Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Belgium

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Belgium
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 310,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Brussels
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 10,625,700
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$41,110
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$436,856,061,952
  • GDP: US$452,753,752,064
  • Agriculture, value added: US$3,514,726,912
  • Location map

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 2009; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)EradicatedEPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2014; Vaerenbergh et al., 2016
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentSchneider et al., 1993
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeLast reported 1897OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Restricted distributionNémeth, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Restricted distributionNémeth, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)Restricted distributionRijckaert et al., 1984
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentYesToth et al., 2011; ILVO, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2015
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesVerhoyen, 1983; Deckers & Daemen, 1992; Veldeman, 1972; Samson et al., 1973; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisLast reported 1990OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, few occurrencesLieten, 1998; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedISSG (IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group), 2013; Seligo, 1895
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentEPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD))Restricted distributionWerres et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentPhillips & Burdekin, 1992; Antheunis & de Temmerman, 1983
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentHerman & Couvreur, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesCrepel & Inghelbrecht, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)WidespreadIntroducedYesBoudru, 1945
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, few occurrencesYesChandelier et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2010; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrasier & Kirk, 2001
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)WidespreadIntroducedYesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun, 1995
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPuechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentBirch, 1936; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeUK CAB International, 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeOudemans, 1905; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2000; Spaulding, 1961; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)WidespreadNativeCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections), 2009
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, few occurrencesOverlaet, 1959
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, few occurrencesPasmans et al., 2010; Mutschmann et al., 2000
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentIntroducedYesMartel et al., 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedYesRullier, 1966
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedYesGates, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Bremer, 1862
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedSchaffner et al., 2004; ISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentCIE, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)WidespreadIntroducedYesMüller, 2004; Kerckhof & Cattrijsse, 2001; Polk, 1976; Vandendriessche et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)EradicatedIPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresentIntroducedYesHartog, 1953; Leloup & Lefevere, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)WidespreadKarsholt & Razowski, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Transient: actionable, under eradicationTroukens, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)WidespreadIntroducedYesPrins & Puplesiene, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaWidespreadIntroducedCook et al., 2007a
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)WidespreadNativeCarlton & Cohen, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesBrink et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Restricted distributionVeire , 1993; Karsholt & Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentDanzig & Pellizzari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedYesLatteur & Grasso, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeJansen & Hautier, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)LocalisedIntroducedYesCasteels et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesWood Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Transient: actionable, under eradicationIntroducedYesKiss et al., 2005b; IPPC, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedYesJosens et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Mortelmans et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentIntroducedFaquaet, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedYesZhao & et al. , 1998; ISSG, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeMoerkens et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeWolf, 1969; Liston, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)WidespreadNativeHeymans et al., 1985; Nef, 1992; Razowski, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)WidespreadIntroducedYesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)Introduced, not establishedDanzig & Pellizari, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedDauvin et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedYesDumoulin, 2004; DAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaLocalisedIntroducedYesVerslycke et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentNef & Zenon-Roland, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM collection
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedPiel et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentNativeRaty et al., 1995; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeYesJonko, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)WidespreadNativeCox, 2001; Haye & Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniLocalisedIntroducedVercauteren & Wouters, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedYesMuséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentLucht, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; NHM, 1946
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)WidespreadLeloup & Lefevere, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Restricted distributionNativeBreny, 1957; Niklas & Franz, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Absent, intercepted onlyClercq & Luchene, 1977; CABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; IIE, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)WidespreadCoremans-Pelseneer & Tillemans, 1991; Casteels et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedLewis , 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeMüller, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)WidespreadIntroducedSoors et al., 2010; Blauwe, 2006; Udekem et al., 2005; Boets et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeNef & Menu, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, reported but not confirmedCABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins, 1983; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeMayné, 1926; Lucht, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentIntroducedLeclercq, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentRonse, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel & Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga & Talamelli, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisiiPresentIntroducedAdema, 1991; DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentNef & Janssens, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadNativeWolf, 1969; Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentDesimpelaere, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentLetellier et al., 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)WidespreadNativeDanilevsky, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentBreuer & Kontzog, 2004; Breuer et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, intercepted onlyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek & Theowald, 1992; CIE, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentBolckmans et al., 1995; Heungens & Buysse, 1991a; de Cock, 1993; Brasch et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, formerly presentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet)Last reported 2011IntroducedYesRome et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)WidespreadNativeArcher, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Restricted distributionNativePfeffer, 1995; Balachowsky, 1963; Postner, 1974; Schedl, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014; Bruge, 1995; Henin & Versteirt, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaBrachiopodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)PresentIntroducedKetelaars & Gille, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataWidespreadIntroducedYesBlauwe & Faasse, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)WidespreadIntroducedBanks et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)LocalisedIntroducedBanks et al., 2008; Vermeersch et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)LocalisedIntroducedVerreycken et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)WidespreadIntroducedBlair et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)LocalisedIntroducedYesStuyck et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)WidespreadIntroducedYesVerreycken et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentFAO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedRyall, 2010a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedFAO, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2013; Verreycken et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)LocalisedIntroducedVerreycken et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al., 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)WidespreadNativeBlanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedFAO (Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)LocalisedIntroduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)WidespreadIntroducedYesNiethammer & Krapp, 1982
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997; Froese Pauly, 2004; FAO, 1997; DAISIE, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeBervoets et al., 1990
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)LocalisedIntroducedCasaer & Licoppe, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaeWidespreadIntroducedYesHolsbeek et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International, 2015a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)WidespreadNativeSysteme d'Informations sur la Biodiversite en Wallonie, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Anseeuw et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedYesCirovic & Milenkovic, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)WidespreadIntroducedYesVerreycken et al., 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)LocalisedIntroducedYesBirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe & Matthysen, 2009a
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedZavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat & Freyhof, 2007; Froese Pauly, 2004; Miller & Loates, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus & Dahlström, 1974; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedBlanc et al., 1971; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese Pauly, 2004; Muus & Dahlström, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2012; Copp et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al., 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)LocalisedIntroducedde Keyser, 1983; Verbeylen & Broeke, 2003; Verbeylen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Absent, formerly presentClergeau & Yésou, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFroese & Pauly, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)LocalisedIntroducedVerreycken et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesRoch, 1924; Lesh-Laurie, 1972; Rose & Burnett, 1969
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedLeloup, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentHalliday, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)PresentYesMüller, 2004; Rappé, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)WidespreadIntroducedYesDe Winter, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeAnimalBase, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisLocalisedIntroducedYesSwinnen et al., 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesNguyen & Pauw, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)WidespreadIntroducedTaylor, 1914; Kerney, 1999; Reichling, 1950
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedLeloup, 1980; Coutteau et al., 1997; Nehring, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)WidespreadIntroducedYesAdam & Leloup, 1934; Polk, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)WidespreadKerney et al., 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)WidespreadIntroducedYesBelgian Federal Public Service, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusWidespreadIntroducedYesSeverijns, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)WidespreadNativeBank et al., 2002b; Taylor 1902-1907
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)WidespreadNativeBlakeslee et al., 2008; Reid, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeGBIF, 2016; Kerney et al., 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedYesLoppens, 1905
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentIntroducedHayes et al., 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentKerckhof et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedClaus et al., 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)LocalisedBank, 2007; Deblock, 1962; Deblock & Hoestlandt, 1967; Taylor 1906-1914
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusWidespreadIntroducedYesSchabuss et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)WidespreadHeungens, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentClamot, 1975; Gilles et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentFauna Europaea, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentD'Herde, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentBGARC, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)PresentWayenberge & Moens, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCoolen & Hendrickx, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; Belgium Government ARC, 1974
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)WidespreadBrown & Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)LocalisedIntroducedWallentinus, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedLeliaert et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedLawalree, 1964; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)WidespreadNativeTutin & et al, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)PresentYesHussner, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedBinggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)LocalisedIntroducedYesBranquart et al., 2011; Rafalowicz et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaLocalisedIntroducedSlageren MWvan, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (blue billygoat weed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedEuro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeEcological Flora of the British Isles, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedBaus et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)WidespreadNativeFlora Europaea, 2008; Hermann & Legrand, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993; Verloove, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentAellen & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedIamonico, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; Love, 1976; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedYesTutin et al., 1976; Lawalrée, 1947
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedKurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentEPPO, 2014; Kurtto, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentIntroducedYesWilde Planten, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedVerloove, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Belien et al., 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Restricted distributionIntroducedCaño et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)WidespreadIntroducedYesInvasive species in Belgium, 2014; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)EradicatedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)WidespreadNativeGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedFitter & Peat, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentKarus et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativevan Himme et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesOchsmann, 2001a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Sarpe & Mihalcea, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionStace, 1972; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesCronquist, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009; IAS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)LocalisedIntroducedYesVerloove, 2013; Dickoré & Kasperek, 2010; NOBANIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentEPPO, 2014; NOBANIS, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentIntroducedVerloove, 2006; Randall, 2012; DAISIE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine &, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeBritton, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)WidespreadNativeHeywood & Ball, 1968; DAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Fitter et al., 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Claude & Everaere, 1992; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Introduced, not establishedIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)WidespreadIntroducedSculthorpe, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS, 2010; DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)WidespreadIntroducedYesInvasive Species in Belgium, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedYesDAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedAlien plants of Belgium, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)Presentvan Himme et al., 1983; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesBelgian Forum on Invasive Alien Species, 2013; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesTiébré et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaWidespreadYesMeerts & Tiebre, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow, 1966
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Restricted distributionGofflot & Verhoyen, 1990; DAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedYesKabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)WidespreadNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016; Greuter, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesTiley et al., 1996; Brummitt, 1968; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSDA-GRIN, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPot, 2000; EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedEPPO, 2014; Weber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedTrepl, 1984; Hulten & Fries, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)Reported present or known to be presentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad)PresentIntroducedBall & Akeroyd, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedYesVerloove, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaWidespreadIntroducedBranquart et al., 2007; DAISIE, 2008; NOBANIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedPerilleux et al., 1994; Perilleux & Bernier, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedCEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2016; EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)PresentIntroducedBranquart et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)LocalisedIntroducedYesNOBANIS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2013; Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter, 1978
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)LocalisedIntroducedChater & Webb, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedHYPPA, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedVerloove, 2006; Randall, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesBranquart et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Presentvan Himme et al., 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSell & West, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell & West, 1976; Meusel & JSger, 1992
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Introduced, not establishedIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Edmondson, 1980; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedNational Botanic Garden of Belgium, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters, 1964
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedYesBelgian Forum on Invasive Alien Species, 2003; EPPO, 2014; Vanhellemont, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Chater &, 1981; USDA, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin et al., 1968
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)PresentIntroducedCross, 1975; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedYesBruun, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)WidespreadNativeYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNative
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedYesMosseray, 1936; D'Hose & de Langhe, 1989; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)WidespreadNativeReichenbach & Reichenbach, 1854; de & Wildeman Durand, 1899; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadNativeReichenbach & Reichenbach, 1854; Chater & Walters, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentClayton, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedAlien plants of Belgium, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedVerloove, 2006; DAISIE, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Kabuce & Priede, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedYesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991; Ratter & Akeroyd, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedVerloove, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Chater & Heywood, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)WidespreadNativeHeywood, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; Clapham, 1972; USDA et al., 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentISSG, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentDethioux, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Chambers et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentNativeILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedCastagne, 1956; Michel, 1951
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedManual of the Alien Plants of Belgium, 2016; GBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRodigas, 1859
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedJacques & Lambinon, 1968; Stieperaere & Jacques, 1995
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeHellgren et al., 2007
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusLast reported 1985OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentSignoret & Maroquin, 1990; EPPO, 2014; CMI, 1969
Virusbluetongue virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusEradicatedEPPO, 2014
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1997OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 1976OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2No information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusmyxoma virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentVerhoyen, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2009
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, few occurrencesEPPO, 2014; Roy & Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentTheuns et al., 2015
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Transient: actionable, under eradicationEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrabies virusDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusLast reported 1920OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)Absent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 2002OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusswine vesicular disease virusLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009
anaplasmosisLast reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
anguillicolosisWidespreadIntroducedYesSchabuss et al., 1997
anthraxDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Meulemans et al., 1987; Meulemans & Berg, 1998; Meulemans et al., 1976; Meulemans et al., 1981
avian influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties, 2003a; OIE, 2004b
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
babesiosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Losson, 1989; Losson & Lefevre, 1989; Lonneux et al., 1991
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentIntroducedYesMartel et al., 2014
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009
bovine anaplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2004a
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Koenen-Dierick et al., 1992
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentVanrompay et al., 1997; Vanrompay et al., 2004
ChytridiomycosisPresent, few occurrencesPasmans et al., 2010; Mutschmann et al., 2000
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedISSG (IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group), 2013; OIE, 2009; Seligo, 1895
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentBauwens & et al. , 1983
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine infectious anaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine influenzaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 1976OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionNo information availableOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009; Hill , 1992
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisNo information availableOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno, 1999
infectious salmon anaemiaNo information availableOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004
leishmaniosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
leptospirosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)WidespreadLeloup & Lefevere, 1952
myxomatosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Boelaert et al., 2000
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeHellgren et al., 2007
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentTheuns et al., 2015
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992
pullorum diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Q feverNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Brochier et al., 1998
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Roels et al., 1999
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpNo information availableOIE, 2009
surraDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseLast reported 1993OIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeNo information availableOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Pensaert et al., 1993; Reeth & Pensaert, 1994; Pensaert et al., 1986; Anon, 1997
TrichinellaDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentGodfroid et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009; Zande et al., 1997; Zande et al., 1998
varroosis of honey beesDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
whirling diseasePresentHalliday, 1976
white spot diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome)PresentPuechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013
yellow head diseaseNo information availableOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
ApplesArea Harvested77527730770081008500
ApplesProduction Quantity228405343980310600335000358000
ApplesYield294640Fc444994Fc403377Fc413580Fc421176Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested203Im200174171156
AsparagusProduction Quantity19811680150012001100
AsparagusYield97586.2Fc84000Fc86206.9Fc70175.4Fc70512.8Fc
BarleyArea Harvested44138.840828539335479448598
BarleyProduction Quantity339658373400452528328768374454
BarleySeed5000F 5000F 5000F 5000F 4500F
BarleyYield76952.3Fc91456.8Fc83905.6Fc60000.7Fc77051.3Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested168Im20014291107
Beans, dryProduction Quantity754Im900471327326
Beans, drySeed450F 450F 450F 400F 400F
Beans, dryYield44880.9Fc45000Fc33169Fc35934.1Fc30467.3Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested81828083870097009400
Beans, greenProduction Quantity9012489046123100102300105200
Beans, greenYield110149Fc110165Fc141494Fc105464Fc111915Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested63Im50F 493847
Berries NesProduction Quantity100F 83Fc81.34Fc63.08Fc78.02Fc
Berries NesYield15873Fc16600Fc16600Fc16600Fc16600Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested468.19600300300300
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity24182600240015001900
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield51645.7Fc43333.3Fc80000Fc50000Fc63333.3Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested3462Im3408Im344636284195
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity100386Im100801Im102100116900123500
Cabbages and other brassicasYield289965Fc295778Fc296286Fc322216Fc294398Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested51005050530047004300
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity317400314100326100288900269800
Carrots and turnipsYield622353Fc621980Fc615283Fc614681Fc627442Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested50934651470052004900
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity9966082340880009280092000
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield195680Fc177037Fc187234Fc178462Fc187755Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested326429A 325560A 335264A 350366A 314751A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2939300A 3041980A 3255680A 3113270A 2718730A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed68280A 68280A 68280A 63150A 68460A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield90043.8Fc93438.2Fc97107.9Fc88857.8Fc86377.2Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested326429A 325560A 335264A 350366A 314751A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2939300A 3041980A 3255680A 3113270A 2718730A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed68280A 68280A 68280A 63150A 68460A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield90043.8Fc93438.2Fc97107.9Fc88857.8Fc86377.2Fc
CherriesArea Harvested1142.42* 1211* 121212241256
CherriesProduction Quantity7600* 7550* 520026007200
CherriesYield66525.4Fc62345.2Fc42904.3Fc21241.8Fc57324.8Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested7979Im8100950089579128
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity478910Im393000474423425085386307
Chicory rootsYield600213Fc485185Fc499393Fc474584Fc423211Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested87.13* 93* 9210194
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity24253.2* 27786* 270002400024000
Chillies and peppers, greenYield2783560Fc2987740Fc2934780Fc2376240Fc2553190Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested125616A 116028A 133496A 139096A 114854A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1251550A 1192400A 1345910A 1262860A 1141390A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed28280A 28280A 28280A 27150A 28460A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield99632.3Fc102768Fc100820Fc90790.8Fc99377.6Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested53654346100
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity1870027300198001920020300
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield3528300Fc4200000Fc4604650Fc4173910Fc2030000Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested85Im88Im839284
CurrantsProduction Quantity1687Im2096Im190017001600
CurrantsYield198471Fc238182Fc228916Fc184783Fc190476Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested2220201115
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity88008000670049002800
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield4000000Fc4000000Fc3350000Fc4454550Fc1866670Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested11285.7A 11000A 11277A 11914A 14297A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity8973A 11520A 13330A 12170A 14170A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield7950.77Fc10472.7Fc11820.5Fc10214.9Fc9911.17Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested11285.711000112771191414297
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity8973Im11520133301217014170
Flax fibre and towYield7950.77Fc10472.7Fc11820.5Fc10214.9Fc9911.17Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested19802.4A 19819A 19705A 20791A 20617A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity563827A 699734A 634881A 552753A 698278A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield284726Fc353062Fc322193Fc265862Fc338690Fc
GooseberriesArea HarvestedF F
GooseberriesProduction Quantity89Im110Im100100100
GrapesArea Harvested10F 10F 101010
GrapesProduction Quantity89Im110Im100F 90F 100F
GrapesYield89000Fc110000Fc100000Fc90000Fc100000Fc
HopsArea Harvested196.57200196201192
HopsProduction Quantity229400386350384
HopsYield11649.8Fc20000Fc19693.9Fc17412.9Fc20000Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested5192.895125490045004700
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity177600190663173400166000174600
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield342006Fc372025Fc353878Fc368889Fc371489Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested1828Im1800183816571900
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity68235Im68517Im694007610076400
Lettuce and chicoryYield373277Fc380650Fc377584Fc459264Fc402105Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1016014000* 112271198614297
LinseedProduction Quantity568986007393880010031
LinseedSeed2500F 2500F 2500F 2500F 2500F
LinseedYield5599.41Fc6142.86Fc6585.02Fc7341.9Fc7016.16Fc
MaizeArea Harvested7202562531666707201553238
MaizeProduction Quantity859692745891807866858837698899
MaizeSeed20000F 20000F 20000F 19000F 21000F
MaizeYield119360Fc119283Fc121174Fc119258Fc131278Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested670Im668544585672
Mixed grainProduction Quantity2454Im2540293814733533
Mixed grainSeed700F 700F 700F 680F 700F
Mixed grainYield36626.9Fc38023.9Fc54007.3Fc25179.5Fc52574.4Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity41556Im41728Im42266Im40000F 43361Im
OatsArea Harvested3515.764876561251505113
OatsProduction Quantity1769924830347883075924455
OatsSeed1300F 1300F 1300F 1200F 1000F
OatsYield50341.9Fc50922.9Fc61988.6Fc59726.2Fc47829.1Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested21160A 25300A 20889A 20617A 25124A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity34910.7A 32817A 29659A 25480.8A 30616.5A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1575A 1575A 1575A 1575A 1575A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield16498.4Fc12971.2Fc14198.4Fc12359.1Fc12186.2Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested21160A 25300A 20889A 20617A 25124A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity21831.3A 20362.7A 18421.8A 15706.6A 18899A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed875A 875A 875A 875A 875A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield10317.3Fc8048.5Fc8818.89Fc7618.3Fc7522.27Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested1676.89* 1800136713851426
Onions, dryProduction Quantity76376.8* 82319* 783007270066200
Onions, dryYield455467Fc457328Fc572787Fc524910Fc464236Fc
PearsArea Harvested82168210820081008100
PearsProduction Quantity284827307270280600170500286600
PearsYield346674Fc374263Fc342195Fc210494Fc353827Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested961.61110010187941014
Peas, dryProduction Quantity36174600530635313142
Peas, drySeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F
Peas, dryYield37614Fc41818.2Fc52121.8Fc44471Fc30986.2Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested92049404950090009000
Peas, greenProduction Quantity6442861128665005400054000
Peas, greenYield70000Fc65002.1Fc70000Fc60000Fc60000Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested5558599171
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity180180300100500
Plums and sloesYield32727.3Fc31034.5Fc50847.5Fc10989Fc70422.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested82340.981760737246388467942
PotatoesProduction Quantity41286703455800329608029432103189820
PotatoesSeed70000F 70000F 70000F 6700072000
PotatoesYield501412Fc422676Fc447084Fc460712Fc469492Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1597.8A 1900A 1460A 1185A 1421A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity6789A 8100A 8177A 5358A 5368A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1450A 1450A 1450A 1400A 1400A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield42489.7Fc42631.6Fc56006.8Fc45215.2Fc37776.2Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity47527.644993370003450033300
QuincesArea Harvested850F 840Im850F 1500F 800F
QuincesProduction Quantity2500F 2200Im2500F 4500F 2400F
QuincesYield29411.8Fc26190.5Fc29411.8Fc30000Fc30000Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested11000113009662863110827
RapeseedProduction Quantity5221145665416693322840495
RapeseedYield47464.6Fc40411.5Fc43126.7Fc38498.4Fc37401.9Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested7972423649
RaspberriesProduction Quantity8501155500700700
RaspberriesYield107595Fc160417Fc119048Fc194444Fc142857Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested82340.9A 81760A 73724A 63884A 67942A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity4128670A 3455800A 3296080A 2943210A 3189820A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed70000A 70000A 70000A 67000A 72000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield501412Fc422676Fc447084Fc460712Fc469492Fc
RyeArea Harvested480F 459545458681
RyeProduction Quantity2500F 1969267121872372
RyeSeed180F 180F 180F 170F 160F
RyeYield52083.3Fc42897.6Fc49009.2Fc47751.1Fc34831.1Fc
SpinachArea Harvested45504250440041004600
SpinachProduction Quantity99750931508680081000100300
SpinachYield219231Fc219176Fc197273Fc197561Fc218043Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested15501550150016001700
StrawberriesProduction Quantity3750035000330003740041000
StrawberriesYield241935Fc225806Fc220000Fc233750Fc241176Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested62199.459303627406429682659
Sugar beetProduction Quantity54089804464780518618047139005746890
Sugar beetYield869619Fc752876Fc826615Fc733156Fc695253Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested60.680F 646372
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity186200153191158
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield30693.1Fc25000Fc23906.3Fc30317.5Fc21944.4Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested474481443470493
TomatoesProduction Quantity218435227680232100226200222600
TomatoesYield4608330Fc4733470Fc5239280Fc4812770Fc4515210Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested255A 249A 178A 233A 230A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity403A 329A 350A 400A 520A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield15803.9Fc13212.9Fc19662.9Fc17167.4Fc22608.7Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested4786.826666619260946552
TriticaleProduction Quantity2954243765451174084037678
TriticaleSeed1100F 1100F 1100F 1100F 1100F
TriticaleYield61715.3Fc65654.1Fc72863.4Fc67016.7Fc57506.1Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested16251Im16000F 15085Im15000F 15200F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity565000F 550000F 527595Im510000F 510000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield347671Fc343750Fc349748Fc340000Fc335526Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested61378.9A 60430A 60008A 59669A 60479A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity2020210A 2011230A 2007660A 1910700A 1919460A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield329138Fc332820Fc334566Fc320217Fc317376Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested61378.9A 60430A 60008A 59669A 60479A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity2020210A 2011230A 2007660A 1910700A 1919460A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield329138Fc332820Fc334566Fc320217Fc317376Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested255Im249Im178Im233Im230F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity403Im329Im350F 400F 520F
Walnuts, with shellYield15803.9Fc13212.9Fc19662.9Fc17167.4Fc22608.7Fc
WheatArea Harvested200813209532201768211270199897
WheatProduction Quantity16877501849580190977018504101577340
WheatSeed40000F 40000F 40000F 36000F 40000F
WheatYield84045.9Fc88272Fc94651.8Fc87585.1Fc78907.6Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
ApplesArea Harvested86008900829983958600
ApplesProduction Quantity357500324960355800318900348600
ApplesYield415698Fc365124Fc428726Fc379869Fc405349Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested141160160160149
AsparagusProduction Quantity102096096010001000
AsparagusYield72340.4Fc60000Fc60000Fc62500Fc67114.1Fc
BarleyArea Harvested4900839965387284080645400
BarleyProduction Quantity367348301647304777270857342700
BarleySeed4500F 4500F 4500F 4500F 4455
BarleyYield74956.7Fc75477.8Fc78696.8Fc66376.8Fc75484.6Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested154150205203200
Beans, dryProduction Quantity632496723480400
Beans, drySeed300F 600F 500F 550F 550F
Beans, dryYield41039Fc33066.7Fc35268.3Fc23645.3Fc20000Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested96009800860090008300
Beans, greenProduction Quantity10740010660010910010520097400
Beans, greenYield111875Fc108776Fc126860Fc116889Fc117349Fc
Berries NesArea Harvested5145* * * 45*
Berries NesProduction Quantity84.66Fc74.7Fc74.7Fc
Berries NesYield16600Fc16600Fc16600Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested500700400400300
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity18002200190019001400
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield36000Fc31428.6Fc47500Fc47500Fc46666.7Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea Harvested33663960410040084152
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction Quantity114200109950107130115000113000
Cabbages and other brassicasYield339275Fc277652Fc261293Fc286926Fc272158Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested40004000380045004100
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity235600239400301050241800231000
Carrots and turnipsYield589000Fc598500Fc792237Fc537333Fc563415Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea Harvested47004500400048004700
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction Quantity9200086212856829500085800
Cauliflowers and broccoliYield195745Fc191582Fc214205Fc197917Fc182553Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested320570A 322166A 319218A 300210A 310474A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity2684230A 2786580A 2931990A 2560990A 2639300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed64460A 64460A 64510A 63630A 61221A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield83733Fc86495Fc91849.2Fc85306.5Fc85008.7Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested320570A 322166A 319218A 300210A 310474A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2684230A 2786580A 2931990A 2560990A 2639300A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed64460A 64460A 64510A 63630A 61221A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield83733Fc86495Fc91849.2Fc85306.5Fc85008.7Fc
CherriesArea Harvested12461215125212041200
CherriesProduction Quantity72006800640065006800
CherriesYield57784.9Fc55967.1Fc51118.2Fc53986.7Fc56666.7Fc
Chicory rootsArea Harvested821015424162341579713300
Chicory rootsProduction Quantity379448694267768000692510606900
Chicory rootsYield462178Fc450121Fc473081Fc438381Fc456316Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested8710010095100
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity2700020000170001620016200
Chillies and peppers, greenYield3103450Fc2000000Fc1700000Fc1705260Fc1620000Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested119240A 108418A 106183A 108994A 108074A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1022270A 1018170A 1018810A 920626A 964300A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed28460A 28460A 28510A 27630A 27487A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield85732.1Fc93911.1Fc95948.6Fc84465.8Fc89225.9Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea Harvested8567838685
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction Quantity2040022860299002800026400
Cucumbers and gherkinsYield2400000Fc3411940Fc3602410Fc3255810Fc3105880Fc
CurrantsArea Harvested73667848100
CurrantsProduction Quantity20002100160016002000
CurrantsYield273973Fc318182Fc205128Fc333333Fc200000Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area Harvested1112100100
Eggplants (aubergines)Production Quantity39004200350035002800
Eggplants (aubergines)Yield3545450Fc3500000Fc350000Fc350000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested15500A 19031A 20407A 20047A 16015A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity16500A 18505A 22215A 24230A 19440A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield10645.2Fc9723.61Fc10886Fc12086.6Fc12138.6Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested1550019031204072004716015
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity1650018505222152423019440
Flax fibre and towYield10645.2Fc9723.61Fc10886Fc12086.6Fc12138.6Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested20539A 19487A 17918A 17603A 17876A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity679135A 606570A 640251A 545658A 570266A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield330656Fc311269Fc357323Fc309980Fc319012Fc
GooseberriesArea Harvested
GooseberriesProduction Quantity100100100100100
GrapesArea Harvested60F 55515750
GrapesProduction Quantity550F 460Im500450400
GrapesYield91666.7Fc83636.4Fc98039.2Fc78947.4Fc80000Fc
HopsArea Harvested287176218225300
HopsProduction Quantity388435395451500
HopsYield13519.2Fc24715.9Fc18119.3Fc20044.4Fc16666.7Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegArea Harvested48004800500051005400
Leeks, other alliaceous vegProduction Quantity169300175700176100181900181000
Leeks, other alliaceous vegYield352708Fc366042Fc352200Fc356667Fc335185Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea Harvested21282204237035003500
Lettuce and chicoryProduction Quantity7790076303861358500085300
Lettuce and chicoryYield366071Fc346202Fc363439Fc242857Fc243714Fc
LinseedArea Harvested1616819288205292023216300
LinseedProduction Quantity1057810270123411346014100
LinseedSeed2500F 2500F 2500* 2630* 2500*
LinseedYield6542.55Fc5324.55Fc6011.5Fc6652.83Fc8650.31Fc
MaizeArea Harvested5650054255521745272447400
MaizeProduction Quantity575898634088637807554743530700
MaizeSeed21000F 21000F 21000F 20000F 20000F
MaizeYield101929Fc116872Fc122246Fc105216Fc111962Fc
Mixed grainArea Harvested601516785544500
Mixed grainProduction Quantity35192087421230981700
Mixed grainSeed700F 700F 750F 750F 750F
Mixed grainYield58552.4Fc40445.7Fc53656.1Fc56948.5Fc34000Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction Quantity41712Im41608Im44526Im43000F 42500
OatsArea Harvested53035675568870236500
OatsProduction Quantity2665429194312734209736000
OatsSeed1000F 1000F 1000F 1000F 1079
OatsYield50262.1Fc51443.2Fc54980.7Fc59941.6Fc55384.6Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested25774A 24924A 26085A 24876A 21400A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity27049.7A 20870.1A 21511.8A 18540.6A 19863A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed1575A 1575A 1575A 1656.9A 1575A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield10495Fc8373.5Fc8246.82Fc7453.21Fc9281.78Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested25774A 24924A 26085A 24876A 21400A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity16613.2A 12714.5A 13019.5A 11082.8A 11889A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed875A 875A 875A 920.5A 875A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield6445.71Fc5101.31Fc4991.16Fc4455.23Fc5555.61Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested11561004122512251220
Onions, dryProduction Quantity5520053020412504112532180
Onions, dryYield477509Fc528088Fc336735Fc335714Fc263770Fc
PearsArea Harvested79007800681465476300
PearsProduction Quantity268400229100231020176100171200
PearsYield339747Fc293718Fc339037Fc268978Fc271746Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested10521338168217461300
Peas, dryProduction Quantity34514582615086564900
Peas, drySeed1000F 1000F 1200F 1300F 1300F
Peas, dryYield32804.2Fc34245.1Fc36563.6Fc49576.2Fc37692.3Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested10100963410704107049798
Peas, greenProduction Quantity6070057808780288027873600
Peas, greenYield60099Fc60004.2Fc72896.1Fc74998.1Fc75117.4Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested95889698100
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity400400275550600
Plums and sloesYield42105.3Fc45454.6Fc28645.8Fc56122.4Fc60000Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested6726764953667345929961700
PotatoesProduction Quantity25928202780870322962025221002909000
PotatoesSeed7100063000F 629975676553222
PotatoesYield385452Fc428136Fc483954Fc425319Fc471475Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested1706A 2188A 2287A 2349A 1800A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity5883A 7278A 8773A 11036A 6700A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed1300A 1600A 1700A 1850A 1850A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield34484.2Fc33263.3Fc38360.3Fc46981.7Fc37222.2Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity3110034300310002980020300
QuincesArea Harvested700F 149Im152Im149Im151Im
QuincesProduction Quantity2000F 300Im326Im278Im291Im
QuincesYield28571.4Fc20134.2Fc21447.4Fc18657.7Fc19271.5Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested96065636555646445100
RapeseedProduction Quantity3397624000228951676818300
RapeseedYield35369.6Fc42583.4Fc41207.7Fc36106.8Fc35882.3Fc
RaspberriesArea Harvested11430282930
RaspberriesProduction Quantity400275230180200
RaspberriesYield35087.7Fc91666.7Fc82142.9Fc62069Fc66666.7Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested67267A 64953A 66734A 59299A 61700A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2592820A 2780870A 3229620A 2522100A 2909000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed71000A 63000A 62997A 56765A 53222A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield385452Fc428136Fc483954Fc425319Fc471475Fc
RyeArea Harvested603527724630674
RyeProduction Quantity27452326316929912800
RyeSeed160F 160F 160F 180F 170F
RyeYield45522.4Fc44136.6Fc43770.7Fc47476.2Fc41543Fc
SpinachArea Harvested44004400390038003800
SpinachProduction Quantity8720095740847407650076700
SpinachYield198182Fc217591Fc217282Fc201316Fc201842Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested17001139114810761300
StrawberriesProduction Quantity4050042000440004100040000
StrawberriesYield238235Fc368745Fc383275Fc381041Fc307692Fc
Sugar beetArea Harvested8291285527877549117796500
Sugar beetProduction Quantity56666205983170621585064496806537100
Sugar beetYield683450Fc699565Fc708327Fc707380Fc677420Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested77325376376400
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity209777122113001200
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield27142.9Fc23907.7Fc32473.4Fc34574.5Fc30000Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested519554630600900
TomatoesProduction Quantity238200229610245900250000234400
TomatoesYield4589600Fc4144580Fc3903170Fc4166670Fc2604440Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested229A 224A 220A 220A 220A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity639A 546A 500A 500A 500A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield27903.9Fc24375Fc22727.3Fc22727.3Fc22727.3Fc
TriticaleArea Harvested72257480808472677600
TriticaleProduction Quantity4610548823375734684050400
TriticaleSeed1100F 1100F 1100F 1200F 1033
TriticaleYield63813.2Fc65271.4Fc46478.2Fc64455.8Fc66315.8Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested12865Im15000F 14000F 13000F 11500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity500000F 488000F 448000F 414500F 379600F
Vegetables fresh nesYield388651Fc325333Fc320000Fc318846Fc330087Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested57958A 60195A 58772A 60678A 57704A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity1862830A 1842270A 1890000A 1807800A 1699180A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield321411Fc306051Fc321582Fc297934Fc294465Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested57958A 60195A 58772A 60678A 57704A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity1862830A 1842270A 1890000A 1807800A 1699180A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield321411Fc306051Fc321582Fc297934Fc294465Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested229Im224Im220220220
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity639Im546Im500500500
Walnuts, with shellYield27903.9Fc24375Fc22727.3Fc22727.3Fc22727.3Fc
WheatArea Harvested201330213748213035191216202400
WheatProduction Quantity16619601768410191318016403601675000
WheatSeed36000F 36000F 36000F 36000F 33734
WheatYield82549.1Fc82733.4Fc89805.9Fc85785.7Fc82756.9Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea1337W 1358W 1364Q 1373W 1370Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea30.4I 29.8I 27.4I 23.8I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea18.6I 11.55I 8.4Fm8.9Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea5.7I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea49W 41.35W 35.8W 32.7W
Arable landArea826W 836W 840Q 845W 840Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea848W 858W 862Q 868W 863Q
Country areaArea3053W 3053W 3053W 3053W 3053W
Fallow landArea8W 10W 10Q 12W 25Q
Forest areaArea678.84Fm677.8Q 676.76Fm675.72Fm674.68Fm
Inland waterArea25Fm25Fm25Fm25Fm25Fm
Land areaArea3028Fm3028Fm3028Fm3028W 3028W
Other landArea1012.16Fm992.2Fm987.24Fm979.28Fm983.32Fm
Permanent cropsArea22W 22W 22Q 23W 23W
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea489W 500W 502W 505W 507Q
Temporary cropsArea738Fm747Fm750Fm753Fm734Fm
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea80W 79W 80Q 80W 81Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea23Fm23Fm23Fm23Fm23Q
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea1382Q 1385Q 1393W 1394Q 1391Q
Agricultural area certified organicArea21.8I 19.8I 19.9I
Agricultural area in conversion to organicArea6.8Fm4.6Fm3.9Fm
Agricultural area irrigatedArea3.4I 1.9I
Agricultural area organic, totalArea28.6W 24.4W 23.8W
Arable landArea842Q 843Q 840Q 835Q 832Q
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea865Q 866Q 863Q 858W 855Q
Country areaArea3053W 3053W 3053W 3053Q 3053Q
Fallow landArea28Q 28Q 24Q 29Q 28W
Forest areaArea673.64Fm672.6Q 671.54Fm670.48Fm669.42Fm
Inland waterArea25Fm25Fm25Fm25Fm25Fm
Land areaArea3028W 3028W 3028W 3028W 3028W
Other landArea972.36Fm970.4Fm963.46Fm963.52Fm967.58Fm
Permanent cropsArea23W 23W 23W 23W 23Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea517Q 519Q 530Q 536Q 536Q
Temporary cropsArea732Fm734Fm739Fm730Fm727Fm
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea82Q 81Q 77Q 76W 77W
Total area equipped for irrigationArea23W 22Q 22Q 22Q 33I
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data