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Datasheet

Germany

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Germany
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 357,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Berlin
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 82,268,357
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$38,990
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$3,207,249,526,784
  • GDP: US$3,317,365,473,280
  • Agriculture, value added: US$27,277,455,360
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Restricted distributionBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)WidespreadSchneider et al., 1993; Schneider et al., 1997; Seemüller et al., 1998; Ipach et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO &, 1998; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasWidespreadMaixner et al., 1994; Maixner et al., 1997; Maixner et al., 1995a; Maixner et al., 1995b
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1926OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)WidespreadLorenz et al., 1995; Seemüller et al., 1998a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Seemüller & Foster, 1995
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Restricted distributionLorenz et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, formerly presentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentYesvan & der Wolf Bergsma-Vlami,, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesFiebinger, 1986; Zeller, 1987; Brandt & Harzer, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisLast reported 1992OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBradbury, 1986
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Restricted distributionNaumann & Karl, 1985; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentAcs et al., 2005
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedYesOidtmann et al., 1999a; Tzukerzis, 1964
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentJung et al., 1996; EPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Restricted distributionIntroducedIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionWerres & Marwitz, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, few occurrencesSpring et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentNeergaard, 1945; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Richardson, 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)WidespreadSutton, 1980; Phillips & Burdekin, 1992; Butin & Kehr, 1997
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentSachs, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentBottcher & Pohle, 1991
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrand, 2005; Henricot et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Restricted distributionPeper, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaPresentSmith et al., 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBurmeister, 1966
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesKaiser et al., 1997; UK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993; Richardson, 1990
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedStinzing & Lang, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)WidespreadYesSchumacher et al., 2007; Schumacher et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSchneider & Kruger, 1972; Winter & Menzi, 1991; UK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; Schmid-Heckel, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, few occurrencesPehl, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Heydeck et al., 2017
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesGibbs, 1978
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedYesUrbasch, 1993; Urbasch, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentKluge, 1963; Butin, 1984; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeJahn, 1979; Boidin & Lanquetin, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeLaubert & Trappmann 1929, April; Crane, 2001; Braun, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, few occurrencesBraun, 1982; Muller, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumWidespreadNativeSchulze, 1999
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumWidespreadNative
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBraun, 1982; BPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentGassner & Straib, 1936
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentOhst et al., 2011; Mutschmann et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentIntroducedYesSpitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2016
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentBakken & Wilson, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedYesWolff, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)WidespreadIntroducedYesEssink & Kleef, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)WidespreadEichler, 1950; Bremer, 1962; Gaedike, 1970a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIntroducedYesEPPO, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)WidespreadNativeSteffan, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969; Terytze et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadYesNehring, 2006; Gollasch & Nehring, 2006; Barnes & Barnes, 1962; Nehring & Leuchs, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)EradicatedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentSchönfeld, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Transient: actionable, under eradicationYesEPPO, 2014; Burmeister et al., 2012; Burmeister, 2012; EPPO, 2012a; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentDanzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusWidespreadIntroducedYesReise et al., 2006; Anger, 1978; Hartog, 1953; Hartog, 1959; Franke & Gutow, 2004; Kühl, 1954; Kühl, 1963; Reichert & Buchholz, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Villevielle & Lecoq, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedEngelbrecht & Buske, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Absent, unreliable recordCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Marine Station (SMS), 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentSchöller & Heinig, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesFreise, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedCook et al., 2007a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeRoman & Palumbi, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBogs Braasch, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)LocalisedIntroducedYesICES, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)WidespreadLaborius, 1972; Colonnelli, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedWundsch, 1912; Haas et al., 2002; Nesemann et al., 1995; Schellenberg, 1942; Riel et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, few occurrencesKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentDanzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSchönfeld, 2015; Danzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesWatson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentFreier et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentNikusch, 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedSpuler , 1913
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesBecker & Kny, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesBurckhardt, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYesKruger, 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, few occurrencesWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Transient: actionable, under eradicationCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Dicke et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014; Schönfeld, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesHaas et al., 2002; Nesemann et al., 1995; Bernauer & Jansen, 2006; Mayer et al., 2007; Tittizer et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedWu et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)WidespreadNativeSturm, 1942; Blank et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentThieme et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedNierhaus-Wunderwald & Forster, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; Billen, 1993; Jackel et al., 1994; Greib, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)WidespreadNativevon Scheller, 1963; Kloft et al., 1964; Heie, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentProzell & Schöller, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedYesGollasch , 1997; Zhao & et al. , 1998; NHM, 2004; ISSG, 2004; Gollasch, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNativeMurphy & Völkl, 1996; NHM, 1960
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeHuth et al., 2009; Panzer 1793-1813
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)WidespreadNativeHartig, 1837; Thalenhorst, 1960; Blank et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014; Reeds, 1941
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)Presentzur, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)WidespreadNativeBassus et al., 1975; Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Restricted distributionHeckmann, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, few occurrencesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961; Schliephake, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Introduced, not establishedDanzig & Pellizari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchönfeld, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedDauvin et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedYesObert et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentRehage & Terlutter, 2002; Schleuter et al., 1998; Schleuter & Schleuter, 1998; Wittmann, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentNiemeyer, 1974; Geiser & Waldert, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentSchönfeld, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)WidespreadNativeEPPO/CABI &, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)WidespreadNativeSchwerdtfeger, 1970; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadKurth, 1987; Kurth, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Hilbert & Kurth,1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeMey, 1988a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)WidespreadNativeCox, 2001; Haye & Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniWidespreadIntroducedYesAudzijonyte et al., 2009; Bernauer & Jansen, 2006; Fritz et al., 2006; Geissen, 1997; Gergs et al., 2008; Reinhold & Tittizer, 1998; Tittizer et al., 2000; Wittmann, 1995; Wittmann, 2003; Wittmann et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentYesJones et al., 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesDonisthorpe, 1927
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Leuprecht, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)WidespreadSchruft Steiner, 1975; Hoppmann & Holst, 1990; Louis & Schirra, 1992; Feldhege et al., 1993; Feldhege et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeYesFuester & et al. , 1975; Majunke , 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)WidespreadLucht, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)Restricted distributionBense, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeYesAlthoff & Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner, 1983; Dethlefsen, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentGruppe, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)WidespreadNativeEscherich, 1942; Niklas & Franz, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)LocalisedIntroducedKielhorn, 2009; Spinnen Forum, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentPape, 1964
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Widespreadvon & Reibnitz Backhaus, 1994; Skadow & Karl, 1967; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeYesKöhn & Gosselck, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedGonzález-Ortegón et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentRohrig, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentHoffmann & Schmutterer, 1999; CIE, 1979; Schönfeld, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeDella Beffa, 1936
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSefrová, 2003; Leinonen & Kaitila, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)WidespreadHiggins, 1983; Sauer, 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeSteffan, 1970b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)WidespreadNativeCAB European, 1998; Lucht, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)WidespreadNativeYesTalenhorst, 1950; Hierholzer, 1954
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentSengonca et al., 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentDuty, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentIntroducedYesMartens et al., 1999; Reinhold & Tittizer, 1999; Rudolph, 1997; Zettler, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHoldich & et al. , 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMarten et al., 2004; Privenau, 2010; Martin et al., 2010b; Chucholl & Pfeiffer, 2010; C Chucholl, pers. comm.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentKosztarab & Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)LocalisedIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedJha et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeHoward, 1899
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLampe et al., 2005; Vogt et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Merz & Niehaus, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiPresentIntroducedNehring, 2000; Schubert, 1936
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentBahr, 1975; Rassmann, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentSchwerdtfeger, 1951
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound & Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadNativeSchimitschek, 1968; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentSchöller, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentNiedermayer & Steidle, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentBahr & Prinz, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedSteinbrink, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeCFIA, 2002; Danilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentWagenhoff & Veit, 2011; Haeger, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)EradicatedEPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)WidespreadSellke, 1936; Oosterbroek & Theowald, 1992; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)WidespreadEscherich, 1923; Postner, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentKassis & Michelakis, 1993; Ruisinger & Backhaus, 1994; Kress, 1992; Albert et al., 1993; Dirks & Wilke, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeYesSmith, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Ruttner, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeArcher, 1998; Oehlke, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)WidespreadNativeKlimetzek et al., 1986; Roediger, 1956; Schröder, 1996; Schik & Thines, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCola &, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, intercepted onlyIntroducedCola &, 1971; Cola &, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Groschke, 1952; Wood & Bright, 1992; Wichmann, 1995; Wichmann, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaBrachiopodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)WidespreadNativeKetelaars & Gille, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)LocalisedIntroducedBauer & Woog, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedScott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)LocalisedIntroducedBauer & Woog, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004; NOBANIS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2013; Froese & Pauly, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadIntroducedBauer & Woog, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedLong, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)LocalisedIntroducedBartoš, 2009; Wotchikowsky, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Fritz & Lehmann, 2002; Podloucky, 1998; Van Dijk, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)LocalisedNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Kottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Kottelat & Freyhof, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Gunther, 1853
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFowler, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968; Winfield et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedCowx & Nunn, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)LocalisedIntroducedCatálogo Español Especies Exóticas Invasoras, 2013; Global Invasive Species Database, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedLever, 1996; Soes et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)WidespreadIntroducedFreyhof, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeGerstmeier & Romig, 1998; Spratte & Hartmann, 1997; Wheeler, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)LocalisedIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)Introduced, not establishedNOBANIS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)LocalisedIntroducedStemmer, 2008; Borcherding et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedCorkum et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)WidespreadIntroducedYesWeber et al., 2004; Nowak & Pielowski, 1964; Schwarz et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; NOBANIS, 2011; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)WidespreadIntroducedYesNiethammer & Krapp, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; NOBANIS, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentPullin et al., 1997; Holcík, 1991; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedUloth & Prien, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedGeiger & Waitzmann, 1996; Münch, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaePresentIntroducedOhst, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)LocalisedNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)WidespreadIntroducedSodeikat et al., 1995; BirdLife International, 2015a; eBird, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)WidespreadNativeFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedHenle & Fritz, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)WidespreadIntroducedYesLutz, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Arnold, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedBirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedYesZavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Geiter et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Winkler et al., 2000; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Jansson, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeGerstmeier & Romig, 1998; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, few occurrencesNativeSpratte & Hartmann, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentKrone et al., 2007; World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)LocalisedIntroducedGeinitz, 1980; P. Boye, Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bonn, Germany, personal communication, 2010; P. Boye, Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bonn, Germany, personal communication, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present only in captivity/cultivationClergeau & Yésou, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedWolter & Röhr, 2010; Geiter et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Nehring, 2006; Calmano et al., 1992; Kinne, 1956; Ringelband & Karbe, 1996; Tessnow, 1959
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedGollasch & Nehring, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)WidespreadNativeHofer, 1903
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)WidespreadIntroducedYesKerney et al., 1979; von Proschwitz, 1997; Schmid, 1970; Ludwig et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeAnimalBase, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisLocalisedIntroducedYesBernauer & Jansen, 2006; Haesloop, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesBij de Vaate, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedReichling, 1950; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Kerney, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedNeudecker, 1982; Reise, 1998; Drinkwaard, 1999; Wehrmann et al., 2000; Nehring, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)WidespreadIntroducedYesHessland, 1951; Thieltges et al., 2003; Thieltges et al., 2004; Werner, 1949
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015; Ludwig et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015; Ludwig et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesISSG, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedYesVelde & Platvoet, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentCosel et al., 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadIntroducedBank, 2011b; Taylor 1902-1907; Ludwig et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBuschbaum et al., 2007; Reid, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedStudemund & Rosenberg, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; Kerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedSchlesch, 1932
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)LocalisedIntroducedWagner, 2000; Arle & Wagner, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedGoulletquer, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentGodan, 1983; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesWürtz et al., 1998; Sures et al., 1999a; Hartmann, 1987; Neumann, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)WidespreadBohmer, 1981; Decker & Dowe, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentBlank, 1985; Burckhardt, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)WidespreadHomeyer, 1973; Gentzsch, 1973; Kuthe, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedLauenstein, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)WidespreadIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentGoffart, 1941; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentZunke, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Transient: actionable, under eradicationHeinicke, 1993; Muller et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Transient: actionable, under eradicationCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSturhan, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionShepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentWeischer & Wyss, 1976; Bercks et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedYesKorting, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedYesDietrich & Hesse, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaLocalisedIntroducedRiisberg & Edvardsen, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedYesSchloemer, 1953; Hussner et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSachse, 1991; Kowarik, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeBinggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedGreuter, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980; Zimmermann, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Lechner et al., 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Aellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)LocalisedIntroducedIamonico, 2015; Schmitz, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesAllard, 1943; Love, 1976; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016; Chauvel & Martinez, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Milton et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand, 2011; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMowat, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedMowat, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresent only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDave's Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011; Hegi, 1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)WidespreadYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Tienhoven et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedYesBöcker & Dirk, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentSchuester, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentOtto et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeGibson & Kerchove, 1999; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009; Ebeling et al., 2008a; Ebeling et al., 2008b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)WidespreadIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2009; Jehlik & Slavik, 1968; Starfinger & Kowarik, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeKuhbauch et al., 1992; HYPPA, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976; Otto et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesOchsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadVoge, 1986; Ellenberg, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadReimann & Breckle, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; Hintzsche & Pallutt, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1964; Hemp, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)WidespreadStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedYesDickoré & Kasperek, 2010; NOBANIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; NOBANIS, 2005; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentWilliams & Hunyadi, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015; Fitter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSeybold, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Moore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeLaudien & Koch, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHilbig & Mahn, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedCWRIS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedHoutman, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedKrausch, 1987; Sculthorpe, 1971; NOBANIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)WidespreadIntroducedNOBANIS, 2010; DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)LocalisedIntroducedArbeitsgemeinschaft Flora von Bayern, 2013; Hassler & Schmitt, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)Absent, formerly presentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Meisel, 1979; Potsch, 1987; Fuchs & Voit, 1992; Hilbig & Mahn, 1971; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesJalas & Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesSchnitzler & Muller, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentYesBailey & Wisskirchen, 2006; Keil & Alberternst, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentSchmidt, 1986; Steden & Schulte, 2000; Hilbig & Mahn, 1971; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesKabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life, 2015; Discover Life, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)WidespreadIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976; Wagenitz, 1980; Sebald et al., 1998; Kowarik, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014; Jahodová et al., 2007b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentTutin et al., 1972; Holm et al., 1979; Preston & Croft, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHussner & Lösch, 2007; EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentIntroducedYesHussner et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)WidespreadIntroducedYesSebald et al., 1998; Rothmaler et al., 2002; Kowarik, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)WidespreadIntroducedYesTrepl, 1984; Rothmaler et al., 2002; Kowarik, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifoliaPresentIntroducedEdler & Steinmann, 2012; Follak et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)LocalisedIntroducedKoch, 1991; Runge, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2009; Preston & Croft, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)WidespreadYesHetzel, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSukopp, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Steiner & Ruckenbauer, 1995; Hammer et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLuken & Thieret, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentIntroducedYesNehring & Kolthoff, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Alberternst & Nawrath, 2002; Fischer & Schausten, 1994; Fuchs et al., 2003; König & Nawrath, 1992; Korneck & Krause, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedYesAuge & Brandl, 1997; GBIF, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)LocalisedIntroducedHussner & Lösch, 2005; EPPO, 2014; Bank-Signon & Patzke, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)LocalisedIntroducedYesEPPO, 2007; Hussner, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter, 1978; Selig et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Restricted distributionter Borg, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)Unconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)LocalisedIntroducedChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedLinares, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS2003; Hoflich et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Restricted distributionNativeSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentBottcher, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)WidespreadNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedYesKowarik, 1995; Starfinger, 2004; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)WidespreadIntroducedBoyle et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedUK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009; Weidema, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedKollmann, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)WidespreadIntroducedYesKuhbier, 1977; Stieglitz, 1977; Brennenstuhl, 1995; Kuhbier, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeYesReichenbach & Reichenbach, 1854; Sturms, 1905; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeYesReichenbach & Reichenbach, 1854; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; ISSG, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)WidespreadIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeGarcke, 1972; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedYesGroenendijk, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSchütte, 1996; Bohme et al., 1999; Kurfess & Kleisinger, 2000; Winter et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Clapham, 1972; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentWeyer Kvan de, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedAnt, 1966; Ant, 1970; Hegi, 1965; Hussner & Lösch, 2005; Les et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBergmeier, 1991; IUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1976; Euro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)Present, few occurrencesNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentLove, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentYesBiermann, 1999; Benkert, 1971; Hübschmann, 1970; Neu, 1968
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentHerbst & Krauss, 1989; Krone et al., 2004; Hartig & Frese, 1973; Kaleta & Marschall, 1982; Kitzing, 1980; Luthgen, 1983
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)WidespreadKoch & Huth, 1997; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBrandes, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2010
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusduck hepatitis A virusCAB Abstracts data miningOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusElm mottle virusWidespreadNativeYesSchmelzer, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1988OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentMilne et al., 1984
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Leinhos et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, few occurrencesFuchs et al., 1994; Hohmann et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Fuchs et al., 1987
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentVidela, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2003
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)WidespreadIntroducedRoy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentHanke et al., 2015
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1870OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; Domes et al., 1996
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentFuchs et al., 1990; Huth, 1994
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 2000OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedChen et al., 2001

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesWürtz et al., 1998; Sures et al., 1999a; Hartmann, 1987; Neumann, 1985
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Emele et al., 1985; Philipp et al., 1998
avian influenzaPresentOIE, 2009; Hoffrogge et al., 2003; OIE, 2004b
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Salisch et al., 1998
avipoxPresentHerbst & Krauss, 1989; Krone et al., 2004; Hartig & Frese, 1973; Kaleta & Marschall, 1982; Kitzing, 1980; Luthgen, 1983
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Alani & Herbert, 1988; Weber, 1988; Gräfner, 1989; Niepold, 1990; Freidhoff et al., 1988
bacterial kidney diseasePresentPfeil-Putzien et al., 1985; Lehmann & Mock, 1985
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentIntroducedYesSpitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2013
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedYesKorting, 1974
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Sting & Ortmann, 2000
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Hellmann et al., 1993
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Pozvari, 1980
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentSchettler et al., 2003; Hotzel et al., 2004
ChytridiomycosisPresentOhst et al., 2011; Mutschmann et al., 2000
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisPresentOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedYesOidtmann et al., 1999a; OIE, 2009; Tzukerzis, 1964
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties1999
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentBockemuhl & et al. , 1983
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Ahne & et al. , 1989
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1988OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE, 2009; Enzmann et al., 1992
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentSchlotfeldt et al., 1975
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE, 2009; Bretzinger et al., 1999; Haenen et al., 2004; Schlotfeldt, 2004
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner, 1983; Dethlefsen, 1975
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Iturria, 1989
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentBisgaard et al., 1991; Wallmann et al., 2004
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentHanke et al., 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverReported present or known to be presentNativeSting et al., 2003; OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Schulz, 1989
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Bachmann & Ahne, 1973
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentLiebisch & Rahman, 1978
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentThoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaPresentOIE, 2009; Kaysser et al., 2008; Müller et al., 2013
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Hafez & Löhren, 1990; Redmann et al., 1991; Redmann et al., 1993; Wemmer, 1993; Pollan & Anrather, 1993
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Ruttner, 1977
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE, 2009; Schlotfeldt & et al. , 1991
visna/maediPresentOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
whirling diseaseWidespreadNativeHofer, 1903
white spot diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested3160831819318133180031721
ApplesProduction Quantity898448834960107068010470001070040
ApplesYield284247Fc262409Fc336554Fc329245Fc337329Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested54Im57Im56Im54Im55F
ApricotsProduction Quantity324Im274Im350F 320F 310F
ApricotsYield60000Fc48070.2Fc62500Fc59259.3Fc56363.6Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1861118794181901843618610
AsparagusProduction Quantity10345792404981939265394285
AsparagusYield55589.2Fc49166.8Fc53981.9Fc50256.6Fc50663.6Fc
BarleyArea Harvested15981001653200187789019616801916870
BarleyProduction Quantity873380010412100122881001196710010384200
BarleySeed248776254369291175291000298000
BarleyYield54651.2Fc62981.5Fc65435.7Fc61004.3Fc54172.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested
Beans, dryProduction Quantity
Beans, drySeed176Fc176Fc176Fc176Fc176Fc
Beans, dryYield
Beans, greenArea Harvested33953925429347754302
Beans, greenProduction Quantity3910741398446354926047422
Beans, greenYield115190Fc105473Fc103972Fc103162Fc110232Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested142891257680
Berries NesProduction Quantity304219224177299
Berries NesYield21408.5Fc24606.7Fc17920Fc23289.5Fc37375Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested14341429142614061406
BlueberriesProduction Quantity66088305994041165818
BlueberriesYield46080.9Fc58117.6Fc69705.5Fc29274.5Fc41379.8Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1730016900120221112812216
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity6140056200474693836943147
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed2600Fc2600Fc2600Fc2600Fc2400Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield35491.3Fc33254.4Fc39485.1Fc34479.7Fc35320.1Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1482614471148671557314797
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity828517787065841181806078777721
Cabbages and other brassicasYield558827Fc543891Fc565804Fc517613Fc525594Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested968310367104711022610217
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity533717553972570239547073562296
Carrots and turnipsYield551190Fc534361Fc544589Fc534982Fc550353Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested64796548681770336517
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity144136151977168089156101150737
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield222466Fc232097Fc246573Fc221955Fc231298Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested6491300A 6595930A 6918450A 7038420A 6571690A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity41938200A 44314300A 49808800A 50104900A 40632200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed964886A 1017280A 1066320A 1069800A 1060860A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield64606.8Fc67184.4Fc71994.2Fc71187.7Fc61829Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6491300A 6595930A 6918450A 7038420A 6571690A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity41938200A 44314300A 49808800A 50104900A 40632200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed964886A 1017280A 1066320A 1069800A 1060860A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield64606.8Fc67184.4Fc71994.2Fc71187.7Fc61829Fc
CherriesArea Harvested53385389544054495443
CherriesProduction Quantity3703530831394632516634452
CherriesYield69379.9Fc57211Fc72542.3Fc46184.6Fc63296Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested4339434135
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity23252159205719042066
Chillies and peppers, greenYield540698Fc553590Fc478372Fc464390Fc590286Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3243100A 3298230A 3692410A 3824930A 3579610A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity19138200A 20207600A 24616400A 24116300A 19804100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed439567A 445873A 494389A 495795A 502857A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield59012.1Fc61268.2Fc66667.7Fc63050.2Fc55324.6Fc
CranberriesArea Harvested817Im805Im801Im816* 816*
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested29313111301530863224
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity249607242818263277236625244694
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield851610Fc780514Fc873224Fc766769Fc758976Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested21332140214820252043
CurrantsProduction Quantity95871192711847105878808
CurrantsYield44946.1Fc55733.6Fc55153.6Fc52281.5Fc43113.1Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1146A 1146A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)YieldFcFc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested178662A 178933A 178885A 178525A 178522A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2572520A 2177400A 2778980A 2768440A 2926280A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield143988Fc121688Fc155350Fc155073Fc163917Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested12310Im12329Im12326Im12300F 12400F
GooseberriesProduction Quantity75904Im64246Im82000F 83887.6Im90332.8Im
GooseberriesYield61660.4Fc52109.7Fc66526Fc68201.3Fc72849Fc
GrapesArea Harvested99747999071001019974499702
GrapesProduction Quantity1251000* 953400* 1235000* 1351500* 1400600
GrapesYield125417Fc95428.8Fc123375Fc135497Fc140479Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested1146F 1146
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity
Hemp Tow WasteYieldFcFc
HempseedArea Harvested
HempseedProduction Quantity
HempseedSeed
HempseedYield
HopsArea Harvested1860018386184501878017747
HopsProduction Quantity3806834249313463967532100
HopsYield20466.7Fc18627.8Fc16989.7Fc21126.2Fc18087.6Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested23992311304633793222
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity838148025598916114188105283
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield349371Fc347274Fc324741Fc337934Fc326763Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested538412533548470
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity42963639394840973573
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield79851.3Fc88325.2Fc74071.3Fc74762.8Fc76021.3Fc
LentilsArea Harvested
LentilsProduction Quantity
LentilsYield
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1514714393149681485913645
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity340487308341346562316741311859
Lettuce and chicoryYield224788Fc214230Fc231535Fc213164Fc228552Fc
LinseedArea Harvested46007100410042006300
LinseedProduction Quantity6000* 7000* 4000* 4000* 6000*
LinseedYield13043.5Fc9859.15Fc9756.1Fc9523.81Fc9523.81Fc
LupinsArea Harvested2150024100193601986925246
LupinsProduction Quantity276003060025000F 25000F 32000F
LupinsSeed4300Fc4300Fc4820Fc3872Fc3973.8Fc
LupinsYield12837.2Fc12697.1Fc12913.2Fc12582.4Fc12675.3Fc
MaizeArea Harvested488000463600464333520478403210
MaizeProduction Quantity51840004072900452723051058603809320
MaizeSeed51211.25552150917.55100050000
MaizeYield106230Fc87853.8Fc97499.6Fc98099.4Fc94474.8Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested1620015808271082755129728
Mixed grainProduction Quantity6770061915132526124416122856
Mixed grainSeed2268Fc2268Fc2213.12Fc3795.12Fc3857.14Fc
Mixed grainYield41790.1Fc39166.9Fc48888.2Fc45158.4Fc41326.7Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity6200060000522005700055000
Mustard seedArea Harvested8081.31* 6961.13* 6321.02* 3920.64* 4160.67*
Mustard seedProduction Quantity5461Im7993Im8849F 5489F 5825F
Mustard seedSeed150F 150F 150F 150F 150F
Mustard seedYield6757.57Fc11482.3Fc13999.3Fc14000.3Fc14000.2Fc
OatsArea Harvested143400141000162593179485177831
OatsProduction Quantity627400600300825575793188727926
OatsSeed2275221622.724694.82500027000
OatsYield43751.7Fc42574.5Fc50775.6Fc44192.4Fc40933.6Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1373880A 1506500A 1511500A 1409650A 1584350A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity2356250A 3452080A 3820850A 3123640A 3225560A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed4538.15A 4387A 16092.8A 13504.9A 10701.6A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield17150.3Fc22914.6Fc25278.5Fc22158.9Fc20358.9Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1373880A 1506500A 1511500A 1409650A 1584350A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2052730A 2834190A 3502230A 2900650A 2048280A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed2935.86A 2804A 13015.5A 11044.7A 8455.92A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield14941.1Fc18813.1Fc23170.5Fc20577Fc12928.2Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity
Oilseeds, NesSeed
Oilseeds, NesYield
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested19491698163316441367
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity7573059963726045680350419
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield388558Fc353139Fc444605Fc345517Fc368830Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested94428762863289428388
Onions, dryProduction Quantity505594387114433036407602377639
Onions, dryYield535473Fc441810Fc501664Fc455829Fc450213Fc
Palm oilProduction Quantity5551656428871076110917047
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested94Im97Im103Im110F 105F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity862Im730F 780F 850F 810F
Peaches and nectarinesYield91702.1Fc75257.7Fc75728.2Fc77272.7Fc77142.9Fc
PearsArea Harvested20772088209320902097
PearsProduction Quantity4685438895523193807649918
PearsYield225585Fc186279Fc249971Fc182182Fc238045Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested5580058700483234803467668
Peas, dryProduction Quantity154600176700165907140556177487
Peas, drySeed1570012700172001530016700
Peas, dryYield27706.1Fc30102.2Fc34332.9Fc29261.8Fc26229.1Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested40154444573352655188
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2151624944342702935626334
Peas, greenYield53589Fc56129.6Fc59776.7Fc55756.9Fc50759.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested45454549453445394533
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity5874149260731023136365290
Plums and sloesYield129243Fc108288Fc161231Fc69096.7Fc144033Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested4801Im5264Im5281Im4934Im5546Im
Poppy seedProduction Quantity2030Im2971Im3289Im2694Im2782Im
Poppy seedSeed200F 200F 200F 200F 200F
Poppy seedYield4228.29Fc5644Fc6227.99Fc5460.07Fc5016.23Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested258700255200263700259800274961
PotatoesProduction Quantity1180000010201900116175001136900011643800
PotatoesSeed598000583000574000575000565000
PotatoesYield456127Fc399761Fc440557Fc437606Fc423471Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested3917Im4128Im330053003877
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity8073Im8732Im8000F 11000F 5241Im
Pulses, nesSeed
Pulses, nesYield20610.2Fc21153.1Fc24242.4Fc20754.7Fc13518.2Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested98517A 103828A 83005A 84331A 109007A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity251673A 272232A 246376A 214925A 257875A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed22776A 19776A 24796A 21948A 23249.8A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield25546.2Fc26219.5Fc29682.1Fc25485.9Fc23656.7Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested30992797272826712238
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity8815678161820927482275422
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield284466Fc279446Fc300924Fc280127Fc337006Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested13286001461200147120013707001548180
RapeseedProduction Quantity38695005697600630670051547005320520
RapeseedSeed7000F 7000F 700050006000
RapeseedYield29124.6Fc38992.6Fc42867.7Fc37606.3Fc34366.3Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested11181127112311201121
RaspberriesProduction Quantity47785212506853346191
RaspberriesYield42737Fc46246.7Fc45129.1Fc47625Fc55227.5Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested258700A 255200A 263700A 259800A 274961A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity11800000A 10201900A 11617500A 11369000A 11643800A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed598000A 583000A 574000A 575000A 565000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield456127Fc399761Fc440557Fc437606Fc423471Fc
RyeArea Harvested614000627100759400736934670939
RyeProduction Quantity25210002903470432860037442502698280
RyeSeed57847.656440.169237.46900068000
RyeYield41058.6Fc46299.9Fc57000.3Fc50808.5Fc40216.5Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested28552908325934053426
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity2229418265302361491128756
Sour cherriesYield78087.6Fc62809.5Fc92776.9Fc43791.5Fc83934.6Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested1000* 1000* 1000* 1000* 1000*
SoybeansProduction Quantity2000* 1000* 1000* 1000* 1000*
SoybeansYield20000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
SpinachArea Harvested33773145354635283582
SpinachProduction Quantity6125749470608076247261398
SpinachYield181395Fc157297Fc171481Fc177075Fc171407Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested542556559559561
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity53633964940443035996
Stone fruit, nesYield98948.3Fc71295Fc168229Fc76976.7Fc106881Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1384813644129781303213013
StrawberriesProduction Quantity154418156911158563150854158658
StrawberriesYield111509Fc115004Fc122178Fc115757Fc121923Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested398100367000383600369300402697
Sugar beetProduction Quantity2500000023858400259190002300260025139100
Sugar beetYield627983Fc650093Fc675678Fc622870Fc624268Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested2680024973236002490019161
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity5320047240569004890050862
Sunflower seedSeed321.6Fc24906F 21953F 14712F
Sunflower seedYield19850.8Fc18916.4Fc24110.2Fc19638.5Fc26544.5Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested2014Im2356309131433270
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity4829Im6120F 822383397700
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield23977.2Fc25976.2Fc26603Fc26532Fc23547.4Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested321322316308293
TomatoesProduction Quantity7671873285666206509662599
TomatoesYield2389970Fc2275930Fc2108230Fc2113510Fc2136480Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5765A 5633A 4027A 5262A 5201A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15083A 12313A 13097A 18374A 17000A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield26163Fc21858.7Fc32523Fc34918.3Fc32686Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested383400397517401081398804381036
TriticaleProduction Quantity20043002156960251439023814702061470
TriticaleSeed56712.655652.456151.35600056000
TriticaleYield52277Fc54260.8Fc62690.3Fc59715.3Fc54101.7Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested1208111972137151381313235
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity373181353734423271398830377801
Vegetables fresh nesYield308899Fc295468Fc308619Fc288735Fc285456Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested108336A 107511A 112546A 114127A 109330A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3593620A 3350700A 3662000A 3476700A 3386550A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield331710Fc311661Fc325378Fc304634Fc309755Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested108336A 107511A 112546A 114127A 109330A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3593620A 3350700A 3662000A 3476700A 3386550A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield331710Fc311661Fc325378Fc304634Fc309755Fc
VetchesArea Harvested
VetchesProduction Quantity
VetchesSeed
VetchesYield
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested5765Im5633Im4027Im5262Im5201Im
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity15083Im12313Im13097Im18374Im17000F
Walnuts, with shellYield26163Fc21858.7Fc32523Fc34918.3Fc32686Fc
WheatArea Harvested32482003297700322604032134902992080
WheatProduction Quantity2280000024106700251924002598860020828100
WheatSeed525319571410571935574000558000
WheatYield70192.7Fc73101.6Fc78090.8Fc80873.4Fc69610.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested3250432339323453116431200
ApplesProduction Quantity947611891402979730818032762800
ApplesYield291537Fc275643Fc302900Fc262493Fc244487Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested53535353100
ApricotsProduction Quantity300F 216489185200
ApricotsYield56603.8Fc40754.7Fc92264.1Fc34905.7Fc20000Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1840818117167441510614222
AsparagusProduction Quantity8198482758725166533757196
AsparagusYield44537.2Fc45679.8Fc43308.7Fc43252.3Fc40216.6Fc
BarleyArea Harvested20253001946800197947020746201970340
BarleyProduction Quantity1196660011613800129930001049000010928000
BarleySeed302000315000309000331000319000
BarleyYield59085.6Fc59655.8Fc65638.8Fc50563.5Fc55462.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested
Beans, dryProduction Quantity
Beans, drySeed176Fc176Fc176Fc176Fc176Fc
Beans, dryYield
Beans, greenArea Harvested44254065443345134200
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4173543124474233832347100
Beans, greenYield94316.4Fc106086Fc106977Fc84916.9Fc112143Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested81.39* 81.39*
Berries NesProduction Quantity200F 200F
Berries NesYield24573Fc24573Fc
BlueberriesArea Harvested14101467.13*
BlueberriesProduction Quantity60887000F
BlueberriesYield43177.3Fc47712.2Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1500015700155112004219000
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity4910059600640976084865000
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed2600Fc3100Fc3240Fc3200Fc4030.8Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield32733.3Fc37961.8Fc41323.6Fc30360.2Fc34210.5Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested1478714432160341601815000
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity737458721549795370784537664000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield498721Fc499965Fc496052Fc489785Fc442667Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested1004398581050492558961
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity504162516327554330426038414960
Carrots and turnipsYield502003Fc523764Fc527732Fc460333Fc463073Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested72417176774076605123
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity159190176549182264168135128005
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield219845Fc246027Fc235483Fc219497Fc249863Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested6702200A 6839000A 6946940A 6839430A 6940990A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity43474800A 45980200A 51110300A 39320500A 43391300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1060160A 1010760A 1103970A 1121950A 1077270A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield64866.5Fc67232.3Fc73572.3Fc57490.9Fc62514.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested6702200A 6839000A 6946940A 6839430A 6940990A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity43474800A 45980200A 51110300A 39320500A 43391300A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1060160A 1010760A 1103970A 1121950A 1077270A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield64866.5Fc67232.3Fc73572.3Fc57490.9Fc62514.6Fc
CherriesArea Harvested55615528550453665720.23*
CherriesProduction Quantity3163727911390763338627768.4*
CherriesYield56890.8Fc50490.2Fc70995.6Fc62217.7Fc48544.2Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested37
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1801
Chillies and peppers, greenYield486757Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3587500A 3665200A 3835290A 3875700A 3926370A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity21046900A 22287500A 25683100A 20060700A 22573600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed500162A 496760A 521970A 559955A 542268A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield58667.3Fc60808.4Fc66965.1Fc51760.1Fc57492.4Fc
CranberriesArea Harvested851.48* 851.48*
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested30283269299935693300
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity221236219510204903232239238800
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield730634Fc671490Fc683238Fc650712Fc723636Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested2099210010000F 19458Im19544Im
CurrantsProduction Quantity1123912000F 60000F 114800117100
CurrantsYield53544.6Fc57142.9Fc60000Fc58998.9Fc59916.1Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area HarvestedA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production QuantityA A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity
Flax fibre and towYield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested180962A 179683A 187957A 194015A 194727A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2628840A 2732690A 2685460A 2425030A 2623440A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield145271Fc152084Fc142876Fc124992Fc134724Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested12300F 12300F 12398Im12161Im12215Im
GooseberriesProduction Quantity83137.3F 83137.3F 83799.7F 7380064700
GooseberriesYield67591.3Fc67591.3Fc67591.3Fc60685.8Fc52967.7Fc
GrapesArea Harvested9917298875984039827098772
GrapesProduction Quantity12247001449000F 1184000F 11300001368000
GrapesYield123493Fc146549Fc120322Fc114989Fc138501Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellProduction Quantity
Hemp Tow WasteArea Harvested
Hemp Tow WasteProduction Quantity
Hemp Tow WasteYield
HempseedArea Harvested
HempseedProduction Quantity
HempseedSeed
HempseedYield
HopsArea Harvested1721417231173951760518563
HopsProduction Quantity2850034456332022535532273
HopsYield16556.3Fc19996.5Fc19087.1Fc14402.2Fc17385.7Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested30562295228422272145
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity8815576083702536506162719
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield288465Fc331516Fc307588Fc292146Fc292396Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested403144Im150* 154165
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity28722356Im2500* 22542739
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield71265.5Fc163611Fc166667Fc146364Fc166000Fc
LentilsArea Harvested
LentilsProduction Quantity
LentilsYield
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1304997061019794279600
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity303362241662255204202128219000
Lettuce and chicoryYield232479Fc248982Fc250274Fc214414Fc228125Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1390014000129001620010300
LinseedProduction Quantity2240025370231602880017100
LinseedYield16115.1Fc18121.4Fc17953.5Fc17777.8Fc16601.9Fc
LupinsArea Harvested32800386003581845627
LupinsProduction Quantity42000F 50000F 46000F 60000F
LupinsSeed5049.2Fc6560Fc7720Fc7163.6FcF
LupinsYield12804.9Fc12953.4Fc12842.7Fc13150.1Fc
MaizeArea Harvested401000443100461697463355398745
MaizeProduction Quantity32203004082700421300034216403738450
MaizeSeed5000047000550005600052000
MaizeYield80306.7Fc92139.5Fc91250.3Fc73844.9Fc93755.4Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested3400035500339614476935280
Mixed grainProduction Quantity149300158000171534189586157028
Mixed grainSeed4161.92Fc4760Fc4970Fc4754.54Fc6267.66Fc
Mixed grainYield43911.8Fc44507Fc50509.1Fc42347.6Fc44509.1Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity5900050000500005000062000
Mustard seedArea Harvested6801.1* 6000* 2900* 3700* 3280.53*
Mustard seedProduction Quantity9522F 8400F 4060F 5180F 4593F
Mustard seedSeed150F 150F 150F 150F 150F
Mustard seedYield14000.7Fc14000Fc14000Fc14000Fc14000.8Fc
OatsArea Harvested183700209900227829261927233148
OatsProduction Quantity829900963600118579012016501015850
OatsSeed20000F 25000F 29000F 31200F 35000*
OatsYield45176.9Fc45907.6Fc52047.4Fc45877.3Fc43571Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested1487900A 1395880A 1335380A 1327350A 1341670A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity3252820A 3084810A 3216990A 2237130A 2349240A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed9287.88A 8957A 10367A 10367A 10367A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield21861.8Fc22099.4Fc24090.4Fc16854.1Fc17509.8Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1487900A 1395880A 1335380A 1327350A 1341670A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2065960A 1960320A 2044450A 1423950A 1492860A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed7222.64A 6934A 8164A 8164A 8164A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield13885.1Fc14043.6Fc15309.8Fc10727.8Fc11126.9Fc
Oilseeds, NesArea Harvested
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity
Oilseeds, NesSeed
Oilseeds, NesYield
Onions (inc. shallots), greenArea Harvested1368
Onions (inc. shallots), greenProduction Quantity44875
Onions (inc. shallots), greenYield328034Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested85257907911178656911
Onions, dryProduction Quantity337269364514425858271520292665
Onions, dryYield395623Fc461002Fc467411Fc345226Fc423477Fc
Palm oilProduction Quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested104104103101100
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity800F 754922353500
Peaches and nectarinesYield76923.1Fc72500Fc89514.6Fc34950.5Fc50000Fc
PearsArea Harvested22262189218820902090
PearsProduction Quantity4858638259787635349476139
PearsYield218266Fc174778Fc359977Fc255952Fc364301Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested92100110300121508135916148628
Peas, dryProduction Quantity287700346300464212391739413227
Peas, drySeed14000F 24000F 27000F 30000F 33000
Peas, dryYield31237.8Fc31396.2Fc38204.2Fc28822.1Fc27802.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested51445141550356565139
Peas, greenProduction Quantity2824328734317052635261900
Peas, greenYield54904.7Fc55891.8Fc57614Fc46591.2Fc120451Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested45904562456245195000
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity5152340114778374787345800
Plums and sloesYield112251Fc87930.7Fc170620Fc105937Fc91600Fc
Poppy seedArea Harvested5198Im4878Im4667Im4638Im4689Im
Poppy seedProduction Quantity2800F 2794Im2707Im2569Im2700F
Poppy seedSeed200F 200F 200F 200F 200F
Poppy seedYield5386.69Fc5727.76Fc5800.3Fc5539.03Fc5758.16Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested274300276900295266287264284078
PotatoesProduction Quantity100306001162420013043600991568011491700
PotatoesSeed602000602000640000685000660000
PotatoesYield365680Fc419798Fc441758Fc345177Fc404526Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested3900420046925323
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity8000F 8500F 9500F 11000F
Pulses, nesSeed
Pulses, nesYield20512.8Fc20238.1Fc20247.2Fc20665Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested143800A 168800A 177529A 206908A 167628A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity386800A 464400A 583809A 523587A 478227A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed21825.2A 33836A 38136A 40539.6A 37206.8A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield26898.5Fc27511.8Fc32885.3Fc25305.3Fc28529.1Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested2165
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity78050
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield360508Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested14290001343900128336012656101296650
RapeseedProduction Quantity53365005051700527659036339403848700
RapeseedSeed60006000600060006000
RapeseedYield37344.3Fc37589.8Fc41115.4Fc28713Fc29681.9Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested112111005853Im5741Im5766Im
RaspberriesProduction Quantity71967000F 20034* 2000029700
RaspberriesYield64192.7Fc63636.4Fc34228.6Fc34837.1Fc51508.8Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested274300A 276900A 295266A 287264A 284078A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity10030600A 11624200A 13043600A 9915680A 11491700A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed602000A 602000A 640000A 685000A 660000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield365680Fc419798Fc441758Fc345177Fc404526Fc
RyeArea Harvested538900549100624945531231728388
RyeProduction Quantity26437002793500382996022774203666000
RyeSeed6800050000570006500055000
RyeYield49057.3Fc50874.2Fc61284.8Fc42870.6Fc50330.3Fc
Sour cherriesArea Harvested42024226423141973879.77*
Sour cherriesProduction Quantity3714324571354503369422031.7*
Sour cherriesYield88393.6Fc58142.4Fc83786.3Fc80281.1Fc56786.1Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested1000* 652
SoybeansProduction Quantity1000* 1000*
SoybeansYield10000Fc15337.4Fc
SpinachArea Harvested33383545343134333257
SpinachProduction Quantity5515168697591665684055139
SpinachYield165222Fc193786Fc172445Fc165569Fc169294Fc
Stone fruit, nesArea Harvested473472473474440F
Stone fruit, nesProduction Quantity54524626597741383400F
Stone fruit, nesYield115264Fc98008.5Fc126364Fc87299.6Fc77272.7Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested142141343511844104219900
StrawberriesProduction Quantity17323014650011938495278105297
StrawberriesYield121873Fc109044Fc100797Fc91428.9Fc106361Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested357600420100440545445630459400
Sugar beetProduction Quantity2064660025284700271590002375600026794300
Sugar beetYield577366Fc601873Fc616486Fc533088Fc583246Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested3200027100315573720026100
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity6190067100696527304352000
Sunflower seedSeed11704F 11000140001400014000
Sunflower seedYield19343.8Fc24760.2Fc22071.8Fc19635.2Fc19923.4Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested33574459444847004789
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity850010888101011162511490
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield25320.2Fc24418Fc22709.1Fc24734Fc23992.5Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested279284292256282
TomatoesProduction Quantity5323956121580824887046100
TomatoesYield1908210Fc1976090Fc1989110Fc1908980Fc1634750Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5110A 5000A 4901A 4794A 4599A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity19754A 16880A 15465A 15383A 16900A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield38657.5Fc33760Fc31554.8Fc32088Fc36747.1Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested404600480800507391499796560466
TriticaleProduction Quantity22371002675900328978024803703068300
TriticaleSeed5600055000670007200075000
TriticaleYield55291.7Fc55655.2Fc64837.2Fc49627.7Fc54745.5Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested23700F 25000F 27100* 25500* 22000*
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity950000F 1000000F 1097000* 1200000* 1350000*
Vegetables fresh nesYield400844Fc400000Fc404797Fc470588Fc613636Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested118996A 110939A 116522A 110639A 100305A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3747780A 3647980A 3906570A 3637630A 3702320A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield314950Fc328828Fc335265Fc328784Fc369107Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested118996A 110939A 116522A 110639A 100305A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3747780A 3647980A 3906570A 3637630A 3702320A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield314950Fc328828Fc335265Fc328784Fc369107Fc
VetchesArea Harvested
VetchesProduction Quantity
VetchesSeed
VetchesYield
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested5110Im5000Im4901Im4794Im4599Im
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity19754Im16880Im15465Im15383Im16900
Walnuts, with shellYield38657.5Fc33760Fc31554.8Fc32088Fc36747.1Fc
WheatArea Harvested31147003173800311165029637303014620
WheatProduction Quantity2242790023692700254272001925980020817700
WheatSeed560000514000582000562000535000
WheatYield72006.6Fc74650.9Fc81716.1Fc64985Fc69055.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea16719Q 16700Q 16886Q 16921Q 16950Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea852.67Q 735.37Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea88.81Q 65.07Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea373Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea941.48Q 947I 800.44Q
Arable landArea11875Q 11846Q 11945Q 11932Q 11877Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea12075Q 12045Q 12145Q 12132Q 12075Q
Country areaArea35712.7Fm35712.7Q 35712Q 35711Q 35710Q
Fallow landArea229Q 252Q 246Q 310Q 648Q
Forest areaArea11076Fm11076Q 11076Fm11076Fm11076Fm
Inland waterArea855.7Fm855.7Fm851Fm848Fm843Fm
Land areaArea34857Fm34857Q 34861Q 34863Q 34867Q
Other landArea7062Fm7081Fm6899Fm6866Fm6841Fm
Permanent cropsArea200Q 199Q 200Q 200Q 198Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4644Q 4655Q 4741Q 4789Q 4875Q
Temporary cropsArea8832Q 9023Q 9352Q 9362Q 9141Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea2814Q 2571Q 2347Q 2261Q 2088Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea516Fm516Fm516Fm516Fm516Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea16946Q 17031Q 17013Q 17001Q 16967Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea663.34Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea72.93Q
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea736.27Q
Arable landArea11866Q 11904Q 11898Q 11827Q 11791Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea12064Q 12102Q 12100Q 12033Q 11997Q
Country areaArea35710Q 35709Q 35705Q 35704Q 35704Q
Fallow landArea741Q 794Q 784Q 939Q 835Q
Forest areaArea11076Fm11076Q 11076Fm11076Fm11076Fm
Inland waterArea838Fm833Fm828Fm823Fm818Fm
Land areaArea34872Q 34876Q 34877Q 34881Q 34886Q
Other landArea6850Fm6769Fm6788Fm6804Fm6843Fm
Permanent cropsArea198Q 198Q 202Q 206Q 206Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea4882Q 4929Q 4913Q 4968Q 4970Q
Temporary cropsArea9169Q 9305Q 9395Q 9299Q 9416Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea1956Q 1805Q 1719Q 1589Q 1540Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea515.7I 510Fm500Fm500Fm495Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data