc21480Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested399467360025398104376604356658
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity2241631321001205829430085891
Cocoa beansYield5611.55Fc3669.19Fc3028.91Fc2503.96Fc2408.22Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested3271Im3200F 3000F 3400F 3200F
CoconutsProduction Quantity19656Im19390* 17990* 21195* 21000*
CoconutsYield60091.7Fc60593.8Fc59966.7Fc62338.2Fc65625Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested98347144931171923168479177804
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity2382931347336243709638687
Coffee, greenYield2422.95Fc2162.89Fc1955.76Fc2201.82Fc2175.82Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1000F 1000Im1292F 1232F 1151F
CottonseedProduction Quantity2200F 2200Im2550F 2400F 2250F
CottonseedSeed150Fc150Fc150Fc150Fc145Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested500F 400F 500F 400F 370F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity4000F 3250F 4000F 3300F 3200F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield80000Fc81250Fc80000Fc82500Fc86486.5Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested31201A 29007A 29605A 29568A 28550A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity40374A 35160A 39873A 37032A 37001A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)SeedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield12940Fc12121.2Fc13468.3Fc12524.4Fc12960.1Fc
FigsArea Harvested26Im29Im28F 28F 27F
FigsProduction Quantity31Im33Im32Im28F 27F
FigsYield11923.1Fc11379.3Fc11428.6Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested407674A 434274A 433036A 429766A 400141A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8751390A 9261360A 8944870A 7948820A 7308350A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield214666Fc213261Fc206562Fc184957Fc182644Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested17596Im18745Im18700F 18500F 18000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity193686Im204973Im198000F 196000F 190000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield110074Fc109348Fc105882Fc105946Fc105556Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested1600Im1704Im1700F 1650F 1535Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity9782Im10352Im10000F 9700F 9200F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield61137.5Fc60751.2Fc58823.5Fc58787.9Fc59934.8Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1299Im1054Im1179Im850F 650F
GarlicProduction Quantity1475Im1631Im1400F 13821100F
GarlicSeed406Fc406Fc406Fc406Fc406Fc
GarlicYield11354.9Fc15474.4Fc11874.5Fc16258.8Fc16923.1Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested301Im321Im320F 520F 450F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity3780Im4000F 362260405338
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield125581Fc124611Fc113188Fc116154Fc118622Fc
GrapesArea Harvested61Im66Im65F 60F 85F
GrapesProduction Quantity391Im414Im400F 355540F
GrapesYield64098.4Fc62727.3Fc61538.5Fc59166.7Fc63529.4Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested18721Im18314Im17500F 16500F 16000F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity19996Im19726Im19000F 17500F 17000F
Groundnuts, with shellSeed1500Fc1500Fc1500Fc1500Fc1425Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield10681Fc10771Fc10857.1Fc10606.1Fc10625Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested2041711686186001152811937
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity1684112208141741648612715
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield8248.52Fc10446.7Fc7620.43Fc14300.8Fc10651.8Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested3912Im4167Im4157Im4148Im3838Im
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity5620Im5947Im574597658249
Lemons and limesYield14366Fc14271.7Fc13820.1Fc23541.5Fc21493Fc
LentilsArea Harvested3883Im3137Im3302Im3300F 3200F
LentilsProduction Quantity2298Im2117Im1716Im2200F 2100F
LentilsSeed168Fc168Fc168Fc168Fc168Fc
LentilsYield5918.1Fc6748.49Fc5196.85Fc6666.67Fc6562.5Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1772Im1650F 1750F 1680F 1650F
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity12657Im14000F 14200F 13600F 13500F
Lettuce and chicoryYield71427.8Fc84848.5Fc81142.9Fc80952.4Fc81818.2Fc
LinseedArea Harvested177Im173Im165Im129Im130F
LinseedProduction Quantity57Im56Im40Im51Im48F
LinseedYield3220.34Fc3236.99Fc2424.24Fc3953.49Fc3692.31Fc
LupinsArea Harvested4705Im3801Im4002Im4000F 3800F
LupinsProduction Quantity1619Im1492Im1209Im1550F 1500F
LupinsSeed134.4Fc134.4Fc134.4Fc134.4Fc134.4Fc
LupinsYield3441.02Fc3925.28Fc3020.99Fc3875Fc3947.37Fc
MaizeArea Harvested577784440346368769358480408976
MaizeProduction Quantity963262984096811385804503944952
MaizeSeed7899.26Fc7899.26Fc13000F 638913000F
MaizeYield16671.7Fc22348.2Fc22002.5Fc22442.1Fc23105.3Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested18860Im20091Im20042Im20000F 15500F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity200534Im212220Im205000F 201354157000F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield106328Fc105629Fc102285Fc100677Fc101290Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Area Harvested25040Im23140Im23800F 23768F 23000F
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Production Quantity35394Im30707Im34681Im32000F 32000F
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Yield14135Fc13270.1Fc14571.9Fc13463.5Fc13913Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested11633Im10758Im11000F 10500F 10000F
Natural rubberProduction Quantity19665Im16109Im15400F 15000F 14000F
Natural rubberYield16904.5Fc14974Fc14000Fc14285.7Fc14000Fc
OatsArea Harvested1509Im1390Im1300F 1500F 1500F
OatsProduction Quantity1020Im1121Im1000F 8301100F
OatsSeed140Fc140Fc140Fc81160Fc
OatsYield6759.44Fc8064.75Fc7692.31Fc5533.33Fc7333.33Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested130000F 120000F 140000F 138000F 135000F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity2000000F 1800000F 2100000F 2050000F 2000000F
Oil palm fruitYield153846Fc150000Fc150000Fc148551Fc148148Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested199575A 188019A 204848A 201158A 189238A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity118559A 112441A 118438A 113874A 104906A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed3716.9A 3716.9A 3716.9A 3716.9A 2669.88A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5940.55Fc5980.31Fc5781.73Fc5660.95Fc5543.59Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested201575A 190019A 206848A 203158A 191238A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity358928A 354029A 391316A 377640A 360427A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed1186.67A 1186.67A 1186.67A 1186.67A 931.86A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield17806.2Fc18631.3Fc18918Fc18588.5Fc18847Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested15720Im14891Im16650Im12000F 11900F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity100050Im110664Im95000F 92000F 91000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenSeed22100Fc22100Fc22500F 22500F 22500F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield63645Fc74316Fc57057.1Fc76666.7Fc76470.6Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2168121695228222229919063
OrangesProduction Quantity3660747494490885491656059
OrangesYield16884.4Fc21891.7Fc21509.1Fc24627.1Fc29407.2Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1541Im1600F 3607Im2600F 1500F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity29489Im32617Im28000F 2713316000F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield191363Fc203856Fc77626.8Fc104358Fc106667Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity100000* 90000* 105000* 103000* 100000*
Palm oilProduction Quantity289900F 289900Im321000F 309000F 295000F
PapayasArea Harvested2918Im3108Im3100F 3000F 3350F
PapayasProduction Quantity39129Im41409Im40000F 3874043100F
PapayasYield134095Fc133234Fc129032Fc129133Fc128657Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested2070Im2205Im2200F 2000F 1950F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity7826Im8282Im8000F 7300F 7200F
Peaches and nectarinesYield37806.8Fc37560.1Fc36363.6Fc36500Fc36923.1Fc
PearsArea Harvested1976Im2105Im2100F 2200F 2080F
PearsProduction Quantity7336Im7764Im7500F 681011000F
PearsYield37125.5Fc36883.6Fc35714.3Fc30954.5Fc52884.6Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested19032754334240973519
Peas, dryProduction Quantity639129794411701310
Peas, drySeed137.56Fc137.56Fc137.56Fc137.56Fc235.2Fc
Peas, dryYield3357.86Fc4709.51Fc2824.66Fc2855.75Fc3722.65Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested75565971579368996587
Peas, greenProduction Quantity11769949185221196210900
Peas, greenYield15575.7Fc15895.2Fc14710.9Fc17338.7Fc16547.8Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested1143Im1246Im1501Im1600F 1500F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity2234Im2581Im3300F 3200F 3100F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield19545.1Fc20714.3Fc21985.3Fc20000Fc20666.7Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested6601Im7032Im7015Im7000F 6200F
PineapplesProduction Quantity117385Im124226Im120000F 119337110000F
PineapplesYield177829Fc176658Fc171062Fc170481Fc177419Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested115349113135110693111073106314
PlantainsProduction Quantity591984547291549388506168595027
PlantainsYield51321.1Fc48375Fc49631.7Fc45570.8Fc55968.8Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1365Im1454Im1450F 1400F 1350F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity8804Im9317Im9000F 8800F 8700F
Plums and sloesYield64498.2Fc64078.4Fc62069Fc62857.1Fc64444.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested4360544245489994342946635
PotatoesProduction Quantity339038386798286790266722317221
PotatoesSeed51008Fc51008Fc51008Fc51008Fc45160Fc
PotatoesYield77752.1Fc87421.9Fc58529.8Fc61415.6Fc68022.1Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested80838A 65301A 68746A 68707A 73195A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity23923A 22040A 17865A 22901A 21968A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed2983.84A 2983.84A 2983.84A 2983.84A 3422.43A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield2959.38Fc3375.14Fc2598.7Fc3333.14Fc3001.3Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested1200F 1100F 1040F 1020F 1000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity4520Im5000F 5200P 5100F 5000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield37666.7Fc45454.6Fc50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedArea Harvested250F 250F 250F 250F 240F
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity125F 125F 125F 125F 120F
Pyrethrum,DriedYield5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc
QuinoaArea Harvested1277Im1176Im1100F 1000F 980F
QuinoaProduction Quantity816Im897Im800F 741690F
QuinoaSeed37.2Fc37.2Fc37.2Fc2934.1Fc
QuinoaYield6389.98Fc7627.55Fc7272.73Fc7410Fc7040.82Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested329957393137394813354841398151
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity14779401706190157941014420501734140
Rice, paddySeed41982.1Fc41982.1Fc41982.1Fc3254828000F
Rice, paddyYield44791.9Fc43399.4Fc40004Fc40639.3Fc43554.8Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested5985Im5910Im6800F 6200F 6000F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity17705Im19968Im16000F 15000F 13500F
Roots and Tubers, nesSeed500F 500F 500F 500F 500F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield29582.3Fc33786.8Fc23529.4Fc24193.5Fc22500Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested69494A 68619A 78955A 71393A 70794A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity412408A 465116A 372689A 387823A 408162A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed51508A 51508A 51508A 51508A 45660A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield59344.4Fc67782.4Fc47202.7Fc54322.3Fc57654.9Fc
RyeArea Harvested143Im132Im123Im115Im130F
RyeProduction Quantity82Im90Im80Im75Im90F
RyeSeed22Fc22Fc22Fc22Fc22Fc
RyeYield5734.27Fc6818.18Fc6504.07Fc6521.74Fc6923.08Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested3210Im3140Im3000F 2900F 2700F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity4035Im3980Im3834Im3800F 3550F
Seed cottonSeed18F 18F 18F 18F 17F
Seed cottonYield12570.1Fc12675.2Fc12780Fc13103.5Fc13148.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested36Im35Im33F 29F 28F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity26Im24Im25F 23F 22F
Sesame seedSeed0.9Fc0.9Fc0.9Fc0.9Fc0.8400000000000001Fc
Sesame seedYield7222.22Fc6857.14Fc7575.76Fc7931.03Fc7857.14Fc
SorghumArea Harvested8826Im8128Im7600F 7500F 7500F
SorghumProduction Quantity12749Im14012Im12500F 12000F 12000F
SorghumSeed124.5Fc124.5Fc124.5Fc124.5Fc123Fc
SorghumYield14444.8Fc17239.2Fc16447.4Fc16000Fc16000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested44000* 43000* 41000* 40000* 32000*
SoybeansProduction Quantity71000* 70000* 68000* 64000* 55000*
SoybeansSeed3886Fc3886Fc3886Fc3886Fc2600F
SoybeansYield16136.4Fc16279.1Fc16585.4Fc16000Fc17187.5Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested592Im676Im720F 710F 700F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity697Im611Im710F 690F 680F
Spices, nesYield11773.7Fc9038.46Fc9861.11Fc9718.31Fc9714.29Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested146Im156Im155F 145F 140F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity1859Im1967Im1900F 1800F 1750F
StrawberriesYield127329Fc126090Fc122581Fc124138Fc125000Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested600F 600F 600F 600F 600F
Sugar beetProduction Quantity3900F 3900F 3900F 3900F 3850F
Sugar beetYield65000Fc65000Fc65000Fc65000Fc64166.7Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested864551069281068259716596817
Sugar caneProduction Quantity81318208347180847314093411008360000
Sugar caneYield940584Fc780636Fc793180Fc961365Fc863485Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested160Im157Im150P 200F 180F
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity269Im265Im255P 300F 270F
Sunflower seedYield16812.5Fc16879Fc17000Fc15000Fc15000Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1672Im1651Im1900F 1800F 1700F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity3984Im4493Im3600F 38243200F
Sweet potatoesYield23827.8Fc27213.8Fc18947.4Fc21244.4Fc18823.5Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested6117Im6516Im6500F 5500F 6500F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity29649Im31377Im303101654228058
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield48469.8Fc48153.8Fc46630.8Fc30076.4Fc43166.2Fc
TeaArea Harvested838Im850Im960Im918Im900F
TeaProduction Quantity2605Im2426Im2289Im1950F 1925F
TeaYield31085.9Fc28541.2Fc23843.8Fc21241.8Fc21388.9Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested4052Im4005Im3940Im4100F 4100F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity8960Im7433Im8100F 8000F 7900F
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield22112.5Fc18559.3Fc20558.4Fc19512.2Fc19268.3Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested16032682225925682652
TomatoesProduction Quantity3622153518465375055270094
TomatoesYield225958Fc199545Fc206007Fc196854Fc264306Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested4402Im4472Im5000F 4600F 4500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity45286Im50090Im43000F 42000F 40000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield102876Fc112008Fc86000Fc91304.4Fc88888.9Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested209165A 175053A 184834A 160382A 172704A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity446553A 484388A 457461A 459931A 462669A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed22506A 22506A 22906A 22906A 22906A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield21349.3Fc27670.9Fc24749.8Fc28677.2Fc26789.7Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested209165A 175053A 184834A 160382A 172704A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity446553A 484388A 457461A 459931A 462669A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed22506A 22506A 22906A 22906A 22906A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield21349.3Fc27670.9Fc24749.8Fc28677.2Fc26789.7Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested3500F 3200F 4100F 4000F 3500F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity60000F 58000F 62000F 6088755000F
WatermelonsYield171429Fc181250Fc151220Fc152218Fc157143Fc
WheatArea Harvested64208533131301090811291
WheatProduction Quantity593876051131481449243
WheatSeed1732.77Fc1732.77Fc1732.77Fc14312200F
WheatYield9249.22Fc8912.46Fc8616.91Fc7466.08Fc8186.17Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested2848Im283927542700F 2700F
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity3025Im346549632300F 2300F
Agave Fibres NesYield10621.5Fc12205Fc18021.1Fc8518.52Fc8518.52Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested30F 30F 27F 27F 27F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity13F 13F 11F 11F 11F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield4333.33Fc4333.33Fc4074.07Fc4074.07Fc4074.07Fc
ApplesArea Harvested3000F 2989167937093971
ApplesProduction Quantity16850F 1674179151191211177
ApplesYield56166.7Fc56008.7Fc47141.2Fc32116.5Fc28146.6Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested80F 78F 75F 70F 68F
ApricotsProduction Quantity330F 320F 300F 327Im295F
ApricotsYield41250Fc41025.6Fc40000Fc46714.3Fc43382.3Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested410F 402312300F 280F
AsparagusProduction Quantity1150F 1120901850F 800F
AsparagusYield28048.8Fc27860.7Fc28878.2Fc28333.3Fc28571.4Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested2950F 293125721600F 2367
AvocadosProduction Quantity28000F 27580219281185015303
AvocadosYield94915.3Fc94097.6Fc85256.6Fc74062.5Fc64651.5Fc
BananasArea Harvested209350221085226521233813229622
BananasProduction Quantity61270606118430613228064538105611440
BananasYield292671Fc276746Fc270716Fc276024Fc244377Fc
BarleyArea Harvested3737940536342863700945860
BarleyProduction Quantity2343822914220372276329085
BarleySeed4300F 4200F 4900F 47034931
BarleyYield6270.37Fc5652.75Fc6427.4Fc6150.67Fc6342.13Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested5461362796522635939161891
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1793023487176031560117922
Beans, drySeed2048.81Fc2170.86Fc2572.98Fc74507845
Beans, dryYield3283.1Fc3740.21Fc3368.16Fc2626.83Fc2895.74Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested2179131091285213037617113
Beans, greenProduction Quantity2615629842257841218913945
Beans, greenYield12003.1Fc9598.28Fc9040.36Fc4012.71Fc8148.78Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested3500F 354122523500F 3400F
Berries NesProduction Quantity6300F 638839216300F 6200F
Berries NesYield18000Fc18040.1Fc17411.2Fc18000Fc18235.3Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1421615029170711906816516
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity38023635430455224822
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed722.85Fc746.45Fc827.15Fc983.4Fc991.25Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield2674.45Fc2418.66Fc2521.23Fc2895.95Fc2919.59Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1600F 1593147314081373
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity11000F 10876978483369128
Cabbages and other brassicasYield68750Fc68273.7Fc66422.3Fc59204.6Fc66482.2Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested4200F 4185407536733090
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity27250F 27211281362268019713
Carrots and turnipsYield64880.9Fc65020.3Fc69045.4Fc61747.9Fc63796.1Fc
CassavaArea Harvested2024522677223732145323540
CassavaProduction Quantity69397100229886018567894521
CassavaYield34278.6Fc44198.5Fc39601.8Fc39937.5Fc40153.4Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested1400F 138712305000* 5000*
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity2200F 220419244000* 4000*
Castor oil seedSeed32Fc22.4Fc22.19Fc19.68Fc80Fc
Castor oil seedYield15714.3Fc15890.4Fc15642.3Fc8000Fc8000Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested78750F 60660F 61450F 7832F 8662F
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity63000F 485284916062666930
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield8000Fc8000Fc8000Fc8000.51Fc8000.46Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested805174A 810795A 892221A 785115A 844987A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity1778710A 1814100A 2015020A 1593880A 1587980A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed49838.5A 43425.5A 50364A 45966A 49685.5A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield22091Fc22374.4Fc22584.3Fc20301.3Fc18793Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested805174A 810795A 892221A 785115A 844987A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2278620A 2303970A 2607220A 2055000A 2065110A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed49838.5A 43425.5A 50364A 45966A 49685.5A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield28299.8Fc28416.2Fc29221.7Fc26174.5Fc24439.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested1800F 1797194610271001
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity6500F 7000F 681165235904
Chillies and peppers, greenYield36111.1Fc38953.8Fc35000Fc63515.1Fc58981Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested6750F 675453933600F 3550F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity21710F 21705172181978717026
Citrus fruit, nesYield32163Fc32136.5Fc31926.6Fc54963.9Fc47960.6Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested40608A 40279A 39891A 42181A 39309A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity113555A 154505A 183988A 130780A 187050A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield27963.7Fc38358.7Fc46122.7Fc31004.5Fc47584.5Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested437869A 421821A 457989A 413702A 459660A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity769805A 824465A 818629A 659224A 623455A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed19638.5A 15525.5A 20564A 15113A 18827.5A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield17580.7Fc19545.4Fc17874.4Fc15934.8Fc13563.4Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested350027357706336358348434363575
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity8756193658896808826387986
Cocoa beansYield2501.55Fc2618.3Fc2666.21Fc2533.13Fc2420.02Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested3120F 3114354335403414
CoconutsProduction Quantity20400F 20350F 230292097321572
CoconutsYield65384.6Fc65350Fc64998.6Fc59245.8Fc63186.9Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested180676243265242196215978225450
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity31461102923865228272079149
Coffee, greenYield1741.29Fc4230.9Fc3572.4Fc3830.02Fc3510.71Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1131F 1150F 1250F 400F 1250F
CottonseedProduction Quantity2200F 212919576702138
CottonseedSeed135Fc132.5Fc131.2Fc136.65Fc50Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested350F 360F 369F 150F 100F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity3000F 287629491200F 800F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield85714.3Fc79888.9Fc79918.7Fc80000Fc80000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested28498A 27863A 28397A 23200A 23396A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity32156A 33722A 36771A 30700A 29550A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)SeedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield11283.6Fc12102.8Fc12948.9Fc13232.8Fc12630.4Fc
FigsArea Harvested27F 26Im25F 22F 20F
FigsProduction Quantity27F 26F 25F 22F 20F
FigsYield10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested414608A 435943A 441813A 465497A 454543A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7419590A 7517310A 7524410A 7829940A 7101060A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield178954Fc172438Fc170308Fc168206Fc156224Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested20000F 17300F 16500F 18000F 19500F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity206000F 185000F 176000F 185000F 200000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield103000Fc106936Fc106667Fc102778Fc102564Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested1600F 15571555500F 1500F
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity9300F 92718860331714372
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield58125Fc59544Fc56977.5Fc66340Fc95813.3Fc
GarlicArea Harvested630F 620625470462
GarlicProduction Quantity1050F 1030849613615
GarlicSeed406Fc406Fc406Fc255255
GarlicYield16666.7Fc16612.9Fc13584Fc13042.5Fc13311.7Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested300F 480F 377450F 412
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity32315308303650844392
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield107700Fc110583Fc80530.5Fc112978Fc106602Fc
GrapesArea Harvested80F 77618975
GrapesProduction Quantity500F 474368299311
GrapesYield62500Fc61558.4Fc60327.9Fc33595.5Fc41466.7Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested15800F 15754153681282810524
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity16700F 1665119667110786739
Groundnuts, with shellSeed1425Fc1425Fc1425Fc1168660
Groundnuts, with shellYield10569.6Fc10569.4Fc12797.4Fc8635.8Fc6403.46Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested113031434014126121439323
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity14164139811229280938490
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield12531.2Fc9749.65Fc8701.68Fc6664.75Fc9106.51Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested4000F 6256489349655075
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity5491163699217659013657
Lemons and limesYield13727.5Fc26165.3Fc18837.1Fc13272.9Fc26910.3Fc
LentilsArea Harvested3170F 3159272534503313
LentilsProduction Quantity2090F 2079179215131640
LentilsSeed164Fc164Fc164Fc160Fc172Fc
LentilsYield6593.06Fc6581.2Fc6576.15Fc4385.51Fc4950.2Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1600F 1584145517541640
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity13000F 1249792541045210723
Lettuce and chicoryYield81250Fc78895.2Fc63601.4Fc59589.5Fc65384.2Fc
LinseedArea Harvested111Im100F 95F 90F 85F
LinseedProduction Quantity40F 24Im38F 36F 35F
LinseedYield3603.6Fc2400Fc4000Fc4000Fc4117.65Fc
LupinsArea Harvested3750F 372035084100F 2500F
LupinsProduction Quantity1480F 147413421423736
LupinsSeed128Fc128Fc128Fc274267
LupinsYield3946.67Fc3962.37Fc3825.54Fc3470.73Fc2944Fc
MaizeArea Harvested390725371530416754370119407393
MaizeProduction Quantity733627788837785191625424583361
MaizeSeed15000F 11000F 153501020613700
MaizeYield18776Fc21232.1Fc18840.6Fc16897.9Fc14319.4Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested15300F 152731226110500F 10709
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity155000F 11651012414588924100911
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield101307Fc76284.9Fc101252Fc84689.5Fc94230.1Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Area Harvested23000F 224002291019500F 17500F
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Production Quantity28000F 291073055828000F 26000F
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Yield12173.9Fc12994.2Fc13338.3Fc14359Fc14857.1Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested9200F 9153848659775805
Natural rubberProduction Quantity13600F 13500F 12500F 89388500F
Natural rubberYield14782.6Fc14749.3Fc14730.1Fc14954Fc14642.5Fc
OatsArea Harvested1400F 1316926500F 727
OatsProduction Quantity1000F 985686458664
OatsSeed160Fc150Fc140Fc6056
OatsYield7142.86Fc7484.8Fc7408.21Fc9160Fc9133.43Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested130000F 128490123158146000F 145000F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity1950000F 192992018438201522000F 1645000F
Oil palm fruitYield150000Fc150200Fc149712Fc104247Fc113448Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested171879A 180654A 209765A 225926A 217081A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity72668.6A 86427.9A 124078A 114609A 113215A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed2664.76A 2680.07A 5699.58A 5671.44A 5448.43A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4227.89Fc4784.17Fc5915.11Fc5072.85Fc5215.33Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested173279A 182041A 210995A 230926A 222081A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity344184A 336932A 316118A 268108A 308789A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed930.24A 929.78A 1617.63A 1555.36A 1416.46A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield19863Fc18508.6Fc14982.2Fc11610.1Fc13904.3Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested12000F 11995107849500F 13000F
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity93000F 92649771567014598419
Onions (inc. shallots), greenSeed22500F 22100F 22100Fc20400Fc17850Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield77500Fc77239.7Fc71546.7Fc73836.8Fc75706.9Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2355820020243762374021133
OrangesProduction Quantity574977897412494668219109609
OrangesYield24406.6Fc39447.6Fc51257.8Fc28735.9Fc51866.3Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1450F 142614551400F 1250F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity15500F 15092169851485312618
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield106897Fc105835Fc116735Fc106093Fc100944Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity87000* 57900F 55300F 4280041300
Palm oilProduction Quantity291000F 290568261237220945263252
PapayasArea Harvested3340F 3355294637914500F
PapayasProduction Quantity43000F 42796365056322079793
PapayasYield128743Fc127559Fc123914Fc166763Fc177318Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1900F 187889328112753
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity7000F 69472253401116857
Peaches and nectarinesYield36842.1Fc36991.5Fc25229.6Fc14268.9Fc61231.4Fc
PearsArea Harvested2075F 2069195719522097
PearsProduction Quantity10950F 108999763517610176
PearsYield52771.1Fc52677.6Fc49887.6Fc26516.4Fc48526.5Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested31323720369743645253
Peas, dryProduction Quantity17311548157016411025
Peas, drySeed151.68Fc135.76Fc167.8Fc156Fc189.28Fc
Peas, dryYield5526.82Fc4161.29Fc4246.69Fc3760.31Fc1951.27Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested77789005986695039225
Peas, greenProduction Quantity13549106071275795499216
Peas, greenYield17419.7Fc11779Fc12930.3Fc10048.4Fc9990.24Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested1480F 147325002000F 1900F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity3075F 306252504200F 4000F
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield20777Fc20787.5Fc21000Fc21000Fc21052.6Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested5900F 5737566147394271
PineapplesProduction Quantity105000F 103478752066720676616
PineapplesYield177966Fc180370Fc132849Fc141815Fc179387Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested103463116361125904136566128779
PlantainsProduction Quantity580664708012734661787568760535
PlantainsYield56122.9Fc60846.2Fc58350.9Fc57669.4Fc59057.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1300F 12769461500F 1450F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity8400F 829249928400F 8300F
Plums and sloesYield64615.4Fc64984.3Fc52769.6Fc56000Fc57241.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested5171348654577435094252766
PotatoesProduction Quantity360793338965413367381748485436
PotatoesSeed47825Fc54140Fc52329Fc61964Fc52808Fc
PotatoesYield69768.3Fc69668.5Fc71587.4Fc74937.8Fc91997.9Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested78881A 88424A 79264A 90373A 89473A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity27033A 32223A 26611A 25700A 26145A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed3215.34A 3345.07A 3859.93A 9023.4A 9464.53A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield3427.06Fc3644.15Fc3357.26Fc2843.77Fc2922.11Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested970F 965F 862F 840F 1200F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity4850F 482543114200F 6000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield50000Fc50000Fc50011.6Fc50000Fc50000Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedArea Harvested240F 230F 230F 220F 220F
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity120F 115F 115F 110F 110F
Pyrethrum,DriedYield5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc
QuinoaArea Harvested950F 9299181000F 600F
QuinoaProduction Quantity660F 652641519294
QuinoaSeed33.48Fc33.48Fc33.48Fc98
QuinoaYield6947.37Fc7018.3Fc6982.57Fc5190Fc4900Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested357558377300421548357564369798
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity15012401471080177838013847201432810
Rice, paddySeed28000F 26000F 27500F 2831828126
Rice, paddyYield41985.9Fc38989.7Fc42186.9Fc38726.5Fc38745.8Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested4800F 430232381300F 1600F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity11000F 10065687025203111
Roots and Tubers, nesSeed500F 500F 500F 432380
Roots and Tubers, nesYield22916.7Fc23396.1Fc21216.8Fc19384.6Fc19443.8Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested78358A 76947A 84189A 75764A 80814A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity444190A 453287A 510989A 471955A 586854A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed48325A 54640A 52829A 62396A 53188A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield56687.3Fc58909Fc60695.5Fc62292.8Fc72617.9Fc
RyeArea Harvested115F 110F 105F 74Im80Im
RyeProduction Quantity80F 77F 74F 60Im51Im
RyeSeed22Fc22Fc22Fc21Fc20Fc
RyeYield6956.52Fc7000Fc7047.62Fc8108.11Fc6375Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested2650F 262427331000F 3196
Seed cottonProduction Quantity3480F 3428372412073855
Seed cottonSeed17F 17F 17F 1754
Seed cottonYield13132.1Fc13064Fc13626Fc12070Fc12062Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested28F 303336F 35F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity22F 26292827
Sesame seedSeed0.8Fc0.8Fc0.8Fc
Sesame seedYield7857.14Fc8666.67Fc8787.88Fc7777.78Fc7714.29Fc
SorghumArea Harvested7300F 7400F 5000* 5000* 5000F
SorghumProduction Quantity11000F 11000F 10000* 10000* 10000*
SorghumSeed123Fc120Fc118.5Fc114Fc112.5Fc
SorghumYield15068.5Fc14864.9Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested20000* 30362646606226254662
SoybeansProduction Quantity23000* 59650107399108816109122
SoybeansSeed2600F 2621644465296547
SoybeansYield11500Fc19646.3Fc16609.8Fc17477.1Fc19963Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested690F 682883380F 480F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity670F 661853375473
Spices, nesYield9710.14Fc9692.08Fc9660.25Fc9868.42Fc9854.17Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested135F 131114154152
StrawberriesProduction Quantity1650F 1637130318201704
StrawberriesYield122222Fc124962Fc114298Fc118182Fc112105Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested540F 536510977957
Sugar beetProduction Quantity3450F 3446318048104675
Sugar beetYield63888.9Fc64291Fc62352.9Fc49232.3Fc48850.6Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested9123693930921488371776566
Sugar caneProduction Quantity69956106834080611871058348305272650
Sugar caneYield766760Fc727572Fc664009Fc696971Fc688641Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested170F 180F 175F 170F 165F
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity260F 270F 265F 260F 255F
Sunflower seedYield15294.1Fc15000Fc15142.9Fc15294.1Fc15454.5Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested1600F 131483520692908
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity3000F 4028215120093786
Sweet potatoesYield18750Fc30654.5Fc25760.5Fc9710Fc13019.3Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested6000F 6769485294269139
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity2562632149295713110042366
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield42710Fc47494.5Fc60946Fc32993.8Fc46357.4Fc
TeaArea Harvested880F 870530925920
TeaProduction Quantity1870F 185511661086815
TeaYield21250Fc21321.8Fc22000Fc11740.5Fc8858.7Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested4050F 4001433842334163
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity7800F 7685835079587164
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19259.3Fc19207.7Fc19248.5Fc18799.9Fc17208.7Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested30923309323525552908
TomatoesProduction Quantity6192972160848864504658645
TomatoesYield200288Fc218072Fc262399Fc176305Fc201668Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested4300F 3700F 3400F 3200F 3000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity41000F 35000F 33000F 32500F 32000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield95348.8Fc94594.6Fc97058.8Fc101563Fc106667Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested155524A 150042A 146930A 88132A 75578A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity446098A 429713A 405261A 282002A 323566A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed22906A 22506A 22506A 20655A 18105A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield28683.5Fc28639.5Fc27581.9Fc31997.7Fc42812.2Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested155524A 150042A 146930A 88132A 75578A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity446098A 429713A 405261A 282002A 323566A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed22906A 22506A 22506A 20655A 18105A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield28683.5Fc28639.5Fc27581.9Fc31997.7Fc42812.2Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested3500F 3010297620011951
WatermelonsProduction Quantity50000F 44419302462850729620
WatermelonsYield142857Fc147571Fc101633Fc142464Fc151820Fc
WheatArea Harvested974711674126841384915529
WheatProduction Quantity7577842910214110528845
WheatSeed2200F 1900F 2300F 25352732
WheatYield7773.67Fc7220.32Fc8052.66Fc7980.36Fc5695.79Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea7346.07W 7497.7W 7534.4Q 7445Q 7412Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea64.28I 66.65I 45.9I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea5.04I 4.43I 3.3I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea952Q 758Q 797Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea65I 69.32I 71.08I 49.2I
Arable landArea1155.7W 1186.4W 1199.4Q 1236Q 1195Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2535.17W 2577.8W 2548.4Q 2500Q 2415Q
Arable land area certified organicArea2.12I 1.98I 1.9I
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea0.13999999999999998I 0.03I 0.1I
Arable land organic, totalArea2.26I 2.01I 2I
Country areaArea25637Q 25637Q 25637Q 25637Q 25637Q
Fallow landArea173.4W 194W 170.8Q 235Q 187Q
Forest areaArea9667.4Fm9865Q 10062.6Fm10260.2Fm10457.8Fm
Inland waterArea801Fm801Fm801Fm801Fm801Fm
Land areaArea24836Fm24836Fm24836Q 24836Q 24836Q
Other landArea7822.53Fm7473.3Fm7239Fm7130.8Fm6966.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea3425.4W 3409.95Q 3562Q 3703Q 3624Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea1385.5W 1509.97Q 1424Q 1242Q 1373Q
Permanent cropsArea1379.5W 1391.4Q 1349Q 1264Q 1220Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea62.1I 64.6I 44I
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea4.9I 4.4I 3.2I
Permanent crops organic, totalArea67I 69I 47.2I
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4810.9W 4919.9Q 4986Q 4945Q 4997Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea0.06I 0.07I
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea5I 4.4I 3.3I
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea0.06I 0.07I
Temporary cropsArea982.3W 992.4Q 1028.6Q 1001Q 1008Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1000Fm980Fm960Fm940Fm920Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea7444Q 7500Fm7527W 7250W 7490W
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea761Q 752Q 717Q 672Q 643Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea
Arable landArea1233Q 1296Q 1277W 1299W 1360W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea2446Q 2510W 2523W 2487W 2600W
Arable land area certified organicArea
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea
Arable land organic, totalArea
Country areaArea25637Q 25637Q 25637Q 25637Q 25637Q
Fallow landArea190Q 198Q 204Q 309Q 282Q
Forest areaArea10655.4Fm10853Q 11050.6Fm11248.2Fm11445.8Fm
Inland waterArea801Fm801Fm801Fm801Fm801Fm
Land areaArea24836Q 24836Q 24836Q 24836Q 24836Q
Other landArea6736.6Fm6483Fm6258.4Fm6337.8Fm5900.2Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea3543Q 3589Q 3577Q 3343Q 3389Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea1455Q 1401Q 1427Q 1420Q 1501Q
Permanent cropsArea1213Q 1214Q 1246Q 1188Q 1240Q
Permanent crops area certified organicArea
Permanent crops area in conversion to organicArea
Permanent crops organic, totalArea
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4998Q 4990Q 5004Q 4763Q 4890Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organicArea
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organicArea
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, totalArea
Temporary cropsArea1043Q 1098Q 1073Q 990Q 1078Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea900Fm880Fm880Fm865F 865F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data