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Datasheet

Bolivia

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Bolivia
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 109,900
  • Climates: Boreal, Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: La Paz
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 9,517,537
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$1,260
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$12,000,471,040
  • GDP: US$13,120,099,328
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,313,473,536
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentPruett & Waller, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman, 1989
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982; Coca Morante, 2016
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeYesCMI, 1990; Alandia & Bell, 1957; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedYesTejerina, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; CMI, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentPhillips-Mora et al., 2012; Phillips-Mora et al., 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentIntroducedHernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentQuintana, 1984; CIMMYT, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)PresentFarr & Stevenson, 1963; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBarrionuevo & Ponssa, 2008
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentSquire, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)PresentNativeNorrbom, 1991; Hendel, 1914b; Stone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)PresentNativeStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Norrbom et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentGómez et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentSquire, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesSquire, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedYesHodkinson, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)LocalisedPeyton et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; Williams & Granara de Willink, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSquire, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeZimmermann et al., 2010; Zimmermann & Pérez Sandi Cuen, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentJunta Acuerdo de Cartagena (JUNAC), 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorrone, 1993; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresentNativeCABI/EPPO, 2006; Wood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativeIIE, 1993; Löhr & Varela, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Williams & Willink, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentSquire, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentNativePitts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)WidespreadSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadMoore, 1983; Schotman, 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)WidespreadNativeKullander & Ferreira, 2006; Willis et al., 2012; Winemiller, 2001; Espínola et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Behnke, 2002; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese & Pauly, 2004; FAO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese & Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVogler et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)WidespreadNativeCowie & Thiengo, 2003; Simone, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, invalid recordCowie & Thiengo, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionNativeFranco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentNativeBendezu et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentBridge et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadTapia & Franco, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeJørgensen, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeSvenson, 1944
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeGonzalez & Webb, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeGonzales & Webb, 1989; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedHäfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentJulien et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAnton & Zoluaga, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeJørgensen et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentGardiazabal Rosenberg, 1993; Morton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009; Bolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentNativeBolivia Checklist, 2014; Madidi Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Bolivia Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeBolivia Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeBolivia Checklist, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentVerdcourt, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedPalmer et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedKiew, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedTollervey et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeESHBAUGH, 1970; USDA-ARS, 2014; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Basu & De, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeJørgensen et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentVallve, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedKilleen et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeKirkman, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentMadidi Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester & Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al., 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentMoore et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedSoreng et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGonzales & Webb, 1989; Gómez-Laurito, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeFoster, 1958; Macbride, 1936
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentAnon, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentTropicos, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azureaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentGonzales & Webb, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012; Belcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present only in captivity/cultivationBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014; Flora of Nicaragua, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)WidespreadNativeYesBurkart, 1949
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)WidespreadNativeLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentJohnston, 1928
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedMathias, 1936; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn & Ritchie, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeGardner & Bennetts, 1956; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Padua et al., 1999; Ocampo & Balick, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Balslev, 1996; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDaniel, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentFernandez et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedJørgensen et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedLewis, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Ritter, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentHammel, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeSmith & Killeen, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO, 2014; Ritter & Crow, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedBolivia Checklist, 2014; Madidi Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedDodson & Bennett, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of the Nations, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank, 2013; Wells et al., 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeDale, 1981; Kohli & Rani, 1994; Aneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeHäfliger & Scholz, 1980; Chase,1929
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Soreng et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeCervi, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip, 1938; Frank, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)WidespreadNativeJørgensen et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeCoppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)WidespreadNativeKillip, 1938; Holm-Nielsen et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedYesOchoa & Andrade, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentFernández et al., 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCooper, 1956; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentBolivia Checklist, 2014; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present only in captivity/cultivationBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedeFloras, 2012a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaRestricted distributionNativeBurkart, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedVanhellemont, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Govaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Almeda, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)Present only in captivity/cultivationBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedUnterladstatter, 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeBolivia Checklist, 2014; Madidi Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIrwin & Barneby, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2014; Bolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentNativeGonzalez & Webb, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentNativeFunk et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Lim, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Bolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentGBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentOtazu et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentBolivia Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeFoster, 1958; Davidse et al., 2012; Jørgensen et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedDaniel, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeFoster, 1958
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Disease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentHitchner & Clubb, 1980
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentFox et al., 1990
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Restricted distributionGómez et al., 2005; Bitancourt, 1955; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
Virusclassical swine fever virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2003NativeOIE, 2003; OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesNo information availableOIE, 2009
anthraxAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian influenzaNo information availableOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentHitchner & Clubb, 1980
babesiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Ribera et al., 2000; Carrique et al., 2000; Carrique Mas et al., 2000
bluetongueAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)No information availableOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
camel poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
ChytridiomycosisPresentBarrionuevo & Ponssa, 2008
classical swine feverRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaNo information availableOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueNo information availableOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentSchotman, 1989; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2003NativeOIE, 2003b; OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998; OIE, 2003b; OIE, 2003c
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1996
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
leptospirosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
myxomatosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisAbsent, reported but not confirmedOIE, 2009
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE, 2009
pullorum diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Q feverDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
theileriosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Silva et al., 1998a; Silva et al., 1998b
tuberculosisNo information availableOIE1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisNo information availableOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004; OIE, 2005a
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file