Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Argentina

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Native NoGranara de Willink, 1981; Ben-Dov, 1994.
Pontederia rotundifolia Present
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Alippi, 1992; Alippi, 1997.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensis Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present, few occurrences
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocida Present
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Restricted distribution Introduced Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Native EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Absent, unreliable record Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogans Present
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Restricted distribution Introduced YesViviana Sastre et al., 2013; Beamud et al., 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesFrezzi, 1970; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora austrocedrae Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Hijano, 1991.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Gulya et al., 1991a; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Introduced YesPerelló and Sisterna, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Molten et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Sir et al., 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Rajchenberg et al., 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesFarr, 1973; Punithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab) Present Mantz et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Restricted distribution Foguet et al., 1985; Garran, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present Introduced Frezzi, 1972; UK CAB International, 1993; Corcuera and Sandoval, 1998.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Sarasola, 1944; Ares and Gutierrez, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Introduced YesDal and Sisterna, 2000; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Saravi-Cisneros, 1953; Nag Raj, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Saravi Cisneros, 1950; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesWinter et al., 1974; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984; Gutierrez et al., 2002.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Introduced YesEcheverría, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Restricted distribution Introduced Hernández, 2005; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Rodriguez-Amieva et al., 1977; CIMMYT, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present Fonzo, 1946; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Herrera et al., 2005; Barrionuevo and Ponssa, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Elías et al., 2003; Botto et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced NoRioja, 1943; Bastida, 1971; Orensanz and Estivariz, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Rossi, 1963; Undurraga and Dybas, 1988; Costilla and Barberis, 1990; Costilla, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Galarza, 1972; Patruele, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Darwin, 1854.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Localised Native NoWeyenbergh, 1874; Stone, 1942a; Blanchard, 1961; Segura et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Localised Native NoStone, 1942a; Blanchard, 1961; Norrbom, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Absent, invalid record Native NoNorrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Absent, invalid record Blanchard, 1961; Norrbom et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Restricted distribution Introduced Toledo et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Nakahara, 1982; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Widespread Introduced YesPortillo, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced Tarpy, undated; Diniz et al., 2003; Piereira and Chaud-Netto, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; Grille et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Grille et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Introduced Torretta et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present Native NoISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Present Introduced Turienzo, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Localised Introduced Hidalgo et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Vigliano and Darrigran, 2002; Ahyong and Yeo, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; Claps et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Claps and Terán, 2001; Claps et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Ortego, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara pruinosa Present Durante et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Fletcher , 1932.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Morais et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread Borchsenius, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present Introduced Reed and Kindler, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Lue et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Delfino and Binazzi, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid) Present Ortego and Mier, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced YesDelfino and Eastop, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Granara de Willink, 1991; Ben-Dov, 1994; Trjapitzin and Trjapitzin, 1999; Granara-de-Willink and Claps, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesNakahara, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Introduced Marelli, 1926; Marelli, 1928; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; Rossa et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Localised Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Murúa et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Crouzel, 1973; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Absent, unreliable record NMNH, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Widespread Spencer and, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Absent, unreliable record Martinez and Etienne, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Widespread Bosq, 1942; Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatus Widespread Native Wood and Bright, 1992; Giménez and Etiennot, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2006; Alfaro et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Widespread CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread la Porta, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Localised Introduced Spivak et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Present Native NoSarto i Monteys, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Native Node Santis, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesGranara Willink de, 2003; Granara et al., 2007; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilornis downsi Present Silvestri et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present Introduced Iede et al., 2000; Kliejunas et al., 2001; Ioirio et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Absent, invalid record Anon., 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; Ben-Dov, 1994; Granara and de Willink Claps, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present Salinas, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Introduced Sackmann et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Granara Willink MCde, 1991; Gimpel and Miller, 1996; Dapoto et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesDreistadt, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced YesFeldman, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present Introduced YesBrewer et al., 1968; Havrilenko, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Wattanapongsiri, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Trivelli, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Viscarret et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Widespread Introduced Echeverria, 1991; Klasmer et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Restricted distribution Native NoVinson and Sorenson, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant) Widespread Native NoPitts, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Introduced YesNoack and Coviella, 2006; Carpintero and Dellapé, 2006; Nadel et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Essig, 1949; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Lopez and Botto, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Widespread Bahamondes and Mallea, 1969; Schotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009; Montiel and Piola, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Localised Introduced YesWillink, 1980; Edwards, 1984; D'Adamo et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervata Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Widespread Native NoSilvano and Begossi, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Introduced Long, 2003; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel) Localised Introduced YesNovillo and Ojeda, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Widespread Introduced YesFlueck et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoIUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHoplosternum littorale (armoured catfish) Present Native NoFishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Lopez et al., 1987; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Introduced YesGrigera and Rapoport, 1983; Bonino et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLycalopex griseus (South American gray fox) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced NoLever, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Native YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Lizarralde and Escobar, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Behnke, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoFroese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Localised Introduced Anderson et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Present, few occurrences Introduced Gazzari, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish) Present Native NoAlmirón et al., 2000; López et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Localised Introduced Sanabria et al., 2005; Akmentins and Cardozo, 2010; Sanabria et al., 2011a; Sanabria et al., 2011b.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Lopez et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout) Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Natureserve, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced Pereyra et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesJaksic et al., 2002; Novillo and Ojeda, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesDavis, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertens Present, few occurrences Introduced Fofonoff et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced YesCFIA, 2014; Taylor, 1914; Godan, 1983; González et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced YesOrensanz et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesGutiérrez Gregoric et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesMartín et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Martín et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Localised Introduced NoHylton Scott, 1963; Virgillito and Miquel, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimnoperna fortunei (golden mussel) Present Introduced YesPastorino et al., 1993; Darrigran and Ezcurra, 2000; Darrigran and Damborenea, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMeghimatium pictum Present Gutiérrez et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Restricted distribution Introduced YesPeso et al., 2011; Peso and Quintana, 1999; Gutiérrez and Gregoric Vogler, 2010; Peso et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Widespread Native NoHayes et al., 2008; Hayes et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Localised Introduced Giberto et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Mareggiani and Russo, 1992; Doucet, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, formerly present Franco et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Present Chaves, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Costilla et al., 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Gomez-Tovar and Medina, 1983; Wrather et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Present Tiilikkala et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Chaves and Torres, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Doucet and Pinochet, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Costilla et al., 1976; Doucet and Pinochet, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Gutierrez, 1947; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Vega, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Localised Introduced Waicheim et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesObama nungara Present Lago-Barcia et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp) Present Introduced Pereyra et al., 2015; Casas and Piriz, 1996; Casas et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoZuloaga et al., 2008; Zuloaga et al., 2008; Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla cristata Present Gardenal et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Native Reed, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Thomson and Alonso-Amelot, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread Gunn and Ritchie, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesZalba , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present YesStellatelli et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia macracantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present ILDIS, 2007; IABIN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native Marzocca, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Restricted distribution Introduced Simberloff et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced Binggeli , 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchnatherum brachychaetum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Johnson, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Instituto de Botanica Darwinion, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Weber , 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008; Häfliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Native Julien et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Anton and Zoluaga, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Allard, 1943; King, 1966; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present GBIF, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1977; Krause, 1989; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritima Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Zuloaga et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Ling, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesI3N-Argentina, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present YesHolm et al., 1997; Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Present Pina et al., 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Anton and Zuloaga, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Francescangeli and Mitidieri, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Introduced YesZuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa barbinodis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Introduced YesZuloaga et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Tropicos, 2013; Planchuelo and Peterson, 2000; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Native GBIF, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Native Washington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria chelidonioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Sola, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Native Flora del Conosur, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present GISP, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced Mendonza, 1983; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Zuloaga et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present Introduced PARODI, 1956; Holm et al., 1979; Rodolfo de la Peña M, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Introduced YesNobile and Luján, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Dorna, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Nobile and Lujan, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced Dewey, 1897.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979; Nobile and Lujan, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome hassleriana Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Wester and Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioides Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Wilson, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; Istilart, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present, few occurrences Introduced Giorgis et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Govaerts and Barker, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Yuncker, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present YesGBIF, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus aggregatus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus entrerianus (deeprooted sedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Present Native NoGilly, 1941; IABIN, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2015; Burkart, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native NoZuloaga et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced YesTorres et al., 2013a; Torres et al., 2013b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Marzocca, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Restricted distribution Introduced Hilliard, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Parodi, 1943; Garbulsky and Deregibus, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Introduced Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micrantha Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Vega and Rugólo de Agrasar, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced YesCabrera, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; Francescangeli and Mitidieri, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Pace et al., 1991; IABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Native Cabrera, 1968; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Native Instituto Botanica Darwinion de, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Gopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present Carmona and Wright, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Istilart, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced YesI3N-Argentina, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Introduced YesZuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Introduced Peterson et al., 2001; Soreng et al., 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012; Belcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocereus martinii (harrisia cactus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Zalba, 1995; WAC, 2005; Rejmanek and Richardson, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEustachys retusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Widespread Catullo et al., 1983; Falcon et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1991; Dal-Bello and Carranza, 1995; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; GrassWorld, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Weber, 2003; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present YesCabrera and, 1963; Mitidieri and Bianchini, 1973; Nobile et al., 2002; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom) Widespread Introduced YesBurkart, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeoffroea decorticans (Chilean palo verde) Widespread Native YesBurkart, 1949; Tortorelli, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia aristigera Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced I3N-Argentina, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Present Native NoGlobal Biodiversity Information Facility, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Restricted distribution YesZalba and Villamil, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKissmann, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Localised Native USDA-ARS, 2012; Lay, 1949; Grandtner and Chevrette, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Restricted distribution Johnston, 1928; Burkart, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced YesMarzocca et al., 1976; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum euclaston Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum flexuosum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pubiflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Widespread Native NoFlora del Conosur, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpheion uniflorum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread NoCSIRO, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus acutus (spiny rush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Kirschner, 2002; FOA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush) Present Native NoBalslev, 1980; Zuloaga and Morrone, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamarckia aurea Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native YesMorton, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana montevidensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Fernandez et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution YesRouquaud and Videla, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Widespread YesGavier-Pizarro et al., 2012; Aguirre-Acosta et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present YesMontaldo, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Widespread YesI3N-Argentina, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Localised Introduced Puntieri and Brion, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Ratera, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Widespread YesI3N-Argentina, 2014; Blood, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native Zardini et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum maritimum (pukamole) Present Native NoPensiero et al., 2005; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Wangerin and Schr÷ter, 1937; Torres and Puntieri, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced Weiss et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present only in captivity/cultivation Evans, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Native Meyer, 1994b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1977; Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native Wiggins and Porter, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present Tropicos, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Orchard, 1981; Claps, 1991; Maine et al., 1998; Nunez et al., 1998; Sabbatini et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present only in captivity/cultivation GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Restricted distribution Native NoErb, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana langsdorffii Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana longiflora Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present only in captivity/cultivation Funk et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced YesCabrera, 1971; Boeleke, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus) Restricted distribution Native NoMoran et al., 1976; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; CARDENAS and COULSTON, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Introduced Puntieri and Brion, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native Garcia, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Native NoCastex et al., 1940; Dale, 1981; Aneja et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Widespread Native NoZuloaga et al., 1994; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Soreng et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Native YesDendinagi, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Restricted distribution Native NoKillip, 1938; Deginani, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008; Jiang, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Present Introduced Sisterna and Wolcan, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced Oram et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris platensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoHanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Simberloff et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced YesSarasola et al., 2006; Langdon et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Introduced YesZalba, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Present Introduced YesZalba, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Holm et al., 1979; Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Conticello and Gandullo, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa flabellata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesNew York Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Legrand, 1952.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis ruscifolia Restricted distribution Native YesMorello et al., 1971; Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced Anon, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present YesI3N-Argentina, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesZalba , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Millhollon and Burner, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Native Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifolia Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Hurrell et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Native Cronk and Fuller, 1995; USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (false tree-fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Garcia and Monteiro, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Absent, formerly present Introduced Harper and Wood, 1957; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio madagascariensis (fireweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCabrera, 1941.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Introduced Delhey and Kiehr-Delhey, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosa Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Native Palmer and Pullen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Native NoErb, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Arregui et al., 2001; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMorton, 1976; Amor, 1978; Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Restricted distribution Native NoRoe, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum vernei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present GRIN, 2008; Nee, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014; Istilart, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densiflora Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Troncoso, 1979; Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1991; Gil et al., 1996; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Present Introduced Gaskin and Schaal, 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced Gracia et al., 1983; Holm et al., 1997; Doucet et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Zuloaga et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina herbacea (cane tibouchina) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus berteronianus Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Marzocca, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum polyphyllum Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Widespread Fernández et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Crespo and Pérez-Moreau, 1967.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007; IABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Zuloaga and Morrone, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Localised YesWeigend and Luebert, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present YesISSG, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Localised Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Widespread YesHolm et al., 1979; Lopez et al., 1996; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Localised YesHurrell et al., 2011; ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present YesIstilart, 2005; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Gradstein and Sipman, 1978.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Localised Balech, 1964.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present
Virusbluetongue virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present Vergani, 1945; Bitancourt, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequid herpesvirus 1 Present
Virusequine arteritis virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virus Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; Teyssandier et al., 1983.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Teyssandier et al., 1983; Yossen et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusMaize lethal necrosis disease Gordon et al., 1984.
Virusmyxoma virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present, few occurrences NoDal Zotto et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Eradicated Fernandez and Calderoni, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Alippi, 1992; Alippi, 1997.
anaplasmosis Späth, 1987; Rios et al., 1990; Späth et al., 1990; Guglielmone, 1994; Guglielmone et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Present OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Menendez, 1975.
avian chlamydiosis Present OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Delamer, 1974.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Aguirre et al., 1990; Guglielmone et al., 1992; Gaido et al., 1997; Guglielmone et al., 1997b.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present Guzmán and Micalizzi, 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available Boero, 1957; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Localised Introduced Waicheim et al., 2014.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Carrillo et al., 1986.
bovine anaplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Panighi et al., 1992; Pinto et al., 1993.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Puntel, 1997.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 5 infection Present Carillo et al., 1983a.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present González et al., 2008.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Rodríguez et al., 1988.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Ruiz et al., 1989; Fulton et al., 2000; Maidana et al., 2012.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Bagnis et al., 1999.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009; Samartino et al., 1999.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009; Russo and Monzón, 1998.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Robles et al., 1993.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported Conigliaro et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported Arrigo et al., 1993; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Fernandez and Ouvina, 1999.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Herrera et al., 2005; Barrionuevo and Ponssa, 2008.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium novyi infections Widespread Schranner et al., 1992; Uzal et al., 1992.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Uzal et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Present OIE, 2009.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Abramovich et al., 2001.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Digenean infections of fish Present Semenas, 1998.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Machuca et al., 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Present OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Magnasco and Odeon, 1984; Bellinzoni et al., 1990; Sanz et al., 1998; Parma et al., 2000.
European foulbrood Present Schotman, 1989; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Campero et al., 1992; Campero et al., 1993; Carrillo et al., 1993.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Munné et al., 2006.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
inclusion body rhinitis Present Gonzalez-Quintana et al., 1988.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present Terzolo et al., 1993; Terzolo et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Localised Cruz et al., 2010; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Auad et al., 2001.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Present Campero et al., 1998; Venturini et al., 1999.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
nocardiosis of fish Present NoConroy, 1964b.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Ubach, 1941.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Philornis downsi infestation Present Silvestri et al., 2011.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis Present Quiroga et al., 2008.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent Gea and González, 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009; Delpietro and Nader, 1989; Delpietro et al., 1991.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
reticuloendotheliosis Present Brandetti et al., 1990.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Matton et al., 1989; Bellinzoni et al., 1990; Ochi et al., 1992.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Calvinho et al., 1997; Quinones and Demo, 1997; Sordelli et al., 2000.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Present OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present Fisanotti et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; Montiel and Piola, 1976.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 398 Im 355 Im 322 Im 289 Im 270 F
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 626 F 626 F 626 Im 683 Im 500 F
Almonds, with shell Yield 15728.6 Fc 17633.8 Fc 19441 Fc 23633.2 Fc 18518.5 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 3158 Im 3015 Im 2629 Im 3097 Im 3400 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 2831 Im 2457 Im 2076 Im 2338 Im 2600 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 8964.53 Fc 8149.25 Fc 7896.54 Fc 7549.24 Fc 7647.06 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 42394 Im 43500 F 45056 Im 42817 Im 42618 Im
Apples Production Quantity 1115950 Im 1050000 F 845497 Im 950000 F 1000000 F
Apples Yield 263233 Fc 241379 Fc 187655 Fc 221874 Fc 234643 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2388 Im 2450 Im 2504 Im 2424 Im 2400 F
Apricots Production Quantity 15050 Im 22514 Im 22378 Im 25584 Im 25500 F
Apricots Yield 63023.4 Fc 91893.9 Fc 89369 Fc 105545 Fc 106250 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 3847 Im 3568 Im 3809 Im 4807 Im 4700 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 100891 Im 84694 Im 76948 Im 91154 Im 90000 F
Artichokes Yield 262259 Fc 237371 Fc 202016 Fc 189628 Fc 191489 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2527 Im 2332 Im 2232 Im 2255 Im 1800 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 9875 Im 8504 Im 7926 Im 8293 Im 7200 F
Asparagus Yield 39078 Fc 36466.6 Fc 35510.8 Fc 36776.1 Fc 40000 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 567 Im 582 Im 595 Im 597 Im 570 F
Avocados Production Quantity 4045 Im 3622 Im 3600 F 3500 P 3600 F
Avocados Yield 71340.4 Fc 62233.7 Fc 60504.2 Fc 58626.5 Fc 63157.9 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 8657 Im 8883 Im 9077 Im 8819 Im 8700 F
Bananas Production Quantity 172073 Im 171030 Im 170000 F 180000 F 182000 F
Bananas Yield 198767 Fc 192536 Fc 187287 Fc 204105 Fc 209195 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 1117680 746435 502640 570125 416325
Barley Production Quantity 4076940 2964080 1355800 1681880 1474510
Barley Seed 60000 F 60000 F 60000 F 58000 F 69000 F
Barley Yield 36476.8 Fc 39709.8 Fc 26973.6 Fc 29500.2 Fc 35417.3 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 272745 268105 276670 254940 251190
Beans, dry Production Quantity 332782 338120 312998 336779 328249
Beans, dry Seed 19099.5 Fc 19099.5 Fc 18786.6 Fc 19527.9 Fc 17858.4 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 12201.2 Fc 12611.5 Fc 11313 Fc 13210.1 Fc 13067.8 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1020 Im 768 Im 753 Im 591 Im 700 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 3489 Im 4000 F 3283 Im 4135 Im 4200 F
Beans, green Yield 34205.9 Fc 52083.3 Fc 43598.9 Fc 69966.2 Fc 60000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 1780 Im 1750 F 1872 Im 1700 F 1700 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 15714 Im 15966 Im 14780 Im 15500 F 15500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 252 Fc 252 Fc 252 Fc 245 Fc 245 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 88280.9 Fc 91234.3 Fc 78953 Fc 91176.5 Fc 91176.5 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 14270 16685 10480 11065 10215
Canary seed Production Quantity 23280 27419 9763 10023 8930
Canary seed Seed 432 Fc 432 Fc 510.3 Fc 331.5 Fc 338.4 Fc
Canary seed Yield 16314 Fc 16433.3 Fc 9315.84 Fc 9058.29 Fc 8742.05 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9622 Im 9563 Im 9547 Im 10012 Im 9700 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 243708 Im 227198 Im 234586 Im 241416 Im 231000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 253282 Fc 237580 Fc 245717 Fc 241127 Fc 238144 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 17918 Im 18334 Im 17700 F 17500 F 17500 F
Cassava Production Quantity 185010 Im 181817 Im 180000 F 175000 F 175000 F
Cassava Yield 103254 Fc 99169.3 Fc 101695 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested
Castor oil seed Production Quantity
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 10903800 A 9351260 A 6957430 A 9407580 A 10151000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 50363600 A 46733200 A 26093500 A 36339500 A 43820300 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 724237 A 724237 A 721239 A 644895 A 833821 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 46188.9 Fc 49975.3 Fc 37504.5 Fc 38627.9 Fc 43168.4 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 36047 Im 30914 Im 23000 F 22500 F 22500 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 18960 Im 18873 Im 16000 F 15500 F 15500 F
Cereals, nes Seed 253 Fc 253 Fc 253 Fc 253 Fc 247.5 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 5259.8 Fc 6105 Fc 6956.52 Fc 6888.89 Fc 6888.89 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 10903800 A 9351260 A 6957430 A 9407580 A 10151000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 50945700 A 47146300 A 26537800 A 36754300 A 44180000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 724237 A 724237 A 721239 A 644895 A 833821 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 46722.8 Fc 50417.1 Fc 38143.1 Fc 39068.8 Fc 43522.7 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1754 Im 1800 F 1461 Im 1426 Im 1400 F
Cherries Production Quantity 6215 Im 6003 Im 5967 Im 4813 Im 6800 F
Cherries Yield 35433.3 Fc 33350 Fc 40841.9 Fc 33751.8 Fc 48571.4 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 5221 Im 5132 Im 5296 Im 4500 F 4500 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 4639 Im 4713 Im 4363 Im 4500 F 4500 F
Chick peas Seed 240 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc 240 Fc
Chick peas Yield 8885.27 Fc 9183.55 Fc 8238.29 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2319 Im 2317 Im 2735 Im 2914 Im 3200 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 2713 Im 2380 Im 2767 Im 2967 Im 3300 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 11699 Fc 10271.9 Fc 10117 Fc 10181.9 Fc 10312.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 6645 Im 6650 F 6664 Im 6546 Im 6400 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 132518 Im 145000 F 140000 F 139024 Im 127000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 199425 Fc 218045 Fc 210084 Fc 212380 Fc 198438 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 131003 A 134419 A 155997 A 156000 A 156500 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2695340 A 2559420 A 2963280 A 2959060 A 2770000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 205747 Fc 190406 Fc 189958 Fc 189683 Fc 176997 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6152700 A 4762770 A 3438170 A 4890340 A 4154700 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 32843500 A 30030000 A 16187200 A 27000400 A 26613400 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 244737 A 244737 A 241739 A 244895 A 314321 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 53380.7 Fc 63051.7 Fc 47081 Fc 55211.7 Fc 64056.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 295000 * 230000 135000 166265 170000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 567898 F 414450 F 213700 F 271500 F 299960 F
Cottonseed Seed 37929.6 Fc 37929.6 Fc 26928.2 Fc 16423.8 Fc 17073.8 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 1573 Im 1454 Im 1496 Im 1451 Im 1564 Im
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 1594 Im 1383 Im 1562 Im 1450 F 1450 F
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 10133.5 Fc 9511.69 Fc 10441.2 Fc 9993.11 Fc 9271.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 678927 A 445072 A 294065 A 307525 A 397469 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 298917 A 233398 A 138838 A 169747 A 173550 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4402.79 Fc 5244.05 Fc 4721.34 Fc 5519.78 Fc 4366.38 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 269 Im 276 Im 282 Im 269 Im 270 F
Figs Production Quantity 819 Im 806 Im 801 Im 900 F 880 F
Figs Yield 30446.1 Fc 29202.9 Fc 28404.3 Fc 33457.3 Fc 32592.6 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2929 Im 2707 Im 2784 Im 2691 Im 2900 F
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 2323 Im 2015 Im 2276 Im 2032 Im 2100 F
Flax fibre and tow Yield 7931.03 Fc 7443.66 Fc 8175.29 Fc 7551.1 Fc 7241.38 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 479251 A 491749 A 517971 A 509045 A 499731 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8017690 A 7645480 A 7323480 A 8170430 A 8223090 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 167296 Fc 155475 Fc 141388 Fc 160505 Fc 164550 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 17739 Im 14392 Im 14407 Im 14147 Im 15600 F
Garlic Production Quantity 174363 Im 129494 Im 121701 Im 125139 Im 140000 F
Garlic Yield 98293.6 Fc 89976.4 Fc 84473.5 Fc 88456.2 Fc 89743.6 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 7490 Im 7685 13500 F 14000 F 10500 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 189182 Im 188820 237479 243695 220000 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 252579 Fc 245699 Fc 175910 Fc 174068 Fc 209524 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 218000 * 223685 228575 226450 219070 *
Grapes Production Quantity 2837810 Im 2616610 2181570 2821700 3092510
Grapes Yield 130175 Fc 116977 Fc 95442.2 Fc 124606 Fc 141165 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 230939 Im 218828 257430 227389 215060
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 701535 611040 605491 625349 600035
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 17764.2 Fc 17764.2 Fc 17764.2 Fc 21154.4 Fc 18231.1 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 30377.5 Fc 27923.3 Fc 23520.6 Fc 27501.3 Fc 27900.8 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 370 F 370 F 370 F 370 F 370 F
Hops Production Quantity 450 F 450 F 450 F 450 F 450 F
Hops Yield 12162.2 Fc 12162.2 Fc 12162.2 Fc 12162.2 Fc 12162.2 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 42468 Im 43575 53497 Im 53000 F 55000 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 1228660 Im 1113380 1425530 1362190 1400000 *
Lemons and limes Yield 289314 Fc 255509 Fc 266469 Fc 257017 Fc 254545 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1845 Im 1814 Im 1872 Im 1700 F 1700 F
Lentils Production Quantity 2332 Im 2369 Im 2193 Im 2300 F 2300 F
Lentils Seed 180 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc
Lentils Yield 12639.6 Fc 13059.5 Fc 11714.7 Fc 13529.4 Fc 13529.4 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 25600 37960 17370 9450 28400
Linseed Production Quantity 32170 52075 19505 9564 34065
Linseed Seed 332.6 Fc 515 Fc 770 Fc 348 Fc 189 Fc
Linseed Yield 12566.4 Fc 13718.4 Fc 11229.1 Fc 10120.6 Fc 11994.7 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 104 Im 102 Im 105 Im 90 F 90 F
Lupins Production Quantity 152 Im 154 Im 143 Im 150 F 150 F
Lupins Yield 14615.4 Fc 15098 Fc 13619 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 3747840 2902750 2353180 3412160 2838070
Maize Production Quantity 23799800 22676900 13121400 22016900 21755400
Maize Seed 90000 F 90000 F 90000 F 90000 F 125000 F
Maize Yield 63502.7 Fc 78122.1 Fc 55760.3 Fc 64524.8 Fc 76655.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 269 Im 276 Im 282 Im 257 Im 270 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 2024 Im 1942 Im 1930 Im 2102 Im 2200 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 75241.6 Fc 70362.3 Fc 68439.7 Fc 81789.9 Fc 81481.5 Fc
Maté Area Harvested 202948 Im 204221 202736 199096 177000 F
Maté Production Quantity 272619 Im 250041 228499 237858 290000 F
Maté Yield 13433 Fc 12243.7 Fc 11270.8 Fc 11946.9 Fc 16384.2 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 4700 6675 3410 10475 10230
Millet Production Quantity 7990 9115 5880 14824 14484
Millet Seed 550.5 Fc 550.5 Fc 492 Fc 388.95 Fc 629.48 Fc
Millet Yield 17000 Fc 13655.4 Fc 17243.4 Fc 14151.8 Fc 14158.4 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 196135 284570 139368 211805 224250
Oats Production Quantity 414990 660200 181990 290525 472420
Oats Seed 70000 F 70000 F 70000 F 80000 F 100000 F
Oats Yield 21158.4 Fc 23199.9 Fc 13058.2 Fc 13716.6 Fc 21066.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 21530600 A 20401400 A 19291800 A 19553600 A 19052400 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 40965800 A 43173200 A 26094900 A 39129200 A 39601100 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 858631 A 856163 A 825238 A 810022 A 747066 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 19026.8 Fc 21161.8 Fc 13526.4 Fc 20011.3 Fc 20785.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 21595900 A 20463300 A 19350400 A 19617500 A 19116700 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10683300 A 10719600 A 6911650 A 10524500 A 10286600 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 206709 A 205237 A 197143 A 195017 A 180862 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4946.9 Fc 5238.46 Fc 3571.85 Fc 5364.87 Fc 5380.94 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity F F F F F
Olives Area Harvested 62498 Im 59221 Im 56000 F 61000 F 58500 F
Olives Production Quantity 170000 F 165000 F 169000 F 183000 F 176000 F
Olives Yield 27200.9 Fc 27861.7 Fc 30178.6 Fc 30000 Fc 30085.5 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 25001 Im 25567 Im 23915 Im 23352 Im 24247 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 717823 Im 722871 Im 650000 F 677987 Im 700000 F
Onions, dry Yield 287118 Fc 282736 Fc 271796 Fc 290334 Fc 288696 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 47003 Im 48229 56000 F 55000 F 59000 F
Oranges Production Quantity 876851 Im 833486 898732 942541 800000 *
Oranges Yield 186552 Fc 172818 Fc 160488 Fc 171371 Fc 135593 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 5297 Im 5500 Im 5047 Im 5231 Im 5500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 76545 Im 76674 Im 74681 Im 75678 Im 85000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 144506 Fc 139407 Fc 147971 Fc 144672 Fc 154545 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 170 Im 174 Im 178 Im 164 Im 170 F
Papayas Production Quantity 1913 Im 2031 Im 2019 Im 2167 Im 2300 F
Papayas Yield 112529 Fc 116724 Fc 113427 Fc 132134 Fc 135294 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 25873 Im 26548 Im 27128 Im 25329 Im 26000 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 284970 Im 318000 F 236948 Im 308731 Im 270000 F
Peaches and nectarines Yield 110142 Fc 119783 Fc 87344.4 Fc 121888 Fc 103846 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 26043 Im 26722 Im 27306 Im 24202 Im 24404 Im
Pears Production Quantity 691270 Im 704242 Im 700000 P 740000 F 720000 P
Pears Yield 265434 Fc 263544 Fc 256354 Fc 305760 Fc 295034 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 45604 Im 44828 Im 46260 Im 42000 F 42000 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 50691 Im 51504 Im 47677 Im 50000 F 50000 F
Peas, dry Seed 4050 Fc 4050 Fc 4050 Fc 4050 Fc 4050 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 11115.5 Fc 11489.3 Fc 10306.3 Fc 11904.8 Fc 11904.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 12795 Im 13188 Im 13234 Im 13278 Im 13000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 26721 Im 27413 Im 27046 Im 27136 Im 26500 F
Peas, green Yield 20883.9 Fc 20786.3 Fc 20436.8 Fc 20436.8 Fc 20384.6 Fc
Peppermint Production Quantity 7100 F 7100 F 7100 F 7100 F 7100 F
Pineapples Area Harvested 179 Im 184 Im 188 Im 177 Im 180 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 3231 Im 2914 Im 2896 Im 3092 Im 3300 F
Pineapples Yield 180503 Fc 158370 Fc 154043 Fc 174689 Fc 183333 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 17543 Im 18000 F 15000 F 16000 F 13000 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 147586 Im 150000 F 155000 F 136000 F 108000 F
Plums and sloes Yield 84128.1 Fc 83333.3 Fc 103333 Fc 85000 Fc 83076.9 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 70994 Im 71404 Im 69533 Im 68000 F 68000 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 2126790 Im 1996040 Im 1950000 F 1900000 F 1950000 F
Potatoes Seed 63000 Fc 63000 Fc 63000 Fc 63000 Fc 63000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 299573 Fc 279542 Fc 280442 Fc 279412 Fc 286765 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 327299 A 321731 A 332075 A 304930 A 301180 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 406310 A 412826 A 382154 A 409229 A 400699 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 23821.5 A 23821.5 A 23508.6 A 24242.9 A 22573.4 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12414 Fc 12831.4 Fc 11508.1 Fc 13420.4 Fc 13304.3 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 19219 Im 19620 Im 19232 Im 17615 Im 21000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 337566 Im 327028 Im 357444 Im 285031 Im 300000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 175642 Fc 166681 Fc 185859 Fc 161812 Fc 142857 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 3185 Im 3268 Im 3339 Im 3085 Im 3200 F
Quinces Production Quantity 26864 Im 23838 Im 23694 Im 21888 Im 27000 F
Quinces Yield 84345.4 Fc 72943.7 Fc 70961.4 Fc 70949.8 Fc 84375 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 12405 11525 39256 12716 8986
Rapeseed Production Quantity 23335 17215 61167 20411 11230
Rapeseed Seed 151 Fc 63.6 Fc 60.05 Fc 209.13 Fc 70.03 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 18811 Fc 14937.1 Fc 15581.6 Fc 16051.4 Fc 12497.2 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 256850 215053 193800 182460 164635
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 1748080 1240600 1334160 1245800 1080070
Rice, paddy Seed 34500 F 34500 F 34500 F 35000 F 34500 F
Rice, paddy Yield 68058.4 Fc 57688.1 Fc 68842.1 Fc 68278 Fc 65603.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 114746 A 114322 A 112101 A 110234 A 109500 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2701460 A 2530530 A 2472690 A 2421940 A 2465000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 63000 A 63000 A 63000 A 63000 A 63000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 235430 Fc 221351 Fc 220577 Fc 219709 Fc 225114 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 23405 24100 26430 33580 38700
Rye Production Quantity 43110 44460 25135 33859 77180
Rye Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5000 F 6000 F 7000 F
Rye Yield 18419.1 Fc 18448.1 Fc 9510.03 Fc 10083.1 Fc 19943.2 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 79256 66100 96968 44100 74300
Safflower seed Production Quantity 56086 43850 86991 33480 58000
Safflower seed Seed 7692.39 Fc 4160.25 Fc 3316.5 Fc 4485.96 Fc 1984.5 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 7076.56 Fc 6633.89 Fc 8971.1 Fc 7591.84 Fc 7806.19 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 674425 440911 289785 303383 393005
Seed cotton Production Quantity 1032540 753524 388528 493601 545382
Seed cotton Yield 15309.9 Fc 17090.2 Fc 13407.5 Fc 16269.9 Fc 13877.2 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1012620 750640 379660 618625 594410
Sorghum Production Quantity 4458440 3629000 1471270 2936840 2794970
Sorghum Seed 18501.8 Fc 18501.8 Fc 15483.5 Fc 9921.9 Fc 12105.4 Fc
Sorghum Yield 44028.8 Fc 48345.4 Fc 38752.3 Fc 47473.7 Fc 47020.9 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 18764900 18130800 16771000 16387400 15981300
Soybeans Production Quantity 48878800 52677400 30993400 46238100 47482800
Soybeans Seed 1039620 Fc 1039620 Fc 1008920 Fc 992359 Fc 913194 Fc
Soybeans Yield 26048 Fc 29054.1 Fc 18480.3 Fc 28215.6 Fc 29711.5 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1306 Im 1305 Im 1540 Im 1520 Im 1500 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1428 Im 1253 Im 1456 Im 1428 Im 1400 F
Spices, nes Yield 10934.2 Fc 9601.53 Fc 9454.55 Fc 9394.74 Fc 9333.33 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 957 Im 982 Im 1003 Im 1029 Im 979 Im
Strawberries Production Quantity 12526 Im 12500 F 7898 Im 10895 Im 9000 F
Strawberries Yield 130888 Fc 127291 Fc 78743.8 Fc 105879 Fc 91930.5 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 6057 Im 6019 Im 5957 Im 5838 Im 6021 Im
String beans Production Quantity 46540 Im 46897 Im 45135 Im 45067 Im 46335 Im
String beans Yield 76836.7 Fc 77914.9 Fc 75768 Fc 77196 Fc 76955.7 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 350000 F 350000 F 345000 F 360000 F 320000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 25000000 F 25000000 F 25580000 F 26960000 F 23960000 F
Sugar cane Yield 714286 Fc 714286 Fc 741449 Fc 748889 Fc 748750 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 1743040 1495320 1820030 2569140 2351350
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 3671750 2220710 2483440 4650370 3497730
Sunflower seed Seed 12958.5 Fc 12309.8 Fc 10845.1 Fc 13771.9 Fc 18288.5 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 21065.2 Fc 14851.1 Fc 13645 Fc 18100.9 Fc 14875.4 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 25834 Im 24584 Im 24868 Im 24734 Im 24000 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 389662 Im 352676 Im 342687 Im 346937 Im 340000 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 150833 Fc 143458 Fc 137802 Fc 140267 Fc 141667 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 34042 Im 34930 33000 F 34000 F 32000 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 400651 Im 423737 401543 410630 350000 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 117693 Fc 121310 Fc 121680 Fc 120774 Fc 109375 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 36989 37221 37201 39000 40000 F
Tea Production Quantity 96572 88574 71715 80142 76000 F
Tea Yield 26108.3 Fc 23796.8 Fc 19277.7 Fc 20549.2 Fc 19000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 76395 Im 75500 F 74546 67498 73267
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 165145 Im 137000 F 135531 130381 127740
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 21617.3 Fc 18145.7 Fc 18180.8 Fc 19316.3 Fc 17434.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 15871 Im 16903 Im 17021 Im 17195 Im 18000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 698699 Im 720733 Im 713492 Im 701311 Im 680000 F
Tomatoes Yield 440236 Fc 426394 Fc 419183 Fc 407858 Fc 377778 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5156 A 5155 A 4753 A 4180 A 4314 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13099 A 10626 A 12731 A 10695 A 11815 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 25405.3 Fc 20613 Fc 26785.2 Fc 25586.1 Fc 27387.6 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 2807 Im 2660 Im 2515 2880 5839 Im
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 7365 Im 7362 Im 6812 5469 15041 Im
Tung Nuts Yield 26238 Fc 27676.7 Fc 27085.5 Fc 18989.6 Fc 25759.5 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 51199 Im 52010 Im 58000 F 56000 F 55000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 825736 Im 708864 Im 700000 F 680000 F 660000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 161280 Fc 136294 Fc 120690 Fc 121429 Fc 120000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 185579 A 185118 A 188388 A 185777 A 190868 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3518250 A 3351090 A 3272540 A 3229590 A 3223240 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 189582 Fc 181025 Fc 173713 Fc 173842 Fc 168872 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 185579 A 185118 A 188388 A 185777 A 190868 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3518250 A 3351090 A 3272540 A 3229590 A 3223240 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 189582 Fc 181025 Fc 173713 Fc 173842 Fc 168872 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 4758 Im 4800 F 4431 Im 3891 Im 4044 Im
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 12473 Im 10000 F 12105 Im 10012 Im 11315 Im
Walnuts, with shell Yield 26214.8 Fc 20833.3 Fc 27318.9 Fc 25731.2 Fc 27979.7 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 8740 Im 9038 Im 8570 Im 8910 Im 9200 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 123771 Im 121721 Im 120299 Im 128216 Im 126000 F
Watermelons Yield 141614 Fc 134677 Fc 140372 Fc 143901 Fc 136957 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 4494280 4373440 3325460 4334780 5831680
Wheat Production Quantity 16354100 15875700 9016370 8508160 16486500
Wheat Seed 445000 F 445000 F 445000 F 365000 F 485000 F
Wheat Yield 36388.7 Fc 36300.3 Fc 27113.2 Fc 19627.7 Fc 28270.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 260 F 258 Im 254 Im 251 Im 250 F
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 490 F 518 Im 476 Im 465 Im 480 F
Almonds, with shell Yield 18846.2 Fc 20077.5 Fc 18740.2 Fc 18525.9 Fc 19200 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 3350 F 3764 Im 3333 F 3693 Im 3350 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 2550 F 2855 Im 2533 F 3019 Im 2550 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 7611.94 Fc 7585.02 Fc 7599.76 Fc 8174.93 Fc 7611.94 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 42644 Im 41251 Im 40000 F 50000 * 50000 *
Apples Production Quantity 1100000 F 1206210 1262440 1307460 1156830
Apples Yield 257950 Fc 292407 Fc 315610 Fc 261492 Fc 231366 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 2300 F 2261 Im 2192 Im 2187 Im 2200 F
Apricots Production Quantity 25200 F 28515 Im 26289 Im 25411 Im 25000 F
Apricots Yield 109565 Fc 126117 Fc 119932 Fc 116191 Fc 113636 Fc
Artichokes Area Harvested 4748 Im 4699 Im 4600 F 4700 F 4600 F
Artichokes Production Quantity 88951 Im 94094 Im 89930 Im 88000 F 86000 F
Artichokes Yield 187344 Fc 200243 Fc 195500 Fc 187234 Fc 186957 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 1790 F 1765 Im 1783 F 1850 F 1800 F
Asparagus Production Quantity 7100 F 7485 Im 7154 Im 7000 F 6900 F
Asparagus Yield 39664.8 Fc 42407.9 Fc 40123.4 Fc 37837.8 Fc 38333.3 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 550 F 553 Im 533 F 547 Im 550 F
Avocados Production Quantity 3450 F 3724 Im 3433 F 3558 Im 3500 F
Avocados Yield 62727.3 Fc 67341.8 Fc 64409 Fc 65045.7 Fc 63636.4 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 8600 F 8500 F 8567 Im 8548 Im 8600 F
Bananas Production Quantity 181000 F 205312 Im 189283 Im 182962 Im 180000 F
Bananas Yield 210465 Fc 241544 Fc 220944 Fc 214041 Fc 209302 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 337592 267450 275307 334348 250760
Barley Production Quantity 1268470 799423 894610 1005460 549830
Barley Seed 51900 F 40300 F 32500 F 33000 F 40500 F
Barley Yield 37574.1 Fc 29890.6 Fc 32495 Fc 30072.3 Fc 21926.5 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 235090 142660 120525 185400 256750
Beans, dry Production Quantity 322775 169257 151278 215550 278100
Beans, dry Seed 17590.3 Fc 16471.7 Fc 10192 Fc 9365.65 Fc 14428.8 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 13729.9 Fc 11864.4 Fc 12551.6 Fc 11626.2 Fc 10831.5 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 650 F 661 Im 633 F 849 Im 650 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 4150 F 4685 Im 4478 Im 4382 Im 4100 F
Beans, green Yield 63846.2 Fc 70877.5 Fc 70742.5 Fc 51613.7 Fc 63076.9 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 1660 F 1650 F 1650 F 1650 F 1600 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 15200 F 15000 F 15000 F 15000 F 14500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 245 Fc 245 Fc 245 Fc 245 Fc 245 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 91566.3 Fc 90909.1 Fc 90909.1 Fc 90909.1 Fc 90625 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested 13260 15395 16125 18460 15575
Canary seed Production Quantity 14704 16502 17456 18216 16660
Canary seed Seed 336 Fc 399.6 Fc 466.35 Fc 489 Fc 572.85 Fc
Canary seed Yield 11089 Fc 10719.1 Fc 10825.4 Fc 9867.82 Fc 10696.6 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9600 F 9954 Im 9926 Im 9433 Im 9500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 230100 F 245929 Im 235045 Im 230000 F 250000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 239688 Fc 247066 Fc 236797 Fc 243825 Fc 263158 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 17200 F 18000 F 175000 F 17000 F 16500 F
Cassava Production Quantity 172000 F 180000 F 175000 F 170000 F 165000 F
Cassava Yield 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 10000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested
Castor oil seed Production Quantity
Castor oil seed Seed
Castor oil seed Yield
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 9238660 A 9019590 A 9781250 A 9417460 A 9825960 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 33806700 A 37843900 A 35528400 A 34347300 A 31607600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 965058 A 921557 A 848385 A 964655 A 982954 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 36592.6 Fc 41957.4 Fc 36323 Fc 36472 Fc 32167.5 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 22200 F 22000 F 22000 F 22000 F 22000 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 15200 F 15000 F 15000 F 15000 F 15000 F
Cereals, nes Seed 247.5 Fc 242 Fc 242 Fc 242 Fc 242 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 6846.85 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc 6818.18 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9238660 A 9019590 A 9781250 A 9417460 A 9825960 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34204100 A 38162300 A 35881400 A 34586300 A 31843800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 965058 A 921557 A 848385 A 964655 A 982954 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 37022.8 Fc 42310.4 Fc 36683.9 Fc 36725.7 Fc 32407.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1350 F 1375 Im 1333 F 1342 Im 1350 F
Cherries Production Quantity 6750 F 7267 Im 6700 F 6912 Im 6800 F
Cherries Yield 50000 Fc 52850.9 Fc 50262.6 Fc 51505.2 Fc 50370.4 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 4500 F 1500 F 1400 F 1350 F 1300 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 4500 F 1500 F 1400 F 1350 F 1300 F
Chick peas Seed 240 Fc 240 Fc 77.5 Fc 72.5 Fc 70 Fc
Chick peas Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 3100 F 3625 Im 3067 F 3418 Im 3100 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 3200 F 4081 Im 3167 F 3789 Im 3200 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 10322.6 Fc 11257.9 Fc 10326 Fc 11085.4 Fc 10322.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 6300 F 5807 Im 5244 Im 8300 F 8200 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 126000 F 133657 Im 127742 Im 125000 F 123000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 200000 Fc 230165 Fc 243596 Fc 150602 Fc 150000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 155500 A 162438 A 145000 A 146000 A 145000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3140000 A 3046990 A 2717360 A 2672490 A 2953560 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 201929 Fc 187578 Fc 187404 Fc 183047 Fc 203694 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3480410 A 3832520 A 3488500 A 3502500 A 3612320 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18347700 A 24484000 A 18682200 A 19158500 A 18735600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 270558 A 257057 A 229885 A 249655 A 287954 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 52717.1 Fc 63885 Fc 53553.5 Fc 54699.4 Fc 51865.7 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 145000 F 160000 * 112000 * 65000 * 61800
Cottonseed Production Quantity 229773 F 246400 F 190000 F 111000 * 104000
Cottonseed Seed 22200.1 Fc 17005.7 Fc 22353.2 Fc 14651.3 Fc 8701.5 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 1570 Im 1565 Im 1461 Im 1428 Im 1450 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 1450 F 1450 F 1450 F 1567 Im 1450 F
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 9235.67 Fc 9265.18 Fc 9924.71 Fc 10973.4 Fc 10000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 308767 A 378937 A 258869 A 149590 A 168657 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 148450 A 163741 A 115674 A 68194 A 64768 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4807.83 Fc 4321.06 Fc 4468.44 Fc 4558.73 Fc 3840.22 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 260 F 265 Im 257 F 258 Im 260 F
Figs Production Quantity 870 F 940 Im 867 F 915 Im 900 F
Figs Yield 33461.5 Fc 35471.7 Fc 33735.4 Fc 35465.1 Fc 34615.4 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2800 F 2672 Im 2495 Im 2439 Im 2476 Im
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 2000 F 2291 Im 2224 Im 1627 Im 1518 Im
Flax fibre and tow Yield 7142.86 Fc 8574.1 Fc 8913.83 Fc 6670.77 Fc 6130.86 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 501068 A 500581 A 469268 A 474367 A 474904 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8545400 A 8522620 A 7888320 A 7628240 A 7504860 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 170544 Fc 170254 Fc 168098 Fc 160809 Fc 158029 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 15500 F 13725 Im 14000 F 14500 F 13000 F
Garlic Production Quantity 135505 116441 142735 145891 125228
Garlic Yield 87422.6 Fc 84838.6 Fc 101954 Fc 100614 Fc 96329.2 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 11500 F 12500 F 12000 * 12000 * 12000 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 240000 * 272704 177210 184162 204751
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 208696 Fc 218163 Fc 147675 Fc 153468 Fc 170626 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 216340 * 212030 * 206300 * 205721 * 205919
Grapes Production Quantity 2880930 * 2829710 * 2650970 * 2339460 * 2281190 *
Grapes Yield 133167 Fc 133458 Fc 128501 Fc 113720 Fc 110781 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 163677 210820 167473 156426 222370
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 347323 444800 292950 220900 361900
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 17252.8 Fc 13923 Fc 16887.2 Fc 13617.8 Fc 12586.1 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 21220 Fc 21098.6 Fc 17492.4 Fc 14121.7 Fc 16274.7 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 245 F 243 F 243 F 242 Im 240 F
Hops Production Quantity 295 F 286 Im 293 F 292 Im 290 F
Hops Yield 12040.8 Fc 11769.5 Fc 12057.6 Fc 12066.1 Fc 12083.3 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 55000 F 52000 F 45000 * 44000 * 42000 *
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 1470000 * 1498410 1340150 1236280 1313270
Lemons and limes Yield 267273 Fc 288156 Fc 297811 Fc 280973 Fc 312683 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1600 F 1500 F 1500 F 1500 F 2000 F
Lentils Production Quantity 2150 F 2500 F 2500 F 2500 F 3000
Lentils Seed 180 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc 180 Fc
Lentils Yield 13437.5 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 16666.7 Fc 15000 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 46690 37180 28800 13800 19540
Linseed Production Quantity 53780 36100 29280 11250 15500
Linseed Seed 582.6 Fc 940.8 Fc 743.6 Fc 576.8 Fc 276 Fc
Linseed Yield 11518.5 Fc 9709.52 Fc 10166.7 Fc 8152.17 Fc 7932.45 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 90 F 87 F 87 F 90 F 90 F
Lupins Production Quantity 135 F 130 F 130 F 130 F 130 F
Lupins Yield 15000 Fc 14942.5 Fc 14942.5 Fc 14444.4 Fc 14444.4 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2447170 2783440 2338600 2322860 2420120
Maize Production Quantity 14445500 20482600 14950800 15044500 14712100
Maize Seed 105000 F 95000 F 75000 F 75000 F 75000 F
Maize Yield 59029.4 Fc 73587.4 Fc 63930.6 Fc 64767.1 Fc 60790.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 250 F 240 Im 233 F 248 Im 250 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 2000 F 2025 Im 1867 F 1931 Im 1900 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 80000 Fc 84375 Fc 80128.8 Fc 77862.9 Fc 76000 Fc
Maté Area Harvested 171500 F 166100 160950 156050 175100
Maté Production Quantity 280000 F 265181 251922 285000 285000
Maté Yield 16326.5 Fc 15965.1 Fc 15652.2 Fc 18263.4 Fc 16276.4 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 9770 9368 7207 11850 14730
Millet Production Quantity 15518 16277 11375 21850 28070
Millet Seed 574.65 Fc 460.65 Fc 414.57 Fc 747 Fc 747.75 Fc
Millet Yield 15883.3 Fc 17375.1 Fc 15783.3 Fc 18438.8 Fc 19056.3 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 138025 148225 291307 220785 292315
Oats Production Quantity 242960 226910 536091 331994 487510
Oats Seed 90000 F 100000 F 100000 F 120000 F 150000 F
Oats Yield 17602.6 Fc 15308.5 Fc 18403 Fc 15037 Fc 16677.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 17843200 A 16642200 A 16637200 A 15090100 A 13858400 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 34091400 A 32335100 A 26681400 A 29414600 A 25723000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 729593 A 691524 A 651650 A 651188 A 565660 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 19106 Fc 19429.6 Fc 16037.2 Fc 19492.6 Fc 18561.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 17903700 A 16697300 A 16685700 A 15127300 A 13891500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9047190 A 8642940 A 7155810 A 7910040 A 7136980 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 176775 A 166462 A 157857 A 156262 A 137274 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5053.25 Fc 5176.26 Fc 4288.58 Fc 5228.98 Fc 5137.67 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity F F F F
Olives Area Harvested 55000 F 50000 F 45000 F 33000 F 30000 F
Olives Production Quantity 170000 F 155000 F 147600 F 99000 F 93000 F
Olives Yield 30909.1 Fc 31000 Fc 32800 Fc 30000 Fc 31000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 24000 F 26000 F 23553 Im 25000 F 24000 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 697542 764775 699480 678248 645821
Onions, dry Yield 290643 Fc 294144 Fc 296981 Fc 271299 Fc 269092 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 58000 F 67000 F 58000 * 58000 * 56000 F
Oranges Production Quantity 990000 * 885871 770000 * 687346 766854
Oranges Yield 170690 Fc 132220 Fc 132759 Fc 118508 Fc 136938 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 5000 F 5047 Im 4800 F 4840 Im 4700 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 80000 F 83181 Im 79500 F 79000 F 80196
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 160000 Fc 164813 Fc 165625 Fc 163223 Fc 170630 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 160 F 162 Im 157 F 159 Im 160 F
Papayas Production Quantity 2150 F 2326 Im 2144 F 2133 F 2200 F
Papayas Yield 134375 Fc 143580 Fc 136561 Fc 134151 Fc 137500 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 25000 F 26813 Im 26000 F 22861 Im 23000 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 260000 F 272500 F 272442 255785 211922
Peaches and nectarines Yield 104000 Fc 101630 Fc 104785 Fc 111887 Fc 92140 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 25844 Im 25000 F 19600 F 17000 * 18000 *
Pears Production Quantity 750000 F 748727 589429 639029 537297
Pears Yield 290203 Fc 299491 Fc 300729 Fc 375899 Fc 298498 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 46000 F 32000 F 25000 F 20000 F 18000 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 55000 F 36000 F 28000 F 24000 F 22000 F
Peas, dry Seed 4050 Fc 4500 Fc 3150 Fc 2430 Fc 1980 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 11956.5 Fc 11250 Fc 11200 Fc 12000 Fc 12222.2 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 12500 F 12797 Im 12333 F 13319 Im 12500 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 25700 F 29144 Im 27854 Im 27256 Im 25500 F
Peas, green Yield 20560 Fc 22774.1 Fc 22584.9 Fc 20464 Fc 20400 Fc
Peppermint Production Quantity 7100 F 7100 F 7100 F 7100 F 7100 F
Pineapples Area Harvested 170 F 168 Im 163 F 164 Im 165 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 3200 F 3453 Im 3183 F 3253 Im 3200 F
Pineapples Yield 188235 Fc 205536 Fc 195276 Fc 198354 Fc 193939 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 18000 F 15332 Im 14867 F 15207 Im 15300 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 155000 F 127500 F 127413 151362 105554
Plums and sloes Yield 86111.1 Fc 83159.4 Fc 85701.9 Fc 99534.4 Fc 68989.5 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 68000 F 63000 F 70000 F 75000 F 90000 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 1943630 1788680 2021020 2094520 2262120
Potatoes Seed 63000 Fc 63000 Fc 58500 Fc 63902.7 Fc 69482.7 Fc
Potatoes Yield 285828 Fc 283917 Fc 288717 Fc 279269 Fc 251347 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 288940 A 179397 A 150162 A 209990 A 279740 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 399760 A 224387 A 198308 A 258530 A 319030 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 22305.3 A 21636.7 A 13844.5 A 12293.2 A 16903.8 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 13835.4 Fc 12507.9 Fc 13206.3 Fc 12311.5 Fc 11404.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 22640 Im 20156 Im 20000 F 18791 Im 18718 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 290000 F 309707 Im 296000 F 294000 F 291000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 128092 Fc 153655 Fc 148000 Fc 156458 Fc 155465 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 3150 F 3231 Im 3133 F 3181 Im 3200 F
Quinces Production Quantity 26000 F 27841 Im 25667 F 26428 Im 26000 F
Quinces Yield 82539.7 Fc 86168.4 Fc 81924.7 Fc 83080.8 Fc 81250 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 6160 16560 15876 7680 2150
Rapeseed Production Quantity 9140 26050 20285 10450 2320
Rapeseed Seed 52.66 Fc 33.6 Fc 83.8 Fc 92.28 Fc 38.5 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 14837.7 Fc 15730.7 Fc 12777.2 Fc 13606.8 Fc 10790.7 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 169025 158938 169178 132890 124010
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 1193490 956253 1060080 717630 709295
Rice, paddy Seed 34500 F 34500 F 38500 F 20000 F 25000 F
Rice, paddy Yield 70610.3 Fc 60165.2 Fc 62660.6 Fc 54001.8 Fc 57196.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 108200 A 105600 A 267600 A 109393 A 124500 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2445630 A 2348680 A 2546020 A 2545120 A 2707720 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 63000 A 63000 A 58500 A 63902.7 A 69482.7 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 226029 Fc 222413 Fc 95142.8 Fc 232659 Fc 217488 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 14750 28675 62460 38601 56450
Rye Production Quantity 17483 33070 91870 36670 79150
Rye Seed 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F
Rye Yield 11852.9 Fc 11532.7 Fc 14708.6 Fc 9499.75 Fc 14021.3 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 25250 47800 30400 22000 29500
Safflower seed Production Quantity 17800 50760 18000 13300 23500
Safflower seed Seed 3397.5 Fc 1203.75 Fc 2196 Fc 1368 Fc 1035 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 7049.5 Fc 10619.3 Fc 5921.05 Fc 6045.45 Fc 7966.1 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 304397 374700 254913 145723 164731
Seed cotton Production Quantity 417770 448315 353799 201506 218159
Seed cotton Yield 13724.5 Fc 11964.6 Fc 13879.2 Fc 13828 Fc 13243.4 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 497640 557962 475494 533595 540367
Sorghum Production Quantity 2327870 2894250 2164950 2684780 2847230
Sorghum Seed 10500.2 Fc 8655.15 Fc 9261.78 Fc 8176.88 Fc 8891.1 Fc
Sorghum Yield 46778.2 Fc 51871.8 Fc 45530.5 Fc 50314.9 Fc 52690.7 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 15130000 14032200 14304500 12420000 11405200
Soybeans Production Quantity 40537400 38289700 31576800 34818600 30000000
Soybeans Seed 887774 Fc 846641 Fc 791722 Fc 798963 Fc 693376 Fc
Soybeans Yield 26792.7 Fc 27287 Fc 22074.7 Fc 28034.3 Fc 26303.8 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1550 F 1352 Im 1543 F 1572 Im 1550 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1500 F 1324 Im 1467 F 1176 Im 1450 F
Spices, nes Yield 9677.42 Fc 9792.9 Fc 9507.45 Fc 7480.92 Fc 9354.84 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 950 F 962 Im 933 F 944 Im 950 F
Strawberries Production Quantity 8850 F 9581 Im 8833 F 9148 Im 9000 F
Strawberries Yield 93157.9 Fc 99594.6 Fc 94673.1 Fc 96906.8 Fc 94736.8 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 5500 F 5876 Im 5367 F 5600 F 5500 F
String beans Production Quantity 45500 F 48117 Im 45987 Im 45000 F 44500 F
String beans Yield 82727.3 Fc 81887.3 Fc 85684.7 Fc 80357.1 Fc 80909.1 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 315000 F 284639 281886 295000 F 294000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 26450000 F 24400000 F 20900000 F 22050000 F 19250000 F
Sugar cane Yield 839683 Fc 857226 Fc 741434 Fc 747458 Fc 654762 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 2167070 1922910 1835240 2324510 2014920
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 3759740 3662110 3160670 3714000 3843580
Sunflower seed Seed 16669.7 Fc 15622 Fc 13766.2 Fc 12935.7 Fc 16646 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 17349.4 Fc 19044.6 Fc 17222.1 Fc 15977.6 Fc 19075.6 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 23000 F 24600 F 22600 F 17393 Im 18000 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 330000 F 380000 F 350000 F 280602 280602
Sweet potatoes Yield 143478 Fc 154472 Fc 154867 Fc 161330 Fc 155890 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 31000 F 30938 Im 30000 F 32000 * 35000 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 440000 * 390000 * 430000 * 564705 668687
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 141935 Fc 126059 Fc 143333 Fc 176470 Fc 191053 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 38000 F 36335 36670 36380 36400
Tea Production Quantity 72129 67871 70389 69866 70457
Tea Yield 18981.3 Fc 18679.2 Fc 19195.3 Fc 19204.5 Fc 19356.3 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 78255 83169 77597 65702 65988
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 144345 161064 157294 115837 132437
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18445.5 Fc 19365.9 Fc 20270.6 Fc 17630.7 Fc 20069.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 17000 F 16895 Im 17333 F 17500 F 17000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 670000 F 706258 Im 675000 F 670000 F 667753
Tomatoes Yield 394118 Fc 418028 Fc 389431 Fc 382857 Fc 392796 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3960 A 4245 A 4021 A 3931 A 3850 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10490 A 10009 A 10117 A 9026 A 9480 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 26489.9 Fc 23578.3 Fc 25160.4 Fc 22961.1 Fc 24623.4 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 5468 Im 5100 3530 4180 3080
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 13000 F 12900 6860 9860 5720
Tung Nuts Yield 23774.7 Fc 25294.1 Fc 19433.4 Fc 23588.5 Fc 18571.4 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 54000 F 53212 Im 53500 F 54000 F 53500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 650000 F 671730 Im 642000 F 648000 F 645000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 120370 Fc 126237 Fc 120000 Fc 120000 Fc 120561 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 188378 A 186019 A 182205 A 188498 A 182868 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3176250 A 3346690 A 3198570 A 3176450 A 3121000 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 168610 Fc 179911 Fc 175548 Fc 168514 Fc 170669 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 188378 A 186019 A 182205 A 188498 A 182868 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3176250 A 3346690 A 3198570 A 3176450 A 3121000 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 168610 Fc 179911 Fc 175548 Fc 168514 Fc 170669 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3700 F 3987 Im 3767 Im 3680 Im 3600 F
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 10000 F 9491 Im 9641 Im 8561 Im 9000 F
Walnuts, with shell Yield 27027 Fc 23804.9 Fc 25593.3 Fc 23263.6 Fc 25000 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 9150 F 9425 Im 9133 F 9816 Im 9200 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 125700 F 131486 Im 125667 F 134676 Im 126000 F
Watermelons Yield 137377 Fc 139508 Fc 137597 Fc 137200 Fc 136957 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 5589230 5028140 6123570 5782070 6089630
Wheat Production Quantity 14662900 12722000 16139200 14710200 12399000
Wheat Seed 660000 F 630000 F 580000 F 695000 F 670000 F
Wheat Yield 26234.2 Fc 25301.6 Fc 26355.9 Fc 25441.1 Fc 20360.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 147548 Fm 146717 Fm 143297 Fm 144058 Fm 144033 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 3796 W 4144 W 4327 W 4006 W 2777 W
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 3796 W 4144 W 4327 W 4006 W 2777 W
Arable land Area 38048 Fm 37217 Fm 33797 Fm 35058 Fm 36433 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 39048 Fm 38217 Fm 34797 Fm 36058 Fm 37433 Fm
Country area Area 278040 W 278040 W 278040 W 278040 W 278040 W
Fallow land Area 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm
Forest area Area 29160.2 Fm 29400 Q 29639.8 Fm 29879.6 Fm 30119.4 Fm
Inland water Area 4371 Fm 4371 Fm 4371 Fm 4371 Fm 4371 Fm
Land area Area 273669 Fm 273669 Fm 273669 Fm 273669 Fm 273669 Fm
Other land Area 96960.8 Fm 97552 Fm 100732 Fm 99731.4 Fm 99516.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent crops Area 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 108500 Fm 108500 Fm 108500 Fm 108000 Fm 106600 Fm
Temporary crops Area 30648 Q 29817 Q 26397 Q 27658 Q 29033 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 4400 Fm 4400 Fm 4400 Fm 4400 Fm 4400 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1650 Fm 1650 Fm 1650 Fm 1638 Fm 1630 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 141104 Fm 137798 Fm 134345 Fm 130884 Fm 128710 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area 2358 W 2682 W 2646 W
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1356 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 2358 W 2682 W 2646 W
Arable land Area 34854 Fm 32897.5 Fm 30775 Fm 28683.5 Fm 27862 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 35854 Fm 33897.5 Fm 31775 Fm 29683.5 Fm 28862 Q
Country area Area 278040 W 278040 W 278040 W 278040 Q 278040 Q
Fallow land Area 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 4270 W
Forest area Area 30359.2 Fm 30599 Q 30851.4 Fm 31103.8 Fm 31356.2 Fm
Inland water Area 4371 Fm 4371 Fm 4371 Fm 4371 Fm 4371 Fm
Land area Area 273669 Fm 273669 Fm 273669 Fm 273669 Q 273669 Q
Other land Area 102206 Fm 105273 Fm 108473 Fm 111682 Fm 113603 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 7879 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 91969 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Fm 1000 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 105250 Fm 103900 Fm 102570 Fm 101200 Fm 99848 Q
Temporary crops Area 27454 Q 25486.5 Fm 23519 Fm 21551.5 Fm 19584 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 4400 Fm 4411 Q 4256 Q 4132 Fm 4008 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1620 Fm 1600 Fm 1590 Fm 1580 Fm 1570 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files