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Datasheet

Botswana

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviae Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native UK CAB International, 1988; Milliano, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present EPPO, 2014; Molefe, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2006; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Thakur and King, 1988b; Molefe, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma hebraeum Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Native McNally and Schneider, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Mpuchane et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Restricted distribution de Meyer, 1998; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Curtis and Hawkins, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; White and Elson-Harris, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Sithole et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present, few occurrences Rehn, 1944.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Obopile et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Mpuchane et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Widespread UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present Tebele, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2011; Moor and Bruton, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesCraig, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Dyer et al., 1963; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread Introduced YesMitchell and Tur, 1975; Smith, 1993; ISSG, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Widespread Introduced YesPhillips, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoWells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Widespread Native NoPhilcox, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Introduced YesPhillips, 1991; Karikari et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014; Boland, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced Buss , 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Karikari et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Struwig and Siebert, 2013; Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Introduced YesMakhabu and Marotsi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Wells et al., 1986; Brenan, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Brenan, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla) Localised Introduced YesHenderson, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015; Heath and Heath, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoGibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced POSA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Restricted distribution YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native Clayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Widespread Introduced Fox and Young, 1982; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis bicolor Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Native NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis sarmentosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Buss, 2002; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced Notten, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Buss , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Wells et al., 1986; Martins, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Bonyongo et al., 2000; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Wyk et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Native ISSG, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Gibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesBuss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoGibbs Russel et al., 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced YesBuss , 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present CJB, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Introduced Child, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Cook, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Fernandes et al., 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Setshogo, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoGibbs et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present NoMairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present YesKurugundla, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced Launert, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced CJB, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present Introduced YesBotswana Government, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced Pasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite) Present Introduced Botswana Government, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite) Present, few occurrences Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Hansen, 1975; Philcox, 1990; Mielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesHolm et al., 1979; Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesBuss , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Native Cope, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced YesBuss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced Buss, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchmidtia kalahariensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present Native Hilliard, 1977; Werner et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Clayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoWelman, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Widespread Native NoOudtshoorn F van, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoParker and Riches, 1993; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Hepper, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Phillips, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoAfrica Plants Database, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Feenstra and Clements, 2008; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Perold and Rooy, 1993.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parva Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread Burke et al., 1986; Bashir, 1992; Bashir and Hampton, 1996b; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE, 2012; Carmichael and Hobday, 1975; Fanikiso and Ndzinge, 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Last reported OIE, 2012; , 1971.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Mushi et al., 1999.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Fanikiso and Ndzinge, 1992.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Mushi et al., 1992.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Mushi et al., 2001; Sharma et al., 2003.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Present OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Binta et al., 1996.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Roe, 1955.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012; von Backstrom, 1945.
malignant catarrhal fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012; Masupu, 1992.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Diteko et al., 1988.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Binta et al., 1995.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria parva infections Localised Norval et al., 1992.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
tuberculosis Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 173868 A 134740 A 151760 A 101766 A 48987 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 68381 A 50345 A 54430 A 36782 A 31312 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 3317.6 A 3317.6 A 2849.3 A 2973.41 A 2529.15 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3932.93 Fc 3736.46 Fc 3586.58 Fc 3614.37 Fc 6391.9 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 2171 Im 2401 Im 2253 Im 2439 Im 2200 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 4890 Im 3600 F 1993 Im 2442 Im 1800 F
Cereals, nes Yield 22524.2 Fc 14993.8 Fc 8845.98 Fc 10012.3 Fc 8181.82 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 173868 A 134740 A 151760 A 101766 A 48987 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 68381 A 50345 A 54430 A 36782 A 31312 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 3317.6 A 3317.6 A 2849.3 A 2973.41 A 2529.15 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3932.93 Fc 3736.46 Fc 3586.58 Fc 3614.37 Fc 6391.9 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 130 A 122 A 120 A 153 A 152 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 600 A 520 A 500 A 850 A 980 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 46153.8 Fc 42622.9 Fc 41666.7 Fc 55555.6 Fc 64473.7 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 173868 A 134740 A 151760 A 101636 A 48907 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 68381 A 50345 A 54430 A 36678 A 31240 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 3302 A 3302 A 2833.7 A 2957.81 A 2513.55 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3932.93 Fc 3736.46 Fc 3586.58 Fc 3608.76 Fc 6387.63 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 220 F 220 F 450 F 590 Im 499 Im
Cottonseed Production Quantity 590 F 590 F 1217 Im 1445 Im 1256 Im
Cottonseed Seed 8.8 Fc 8.8 Fc 8.6 Fc 8 Fc 7.74 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 440 A 430 A 400 A 387 A 415 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 220 A 220 A 450 A 590 A 499 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5000 Fc 5116.28 Fc 11250 Fc 15245.5 Fc 12024.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2130 A 1911 A 1920 A 2387 A 2376 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6600 A 5920 A 6000 A 7850 A 7980 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 30985.9 Fc 30978.5 Fc 31250 Fc 32886.5 Fc 33585.9 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2000 F 1789 Im 1800 F 2234 Im 2224 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 6000 F 5400 Im 5500 * 7000 * 7000 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 30000 Fc 30184.5 Fc 30555.6 Fc 31333.9 Fc 31474.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 8225 3075 2350 959 293
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4800 F 1826 1539 1160 * 256
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 342 Fc 342 Fc 153.36 Fc 115.42 Fc 119.27 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5835.87 Fc 5938.21 Fc 6548.94 Fc 12095.9 Fc 8737.2 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 85000 F 65388 82710 48633 17705
Maize Production Quantity 16644 10572 20093 8967 2158
Maize Seed 1652 Fc 1652 Fc 1541.13 Fc 1665.05 Fc 1246 Fc
Maize Yield 1958.12 Fc 1616.81 Fc 2429.33 Fc 1843.81 Fc 1218.86 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 8000 F 9476 8136 7650 2319
Millet Production Quantity 2060 3406 2767 1636 656
Millet Seed 150 Fc 150 Fc 162.63 Fc 147.02 Fc 170.21 Fc
Millet Yield 2575 Fc 3594.34 Fc 3400.93 Fc 2138.56 Fc 2828.81 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 14665 A 9129 A 5603 A 9770 A 2241 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 4709.9 A 3325.04 A 2034.57 A 5003.55 A 1940.1 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 155.83 A 155.83 A 82.24 A 57.42 A 85.81 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3211.66 Fc 3642.28 Fc 3631.22 Fc 5121.34 Fc 8657.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 14665 A 9129 A 5603 A 9770 A 2241 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3789.4 A 2674.98 A 1379.66 A 3916.6 A 1326.54 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 122.66 A 122.66 A 64.46 A 44.18 A 68.89 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2583.98 Fc 2930.2 Fc 2462.36 Fc 4008.8 Fc 5919.41 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 31 Im 27 Im 25 Im 26 Im 30 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 664 Im 585 Im 521 Im 554 Im 481 Im
Onions, dry Yield 214194 Fc 216667 Fc 208400 Fc 213077 Fc 160333 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 130 F 122 Im 120 F 153 Im 152 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 600 F 520 Im 500 * 850 * 980 *
Oranges Yield 46153.8 Fc 42622.9 Fc 41666.7 Fc 55555.6 Fc 64473.7 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 34730 16995 19585 13938 3760
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3841 3873 4313 2305 805
Pulses, nes Seed 868.25 Fc 868.25 Fc 424.88 Fc 489.63 Fc 348.45 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 1105.96 Fc 2278.91 Fc 2202.2 Fc 1653.75 Fc 2140.96 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34730 A 16995 A 19585 A 13938 A 3760 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3841 A 3873 A 4313 A 2305 A 805 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 868.25 A 868.25 A 424.88 A 489.63 A 348.45 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 1105.96 Fc 2278.91 Fc 2202.2 Fc 1653.75 Fc 2140.96 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 8492 Im 8247 Im 7999 Im 13375 Im 13454 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 97037 Im 92934 Im 83175 Im 90000 F 94000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 114269 Fc 112688 Fc 103982 Fc 67289.7 Fc 69867.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8492 A 8247 A 7999 A 13375 A 13454 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 97037 A 92934 A 83175 A 90000 A 94000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 114269 Fc 112688 Fc 103982 Fc 67289.7 Fc 69867.7 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 440 F 430 F 400 F 387 Im 415 Im
Seed cotton Production Quantity 978 Im 1261 Im 1377 Im 2484 Im 1919 Im
Seed cotton Yield 22227.3 Fc 29325.6 Fc 34425 Fc 64186.1 Fc 46241 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 78697 57475 58661 42914 26683
Sorghum Production Quantity 44787 32767 29577 23633 26626
Sorghum Seed 1500 Fc 1500 Fc 1129.94 Fc 1145.74 Fc 1097.34 Fc
Sorghum Yield 5691.07 Fc 5701.09 Fc 5042.02 Fc 5507.06 Fc 9978.64 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 6000 F 5624 2853 8424 1533
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5500 F 4958 1764 8140 2558
Sunflower seed Seed 45.5 Fc 45.5 Fc 41.66 Fc 20.17 Fc 77.74 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 9166.67 Fc 8815.79 Fc 6182.97 Fc 9662.87 Fc 16686.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3600 F 3552 3643 4000 F 4037 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 39500 F 39249 25300 31150 30020
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 109722 Fc 110498 Fc 69448.3 Fc 77875 Fc 74362.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3631 A 3579 A 3668 A 4026 A 4067 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 40164 A 39834 A 25821 A 31704 A 30501 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 110614 Fc 111299 Fc 70395.3 Fc 78748.1 Fc 74996.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3631 A 3579 A 3668 A 4026 A 4067 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 40164 A 39834 A 25821 A 31704 A 30501 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 110614 Fc 111299 Fc 70395.3 Fc 78748.1 Fc 74996.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested F F 130 80
Wheat Production Quantity F F 104 72
Wheat Seed 15.6 F 15.6 F 15.6 F 15.6 Fc 15.6 Fc
Wheat Yield 8000 Fc 9000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 117010 A 83120 A 97173 A 29609 A 96620 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 43532 A 36841 A 26668 A 35930 A 34674 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1169.43 A 2190.69 A 1641.8 A 1942.03 A 1195.83 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3720.37 Fc 4432.27 Fc 2744.38 Fc 12134.8 Fc 3588.7 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1360 Im 1830 Im 1864 Im 2000 F 2200 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 1289 Im 1911 Im 1627 Im 1600 F 1800 F
Cereals, nes Yield 9477.94 Fc 10442.6 Fc 8728.54 Fc 8000 Fc 8181.82 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 117010 A 83120 A 97173 A 29609 A 96620 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43532 A 36841 A 26668 A 35930 A 34674 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1169.43 A 2190.69 A 1641.8 A 1942.03 A 1195.83 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3720.37 Fc 4432.27 Fc 2744.38 Fc 12134.8 Fc 3588.7 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 155 A 157 A 156 A 155 A 162 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 642 A 600 A 614 A 723 A 670 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 41419.3 Fc 38216.6 Fc 39359 Fc 46645.2 Fc 41358 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 116733 A 82830 A 96872 A 29333 A 96277 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43076 A 36427 A 26301 A 35591 A 34143 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1159.83 A 2157.45 A 1607 A 1905.91 A 1162.71 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3690.13 Fc 4397.8 Fc 2715.03 Fc 12133.4 Fc 3546.33 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 664 Im 783 Im 732 Im 693 Im 770 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1439 Im 1412 Im 1471 Im 1283 Im 1600 F
Cottonseed Seed 8.3 Fc 11.52 Fc 22 Fc 22 Fc 22 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 576 A 508 A 580 A 585 A 685 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 664 A 783 A 732 A 693 A 770 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 11527.8 Fc 15413.4 Fc 12620.7 Fc 11846.2 Fc 11240.9 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2429 A 2455 A 2436 A 2416 A 2530 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12130 A 11795 A 11850 A 12200 A 11316 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 49938.3 Fc 48044.8 Fc 48645.3 Fc 50496.7 Fc 44727.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2274 Im 2298 Im 2280 Im 2261 Im 2368 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 11488 Im 11195 Im 11236 Im 11477 Im 10646 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 50518.9 Fc 48716.3 Fc 49280.7 Fc 50760.7 Fc 44957.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1000 521 Im 1000 600 F 1000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 570 576 Im 483 578 137
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 108.32 Fc 36 Fc 43.2 Fc 36 Fc 43.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 5700 Fc 11055.7 Fc 4830 Fc 9633.33 Fc 1370 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 60373 70000 * 43208 7617 55803
Maize Production Quantity 15162 16080 * 7529 1633 16447
Maize Seed 574 Fc 1092.45 Fc 1442 Fc 885.91 Fc 530.04 Fc
Maize Yield 2511.39 Fc 2297.14 Fc 1742.5 Fc 2143.89 Fc 2947.33 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 3000 F 1000 F 800 F 500 F 800 F
Millet Production Quantity 500 F 120 F 95 F 60 F 91
Millet Seed 89.1 Fc 105 Fc 15 Fc 105 Fc 45 Fc
Millet Yield 1666.67 Fc 1200 Fc 1187.5 Fc 1200 Fc 1137.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 7103 A 6410 A 7780 A 7185 A 9618 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3709.86 A 4229 A 4035.75 A 4163.97 A 3970.06 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 52.54 A 43.24 A 51.32 A 48.59 A 51.32 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5222.95 Fc 6597.5 Fc 5187.34 Fc 5795.37 Fc 4127.74 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 7103 A 6410 A 7780 A 7185 A 9618 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2808.35 A 3268.72 A 3086.26 A 3248.68 A 3003.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 40.06 A 33.31 A 37.14 A 34.98 A 37.14 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3953.75 Fc 5099.41 Fc 3966.92 Fc 4521.48 Fc 3122.37 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 28 Im 26 Im 24 Im 25 F 45 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 448 Im 430 Im 448 Im 400 700 F
Onions, dry Yield 160000 Fc 165385 Fc 186667 Fc 160000 Fc 155556 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 155 Im 157 Im 156 Im 155 Im 162 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 642 Im 600 P 614 Im 723 Im 670 Im
Oranges Yield 41419.3 Fc 38216.6 Fc 39359 Fc 46645.2 Fc 41358 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 20000 F 30000 F 36500 F 36000 F 35000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 7000 F 15000 F 25000 F 24000 F 21000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 94 Fc 500 Fc 750 Fc 912.5 Fc 900 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 3500 Fc 5000 Fc 6849.32 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 20000 A 30000 A 36500 A 36000 A 35000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7000 A 15000 A 25000 A 24000 A 21000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 94 A 500 A 750 A 912.5 A 900 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 3500 Fc 5000 Fc 6849.32 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 13307 Im 13217 Im 13002 Im 12457 Im 12257 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 93500 F 99714 Im 101484 Im 84613 Im 93000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 70263.8 Fc 75443.8 Fc 78052.6 Fc 67924.1 Fc 75875 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13307 A 13217 A 13002 A 12457 A 12257 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 93500 A 99714 A 101484 A 84613 A 93000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 70263.8 Fc 75443.8 Fc 78052.6 Fc 67924.1 Fc 75875 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 576 Im 508 Im 580 Im 585 Im 685 Im
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2393 Im 2348 Im 2446 Im 2134 Im 2500 F
Seed cotton Yield 41545.1 Fc 46220.5 Fc 42172.4 Fc 36478.6 Fc 36496.3 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 52000 10000 51000 19216 37474
Sorghum Production Quantity 26125 18316 17050 32298 15805
Sorghum Seed 496.73 Fc 960 Fc 150 Fc 915 Fc 587.67 Fc
Sorghum Yield 5024.04 Fc 18316 Fc 3343.14 Fc 16807.9 Fc 4217.59 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 5527 Im 5381 Im 6200 F 6000 P 7933 Im
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5871 Im 7000 F 6600 P 7000 F 6600 F
Sunflower seed Seed 15.2 Fc 50.4 Fc 50.4 Fc 50.4 Fc 50.4 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 10622.4 Fc 13008.7 Fc 10645.2 Fc 11666.7 Fc 8319.68 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 4060 Im 4379 Im 4060 Im 4104 Im 3672 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 23000 F 16207 Im 16260 Im 16498 Im 16591 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 56650.3 Fc 37010.7 Fc 40049.3 Fc 40199.8 Fc 45182.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4088 A 4405 A 4084 A 4129 A 3717 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 23448 A 16637 A 16708 A 16898 A 17291 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 57358.1 Fc 37768.4 Fc 40910.9 Fc 40925.2 Fc 46518.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4088 A 4405 A 4084 A 4129 A 3717 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23448 A 16637 A 16708 A 16898 A 17291 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 57358.1 Fc 37768.4 Fc 40910.9 Fc 40925.2 Fc 46518.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 277 Im 290 Im 301 Im 276 Im 343 Im
Wheat Production Quantity 456 Im 414 Im 367 Im 339 Im 531 Im
Wheat Seed 9.6 Fc 33.24 Fc 34.8 Fc 36.12 Fc 33.12 Fc
Wheat Yield 16462.1 Fc 14275.9 Fc 12192.7 Fc 12282.6 Fc 15481 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 25861 Fm 25861 Fm 25918 Fm 25881 Fm 25784 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 0.75 Q 0.6599999999999999 Q 1.5 Q 0.21000000000000002 Q
Arable land Area 259 Fm 259 Q 316 Q 279 Q 182 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 261 Fm 261 Fm 318 Fm 281 Fm 184 Fm
Country area Area 58173 Q 58173 Q 58173 Q 58173 Q 58173 Q
Fallow land Area 16 Fm 16 Q 63 Q 52 Q 74 Q
Forest area Area 11232.6 Fm 11351 Q 11469.4 Fm 11587.8 Fm 11706.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm
Land area Area 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm
Other land Area 19579.4 Fm 19461 Fm 19285.6 Fm 19204.2 Fm 19182.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm
Temporary crops Area 243 Fm 243 W 253 W 227 W 108 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 25803 Fm 25841.5 Fm 25826 Fm 25796 Fm 25846 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 0.3 Q 0.3 Q 0.13999999999999998 Q
Arable land Area 201 Q 240 Fm 225 Q 195 Q 245 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 203 Fm 241.5 Fm 226 Fm 196 Fm 246 Fm
Country area Area 58173 Q 58173 W 58173 W 58173 Q 58173 Q
Fallow land Area 19 Q 68 Q 99 Q
Forest area Area 11824.6 Fm 11943 E 12061.4 Fm 12179.8 Fm 12298.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm 1500 Fm
Land area Area 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Fm 56673 Q 56673 Q
Other land Area 19045.4 Fm 18888.5 Fm 18785.6 Fm 18697.2 Fm 18528.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 1.5 Q 1 Q 1 Fm 1 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 Fm 25600 F 25600 F
Temporary crops Area 182 Q 158 Q 96 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.5 Fm 1.44 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files