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CABI Book Chapter

Silvopastoralism and sustainable land management. Proceedings of an international congress on silvopastoralism and sustainable management held in Lugo, Spain, April 2004.

Book cover for Silvopastoralism and sustainable land management. Proceedings of an international congress on silvopastoralism and sustainable management held in Lugo, Spain, April 2004.

Description

These proceedings contain 123 papers which are divided into 5 main sessions. The first session includes the characterization of silvopastoral systems in a global context while the second session deals with the effects of the management tools on the productivity and quality of silvopastoral systems. The ecological implications of the silvopastoral systems is discussed in the third session, with emp...

Chapter 2 (Page no: 19)

Silvopastoral systems in North-West Europe.

Silvopastoral practices in which trees are grown in grazed pasture in cool temperate regions of Western Europe are reviewed. In many areas there are concerns over problems with grassland intensification and fragmentation of woodland habitats. Objectives for silvopastoral systems are: reduction in agricultural production; increased biodiversity; retention of nutrients; landscape enhancement; improved stock welfare; reduction in timber imports; maintenance of diversified rural economies. Silvopastoral systems have been researched but little practised although there are examples of woodland grazing, re-spaced forests and wide-spaced, protected trees in pasture. Such systems, where a range of livestock species are incorporated, exist in Britain and other parts of Western Europe where pastoralism is common. This chapter reviews these systems and shows how silvopastoral systems align with current and proposed EU policy on sustainability and rural development. The factors governing uptake of systems in the light of current pressures on farming and on sectoral support will be considered. It also shows how the decoupling of subsidy from production within a reformed CAP offers substantial opportunities to increase the areas and types of silvopasture.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 13) Traditional and improved silvopastoral systems and their importance in sustainability of livestock farms. Author(s): Ibrahim, M. Villanueva, C. Mora, J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 24) Silvopastoral systems in the Neotropics. Author(s): Murgueitio, E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 30) European types of silvopastoral systems in the Mediterranean area: dehesa. Author(s): Olea, L. López-Bellido, R. J. Poblaciones, M. J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 36) Mediterranean European silvopastoral systems. Author(s): San Miguel-Ayanz, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 41) Agroforestry for improving farm smallholdings. Author(s): Alam, M. R. Jahiruddin, M. D. Islam, M. S.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 44) Improved fallows with forage trees for a slash and burn maize system in the Yucatán Peninsula. Author(s): Ayala, S. A. Uribe, V. G. Basulto, G. J. A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 46) The influence of climate and soil type on the "montado" production system. Author(s): Quintas, A. Pereira, M. S. Carmona, P. J. Ramirez-Cruzado, D. Belo, C. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 49) Silvopastoralism with native tree species in Uruguay. Author(s): Gallo, L.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 51) Classification principles and use of grazed forest stands in the Ukraine. Author(s): Gladun, G. B.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 53) Traditional silvoarable systems and their evolution in Greece. Author(s): Mantzanas, K. Tsatsiadis, E. Ispikoudis, I. Papanastasis, V. P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 55) Biodiversity and sustainable development in the silvopastoral systems of the Cantabrian mountains. Author(s): Mayor López, M. Oliveira Prendes, J. A. Fernández Benito, M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 58) Goat production system in mountain zones: the case of Peneda's Mountain. Author(s): Pacheco, L. F. Pires, J. Iglesias, A. Cantalapiedra, J. Barreto, D. Araújo, J. P.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 60) Silvopastoralism in Evritania, central Greece. Author(s): Pantera, A. Papadopoulos, A. M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 62) The effect of duck grazing on cocoa yields in São Tomé island. Author(s): Pardini, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 64) Types of land use in the montado (dehesa) production system. Author(s): Pereira, M. S. Quintas, A. Coelho, I. S. Belo, C. C.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 66) Contribution of silvopastoral systems to land upkeep: differences and determining factors in a French upland region. Author(s): Rapey, H. Lifran, R.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 68) From forest grazing to multipurpose shelterbelts in Hungary. Author(s): Takács, V. Frank, N.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 72) Silvopasture in south-eastern United States: more than just a new name for an old practice. Author(s): Nair, P. K. R. Bannister, M. E. Nair, V. D. Alavalapati, J. R. R. Ellis, E. A. Jose, S. Long, A. J.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 83) Nutritive value of trees and shrubs for ruminants. Author(s): Ku Vera, J. C.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 87) Quality of vegetation in silvopastoral systems. Author(s): González-Hernández, M. P.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 93) The herbaceous component in temperate silvopastoral systems. Author(s): Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Pinto-Tobalina, M. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 101) The effect of pruning intensity on acorn production in a holm-oak "dehesa". Author(s): Alejano, R. Alaejos, J. Torres, E. Forero, J. A. Tapias, R. Fernández, M.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 103) The effect of tree density on pasture yield. Author(s): Arzani, H.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 106) An alternative to improve goat production in the mountain areas of north-west Tunisia. Author(s): Boubaker, A. Kayouli, C. Buldgen, A.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 108) Seasonal fodder biomass production of palo dulce and tepozan. Author(s): Camacho-Morfín, D. Sandoval-Castro, C. Ayala-Burgos, A. Morfín-Loyden, L.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 110) Pruning influence on acorn yield in cork-oak open woodland. Author(s): Cañellas, I. Roig, S. Montero, G.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 112) Effects of grazing on fuel biomass in mountain pastures of the south-eastern Pyrenees. Author(s): Zennaro, C. dal Arenas, J. M. Argenti, G. Pardini, A. Sebastia, T. M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 114) Seed production and influence of heat on the germination of Genista scorpius (L.) DC. Author(s): Delgado, I. Ochoa, M. J. Múñoz, F.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 117) Lithium chloride and ipecacuanha syrup to induce sheep aversion to the intake of coffee plants. Author(s): Durantes, C. A. Torres, J. A. Martínez, P. A. Castro, R. Arroyo, A. Cruz, J. G.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 119) Dispersed trees in pasturelands of cattle farms in a dry ecosystem of Costa Rica. Author(s): Esquivel, H. Ibrahim, M. Harvey, C. A. Villanueva, C. Sinclair, F. L. Benjamín, T.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 121) Micropropagation of three clones of Morus alba L. selected for fodder use. Author(s): Fernández-Lorenzo, J. L. Pérez, V. Liñayo, S. Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 124) Estimating diet selection of goats and sheep grazing on gorse-heathland vegetation with areas of improved pasture. Author(s): Ferreira, L. M. M. Oliván, M. Rodrigues, M. A. M. García, U. Osoro, K.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 127) Validation of the alkane technique to estimate complex diets in sheep and goats fed on heathland vegetation. Author(s): Ferreira, L. M. M. Oliván, M. Rodrigues, M. A. M. García, U. Osoro, K.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 129) Effects of grazing on Quercus faginea Lam. forests in Navarra (Spain). Author(s): Ferrer, V. Ferrer, C. Broca, A. Maestro, M.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 132) Effect of breed and stocking rate on live weight changes of goats grazing heath-gorse vegetation community. Author(s): García, U. Celaya, R. Jáuregui, B. M. Martínez, A. Osoro, K.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 134) Response of sheep fed with tropical tree legume foliages and Taiwan grass (Pennisetum purpureum). Author(s): Grande, D. Reyes, F. Losada, H. Nahed, J. Romero, N. Valdivieso, G. Pérez-Gil, F.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 137) Nutritional characterization of some Mediterranean forestry resources. Author(s): Hajer, A. Lopez, S. Chermiti, A.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 140) Behaviour at grazing of calves with Galician Blond suckler cows. Author(s): Iglesias, A. Carballo, J. A. López, A. Monserrat, L.
Chapter: 40 (Page no: 142) Vegetation dynamics of burned heath-gorse communities grazed by sheep or goats. Author(s): Jáuregui, B. M. Celaya, R. García, U. Osoro, K.
Chapter: 41 (Page no: 145) Adaptation of herbaceous plant species in the understorey of Pinus brutia. Author(s): Koukoura, Z. Kyriazopoulos, A.
Chapter: 42 (Page no: 148) Transition of an abandoned Dutch agrosilvopastoral landscape to 'new wilderness' by extensive grazing with free-ranging cattle and horses. Author(s): Kuiters, A. T.
Chapter: 43 (Page no: 150) Live fences as a means of sustainable integration of livestock, trees and crops in Ségou, Mali. Author(s): Levasseur, V. Niang, A. Olivier, A.
Chapter: 44 (Page no: 152) Comparison of terrestrial and aerial oversowing of ski lanes grazed by sheep in the northern Apennines (central Italy). Author(s): Longhi, F. Pardini, A. Ghiselli, L. Tallarico, R.
Chapter: 45 (Page no: 154) Tree growth and pasture production under sewage sludge fertilization. Author(s): López-Díaz, M. L. Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A.
Chapter: 46 (Page no: 157) Utilization of gorse and heather communities by cattle in mountain grazing. Author(s): Mandaluniz, N. Oregui, L. M. Aldezabal, A.
Chapter: 47 (Page no: 160) Importance of holm-oak (Quercus ilex) as a woody food resource in Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica) diet in Mediterranean forest. Author(s): Martínez, T.
Chapter: 48 (Page no: 163) Woodland grazing in Northern Ireland: effects on botanical diversity and tree regeneration. Author(s): McEvoy, P. McAdam, J. H.
Chapter: 49 (Page no: 165) Application of limed sewage sludge to a young Pinus radiata plantation on acid soil. Author(s): Omil-Ignacio, B. Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Rigueiro-Rodriguez, A. Merino-García, A.
Chapter: 50 (Page no: 168) Effect of season on the ingestive behaviour of cattle grazing Leucaena leucocephala. Author(s): Ortega, R. L. Castillo, H. J. Rivas, P. F.
Chapter: 51 (Page no: 170) Horse grazing on a mixture of Trifolium brachycalycinum and Cynodon dactylon in firebreaks of Tuscan Maremma (central Italy). Author(s): Pardini, A. Natali, F.
Chapter: 52 (Page no: 172) Dry matter production and nutritive value of cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) grown under different light regimes. Author(s): Peri, P. L. Lucas, R. J. Moot, D. J.
Chapter: 53 (Page no: 174) Evaluation of the production of acorns of the oak (Quercus ilex Lam. ssp. ballota) from south-west of Extremadura (Spain). Author(s): Poblaciones, M. J. López-Bellido, R. Olea, L. Benito, C.
Chapter: 54 (Page no: 177) Effect of different tree and shrub densities on the form, agronomic performance and quality of Panicum maximum in the Chaqueño Mountains, Bolivia. Author(s): Pozo, P. P. del Rizzo, R. Fernández, E.
Chapter: 55 (Page no: 180) Effects of management on acorn production and viability in holm-oak dehesas. Author(s): Pulido, F. J. García, E. Obrador, J. J. Montero, M. J.
Chapter: 56 (Page no: 182) Effect of fertilization, tree species, plantation density and sowing mixture on pasture production and soil characteristics in silvopastoral systems. Author(s): Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A. Fernández-Núñez, E. Mosquera-Losada, M. R.
Chapter: 57 (Page no: 185) Structure characterization of Quercus pyrenaica Willd. open woodlands in the Spanish Central Mountain: implications for silvopastoral management. Author(s): Roig, S. Río, M. Cañellas, I. Bravo, A. Montero, G.
Chapter: 58 (Page no: 188) Pasture production under different tree species and spacing in an Atlantic silvopastoral system. Author(s): Rozados, M. J. González-Hernández, M. P. Silva-Pando, F. J.
Chapter: 59 (Page no: 192) Effects of dairy sludge application on pasture production and arbuscular mycorrhizae in a sown meadow established in a hill soil. Author(s): Sainz, M. J. Alonso, X. A. Vilariño, A. López-Mosquera, M. E.
Chapter: 60 (Page no: 195) Forage yield and botanical composition of a hill sown meadow fertilized with dried pelletized broiler litter. Author(s): Sainz, M. J. Bande, M. J. Cabaleiro, F. López-Mosquera, M. E.
Chapter: 61 (Page no: 197) Establishment of a bovine/Quercus silvopastoral experiment in lowland Ireland. Author(s): Short, I. McAdam, J. Culleton, N. Douglas, G.
Chapter: 62 (Page no: 200) Integration of horses to orange tree plantations. Author(s): Simón, L. Sánchez, M. D. Hernández, M. Sánchez, S. Mendoza, C.
Chapter: 63 (Page no: 202) Facilitation of tree regeneration in pasture woodlands. Author(s): Smit, C. Béguin, D. Buttler, A. Müller-Schärer, H.
Chapter: 64 (Page no: 204) Effect of sheep grazing on coffee quality. Author(s): Torres, J. A.
Chapter: 65 (Page no: 206) The influence of spacing and coppice height on herbage mass and other growth characteristics of Robinia pseudoacacia in a south-eastern USA silvopastoral system. Author(s): Snyder, L. J. U. Mueller, J. P. Luginbuhl, J. M. Brownie, C.
Chapter: 66 (Page no: 210) How much carbon can be stored in Canadian agroecosystems using a silvopastoral approach? Author(s): Gordon, A. M. Naresh, R. P. F. Thevathasan, V.
Chapter: 67 (Page no: 219) Silvopastoral systems in Latin America and their contribution to sustainable development and biodiversity. Author(s): Hernández, I. Sánchez, M. D.
Chapter: 68 (Page no: 223) Compaction and erosion: effects on soil ecology and soil quality. Author(s): Paz González, A. Vidal Vázquez, E.
Chapter: 69 (Page no: 231) Indigenous breeds and silvopastoral systems. Author(s): Sánchez, L.
Chapter: 70 (Page no: 236) Silvopastoral systems to prevent soil losses in sustainable livestock systems. Author(s): Acosta, Z. G. Reyes, G. Montejo, J. L.
Chapter: 71 (Page no: 239) Spatial dependence and seasonal patterns of cattle activity. Author(s): Buttler, A. Kohler, F. Wagner, H. Gillet, F.
Chapter: 72 (Page no: 241) Impacts of cutting and fertilization on pasture systems in the Cantabrian mountain range in León province (NW Spain). Author(s): Calvo, L. Fernández, A. Marcos, E. Valbuena, L. Tárrega, R. Luis, E.
Chapter: 73 (Page no: 244) Floristic stability of pastures in the Sierra Mágina nature reserve, Andalusia, Spain. Author(s): Cano-Ortiz, A. García-Fuentes, A. Torres, J. A. Montilla, R. Ruiz, L. Salazar, C. Cano, E.
Chapter: 74 (Page no: 246) Effects of breed and stocking rate on vegetation dynamics and biodiversity in heath-gorse communities grazed by goats. Author(s): Celaya, R. Jáuregui, B. M. García, U. Osoro, K.
Chapter: 75 (Page no: 248) Biodiversity and dynamics of traditional silvopastoral systems in Galicia (north-west Spain): Cytisus scrubs. Author(s): Cornide, T. Díaz-Vizcaíno, E. Casal, M.
Chapter: 76 (Page no: 251) Root density and soil water relationships of a silvopastoral system of the tropical region of Yucatan, Mexico. Author(s): Delgado, H. G. Ramírez, L. A. Ku, J. V. Velásquez, P. M. Escamilla, J. B.
Chapter: 77 (Page no: 255) Cover crops effects on plant and insect biodiversity in Western Australian vineyards. Author(s): Dinatale, A. Pardini, A. Argenti, G.
Chapter: 78 (Page no: 257) Live weight changes of sheep and goats grazing a burned heath-gorse vegetation community. Author(s): García, U. Jáuregui, B. M. Celaya, R. Martínez, A. Osoro, K.
Chapter: 79 (Page no: 259) Management and ecological implications of silvopastoral systems in the Alps. Author(s): Mayer, A. C.
Chapter: 80 (Page no: 261) Light availability for understorey pasture in holm-oak dehesas. Author(s): Montero, M. J. Moreno, G.
Chapter: 81 (Page no: 263) Consequences of dehesa management on tree-understorey interactions. Author(s): Moreno, G. Obrador, J. García, E. Cubera, E. Montero, M. J. Pulido, F.
Chapter: 82 (Page no: 266) Pasture establishment for extensive systems. Author(s): Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Rodríguez-Barreira, S. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A.
Chapter: 83 (Page no: 269) Biological diversity in communities of Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix: analysis of their spatial and temporal variation. Author(s): Muñoz, A. Pesqueira, X. M. Álvarez, R. Reyes, O. Casal, M.
Chapter: 84 (Page no: 272) Silvopasture as an approach to reducing nutrient loading of surface water from farms. Author(s): Nair, V. D. Kalmbacher, R. S.
Chapter: 85 (Page no: 275) Some ecological impacts of Quercus rotundifolia trees on the understorey environment in the "montado" agrosilvopastoral system, southern Portugal. Author(s): Nunes, J. Madeira, M. Gazarini, L.
Chapter: 86 (Page no: 278) Soil nutrient status and forage yield at varying distances from trees in four dehesas in Extremadura, Spain. Author(s): Obrador, J. J. Moreno, G.
Chapter: 87 (Page no: 281) Rangeland health assessment in silvopastoral systems of northern Greece. Author(s): Pantazopoulos, C. I. Vrahnakis, M. S. Chouvardas, D. Papadimitriou, M. Papanastasis, V. P.
Chapter: 88 (Page no: 283) Post-fire ecological and dynamic characterization of shrubland communities in Galicia using structural variables. Author(s): Pesqueira, X. M. Muñoz, A. Álvarez, R. Reyes, O. Casal, M.
Chapter: 89 (Page no: 285) Extensive livestock systems as tools for environmental management: impact of grazing on the vegetation of a protected mountain area. Author(s): Riedel, J. L. Casasús, I. Sanz, A. Blanco, M. Revilla, R. Bernués, A.
Chapter: 90 (Page no: 288) Historical effects of grazing on tree establishment in the Cantabrian lowlands, northern Spain: a dendroecological analysis in two old-growth forests. Author(s): Rozas, V.
Chapter: 91 (Page no: 290) Changes in biodiversity after abandonment in dehesa systems in the province of León. Author(s): Tárrega, R. Calvo, L. Diez, C. Luis, E. Valbuena, L. Marcos, E.
Chapter: 92 (Page no: 294) Economic considerations of silvopastoralism in California oak woodlands. Author(s): Standiford, R. B. Huntsinger, L. Campos-Palacín, P. Caparrós, A.
Chapter: 93 (Page no: 299) Silvopastoral management in temperate and Mediterranean areas. Stakes, practices and socio-economic constraints. Author(s): Etienne, M.
Chapter: 94 (Page no: 312) Conservation "matching funds" from working woodlands in California. Author(s): Huntsinger, L. Sulak, A. Standiford, R. Campos-Palacín, P.
Chapter: 95 (Page no: 319) Cultural aspects of silvopastoral systems. Author(s): Ispikoudis, I. Sioliou, K. M.
Chapter: 96 (Page no: 324) Comparative analysis of the EAA/EAF and AAS agroforestry accounting systems: theoretical aspects. Author(s): Campos-Palacín, P. Ovando-Pol, P. Rodríguez-Luengo, Y.
Chapter: 97 (Page no: 330) Comparative analysis of the EAA/EAF and AAS agroforestry accounting systems: application to a dehesa estate. Author(s): Rodríguez-Luengo, Y. Campos-Palacín, P. Ovando-Pol, P.
Chapter: 98 (Page no: 335) Preliminary analysis of the impact of payment for environmental services on land-use changes: a case study on livestock farms in Costa Rica. Author(s): Mora, J. Ibrahim, M. Cruz, J. Casasola, F. Rosales, M. Holguin, V. A.
Chapter: 99 (Page no: 343) Adaptation of an agrosilvopastoral system to land-use dynamics: local-level analysis of strategies and practice changes in north-eastern Portugal. Author(s): Alonso, J. Bento, J.
Chapter: 100 (Page no: 346) Agropastoral systems in Cholistan. Author(s): Farooq, A. Gulzar, F. Safdar, S. A. Sameera, F. Zulfiqar, A.
Chapter: 101 (Page no: 348) An evaluation of the effects of forest conservation on reservoir capacity: a case study in the "Cuerda del Pozo" reservoir (Soria). Author(s): García Díaz, R. García Robredo, F. Medrano Ceña, P. A.
Chapter: 102 (Page no: 351) Characterization of tree species in silvopastoral systems in the mountain region of Tabasco, Mexico. Author(s): Grande, D. Pérez, G. Losada, H. Maldonado, M. Nahed, J. Pérez-Gil, F.
Chapter: 103 (Page no: 355) Non-wood products in Russia. Author(s): Griazkin, A. V. Smelkova, T. D.
Chapter: 104 (Page no: 357) Transhumance and silvopastoral dependence in the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area - a landscape-level assessment. Author(s): Mathur, P. K. Mehra, B. S.
Chapter: 105 (Page no: 359) Economic, social and cultural benefits of silvopastoral systems in Nigeria. Author(s): Oladele, I. O.
Chapter: 106 (Page no: 361) Ancient wood-pastures in Scotland. Author(s): Smith, M. A.
Chapter: 107 (Page no: 363) Environmental and resource economics: would the Delphi method follow a non-iterative process of surveys? Author(s): Soliño, M.
Chapter: 108 (Page no: 365) The influence of goat grazing on ground vegetation and trees in a forest stand. Author(s): Zingg, A. Kull, P.
Chapter: 109 (Page no: 369) Silvopastoral systems for rural development on a global perspective. Author(s): Pardini, A.
Chapter: 110 (Page no: 374) A silvopastoral system for Eastern Europe - based on the example of Poland. Author(s): Boron, K.
Chapter: 111 (Page no: 376) From silvopastoral to silvoarable systems in Europe: sharing concepts, unifying policies. Author(s): Dupraz, C.
Chapter: 112 (Page no: 380) Silvopastoral systems as a forest fire prevention technique. Author(s): Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A. Mosquera Losada, M. R. Romero Franco, R. González Hernández, M. P. Villarino Urtiaga, J. J.
Chapter: 113 (Page no: 388) Forestry, pastoral systems and multiple use woodland. Author(s): Silva-Pando, F. J.
Chapter: 114 (Page no: 395) An assessment of the role of grazing in European habitats. Author(s): Bunce, R. G. H. Pérez-Soba, M. Elbersen, B. S. Wingerden, W. K. R. E. van
Chapter: 115 (Page no: 397) Situation and perspectives of silvopastoral systems in Germany. Author(s): Finck, P. Riecken, U. Glaser, F.
Chapter: 116 (Page no: 400) Wood-pasture and parkland: overlooked jewels of the English countryside. Author(s): Isted, R.
Chapter: 117 (Page no: 402) Local capabilities development and silvopastoral intervention in Chiapas, Mexico. Author(s): Jiménez-Ferrer, G. Soto-Pinto, L. Nahed-Toral, J. Aleman, T. Ferguson, B. Ibrahim, M. Sinclair, F.
Chapter: 118 (Page no: 404) Silvopastoralism as a land-use option for sustainable development on grassland farms in Northern Ireland. Author(s): McAdam, J. H.
Chapter: 119 (Page no: 406) The potential for agroforestry in the Falkland Islands. Author(s): McAdam, J. H.
Chapter: 120 (Page no: 408) Future perspectives for silvopastoral systems in NW Spain. Author(s): Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A. Rois-Díaz, M. Pinto, M. Oliveira, A. Mosquera-Losada, M. R.
Chapter: 121 (Page no: 411) Outdoor pig production in the Basque Country (Spain). Author(s): Ruiz, R. Domingo, A. Oregui, L. M.
Chapter: 122 (Page no: 413) Technology transfer in silvopastoral agroforestry: a toolbox for UK farmers. Author(s): Sibbald, A. R.
Chapter: 123 (Page no: 415) Model and procedures for decision-making in management of diffusion, adoption and improvement process of agroforestry technology. Author(s): Suárez Hernández, M. J. Hernández Pérez, G. Suárez Mella, R.
Chapter: 124 (Page no: 418) Declaration for silvopastoralism. Author(s): Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A. McAdam, J.
Chapter: 125 (Page no: 419) Summary - silvopastoral systems conclusions. Author(s): Mosquera-Losada, M. R. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, A. McAdam, J.