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Datasheet

Colombia

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Colombia
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 113,900
  • Climates: Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Bogot 
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 43,987,000
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$4,100
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$180,398,047,232
  • GDP: US$207,785,558,016
  • Agriculture, value added: US$16,973,340,672
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman, 1989
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiPresentAranguren et al., 2006
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, invalid recordvan der Zwet, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2016
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1991OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982; Cárdenas et al., 2011
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)WidespreadNativePontis, 1951; Mourichon, 1994; Marin et al., 2003; Garces, 1944; Arbelaez, 1957; Borja et al., 1995; IMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedVaron de Agudelo et al., 1996; Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Unconfirmed recordUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Sorensen, 1945; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesMourichon & Fullerton, 1990; Merchan, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentChardon & Toro, 1930; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentPinzón Ruíz, 2003
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentIntroducedYesPhillips-Mora, 2003; Barros, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Restricted distributionBuritica et al., 1979; CIMMYT, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; Cadavid et al., 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mayor, 1913; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedPiepenbring, 2002
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)PresentNativeIMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; Piepenbring, 2002; Barrus, 1944; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentRuiz & Rueda-Almonacid, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedFeijoo et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO, 2014; Mound & Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; NHM, unda
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentIntroducedHoward et al., 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesStone, 1942a; Norrbom, 2004b; Núñez Bueno, 1981; Wulp, 1899; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)LocalisedNativeNorrbom, 1991; Stone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; Norrbom et al., 2005; Núñez Bueno, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeNorrbom, 2004a; Nunez Bueno, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2011; Castañeda et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)WidespreadNativeCABI/EPPO, 2001; Núñez Bueno, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Nunez Bueno, 1981; EPPO, 2014; Olarte-Espinosa, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Restricted distributionIntroducedLobaton & Garcia, 1981; Alvarez & Martinez, 1985; Warner, 1966; Toledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)Absent, unreliable recordRamos & Portilla Serna Cardona, 2004; Kondo, 2001; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeLozano et al., 1977; Mosquera, 1976; Vargas et al., 1978; Kondo, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCIE, 1966; Kondo, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentLeón et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiWidespreadIntroducedCampos & Türkay, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; Kondo, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969; Kondo, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresentNativeDando & Southward, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCiesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)WidespreadForero et al., 2008; OIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)WidespreadIntroducedYesWalker, 1853
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesPinzón et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedRodríguez Coto et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Widespread
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentNHM, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CIE, 1966; Kondo, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentNakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentRodas et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentEscobar et al., 1985
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentCPPC; IIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentVelez & Benavides, 1990; Baker, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesNatural History Museum of Los Angeles County
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativePerez Farfante , 1975; Perez & Kensley , 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesKondo et al., 2012; Montes Rodríguez, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Restricted distributionGuerrero & Bellotti, 1980; EPPO, 2014; Guerrero & Bellotti, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Absent, invalid recordSeymour et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014; Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario, 2013, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedShrimp News, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeMilena Varela et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesGranara et al., 2007; Portilla & Cardona, 2004; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentSalinas, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeHodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentGimpel & Miller, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCarrillo et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO, 2014; Jiminez, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie, 1971; Wibmer & O'Brien, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentNeff & Berg, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)WidespreadChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)WidespreadBotero et al., 1995; Palacios et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentRodriguez et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadGarcia, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014; Wood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)WidespreadNativeKullander, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)WidespreadNativeKullander & Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Winemiller, 2001; Espínola et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)LocalisedIntroducedYesTamsitt & Valdivieso, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)PresentIntroducedLopez et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006; Leal-Flórez et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGonzalez et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedKraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentSchotman, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2007; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentNarváez & Zapata, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedHausdorf, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesHausdorf, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesHausdorf, 2002; Simroth, 1910
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedSchoonhoven & Cardona, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedYesVogler et al., 2013; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)WidespreadNativeCowie & Hayes, 2012; Cowie & Thiengo, 2003; Horne et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)LocalisedIntroducedYesVelásquez et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)WidespreadNativePuyana, 1995; Vilardy & Polanía, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedHausdorf, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHayes et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentPerdomo et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedFranco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionNativeBAEZA, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentShepherd & Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher, 1966; Gomez-Tovar, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentGomez-Tovar & Medina, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentBastidas & Montealegre, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; Baeza Aragon et al., 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadWehunt & Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentLoos, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)WidespreadCabrera, 1965; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadOlivares, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusLast reported 1981OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentGuiry & Guiry, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTaylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeDíaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz, 2003; Taylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2015; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentNativeMorton, 1987; Bircher & Bircher, 2000; Orwa et al., 2009; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedIdarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Colombia, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Hafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentMaldonado & Velasquez, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedIdarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentMontenegro-Galvez & Criollo Escobar, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedPérez C et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedAlvarez, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedGalvez & Criollo, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Forzza et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)WidespreadNativePIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedYesIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGarcía-Ulloa et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Cardenas et al., 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeKirkman, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)PresentPieri et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Sherff, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Barroso, 1954
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentCardona, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)LocalisedIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentFischer et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 1994; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHäfliger et al., 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)Present only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeWunderlin & Hansen, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Fischer et al., 1993a; Bastidas Lopez, 1996; IABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Fischer et al., 1993; IABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadNativeYesGopal, 1987; PIER, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentHincapie et al., 1993; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedPruski, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeILDIS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedFlora of Nicaragua, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedFilgueira et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedIdarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Restricted distributionMontenegro-Gálvez & Criollo-Escobar, 1978; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)PresentIntroducedGarcia-Barriga & Forero, 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)Present, few occurrencesNativeBurkart, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)WidespreadNativeLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Johnston, 1928
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMathias, 1936; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentIntroducedYesPIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentPIER, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; Hallman, 1984; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; CSIRO, 1998; Ocampo & Balick, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeMorton, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedCoral et al., 1974; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedCardenas & Coulston, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)LocalisedNativeMeyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeCock, 1980; PIER, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeAnon., 2001a; PIER, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)WidespreadNativeNapompeth, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1977; Barneby, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Morales et al., 1974; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeBernal et al., 2011; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesPlaza & Forero, 1998; Holm et al., 1977; Bastidas-Lopez, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO, 2014; Schmidt-Mumm & Posada, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; ILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentDaniel, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentFAO, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedGaray & Taylor, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeBenson, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentTakeoka, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)LocalisedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeYesChase, 1929; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeLansdown et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1991; Killip, 1938; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)WidespreadNativeDavidse et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)WidespreadNativeKillip, 1938; Holm-Nielsen et al., 1988; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedYesClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011; Cardenas & Coulston, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1997; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedRodriguez, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Encyclopedia of Life (EoL), 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper, 1956; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; IABIN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentMena et al., 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentNativeYesBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)Restricted distributionNativeBurkart, 1976; Díaz Celis, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedVanhellemont, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present only in captivity/cultivationVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedIdarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedOrtiz de Boada & Cogua, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedNajar et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedSindel et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadIntroducedMena et al., 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeVascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentPIER, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; Palmer & Pullen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin & Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012; BLYDENSTEIN, 1967; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentHanelt et al., 2001; USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014; Lim, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Giraldo-Cañas & Peterson, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeDavidse et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015; Idárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadNativeGentry, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedYesIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedIdarraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentGryzenhout et al., 2006; Almeda, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; IABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeIdárraga-Piedrahita et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBennett & Borrero, 1976
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Last reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentDubin et al., 1984; Fox et al., 1990
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 1975OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2013; Leon et al., 2006b; León et al., 2006a; EPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusReported present or known to be presentNativeOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCordoba et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusWidespreadTorres & Giacometti, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentPiñeros & Mogollón, 2015
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusPresentAranguren et al., 2013
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentCorrier & Guzman, 1977; Corrier et al., 1983; Kuttler et al., 1970; Zararaz & Parra, 1977; Patarroyo et al., 1978; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Nowak, 1990; Zips, 1989; Zintz, 1990
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Homan et al., 1992; OIE, 1999
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisPresentRuiz & Rueda-Almonacid, 2008
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentSchotman, 1989; OIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentHerbst, 1994
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsReported present or known to be presentNativeOIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisPresentTravi et al., 2001
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisPresentOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisPresentAranguren et al., 2006
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Mogollón et al., 1983
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBennett & Borrero, 1976
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentPiñeros & Mogollón, 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromePresentAranguren et al., 2013
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentOIE, 2009; Otte et al., 1994
tuberculosisLast reported 1985OIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE, 2009; Federer et al., 1967; Tesh et al., 1987
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested17604Im16268Im16732Im16225Im17484Im
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity16393Im14222Im16062Im16162Im16699Im
Agave Fibres NesYield9312.09Fc8742.32Fc9599.57Fc9961.17Fc9551.02Fc
ApplesArea Harvested120.512149587306
ApplesProduction Quantity1218.71699110310502891
ApplesYield101129Fc79392.5Fc116105Fc120690Fc94477.1Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested502172130227
AsparagusProduction Quantity1151647821171082
AsparagusYield23000Fc75898.6Fc39047.6Fc39000Fc47665.2Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested24531.530511169011847018833
AvocadosProduction Quantity215322201869165175183968193996
AvocadosYield87773.7Fc66162.7Fc97730.9Fc99603.7Fc103009Fc
BananasArea Harvested81844.480518741127239671075
BananasProduction Quantity21361102034340202039019876001819870
BananasYield260996Fc252657Fc272613Fc274546Fc256049Fc
BarleyArea Harvested86657061728356694897
BarleyProduction Quantity181961298017567110427730
BarleySeed779.85Fc779.85Fc635.49Fc655.47Fc510.21Fc
BarleyYield20999.4Fc18382.7Fc24120.5Fc19477.9Fc15785.2Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested124114126671127759131714130656
Beans, dryProduction Quantity139601148612153576160883156236
Beans, drySeed8067.41Fc8067.41Fc8233.62Fc8304.33Fc8561.41Fc
Beans, dryYield11247.8Fc11732.1Fc12020.8Fc12214.6Fc11957.8Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1764Im1800F 180622502217
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity10908Im11612Im12000F 14500F 14451
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield61836.7Fc64511.1Fc66445.2Fc64444.4Fc65182.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested2693Im3000F 4112Im3914Im3700F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity156297Im150000F 161941Im159364Im145000F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield580382Fc500000Fc393825Fc407164Fc391892Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested9901.21094210593101428144
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity263908259665299170299452230832
Carrots and turnipsYield266541Fc237310Fc282422Fc295259Fc283438Fc
CassavaArea Harvested222583223063164754165170165588
CassavaProduction Quantity22644602363530220221018039101793920
CassavaYield101736Fc105958Fc133667Fc109215Fc108336Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested552.58532498791776
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity10551956692691411314848
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield190941Fc179812Fc186125Fc178420Fc191340Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1036700A 975193A 1185990A 1133020A 1070030A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity3333840A 3276960A 3770570A 3777320A 3443360A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed83749.6A 83749.6A 85840.3A 101968A 88680.1A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield32158.2Fc33603.2Fc31792.6Fc33338.5Fc32180Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1036700A 975193A 1185990A 1133020A 1070030A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4180900A 4080230A 4764650A 4707130A 4213700A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed83749.6A 83749.6A 85840.3A 101968A 88680.1A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield40328.9Fc41840.3Fc40174.5Fc41545Fc39379.2Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested
Chick peasProduction Quantity
Chick peasSeed
Chick peasYield
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested4039Im4500F 4825Im4592Im4340Im
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity52099Im50000F 55842Im54953Im50000F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield128990Fc111111Fc115735Fc119671Fc115207Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested43032Im42000F 41549Im44723Im43000F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity759138Im730000F 732218Im778266Im750000F
Citrus fruit, nesYield176412Fc173810Fc176230Fc174019Fc174419Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested88821.3A 89552A 79359A 86412A 87403A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1310220A 1257840A 1167530A 1264040A 1279410A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield147512Fc140459Fc147120Fc146280Fc146380Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested595746A 501355A 628473A 667844A 666683A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1619520A 1652230A 1755080A 1875710A 1863610A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed18149.7A 18149.7A 15216.8A 19059.7A 19983.3A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield27184.7Fc32955.4Fc27926Fc28086Fc27953.5Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested99205956411279889095986937
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity4424139534493484474039904
Cocoa beansYield4459.55Fc4133.58Fc3855.67Fc4918.7Fc4589.99Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested13976Im12800F 13700F 15500F 16000F
CoconutsProduction Quantity105000F 101105* 96000* 109150* 110000*
CoconutsYield75128.8Fc78988.3Fc70073Fc70419.4Fc68750Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested739413750224768000* 732656797660
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity468120514128887661688680757080
Coffee, greenYield6330.97Fc6852.99Fc11558.1Fc9399.77Fc9491.26Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity25800F 12000F 23000F 25600F 42037
CottonseedProduction Quantity32200F 15000F 32000F 35000F 55000F
CottonseedSeed1560Fc1560Fc1335.03Fc1201.05Fc1319.37Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested1417.74156514661000F 800F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity22127.1232102180015000F 10500F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield156073Fc148307Fc148704Fc150000Fc131250Fc
DatesArea Harvested31.5225
DatesProduction Quantity3016202020
DatesYield100000Fc106667Fc100000Fc100000Fc40000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested269Im300F 311310305
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity5210Im5000F 529355895152
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield193680Fc166667Fc170193Fc180290Fc168918Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested60340A 60769A 56767A 60204A 71981A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity42193A 26222A 39062A 41762A 58736A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield6992.54Fc4315.03Fc6881.11Fc6936.75Fc8159.93Fc
FigsArea Harvested104.04103968282
FigsProduction Quantity1823.041690173116401640
FigsYield175225Fc164078Fc180313Fc200000Fc200000Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested681230A 664894A 653206A 697068A 678536A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8308860A 7989940A 7938250A 8437480A 8160530A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield121968Fc120169Fc121528Fc121042Fc120267Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested16393Im16000F 16541Im17805Im17119Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity197584Im190000F 193029Im205168Im197716Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield120529Fc118750Fc116697Fc115231Fc115495Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested44057Im43000F 43142Im46000F 46254*
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity462762Im445000F 446895Im475000F 474442*
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield105037Fc103488Fc103587Fc103261Fc102573Fc
GarlicArea Harvested428.45284340348419
GarlicProduction Quantity6170.213351334833725333
GarlicYield144012Fc117993Fc98470.6Fc96896.6Fc127279Fc
GrapesArea Harvested2251.812925258123942378
GrapesProduction Quantity24148.539272407313737637224
GrapesYield107240Fc134263Fc157811Fc156124Fc156535Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested32712948258723102278
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity44253716385226342586
Groundnuts, with shellSeed400F 400F 400F 400F 400F
Groundnuts, with shellYield13528Fc12605.2Fc14889.8Fc11402.6Fc11352.1Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested1894.91660.9922904000F 7879
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity4830.673638.431652024500F 30662
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield25493Fc21905.2Fc72139.7Fc61250Fc38916.1Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested6626.748118556846326980
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity92697.887474743016513794452
Lemons and limesYield139884Fc107753Fc133443Fc140624Fc135318Fc
LentilsArea Harvested3919Im4000F 3961Im4134Im4050Im
LentilsProduction Quantity1127Im1200F 1234Im1303Im1224Im
LentilsSeed195.95Fc195.95Fc200Fc198.05Fc206.7Fc
LentilsYield2875.73Fc3000Fc3115.37Fc3151.91Fc3022.22Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested3164.082658338030301090
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity56271.149300701136253817361
Lettuce and chicoryYield177843Fc185478Fc207435Fc206396Fc159275Fc
MaizeArea Harvested557071464794591890623025626616
MaizeProduction Quantity14982701536290163664017265501733290
MaizeSeed16712.1Fc16712.1Fc13943.8Fc17756.7Fc18690.8Fc
MaizeYield26895.5Fc33053.1Fc27651.1Fc27712.4Fc27661.1Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested28280.824262183561808018313
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity244581243375187343174505193429
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield86483.1Fc100311Fc102061Fc96518.3Fc105624Fc
Natural rubberProduction Quantity
Nuts, nesArea Harvested218Im220F 227Im221Im218Im
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity909Im900F 885Im965Im707Im
Nuts, nesYield41697.3Fc40909.1Fc38986.8Fc43665.2Fc32431.2Fc
OatsArea Harvested3193Im3000F 3200F 3000P 3200F
OatsProduction Quantity4099Im4000F 4300F 4000P 4300F
OatsSeed255.44Fc255.44Fc240Fc256Fc240Fc
OatsYield12837.5Fc13333.3Fc13437.5Fc13333.3Fc13437.5Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested165000F 165000F 165000F 165000F 165000F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity3780000F 3100000F 3200000F 3200000F 3200000F
Oil palm fruitYield229091Fc187879Fc193939Fc193939Fc193939Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested260644A 252596A 252322A 257839A 269225A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity199688A 151474A 167000A 166591A 174754A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed3013.84A 3013.84A 2899.11A 2834.86A 2899.28A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield7661.35Fc5996.69Fc6618.52Fc6461.04Fc6490.99Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested260644A 252596A 252322A 257839A 269225A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1074020A 860416A 915478A 892126A 897488A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed847.92A 847.92A 811.92A 793.93A 816.3A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield41206.4Fc34062.9Fc36282.1Fc34600.1Fc33336Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested17267.215302155311346915177
Onions, dryProduction Quantity378948329793310704307831315241
Onions, dryYield219461Fc215523Fc200054Fc228548Fc207710Fc
OrangesArea Harvested30737Im30000F 30481Im32500F 32461
OrangesProduction Quantity343172Im330000F 332114Im353000F 352983
OrangesYield111648Fc110000Fc108958Fc108615Fc108741Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2453.994859228023392501
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity43749.951722284943934439956
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield178281Fc106446Fc124974Fc168209Fc159760Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity212000* 174000* 179000* 179000* 180000F
Palm oilProduction Quantity941400* 753100* 802400* 777800* 780000*
PapayasArea Harvested4971.598852599354986064
PapayasProduction Quantity153180263178189007207698223945
PapayasYield308111Fc297309Fc315380Fc377770Fc369302Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1489.52195511651131954
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity19848.520515158801577910917
Peaches and nectarinesYield133254Fc104936Fc136309Fc139514Fc114434Fc
PearsArea Harvested1287.47144999410991123
PearsProduction Quantity15048.416511124501357914956
PearsYield116884Fc113948Fc125252Fc123558Fc133179Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested24495Im25000F 266422905626828
Peas, dryProduction Quantity46968Im50000F 500885418245725
Peas, drySeed979.8Fc979.8Fc1000Fc1065.68Fc1162.24Fc
Peas, dryYield19174.5Fc20000Fc18800.4Fc18647.4Fc17043.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested25134Im28000F 29864Im28424Im26867Im
Peas, greenProduction Quantity39595Im38000F 40272Im39631Im36059Im
Peas, greenYield15753.6Fc13571.4Fc13485.1Fc13942.8Fc13421.3Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested1299517111110901068610941
PineapplesProduction Quantity512496398010427766436044434574
PineapplesYield394379Fc232605Fc385722Fc408052Fc397198Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested371398345109379863414129394655
PlantainsProduction Quantity29573602815050301178033797403218800
PlantainsYield79627.8Fc81569.9Fc79285.9Fc81610.8Fc81559.8Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested1546.911764166716981723
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity12097.614259143171035515994
Plums and sloesYield78204.9Fc80833.3Fc85884.8Fc60983.5Fc92826.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested114039141967123659134812169078
PotatoesProduction Quantity19982502121880227277023728602823360
PotatoesSeed96515F 96515F 96515100766119896
PotatoesYield175225Fc149463Fc183793Fc176013Fc166986Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested154292A 157471A 160168A 167154A 163751A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity198604A 211424A 216898A 230868A 217636A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed9243.16A 9243.16A 9433.62A 9568.06A 9930.35A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield12872Fc13426.2Fc13541.9Fc13811.7Fc13290.7Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested3411Im3800F 4058Im3862Im3650F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity67729Im65000F 67010Im65944Im60000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield198561Fc171053Fc165131Fc170751Fc164384Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested
RapeseedProduction Quantity
RapeseedSeed
RapeseedYield
Rice, paddyArea Harvested430089464794543146443584383691
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity25437102412220298522027922302313310
Rice, paddySeed64513.4Fc64513.4Fc69719.1Fc81471.9Fc66537.6Fc
Rice, paddyYield59143.8Fc51898.7Fc54961.7Fc62947Fc60291Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested8434Im8638Im7214Im7415Im8200F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity94490Im100047Im97824Im91064Im100000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield112035Fc115822Fc135603Fc122811Fc121951Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested378482A 387625A 323718A 332738A 367971A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4704190A 4980830A 4870150A 4533590A 4978470A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed96515A 96515A 96515A 100766A 119896A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield124291Fc128496Fc150444Fc136251Fc135295Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested4273644501400354397954497
Seed cottonProduction Quantity76772356397092676603125564
Seed cottonYield17964.3Fc8008.58Fc17716Fc17418.1Fc23040.5Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested3000* 3000* 4000* 5000* 5000*
Sesame seedProduction Quantity2000* 2000* 3000* 3000* 3000*
Sesame seedSeed24Fc24Fc24Fc32Fc40Fc
Sesame seedYield6666.67Fc6666.67Fc7500Fc6000Fc6000Fc
SorghumArea Harvested2681726500F 261003615031970
SorghumProduction Quantity989549896496570134117118289
SorghumSeed402.26Fc402.26Fc397.5Fc391.5Fc542.25Fc
SorghumYield36899.7Fc37344.9Fc37000Fc37100.1Fc37000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested3266124347270002605026450
SoybeansProduction Quantity7838654207594005620052900
SoybeansSeed2600F 2600F 2600F 2600F 2600F
SoybeansYield23999.9Fc22264.3Fc22000Fc21573.9Fc20000Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1741Im1740Im2054Im2027Im2000F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity19378Im16998Im19760Im19380Im19000F
Spices, nesYield111304Fc97689.7Fc96202.5Fc95609.3Fc95000Fc
SpinachArea Harvested388.55431312296223
SpinachProduction Quantity7915.18414530048454073
SpinachYield203709Fc195220Fc169872Fc163682Fc182646Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested1133.921567124910991308
StrawberriesProduction Quantity45023.447317431014392040710
StrawberriesYield397060Fc301959Fc345084Fc399636Fc311239Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested827.0396911691308578
Sugar beetProduction Quantity21367.518979300432968911074
Sugar beetYield258364Fc195862Fc256997Fc226980Fc191592Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested190000171633379505383388410201
Sugar caneProduction Quantity227278002027260038500000F 38500000F 38500000F
Sugar caneYield1196200Fc1181160Fc1014480Fc1004200Fc938564Fc
Sunflower seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Sunflower seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Sunflower seedSeed
Sunflower seedYield
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested8425.599434176145574962
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity115216110365288986763481970
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield136745Fc116986Fc164100Fc148418Fc165195Fc
TeaArea Harvested59Im60556060
TeaProduction Quantity122Im132134120120
TeaYield20678Fc22000Fc24363.6Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested13132Im12978Im127681432110817
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity23283Im19315Im210482117618109
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield17730Fc14882.9Fc16485Fc14786.7Fc16741.2Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested15184.816227169431673615783
TomatoesProduction Quantity595299546322514587490929474317
TomatoesYield392036Fc336675Fc303717Fc293337Fc300524Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested218A 220A 227A 221A 218A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity909A 900A 885A 965A 707A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield41697.3Fc40909.1Fc38986.8Fc43665.2Fc32431.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested8976Im10000F 10506Im10000F 9651
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity104198Im100000F 101617Im100000F 101487
Vegetables fresh nesYield116085Fc100000Fc96722.8Fc100000Fc105157Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested103698A 115524A 115184A 111056A 109123A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1907960A 1831090A 1802220A 1775340A 1631040A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield183993Fc158503Fc156465Fc159859Fc149468Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested103698A 115524A 115184A 111056A 109123A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1907960A 1831090A 1802220A 1775340A 1631040A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield183993Fc158503Fc156465Fc159859Fc149468Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested6472.1411246785477737591
WatermelonsProduction Quantity92947.4136462908618781389138
WatermelonsYield143612Fc121343Fc115688Fc112972Fc117426Fc
WheatArea Harvested108659044143692159219658
WheatProduction Quantity1766915780243493919136778
WheatSeed1086.5Fc1086.5Fc904.4Fc1436.9Fc2159.2Fc
WheatYield16262.3Fc17448Fc16945.5Fc18150.7Fc18708.9Fc
YamsArea Harvested3342613957280912534125105
YamsProduction Quantity346986395374297350265752261188
YamsYield103807Fc283280Fc105852Fc104870Fc104038Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Agave Fibres NesArea Harvested17553Im17500F 172941709417391
Agave Fibres NesProduction Quantity14912Im22000F 214982050819884
Agave Fibres NesYield8495.41Fc12571.4Fc12430.9Fc11997.2Fc11433.5Fc
ApplesArea Harvested424413450470478
ApplesProduction Quantity45184435476651905327
ApplesYield106557Fc107385Fc105911Fc110426Fc111444Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested209630714408776
AsparagusProduction Quantity12542830328418383380
AsparagusYield60000Fc44920.6Fc45994.4Fc45049Fc43556.7Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1764116108159671554014042
AvocadosProduction Quantity191710171603170985163177142700
AvocadosYield108673Fc106533Fc107086Fc105005Fc101624Fc
BananasArea Harvested7346967405629855670255363
BananasProduction Quantity18637501798710170257016477001561060
BananasYield253678Fc266851Fc270314Fc290589Fc281968Fc
BarleyArea Harvested46115606553944856435
BarleyProduction Quantity659190588370696310719
BarleySeed440.73Fc414.99Fc504.54Fc498.51Fc403.65Fc
BarleyYield14294.1Fc16157.7Fc15111Fc15525.1Fc16657.3Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested120577124611113650114854109327
Beans, dryProduction Quantity136514143834127194124920117123
Beans, drySeed8492.64Fc7837.5Fc8099.71Fc7387.25Fc7465.51Fc
Beans, dryYield11321.7Fc11542.6Fc11191.7Fc10876.4Fc10713.1Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested22451938179518871608
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity13390119681001543123226
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield59643.7Fc61754.4Fc55793.9Fc22851.1Fc20062.2Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3600F 3510343231513100F
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity143000F 142821139972126511125000F
Cabbages and other brassicasYield397222Fc406897Fc407844Fc401495Fc403226Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested78247088606358735036
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity226079213670179665174283144980
Carrots and turnipsYield288956Fc301453Fc296330Fc296753Fc287887Fc
CassavaArea Harvested164335150963152494156664159660
CassavaProduction Quantity17031401613970165547016684801646090
CassavaYield103638Fc106912Fc108560Fc106501Fc103100Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested723702711674617
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity1389913510137871238610468
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield192241Fc192450Fc193910Fc183769Fc169660Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested1050820A 1080920A 1211640A 1158030A 1065180A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity3223530A 3478130A 3885120A 3707870A 3158550A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed79494.2A 78161.9A 82288.8A 96134.4A 91937.9A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield30676.5Fc32177.5Fc32065Fc32018.9Fc29652.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1050820A 1080920A 1211640A 1158030A 1065180A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3972110A 4267990A 4853170A 4624550A 3955510A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed79494.2A 78161.9A 82288.8A 96134.4A 91937.9A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield37800.3Fc39484.7Fc40054.5Fc39934.8Fc37134.6Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested
Chick peasProduction Quantity
Chick peasSeed
Chick peasYield
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested4200F 4128354335822147
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity49500F 49315475554453053218
Chillies and peppers, greenYield117857Fc119465Fc134222Fc124316Fc247871Fc
Citrus fruit, nesArea Harvested42000F 42423406774227842000F
Citrus fruit, nesProduction Quantity740000F 746306715741705135700000F
Citrus fruit, nesYield176190Fc175920Fc175957Fc166785Fc166667Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested84198A 61645A 57935A 56765A 75687A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity1332750A 1020820A 959750A 914030A 1123880A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield158287Fc165597Fc165660Fc161020Fc148491Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested653401A 653158A 698582A 664198A 633765A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1697720A 1852090A 1902660A 1825200A 1521440A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed19974.8A 19401.8A 19064.7A 20327A 19058.1A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield25982.7Fc28356Fc27236Fc27479.7Fc24006.4Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested7732080650736748678483406
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity3525837099387534170434002
Cocoa beansYield4560.01Fc4600Fc5260.06Fc4805.49Fc4076.69Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested16500F 15343148501311412040
CoconutsProduction Quantity11557910792710306210484795854
CoconutsYield70047.9Fc70342.8Fc69402Fc79950.4Fc79613Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested785535806884771219721362710510
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity724740667140674400694080696840
Coffee, greenYield9226.07Fc8268.1Fc8744.6Fc9621.8Fc9807.6Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity3753955382555523430731000F
CottonseedProduction Quantity5137559577813765070258000F
CottonseedSeed1634.91Fc1677.96Fc2120.01Fc1987.74Fc1329.84Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested800F 9221058625580F
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity6000F 59817861120645500F
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield75000Fc64869.8Fc74300.6Fc193024Fc94827.6Fc
DatesArea Harvested66664
DatesProduction Quantity2628243012
DatesYield43333.3Fc46666.7Fc40000Fc50000Fc30000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested284264176201135
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity37573175334336321879
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield132289Fc120265Fc189943Fc180697Fc139185Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested73485A 88167A 83552A 61422A 61257A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity52451A 77382A 77050A 54815A 50884A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7137.65Fc8776.75Fc9221.8Fc8924.33Fc8306.64Fc
FigsArea Harvested7474847965
FigsProduction Quantity14801480167013231089
FigsYield200000Fc200000Fc198810Fc167468Fc167538Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested663429A 628994A 621827A 606953A 623816A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8066030A 7417890A 7262080A 6966520A 7128280A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield121581Fc117933Fc116786Fc114779Fc114269Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested16739Im15800F 15600F 15500F 15000F
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity195461Im178000F 177000F 176000F 175000F
Fruit Fresh NesYield116770Fc112658Fc113462Fc113548Fc116667Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested45769* 42973* 40586* 39755* 37539*
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity465038* 412169* 421391* 395501* 366918*
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield101605Fc95913.5Fc103827Fc99484.6Fc97743.1Fc
GarlicArea Harvested375417322207121
GarlicProduction Quantity43003046296222581224
GarlicYield114667Fc73045.6Fc91987.6Fc109082Fc101157Fc
GrapesArea Harvested21471958132813941150
GrapesProduction Quantity3258824611201672020114527
GrapesYield151784Fc125695Fc151860Fc144914Fc126322Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested22621807157315461314
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity28142111183420501994
Groundnuts, with shellSeed400F 400F 400F 400F 400F
Groundnuts, with shellYield12440.3Fc11682.4Fc11659.3Fc13260Fc15175Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nesArea Harvested57675504624365866500F
Leguminous vegetables, nesProduction Quantity2397052940541835107950000F
Leguminous vegetables, nesYield41564.1Fc96184.6Fc86790Fc77556.9Fc76923.1Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested68556603569453625239
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity9223295235860717979872920
Lemons and limesYield134547Fc144230Fc151161Fc148821Fc139187Fc
LentilsArea Harvested3785Im3900F 3800F 3700F 3600F
LentilsProduction Quantity1063Im1100F 1090F 1070F 1050F
LentilsSeed202.5Fc189.25Fc195Fc190Fc185Fc
LentilsYield2808.45Fc2820.51Fc2868.42Fc2891.89Fc2916.67Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested825984927881919
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity1262715341158751439814876
Lettuce and chicoryYield153055Fc155904Fc171251Fc163428Fc161872Fc
MaizeArea Harvested603562576791615855570917554850
MaizeProduction Quantity15311501588320162321015139501263540
MaizeSeed18798.5Fc18106.9Fc17303.7Fc18475.7Fc17127.5Fc
MaizeYield25368.6Fc27537.2Fc26357Fc26517.9Fc22772.6Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested1716717193173931658615924
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity184074185037177905175493163694
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield107225Fc107623Fc102285Fc105808Fc102797Fc
Natural rubberProduction Quantity
Nuts, nesArea Harvested220F 210148137135F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity610F 606479383380F
Nuts, nesYield27727.3Fc28857.1Fc32364.9Fc27956.2Fc28148.2Fc
OatsArea Harvested3100F 3000* 3000* 3000* 3000*
OatsProduction Quantity4100F 4000* 4000* 4000* 4000*
OatsSeed256Fc248Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc
OatsYield13225.8Fc13333.3Fc13333.3Fc13333.3Fc13333.3Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested165000F 169564157328150399145026
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity3200000F 3272500310650025794602600000F
Oil palm fruitYield193939Fc192995Fc197454Fc171508Fc179278Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested272994A 291181A 292060A 255548A 241473A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity174761A 171754A 189153A 170839A 164224A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed3060.2A 3165.24A 3615.45A 4342.28A 3612.2A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield6401.64Fc5898.53Fc6476.52Fc6685.21Fc6800.91Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested272994A 291181A 292060A 255548A 241473A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity828947A 781479A 739738A 621354A 620083A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed866.79A 895.11A 1009.52A 1171.97A 977.09A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield30365Fc26838.3Fc25328.3Fc24314.6Fc25679.2Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1571820996202902131718099
Onions, dryProduction Quantity274763477815464981566567418987
Onions, dryYield174808Fc227574Fc229168Fc265782Fc231497Fc
OrangesArea Harvested2952771836937591425571
OrangesProduction Quantity405120961798834169163297962
OrangesYield137203Fc133898Fc127348Fc116948Fc116523Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested18421944160418351709
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity2166932425272673294130533
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield117638Fc166795Fc169994Fc179515Fc178660Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity178000* 158172145740118772115994
Palm oilProduction Quantity711000* 672576630400526634528400
PapayasArea Harvested57215152446440783715
PapayasProduction Quantity1646061403461038709160886912
PapayasYield287722Fc272411Fc232684Fc224640Fc233949Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested1048926639583625
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity129338554602960274981
Peaches and nectarinesYield123406Fc92375.8Fc94350.6Fc103379Fc79696Fc
PearsArea Harvested12281205120911751006
PearsProduction Quantity1517814770153211472612964
PearsYield123599Fc122573Fc126725Fc125328Fc128867Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested2642127226256422622524708
Peas, dryProduction Quantity3806338688370163925234113
Peas, drySeed1073.12Fc1056.84Fc1089.04Fc1025.68Fc1049Fc
Peas, dryYield14406.3Fc14210Fc14435.7Fc14967.4Fc13806.5Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested26000F 25648256962594625500F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity33000F 32515319573542730500F
Peas, greenYield12692.3Fc12677.4Fc12436.6Fc13654.1Fc11960.8Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested99279546961893938575
PineapplesProduction Quantity396995378007391488390545353490
PineapplesYield399914Fc395985Fc407037Fc415783Fc412233Fc
PlantainsArea Harvested385217386252391340386607392355
PlantainsProduction Quantity31569803046280307280029241803079180
PlantainsYield81953.3Fc78867.7Fc78520Fc75637Fc78479.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested17381740143816181509
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity1506215122131171419513186
Plums and sloesYield86662.8Fc86908.1Fc91217Fc87731.8Fc87382.4Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested138843120623128694130455112616
PotatoesProduction Quantity22080701832920203593021441601761060
PotatoesSeed169000F 138000F 120000F 128000F 130000F
PotatoesYield159034Fc151954Fc158199Fc164360Fc156377Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested153028A 157675A 144887A 146666A 139243A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity189030A 195590A 175315A 169554A 155512A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed9768.26A 9083.59A 9383.75A 8602.93A 8699.51A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield12352.6Fc12404.6Fc12100.1Fc11560.5Fc11168.4Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested3600F 3510373637663400F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity59000F 58470616426773636500F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield163889Fc166581Fc164995Fc179862Fc107353Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested
RapeseedProduction Quantity
RapeseedSeed
RapeseedYield
Rice, paddyArea Harvested380372408953490032469941407909
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity22480002371930290704027527802393280
Rice, paddySeed57553.6Fc57055.8Fc61343Fc73504.8Fc70491.1Fc
Rice, paddyYield59100Fc58000.1Fc59323.5Fc58577.1Fc58671.9Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested8100F 8003825880126000F
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity94500F 94103955509502364000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield116667Fc117585Fc115706Fc118601Fc106667Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested335964A 303360A 315948A 319904A 299954A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4266400A 3820730A 4097160A 4197860A 3717590A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed169000A 138000A 120000A 128000A 130000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield126990Fc125947Fc129678Fc131222Fc123939Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested5593270667662584432843866
Seed cottonProduction Quantity1081501389451547339224492211
Seed cottonYield19336Fc19661.9Fc23353.1Fc20809.4Fc21021.1Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested6000* 3000* 405141614727
Sesame seedProduction Quantity5000* 2000* 316127233096
Sesame seedSeed40Fc48Fc24Fc32.41Fc33.29Fc
Sesame seedYield8333.33Fc6666.67Fc7803.01Fc6544.1Fc6549.61Fc
SorghumArea Harvested4212867761741888579669480
SorghumProduction Quantity155874250716267077300286243180
SorghumSeed479.55Fc631.92Fc1016.41Fc1112.82Fc1286.94Fc
SorghumYield37000.1Fc37000Fc36000Fc35000Fc35000Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested2730030800480004200034500
SoybeansProduction Quantity5460061600776119198081420
SoybeansSeed2600F 2700F 3000F 4000F 3500F
SoybeansYield20000Fc20000Fc16169Fc21900Fc23600Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1900F 1881205415691500F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity17500F 17310190631463214000F
Spices, nesYield92105.3Fc92025.5Fc92809.1Fc93256.9Fc93333.3Fc
SpinachArea Harvested22219817495106
SpinachProduction Quantity36143285263113541600
SpinachYield162793Fc165909Fc151207Fc142526Fc150943Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested916598785702779
StrawberriesProduction Quantity3288417913232282659123362
StrawberriesYield358996Fc299548Fc295898Fc378789Fc299897Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested679702719702876
Sugar beetProduction Quantity1167112280127401246915491
Sugar beetYield171885Fc174929Fc177191Fc177621Fc176838Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested410060406060399509398562387669
Sugar caneProduction Quantity38450000F 3984920040000000F 39000000F 38000000F
Sugar caneYield937668Fc981362Fc1001230Fc978518Fc980218Fc
Sunflower seedArea HarvestedF F F F F
Sunflower seedProduction QuantityF F F F F
Sunflower seedSeed
Sunflower seedYield
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested58165436462732112877
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity9539783102695975993452999
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield164025Fc152873Fc150415Fc186652Fc184216Fc
TeaArea Harvested6060606060
TeaProduction Quantity120120120120120
TeaYield20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc20000Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested1068017581161221613113511
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity2055734940324863445826475
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield19248.1Fc19873.7Fc20150.1Fc21361.3Fc19595.1Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested1695314908154561520216762
TomatoesProduction Quantity443587420061402864393318411151
TomatoesYield261657Fc281769Fc260652Fc258728Fc245288Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested220A 210A 148A 137A 135A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity610A 606A 479A 383A 380A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield27727.3Fc28857.1Fc32364.9Fc27956.2Fc28148.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested90529429948090429302
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity98851105227107757107671106888
Vegetables fresh nesYield109203Fc111599Fc113668Fc119079Fc114909Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested105714A 108265A 107070A 106344A 101226A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1507200A 1718410A 1662500A 1730790A 1525220A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield142574Fc158722Fc155272Fc162754Fc150675Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested105714A 108265A 107070A 106344A 101226A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1507200A 1718410A 1662500A 1730790A 1525220A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield142574Fc158722Fc155272Fc162754Fc150675Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested77207483744569536417
WatermelonsProduction Quantity8833285982949148280178537
WatermelonsYield114420Fc114903Fc127487Fc119087Fc122389Fc
WheatArea Harvested1704318811230262388723509
WheatProduction Quantity2639943963434714657140795
WheatSeed1965.8Fc1704.3Fc1881.1Fc2302.6Fc2388.7Fc
WheatYield15489.6Fc23370.9Fc18879.1Fc19496.4Fc17352.9Fc
YamsArea Harvested2468623771265022477321678
YamsProduction Quantity260685279732310205290194246440
YamsYield105600Fc117678Fc117050Fc117141Fc113682Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea43785.6Q 42503Q 42540Q 42614Q 42436Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea41Q 40Q 47.78Q 47.11Q 44.3Q
Arable landArea2098Fm1764Fm1775Fm1830Fm1998Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3998Q 3353Q 3354Q 3461Q 3570Q
Country areaArea114175Q 114175Q 114175Q 114175Q 114175Q
Fallow landArea114Q 112Q 73Q 66Q 160Q
Forest areaArea60398Fm60499Q 60600Fm60701Fm60802Fm
Inland waterArea3225Fm3225Fm3225Fm3225Fm3225Fm
Land areaArea110950Q 110950Q 110950Q 110950Q 110950Q
Other landArea6766.4Fm7948Fm7810Fm7635Fm7712Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea30923.4Q 31236Q 31625Q 31521Q 31445Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea8864.2Q 7914Q 7561Q 7632Q 7421Q
Permanent cropsArea1900Fm1589Fm1579Fm1631Fm1572Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea39787.6Q 39150Q 39186Q 39153Q 38866Q
Temporary cropsArea1984Fm1652Fm1702Fm1764Fm1838Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1087I 1050Fm1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea42174Q 42557Q 42391Q 42051Q 41607Q
Agricultural area organic, totalArea50.76Q 45.7I
Arable landArea1904.6Fm2026Fm2238Fm2264Fm2211Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea3369.3Q 3613Q 3708Q 3749Q 3736Q
Country areaArea114175Q 114175Q 114175Q 114175Q 114175Q
Fallow landArea108.2Q 156Q 102Q
Forest areaArea60903Fm61004Q 61105Fm61206Fm61307Fm
Inland waterArea3225Fm3225Fm3225Fm3225Fm3225Fm
Land areaArea110950Q 110950Q 110950Q 110950Q 110950Q
Other landArea7873Fm7389Fm7454Fm7693Fm8036Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea31016.2Q 30977Q 30453Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea7788.5Q 7967Q 8230Q
Permanent cropsArea1464.7Fm1587Fm1470Fm1485Fm1525Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea38804.7Q 38944Q 38683Q 38302Q 37871Q
Temporary cropsArea1796.4Fm1870Fm2136Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1000Fm900Fm900Fm900F 900F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data