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Datasheet

Germany

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Widespread Schneider et al., 1993; Schneider et al., 1997; Seemüller et al., 1998; Ipach et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO and, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Widespread Maixner et al., 1994; Maixner et al., 1997.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Widespread Lorenz et al., 1995; Seemüller et al., 1998a; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Restricted distribution Lorenz et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Absent, formerly present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Present Yesvan and der Wolf Bergsma-Vlami,, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced YesFiebinger, 1986; Zeller, 1987; Brandt and Harzer, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present Bradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Restricted distribution Naumann and Karl, 1985; Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Acs et al., 2005.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced YesOidtmann et al., 1999a; Tzukerzis, 1964.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni (phytophthora disease of alders) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Jung et al., 1996; EPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Restricted distribution Introduced IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Restricted distribution Werres and Marwitz, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present, few occurrences Spring et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Neergaard, 1945; Richardson, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Widespread Sutton, 1980; Phillips and Burdekin, 1992.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Sachs, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Present Bottcher and Pohle, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Widespread Introduced YesBrand, 2005; Henricot et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Restricted distribution Peper, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororia Present Smith et al., 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Minter, 1994.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBurmeister, 1966.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesRichardson, 1990; Punithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; Kaiser et al., 1997.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Present, few occurrences Introduced Stinzing and Lang, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present Kirschner, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicae Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Widespread YesSchumacher et al., 2007; Schumacher et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present, few occurrences Introduced Schneider and Kruger, 1972; Winter and Menzi, 1991; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present EPPO, 2014; Schmid-Heckel, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present, few occurrences Pehl, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Heydeck et al., 2017.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesGibbs, 1978.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Braun, 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Wibbelt et al., 2010; Puechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced YesUrbasch, 1993; Urbasch, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Kluge, 1963; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Butin, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native Jahn, 1979; Boidin and Lanquetin, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoLaubert and Trappmann, 1929, April; Braun, 1999; Crane, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present, few occurrences Braun, 1982; Muller, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native NoSchulze, 1999.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporum Widespread Native No
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Braun, 1982; BPI, US National Fungus Collections.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Gassner and Straib, 1936.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Ohst et al., 2011; Mutschmann et al., 2000.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) Present Introduced YesSpitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2016.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Bakken and Wilson, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAllolobophora parva Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced YesWolff, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Introduced YesEssink and Kleef, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Widespread Eichler, 1950; Bremer, 1962; Gaedike, 1970a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta aceris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotona pseudotenera Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite) Transient: actionable, under eradication Introduced YesEPPO, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcutaspis perseae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Widespread Native NoSteffan, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdistemia watsoni Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleuroclava chittendeni Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlphitophagus bifasciatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Widespread YesBarnes and Barnes, 1962; Nehring and Leuchs, 1999; Gollasch and Nehring, 2006; Nehring, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus flavidus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Schönfeld, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotherae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephaga Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApterygothrips pinicolus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAraschnia levana Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia bonnetella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasutum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArocatus longiceps Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn) Transient: actionable, under eradication YesBurmeister, 2012; Burmeister et al., 2012; EPPO, 2012a; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsterolecanium epidendri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus diversepubescens Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus trifasciatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtyaephyra desmaresti Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAurantothrips orchidaceus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Widespread Introduced YesHartog, 1953; Kühl, 1954; Hartog, 1959; Kühl, 1963; Anger, 1978; Franke and Gutow, 2004; Reichert and Buchholz, 2006; Reise et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaberus atropos Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Engelbrecht and Buske, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBostrychoplites cornutus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachymyrmex heeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus vestitus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea) Widespread Native NoKetelaars and Gille, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCabera leptographa Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallopistria maillardi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Present Schöller and Heinig, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia syringella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Widespread Introduced YesFreise, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella mutica Present Introduced Cook et al., 2007a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Native Roman and Palumbi, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiophorus taylori Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpelimus zealandicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus quadrisignatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBogs Braasch, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea) Localised Introduced YesICES, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Widespread Laborius, 1972; Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetanophothrips orchidii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp) Present Introduced Wundsch, 1912; Schellenberg, 1942; Nesemann et al., 1995; Haas et al., 2002; Riel et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium robustum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChoneiulus palmatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present, few occurrences Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulans Present Fauna Europaea, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Schönfeld, 2015; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCicurina japonica Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara costata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cuneomaculata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesWatson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Freier et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColobopyga kewensis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium robustum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium sextonae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria ferruginea Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria fulva Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria pubescens Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria serrata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present Nikusch, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrenidorsum aroidephagus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Spuler , 1913.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsi Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Introduced CIE, 1979; Kosztarab and Kozar, 1988; Petercord, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophilus obliteratus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtile Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesBecker and Kny, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Localised Introduced YesKruger, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Present, few occurrences Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI/EPPO, 2012; Dicke et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014; Schönfeld, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp) Present Introduced YesNesemann et al., 1995; Tittizer et al., 2000; Haas et al., 2002; Bernauer and Jansen, 2006; Mayer et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Introduced NoWu et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Widespread Native NoSturm, 1942; Blank et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present Thieme et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges) Present Introduced Nierhaus-Wunderwald and Forster, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Introduced NoBillen, 1993; Jackel et al., 1994; Greib, 1996; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Widespread Native Novon Scheller, 1963; Kloft et al., 1964; Heie, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Prozell and Schöller, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced YesGollasch , 1997; Zhao and et al. , 1998; ISSG, 2004; NHM, 2004; Gollasch, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Widespread CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Native NoMurphy and Völkl, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoPanzer, 1793-1813; Huth et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Widespread Native NoHartig, 1837; Thalenhorst, 1960; Blank et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present zur, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Widespread Native Bassus et al., 1975; Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Restricted distribution Heckmann, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Localised Introduced YesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present, few occurrences IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Introduced, not established Danzig and Pellizari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Schönfeld, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab) Present Introduced Dauvin et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab) Present Introduced YesObert et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomala Present Schleuter and Schleuter, 1998; Schleuter et al., 1998; Rehage and Terlutter, 2002; Wittmann, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present Niemeyer, 1974; Geiser and Waldert, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Schönfeld, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Widespread Native NoEPPO/CABI and, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Widespread Native Schwerdtfeger, 1970; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Widespread Kurth, 1987; Kurth, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present Native NoMey, 1988a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Widespread Native NoCox, 2001; Haye and Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeni Widespread Introduced YesWittmann, 1995; Geissen, 1997; Reinhold and Tittizer, 1998; Wittmann et al., 1999; Tittizer et al., 2000; Wittmann, 2003; Bernauer and Jansen, 2006; Fritz et al., 2006; Gergs et al., 2008; Audzijonyte et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Present YesJones et al., 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesDonisthorpe, 1927.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Widespread Schruft Steiner, 1975; Hoppmann and Holst, 1990; Louis and Schirra, 1992; Feldhege et al., 1993; Feldhege et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthodera Present EPPO, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesFuester and et al. , 1975; Majunke , 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Widespread Lucht, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer) Restricted distribution Bense, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present, few occurrences Introduced Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm) Present Lauckner, 1983; Dethlefsen, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Gruppe, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Widespread CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Widespread Native NoEscherich, 1942; Niklas and Franz, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider) Localised Introduced Kielhorn, 2009; Spinnen Forum, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth) Present Pape, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present Hoffmann et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoCABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Adler, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Introduced Lewis , 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native YesKöhn and Gosselck, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Localised Introduced González-Ortegón et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Present Rohrig, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Hoffmann and Schmutterer, 1999; Schönfeld, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Present Native NoDella Beffa, 1936.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLeinonen and Kaitila, 2003; Sefrová, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Widespread Higgins, 1983; Sauer, 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Native NoSteffan, 1970b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Widespread Native Lucht, 1987; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoAndersch , 1851.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Widespread Native YesTalenhorst, 1950; Hierholzer, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Sengonca et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Duty, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoides Present Introduced YesRudolph, 1997; Martens et al., 1999; Reinhold and Tittizer, 1999; Zettler, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Holdich and et al. , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs) Present, few occurrences Introduced Marten et al., 2004; Chucholl and Pfeiffer, 2010; Privenau, 2010; Martin et al., 2010b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Absent, intercepted only IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Localised Introduced Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinus Present, few occurrences Introduced Jha et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Native Howard, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLampe et al., 2005; Vogt et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Native NoAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Present Introduced Schubert, 1936; Nehring, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Bahr, 1975; Rassmann, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candida Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Widespread Native Schimitschek, 1968; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Niedermayer and Steidle, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Bahr and Prinz, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced NoSteinbrink, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoCFIA, 2002; Danilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth) Present Wagenhoff and Veit, 2011; Haeger, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Eradicated EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly) Widespread Sellke, 1936; Oosterbroek and Theowald, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Escherich, 1923; Postner, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Present Native NoSmith, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Kress, 1992; Albert et al., 1993; Dirks and Wilke, 1993; Kassis and Michelakis, 1993; Ruisinger and Backhaus, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite) Present Native YesSmith, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Ruttner, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoArcher, 1998; Oehlke, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Widespread Native NoRoediger, 1956; Klimetzek et al., 1986; Schröder, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Cola and, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Absent, intercepted only Introduced Cola and, 1971; Cola and, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Localised Introduced Bauer and Woog, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbystoma mexicanum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeira divagans Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Localised Introduced Bauer and Woog, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria holosteoides Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Present Introduced NoNOBANIS, 2013; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Introduced Bauer and Woog, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Absent, formerly present Introduced Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver) Unconfirmed record Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Localised Introduced Bartoš, 2009; Wotchikowsky, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChelus fimbriatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Absent, formerly present Introduced Podloucky, 1998; Fritz and Lehmann, 2002; Kraus, 2009; Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace) Localised Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Gunther, 1853.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFowler, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Native NoMuus and Dahlström, 1968; Winfield et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Cowx and Nunn, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix) Localised Introduced NoGlobal Invasive Species Database, 2008; Catálogo Español Especies Exóticas Invasoras, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Lever, 1996; Soes et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Widespread Introduced Freyhof, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Widespread Native NoWheeler, 1975; Spratte and Hartmann, 1997; Gerstmeier and Romig, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Localised Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Introduced, not established NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby) Localised Introduced Stemmer, 2008; Borcherding et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Present, few occurrences Introduced Corkum et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Widespread Introduced YesNowak and Pielowski, 1964; Schwarz et al., 2002; Weber et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Widespread Introduced YesNiethammer and Krapp, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Pullin et al., 1997; Welcomme, 1988; Holcík, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanus Present Native NoKottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Localised Introduced NoUloth and Prien, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Absent, formerly present Introduced Münch, 1992; Geiger and Waitzmann, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagae Present Introduced Ohst, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Localised Native NoMuus and Dahlström, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread Introduced Sodeikat et al., 1995; eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Widespread Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Absent, formerly present Introduced Henle and Fritz, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Introduced YesLutz, 1995; Lutz, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988; Arnold, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced BirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesZavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling) Present Introduced Geiter et al., 2002; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Winkler et al., 2000; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1968; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1968; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Jansson, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout) Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Gerstmeier and Romig, 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Muus and Dahlström, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present, few occurrences Native NoSpratte and Hartmann, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Krone et al., 2007; World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk) Localised Introduced Geinitz, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoClergeau and Yésou, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoWolter and Röhr, 2010; Geiter et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoch, 1924; Kinne, 1956; Tessnow, 1959; Calmano et al., 1992; Ringelband and Karbe, 1996; Nehring, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertens Present Introduced Gollasch and Nehring, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Widespread Native Hofer, 1903.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapium Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Widespread Introduced YesSchmid, 1970; Kerney et al., 1979; von Proschwitz, 1997; Ludwig et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula gigaxii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Present Native AnimalBase, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella neglecta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCharpentieria itala Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma banaticum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma cingulatum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma illyricum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma planospira Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChilostoma planospirum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCongeria cochleata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCongeria leucophaeta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced NoReichling, 1950; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; Kerney, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Neudecker, 1982; Reise, 1998; Drinkwaard, 1999; Wehrmann et al., 2000; Nehring, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Widespread Introduced YesWerner, 1949; Hessland, 1951; Thieltges et al., 2003; Thieltges et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015; Ludwig et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015; Ludwig et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Kerney et al., 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Widespread Introduced YesISSG, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesVelde and Platvoet, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directus Present Cosel et al., 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalus Present Introduced Bössneck and Feldmann, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoTaylor, 1902-1907; Bank, 2011b; Ludwig et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Widespread Native NoReid, 1996; Buschbaum et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present, few occurrences Introduced Studemund and Rosenberg, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOpeas pumilum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native Kerney et al., 1983; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing) Present Introduced Schlesch, 1932.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Localised Introduced Wagner, 2000; Arle and Wagner, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Introduced Goulletquer, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present Taylor, 1906-1914; Godan, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Widespread Introduced YesNeumann, 1985; Hartmann, 1987; Würtz et al., 1998; Sures et al., 1999a.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Widespread Decker and Dowe, 1962; Bohmer, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Burckhardt, 1972; Blank, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Widespread Gentzsch, 1973; Homeyer, 1973; Kuthe, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Lauenstein, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present Goffart, 1941; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Zunke, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Transient: actionable, under eradication Heinicke, 1993; Muller et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Sturhan, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Widespread Brown and Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Weischer and Wyss, 1976; Bercks et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBipalium kewense Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced YesKorting, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesDietrich and Hesse, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosa Localised Introduced Riisberg and Edvardsen, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrina Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAsplenium foreziense Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesSchloemer, 1953; Hussner et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicana Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamifera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present only in captivity/cultivation EFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Restricted distribution Introduced YesSachse, 1991; Kowarik, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native Binggeli , 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilaginea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea roseoalba Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Localised Introduced Slageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Unconfirmed record Introduced Greuter, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present only in captivity/cultivation Thoden et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Localised Introduced Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present NoTutin et al., 1980; Zimmermann, 1937.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira elegantissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla splendens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochlora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium atropurpureum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Lechner et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendlei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993; Wisskirchen and Haeupler, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Localised Introduced Schmitz, 2002; Iamonico, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced YesAllard, 1943; Love, 1976; Chauvel and Martinez, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Kurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present Kurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Milton et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritacea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace maxima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia atrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis collina Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Mowat, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Mowat, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria arenaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave's Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced Hegi, 1929; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia pontica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia siversiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortiana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster macrophyllus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster novae-angliae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tatarica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Widespread YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermedia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea verna Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced YesBöcker and Dirk, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radians Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Schuester, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium pinnatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus grossus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Otto et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Gibson and Kerchove, 1999; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophylla Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present EPPO, 2014; Ebeling et al., 2008a; Ebeling et al., 2008b; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucago Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Widespread Introduced YesJehlik and Slavik, 1968; Starfinger and Kowarik, 2003; NOBANIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum gerardi Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalepina irregularis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia pulchra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvatica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula medium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patula Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Native Kuhbauch et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acuta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex crawfordii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex nigra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina acanthifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present GISP, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1976; Otto et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesOchsmann, 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium siculum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Voge, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium capitatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Reimann and Breckle, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium probstii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium dissectum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium oleraceum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis recta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1964; Hemp, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCnidium silaifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia grandiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConopodium majus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Widespread Stace, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschallii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster dielsianus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present Introduced YesDickoré and Kasperek, 2010; NOBANIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster roseus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; NOBANIS, 2005; OEPP/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis biennis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis foetida Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis vesicaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacintha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Restricted distribution Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Williams and Hunyadi, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Widespread Native Heywood and Ball, 1968; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Fitter et al., 1989; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSeybold, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972; Moore, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Laudien and Koch, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Hilbig and Mahn, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced CWRIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present NoHoutman, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Sculthorpe, 1971; Krausch, 1987; NOBANIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Widespread Introduced DAISIE, 2009; NOBANIS, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Localised Introduced Arbeitsgemeinschaft Flora von Bayern, 2013; Hassler and Schmitt, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Absent, formerly present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Widespread Hilbig and Mahn, 1971; Holm et al., 1977; Meisel, 1979; Potsch, 1987; Fuchs and Voit, 1992; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesJalas and Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesSchnitzler and Muller, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present YesKeil and Alberternst, 1995; Bailey and Wisskirchen, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Hilbig and Mahn, 1971; Schmidt, 1986; Steden and Schulte, 2000; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesKabuce and Priede, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal) Present Discover Life, 2015; Encyclopedia of Life, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Greuter, 2006; DAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Widespread Introduced YesBrummitt, 1968; Tiley et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014; Jahodová et al., 2007b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Restricted distribution Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976; Meusel and JSger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present NoTutin et al., 1972; Holm et al., 1979; Preston and Croft, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present Native USDA-GRIN, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Present Introduced YesHussner et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Widespread Introduced YesSebald et al., 1998; Rothmaler et al., 2002; Kowarik, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Widespread Introduced YesTrepl, 1984; Rothmaler et al., 2002; Kowarik, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present NOBANIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Localised Introduced Runge, 1972; Koch, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2009; Preston and Croft, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Widespread YesHetzel, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoSukopp, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Steiner and Ruckenbauer, 1995; Hammer et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoLuken and Thieret, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present Introduced YesNehring and Kolthoff, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present YesILDIS, 2015; NOBANIS, 2015; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Korneck and Krause, 1990; König and Nawrath, 1992; Fischer and Schausten, 1994; Alberternst and Nawrath, 2002; Fuchs et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present YesAuge and Brandl, 1997; GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present DAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Localised Introduced Hussner and Lösch, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Localised Introduced YesHussner, 2005; EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Fitter, 1978; Selig et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Restricted distribution ter Borg, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Localised Introduced Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present, few occurrences Introduced Linares, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced Ohrnberger, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Bottcher, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Widespread NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced YesKowarik, 1995; Starfinger, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Chater and, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Widespread Boyle et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present only in captivity/cultivation GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Weidema, 2006; UK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced Kollmann, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Widespread Introduced YesKuhbier, 1977; Stieglitz, 1977; Brennenstuhl, 1995; Kuhbier, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native YesReichenbach and Reichenbach, 1854; Sturms, 1905; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native YesReichenbach and Reichenbach, 1854; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; ISSG, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Widespread Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Garcke, 1972; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present DAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Schütte, 1996; Bohme et al., 1999; Kurfess and Kleisinger, 2000; Winter et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Widespread Clapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present NoWeyer Kvan de, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Restricted distribution Native ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present Hegi, 1965; Ant, 1966; Ant, 1970; Hussner and Lösch, 2005; Les et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Bergmeier, 1991; IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present NoISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Tutin et al., 1976; Euro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present, few occurrences Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present YesBiermann, 1999; Neu, 1968; Hübschmann, 1970; Benkert, 1971.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoni Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaCothurnia anomala Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Hartig and Frese, 1973; Kitzing, 1980; Kaleta and Marschall, 1982; Luthgen, 1983; Herbst and Krauss, 1989; Krone et al., 2004.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Widespread Koch and Huth, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Brandes, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present
Virusduck hepatitis A virus CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present Menzel et al., 2016.
VirusElm mottle virus Widespread Native YesSchmelzer, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Milne et al., 1984.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; Leinhos et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present, few occurrences Fuchs et al., 1994; Hohmann et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Videla, 1953; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Widespread Introduced NoRoy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Present Hanke et al., 2015.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present Fuchs et al., 1990; Huth, 1994.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present Introduced NoChen et al., 2001.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Widespread Introduced YesNeumann, 1985; Hartmann, 1987; Würtz et al., 1998; Sures et al., 1999a.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Emele et al., 1985; Philipp et al., 1998.
avian influenza Present OIE, 2009; Hoffrogge et al., 2003; OIE, 2004b.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infections Present Pursas, 1964.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Salisch et al., 1998.
avian nephritis Present Paul and Monreal, 1991.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Hartig and Frese, 1973; Kitzing, 1980; Kaleta and Marschall, 1982; Luthgen, 1983; Herbst and Krauss, 1989; Krone et al., 2004.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Alani and Herbert, 1988; Freidhoff et al., 1988; Weber, 1988; Gräfner, 1989; Niepold, 1990.
bacterial kidney disease Present Lehmann and Mock, 1985; Pfeil-Putzien et al., 1985.
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infection Present Introduced YesSpitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2013.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available Knowles et al., 1932; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced YesKorting, 1974.
botulism No information available Böhnel, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Widespread Mayr et al., 1970; Kretzschmar, 1973.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Jiménez et al., 1989; Anders, 1996.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Straub, 1965.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 5 infection Present Bartha et al., 1969; Magyar et al., 1989.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Muluneh, 1994.
bovine papillomatosis Present Hanichen and Sandersleben, 1971; Moulton, 1978; Stannard and Pulley, 1978; Pfister et al., 1979.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Senf et al., 1988.
bovine parvovirus infection Present Hofmann and Arens, 1981; Elschner, 1995.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Heckert et al., 1995.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Present OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Sting and Ortmann, 2000.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Hellmann et al., 1993.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Pozvari, 1980.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Widespread Bülow Vvon, 1988.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Schettler et al., 2003; Hotzel et al., 2004.
Chytridiomycosis Present Ohst et al., 2011; Mutschmann et al., 2000.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Johannsen et al., 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
columnaris disease Present Alvarado et al., 1989; Bernoth and Korting, 1989.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Present OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cowpox Present Czerny et al., 1991; Bomhard et al., 1992; Hentschke et al., 1999; Meyer et al., 1999; Pfeffer et al., 1999.
crayfish plague Present Introduced YesOidtmann et al., 1999a; Tzukerzis, 1964; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Wagner and Kimmig, 1992; Karanis et al., 1998; Kistemann et al., 2002; Joachim et al., 2003; Lippert et al., 2003; Sing et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Derzsy's disease Present Schettler, 1973; Peter, 1985.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Younan et al., 1999; Friedrich et al., 2012.
Digenean infections of fish Present Hoffmann et al., 1990.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1999.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Echinococcus multilocularis Present
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Bockemuhl and et al. , 1983.
enteric redmouth disease Present Horne and Barnes , 1999.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Korn and Mussgay, 1968.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Ahne and et al. , 1989.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Present OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Baljer et al., 1990; Wieler et al., 1996; Wieler et al., 1996a; Karch et al., 1997; Gollnisch et al., 1999.
European brown hare syndrome Present
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Seidel, 1972; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Glässer's disease Widespread Kielstein et al., 1992; Kielstein et al., 1994; Altrock, 1998; Kielstein and Wuthe, 1998.
grass sickness Present
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Binder et al., 1990; Plagemann and Mutters, 1991; Haziroglu et al., 1997; Rohn et al., 1998.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Krumbholz et al., 2014; Machnowska et al., 2014.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
ichthyophthiriosis Present Stiles, 1894.
inclusion body rhinitis Widespread Cohrs, 1959; Marquardt, 1979.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Present OIE, 2009; Enzmann et al., 1992.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Schlotfeldt et al., 1975.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Present OIE, 2009; Bretzinger et al., 1999; Haenen et al., 2004; Schlotfeldt, 2004.
leishmaniosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present Schwarze et al., 1989; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Widespread Wilske et al., 1987.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mammalian orthoreovirus infections Present Thein and Hartl, 1976.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Ewers et al., 2004.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Pfützner et al., 1986.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Present Binder et al., 1990.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Widespread Baumgärtner, 1999.
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infections Widespread Pfützner, 1993.
Mycoplasma meleagridis infections Present Rott et al., 1989.
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm) Present Lauckner, 1983; Dethlefsen, 1975.
myxomatosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Kaup et al., 1995; Oumouna et al., 2003.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Widespread Schares et al., 1997; Peters et al., 2000.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Ryll et al., 1997.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Iturria, 1989.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Bisgaard et al., 1991; Wallmann et al., 2004.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pike fry rhabdovirus disease Present Wizigmann et al., 1983.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
porcine adenovirus infection Widespread Mahnel and Bibrack, 1966.
porcine circovirus infections Present Mankertz et al., 2000.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Present Hanke et al., 2015.
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis Present Hess and Bachmann, 1978.
porcine intestinal spirochaetosis Widespread Dünser et al., 1997.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992.
proliferative enteropathy Present Steinheuer et al., 2007.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis CAB Abstracts data mining Eber, 1899; Jakob and Krauze, 1965; Geisel, 1975; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Reported present or known to be present Native Sting et al., 2003; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Schulz, 1989.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Soedarmanto et al., 1997.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Riemer, 1904; Gerlack, 1970; Ziedler et al., 1984; Floren et al., 1987.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Lotthammer and Ehlers, 1990; Biermann et al., 1991.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Bachmann and Ahne, 1973.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Trolldenier, 1996.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Widespread Amtsberg and Hazem, 1978; Sieverding, 1988.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Widespread Kaufhold et al., 1988.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Damman and Manegold, 1905; Damman and Manegold, 1907; Greve, 1908.
summer mastitis Present Lemmermöhle et al., 1988; Liebisch et al., 1994.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Last reported Waldmann et al., 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Widespread Lange et al., 1984; Zhang et al., 1989; Groschup et al., 1993; Edwald et al., 1994.
swine vesicular disease Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Brunner and Danner, 1999.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Liebisch and Rahman, 1978.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tickborne encephalitis Present Traavik, 1994; Reiner and Fischer, 1998; Suss et al., 1999.
tick-borne fever Present Fingerle et al., 1999.
torovirus infections Present Liebermann, 1990; Koopmans and Horzinek, 1994.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Anon, 1997.
Trichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Present OIE, 2009; Kaysser et al., 2008; Müller et al., 2013.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Hafez and Löhren, 1990; Redmann et al., 1991; Pollan and Anrather, 1993; Redmann et al., 1993; Wemmer, 1993.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Ruttner, 1977.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Present OIE, 2009; Schlotfeldt and et al. , 1991.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
whirling disease Widespread Native Hofer, 1903.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome) Present Wibbelt et al., 2010; Puechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yersiniosis Present Dee, 1985; Mirle et al., 1993; Ewringmann and Weber, 1995.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 31608 31819 31813 31800 31721
Apples Production Quantity 898448 834960 1070680 1047000 1070040
Apples Yield 284247 Fc 262409 Fc 336554 Fc 329245 Fc 337329 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 54 Im 57 Im 56 Im 54 Im 55 F
Apricots Production Quantity 324 Im 274 Im 350 F 320 F 310 F
Apricots Yield 60000 Fc 48070.2 Fc 62500 Fc 59259.3 Fc 56363.6 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 18611 18794 18190 18436 18610
Asparagus Production Quantity 103457 92404 98193 92653 94285
Asparagus Yield 55589.2 Fc 49166.8 Fc 53981.9 Fc 50256.6 Fc 50663.6 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 1598100 1653200 1877890 1961680 1916870
Barley Production Quantity 8733800 10412100 12288100 11967100 10384200
Barley Seed 248776 254369 291175 291000 298000
Barley Yield 54651.2 Fc 62981.5 Fc 65435.7 Fc 61004.3 Fc 54172.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested
Beans, dry Production Quantity
Beans, dry Seed 176 Fc 176 Fc 176 Fc 176 Fc 176 Fc
Beans, dry Yield
Beans, green Area Harvested 3395 3925 4293 4775 4302
Beans, green Production Quantity 39107 41398 44635 49260 47422
Beans, green Yield 115190 Fc 105473 Fc 103972 Fc 103162 Fc 110232 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 142 89 125 76 80
Berries Nes Production Quantity 304 219 224 177 299
Berries Nes Yield 21408.5 Fc 24606.7 Fc 17920 Fc 23289.5 Fc 37375 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 1434 1429 1426 1406 1406
Blueberries Production Quantity 6608 8305 9940 4116 5818
Blueberries Yield 46080.9 Fc 58117.6 Fc 69705.5 Fc 29274.5 Fc 41379.8 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 17300 16900 12022 11128 12216
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 61400 56200 47469 38369 43147
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 2600 Fc 2600 Fc 2600 Fc 2600 Fc 2400 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 35491.3 Fc 33254.4 Fc 39485.1 Fc 34479.7 Fc 35320.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 14826 14471 14867 15573 14797
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 828517 787065 841181 806078 777721
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 558827 Fc 543891 Fc 565804 Fc 517613 Fc 525594 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9683 10367 10471 10226 10217
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 533717 553972 570239 547073 562296
Carrots and turnips Yield 551190 Fc 534361 Fc 544589 Fc 534982 Fc 550353 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 6479 6548 6817 7033 6517
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 144136 151977 168089 156101 150737
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 222466 Fc 232097 Fc 246573 Fc 221955 Fc 231298 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 6491300 A 6595930 A 6918450 A 7038420 A 6571690 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 41938200 A 44314300 A 49808800 A 50104900 A 40632200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 964886 A 1017280 A 1066320 A 1069800 A 1060860 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 64606.8 Fc 67184.4 Fc 71994.2 Fc 71187.7 Fc 61829 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6491300 A 6595930 A 6918450 A 7038420 A 6571690 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 41938200 A 44314300 A 49808800 A 50104900 A 40632200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 964886 A 1017280 A 1066320 A 1069800 A 1060860 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 64606.8 Fc 67184.4 Fc 71994.2 Fc 71187.7 Fc 61829 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 5338 5389 5440 5449 5443
Cherries Production Quantity 37035 30831 39463 25166 34452
Cherries Yield 69379.9 Fc 57211 Fc 72542.3 Fc 46184.6 Fc 63296 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 43 39 43 41 35
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 2325 2159 2057 1904 2066
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 540698 Fc 553590 Fc 478372 Fc 464390 Fc 590286 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3243100 A 3298230 A 3692410 A 3824930 A 3579610 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19138200 A 20207600 A 24616400 A 24116300 A 19804100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 439567 A 445873 A 494389 A 495795 A 502857 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 59012.1 Fc 61268.2 Fc 66667.7 Fc 63050.2 Fc 55324.6 Fc
Cranberries Area Harvested 817 Im 805 Im 801 Im 816 * 816 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2931 3111 3015 3086 3224
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 249607 242818 263277 236625 244694
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 851610 Fc 780514 Fc 873224 Fc 766769 Fc 758976 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 2133 2140 2148 2025 2043
Currants Production Quantity 9587 11927 11847 10587 8808
Currants Yield 44946.1 Fc 55733.6 Fc 55153.6 Fc 52281.5 Fc 43113.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1146 A 1146 A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield Fc Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 178662 A 178933 A 178885 A 178525 A 178522 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2572520 A 2177400 A 2778980 A 2768440 A 2926280 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 143988 Fc 121688 Fc 155350 Fc 155073 Fc 163917 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 12310 Im 12329 Im 12326 Im 12300 F 12400 F
Gooseberries Production Quantity 75904 Im 64246 Im 82000 F 83887.6 Im 90332.8 Im
Gooseberries Yield 61660.4 Fc 52109.7 Fc 66526 Fc 68201.3 Fc 72849 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 99747 99907 100101 99744 99702
Grapes Production Quantity 1251000 * 953400 * 1235000 * 1351500 * 1400600
Grapes Yield 125417 Fc 95428.8 Fc 123375 Fc 135497 Fc 140479 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 1146 F 1146
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Yield Fc Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested
Hempseed Production Quantity
Hempseed Seed
Hempseed Yield
Hops Area Harvested 18600 18386 18450 18780 17747
Hops Production Quantity 38068 34249 31346 39675 32100
Hops Yield 20466.7 Fc 18627.8 Fc 16989.7 Fc 21126.2 Fc 18087.6 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 2399 2311 3046 3379 3222
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 83814 80255 98916 114188 105283
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 349371 Fc 347274 Fc 324741 Fc 337934 Fc 326763 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 538 412 533 548 470
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 4296 3639 3948 4097 3573
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 79851.3 Fc 88325.2 Fc 74071.3 Fc 74762.8 Fc 76021.3 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested
Lentils Production Quantity
Lentils Yield
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 15147 14393 14968 14859 13645
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 340487 308341 346562 316741 311859
Lettuce and chicory Yield 224788 Fc 214230 Fc 231535 Fc 213164 Fc 228552 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 4600 7100 4100 4200 6300
Linseed Production Quantity 6000 * 7000 * 4000 * 4000 * 6000 *
Linseed Yield 13043.5 Fc 9859.15 Fc 9756.1 Fc 9523.81 Fc 9523.81 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 21500 24100 19360 19869 25246
Lupins Production Quantity 27600 30600 25000 F 25000 F 32000 F
Lupins Seed 4300 Fc 4300 Fc 4820 Fc 3872 Fc 3973.8 Fc
Lupins Yield 12837.2 Fc 12697.1 Fc 12913.2 Fc 12582.4 Fc 12675.3 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 488000 463600 464333 520478 403210
Maize Production Quantity 5184000 4072900 4527230 5105860 3809320
Maize Seed 51211.2 55521 50917.5 51000 50000
Maize Yield 106230 Fc 87853.8 Fc 97499.6 Fc 98099.4 Fc 94474.8 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 16200 15808 27108 27551 29728
Mixed grain Production Quantity 67700 61915 132526 124416 122856
Mixed grain Seed 2268 Fc 2268 Fc 2213.12 Fc 3795.12 Fc 3857.14 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 41790.1 Fc 39166.9 Fc 48888.2 Fc 45158.4 Fc 41326.7 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 62000 60000 52200 57000 55000
Mustard seed Area Harvested 8081.31 * 6961.13 * 6321.02 * 3920.64 * 4160.67 *
Mustard seed Production Quantity 5461 Im 7993 Im 8849 F 5489 F 5825 F
Mustard seed Seed 150 F 150 F 150 F 150 F 150 F
Mustard seed Yield 6757.57 Fc 11482.3 Fc 13999.3 Fc 14000.3 Fc 14000.2 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 143400 141000 162593 179485 177831
Oats Production Quantity 627400 600300 825575 793188 727926
Oats Seed 22752 21622.7 24694.8 25000 27000
Oats Yield 43751.7 Fc 42574.5 Fc 50775.6 Fc 44192.4 Fc 40933.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1373880 A 1506500 A 1511500 A 1409650 A 1584350 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2356250 A 3452080 A 3820850 A 3123640 A 3225560 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 4538.15 A 4387 A 16092.8 A 13504.9 A 10701.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 17150.3 Fc 22914.6 Fc 25278.5 Fc 22158.9 Fc 20358.9 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1373880 A 1506500 A 1511500 A 1409650 A 1584350 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2052730 A 2834190 A 3502230 A 2900650 A 2048280 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 2935.86 A 2804 A 13015.5 A 11044.7 A 8455.92 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 14941.1 Fc 18813.1 Fc 23170.5 Fc 20577 Fc 12928.2 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity
Oilseeds, Nes Seed
Oilseeds, Nes Yield
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1949 1698 1633 1644 1367
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 75730 59963 72604 56803 50419
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 388558 Fc 353139 Fc 444605 Fc 345517 Fc 368830 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 9442 8762 8632 8942 8388
Onions, dry Production Quantity 505594 387114 433036 407602 377639
Onions, dry Yield 535473 Fc 441810 Fc 501664 Fc 455829 Fc 450213 Fc
Palm oil Production Quantity 555165 642887 1076110 917047
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 94 Im 97 Im 103 Im 110 F 105 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 862 Im 730 F 780 F 850 F 810 F
Peaches and nectarines Yield 91702.1 Fc 75257.7 Fc 75728.2 Fc 77272.7 Fc 77142.9 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 2077 2088 2093 2090 2097
Pears Production Quantity 46854 38895 52319 38076 49918
Pears Yield 225585 Fc 186279 Fc 249971 Fc 182182 Fc 238045 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 55800 58700 48323 48034 67668
Peas, dry Production Quantity 154600 176700 165907 140556 177487
Peas, dry Seed 15700 12700 17200 15300 16700
Peas, dry Yield 27706.1 Fc 30102.2 Fc 34332.9 Fc 29261.8 Fc 26229.1 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 4015 4444 5733 5265 5188
Peas, green Production Quantity 21516 24944 34270 29356 26334
Peas, green Yield 53589 Fc 56129.6 Fc 59776.7 Fc 55756.9 Fc 50759.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 4545 4549 4534 4539 4533
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 58741 49260 73102 31363 65290
Plums and sloes Yield 129243 Fc 108288 Fc 161231 Fc 69096.7 Fc 144033 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 4801 Im 5264 Im 5281 Im 4934 Im 5546 Im
Poppy seed Production Quantity 2030 Im 2971 Im 3289 Im 2694 Im 2782 Im
Poppy seed Seed 200 F 200 F 200 F 200 F 200 F
Poppy seed Yield 4228.29 Fc 5644 Fc 6227.99 Fc 5460.07 Fc 5016.23 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 258700 255200 263700 259800 274961
Potatoes Production Quantity 11800000 10201900 11617500 11369000 11643800
Potatoes Seed 598000 583000 574000 575000 565000
Potatoes Yield 456127 Fc 399761 Fc 440557 Fc 437606 Fc 423471 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 3917 Im 4128 Im 3300 5300 3877
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 8073 Im 8732 Im 8000 F 11000 F 5241 Im
Pulses, nes Seed
Pulses, nes Yield 20610.2 Fc 21153.1 Fc 24242.4 Fc 20754.7 Fc 13518.2 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 98517 A 103828 A 83005 A 84331 A 109007 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 251673 A 272232 A 246376 A 214925 A 257875 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 22776 A 19776 A 24796 A 21948 A 23249.8 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 25546.2 Fc 26219.5 Fc 29682.1 Fc 25485.9 Fc 23656.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 3099 2797 2728 2671 2238
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 88156 78161 82092 74822 75422
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 284466 Fc 279446 Fc 300924 Fc 280127 Fc 337006 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1328600 1461200 1471200 1370700 1548180
Rapeseed Production Quantity 3869500 5697600 6306700 5154700 5320520
Rapeseed Seed 7000 F 7000 F 7000 5000 6000
Rapeseed Yield 29124.6 Fc 38992.6 Fc 42867.7 Fc 37606.3 Fc 34366.3 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1118 1127 1123 1120 1121
Raspberries Production Quantity 4778 5212 5068 5334 6191
Raspberries Yield 42737 Fc 46246.7 Fc 45129.1 Fc 47625 Fc 55227.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 258700 A 255200 A 263700 A 259800 A 274961 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11800000 A 10201900 A 11617500 A 11369000 A 11643800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 598000 A 583000 A 574000 A 575000 A 565000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 456127 Fc 399761 Fc 440557 Fc 437606 Fc 423471 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 614000 627100 759400 736934 670939
Rye Production Quantity 2521000 2903470 4328600 3744250 2698280
Rye Seed 57847.6 56440.1 69237.4 69000 68000
Rye Yield 41058.6 Fc 46299.9 Fc 57000.3 Fc 50808.5 Fc 40216.5 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 2855 2908 3259 3405 3426
Sour cherries Production Quantity 22294 18265 30236 14911 28756
Sour cherries Yield 78087.6 Fc 62809.5 Fc 92776.9 Fc 43791.5 Fc 83934.6 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 2000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000 *
Soybeans Yield 20000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 3377 3145 3546 3528 3582
Spinach Production Quantity 61257 49470 60807 62472 61398
Spinach Yield 181395 Fc 157297 Fc 171481 Fc 177075 Fc 171407 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 542 556 559 559 561
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 5363 3964 9404 4303 5996
Stone fruit, nes Yield 98948.3 Fc 71295 Fc 168229 Fc 76976.7 Fc 106881 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 13848 13644 12978 13032 13013
Strawberries Production Quantity 154418 156911 158563 150854 158658
Strawberries Yield 111509 Fc 115004 Fc 122178 Fc 115757 Fc 121923 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 398100 367000 383600 369300 402697
Sugar beet Production Quantity 25000000 23858400 25919000 23002600 25139100
Sugar beet Yield 627983 Fc 650093 Fc 675678 Fc 622870 Fc 624268 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 26800 24973 23600 24900 19161
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 53200 47240 56900 48900 50862
Sunflower seed Seed 321.6 Fc 24906 F 21953 F 14712 F
Sunflower seed Yield 19850.8 Fc 18916.4 Fc 24110.2 Fc 19638.5 Fc 26544.5 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2014 Im 2356 3091 3143 3270
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 4829 Im 6120 F 8223 8339 7700
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 23977.2 Fc 25976.2 Fc 26603 Fc 26532 Fc 23547.4 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 321 322 316 308 293
Tomatoes Production Quantity 76718 73285 66620 65096 62599
Tomatoes Yield 2389970 Fc 2275930 Fc 2108230 Fc 2113510 Fc 2136480 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5765 A 5633 A 4027 A 5262 A 5201 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15083 A 12313 A 13097 A 18374 A 17000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 26163 Fc 21858.7 Fc 32523 Fc 34918.3 Fc 32686 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 383400 397517 401081 398804 381036
Triticale Production Quantity 2004300 2156960 2514390 2381470 2061470
Triticale Seed 56712.6 55652.4 56151.3 56000 56000
Triticale Yield 52277 Fc 54260.8 Fc 62690.3 Fc 59715.3 Fc 54101.7 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 12081 11972 13715 13813 13235
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 373181 353734 423271 398830 377801
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 308899 Fc 295468 Fc 308619 Fc 288735 Fc 285456 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 108336 A 107511 A 112546 A 114127 A 109330 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3593620 A 3350700 A 3662000 A 3476700 A 3386550 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 331710 Fc 311661 Fc 325378 Fc 304634 Fc 309755 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 108336 A 107511 A 112546 A 114127 A 109330 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3593620 A 3350700 A 3662000 A 3476700 A 3386550 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 331710 Fc 311661 Fc 325378 Fc 304634 Fc 309755 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested
Vetches Production Quantity
Vetches Seed
Vetches Yield
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5765 Im 5633 Im 4027 Im 5262 Im 5201 Im
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 15083 Im 12313 Im 13097 Im 18374 Im 17000 F
Walnuts, with shell Yield 26163 Fc 21858.7 Fc 32523 Fc 34918.3 Fc 32686 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 3248200 3297700 3226040 3213490 2992080
Wheat Production Quantity 22800000 24106700 25192400 25988600 20828100
Wheat Seed 525319 571410 571935 574000 558000
Wheat Yield 70192.7 Fc 73101.6 Fc 78090.8 Fc 80873.4 Fc 69610.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 32504 32339 32345 31164 31200
Apples Production Quantity 947611 891402 979730 818032 762800
Apples Yield 291537 Fc 275643 Fc 302900 Fc 262493 Fc 244487 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 53 53 53 53 100
Apricots Production Quantity 300 F 216 489 185 200
Apricots Yield 56603.8 Fc 40754.7 Fc 92264.1 Fc 34905.7 Fc 20000 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 18408 18117 16744 15106 14222
Asparagus Production Quantity 81984 82758 72516 65337 57196
Asparagus Yield 44537.2 Fc 45679.8 Fc 43308.7 Fc 43252.3 Fc 40216.6 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 2025300 1946800 1979470 2074620 1970340
Barley Production Quantity 11966600 11613800 12993000 10490000 10928000
Barley Seed 302000 315000 309000 331000 319000
Barley Yield 59085.6 Fc 59655.8 Fc 65638.8 Fc 50563.5 Fc 55462.5 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested
Beans, dry Production Quantity
Beans, dry Seed 176 Fc 176 Fc 176 Fc 176 Fc 176 Fc
Beans, dry Yield
Beans, green Area Harvested 4425 4065 4433 4513 4200
Beans, green Production Quantity 41735 43124 47423 38323 47100
Beans, green Yield 94316.4 Fc 106086 Fc 106977 Fc 84916.9 Fc 112143 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 81.39 * 81.39 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 200 F 200 F
Berries Nes Yield 24573 Fc 24573 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 1410 1467.13 *
Blueberries Production Quantity 6088 7000 F
Blueberries Yield 43177.3 Fc 47712.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 15000 15700 15511 20042 19000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 49100 59600 64097 60848 65000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 2600 Fc 3100 Fc 3240 Fc 3200 Fc 4030.8 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 32733.3 Fc 37961.8 Fc 41323.6 Fc 30360.2 Fc 34210.5 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 14787 14432 16034 16018 15000
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 737458 721549 795370 784537 664000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 498721 Fc 499965 Fc 496052 Fc 489785 Fc 442667 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 10043 9858 10504 9255 8961
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 504162 516327 554330 426038 414960
Carrots and turnips Yield 502003 Fc 523764 Fc 527732 Fc 460333 Fc 463073 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 7241 7176 7740 7660 5123
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 159190 176549 182264 168135 128005
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 219845 Fc 246027 Fc 235483 Fc 219497 Fc 249863 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 6702200 A 6839000 A 6946940 A 6839430 A 6940990 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 43474800 A 45980200 A 51110300 A 39320500 A 43391300 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1060160 A 1010760 A 1103970 A 1121950 A 1077270 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 64866.5 Fc 67232.3 Fc 73572.3 Fc 57490.9 Fc 62514.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6702200 A 6839000 A 6946940 A 6839430 A 6940990 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43474800 A 45980200 A 51110300 A 39320500 A 43391300 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1060160 A 1010760 A 1103970 A 1121950 A 1077270 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 64866.5 Fc 67232.3 Fc 73572.3 Fc 57490.9 Fc 62514.6 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 5561 5528 5504 5366 5720.23 *
Cherries Production Quantity 31637 27911 39076 33386 27768.4 *
Cherries Yield 56890.8 Fc 50490.2 Fc 70995.6 Fc 62217.7 Fc 48544.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 37
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1801
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 486757 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3587500 A 3665200 A 3835290 A 3875700 A 3926370 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21046900 A 22287500 A 25683100 A 20060700 A 22573600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 500162 A 496760 A 521970 A 559955 A 542268 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 58667.3 Fc 60808.4 Fc 66965.1 Fc 51760.1 Fc 57492.4 Fc
Cranberries Area Harvested 851.48 * 851.48 *
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 3028 3269 2999 3569 3300
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 221236 219510 204903 232239 238800
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 730634 Fc 671490 Fc 683238 Fc 650712 Fc 723636 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 2099 2100 10000 F 19458 Im 19544 Im
Currants Production Quantity 11239 12000 F 60000 F 114800 117100
Currants Yield 53544.6 Fc 57142.9 Fc 60000 Fc 58998.9 Fc 59916.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 180962 A 179683 A 187957 A 194015 A 194727 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2628840 A 2732690 A 2685460 A 2425030 A 2623440 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 145271 Fc 152084 Fc 142876 Fc 124992 Fc 134724 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 12300 F 12300 F 12398 Im 12161 Im 12215 Im
Gooseberries Production Quantity 83137.3 F 83137.3 F 83799.7 F 73800 64700
Gooseberries Yield 67591.3 Fc 67591.3 Fc 67591.3 Fc 60685.8 Fc 52967.7 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 99172 98875 98403 98270 98772
Grapes Production Quantity 1224700 1449000 F 1184000 F 1130000 1368000
Grapes Yield 123493 Fc 146549 Fc 120322 Fc 114989 Fc 138501 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity
Hemp Tow Waste Yield
Hempseed Area Harvested
Hempseed Production Quantity
Hempseed Seed
Hempseed Yield
Hops Area Harvested 17214 17231 17395 17605 18563
Hops Production Quantity 28500 34456 33202 25355 32273
Hops Yield 16556.3 Fc 19996.5 Fc 19087.1 Fc 14402.2 Fc 17385.7 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 3056 2295 2284 2227 2145
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 88155 76083 70253 65061 62719
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 288465 Fc 331516 Fc 307588 Fc 292146 Fc 292396 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 403 144 Im 150 * 154 165
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 2872 2356 Im 2500 * 2254 2739
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 71265.5 Fc 163611 Fc 166667 Fc 146364 Fc 166000 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested
Lentils Production Quantity
Lentils Yield
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 13049 9706 10197 9427 9600
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 303362 241662 255204 202128 219000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 232479 Fc 248982 Fc 250274 Fc 214414 Fc 228125 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 13900 14000 12900 16200 10300
Linseed Production Quantity 22400 25370 23160 28800 17100
Linseed Yield 16115.1 Fc 18121.4 Fc 17953.5 Fc 17777.8 Fc 16601.9 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 32800 38600 35818 45627
Lupins Production Quantity 42000 F 50000 F 46000 F 60000 F
Lupins Seed 5049.2 Fc 6560 Fc 7720 Fc 7163.6 Fc F
Lupins Yield 12804.9 Fc 12953.4 Fc 12842.7 Fc 13150.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 401000 443100 461697 463355 398745
Maize Production Quantity 3220300 4082700 4213000 3421640 3738450
Maize Seed 50000 47000 55000 56000 52000
Maize Yield 80306.7 Fc 92139.5 Fc 91250.3 Fc 73844.9 Fc 93755.4 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 34000 35500 33961 44769 35280
Mixed grain Production Quantity 149300 158000 171534 189586 157028
Mixed grain Seed 4161.92 Fc 4760 Fc 4970 Fc 4754.54 Fc 6267.66 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 43911.8 Fc 44507 Fc 50509.1 Fc 42347.6 Fc 44509.1 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 59000 50000 50000 50000 62000
Mustard seed Area Harvested 6801.1 * 6000 * 2900 * 3700 * 3280.53 *
Mustard seed Production Quantity 9522 F 8400 F 4060 F 5180 F 4593 F
Mustard seed Seed 150 F 150 F 150 F 150 F 150 F
Mustard seed Yield 14000.7 Fc 14000 Fc 14000 Fc 14000 Fc 14000.8 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 183700 209900 227829 261927 233148
Oats Production Quantity 829900 963600 1185790 1201650 1015850
Oats Seed 20000 F 25000 F 29000 F 31200 F 35000 *
Oats Yield 45176.9 Fc 45907.6 Fc 52047.4 Fc 45877.3 Fc 43571 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1487900 A 1395880 A 1335380 A 1327350 A 1341670 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3252820 A 3084810 A 3216990 A 2237130 A 2349240 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 9287.88 A 8957 A 10367 A 10367 A 10367 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 21861.8 Fc 22099.4 Fc 24090.4 Fc 16854.1 Fc 17509.8 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1487900 A 1395880 A 1335380 A 1327350 A 1341670 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2065960 A 1960320 A 2044450 A 1423950 A 1492860 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7222.64 A 6934 A 8164 A 8164 A 8164 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 13885.1 Fc 14043.6 Fc 15309.8 Fc 10727.8 Fc 11126.9 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity
Oilseeds, Nes Seed
Oilseeds, Nes Yield
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1368
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 44875
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 328034 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 8525 7907 9111 7865 6911
Onions, dry Production Quantity 337269 364514 425858 271520 292665
Onions, dry Yield 395623 Fc 461002 Fc 467411 Fc 345226 Fc 423477 Fc
Palm oil Production Quantity
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 104 104 103 101 100
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 800 F 754 922 353 500
Peaches and nectarines Yield 76923.1 Fc 72500 Fc 89514.6 Fc 34950.5 Fc 50000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 2226 2189 2188 2090 2090
Pears Production Quantity 48586 38259 78763 53494 76139
Pears Yield 218266 Fc 174778 Fc 359977 Fc 255952 Fc 364301 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 92100 110300 121508 135916 148628
Peas, dry Production Quantity 287700 346300 464212 391739 413227
Peas, dry Seed 14000 F 24000 F 27000 F 30000 F 33000
Peas, dry Yield 31237.8 Fc 31396.2 Fc 38204.2 Fc 28822.1 Fc 27802.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5144 5141 5503 5656 5139
Peas, green Production Quantity 28243 28734 31705 26352 61900
Peas, green Yield 54904.7 Fc 55891.8 Fc 57614 Fc 46591.2 Fc 120451 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 4590 4562 4562 4519 5000
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 51523 40114 77837 47873 45800
Plums and sloes Yield 112251 Fc 87930.7 Fc 170620 Fc 105937 Fc 91600 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 5198 Im 4878 Im 4667 Im 4638 Im 4689 Im
Poppy seed Production Quantity 2800 F 2794 Im 2707 Im 2569 Im 2700 F
Poppy seed Seed 200 F 200 F 200 F 200 F 200 F
Poppy seed Yield 5386.69 Fc 5727.76 Fc 5800.3 Fc 5539.03 Fc 5758.16 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 274300 276900 295266 287264 284078
Potatoes Production Quantity 10030600 11624200 13043600 9915680 11491700
Potatoes Seed 602000 602000 640000 685000 660000
Potatoes Yield 365680 Fc 419798 Fc 441758 Fc 345177 Fc 404526 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 3900 4200 4692 5323
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 8000 F 8500 F 9500 F 11000 F
Pulses, nes Seed
Pulses, nes Yield 20512.8 Fc 20238.1 Fc 20247.2 Fc 20665 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143800 A 168800 A 177529 A 206908 A 167628 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 386800 A 464400 A 583809 A 523587 A 478227 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 21825.2 A 33836 A 38136 A 40539.6 A 37206.8 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 26898.5 Fc 27511.8 Fc 32885.3 Fc 25305.3 Fc 28529.1 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 2165
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 78050
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 360508 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1429000 1343900 1283360 1265610 1296650
Rapeseed Production Quantity 5336500 5051700 5276590 3633940 3848700
Rapeseed Seed 6000 6000 6000 6000 6000
Rapeseed Yield 37344.3 Fc 37589.8 Fc 41115.4 Fc 28713 Fc 29681.9 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1121 1100 5853 Im 5741 Im 5766 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 7196 7000 F 20034 * 20000 29700
Raspberries Yield 64192.7 Fc 63636.4 Fc 34228.6 Fc 34837.1 Fc 51508.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 274300 A 276900 A 295266 A 287264 A 284078 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10030600 A 11624200 A 13043600 A 9915680 A 11491700 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 602000 A 602000 A 640000 A 685000 A 660000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 365680 Fc 419798 Fc 441758 Fc 345177 Fc 404526 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 538900 549100 624945 531231 728388
Rye Production Quantity 2643700 2793500 3829960 2277420 3666000
Rye Seed 68000 50000 57000 65000 55000
Rye Yield 49057.3 Fc 50874.2 Fc 61284.8 Fc 42870.6 Fc 50330.3 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 4202 4226 4231 4197 3879.77 *
Sour cherries Production Quantity 37143 24571 35450 33694 22031.7 *
Sour cherries Yield 88393.6 Fc 58142.4 Fc 83786.3 Fc 80281.1 Fc 56786.1 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 1000 * 652
Soybeans Production Quantity 1000 * 1000 *
Soybeans Yield 10000 Fc 15337.4 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 3338 3545 3431 3433 3257
Spinach Production Quantity 55151 68697 59166 56840 55139
Spinach Yield 165222 Fc 193786 Fc 172445 Fc 165569 Fc 169294 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 473 472 473 474 440 F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 5452 4626 5977 4138 3400 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 115264 Fc 98008.5 Fc 126364 Fc 87299.6 Fc 77272.7 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 14214 13435 11844 10421 9900
Strawberries Production Quantity 173230 146500 119384 95278 105297
Strawberries Yield 121873 Fc 109044 Fc 100797 Fc 91428.9 Fc 106361 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 357600 420100 440545 445630 459400
Sugar beet Production Quantity 20646600 25284700 27159000 23756000 26794300
Sugar beet Yield 577366 Fc 601873 Fc 616486 Fc 533088 Fc 583246 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 32000 27100 31557 37200 26100
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 61900 67100 69652 73043 52000
Sunflower seed Seed 11704 F 11000 14000 14000 14000
Sunflower seed Yield 19343.8 Fc 24760.2 Fc 22071.8 Fc 19635.2 Fc 19923.4 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 3357 4459 4448 4700 4789
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 8500 10888 10101 11625 11490
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 25320.2 Fc 24418 Fc 22709.1 Fc 24734 Fc 23992.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 279 284 292 256 282
Tomatoes Production Quantity 53239 56121 58082 48870 46100
Tomatoes Yield 1908210 Fc 1976090 Fc 1989110 Fc 1908980 Fc 1634750 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5110 A 5000 A 4901 A 4794 A 4599 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19754 A 16880 A 15465 A 15383 A 16900 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 38657.5 Fc 33760 Fc 31554.8 Fc 32088 Fc 36747.1 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 404600 480800 507391 499796 560466
Triticale Production Quantity 2237100 2675900 3289780 2480370 3068300
Triticale Seed 56000 55000 67000 72000 75000
Triticale Yield 55291.7 Fc 55655.2 Fc 64837.2 Fc 49627.7 Fc 54745.5 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 23700 F 25000 F 27100 * 25500 * 22000 *
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 950000 F 1000000 F 1097000 * 1200000 * 1350000 *
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 400844 Fc 400000 Fc 404797 Fc 470588 Fc 613636 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 118996 A 110939 A 116522 A 110639 A 100305 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3747780 A 3647980 A 3906570 A 3637630 A 3702320 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 314950 Fc 328828 Fc 335265 Fc 328784 Fc 369107 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 118996 A 110939 A 116522 A 110639 A 100305 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3747780 A 3647980 A 3906570 A 3637630 A 3702320 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 314950 Fc 328828 Fc 335265 Fc 328784 Fc 369107 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested
Vetches Production Quantity
Vetches Seed
Vetches Yield
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5110 Im 5000 Im 4901 Im 4794 Im 4599 Im
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 19754 Im 16880 Im 15465 Im 15383 Im 16900
Walnuts, with shell Yield 38657.5 Fc 33760 Fc 31554.8 Fc 32088 Fc 36747.1 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 3114700 3173800 3111650 2963730 3014620
Wheat Production Quantity 22427900 23692700 25427200 19259800 20817700
Wheat Seed 560000 514000 582000 562000 535000
Wheat Yield 72006.6 Fc 74650.9 Fc 81716.1 Fc 64985 Fc 69055.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 16719 Q 16700 Q 16886 Q 16921 Q 16950 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 852.67 Q 735.37 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 88.81 Q 65.07 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 373 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 941.48 Q 947 I 800.44 Q
Arable land Area 11875 Q 11846 Q 11945 Q 11932 Q 11877 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12075 Q 12045 Q 12145 Q 12132 Q 12075 Q
Country area Area 35712.7 Fm 35712.7 Q 35712 Q 35711 Q 35710 Q
Fallow land Area 229 Q 252 Q 246 Q 310 Q 648 Q
Forest area Area 11076 Fm 11076 Q 11076 Fm 11076 Fm 11076 Fm
Inland water Area 855.7 Fm 855.7 Fm 851 Fm 848 Fm 843 Fm
Land area Area 34857 Fm 34857 Q 34861 Q 34863 Q 34867 Q
Other land Area 7062 Fm 7081 Fm 6899 Fm 6866 Fm 6841 Fm
Permanent crops Area 200 Q 199 Q 200 Q 200 Q 198 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4644 Q 4655 Q 4741 Q 4789 Q 4875 Q
Temporary crops Area 8832 Q 9023 Q 9352 Q 9362 Q 9141 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 2814 Q 2571 Q 2347 Q 2261 Q 2088 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 516 Fm 516 Fm 516 Fm 516 Fm 516 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 16946 Q 17031 Q 17013 Q 17001 Q 16967 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 663.34 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 72.93 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 736.27 Q
Arable land Area 11866 Q 11904 Q 11898 Q 11827 Q 11791 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12064 Q 12102 Q 12100 Q 12033 Q 11997 Q
Country area Area 35710 Q 35709 Q 35705 Q 35704 Q 35704 Q
Fallow land Area 741 Q 794 Q 784 Q 939 Q 835 Q
Forest area Area 11076 Fm 11076 Q 11076 Fm 11076 Fm 11076 Fm
Inland water Area 838 Fm 833 Fm 828 Fm 823 Fm 818 Fm
Land area Area 34872 Q 34876 Q 34877 Q 34881 Q 34886 Q
Other land Area 6850 Fm 6769 Fm 6788 Fm 6804 Fm 6843 Fm
Permanent crops Area 198 Q 198 Q 202 Q 206 Q 206 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 4882 Q 4929 Q 4913 Q 4968 Q 4970 Q
Temporary crops Area 9169 Q 9305 Q 9395 Q 9299 Q 9416 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 1956 Q 1805 Q 1719 Q 1589 Q 1540 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 515.7 I 510 Fm 500 Fm 500 Fm 495 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files