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CABI Book Chapter

Genetics, evolution and biological control.

Book cover for Genetics, evolution and biological control.


This book is the result of the 12 keynote addresses, delivered at the third IOBC International Symposium held in Montpellier, France in October 2002, focusing on recent developments in genetics and evolutionary biology, and their relevance to biological control. Chapters are organized around the following themes: genetic structure of pest and natural enemy populations; molecular diagnostic tools i...

Chapter 8 (Page no: 163)

Experimental evolution in host-parasitoid interactions.

This paper explores whether experimental evolution using host-parasitoid interactions can shed light on why resistance to parasitoids rarely, if ever, evolves under biological control. This paper brings together some observations from biological control projects which are suggestive of evolution taking place, either in the pest or in the parasitoids, and subsequently focuses in more detail on two host-parasitoid model systems, i.e. house flies (Musca domestica) and their pupal parasitoid (Nasonia vitripennis), and fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) and their larval parasitoids (including the braconid Asobara tabida and the eucoilids Leptopilina heterotoma and L. boulardi) which have been subject of experimental evolution in the laboratory.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Genetic structure of natural plant and pathogen populations. Author(s): Burdon, J. J. Thrall, P. H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Measuring genetic variation in natural enemies used for biological control: why and how? Author(s): Wajnberg, E.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 39) Molecular systematics, Chalcidoidea and biological control. Author(s): Heraty, J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 73) Genetic markers in rust fungi and their application to weed biocontrol. Author(s): Evans, K. J. Gomez, D. R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 97) Tracing the origin of pests and natural enemies: genetic and statistical approaches. Author(s): Roderick, G. K.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 113) Tracing the origin of cryptic insect pests and vectors, and their natural enemies. Author(s): Brown, J. K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 137) Predicting evolutionary change in invasive, exotic plants and its consequences for plant-herbivore interactions. Author(s): Müller-Schärer, H. Steinger, T.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 183) Interactions between natural enemies and transgenic insecticidal crops. Author(s): Obrycki, J. J. Ruberson, J. R. Losey, J. E.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 207) The GMO guidelines project: development of international scientific environmental biosafety testing guidelines for transgenic plants. Author(s): Hilbeck, A.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 219) Genetic manipulation of natural enemies: can we improve biological control by manipulating the parasitoid and/or the plant? Author(s): Poppy, G. M. Powell, W.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 235) Sex-ratio distorters and other selfish genetic elements: implications for biological control. Author(s): Stouthamer, R.