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Datasheet

Botswana

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Botswana
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 582,000
  • Climates: Dry
  • Capital: Gaborone
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 1,881,432
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$6,120
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$11,515,421,696
  • GDP: US$12,311,471,104
  • Agriculture, value added: US$206,378,064
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO, 2014; Molefe, 1975; IMI Herbarium unda; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur & King, 1988b; Molefe, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentNativeMcNally & Schneider, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentMpuchane et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Restricted distributionde Meyer, 1998; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentCIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadCurtis & Hawkins, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2002; White & Elson-Harris, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentSithole et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, few occurrencesRehn, 1944
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentObopile et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentMpuchane et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)WidespreadChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)WidespreadHaggis, 1984; UK CAB International, 1972; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentTebele, 2017
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Unconfirmed recordIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2011; Moor & Bruton, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)WidespreadNativeYesCraig, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeSpawls et al., 2002; Bayless, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Restricted distributionNativeDyer et al., 1963; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadIntroducedYesSmith, 1993; Mitchell & Tur, 1975; ISSG, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeBuss , 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)WidespreadIntroducedYesPhillips, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)WidespreadNativePhilcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)WidespreadIntroducedYesPhillips, 1991; Karikari et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014; Boland, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedBuss , 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentKarikari et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedStruwig & Siebert, 2013; Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentIntroducedYesMakhabu & Marotsi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentWells et al., 1986; Brenan, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadNativeGibbs Russell et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015; Heath & Heath, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedGibbs-Russel et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPOSA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Restricted distributionYesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Launert & Pope, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedProta4U, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeGibbs-Russell et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)WidespreadIntroducedFox & Young, 1982; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002; PROTA, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNotten, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedBuss , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentWells et al., 1986; Martins, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1997; Excell, 1961
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentBonyongo et al., 2000; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014; Bisby et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedWyk et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentGibbs-Russel et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeGibbs Russel et al., 1955
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedYesBuss , 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedCJB, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedChild, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedCook, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al., 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentSetshogo, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeGibbs et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentLaunert, 1971; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedYesKurugundla, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedLaunert, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedCJB, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesBotswana Government, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedPasiecznik et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)PresentIntroducedBotswana Government, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentMielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013; Hansen, 1975; Philcox, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Buss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesBuss , 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedYesBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedBuss, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentNativeHilliard, 1977; Werner et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWelman, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)WidespreadNativeOudtshoorn F van, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeParker & Riches, 1993; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedYesHaysom & Murphy, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentPhillips, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeAfrica Plants Database, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedFeenstra & Clements, 2008; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentWells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativePerold & Rooy, 1993
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Last reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusLast reported 1994OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbluetongue virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusclassical swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadBurke et al., 1986; Bashir & Hampton, 1996b; Bashir, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1899OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE, 2012; Carmichael & Hobday, 1975; Fanikiso & Ndzinge, 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxLast reported 2008OIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Mushi et al., 1999
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009; Fanikiso & Ndzinge, 1992
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Mushi et al., 1992
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2012
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentMushi et al., 2001; Sharma et al., 2003
classical swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourinePresentOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsRestricted distributionOIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaLast reported 1995OIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Roe, 1955
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2012
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
leptospirosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE, 2012; von Backstrom, 1945
malignant catarrhal feverLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE, 2012
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2012
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al., 2006
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2012; Masupu, 1992
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestOIE, 2012
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationNo information availableOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Theileria parva infectionsLocalisedNorval et al., 1992
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisPresentAU-IBAR, 2011
tuberculosisPresentAU-IBAR, 2011
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2012; Hubalek & Halouzka, 1999
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested173868A 134740A 151760A 101766A 48987A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity68381A 50345A 54430A 36782A 31312A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed3317.6A 3317.6A 2849.3A 2973.41A 2529.15A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield3932.93Fc3736.46Fc3586.58Fc3614.37Fc6391.9Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested2171Im2401Im2253Im2439Im2200F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity4890Im3600F 1993Im2442Im1800F
Cereals, nesYield22524.2Fc14993.8Fc8845.98Fc10012.3Fc8181.82Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested173868A 134740A 151760A 101766A 48987A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity68381A 50345A 54430A 36782A 31312A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed3317.6A 3317.6A 2849.3A 2973.41A 2529.15A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield3932.93Fc3736.46Fc3586.58Fc3614.37Fc6391.9Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested130A 122A 120A 153A 152A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity600A 520A 500A 850A 980A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield46153.8Fc42622.9Fc41666.7Fc55555.6Fc64473.7Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested173868A 134740A 151760A 101636A 48907A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity68381A 50345A 54430A 36678A 31240A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed3302A 3302A 2833.7A 2957.81A 2513.55A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield3932.93Fc3736.46Fc3586.58Fc3608.76Fc6387.63Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity220F 220F 450F 590Im499Im
CottonseedProduction Quantity590F 590F 1217Im1445Im1256Im
CottonseedSeed8.8Fc8.8Fc8.6Fc8Fc7.74Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested440A 430A 400A 387A 415A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity220A 220A 450A 590A 499A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield5000Fc5116.28Fc11250Fc15245.5Fc12024.1Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2130A 1911A 1920A 2387A 2376A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6600A 5920A 6000A 7850A 7980A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield30985.9Fc30978.5Fc31250Fc32886.5Fc33585.9Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested2000F 1789Im1800F 2234Im2224Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity6000F 5400Im5500* 7000* 7000*
Fruit Fresh NesYield30000Fc30184.5Fc30555.6Fc31333.9Fc31474.8Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested822530752350959293
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity4800F 182615391160* 256
Groundnuts, with shellSeed342Fc342Fc153.36Fc115.42Fc119.27Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield5835.87Fc5938.21Fc6548.94Fc12095.9Fc8737.2Fc
MaizeArea Harvested85000F 65388827104863317705
MaizeProduction Quantity16644105722009389672158
MaizeSeed1652Fc1652Fc1541.13Fc1665.05Fc1246Fc
MaizeYield1958.12Fc1616.81Fc2429.33Fc1843.81Fc1218.86Fc
MilletArea Harvested8000F 9476813676502319
MilletProduction Quantity2060340627671636656
MilletSeed150Fc150Fc162.63Fc147.02Fc170.21Fc
MilletYield2575Fc3594.34Fc3400.93Fc2138.56Fc2828.81Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested14665A 9129A 5603A 9770A 2241A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity4709.9A 3325.04A 2034.57A 5003.55A 1940.1A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed155.83A 155.83A 82.24A 57.42A 85.81A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield3211.66Fc3642.28Fc3631.22Fc5121.34Fc8657.3Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested14665A 9129A 5603A 9770A 2241A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3789.4A 2674.98A 1379.66A 3916.6A 1326.54A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed122.66A 122.66A 64.46A 44.18A 68.89A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield2583.98Fc2930.2Fc2462.36Fc4008.8Fc5919.41Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested31Im27Im25Im26Im30Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity664Im585Im521Im554Im481Im
Onions, dryYield214194Fc216667Fc208400Fc213077Fc160333Fc
OrangesArea Harvested130F 122Im120F 153Im152Im
OrangesProduction Quantity600F 520Im500* 850* 980*
OrangesYield46153.8Fc42622.9Fc41666.7Fc55555.6Fc64473.7Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested347301699519585139383760
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity3841387343132305805
Pulses, nesSeed868.25Fc868.25Fc424.88Fc489.63Fc348.45Fc
Pulses, nesYield1105.96Fc2278.91Fc2202.2Fc1653.75Fc2140.96Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested34730A 16995A 19585A 13938A 3760A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3841A 3873A 4313A 2305A 805A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed868.25A 868.25A 424.88A 489.63A 348.45A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield1105.96Fc2278.91Fc2202.2Fc1653.75Fc2140.96Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested8492Im8247Im7999Im13375Im13454Im
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity97037Im92934Im83175Im90000F 94000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield114269Fc112688Fc103982Fc67289.7Fc69867.7Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested8492A 8247A 7999A 13375A 13454A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity97037A 92934A 83175A 90000A 94000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield114269Fc112688Fc103982Fc67289.7Fc69867.7Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested440F 430F 400F 387Im415Im
Seed cottonProduction Quantity978Im1261Im1377Im2484Im1919Im
Seed cottonYield22227.3Fc29325.6Fc34425Fc64186.1Fc46241Fc
SorghumArea Harvested7869757475586614291426683
SorghumProduction Quantity4478732767295772363326626
SorghumSeed1500Fc1500Fc1129.94Fc1145.74Fc1097.34Fc
SorghumYield5691.07Fc5701.09Fc5042.02Fc5507.06Fc9978.64Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested6000F 5624285384241533
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity5500F 4958176481402558
Sunflower seedSeed45.5Fc45.5Fc41.66Fc20.17Fc77.74Fc
Sunflower seedYield9166.67Fc8815.79Fc6182.97Fc9662.87Fc16686.2Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested3600F 355236434000F 4037Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity39500F 39249253003115030020
Vegetables fresh nesYield109722Fc110498Fc69448.3Fc77875Fc74362.1Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested3631A 3579A 3668A 4026A 4067A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity40164A 39834A 25821A 31704A 30501A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield110614Fc111299Fc70395.3Fc78748.1Fc74996.3Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3631A 3579A 3668A 4026A 4067A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity40164A 39834A 25821A 31704A 30501A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield110614Fc111299Fc70395.3Fc78748.1Fc74996.3Fc
WheatArea HarvestedF F 13080
WheatProduction QuantityF F 10472
WheatSeed15.6F 15.6F 15.6F 15.6Fc15.6Fc
WheatYield8000Fc9000Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested117010A 83120A 97173A 29609A 96620A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity43532A 36841A 26668A 35930A 34674A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed1169.43A 2190.69A 1641.8A 1942.03A 1195.83A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield3720.37Fc4432.27Fc2744.38Fc12134.8Fc3588.7Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested1360Im1830Im1864Im2000F 2200F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity1289Im1911Im1627Im1600F 1800F
Cereals, nesYield9477.94Fc10442.6Fc8728.54Fc8000Fc8181.82Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested117010A 83120A 97173A 29609A 96620A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity43532A 36841A 26668A 35930A 34674A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed1169.43A 2190.69A 1641.8A 1942.03A 1195.83A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield3720.37Fc4432.27Fc2744.38Fc12134.8Fc3588.7Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested155A 157A 156A 155A 162A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity642A 600A 614A 723A 670A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield41419.3Fc38216.6Fc39359Fc46645.2Fc41358Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested116733A 82830A 96872A 29333A 96277A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity43076A 36427A 26301A 35591A 34143A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed1159.83A 2157.45A 1607A 1905.91A 1162.71A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield3690.13Fc4397.8Fc2715.03Fc12133.4Fc3546.33Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity664Im783Im732Im693Im770F
CottonseedProduction Quantity1439Im1412Im1471Im1283Im1600F
CottonseedSeed8.3Fc11.52Fc22Fc22Fc22Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested576A 508A 580A 585A 685A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity664A 783A 732A 693A 770A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield11527.8Fc15413.4Fc12620.7Fc11846.2Fc11240.9Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2429A 2455A 2436A 2416A 2530A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity12130A 11795A 11850A 12200A 11316A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield49938.3Fc48044.8Fc48645.3Fc50496.7Fc44727.3Fc
Fruit Fresh NesArea Harvested2274Im2298Im2280Im2261Im2368Im
Fruit Fresh NesProduction Quantity11488Im11195Im11236Im11477Im10646Im
Fruit Fresh NesYield50518.9Fc48716.3Fc49280.7Fc50760.7Fc44957.8Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested1000521Im1000600F 1000
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity570576Im483578137
Groundnuts, with shellSeed108.32Fc36Fc43.2Fc36Fc43.2Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield5700Fc11055.7Fc4830Fc9633.33Fc1370Fc
MaizeArea Harvested6037370000* 43208761755803
MaizeProduction Quantity1516216080* 7529163316447
MaizeSeed574Fc1092.45Fc1442Fc885.91Fc530.04Fc
MaizeYield2511.39Fc2297.14Fc1742.5Fc2143.89Fc2947.33Fc
MilletArea Harvested3000F 1000F 800F 500F 800F
MilletProduction Quantity500F 120F 95F 60F 91
MilletSeed89.1Fc105Fc15Fc105Fc45Fc
MilletYield1666.67Fc1200Fc1187.5Fc1200Fc1137.5Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested7103A 6410A 7780A 7185A 9618A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity3709.86A 4229A 4035.75A 4163.97A 3970.06A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed52.54A 43.24A 51.32A 48.59A 51.32A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield5222.95Fc6597.5Fc5187.34Fc5795.37Fc4127.74Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested7103A 6410A 7780A 7185A 9618A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2808.35A 3268.72A 3086.26A 3248.68A 3003.1A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed40.06A 33.31A 37.14A 34.98A 37.14A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield3953.75Fc5099.41Fc3966.92Fc4521.48Fc3122.37Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested28Im26Im24Im25F 45F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity448Im430Im448Im400700F
Onions, dryYield160000Fc165385Fc186667Fc160000Fc155556Fc
OrangesArea Harvested155Im157Im156Im155Im162Im
OrangesProduction Quantity642Im600P 614Im723Im670Im
OrangesYield41419.3Fc38216.6Fc39359Fc46645.2Fc41358Fc
Pulses, nesArea Harvested20000F 30000F 36500F 36000F 35000F
Pulses, nesProduction Quantity7000F 15000F 25000F 24000F 21000F
Pulses, nesSeed94Fc500Fc750Fc912.5Fc900Fc
Pulses, nesYield3500Fc5000Fc6849.32Fc6666.67Fc6000Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested20000A 30000A 36500A 36000A 35000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity7000A 15000A 25000A 24000A 21000A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed94A 500A 750A 912.5A 900A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield3500Fc5000Fc6849.32Fc6666.67Fc6000Fc
Roots and Tubers, nesArea Harvested13307Im13217Im13002Im12457Im12257Im
Roots and Tubers, nesProduction Quantity93500F 99714Im101484Im84613Im93000F
Roots and Tubers, nesYield70263.8Fc75443.8Fc78052.6Fc67924.1Fc75875Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested13307A 13217A 13002A 12457A 12257A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity93500A 99714A 101484A 84613A 93000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield70263.8Fc75443.8Fc78052.6Fc67924.1Fc75875Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested576Im508Im580Im585Im685Im
Seed cottonProduction Quantity2393Im2348Im2446Im2134Im2500F
Seed cottonYield41545.1Fc46220.5Fc42172.4Fc36478.6Fc36496.3Fc
SorghumArea Harvested5200010000510001921637474
SorghumProduction Quantity2612518316170503229815805
SorghumSeed496.73Fc960Fc150Fc915Fc587.67Fc
SorghumYield5024.04Fc18316Fc3343.14Fc16807.9Fc4217.59Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested5527Im5381Im6200F 6000P 7933Im
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity5871Im7000F 6600P 7000F 6600F
Sunflower seedSeed15.2Fc50.4Fc50.4Fc50.4Fc50.4Fc
Sunflower seedYield10622.4Fc13008.7Fc10645.2Fc11666.7Fc8319.68Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested4060Im4379Im4060Im4104Im3672Im
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity23000F 16207Im16260Im16498Im16591Im
Vegetables fresh nesYield56650.3Fc37010.7Fc40049.3Fc40199.8Fc45182.5Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested4088A 4405A 4084A 4129A 3717A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity23448A 16637A 16708A 16898A 17291A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield57358.1Fc37768.4Fc40910.9Fc40925.2Fc46518.7Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested4088A 4405A 4084A 4129A 3717A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity23448A 16637A 16708A 16898A 17291A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield57358.1Fc37768.4Fc40910.9Fc40925.2Fc46518.7Fc
WheatArea Harvested277Im290Im301Im276Im343Im
WheatProduction Quantity456Im414Im367Im339Im531Im
WheatSeed9.6Fc33.24Fc34.8Fc36.12Fc33.12Fc
WheatYield16462.1Fc14275.9Fc12192.7Fc12282.6Fc15481Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea25861Fm25861Fm25918Fm25881Fm25784Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea0.75Q 0.6599999999999999Q 1.5Q 0.21000000000000002Q
Arable landArea259Fm259Q 316Q 279Q 182Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea261Fm261Fm318Fm281Fm184Fm
Country areaArea58173Q 58173Q 58173Q 58173Q 58173Q
Fallow landArea16Fm16Q 63Q 52Q 74Q
Forest areaArea11232.6Fm11351Q 11469.4Fm11587.8Fm11706.2Fm
Inland waterArea1500Fm1500Fm1500Fm1500Fm1500Fm
Land areaArea56673Fm56673Fm56673Fm56673Fm56673Fm
Other landArea19579.4Fm19461Fm19285.6Fm19204.2Fm19182.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea2Fm2Fm2Fm2Fm2Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea25600Fm25600Fm25600Fm25600Fm25600Fm
Temporary cropsArea243Fm243W 253W 227W 108Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea2Fm2Fm1.5Fm1.5Fm1.5Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea25803Fm25841.5Fm25826Fm25796Fm25846Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea0.3Q 0.3Q 0.13999999999999998Q
Arable landArea201Q 240Fm225Q 195Q 245Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea203Fm241.5Fm226Fm196Fm246Fm
Country areaArea58173Q 58173W 58173W 58173Q 58173Q
Fallow landArea19Q 68Q 99Q
Forest areaArea11824.6Fm11943E 12061.4Fm12179.8Fm12298.2Fm
Inland waterArea1500Fm1500Fm1500Fm1500Fm1500Fm
Land areaArea56673Fm56673Fm56673Fm56673Q 56673Q
Other landArea19045.4Fm18888.5Fm18785.6Fm18697.2Fm18528.8Fm
Permanent cropsArea2Fm1.5Q 1Q 1Fm1Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea25600Fm25600Fm25600Fm25600F 25600F
Temporary cropsArea182Q 158Q 96Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1.5Fm1.5Fm1.5Fm1.5Fm1.44I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data