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Datasheet

Argentina

Summary

  • Last modified:
  • 22 September 2009
    Argentina
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Area (km2): 276,700
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical, Temperate
  • Capital: Buenos Aires
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 39,503,466
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$6,040
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$238,715,453,440
  • GDP: US$262,450,806,784
  • Agriculture, value added: US$22,645,168,128
  • Location map

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Alippi, 1992; Alippi, 1997
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO, 2014
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentSchotman, 1989; OIE, 2009
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)PresentBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, few occurrences
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisDisease not reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)EradicatedEPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentYesBradbury, 1986; CMI, 1987
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, unreliable recordCABI & EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Restricted distributionIntroducedBradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)PresentNativeEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesViviana Sastre et al., 2013; Beamud et al., 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentCMI, 1982
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentHijano, 1991
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentGulya et al., 1991a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentCMI, 1988
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedYesPerelló & Sisterna, 2006
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentMolten et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedBandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Sir et al., 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedYesFarr, 1973; UK CAB International, 1993; Punithalingam, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)PresentMantz et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Restricted distributionFoguet et al., 1985; Garran, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Rodriguez and Mazza Gaiad, 1996
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentIntroducedFrezzi, 1972; Corcuera & Sandoval, 1998; UK CAB International, 1993
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot)PresentNativeAres & Gutierrez, 1996; Sarasola, 1944; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedYesDal & Sisterna, 2000; CABI/EPPO , 2008
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, confirmed by surveyEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedSaravi-Cisneros, 1953; Nag Raj, 1994; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentSaravi Cisneros, 1950; Punithalingham & Waterston, 1970
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedYesWinter et al., 1974; Gutierrez et al., 2002; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentIntroducedYesEcheverría, 1991
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Restricted distributionIntroducedHernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)WidespreadRodriguez-Amieva et al., 1977; CIMMYT, 1988
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentEPPO, 2014; Fonzo, 1946; CABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentIMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK CAB International, 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)WidespreadHerrera et al., 2005; Barrionuevo & Ponssa, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentBotto et al., 2005; Elías et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedRioja, 1943; Bastida, 1971; Orensanz & Estivariz, 1971
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentUndurraga & Dybas, 1988; Costilla & Barberis, 1990; Costilla, 1991; Rossi, 1963; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentGalarza, 1972; Patruele, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentDarwin, 1854
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)LocalisedNativeStone, 1942a; Segura et al., 2006; Blanchard, 1961; Weyenbergh, 1874; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)LocalisedNativeNorrbom, 1991; Stone, 1942a; Blanchard, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, invalid recordNativeNorrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014; SENASA, personal communication, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2001; Norrbom et al., 1999; Blanchard, 1961; EPPO, 2014; SENASA, 2009, personal communication
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Restricted distributionIntroducedToledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeNakahara, 1982; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentCIE, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK CAB International, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)WidespreadIntroducedYesPortillo, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedTarpy undated; Diniz et al., 2003; Piereira & Chaud-Netto, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan Stappen, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Restricted distributionCAB European, 1998; Grille et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentGrille et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedTorretta et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentCIE, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)PresentNativeISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentIntroducedTurienzo, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeGulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC), 2001; Tavares, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)LocalisedIntroducedHidalgo et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; De Longo et al., 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAhyong & Yeo, 2007; Vigliano & Darrigran, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentClaps & Terán, 2001; CIE, 1969; Claps et al., 2001; Crouzel, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentOrtego, 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)PresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentFletcher , 1932
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedFidalgo et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)WidespreadIntroducedMorais et al., 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)WidespreadBorchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentIntroducedReed & Kindler, 1994; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentLue et al., 2017
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentDelfino & Binazzi, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentCIE, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedYesDelfino & Eastop, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; Granara-de-Willink & Claps, 2003; CIE, 1966; Granara de Willink, 1991; Trjapitzin & Trjapitzin, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedYesNakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentIntroducedMarelli, 1926; Marelli, 1928; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Fiorentino & Diodato de Medina, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod & Brothers, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)LocalisedIntroducedYesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Murúa et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCIE, 1961
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCIE, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentSchotman, 1989; Crouzel, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentNativeBen-Dov, 1994; Granara de Willink, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedYesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentCIE, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)Absent, unreliable recordNMNH, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011; Museo Argentina de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Restricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)WidespreadSpencer &, 1986; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, unreliable recordMartinez & Etienne, 2002; EPPO, 2014; SENASA, personal communication, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)WidespreadMorrone, 1993; Bosq, 1942; CABI & EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCIE, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusWidespreadNativeGiménez & Etiennot, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2006; Alfaro et al., 2007; Wood & Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2016
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeCIE, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)WidespreadSmith & Cermeli, 1979; CIE, 1979
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Widespreadla Porta, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1998
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)LocalisedIntroducedSpivak et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentCIE, 1979; Lizer y Trelles, 1922
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentNativeSarto i Monteys, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentNativede Santis, 1963
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedYesGranara Willink de, 2003; Granara et al., 2007; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsiPresentSilvestri et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedIede et al., 2000; Kliejunas et al., 2001; Ioirio et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)WidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedYesFiorentino & Diodato de Medina, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Absent, invalid recordAnon., 1970; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; Ben-Dov, 1994; Granara & de Willink Claps, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentSalinas, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentIntroducedSackmann et al., 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCIE, 1986
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (osbcure mealybug)PresentEPPO, 2014; Gimpel & Miller, 1996; Dapoto et al., 2011; Granara Willink MCde, 1991
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedYesDreistadt, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)WidespreadIntroducedYesFeldman, 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentIntroducedYesBrewer et al., 1968; Havrilenko, 1981; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentWattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTrivelli, 1975
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCIE, 1973
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentViscarret et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)WidespreadIntroducedEcheverria, 1991; Klasmer et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp & Dyte, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Restricted distributionNativeVinson & Sorenson, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)WidespreadNativePitts, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014; BMNH
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentIIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedYesNoack & Coviella, 2006; Nadel et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014; Carpintero & Dellapé, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentLopez & Botto, 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)WidespreadSchotman, 1989; Bahamondes & Mallea, 1969; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentCIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE, 2009; Montiel & Piola, 1976
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)LocalisedIntroducedYesD'Adamo et al., 2002; Edwards, 1984; Willink, 1980
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedYesWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood & Bright, 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)WidespreadNativeSilvano & Begossi, 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedLong, 2003; Borghese, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)LocalisedIntroducedYesNovillo & Ojeda, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)WidespreadNativeIUCN, 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)LocalisedIntroducedGrubb, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedYesFroese & Pauly, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish)PresentNativeFishBase, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, unreliable recordIntroducedFroese & Pauly, 2014; Lopez et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)WidespreadIntroducedYesBonino et al., 2010; Grigera & Rapoport, 1983
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedLever, 1996; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentNativeYesISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2011; Lizarralde & Escobar, 2000
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedBehnke, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)LocalisedIntroducedAnderson et al., 2006
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al., 1997
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGazzari, 1978
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)PresentNativeAlmirón et al., 2000; López et al., 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)LocalisedIntroducedAkmentins & Cardozo, 2010; Sanabria et al., 2011a; Sanabria et al., 2005; Sanabria et al., 2011b
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme, 1988; Froese Pauly, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese Pauly, 2004; Lopez et al., 1987
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentNatureserve, 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedPereyra et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedISSG, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedYesJaksic et al., 2002; Novillo & Ojeda, 2008
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce, 1999
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedYesDavis, 1957
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresent, few occurrencesIntroducedFofonoff et al., 2015
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedYesItuarte, 1981
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedYesCFIA, 2014; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; González et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedYesOrensanz et al., 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedYesGutiérrez Gregoric et al., 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedYesMartín et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentMartín et al., 2009
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)LocalisedIntroducedHylton Scott, 1963; Virgillito & Miquel, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)PresentIntroducedYesDarrigran & Damborenea, 2005; Darrigran & Ezcurra, 2000; Pastorino et al., 1993
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesVogler et al., 2013; Gutiérrez & Gregoric Núñez, 2012; Gutiérrez Gregoric et al., 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesPeso et al., 2011; Peso & Quintana, 1999; Peso et al., 2010; Gutiérrez & Gregoric Vogler, 2010
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)WidespreadNativeHayes et al., 2008; Hayes et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataWidespreadNativeHayes et al., 2009; Hayes et al., 2012
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)LocalisedIntroducedGiberto et al., 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentMareggiani & Russo, 1992; Doucet, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; CIH, 1972
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, few occurrencesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Absent, formerly presentFranco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentChaves, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCostilla et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentGomez-Tovar & Medina, 1983; Wrather et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)PresentTiilikkala et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentChaves & Torres, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)WidespreadDoucet & Pinochet, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)WidespreadCostilla et al., 1976; Doucet & Pinochet, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, formerly presentCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)WidespreadGutierrez, 1947; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentVega, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; La Red & Vega, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiLocalisedIntroducedWaicheim et al., 2014
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE, 2009
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedPereyra et al., 2015; Casas & Piriz, 1996; Casas et al., 2004
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008; Zuloaga et al., 2008; Zuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeReed, 1962
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum occidentale (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeThomson & Alonso-Amelot, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed)WidespreadGunn & Ritchie, 1982; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedYesZalba , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedYesStellatelli et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentILDIS, 2007; IABIN, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedYesCronk & Fuller , 1995; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentNativeMarzocca, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Restricted distributionIntroducedSimberloff et al., 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedBinggeli , 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Johnson, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)LocalisedIntroducedGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedInstituto de Botanica Darwinion, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedWeber , 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2008; Häfliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)WidespreadNativeJulien et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Anton & Zoluaga, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (leafy amaranth)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014; Zuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentZuloaga et al., 2008; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard, 1943; King, 1966; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentGBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)WidespreadIntroducedRandall, 2002; Holm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1977; Parsons & Cuthbertson, 2001; Krause, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentLing, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentYesHolm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011; Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)LocalisedYesGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Hafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedMorton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentPina et al., 1973
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedSoreng, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Anton & Zuloaga, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentFrancescangeli & Mitidieri, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedYesZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentIntroducedYesZuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedTropicos, 2013; GBIF, 2012; Planchuelo & Peterson, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentNativeGBIF, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)PresentNativeWashington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repensPresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeILDIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedYesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedSola, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentNativeESHBAUGH, 1970; USDA-ARS, 2014; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Madidi Checklist, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentNativeFlora del Conosur, 2015; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedMendonza, 1983; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea ibericaPresentIntroducedPARODI, 1956; Holm et al., 1979; Rodolfo de la Peña M, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensisPresentIntroducedYesNobile & Luján, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)WidespreadDorna, 1974
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)WidespreadNobile & Lujan, 1989
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHafliger & Scholz, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier, 1992b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentIntroducedDewey, 1897
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016; Nobile & Lujan, 1989; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester & Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentWilson, 1981
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba, 1982
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1977; Istilart, 2005; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedGiorgis et al., 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedYuncker, 1932
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass)PresentAlbo et al., 2003; Madia Gaetan, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeGilly, 1941; IABIN, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2015; Burkart, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedYesTorres et al., 2013b; Torres et al., 2013a
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMarzocca, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedHilliard, 1977
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2016; GBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008; Clayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedYesCabrera, 1963
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Francescangeli & Mitidieri, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1991; Pace et al., 1991; IABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentNativeCabrera, 1968; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)Restricted distributionNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Restricted distributionGopal, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedCarmona & Wright, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Istilart, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentIntroducedPeterson et al., 2001; Soreng et al., 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeGBIF, 2012; Belcher, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedZalba, 1995; WAC, 2005; Rejmanek & Richardson, 2011
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)Absent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014; Francesacangeli & Mittidieri, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeGBIF, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)WidespreadCatullo et al., 1983; Holm et al., 1991; Falcon et al., 1991; Dal-Bello & Carranza, 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; GrassWorld, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber, 2003; WBN Flora Database, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentYesMitidieri & Bianchini, 1973; Nobile et al., 2002; Cabrera &, 1963; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)WidespreadIntroducedYesBurkart, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde)WidespreadNativeYesBurkart, 1949; Tortorelli, 1956
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa)PresentIntroducedWAC, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedI3N-Argentina, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentNativeGlobal Biodiversity Information Facility, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)WidespreadNativeHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesZalba & Villamil, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesKissmann, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)LocalisedNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012; Lay, 1949; Grandtner & Chevrette, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)Restricted distributionJohnston, 1928; Burkart, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedYesMarzocca et al., 1976; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO, 2013; Carbrera, 1965
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)WidespreadNativeFlora del Conosur, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Restricted distributionHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)WidespreadNativeCSIRO, 1998
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; FOA, 2016; Kirschner, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentNativeBalslev, 1980; Zuloaga & Morrone, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeYesMorton, 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentPyrah, 1969
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentFernandez et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al., 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Restricted distributionYesRouquaud & Videla, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedYesILDIS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)WidespreadIntroducedYesGavier-Pizarro et al., 2012; Aguirre-Acosta et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedYesMontaldo, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)WidespreadIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)LocalisedIntroducedPuntieri & Brion, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; Ratera, 1983
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)WidespreadIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2014; Blood, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeZardini et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015; Pensiero et al., 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentWangerin & Schr÷ter, 1937; Torres & Puntieri, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedWeiss et al., 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedYesUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEvans, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)WidespreadIntroducedGBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer, 1994b
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Restricted distributionNativeHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse & Norris, 1987; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa)PresentNativeWiggins & Porter, 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentIntroducedTropicos, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentOrchard, 1981; Claps, 1991; Maine et al., 1998; Nunez et al., 1998; Sabbatini et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF, 2013; S. Kaufman, consultant, USA, personal communication, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Restricted distributionNativeErb, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Present only in captivity/cultivationFunk et al., 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedGaray & Taylor, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedYesCabrera, 1971; Boeleke, 1986
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)Restricted distributionNativeMoran et al., 1976; USDA-ARS, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991; CARDENAS & COULSTON, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedPuntieri & Brion, 2004
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeGarcia, 2000
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)WidespreadNativeDale, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Castex et al., 1940; Aneja et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase, 1929; Häfliger & Scholz, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Soreng et al., 2012; Zuloaga et al., 1994
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentNativeYesDendinagi, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014; Cervi, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Restricted distributionNativeKillip, 1938; Deginani, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedHolm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; Jiang, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedSisterna & Wolcan, 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentWeber, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedOram et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present only in captivity/cultivationNativeCerri, 2006
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesGottschlich, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedSimberloff et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedYesSarasola et al., 2006; Langdon et al., 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)PresentIntroducedYesGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentIntroducedYesZalba, 1995; Mallea et al., 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedYesZalba, 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Zuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedConticello & Gandullo, 1991; Holm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2014; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedYesNew York Botanical Garden, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedLegrand, 1952
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifoliaRestricted distributionNativeYesBurkart, 1976; Morello et al., 1971
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)WidespreadHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentIntroducedAnon, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)WidespreadIntroducedYesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedYesI3N-Argentina, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedYesZalba , 1995
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGorustovich et al., 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedMillhollon & Burner, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentNativeZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedHurrell et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentNativeCronk & Fuller, 1995; USDA-ARS, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Garcia & Monteiro, 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentEPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Absent, formerly presentIntroducedHarper & Wood, 1957; Holm et al., 1979; Holm, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesCabrera, 1941
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisWidespreadIntroducedDelhey & Kiehr-Delhey, 1988
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present only in captivity/cultivationHanelt et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)WidespreadNativePalmer & Pullen, 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin & Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentNativeErb, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979; Arregui et al., 2001; GBIF, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Restricted distributionIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979; Morton, 1976; Amor, 1978; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Restricted distributionNativeRoe, 1972
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentNativeGRIN, 2008; Nee, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010; GBIF, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedYesIABIN, 2014; Istilart, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Restricted distributionIntroducedHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2016
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, few occurrencesNativeDavidse et al., 2012; Troncoso, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentNativeYesHolm et al., 1991; Gil et al., 1996; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentIntroducedGaskin & Schaal, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedZuloaga & Morrone, 1999
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)WidespreadIntroducedGracia et al., 1983; Doucet et al., 2000; Holm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)WidespreadIntroducedYesHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al., 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF, 2013; Zuloaga & Morrone, 1996
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al., 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al., 2008
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedGovaerts, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMarzocca, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al., 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)WidespreadFernández et al., 1990
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCrespo & Pérez-Moreau, 1967
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2010
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedILDIS, 2007; IABIN, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga & Morrone, 2003
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al., 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)LocalisedIntroducedYesWeigend & Luebert, 2009
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)WidespreadHolm et al., 1997
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedYesISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)LocalisedNativeGBIF, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)WidespreadYesHolm et al., 1979; Lopez et al., 1996; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2012
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS, 2014
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)LocalisedIntroducedYesHurrell et al., 2011; ILDIS, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentNativeYesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013; Istilart, 2005
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeGradstein & Sipman, 1978
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumLocalisedBalech, 1964
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAfrican swine fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusArterivirusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Presentde Biasi & de Gurfinkel, 1990
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine leukemia virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentVergani, 1945; Bitancourt, 1955; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Cáceres, 1998
Virusclassical swine fever virusLast reported 1999OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusduck hepatitis A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine arteritis virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusequine influenzavirusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Reported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusinfluenza A virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Viruslumpy skin disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; Teyssandier et al., 1983
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentYossen et al., 1983; Teyssandier et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Gimenez-Peci et al., 2002
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2009; VIDE, 1996
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, few occurrencesDal Zotto et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)EradicatedFernandez & Calderoni, 1965; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; SENASA, personal communication, 2008
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusRift Valley fever virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusrinderpest virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Last reported 1996OIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
Virusswine vesicular disease virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusTaura syndrome virusNo information availableOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusLast reported 1986OIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virusDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Virusvisna/maedi virusSerological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus, 2005
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentCABI/EPPO, 2005

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009
African horse sicknessDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
African swine feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
American foulbrood of honey beesRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Alippi, 1992; Alippi, 1997
anthraxPresentOIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook1971; OIE, 1997
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE, 2009
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE, 2009; Delamer, 1974
avian influenzaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE, 2009
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE, 2009
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus, 2005
babesiosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; Guglielmone et al., 1992; Aguirre et al., 1990; Guglielmone et al., 1997b; Gaido et al., 1997
bluetonguePresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionLocalisedIntroducedWaicheim et al., 2014
bovine anaplasmosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE, 2009
bovine spongiform encephalopathyDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009
bovine venereal trichomonosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE, 2009
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE, 2009; Samartino et al., 1999
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE, 2009; Russo & Monzón, 1998
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Restricted distributionOIE, 2009; Robles et al., 1993
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsDisease never reportedConigliaro et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005
camelpoxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE, 2009
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentFernandez & Ouvina, 1999
ChytridiomycosisWidespreadHerrera et al., 2005; Barrionuevo & Ponssa, 2008
classical swine feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
contagious agalactiaDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
contagious equine metritisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
crayfish plagueDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
dermatophilosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
dourineDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
duck virus hepatitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic abortion of ewesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE, 2009; OIE, 1999
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
epizootic ulcerative syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Disease not reportedOIE, 2009; Sabattini et al., 1991
equine infectious anaemiaRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
equine influenzaPresentOIE, 2009
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE, 2009
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE, 2009
equine viral arteritisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
European foulbroodPresentSchotman, 1989; OIE, 2009
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsLast reported 2003OIE Handistatus, 2005
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
fowl typhoidPresentOIE, 2009
glandersDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
haemorrhagic septicaemiaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
heartwaterDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE, 2009
infectious haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
infectious laryngotracheitisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a
infectious salmon anaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Japanese encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
koi herpesvirus diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
leishmaniosisLocalisedCruz et al., 2010; OIE, 2009
leptospirosisPresentOIE, 2009
lumpy skin diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
malignant catarrhal feverReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Marek's diseasePresentOIE, 2009
myxomatosisRestricted distributionOIE, 2009
Nairobi sheep diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Newcastle diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
Nipah virus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
paratuberculosisPresentOIE, 2009; Ubach, 1941
peste des petits ruminantsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Philornis downsi infestationPresentSilvestri et al., 2011
porcine enterovirus infectionsDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
pullorum diseasePresentOIE, 2009
Q feverLast reported 1998OIE Handistatus, 2005
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rabiesPresentOIE, 2009; Delpietro & Nader, 1989; Delpietro et al., 1991
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
Rift Valley feverDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
rinderpestDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
scrapieDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
sheep and goat poxDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
small hive beetle infestationDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
spring viraemia of carpDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
surraPresentOIE, 2009
swine vesicular diseaseDisease never reportedOIE Handistatus, 2005
Taura syndromeDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
theileriosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
toxoplasmosisReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
TrichinellaReported present or known to be presentOIE Handistatus, 2005
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
trypanosomosisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
tuberculosisReported present or known to be presentFisanotti et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005
tularaemiaDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
turkey rhinotracheitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE, 2009; Montiel & Piola, 1976
Venezuelan equine encephalitisDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
vesicular stomatitisDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaDisease never reportedOIE, 2009
visna/maediDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
West Nile feverDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
white spot diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009
yellow head diseaseDisease not reportedOIE, 2009

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested398Im355Im322Im289Im270F
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity626F 626F 626Im683Im500F
Almonds, with shellYield15728.6Fc17633.8Fc19441Fc23633.2Fc18518.5Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested3158Im3015Im2629Im3097Im3400F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity2831Im2457Im2076Im2338Im2600F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield8964.53Fc8149.25Fc7896.54Fc7549.24Fc7647.06Fc
ApplesArea Harvested42394Im43500F 45056Im42817Im42618Im
ApplesProduction Quantity1115950Im1050000F 845497Im950000F 1000000F
ApplesYield263233Fc241379Fc187655Fc221874Fc234643Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested2388Im2450Im2504Im2424Im2400F
ApricotsProduction Quantity15050Im22514Im22378Im25584Im25500F
ApricotsYield63023.4Fc91893.9Fc89369Fc105545Fc106250Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested3847Im3568Im3809Im4807Im4700F
ArtichokesProduction Quantity100891Im84694Im76948Im91154Im90000F
ArtichokesYield262259Fc237371Fc202016Fc189628Fc191489Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested2527Im2332Im2232Im2255Im1800F
AsparagusProduction Quantity9875Im8504Im7926Im8293Im7200F
AsparagusYield39078Fc36466.6Fc35510.8Fc36776.1Fc40000Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested567Im582Im595Im597Im570F
AvocadosProduction Quantity4045Im3622Im3600F 3500P 3600F
AvocadosYield71340.4Fc62233.7Fc60504.2Fc58626.5Fc63157.9Fc
BananasArea Harvested8657Im8883Im9077Im8819Im8700F
BananasProduction Quantity172073Im171030Im170000F 180000F 182000F
BananasYield198767Fc192536Fc187287Fc204105Fc209195Fc
BarleyArea Harvested1117680746435502640570125416325
BarleyProduction Quantity40769402964080135580016818801474510
BarleySeed60000F 60000F 60000F 58000F 69000F
BarleyYield36476.8Fc39709.8Fc26973.6Fc29500.2Fc35417.3Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested272745268105276670254940251190
Beans, dryProduction Quantity332782338120312998336779328249
Beans, drySeed19099.5Fc19099.5Fc18786.6Fc19527.9Fc17858.4Fc
Beans, dryYield12201.2Fc12611.5Fc11313Fc13210.1Fc13067.8Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested1020Im768Im753Im591Im700F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity3489Im4000F 3283Im4135Im4200F
Beans, greenYield34205.9Fc52083.3Fc43598.9Fc69966.2Fc60000Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1780Im1750F 1872Im1700F 1700F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity15714Im15966Im14780Im15500F 15500F
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed252Fc252Fc252Fc245Fc245Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield88280.9Fc91234.3Fc78953Fc91176.5Fc91176.5Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested1427016685104801106510215
Canary seedProduction Quantity23280274199763100238930
Canary seedSeed432Fc432Fc510.3Fc331.5Fc338.4Fc
Canary seedYield16314Fc16433.3Fc9315.84Fc9058.29Fc8742.05Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested9622Im9563Im9547Im10012Im9700F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity243708Im227198Im234586Im241416Im231000F
Carrots and turnipsYield253282Fc237580Fc245717Fc241127Fc238144Fc
CassavaArea Harvested17918Im18334Im17700F 17500F 17500F
CassavaProduction Quantity185010Im181817Im180000F 175000F 175000F
CassavaYield103254Fc99169.3Fc101695Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity
Castor oil seedSeed
Castor oil seedYield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested10903800A 9351260A 6957430A 9407580A 10151000A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity50363600A 46733200A 26093500A 36339500A 43820300A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed724237A 724237A 721239A 644895A 833821A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield46188.9Fc49975.3Fc37504.5Fc38627.9Fc43168.4Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested36047Im30914Im23000F 22500F 22500F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity18960Im18873Im16000F 15500F 15500F
Cereals, nesSeed253Fc253Fc253Fc253Fc247.5Fc
Cereals, nesYield5259.8Fc6105Fc6956.52Fc6888.89Fc6888.89Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested10903800A 9351260A 6957430A 9407580A 10151000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity50945700A 47146300A 26537800A 36754300A 44180000A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed724237A 724237A 721239A 644895A 833821A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield46722.8Fc50417.1Fc38143.1Fc39068.8Fc43522.7Fc
CherriesArea Harvested1754Im1800F 1461Im1426Im1400F
CherriesProduction Quantity6215Im6003Im5967Im4813Im6800F
CherriesYield35433.3Fc33350Fc40841.9Fc33751.8Fc48571.4Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested5221Im5132Im5296Im4500F 4500F
Chick peasProduction Quantity4639Im4713Im4363Im4500F 4500F
Chick peasSeed240Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc240Fc
Chick peasYield8885.27Fc9183.55Fc8238.29Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested2319Im2317Im2735Im2914Im3200F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity2713Im2380Im2767Im2967Im3300F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield11699Fc10271.9Fc10117Fc10181.9Fc10312.5Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested6645Im6650F 6664Im6546Im6400F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity132518Im145000F 140000F 139024Im127000F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield199425Fc218045Fc210084Fc212380Fc198438Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested131003A 134419A 155997A 156000A 156500A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2695340A 2559420A 2963280A 2959060A 2770000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield205747Fc190406Fc189958Fc189683Fc176997Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested6152700A 4762770A 3438170A 4890340A 4154700A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity32843500A 30030000A 16187200A 27000400A 26613400A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed244737A 244737A 241739A 244895A 314321A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield53380.7Fc63051.7Fc47081Fc55211.7Fc64056.1Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity295000* 230000135000166265170000F
CottonseedProduction Quantity567898F 414450F 213700F 271500F 299960F
CottonseedSeed37929.6Fc37929.6Fc26928.2Fc16423.8Fc17073.8Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested1573Im1454Im1496Im1451Im1564Im
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity1594Im1383Im1562Im1450F 1450F
Fibre Crops NesYield10133.5Fc9511.69Fc10441.2Fc9993.11Fc9271.1Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested678927A 445072A 294065A 307525A 397469A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity298917A 233398A 138838A 169747A 173550A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield4402.79Fc5244.05Fc4721.34Fc5519.78Fc4366.38Fc
FigsArea Harvested269Im276Im282Im269Im270F
FigsProduction Quantity819Im806Im801Im900F 880F
FigsYield30446.1Fc29202.9Fc28404.3Fc33457.3Fc32592.6Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested2929Im2707Im2784Im2691Im2900F
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity2323Im2015Im2276Im2032Im2100F
Flax fibre and towYield7931.03Fc7443.66Fc8175.29Fc7551.1Fc7241.38Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested479251A 491749A 517971A 509045A 499731A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8017690A 7645480A 7323480A 8170430A 8223090A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield167296Fc155475Fc141388Fc160505Fc164550Fc
GarlicArea Harvested17739Im14392Im14407Im14147Im15600F
GarlicProduction Quantity174363Im129494Im121701Im125139Im140000F
GarlicYield98293.6Fc89976.4Fc84473.5Fc88456.2Fc89743.6Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested7490Im768513500F 14000F 10500F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity189182Im188820237479243695220000*
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield252579Fc245699Fc175910Fc174068Fc209524Fc
GrapesArea Harvested218000* 223685228575226450219070*
GrapesProduction Quantity2837810Im2616610218157028217003092510
GrapesYield130175Fc116977Fc95442.2Fc124606Fc141165Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested230939Im218828257430227389215060
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity701535611040605491625349600035
Groundnuts, with shellSeed17764.2Fc17764.2Fc17764.2Fc21154.4Fc18231.1Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield30377.5Fc27923.3Fc23520.6Fc27501.3Fc27900.8Fc
HopsArea Harvested370F 370F 370F 370F 370F
HopsProduction Quantity450F 450F 450F 450F 450F
HopsYield12162.2Fc12162.2Fc12162.2Fc12162.2Fc12162.2Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested42468Im4357553497Im53000F 55000F
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity1228660Im1113380142553013621901400000*
Lemons and limesYield289314Fc255509Fc266469Fc257017Fc254545Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1845Im1814Im1872Im1700F 1700F
LentilsProduction Quantity2332Im2369Im2193Im2300F 2300F
LentilsSeed180Fc180Fc180Fc180Fc180Fc
LentilsYield12639.6Fc13059.5Fc11714.7Fc13529.4Fc13529.4Fc
LinseedArea Harvested256003796017370945028400
LinseedProduction Quantity321705207519505956434065
LinseedSeed332.6Fc515Fc770Fc348Fc189Fc
LinseedYield12566.4Fc13718.4Fc11229.1Fc10120.6Fc11994.7Fc
LupinsArea Harvested104Im102Im105Im90F 90F
LupinsProduction Quantity152Im154Im143Im150F 150F
LupinsYield14615.4Fc15098Fc13619Fc16666.7Fc16666.7Fc
MaizeArea Harvested37478402902750235318034121602838070
MaizeProduction Quantity2379980022676900131214002201690021755400
MaizeSeed90000F 90000F 90000F 90000F 125000F
MaizeYield63502.7Fc78122.1Fc55760.3Fc64524.8Fc76655.6Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested269Im276Im282Im257Im270F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity2024Im1942Im1930Im2102Im2200F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield75241.6Fc70362.3Fc68439.7Fc81789.9Fc81481.5Fc
MatéArea Harvested202948Im204221202736199096177000F
MatéProduction Quantity272619Im250041228499237858290000F
MatéYield13433Fc12243.7Fc11270.8Fc11946.9Fc16384.2Fc
MilletArea Harvested4700667534101047510230
MilletProduction Quantity7990911558801482414484
MilletSeed550.5Fc550.5Fc492Fc388.95Fc629.48Fc
MilletYield17000Fc13655.4Fc17243.4Fc14151.8Fc14158.4Fc
OatsArea Harvested196135284570139368211805224250
OatsProduction Quantity414990660200181990290525472420
OatsSeed70000F 70000F 70000F 80000F 100000F
OatsYield21158.4Fc23199.9Fc13058.2Fc13716.6Fc21066.7Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested21530600A 20401400A 19291800A 19553600A 19052400A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity40965800A 43173200A 26094900A 39129200A 39601100A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed858631A 856163A 825238A 810022A 747066A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield19026.8Fc21161.8Fc13526.4Fc20011.3Fc20785.3Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested21595900A 20463300A 19350400A 19617500A 19116700A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity10683300A 10719600A 6911650A 10524500A 10286600A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed206709A 205237A 197143A 195017A 180862A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield4946.9Fc5238.46Fc3571.85Fc5364.87Fc5380.94Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction QuantityF F F F F
OlivesArea Harvested62498Im59221Im56000F 61000F 58500F
OlivesProduction Quantity170000F 165000F 169000F 183000F 176000F
OlivesYield27200.9Fc27861.7Fc30178.6Fc30000Fc30085.5Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested25001Im25567Im23915Im23352Im24247Im
Onions, dryProduction Quantity717823Im722871Im650000F 677987Im700000F
Onions, dryYield287118Fc282736Fc271796Fc290334Fc288696Fc
OrangesArea Harvested47003Im4822956000F 55000F 59000F
OrangesProduction Quantity876851Im833486898732942541800000*
OrangesYield186552Fc172818Fc160488Fc171371Fc135593Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested5297Im5500Im5047Im5231Im5500F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity76545Im76674Im74681Im75678Im85000F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield144506Fc139407Fc147971Fc144672Fc154545Fc
PapayasArea Harvested170Im174Im178Im164Im170F
PapayasProduction Quantity1913Im2031Im2019Im2167Im2300F
PapayasYield112529Fc116724Fc113427Fc132134Fc135294Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested25873Im26548Im27128Im25329Im26000F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity284970Im318000F 236948Im308731Im270000F
Peaches and nectarinesYield110142Fc119783Fc87344.4Fc121888Fc103846Fc
PearsArea Harvested26043Im26722Im27306Im24202Im24404Im
PearsProduction Quantity691270Im704242Im700000P 740000F 720000P
PearsYield265434Fc263544Fc256354Fc305760Fc295034Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested45604Im44828Im46260Im42000F 42000F
Peas, dryProduction Quantity50691Im51504Im47677Im50000F 50000F
Peas, drySeed4050Fc4050Fc4050Fc4050Fc4050Fc
Peas, dryYield11115.5Fc11489.3Fc10306.3Fc11904.8Fc11904.8Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested12795Im13188Im13234Im13278Im13000F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity26721Im27413Im27046Im27136Im26500F
Peas, greenYield20883.9Fc20786.3Fc20436.8Fc20436.8Fc20384.6Fc
PeppermintProduction Quantity7100F 7100F 7100F 7100F 7100F
PineapplesArea Harvested179Im184Im188Im177Im180F
PineapplesProduction Quantity3231Im2914Im2896Im3092Im3300F
PineapplesYield180503Fc158370Fc154043Fc174689Fc183333Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested17543Im18000F 15000F 16000F 13000F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity147586Im150000F 155000F 136000F 108000F
Plums and sloesYield84128.1Fc83333.3Fc103333Fc85000Fc83076.9Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested70994Im71404Im69533Im68000F 68000F
PotatoesProduction Quantity2126790Im1996040Im1950000F 1900000F 1950000F
PotatoesSeed63000Fc63000Fc63000Fc63000Fc63000Fc
PotatoesYield299573Fc279542Fc280442Fc279412Fc286765Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested327299A 321731A 332075A 304930A 301180A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity406310A 412826A 382154A 409229A 400699A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed23821.5A 23821.5A 23508.6A 24242.9A 22573.4A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield12414Fc12831.4Fc11508.1Fc13420.4Fc13304.3Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested19219Im19620Im19232Im17615Im21000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity337566Im327028Im357444Im285031Im300000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield175642Fc166681Fc185859Fc161812Fc142857Fc
QuincesArea Harvested3185Im3268Im3339Im3085Im3200F
QuincesProduction Quantity26864Im23838Im23694Im21888Im27000F
QuincesYield84345.4Fc72943.7Fc70961.4Fc70949.8Fc84375Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested124051152539256127168986
RapeseedProduction Quantity2333517215611672041111230
RapeseedSeed151Fc63.6Fc60.05Fc209.13Fc70.03Fc
RapeseedYield18811Fc14937.1Fc15581.6Fc16051.4Fc12497.2Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested256850215053193800182460164635
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity17480801240600133416012458001080070
Rice, paddySeed34500F 34500F 34500F 35000F 34500F
Rice, paddyYield68058.4Fc57688.1Fc68842.1Fc68278Fc65603.9Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested114746A 114322A 112101A 110234A 109500A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2701460A 2530530A 2472690A 2421940A 2465000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed63000A 63000A 63000A 63000A 63000A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield235430Fc221351Fc220577Fc219709Fc225114Fc
RyeArea Harvested2340524100264303358038700
RyeProduction Quantity4311044460251353385977180
RyeSeed5000F 5000F 5000F 6000F 7000F
RyeYield18419.1Fc18448.1Fc9510.03Fc10083.1Fc19943.2Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested7925666100969684410074300
Safflower seedProduction Quantity5608643850869913348058000
Safflower seedSeed7692.39Fc4160.25Fc3316.5Fc4485.96Fc1984.5Fc
Safflower seedYield7076.56Fc6633.89Fc8971.1Fc7591.84Fc7806.19Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested674425440911289785303383393005
Seed cottonProduction Quantity1032540753524388528493601545382
Seed cottonYield15309.9Fc17090.2Fc13407.5Fc16269.9Fc13877.2Fc
SorghumArea Harvested1012620750640379660618625594410
SorghumProduction Quantity44584403629000147127029368402794970
SorghumSeed18501.8Fc18501.8Fc15483.5Fc9921.9Fc12105.4Fc
SorghumYield44028.8Fc48345.4Fc38752.3Fc47473.7Fc47020.9Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested1876490018130800167710001638740015981300
SoybeansProduction Quantity4887880052677400309934004623810047482800
SoybeansSeed1039620Fc1039620Fc1008920Fc992359Fc913194Fc
SoybeansYield26048Fc29054.1Fc18480.3Fc28215.6Fc29711.5Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1306Im1305Im1540Im1520Im1500F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity1428Im1253Im1456Im1428Im1400F
Spices, nesYield10934.2Fc9601.53Fc9454.55Fc9394.74Fc9333.33Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested957Im982Im1003Im1029Im979Im
StrawberriesProduction Quantity12526Im12500F 7898Im10895Im9000F
StrawberriesYield130888Fc127291Fc78743.8Fc105879Fc91930.5Fc
String beansArea Harvested6057Im6019Im5957Im5838Im6021Im
String beansProduction Quantity46540Im46897Im45135Im45067Im46335Im
String beansYield76836.7Fc77914.9Fc75768Fc77196Fc76955.7Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested350000F 350000F 345000F 360000F 320000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity25000000F 25000000F 25580000F 26960000F 23960000F
Sugar caneYield714286Fc714286Fc741449Fc748889Fc748750Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested17430401495320182003025691402351350
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity36717502220710248344046503703497730
Sunflower seedSeed12958.5Fc12309.8Fc10845.1Fc13771.9Fc18288.5Fc
Sunflower seedYield21065.2Fc14851.1Fc13645Fc18100.9Fc14875.4Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested25834Im24584Im24868Im24734Im24000F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity389662Im352676Im342687Im346937Im340000F
Sweet potatoesYield150833Fc143458Fc137802Fc140267Fc141667Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested34042Im3493033000F 34000F 32000F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity400651Im423737401543410630350000*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield117693Fc121310Fc121680Fc120774Fc109375Fc
TeaArea Harvested3698937221372013900040000F
TeaProduction Quantity9657288574717158014276000F
TeaYield26108.3Fc23796.8Fc19277.7Fc20549.2Fc19000Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested76395Im75500F 745466749873267
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity165145Im137000F 135531130381127740
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield21617.3Fc18145.7Fc18180.8Fc19316.3Fc17434.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested15871Im16903Im17021Im17195Im18000F
TomatoesProduction Quantity698699Im720733Im713492Im701311Im680000F
TomatoesYield440236Fc426394Fc419183Fc407858Fc377778Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested5156A 5155A 4753A 4180A 4314A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity13099A 10626A 12731A 10695A 11815A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield25405.3Fc20613Fc26785.2Fc25586.1Fc27387.6Fc
Tung NutsArea Harvested2807Im2660Im251528805839Im
Tung NutsProduction Quantity7365Im7362Im6812546915041Im
Tung NutsYield26238Fc27676.7Fc27085.5Fc18989.6Fc25759.5Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested51199Im52010Im58000F 56000F 55000F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity825736Im708864Im700000F 680000F 660000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield161280Fc136294Fc120690Fc121429Fc120000Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested185579A 185118A 188388A 185777A 190868A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3518250A 3351090A 3272540A 3229590A 3223240A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield189582Fc181025Fc173713Fc173842Fc168872Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested185579A 185118A 188388A 185777A 190868A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3518250A 3351090A 3272540A 3229590A 3223240A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield189582Fc181025Fc173713Fc173842Fc168872Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested4758Im4800F 4431Im3891Im4044Im
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity12473Im10000F 12105Im10012Im11315Im
Walnuts, with shellYield26214.8Fc20833.3Fc27318.9Fc25731.2Fc27979.7Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested8740Im9038Im8570Im8910Im9200F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity123771Im121721Im120299Im128216Im126000F
WatermelonsYield141614Fc134677Fc140372Fc143901Fc136957Fc
WheatArea Harvested44942804373440332546043347805831680
WheatProduction Quantity16354100158757009016370850816016486500
WheatSeed445000F 445000F 445000F 365000F 485000F
WheatYield36388.7Fc36300.3Fc27113.2Fc19627.7Fc28270.6Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shellArea Harvested260F 258Im254Im251Im250F
Almonds, with shellProduction Quantity490F 518Im476Im465Im480F
Almonds, with shellYield18846.2Fc20077.5Fc18740.2Fc18525.9Fc19200Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Area Harvested3350F 3764Im3333F 3693Im3350F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Production Quantity2550F 2855Im2533F 3019Im2550F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian.Yield7611.94Fc7585.02Fc7599.76Fc8174.93Fc7611.94Fc
ApplesArea Harvested42644Im41251Im40000F 50000* 50000*
ApplesProduction Quantity1100000F 1206210126244013074601156830
ApplesYield257950Fc292407Fc315610Fc261492Fc231366Fc
ApricotsArea Harvested2300F 2261Im2192Im2187Im2200F
ApricotsProduction Quantity25200F 28515Im26289Im25411Im25000F
ApricotsYield109565Fc126117Fc119932Fc116191Fc113636Fc
ArtichokesArea Harvested4748Im4699Im4600F 4700F 4600F
ArtichokesProduction Quantity88951Im94094Im89930Im88000F 86000F
ArtichokesYield187344Fc200243Fc195500Fc187234Fc186957Fc
AsparagusArea Harvested1790F 1765Im1783F 1850F 1800F
AsparagusProduction Quantity7100F 7485Im7154Im7000F 6900F
AsparagusYield39664.8Fc42407.9Fc40123.4Fc37837.8Fc38333.3Fc
AvocadosArea Harvested550F 553Im533F 547Im550F
AvocadosProduction Quantity3450F 3724Im3433F 3558Im3500F
AvocadosYield62727.3Fc67341.8Fc64409Fc65045.7Fc63636.4Fc
BananasArea Harvested8600F 8500F 8567Im8548Im8600F
BananasProduction Quantity181000F 205312Im189283Im182962Im180000F
BananasYield210465Fc241544Fc220944Fc214041Fc209302Fc
BarleyArea Harvested337592267450275307334348250760
BarleyProduction Quantity12684707994238946101005460549830
BarleySeed51900F 40300F 32500F 33000F 40500F
BarleyYield37574.1Fc29890.6Fc32495Fc30072.3Fc21926.5Fc
Beans, dryArea Harvested235090142660120525185400256750
Beans, dryProduction Quantity322775169257151278215550278100
Beans, drySeed17590.3Fc16471.7Fc10192Fc9365.65Fc14428.8Fc
Beans, dryYield13729.9Fc11864.4Fc12551.6Fc11626.2Fc10831.5Fc
Beans, greenArea Harvested650F 661Im633F 849Im650F
Beans, greenProduction Quantity4150F 4685Im4478Im4382Im4100F
Beans, greenYield63846.2Fc70877.5Fc70742.5Fc51613.7Fc63076.9Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea Harvested1660F 1650F 1650F 1650F 1600F
Broad beans, horse beans, dryProduction Quantity15200F 15000F 15000F 15000F 14500F
Broad beans, horse beans, drySeed245Fc245Fc245Fc245Fc245Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryYield91566.3Fc90909.1Fc90909.1Fc90909.1Fc90625Fc
Canary seedArea Harvested1326015395161251846015575
Canary seedProduction Quantity1470416502174561821616660
Canary seedSeed336Fc399.6Fc466.35Fc489Fc572.85Fc
Canary seedYield11089Fc10719.1Fc10825.4Fc9867.82Fc10696.6Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea Harvested9600F 9954Im9926Im9433Im9500F
Carrots and turnipsProduction Quantity230100F 245929Im235045Im230000F 250000F
Carrots and turnipsYield239688Fc247066Fc236797Fc243825Fc263158Fc
CassavaArea Harvested17200F 18000F 175000F 17000F 16500F
CassavaProduction Quantity172000F 180000F 175000F 170000F 165000F
CassavaYield100000Fc100000Fc10000Fc100000Fc100000Fc
Castor oil seedArea Harvested
Castor oil seedProduction Quantity
Castor oil seedSeed
Castor oil seedYield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Area Harvested9238660A 9019590A 9781250A 9417460A 9825960A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Production Quantity33806700A 37843900A 35528400A 34347300A 31607600A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Seed965058A 921557A 848385A 964655A 982954A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total)Yield36592.6Fc41957.4Fc36323Fc36472Fc32167.5Fc
Cereals, nesArea Harvested22200F 22000F 22000F 22000F 22000F
Cereals, nesProduction Quantity15200F 15000F 15000F 15000F 15000F
Cereals, nesSeed247.5Fc242Fc242Fc242Fc242Fc
Cereals, nesYield6846.85Fc6818.18Fc6818.18Fc6818.18Fc6818.18Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total)Area Harvested9238660A 9019590A 9781250A 9417460A 9825960A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Production Quantity34204100A 38162300A 35881400A 34586300A 31843800A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Seed965058A 921557A 848385A 964655A 982954A
Cereals,Total + (Total)Yield37022.8Fc42310.4Fc36683.9Fc36725.7Fc32407.9Fc
CherriesArea Harvested1350F 1375Im1333F 1342Im1350F
CherriesProduction Quantity6750F 7267Im6700F 6912Im6800F
CherriesYield50000Fc52850.9Fc50262.6Fc51505.2Fc50370.4Fc
Chick peasArea Harvested4500F 1500F 1400F 1350F 1300F
Chick peasProduction Quantity4500F 1500F 1400F 1350F 1300F
Chick peasSeed240Fc240Fc77.5Fc72.5Fc70Fc
Chick peasYield10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc10000Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea Harvested3100F 3625Im3067F 3418Im3100F
Chillies and peppers, dryProduction Quantity3200F 4081Im3167F 3789Im3200F
Chillies and peppers, dryYield10322.6Fc11257.9Fc10326Fc11085.4Fc10322.6Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea Harvested6300F 5807Im5244Im8300F 8200F
Chillies and peppers, greenProduction Quantity126000F 133657Im127742Im125000F 123000F
Chillies and peppers, greenYield200000Fc230165Fc243596Fc150602Fc150000Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Area Harvested155500A 162438A 145000A 146000A 145000A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Production Quantity3140000A 3046990A 2717360A 2672490A 2953560A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total)Yield201929Fc187578Fc187404Fc183047Fc203694Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Area Harvested3480410A 3832520A 3488500A 3502500A 3612320A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Production Quantity18347700A 24484000A 18682200A 19158500A 18735600A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Seed270558A 257057A 229885A 249655A 287954A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total)Yield52717.1Fc63885Fc53553.5Fc54699.4Fc51865.7Fc
Cotton lintProduction Quantity145000F 160000* 112000* 65000* 61800
CottonseedProduction Quantity229773F 246400F 190000F 111000* 104000
CottonseedSeed22200.1Fc17005.7Fc22353.2Fc14651.3Fc8701.5Fc
Fibre Crops NesArea Harvested1570Im1565Im1461Im1428Im1450F
Fibre Crops NesProduction Quantity1450F 1450F 1450F 1567Im1450F
Fibre Crops NesYield9235.67Fc9265.18Fc9924.71Fc10973.4Fc10000Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested308767A 378937A 258869A 149590A 168657A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity148450A 163741A 115674A 68194A 64768A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total)Yield4807.83Fc4321.06Fc4468.44Fc4558.73Fc3840.22Fc
FigsArea Harvested260F 265Im257F 258Im260F
FigsProduction Quantity870F 940Im867F 915Im900F
FigsYield33461.5Fc35471.7Fc33735.4Fc35465.1Fc34615.4Fc
Flax fibre and towArea Harvested2800F 2672Im2495Im2439Im2476Im
Flax fibre and towProduction Quantity2000F 2291Im2224Im1627Im1518Im
Flax fibre and towYield7142.86Fc8574.1Fc8913.83Fc6670.77Fc6130.86Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Area Harvested501068A 500581A 469268A 474367A 474904A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Production Quantity8545400A 8522620A 7888320A 7628240A 7504860A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total)Yield170544Fc170254Fc168098Fc160809Fc158029Fc
GarlicArea Harvested15500F 13725Im14000F 14500F 13000F
GarlicProduction Quantity135505116441142735145891125228
GarlicYield87422.6Fc84838.6Fc101954Fc100614Fc96329.2Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area Harvested11500F 12500F 12000* 12000* 12000*
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production Quantity240000* 272704177210184162204751
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Yield208696Fc218163Fc147675Fc153468Fc170626Fc
GrapesArea Harvested216340* 212030* 206300* 205721* 205919
GrapesProduction Quantity2880930* 2829710* 2650970* 2339460* 2281190*
GrapesYield133167Fc133458Fc128501Fc113720Fc110781Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea Harvested163677210820167473156426222370
Groundnuts, with shellProduction Quantity347323444800292950220900361900
Groundnuts, with shellSeed17252.8Fc13923Fc16887.2Fc13617.8Fc12586.1Fc
Groundnuts, with shellYield21220Fc21098.6Fc17492.4Fc14121.7Fc16274.7Fc
HopsArea Harvested245F 243F 243F 242Im240F
HopsProduction Quantity295F 286Im293F 292Im290F
HopsYield12040.8Fc11769.5Fc12057.6Fc12066.1Fc12083.3Fc
Lemons and limesArea Harvested55000F 52000F 45000* 44000* 42000*
Lemons and limesProduction Quantity1470000* 1498410134015012362801313270
Lemons and limesYield267273Fc288156Fc297811Fc280973Fc312683Fc
LentilsArea Harvested1600F 1500F 1500F 1500F 2000F
LentilsProduction Quantity2150F 2500F 2500F 2500F 3000
LentilsSeed180Fc180Fc180Fc180Fc180Fc
LentilsYield13437.5Fc16666.7Fc16666.7Fc16666.7Fc15000Fc
LinseedArea Harvested4669037180288001380019540
LinseedProduction Quantity5378036100292801125015500
LinseedSeed582.6Fc940.8Fc743.6Fc576.8Fc276Fc
LinseedYield11518.5Fc9709.52Fc10166.7Fc8152.17Fc7932.45Fc
LupinsArea Harvested90F 87F 87F 90F 90F
LupinsProduction Quantity135F 130F 130F 130F 130F
LupinsYield15000Fc14942.5Fc14942.5Fc14444.4Fc14444.4Fc
MaizeArea Harvested24471702783440233860023228602420120
MaizeProduction Quantity1444550020482600149508001504450014712100
MaizeSeed105000F 95000F 75000F 75000F 75000F
MaizeYield59029.4Fc73587.4Fc63930.6Fc64767.1Fc60790.8Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea Harvested250F 240Im233F 248Im250F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasProduction Quantity2000F 2025Im1867F 1931Im1900F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasYield80000Fc84375Fc80128.8Fc77862.9Fc76000Fc
MatéArea Harvested171500F 166100160950156050175100
MatéProduction Quantity280000F 265181251922285000285000
MatéYield16326.5Fc15965.1Fc15652.2Fc18263.4Fc16276.4Fc
MilletArea Harvested9770936872071185014730
MilletProduction Quantity1551816277113752185028070
MilletSeed574.65Fc460.65Fc414.57Fc747Fc747.75Fc
MilletYield15883.3Fc17375.1Fc15783.3Fc18438.8Fc19056.3Fc
OatsArea Harvested138025148225291307220785292315
OatsProduction Quantity242960226910536091331994487510
OatsSeed90000F 100000F 100000F 120000F 150000F
OatsYield17602.6Fc15308.5Fc18403Fc15037Fc16677.6Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Area Harvested17843200A 16642200A 16637200A 15090100A 13858400A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Production Quantity34091400A 32335100A 26681400A 29414600A 25723000A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Seed729593A 691524A 651650A 651188A 565660A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total)Yield19106Fc19429.6Fc16037.2Fc19492.6Fc18561.3Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Area Harvested17903700A 16697300A 16685700A 15127300A 13891500A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Production Quantity9047190A 8642940A 7155810A 7910040A 7136980A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Seed176775A 166462A 157857A 156262A 137274A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total)Yield5053.25Fc5176.26Fc4288.58Fc5228.98Fc5137.67Fc
Oilseeds, NesProduction QuantityF F F F
OlivesArea Harvested55000F 50000F 45000F 33000F 30000F
OlivesProduction Quantity170000F 155000F 147600F 99000F 93000F
OlivesYield30909.1Fc31000Fc32800Fc30000Fc31000Fc
Onions, dryArea Harvested24000F 26000F 23553Im25000F 24000F
Onions, dryProduction Quantity697542764775699480678248645821
Onions, dryYield290643Fc294144Fc296981Fc271299Fc269092Fc
OrangesArea Harvested58000F 67000F 58000* 58000* 56000F
OrangesProduction Quantity990000* 885871770000* 687346766854
OrangesYield170690Fc132220Fc132759Fc118508Fc136938Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Area Harvested5000F 5047Im4800F 4840Im4700F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Production Quantity80000F 83181Im79500F 79000F 80196
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)Yield160000Fc164813Fc165625Fc163223Fc170630Fc
PapayasArea Harvested160F 162Im157F 159Im160F
PapayasProduction Quantity2150F 2326Im2144F 2133F 2200F
PapayasYield134375Fc143580Fc136561Fc134151Fc137500Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea Harvested25000F 26813Im26000F 22861Im23000F
Peaches and nectarinesProduction Quantity260000F 272500F 272442255785211922
Peaches and nectarinesYield104000Fc101630Fc104785Fc111887Fc92140Fc
PearsArea Harvested25844Im25000F 19600F 17000* 18000*
PearsProduction Quantity750000F 748727589429639029537297
PearsYield290203Fc299491Fc300729Fc375899Fc298498Fc
Peas, dryArea Harvested46000F 32000F 25000F 20000F 18000F
Peas, dryProduction Quantity55000F 36000F 28000F 24000F 22000F
Peas, drySeed4050Fc4500Fc3150Fc2430Fc1980Fc
Peas, dryYield11956.5Fc11250Fc11200Fc12000Fc12222.2Fc
Peas, greenArea Harvested12500F 12797Im12333F 13319Im12500F
Peas, greenProduction Quantity25700F 29144Im27854Im27256Im25500F
Peas, greenYield20560Fc22774.1Fc22584.9Fc20464Fc20400Fc
PeppermintProduction Quantity7100F 7100F 7100F 7100F 7100F
PineapplesArea Harvested170F 168Im163F 164Im165F
PineapplesProduction Quantity3200F 3453Im3183F 3253Im3200F
PineapplesYield188235Fc205536Fc195276Fc198354Fc193939Fc
Plums and sloesArea Harvested18000F 15332Im14867F 15207Im15300F
Plums and sloesProduction Quantity155000F 127500F 127413151362105554
Plums and sloesYield86111.1Fc83159.4Fc85701.9Fc99534.4Fc68989.5Fc
PotatoesArea Harvested68000F 63000F 70000F 75000F 90000F
PotatoesProduction Quantity19436301788680202102020945202262120
PotatoesSeed63000Fc63000Fc58500Fc63902.7Fc69482.7Fc
PotatoesYield285828Fc283917Fc288717Fc279269Fc251347Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total)Area Harvested288940A 179397A 150162A 209990A 279740A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Production Quantity399760A 224387A 198308A 258530A 319030A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Seed22305.3A 21636.7A 13844.5A 12293.2A 16903.8A
Pulses,Total + (Total)Yield13835.4Fc12507.9Fc13206.3Fc12311.5Fc11404.5Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea Harvested22640Im20156Im20000F 18791Im18718Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction Quantity290000F 309707Im296000F 294000F 291000F
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsYield128092Fc153655Fc148000Fc156458Fc155465Fc
QuincesArea Harvested3150F 3231Im3133F 3181Im3200F
QuincesProduction Quantity26000F 27841Im25667F 26428Im26000F
QuincesYield82539.7Fc86168.4Fc81924.7Fc83080.8Fc81250Fc
RapeseedArea Harvested6160165601587676802150
RapeseedProduction Quantity91402605020285104502320
RapeseedSeed52.66Fc33.6Fc83.8Fc92.28Fc38.5Fc
RapeseedYield14837.7Fc15730.7Fc12777.2Fc13606.8Fc10790.7Fc
Rice, paddyArea Harvested169025158938169178132890124010
Rice, paddyProduction Quantity11934909562531060080717630709295
Rice, paddySeed34500F 34500F 38500F 20000F 25000F
Rice, paddyYield70610.3Fc60165.2Fc62660.6Fc54001.8Fc57196.6Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Area Harvested108200A 105600A 267600A 109393A 124500A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Production Quantity2445630A 2348680A 2546020A 2545120A 2707720A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Seed63000A 63000A 58500A 63902.7A 69482.7A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total)Yield226029Fc222413Fc95142.8Fc232659Fc217488Fc
RyeArea Harvested1475028675624603860156450
RyeProduction Quantity1748333070918703667079150
RyeSeed12000F 12000F 12000F 12000F 12000F
RyeYield11852.9Fc11532.7Fc14708.6Fc9499.75Fc14021.3Fc
Safflower seedArea Harvested2525047800304002200029500
Safflower seedProduction Quantity1780050760180001330023500
Safflower seedSeed3397.5Fc1203.75Fc2196Fc1368Fc1035Fc
Safflower seedYield7049.5Fc10619.3Fc5921.05Fc6045.45Fc7966.1Fc
Seed cottonArea Harvested304397374700254913145723164731
Seed cottonProduction Quantity417770448315353799201506218159
Seed cottonYield13724.5Fc11964.6Fc13879.2Fc13828Fc13243.4Fc
SorghumArea Harvested497640557962475494533595540367
SorghumProduction Quantity23278702894250216495026847802847230
SorghumSeed10500.2Fc8655.15Fc9261.78Fc8176.88Fc8891.1Fc
SorghumYield46778.2Fc51871.8Fc45530.5Fc50314.9Fc52690.7Fc
SoybeansArea Harvested1513000014032200143045001242000011405200
SoybeansProduction Quantity4053740038289700315768003481860030000000
SoybeansSeed887774Fc846641Fc791722Fc798963Fc693376Fc
SoybeansYield26792.7Fc27287Fc22074.7Fc28034.3Fc26303.8Fc
Spices, nesArea Harvested1550F 1352Im1543F 1572Im1550F
Spices, nesProduction Quantity1500F 1324Im1467F 1176Im1450F
Spices, nesYield9677.42Fc9792.9Fc9507.45Fc7480.92Fc9354.84Fc
StrawberriesArea Harvested950F 962Im933F 944Im950F
StrawberriesProduction Quantity8850F 9581Im8833F 9148Im9000F
StrawberriesYield93157.9Fc99594.6Fc94673.1Fc96906.8Fc94736.8Fc
String beansArea Harvested5500F 5876Im5367F 5600F 5500F
String beansProduction Quantity45500F 48117Im45987Im45000F 44500F
String beansYield82727.3Fc81887.3Fc85684.7Fc80357.1Fc80909.1Fc
Sugar caneArea Harvested315000F 284639281886295000F 294000F
Sugar caneProduction Quantity26450000F 24400000F 20900000F 22050000F 19250000F
Sugar caneYield839683Fc857226Fc741434Fc747458Fc654762Fc
Sunflower seedArea Harvested21670701922910183524023245102014920
Sunflower seedProduction Quantity37597403662110316067037140003843580
Sunflower seedSeed16669.7Fc15622Fc13766.2Fc12935.7Fc16646Fc
Sunflower seedYield17349.4Fc19044.6Fc17222.1Fc15977.6Fc19075.6Fc
Sweet potatoesArea Harvested23000F 24600F 22600F 17393Im18000F
Sweet potatoesProduction Quantity330000F 380000F 350000F 280602280602
Sweet potatoesYield143478Fc154472Fc154867Fc161330Fc155890Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Area Harvested31000F 30938Im30000F 32000* 35000*
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Production Quantity440000* 390000* 430000* 564705668687
Tangerines, mandarins, clem.Yield141935Fc126059Fc143333Fc176470Fc191053Fc
TeaArea Harvested38000F 36335366703638036400
TeaProduction Quantity7212967871703896986670457
TeaYield18981.3Fc18679.2Fc19195.3Fc19204.5Fc19356.3Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea Harvested7825583169775976570265988
Tobacco, unmanufacturedProduction Quantity144345161064157294115837132437
Tobacco, unmanufacturedYield18445.5Fc19365.9Fc20270.6Fc17630.7Fc20069.9Fc
TomatoesArea Harvested17000F 16895Im17333F 17500F 17000F
TomatoesProduction Quantity670000F 706258Im675000F 670000F 667753
TomatoesYield394118Fc418028Fc389431Fc382857Fc392796Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Area Harvested3960A 4245A 4021A 3931A 3850A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Production Quantity10490A 10009A 10117A 9026A 9480A
Treenuts,Total + (Total)Yield26489.9Fc23578.3Fc25160.4Fc22961.1Fc24623.4Fc
Tung NutsArea Harvested5468Im5100353041803080
Tung NutsProduction Quantity13000F 12900686098605720
Tung NutsYield23774.7Fc25294.1Fc19433.4Fc23588.5Fc18571.4Fc
Vegetables fresh nesArea Harvested54000F 53212Im53500F 54000F 53500F
Vegetables fresh nesProduction Quantity650000F 671730Im642000F 648000F 645000F
Vegetables fresh nesYield120370Fc126237Fc120000Fc120000Fc120561Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Area Harvested188378A 186019A 182205A 188498A 182868A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Production Quantity3176250A 3346690A 3198570A 3176450A 3121000A
Vegetables Primary + (Total)Yield168610Fc179911Fc175548Fc168514Fc170669Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Area Harvested188378A 186019A 182205A 188498A 182868A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Production Quantity3176250A 3346690A 3198570A 3176450A 3121000A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total)Yield168610Fc179911Fc175548Fc168514Fc170669Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea Harvested3700F 3987Im3767Im3680Im3600F
Walnuts, with shellProduction Quantity10000F 9491Im9641Im8561Im9000F
Walnuts, with shellYield27027Fc23804.9Fc25593.3Fc23263.6Fc25000Fc
WatermelonsArea Harvested9150F 9425Im9133F 9816Im9200F
WatermelonsProduction Quantity125700F 131486Im125667F 134676Im126000F
WatermelonsYield137377Fc139508Fc137597Fc137200Fc136957Fc
WheatArea Harvested55892305028140612357057820706089630
WheatProduction Quantity1466290012722000161392001471020012399000
WheatSeed660000F 630000F 580000F 695000F 670000F
WheatYield26234.2Fc25301.6Fc26355.9Fc25441.1Fc20360.8Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural areaArea147548Fm146717Fm143297Fm144058Fm144033Fm
Agricultural area certified organicArea3796W 4144W 4327W 4006W 2777W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea
Agricultural area organic, totalArea3796W 4144W 4327W 4006W 2777W
Arable landArea38048Fm37217Fm33797Fm35058Fm36433Fm
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea39048Fm38217Fm34797Fm36058Fm37433Fm
Country areaArea278040W 278040W 278040W 278040W 278040W
Fallow landArea3000Fm3000Fm3000Fm3000Fm3000Fm
Forest areaArea29160.2Fm29400Q 29639.8Fm29879.6Fm30119.4Fm
Inland waterArea4371Fm4371Fm4371Fm4371Fm4371Fm
Land areaArea273669Fm273669Fm273669Fm273669Fm273669Fm
Other landArea96960.8Fm97552Fm100732Fm99731.4Fm99516.6Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea
Permanent cropsArea1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea108500Fm108500Fm108500Fm108000Fm106600Fm
Temporary cropsArea30648Q 29817Q 26397Q 27658Q 29033Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea4400Fm4400Fm4400Fm4400Fm4400Fm
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1650Fm1650Fm1650Fm1638Fm1630Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural areaArea141104Fm137798Fm134345Fm130884Fm128710W
Agricultural area certified organicArea2358W 2682W 2646W
Agricultural area irrigatedArea1356W
Agricultural area organic, totalArea2358W 2682W 2646W
Arable landArea34854Fm32897.5Fm30775Fm28683.5Fm27862W
Arable land and Permanent cropsArea35854Fm33897.5Fm31775Fm29683.5Fm28862Q
Country areaArea278040W 278040W 278040W 278040Q 278040Q
Fallow landArea3000Fm3000Fm3000Fm3000Fm4270W
Forest areaArea30359.2Fm30599Q 30851.4Fm31103.8Fm31356.2Fm
Inland waterArea4371Fm4371Fm4371Fm4371Fm4371Fm
Land areaArea273669Fm273669Fm273669Fm273669Q 273669Q
Other landArea102206Fm105273Fm108473Fm111682Fm113603Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea7879Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grownArea91969Fm
Permanent cropsArea1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm1000Fm1000Q
Permanent meadows and pasturesArea105250Fm103900Fm102570Fm101200Fm99848Q
Temporary cropsArea27454Q 25486.5Fm23519Fm21551.5Fm19584Q
Temporary meadows and pasturesArea4400Fm4411Q 4256Q 4132Fm4008Q
Total area equipped for irrigationArea1620Fm1600Fm1590Fm1580Fm1570Fm
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data