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Datasheet

Brazil

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Native NoWilliams and Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present Schuch et al., 2003.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Bedendo et al., 1997.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Schotman, 1989; Bailey, 1984.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present Hammond and Bedendo, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaei Present Gomes et al., 2010.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella tarda Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidis Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella typhimurium Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Widespread IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Coletta and Machado, 2003; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesBarbosa et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Crochemore and Piza, 1994; Mendes et al., 1998.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Felicio et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Native EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced De Almeida Pinto et al., 1997; Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesMendes et al., 1998.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Restricted distribution Introduced EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab) Present Mendes et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Mio and Amorim, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew) Present da Ponte, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present May, 1964; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Sutton, 1980; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesMathur, 1981; Soave et al., 1985; Mendes et al., 1998.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Present CMI, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Absent, never occurred Evans, 1981; Anonymous, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Introduced YesTessmann et al., 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Widespread Hernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Widespread Native Winter, 1884; Joffily, 1944; Ferreira, 1983; Graça et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Rossetto, 1972; Flechtmann, 1974; Ramalho, 1978; Ramalho and Leao-Veiga, 1980; Morales and Lima, 1983; Oliveira and Sponchiado, 1983; Haji et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Widespread Barbosa and Hooker, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara puberula Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly) Present Native NoHempel, 1922.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Widespread YesHenry and McLaughlin, 1975; Farrapeira, 2009; Farrapeira, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Native NoWiedemann, 1830; Stone, 1942a; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Restricted distribution Native NoStone, 1942a; Malavasi and Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoLima da Costa, 1934; Stone, 1942; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Widespread Native NoWiedemann, 1830; Stone, 1942a; Malavasi Zucchi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Restricted distribution Native NoStone, 1942; Norrbom et al., 1999; Malavasi A Zucchi RA, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Present Introduced Toledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Ebeling, 1959; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present McKenzie, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Nakahara, 1982; Kondo, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Restricted distribution Brown et al., 1995a; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Barbosa et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Introduced Costa and Lordello, 1988; Thorp, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Restricted distribution Native NoISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Absent, invalid record
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Credland and Dick, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoCarlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus fumatus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Introduced YesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHagen, 1858; Constantino, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulata Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesHeinemann and Belkin, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieri Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Absent, unreliable record Mound and Halsey, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Introduced NoWu et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Deprá et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kaydan and Gullan, 2012; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Restricted distribution Silva et al., 1968; Fenilli, 1982; Rosado Neto, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Localised Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Quayle, 1938; CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinacea Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution Spencer and, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present Buchanan, 1937; Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Widespread Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Present Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Widespread CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread Panizzi and Slansky, 1985; Moscardi, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOecobius annulipes Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Present Introduced YesSuplicy and Sampaio, 1982; Sampaio et al., 1983; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondari Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Soria and Conte, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Introduced, establishment uncertain Introduced DIAS, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced Matienzo et al., 2003; Resende et al., 2006; Hodges et al., 2008; Kondo et al., 2008; Muniappan, 2009; Prishanthini and Vinobaba, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Restricted distribution Introduced Silva, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Present Lazzari and Cardoso, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Present Iede et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Salinas, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Huner , 2002a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Absent, formerly present IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Restricted distribution Borchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Williams and Willink, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Absent, invalid record Introduced Williams, 1965.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Taylor and Halliday, 1986; Pacheco et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Vaurie, 1971; Wibmer and O'Brien, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Restricted distribution Introduced Iede et al., 1988; Iede et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Da-Cruz, 1980; Rebelles-Reis, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Restricted distribution Native NoVinson and Sorenson, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant) Localised Native NoPitts, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Widespread Introduced YesWilcken et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced Monteiro et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Alves et al., 1975; Moretto and Leonidas, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood, 1980; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella unicornis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Present Silvano and Begossi, 2001; Latini and Petrere, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Widespread Introduced Long, 2003; Camarao et al., 2004; Borghese, 2005; Sheikh et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Present Chong et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Ryall, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoCaceres and Monteiro-Filho, 2006; IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish) Present Native NoFishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHydrochoerus hydrochaeris (capybara) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988; Piedras, 1990; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Native Leenders, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Present NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised Introduced Grigera and Rapoport, 1983; Bonino et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMarmosa cinerea Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Introduced, not established Introduced Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Native YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Starling et al., 2002; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Absent, formerly present Introduced Eterovic and Duarte, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Native YesFroese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia vivipara Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesLima et al., 1999; FAO, 2005; Giovanelli et al., 2008; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesSicuro and Oliveira, 2002; Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced YesTaylor, 1914; Reichling, 1950; Flechtmann and Baggio, 1985; Escargots Funcia, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Widespread Native NoFIGIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesBarker, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesMaurer et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoBoffi, 1979; Simone, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Widespread Native NoCowie and Thiengo, 2003; Simone, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMeghimatium pictum Present Introduced YesGomes et al., 2011; Baronio et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, invalid record Cowie and Thiengo, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Lordello, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Absent, unreliable record Almeida, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Curi and Pitta, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; Zem and Lordello, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Lordello et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Lordello and Monteiro, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present Sharma, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; de Souza et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Widespread Carneiro et al., 2001; Torres et al., 2004; Lima et al., 2005; Torres et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Cafe-Filho and Huang, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Zem and Lordello, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Restricted distribution Lordello, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Andrade et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Localised Introduced Rego et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread NoForno, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Lourenço et al., 2005; Taylor, 1930; Joly, 1957; Taylor, 1960; Joly, 1965.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Introduced de Paula et al., 1998; de Paula et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Joly, 1965; Falcão and Menezes, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Present Introduced de Paula et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon pictum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present YesInstituto Horus, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present Introduced YesInstituto Horus, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced Higa and Resende, 1994; Stein and Tonietto, 1997; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Widespread Native YesLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present FAO, 2012; FAO, 2012; Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present León, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced FLORIDATA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Native Abud, 1985; Julien et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Haselwood and Motter, 1966; Holm et al., 1979; Fleck et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Costa et al., 1984; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Morton, 1987; Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native Forzza, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native Gonzalez, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArracacia xanthorrhiza (arracacha) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Clayton et al., 2016; eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Ling, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present YesHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Silveira, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Widespread Manidool, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Fleck et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Azevedo and Beltrao, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Gomes et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (Bougainvilla) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Tropicos, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Native Washington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Forzza R et al, 2010; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesBrandao, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (gotani bean) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Widespread NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Botsaris, 2007; Grace et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Widespread NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Fenner et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Clayton et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Widespread Holm et al., 1977; Machado and Marchezan, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Carmona, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris pycnothrix Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced Frizzo et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Koketsu et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome hassleriana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Philcox, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Wester and Wood, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (Butterfly-pea) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina virginica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Present Hinkle, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced Sherff, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Barroso, 1954; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Abud, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Widespread Native NoSchwirkowski, 2012; IABIN, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesCordero et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoLorenzi, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Boldingh, 1909.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichorisandra thyrsiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Rozanski et al., 1988; Kissman and Groth, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Widespread Lorenzi, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Azevedo et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus grisebachii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus horizontalis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus uruguayensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Restricted distribution Native NoKissmann, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Native Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Present Introduced Steinheil, 1838.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Introduced Peterson et al., 2001; Soreng et al., 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Hashimoto, 1982; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Native IUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982; Kissmann, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present, few occurrences Introduced Baggio et al., 1997; Ziller and Rosa , 2001; I3N-Brasil, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced Rio de Janerio Botanic Garden Research Institute, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982; Kissmann, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Localised Native NoLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Widespread Johnston, 1928; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum euclaston Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Introduced YesSousa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Widespread Native NoZuloaga et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native Forzza et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread NoPadua et al., 1999; Ocampo and Balick, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamarckia aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Fernandez et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; Hughes, 1998a; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Nesom, 2009; Forzza, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present YesI3N-Brasil, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesLorenzi, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole) Present Native NoJSTOR Global Plants, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesHitchcock and Chase, 1910; Alves and Xavier, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced YesZiller and Rosa , 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Instituto Horus, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Schneider, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Widespread YesOviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present YesLorenzi, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Native Meyer, 1994b; Seixas et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Barreto and Evans, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Holm et al., 1977; Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; Willson and Garcia, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native Lonsdale et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present Filgueiras, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Bacchi et al., 1972; Lorenzi, 1986; Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present YesInstituto Horus, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Lim, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Native EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana langsdorffii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Forzza R et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Machado et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced Andrade et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Abud, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; CARDENAS and COULSTON, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoLorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Native NoDale, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (bahiagrass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Native NoD'Urville, 1822; Parodi, 1937; Forzza et al, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present, few occurrences Native NoKillip, 1938; Da Costa Sacco, 1980; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora morifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present NoJiang, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLorenzi, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris platensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoHanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCruz et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Widespread NoLorenzi, 1982; Branch and Silva, 1983; Matos, 2000; Santos et al., 2003; Bastos et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Seidemann, 2005; Parthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Widespread Introduced YesZenni and Ziller, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present Braga et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holetz et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Lukhoba et al., 2006; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Reflora, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Hafliger and Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Pitelli et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Legrand, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Coelho and Giulietti, 2010; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBurkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite) Present Introduced YesLima and Pasiecznik, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced NoMorel, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Lorenzi, 1982; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Millhollon and Burner, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Native Ezcurra and Daniel, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Discover Life, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Widespread Native Cronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed) Present Matzenbacher and Schneider, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Forzza et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Native Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native YesILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native Forzza R et al, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native Pensiero, 1999; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum capsicastrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present D'Arcy, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesDuarte and de Carvalho, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Forzza R et al, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Widespread Native YesLorenzi, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Aranha et al., 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Stehmann et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present GRIN, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Usteri, 1911.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Forzza R et al, 2010; Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1948; Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1977; Lorenzi, 1982; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Aranha et al., 1982; Friere et al., 1988; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Croat, 1981; Englberger, 2009; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTalinum paniculatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997; Leite et al., 1997; Collier et al., 2001; Silva et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Introduced YesLorenzi, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present, few occurrences Brasil, 1992; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2003; Macedo et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Lorenzi, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Gracioso et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Ferraz, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa brizantha (palisadegrass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa humidicola (koronivia grass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Shirasuna, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Introduced Peterson et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Frahm, 1975.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Localised Oliveira-Proença et al., 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoMarzal et al., 2011.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Reis and Nobrega, 1937; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoOliveira et al., 2002.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996; Brioso et al., 2000.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Caetano, 1984; Ramirez, 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5 Widespread Rodenbusch et al., 2014.
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread Pio-Ribeiro and Kuhn, 1980; Lima et al., 1981; Nascimento et al., 2004; Nascimento et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Native OIE, 2004a; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virus Present Costa et al., 2009.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Introduced Nagata et al., 1999; Pozzer et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; Nakano et al., 2008.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Cezar et al., 2003; Lima et al., 2011.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, unreliable record Singh, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Acanthocephalan infections of fish Present Knoff et al., 2001.
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
Actinobaculum suis infections Present Vaz et al., 1997.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present Schuch et al., 2003; OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Horn, 1983; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; , 1971; Langenegger, 1994; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Present Freitas and Back, 2015.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Resende et al., 1990.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009; Balen and Fiorentin, 1990.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Reis and Nobrega, 1937; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Hawkes, 1996.
Borrelia anserina infections Present Ataliba et al., 2007.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Localised Introduced Rego et al., 1999.
botulism Reported present or known to be present Silva et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Linhares et al., 1974.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Scott, 1989.
bovine herpesvirus 5 infection Present Carillo et al., 1983a.
bovine papillomatosis Present Bezerra et al., 1994.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Dal et al., 1989.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bubonic leishmaniasis Present
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Widespread Brentano et al., 1991.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Raso et al., 2002.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Present
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2003.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Azevado et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Present OIE, 2009.
contagious agalactia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Lima et al., 1992; Newman et al., 1993; Newman et al., 1994; Pena et al., 1997; Newman et al., 1999; Cabral et al., 2001; Silva et al., 2003; Dall'Olio and Franco, 2004.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Ribeiro, 1994; Silva et al., 1999.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Muratori et al., 2000.
encephalomyocarditis Present Roehe et al., 1985.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Lopes et al., 1982.
epitheliocystis Present Szakolczai et al., 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Present OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Castro et al., 1984; Silva et al., 1994; Mores et al., 1998.
European foulbrood Present Schotman, 1989; Bailey, 1984; OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Widespread Rodenbusch et al., 2014.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Native OIE, 2004a; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2004a.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Last reported Fallavena et al., 1993; Back et al., 1995; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Vargas et al., 1994; Rigolon and Vargas, 1996.
glanders Present OIE, 2009.
Glässer's disease Present Santos et al., 1997.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Gardinali et al., 2012; Costa et al., 2014.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Lainson, 1981.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Infection with Senecavirus A Present Leme et al., 2016.
infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis Widespread Bedford, 1992.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious myonecrosis Present Costa et al., 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Silva and Costa, 2001; Nobrega et al., 2013.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Present OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Monogenean infections of fish Present Santos et al., 2000.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Pardo et al., 1998.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Widespread Nascimento et al., 1998.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present Mettifogo et al., 1996.
Mycoplasma dispar infections Present Marques et al., 2007.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Nascimento et al., 1986.
myxomatosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Martins and Souza, 1997; Martins et al., 1997.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
necrotizing hepatopancreatitis Present Gomes et al., 2010.
nematodes in fish Present Freitas and Lent, 1946.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
oomycete infections in fish Present Conroy and et al. , 1986.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Santos and da Silva, 1956.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoMarzal et al., 2011.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine intestinal spirochaetosis Present Barcellos et al., 2000.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
proliferative enteropathy Present Alberton et al., 2011.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Ribeiro et al., 2011.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Gabbay et al., 2003; Alfieri et al., 2004.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009; Ribeiro and Rodrigues, 2001; OIE, 2003.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Domingues et al., 1996.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Freitas et al., 1985; Barcellos et al., 1989; Sobestiansky et al., 1989.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Garcia and Schonhofen, 1988.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
torovirus infections Present Nogueira et al., 2013.
toxoplasmosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present Viana, 1990.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Alves et al., 1975; Moretto and Leonidas, 2003.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Federer et al., 1967.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 38077 38723 38205 38072 37832
Apples Production Quantity 1339000 1279120 1222890 1124160 1115380
Apples Yield 351656 Fc 330326 Fc 320086 Fc 295272 Fc 294824 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 10753 11111 8411 9453 9774
Avocados Production Quantity 160376 153189 139089 147214 154096
Avocados Yield 149145 Fc 137871 Fc 165366 Fc 155733 Fc 157659 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 503354 487790 479614 513097 515346
Bananas Production Quantity 7329470 6969310 6783480 6998150 7098350
Bananas Yield 145613 Fc 142875 Fc 141436 Fc 136390 Fc 137740 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 88236 84118 77452 79270 100298
Barley Production Quantity 303872 278558 201249 236912 235577
Barley Seed 8823.6 Fc 8823.6 Fc 8411.8 Fc 7745.2 Fc 7927 Fc
Barley Yield 34438.6 Fc 33115.2 Fc 25983.7 Fc 29886.7 Fc 23487.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 3673160 3423650 4099990 3781910 3788280
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3435370 3158910 3486760 3461190 3169360
Beans, dry Seed 156317 Fc 156317 Fc 146222 Fc 171107 Fc 158701 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 9352.63 Fc 9226.73 Fc 8504.31 Fc 9151.96 Fc 8366.22 Fc
Brazil nuts, with shell Production Quantity 40357 F 40357 37467 30815 30406
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 37132 27728 45276 41785 34797
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 16680 7349 20702 19890 15731
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 3163.96 Fc 3163.96 Fc 2535.13 Fc 3861.64 Fc 3570.34 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 4492.08 Fc 2650.39 Fc 4572.4 Fc 4760.08 Fc 4520.79 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 46000 F 45900 Im 49653 Im 51130 Im 48000 F
Buckwheat Production Quantity 57000 F 56700 Im 53487 Im 59721 Im 52000 F
Buckwheat Seed 2760 Fc 2760 Fc 2754 Fc 2979.18 Fc 3067.8 Fc
Buckwheat Yield 12391.3 Fc 12352.9 Fc 10772.2 Fc 11680.2 Fc 10833.3 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 764472 758988 758085 747434 731412
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 230785 104342 220505 243253 140675
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 3018.88 Fc 1374.75 Fc 2908.71 Fc 3254.51 Fc 1923.33 Fc
Cashewapple Area Harvested 618542 Im 602395 Im 591211 Im 622371 Im 621363 Im
Cashewapple Production Quantity 1788310 Im 1694160 Im 1622620 Im 1690660 Im 1714060 Im
Cashewapple Yield 28911.7 Fc 28123.7 Fc 27445.7 Fc 27164.8 Fc 27585.5 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1741230 1787470 1760580 1888860 1894460
Cassava Production Quantity 25441700 24496300 24404000 26703000 26541200
Cassava Yield 146113 Fc 137045 Fc 138613 Fc 141371 Fc 140099 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 208476 151865 159409 157626 163034
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 120166 95183 91076 122140 98142
Castor oil seed Seed 3165.33 Fc 3165.33 Fc 2357.8 Fc 2488.92 Fc 2454.95 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 5764.02 Fc 6267.61 Fc 5713.35 Fc 7748.72 Fc 6019.73 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 19215700 A 18600500 A 20080300 A 20818400 A 19543800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 73098600 A 71419800 A 66700900 A 75735300 A 65758400 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 782572 A 782572 A 759460 A 818370 A 825354 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 38041 Fc 38396.8 Fc 33217.1 Fc 36379.1 Fc 33646.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19215700 A 18600500 A 20080300 A 20818400 A 19543800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 77586400 A 75161400 A 70913700 A 79751800 A 69441600 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 782572 A 782572 A 759460 A 818370 A 825354 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 40376.5 Fc 40408.3 Fc 35315.1 Fc 38308.4 Fc 35531.3 Fc
Chestnuts Production Quantity F F F F F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 922083 A 897213 A 887184 A 938723 A 930591 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22017700 A 20717000 A 19680900 A 20654200 A 20981300 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 238782 Fc 230904 Fc 221836 Fc 220024 Fc 225462 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14324600 A 13696400 A 14778000 A 15603800 A 14799600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 58419400 A 57754100 A 53207100 A 61663100 A 54266800 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 380613 A 380613 A 362792 A 390279 A 404526 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 40782.5 Fc 42167.3 Fc 36004.3 Fc 39518 Fc 36667.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 680484 660711 635975 641337 628928
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 248524 235389 218487 202030 201651
Cocoa beans Yield 3652.17 Fc 3562.66 Fc 3435.47 Fc 3150.14 Fc 3206.27 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 270541 275091 284058 287016 283205
Coconuts Production Quantity 2943650 2843450 2960050 3223980 2831000
Coconuts Yield 108806 Fc 103364 Fc 104206 Fc 112328 Fc 99962.9 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2148780 2159790 2135510 2222220 2264130
Coffee, green Production Quantity 2700440 2907270 2440060 2796930 2249010
Coffee, green Yield 12567.3 Fc 13460.9 Fc 11426.1 Fc 12586.2 Fc 9933.22 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 1673340 * 973449 * 956189 * 1314450 * 1356570 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 3194550 * 1858400 * 1825450 * 2509400 * 2589820 *
Cottonseed Seed 70045.3 Fc 70045.3 Fc 41487.6 Fc 40584.3 Fc 53190.9 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 93231 Im 80885 Im 91353 Im 109104 Im 112182 Im
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1699120 A 1105330 A 1095130 A 1356860 A 1420600 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2068000 A 1315850 A 1342900 A 1684250 A 1740870 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 12171 Fc 11904.6 Fc 12262.5 Fc 12412.8 Fc 12254.5 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 3041 2933 2886 2859 2850
Figs Production Quantity 26233 25727 24146 22565 23225
Figs Yield 86264.4 Fc 87715.6 Fc 83666 Fc 78926.2 Fc 81491.2 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2447000 A 2383120 A 2338870 A 2462140 A 2458090 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 40949300 A 38793300 A 37155300 A 38789800 A 39249100 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 167345 Fc 162784 Fc 158860 Fc 157545 Fc 159673 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 61631 62177 50795 48752 46866
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 923035 922334 713515 684376 664286
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 149768 Fc 148340 Fc 140470 Fc 140379 Fc 141742 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 12928 10450 10063 10228 11258
Garlic Production Quantity 143293 104124 86752 91714 99002
Garlic Seed 6465 Fc 6465 Fc 5225.5 Fc 5081.5 Fc 5114 Fc
Garlic Yield 110839 Fc 99640.2 Fc 86208.9 Fc 89669.5 Fc 87939.2 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 4280 Im 4168 Im 4091 Im 4307 Im 4300 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 75119 Im 71164 Im 68159 Im 71017 Im 72000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 175512 Fc 170739 Fc 166607 Fc 164887 Fc 167442 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 84338 81518 81355 79946 78273
Grapes Production Quantity 1542070 1355460 1365490 1421430 1371560
Grapes Yield 182844 Fc 166277 Fc 167843 Fc 177799 Fc 175228 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 106679 94329 94325 121456 113776
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 311459 261455 255662 312802 263440
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 4287.72 Fc 4287.72 Fc 3786.8 Fc 3777.6 Fc 4858.28 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 29195.9 Fc 27717.3 Fc 27104.4 Fc 25754.3 Fc 23154.3 Fc
Gums Natural Production Quantity 55 F 55 F 55 F 55 F 55 F
Jute Area Harvested 855 723 599 710 4501
Jute Production Quantity 1054 934 802 804 6362
Jute Yield 12327.5 Fc 12918.4 Fc 13389 Fc 11323.9 Fc 14134.6 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 12118 A 11193 A 10014 A 10140 A 16916 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 16665 A 14150 A 14856 A 13429 A 25658 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 13752.3 Fc 12641.8 Fc 14835.2 Fc 13243.6 Fc 15167.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 47267 42779 41029 43922 45410
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 1126740 1020740 899821 965333 1018700
Lemons and limes Yield 238378 Fc 238608 Fc 219313 Fc 219783 Fc 224334 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 11190 16584 13037 12245 16223
Linseed Production Quantity 11046 16159 9873 11333 14722
Linseed Seed F F F F F
Linseed Yield 9871.31 Fc 9743.73 Fc 7573.06 Fc 9255.21 Fc 9074.77 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 13218900 12678900 13654700 14444600 13767400
Maize Production Quantity 55660400 55364300 50719800 58933300 52112200
Maize Seed 340135 Fc 340135 Fc 324077 Fc 353608 Fc 368681 Fc
Maize Yield 42106.7 Fc 43666.5 Fc 37144.6 Fc 40799.5 Fc 37851.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 76383 75179 75178 74003 75911
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1249520 1189650 1197690 1154650 1272180
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 163586 Fc 158242 Fc 159314 Fc 156027 Fc 167588 Fc
Maté Area Harvested 71185 68183 70588 71217 74526
Maté Production Quantity 443635 430305 443126 434727 438474
Maté Yield 62321.4 Fc 63110.3 Fc 62776.4 Fc 61042.6 Fc 58835 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 134947 124946 128900 124933 114842
Natural rubber Production Quantity 164498 133981 126973 120905 111407
Natural rubber Yield 12189.8 Fc 10723.1 Fc 9850.5 Fc 9677.59 Fc 9700.89 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3766 Im 3739 Im 3733 Im 3678 Im 3600
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 3300 F 3300 F 3254 Im 3550 Im 2600
Nuts, nes Yield 8762.61 Fc 8825.89 Fc 8716.85 Fc 9651.98 Fc 7222.22 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 172127 173455 134040 117058 136955
Oats Production Quantity 373009 395056 252503 238516 237801
Oats Seed 17232.7 Fc 17232.7 Fc 17345.5 Fc 13459 Fc 11705.8 Fc
Oats Yield 21670.6 Fc 22775.7 Fc 18837.9 Fc 20375.9 Fc 17363.4 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 109080 106420 103904 103158 66000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 1301190 1292710 1122400 1091100 660000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 119288 Fc 121472 Fc 108023 Fc 105770 Fc 100000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 25979600 A 24779000 A 23178800 A 22991400 A 22285300 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 61287900 A 55809400 A 46754500 A 49121500 A 47521200 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 797296 A 797296 A 760718 A 710403 A 701355 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 23590.8 Fc 22522.9 Fc 20171.3 Fc 21365.2 Fc 21324 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 26188300 A 24931000 A 23338300 A 23149200 A 22448500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 14933300 A 13582300 A 11504000 A 12102800 A 11637800 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 187215 A 187215 A 177253 A 165805 A 164638 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5702.3 Fc 5447.97 Fc 4929.24 Fc 5228.18 Fc 5184.22 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 24520 Im 22073 Im 18729 Im 19909 Im 19383 Im
Olives Area Harvested 43 22 F 6 F 6 6
Olives Production Quantity 77 38 F 1 F 1 1
Olives Yield 17907 Fc 17272.7 Fc 1666.67 Fc 1666.67 Fc 1666.67 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 63481 70429 66013 65164 63622
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1523320 1753310 1511850 1367070 1360300
Onions, dry Yield 239965 Fc 248947 Fc 229023 Fc 209789 Fc 213810 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 817292 792753 787250 836602 821244
Oranges Production Quantity 19811100 18503100 17618500 18538100 18685000
Oranges Yield 242399 Fc 233403 Fc 223798 Fc 221588 Fc 227521 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 11263 10470 9415 9430 12415
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 15611 13216 14054 12625 19296
Other Bastfibres Yield 13860.4 Fc 12622.7 Fc 14927.2 Fc 13388.1 Fc 15542.5 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 19695 18861 17544 15746 21576
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 499330 478392 402959 340464 495323
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 253531 Fc 253641 Fc 229685 Fc 216223 Fc 229571 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 208900 F 208900 Im 180000 F 150000 F 130000 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 270000 * 250000 * 240000 * 210000 * 190000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 35531 34417 34213 36585 34779
Papayas Production Quantity 1854340 1871960 1792590 1890290 1811540
Papayas Yield 521894 Fc 543906 Fc 523950 Fc 516684 Fc 520872 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 20148 20290 19043 21320 22398
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 222180 222402 216236 239149 185959
Peaches and nectarines Yield 110274 Fc 109612 Fc 113551 Fc 112171 Fc 83024.8 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1750 1535 1394 1609 1650
Pears Production Quantity 20532 16397 14856 17391 17074
Pears Yield 117326 Fc 106821 Fc 106571 Fc 108086 Fc 103479 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1538 2569 3040 2068 1727
Peas, dry Production Quantity 3901 5909 6865 4729 3844
Peas, dry Yield 25364.1 Fc 23001.2 Fc 22582.2 Fc 22867.5 Fc 22258.3 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 21089 23263 27415 29549 32857
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 44610 52137 65398 69600 77770
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 21153.2 Fc 22412 Fc 23854.8 Fc 23554.1 Fc 23669.2 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 8349 8755 8638 8797 8065
Persimmons Production Quantity 154625 167215 171555 173297 159851
Persimmons Yield 185202 Fc 190994 Fc 198605 Fc 196996 Fc 198203 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 62481 58507 60176 65982 71823
Pineapples Production Quantity 2318120 2205590 2206490 2568550 2676420
Pineapples Yield 371012 Fc 376979 Fc 366673 Fc 389280 Fc 372641 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 149212 137044 138692 144916 147719
Potatoes Production Quantity 3917230 3547510 3443710 3676940 3550510
Potatoes Seed 268726 Fc 268726 Fc 262228 Fc 249986 Fc 260854 Fc
Potatoes Yield 262528 Fc 258859 Fc 248299 Fc 253729 Fc 240356 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3711830 A 3453950 A 4148310 A 3825760 A 3824800 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3455950 A 3172170 A 3514330 A 3485810 A 3188940 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 159481 A 159481 A 148757 A 174969 A 162271 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9310.64 Fc 9184.18 Fc 8471.72 Fc 9111.41 Fc 8337.51 Fc
Pyrethrum,Dried Production Quantity
Quinces Area Harvested 160 209 211 197 196
Quinces Production Quantity 780 964 975 905 931
Quinces Yield 48750 Fc 46124.4 Fc 46208.5 Fc 45939.1 Fc 47500 Fc
Ramie Area Harvested 369 369 151 447 394
Ramie Production Quantity 971 831 499 1023 1072
Ramie Yield 26314.4 Fc 22520.3 Fc 33046.4 Fc 22885.9 Fc 27208.1 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 42000 * 46000 * 31000 * 33000 * 32000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 52000 * 70000 * 42000 * 44000 * 42000 *
Rapeseed Seed 210 Fc 210 Fc 230 Fc 155 Fc 165 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 12381 Fc 15217.4 Fc 13548.4 Fc 13333.3 Fc 13125 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2752890 2722460 2872040 2850680 2890930
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 13477000 11236000 12651100 12061500 11060700
Rice, paddy Seed 217004 Fc 217004 Fc 211141 Fc 220795 Fc 218066 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 48955.8 Fc 41271.5 Fc 44049.2 Fc 42311 Fc 38260 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1959320 A 1991770 A 1966640 A 2106240 A 2113060 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30147900 A 28772000 A 28556400 A 31180900 A 30871200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 268726 A 268726 A 262228 A 249986 A 260854 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 153869 Fc 144455 Fc 145204 Fc 148040 Fc 146097 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 2341 2343 3629 4748 3866
Rye Production Quantity 3519 3165 3921 6085 4620
Rye Seed 234.1 Fc 234.1 Fc 234.3 Fc 362.9 Fc 474.8 Fc
Rye Yield 15032 Fc 13508.3 Fc 10804.6 Fc 12815.9 Fc 11950.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 1400910 829753 811686 1063820 1125260
Seed cotton Production Quantity 5070720 2949850 2897540 3983180 4110820
Seed cotton Yield 36195.9 Fc 35550.9 Fc 35697.8 Fc 37442.2 Fc 36532.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 8000 * 7000 * 9000 * 10000 * 11000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 5000 * 5000 * 6000 * 7000 * 7000 *
Sesame seed Seed 80 Fc 80 Fc 70 Fc 90 Fc 100 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6250 Fc 7142.86 Fc 6666.67 Fc 7000 Fc 6363.64 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 285724 264016 273277 282452 278027
Sisal Production Quantity 283797 246535 280005 246239 245389
Sisal Yield 9932.56 Fc 9337.88 Fc 10246.2 Fc 8717.91 Fc 8826.09 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 757410 661180 793027 831354 662994
Sorghum Production Quantity 1931140 1532060 1853930 2004010 1440750
Sorghum Seed 11427.7 Fc 11427.7 Fc 9969.64 Fc 12125 Fc 12669.9 Fc
Sorghum Yield 25496.6 Fc 23171.6 Fc 23377.9 Fc 24105.4 Fc 21731 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 23968700 23327300 21750500 21246300 20565300
Soybeans Production Quantity 74815400 68756300 57345400 59833100 57857200
Soybeans Seed 961296 Fc 961296 Fc 933564 Fc 870471 Fc 850109 Fc
Soybeans Yield 31213.8 Fc 29474.6 Fc 26365.1 Fc 28161.7 Fc 28133.4 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 376 Im 366 Im 359 Im 378 Im 377 Im
Strawberries Production Quantity 3016 Im 2857 Im 2736 Im 2852 Im 2891 Im
Strawberries Yield 80212.8 Fc 78060.1 Fc 76211.7 Fc 75449.7 Fc 76684.4 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 9601320 9076710 8617560 8140090 7080920
Sugar cane Production Quantity 734006000 717464000 691606000 645300000 549707000
Sugar cane Yield 764484 Fc 790445 Fc 802554 Fc 792743 Fc 776321 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 62535 76492 81267 114375 72548
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 77932 86608 100905 148297 104923
Sunflower seed Seed 750.42 Fc 750.42 Fc 917.9 Fc 975.2 Fc 1372.5 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 12462.1 Fc 11322.5 Fc 12416.5 Fc 12965.9 Fc 14462.6 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 43843 41802 42241 45552 43879
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 544820 495182 477472 548438 529531
Sweet potatoes Yield 124266 Fc 118459 Fc 113035 Fc 120398 Fc 120680 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 53244 57513 54814 53892 59637
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 1004730 1122010 1094430 1079700 1205580
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 188703 Fc 195088 Fc 199662 Fc 200345 Fc 202153 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 2291 2399 2597 2597 311
Tea Production Quantity 3520 4278 4686 4752 1083
Tea Yield 15364.5 Fc 17832.4 Fc 18043.9 Fc 18298 Fc 34823.2 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 454635 449629 442397 432182 459481
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 951933 787817 863079 851058 908679
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 20938.4 Fc 17521.5 Fc 19509.2 Fc 19692.1 Fc 19776.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 71473 67892 67605 60912 58404
Tomatoes Production Quantity 4416650 4106850 4310480 3867660 3431230
Tomatoes Yield 617947 Fc 604909 Fc 637598 Fc 634959 Fc 587499 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 770673 A 765200 A 764010 A 752726 A 736678 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 280171 A 153318 A 265797 A 279932 A 175906 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 3635.41 Fc 2003.63 Fc 3478.97 Fc 3718.91 Fc 2387.83 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 39628 50543 65505 75640 80107
Triticale Production Quantity 90469 124277 122212 184604 183871
Triticale Yield 22829.6 Fc 24588.4 Fc 18656.9 Fc 24405.6 Fc 22953.2 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 123 123 126 163 173
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 343 318 322 403 425
Tung Nuts Yield 27886.2 Fc 25853.7 Fc 25555.6 Fc 24723.9 Fc 24566.5 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 221592 Im 237000 F 230000 F 210000 F 210000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 2829820 Im 2737780 Im 2650000 F 2410000 F 2410000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 127704 Fc 115518 Fc 115217 Fc 114762 Fc 114762 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 486887 A 499578 A 484951 A 450239 A 461416 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 11611000 A 11233400 A 11027200 A 10072100 A 9888490 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Seed 6465 A 6465 A 5225.5 A 5081.5 A 5114 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 238475 Fc 224858 Fc 227388 Fc 223706 Fc 214307 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 486887 A 499578 A 484951 A 450239 A 461416 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11611000 A 11233400 A 11027200 A 10072100 A 9888490 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Seed 6465 A 6465 A 5225.5 A 5081.5 A 5114 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 238475 Fc 224858 Fc 227388 Fc 223706 Fc 214307 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2435 2473 2192 1614 1666
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 5729 5319 4571 2314 2225
Walnuts, with shell Yield 23527.7 Fc 21508.3 Fc 20853.1 Fc 14337 Fc 13355.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 97718 94946 93726 88189 96556
Watermelons Production Quantity 2198620 2052930 2065170 1995210 2092630
Watermelons Yield 224996 Fc 216221 Fc 220341 Fc 226243 Fc 216727 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2138200 2181570 2430250 2363890 1853220
Wheat Production Quantity 5690040 6171250 5055530 6027130 4114060
Wheat Seed 184955 Fc 184955 Fc 185527 Fc 207296 Fc 202762 Fc
Wheat Yield 26611.4 Fc 28288.1 Fc 20802.5 Fc 25496.7 Fc 22199.5 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 25035 Im 25450 Im 25129 Im 26913 Im 27000 F
Yams Production Quantity 244142 Im 233000 Im 231254 Im 252508 Im 250000 F
Yams Yield 97520.3 Fc 91552.1 Fc 92026.7 Fc 93823.8 Fc 92592.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 36107 35493 32993 31532 31519
Apples Production Quantity 863019 850535 980203 841821 857388
Apples Yield 239017 Fc 239635 Fc 297094 Fc 266974 Fc 272023 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 10442 11548 11933 10053 12306
Avocados Production Quantity 164441 169335 170534 156661 173930
Avocados Yield 157480 Fc 146636 Fc 142910 Fc 155835 Fc 141338 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 504586 491180 491042 509588 503023
Bananas Production Quantity 6956180 6703400 6583560 6800980 6422860
Bananas Yield 137859 Fc 136475 Fc 134073 Fc 133460 Fc 127685 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 82177 144511 142144 119224 147397
Barley Production Quantity 202940 326251 397160 345320 244600
Barley Seed 10029.8 Fc 9127.2 Fc 14451.1 Fc 14219.4 Fc 11943.4 Fc
Barley Yield 24695.5 Fc 22576.2 Fc 27940.7 Fc 28964 Fc 16594.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 4034380 3748660 3978660 4090570 4140530
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3457740 3021640 2967010 3302040 3064230
Beans, dry Seed 159036 Fc 169739 Fc 158634 Fc 173031 Fc 175128 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8570.68 Fc 8060.59 Fc 7457.31 Fc 8072.32 Fc 7400.57 Fc
Brazil nuts, with shell Production Quantity 28806 30000 F 28500 F 28000 F 27389
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 36857 34452 36179 34792 31579
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 14951 13181 13897 12939 10099
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 2985.46 Fc 3189.28 Fc 2989.62 Fc 3165.49 Fc 3041.39 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 4056.49 Fc 3825.9 Fc 3841.18 Fc 3718.96 Fc 3198.01 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 47000 F 46000 F 51417 Im 50167 Im 45000 F
Buckwheat Production Quantity 51000 F 50000 F 60345 Im 63651 Im 48000 F
Buckwheat Seed 2880 Fc 2820 Fc 2760 Fc 3085.02 Fc 3010.02 Fc
Buckwheat Yield 10851.1 Fc 10869.6 Fc 11736.4 Fc 12687.8 Fc 10666.7 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 710181 700367 691059 682503 665014
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 243770 152751 187839 183094 164539
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 3432.51 Fc 2181.01 Fc 2718.13 Fc 2682.68 Fc 2474.22 Fc
Cashewapple Area Harvested 610000 F 594763 Im 600000 F 598000 F 595000 F
Cashewapple Production Quantity 1660000 F 1650000 F 1610000 F 1603000 F 1600000 F
Cashewapple Yield 27213.1 Fc 27742.1 Fc 26833.3 Fc 26806 Fc 26890.8 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1896510 1901540 1754880 1633570 1675270
Cassava Production Quantity 26639000 25872000 23926600 21961100 23065600
Cassava Yield 140463 Fc 136058 Fc 136343 Fc 134436 Fc 137683 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 151060 230911 172704 133879 136109
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 95000 168802 138745 83682 170897
Castor oil seed Seed 2497.51 Fc 2404.98 Fc 3630.85 Fc 2641.35 Fc 2017.28 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 6288.89 Fc 7310.26 Fc 8033.69 Fc 6250.57 Fc 12555.9 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 18423600 A 19312000 A 20426200 A 19929800 A 17877200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 55310600 A 51275400 A 59542400 A 64026800 A 47396700 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 767030 A 761772 A 877956 A 914038 A 834990 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 30021.6 Fc 26551.1 Fc 29150 Fc 32126.2 Fc 26512.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 18423600 A 19312000 A 20426200 A 19929800 A 17877200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 59149000 A 55668700 A 63963700 A 67468200 A 50878900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 767030 A 761772 A 877956 A 914038 A 834990 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 32105 Fc 28826 Fc 31314.5 Fc 33853 Fc 28460.2 Fc
Chestnuts Production Quantity F F F F F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 917782 A 920896 A 938676 A 955619 A 947180 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20404700 A 20184500 A 20530000 A 19268600 A 20844900 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 222326 Fc 219184 Fc 218713 Fc 201635 Fc 220073 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13892500 A 13035400 A 13885900 A 14188700 A 12626400 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 45137500 A 37817000 A 44867800 A 50980100 A 37316100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 387786 A 382420 A 373120 A 388274 A 380684 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 32490.5 Fc 29010.9 Fc 32311.9 Fc 35930.1 Fc 29554 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 647135 625384 638825 590945 582315
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 212270 208620 196005 170004 174796
Cocoa beans Yield 3280.15 Fc 3335.87 Fc 3068.21 Fc 2876.82 Fc 3001.74 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 289815 290515 285243 280382 276598
Coconuts Production Quantity 2978220 3118940 3117340 2978490 2892350
Coconuts Yield 102763 Fc 107359 Fc 109287 Fc 106230 Fc 104569 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2312160 2325920 2368040 2395500 2370910
Coffee, green Production Quantity 2573370 2140170 2465710 1987070 2649610
Coffee, green Yield 11129.7 Fc 9201.39 Fc 10412.5 Fc 8295.01 Fc 11175.5 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 956800 * 1210530 * 1254460 * 726558 * 713230 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1826600 * 2311000 * 2394870 * 1387070 * 1363510 *
Cottonseed Seed 56262.8 Fc 44900.4 Fc 63166.2 Fc 57502 Fc 35891.6 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 85144 Im 100000 F 98000 F 97500 F 96583
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1194900 A 1520540 A 1392410 A 947477 A 978298 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1317230 A 1550870 A 1565620 A 1022910 A 992524 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 11023.7 Fc 10199.5 Fc 11244 Fc 10796.2 Fc 10145.4 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 3007 2911 3113 3109 3111
Figs Production Quantity 26476 23697 26839 25586 23921
Figs Yield 88047.9 Fc 81405 Fc 86215.9 Fc 82296.6 Fc 76891.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2413180 A 2362740 A 2383550 A 2408060 A 2390550 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 38012400 A 36586200 A 36884000 A 35451200 A 36530500 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 157520 Fc 154847 Fc 154744 Fc 147219 Fc 152813 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 44363 35820 36576 34994 35542
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 615196 479813 491619 485342 478652
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 138673 Fc 133951 Fc 134410 Fc 138693 Fc 134672 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 10486 10362 10517 15099 15715
Garlic Production Quantity 87779 86199 85597 123099 114436
Garlic Seed 5629 Fc 5245 Fc 5251.5 Fc 5258.5 Fc 7549.5 Fc
Garlic Yield 83710.7 Fc 83187.6 Fc 81389.2 Fc 81527.9 Fc 72819.6 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 4200 F 3965 Im 4000 F 3629 Im 3600 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 71000 F 68000 F 67500 F 64923 Im 67000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 169048 Fc 171501 Fc 168750 Fc 178901 Fc 186111 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 75354 73203 71637 68432 66300
Grapes Production Quantity 1257060 1232560 1291380 1067420 1148650
Grapes Yield 166821 Fc 168376 Fc 180267 Fc 155983 Fc 173250 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 110777 136048 104501 89174 97093
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 249916 315239 236488 187719 195284
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 4568.52 Fc 4464.92 Fc 5457.16 Fc 4217.36 Fc 3566.96 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 22560.3 Fc 23171.2 Fc 22630.2 Fc 21050.9 Fc 20113.1 Fc
Gums Natural Production Quantity 55 F 55 F 55 F 50 F 48
Jute Area Harvested 4179 4168 1513 1047 987
Jute Production Quantity 6052 5936 2326 1485 1459
Jute Yield 14481.9 Fc 14241.8 Fc 15373.4 Fc 14183.4 Fc 14782.2 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 16861 A 16657 A 8607 A 7468 A 6831 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 25951 A 26100 A 12645 A 10464 A 10067 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 15391.1 Fc 15669.1 Fc 14691.5 Fc 14011.8 Fc 14737.2 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 46829 50266 48553 50950 50125
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 1031290 1030530 985623 981339 984551
Lemons and limes Yield 220225 Fc 205015 Fc 202999 Fc 192608 Fc 196419 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 18679 21914 11171 5753 5000 *
Linseed Production Quantity 13442 15819 10338 6199 5000 *
Linseed Seed F F F F F
Linseed Yield 7196.32 Fc 7218.67 Fc 9254.32 Fc 10775.3 Fc 10000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 12613100 11549400 12410700 12965700 11750900
Maize Production Quantity 42661700 35113300 41787600 48327300 35933000
Maize Seed 350270 Fc 324935 Fc 306228 Fc 321621 Fc 324143 Fc
Maize Yield 33823.3 Fc 30402.7 Fc 33670.6 Fc 37273.2 Fc 30578.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 74782 68141 69617 68136 66676
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1217190 1002210 949610 925018 849751
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 162765 Fc 147079 Fc 136405 Fc 135761 Fc 127445 Fc
Maté Area Harvested 78633 76101 74800 84438 79616
Maté Production Quantity 434483 429730 403281 501702 513526
Maté Yield 55254.5 Fc 56468.4 Fc 53914.6 Fc 59416.6 Fc 64500.3 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 106897 112396 106375 103586 102000 F
Natural rubber Production Quantity 105434 103708 98813 93790 95900 *
Natural rubber Yield 9863.14 Fc 9227.02 Fc 9289.12 Fc 9054.31 Fc 9401.96 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3600 F 3547 Im 3500 F 3400 F 3000 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2600 F 2500 F 2200 F 2000 F 1909
Nuts, nes Yield 7222.22 Fc 7048.21 Fc 6285.71 Fc 5882.35 Fc 6363.33 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 323998 367921 347126 297083 254663
Oats Production Quantity 405657 522428 459526 435092 298686
Oats Seed 14147.5 Fc 34188.4 Fc 36996.1 Fc 34917.6 Fc 29787.2 Fc
Oats Yield 12520.4 Fc 14199.5 Fc 13238 Fc 14645.5 Fc 11728.7 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 59000 F 56000 F 55000 F 51600 F 45000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 590000 F 560000 F 550000 F 516000 F 450000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 23547400 A 24840700 A 23245000 A 19779500 A 17656300 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 42871100 A 42143300 A 40853100 A 42188300 A 34929400 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 681048 A 723012 A 775182 A 713993 A 605562 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 18206.3 Fc 16965.4 Fc 17575 Fc 21329.3 Fc 19783 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 23698700 A 25071800 A 23417800 A 19913700 A 17792700 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10533100 A 10438800 A 10091600 A 10296000 A 8649010 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 159951 A 168981 A 182373 A 167426 A 141422 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4444.61 Fc 4163.58 Fc 4309.35 Fc 5170.33 Fc 4860.99 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 17299 Im 17372 Im 16941 Im 16793 Im 14161 Im
Olives Area Harvested 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 6 F
Olives Production Quantity 5 F 5 F 5 F 5 F 2 F
Olives Yield 5000 Fc 5000 Fc 5000 Fc 5000 Fc 3333.33 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 63314 58388 58361 68790 68869
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1345910 1137680 1157560 1229850 1222120
Onions, dry Yield 212577 Fc 194848 Fc 198345 Fc 178783 Fc 177456 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 805903 805665 823220 836041 828846
Oranges Production Quantity 18032300 17853400 18313700 16917600 18530600
Oranges Yield 223753 Fc 221598 Fc 222464 Fc 202354 Fc 223571 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 12682 12489 7094 6421 5844
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 19899 20164 10319 8979 8608
Other Bastfibres Yield 15690.7 Fc 16145.4 Fc 14546.1 Fc 13983.8 Fc 14729.6 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 21350 15981 15499 16266 12500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 500021 352742 340863 349498 180000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 234202 Fc 220726 Fc 219926 Fc 214864 Fc 144000 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 128000 F 124594 Im 121500 F 121000 F 119786
Palm oil Production Quantity 170000 * 160000 * 142000 * 129000 * 118000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 36650 32559 34445 36244 35626
Papayas Production Quantity 1897640 1573820 1612350 1714590 1597700
Papayas Yield 517774 Fc 483375 Fc 468094 Fc 473069 Fc 448465 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 22453 23794 23864 24507 23744
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 199719 235471 235720 220364 218292
Peaches and nectarines Yield 88949.8 Fc 98962.3 Fc 98776.4 Fc 89918.8 Fc 91935.6 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1723 1759 1779 1784 1873
Pears Production Quantity 18161 19746 19894 19790 19696
Pears Yield 105403 Fc 112257 Fc 111827 Fc 110930 Fc 105158 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1677 2061 3957 2426 3336
Peas, dry Production Quantity 4175 5674 10839 6388 7986
Peas, dry Yield 24895.7 Fc 27530.3 Fc 27392 Fc 26331.4 Fc 23938.8 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 33224 31832 26635 25628 23101
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 80316 79102 65800 67197 56935
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 24174.1 Fc 24849.8 Fc 24704.3 Fc 26220.2 Fc 24646.1 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 8534 8309 8112 7472 6958
Persimmons Production Quantity 168274 164849 162288 158131 141364
Persimmons Yield 197181 Fc 198398 Fc 200059 Fc 211631 Fc 203168 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 66845 61787 59163 57986 61127
Pineapples Production Quantity 2560630 2292470 2215950 2160020 2149850
Pineapples Yield 383070 Fc 371028 Fc 374550 Fc 372507 Fc 351702 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 140826 142219 142704 151850 161124
Potatoes Production Quantity 3151720 3130170 3047080 3089020 3126410
Potatoes Seed 266040 Fc 253517 Fc 256721 Fc 257006 Fc 273568 Fc
Potatoes Yield 223802 Fc 220095 Fc 213525 Fc 203426 Fc 194038 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4072910 A 3785170 A 4018800 A 4127790 A 4175450 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3476870 A 3040500 A 2991750 A 3321370 A 3082320 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 162021 A 172928 A 161624 A 176196 A 178169 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8536.56 Fc 8032.64 Fc 7444.38 Fc 8046.36 Fc 7382 Fc
Pyrethrum,Dried Production Quantity
Quinces Area Harvested 185 215 230 236 200 F
Quinces Production Quantity 910 1078 1248 1266 900 F
Quinces Yield 49189.2 Fc 50139.5 Fc 54260.9 Fc 53644.1 Fc 45000 Fc
Ramie Area Harvested 447 539 539 539 480
Ramie Production Quantity 1221 1158 1196 1381 1378
Ramie Yield 27315.4 Fc 21484.2 Fc 22189.2 Fc 25621.5 Fc 28708.3 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 31000 * 30000 * 34000 * 34000 * 32000 *
Rapeseed Production Quantity 41000 * 40000 * 57000 * 57000 * 55000 *
Rapeseed Seed 160 Fc 155 Fc 150 Fc 170 Fc 170 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 13225.8 Fc 13333.3 Fc 16764.7 Fc 16764.7 Fc 17187.5 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2970920 3915860 3733150 3180860 3145870
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 11526700 13192900 13277000 10334600 10457100
Rice, paddy Seed 221564 Fc 228773 Fc 303948 Fc 286840 Fc 242198 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 38798.4 Fc 33690.9 Fc 35565.1 Fc 32490 Fc 33240.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2107690 A 2116850 A 1970280 A 1856130 A 1905290 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30549300 A 29770200 A 27749300 A 25803700 A 26920100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 266040 A 253517 A 256721 A 257006 A 273568 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 144942 Fc 140635 Fc 140839 Fc 139019 Fc 141291 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 2932 4543 3402 2738 4847
Rye Production Quantity 2353 6109 4315 3814 5073
Rye Seed 386.6 Fc 391.5 Fc 468.3 Fc 340.2 Fc 281.3 Fc
Rye Yield 8025.24 Fc 13447.1 Fc 12683.7 Fc 13929.9 Fc 10466.3 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 898008 1263320 1150040 717832 768182
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2899400 3668290 3801380 2201690 2170120
Seed cotton Yield 32287 Fc 29036.9 Fc 33054.3 Fc 30671.4 Fc 28250.1 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 25000 * 25000 * 24000 * 24000 * 24000 *
Sesame seed Production Quantity 16000 * 16000 * 15000 * 15000 * 15000 *
Sesame seed Seed 110 Fc 250 Fc 250 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6400 Fc 6400 Fc 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 6250 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 279584 240019 233224 221638 202805
Sisal Production Quantity 248111 213082 199322 187008 171266
Sisal Yield 8874.29 Fc 8877.71 Fc 8546.38 Fc 8437.54 Fc 8444.86 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 722200 788186 931061 753767 423603
Sorghum Production Quantity 1604920 1520540 2158870 1804920 786757
Sorghum Seed 10072.5 Fc 10958 Fc 12216.9 Fc 14090.6 Fc 11519.1 Fc
Sorghum Yield 22222.7 Fc 19291.6 Fc 23187.2 Fc 23945.3 Fc 18573 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 22047300 22948900 21539000 18524800 16365400
Soybeans Production Quantity 52464600 51182100 49549900 51919400 42769000 *
Soybeans Seed 822856 Fc 883308 Fc 937072 Fc 864054 Fc 740992 Fc
Soybeans Yield 23796.4 Fc 22302.6 Fc 23004.7 Fc 28027 Fc 26133.8 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 370 F 362 Im 365 F 363 Im 360 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 2800 F 2724 Im 2750 F 2616 Im 2700 F
Strawberries Yield 75675.7 Fc 75248.6 Fc 75342.5 Fc 72066.1 Fc 75000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 6355500 5805520 5631740 5371020 5100480
Sugar cane Production Quantity 477411000 422957000 415206000 396012000 364391000
Sugar cane Yield 751178 Fc 728543 Fc 737261 Fc 737312 Fc 714425 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 67829 69000 * 42000 * 52000 * 43000 *
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 87362 94000 * 56000 * 77000 * 56000 *
Sunflower seed Seed 870.58 Fc 813.95 Fc 828 Fc 504 Fc 624 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 12879.7 Fc 13623.2 Fc 13333.3 Fc 14807.7 Fc 13023.3 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 44357 45311 46844 46351 43895
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 518541 513646 538503 533165 498046
Sweet potatoes Yield 116902 Fc 113360 Fc 114957 Fc 115028 Fc 113463 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 60850 61000 62903 64999 64609
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 1270110 1232600 1163210 1304740 1262740
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 208728 Fc 202066 Fc 184921 Fc 200732 Fc 195443 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 2505 2520 2710 2843 3894
Tea Production Quantity 4052 4473 5347 5559 8687
Tea Yield 16175.7 Fc 17750 Fc 19730.6 Fc 19553.3 Fc 22308.7 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 495706 493761 462265 392619 344080
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 900381 889426 921281 656200 670309
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18163.6 Fc 18013.3 Fc 19929.7 Fc 16713.4 Fc 19481.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 58893 60526 60152 63479 62520
Tomatoes Production Quantity 3362660 3452970 3515570 3708600 3652920
Tomatoes Yield 570978 Fc 570494 Fc 584448 Fc 584225 Fc 584280 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 715442 A 705401 A 696003 A 687565 A 669692 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 277396 A 187427 A 220685 A 214793 A 195746 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 3877.27 Fc 2657.03 Fc 3170.75 Fc 3123.97 Fc 2922.93 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 101088 134868
Triticale Production Quantity 208898 278333
Triticale Yield 20665 Fc 20637.4 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 184 184 171 254 311
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 383 383 286 425 435
Tung Nuts Yield 20815.2 Fc 20815.2 Fc 16725.2 Fc 16732.3 Fc 13987.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 205000 F 200000 F 198000 F 195000 F 195000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 2400000 F 2350000 F 2300000 F 2250000 F 2250000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 117073 Fc 117500 Fc 116162 Fc 115385 Fc 115385 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 452039 A 430718 A 423418 A 440919 A 429993 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9643280 A 9017020 A 9118980 A 9566850 A 8910610 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Seed 5629 A 5245 A 5251.5 A 5258.5 A 7549.5 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 213329 Fc 209349 Fc 215366 Fc 216975 Fc 207227 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 452039 A 430718 A 423418 A 440919 A 429993 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9643280 A 9017020 A 9118980 A 9566850 A 8910610 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Seed 5629 A 5245 A 5251.5 A 5258.5 A 7549.5 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 213329 Fc 209349 Fc 215366 Fc 216975 Fc 207227 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1661 1487 1444 1662 1678
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2220 2176 2146 1699 1909
Walnuts, with shell Yield 13365.4 Fc 14633.5 Fc 14861.5 Fc 10222.6 Fc 11376.6 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 92996 85461 80889 82285 75389
Watermelons Production Quantity 1946910 1637430 1719390 1905800 1491130
Watermelons Yield 209354 Fc 191600 Fc 212562 Fc 231610 Fc 197791 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1560180 2360700 2807220 2560230 2104900
Wheat Production Quantity 2484850 4658790 5818850 6153500 3105660
Wheat Seed 157680 Fc 150579 Fc 200888 Fc 238924 Fc 212108 Fc
Wheat Yield 15926.7 Fc 19734.8 Fc 20728.2 Fc 24035 Fc 14754.4 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 26000 F 27776 Im 25853 Im 24355 Im 25000 F
Yams Production Quantity 240000 F 254351 Im 237084 Im 220462 Im 230000 F
Yams Yield 92307.7 Fc 91572.2 Fc 91704.6 Fc 90520.2 Fc 92000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 275030 Fm 273421 Fm 273520 Fm 273489 Fm 271082 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 932 I 932 I 932.1 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 834 I 834 I 833.7 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 4454 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 1765.8 I 1765.8 I 1765.8 I 1765.8 I
Arable land Area 71930 Fm 70321 Fm 70420 Fm 70239 Fm 67831.6 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 79030 Fm 77421 Fm 77520 Fm 77489 Fm 75081.6 Fm
Country area Area 851488 W 851488 W 851488 W 851488 W 851488 W
Forest area Area 517328 Fm 519522 Q 521716 Fm 523911 Fm 526105 Fm
Inland water Area 5546 Fm 5546 Fm 5546 Fm 5546 Fm 5546 Fm
Land area Area 845942 Fm 845942 Fm 845942 Fm 845942 Fm 845942 Fm
Other land Area 53584.4 Fm 52999 Fm 50705.6 Fm 48542.2 Fm 48755.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 7100 Fm 7100 Fm 7100 Fm 7250 Fm 7250 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 196000 Fm 196000 Fm 196000 Fm 196000 Fm 196000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 5400 I 5200 Fm 5000 Fm 4800 Fm 4650 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 270681 Fm 271299 Fm 271011 Fm 268477 Fm 265868 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 880 I 842 I
Arable land Area 67434.5 Fm 68023.1 Fm 67206 Fm 64642 Fm 61504 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 74680.5 Fm 75298.7 Fm 74511 Fm 71977 Fm 68868 Fm
Country area Area 851488 W 851488 W 851488 W 851488 Q 851488 Q
Forest area Area 528300 Fm 530494 Q 533584 Fm 536674 Fm 539763 Fm
Inland water Area 5546 Fm 5546 Fm 5546 Fm 5546 Fm 5546 Fm
Land area Area 845942 Fm 845942 Fm 845942 Fm 845942 F 845942 F
Other land Area 46961.9 Fm 44149.3 Fm 41347.2 Fm 40791.4 Fm 40310.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 7246 W 7275.6 Fm 7305 Fm 7335 Fm 7364 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 196000 Fm 196000 Fm 196500 Fm 196500 Fm 197000 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 4601 I 4600 Fm 4500 Fm 4200 Fm 3900 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files