About the Animal Health and Production Compendium
The Animal Health and Production Compendium (AHPC) is an encyclopaedic, multimedia tool that brings together a wide range of different types of science-based information to support sound decision-making in animal husbandry and food production worldwide. It is comprised of information sourced from experts, edited and compiled by an independent scientific organization, and resourced by a diverse international Development Consortium. It is kept up to date routinely. Existing information on animal health and production has been collated, evaluated, organized and presented as a single resource. The AHPC is one of a series of compendia covering animal and plant production, pests and diseases. For more information about the AHPC's sister compendia, click on the links below.
Crop Protection Compendium
Invasive Species Compendium
The Compendium contains:
Coverage of the health and production of the most economically important food animals, with especially detailed information on pigs, poultry and ruminants. The following components are used:
Disease datasheets covering approximately 300 infectious diseases, plus pathogens and other factors affecting the health of pigs, poultry and ruminants. These detailed knowledge reviews are compiled under standard subject headings by a panel of subject experts at institutions worldwide. All input is edited to CABI's established standards and then verified by a team of world experts on each animal group. Content includes the latest collated geographic distribution data from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and information from the Consultant database from Cornell University (see below). Diseases are also linked to the animal system they affect (e.g. digestive diseases of pigs), aiding information retrieval.
Breed datasheets for approximately 500 breeds of pigs, poultry and ruminants selected for their economic importance. Topics covered include: breed status, genetics and breeding; health and diseases; nutritional requirements; behaviour and welfare; housing and equipment; environmental aspects; economics; and products and performance. The same editorial standards are applied to these as to the disease datasheets.
Food Safety and Quality datasheets: nearly 40 datasheets covering food products and food contaminants with information on risk analysis and control. Food product datasheets also contain information about product quality criteria, production factors affecting quality, and quality assurance.
Library: the Library includes original texts on husbandry, production, breeding and nutrition of food animals and on food and other products, with illustrations, have been compiled by experts especially for the Compendium. In addition to these, the library has a substantial collection of book chapters and electronic resources previously published by ACIAR, CABI, FAO, ILRI, OIE and others. Topics include: disease control, epidemiology, veterinary economics, animal housing and equipment, husbandry, routine surgery, welfare, legislation, milking, reproductive techniques, slaughter, waste disposal, environmental management, production systems, products, food, and food safety. The Compendium Library can be navigated using a contents list or by keyword searching.
Other datasheets: Species and diseases that are not represented by full datasheets (written by experts) are represented by outline datasets obtained from CAB Abstracts, OIE and Consultant (Cornell University). Further breed information from Mason's World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties, 5th Edition, (CABI) is available in the Glossary.
Taxonomic framework, giving taxonomic details for all species covered in the Compendium. All taxa are connected by a series of taxonomic hierarchies, shown in a graphical presentation within which the user may navigate, calling up datasheets at any point and listing species for further selection.
Bibliographic database of over 135,000 references, most with abstracts from the CAB Abstracts database. References cited in datasheets are softlinked to the citations. There is a powerful integrated retrieval tool, offering Boolean searching.
Glossary of terms, including 30,000 definitions from Balliere's Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary (3rd Edition), over 10,000 terms from the World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties, and 1800 terms from CABI's Encyclopaedia of Farm Animal Nutrition.
Geographic distribution database containing country distribution data for all diseases and breeds covered. This provides the data for a GIS that presents the user with a dynamic mapping capability in which geographic data are automatically projected as distribution maps, global and regional, which can be compared with the distribution of another disease, breed, etc.
Country database: Datasheets on over 150 countries, with maps and statistical data on animal production and additional economic data from FAO, and the World Bank. Contact details for national veterinary services and breeding programmes are included for some countries.
The Compendium contains nearly 2000 images.
Data Sources and Interpretation
Please see Contributors for a full list of acknowledgements
Library documents have been provided by ACIAR, CABI, FAO, FEDEPLE, ILRI, and OIE.
Full Datasheets on individual diseases and breeds of agricultural importance have been written specifically for the Compendium by a wide range of specialists from over 50 countries (see Contributors for a full list of acknowledgements).
Outline Datasheets may contain some information from a specialist, supplemented with information compiled by our experienced editorial team.
Basic Datasheets. Basic data are available for a much broader range of disorders, diseases, breeds and animal species. Approximately 20,000 species names and synonyms, and links with their hosts, geographic data and vectors, have been downloaded from the CAB Abstracts bibliographic database, and the Consultant database. These data provide useful indications of the identity, distribution and relationships of these species, but it must be noted that not all the data in this form have been manually checked.
Last Modified date. The date of last modification of many datasheets can be found at the top-centre of the cover page. This date refers to the last time a modification was made to the text, or tables of the datasheet..
Distribution Maps - Important Note
For Full Datasheets, geographic distributions have been researched by individual contributors or were obtained from information provided by OIE and are based on the available records in the literature at the time of going to press. It is important to note that the absence of a record on the map does NOT necessarily mean the disease/breed is absent from that country or region, but that information for those areas is not available. CABI intends to supplement and update distribution information with each update of the Compendium, and requests users to send additional information, with appropriate published references, to the Compendium Coordinator, CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, UK, email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Only records accompanied by a published reference can be considered for inclusion on the map; personal communications may be recorded in the text until a published record becomes available. Data will be verified by CABI's scientific advisors, but this process will be greatly assisted if you can provide the relevant references.
For Outline and Basic Datasheets, summary geographic distributions have been obtained by data mining as described above; other sources may also be cited. These data provide useful indications of the distribution of these species, but it must be noted that data in this form have not been manually checked by experts, and that the distribution indicated may therefore be incomplete or imprecise.
Important Information on the World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
Geographical records from the OIE WAHID database (2009, full-year data set for 2008) are included in both full and outline datasheets. This is the latest available full-year data set. More up-to-date disease distribution data can be found at the OIE website (see below). Please note that where the latest OIE data have been added, OIE is taken as the authority for the distribution status; other citations listed may provide different information. Please consult individual references for further information. The most recent weekly disease reports in the serial publication, Disease Information, are available from OIE.
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) , Paris, France.
Note that the OIE classifications of 'Never reported' and 'Not reported' are not shown on the maps, but are included in the distribution list. We recommend that you look at both map and distribution list when interpreting distribution data.
For Full Datasheets, the list of clinical signs comprises information from the author, and from 'CONSULTANT, compiled by Maurice E. White DVM, Cornell Veterinary Medicine' in January 2007, with kind permission. For the latest information, please see http://www.vet.cornell.edu/consultant/consult.asp
For Outline and Basic Datasheets, the list of clinical signs comprises Consultant information only.
Searching for a Disease/Breed
Overall, over 800 full datasheets are available, prepared by specialists. Outline/basic datasheets are available for around 5000 additional species, including most of the major diseases of the world. At this stage, these have not been checked to the same degree of rigour as the full datasheets, and warnings are displayed to this effect. A consequence is that the list of diseases obtained (e.g. by searching for diseases of a particular animal or in a particular country) will not necessarily be complete or authoritative. Note that additional breed information is available in the Glossary.
The bibliography includes over 135,000 records. References cited within datasheets are, where possible, attached to the relevant abstract from the CAB Abstracts database. Cited references and abstracts can be viewed directly from within a datasheet, or from within the Contents Search facility.
In some cases the orientation of the picture has been changed to give the best fit in the display space. If you can contribute additional pictures, please contact us.
CABI endeavours to ensure that drug dosages quoted are accurate. Users of the Compendium are, however, advised to always seek veterinary advice where appropriate and to check product information included in the packaging of each drug to ensure that additional important information is not neglected.
Changes in treatment, procedures, equipment and the use of drugs occur frequently as new information becomes available. Whilst CABI takes care to ensure that information in the Compendium is as up-to-date as possible, users are strongly advised to confirm that the information, especially with regard to drug usage, complies with the latest legislation and standards of practice.
Whilst CABI endeavours to ensure that information in the Compendium is up-to-date and comprehensive, users are strongly advised to check regulations in force in their own country
Director, Content Development
Uma Sabapathy Allen
Compendia Picture Editor:
Technical Project Manager:
In addition to the Development Consortium, CABI gratefully acknowledges the following organizations and a worldwide team of authors and reviewers for providing technical support and information:
ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research), Australia
Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, Australia
BBSRC (Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council), UK
BSAS (British Society of Animal Science), UK
Cattlemen's Beef Board
CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency)
CIGR (International Commission of Agricultural Engineering)
Cornell University, (Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine), USA
CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), Australia
DFID (Department for International Development), UK
DFID Animal Health Programme
DFID Livestock Production Programme
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
FDA (Food and Drug Administration), USA
FEDEPLE (Federación Departamental de Productors Lecheros de Santa Cruz), Bolivia
FARAD (Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank), USA, International
GLiPHA (Global Livestock Production and Health Atlas)
ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute)
Johnnic Publications, South Africa
Lao-EU Livestock Project, Laos
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
National Academy Press, USA
National Office of Animal Health Ltd, UK
NRI, UK (Natural Resources International)
OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), International
SINDAN (Sindicato Nacional da Indústria de Produtos para Saúde Animal), Brazil
Stirling Thorne Associates, UK
USDA-CSREES (Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service), USA
United States Department of Agriculture, USA
VEERU (Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics Research Unit), Reading University, UK
WB Saunders, Churchill Livingstone and Mosby, UK
Contributors may cite their data sheets as follows:
CAB International, 2010. Datasheet name [original text by AN Author]. In: Animal Health and Production Compendium. Wallingford , UK: CAB International.
CABI gratefully acknowledges a large number of individuals for providing technical support and information, for authoring and validating data sheets, and for providing illustrations. Further picture contributors are acknowledged in the caption accompanying each picture.