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Abstract

Pastoralists rely on coping and adaptation strategies that have historically allowed them to achieve high levels of productivity, manage the hazards and unpredictability of life in the marginal areas that they occupy and moderate the impacts of shocks (Butt et al., 2009; Hesse and Pattison, 2013;...

Author(s)
Czuba, K.; Ayala, A. P.; O'Neill, T. J.
Publisher
Oxfam GB, Oxford, UK
Citation
The impact of in-kind food assistance on pastoralist livelihoods in humanitarian crises, 2017, pp iv + 46 pp.
Abstract

Background: The Leishmania developmental life cycle within its sand fly vector occurs exclusively in the lumen of the insect's digestive tract in the presence of symbiotic bacteria. The composition of the gut microbiota and the factors that influence its composition are currently poorly understood. ...

Author(s)
Fraihi, W.; Fares, W.; Perrin, P.; Dorkeld, F.; Sereno, D.; Barhoumi, W.; Sbissi, I.; Cherni, S.; Chelbi, I.; Durvasula, R.; Ramalho-Ortigao, M.; Gtari, M.; Zhioua, E.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2017, 11, 3, pp e0005484
Abstract

The aim of this literature review was to identify risk factors in addition to antimicrobial treatment for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurrence in commensal Escherichia coli in pigs. A variety of studies were searched in 2014 and 2015. Studies identified as potentially relevant were assessed...

Author(s)
Burow, E.; Käsbohrer, A.
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., New Rochelle, USA
Citation
Microbial Drug Resistance, 2017, 23, 2, pp 194-205
Abstract

Forages are usually inoculated with homofermentative and facultative heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to enhance lactic acid fermentation of forages, but effects of such inoculants on silage quality and the performance of dairy cows are unclear. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis...

Author(s)
Oliveira, A. S.; Weinberg, Z. G.; Ogunade, I. M.; Cervantes, A. A. P.; Arriola, K. G.; Jiang Yun; Kim DongHyeon; Li XuJiao; Gonçalves, M. C. M.; Diwakar Vyas; Adesogan, A. T.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100, 6, pp 4587-4603
Abstract

The aim of this study was to use meta-analytical methods to estimate effects of adding exogenous fibrolytic enzymes (EFE) to dairy cow diets on their performance and to determine which factors affect the response. Fifteen studies with 17 experiments and 36 observations met the study selection...

Author(s)
Arriola, K. G.; Oliveira, A. S.; Ma, Z. X.; Lean, I. J.; Giurcanu, M. C.; Adesogan, A. T.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100, 6, pp 4513-4527
Abstract

A meta-analysis based on an individual-cow data set was conducted to investigate the effects of between-cow variation and related animal variables on predicted CH4 emissions from dairy cows. Data were taken from 40 change-over studies consisting of a total of 637 cow/period observations. Animal...

Author(s)
Cabezas-Garcia, E. H.; Krizsan, S. J.; Shingfield, K. J.; Huhtanen, P.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100, 6, pp 4409-4424
Abstract

The objectives of this study were to quantify the effects on production performance and milk fatty acid (FA) profile of feeding dairy cows extruded linseed (EL), a feed rich in α-linolenic acid, and to assess the variability of the responses related to the dose of EL and the basal diet composition. ...

Author(s)
Meignan, T.; Lechartier, C.; Chesneau, G.; Bareille, N.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100, 6, pp 4394-4408
Abstract

Background: Osteochondrosis is considered multifactorial in origin, with factors such as nutrition, conformation, body size, trauma and genetics thought to contribute to its pathogenesis. Few studies have investigated the effects of genetic variability of osteochondrosis in Thoroughbreds....

Author(s)
Russell, J.; Matika, O.; Russell, T.; Reardon, R. J. M.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Journal, 2017, 49, 3, pp 282-287
Abstract

The objective of this study was to discern opportunities for improving leather-making properties of hides originating from beef production systems based on indigenous Afrikaner cattle via crossbreeding. Data were previously unpublished breed means from purebred Afrikaner, Brahman, Charolais,...

Author(s)
MacNeil, M. D.; Scholtz, M. M.; Theunissen, A.; Bruyn, J. F. de; Neser, F. W. C.
Publisher
CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia
Citation
Animal Production Science, 2017, 57, 5, pp 811-814
Abstract

Background: Enhancers are non-coding DNA sequences, which when they are bound by specific proteins increase the level of gene transcription. Enhancers activate unique gene expression patterns within cells of different types or under different conditions. Enhancers are key contributors to gene...

Author(s)
Wang Min; Hancock, T. P.; MacLeod, I. M.; Pryce, J. E.; Cocks, B. G.; Hayes, B. J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Genetics, Selection, Evolution, 2017, 49, 56, pp (6 July 2017)

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