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CABI Book Info

Broadening the genetic base of crop production.

Book cover for Broadening the genetic base of crop production.

Description

This book focuses on the previously neglected interface between the conservation of plant genetic resources and their utilization. Only through utilization can the potential value of conserved genetic resources be realized. However, as this book shows, much conserved germplasm has to be subjected to long-term pre-breeding and genetic enhancement before it can be used in plant breeding programmes. The authors explore the rationale and approaches for such pre-breeding efforts as the basis for broadening the genetic base of crop production. Examples from a range of major food crops (pearl millet, maize, potatoes, cassava and Musa) are presented and issues analysed by leading authorities from around the world. Twenty-seven papers are presented in 4 sections: general principles (7 papers), crop case studies (5 papers), population management (8 papers), and other approaches to broadening the genetic base of crops (7 papers). The book is aimed at plant breeders, genetic resource conservation scientists and research managers in agriculture and biodiversity.

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Book Chapters

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Broadening the genetic base of crops: an overview. Author(s): Cooper, H. D. Spillane, C. Hodgkin, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 25) Evolutionary and genetic perspectives on the dynamics of crop genepools. Author(s): Spillane, C. Gepts, P.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 71) Base-broadening: introgression and incorporation. Author(s): Spoor, W. Simmonds, N. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 81) The role of local-level geneflow in enhancing and maintaining genetic diversity. Author(s): Berthaud, J. Clément, J. C. Emperaire, L. Louette, D. Pinton, F. Sanou, J. Second, G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 105) Regulatory aspects of breeding for diversity. Author(s): Louwaars, N. P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 115) Decentralized and participatory plant breeding for marginal environments. Author(s): Ceccarelli, S. Grando, S. Amri, A. Asaad, F. A. Benbelkacem, A. Harrabi, M. Maatougui, M. Mekni, M. S. Mimoun, H. El-Einen, R. A. El-Felah, M. El-Sayed, A. F. Shreidi, A. S. Yahyaoui, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 137) Empowering farmers and broadening the genetic base: agricultural research and resource management. Author(s): Salazar, R.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 147) The state of millet diversity and its use in West Africa. Author(s): Niangado, O.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) The state of the use of maize genetic diversity in the USA and sub-Saharan Africa. Author(s): Tallury, S. P. Goodman, M. M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) The state of the use of potato genetic diversity. Author(s): Ortiz, R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 201) The state of the use of cassava genetic diversity and a proposal to enhance it. Author(s): Second, G. Iglesias, C.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 223) The state of the use of Musa diversity. Author(s): Sharrock, S. L. Horry, J. P. Frison, E. A.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 245) Dynamic management of genetic resources: a 13-year experiment on wheat. Author(s): Goldringer, I. Enjalbert, J. David, J. Paillard, S. Pham, J. L. Brabant, P.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 261) Genetic base-broadening of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in the Nordic countries. Author(s): Veteläinen, M. Nissilä, E. A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 271) Evolutionary changes in Cambridge composite cross five of barley. Author(s): Ibrahim, K. M. Barrett, J. A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 283) Genetic base-broadening in the West Indies sugar cane breeding programme by the incorporation of wild species. Author(s): Kennedy, A. J.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 295) Potential of genetic resources and breeding strategies for base-broadening in Beta. Author(s): Frese, L. Desprez, B. Ziegler, D.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 311) HOPE, a hierarchical, open-ended system for broadening the breeding base of maize. Author(s): Kannenberg, L. W.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 319) The germplasm enhancement of maize (GEM) project: private and public sector collaboration. Author(s): Pollak, L. M. Salhuana, W.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 331) A French cooperative programme for management and utilization of maize genetic resources. Author(s): Gallais, A. Barrière, A. Boyat, A. Charcosset, A. Dallard, J. Derieux, M. Desselle, J. L. Dubreuil, P. Duval, H. Garnier, P. Gouesnard, B. Lavergne, V. Lefort, M. Miclo, P. Montalant, Y. Panouillé, A. Pollacsek, M. Rebourg, C. Rimieri, P. Monod, J. P. Baratin, A. Baron, M. Berthe, G. Cambolive, M. Carolo, P. Devaux, F. (et al)
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 341) Broadening the genetic base of lentil in South Asia. Author(s): Erskine, W. Chandra, S. Chaudhry, M. Sarker, A. Sharma, B. Tufail, M. Tyagi, M. C.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 351) Genetic diversity of barley: use of locally adapted germplasm to enhance yield and yield stability of barley in dry areas. Author(s): Grando, S. Bothmer, R. von Ceccarelli, S.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 373) Breeding Phaseolus for intercrop combinations in Andean highlands. Author(s): Baudoin, J. P. Camarena, F. Lobo, M. Mergeai, G.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 385) Improving potato resistance disease under the global initiative on late blight. Author(s): Trognitz, B. R. Bonierbale, M. Landeo, J. A. Forbes, G. Bradshaw, J. E. Mackay, G. R. Waugh, R. Huarte, M. A. Colon, L.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 399) A Mexican bean breeding programme for comprehensive horizontal resistance to all locally important pests and diseases. Author(s): Garcia Espinosa, R. Robinson, R. A. Ramirez Vallejo, P. Castillo Gonzalez, F. Romero Rosales, F.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 407) The impact of decentralized and participatory plant breeding on the genetic base of crops. Author(s): Witcombe, J. R.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 419) Base-broadening for client-oriented impact: insights drawn from participatory plant breeding field experience. Author(s): Sperling, L. Ashby, J. Weltzien, E. Smith, M. McGuire, S.

Book details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2001
  • ISBN
  • 0851994113
  • Record Number
  • 20013016603