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Datasheet

Brazil

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Brazil
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 851,200
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: Bras¡lia
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 191,601,284
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$5,860
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$1,122,086,420,480
  • GDP: US$1,313,361,362,944
  • Agriculture, value added: US$62,026,895,360
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentSchuch et al., 2003
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentBedendo et al., 1997
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman, 1989; Bailey, 1984
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentHammond & Bedendo, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiPresentGomes et al., 2010
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)Present, see datasheet for details
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella tardaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)WidespreadIMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentColetta & Machado, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Crochemore & Piza, 1994; Mendes et al., 1998
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentFelicio et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Restricted distributionNativeIMI Herbarium unda; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedDe Almeida Pinto et al., 1997; Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesMendes et al., 1998
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Restricted distributionIntroducedEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentMendes et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentUK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; Cordeiro et al., 1998
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentMio & Amorim, 2000
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)Presentda Ponte, 1986
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSutton, 1980; May, 1964; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970; IMI Herbarium unda
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesMathur, 1981; Soave et al., 1985; Mendes et al., 1998
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)Absent, never occurredEvans, 1981; Anonymous, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentIntroducedYesTessmann et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)WidespreadHernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2015; IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)WidespreadNativeJoffily, 1944; Ferreira, 1983; EPPO, 2014; Winter, 1884; Graça et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentRamalho & Leao-Veiga, 1980; Morales & Lima, 1983; Oliveira & Sponchiado, 1983; Haji et al., 1988; Rossetto, 1972; Flechtmann, 1974; Ramalho, 1978; EPPO, 2014; Costa & Carvalho, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)WidespreadBarbosa & Hooker, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentNativeHempel, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadYesFarrapeira, 2009; Farrapeira, 2010; Henry & McLaughlin, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; Wiedemann, 1830; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Restricted distributionNativeStone, 1942a; Malavasi & Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942; Lima da Costa, 1934; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)WidespreadNativeStone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; Wiedemann, 1830; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Restricted distributionNativeStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Norrbom et al., 1999; Malavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)PresentIntroducedToledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling, 1959; Rose, 1990; IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentMcKenzie, 1938
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeNakahara, 1982; Kondo, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Restricted distributionBrown et al., 1995a; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBarbosa et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedCosta & Lordello, 1988; Thorp, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)Restricted distributionNativeISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Absent, invalid recordNPPO of Brazil, 2016, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)WidespreadCredland & Dick, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedCarlton & Cohen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedYesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007; Silva Melo et al., 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)WidespreadIntroducedYesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesConstantino, 2002; Hagen, 1858
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesBurckhardt et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedYesHeinemann & Belkin, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtziPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Absent, unreliable recordMound & Halsey, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedWu et al., 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentDeprá et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía et al., 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM, 1970
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentKaydan & Gullan, 2012; Ben-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Restricted distributionFenilli, 1982; Silva et al., 1968; Rosado Neto, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Barbiellini, 1955; Freitas & Rosado Neto, 1980; Rosado Neto & Freitas, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976; Quayle, 1938
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill, 1953
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeWilliams & Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Restricted distributionSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentBuchanan, 1937; Morrone, 1993; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedRosenberry , 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew, 2000b
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentWood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)WidespreadPanizzi & Slansky, 1985; Moscardi, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentIntroducedYesSuplicy & Sampaio, 1982; Sampaio et al., 1983; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentSoria & Conte, 2000; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Introduced, establishment uncertainIntroducedDIAS, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedYesKempf, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedMatienzo et al., 2003; Resende et al., 2006; Prishanthini & Vinobaba, 2009; Hodges et al., 2008; Muniappan, 2009; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Restricted distributionIntroducedSilva, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentIede et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)WidespreadSalinas, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedHuner , 2002a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Absent, formerly presentIIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Restricted distributionBorchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentNHM, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Williams & Willink, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiAbsent, invalid recordIntroducedWilliams, 1965
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTaylor & Halliday, 1986; Pacheco et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentVaurie, 1971; Wibmer & O'Brien, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Restricted distributionIntroducedIede et al., 1988; Iede et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentDa-Cruz, 1980; Rebelles-Reis, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Restricted distributionNativeVinson & Sorenson, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)LocalisedNativePitts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)WidespreadIntroducedYesWilcken et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Restricted distributionIntroducedMonteiro et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Coelho & Franþa, 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Moretto & Leonidas, 2003; Alves et al., 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood, 1980; CABI/EPPO &, 1997; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentLatini & Petrere, 2004; Silvano & Begossi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)WidespreadIntroducedLong, 2003; Camarao et al., 2004; Sheikh et al., 2006; Borghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)PresentChong et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentRyall, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015; Caceres & Monteiro-Filho, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)See datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004; Piedras, 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)LocalisedIntroducedBonino et al., 2010; Grigera & Rapoport, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Introduced, not establishedIntroducedScott & Crossman, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedStarling et al., 2002; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedEterovic & Duarte, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentNativeYesFroese & Pauly, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedYesLima et al., 1999; Giovanelli et al., 2008; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)Introduced, not establishedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentWorld Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesSicuro & Oliveira, 2002; Long, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisSee datasheet for status
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesDuarte & Diefenbach, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedYesFlechtmann & Baggio, 1985; Taylor, 1914; Escargots Funcia, 2009; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)WidespreadNativeFIGIS, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesBarker, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesMaurer et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedBoffi, 1979; Simone, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)WidespreadIntroducedYesPaiva, 1999; Vogler et al., 2013; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)WidespreadNativeCowie & Thiengo, 2003; Simone, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, invalid recordCowie & Thiengo, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadNativeHayes et al., 2009; Hayes et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentLordello, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Absent, unreliable recordAlmeida, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCuri & Pitta, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi, 1973; Zem & Lordello, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedLordello et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014; Monteiro & Ferraz 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentLordello & Monteiro, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentSharma, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; de Souza et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisWidespreadCarneiro et al., 2001; Torres et al., 2005; Torres et al., 2004; Lima et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)WidespreadCafe-Filho & Huang, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentZem & Lordello, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)WidespreadCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)Restricted distributionLordello, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentAndrade et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiLocalisedIntroducedRego et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadForno, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeLourenço et al., 2005; Joly, 1957; Joly, 1965; Taylor, 1930; Taylor, 1960
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentIntroducedde Paula et al., 1998; de Paula et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeFalcão & Menezes, 2005; Joly, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedde Paula et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedYesInstituto Horus, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentIntroducedYesInstituto Horus, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedHiga & Resende, 1994; Stein & Tonietto, 1997; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)WidespreadNativeYesLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)Present, see datasheet for detailsFAO, 2012; Forzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedLeón, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedFLORIDATA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadNativeAbud, 1985; Julien et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentHaselwood & Motter, 1966; Holm et al., 1979; Fleck et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentCosta et al., 1984; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentBonaventure, 1999; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001; Morton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeForzza, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeGonzalez, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2016; eMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentLing, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentYesHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentSilveira, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)WidespreadManidool, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentFleck et al., 1989; Kissman & Groth, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentAzevedo & Beltrao, 1984
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Restricted distributionGomes et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedTropicos, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeWashington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesBrandao, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeESHBAUGH, 1970; USDA-ARS, 2014; Forzza et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentFenner et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Machado & Marchezan, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Carmona, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedFrizzo et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedKoketsu et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedPhilcox, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester & Wood, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentHinkle, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedSherff, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Barroso, 1954
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)LocalisedIntroducedeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedWeeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentAbud, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)WidespreadNativeSchwirkowski, 2012; IABIN, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedYesCordero et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentBoldingh, 1909
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedRozanski et al., 1988; Kissman & Groth, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)WidespreadLorenzi, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentAzevedo et al., 1989; Kissman & Groth, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Restricted distributionNativeKissmann, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresentNativeLorenzi, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)WidespreadNativeGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedSteinheil, 1838
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPeterson et al., 2001; Soreng et al., 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Oliveira de & Haiad, 1968; Kissmann & Groth, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHashimoto, 1982; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry)PresentNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLorenzi, 1982; Kissmann, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBaggio et al., 1997; Ziller & Rosa , 2001; I3N-Brasil, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedRio de Janerio Botanic Garden Research Institute, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLorenzi, 1982; Kissmann, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)LocalisedNativeLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Johnston, 1928; Kissman & Groth, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSousa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)WidespreadNativeYesTaylor & Zappi, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeZuloaga et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedRandall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeForzza et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSnyder et al., 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativePadua et al., 1999; Ocampo & Balick, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedBoiteau & Allorge-Boiteau, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentFernandez et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedReflora, 2013; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller, 1995; Hughes, 1998a; ILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedForzza, 2010; Nesom, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Brasil, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedYesLorenzi, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeJSTOR Global Plants, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedSilva-Luz & Pirani, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHitchcock & Chase, 1910; Alves & Xavier, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedYesZiller & Rosa , 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Instituto Horus, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedSchneider, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)WidespreadYesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Kissman, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedYesLorenzi, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeSeixas et al., 2007; Meyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentBarreto & Evans, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; Willson & Garcia, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeLonsdale et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedFilgueiras, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Bacchi et al., 1972; Lorenzi, 1986; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedYesInstituto Horus, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentLim, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentNative; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedMachado et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedAndrade et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentAbud, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; CARDENAS & COULSTON, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentEstelita & Teixeira, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum)PresentLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentNativeD'Urville, 1822; Forzza et al, 2010; Parodi, 1937
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Present, few occurrencesNativeKillip, 1938; Da Costa Sacco, 1980; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedJiang, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesLorenzi, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeFlora of North America, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCruz et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)WidespreadNativeLorenzi, 1982; Santos et al., 2003; Bastos et al., 2006; Branch & Silva, 1983; Matos, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentNativeSeidemann, 2005; Parthasarathy et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)WidespreadIntroducedYesZenni & Ziller, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)PresentBraga et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; GBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHoletz et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentLukhoba et al., 2006; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedReflora, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger & Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentPitelli et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; Coelho & Giulietti, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite)PresentIntroducedYesLima & Pasiecznik, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaPresent
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesZiller & Rosa, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedMorel, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadLorenzi, 1982; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedFenner et al., 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedMillhollon & Burner, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeEzcurra & Daniel, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedDiscover Life, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)WidespreadNativeCronk & Fuller, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeOviedo Prieto et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)PresentMatzenbacher & Schneider, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentForzza et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeYesILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin & Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeForzza R et al, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativePensiero, 1999; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedLorenzi, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentD'Arcy, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedYesDuarte & de Carvalho, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedForzza R et al, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)WidespreadNativeYesLorenzi, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentAranha et al., 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedStehmann et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeGRIN, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014; Usteri, 1911
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeForzza R et al, 2010; Davidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, unreliable recordMoldenke, 1948; Moldenke, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Lorenzi, 1982; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)WidespreadAranha et al., 1982; Friere et al., 1988; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeEnglberger, 2009; Govaerts, 2012; Croat, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedLeite et al., 1997; Silva et al., 2001; Collier et al., 2001; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedYesLorenzi, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedBrasil, 1992; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedYes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003; Macedo et al., 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Restricted distributionLorenzi, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentGracioso et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentFerraz, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedShirasuna, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresent, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)Present, see datasheet for details
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeFrahm, 1975
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumLocalisedOliveira-Proença et al., 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1981OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Last reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005; Reis & Nobrega, 1937
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, intercepted onlyIntroducedOliveira et al., 2002
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeYesDiekmann & Putter, 1996; Brioso et al., 2000
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentCaetano, 1984; Ramirez, 1990
Virusbluetongue virusLast reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5WidespreadRodenbusch et al., 2014
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusWidespreadPio-Ribeiro & Kuhn, 1980; Lima et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Nascimento et al., 2006; Nascimento et al., 2004
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Last reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)Present, see datasheet for details
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusPresentCosta et al., 2009
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentIntroducedNagata et al., 1999; Pozzer et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
Virusmyxoma virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; Nakano et al., 2008
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCezar et al., 2003; Lima et al., 2011
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, unreliable recordSingh, 1983; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1921OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentSchuch et al., 2003; OIE, 2009
anaplasmosisReported present or known to be presentHorn, 1983; OIE Handistatus, 2005
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; Langenegger, 1994; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009; Resende et al., 1990
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009; Balen & Fiorentin, 1990
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005; Reis & Nobrega, 1937
babesiosisPresentOIE, 2009
bluetongueDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Hawkes, 1996
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionLocalisedIntroducedRego et al., 1999
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease never reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentRaso et al., 2002
ChytridiomycosisPresent, see datasheet for details
classical swine feverPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2003
contagious agalactiaLast reported 2001OIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentMuratori et al., 2000
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentSchotman, 1989; Bailey, 1984; OIE, 2009
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesWidespreadRodenbusch et al., 2014
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004a
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersPresentOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious myonecrosisPresentCosta et al., 2009
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisPresentOIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisPresentGomes et al., 2010
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
oomycete infections in fishPresentConroy & et al. , 1986
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Santos & da Silva, 1956
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Philornis downsi infestationPresent, see datasheet for details
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeMarzal et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverLast reported 1983OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapiePresentOIE, 2009; Ribeiro & Rodrigues, 2001; OIE, 2003
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentThoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Moretto & Leonidas, 2003; Alves et al., 1975
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE, 2009; Federer et al., 1967
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested3807738723382053807237832
ApplesProduction Quantity13390001279120122289011241601115380
ApplesYield351656Fc330326Fc320086Fc295272Fc294824Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1075311111841194539774
AvocadosProduction Quantity160376153189139089147214154096
AvocadosYield149145Fc137871Fc165366Fc155733Fc157659Fc
BananasArea Harvested503354487790479614513097515346
BananasProduction Quantity73294706969310678348069981507098350
BananasYield145613Fc142875Fc141436Fc136390Fc137740Fc
BarleyArea Harvested88236841187745279270100298
BarleyProduction Quantity303872278558201249236912235577
BarleySeed8823.6Fc8823.6Fc8411.8Fc7745.2Fc7927Fc
BarleyYield34438.6Fc33115.2Fc25983.7Fc29886.7Fc23487.7Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested36731603423650409999037819103788280
Beans, dryProduction Quantity34353703158910348676034611903169360
Beans, drySeed156317Fc156317Fc146222Fc171107Fc158701Fc
Beans, dryYield9352.63Fc9226.73Fc8504.31Fc9151.96Fc8366.22Fc
Brazil nuts, with shellProduction Quantity40357F 40357374673081530406
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested3713227728452764178534797
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity166807349207021989015731
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed3163.96Fc3163.96Fc2535.13Fc3861.64Fc3570.34Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield4492.08Fc2650.39Fc4572.4Fc4760.08Fc4520.79Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested46000F 45900Im49653Im51130Im48000F
BuckwheatProduction Quantity57000F 56700Im53487Im59721Im52000F
BuckwheatSeed2760Fc2760Fc2754Fc2979.18Fc3067.8Fc
BuckwheatYield12391.3Fc12352.9Fc10772.2Fc11680.2Fc10833.3Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested764472758988758085747434731412
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity230785104342220505243253140675
Cashew nuts, with shellYield3018.88Fc1374.75Fc2908.71Fc3254.51Fc1923.33Fc
CashewappleArea Harvested618542Im602395Im591211Im622371Im621363Im
CashewappleProduction Quantity1788310Im1694160Im1622620Im1690660Im1714060Im
CashewappleYield28911.7Fc28123.7Fc27445.7Fc27164.8Fc27585.5Fc
CassavaArea Harvested17412301787470176058018888601894460
CassavaProduction Quantity2544170024496300244040002670300026541200
CassavaYield146113Fc137045Fc138613Fc141371Fc140099Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested208476151865159409157626163034
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity120166951839107612214098142
Castor oil seedSeed3165.33Fc3165.33Fc2357.8Fc2488.92Fc2454.95Fc
Castor oil seedYield5764.02Fc6267.61Fc5713.35Fc7748.72Fc6019.73Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested19215700A 18600500A 20080300A 20818400A 19543800A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity73098600A 71419800A 66700900A 75735300A 65758400A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed782572A 782572A 759460A 818370A 825354A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield38041Fc38396.8Fc33217.1Fc36379.1Fc33646.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested19215700A 18600500A 20080300A 20818400A 19543800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity77586400A 75161400A 70913700A 79751800A 69441600A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed782572A 782572A 759460A 818370A 825354A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield40376.5Fc40408.3Fc35315.1Fc38308.4Fc35531.3Fc
ChestnutsProduction QuantityF F F F F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested922083A 897213A 887184A 938723A 930591A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity22017700A 20717000A 19680900A 20654200A 20981300A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield238782Fc230904Fc221836Fc220024Fc225462Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested14324600A 13696400A 14778000A 15603800A 14799600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity58419400A 57754100A 53207100A 61663100A 54266800A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed380613A 380613A 362792A 390279A 404526A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield40782.5Fc42167.3Fc36004.3Fc39518Fc36667.7Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested680484660711635975641337628928
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity248524235389218487202030201651
Cocoa beansYield3652.17Fc3562.66Fc3435.47Fc3150.14Fc3206.27Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested270541275091284058287016283205
CoconutsProduction Quantity29436502843450296005032239802831000
CoconutsYield108806Fc103364Fc104206Fc112328Fc99962.9Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested21487802159790213551022222202264130
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity27004402907270244006027969302249010
Coffee, greenYield12567.3Fc13460.9Fc11426.1Fc12586.2Fc9933.22Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity1673340* 973449* 956189* 1314450* 1356570*
CottonseedProduction Quantity3194550* 1858400* 1825450* 2509400* 2589820*
CottonseedSeed70045.3Fc70045.3Fc41487.6Fc40584.3Fc53190.9Fc
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity93231Im80885Im91353Im109104Im112182Im
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1699120A 1105330A 1095130A 1356860A 1420600A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2068000A 1315850A 1342900A 1684250A 1740870A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield12171Fc11904.6Fc12262.5Fc12412.8Fc12254.5Fc
FigsArea Harvested30412933288628592850
FigsProduction Quantity2623325727241462256523225
FigsYield86264.4Fc87715.6Fc83666Fc78926.2Fc81491.2Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2447000A 2383120A 2338870A 2462140A 2458090A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity40949300A 38793300A 37155300A 38789800A 39249100A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield167345Fc162784Fc158860Fc157545Fc159673Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested6163162177507954875246866
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity923035922334713515684376664286
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield149768Fc148340Fc140470Fc140379Fc141742Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1292810450100631022811258
GarlicProduction Quantity143293104124867529171499002
GarlicSeed6465Fc6465Fc5225.5Fc5081.5Fc5114Fc
GarlicYield110839Fc99640.2Fc86208.9Fc89669.5Fc87939.2Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested4280Im4168Im4091Im4307Im4300F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity75119Im71164Im68159Im71017Im72000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield175512Fc170739Fc166607Fc164887Fc167442Fc
GrapesArea Harvested8433881518813557994678273
GrapesProduction Quantity15420701355460136549014214301371560
GrapesYield182844Fc166277Fc167843Fc177799Fc175228Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested1066799432994325121456113776
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity311459261455255662312802263440
Groundnuts, with shellSeed4287.72Fc4287.72Fc3786.8Fc3777.6Fc4858.28Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield29195.9Fc27717.3Fc27104.4Fc25754.3Fc23154.3Fc
Gums NaturalProduction Quantity55F 55F 55F 55F 55F
JuteArea Harvested8557235997104501
JuteProduction Quantity10549348028046362
JuteYield12327.5Fc12918.4Fc13389Fc11323.9Fc14134.6Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested12118A 11193A 10014A 10140A 16916A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity16665A 14150A 14856A 13429A 25658A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield13752.3Fc12641.8Fc14835.2Fc13243.6Fc15167.9Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested4726742779410294392245410
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity112674010207408998219653331018700
Lemons and limesYield238378Fc238608Fc219313Fc219783Fc224334Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1119016584130371224516223
LinseedProduction Quantity110461615998731133314722
LinseedSeedF F F F F
LinseedYield9871.31Fc9743.73Fc7573.06Fc9255.21Fc9074.77Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1321890012678900136547001444460013767400
MaizeProduction Quantity5566040055364300507198005893330052112200
MaizeSeed340135Fc340135Fc324077Fc353608Fc368681Fc
MaizeYield42106.7Fc43666.5Fc37144.6Fc40799.5Fc37851.9Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested7638375179751787400375911
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity12495201189650119769011546501272180
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield163586Fc158242Fc159314Fc156027Fc167588Fc
MatéArea Harvested7118568183705887121774526
MatéProduction Quantity443635430305443126434727438474
MatéYield62321.4Fc63110.3Fc62776.4Fc61042.6Fc58835Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested134947124946128900124933114842
Natural rubberProduction Quantity164498133981126973120905111407
Natural rubberYield12189.8Fc10723.1Fc9850.5Fc9677.59Fc9700.89Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested3766Im3739Im3733Im3678Im3600
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity3300F 3300F 3254Im3550Im2600
Nuts, nesYield8762.61Fc8825.89Fc8716.85Fc9651.98Fc7222.22Fc
OatsArea Harvested172127173455134040117058136955
OatsProduction Quantity373009395056252503238516237801
OatsSeed17232.7Fc17232.7Fc17345.5Fc13459Fc11705.8Fc
OatsYield21670.6Fc22775.7Fc18837.9Fc20375.9Fc17363.4Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested10908010642010390410315866000F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity1301190129271011224001091100660000F
Oil palm fruitYield119288Fc121472Fc108023Fc105770Fc100000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested25979600A 24779000A 23178800A 22991400A 22285300A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity61287900A 55809400A 46754500A 49121500A 47521200A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed797296A 797296A 760718A 710403A 701355A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield23590.8Fc22522.9Fc20171.3Fc21365.2Fc21324Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested26188300A 24931000A 23338300A 23149200A 22448500A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity14933300A 13582300A 11504000A 12102800A 11637800A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed187215A 187215A 177253A 165805A 164638A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5702.3Fc5447.97Fc4929.24Fc5228.18Fc5184.22Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity24520Im22073Im18729Im19909Im19383Im
OlivesArea Harvested4322F 6F 66
OlivesProduction Quantity7738F 1F 11
OlivesYield17907Fc17272.7Fc1666.67Fc1666.67Fc1666.67Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested6348170429660136516463622
Onions, dryProduction Quantity15233201753310151185013670701360300
Onions, dryYield239965Fc248947Fc229023Fc209789Fc213810Fc
OrangesArea Harvested817292792753787250836602821244
OrangesProduction Quantity1981110018503100176185001853810018685000
OrangesYield242399Fc233403Fc223798Fc221588Fc227521Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested11263104709415943012415
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity1561113216140541262519296
Other BastfibresYield13860.4Fc12622.7Fc14927.2Fc13388.1Fc15542.5Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested1969518861175441574621576
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity499330478392402959340464495323
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield253531Fc253641Fc229685Fc216223Fc229571Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity208900F 208900Im180000F 150000F 130000F
Palm oilProduction Quantity270000* 250000* 240000* 210000* 190000*
PapayasArea Harvested3553134417342133658534779
PapayasProduction Quantity18543401871960179259018902901811540
PapayasYield521894Fc543906Fc523950Fc516684Fc520872Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested2014820290190432132022398
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity222180222402216236239149185959
Peaches and nectarinesYield110274Fc109612Fc113551Fc112171Fc83024.8Fc
PearsArea Harvested17501535139416091650
PearsProduction Quantity2053216397148561739117074
PearsYield117326Fc106821Fc106571Fc108086Fc103479Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested15382569304020681727
Peas, dryProduction Quantity39015909686547293844
Peas, dryYield25364.1Fc23001.2Fc22582.2Fc22867.5Fc22258.3Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested2108923263274152954932857
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity4461052137653986960077770
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield21153.2Fc22412Fc23854.8Fc23554.1Fc23669.2Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested83498755863887978065
PersimmonsProduction Quantity154625167215171555173297159851
PersimmonsYield185202Fc190994Fc198605Fc196996Fc198203Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested6248158507601766598271823
PineapplesProduction Quantity23181202205590220649025685502676420
PineapplesYield371012Fc376979Fc366673Fc389280Fc372641Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested149212137044138692144916147719
PotatoesProduction Quantity39172303547510344371036769403550510
PotatoesSeed268726Fc268726Fc262228Fc249986Fc260854Fc
PotatoesYield262528Fc258859Fc248299Fc253729Fc240356Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3711830A 3453950A 4148310A 3825760A 3824800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3455950A 3172170A 3514330A 3485810A 3188940A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed159481A 159481A 148757A 174969A 162271A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield9310.64Fc9184.18Fc8471.72Fc9111.41Fc8337.51Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity
QuincesArea Harvested160209211197196
QuincesProduction Quantity780964975905931
QuincesYield48750Fc46124.4Fc46208.5Fc45939.1Fc47500Fc
RamieArea Harvested369369151447394
RamieProduction Quantity97183149910231072
RamieYield26314.4Fc22520.3Fc33046.4Fc22885.9Fc27208.1Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested42000* 46000* 31000* 33000* 32000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity52000* 70000* 42000* 44000* 42000*
RapeseedSeed210Fc210Fc230Fc155Fc165Fc
RapeseedYield12381Fc15217.4Fc13548.4Fc13333.3Fc13125Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested27528902722460287204028506802890930
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity1347700011236000126511001206150011060700
Rice, paddySeed217004Fc217004Fc211141Fc220795Fc218066Fc
Rice, paddyYield48955.8Fc41271.5Fc44049.2Fc42311Fc38260Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1959320A 1991770A 1966640A 2106240A 2113060A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity30147900A 28772000A 28556400A 31180900A 30871200A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed268726A 268726A 262228A 249986A 260854A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield153869Fc144455Fc145204Fc148040Fc146097Fc
RyeArea Harvested23412343362947483866
RyeProduction Quantity35193165392160854620
RyeSeed234.1Fc234.1Fc234.3Fc362.9Fc474.8Fc
RyeYield15032Fc13508.3Fc10804.6Fc12815.9Fc11950.3Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested140091082975381168610638201125260
Seed cottonProduction Quantity50707202949850289754039831804110820
Seed cottonYield36195.9Fc35550.9Fc35697.8Fc37442.2Fc36532.2Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested8000* 7000* 9000* 10000* 11000*
Sesame seedProduction Quantity5000* 5000* 6000* 7000* 7000*
Sesame seedSeed80Fc80Fc70Fc90Fc100Fc
Sesame seedYield6250Fc7142.86Fc6666.67Fc7000Fc6363.64Fc
SisalArea Harvested285724264016273277282452278027
SisalProduction Quantity283797246535280005246239245389
SisalYield9932.56Fc9337.88Fc10246.2Fc8717.91Fc8826.09Fc
SorghumArea Harvested757410661180793027831354662994
SorghumProduction Quantity19311401532060185393020040101440750
SorghumSeed11427.7Fc11427.7Fc9969.64Fc12125Fc12669.9Fc
SorghumYield25496.6Fc23171.6Fc23377.9Fc24105.4Fc21731Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested2396870023327300217505002124630020565300
SoybeansProduction Quantity7481540068756300573454005983310057857200
SoybeansSeed961296Fc961296Fc933564Fc870471Fc850109Fc
SoybeansYield31213.8Fc29474.6Fc26365.1Fc28161.7Fc28133.4Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested376Im366Im359Im378Im377Im
StrawberriesProduction Quantity3016Im2857Im2736Im2852Im2891Im
StrawberriesYield80212.8Fc78060.1Fc76211.7Fc75449.7Fc76684.4Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested96013209076710861756081400907080920
Sugar caneProduction Quantity734006000717464000691606000645300000549707000
Sugar caneYield764484Fc790445Fc802554Fc792743Fc776321Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested62535764928126711437572548
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity7793286608100905148297104923
Sunflower seedSeed750.42Fc750.42Fc917.9Fc975.2Fc1372.5Fc
Sunflower seedYield12462.1Fc11322.5Fc12416.5Fc12965.9Fc14462.6Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested4384341802422414555243879
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity544820495182477472548438529531
Sweet potatoesYield124266Fc118459Fc113035Fc120398Fc120680Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested5324457513548145389259637
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity10047301122010109443010797001205580
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield188703Fc195088Fc199662Fc200345Fc202153Fc
TeaArea Harvested2291239925972597311
TeaProduction Quantity35204278468647521083
TeaYield15364.5Fc17832.4Fc18043.9Fc18298Fc34823.2Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested454635449629442397432182459481
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity951933787817863079851058908679
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield20938.4Fc17521.5Fc19509.2Fc19692.1Fc19776.2Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested7147367892676056091258404
TomatoesProduction Quantity44166504106850431048038676603431230
TomatoesYield617947Fc604909Fc637598Fc634959Fc587499Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested770673A 765200A 764010A 752726A 736678A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity280171A 153318A 265797A 279932A 175906A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield3635.41Fc2003.63Fc3478.97Fc3718.91Fc2387.83Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested3962850543655057564080107
TriticaleProduction Quantity90469124277122212184604183871
TriticaleYield22829.6Fc24588.4Fc18656.9Fc24405.6Fc22953.2Fc
Tung NutsArea Harvested123123126163173
Tung NutsProduction Quantity343318322403425
Tung NutsYield27886.2Fc25853.7Fc25555.6Fc24723.9Fc24566.5Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested221592Im237000F 230000F 210000F 210000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2829820Im2737780Im2650000F 2410000F 2410000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield127704Fc115518Fc115217Fc114762Fc114762Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested486887A 499578A 484951A 450239A 461416A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity11611000A 11233400A 11027200A 10072100A 9888490A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed6465A 6465A 5225.5A 5081.5A 5114A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield238475Fc224858Fc227388Fc223706Fc214307Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested486887A 499578A 484951A 450239A 461416A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity11611000A 11233400A 11027200A 10072100A 9888490A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed6465A 6465A 5225.5A 5081.5A 5114A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield238475Fc224858Fc227388Fc223706Fc214307Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested24352473219216141666
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity57295319457123142225
Walnuts, with shellYield23527.7Fc21508.3Fc20853.1Fc14337Fc13355.3Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested9771894946937268818996556
WatermelonsProduction Quantity21986202052930206517019952102092630
WatermelonsYield224996Fc216221Fc220341Fc226243Fc216727Fc
WheatArea Harvested21382002181570243025023638901853220
WheatProduction Quantity56900406171250505553060271304114060
WheatSeed184955Fc184955Fc185527Fc207296Fc202762Fc
WheatYield26611.4Fc28288.1Fc20802.5Fc25496.7Fc22199.5Fc
YamsArea Harvested25035Im25450Im25129Im26913Im27000F
YamsProduction Quantity244142Im233000Im231254Im252508Im250000F
YamsYield97520.3Fc91552.1Fc92026.7Fc93823.8Fc92592.6Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested3610735493329933153231519
ApplesProduction Quantity863019850535980203841821857388
ApplesYield239017Fc239635Fc297094Fc266974Fc272023Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested1044211548119331005312306
AvocadosProduction Quantity164441169335170534156661173930
AvocadosYield157480Fc146636Fc142910Fc155835Fc141338Fc
BananasArea Harvested504586491180491042509588503023
BananasProduction Quantity69561806703400658356068009806422860
BananasYield137859Fc136475Fc134073Fc133460Fc127685Fc
BarleyArea Harvested82177144511142144119224147397
BarleyProduction Quantity202940326251397160345320244600
BarleySeed10029.8Fc9127.2Fc14451.1Fc14219.4Fc11943.4Fc
BarleyYield24695.5Fc22576.2Fc27940.7Fc28964Fc16594.6Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested40343803748660397866040905704140530
Beans, dryProduction Quantity34577403021640296701033020403064230
Beans, drySeed159036Fc169739Fc158634Fc173031Fc175128Fc
Beans, dryYield8570.68Fc8060.59Fc7457.31Fc8072.32Fc7400.57Fc
Brazil nuts, with shellProduction Quantity2880630000F 28500F 28000F 27389
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested3685734452361793479231579
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity1495113181138971293910099
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed2985.46Fc3189.28Fc2989.62Fc3165.49Fc3041.39Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield4056.49Fc3825.9Fc3841.18Fc3718.96Fc3198.01Fc
BuckwheatArea Harvested47000F 46000F 51417Im50167Im45000F
BuckwheatProduction Quantity51000F 50000F 60345Im63651Im48000F
BuckwheatSeed2880Fc2820Fc2760Fc3085.02Fc3010.02Fc
BuckwheatYield10851.1Fc10869.6Fc11736.4Fc12687.8Fc10666.7Fc
Cashew nuts, with shellArea Harvested710181700367691059682503665014
Cashew nuts, with shellProduction Quantity243770152751187839183094164539
Cashew nuts, with shellYield3432.51Fc2181.01Fc2718.13Fc2682.68Fc2474.22Fc
CashewappleArea Harvested610000F 594763Im600000F 598000F 595000F
CashewappleProduction Quantity1660000F 1650000F 1610000F 1603000F 1600000F
CashewappleYield27213.1Fc27742.1Fc26833.3Fc26806Fc26890.8Fc
CassavaArea Harvested18965101901540175488016335701675270
CassavaProduction Quantity2663900025872000239266002196110023065600
CassavaYield140463Fc136058Fc136343Fc134436Fc137683Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested151060230911172704133879136109
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity9500016880213874583682170897
Castor oil seedSeed2497.51Fc2404.98Fc3630.85Fc2641.35Fc2017.28Fc
Castor oil seedYield6288.89Fc7310.26Fc8033.69Fc6250.57Fc12555.9Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested18423600A 19312000A 20426200A 19929800A 17877200A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity55310600A 51275400A 59542400A 64026800A 47396700A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed767030A 761772A 877956A 914038A 834990A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield30021.6Fc26551.1Fc29150Fc32126.2Fc26512.4Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested18423600A 19312000A 20426200A 19929800A 17877200A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity59149000A 55668700A 63963700A 67468200A 50878900A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed767030A 761772A 877956A 914038A 834990A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield32105Fc28826Fc31314.5Fc33853Fc28460.2Fc
ChestnutsProduction QuantityF F F F F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested917782A 920896A 938676A 955619A 947180A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity20404700A 20184500A 20530000A 19268600A 20844900A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield222326Fc219184Fc218713Fc201635Fc220073Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested13892500A 13035400A 13885900A 14188700A 12626400A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity45137500A 37817000A 44867800A 50980100A 37316100A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed387786A 382420A 373120A 388274A 380684A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield32490.5Fc29010.9Fc32311.9Fc35930.1Fc29554Fc
Cocoa beansArea Harvested647135625384638825590945582315
Cocoa beansProduction Quantity212270208620196005170004174796
Cocoa beansYield3280.15Fc3335.87Fc3068.21Fc2876.82Fc3001.74Fc
CoconutsArea Harvested289815290515285243280382276598
CoconutsProduction Quantity29782203118940311734029784902892350
CoconutsYield102763Fc107359Fc109287Fc106230Fc104569Fc
Coffee, greenArea Harvested23121602325920236804023955002370910
Coffee, greenProduction Quantity25733702140170246571019870702649610
Coffee, greenYield11129.7Fc9201.39Fc10412.5Fc8295.01Fc11175.5Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity956800* 1210530* 1254460* 726558* 713230*
CottonseedProduction Quantity1826600* 2311000* 2394870* 1387070* 1363510*
CottonseedSeed56262.8Fc44900.4Fc63166.2Fc57502Fc35891.6Fc
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity85144Im100000F 98000F 97500F 96583
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested1194900A 1520540A 1392410A 947477A 978298A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1317230A 1550870A 1565620A 1022910A 992524A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield11023.7Fc10199.5Fc11244Fc10796.2Fc10145.4Fc
FigsArea Harvested30072911311331093111
FigsProduction Quantity2647623697268392558623921
FigsYield88047.9Fc81405Fc86215.9Fc82296.6Fc76891.7Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2413180A 2362740A 2383550A 2408060A 2390550A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity38012400A 36586200A 36884000A 35451200A 36530500A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield157520Fc154847Fc154744Fc147219Fc152813Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea Harvested4436335820365763499435542
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction Quantity615196479813491619485342478652
Fruit, tropical fresh nesYield138673Fc133951Fc134410Fc138693Fc134672Fc
GarlicArea Harvested1048610362105171509915715
GarlicProduction Quantity877798619985597123099114436
GarlicSeed5629Fc5245Fc5251.5Fc5258.5Fc7549.5Fc
GarlicYield83710.7Fc83187.6Fc81389.2Fc81527.9Fc72819.6Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested4200F 3965Im4000F 3629Im3600F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity71000F 68000F 67500F 64923Im67000F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield169048Fc171501Fc168750Fc178901Fc186111Fc
GrapesArea Harvested7535473203716376843266300
GrapesProduction Quantity12570601232560129138010674201148650
GrapesYield166821Fc168376Fc180267Fc155983Fc173250Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested1107771360481045018917497093
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity249916315239236488187719195284
Groundnuts, with shellSeed4568.52Fc4464.92Fc5457.16Fc4217.36Fc3566.96Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield22560.3Fc23171.2Fc22630.2Fc21050.9Fc20113.1Fc
Gums NaturalProduction Quantity55F 55F 55F 50F 48
JuteArea Harvested4179416815131047987
JuteProduction Quantity60525936232614851459
JuteYield14481.9Fc14241.8Fc15373.4Fc14183.4Fc14782.2Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Area Harvested16861A 16657A 8607A 7468A 6831A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Production Quantity25951A 26100A 12645A 10464A 10067A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total)Yield15391.1Fc15669.1Fc14691.5Fc14011.8Fc14737.2Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested4682950266485535095050125
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity10312901030530985623981339984551
Lemons and limesYield220225Fc205015Fc202999Fc192608Fc196419Fc
LinseedArea Harvested18679219141117157535000*
LinseedProduction Quantity13442158191033861995000*
LinseedSeedF F F F F
LinseedYield7196.32Fc7218.67Fc9254.32Fc10775.3Fc10000Fc
MaizeArea Harvested1261310011549400124107001296570011750900
MaizeProduction Quantity4266170035113300417876004832730035933000
MaizeSeed350270Fc324935Fc306228Fc321621Fc324143Fc
MaizeYield33823.3Fc30402.7Fc33670.6Fc37273.2Fc30578.9Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested7478268141696176813666676
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity12171901002210949610925018849751
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield162765Fc147079Fc136405Fc135761Fc127445Fc
MatéArea Harvested7863376101748008443879616
MatéProduction Quantity434483429730403281501702513526
MatéYield55254.5Fc56468.4Fc53914.6Fc59416.6Fc64500.3Fc
Natural rubberArea Harvested106897112396106375103586102000F
Natural rubberProduction Quantity105434103708988139379095900*
Natural rubberYield9863.14Fc9227.02Fc9289.12Fc9054.31Fc9401.96Fc
Nuts, nesArea Harvested3600F 3547Im3500F 3400F 3000F
Nuts, nesProduction Quantity2600F 2500F 2200F 2000F 1909
Nuts, nesYield7222.22Fc7048.21Fc6285.71Fc5882.35Fc6363.33Fc
OatsArea Harvested323998367921347126297083254663
OatsProduction Quantity405657522428459526435092298686
OatsSeed14147.5Fc34188.4Fc36996.1Fc34917.6Fc29787.2Fc
OatsYield12520.4Fc14199.5Fc13238Fc14645.5Fc11728.7Fc
Oil palm fruitArea Harvested59000F 56000F 55000F 51600F 45000F
Oil palm fruitProduction Quantity590000F 560000F 550000F 516000F 450000F
Oil palm fruitYield100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested23547400A 24840700A 23245000A 19779500A 17656300A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity42871100A 42143300A 40853100A 42188300A 34929400A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed681048A 723012A 775182A 713993A 605562A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield18206.3Fc16965.4Fc17575Fc21329.3Fc19783Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested23698700A 25071800A 23417800A 19913700A 17792700A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity10533100A 10438800A 10091600A 10296000A 8649010A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed159951A 168981A 182373A 167426A 141422A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4444.61Fc4163.58Fc4309.35Fc5170.33Fc4860.99Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction Quantity17299Im17372Im16941Im16793Im14161Im
OlivesArea Harvested10F 10F 10F 10F 6F
OlivesProduction Quantity5F 5F 5F 5F 2F
OlivesYield5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc5000Fc3333.33Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested6331458388583616879068869
Onions, dryProduction Quantity13459101137680115756012298501222120
Onions, dryYield212577Fc194848Fc198345Fc178783Fc177456Fc
OrangesArea Harvested805903805665823220836041828846
OrangesProduction Quantity1803230017853400183137001691760018530600
OrangesYield223753Fc221598Fc222464Fc202354Fc223571Fc
Other BastfibresArea Harvested1268212489709464215844
Other BastfibresProduction Quantity19899201641031989798608
Other BastfibresYield15690.7Fc16145.4Fc14546.1Fc13983.8Fc14729.6Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested2135015981154991626612500F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity500021352742340863349498180000F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield234202Fc220726Fc219926Fc214864Fc144000Fc
Palm kernelsProduction Quantity128000F 124594Im121500F 121000F 119786
Palm oilProduction Quantity170000* 160000* 142000* 129000* 118000*
PapayasArea Harvested3665032559344453624435626
PapayasProduction Quantity18976401573820161235017145901597700
PapayasYield517774Fc483375Fc468094Fc473069Fc448465Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested2245323794238642450723744
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity199719235471235720220364218292
Peaches and nectarinesYield88949.8Fc98962.3Fc98776.4Fc89918.8Fc91935.6Fc
PearsArea Harvested17231759177917841873
PearsProduction Quantity1816119746198941979019696
PearsYield105403Fc112257Fc111827Fc110930Fc105158Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested16772061395724263336
Peas, dryProduction Quantity417556741083963887986
Peas, dryYield24895.7Fc27530.3Fc27392Fc26331.4Fc23938.8Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.)Area Harvested3322431832266352562823101
Pepper (Piper spp.)Production Quantity8031679102658006719756935
Pepper (Piper spp.)Yield24174.1Fc24849.8Fc24704.3Fc26220.2Fc24646.1Fc
PersimmonsArea Harvested85348309811274726958
PersimmonsProduction Quantity168274164849162288158131141364
PersimmonsYield197181Fc198398Fc200059Fc211631Fc203168Fc
PineapplesArea Harvested6684561787591635798661127
PineapplesProduction Quantity25606302292470221595021600202149850
PineapplesYield383070Fc371028Fc374550Fc372507Fc351702Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested140826142219142704151850161124
PotatoesProduction Quantity31517203130170304708030890203126410
PotatoesSeed266040Fc253517Fc256721Fc257006Fc273568Fc
PotatoesYield223802Fc220095Fc213525Fc203426Fc194038Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested4072910A 3785170A 4018800A 4127790A 4175450A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3476870A 3040500A 2991750A 3321370A 3082320A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed162021A 172928A 161624A 176196A 178169A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield8536.56Fc8032.64Fc7444.38Fc8046.36Fc7382Fc
Pyrethrum,DriedProduction Quantity
QuincesArea Harvested185215230236200F
QuincesProduction Quantity910107812481266900F
QuincesYield49189.2Fc50139.5Fc54260.9Fc53644.1Fc45000Fc
RamieArea Harvested447539539539480
RamieProduction Quantity12211158119613811378
RamieYield27315.4Fc21484.2Fc22189.2Fc25621.5Fc28708.3Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested31000* 30000* 34000* 34000* 32000*
RapeseedProduction Quantity41000* 40000* 57000* 57000* 55000*
RapeseedSeed160Fc155Fc150Fc170Fc170Fc
RapeseedYield13225.8Fc13333.3Fc16764.7Fc16764.7Fc17187.5Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested29709203915860373315031808603145870
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity1152670013192900132770001033460010457100
Rice, paddySeed221564Fc228773Fc303948Fc286840Fc242198Fc
Rice, paddyYield38798.4Fc33690.9Fc35565.1Fc32490Fc33240.7Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested2107690A 2116850A 1970280A 1856130A 1905290A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity30549300A 29770200A 27749300A 25803700A 26920100A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed266040A 253517A 256721A 257006A 273568A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield144942Fc140635Fc140839Fc139019Fc141291Fc
RyeArea Harvested29324543340227384847
RyeProduction Quantity23536109431538145073
RyeSeed386.6Fc391.5Fc468.3Fc340.2Fc281.3Fc
RyeYield8025.24Fc13447.1Fc12683.7Fc13929.9Fc10466.3Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested89800812633201150040717832768182
Seed cottonProduction Quantity28994003668290380138022016902170120
Seed cottonYield32287Fc29036.9Fc33054.3Fc30671.4Fc28250.1Fc
Sesame seedArea Harvested25000* 25000* 24000* 24000* 24000*
Sesame seedProduction Quantity16000* 16000* 15000* 15000* 15000*
Sesame seedSeed110Fc250Fc250Fc240Fc240Fc
Sesame seedYield6400Fc6400Fc6250Fc6250Fc6250Fc
SisalArea Harvested279584240019233224221638202805
SisalProduction Quantity248111213082199322187008171266
SisalYield8874.29Fc8877.71Fc8546.38Fc8437.54Fc8444.86Fc
SorghumArea Harvested722200788186931061753767423603
SorghumProduction Quantity1604920152054021588701804920786757
SorghumSeed10072.5Fc10958Fc12216.9Fc14090.6Fc11519.1Fc
SorghumYield22222.7Fc19291.6Fc23187.2Fc23945.3Fc18573Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested2204730022948900215390001852480016365400
SoybeansProduction Quantity5246460051182100495499005191940042769000*
SoybeansSeed822856Fc883308Fc937072Fc864054Fc740992Fc
SoybeansYield23796.4Fc22302.6Fc23004.7Fc28027Fc26133.8Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested370F 362Im365F 363Im360F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity2800F 2724Im2750F 2616Im2700F
StrawberriesYield75675.7Fc75248.6Fc75342.5Fc72066.1Fc75000Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested63555005805520563174053710205100480
Sugar caneProduction Quantity477411000422957000415206000396012000364391000
Sugar caneYield751178Fc728543Fc737261Fc737312Fc714425Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested6782969000* 42000* 52000* 43000*
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity8736294000* 56000* 77000* 56000*
Sunflower seedSeed870.58Fc813.95Fc828Fc504Fc624Fc
Sunflower seedYield12879.7Fc13623.2Fc13333.3Fc14807.7Fc13023.3Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested4435745311468444635143895
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity518541513646538503533165498046
Sweet potatoesYield116902Fc113360Fc114957Fc115028Fc113463Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested6085061000629036499964609
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity12701101232600116321013047401262740
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield208728Fc202066Fc184921Fc200732Fc195443Fc
TeaArea Harvested25052520271028433894
TeaProduction Quantity40524473534755598687
TeaYield16175.7Fc17750Fc19730.6Fc19553.3Fc22308.7Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested495706493761462265392619344080
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity900381889426921281656200670309
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield18163.6Fc18013.3Fc19929.7Fc16713.4Fc19481.2Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested5889360526601526347962520
TomatoesProduction Quantity33626603452970351557037086003652920
TomatoesYield570978Fc570494Fc584448Fc584225Fc584280Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested715442A 705401A 696003A 687565A 669692A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity277396A 187427A 220685A 214793A 195746A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield3877.27Fc2657.03Fc3170.75Fc3123.97Fc2922.93Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested101088134868
TriticaleProduction Quantity208898278333
TriticaleYield20665Fc20637.4Fc
Tung NutsArea Harvested184184171254311
Tung NutsProduction Quantity383383286425435
Tung NutsYield20815.2Fc20815.2Fc16725.2Fc16732.3Fc13987.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested205000F 200000F 198000F 195000F 195000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity2400000F 2350000F 2300000F 2250000F 2250000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield117073Fc117500Fc116162Fc115385Fc115385Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested452039A 430718A 423418A 440919A 429993A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity9643280A 9017020A 9118980A 9566850A 8910610A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Seed5629A 5245A 5251.5A 5258.5A 7549.5A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield213329Fc209349Fc215366Fc216975Fc207227Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested452039A 430718A 423418A 440919A 429993A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity9643280A 9017020A 9118980A 9566850A 8910610A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Seed5629A 5245A 5251.5A 5258.5A 7549.5A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield213329Fc209349Fc215366Fc216975Fc207227Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested16611487144416621678
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity22202176214616991909
Walnuts, with shellYield13365.4Fc14633.5Fc14861.5Fc10222.6Fc11376.6Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested9299685461808898228575389
WatermelonsProduction Quantity19469101637430171939019058001491130
WatermelonsYield209354Fc191600Fc212562Fc231610Fc197791Fc
WheatArea Harvested15601802360700280722025602302104900
WheatProduction Quantity24848504658790581885061535003105660
WheatSeed157680Fc150579Fc200888Fc238924Fc212108Fc
WheatYield15926.7Fc19734.8Fc20728.2Fc24035Fc14754.4Fc
YamsArea Harvested26000F 27776Im25853Im24355Im25000F
YamsProduction Quantity240000F 254351Im237084Im220462Im230000F
YamsYield92307.7Fc91572.2Fc91704.6Fc90520.2Fc92000Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea275030Fm273421Fm273520Fm273489Fm271082Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea932I 932I 932.1I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea834I 834I 833.7I
Agricultural area irrigatedArea4454W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea1765.8I 1765.8I 1765.8I 1765.8I
Arable landArea71930Fm70321Fm70420Fm70239Fm67831.6Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea79030Fm77421Fm77520Fm77489Fm75081.6Fm
Country areaArea851488W 851488W 851488W 851488W 851488W
Forest areaArea517328Fm519522Q 521716Fm523911Fm526105Fm
Inland waterArea5546Fm5546Fm5546Fm5546Fm5546Fm
Land areaArea845942Fm845942Fm845942Fm845942Fm845942Fm
Other landArea53584.4Fm52999Fm50705.6Fm48542.2Fm48755.2Fm
Permanent cropsArea7100Fm7100Fm7100Fm7250Fm7250Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea196000Fm196000Fm196000Fm196000Fm196000Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea5400I 5200Fm5000Fm4800Fm4650Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea270681Fm271299Fm271011Fm268477Fm265868Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea880I 842I
Arable landArea67434.5Fm68023.1Fm67206Fm64642Fm61504Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea74680.5Fm75298.7Fm74511Fm71977Fm68868Fm
Country areaArea851488W 851488W 851488W 851488Q 851488Q
Forest areaArea528300Fm530494Q 533584Fm536674Fm539763Fm
Inland waterArea5546Fm5546Fm5546Fm5546Fm5546Fm
Land areaArea845942Fm845942Fm845942Fm845942F 845942F
Other landArea46961.9Fm44149.3Fm41347.2Fm40791.4Fm40310.6Fm
Permanent cropsArea7246W 7275.6Fm7305Fm7335Fm7364Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea196000Fm196000Fm196500Fm196500Fm197000F
Total area equipped for irrigationArea4601I 4600Fm4500Fm4200Fm3900Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data