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Datasheet

Costa Rica

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Costa Rica
  • General data
  • Region: Central America
  • Area (km2): 510,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: San Jos‚
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 4,462,193
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$5,520
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$24,648,366,080
  • GDP: US$26,267,156,480
  • Agriculture, value added: US$2,042,080,640
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentCalderón & Sánchez, 2011; OIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; Mora-Umaña & Araya, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2011
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentGoheen et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionNativeEchandi & Segall, 1956; Martin, 1949; Siller, 1958; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Stevenson, 1935; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentEvans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesStover, 1980a; Mourichon & Fullerton, 1990; Stover, 1980b; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedArguedas Gamboa, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesAlizaga et al., 1983; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentYesEnríquez & Suarez, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; Murillo-Williams et al., 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrencesMuller, 1953
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015; Chavarría et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; Stéfano et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadPuschendorf et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedEvans, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentYesHenry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; Jirón et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)LocalisedJiron et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Stone, 1942; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942; Jiron et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)WidespreadNativeJirón et al., 1988; Jirón & Hedstrom, 1991; Stone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)WidespreadNativeJiron et al., 1988; Steck et al., 1990; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentJohnson et al., 1973; EPPO, 2014; Warner, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentMinisterio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estad
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Presentde Barro, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentGuevara-Coto et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedVargas & Fisk, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentAguilar & Murillo, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Ochoa et al., 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentMinisterio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estad
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)EradicatedWyss, 2000; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedINBio, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedYesSnyder, 1934
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedHeinemann & Belkin, 1977a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMinisterio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estad
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; Hauser, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentMound & Marullo, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)PresentNativeKramer, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentNHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentAnon., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Gómez, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativePerez Farfante , 1975; Perez & Kensley , 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2014; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesKempf, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadHilje, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentAguilar & Murillo, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHuner & Barr , 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentGimpel & Miller, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)WidespreadIntroducedRowell, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentO'Brien & Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff & Berg, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativePerfecto & Vandermeer, 1996; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014; Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estad
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Unconfirmed recordWetterer, 2009; Shepard & Gibson, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)PresentPovolny, 1973; Barroso, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentAguilar & Murillo, 2012; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Restricted distributionLastra et al., 1991; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentAlpizar, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadIPPC, 2014a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentMinisterio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estad
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)WidespreadNativeSchmitter-Soto, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish)WidespreadNativeBussing, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeYesIUCN, 2012; Cove et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)PresentNativeThe Reptile Database, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Lever, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCam, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBussing, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentAvibase, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedBussing, 1998; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988; FAO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedBussing, 1998; Froese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentNativeGoldman, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentIntroducedYesSchofield, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedSantos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedZuniga et al., 1998; Arias et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)LocalisedNativeFIGIS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesHutchinson et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentNativeCowie & Hayes, 2012; Simone, 2006; Horgan et al., 2014; Taylor, 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentLopez, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentLopez, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentLopez, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadSosa, 1985; Lopez, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadSosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadLopez & Salazar, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)WidespreadTidman, 1951; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentHumphreys-Pereira et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumNo information availableOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeLellinger, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTaylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeTaylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedBurger & Huft, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentSalas, 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedINBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2015; Panama Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)WidespreadYesIslam, 1979; Wyatt, 1980; Holm et al., 1997; Wyatt & Broyles, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Burger, 1991; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentVargas et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedINBio, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedHoldridge & Poveda, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentInostrosa & Fournier, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Gargiullo et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Absent, intercepted onlyHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedChavarría et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentNativeZamora, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedESHBAUGH, 1970
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeMorales Quirós, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedZamora, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)WidespreadNativePIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Zamora et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012; Chacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)Present, few occurrencesSoto et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Gargiullo et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeStandley & Williams, 1975
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle)PresentNativeINBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedForcella & Randall, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedCochrane & Iltis, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentIntroducedRueda, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentPohl, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Chacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGómez-Laurito, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Gómez-Laurito, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeMOBOT, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedVega & Rúgolo, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Blanco & Hilje, 1995; Echegoyen et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentINBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentSoto et al., 1986; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMorales, 2003; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedZuloaga & Morrone, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedMorales, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedYesVargas, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)WidespreadNativeLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedRojas & Agüero, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)PresentNativeField Museum, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSnyder et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionOrdetx, 1949; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Ocampo & Balick, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDurkee, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedMorales, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)WidespreadNativeSchemske, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012; GBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeIngold, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedINBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentNativeHammel, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)LocalisedNativeMeyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesBien et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeCock, 1980; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeBarneby, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)Restricted distributionNativeJanzen, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1977; Barneby, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentRojas et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentDurkee, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGentry & D'Arcy, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedINBio, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedYesDressler, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentRetana-Sánchez et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale, 1981; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip, 1938
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)WidespreadNativeDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeCardenas & Coulston, 1967; Morales, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)WidespreadIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGargiullo et al., 2008; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedBurger, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedChacón & Saborío, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Cruz et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)WidespreadIntroducedYesTropicos, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b; INBio Costa Rica, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentNativeJanzen, 1982; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesChacon & Saborio, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentAnon, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedYesDi Stefano et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadNativeGentry, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentAlmeda, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedHammel et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedINBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)WidespreadNativeYesMcCoy et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesD'Arcy, 1980; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; INBio (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesChacón & Saborío, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedYesAcevedo-Rodríguez & Strong, 2012
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresentViquez & Hargraves, 1995
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996; Pasberg-Gauhl & Lockhart, 2000
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5PresentQuackenbush et al., 2001
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Araya Gonzáles, 2000
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentRivera et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentCABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentValverde & Moreira, 2004
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO, 2014; Barboza et al., 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisNo information availablePerez et al., 1994; Perez et al., 1994; Hermans et al., 1994; Herrero et al., 1998; Alvarez & Herrero, 1996; McCauley & Pérez, 1980; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)No information availableOIE, 2009
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Perez et al., 1994; Alvarez & Herrero, 1996; Vargas et al., 1997; Alvarez et al., 1996
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaNo information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)No information availableOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadPuschendorf et al., 2009
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)No information availableOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentCalderón & Sánchez, 2011; OIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentHerbst, 1994
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidNo information availableOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionPresentOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1998
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisLocalisedMendoza et al., 1983
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisPresentOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Dolz et al., 1999
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentFisanotti et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE, 2009; Nichol, 1988; Rodriguez et al., 1990
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseasePresentOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
AvocadosArea Harvested5615Im5810Im5431Im5117Im4973Im
AvocadosProduction Quantity26959Im25246Im21967Im20946Im25000P
AvocadosYield48012.5Fc43452.7Fc40447.4Fc40934.1Fc50271.5Fc
BananasArea Harvested4201643031425954431343817
BananasProduction Quantity19371201844540158874018867702079110
BananasYield461043Fc428654Fc372987Fc425783Fc474498Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested2207020332172341131112017
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1577712830892078128437
Beans, drySeed882.8Fc882.8Fc813.28Fc689.36Fc452.44Fc
Beans, dryYield7148.62Fc6310.25Fc5175.82Fc6906.55Fc7020.89Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested57Im59Im55Im50F 50F
Berries NesProduction Quantity898Im841Im732Im1000F 1000F
Berries NesYield157544Fc142542Fc133091Fc200000Fc200000Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2087Im2423Im2143Im2948Im3351Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity7509Im8298Im8528Im11280Im11285Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield35979.9Fc34246.8Fc39794.7Fc38263.2Fc33676.5Fc
CassavaArea Harvested37163Im35300F 30250F 26800F 26600F
CassavaProduction Quantity516636Im529100F 453700F 402000F 397950F
CassavaYield139019Fc149887Fc149983Fc150000Fc149605Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested89324A 76013A 74792A 61411A 56303A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity207418A 197369A 197051A 160489A 139365A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed5817.66A 5817.66A 4812.22A 4627.9A 3908.8A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield23220.8Fc25965.2Fc26346.5Fc26133.6Fc24752.6Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested89324A 76013A 74792A 61411A 56303A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity301579A 286537A 283516A 234240A 199214A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed5817.66A 5817.66A 4812.22A 4627.9A 3908.8A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield33762.4Fc37695.8Fc37907.3Fc38143Fc35382.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested224Im260F 240F 250F 290F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity965Im1066Im1096Im1057Im1218Im
Chillies and peppers, greenYield43080.4Fc41000Fc45666.7Fc42280Fc42000Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested25838A 28971A 28712A 28550A 28450A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity206800A 296382A 316105A 314823A 467950A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield80037.1Fc102303Fc110095Fc110271Fc164482Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested8208A 9598A 11463A 7358A 9051A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity18813A 18765A 23860A 12766A 19486A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed139.54A 139.54A 163.17A 194.87A 125.09A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield22920.3Fc19551Fc20814.8Fc17349.8Fc21529.1Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested46054543448444844484
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity690665650593555
Cocoa beansYield1498.37Fc1463.79Fc1449.6Fc1322.48Fc1237.73Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested40004000400040004000
CoconutsProduction Quantity80008000800080008000
CoconutsYield20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested9886198681986819868198681
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity999099730591403111959121058
Coffee, greenYield10106Fc9860.56Fc9262.47Fc11345.5Fc12267.6Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity100F 100Im194F 453F 323F
CottonseedProduction Quantity140F 140Im300F 700F 500F
CottonseedSeed17.25Fc17.25Fc17.25Fc17.25Fc6.03Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1851A 1734A 1663A 2554A 2167A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1309A 1149A 1379A 1553A 1423A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7071.85Fc6626.3Fc8292.24Fc6080.66Fc6566.68Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested168843A 174718A 163323A 159691A 157316A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4918960A 4606320A 4007980A 4361250A 4572740A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield291333Fc263643Fc245402Fc273105Fc290672Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested34115Im35302Im33000F 35000F 33400F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity283504Im265485Im231000F 275000F 274000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield83102.4Fc75203.9Fc70000Fc78571.4Fc82035.9Fc
GingerArea Harvested12412711066107
GingerProduction Quantity1703169014999601044
GingerYield137339Fc133071Fc136273Fc145455Fc97570.1Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested2428Im2512Im2348Im2212Im2150Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity19357Im18127Im15772Im15039Im17950F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield79724.1Fc72161.6Fc67172.1Fc67988.3Fc83488.4Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested194Im171Im186Im187Im180F
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity219Im196Im192Im210P 225F
Groundnuts, with shellYield11288.7Fc11462Fc10322.6Fc11230Fc12500Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1410Im1459Im1364Im1338Im1300F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity28037Im26255Im22845Im21784Im26000F
Lemons and limesYield198844Fc179952Fc167485Fc162810Fc200000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested820895981146373589051
MaizeProduction Quantity1881318765238601276619486
MaizeSeed139.54Fc139.54Fc163.17Fc194.87Fc125.09Fc
MaizeYield22920.3Fc19551Fc20814.8Fc17349.8Fc21529.1Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested57715637566256978200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity3922438542386173878249200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield67967.4Fc68373.3Fc68203.8Fc68074.4Fc60000Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Area Harvested1024Im946Im973Im944Im1017Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Production Quantity1209Im1049Im1185Im1100F 1100F
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Yield11806.6Fc11088.8Fc12178.8Fc11652.5Fc10816.1Fc
Natural rubberProduction Quantity
Nuts, nesArea Harvested6156206206211286
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity6386326326341345
Nuts, nesYield10374Fc10193.5Fc10193.5Fc10209.3Fc10458.8Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested6000057000550005260048406
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity1050000917000F 897750863200825000
Oil palm fruitYield175000Fc160877Fc163227Fc164106Fc170433Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested65286A 62208A 60141A 58637A 53966A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity22712.1A 21360.9A 19612.1A 19097.2A 18209.3A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed8.8A 8.8A 8.8A 8.8A 3.08A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield3478.87Fc3433.79Fc3261.02Fc3256.84Fc3374.23Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested65286A 62208A 60141A 58637A 53966A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity262013A 230224A 224208A 215689A 206176A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed2.76A 2.76A 2.76A 2.76A 0.96A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield40133.2Fc37008.8Fc37280.3Fc36783.8Fc38204.7Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested13461187111813821424
Onions, dryProduction Quantity3649234940353903762837066.8
Onions, dryYield271114Fc294356Fc316547Fc272272Fc260301Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2200025000250002500025000
OrangesProduction Quantity159406252000277488278000424000
OrangesYield72457.3Fc100800Fc110995Fc111200Fc169600Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested512265915703864010345
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity160810198921198565209110266871
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield313959Fc301807Fc348176Fc242025Fc257971Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity4200039432359103452833000
Palm oilProduction Quantity241500210905206482198536189750
PapayasArea Harvested790760802840606
PapayasProduction Quantity6080064800641606720041042
PapayasYield769620Fc852632Fc800000Fc800000Fc677261Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested150150130124124
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity104010401040995995
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield69333.3Fc69333.3Fc80000Fc80241.9Fc80241.9Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested4500045000400003348828160
PineapplesProduction Quantity22689601976760168204016675301547140
PineapplesYield504213Fc439280Fc420510Fc497949Fc549411Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested950010000690065009600
PlantainsProduction Quantity9000090000600008517686400
PlantainsYield94736.8Fc90000Fc86956.5Fc131040Fc90000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested236522332982.626902807
PotatoesProduction Quantity5248455771746086612666050
PotatoesSeed2365Fc2365Fc2233Fc2982.6Fc2690Fc
PotatoesYield221920Fc249758Fc250144Fc245822Fc235305Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested22070A 20332A 17234A 11311A 12017A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity15777A 12830A 8920A 7812A 8437A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed882.8A 882.8A 813.28A 689.36A 452.44A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield7148.62Fc6310.25Fc5175.82Fc6906.55Fc7020.89Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested8111666415633295405347252
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity282766267772259656221474179728
Rice, paddySeed5678.12Fc5678.12Fc4649.05Fc4433.03Fc3783.71Fc
Rice, paddyYield34859.5Fc40318Fc41001.1Fc40973.5Fc38036.1Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested2348Im2230Im258521662004
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity21558Im22078223932151516448
Roots and Tubers, nesYield91814.3Fc99004.5Fc86626.7Fc99330.6Fc82075.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested45636A 43348A 39577.6A 35205A 34962A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity635686A 651022A 595225A 530389A 519010A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed2365A 2365A 2233A 2982.6A 2690A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield139295Fc150185Fc150394Fc150657Fc148450Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested827Im788Im690F 1610F 1150F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity632Im601Im529F 1235F 882F
Seed cottonYield7642.08Fc7626.9Fc7666.67Fc7670.81Fc7669.57Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested265Im249Im265Im240Im230F
Sesame seedProduction Quantity152Im138Im143Im129Im135F
Sesame seedYield5735.85Fc5542.17Fc5396.23Fc5375Fc5869.57Fc
SorghumArea Harvested
SorghumProduction Quantity
SorghumSeed
SorghumYield
SoybeansArea Harvested
SoybeansProduction Quantity
SoybeansYield
StrawberriesArea Harvested14114816613660
StrawberriesProduction Quantity46903720462040201900
StrawberriesYield332624Fc251351Fc278313Fc295588Fc316667Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested6400055730530305455056200
Sugar caneProduction Quantity34181903734730363541035967204087570
Sugar caneSeed30000F 30000F 30000F 30000F 30000F
Sugar caneYield534092Fc670147Fc685538Fc659344Fc727326Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested4450445069
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity76796279122
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield17272.7Fc15800Fc14090.9Fc15800Fc17681.2Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1026966975996950
TomatoesProduction Quantity6156051615617085945053580
TomatoesYield600000Fc534317Fc632903Fc596888Fc564000Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested615A 620A 620A 621A 1286A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity638A 632A 632A 634A 1345A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield10374Fc10193.5Fc10193.5Fc10209.3Fc10458.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested2825Im3279Im2900F 3100F 3500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity44000F 44200Im43928Im46009Im53000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield155752Fc134797Fc151476Fc148416Fc151429Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested13693A 15895A 14069A 18379A 20880A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity353261A 385934A 395151A 413857A 469941A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield257987Fc242802Fc280866Fc225179Fc225067Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested13693A 15895A 14069A 18379A 20880A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity353261A 385934A 395151A 413857A 469941A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield257987Fc242802Fc280866Fc225179Fc225067Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested1063118999010631020
WatermelonsProduction Quantity4192546894459364932346920
WatermelonsYield394403Fc394399Fc464000Fc463998Fc460000Fc
YamsArea Harvested21322132201218962059
YamsProduction Quantity2958029580286742524225608
YamsYield138743Fc138743Fc142515Fc133133Fc124371Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested16281453174816531492
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity1542814493158501550612954
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield94766.6Fc99745.4Fc90675.1Fc93805.2Fc86823.1Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
AvocadosArea Harvested4855Im4615Im4915Im5000F 4880Im
AvocadosProduction Quantity24521P 25865Im29423Im25000F 24995Im
AvocadosYield50506.7Fc56045.5Fc59863.7Fc50000Fc51219.3Fc
BananasArea Harvested4279041147422564175742182
BananasProduction Quantity2268000F 1875000F 2118000F 2144000F 1975000F
BananasYield530030Fc455683Fc501231Fc513447Fc468209Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested1403516349163472084722088
Beans, dryProduction Quantity1111410102104741508312685
Beans, drySeed480.68Fc561.4Fc653.96Fc653.88Fc833.88Fc
Beans, dryYield7918.77Fc6178.97Fc6407.29Fc7235.09Fc5742.94Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested50F 50F 50F 50F 50F
Berries NesProduction Quantity1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
Berries NesYield200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc200000Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3543Im3303Im3456Im3312Im2898Im
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity10854Im11116Im10210Im9661Im9718Im
Cabbages and other brassicasYield30635.1Fc33654.3Fc29542.8Fc29169.7Fc33533.5Fc
CassavaArea Harvested26000F 23280F 22100F 23550F 25900F
CassavaProduction Quantity389300F 349200F 330800F 352600F 388000F
CassavaYield149731Fc150000Fc149683Fc149724Fc149807Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested55138A 61608A 68596A 62522A 54669A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity142574A 135453A 144189A 137130A 138175A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed3461.51A 3527.88A 3975.53A 4458.23A 3927.21A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield25857.7Fc21986.3Fc21020Fc21933.1Fc25274.9Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested55138A 61608A 68596A 62522A 54669A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity207263A 196477A 209860A 198281A 201368A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed3461.51A 3527.88A 3975.53A 4458.23A 3927.21A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield37589.9Fc31891.5Fc30593.6Fc31713.8Fc36834Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested330F 280F 300F 280F 250F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity1396Im1170Im1249Im1161Im1070F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield42303Fc41785.7Fc41633.3Fc41464.3Fc42800Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested26361A 27195A 27925A 29962A 28549A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity498537A 424718A 477260A 394011A 394374A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield189119Fc156175Fc170908Fc131504Fc138139Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested6260A 6359A 6481A 8478A 6776A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity13002A 13223A 12649A 14644A 11600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed153.87A 106.42A 108.1A 110.18A 144.13A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield20770Fc20794.2Fc19517Fc17272.9Fc17119.2Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested38203000355035503550
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity450343708708708
Cocoa beansYield1178.01Fc1143.33Fc1994.37Fc1994.37Fc1994.37Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested40004000400040004000
CoconutsProduction Quantity800026000F 22487Im19500F 19000F
CoconutsYield20000Fc65000Fc56217.5Fc48750Fc47500Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested986819868198681113387113387
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity101038125669126000* 132259140874
Coffee, greenYield10238.9Fc12734.9Fc12768.4Fc11664.4Fc12424.2Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity220F 220F 110F 110F 100F
CottonseedProduction Quantity340F 340F 120F 125F 120F
CottonseedSeed28.75Fc19.58Fc19.58Fc7.5Fc7.5Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1804A 1801A 1251A 1230A 1244A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1320A 1320A 1210A 1600A 1490A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7317.07Fc7329.26Fc9672.26Fc13008.1Fc11977.5Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested145842A 142674A 134635A 133721A 125562A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5162830A 4274470A 4017510A 3828250A 3604040A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield354002Fc299597Fc298400Fc286286Fc287033Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested29300F 27000F 22000F 21000F 13600F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity240000F 219000F 168000F 144000F 92000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield81911.3Fc81111.1Fc76363.6Fc68571.4Fc67647.1Fc
GingerArea Harvested198264110406Im380F
GingerProduction Quantity4229430013364736Im4000F
GingerYield213586Fc162879Fc121455Fc116650Fc105263Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested2099Im1995Im2125Im2162Im2149Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity21325Im18014Im20492Im17411Im17374Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield101596Fc90295.7Fc96432.9Fc80531.9Fc80846.9Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested114Im136Im119Im105Im125Im
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity198Im241Im231Im200Im197Im
Groundnuts, with shellYield17368.4Fc17720.6Fc19411.8Fc19047.6Fc15760Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested1262Im1200800800400
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity28412Im240009600960010000
Lemons and limesYield225135Fc200000Fc120000Fc120000Fc250000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested62606359648184786776
MaizeProduction Quantity1300213223126491464411600
MaizeSeed153.87Fc106.42Fc108.1Fc110.18Fc144.13Fc
MaizeYield20770Fc20794.2Fc19517Fc17272.9Fc17119.2Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested82008200820082008200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity4100041000410003600036000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield50000Fc50000Fc50000Fc43902.4Fc43902.4Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Area Harvested1021Im1018Im951Im930Im944Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Production Quantity1100F 1100F 1100F 1490Im1390Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca)Yield10773.8Fc10805.5Fc11566.8Fc16021.5Fc14724.6Fc
Natural rubberProduction Quantity
Nuts, nesArea Harvested12861335141524183996
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity10261031121431971723
Nuts, nesYield7978.23Fc7722.85Fc8579.51Fc13221.7Fc4311.81Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested4840650125466004320042480
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity872444780000670000581000571200
Oil palm fruitYield180235Fc155611Fc143777Fc134491Fc134463Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested53548A 55323A 51261A 47790A 47071A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity22970A 16987.6A 15958.9A 13841.7A 13591.6A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed14.66A 9.99A 9.99A 3.83A 3.83A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield4289.6Fc3070.62Fc3113.27Fc2896.35Fc2887.47Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested53548A 55323A 51261A 47790A 47071A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity216984A 195856A 174103A 144814A 141504A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed4.6A 3.13A 3.13A 1.2A 1.2A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield40521.4Fc35402.3Fc33964Fc30302.1Fc30061.9Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested189712431348992.451020
Onions, dryProduction Quantity5339232587339362638628404
Onions, dryYield281455Fc262164Fc251751Fc265867Fc278471Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2300024000250002700026000
OrangesProduction Quantity448800382704447168367000367000
OrangesYield195130Fc159460Fc178867Fc135926Fc141154Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested102021019610770104058500
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity291332243903227000F 222716188949
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield285564Fc239214Fc210771Fc214047Fc222293Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity4231528000268002324022848
Palm oilProduction Quantity196300179400158700131460128400*
PapayasArea Harvested656596729645701
PapayasProduction Quantity3109035565338153112526458
PapayasYield473933Fc596728Fc463855Fc482558Fc377432Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested12484120155145
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity995124.49601240281
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield80241.9Fc14809.5Fc80000Fc80000Fc19379.3Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested2307026821180001644515500
PineapplesProduction Quantity198015016052401077300984233992000
PineapplesYield858323Fc598501Fc598500Fc598500Fc640000Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested105006990105001055011800
PlantainsProduction Quantity7663545180700156571759056
PlantainsYield72985.7Fc64635.2Fc66680.9Fc62291Fc50047.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested23663074312831873316
PotatoesProduction Quantity5578174881764358080686785
PotatoesSeed2807Fc2366Fc3074Fc3128Fc3187Fc
PotatoesYield235761Fc243595Fc244357Fc253549Fc261716Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested14035A 16349A 16347A 20847A 22088A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity11114A 10102A 10474A 15083A 12685A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed480.68A 561.4A 653.96A 653.88A 833.88A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield7918.77Fc6178.97Fc6407.29Fc7235.09Fc5742.94Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested4887855249621155404447893
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity194261183254197211183637189768
Rice, paddySeed3307.64Fc3421.46Fc3867.43Fc4348.05Fc3783.08Fc
Rice, paddyYield39744.1Fc33168.8Fc31749.3Fc33979.2Fc39623.3Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested29024252Im4000F 3800F 3400F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity2633134322Im35000F 32000F 28000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield90734Fc80719.7Fc87500Fc84210.5Fc82352.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested36986A 36313A 32032A 33538A 38084A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity539607A 503169A 487183A 499280A 570350A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed2807A 2366A 3074A 3128A 3187A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield145895Fc138564Fc152093Fc148870Fc149761Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested783F 783F 300F 300F 300F
Seed cottonProduction Quantity600F 600F 230Im236Im224Im
Seed cottonYield7662.84Fc7662.84Fc7666.67Fc7866.67Fc7466.67Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested245Im279Im242Im185Im166Im
Sesame seedProduction Quantity152Im162Im147Im112Im107Im
Sesame seedYield6204.08Fc5806.45Fc6074.38Fc6054.05Fc6445.78Fc
SorghumArea Harvested
SorghumProduction Quantity
SorghumSeed
SorghumYield
SoybeansArea Harvested
SoybeansProduction Quantity
SoybeansYield
StrawberriesArea Harvested606060112100
StrawberriesProduction Quantity19001900170031603160
StrawberriesYield316667Fc316667Fc283333Fc282143Fc316000Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested5330048000492104900048000
Sugar caneProduction Quantity4600000F 4000000F 4200000F 4400000F 3800000F
Sugar caneSeed30000F 30000F 30000F 30000F 30000F
Sugar caneYield863039Fc833333Fc853485Fc897959Fc791667Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested6355656363
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity1201091189292
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19047.6Fc19818.2Fc18153.8Fc14603.2Fc14603.2Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested14231100100011751482
TomatoesProduction Quantity4350041354450004700055578
TomatoesYield305692Fc375945Fc450000Fc400000Fc375020Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1286A 1335A 1415A 2418A 3996A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1026A 1031A 1214A 3197A 1723A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield7978.23Fc7722.85Fc8579.51Fc13221.7Fc4311.81Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3600F 3200F 3100F 3000F 2700F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity54000F 47500F 46000F 45000F 41000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield150000Fc148438Fc148387Fc150000Fc151852Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested21999A 20326A 21974A 22882.5A 20104A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity501060A 424216A 425195A 435263A 401536A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield227765Fc208706Fc193499Fc190217Fc199729Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested21999A 20326A 21974A 22882.5A 20104A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity501060A 424216A 425195A 435263A 401536A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield227765Fc208706Fc193499Fc190217Fc199729Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested100410042000F 3718Im3254Im
WatermelonsProduction Quantity465864658661800F 83339Im76817Im
WatermelonsYield464004Fc464004Fc309000Fc224150Fc236069Fc
YamsArea Harvested37873595154110011870
YamsProduction Quantity4963920338206651387426659
YamsYield131077Fc56573Fc134101Fc138601Fc142562Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area Harvested1931211212632000F 3598
Yautia (cocoyam)Production Quantity18556244282428320000F 40906
Yautia (cocoyam)Yield96095.3Fc115663Fc192264Fc100000Fc113691Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea1880Fm1880Fm1850Fm1800Fm1800Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea8.1I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea28.1Q 27.3Q 27.2Q 28Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea11.1I 8.1I 8I 7.9I
Arable landArea250Fm250Fm230Fm200Fm200Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea580Fm580Fm550Fm500Fm500Fm
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm
Arable land organic, totalArea330Fm330Fm320Fm
Country areaArea5110W 5110W 5110Q 5110W 5110Q
Forest areaArea2627.8Fm2605Q 2582.2Fm2559.4Fm2536.6Fm
Inland waterArea4Fm4Fm4Fm4Fm4Fm
Land areaArea5106Fm5106Fm5106Fm5106Fm5106Fm
Other landArea598.2Fm621Fm673.8Fm746.6Fm769.4Fm
Permanent cropsArea330Fm330Fm320Fm300Fm300Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm1300Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea108Fm108Fm108Fm108Fm108Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea1805Fm1795Fm1822Fm1829Fm1826Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea27.3Q 25.9Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea10.7I 9.8I
Arable landArea200Fm200Fm210Fm210Fm200F
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea495Fm480Fm500Fm500Fm490Fm
Arable land area in conversion to organicArea
Arable land organic, totalArea
Country areaArea5110W 5110W 5110W 5110Q 5110Q
Forest areaArea2513.8Fm2491Q 2468Fm2445Fm2422Fm
Inland waterArea4Fm4Fm4Fm4Fm4Fm
Land areaArea5106Fm5106Fm5106Fm5106Q 5106Q
Other landArea787.2Fm820Fm816Fm832Fm858Fm
Permanent cropsArea295Fm280Fm290Fm290Fm290Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea1310Fm1315Fm1322Fm1329Fm1336Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea108Fm108Fm108Fm108F 108F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data