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Datasheet

Australia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Widespread Padovan et al., 1996; Davis et al., 1997b; Gibb et al., 1999.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Witte, 2003; Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella tarda Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Absent, invalid record Chapman et al., 2012; EPPO, 2011a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Restricted distribution CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Eradicated CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2008; IPPC, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Absent, unreliable record Wang et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Widespread Introduced YesIMI, 1991; Hee et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Erwin, 1965.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea) Present Purss, 1957.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Cunnington, 2003; Agarwal et al., 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Sutton, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Whisson, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Stahl, 1966.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesChérif et al., 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella miyabeana Restricted distribution Introduced IPPC, 2015; IPPC, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Eradicated Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Hutton, 1949; Swart, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present YesPunithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Sutton, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Pitkethley, 1970; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Eradicated IPPC, 2015; IPPC, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Restricted distribution Ryan and Egan, 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Murray and Brown, 1987; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Hayes et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Farrow and McDonald, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesJones et al., 2000; Ahyong and Wilkens, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Widespread Ebeling, 1959; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Present Native Foster, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Present, few occurrences Introduced EPPO, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera musae (banana fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present Baker and Tuttle, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Widespread Southgate, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Southgate, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Localised Introduced YesCarlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby) Present Native Lawrence and Jones , 2002; Campbell et al., 1994; Horwitz and Knott , 1995; Austin et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Introduced CIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Restricted distribution Tao, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; CSIRO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer) Eradicated DAFF, 2014a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGillespie, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Common , 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulata Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Marks, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Present Hebert, 1977; Benzie, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbetti Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Steidle et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth) Restricted distribution Native Carter, 1984; UK CAB International, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruens Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerraria crispa (Black flag) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kaydan and Gullan, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesDepartment and of Agriculture and Food, Govt. of Western Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMalipatil et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Widespread Native EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Mound and Houston, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Bray and Sands, 1987; CABI, 1990; FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Present, few occurrences Whitelegge, 1901.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Present Introduced Cookson, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinyphia triangularis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunnea Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolor Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Absent, formerly present IPPC, 2015; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Widespread Wilson and Wearne, 1962; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Native New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus eucalypti Present CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParopsis charybdis (eucalyptus tortoise beetle) Present Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Native Dall, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesVanderwoude et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra) Restricted distribution Introduced Walker, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Widespread Native Wang, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present Braby, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesSimpson and Ades, 1990a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPorotermes adamsoni (damp wood termite) Present Native YesNkunika, 1992; CSIRO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug) Present Gullan, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRadumeris tasmaniensis (yellow flower wasp) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Absent, invalid record Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, 2016; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Widespread Sinclair and Haddrell, 1985; Collins et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present Rafter et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (flower fly) Widespread Native Thompson, 2013; Thompson and Vockeroth, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Present Introduced Smith, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Champ and Dyte, 1977; Greening, 1979; Goodyer, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Restricted distribution YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTeia anartoides (painted apple moth) Present Native YesElliott et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Native Noack et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced Palmer, 1992; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentella Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Present Introduced YesCSIRO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer) Widespread Native NoCommon, 1990; Kriticos et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolor Present Dole and Beaver, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Present Introduced Allen, 1989; Corfield et al., 2008; Duffy et al., 2013; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides perspicuus Widespread Native NoKott, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoLong, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Introduced YesJesser et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Localised
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Introduced Ryall, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2005; Banarescu and Coad, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Heemstra and Randall, 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Present Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Absent, unreliable record Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Pyke, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Introduced YesHunsaker, 1966; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Introduced YesFraguglione, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret) Present Introduced Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Kailola et al., 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoFroese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Introduced Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Introduced Qu et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced McKay, 1989; Arthington and McKenzie, 1997; Lindholm et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul) Eradicated Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present, few occurrences Introduced National Animal Pest Alert, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Introduced Kailola et al., 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Kailola et al., 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; McKay, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesDexter, 2003; Spencer and Hampton, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Hoese et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichosurus vulpecula (brushtail possum) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoLong, 1981; Bruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced YesSmith, 1992; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced YesThomson, 1951; Ayres, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesReise et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Young, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Quick, 1960.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMaoricolpus roseus (New Zealand screw shell) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present McDonald et al., 1991; Daguin and Borsa, 2000; Gérard et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel) Present Introduced DFAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoPoutiers, 1998a.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, intercepted only Plant Health Australia, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Present Introduced Schreiber et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Introduced YesQi ZhongYan, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Absent, invalid record IPPC, 2015; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesStanton, 1986; IPPC, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Nobbs et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Widespread Colbran, 1958; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Khair, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread CSIRO, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode) Restricted distribution Bridge et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Restricted distribution Blake, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced YesDove et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale grandis (orange keyhole sponge) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila pneumoniae Present
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Widespread Native NoBostock et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced Bailey, 1902.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Croft, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Native NoRodd and Pickard, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present PlantNET, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum hyemale (Horsetail) Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Garrison Hanks, 1998; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort) Widespread Aston, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread YesCreagh, 1991/1992; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Chaluopka and Domm, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle) Present Native Jaensch et al., 1988; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Restricted distribution Native Boland et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Carvalho et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Native ILDIS, 2002; Weber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Native Cronk and Fuller , 1995; ILDIS, 2002; Weber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia podalyriifolia (Pearl Acacia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia verticillata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Restricted distribution Introduced YesParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced YesWeber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcetosa sagittata (Rambling Dock) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcetosa vesicaria (Ruby Dock) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present YesSanecki et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Present Native Victorian Resources Online, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Queensland Government, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesHolm and et al. , 1979; Cronk and Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira elegantissima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Localised Atlas of Living Australia, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native Beadle, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native Cronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlisma lanceolatum (Alisma) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Häfliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchella Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera angustifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera denticulata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera nodiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Parham, 1958; Parsons, 1973; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesLazarides et al., 1997; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Present Introduced YesEardley, 1944; Auld and Medd, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelichloa brachychaeta Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present YesGardner et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Localised YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyos Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis stoechadifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Introduced Randall, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced YesParsons and Cuthbertson, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Introduced Barker et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present YesWeed Futures, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesHafliger and Scholz, 1981; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Localised Morin et al., 2006a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus declinatus (Bridal Veil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Localised YesParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus scandens (Asparagus Fern) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present YesIsmail and Shukor, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex eardleyae Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex holocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex leptocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex muelleri Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex pseudocampanulata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustroeupatorium inulifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Present YesGosper et al., 2011; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; O'Donnell et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Present Sun and Liddle, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWestman et al., 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; AVH, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora testiculata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBillardiera heterophylla (Bluebell Creeper) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Stemmerik, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Bayer, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa macra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present YesWeeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced YesHitchcock , 1944; Gibbs and Russel et al. , 1955; Holmgren and Holmgren , 1977; Koyama , 1987; Kon and Blacklow , 1989; Arnold and de Wet , 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced YesGill and Carstairs , 1988; Kon and Blacklow , 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced YesWeiller et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Restricted distribution Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Roy et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; Weber, 2003; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced NoCsurhes and Edwards, 1998; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Atlas of Living Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesForster, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia cathartica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lamp and Collet, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Localised Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Native Dahl, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Native WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Localised NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015; GBIF, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present YesFranks, 2002; Clayton et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus clandestinus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Groves, 1991; Hall and Vandiver, 1991; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus macrourus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus polystachios Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Mitchell, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthe aethiopica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris pumilio Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris truncata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Eradicated Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1994; Waterhouse and Zeimer, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed) Present Introduced YesParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Australian Weeds Committee, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Introduced Englberger, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Ciba, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Widespread Introduced YesMichael, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Gardening Australia, 2009; Randall, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia richardii (Toetoe) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster glaucophyllus (Cotoneaster) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced Henderson, 1973; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Present EPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present YesRoyal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood) Present Native NoReynolds, 1985; Brock, 1988; Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Downey et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus cyperoides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Restricted distribution Auld and Medd, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Groves, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present de Filippes, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus squarrosus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus teneristolon Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Widespread Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus glochidiatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Widespread Introduced YesHnatiuk, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Jacobs and Wall, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Tang et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDisa bracteata (African weed-orchid) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Groves, 1991; Kay and Brown, 1992; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa elliptica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa turneriana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present, few occurrences Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present, few occurrences NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Restricted distribution Kern, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis parodii (parodi spike rush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Mitchell, 1978; Burdon and, 1986; Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Thompson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEnchylaena tomentosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis dielsii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis leptocarpa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed) Present Native Wilken and Hannah, 1998; Hoban and Hoshovsky, 2000; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica lusitanica (Spanish heath) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesCsurhes and Edwards, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa australiensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa crebra Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa pseudoacrotricha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present YesPIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cygnorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Native WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Native Boland et al., 1984; Henderson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Native Boland et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Webb and Feez, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Adkins et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present YesEaston et al., 1994; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; GrassWorld, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present YesAustralian Biological Resources Study, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Corner, 1967; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present YesRandall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Wiersema and León, 1999; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Quattrocchi, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Restricted distribution Shukla et al., 1979; Macleod and Frost, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGazania linearis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia aristigera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Native Boland et al., 1984; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera manicata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present YesAdler and Stephens, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Queensland Government, 2014; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced Geering and Thomas, 1997; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Restricted distribution Stanley and Ross, 1983; Lazarides and Hince, 1993; Craven, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced NoHolzapfel, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Localised Introduced Westbrooks, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (black speargrass) Present Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Widespread Hnatiuk, 1990; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Widespread Introduced YesGarry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum glaucum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila costata (glush weed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Widespread Introduced YesBroue, 1973; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present, few occurrences NoAustralian Government Department of Agriculture, 2015; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Unconfirmed record USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (Busy-lizzy) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Bisby et al., 1994; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Auld and Medd, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoCallihan et al., 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present YesCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJarava plumosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present YesRoyal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread YesEverist, 1974; Pitt and Miller, 1991; Miller and Pitt, 1992; Ashley, 1995; Wilson, 1997; Csurhes, 1999; Pitt, 1999; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001; Randall, 2002; Randall et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus acutus (spiny rush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus articulatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present YesPIER, 2016; Edgar, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus kraussii x acutus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced YesAustralia Natural Heritage Trust, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (queen's flower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Stanley, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Widespread Native YesHeap and Mitchell, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Present Ohwi, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced Bray, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Cronk and Fuller, 1995; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present YesCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Widespread YesWeeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnophila chinensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Localised Introduced Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Lazarides et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Widespread YeseMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Evans and Blundell, 1996; Bennett, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present YesLazarides et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia longifolia (longleaf ludwigia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present PIER, 2007; Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestris Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvella leprosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (devil's claw) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murex Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present YesAustralian Weeds Committtee, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Restricted distribution Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Restricted distribution Bodkin, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced Doran and Turnbull, 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltata Present Van and Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Van and Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present YesGroves and Hosking, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Present Native NoCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, CHAH.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Restricted distribution Introduced Anon., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLonsdale et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoraea flaccida (one-leaf cape tulip) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree) Present Introduced NoCsurhes and Edwards, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyoporum tetrandrum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Restricted distribution Introduced USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013; ISSG, 2013; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNothoscordum gracile Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea mexicana (yellow waterlily) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOchna serrulata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe pimpinelloides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced YesWillis, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acaulon (horse thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum bracteatum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum tauricum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Restricted distribution Introduced NoMann, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Lazarides et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Introduced Carter and Cooke, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Takeoka, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Introduced Weeds of Australia, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced YesDale, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallis grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Häfliger and Scholz, 1980; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Restricted distribution YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Widespread Introduced YesAuld et al., 2003; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2012; GBIF, 2012; Simon and, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Absent, unreliable record Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Localised NoJiang, 1988; PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLamp and Collett, 1976; Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGroves, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Widespread Introduced Weeds of Australia, 2016; Holm et al., 1991; Taylor et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Present Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced YesNSW Government Department of Primary Industries, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys bambusoides (castillon bamboo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Rodriguez, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced YesRichardson et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced YesAnon, 1998; Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced YesRichardson et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Widespread Introduced YesJohnson et al., 1997; Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Blake, 1954; Holm et al., 1977; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001; Mack and Lonsdale, 2002; PIER, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Localised Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present YesCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Widespread Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Hafliger and Wolf, 1988; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced Queensland Government, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced Geesink, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present NoISSG, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present Introduced Panetta and Carstairs, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced ZipcodeZoo, 2014; Low, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present, few occurrences Introduced Atlas of Living Australia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present EPPO, 2014; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Mielcarek, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Widespread YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present Atlas of Living Australia, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus alceifolius (giant bramble) Localised Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced Francis, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present YesArcher and Martin, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Widespread Native NoAtlas of Living Australia, 2012; IBIS, 2012; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Localised USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced YesWeber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present YesPIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced YesMeyer and Lavergne, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced YesChristman , 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present Introduced Monty et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced Lazarides et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Randall, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Introduced YesParsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; Mackey et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present, few occurrences Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced YesAuld and Medd, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesWaterhouse and Norris, 1987; Pitt, 1992; Fensham and Cowie, 1998; Smith, 2002; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Weeds of Australia, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Boutsalis and Powles, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Localised YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced YesCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Absent, invalid record PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced YesMunir, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991; Lazarides et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Widespread YesWeeds of Australia, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Introduced The Observer, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Present Introduced YesGriffin et al., 1989; Cronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Hnatiuk, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present ISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Auld and Medd, 1992; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Global Invasive Species Database, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced YesRichardson and Hill, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Webb and Feez, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present, few occurrences YesCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present YesPIER, 2014; ISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present EPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Atlas of Living Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; ISSG, 2003.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Widespread de et al., 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigemina Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosa Present Corbeil et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present BURNET and STANLEY, 1959; Harrigan et al., 1975; Chung and Spradbow, 1977; Wobeser, 1981; Annuar et al., 1983; Sutton and Fillipich, 1983; Raidal et al., 1996.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Restricted distribution YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesThomas et al., 1994; Diekmann and Putter, 1996; Geering et al., 2000; Daniells et al., 2001.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Behncken and Maleevsky, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequid herpesvirus 1 Present
Virusequine arteritis virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusextra small virus Present Owens et al., 2009.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1 Localised Crane et al., 2013; Hooper et al., 2007.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present, few occurrences Introduced Coutts et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus Present Owens et al., 2009.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Thomas and Dodman, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Restricted distribution Brunschot et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
abalone viral ganglioneuritis Localised Crane et al., 2013; Hooper et al., 2007.
Acanthocephalan infections of fish Present Nickol, 1972.
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Actinobacillus suis infections Present Wilson and McOrist, 2000.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Akabane virus infection Present CYBINSKI et al., 1978; Jagoe et al., 1993; Anon., 1999a.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
astrovirus infections Present Rice et al., 1993; Thompson, 1999.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Lohr, 1976; Ignjatovic and Ashton, 1996; Sapats et al., 1996; Ignjatovic et al., 1997.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Cross, 1987; Röhm, 1996; Perdue and Suarez, 2000.
avian intestinal spirochaetosis Present Hampson et al., 2006.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009; Morrow et al., 1990.
avian trichomoniasis Present McKeon et al., 1997.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present BURNET and STANLEY, 1959; Harrigan et al., 1975; Chung and Spradbow, 1977; Wobeser, 1981; Annuar et al., 1983; Sutton and Fillipich, 1983; Raidal et al., 1996.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Kettle, 1993; Molloy et al., 1998.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present Glastonbury et al., 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa) Present Corbeil et al., 2006.
Borrelia anserina infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced YesDove et al., 1997.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Bürki, 1985.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Zhang and Burgess, 1986.
bovine ephemeral fever Widespread Seddon, 1938; Murray, 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Martin et al., 1987.
bovine herpesvirus 5 infection Present French, 1962a; French, 1962b; Gardiner et al., 1964.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Burkala et al., 1999; Lew et al., 2004.
bovine papillomatosis Present Tweddle and White, 1977; Pfister et al., 1979; Spradbrow et al., 1983; Samuel et al., 1985; Bloch et al., 1997.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Snowdon and French, 1961.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Dunn et al., 1998.
bovine parvovirus infection Present Wosu et al., 1979.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present OIE, 2009; Gee, 1987.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Dance, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Reported present or known to be present Paton, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Sykes et al., 1997; Devereaux et al., 2003.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cold-water disease Present Schmidtke and Carson, 1995.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Bearup, 1954; Blagburn et al., 1990; Hellard and Fairley, 1997; Douglas and Sinclair, 1999; Frost et al., 2000; Buckley and Warnken, 2003; Charles et al., 2003; Power et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Digenean infections of fish Present Angel, 1969; Koie and Lester, 1985.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
Echinococcus multilocularis Present
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present How and et al. , 1983.
enteric redmouth disease Present Bullock and et al. , 1978; Green and Austin , 1983.
enteric septicaemia of catfish Present How et al., 1983.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epitheliocystis Present Langdon et al., 1991; Anderson and Prior, 1992.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Langdon and et al. , 1986a; Langdon and et al. , 1986b; Langdon and Humphrey , 1987; Langdon and et al. , 1988.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Present OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Fagan et al., 1999.
European foulbrood Present Witte, 2003; Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Raidal et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Glässer's disease Widespread Blackall and Pahoff, 1995; Blackall et al., 1996.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Chandler et al., 1999.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Badham, 1916.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
inclusion body rhinitis Present Cameron-Stephen, 1961; Rac, 1961.
infection with Marteilia sydneyi Restricted distribution Rubio et al., 2013; Green et al., 2011.
infection with Perkinsus olseni Present Goggin, 1996.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009; van den Berg, 2000.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present Blackall and Eaves, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Reno, 1999.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Chong et al., 1968; Daniels et al., 2002.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fish Present Carson et al., 1993.
leishmaniosis Present OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present Francis and Gilbert, 1992; Paul et al., 1994; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Blackall et al., 2002.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Menangle virus infection Present Philbey et al., 1998; Kirkland et al., 2001.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Monogenean infections of fish Present Deveney et al., 2001; Ernst et al., 2003.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoBruno et al., 1998; Tappin, 2000.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Widespread Leach, 1967.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present Nicolet, 1994a; Nicolet, 1994b.
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infection Present Barile et al., 1972.
Mycoplasma dispar infections Present St George et al., 1973.
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infections Present Sheldrake and Romalis, 1992.
Mycoplasma meleagridis infections Present Grimes, 1972.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Laws, 1956.
myxomatosis Present OIE, 2009.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Langdon, 1987; Langdon, 1990; Roubal, 1994; Rothwell et al., 1997.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Widespread Ellis, 1997; Reichel, 2000.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
oomycete infections in fish Present Glazebrook and Campbell , 1987; Puckridge and et al. , 1989; Callinan and et al. , 1995.
paratuberculosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Allworth and Kennedy, 2000; Kennedy and Allworth, 2000.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Fegan et al., 1995; Bowles et al., 2000.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
porcine adenovirus infection Widespread Kwon and Spradbrow, 1971.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis Present Forman et al., 1979.
porcine intestinal spirochaetosis Widespread Hampson and Trott, 1995.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Parke and Burgess, 1993.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
proliferative enteropathy Present Holyoake et al., 2010.
pseudokidney disease Present Humphrey and et al. , 1987.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Present OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Roberts, 1957; Dennis and Bamford, 1966; Woolcock and Rudduck, 1973.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Munday et al., 1970; Grimes and Rosenfield, 1972; Rosenfeld, 1973.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Present OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Present OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Bertolatti et al., 1996.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
streptococcosis in fish caused by Streptococcus iniae Present YesBromage et al., 1999.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Robertson and Blackmore, 1989; Gogolewski et al., 1990; Hampson et al., 1993.
summer mastitis Present Slee and McOrist, 1985.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Reported present or known to be present Hampson et al., 1997; Hampson, 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present Wood, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Malik, 1989.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Mulland et al., 1994.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Present Siddaramappa et al., 2011; OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Scherret et al., 2001.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white tail disease Present Owens et al., 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 25000 F 25000 F 25000 F 22500 F 15000 F
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 34576 32000 F 30000 F 28000 F 18024
Almonds, with shell Yield 13830.4 Fc 12800 Fc 12000 Fc 12444.4 Fc 12016 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 1450 F 1450 F 1430 * 1540 * 1530 *
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 3000 F 3000 F 2940 2091 2730
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 20689.7 Fc 20689.7 Fc 20559.4 Fc 13577.9 Fc 17843.1 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 22000 F 21200 Im 22000 F 20056 Im 20000 *
Apples Production Quantity 299778 264401 295134 265481 270476
Apples Yield 136263 Fc 124717 Fc 134152 Fc 132370 Fc 135238 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 6350 F 6200 Im 6471 Im 6205 Im 6188 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 13283 13300 Im 13673 17000 F 17327
Apricots Yield 20918.1 Fc 21451.6 Fc 21129.7 Fc 27397.3 Fc 28001 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2072 1900 F 1616 1604 1302
Asparagus Production Quantity 10276 8500 F 6981 9779 5609
Asparagus Yield 49594.6 Fc 44736.8 Fc 43199.3 Fc 60966.3 Fc 43079.9 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 9500 F 9800 Im 10249 Im 9827 Im 9800 F
Avocados Production Quantity 36325 37300 Im 38478 45000 F 47238
Avocados Yield 38236.8 Fc 38061.2 Fc 37543.2 Fc 45792.2 Fc 48202 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 11196 11543 11992 9853 11662
Bananas Production Quantity 202751 302173 270393 207061 213193
Bananas Yield 181092 Fc 261780 Fc 225478 Fc 210150 Fc 182810 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 3680990 4088000 4446000 5015010 4901840
Barley Production Quantity 7994720 7294000 7909000 7996510 7160170
Barley Seed 185000 F 185000 183000 200000 226000
Barley Yield 21718.9 Fc 17842.5 Fc 17789 Fc 15945.2 Fc 14607.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 80351 44900 54585 45000 44291
Beans, dry Production Quantity 65247 43500 50557 45500 28565
Beans, dry Seed 3615.79 Fc 3615.79 Fc 2020.5 Fc 2456.32 Fc 2025 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 8120.25 Fc 9688.2 Fc 9262.07 Fc 10111.1 Fc 6449.39 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 6504 5600 Im 5249 4962 4978
Beans, green Production Quantity 32886 28000 Im 27779 26917 28844
Beans, green Yield 50562.7 Fc 50000 Fc 52922.5 Fc 54246.3 Fc 57942.9 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 895 300 F 787 900 F 953
Berries Nes Production Quantity 3263 1200 F 2860 3200 F 3439
Berries Nes Yield 36458.1 Fc 40000 Fc 36340.5 Fc 35555.6 Fc 36086 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 174995 165000 F 134000 129000 133000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 349958 250000 F 192000 217000 138000
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 8749.75 Fc 8749.75 Fc 8250 Fc 6700 Fc 6450 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 19998.2 Fc 15151.5 Fc 14328.4 Fc 16821.7 Fc 10375.9 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2300 F 2200 Im 2060 1888 2020
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 80000 F 78800 Im 78075 71540 81563
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 347826 Fc 358182 Fc 379005 Fc 378919 Fc 403777 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 7367 Im 7469 Im 7822 Im 8000 F 7000 F
Canary seed Production Quantity 5679 Im 4758 Im 4899 Im 5000 F 4000 F
Canary seed Seed 331.52 Fc 331.52 Fc 336.11 Fc 351.99 Fc 360 Fc
Canary seed Yield 7708.7 Fc 6370.33 Fc 6263.1 Fc 6250 Fc 5714.29 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 4636 5494 5174 4934 5715
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 224571 267442 263527 272601 271464
Carrots and turnips Yield 484407 Fc 486789 Fc 509329 Fc 552495 Fc 475003 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 3118 3300 Im 3121 2893 3580
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 66932 70900 Im 70286 64294 69793
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 214663 Fc 214848 Fc 225203 Fc 222240 Fc 194953 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 19068800 A 19437100 A 20396500 A 20856500 A 19838200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 39750900 A 33440200 A 34478100 A 35205200 A 24373500 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 941366 A 941366 A 928799 A 963827 A 980616 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20846.1 Fc 17204.3 Fc 16903.9 Fc 16879.7 Fc 12286.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19068800 A 19437100 A 20396500 A 20856500 A 19838200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 39991800 A 33505700 A 34499900 A 35211100 A 24427800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 941366 A 941366 A 928799 A 963827 A 980616 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 20972.4 Fc 17238 Fc 16914.6 Fc 16882.5 Fc 12313.5 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 2000 F 2300 Im 2400 F 1805 Im 1800 F
Cherries Production Quantity 10475 13300 Im 13727 9800 F 9730
Cherries Yield 52375 Fc 57826.1 Fc 57195.8 Fc 54293.6 Fc 54055.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 653142 500000 363000 338223 306000
Chick peas Production Quantity 513338 602000 445000 442543 313000
Chick peas Seed 19594.3 Fc 19594.3 Fc 15000 Fc 10890 Fc 10146.7 Fc
Chick peas Yield 7859.52 Fc 12040 Fc 12259 Fc 13084.4 Fc 10228.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 2372 2400 Im 2250 2306 2319
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 50862 49800 Im 49315 59223 58271
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 214427 Fc 207500 Fc 219178 Fc 256821 Fc 251276 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 130 F 140 Im 145 Im 144 Im 142 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 1400 F 1600 Im 1611 Im 1687 Im 1504 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 107692 Fc 114286 Fc 111103 Fc 117153 Fc 105915 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 27774 A 27238 A 25221 A 28698 A 32900 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 429949 A 523245 A 480096 A 552324 A 623000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 154803 Fc 192101 Fc 190356 Fc 192461 Fc 189362 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5491170 A 5911160 A 6600520 A 7324150 A 7239850 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11858400 A 11171000 A 12778700 A 13773300 A 10695400 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 258791 A 258791 A 256799 A 271827 A 300616 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 21595.4 Fc 18898.1 Fc 19360.1 Fc 18805.3 Fc 14772.9 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 843572 386800 329000 132800 301400
Cottonseed Production Quantity 1249300 * 550000 465500 187800 387800
Cottonseed Seed 6249 Fc 6249 Fc 6249 Fc 4920 Fc 1881 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity
Cow peas, dry Seed
Cow peas, dry Yield
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 500 F 490 Im 457 409 577
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 12500 F 12100 Im 11942 15927 41931
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 250000 Fc 246939 Fc 261313 Fc 389413 Fc 726707 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 68 90 Im 88 240 F 242
Currants Production Quantity 415 550 Im 562 630 F 637
Currants Yield 61029.4 Fc 61111.1 Fc 63863.6 Fc 26250 Fc 26322.3 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity
Fibre Crops Nes Yield
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 588294 A 208300 A 164000 A 62700 A 143600 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 843572 A 386800 A 329000 A 132800 A 301400 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 14339.3 Fc 18569.4 Fc 20061 Fc 21180.2 Fc 20988.9 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 71 Im 69 Im 72 Im 70 Im 72 Im
Figs Production Quantity 85 Im 88 Im 91 Im 95 Im 85 F
Figs Yield 11971.8 Fc 12753.6 Fc 12638.9 Fc 13571.4 Fc 11805.6 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 291784 A 288443 A 298034 A 292521 A 296414 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3117310 A 3283160 A 3413100 A 3591510 A 3270720 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 106836 Fc 113824 Fc 114521 Fc 122778 Fc 110343 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 1000 F 1100 Im 1201 Im 1152 Im 1149 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 6800 F 7600 Im 7863 Im 8233 Im 7339 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 68000 Fc 69090.9 Fc 65470.4 Fc 71467 Fc 63872.9 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 764 Im 747 Im 776 Im 750 F 725
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 9217 10400 Im 10681 11000 F 10475
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 120641 Fc 139224 Fc 137642 Fc 146667 Fc 144483 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 167422 163785 170427 166197 163951
Grapes Production Quantity 1715720 1684350 1797010 1956790 1530440
Grapes Yield 102479 Fc 102839 Fc 105442 Fc 117739 Fc 93347.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 7282 10000 F 9954 10000 F 12197
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 18392 20000 F 19346 20000 P 17587
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 218.46 Fc 218.46 Fc 300 Fc 298.62 Fc 300 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 25256.8 Fc 20000 Fc 19435.4 Fc 20000 Fc 14419.1 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 414 400 F 384 380 F 377
Hops Production Quantity 966 915 F 895 860 F 859
Hops Yield 23333.3 Fc 22875 Fc 23307.3 Fc 22631.6 Fc 22785.2 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 190 F 230 Im 241 235 F 247
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 2996 4300 Im 4478 5000 F 5350
Kiwi fruit Yield 157684 Fc 186957 Fc 185809 Fc 212766 Fc 216599 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1280 Im 1251 Im 1300 F 1604 Im 1600 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 30238 28900 Im 29764 36000 F 35915
Lemons and limes Yield 236234 Fc 231015 Fc 228954 Fc 224439 Fc 224469 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 218763 142000 104000 116997 130000
Lentils Production Quantity 379659 140000 143000 64234 131000
Lentils Yield 17354.8 Fc 9859.15 Fc 13750 Fc 5490.23 Fc 10076.9 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 9071 7900 Im 7411 7307 10011
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 144637 166100 Im 164543 168707 271251
Lettuce and chicory Yield 159450 Fc 210253 Fc 222025 Fc 230884 Fc 270953 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 8000 * 8000 * 8000 * 8000 * 8000 *
Linseed Production Quantity 8000 * 8000 * 8000 * 8000 * 7000 *
Linseed Seed 536 Fc 536 Fc 536 Fc 536 Fc 536 Fc
Linseed Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 8750 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 755848 592000 483000 573300 752158
Lupins Production Quantity 807673 629000 614000 707989 661861
Lupins Seed 42327.5 Fc 42327.5 Fc 33152 Fc 27048 Fc 32104.8 Fc
Lupins Yield 10685.7 Fc 10625 Fc 12712.2 Fc 12349.4 Fc 8799.49 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 62196 59000 64580 68000 48852
Maize Production Quantity 356943 328000 375670 387000 239879
Maize Seed 1000 F 1000 1000 1000 1000
Maize Yield 57390 Fc 55593.2 Fc 58171.3 Fc 56911.8 Fc 49103.2 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 6744 4800 F 3494 3505 4200 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 70808 62000 F 51609 54138 42000 F
Maize, green Yield 104994 Fc 129167 Fc 147708 Fc 154459 Fc 100000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 9000 F 9500 Im 9936 Im 9527 Im 9500 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 36659 44342 40660 48928 57947
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 40732.2 Fc 46675.8 Fc 40921.9 Fc 51357.2 Fc 60996.8 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 37675 Im 38195 Im 40000 P 37000 * 36000 *
Millet Production Quantity 44049 Im 36905 Im 38000 F 37000 * 36000 *
Millet Seed 244.89 Fc 244.89 Fc 248.27 Fc 260 Fc 240.5 Fc
Millet Yield 11691.8 Fc 9662.26 Fc 9500 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 160 139 159 179 181
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 49696 41295 43416 47102 42739
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 3106000 Fc 2970860 Fc 2730570 Fc 2631400 Fc 2361270 Fc
Mustard seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Mustard seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Mustard seed Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 15000 F 15000 F 15000 F 15000 F 15000 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 32065 30000 F 28000 F 38000 F 38000 F
Nuts, nes Yield 21376.7 Fc 20000 Fc 18666.7 Fc 25333.3 Fc 25333.3 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 826031 850077 865000 870328 1237820
Oats Production Quantity 1127680 1374000 1180000 1160030 1502310
Oats Seed 45000 F 45000 45000 43000 44000
Oats Yield 13651.8 Fc 16163.2 Fc 13641.6 Fc 13328.7 Fc 12136.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2746060 A 2021100 A 2000180 A 1875650 A 1505930 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2111730 A 1670940 A 1494970 A 1281360 A 973753 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 9526.89 A 9526.89 A 9061.66 A 8882 A 7086.21 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 7690.03 Fc 8267.48 Fc 7474.19 Fc 6831.56 Fc 6466.13 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2776470 A 2051510 A 2030180 A 1904250 A 1532930 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1149480 A 972281 A 865729 A 791630 A 558786 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 4788.2 A 4788.2 A 4316.57 A 4289.44 A 3943.57 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4140.07 Fc 4739.35 Fc 4264.3 Fc 4157.17 Fc 3645.22 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 30407 F 30407 Im 30000 F 28600 F 27000 F
Olives Production Quantity 91067 80000 F 62655 60000 F 57123
Olives Yield 29949.3 Fc 26309.7 Fc 20885 Fc 20979 Fc 21156.7 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 6139 5329 5463 5013 5413
Onions, dry Production Quantity 330847 259947 283819 254362 246496
Onions, dry Yield 538927 Fc 487797 Fc 519530 Fc 507405 Fc 455378 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 22000 F 21000 F 19000 F 22000 25783 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 291223 391343 347724 409273 470673
Oranges Yield 132374 Fc 186354 Fc 183013 Fc 186033 Fc 182552 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3500 * 3800 Im 3608 2590 5159
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 76283 * 76300 Im 75619 66921 71583
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 217951 Fc 200789 Fc 209587 Fc 258382 Fc 138754 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 295 F 310 Im 326 250 F 138
Papayas Production Quantity 6534 6900 Im 7069 3500 F 1066
Papayas Yield 221492 Fc 222581 Fc 216840 Fc 140000 Fc 77246.4 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 18500 F 20000 Im 20917 Im 20056 Im 20000 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 97547 113700 Im 117188 128000 F 130916
Peaches and nectarines Yield 52728.1 Fc 56850 Fc 56025.2 Fc 63821.3 Fc 65458 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 7500 F 6500 F 6200 F 6700 F 7000 F
Pears Production Quantity 123267 95111 120376 130492 134764
Pears Yield 164356 Fc 146325 Fc 194155 Fc 194764 Fc 192520 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 317515 277000 285000 299791 293000
Peas, dry Production Quantity 394675 280000 356000 238141 268000
Peas, dry Seed 42864.5 Fc 42864.5 Fc 37395 Fc 38475 Fc 40471.8 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 12430.1 Fc 10108.3 Fc 12491.2 Fc 7943.57 Fc 9146.76 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 3332 3900 Im 3621 2656 3631
Peas, green Production Quantity 30276 41900 Im 41475 39300 34042
Peas, green Yield 90864.4 Fc 107436 Fc 114540 Fc 147967 Fc 93753.8 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 87 Im 85 Im 88 Im 85 F 82 F
Persimmons Production Quantity 642 Im 666 Im 686 Im 720 F 715 F
Persimmons Yield 73793.1 Fc 78352.9 Fc 77954.6 Fc 84705.9 Fc 87195.1 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 2447 3500 F 4817 5000 F 5134
Pineapples Production Quantity 83223 125000 F 157679 162000 F 164732
Pineapples Yield 340102 Fc 357143 Fc 327339 Fc 324000 Fc 320865 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 3000 F 3100 Im 3200 F 4011 Im 4000 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 15908 15700 Im 16213 22000 F 23091
Plums and sloes Yield 53026.7 Fc 50645.2 Fc 50665.6 Fc 54849.2 Fc 57727.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 32153 36379 32579 38190 34096
Potatoes Production Quantity 1128210 1278120 1178530 1400210 1211990
Potatoes Seed 115000 F 115000 F 90000 F 140000 F 110000 F
Potatoes Yield 350888 Fc 351335 Fc 361745 Fc 366643 Fc 355464 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2245850 A 1752900 A 1446980 A 1524880 A 1683450 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2527380 A 1954500 A 1804450 A 1720930 A 1545430 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 118961 A 118961 A 97097.5 A 86505.3 A 92101.1 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 11253.6 Fc 11150.1 Fc 12470.4 Fc 11285.7 Fc 9180.12 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 6986 6400 F 5771 6393 5968
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 102934 98000 F 103729 114418 102505
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 147343 Fc 153125 Fc 179742 Fc 178974 Fc 171758 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested
Quinces Production Quantity
Quinces Yield
Rapeseed Area Harvested 2077540 1729100 Im 1712000 1692650 1277000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 2358740 2180600 Im 1920000 1844160 1214000
Rapeseed Seed 8310.17 Fc 8310.17 Fc 6916.4 Fc 6848 Fc 6770.58 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 11353.5 Fc 12611.2 Fc 11215 Fc 10895.1 Fc 9506.66 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 269 210 Im 217 357 Im 356 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 797 600 Im 620 754 Im 672 Im
Raspberries Yield 29628.3 Fc 28571.4 Fc 28571.4 Fc 21120.5 Fc 18876.4 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 75783 18900 8000 2200 20000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 723283 196700 65200 17600 163000
Rice, paddy Seed 7575 F 7575 * 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F
Rice, paddy Yield 95441.3 Fc 104074 Fc 81500 Fc 80000 Fc 81500 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 33803 A 38239 A 34272 A 39631 A 35515 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1168710 A 1324120 A 1220990 A 1438620 A 1261120 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 115000 A 115000 A 90000 A 140000 A 110000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 345742 Fc 346275 Fc 356265 Fc 363003 Fc 355095 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 56638 Im 57419 Im 60132 Im 61500 F 35000 *
Rye Production Quantity 39750 Im 33303 Im 34291 Im 35000 F 20000 *
Rye Seed 3015 Fc 3015 Fc 3015 Fc 3015 Fc 3015 Fc
Rye Yield 7018.26 Fc 5800 Fc 5702.62 Fc 5691.06 Fc 5714.29 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 10404 7800 12100 39000 35000
Safflower seed Production Quantity 6056 4900 6200 7500 2040
Safflower seed Seed 416.16 Fc 416.16 Fc 312 Fc 484 Fc 1560 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 5820.84 Fc 6282.05 Fc 5123.97 Fc 1923.08 Fc 582.86 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 588294 208300 164000 62700 143600
Seed cotton Production Quantity 2154410 939000 795000 320600 689200
Seed cotton Yield 36621.3 Fc 45079.2 Fc 48475.6 Fc 51132.4 Fc 47994.4 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 633071 516000 766986 941550 613341
Sorghum Production Quantity 1934510 1598000 2691790 3789930 1283010
Sorghum Seed 7200 Fc 7200 Fc 7200 Fc 7200 Fc 8000 Fc
Sorghum Yield 30557.5 Fc 30969 Fc 35095.7 Fc 40252 Fc 20918.4 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 17361 31300 42326 14900 13131
Soybeans Production Quantity 29750 59600 80100 34700 32000
Soybeans Seed 694.44 Fc 694.44 Fc 1252 Fc 1693.04 Fc 596 Fc
Soybeans Yield 17136.1 Fc 19041.5 Fc 18924.5 Fc 23288.6 Fc 24369.8 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 1498 Im 1460 Im 1373 1198 1469
Spinach Production Quantity 7598 Im 8719 Im 8638 10123 9044
Spinach Yield 50721 Fc 59719.2 Fc 62913.3 Fc 84499.2 Fc 61565.7 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 2220 1383 1184 1297 1240
Strawberries Production Quantity 30897 29334 28246 24506 28559
Strawberries Yield 139176 Fc 212104 Fc 238564 Fc 188944 Fc 230315 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 308104 405000 391291 380543 408624
Sugar cane Production Quantity 25181800 31457000 30284000 32621100 36397000
Sugar cane Yield 817315 Fc 776716 Fc 773951 Fc 857225 Fc 890721 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 37177 26600 51800 48400 17000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 42538 41000 55300 73000 21100
Sunflower seed Seed 260.24 Fc 260.24 Fc 186.2 Fc 362.6 Fc 338.8 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 11442 Fc 15413.5 Fc 10675.7 Fc 15082.6 Fc 12411.8 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1650 F 1860 F 1693 1441 1419
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 40500 F 46000 Im 42460 38407 49131
Sweet potatoes Yield 245455 Fc 247312 Fc 250797 Fc 266530 Fc 346237 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 3600 F 4100 F 4000 F 4200 F 4650 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 97871 91002 90316 94364 104433
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 271864 Fc 221956 Fc 225790 Fc 224676 Fc 224587 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1450 F 1450 F 1450 F 1450 F 1450 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 4315 F 4315 F 4315 Im 3233 Im 3346 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 29758.6 Fc 29758.6 Fc 29758.6 Fc 22296.5 Fc 23075.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 8244 7734 6789 6796 7293
Tomatoes Production Quantity 301719 471883 440093 381824 296035
Tomatoes Yield 365986 Fc 610141 Fc 648244 Fc 561836 Fc 405917 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 40000 A 40000 A 40000 A 37500 A 30000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 69134 A 63900 A 59200 A 66120 A 56046 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 17283.5 Fc 15975 Fc 14800 Fc 17632 Fc 18682 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 187201 295000 F 350000 322760 360000
Triticale Production Quantity 355078 502000 545000 362818 450000
Triticale Seed 17000 F 17000 F 17000 17000 18000
Triticale Yield 18967.7 Fc 17017 Fc 15571.4 Fc 11241.1 Fc 12500 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2327 Im 2268 Im 2133 Im 2039 Im 2350 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 64360 Im 73851 Im 73162 Im 71477 Im 72000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 276579 Fc 325622 Fc 343000 Fc 350549 Fc 306383 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 73612 A 69514 A 63917 A 61102 A 70587 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1792800 A 1947840 A 1925120 A 1880790 A 1882030 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 243548 Fc 280208 Fc 301191 Fc 307812 Fc 266626 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 73612 A 69514 A 63917 A 61102 A 70587 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1792800 A 1947840 A 1925120 A 1880790 A 1882030 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 243548 Fc 280208 Fc 301191 Fc 307812 Fc 266626 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 45233 32000 F 23399 22571 Im 25000 F
Vetches Production Quantity 16833 10000 F 3895 5523 Im 5000 F
Vetches Seed 1809.32 Fc 1809.32 Fc 1280 Fc 935.96 Fc 902.84 Fc
Vetches Yield 3721.4 Fc 3125 Fc 1664.6 Fc 2446.95 Fc 2000 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2493 1900 F 1200 F 120 F 22 F
Watermelons Area Harvested 4109 * 4400 Im 4168 4430 4421
Watermelons Production Quantity 135618 * 132300 Im 131112 152141 136861
Watermelons Yield 330051 Fc 300682 Fc 314568 Fc 343433 Fc 309570 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 13501800 13507000 13788000 13530200 12578300
Wheat Production Quantity 27410100 22138000 21656000 21420200 13569400
Wheat Seed 675000 F 675000 669000 689000 677000
Wheat Yield 20301.1 Fc 16390 Fc 15706.4 Fc 15831.4 Fc 10787.9 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 10000 F 9500 F 11207 Im 10772 Im 10584 Im
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 12420 11755 9430 10056 * 10056 *
Almonds, with shell Yield 12420 Fc 12373.7 Fc 8414.38 Fc 9335.31 Fc 9501.13 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 640 * 442 533 301 300 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 1269 581 417 146 260 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 19828.1 Fc 13144.8 Fc 7823.64 Fc 4850.5 Fc 8666.67 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 20000 * 20500 * 20500 * 21000 * 22000 *
Apples Production Quantity 276400 326584 254925 326072 320526
Apples Yield 138200 Fc 159309 Fc 124354 Fc 155272 Fc 145694 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 6000 F 3250 Im 3210 Im 3100 F 3000 F
Apricots Production Quantity 16920 19698 10658 19742 12355
Apricots Yield 28200 Fc 60609.2 Fc 33202.5 Fc 63683.9 Fc 41183.3 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2056 2304 2245 2286 2363
Asparagus Production Quantity 9737 11293 10366 12223 13950
Asparagus Yield 47358.9 Fc 49014.8 Fc 46173.7 Fc 53468.9 Fc 59035.1 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 7200 F 7000 F 8284 Im 8000 F 6000 F
Avocados Production Quantity 34452 32634 41897 40531 28485
Avocados Yield 47850 Fc 46620 Fc 50575.8 Fc 50663.8 Fc 47475 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 11168 10361 10861 10659 12583
Bananas Production Quantity 187384 265570 257237 264772 313314
Bananas Yield 167787 Fc 256317 Fc 236845 Fc 248402 Fc 248998 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 4181980 4406000 4645660 4477000 3864000
Barley Production Quantity 4257030 9483000 7739770 10382000 3865000
Barley Seed 221000 188000 198000 208000 171000
Barley Yield 10179.5 Fc 21522.9 Fc 16660.2 Fc 23189.6 Fc 10002.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 28000 F 40380 33597 26678 49100
Beans, dry Production Quantity 36000 53000 58000 52000 38900
Beans, dry Seed 1993.09 Fc 1260 Fc 1817.1 Fc 1511.86 Fc 1200.51 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 12857.1 Fc 13125.3 Fc 17263.5 Fc 19491.7 Fc 7922.61 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7146 6004 7097 6951 6569
Beans, green Production Quantity 37878 33673 31119 34626 33686
Beans, green Yield 53005.9 Fc 56084.3 Fc 43848.1 Fc 49814.4 Fc 51280.3 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 950 F 800 F 650 F 500 F 350 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 3000 F 2500 F 2000 F 1500 F 1000 F
Berries Nes Yield 31579 Fc 31250 Fc 30769.2 Fc 30000 Fc 28571.4 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 186637 183000 194500 155000 175073
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 108000 329000 167500 277000 147313
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 6650 Fc 9331.85 Fc 9150 Fc 9725 Fc 7750 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 5786.63 Fc 17978.1 Fc 8611.83 Fc 17871 Fc 8414.38 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 2115 2100 F 1822 Im 1816 Im 1667 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 78518 78000 F 77000 F 70819 Im 76000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 371244 Fc 371429 Fc 422613 Fc 389972 Fc 455909 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 5000 F 9245 Im 9822 Im 9651 Im 8467 Im
Canary seed Production Quantity 3000 F 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F
Canary seed Seed 315 Fc 225 Fc 416.03 Fc 441.99 Fc 434.3 Fc
Canary seed Yield 6000 Fc 5949.16 Fc 5599.67 Fc 5698.89 Fc 6495.81 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 6314 6530 7195 7367 7672
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 264961 316000 302560 305669 331129
Carrots and turnips Yield 419640 Fc 483920 Fc 420514 Fc 414917 Fc 431607 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 3039 10832 10482 11163 4041
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 76568 123859 129820 128057 87586
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 251951 Fc 114345 Fc 123850 Fc 114716 Fc 216743 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 18368100 A 19086400 A 20277300 A 19924000 A 17486000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 19065200 A 39726800 A 34379400 A 41484900 A 18631600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 928719 A 855823 A 896865 A 955712 A 817332 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 10379.5 Fc 20814.2 Fc 16954.7 Fc 20821.5 Fc 10655.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 18368100 A 19086400 A 20277300 A 19924000 A 17486000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19399200 A 39839600 A 34563600 A 41630800 A 19028500 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 928719 A 855823 A 896865 A 955712 A 817332 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 10561.4 Fc 20873.3 Fc 17045.5 Fc 20894.8 Fc 10882.1 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1600 F 1620 F 1645 F 1650 * 1320 *
Cherries Production Quantity 9783 8197 8174 9460 6702
Cherries Yield 61143.8 Fc 50598.8 Fc 49690 Fc 57333.3 Fc 50772.7 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 244000 105300 110173 200815 201161
Chick peas Production Quantity 232000 122800 135215 198854 128738
Chick peas Seed 9180 Fc 7320 Fc 3159 Fc 3305.19 Fc 6024.45 Fc
Chick peas Yield 9508.2 Fc 11661.9 Fc 12273 Fc 9902.35 Fc 6399.75 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 2623 2372 2838 2485 2419
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 63662 47426 56319 40810 43083
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 242707 Fc 199941 Fc 198446 Fc 164225 Fc 178103 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 135 F 120 F 100 F 111 Im 113 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 1700 F 1500 F 1200 F 1164 Im 1206 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 125926 Fc 125000 Fc 120000 Fc 104865 Fc 106726 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 32527 A 29205 A 28764 A 31958 A 32572 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 649669 A 636003 A 540475 A 751038 A 583960 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 199732 Fc 217772 Fc 187900 Fc 235008 Fc 179283 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6471180 A 6579180 A 6811460 A 6811200 A 6172040 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7574590 A 14327800 A 12105300 A 15060700 A 7704500 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 290719 A 260823 A 269865 A 279712 A 254332 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 11705.1 Fc 21777.4 Fc 17772 Fc 22111.7 Fc 12482.9 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 597000 645100 349100 387100 703300
Cottonseed Production Quantity 844400 912300 493700 545800 1053500
Cottonseed Seed 4308 Fc 10065 Fc 9627 Fc 5943 Fc 6735 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity
Cow peas, dry Seed
Cow peas, dry Yield
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 682 1200 F 1002 Im 999 Im 917 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 23271 16000 F 16693 Im 15000 F 14390
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 341217 Fc 133333 Fc 166597 Fc 150150 Fc 156925 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 279 Im 268 Im 265 Im 256 Im 260 Im
Currants Production Quantity 1200 F 1385 Im 1294 Im 1228 Im 1272 Im
Currants Yield 43010.8 Fc 51679.1 Fc 48830.2 Fc 47968.8 Fc 48923.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity
Fibre Crops Nes Yield
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 335500 A 320900 A 198100 A 224500 A 409000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 597000 A 645100 A 349100 A 387100 A 703300 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 17794.3 Fc 20102.8 Fc 17622.4 Fc 17242.8 Fc 17195.6 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 68 Im 65 Im 64 Im 62 Im 63 Im
Figs Production Quantity 80 F 98 Im 92 Im 87 Im 90 Im
Figs Yield 11764.7 Fc 15076.9 Fc 14375 Fc 14032.3 Fc 14285.7 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 283048 A 270342 A 268227 A 266806 A 267420 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3696250 A 3831020 A 3579700 A 3395570 A 3514690 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 130587 Fc 141710 Fc 133458 Fc 127267 Fc 131430 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 1114 Im 1072 Im 1059 Im 1023 Im 1039 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 8295 Im 8599 Im 8036 Im 7623 Im 7899 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 74461.4 Fc 80214.6 Fc 75882.9 Fc 74516.1 Fc 76025 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1392 Im 1339 Im 1323 Im 1278 Im 1298 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 14893 19559 15117 17575 14000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 106990 Fc 146072 Fc 114263 Fc 137520 Fc 107858 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 158167 153204 150561 142793 143373
Grapes Production Quantity 1981200 2026500 2014970 1496940 1753890
Grapes Yield 125260 Fc 132275 Fc 133831 Fc 104833 Fc 122331 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 11896 14000 14005 13801 10254
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 24508 32000 32451 43633 27568
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 365.91 Fc 356.88 Fc 420 Fc 420.15 Fc 414.03 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 20601.9 Fc 22857.1 Fc 23171 Fc 31615.8 Fc 26885.1 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 372 505 369 466 700 F
Hops Production Quantity 911 1111 928 1086 1745 Im
Hops Yield 24489.3 Fc 22000 Fc 25149 Fc 23304.7 Fc 24928.6 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 308 230 175 208 493 Im
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 5625 4222 3023 2930 4047 Im
Kiwi fruit Yield 182630 Fc 183565 Fc 172743 Fc 140865 Fc 82089.3 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1500 F 1250 F 1200 F 1280 Im 1300 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 33495 28934 28035 34472 40116
Lemons and limes Yield 223300 Fc 231472 Fc 233625 Fc 269313 Fc 308585 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 153000 127261 127612 83063 165000
Lentils Production Quantity 36000 210000 52300 103811 67000
Lentils Yield 2352.94 Fc 16501.5 Fc 4098.36 Fc 12497.9 Fc 4060.61 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 8053 5720 6121 6134 5970
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 162832 132000 127228 121508 135015
Lettuce and chicory Yield 202200 Fc 230769 Fc 207855 Fc 198089 Fc 226156 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 10000 * 10000 * 8000 * 7000 * 9000
Linseed Production Quantity 8000 * 10000 * 8000 * 7000 * 9000
Linseed Seed 536 Fc 670 Fc 670 Fc 536 Fc 469 Fc
Linseed Yield 8000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 736351 757000 844633 850899 1025000
Lupins Production Quantity 470000 1285000 936602 1180230 726121
Lupins Seed 42120.8 Fc 41235.7 Fc 42392 Fc 47299.4 Fc 47650.3 Fc
Lupins Yield 6382.83 Fc 16974.9 Fc 11088.9 Fc 13870.4 Fc 7084.11 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 76000 72378 70126 50000 83000
Maize Production Quantity 380000 419672 395000 310000 454000
Maize Seed 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Maize Yield 50000 Fc 57983.4 Fc 56327.2 Fc 62000 Fc 54698.8 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 3481 Im 3501 Im 3645 Im 3633 Im 3334 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 36538 Im 36294 Im 37839 Im 34001 Im 36488 Im
Maize, green Yield 104964 Fc 103668 Fc 103811 Fc 93589.3 Fc 109442 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 6000 F 8255 Im 8154 Im 7875 Im 8000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 36348 49517 37169 39470 40973
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 60580 Fc 59984.3 Fc 45583.8 Fc 50120.6 Fc 51216.3 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 35000 * 24523 33916 38072 40000 P
Millet Production Quantity 35000 * 25008 43483 34212 55000 F
Millet Seed 234 Fc 227.5 Fc 159.4 Fc 220.45 Fc 247.47 Fc
Millet Yield 10000 Fc 10197.8 Fc 12820.8 Fc 8986.13 Fc 13750 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 177 156 153 128 134
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 43641 47992 46265 39288 43412
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 2465590 Fc 3076410 Fc 3023860 Fc 3069380 Fc 3239700 Fc
Mustard seed Area Harvested F F F F F
Mustard seed Production Quantity F F F F F
Mustard seed Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 14500 F 14326 * 14045 * 13500 * 13264 *
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 37000 F 34167 31577 25452 33000 *
Nuts, nes Yield 25517.2 Fc 23849.6 Fc 22482.7 Fc 18853.3 Fc 24879.4 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1002690 930000 893644 1089000 911000
Oats Production Quantity 748303 1688000 1282540 2018000 957000
Oats Seed 43000 47000 45000 43000 52000
Oats Yield 7462.95 Fc 18150.5 Fc 14351.8 Fc 18530.8 Fc 10504.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1554900 A 1443360 A 1741630 A 1551450 A 1872250 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 887091 A 1434550 A 1286080 A 1358140 A 1175080 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 7091.48 A 10336.9 A 9972.68 A 9059.33 A 8193.04 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5705.13 Fc 9938.96 Fc 7384.37 Fc 8753.99 Fc 6276.29 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1574900 A 1454360 A 1744780 A 1552950 A 1873250 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 427235 A 754465 A 722856 A 772699 A 560496 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 3561.03 A 4562.87 A 4347.72 A 4390.1 A 3968.68 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2712.77 Fc 5187.6 Fc 4142.97 Fc 4975.68 Fc 2992.1 Fc
Olives Area Harvested 20000 F 11000 F 3150 F 1500 F 1000 F
Olives Production Quantity 42177 23041 6541 3191 1800 F
Olives Yield 21088.5 Fc 20946.4 Fc 20765.1 Fc 21273.3 Fc 18000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 4537 5970 5558 5263 5513
Onions, dry Production Quantity 221923 256000 233354 228608 282516
Onions, dry Yield 489140 Fc 428811 Fc 419852 Fc 434368 Fc 512454 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 25000 F 22000 F 21700 F 25000 F 25504 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 507233 498112 395164 599484 450559
Oranges Yield 202893 Fc 226415 Fc 182103 Fc 239794 Fc 176662 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 7323 3327 2836 2635 3049
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 81519 82987 93936 71633 74101
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 111319 Fc 249435 Fc 331227 Fc 271852 Fc 243034 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 420 F 410 F 403 623 457
Papayas Production Quantity 6456 5648 5027 8976 11314
Papayas Yield 153714 Fc 137756 Fc 124739 Fc 144077 Fc 247571 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 19750 * 19500 * 19000 * 22000 F 20000 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 139570 130171 99489 126983 117474
Peaches and nectarines Yield 70668.4 Fc 66754.4 Fc 52362.6 Fc 57719.6 Fc 58737 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 6825 * 6850 * 6875 * 7050 * 8100 F
Pears Production Quantity 139036 151442 138548 135919 144885
Pears Yield 203716 Fc 221083 Fc 201524 Fc 192793 Fc 178870 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 384000 366000 412710 354224 379713
Peas, dry Production Quantity 140000 585000 289362 487428 178286
Peas, dry Seed 39555 Fc 51840 Fc 49410 Fc 55715.8 Fc 47820.2 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 3645.83 Fc 15983.6 Fc 7011.27 Fc 13760.5 Fc 4695.28 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 4273 4904 5374 5147 5528
Peas, green Production Quantity 37942 26956 29471 27095 28072
Peas, green Yield 88794.8 Fc 54967.4 Fc 54840 Fc 52642.3 Fc 50781.5 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 80 F 144 Im 142 Im 137 Im 139 Im
Persimmons Production Quantity 700 F 943 Im 881 Im 836 Im 866 Im
Persimmons Yield 87500 Fc 65486.1 Fc 62042.3 Fc 61021.9 Fc 62302.2 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 4958 2742 2664 2616 2963
Pineapples Production Quantity 153015 104022 110417 104743 119328
Pineapples Yield 308622 Fc 379365 Fc 414478 Fc 400394 Fc 402727 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 3800 F 3669 Im 3624 Im 3500 F 3400 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 19021 32762 24437 33183 25500
Plums and sloes Yield 50055.3 Fc 89294.1 Fc 67431 Fc 94808.6 Fc 75000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 35268 37437 36120 35899 37943
Potatoes Production Quantity 1249610 1288270 1310390 1247270 1333160
Potatoes Seed 120000 F 120000 F 120000 F 120000 F 120000 F
Potatoes Yield 354318 Fc 344117 Fc 362788 Fc 347439 Fc 351359 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1751990 A 1610930 A 1746490 A 1735440 A 2035050 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1026000 A 2591170 A 1659050 A 2350790 A 1316360 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 100499 A 111788 A 107207 A 118488 A 113036 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5856.2 Fc 16085 Fc 9499.34 Fc 13545.8 Fc 6468.44 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 6990 5351 5901 6584 6477
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 110906 89948 94644 93226 96331
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 158664 Fc 168096 Fc 160386 Fc 141595 Fc 148728 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested
Quinces Production Quantity
Quinces Yield
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1052000 979000 1377060 1211000 1298000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 573000 1436000 1542320 1703000 871000
Rapeseed Seed 5108 Fc 4208 Fc 3916 Fc 5508.24 Fc 4844 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 5446.77 Fc 14668 Fc 11200.1 Fc 14062.8 Fc 6710.32 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 345 Im 332 Im 328 Im 317 Im 322 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 760 Im 788 Im 736 Im 698 Im 723 Im
Raspberries Yield 22029 Fc 23734.9 Fc 22439 Fc 22018.9 Fc 22453.4 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 99000 51216 66396 45837 144000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 1003000 338885 553114 438111 1192000
Rice, paddy Seed 9000 F 5000 F 5000 F 6000 F 5000 F
Rice, paddy Yield 101313 Fc 66167.8 Fc 83305.3 Fc 95580.2 Fc 82777.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 36668 A 38687 A 37320 A 36999 A 38893 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1294610 A 1330270 A 1350390 A 1284270 A 1366160 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 120000 A 120000 A 120000 A 120000 A 120000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 353063 Fc 343855 Fc 361841 Fc 347109 Fc 351261 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 35000 * 35000 * 35000 * 35000 * 35000 *
Rye Production Quantity 20000 * 20000 * 20000 * 20000 * 20000 *
Rye Seed 1890 Fc 1890 Fc 1890 Fc 1890 Fc 1890 Fc
Rye Yield 5714.29 Fc 5714.29 Fc 5714.29 Fc 5714.29 Fc 5714.29 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 44100 45000 45000 41500 35000
Safflower seed Production Quantity 13942 28500 28000 28000 26000
Safflower seed Seed 1400 Fc 1764 Fc 1800 Fc 1800 Fc 1660 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 3161.45 Fc 6333.33 Fc 6222.22 Fc 6746.99 Fc 7428.57 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 335500 320900 198100 224500 409000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1441400 1557400 842800 932900 1756800
Seed cotton Yield 42962.7 Fc 48532.3 Fc 42544.2 Fc 41554.6 Fc 42953.6 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 767000 755029 734000 667000 823000
Sorghum Production Quantity 1932000 2010570 2009000 1465000 2021000
Sorghum Seed 5280 Fc 6480 Fc 6400 Fc 6160 Fc 5760 Fc
Sorghum Yield 25189 Fc 26629 Fc 27370.6 Fc 21964 Fc 24556.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 23889 26585 27018 6241 32000
Soybeans Production Quantity 55000 54000 59807 9212 63000
Soybeans Seed 525.24 Fc 955.56 Fc 1063.4 Fc 1080.72 Fc 249.64 Fc
Soybeans Yield 23023.2 Fc 20312.2 Fc 22136 Fc 14760.5 Fc 19687.5 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 1021 800 F 700 F 650 F 600 F
Spinach Production Quantity 8021 6500 F 6121 Im 5500 F 5296 Im
Spinach Yield 78560.2 Fc 81250 Fc 87442.9 Fc 84615.4 Fc 88266.7 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1489 865 999 1479 986
Strawberries Production Quantity 27336 23737 20219 22834 20088
Strawberries Yield 183586 Fc 274416 Fc 202392 Fc 154388 Fc 203732 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 415000 433953 447644 448000 426000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 37128000 37822200 36993500 36995000 31424000
Sugar cane Yield 894651 Fc 871574 Fc 826404 Fc 825781 Fc 737653 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 77516 47878 72445 47408 79000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 98000 60862 56689 25685 70000
Sunflower seed Seed 119 Fc 542.61 Fc 335.15 Fc 507.12 Fc 331.86 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 12642.5 Fc 12711.9 Fc 7825.11 Fc 5417.86 Fc 8860.76 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1400 F 1250 F 1200 F 1100 F 950 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 45000 F 42000 F 40000 F 37000 F 33000 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 321429 Fc 336000 Fc 333333 Fc 336364 Fc 347368 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 4500 F 4496 Im 4441 Im 4289 Im 4357 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 92348 87898 100959 98343 78079
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 205218 Fc 195503 Fc 227334 Fc 229291 Fc 179204 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1450 F 1417 1536 2306 3000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 4000 F 3605 3782 6461 9000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 27586.2 Fc 25441.1 Fc 24622.4 Fc 28018.2 Fc 30000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7750 7800 8460 7300 8000
Tomatoes Production Quantity 450459 408000 474220 364368 424950
Tomatoes Yield 581237 Fc 523077 Fc 560544 Fc 499134 Fc 531188 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 24500 A 23826 A 25252 A 24272 A 23848 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 49445 A 45945 A 41044 A 35518 A 43149 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 20181.6 Fc 19283.6 Fc 16253.8 Fc 14633.3 Fc 18093.3 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 368512 347000 389296 445475 407570
Triticale Production Quantity 199254 676000 610055 826000 327000
Triticale Seed 18000 16000 17000 19000 22000
Triticale Yield 5406.99 Fc 19481.3 Fc 15670.7 Fc 18542 Fc 8023.16 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2002 Im 2013 Im 2096 Im 2089 Im 1917 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 70000 F 72586 Im 75675 Im 68000 Im 72975 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 349650 Fc 360586 Fc 361045 Fc 325515 Fc 380673 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 74246 A 74927 A 77261 A 76965 A 70640 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1912160 A 1893870 A 1969510 A 1771390 A 1898670 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 257543 Fc 252761 Fc 254916 Fc 230155 Fc 268781 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74246 A 74927 A 77261 A 76965 A 70640 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1912160 A 1893870 A 1969510 A 1771390 A 1898670 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 257543 Fc 252761 Fc 254916 Fc 230155 Fc 268781 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 20000 F 31984 23267 64762 40000 F
Vetches Production Quantity 4000 F 6374 20073 51464 30000 F
Vetches Seed 1000 Fc 800 Fc 1279.36 Fc 930.68 Fc 2590.48 Fc
Vetches Yield 2000 Fc 1992.87 Fc 8627.24 Fc 7946.64 Fc 7500 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 25 F 23 37 10 93 Im
Watermelons Area Harvested 4664 4043 3736 4335 4470
Watermelons Production Quantity 133779 108352 126877 110955 99686
Watermelons Yield 286833 Fc 267999 Fc 339607 Fc 255952 Fc 223011 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 11797900 12456000 13399400 13067000 * 11170000
Wheat Production Quantity 10821600 25173000 21905100 26132000 10132000
Wheat Seed 629000 590000 622000 670000 558000
Wheat Yield 9172.48 Fc 20209.5 Fc 16347.8 Fc 19998.5 Fc 9070.73 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 409673 Q 398580 Q 409029 Q 417288 Q 425449 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 11200 W 12002 W 11988 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 2438 Fm 998 Fm 601 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1963 Q 1841 W 1761 Q 1851 Q 1923 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 13638 W 13000 W 12589 W
Arable land Area 47678 Fm 42568 Fm 47111 Fm 43979 Fm 44140 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 48078 Fm 42968 Fm 47511 Fm 44374 Fm 44530 Fm
Country area Area 774122 Q 774122 Q 774122 Q 774122 Q 774122 Q
Forest area Area 148376 Fm 149300 Q 150224 Fm 151148 Fm 152072 Fm
Inland water Area 5892 Fm 5892 Fm 5892 Fm 5892 Fm 5892 Fm
Land area Area 768230 Q 768230 Q 768230 Q 768230 Q 768230 Q
Other land Area 210181 Fm 220350 Fm 208977 Fm 199794 Fm 190709 Fm
Permanent crops Area 400 Fm 400 Fm 400 Fm 395 Fm 390 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 361595 Fm 355612 Fm 361518 Fm 372914 Fm 380919 Fm
Temporary crops Area 32078 W 25968 W 27511 Q 24374 Q 23530 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 2550 Fm 2550 Fm 2550 Fm 2550 Fm 2550 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 434925 Q 445149 Q 440110 Q 439500 Q 447000 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 12294 W 11716 W 12077 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 1194 Fm 952 Fm 783 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 2546 Q 2405 Q 2402 Q 2378 Q 2545 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 13488 W 12668 W 12860 W
Arable land Area 47715 Fm 49402 Fm 47743 Fm 47040 Fm 47799 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 48065 Fm 49742 Fm 48080 Fm 47375 Fm 48124 Q
Country area Area 774122 Q 774122 Q 774122 Q 774122 Q 774122 Q
Forest area Area 152996 Fm 153920 Q 154120 Fm 154320 Fm 154520 Fm
Inland water Area 5892 Fm 5892 Fm 5892 Fm 5892 Fm 5892 Fm
Land area Area 768230 Q 768230 Q 768230 Q 768230 Q 768230 Q
Other land Area 180309 Fm 169161 Fm 174000 Fm 174410 Fm 166710 Fm
Permanent crops Area 350 Fm 340 Fm 337 Fm 335 F 325 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 386860 Fm 395407 Fm 392030 Fm 392125 Fm 398876 W
Temporary crops Area 24565 Q 26742 Q 26080 Q 23575 Q 24060 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 24064 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 2546 Q 2545 Fm 2545 Fm 2545 Fm 2545 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files