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Datasheet

Costa Rica

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Calderón and Sánchez, 2011; OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; Mora-Umaña and Araya, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2011.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Goheen et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Native Martin, 1949; Echandi and Segall, 1956; Siller, 1958; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesStevenson, 1935; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present Evans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Restricted distribution Introduced YesStover, 1980a; Stover, 1980b; Mourichon and Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Arguedas Gamboa, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesAlizaga et al., 1983; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present YesEnríquez and Suarez, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Murillo-Williams et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences Muller, 1953.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; Chavarría et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Stéfano et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Puschendorf et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly) Present Introduced Evans, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present YesHenry and McLaughlin, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnartia fatima Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942a; Jirón et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Localised Stone, 1942; Jiron et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; Jiron et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942a; Jirón et al., 1988; Jirón and Hedstrom, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; Jiron et al., 1988; Steck et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Present Johnson et al., 1973; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Tarpy, undated.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present de Barro, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Guevara-Coto et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Vargas and Fisk, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present Aguilar and Murillo, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Eradicated Wyss, 2000; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced YesSnyder, 1934.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Heinemann and Belkin, 1977a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; Hauser, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Nakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid) Present Native Kramer, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Anon., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Native NoPerez Farfante , 1975; Perez and Kensley , 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; IPPC, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced NoNew, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread Hilje, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Aguilar and Murillo, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Huner and Barr , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Native Hodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present Gimpel and Miller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Wattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper) Widespread Introduced Rowell, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Present Neff and Berg, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native Perfecto and Vandermeer, 1996; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Unconfirmed record Wetterer, 2009; Shepard and Gibson, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Present Povolny, 1973; Barroso, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Aguilar and Murillo, 2012; IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Restricted distribution Lastra et al., 1991; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Alpizar, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014a; EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Widespread Native Schmitter-Soto, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican crested anole) Present Introduced NoFitch, 1975; Savage, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBelonesox belizanus (pike killifish) Widespread Native NoBussing, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator Widespread Native NoHynková et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native YesIUCN, 2012; Cove et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana) Present Native The Reptile Database, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoIUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Introduced YesKronauer, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Cam, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Native Leenders, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBussing, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Bussing, 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced FAO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Pullin et al., 1997; FAO, 2002; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Bussing, 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Present Native NoGoldman, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesSchofield, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Zuniga et al., 1998; Arias et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Localised Native NoFIGIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesHutchinson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present Native Taylor, 1993; Simone, 2006; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Lopez, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Lopez, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Lopez, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Lopez, 1985; Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Lopez and Salazar, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread Tidman, 1951; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Humphreys-Pereira et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoLellinger, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Thomson and Alonso-Amelot, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Burger and Huft, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Salas, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native Davidse et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced INBio, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015; Panama Checklist, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Widespread YesIslam, 1979; Wyatt, 1980; Holm et al., 1997; Wyatt and Broyles, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Morton, 1987; Burger, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Present Vargas et al., 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced INBio, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (thorny bamboo) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced Holdridge and Poveda, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Inostrosa and Fournier, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Gargiullo et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced YesChacon and Saborio, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Absent, intercepted only Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Chavarría et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartita Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Native Zamora, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (gotani bean) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Morales Quirós, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Zamora, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Widespread PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present GBIF, 2012; Chacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus clandestinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present, few occurrences Soto et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; Gargiullo et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present, few occurrences Introduced Lobo, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Native NoStandley and Williams, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Native INBio, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced Forcella and Randall, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Cochrane and Iltis, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Rueda, 1993; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Introduced Rueda, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present YesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Holm et al., 1979; Chacon and Saborio, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus aggregatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced Gómez-Laurito, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Gómez-Laurito, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoMOBOT, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Vega and Rúgolo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; Blanco and Hilje, 1995; Echegoyen et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present INBio, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Soto et al., 1986; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Morales, 2003; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Zuloaga and Morrone, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Christenhusz, 2009; CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Native Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Morales, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesVargas, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Widespread Native NoLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced Rojas and Agüero, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Present Native NoField Museum, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present YesChacon and Saborio, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (Busy-lizzy) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Ordetx, 1949; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Ocampo and Balick, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Durkee, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Morales, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Native Schemske, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Native Ingold, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesChacon and Saborio, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesChacon and Saborio, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Native Hammel, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Localised Native Meyer, 1994b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesBien et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Native Cock, 1980; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Barneby, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Native Janzen, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Rojas et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Durkee, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present only in captivity/cultivation Gentry and D'Arcy, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced INBio, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced YesDressler, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Retana-Sánchez et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Native NoDale, 1981; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Cardenas and Coulston, 1967; Morales, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Gargiullo et al., 2008; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Burger, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Native Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Chacón and Saborío, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Widespread Introduced YesINBio Costa Rica, 2012; Tropicos, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Native Janzen, 1982; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced YesChacon and Saborio, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Panama Checklist, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native GBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Lim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesChacon and Saborio, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Anon, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Croat, 1981; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Native NoGentry, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Daniel, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Almeda, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Hammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced INBio, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax ciliata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Widespread Native YesMcCoy et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesD'Arcy, 1980; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979; INBio, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present YesChacón and Saborío, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Localised Introduced NoHammel et al., 2003.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Present Viquez and Hargraves, 1995.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996; Pasberg-Gauhl and Lockhart, 2000.
Virusbluetongue virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5 Present Quackenbush et al., 2001.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Rivera et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash) Present CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Valverde and Moreira, 2004.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present EPPO, 2014; Barboza et al., 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis No information available McCauley and Pérez, 1980; Hermans et al., 1994; Perez et al., 1994; Perez et al., 1994; Alvarez and Herrero, 1996; Herrero et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Perez et al., 1994; Alvarez and Herrero, 1996; Alvarez et al., 1996; Vargas et al., 1997.
blackleg No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Hidalgo et al., 1995.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available Amerongen et al., 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Puschendorf et al., 2009.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Eradicated Wyss, 2000.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Achí and Mata, 1997; Luna et al., 2002.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Digenean infections of fish Present Chandler et al., 1995.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Pérez et al., 1998.
European foulbrood Present Calderón and Sánchez, 2011; OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Herbst, 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Present OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Present OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1998.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Localised Mendoza et al., 1983.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available Schuchat A et al., 1991; Schuchat et al., 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Present OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Perez et al., 1998.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Dolz et al., 1999.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Hird et al., 1990.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Graaf et al., 1997.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
torovirus infections Present Koopmans and Horzinek, 1994; Pérez et al., 1998.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present Fisanotti et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present León et al., 1994.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Nichol, 1988; Rodriguez et al., 1990.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Present OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 5615 Im 5810 Im 5431 Im 5117 Im 4973 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 26959 Im 25246 Im 21967 Im 20946 Im 25000 P
Avocados Yield 48012.5 Fc 43452.7 Fc 40447.4 Fc 40934.1 Fc 50271.5 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 42016 43031 42595 44313 43817
Bananas Production Quantity 1937120 1844540 1588740 1886770 2079110
Bananas Yield 461043 Fc 428654 Fc 372987 Fc 425783 Fc 474498 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 22070 20332 17234 11311 12017
Beans, dry Production Quantity 15777 12830 8920 7812 8437
Beans, dry Seed 882.8 Fc 882.8 Fc 813.28 Fc 689.36 Fc 452.44 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 7148.62 Fc 6310.25 Fc 5175.82 Fc 6906.55 Fc 7020.89 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 57 Im 59 Im 55 Im 50 F 50 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 898 Im 841 Im 732 Im 1000 F 1000 F
Berries Nes Yield 157544 Fc 142542 Fc 133091 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2087 Im 2423 Im 2143 Im 2948 Im 3351 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 7509 Im 8298 Im 8528 Im 11280 Im 11285 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 35979.9 Fc 34246.8 Fc 39794.7 Fc 38263.2 Fc 33676.5 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 37163 Im 35300 F 30250 F 26800 F 26600 F
Cassava Production Quantity 516636 Im 529100 F 453700 F 402000 F 397950 F
Cassava Yield 139019 Fc 149887 Fc 149983 Fc 150000 Fc 149605 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 89324 A 76013 A 74792 A 61411 A 56303 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 207418 A 197369 A 197051 A 160489 A 139365 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 5817.66 A 5817.66 A 4812.22 A 4627.9 A 3908.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23220.8 Fc 25965.2 Fc 26346.5 Fc 26133.6 Fc 24752.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 89324 A 76013 A 74792 A 61411 A 56303 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 301579 A 286537 A 283516 A 234240 A 199214 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 5817.66 A 5817.66 A 4812.22 A 4627.9 A 3908.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 33762.4 Fc 37695.8 Fc 37907.3 Fc 38143 Fc 35382.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 224 Im 260 F 240 F 250 F 290 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 965 Im 1066 Im 1096 Im 1057 Im 1218 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 43080.4 Fc 41000 Fc 45666.7 Fc 42280 Fc 42000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 25838 A 28971 A 28712 A 28550 A 28450 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 206800 A 296382 A 316105 A 314823 A 467950 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 80037.1 Fc 102303 Fc 110095 Fc 110271 Fc 164482 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8208 A 9598 A 11463 A 7358 A 9051 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18813 A 18765 A 23860 A 12766 A 19486 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 139.54 A 139.54 A 163.17 A 194.87 A 125.09 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 22920.3 Fc 19551 Fc 20814.8 Fc 17349.8 Fc 21529.1 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 4605 4543 4484 4484 4484
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 690 665 650 593 555
Cocoa beans Yield 1498.37 Fc 1463.79 Fc 1449.6 Fc 1322.48 Fc 1237.73 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000
Coconuts Production Quantity 8000 8000 8000 8000 8000
Coconuts Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 98861 98681 98681 98681 98681
Coffee, green Production Quantity 99909 97305 91403 111959 121058
Coffee, green Yield 10106 Fc 9860.56 Fc 9262.47 Fc 11345.5 Fc 12267.6 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 100 F 100 Im 194 F 453 F 323 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 140 F 140 Im 300 F 700 F 500 F
Cottonseed Seed 17.25 Fc 17.25 Fc 17.25 Fc 17.25 Fc 6.03 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1851 A 1734 A 1663 A 2554 A 2167 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1309 A 1149 A 1379 A 1553 A 1423 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 7071.85 Fc 6626.3 Fc 8292.24 Fc 6080.66 Fc 6566.68 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 168843 A 174718 A 163323 A 159691 A 157316 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4918960 A 4606320 A 4007980 A 4361250 A 4572740 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 291333 Fc 263643 Fc 245402 Fc 273105 Fc 290672 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 34115 Im 35302 Im 33000 F 35000 F 33400 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 283504 Im 265485 Im 231000 F 275000 F 274000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 83102.4 Fc 75203.9 Fc 70000 Fc 78571.4 Fc 82035.9 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 124 127 110 66 107
Ginger Production Quantity 1703 1690 1499 960 1044
Ginger Yield 137339 Fc 133071 Fc 136273 Fc 145455 Fc 97570.1 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 2428 Im 2512 Im 2348 Im 2212 Im 2150 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 19357 Im 18127 Im 15772 Im 15039 Im 17950 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 79724.1 Fc 72161.6 Fc 67172.1 Fc 67988.3 Fc 83488.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 194 Im 171 Im 186 Im 187 Im 180 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 219 Im 196 Im 192 Im 210 P 225 F
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 11288.7 Fc 11462 Fc 10322.6 Fc 11230 Fc 12500 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1410 Im 1459 Im 1364 Im 1338 Im 1300 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 28037 Im 26255 Im 22845 Im 21784 Im 26000 F
Lemons and limes Yield 198844 Fc 179952 Fc 167485 Fc 162810 Fc 200000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 8208 9598 11463 7358 9051
Maize Production Quantity 18813 18765 23860 12766 19486
Maize Seed 139.54 Fc 139.54 Fc 163.17 Fc 194.87 Fc 125.09 Fc
Maize Yield 22920.3 Fc 19551 Fc 20814.8 Fc 17349.8 Fc 21529.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 5771 5637 5662 5697 8200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 39224 38542 38617 38782 49200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 67967.4 Fc 68373.3 Fc 68203.8 Fc 68074.4 Fc 60000 Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Area Harvested 1024 Im 946 Im 973 Im 944 Im 1017 Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Production Quantity 1209 Im 1049 Im 1185 Im 1100 F 1100 F
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Yield 11806.6 Fc 11088.8 Fc 12178.8 Fc 11652.5 Fc 10816.1 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 615 620 620 621 1286
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 638 632 632 634 1345
Nuts, nes Yield 10374 Fc 10193.5 Fc 10193.5 Fc 10209.3 Fc 10458.8 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 60000 57000 55000 52600 48406
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 1050000 917000 F 897750 863200 825000
Oil palm fruit Yield 175000 Fc 160877 Fc 163227 Fc 164106 Fc 170433 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 65286 A 62208 A 60141 A 58637 A 53966 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 22712.1 A 21360.9 A 19612.1 A 19097.2 A 18209.3 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 8.8 A 8.8 A 8.8 A 8.8 A 3.08 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3478.87 Fc 3433.79 Fc 3261.02 Fc 3256.84 Fc 3374.23 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 65286 A 62208 A 60141 A 58637 A 53966 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 262013 A 230224 A 224208 A 215689 A 206176 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 2.76 A 2.76 A 2.76 A 2.76 A 0.96 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 40133.2 Fc 37008.8 Fc 37280.3 Fc 36783.8 Fc 38204.7 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1346 1187 1118 1382 1424
Onions, dry Production Quantity 36492 34940 35390 37628 37066.8
Onions, dry Yield 271114 Fc 294356 Fc 316547 Fc 272272 Fc 260301 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 22000 25000 25000 25000 25000
Oranges Production Quantity 159406 252000 277488 278000 424000
Oranges Yield 72457.3 Fc 100800 Fc 110995 Fc 111200 Fc 169600 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 5122 6591 5703 8640 10345
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 160810 198921 198565 209110 266871
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 313959 Fc 301807 Fc 348176 Fc 242025 Fc 257971 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 42000 39432 35910 34528 33000
Palm oil Production Quantity 241500 210905 206482 198536 189750
Papayas Area Harvested 790 760 802 840 606
Papayas Production Quantity 60800 64800 64160 67200 41042
Papayas Yield 769620 Fc 852632 Fc 800000 Fc 800000 Fc 677261 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 150 150 130 124 124
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 1040 1040 1040 995 995
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 69333.3 Fc 69333.3 Fc 80000 Fc 80241.9 Fc 80241.9 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 45000 45000 40000 33488 28160
Pineapples Production Quantity 2268960 1976760 1682040 1667530 1547140
Pineapples Yield 504213 Fc 439280 Fc 420510 Fc 497949 Fc 549411 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 9500 10000 6900 6500 9600
Plantains Production Quantity 90000 90000 60000 85176 86400
Plantains Yield 94736.8 Fc 90000 Fc 86956.5 Fc 131040 Fc 90000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 2365 2233 2982.6 2690 2807
Potatoes Production Quantity 52484 55771 74608 66126 66050
Potatoes Seed 2365 Fc 2365 Fc 2233 Fc 2982.6 Fc 2690 Fc
Potatoes Yield 221920 Fc 249758 Fc 250144 Fc 245822 Fc 235305 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 22070 A 20332 A 17234 A 11311 A 12017 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15777 A 12830 A 8920 A 7812 A 8437 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 882.8 A 882.8 A 813.28 A 689.36 A 452.44 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7148.62 Fc 6310.25 Fc 5175.82 Fc 6906.55 Fc 7020.89 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 81116 66415 63329 54053 47252
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 282766 267772 259656 221474 179728
Rice, paddy Seed 5678.12 Fc 5678.12 Fc 4649.05 Fc 4433.03 Fc 3783.71 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 34859.5 Fc 40318 Fc 41001.1 Fc 40973.5 Fc 38036.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 2348 Im 2230 Im 2585 2166 2004
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 21558 Im 22078 22393 21515 16448
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 91814.3 Fc 99004.5 Fc 86626.7 Fc 99330.6 Fc 82075.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 45636 A 43348 A 39577.6 A 35205 A 34962 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 635686 A 651022 A 595225 A 530389 A 519010 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2365 A 2365 A 2233 A 2982.6 A 2690 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 139295 Fc 150185 Fc 150394 Fc 150657 Fc 148450 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 827 Im 788 Im 690 F 1610 F 1150 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 632 Im 601 Im 529 F 1235 F 882 F
Seed cotton Yield 7642.08 Fc 7626.9 Fc 7666.67 Fc 7670.81 Fc 7669.57 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 265 Im 249 Im 265 Im 240 Im 230 F
Sesame seed Production Quantity 152 Im 138 Im 143 Im 129 Im 135 F
Sesame seed Yield 5735.85 Fc 5542.17 Fc 5396.23 Fc 5375 Fc 5869.57 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested
Sorghum Production Quantity
Sorghum Seed
Sorghum Yield
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 141 148 166 136 60
Strawberries Production Quantity 4690 3720 4620 4020 1900
Strawberries Yield 332624 Fc 251351 Fc 278313 Fc 295588 Fc 316667 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 64000 55730 53030 54550 56200
Sugar cane Production Quantity 3418190 3734730 3635410 3596720 4087570
Sugar cane Seed 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F
Sugar cane Yield 534092 Fc 670147 Fc 685538 Fc 659344 Fc 727326 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 44 50 44 50 69
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 76 79 62 79 122
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 17272.7 Fc 15800 Fc 14090.9 Fc 15800 Fc 17681.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1026 966 975 996 950
Tomatoes Production Quantity 61560 51615 61708 59450 53580
Tomatoes Yield 600000 Fc 534317 Fc 632903 Fc 596888 Fc 564000 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 615 A 620 A 620 A 621 A 1286 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 638 A 632 A 632 A 634 A 1345 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 10374 Fc 10193.5 Fc 10193.5 Fc 10209.3 Fc 10458.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2825 Im 3279 Im 2900 F 3100 F 3500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 44000 F 44200 Im 43928 Im 46009 Im 53000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 155752 Fc 134797 Fc 151476 Fc 148416 Fc 151429 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 13693 A 15895 A 14069 A 18379 A 20880 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 353261 A 385934 A 395151 A 413857 A 469941 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 257987 Fc 242802 Fc 280866 Fc 225179 Fc 225067 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13693 A 15895 A 14069 A 18379 A 20880 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 353261 A 385934 A 395151 A 413857 A 469941 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 257987 Fc 242802 Fc 280866 Fc 225179 Fc 225067 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 1063 1189 990 1063 1020
Watermelons Production Quantity 41925 46894 45936 49323 46920
Watermelons Yield 394403 Fc 394399 Fc 464000 Fc 463998 Fc 460000 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 2132 2132 2012 1896 2059
Yams Production Quantity 29580 29580 28674 25242 25608
Yams Yield 138743 Fc 138743 Fc 142515 Fc 133133 Fc 124371 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1628 1453 1748 1653 1492
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 15428 14493 15850 15506 12954
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 94766.6 Fc 99745.4 Fc 90675.1 Fc 93805.2 Fc 86823.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 4855 Im 4615 Im 4915 Im 5000 F 4880 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 24521 P 25865 Im 29423 Im 25000 F 24995 Im
Avocados Yield 50506.7 Fc 56045.5 Fc 59863.7 Fc 50000 Fc 51219.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 42790 41147 42256 41757 42182
Bananas Production Quantity 2268000 F 1875000 F 2118000 F 2144000 F 1975000 F
Bananas Yield 530030 Fc 455683 Fc 501231 Fc 513447 Fc 468209 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 14035 16349 16347 20847 22088
Beans, dry Production Quantity 11114 10102 10474 15083 12685
Beans, dry Seed 480.68 Fc 561.4 Fc 653.96 Fc 653.88 Fc 833.88 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 7918.77 Fc 6178.97 Fc 6407.29 Fc 7235.09 Fc 5742.94 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Berries Nes Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3543 Im 3303 Im 3456 Im 3312 Im 2898 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 10854 Im 11116 Im 10210 Im 9661 Im 9718 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 30635.1 Fc 33654.3 Fc 29542.8 Fc 29169.7 Fc 33533.5 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 26000 F 23280 F 22100 F 23550 F 25900 F
Cassava Production Quantity 389300 F 349200 F 330800 F 352600 F 388000 F
Cassava Yield 149731 Fc 150000 Fc 149683 Fc 149724 Fc 149807 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 55138 A 61608 A 68596 A 62522 A 54669 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 142574 A 135453 A 144189 A 137130 A 138175 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 3461.51 A 3527.88 A 3975.53 A 4458.23 A 3927.21 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 25857.7 Fc 21986.3 Fc 21020 Fc 21933.1 Fc 25274.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55138 A 61608 A 68596 A 62522 A 54669 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 207263 A 196477 A 209860 A 198281 A 201368 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 3461.51 A 3527.88 A 3975.53 A 4458.23 A 3927.21 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 37589.9 Fc 31891.5 Fc 30593.6 Fc 31713.8 Fc 36834 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 330 F 280 F 300 F 280 F 250 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1396 Im 1170 Im 1249 Im 1161 Im 1070 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 42303 Fc 41785.7 Fc 41633.3 Fc 41464.3 Fc 42800 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 26361 A 27195 A 27925 A 29962 A 28549 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 498537 A 424718 A 477260 A 394011 A 394374 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 189119 Fc 156175 Fc 170908 Fc 131504 Fc 138139 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6260 A 6359 A 6481 A 8478 A 6776 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13002 A 13223 A 12649 A 14644 A 11600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 153.87 A 106.42 A 108.1 A 110.18 A 144.13 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 20770 Fc 20794.2 Fc 19517 Fc 17272.9 Fc 17119.2 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 3820 3000 3550 3550 3550
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 450 343 708 708 708
Cocoa beans Yield 1178.01 Fc 1143.33 Fc 1994.37 Fc 1994.37 Fc 1994.37 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000
Coconuts Production Quantity 8000 26000 F 22487 Im 19500 F 19000 F
Coconuts Yield 20000 Fc 65000 Fc 56217.5 Fc 48750 Fc 47500 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 98681 98681 98681 113387 113387
Coffee, green Production Quantity 101038 125669 126000 * 132259 140874
Coffee, green Yield 10238.9 Fc 12734.9 Fc 12768.4 Fc 11664.4 Fc 12424.2 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 220 F 220 F 110 F 110 F 100 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 340 F 340 F 120 F 125 F 120 F
Cottonseed Seed 28.75 Fc 19.58 Fc 19.58 Fc 7.5 Fc 7.5 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1804 A 1801 A 1251 A 1230 A 1244 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1320 A 1320 A 1210 A 1600 A 1490 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 7317.07 Fc 7329.26 Fc 9672.26 Fc 13008.1 Fc 11977.5 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 145842 A 142674 A 134635 A 133721 A 125562 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5162830 A 4274470 A 4017510 A 3828250 A 3604040 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 354002 Fc 299597 Fc 298400 Fc 286286 Fc 287033 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 29300 F 27000 F 22000 F 21000 F 13600 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 240000 F 219000 F 168000 F 144000 F 92000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 81911.3 Fc 81111.1 Fc 76363.6 Fc 68571.4 Fc 67647.1 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 198 264 110 406 Im 380 F
Ginger Production Quantity 4229 4300 1336 4736 Im 4000 F
Ginger Yield 213586 Fc 162879 Fc 121455 Fc 116650 Fc 105263 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 2099 Im 1995 Im 2125 Im 2162 Im 2149 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 21325 Im 18014 Im 20492 Im 17411 Im 17374 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 101596 Fc 90295.7 Fc 96432.9 Fc 80531.9 Fc 80846.9 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 114 Im 136 Im 119 Im 105 Im 125 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 198 Im 241 Im 231 Im 200 Im 197 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 17368.4 Fc 17720.6 Fc 19411.8 Fc 19047.6 Fc 15760 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1262 Im 1200 800 800 400
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 28412 Im 24000 9600 9600 10000
Lemons and limes Yield 225135 Fc 200000 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 250000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 6260 6359 6481 8478 6776
Maize Production Quantity 13002 13223 12649 14644 11600
Maize Seed 153.87 Fc 106.42 Fc 108.1 Fc 110.18 Fc 144.13 Fc
Maize Yield 20770 Fc 20794.2 Fc 19517 Fc 17272.9 Fc 17119.2 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 8200 8200 8200 8200 8200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 41000 41000 41000 36000 36000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 43902.4 Fc 43902.4 Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Area Harvested 1021 Im 1018 Im 951 Im 930 Im 944 Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Production Quantity 1100 F 1100 F 1100 F 1490 Im 1390 Im
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Yield 10773.8 Fc 10805.5 Fc 11566.8 Fc 16021.5 Fc 14724.6 Fc
Natural rubber Production Quantity
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 1286 1335 1415 2418 3996
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 1026 1031 1214 3197 1723
Nuts, nes Yield 7978.23 Fc 7722.85 Fc 8579.51 Fc 13221.7 Fc 4311.81 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 48406 50125 46600 43200 42480
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 872444 780000 670000 581000 571200
Oil palm fruit Yield 180235 Fc 155611 Fc 143777 Fc 134491 Fc 134463 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 53548 A 55323 A 51261 A 47790 A 47071 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 22970 A 16987.6 A 15958.9 A 13841.7 A 13591.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 14.66 A 9.99 A 9.99 A 3.83 A 3.83 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4289.6 Fc 3070.62 Fc 3113.27 Fc 2896.35 Fc 2887.47 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 53548 A 55323 A 51261 A 47790 A 47071 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 216984 A 195856 A 174103 A 144814 A 141504 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 4.6 A 3.13 A 3.13 A 1.2 A 1.2 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 40521.4 Fc 35402.3 Fc 33964 Fc 30302.1 Fc 30061.9 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1897 1243 1348 992.45 1020
Onions, dry Production Quantity 53392 32587 33936 26386 28404
Onions, dry Yield 281455 Fc 262164 Fc 251751 Fc 265867 Fc 278471 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 23000 24000 25000 27000 26000
Oranges Production Quantity 448800 382704 447168 367000 367000
Oranges Yield 195130 Fc 159460 Fc 178867 Fc 135926 Fc 141154 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 10202 10196 10770 10405 8500
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 291332 243903 227000 F 222716 188949
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 285564 Fc 239214 Fc 210771 Fc 214047 Fc 222293 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 42315 28000 26800 23240 22848
Palm oil Production Quantity 196300 179400 158700 131460 128400 *
Papayas Area Harvested 656 596 729 645 701
Papayas Production Quantity 31090 35565 33815 31125 26458
Papayas Yield 473933 Fc 596728 Fc 463855 Fc 482558 Fc 377432 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 124 84 120 155 145
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 995 124.4 960 1240 281
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 80241.9 Fc 14809.5 Fc 80000 Fc 80000 Fc 19379.3 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 23070 26821 18000 16445 15500
Pineapples Production Quantity 1980150 1605240 1077300 984233 992000
Pineapples Yield 858323 Fc 598501 Fc 598500 Fc 598500 Fc 640000 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 10500 6990 10500 10550 11800
Plantains Production Quantity 76635 45180 70015 65717 59056
Plantains Yield 72985.7 Fc 64635.2 Fc 66680.9 Fc 62291 Fc 50047.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 2366 3074 3128 3187 3316
Potatoes Production Quantity 55781 74881 76435 80806 86785
Potatoes Seed 2807 Fc 2366 Fc 3074 Fc 3128 Fc 3187 Fc
Potatoes Yield 235761 Fc 243595 Fc 244357 Fc 253549 Fc 261716 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14035 A 16349 A 16347 A 20847 A 22088 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11114 A 10102 A 10474 A 15083 A 12685 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 480.68 A 561.4 A 653.96 A 653.88 A 833.88 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7918.77 Fc 6178.97 Fc 6407.29 Fc 7235.09 Fc 5742.94 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 48878 55249 62115 54044 47893
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 194261 183254 197211 183637 189768
Rice, paddy Seed 3307.64 Fc 3421.46 Fc 3867.43 Fc 4348.05 Fc 3783.08 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 39744.1 Fc 33168.8 Fc 31749.3 Fc 33979.2 Fc 39623.3 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 2902 4252 Im 4000 F 3800 F 3400 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 26331 34322 Im 35000 F 32000 F 28000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 90734 Fc 80719.7 Fc 87500 Fc 84210.5 Fc 82352.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 36986 A 36313 A 32032 A 33538 A 38084 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 539607 A 503169 A 487183 A 499280 A 570350 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2807 A 2366 A 3074 A 3128 A 3187 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 145895 Fc 138564 Fc 152093 Fc 148870 Fc 149761 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 783 F 783 F 300 F 300 F 300 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 600 F 600 F 230 Im 236 Im 224 Im
Seed cotton Yield 7662.84 Fc 7662.84 Fc 7666.67 Fc 7866.67 Fc 7466.67 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 245 Im 279 Im 242 Im 185 Im 166 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 152 Im 162 Im 147 Im 112 Im 107 Im
Sesame seed Yield 6204.08 Fc 5806.45 Fc 6074.38 Fc 6054.05 Fc 6445.78 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested
Sorghum Production Quantity
Sorghum Seed
Sorghum Yield
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 60 60 60 112 100
Strawberries Production Quantity 1900 1900 1700 3160 3160
Strawberries Yield 316667 Fc 316667 Fc 283333 Fc 282143 Fc 316000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 53300 48000 49210 49000 48000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 4600000 F 4000000 F 4200000 F 4400000 F 3800000 F
Sugar cane Seed 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F 30000 F
Sugar cane Yield 863039 Fc 833333 Fc 853485 Fc 897959 Fc 791667 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 63 55 65 63 63
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 120 109 118 92 92
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 19047.6 Fc 19818.2 Fc 18153.8 Fc 14603.2 Fc 14603.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1423 1100 1000 1175 1482
Tomatoes Production Quantity 43500 41354 45000 47000 55578
Tomatoes Yield 305692 Fc 375945 Fc 450000 Fc 400000 Fc 375020 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1286 A 1335 A 1415 A 2418 A 3996 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1026 A 1031 A 1214 A 3197 A 1723 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 7978.23 Fc 7722.85 Fc 8579.51 Fc 13221.7 Fc 4311.81 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3600 F 3200 F 3100 F 3000 F 2700 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 54000 F 47500 F 46000 F 45000 F 41000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 150000 Fc 148438 Fc 148387 Fc 150000 Fc 151852 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 21999 A 20326 A 21974 A 22882.5 A 20104 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 501060 A 424216 A 425195 A 435263 A 401536 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 227765 Fc 208706 Fc 193499 Fc 190217 Fc 199729 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21999 A 20326 A 21974 A 22882.5 A 20104 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 501060 A 424216 A 425195 A 435263 A 401536 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 227765 Fc 208706 Fc 193499 Fc 190217 Fc 199729 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 1004 1004 2000 F 3718 Im 3254 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 46586 46586 61800 F 83339 Im 76817 Im
Watermelons Yield 464004 Fc 464004 Fc 309000 Fc 224150 Fc 236069 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 3787 3595 1541 1001 1870
Yams Production Quantity 49639 20338 20665 13874 26659
Yams Yield 131077 Fc 56573 Fc 134101 Fc 138601 Fc 142562 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1931 2112 1263 2000 F 3598
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 18556 24428 24283 20000 F 40906
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 96095.3 Fc 115663 Fc 192264 Fc 100000 Fc 113691 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1880 Fm 1880 Fm 1850 Fm 1800 Fm 1800 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 8.1 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 28.1 Q 27.3 Q 27.2 Q 28 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 11.1 I 8.1 I 8 I 7.9 I
Arable land Area 250 Fm 250 Fm 230 Fm 200 Fm 200 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 580 Fm 580 Fm 550 Fm 500 Fm 500 Fm
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm
Arable land organic, total Area 330 Fm 330 Fm 320 Fm
Country area Area 5110 W 5110 W 5110 Q 5110 W 5110 Q
Forest area Area 2627.8 Fm 2605 Q 2582.2 Fm 2559.4 Fm 2536.6 Fm
Inland water Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Land area Area 5106 Fm 5106 Fm 5106 Fm 5106 Fm 5106 Fm
Other land Area 598.2 Fm 621 Fm 673.8 Fm 746.6 Fm 769.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 330 Fm 330 Fm 320 Fm 300 Fm 300 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1805 Fm 1795 Fm 1822 Fm 1829 Fm 1826 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 27.3 Q 25.9 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 10.7 I 9.8 I
Arable land Area 200 Fm 200 Fm 210 Fm 210 Fm 200 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 495 Fm 480 Fm 500 Fm 500 Fm 490 Fm
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area
Arable land organic, total Area
Country area Area 5110 W 5110 W 5110 W 5110 Q 5110 Q
Forest area Area 2513.8 Fm 2491 Q 2468 Fm 2445 Fm 2422 Fm
Inland water Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Land area Area 5106 Fm 5106 Fm 5106 Fm 5106 Q 5106 Q
Other land Area 787.2 Fm 820 Fm 816 Fm 832 Fm 858 Fm
Permanent crops Area 295 Fm 280 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1310 Fm 1315 Fm 1322 Fm 1329 Fm 1336 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 F 108 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files