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Abstract

The massive forests of central Amazonia are often considered relatively resilient against climatic variation, but this view is challenged by the wildfires invoked by recent droughts. The impact of such fires that spread from pervasive sources of ignition may reveal where forests are less likely to...

Author(s)
Flores, B. M.; Holmgren, M.; Xu Chi; Nes, E. H. van; Jakovac, C. C.; Mesquita, R. C. G.; Scheffer, M.
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, USA
Citation
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, 114, 17, pp 4442-4446
Abstract

Anthropogenic forest disturbance and land use change (LUC) in the Amazon region is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere in Brazil, due to the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) emitted from vegetation clearance. Land use conversion associated with management practices plays a key...

Author(s)
Durigan, M. R.; Cherubin, M. R.; Camargo, P. B. de; Ferreira, J. N.; Berenguer, E.; Gardner, T. A.; Barlow, J.; Dias, C. T. dos S.; Signor, D.; Oliveira Junior, R. C. de; Cerri, C. E. P.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Sustainability, 2017, 9, 3, pp 379
Abstract

Tropical forests play an important role in regulating the global climate and the carbon cycle. With the changing temperature and moisture along the elevation gradient, the Luquillo Experimental Forest in Northeastern Puerto Rico provides a natural approach to understand tropical forest ecosystems...

Author(s)
Chen DingFang; Yu Mei; González, G.; Zou XiaoMing; Gao Qiong
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Forests, 2017, 8, 3, pp 90
Abstract

This study aims to show preliminary results of meteorology and surface energy transfers in tropical forests and agroecosystems and their associations with vegetation canopy and soil water content. Field observations were conducted at the selected vegetation sites and adjacent sparse vegetation...

Author(s)
Bridhikitti, A.; Chaihanit, C.; Thamapan, P.
Publisher
Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand
Citation
Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 2017, 39, 2, pp 195-203
Abstract

Introduction: Soil heterotrophic respiration (Rh, an indicator of soil organic carbon decomposition) is an important carbon efflux of terrestrial ecosystems. However, the dynamics of soil Rh and its empirical relations with climatic factors have not been well understood. Methods: We incubated soils ...

Author(s)
Zhou WeiPing; He JinHong; Hui DaFeng; Shen WeiJun
Publisher
SpringerOpen, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Ecological Processes, 2017, 6, 10, pp (8 March 2017)
Abstract

Spiders have cascading effects on forest-floor food webs and ecosystem processes by depressing soil fauna densities and altering species composition. However, it remains unclear how spiders with different foraging strategies influence cascading effects on decomposition. In addition, prolonged...

Author(s)
Liu ShengJie; Chen Jin; Gan WenJin; Fu ShengLei; Schaefer, D.; Gan JianMin; Yang XiaoDong
Publisher
Elsevier GmbH, München, Germany
Citation
Basic and Applied Ecology, 2016, 17, 6, pp 527-537
Abstract

Soil bacteria play a key role in regulating terrestrial biogeochemical cycling and greenhouse gas fluxes across the soil-atmosphere continuum. Despite their importance to ecosystem functioning, we lack a general understanding of how bacterial communities respond to climate change, especially in...

Author(s)
Selmants, P. C.; Adair, K. L.; Litton, C. M.; Giardina, C. P.; Schwartz, E.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Citation
Ecosphere, 2016, 7, 4, pp e01296
Abstract

Epiphytes and their associated decomposing litter and arboreal soils (herein, epiphytic material, EM) are ubiquitous features of tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) and play important roles in ecosystem function. EM intercepts water and nutrients from the atmosphere and from intercepted host tree ...

Author(s)
Gotsch, S. G.; Nadkarni, N.; Amici, A.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Journal of Tropical Ecology, 2016, 32, 5, pp 455-468
Abstract

Degradation, a reduction of the ecosystem's capacity to supply goods and services, is widespread in tropical forests and mainly caused by human disturbance. To maintain the full range of forest ecosystem services and support the development of effective conservation policies, we must understand the ...

Author(s)
Laurin, G. V.; Hawthorne, W. D.; Chiti, T.; Paola, A. di; Gatti, R. C.; Marconi, S.; Noce, S.; Grieco, E.; Pirotti, F.; Valentini, R.
Publisher
Italian Society of Silviculture and Forest Ecology, Parma, Italy
Citation
iForest, 2016, 9, pp 354-362
Abstract

Questions: Environmental filtering and niche differences influence assembly of tree communities at multiple spatial scales. At regional scales, determining the environmental variables that primarily influence compositional variation in species assemblages reveals ecologically relevant habitat types ...

Author(s)
Krishnadas, M.; Ajith Kumar; Comita, L. S.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Vegetation Science, 2016, 27, 6, pp 1117-1128

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