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About the Aquaculture Compendium

The Aquaculture Compendium (AC) is an encyclopaedic, multimedia tool that brings together a wide range of different types of science-based information to support sound decision-making in aquaculture and aquatic resource management worldwide. It is comprised of information sourced from experts, edited and compiled by an independent scientific organization, and resourced by a diverse international Development Consortium. It is published on the Internet and is kept up to date routinely. Existing information on aquaculture has been collated, evaluated, organized and presented as a single resource. The AC is one of a series of compendia covering animal and plant production, pests and diseases. For more information about the Aquaculture Compendium's sister compendia, click on the links below.

Animal Health and Production Compendium
Crop Protection Compendium
Forestry Compendium
Invasive Species Compendium

Citation
Please cite the Aquaculture Compendium as follows:

For the compilation as a whole

CABI, current year. Aquaculture Compendium. Wallingford , UK: CAB International. www.cabi.org/ac.

For an individual datasheet where no author is attributed

CABI, current year. Ctenopharyngodon idella. In: Aquaculture Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. www.cabi.org/ac.

For an individual datasheet where authors are attributed in the Contributor section

CABI, current year. Ctenopharyngodon idella [original text by AN Author]. In: Aquaculture Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.  www.cabi.org/ac.

The Compendium contains:

 

Cultured species datasheets: Detailed information on over 300 cultured aquatic species, including finfish, crustacea, molluscs, algae and live feeds. Each datasheet covers taxonomy, life cycle, reproduction, nutrition and feeding, environmental requirements, health, genetics, behaviour, native and cultured distribution.

 

Disease datasheets: Detailed information on over 100 aquatic diseases and disorders and summary information on 200 others. Each disease has a datasheet covering epidemiology, geographic and host range, economic impacts, pathology, clinical signs, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, zoonoses and food safety issues. Content includes the latest collated geographic distribution data from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).

 

Issues in aquaculture: Around 120 overview topics on ecosystems, growout production systems and issues in aquaculture. All these are linked to from relevant areas of content. For example, each cultured species datasheet contains links to associated topics; any shrimp species that is cultured in ponds (a growout system) in ricefield agroecosystems (an ecosystem), would contain up-front links to datasheets on those system-based issues.

 

Case studies: About 130 context-rich case studies help link theory and practice in aquaculture and aquatic resource management. Examples cover the major aquaculture issues in extension, research and industry. For the first edition of the Compendium there is a South and South-East Asian focus on case studies with many being produced in close consultation with researchers, especially in Bangladesh and Vietnam .

 

Library: An electronic library of specially commissioned and previously published information containing approximately 1200 articles from internationally respected sources, all fully indexed for easy retrieval. The Compendium Library can be navigated using a contents list, by full-text searching or by direct linkage from a datasheet.

 

Other datasheets: Species and diseases that are not represented by full datasheets (written by experts) are represented by outline datasets obtained from CAB Abstracts, OIE and FishBase. These datasheets will be enhanced in future editions.

 

Search facilities: Data are held in a multi-dimensional relational database, which allows for linkages to be made easily between data components. CAB Thesaurus terms have been used to index library documents.

 

Taxonomic framework, giving taxonomic details for all species covered in the Compendium. All taxa are connected by a series of taxonomic hierarchies, shown in a graphical presentation within which the user may navigate, calling up datasheets at any point and listing species for further selection.

 

Bibliographic database of over 80,000 references, many with abstracts from the CAB Abstracts database. References cited in datasheets are linked to the citations. There is a powerful integrated retrieval tool, offering Boolean searching.

 

Glossary of terms, including definitions from Balliere's Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary.

 

Geographic distribution database containing country distribution data for the diseases and species covered. This provides the data for a GIS that presents the user with a dynamic mapping capability in which geographic data are automatically projected as distribution maps, global and regional, which can be compared with the distribution of another species, disease, etc.

 

Country database: Datasheets on over 150 countries, with maps and statistical data on aquaculture production and additional economic data from FAO, the World Bank and other sources. Contact details for contributing organisations based in that country are included for some countries. Data can be graphically displayed (see Statistics, above).

 

Pictures to illustrate cultured species, systems, topics, pathogens and diseases, usually in colour, linked internally to all other content relating to these topics. The Compendium contains nearly 2000 images.


Please see Contributors for a full list of acknowledgements.

Library documents have been provided by a number of Contributors. See list for acknowledgements.

Full Datasheets: Datasheets on individual topics, species and diseases of aquaculture importance have been written specifically for the Compendium by a wide range of specialists from over 50 countries (see Contributors for a full list of acknowledgements).

Outline Datasheets may contain some information from a specialist, supplemented with information compiled by our experienced editorial team.

Basic Datasheets. Basic data are available for a much broader range of disorders, diseases and animal species. Approximately 9000 species names and synonyms, and links with their hosts, geographic data and vectors, have been downloaded from the CAB Abstracts by a process of 'data mining' and automatic cross-checking. These data may provide useful indications of the identity, distribution and relationships of these entries, but it must be noted that not all the data in this form have been manually checked.

Last Modified date. The date of last modification of many datasheets can be found on the cover page. This date refers to the last time a modification was made to the text, to the distribution, or any other data for that entry. Most of the Basic datasheets do not have a 'last modified' date, these datasheets were derived from information mined from the CAB Abstracts database.

Distribution Maps - Important Note

For Full Datasheets, geographic distributions have been researched by individual contributors or were obtained from information provided by OIE, or FishBase (in some finfish species) and are based on the available records in the literature at the time of going to press. It is important to note that the absence of a record on the map does NOT necessarily mean the species/disease is absent from that country or region, but that information for those areas is not available. CABI intends to supplement and update distribution information with each update of the Compendium, and requests users to send additional information, with appropriate published references, to the Compendium Coordinator, CAB International, Wallingford , Oxon OX10 8DE , UK , email:compend@cabi.org . Only records accompanied by a published reference can be considered for inclusion on the map; personal communications may be recorded in the text until a published record becomes available. Data will be verified by CABI's scientific advisors, but this process will be greatly assisted if you can provide the relevant references.

For some datasheets, summary geographic distributions have been obtained by data mining as described above; other sources may also be cited. These data provide useful indications of the distribution of these species, but it must be noted that data in this form have not been manually checked by experts, and that the distribution indicated may therefore be incomplete or imprecise.

Important Information on Organisation for World Animal Health (OIE) Database

Geographical records from the WAHID database are included in both full and outline datasheets. This is the latest available full-year data set. More up-to-date disease distribution data can be found at the OIE website (see below). Please note that where the latest OIE data have been added, OIE is taken as the authority for the distribution status; other citations listed may provide different information. Please consult individual references for further information. The most recent weekly disease reports in the serial publication, Disease Information, are available from OIE.

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Paris , France . http://www.oie.int

Bibliographic Data

The bibliography includes over 70,000 records. References cited within datasheets are, where possible, attached to the relevant abstract from the CAB Abstracts database. Cited references and abstracts can be viewed directly from within a datasheet, or from within the Contents Search facility.

Pictures

In some cases the orientation of the picture has been changed to give the best fit in the display space. If you can contribute additional pictures, please contact us.

Caveats

CAB International endeavors to ensure that drug dosages quoted are accurate. Users of the Compendium are, however, advised to always seek veterinary advice where appropriate and to check product information included in the packaging of each drug to ensure that additional important information is not neglected.

Changes in treatment, procedures, equipment and the use of drugs occur frequently as new information becomes available. Whilst CAB International takes care to ensure that information in the Compendium is as up-to-date as possible, users are strongly advised to confirm that the information, especially with regard to drug usage, complies with the latest legislation and standards of practice.

Whilst CAB International endeavours to ensure that information in the Compendium is up-to-date and comprehensive, users are strongly advised to check regulations in force in their own country.

ISSN: 1750-9564 (Web) 

Production Team

Project Manager:

Gareth Richards

Director, Content Development    

Shaun Hobbs

Consultant:

Peter Scott

Product Editor:

Gareth Richards

Editorial Team:

Claire Beverley  
Vicki Bonham    
Lucinda Charles 
Lesley McGillivray 
Uma Sabapathy Allen  

Compendia Picture Editor:

Michael Amphlett

Technical Project Manager:

Chris Parker

Software Development:

Mattasser Nazir 
Tony Pittaway   
Alison Woods   
Guy Yeates

Web Development:

Jacques Aranes  
Salim Benadel   
Sinead Garvey  
Uma Narayanaswamy  
Roy Vethanayagam

Administrative Team:

Sarah Cranney  
Christine Davies   
Kerrie Lawrence

Contributors

In addition to the Development Consortium, CABI gratefully acknowledges the following organizations for providing technical support and information:

AAHRI (Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute)
http://www.aahri.in.th/fish_eng/

AARM Aqua Outreach Program (AOP), AIT

ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research)
http://www.aciar.gov.au/ 

Agriculture Publishing House, Hanoi
AIT (Asian Institute of Technology)
http://www.ait.ac.th/ 

AKVAsmart Pty. Ltd
http://www.akvasmart.com/start.htm 

APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)
http://www.apec.org/ 

Aquaculture Certification Council, Inc.
http://www.aquaculturecertification.org/ 

ATSE Crawford Fund
http://www.crawfordfund.org/ 

BAFRU ( Bangladesh : Fisheries Sector Support Programme)
Bangladesh , Government of
http://www.bangladeshgov.org/ 

BARRA ( Bangladesh Rural Reconstruction Association)
BRAC ( Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee)
http://www.brac.net/ 

CAB International (CABI)
http://www.cabi.org/ 

Can Tho University
http://www.ctu.edu.vn/ 

CARE Bangladesh
http://www.carebd.org/ 

CARE-CAGES Project (Cage Aquaculture for Greater Economic Security)
CEFAS (Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science)
http://www.cefas.co.uk/ 

CEMARE (Centre for the Economics and Management of Aquatic Resources)
http://www.port.ac.uk/portsmouth-business-school/research/cemare-legacy-pages/

Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aq uaculture
http://www.ctsa.org/ 

CONPESCA (Comisión Nacional de Acuacultura y Pesca)
http://www.conapesca.gob.mx/wb/

DAFE Vietnam (Department of Agricultural Forestry Extension)
DANIDA (Danish International Development Agency )
http://www.um.dk/en 

DANIDA Technical Assistance, Bangladesh
Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada
http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/ 

Department of Fisheries (DoF), Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock , Bangladesh
Department of Fisheries, Cambodia
http://www.maff.gov.kh/departments/

Department of Fisheries, Thailand
http://www.fisheries.go.th/dof/en

Department for International Development (DFID) (London )
http://www.dfid.gov.uk/ 

DFID, AFGRP
http://www.dfid.stir.ac.uk/Afgrp/index.htm 

DFID, FMSP
http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/Output/122660/

DFID, PHFRP
http://www.phfp.uk.com/ 

EMBO (The European Molecular Biology Organization)
http://www.embo.org/ 

ENSIC (Environmental Systems Information Centre, AIT)
FishBase
http://www.fishbase.org/ 

Fisheries Research Services, Aberdeen
http://www.marlab.ac.uk/ 

FRDC (Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Australian Government)
http://www.frdc.com.au/ 

FTEP-II (Fisheries and Training Extension Project - Phase II)
Fundación Chile
http://www.fundacionchile.cl/ 

Fundación Terram (Terram Foundation)
http://www.terram.cl/ 

GNAEP (Greater Noakhali Aquacultu re Extension Project / Component)

ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea)
http://www.ices.dk/ 

IDRC (International Development Research Centre)
http://www.idrc.ca/ 

INP (Instituto Nacional de la Pesca)
http://www.inp.gob.mx/ 

Institute of Aquaculture , University of Stirling
http://www.aqua.stir.ac.uk/ 

International Food Information Council (IFIC)
http://ific.org/ 

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
http://www.ifpri.org/ 

International Institute for Rural Reconstruction (IIRR)
http://www.iirr.org/ 

Intervet International bv
http://www.intervet.com/ 

IUCN (The World Con servation Union )
http://www.iucn.org/ 

Kasetsart University
http://www.ku.ac.th/ 

Kentucky State University (KSU) Aquaculture
http://www.ksuaquaculture.org/ 

Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA)
http://www.mpeda.com 

Mekong River Commission (MRC)
http://www.mrcmekong.org/ 

Ministry of Fisheries (MOFi), Vietnam
www.mofi.gov.vn 

MRAG (Marine Resources Assessment Group)
http://www.mrag.co.uk/

MSU Pesticide Education ( Michigan State University )
http://www.pested.msu.edu/ 

NACA (Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific)
http://www.enaca.org/ 

National Institute of Hygie ne and Epidemiology (NIHE) - MOH, Vietnam
Nong Lam University
http://www.hcmuaf.edu.vn/ 

NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation)
http://www.norad.no/ 

North Carolina Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services (NCDA & CS)
http://www.ncagr.gov/

North Central Regional Aquaculture Center (NCRAC)
http://www.ncrac.org/

Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center (NRAC)
https://agresearch.umd.edu/nrac

Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research (NIFA) (Fiskeriforskning)
http://www.fiskeriforskning.no/ 

OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health)
http://www.oie.int/ 

PIU (Danida Project Implementa tion Unit , Bangladesh )
Pond Dynamics/ Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP)
http://pdacrsp.oregonstate.edu/ 

Positive Aquaculture Awareness
http://www.farmfreshsalmon.org/ 

Project Seahorse
http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca/ 

READ (Rural Extension of Aquaculture Development in the Mekong Delta)
Rhodes University , Dept. of Icthyology and Fisheries Science
https://www.ru.ac.za/ichthyology/

RIA 1 (Research Institute for Aquaculture 1)
http://www.ria1.org/ 

RIA 2 (Research Institute for Aquaculture 2)
Royal University of Agriculture (RUA)
http://www.rua.edu.kh/ 

SAGARPA (Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganaderóa, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación)
http://www.sagarpa.gob.mx/

SCALE Project (Southeast Asia Outreach Cambodia Aquaculture Low Expenditure Project)
Scottish Association for Marine Science
http://www.sams.ac.uk/ 

Sea Grant Extension Service
http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/

SEAFDEC ( Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center)
http://www.seafdec.org/ 

Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)
http://www.spc.int/

SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)
http://www.sida.se/ 

Southern Regional Aquaculture Center (SRAC)
http://srac.msstate.edu/publications.html

STREAM Initiative
http://www.streaminitiative.org 

SUFA (Support to Freshwater Aquaculture) Vietnam
SUFER (Support for University Fisheries Education and Research), Bangladesh
http://www.dfid.stir.ac.uk/dfid/sufer/ 

SUMA (Support to Brackish Water and Marine Aquaculture, Fisheries sector Programme Support, DANIDA)

Tasmanian Aquaculture and Fisheries Institute
http://fcms.its.utas.edu.au/scieng/mrl/ 

UNDP (United Nations Development Programme)
http://www.undp.org/ 

USDA-APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service)
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ 

World Aquaculture Society (WAS)
http://www.was.org/ 

WorldFish Center
http://www.worldfishcenter.org/ 

Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute
http://www.ysfri.ac.cn/english/

Citation

Contributors may cite their data sheets as follows:
CABI [year of access, e.g., 2017]. Cyprinus carpio [original text by AN Author]. In: Aquaculture Compendium. Wallingford , UK : CAB International.

Individuals

CABI gratefully acknowledges a large number of individuals for providing technical support and information, for authoring and validating data sheets, and for providing illustrations. Further picture contributors are acknowledged in the caption accompanying each picture.