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Datasheet

Chile

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; Sepúlveda et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Schotman, 1989.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present Facundo et al., 2017.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Absent, never occurred Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2011a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present, few occurrences Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensis Present, few occurrences Introduced Crosson et al., 2014.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJaramillo et al., 2015; Asprey et al., 1964; Montecino et al., 2014; Montecino et al., 2016.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; Larach et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviae Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2016; Sanfuentes et al., 2016.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Mellado et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Narvaez, 1999.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesSepulveda et al., 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Restricted distribution Wingfield et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Anon., 1947; Mujica and Richatt Vergara Castillo, 1980; Butin and Peredo, 1986; Valdivieso and Luisi, 1987; Valdivieso et al., 1988; Barnes et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Anon., 1942; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Localised Introduced YesCiesla, 2003.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread CIMMYT, 1988; Hacke, 1992.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut) Restricted distribution Introduced YesFajardo, 1975; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Localised Solís et al., 2010.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Zicsi and Csuzdi, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Sepúlveda-Chavera et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesCarter and Winter, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Eradicated Introduced YesStone, 1942a; Enkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Ebeling, 1959; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Widespread Introduced YesStáry et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Faundez and Carvajal, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Introduced Torretta et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus chilensis (Chilean false red mite) Present Native NoGonzalez, 1958.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present IPPC, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesDiaz et al., 1999; IPPC, 2007; IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Peña and Altmann, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present Prado, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Native Clarke , 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced NoJanicki, 1911.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Rueda et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Borchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Introduced NoWu et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present Introduced Reed and Kindler, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Introduced NoCarrillo, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Iraira et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced YesFuentes-Contreras et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesDevotto et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced Nakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Introduced Marín and Parra, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Introduced Grez et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Gonzalez, 1986; Prado, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976; Argyriou, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Matta, 1979; Gonzalez, 1986; Schotman, 1989; Gonzalez and Curkovic, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Olivares and Burckhardt, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Introduced Ojeda Gomez, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesSchedl, 1959; Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Present Introduced NoAntezana, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution Spencer and, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Widespread Olalquiaga, 1961; Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present IPPC, 2015; IPPC, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Widespread Introduced NoCiesla, 1988; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present YesCIE, 1979; Gonzalez, 1983; González, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesLarrain, 2002; Muniappan, 2009; Prishanthini and Vinobaba, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Introduced Kliejunas et al., 2001; Lanfranco and Dungey, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Restricted distribution Neira et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; Zúñiga-Reinoso and Mardones, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Present Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Abgrall et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; González, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Salinas, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Introduced Willink and Chiappa, 1993; Elgueta, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present Tokihiro, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; González, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present Introduced YesEspinoza et al., 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Trivelli, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Munoz and Beeche, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Ciesla, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Introduced YesIde et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBaldini, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Estay, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread Vargas, 1970; Schotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009; Hinojosa and González, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Localised Introduced YesPeña et al., 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervata Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988; Pérez et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Widespread Introduced YesFlueck et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoMatus, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Contreras and Escalante , 1984; Pérez et al., 2003; Iriarte et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Introduced YesGrigera and Rapoport, 1983; Bonino et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLycalopex griseus (South American gray fox) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Jaksic et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoHealey , 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Localised Introduced Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Present, few occurrences Introduced Jaksic, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised Introduced NoJaksic, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesKraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesJaksic et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesGalea, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Present Introduced Hitchcox, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced YesCFIA, 2014; Taylor, 1914; Solem, 1964; Rebolledo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Sotomayor and Tapia, 1989; Neilson, 1998; Chow et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesLetelier et al., 1969; Araya, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced Araya, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoStuardo and Vega, 1985; Landler and Nuñez, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Daguin and Borsa, 2000; Gérard et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Odhner, 1922; Stuardo and Vega, 1985; Cádiz et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present, few occurrences Introduced Letelier and Soto-Acuna, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Bohm and Aruta, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Widespread Bruna and Guinez, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present, few occurrences Introduced Franco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Native Cubillos and Fernández, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present Native YesCarneiro et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Philippi et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Allen et al., 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present González, 1970; Auger et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesNeill et al., 2003; Provan et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Etcheverry, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Reed, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native Dittrich et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesMontenegro and et al. , 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia macracantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced Cronk and Fuller , 1995; Binggeli , 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native NoJohnson, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Present Finot et al., 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; Global Species, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Rugolo and Molina, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Holm and et al. , 1979; Weber , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced Soreng, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Reiche, 1911; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Villanueva, 1966; Hafliger and Scholz, 1980; Ormeño and Díaz, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesI3N-Chile, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Madariaga and Scharen, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Prado and Nitsche, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (Bougainvilla) Restricted distribution YesPIER, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present Teillier et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Tropicos, 2013; GBIF, 2012; PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Ramirez-de-Vallejo and Meneses, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present GISP, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Introduced Marticorena and Quezada, 1985; Negrete et al., 1989; Finot et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979; Finot et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present YesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Native Finot et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced YesDanton et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present YesBelov, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present YesGBIF, 2016; ISSG, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesIABIN, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesBelov, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Sánchez-Zapata et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Molur, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Belov, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Localised Introduced Rúgolo de Agrasar et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced Fuentes et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; GBIF, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced YesFinot et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesDanton et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present YesI3N-Chile, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Lagos et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced NoLoewe and González, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesI3N-Chile, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesLeuschner, 1996; Danton et al., 2006; Instituto de Botánica Darwinion, 2009; Atkinson and Sawyer, 2011; Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia rubra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced Jayawickrama et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced Jayawickrama et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoTeillier et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced Saldaña et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present YeseMonocot, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread Finot et al., 1996; Russo et al., 2001; I3N-Chile, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesBurkart, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde) Widespread Native YesBurkart, 1949; Ovalle et al., 1990; Wickens, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum quellyon Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present Native NoMarticorena and Quezada, 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present YesPauchard and Alaback, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium amplexicaule Present Ibáñez et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pubiflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present YesPIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Belov, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread NoCSIRO, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush) Present Native NoMarticorena and Quezada, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamarckia aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Fernandez et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present, few occurrences Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Introduced Heap, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesDanton et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native Zardini et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Widespread YesMeier et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole) Present Introduced NoUgarte et al., 2011; Fuentes et al., 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced Weiss et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Adams et al., 1998; Agarie et al., 2009; Madrigal-González et al., 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Present Marticorena and Quezada, 1985; Encyclopedia of Life, EoL.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus cupreus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present Tropicos, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Steubing et al., 1980; Orchard, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present Jardín San Francisco, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Present Native NoMcLaren et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced Matthei and Marticorena, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Introduced Kogan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Introduced Marticorena and Quezada, 1985; Matthei and Marticorena, 1987; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Dale, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native YesChase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present GBIF, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Deginani, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Friesen et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Nitsche, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Finot and Pedreros, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Localised YesChileflora, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced YesPeña et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced YesCABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Widespread Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Cooper, 1956; IABIN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Ramirez et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa flabellata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Pedreros et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Pizarro, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Widespread Introduced YesGodoy et al., 2011; WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Markin et al., 1992; Medel and Vargas, 1981; Markin et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Chile Flora, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpiglossis sinuata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present YesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present YesAtkinson and Sawyer, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Introduced Fuentes et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizanthus pinnatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced Finot et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Introduced YesUgarte et al., 2011; Holm et al., 1979; Pensiero, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesAmor, 1978; Holm et al., 1979; Boyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Johow, 1896; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Govaerts, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Native YesVallejo, 1980; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum polyphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Localised YesWeigend and Luebert, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present YesPIER, 2014; ISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Ugarte et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014; Fuentes et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Gradstein and Sipman, 1978; Frahm, 1975.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Cubillos et al., 1979.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Ramirez, 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Auger, 1994.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Introduced Rosales et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Yossen et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Widespread Roy and Smith, 1994; Herrera et al., 1998; Rosales et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Cubillos et al., 1986; Hidalgo et al., 1994; Toro et al., 1999.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Celedon and Gomez, 1976; Toro et al., 1989.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian trichomoniasis Present Toro et al., 1999.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Cubillos et al., 1979.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bacterial kidney disease Present Sanders and Barros, 1986.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Tamayo et al., 1985.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Riedemann et al., 1996.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Riedemann et al., 1996.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009; López et al., 1998.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Tamayo et al., 1989.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Toro et al., 1994.
Chytridiomycosis Localised Solís et al., 2010.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
enteric redmouth disease Present Enríquez and Zamora, 1987; Horne and Barnes , 1999.
enzootic abortion of ewes Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epitheliocystis Present Carvajal et al., 1990.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Pinochet et al., 1989; Borie et al., 1997a; Borie et al., 1997b; Zamora et al., 1999.
European foulbrood Present Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Toro et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Ibarra et al., 2007.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Present OIE, 2009; Kibenge and et al. , 2000.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Patitucci et al., 1999.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
oomycete infections in fish Present Zaror et al., 2004.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Zamora et al., 1975.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
piscirickettsiosis Present Fryer et al., 1990; Garcés et al., 1991; Gaggero et al., 1995.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Schultz et al., 1965; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Berríos et al., 1988.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported , 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009; Toro et al., 1998.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; Hinojosa and González, 2004.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral erythrocytic necrosis Present Reyes and Campalans, 1987.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Xenohaliotis californiensis infection Present, few occurrences Introduced Crosson et al., 2014.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 8545 7617 6900 6200 5800
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 22000 F 22000 F 20000 F 18000 F 17000
Almonds, with shell Yield 25746 Fc 28882.8 Fc 28985.5 Fc 29032.3 Fc 29310.3 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 35030 35029 35100 35000 35000
Apples Production Quantity 1169090 Im 1100000 F 1090000 P 1280000 P 1400000
Apples Yield 333740 Fc 314026 Fc 310541 Fc 365714 Fc 400000 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 1405 1469 1770 1906 1879
Apricots Production Quantity 15000 F 14000 F 17645 Im 18059 Im 18000 F
Apricots Yield 106762 Fc 95302.9 Fc 99689.3 Fc 94748.2 Fc 95795.6 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 4409 4651 5875 5000 F 4996
Artichokes Production Quantity 41694 Im 35000 F 44600 F 38487 Im 38000 F
Artichokes Yield 94565.7 Fc 75252.6 Fc 75914.9 Fc 76974 Fc 76060.9 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2701 2759 2936 2500 F 2215
Asparagus Production Quantity 15327 Im 13200 F 18849 12400 F 11000 F
Asparagus Yield 56745.7 Fc 47843.4 Fc 64199.6 Fc 49600 Fc 49661.4 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 36388 34057 33500 33800 26800
Avocados Production Quantity 368568 Im 330000 F 328000 F 331000 F 260000
Avocados Yield 101288 Fc 96896.4 Fc 97910.4 Fc 97929 Fc 97014.9 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 17439 20184 13852 13378 11110
Barley Production Quantity 107141 77819.5 53325 66895 56227
Barley Seed 2615.85 Fc 2615.85 Fc 3027.6 Fc 2077.8 Fc 2006.7 Fc
Barley Yield 61437.6 Fc 38555 Fc 38496.3 Fc 50003.7 Fc 50609.4 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 12532 13512 16709 11955 11179
Beans, dry Production Quantity 24131 23419.5 28395 20421 18910
Beans, dry Seed 771.36 Fc 1503.84 Fc 1621.44 Fc 2005.08 Fc 1434.6 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 19255.5 Fc 17332.4 Fc 16993.8 Fc 17081.6 Fc 16915.7 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 3195 3172.3 2890.2 2800 F 2838
Beans, green Production Quantity 33142 Im 38000 F 24191 34000 F 34500 F
Beans, green Yield 103731 Fc 119787 Fc 83700.1 Fc 121429 Fc 121564 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1485 1753.2 1732.8 1600 F 1539
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 46518 Im 44000 F 44012 41983 Im 42000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 313253 Fc 250970 Fc 253994 Fc 262394 Fc 272904 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 4309 3751.4 4638.13 4000 F 3831
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 160900 Im 150000 F 187897 160000 F 155000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 373405 Fc 399851 Fc 405114 Fc 400000 Fc 404594 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1575 1285 1505.2 1300 F 1269
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 30479 Im 28000 F 33000 F 28600 F 28000 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 193517 Fc 217899 Fc 219240 Fc 220000 Fc 220646 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 567470 A 529854 A 567530 A 557799 A 489441 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3891390 A 3537380 A 3062990 A 3232930 A 2786390 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 63682.1 A 68542.9 A 63305.4 A 68840.6 A 66206.3 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 68574.4 Fc 66761.5 Fc 53970.6 Fc 57958.7 Fc 56930.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 567470 A 529854 A 567530 A 557799 A 489441 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3934800 A 3568910 A 3105390 A 3273360 A 2822880 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 63682.1 A 68542.9 A 63305.4 A 68840.6 A 66206.3 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 69339.4 Fc 67356.5 Fc 54717.6 Fc 58683.4 Fc 57675.6 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 13174 13143 12500 10100 9900
Cherries Production Quantity 61088 Im 59000 F 58889 Im 56000 F 45000
Cherries Yield 46370.1 Fc 44890.8 Fc 47111.2 Fc 55445.5 Fc 45454.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1981 1885 1887 3090 2970
Chick peas Production Quantity 1715 2988.8 1923 2624 2667
Chick peas Seed 93.38 Fc 138.67 Fc 131.95 Fc 132.09 Fc 216.3 Fc
Chick peas Yield 8657.24 Fc 15855.7 Fc 10190.8 Fc 8491.91 Fc 8979.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1174 1473.5 1489.2 1600 F 1567
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 45696 Im 50000 F 55042.3 52000 F 47000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 389233 Fc 339328 Fc 369610 Fc 325000 Fc 299936 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14945 A 14670 A 15200 A 16800 A 15400 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 312021 A 289000 A 297000 A 326000 A 305000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 208780 Fc 197001 Fc 195395 Fc 194048 Fc 198052 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 270934 A 241023 A 263206 A 266293 A 238882 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2228610 A 1950320 A 1832790 A 1914270 A 1617440 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 20606.5 A 21097.1 A 17092.5 A 20148.8 A 19565.3 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 82256.5 Fc 80918.3 Fc 69633.2 Fc 71885.7 Fc 67708.7 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1480 Im 1471 Im 1456 Im 1411 Im 1400 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 33641 Im 37948 Im 37048 Im 29801 Im 30000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 227304 Fc 257974 Fc 254451 Fc 211205 Fc 214286 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 1769 Im 1535 Im 1734 Im 1549 Im 1600 F
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 18029 A 17069 A 16124 A 18572 A 19118 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 18300 A 16263 A 17282 A 20521 A 20760 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 10150.3 Fc 9527.8 Fc 10718.2 Fc 11049.4 Fc 10858.9 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2607 Im 2409 Im 2478 Im 2404 Im 2590 Im
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 2857 Im 2479 Im 2800 Im 3186 Im 3292 Im
Flax fibre and tow Yield 10959 Fc 10290.6 Fc 11299.4 Fc 13252.9 Fc 12710.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 365392 A 358117 A 358620 A 349962 A 326174 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6164240 A 5821640 A 5554520 A 5446130 A 5435600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 168702 Fc 162562 Fc 154886 Fc 155620 Fc 166647 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2873 Im 2816 Im 2820 Im 2764 Im 2608 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 15086 Im 14570 Im 14097 Im 14444 Im 14397 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 52509.6 Fc 51740.1 Fc 49989.4 Fc 52257.6 Fc 55203.2 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 1463 1257.9 1252.9 1000 F 1044
Garlic Production Quantity 14000 F 12000 F 11914.9 6800 F 7000 F
Garlic Yield 95693.8 Fc 95397.1 Fc 95098.6 Fc 68000 Fc 67049.8 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 202000 * 200000 * 199000 * 198000 * 182660
Grapes Production Quantity 3149380 Im 2903890 Im 2600000 F 2400000 F 2350000 F
Grapes Yield 155910 Fc 145195 Fc 130653 Fc 121212 Fc 128654 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 4600 F 4600 F 4600 F 4600 F 4600 F
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 4385 F 4385 F 4385 F 4385 F 4385 F
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 9532.61 Fc 9532.61 Fc 9532.61 Fc 9532.61 Fc 9532.61 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 2174 Im 2071 Im 1946 Im 1927 Im 1410 Im
Hempseed Production Quantity 1368 Im 1300 F 1240 Im 1501 Im 1481 Im
Hempseed Seed 391.32 Fc 391.32 Fc 372.78 Fc 350.28 Fc 346.86 Fc
Hempseed Yield 6292.55 Fc 6277.16 Fc 6372.05 Fc 7789.31 Fc 10503.5 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 10822 A 10060 A 9046 A 11568 A 11928 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 9289 A 7864 A 8363 A 11401 A 11483 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 8583.44 Fc 7817.1 Fc 9244.97 Fc 9855.64 Fc 9626.93 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 10920 10922 10800 8700 8700
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 237104 Im 229000 F 227000 F 185607 Im 185000
Kiwi fruit Yield 217128 Fc 209669 Fc 210185 Fc 213341 Fc 212644 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 2209 2359.4 1922.4 1900 F 1904
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 19933 Im 19800 F 16145 Im 15400 F 15500 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 90235.4 Fc 83919.6 Fc 83983.6 Fc 81052.6 Fc 81407.6 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 7106 7235 7700 7900 7200
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 171049 Im 155000 F 162000 F 166000 F 155000
Lemons and limes Yield 240711 Fc 214236 Fc 210390 Fc 210127 Fc 215278 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1321 1222 955 940 864
Lentils Production Quantity 900 719.1 564 631 728
Lentils Seed 81.04 Fc 105.68 Fc 97.76 Fc 76.4 Fc 75.2 Fc
Lentils Yield 6813.02 Fc 5884.62 Fc 5905.76 Fc 6712.77 Fc 8425.93 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 7502 7309 7356.7 7000 F 6885
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 101559 Im 94300 F 100700 F 96000 F 95000 F
Lettuce and chicory Yield 135376 Fc 129019 Fc 136882 Fc 137143 Fc 137981 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 2442 Im 2326 Im 2185 Im 1571 Im 1150 F
Linseed Production Quantity 1221 Im 1160 Im 859 Im 1040 Im 1026
Linseed Seed 24.42 Fc 24.42 Fc 23.26 Fc 21.85 Fc 15.71 Fc
Linseed Yield 5000 Fc 4987.1 Fc 3931.35 Fc 6619.99 Fc 8921.74 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 23257 29887 10283 15250 21148
Lupins Production Quantity 44189 73325 12311 31623 51408
Lupins Seed 2576.04 Fc 2790.84 Fc 3586.44 Fc 1233.96 Fc 1830 Fc
Lupins Yield 19000.3 Fc 24534.1 Fc 11972.2 Fc 20736.4 Fc 24308.7 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 119819 122547 128211 134641 125713
Maize Production Quantity 1437560 1357920 1345650 1365410 1122650
Maize Seed 2785.36 Fc 2396.38 Fc 2450.94 Fc 2564.22 Fc 2692.82 Fc
Maize Yield 119978 Fc 110808 Fc 104956 Fc 101411 Fc 89302.6 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 10813 11233.8 11457.5 11128 Im 10500
Maize, green Production Quantity 176795 Im 176000 F 180000 F 176922 Im 165000 F
Maize, green Yield 163502 Fc 156670 Fc 157102 Fc 158988 Fc 157143 Fc
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 56 F 56 F 56 Im 61 Im 45 Im
Oats Area Harvested 105643 75873 101101 97914 81699
Oats Production Quantity 563812 380853 344212 384224 340824
Oats Seed 15140.7 Fc 15846.5 Fc 11381 Fc 15165.2 Fc 14687.1 Fc
Oats Yield 53369.6 Fc 50196.1 Fc 34046.3 Fc 39241 Fc 41717 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 25836 A 18433 A 33621 A 24358 A 16120 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 46123.3 A 31682.6 A 53150.6 A 45160.1 A 28972 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 425.81 A 360.19 A 317.44 A 367.49 A 324.77 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 17852.3 Fc 17188 Fc 15808.8 Fc 18540.2 Fc 17972.7 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 40927 A 31307 A 45621 A 32958 A 24120 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 42724.3 A 33441.1 A 46411.1 A 37661.3 A 26637.9 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 205.73 A 162.73 A 139.34 A 176.43 A 149.43 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 10439.1 Fc 10681.7 Fc 10173.2 Fc 11427.1 Fc 11043.9 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 15091 12874 12000 8600 8000
Olives Production Quantity 61039 Im 58000 F 54000 F 38700 F 36000
Olives Yield 40447.3 Fc 45052 Fc 45000 Fc 45000 Fc 45000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 6368 6186 6143.7 6000 F 6025
Onions, dry Production Quantity 294926 Im 297000 F 295204 288000 F 290000 F
Onions, dry Yield 463138 Fc 480116 Fc 480499 Fc 480000 Fc 481328 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 7839 7435 7500 8900 8200
Oranges Production Quantity 140972 Im 134000 F 135000 F 160000 F 150000
Oranges Yield 179834 Fc 180229 Fc 180000 Fc 179775 Fc 182927 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 10822 Im 10060 Im 9046 Im 11568 Im 11928 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 9289 Im 7864 Im 8363 Im 11401 Im 11483 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 8583.44 Fc 7817.1 Fc 9244.97 Fc 9855.64 Fc 9626.93 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3197 3279 3129.6 3000 F 3054
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 48918 Im 49000 F 46900 F 45000 F 46000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 153012 Fc 149436 Fc 149859 Fc 150000 Fc 150622 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 203 Im 196 Im 190 Im 192 Im 181
Papayas Production Quantity 2879 Im 3056 Im 2979 Im 3015 Im 3200 F
Papayas Yield 141823 Fc 155918 Fc 156789 Fc 157031 Fc 176796 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 19235 19301 21000 20100 20000
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 319919 Im 357000 F 388000 F 372000 F 370000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 166321 Fc 184965 Fc 184762 Fc 185075 Fc 185000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 6547 6225 6600 6400 6600
Pears Production Quantity 176685 Im 180000 F 191000 F 185000 F 195000
Pears Yield 269872 Fc 289157 Fc 289394 Fc 289063 Fc 295455 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1383 2481 2752 1262 1262
Peas, dry Production Quantity 2338 2289.6 3381 1778 1778
Peas, dry Seed 239.07 Fc 179.79 Fc 322.53 Fc 357.76 Fc 164.06 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 16905.3 Fc 9228.54 Fc 12285.6 Fc 14088.8 Fc 14088.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 2730 2185 2968.6 2900 F 2873
Peas, green Production Quantity 18000 F 15000 F 20038 20000 F 17000 F
Peas, green Yield 65934.1 Fc 68649.9 Fc 67499.8 Fc 68965.5 Fc 59171.6 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 21001 18651 18500 14600 14900
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 293205 Im 298000 F 296000 F 234000 F 250000
Plums and sloes Yield 139615 Fc 159777 Fc 160000 Fc 160274 Fc 167785 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 53653 50771 45078 55957 54743
Potatoes Production Quantity 1676440 1081350 924555 965767 834223
Potatoes Seed 62301 Fc 80479.5 Fc 76156.5 Fc 67617 Fc 83935.5 Fc
Potatoes Yield 312460 Fc 212986 Fc 205101 Fc 172591 Fc 152389 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 40474 A 48987 A 32586 A 32497 A 37423 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 73273 A 102742 A 46574 A 57077 A 75491 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3760.89 A 4718.82 A 5760.12 A 3805.29 A 3720.16 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 18103.7 Fc 20973.3 Fc 14292.6 Fc 17563.8 Fc 20172.3 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 5673 5878.3 5497.8 5000 F 5086
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 141415 Im 137000 F 128208 108000 F 110000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 249277 Fc 233061 Fc 233199 Fc 216000 Fc 216280 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 18568 10983 25135 17250 10580
Rapeseed Production Quantity 71466 43933.7 78501 66590 40908
Rapeseed Seed 229.25 Fc 129.98 Fc 76.88 Fc 175.95 Fc 120.75 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 38488.8 Fc 40001.6 Fc 31231.8 Fc 38602.9 Fc 38665.4 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 25121 24527 23680 20960 21580
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 130375 94672.5 127311 121400 109569
Rice, paddy Seed 3838.56 Fc 4019.36 Fc 3924.32 Fc 3788.8 Fc 3353.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 51898.8 Fc 38599.3 Fc 53763.1 Fc 57919.8 Fc 50773.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 54927 A 51977 A 46149 A 57286 A 56043 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1690050 A 1093670 A 935084 A 976765 A 843723 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 62301 A 80479.5 A 76156.5 A 67617 A 83935.5 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 307689 Fc 210413 Fc 202623 Fc 170507 Fc 150549 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1490 1456 2135 1117 1117
Rye Production Quantity 6430 4773.5 8477 5017 5017
Rye Seed 64.64 Fc 238.4 Fc 232.96 Fc 341.6 Fc 178.72 Fc
Rye Yield 43154.4 Fc 32785 Fc 39704.9 Fc 44914.9 Fc 44914.9 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Seed
Soybeans Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 1671 Im 1638 Im 1640 Im 1600 F 1546
Strawberries Production Quantity 44213 Im 44121 Im 43911 Im 41000 F 40000 F
Strawberries Yield 264590 Fc 269359 Fc 267750 Fc 256250 Fc 258732 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 20236 16264 12869 14850 19515
Sugar beet Production Quantity 1951070 1420270 1042420 1208500 1517690
Sugar beet Yield 964158 Fc 873260 Fc 810024 Fc 813805 Fc 777704 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 2652 3053 4355 3610 2980
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 3373 7971.5 10006 7607 5996
Sunflower seed Seed 39.39 Fc 26.52 Fc 30.53 Fc 43.55 Fc 36.1 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 12718.7 Fc 26110.4 Fc 22975.9 Fc 21072 Fc 20120.8 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1274 Im 1206 Im 1071 Im 1329 Im 1300 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 13606 Im 12315 Im 10529 Im 10998 Im 9500 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 106797 Fc 102114 Fc 98310 Fc 82753.9 Fc 73076.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2312 2509 1652 2010 2737
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 7429 7949.5 5626 6214 8341
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 32132.3 Fc 31683.9 Fc 34055.7 Fc 30915.4 Fc 30475 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 13864 Im 13800 F 13000 F 15000 F 19500 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 872485 Im 900000 F 850000 F 977000 F 1270000 F
Tomatoes Yield 629317 Fc 652174 Fc 653846 Fc 651333 Fc 651282 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24799 A 23068 A 19500 A 17300 A 19867 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 57056 A 54556 A 46056 A 42061 A 45045 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 23007.4 Fc 23650.1 Fc 23618.5 Fc 24312.7 Fc 22673.3 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 26543 20963 17907 19243 19243
Triticale Production Quantity 113666 128951 81123 92721 92721
Triticale Yield 42823.3 Fc 61513.6 Fc 45302.4 Fc 48184.3 Fc 48184.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 6053 Im 6025 6791 5500 F 5202
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 140367 Im 120500 F 136500 F 110000 F 105000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 231897 Fc 200000 Fc 201001 Fc 200000 Fc 201845 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 83481 A 83093.8 A 85201.9 A 81639 A 84634 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2288870 A 2268950 A 2280550 A 2288690 A 2553000 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 274179 Fc 273059 Fc 267664 Fc 280343 Fc 301652 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 83481 A 83093.8 A 85201.9 A 81639 A 84634 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2288870 A 2268950 A 2280550 A 2288690 A 2553000 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 274179 Fc 273059 Fc 267664 Fc 280343 Fc 301652 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 16254 15451 12600 11100 14067
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 35000 F 32500 F 26000 F 24000 F 28000
Walnuts, with shell Yield 21533.2 Fc 21034.2 Fc 20634.9 Fc 21621.6 Fc 19904.7 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3281 3264 3159.2 3000 F 2906
Watermelons Production Quantity 53079 Im 52200 F 50300 F 48300 F 47000 F
Watermelons Yield 161777 Fc 159926 Fc 159218 Fc 161000 Fc 161734 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 271415 264304 280644 270546 228979
Wheat Production Quantity 1575820 1523920 1145290 1237690 1095870
Wheat Seed 39237 Fc 43426.4 Fc 42288.6 Fc 44903 Fc 43287.4 Fc
Wheat Yield 58059.4 Fc 57657.8 Fc 40809.3 Fc 45747.9 Fc 47859 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 5800 5800 6000 F 5900 5880
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 15000 9800 9000 8800 9100
Almonds, with shell Yield 25862.1 Fc 16896.5 Fc 15000 Fc 14915.3 Fc 15476.2 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 35200 34800 36095 35410 34865
Apples Production Quantity 1350000 1300000 1300000 1250000 1150000
Apples Yield 383523 Fc 373563 Fc 360161 Fc 353008 Fc 329844 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2100 F 2300 F 2400 2355 2350
Apricots Production Quantity 20000 F 22000 F 23000 26000 22000
Apricots Yield 95238.1 Fc 95652.2 Fc 95833.3 Fc 110403 Fc 93617 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 4300 F 4200 F 4000 3700 F 3400 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 33000 F 32000 F 30500 F 28500 F 26000 F
Artichokes Yield 76744.2 Fc 76190.5 Fc 76250 Fc 77027 Fc 76470.6 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 4300 F 4200 F 4100 4070 F 4030 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 21000 F 20000 F 19600 F 19500 F 19000 F
Asparagus Yield 48837.2 Fc 47619.1 Fc 47804.9 Fc 47911.6 Fc 47146.4 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 26700 26700 24000 23800 23260
Avocados Production Quantity 205000 160000 160000 140000 140000
Avocados Yield 76779 Fc 59925.1 Fc 66666.7 Fc 58823.5 Fc 60189.2 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 29060 21500 11630 17530 17450
Barley Production Quantity 136700 102417 56156 77010 77151
Barley Seed 1666.5 Fc 4359 Fc 3225 Fc 1744.5 Fc 2629.5 Fc
Barley Yield 47040.6 Fc 47635.8 Fc 48285.5 Fc 43930.4 Fc 44212.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 25650 23542 26532 25870 28190
Beans, dry Production Quantity 50262 44637 48751 47909 45043
Beans, dry Seed 1341.48 Fc 3078 Fc 2825.04 Fc 3183.84 Fc 3104.4 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 19595.3 Fc 18960.6 Fc 18374.4 Fc 18519.1 Fc 15978.4 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 5500 F 5400 F 5300 6926 Im 5300 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 34000 F 33000 F 32000 F 32500 F 32000 F
Beans, green Yield 61818.2 Fc 61111.1 Fc 60377.4 Fc 46924.6 Fc 60377.4 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2300 F 2250 F 2200 2220 F 2200 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 63000 F 62000 F 61000 F 62000 F 61500 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 273913 Fc 275556 Fc 277273 Fc 279279 Fc 279545 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 3700 F 3400 F 3800 3790 F 3780 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 130000 F 101000 F 99500 F 99000 F 98500 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 351351 Fc 297059 Fc 261842 Fc 261214 Fc 260582 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1700 F 1650 F 1600 1610 F 1590 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 37000 F 36500 F 35500 F 36000 F 35500 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 217647 Fc 221212 Fc 221875 Fc 223602 Fc 223270 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 594456 A 686445 A 706925 A 685127 A 652128 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3512350 A 3950170 A 3959690 A 3645940 A 3332930 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 56703.7 A 75297.4 A 88655 A 93773.4 A 91738.8 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 59085.1 Fc 57545.3 Fc 56012.9 Fc 53215.6 Fc 51108.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 594456 A 686445 A 706925 A 685127 A 652128 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3565730 A 3989070 A 3999410 A 3692850 A 3380200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 56703.7 A 75297.4 A 88655 A 93773.4 A 91738.8 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 59983.1 Fc 58112.1 Fc 56574.7 Fc 53900.2 Fc 51833.3 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 7600 7100 7200 6990 6550
Cherries Production Quantity 41000 32000 32000 29500 29000
Cherries Yield 53947.4 Fc 45070.4 Fc 44444.4 Fc 42203.2 Fc 44274.8 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 3960 3090 3690 3840 3240
Chick peas Production Quantity 3243 2919 2941 3085 3024
Chick peas Seed 207.9 Fc 277.2 Fc 216.3 Fc 258.3 Fc 268.8 Fc
Chick peas Yield 8189.39 Fc 9446.6 Fc 7970.19 Fc 8033.85 Fc 9333.33 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 2500 F 3000 F 3700 3650 F 3600 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 42500 F 51000 F 63000 F 62500 F 62000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 170000 Fc 170000 Fc 170270 Fc 171233 Fc 172222 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15400 A 15400 A 14800 A 14566 A 14350 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 293000 A 305000 A 305000 A 285000 A 270000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 190260 Fc 198052 Fc 206081 Fc 195661 Fc 188153 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 251756 A 241755 A 261625 A 241197 A 198048 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2001730 A 2020300 A 1958490 A 1754920 A 1417880 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 16614.3 A 20465.4 A 17504.6 A 22525.4 A 20710 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 79510.6 Fc 83568.2 Fc 74858.7 Fc 72758.7 Fc 71592.6 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1300 F 1250 F 1230 F 1200 F 1160 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 29000 F 28000 F 27500 F 27000 F 26500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 223077 Fc 224000 Fc 223577 Fc 225000 Fc 228448 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 1658 Im 1900 F 1800 F 1700 F 1650 F
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 19385 A 19100 A 18450 A 17800 A 20294 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 20485 A 20785 A 20050 A 19290 A 13804 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 10567.5 Fc 10882.2 Fc 10867.2 Fc 10837.1 Fc 6802.01 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2600 F 2500 F 2400 F 2300 F 2250 F
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 2600 F 2500 F 2400 F 2300 F 2250 F
Flax fibre and tow Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 320669 A 316816 A 314858 A 309346 A 306461 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5217120 A 5034800 A 4678300 A 4647200 A 4251500 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 162695 Fc 158919 Fc 148584 Fc 150227 Fc 138729 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2521 Im 2500 F 2300 F 2200 F 2756 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 13617 Im 13000 F 12800 F 12500 F 21395 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 54014.3 Fc 52000 Fc 55652.2 Fc 56818.2 Fc 77630.6 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 1800 F 2500 F 2700 2800 F 2900 F
Garlic Production Quantity 12000 F 17000 F 18500 F 19500 F 20000 F
Garlic Yield 66666.7 Fc 68000 Fc 68518.5 Fc 69642.9 Fc 68965.5 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 181848 179096 175365 172635 170726
Grapes Production Quantity 2300000 F 2250000 1900000 1985000 1750000
Grapes Yield 126479 Fc 125631 Fc 108345 Fc 114982 Fc 102503 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 4600 F 4600 F 4550 F 4500 F 4400 F
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 4385 F 4385 F 4350 F 4290 F 4180 F
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 9532.61 Fc 9532.61 Fc 9560.44 Fc 9533.33 Fc 9500 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 1437 Im 1300 F 1270 F 1250 F 1200 F
Hempseed Production Quantity 1473 Im 1300 F 1270 F 1250 F 1200 F
Hempseed Seed 253.8 Fc 258.66 Fc 234 Fc 228.6 Fc 225 Fc
Hempseed Yield 10250.5 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 12185 A 12000 A 11500 A 11000 A 13644 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 11842 A 12000 A 11500 A 11000 A 5724 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 9718.51 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 4195.25 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 6700 6600 9000 F 7700 7700
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 170000 150000 145000 125000 128000
Kiwi fruit Yield 253731 Fc 227273 Fc 161111 Fc 162338 Fc 166234 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 2400 F 2500 F 2550 F 2500 F 2400 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 19500 F 20000 F 20500 F 20000 F 19500 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 81250 Fc 80000 Fc 80392.2 Fc 80000 Fc 81250 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 7200 7200 7000 6900 6800
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 145000 165000 165000 160000 150000
Lemons and limes Yield 201389 Fc 229167 Fc 235714 Fc 231884 Fc 220588 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1150 1160 1020 910 1100
Lentils Production Quantity 713 1063 791 701 632
Lentils Seed 69.12 Fc 92 Fc 92.8 Fc 81.6 Fc 72.8 Fc
Lentils Yield 6200 Fc 9163.79 Fc 7754.9 Fc 7703.3 Fc 5745.45 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 6700 F 6600 F 6500 6350 F 6250 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 93000 F 90000 F 89000 F 87000 F 86000 F
Lettuce and chicory Yield 138806 Fc 136364 Fc 136923 Fc 137008 Fc 137600 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1280 F 1250 F 1200 F 1150 F 1110 F
Linseed Production Quantity 1150 F 1125 F 1080 F 1035 F 1000 F
Linseed Seed 11.5 Fc 12.8 Fc 12.5 Fc 12 Fc 11.5 Fc
Linseed Yield 8984.38 Fc 9000 Fc 9000 Fc 9000 Fc 9009.01 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 28490 25300 19150 15720 15540
Lupins Production Quantity 70479 63246 52011 43520 31060
Lupins Seed 2537.76 Fc 3418.8 Fc 3036 Fc 2298 Fc 1886.4 Fc
Lupins Yield 24738.2 Fc 24998.4 Fc 27159.8 Fc 27684.5 Fc 19987.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 123560 134280 119320 119000 87270
Maize Production Quantity 1381890 1507770 1320610 1189730 924211
Maize Seed 2514.26 Fc 2471.2 Fc 2685.6 Fc 2386.4 Fc 2380 Fc
Maize Yield 111840 Fc 112286 Fc 110678 Fc 99977.3 Fc 105902 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 13000 F 15000 F 16700 F 16500 F 16300 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 200000 F 230000 F 252000 F 250000 F 245000 F
Maize, green Yield 153846 Fc 153333 Fc 150898 Fc 151515 Fc 150307 Fc
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 39 Im 35 F 34 F 33 F 32 F
Oats Area Harvested 90190 76680 122580 104620 93250
Oats Production Quantity 435041 357352 538600 488050 416297
Oats Seed 12254.8 Fc 13528.5 Fc 11502 Fc 18387 Fc 15693 Fc
Oats Yield 48236.1 Fc 46603 Fc 43938.7 Fc 46649.8 Fc 44643.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 18897 A 16730 A 9596 A 10115 A 4784 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 32485.4 A 29266.5 A 14118.4 A 14748.1 A 4348.48 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 230.66 A 245.48 A 220.42 A 187.18 A 187.08 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 17190.8 Fc 17493.4 Fc 14712.8 Fc 14580.5 Fc 9089.63 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 24697 A 22430 A 15596 A 15965 A 10408 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 27458.5 A 24290.9 A 14752.2 A 14287.8 A 6659.44 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 105.3 A 113.43 A 100.82 A 81.19 A 81.96 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 11118.1 Fc 10829.6 Fc 9458.95 Fc 8949.45 Fc 6398.39 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 5800 5700 6000 5850 5624
Olives Production Quantity 30000 26000 26000 22000 18000
Olives Yield 51724.1 Fc 45614 Fc 43333.3 Fc 37606.8 Fc 32005.7 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 7900 F 7800 F 7500 7000 F 6500 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 385000 F 380000 F 365000 F 340000 F 315000 F
Onions, dry Yield 487342 Fc 487179 Fc 486667 Fc 485714 Fc 484615 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 8200 8200 7800 7666 7550
Oranges Production Quantity 148000 140000 140000 125000 120000
Oranges Yield 180488 Fc 170732 Fc 179487 Fc 163058 Fc 158940 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 12185 Im 12000 F 11500 F 11000 F 13644 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 11842 Im 12000 F 11500 F 11000 F 5724 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 9718.51 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 4195.25 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3200 F 3500 F 3800 F 4000 F 4150 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 48000 F 53000 F 58000 F 61000 F 64000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 150000 Fc 151429 Fc 152632 Fc 152500 Fc 154217 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 200 F 220 F 250 F 300 F 350 F
Papayas Production Quantity 3500 F 3800 F 4300 F 5200 F 6100 F
Papayas Yield 175000 Fc 172727 Fc 172000 Fc 173333 Fc 174286 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 19700 19700 20068 19815 19594
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 345000 311000 311000 304000 293000
Peaches and nectarines Yield 175127 Fc 157868 Fc 154973 Fc 153419 Fc 149536 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 6900 6900 7920 8470 9480
Pears Production Quantity 199000 210000 210000 205000 203000
Pears Yield 288406 Fc 304348 Fc 265152 Fc 242031 Fc 214135 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1557 1414 1297 1297 1182
Peas, dry Production Quantity 2134 1686 1023 1023 879
Peas, dry Seed 164.06 Fc 202.41 Fc 183.82 Fc 168.61 Fc 168.61 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 13705.8 Fc 11923.6 Fc 7887.43 Fc 7887.43 Fc 7436.55 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 4000 F 4500 F 5000 5080 F 5050 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 24000 F 27000 F 30000 F 30700 F 30500 F
Peas, green Yield 60000 Fc 60000 Fc 60000 Fc 60433.1 Fc 60396 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 14500 14400 14460 14115 13530
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 244000 250000 250000 255000 215000
Plums and sloes Yield 168276 Fc 173611 Fc 172891 Fc 180659 Fc 158906 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 63200 55620 59560 56000 61360
Potatoes Production Quantity 1391380 1115740 1144170 1093730 1303270
Potatoes Seed 82114.5 Fc 94800 Fc 83430 Fc 89340 Fc 84000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 220155 Fc 200601 Fc 192104 Fc 195309 Fc 212397 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 60807 A 54506 A 51689 A 47637 A 49252 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 126831 A 113551 A 105517 A 96238 A 80638 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4320.32 A 7068.41 A 6353.96 A 5990.35 A 5501.01 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 20858 Fc 20832.8 Fc 20413.8 Fc 20202.4 Fc 16372.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 5100 F 5050 F 5000 5030 F 5020 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 105000 F 102500 F 100000 F 102000 F 101000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 205882 Fc 202970 Fc 200000 Fc 202783 Fc 201195 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 13520 12400 4926 5346 1200
Rapeseed Production Quantity 47200 44000 18500 19541 3500
Rapeseed Seed 74.06 Fc 94.64 Fc 86.8 Fc 34.48 Fc 37.42 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 34911.2 Fc 35483.9 Fc 37555.8 Fc 36552.6 Fc 29166.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 27980 25030 24900 28230 27980
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 160315 116832 119265 140849 141927
Rice, paddy Seed 3452.8 Fc 4476.8 Fc 4004.8 Fc 3984 Fc 4516.8 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 57296.3 Fc 46676.8 Fc 47897.6 Fc 49893.4 Fc 50724.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 64450 A 56850 A 60760 A 57160 A 62510 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1400680 A 1124740 A 1152920 A 1102230 A 1311320 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 82114.5 A 94800 A 83430 A 89340 A 84000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 217328 Fc 197843 Fc 189750 Fc 192832 Fc 209778 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 667 575 47 47 78
Rye Production Quantity 1956 1981 127 127 219
Rye Seed 178.72 Fc 106.72 Fc 92 Fc 7.52 Fc 7.52 Fc
Rye Yield 29325.3 Fc 34452.2 Fc 27021.3 Fc 27021.3 Fc 28076.9 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Seed
Soybeans Yield
Strawberries Area Harvested 1300 F 1100 F 1000 F 990 F 950 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 33000 F 28000 F 25200 F 25000 F 24000
Strawberries Yield 253846 Fc 254545 Fc 252000 Fc 252525 Fc 252632 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 27670 31410 29430 27077 47413
Sugar beet Production Quantity 2199780 2597770 2278300 2177870 3554790
Sugar beet Yield 795005 Fc 827052 Fc 774142 Fc 804325 Fc 749750 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 2660 1780 2200 2369 1274
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5284 2793 3218 3317 1784
Sunflower seed Seed 29.8 Fc 26.6 Fc 17.8 Fc 22 Fc 23.69 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 19864.7 Fc 15691 Fc 14627.3 Fc 14001.7 Fc 14003.1 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1250 F 1230 F 1200 F 1160 F 1150 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 9300 F 9000 F 8750 F 8500 F 8050 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 74400 Fc 73170.7 Fc 72916.7 Fc 73275.9 Fc 70000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2770 3090 2970 2700 2270
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 8349 9850 9321 7713 6976
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 30140.8 Fc 31877 Fc 31383.8 Fc 28566.7 Fc 30731.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 19000 F 18500 F 17900 19000 F 19500 *
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1250000 F 1230000 F 1200000 F 1250000 F 1287000 *
Tomatoes Yield 657895 Fc 664865 Fc 670391 Fc 657895 Fc 660000 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15500 A 15400 A 15230 A 14800 A 14530 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 41039 A 24335 A 23534 A 22333 A 23132 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 26476.8 Fc 15802 Fc 15452.4 Fc 15089.9 Fc 15920.2 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 8279 8720 8048
Triticale Production Quantity 46139 50782 42998
Triticale Yield 55730.2 Fc 58236.2 Fc 53426.9 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 5500 F 6000 F 6400 F 6350 F 6300 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 111000 F 122000 F 131000 F 130000 F 128000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 201818 Fc 203333 Fc 204688 Fc 204724 Fc 203175 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 97700 A 101300 A 104180 A 106276 A 104430 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2694000 A 2700000 A 2700600 A 2730200 A 2739500 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 275742 Fc 266535 Fc 259224 Fc 256897 Fc 262329 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 97700 A 101300 A 104180 A 106276 A 104430 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2694000 A 2700000 A 2700600 A 2730200 A 2739500 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 275742 Fc 266535 Fc 259224 Fc 256897 Fc 262329 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 9700 9600 9230 8900 8650
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 26000 14500 14500 13500 14000
Walnuts, with shell Yield 26804.1 Fc 15104.2 Fc 15709.6 Fc 15168.5 Fc 16185 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3500 F 4000 F 4200 F 4500 F 5000 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 57000 F 65000 F 68000 F 73000 F 82500 F
Watermelons Yield 162857 Fc 162500 Fc 161905 Fc 162222 Fc 165000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 314720 419660 420400 415700 426100
Wheat Production Quantity 1403690 1851940 1921650 1797080 1820390
Wheat Seed 36636.6 Fc 50355.2 Fc 67145.6 Fc 67264 Fc 66512 Fc
Wheat Yield 44601.2 Fc 44129.5 Fc 45710 Fc 43230.2 Fc 42722.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 15789 Fm 15743 Fm 15786 Fm 15776 Fm 15736 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 31.7 W 77.8 Fm 11.6 Fm 9.9 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 886.7 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 31.7 W 77.8 Fm 11.6 Fm 9.9 Fm
Arable land Area 1317 Fm 1271 Fm 1314 Fm 1304 Fm 1266 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1774 Fm 1728 Fm 1771 Fm 1761 Fm 1723 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 0.5 W 0.8 W 0.8 I 0.9 I
Arable land organic, total Area 0.5 W 0.8 W 0.8 I 0.9 I
Country area Area 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q
Fallow land Area 420 Q
Forest area Area 16268.6 Fm 16231 Q 16193.4 Fm 16155.8 Fm 16118.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Q 1256.4 Q
Land area Area 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q
Other land Area 42295.6 Fm 42379.2 Fm 42373.8 Fm 42421.4 Fm 42499 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 1464 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 12549 Q
Permanent crops Area 457 Fm 457 Fm 457 Fm 457 Fm 457 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 14.6 W 13.9 Q 9.5 I 8.9 I
Permanent crops organic, total Area 14.6 W 13.9 Q 9.5 I 8.9 I
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 14015 Fm 14015 Fm 14015 Fm 14015 Fm 14013 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 16.6 W 63.1 Q 1.3 I 0.1 I
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 16.6 W 63.1 Q 1.3 I 0.1 I
Temporary crops Area 734 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 112 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1900 Fm 1900 Fm 1900 Fm 1900 Fm 1900 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 15800 Fm 15885 Fm 15935 Fm 15425 Fm 15565 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 7.7 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.7 Q 22.9 I
Arable land Area 1350 Fm 1450 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1650 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1800 Fm 1885 Fm 1935 Fm 1925 Fm 2065 Fm
Arable land area certified organic Area
Arable land organic, total Area
Country area Area 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q 75609.6 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 16080.6 Fm 16043 Q 16001.2 Fm 15959.4 Fm 15917.6 Fm
Inland water Area 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Fm 1256.4 Fm
Land area Area 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q 74353.2 Q
Other land Area 42472.6 Fm 42425.2 Fm 42417 Fm 42968.8 Fm 42870.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent crops Area 450 Fm 435 Fm 435 Fm 425 Fm 415 Fm
Permanent crops area certified organic Area
Permanent crops organic, total Area
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 14000 Fm 14000 Fm 14000 Fm 13500 Fm 13500 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area
Temporary crops Area
Temporary meadows and pastures Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1900 Fm 1900 Fm 1900 Fm 1900 F 1900 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files